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Prohibited Drugs and their effects

Prohibited Drugs and their effects CLASSIFICATION OF DRUGS a) Prohibited Drug morphine; coca leaf and its

CLASSIFICATION OF DRUGS

a) Prohibited Drug

morphine; coca leaf and its derivatives, principally cocaine; alpha and beta eucaine; hallucinogenic drugs, such as mescaline,

lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and other substances producing similar effects; Indian hemp and its derivatives; all preparations made from any of the foregoing; and other drugs and chemical preparations, whether natural or synthetic, with the physiological effects of a narcotic or a hallucinogenic drug; or (As amended by B.P. 179 dated March 2, 1982).

-

Which includes opium and its active components and derivatives, such as heroin and

b) Regulated Drug

- Which includes self-inducing sedatives, such as secobarbital, phenobarbital, pentobarbital,

barbital, amobarbital and any other drug which contains a salt of a derivative of a salt of barbituric acid; any salt, isomer or salt of an isomer, of amphetamine, such as benzedrine or dexedrine, or any drug which produces a physiological action similar to amphetamine; and hypnotic drugs, such as methaqualone, nitrazepam or any other compound producing similar physiological

.

effects; (As amended by PD No.1683 dated March 14, 1980)

MARIJUANA

(HARMFUL EFFECTS) Marijuana, often called grass, pot, or weed is a crude drug made from Cannabis sativa, a plant that contains a mind-altering (psychoactive) ingredient called tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Marijuana slows down the user’s mental and psychomotor activities. Users don’t remember what they have learned when they are high. The effects of marijuana can also impair thinking, reading comprehension and verbal and mathematical skills. Marijuana creates other health problems related to: the reproductive system, the heart, the lungs. It has been found that marijuana use may lead to cancer. Long-term regular use of marijuana may lead to psychological dependence. Once started, it may take more of the drug for the user to get the same effect.

Young marijuana users are more likely to go on experimenting with other drugs.

IMMEDIATE EFFECTS:

* Faster heartbeat and pulse rate

* Bloodshot eyes

· * Dry mouth and throat

· * Altered sense of time/disorientation

· * Forgetfulness/inability to think

· * Impaired reflexes, coordination and concentration

* “Acute panic anxiety reaction” – extreme fear of losing control.

LONG TERM EFFECTS:

* Chest pain

·* Irregular menstrual cycle ·* Temporary loss of fertility for both sexes ·* Premature babies/low birth weights

* Cancer

* Marijuana “burn-out” (dull, slow moving, inattentive, and unaware of surroundings)

SHABU

(HARMFUL EFFECTS) is a white odorless crystal or cyrstalline powder with a bitter numbing taste. In the street name for the chemical

anxiety,

irritability,

irrational

behavior,

Shabu

substance known as Metamphetamine. It is also popularity known as “poor man’s cocaine”. Other slang names are “shabs, ubas, S, siopao, sha and ice”.

ACUTE:

*

talkativeness and

LONG-TERM EFFECTS:

- Psychiatric consequences are the major features of chronic “Shabu” abuse and dependency. Prolonged use and even a

Produces

loss of self control.

single exposure especially if administered intravenously can

*

Results in loss of appetite and inability to sleep.

 

lead to manifestations of a full blown psychosis which is similar

*

Can

lead

to

acute

psychotic

reactions,

violent

and

to schizophrenia characterized by the presence of paranoid

destructive behavior and recklessness that may result in accidents.

delusions, auditory and visual hallucinations. The paranoia may lead to violent and aggressive behavior.

PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS:

-

hypertension, convulsion

Include

chest

pain,

irregularity

of

and death from cardiac arrest.

heartbeat,

PSYCHOLOGICAL & PHYSICAL DEPENDENCE:

This chemical substance is known to produce psychological and physical dependency. These are characterized by anxiety, tension and craving for the substance. This substance-seeking behavior can lead to various criminal and other anti-social acts. Withdrawal symptoms occur when drug use is abruptly stopped. Among these are feeling of apathy, hypersomnia (excessive period of sleep) and depression. Depression may lead to suicide.

- Some chronic users have difficulty concentrating or

remembering things. Diminished ability to cope with problems and difficulties in facing reality are common. Loss of interest in sex, ambition or motivation may also result.

- Chronic snorters may suffer from severe irritation of the

nasal passages and at times may even develop tissue perforation of the nasal bleed. Renal damage, heart disease and strokes have been documented among chronic abusers.

- Injecting “shabu” from contaminated needles may lead to risk

of infections resulting in inflammation of the blood vesels (Phebitis), infection of the heart valves (Endocarditis), blood poisoning (Septicemia), and the most dreaded disease AIDS, all of which can lead to death.

IMMEDIATE EFFECTS:

Confusion/Disorientation

· Distorted perception of time & distance

· Aggressive behavior/violence

· Hallucination

· Illusions

· Nausea and vomiting

INHALANTS

(HARMFUL EFFECTS) LONG TERM EFFECTS:

Loss of memory

Inability to think

· Muscle cramp and weakness

· Numbness in limbs

· Abdominal pains

· Damage to the central nervous system, kidneys and liver

· Bone marrow depression

SEDATIVE/HYNOTIC DRUGS

(HARMFUL EFFECTS) Sedative-Hypnotics (tranquilizers, sleeping pills, sedatives) are drugs which depress or slow down body functions. These are drugs that can be dangerous when not taken according to a physician’s instructions.

·

* Slurred speech

·

* Poor judgment

* Regular use of the sedative and hypnotic drugs can cause both physical and psychological dependence. User will have to take larger

doses to get the same effects.

·

* Users feel they used the drug to function.

·

* When regular users stop using these drugs suddenly, they may develop physical-withdrawal symptoms such as restlessness, insomia,

anxiety, convulsion or death.

ECSTACY

Ecstacy is the name given to 3-4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) by a Los Angeles manufacturer of the drug in order to market it. Other street names of MDMA or “Adam” or XTC is a synthetic, PSYCHOACTIVE (mind allering) drug with hallucegenic and amphetamine like properties. Its chemical structure is similar to two other synthetic drugs, MDA and methemphetamine which are known to cause brain damage. MDMA is a so called “designer drug” which are known has become a worldwide problem as well as a serious health threat. It is known to be the cause of several deaths in the US and Europe.

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