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Analysis of the Literary text

1. Analysis of the traditional aspect of the text (according to Morokhovsky, the so-called "Broad literary norm"). t sho!ld incl!de the information a"o!t the a!thor #ith the aim to provide a deeper insight into the message and style of the text !nder analysis. $he st!dent is s!pposed to "e a"le to characteri%e "riefly the literary trend or tradition the a!thor of the text "elongs to& the esta"lished traditions of the given genre of the text& social, c!lt!ral and historical "ackgro!nd of the a!thor and the text !nder consideration. $he material of the 'nglish literat!re co!rse sho!ld "e resorted to. (. $he theme and message of the text - the definition of the main idea(s) - the key thematic lines (the reflection of the theme in the choice of voca"!lary) ). $he content and composition of the text (content-grasping stage according to *alperin) pres!pposes the penetration into the general content and a deeper !nderstanding of the content-fact!al and content-s!"text!al information the text+ the composition of the text and "reaking it into its discrete logical parts+ , exposition , plot complications-conflicts , climax -c!lmination , deno!ement , closing-concl!ding part (ending) .. $he general character of the text $he aim is to ascertain the kind of text "eing dealt #ith, first of all the f!nctional style the text "elongs to (according to *alperin the taxonomic stage of analysis). t also incl!des the definition of+ 1.1. its slant-tone and means of achieving it 1.(. type of narrative and narrator+ a. the manner of presentation+ - s!"/ective (type of narrator) - o"/ective (type of narrator) ". the form of presentation+ - the a!thor0s narrative+ narration - expository speech ( meditations)- description (panoramic, general vie#, close-!p) - arg!mentation - direct speech+ conversation, monolog!e, dialog!e, inner speech of characters - represented- reported speech (inner-!n!ttered or o!ter- !ttered) c. the choice of the point of vie#+ the a!thor0s, the character0s, the onlooker0s 1. characters and type of characterisation+ - direct (thro!gh description "y the a!thor or another character) - indirect (thro!gh action and speech characteristics) 2. stylistic effect of the 'M and 34 employed "y the a!thor+ - finding o!t #hat additional information might "e imparted "y the a!thor0s !se of vario!s 'M and 34 and "y /!xtaposition of sentences #ithin 356s - the explanation of the a!thor0s choice of the voca"!lary, phonetic-graphic, syntactical, semasiological 'M and 34 !sed in the light of the message of the text

7. 3!mming !p - synthesis of the text pres!pposes - capitali%ing on the previo!sly ac8!ired data to form!late the concept - main idea of the text - to sho# the relation "et#een the concept of the text #ith its content and the ling!istic form #hich is a part of the content. In the stylistic analysis of the texts related to other functional styles the emphasis sho!ld "e shifted to other important dimensions. n the follo#ing examples the most conspic!o!s feat!res and key elements of the stylistic analysis of texts "elonging to p!"licistic-ne#spaper and scientific styles are presented. Publicistic/media style 1. $he definition of the text - the definition of the genre of the text (. $he theme and message of the text - the main idea(s) - the key thematic lines - the reflection of the theme in the choice of vocabulary ). 9ompositional feat!res - text arrangement - precision, logic and expressive power - arg!mentative po#er - logical segmentation into paragraphs - headlines+ titles and subtitles the reflection of the theme structural compression, graphical, lexical means .. :exical feat!res - ne#spaper cliches and set phrases - terminological variety - a""reviations and acronyms - n!mero!s proper names, toponyms - international #ords, dates and fig!res 1. 3yntactical - morphological feat!res 2. 3tylistic effect of 'M and 34 Scientific/academic style 1. $he definition of the text - the definition of the given genre of the text (monograph, article, presentation, thesis, dissertation) (. $he theme and message of the text - the main idea(s) - the key thematic lines - the reflection of the theme in the choice of vocabulary ). 9ompositional feat!res a hierarchical str!ct!ral arrangement+ introduction, chapters, paragraphs, conclusion - in technical texts+ highly formalised text presentation, the use of formulae, tables,

diagrams supplied with concise commentary phrases - in h!manitarian texts+ descriptive narration, supplied with argumentation and interpretation - logical and consistent expository compositional speech form - extensive !se of citation, references and foot-notes .. :exical feat!res - bookish words {presume, infer, preconception) -scientific terminology - conventional set phrases (as we have seen, in conclusion, finally, as mentioned above) - restricted !se of connotative context!al meanings - restricted !se of 'M and 34 - connective phrases and #ords to s!stain coherence and logic {consequently, on the contrary, likewise) 1. 3yntactical - morphological feat!res - !se of impersonal forms and sentences (as mention should be made, it can be inferred, assuming that, etc.) - syntactical precision {the logical sequence of thought and argumentation) - direct #ord order - extensive !se of participial, ger!ndial and infinitive complexes - avoidance of ellipsis - passive voice and non-fmite ver" forms {objectivity and impersonality) 2. 'M and 34 ;estricted !se of emotive colo!ring, tropes, s!ch as metaphor, hyper"ole, simile and other expressive means and stylistic devices.