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18.

2 Human influen ces on climate

The atmos phere around Earth is warme d becaus e _____ ___. warm air cannot escape , as in a greenh ouse molec ules in the atmos phere are warme d by radiati on from Earth and retain that heat fossil fuels release heat plants absorb CO2

Earth's climat e _____ ___. has been stable over the history of the planet is changi ng as a result of natural and human proces ses will stabili e over the ne!t centur y, accord ing to the predict ions of most scienti sts has been docum ented to have change d once due to the evoluti on of green photos ynthes

carbon dio!id e nitrous o!ide o one metha ne " n E


Diff: 3 O b 18.3 Climat e researc h

Carbo n dio!id e is _____ ___. the most potent #per molec ule of gas$ of the greenh ouse gases the most abund ant greenh ouse gas more potent #per molec ule of gas$ than metha ne the main anthro pogeni c greenh ouse gas produc ed in the %nited &tates the only greenh ouse

are change s in Earth's rotatio n and orbit around the sun that may trigger climat e variati on descri be the timing of the northe rn lights in the thermo sphere descri be the transpi ration, evapor ation, and precipi tation of Earth's water descri be upwell ing and down wellin g in the ocean " n '
Diff: 3 O b 18.1 Factor

Easter n (acific &hallo w )ater )armi ng Easter n (acific *eep )ater )armi ng " n C
Diff: 2 18.1 Factor s affectin g Earth's climate

The +nterg overn mental (anel on Climat e Chang e _____ ___. constr ucted the ,yoto (rotoc ol perfor med the researc h includ ed in the climat

C
Diff: 3 18.6 es!on se to climate change

,eelin g's reports from -auna .oa demon strated _____ ___. an increas e in CO2 from the /012s to presen t that sedime nts deposi ted on the seaflo or can yield clues about past climat es that as distanc es from cities decrea sed, CO2 concen tration

18.3 Climat e researc h

Carbo nbased fuels from lithosp heric reserv oirs _____ ___. have forme d slowly over many millio ns of years is readily lost from Earth's surfac e in the absenc e of human s is forme d from the deposi tion, partial decay, and compr ession of inorga nic matter

increas ed federal fundin g for control ling greenh ouse gas emissi ons from %.&. power plants re3uire d conces sions from all countri es involv ed e3uall y in greenh ouse gas emissi on re3uire d increas es in nuclea r power genera tion would have resulte d in overall increas es in greenh ouse emissi ons was

alterati ons to legisla tion must be done in a way that ma!im i es enviro nment al protect ion at the urging of scienti sts withou t recour se from the voting public all alterna tive source s of energy should be evalua ted by the scienti fic comm unity before mar4et ing permit trading should be undert a4en with cautio n

more e!pens ive than drivin g a car *


Diff: 2 18.6 es!on se to climate change

5ydro gen fuel cells, biodie sel, hydrog en fuel cells and longterm electri c batteri es are potenti al solutio ns to reduci ng carbon emissi ons from cars and truc4s carbon se3ues tration capandtrade emissi on control replaci ng coal as a ma6or fuel for genera ting electri city cutting

nitrous o!ides o one carbon dio!id e sulfate aeroso ls "


Diff: 3 18.2 Human influen ces on climate

"ppro !imate ly _____ ___7 of the typical "meri can city is devote d to use by cars. /2 22 82

12 C
Diff: 3 18.2 Human influen ces on climate

El 9i:o and .a 9i:a _____ ___. both decrea se water temper atures in the eastern (acific Ocean both increas e water temper atures in the eastern (acific Ocean both increas e water temper atures in the ;ulf of -e!ic o occur in precise

E
Diff: 2 18.1 Factor s affectin g Earth's climate

The greenh ouse effect involv es warmi ng of Earth's surfac e and the _____ ___. tropos phere mesos phere stratos phere thermo sphere ionosp here "
Diff: 2

increas es in densit y e!pan ds sin4s dissolv es increas ed amoun ts of carbon dio!id e from the atmos phere is irrever sibly altered '
Diff: 3 18." #lobal climate change in !resent an$ future

5ydro electri c power genera tion _____ ___. produc es high 3uantit ies of greenh

has no undesi rable enviro nment al effects produc es polluta nts that contrib ute signifi cantly to acid precipi tation uses fuel cells to genera te electri city is an alterna tive to fossil fuels and produc es fewer greenh ouse gases E
Diff: 2 18.6 es!on se to climate change

Close to _____ ___7

22 21 *
Diff: 3 18." #lobal climate change in !resent an$ future

Close to _____ ___7 of the fuel you pump into your autom obile does not move your vehicl e down the road. <1 11 =1 >1 ?1

18.6 es!on se to climate change

&ubsid ies for mass transit in the %nited &tates _____ ___. come mostly from the federal govern ment increas e ridersh ip signifi cantly increas e the cost of public transp ortatio n are mostly from private corpor ations do not e!ist '
Diff: 2

nitrous o!ide o one metha ne chloro fluoro carbon s carbon mono! ide *
Diff: 2 18.6 es!on se to climate change

+n the wa4e of the %.&. failure to ratify the ,yoto (rotoc ol _____ ___. many nation s have severe d diplom atic relatio ns with the %.&.

the %.&. has shown that it is a leader in carbon emissi on reducti on withou t having signed the (rotoc ol do ens of other nation s pulled out of the (rotoc ol oil e!porti ng nation s have refuse d to sell to the %.&. '
Diff: 2 18.6 es!on se to climate change

The most recent analys es of

12,222 822,22 2,222 "


Diff: 1 18.3 Climat e researc h

@ecent eviden ce from polar ice core analysi s shows that carbon dio!id e levels have never e!ceed ed _____ ___ ppm in the last several hundre d thousa nd years 122 /222 21 822

*
Diff: 1

/?.8 Climat e researc h