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Thamratul Fiqh

An easy book containing 1025 simple laws For children Hadhrat Maulana Thameer ud Deen Qaasimi

English Translation Edited by: Mufti Afzal Hoosen Elias (May Allaah protect him)

Contents Specialties of Thamratul Fiqh Foreword Wudhu The 4 obligatory actions of Wudhu The 18 Sunnat acts in Wudhu The 14 desirable actions of Wudhu The 6 undesirable actions of Wudhu The Wudhu breaks on account of 12 things The Wudhu does not break by 14 things The Chapter on Ghusl (Bath) Wudhu becomes obligatory by 6 things Ghusl does not become obligatory by 7 things 6 things are obligatory in Ghusl The Sunnats of Ghusl are 12 Ghusl is Sunnat for 4 things Tayammum

There are 3 obligatory actions in Tayammum There are 6 conditions for Tayammum to be correct There are 7 Sunnat acts in Tayammum There are 6 conditions for Masah upon the socks to be correct 4 things break the Masah 7 things are Haraam during menstruation and post birth bleeding 5 things are Haraam while in the state of major impurity 3 things are Haraam if one does not have Wudhu Salaat If 3 conditions are found, Salaat becomes obligatory The 5 times of Salaat The undesirable times are 3 There are 6 obligatory actions before Salaat There are 7 obligatory actions in Salaat 16 things are necessary for Salaat to be correct There are 19 compulsory actions in Salaat

There are 50 Sunnat actions in Salaat The Sunnat actions of Qiyaam are 16 The Sunnat actions of Ruku are 10 The Sunnat actions of Sajdah are 14 The Sunnat actions of Qadah are 10 The desirable actions of Salaat are 10 There are 13 conditions so that it is correct to follow the Imam 18 things cause congregation to fall off The principle regarding nullification of Salaat Salaat is nullified by 38 things There are 7 rulings regarding the mobile phone There are 57 undesirable actions in Salaat The emphasized Sunnat Salaat are 12 The important rulings of Witr are 6 The rulings pertaining to a traveller are 12 A person will become a traveller by covering 48 Shari miles and 54, 54 english miles

Jumuah There are 7 things that will make Jumuah obligatory There are 6 conditions for Jumuah to be correct There are 18 Sunnat actions in the Khutbah The first Jumuah Khutbah The second Jumuah Khutbah The rulings of Eid are 11 Janaazah There are 6 conditions for Salaatul Janaazah There are 6 obligatory actions in Salaatul Janaazah There are 4 Sunnat actions in Salaatul Janaazah The Duaa of Salaatul Janaazah If the Salaatul Janaazah is for an immature boy, then this is the Duaa If the Salaatul Janaazah is for an immature girl, then this is the Duaa There are 10 etiquettes of Sajdah Tilaawat Vows

There are 9 rulings regarding vows Fasting There are 6 types of fast There are 3 obligatory actions of fasting 5 things are desirable for a fasting person On account of 13 things, Kaffarah and Qadhaa become necessary 48 things make Qadhaa necessary, not Kaffarah 22 things do not break the fast 8 things are undesirable for the fasting person 7 things are not undesirable for the fasting person There is scope for 5 types of people not to fast The rulings of Fidya are 5 The rulings of Sadaqatul Fitr are 9 There are 3 types of Itikaaf Zakaat Zakaat is obligatory upon 7 types of people Zakaat is not obligatory upon 10 types of people

There are 8 types of people who could be given Zakaat 10 types of people cannot be given Zakaat This is the sequence of giving Zakaat Hajj There are 8 conditions for Hajj to become obligatory There are 5 conditions in order to fulfil the compulsion There are 3 types of Hajj The Meeqaat of Hajj are 5 There are 3 obligatory actions in Hajj The compulsory actions of Hajj are 22 There are 60 Sunnat actions in Hajj The infringements (Jinaayat) are of 4 types and they total 38 The infringements that make Damm, i.e. a goat compulsory are 14 The infringements for which one has to give half a Saa of wheat are 13 There is one infringement that makes less than half a Saa compulsory

The infringements that make the value compulsory are 10 Nothing becomes compulsory by killing 14 animals The animals whose slaughterer can eat from it are 4 The animals whose meat cannot be eaten are 6 There are 5 animals that are necessary to be slaughtered in the Haram There is one animal that is not necessary for it to be slaughtered in the Haram 3 animals have to be slaughtered on Yaum un Nahr 5 animals are not necessary to be slaughtered on Yaum un Nahr Umrah There are 3 obligatory actions in Umrah Duaas are accepted in 15 places Etiquettes 13 etiquettes of eating 5 etiquettes of drinking 10 etiquettes of sleeping

13 etiquettes of remaining in the Masjid 10 etiquettes of consultation 15 etiquettes of Gasht 13 etiquettes of urinating 17 etiquettes when excreting 18 etiquettes of Ghusl Optional Salaat There are 4 important rulings in Taraweeh Salaat There are 4 important rulings in Tahiyyatul Wudhu There are 4 important rulings in Tahiyyatul Masjid There are 6 important rulings in Ishraaq Salaat There are 7 important rulings in Chaasht Salaat Salaatul Istikhaara Awwaabeen Salaat Salaat ut Tasbeeh Tahajjud The method of Nikaah

The Khutbah of Nikaah Mahr Faatimi

Specialties of Thamratul Fiqh

Most of the rulings in this book are taken from Nur ul Idaah. It contains all the rulings from Purity to Hajj. Each chapter is divided into 6 parts

The number of obligatory actions The number of compulsory actions The number of Sunnat actions The number of desirable actions The number of nullifiers The number of undesirable actions Each item in every chapter is numbered It is beneficial for children. They should be made to count and learn all the rulings It is beneficial for Imams, they should count and explain the rulings to the people It is beneficial for those in Jamaat. They can learn the etiquettes of Gasht etc.

It is beneficial for the Hujjaaj, they can learn the obligatory and Sunnat actions of Haj and Umrah The book is very easy It can be easily remembered It contains the common day rulings All unnecessary rulings have been taken out Good guide book for prisoners.

Dedication Hadhrat Maulana Ilyas Desai Khatib at Masjid Mahad ush Shuhadaa, Preston, England
There are very few people in the world that showed great love to me and showered the rain of affection and liking that cannot be forgotten throughout life. One of these people is Hadhrat Maulana Ilyas Desai. This Allaah conscious scholar is the brother in law and cousin of Hadhrat Maulana Shuayb Desai. Like Hadhrat Maulana Shuayb he also showers the rain of goodness upon the poor and destitute of Jhar Khand. There is great effort done to send Zakaat and charity to this locality. He keeps the envelopes throughout the year. May Allaah grant

him great recompense for this. Aameen, O Rabb of the worlds. Hadhrat has concern day and night for the youth. He desires that every youngster should become religious and they should perform Salaat. Therefore he has a number of weekly programs and lectures until one in the morning. In Ramadhaan he performs Tahajjud and optional Salaat throughout the night. More than a hundred youth participate with him. In this time when the youth are lost, this effort of Hadhrat is worthy of great appreciation. When this lowly one was busy writing the commentary of Hidaayah, then Hadhrat Maulana Ilyas Saaheb repeatedly requested that such a Fiqh book should be arranged for the younger children that, Would be very easy The children can memorise it The Imams can at one glance look at the number of Sunnat actions in Wudhu or how many compulsory actions there are in Salaat. They should count it on their fingers and explain it to those attending Salaat The youngsters going out in Jamaat can easily learn the obligatory actions, compulsory actions and Sunnat actions of Wudhu, Salaat and Fasting

The book is very small but it encompasses the rulings until Hajj so that the Hujjaaj can benefit from it Hadhrat continually requested for a valuable and easy book and on account of being occupied I continuously promised. In fulfilment of this promise, this book was prepared and we take the honour of dedicating it to Hadhrat. Duaa is made that upon his request Allaah blesses it with great acceptance and make it a means of great reward for them both. Thamir ud Deen Qaasimi 19/9/2010 0161 227 9577

Wudhu The 4 obligatory actions of Wudhu:


It is obligatory to wash the face It is obligatory to wash the arms including the elbows It is obligatory to wash the feet including the ankles It is obligatory to make Masah of a quarter of the head [Madhmadha refers to putting water in the mouth and gargling. Istinshaaq refers to putting water into the nose.]

The 18 Sunnat acts in Wudhu:


The meaning of Sunnat is that it is better (rewarding to do,habitually to leave is sinful) to do it and there is no sin in leaving it out. There are no compulsory actions in Wudhu. It is Sunnat to wash both hands up to the wrists It is Sunnat to recite Bismillaah in the beginning It is Sunnat to use the Miswaak. If one does not have a Miswaak, then one can rub the teeth using ones finger It is Sunnat to gargle thrice

It is Sunnat to put water into the nose thrice If one is not fasting, then it is Sunnat to gargle and rinse the nose properly It is Sunnat to take a handful of water and pass the wet fingers through a thick beard beginning from the bottom It is Sunnat to make Khilaal of all the fingers It is Sunnat to wash each limb thrice It is Sunnat to make Masah of the entire head once It is Sunnat to make Masah of the ears using the water of the head It is Sunnat to rub the body It is Sunnat to wash one limb after the other in a continuous motion It is Sunnat to make the intention It is Sunnat to perform Wudhu in sequence It is Sunnat to begin from the right and from the fingertips It is Sunnat to begin Masah from the front of the head It is Sunnat to make Masah of the nape

The 14 desirable actions of Wudhu:


Desirable means that these actions do not have the status of Sunnat, but are desirable. They hold the status of etiquette. There will be increase in reward if one does them and there is no problem if they are not done. It is desirable to sit on a high place It is desirable to sit facing the Qiblah It is desirable not to take help from another without necessity It is desirable not to speak worldly things It is desirable to make the intention in the heart as well as verbally It is desirable to recite the narrated Duaas It is desirable to recite Bismillaah and the Duaa when washing every limb It is desirable to place the little finger into the holes of the ears It is desirable to shake/move a ring that is loose, even if water by itself reaches

It is desirable to put water into the mouth and into the nose using the right hand It is desirable to clean the nose using the left hand It is desirable to perform Wudhu before the time if there is no excuse It is sunnat to recite the Kalimah of Testimony after Wudhu

The 6 undesirable actions of Wudhu:


It is undesirable to use more water than necessary It is undesirable to use water sparing It is undesirable to splash water onto the face It is undesirable to speak of worldly matters during Wudhu It is undesirable to take help from others without an excuse It is undesirable to perform Masah thrice each time with new water

The Wudhu breaks on account of 12 things:


The Wudhu breaks if something comes out from the front or back private parts Wudhu breaks when a woman gives birth, even if no blood comes out Wudhu breaks when flowing impurity comes out from any part of the body If a drop of blood comes out when giving an injection the Wudhu breaks The Wudhu breaks when vomiting a mouthful of food or water Wudhu will break if blood is more than or equal to the saliva Wudhu will break if one sleeps while the back passage is not fixed firmly on the ground The Wudhu will break if the back passage lifts off the ground while sleeping Wudhu breaks if a person falls unconscious

Wudhu breaks if a person goes mad Wudhu breaks when a person becomes drunk Wudhu breaks by laughing aloud in a Salaat that has Ruku and Sajdah in it Wudhu will break if a male rubs his private part on the private part of a woman while there is no cloth in between with passion

The Wudhu does not break by 14 things:


Blood became apparent on the body and did not flow. The Wudhu will not break A person took out blood for a sugar test and did not flow. The Wudhu will not break A little blood became apparent by scratching and it did not flow. The Wudhu will not break A little blood became apparent on the haemorrhoids and it did not flow. The Wudhu will not break A little blood became apparent on a wound that did not flow. The Wudhu will not break By the flesh cutting cut and falling off without any blood flowing then the Wudhu is not broken

The Wudhu will not break by worms coming out of a wound, the ears and nose A males Wudhu does not break if he touches his private parts The Wudhu does not break by touching a woman The Wudhu does not break by vomiting less than a mouthful The Wudhu does not break if one vomits a mouthful of phlegm,even if be mouth-full The Wudhu does not break if a sleeping person shook but his back passage did not lift off the ground The Wudhu does not break if a person sleeps with his back passage fixed on the ground The Wudhu will not break if a person sleeps in the condition of Qiyaam, Ruku, Sajdah and Qadah [If so much blood comes out that flows on the body, the Wudhu will break, not if less than this came out]

The Chapter on Ghusl (Bath) Ghusl becomes obligatory by 6 things:

Ghusl becomes obligatory if one experiences a wet dream If a male places his private part into the front or back passage of a woman such that the head of his private part goes in, then Ghusl becomes obligatory whether he ejaculates or not If a person has intercourse with a dead person or animal until he ejaculates, Ghusl will become obligatory upon him After waking up, a person had conviction that he had ejaculated, then Ghusl will become obligatory Ghusl becomes obligatory when menstruation finishes Ghusl becomes obligatory when post birth bleeding stops

Ghusl does not become obligatory by 7 things:


Ghusl does not become obligatory if Madhi comes out Ghusl does not become obligatory if Wadi comes out A person though he had a wet dream but there is no liquid, so Ghusl will not be obligatory Ghusl does not become obligatory if a person administered medicine through the back passage

Ghusl does not become obligatory by putting the finger into the front or back private parts A person had intercourse with an animal or dead person, as long as he does not ejaculate, Ghusl will not become obligatory A male rubbed his private part on top of the female private part but did not ejaculate, Ghusl will not become obligatory [A thin liquid comes out of the male private part when it becomes erect, this is called Madhi. Wadi is a thin liquid that comes out after urinating. Wet dream is when Mani (sperm) comes out without having intercourse. Huqnah refers to enema administering medication through the back passage. Inzaal refers to ejaculation of sperm. Haydh is the monthly menstrual blood flow of a woman. Nifaas is post birth blood]

6 things are obligatory in Ghusl:


It is obligatory to gargle It is obligatory to put water into the nose It is obligatory to wash the entire body once It is obligatory to make the water reach those places that could easily be reached

It is obligatory to put water into the hole pierced into the ear or nose and it has not joined It is obligatory to put water onto the beard, moustache and hair of the head It is not obligatory upon women to put water into her locks, it is forgiven

The Sunnats of Ghusl are 12:


It is Sunnat to recite Bismillaah in the beginning It is Sunnat to make the intention It is Sunnat to wash both hands up to the wrists It is Sunnat to wash the impurity that is on the body It is Sunnat to wash the private parts It is then Sunnat to perform Wudhu like is done for Salaat It is Sunnat to pour water over the body thrice It is Sunnat to pour water first over the head It is then Sunnat to pour water over the right shoulder It is then Sunnat to pour water over the left shoulder It is Sunnat to rub the body

It is Sunnat to wash in a continuous motion-wash one part immediately after the other

Ghusl is Sunnat for 4 things:


Ghusl is Sunnat for Jumuah Salaat Ghusl is Sunnat for the Salaat of the two Eids Ghusl is Sunnat for Ihraam Ghusl is Sunnat for the Hujjaaj in Arafaat after Zawaal

Tayammum There are 3 obligatory actions in Tayammum:


It is obligatory to make the intention in Tayammum To strike the ground twice, to wipe the entire face after the first To wipe the arms including the elbows after striking the ground the second time

There are 6 conditions for Tayammum to be correct:


If these 6 conditions are found, the Taymmum will be correct, otherwise not

There should be an excuse for Tayammum to be correct, like being far from water Tayammum should be done on pure item that is of the species of the earth like sand, clay, bricks All the places should be covered by the Masah The entire hand or most of the hand should be used to make Masah of the hands and face The nullifiers of Tayammum should not be present when making Tayammum like menstruation and post birth bleeding There should not be anything that stops Masah on the hands and face like fat etc. Tayammum will then be correct

There are 7 Sunnat acts in Tayammum:


It is Sunnat to recite Bismillaah in the beginning It is Sunnat to do the Tayammum in sequence It is Sunnat to do it continuously It is Sunnat to begin from the fingers after striking the hands on the ground It is Sunnat to dust off the hands

It is Sunnat to keep the ring loose

There are 6 conditions for Masah upon the socks to be correct:


The socks should be worn after washing both the feet The socks should cover the ankles It should be possible to walk for some distance wearing those socks One sock should not be torn to the extent of three small toes The socks should be able to fit on the foot without tying them The socks should be so thick that it stops water from seeping through. Then Masah upon them will be correct

4 things break the Masah:


That which breaks Wudhu also breaks Masah If the entire sock is removed or most of it until the shin of the sock, the Masah will break The Masah will break if water reaches most part of a foot If the time period of Masah expires, the Masah will break.

7 things are Haraam during menstruation and post birth bleeding:


It is Haraam to perform Salaat It is Haraam to fast It is Haraam to recite a single verse of the Quraan It is Haraam to touch the Quraan without a cover It is Haraam to enter a Masjid It is Haraam to perform Tawaaf It is Haraam to engage in intercourse

5 things are Haraam while in the state of major impurity:


It is Haraam to perform Salaat It is Haraam to recite the Quraan It is Haraam to touch the Quraan without a covering It is Haraam enter a Masjid It is Haraam to perform Tawaaf

3 things are Haraam if one does not have Wudhu:

It is Haraam to perform Salaat It is Haraam to perform Tawaaf It is Haraam to touch the Quraan without a covering

SALAAT If 3 conditions are found, Salaat becomes obligatory:


A person should be a Muslim A person should be mature A person should be sane, not mad

The 5 times of Salaat:


Fajr...From true dawn until sunrise Zuhr...From Zawaal-when the sun is at its highest pointuntil the shadow of everything becomes twice its size Asr...From the time that the shadow of everything is twice its size until sunset Maghrib...From sunset until the whiteness on the horizon goes away Esha...From after the whiteness in the sky goes away until true dawn

The undesirable times are 3


From sunrise until it rises to a considerable height From the time the sun reaches its zenith until it moves (towards the west) From the time that the sun changes colour until sunset

There are 6 obligatory actions before Salaat:


The body should be pure from Hadath (requiring Ghusl or Wudhu) and impurity The place of Salaat should be pure The private areas should be covered The clothing should be pure The person should make the intention A person should face the Qiblah

There are 7 obligatory actions in Salaat:


If one of the obligatory actions are not done, the Salaat will not be valid It is obligatory to say Takbeer e Tahreema

It is obligatory to stand (Qiyaam) It is obligatory to recite Quraan (Qiraah) It is obligatory to make Ruku It is obligatory to make Sajdah The final sitting is obligatory It is obligatory to come out of Salaat with ones intention

16 things are necessary for Salaat to be correct:


To perform Salaat on time A person should have conviction that the time has entered A person should say the Takbeer e Tahreema in such a way that he can hear it himself The follower (Muqtadi) should make the intention of following The obligatory or compulsory Salaat being performed should be specified In obligatory and compulsory Salaat, standing is obligatory, not in optional Salaat

Sajdah should be made on such a surface that is firm and the forehead can stay on it The place of Sajdah should not be higher than the place of standing by a measure of half a hand To keep a few toes on the ground in Sajdah To perform Ruku before Sajdah When getting up from the first Sajdah, then a person should go close to the sitting posture To perform the second Sajdah To sit in the final sitting for the duration of Tashahhud To perform the final sitting after all the other fundamentals To perform all the postures in a wakeful state A person should believe in the status of Salaat and the obligation of all the obligatory duties

There are 19 compulsory actions in Salaat:


The status of compulsory is lower than obligatory and higher than Sunnat. If they are left out, Sajdah Sahwa will become compulsory. It is compulsory to recite Surah Faatiha

It is compulsory to join a Surah in two Rakats of an obligatory Salaat. It is compulsory to join a Surah in every Rakat of an optional Salaat. It is compulsory to read the Qiraah in the first two Rakats. It is compulsory to recite Surah Faatiha before the Surah It is compulsory to make Sajdah on the nose together with the forehead It is compulsory to perform the second Sajdah It is compulsory to perform all the postures with composure (Itminaan) The first sitting is compulsory It is compulsory to recite Tashahhud in the first sitting It is compulsory to recite Tashahhud in the final sitting It is compulsory to stand up immediately after Tashahhud in a 3 or 4 Rakat Salaat, i.e. Durud Sharif should not be recited It is compulsory to say the words As Salaam It is compulsory to recite the Duaa of Qunoot in Witr

It is compulsory to begin every Salaat with Takbeer. The Imam should recite the Qiraah loudly in the first two Rakats of Fajr, Maghrib and Esha The Imam should recite the Qiraah in-audibly (softly) in all the Rakats of Zuhr and Asr It is compulsory to recite the Qiraah in-audibly in the third Rakat of Maghrib and in the third and fourth Rakat of Esha. It is compulsory to recite the extra Takbeers in the first and second Rakats of the Eid Salaat

There are 50 Sunnat actions in Salaat:


The meaning of Sunnat is that it is better to do it. If it is not done, Sajda Sahwa will not become necessary, the Salaat will be done-valid.

The Sunnat actions of Qiyaam are 16


Men should lift their hands up to the ears at the time of Takbeer e Tahreema It is Sunnat to keep the fingers open-leave it natural state not to close them

It is Sunnat for the follower (Muqtadi) to join his Takbeer to that of the Imam-on condition it is not before the Imaam It is Sunnat for males to place the right hand on top of the left below the navel Women should place their hands on the chest without tying them

It is Sunnat to recite Taawwudh for Qiraah It is Sunnat to recite Bismillaah at the beginning of every Rakat It is Sunnat to say Aameen It is Sunnat to say Rabbana lakal Hamd It is Sunnat to recite all of these softly At the time of Tahreema it is Sunnat to stand up straight without bending the head It is Sunnat for the Imam to say the Takbeer loudly It is Sunnat to stand with the feet moderately apart in Qiyaam, not keeping them too far apart or too close to each other-having a four finger gap

It is Sunnat to recite from the Tiwaal Mufassal in Fajr and Zuhr, from the Awsaat Mufassal in Asr and Esha and from Qisaar Mufassal in Maghrib To recite from the following after Surah Fatiha. a. Tiwale Mufassil (long Surahs) in the Fajr and Zuhr. (i.e those Surahs from and including Surah Hujuraat up to Surah Burooj) b. Aswaate Mufassil (medium length Surah) in Asr and Esha (i.e. those Surahs from and including Surah Burooj up to Surah Bayinah) c. Qisaare Mufassil (short Surahs) in Maghrib Salaat (i.e. those Surahs from and including Surah Bayyinah up to the end of the Noble Quraan). The above Surahs are applicable to a Muqeem (non Musafir). A Musafir may read any Surah. It is Sunnat to lengthen the first Rakat of Fajr

The Sunnat actions of Ruku are 10:


It is Sunnat to say the Takbeer for Ruku It is Sunnat to recite the Tasbeeh thrice in it It is Sunnat to hold firmly the knees using the hands It is Sunnat to keep the fingers spread wide apart.Grasping by spreading the fingers. Women should not keep them spread out.

It is Sunnat to keep the calves straight It is Sunnat to keep the back spread out in Ruku It is Sunnat to keep the head in line with the buttocks in Ruku

From Ruku it is Wajib to stand up completely (perform Qaumah) After this, to stand with composure is Wajib

The Sunnat actions of Sajdah are 14:


In Sajdah, first the knees should be placed on the ground, then the hands and then the face It is Sunnat to stand up in the opposite sequence It is Sunnat to say Takbeer to go into Sajdah It is Sunnat to say Takbeer to get up from Sajdah It is Sunnat to perform the Sajdah in between the palms It is Sunnat to say Tasbeeh thrice in Sajdah

Men should keep their stomachs away from the thighs, the elbows away from the sides and the arms away from the ground Women should lower themselves and join the stomach to the thighs-this is Wajib It is Sunnat to sit in Jalsa between the two Sajdahs In Jalsa, the hands should be placed on the thighs like in Qadah, this is Sunnat It is Sunnat to spread the left foot and keep the right foot upright and to sit on it Women should sit on the buttocks this is Sunnat In At Tahiyyaat, the finger should be lifted at La ilaaha and it should be dropped at Illa Allaah It is Sunnat to recite Surah Faatiha in the last two Rakats

The Sunnat actions of Qadah are 10:


It is Sunnat to recite Durud upon Rasulullaah final sitting in the

It is Sunnat to make Duaa using the words of the Quraan and Hadith

It is Sunnat to first turn the face to the right and then to the left for Salaam The Imam should make the intention of Salaam to the men and the guarding angels The follower should make intention of the angels and the people on that side where he makes Salaam A person performing Salaat alone should make intention of only the angels, this is Sunnat It is Sunnat to make the second Salaam softer compared to the first The follower should make Salaam together with the Salaam of the Imam,on condition that it must not be before the Imaam It is Sunnat to begin Salaam from the right The Masbooq (latecomer) should wait for the Imam to complete, this is Sunnat

The desirable actions of Salaat are 10:


The meaning of desirable is that they are not on the level of Sunnat. There will be an increase in reward if done and there is no problem if they are left out

It is desirable for men to take their hands out of the sleeves at the time of Takbeer if the sleeves are long It is desirable for a person to keep his gaze focused on the place of Sajdah when standing It is desirable to look at the feet during Ruku It is desirable to look at the top part of the nose in Sajdah It is desirable to look in the lap-on the knees- when sitting It is desirable to look at the shoulders when making Salaam It is desirable to suppress a cough as much as possible It is desirable to close the mouth when yawning It is desirable to stand up until not later than when Hayya alal Falaah is called out in the Iqaamah The Imam should begin the Salaah when Qad Qaamat is Salaah is called out or after it [The meaning of standing when Hayya alal Falaah is called out is that a person should not delay, there is no problem in standing before that]

There are 13 conditions so that it is correct to follow the Imam:

If these conditions are found, it will be correct to follow the Imam, otherwise not The follower should make the intention for following the Imam at the time of Tahreema The heels of the Imam should be ahead of the follower The Imam should not be performing a Salaat of a lower status than that of the Muqtadi The Imam and follower should be performing the same obligatory Salaat There should not be a row of women between the Imam and the follower There should not be a small river/stream in which a small ship can sail There should not be a road in between in which a car can pass There should not be such a wall in between on account of which a person will be confused about the movements of the Imam The Imam should not be mounted and the Muqtadi be on the ground The conveyance of the Muqtadi should not be separate from the conveyance of the Imam

The ship of the Imam and Muqtadi should not be separate If the follower has conviction that the Salaat of the Imam is nullified then it will not be correct to follow him In a Salaat of 4 Rakats that is Qadhaa, a Muqeem should not lead a traveller

18 things cause congregation to be missed:


There is severe rain due to which it is difficult to go Severe cold Fear Intense darkness Imprisonment Being blind Paralysis If ones hands and feet are cut off Sickness A sitting person cannot walk Mud on the road

Crippled Advanced age There is fear of the rulings of Deen being left out and no hope of getting it again A person has severe hunger and food is present Preparation for journey Looking after the sick Severe winds at night If there are winds during the day, the ruling of participating in the congregation will not fall off

The principle regarding nullification of Salaat:


The Salaat will become nullified if such a sound comes out on account of happiness or sadness that becomes a sentence spoken by people If a person speaks the talk of man, the Salaat will become nullified Amal e Katheer, that work done with both hands and someone from far feels that this person is not performing Salaat. Salaat will be nullified by this

By eating or drinking something from outside the Salaat will be nullified If the entire chest turns away from the Qibla, the Salaat will be nullified If the Wudhu breaks in Salaat, the Salaat will be nullified-wilfully breaking the wudhu The Hadith for the above mentioned principles is,

From this Hadith we learn that it is not permissible to speak during Salaat Even if a person answers Salaam given by someone, his Salaat will break. The following Hadith is proof,

From this Hadith we learn that the speech of people has no place in Salaat. From this we learn that even speaking forgetfully will nullify the Salaat. Eating will nullify the Salaat. The statement of a Tabii is proof

In this statement of the Tabii it is stated that if a person eats or drinks in Salaat, the Salaat will be nullified and it will have to be repeated.

Salaat is nullified by 38 things:


Salaat is nullified by Amal e Katheer Salaat is nullified by talking Salaat is nullified by making Duaa in words similar to those of man because it is the speech of man Making Salaam with the intention of Salaam, even if it be forgetfully, it will nullify Salaat

Salaat will be nullified by verbal reply to Salaam or by handshake Salaat will be nullified if the chest turns away from the Qibla By eating something from out of the mouth, even if it be little Salaat will be nullified if a person eats something in between the teeth equal to a lentil seed Salaat will be nullified by drinking Salaat will be nullified by coughing without reason through which it becomes a sentence Salaat will be nullified by saying Uff, Uff through which it becomes a sentence Salaat will be nullified by crying with a sound through which a sentence is made Salaat will be nullified by saying Aah, Aah through which a sentence is made If a person cries out of pain or difficulty and it becomes a sentence. [If a person cries for Jannah or out of fear for Jahannam, then the Salaat will not be nullified] The Salaat will be nullified if a says Yarhamukallaah to one that has sneezed person

The Salaat will be nullified by giving reply to someone using a verse Salaat will be nullified by giving reply to someone using Duaa, this is the speech of man. Salaat will be nullified if the time of Masah on the socks expires If the leather socks (kuff) come off, the Wudhu will break therefore causing the Salaat to be nullified A person who made Taymmum found water. The Wudhu will break thereby causing the Salaat to be nullified A person who indicates for Ruku and Sajdah became well, so he got the ability to do the original command. In this case the Salaat will be nullified. The sun rose while performing Fajr. The Salaat will break due to the undesirable time coming in. The time of Zawaal came in during the Salaat of Eid. The Salaat will break due to the time ending. The time for Asr entered during Jumuah Salaat. The Salaat will break due to the time ending.

A wound got healed during Salaat and on account of this the plaster came off and the person got the ability to do the original action. The excuse of a Mazoor (excused) goes away, he got the ability to do the original action so the Salaat will be nullified. A person intentionally broke his Wudhu so the Salaat will be nullified. [Principle: an excused person gains ability during Salaat, e.g. un unlettered person learns a verse, a naked person gets clothes and a person who performs Salaat with indication gets the ability to perform Ruku and Sajdah, so the Salaat will be nullified] To go for water that is far away leaving water that is nearby will nullify Salaat when wudhu breaks The Wudhu of a person broke due to a wet dream in Salaat, so the Salaat will be nullified A woman and man were performing the same Salaat together and there is no veil in between A person had the thought that his Wudhu broke and turned completely away from the Qibla so his Salaat will be nullified If he turned completely away from the Qibla on account of the thought that the period of Masah expired

By correcting an Imam besides ones own Imam. This will make it the speech of man and nullify the Salaat Without learning, a person looks into the Quraan and recites. The Salaat will be nullified The private areas were open. In this condition a person performed one posture. The Salaat will be nullified when the duration of one rukun passes by There is minor impurity on a quarter of a limb. If a person performed one posture in this condition the Salaat will be nullified and more than dirham size of major impurity A person performed a posture before the Imam and the Imam did not join the person in that posture, the Salaat will be nullified because he performed a posture without the Imam. A person performed a posture while sleeping and did not repeat it, so the Salaat will be nullified.

There are 7 rulings regarding the mobile phone


During Salaat a person should keep his mobile on silent During Salaat or even out of Salaat, no music tone should be allowed to sound

There is disrespect in keeping a tone of a verse. Therefore a person should keep a plain tone If the phone rings in the case of forgetting, then he should off it using one hand By using both hands, Amal e Katheer will be done on account of which Salaat will be nullified. In Salaat, if a person says a number aloud the Salaat will be nullified If he said it in his heart, the Salaat will not be nullified but it is undesirable to do so

There are 57 undesirable actions in Salaat:


The Salaat is not nullified if something undesirable is done nor does Sajdah Sahwa become necessary. Then too, it is not good to do it.The reward will lessen. It is undesirable to intentionally leave out a compulsory or Sunnat action It is undesirable to play with the body or clothes In order to make Sajdah, it is undesirable to move the pebbles more than once It is undesirable to crack the fingers

It is undesirable to place the fingers of one hand into the fingers of the other It is undesirable to place the hands on the hips It is undesirable to turn the neck and look It is undesirable to squat without valid excuse It is undesirable to spread the hands on the ground out in Sajdah It is undesirable to roll up the sleeves It is undesirable to perform Salaat only in a trouser while having a long shirt It is undesirable to reply to Salaam by indication It is undesirable to sit four legged without an excuse It is undesirable for men to plait their hair It is undesirable to tie a used shawl on the head and keep the centre of the head exposed It is undesirable to repeatedly draw/pull ones clothes It is undesirable to let the two sides of clothing hang (like a scarf) [To let the two sides of clothing hang from the head, without tying it around the throat or to let the scarf or shawl hang from the shoulders, then the

clothing will fall repeatedly and he has to look after it. On account of this, concentration and devotion will be lost. Therefore, it is undesirable to do this] It is undesirable to place the hands in the clothing in such a way that they cannot be taken out It is undesirable to recite the Quraan in any posture besides standing It is undesirable to lengthen the first Rakat in optional Salaat It is undesirable to lengthen the second Rakat compared to the first in every Salaat It is undesirable to recite one Surah in a single Rakat of obligatory Salaat It is undesirable to recite a Surah in the second Rakat that is before the Surah recited in the first Rakat ie. not in sequence It is undesirable to leave a small Surah between two Surahs recited in two Rakats It is undesirable to smell fragrance from the hands It is undesirable to fan ones self with the clothes or with a fan

It is undesirable to move the fingers and toes away from the Qibla in Sajdah etc. It is undesirable not to hold the knees in Ruku It is undesirable to yawn It is undesirable to close the eyes It is undesirable to look repeatedly up towards the sky It is undesirable to stretch It is undesirable to make Amal Qaleel (small movements) in which one hand is used without any necessity It is undesirable to catch lice or kill them It is undesirable to cover the nose and face It is prohibited to place such a thing in the mouth that stops Qiraah, if it prevents the fardh or wajib qiraat to come out then it will invalid the Salaat It is undesirable to perform Sajdah on a picture of a living thing It is undesirable to perform Sajdah only on the forehead if there is no excuse regarding the nose

It is undesirable to perform Salaat on the road, in the bathroom, toilet or graveyard It is undesirable to perform Salaat in the land of another without his permission It is undesirable to perform Salaat near filth It is undesirable to perform Salaat when one has the urge to relieve ones self or to pass wind It is undesirable to perform Salaat when one has impurity on ones self that is less than an inch [If there is Najaasat Ghaleeza equal to a Dirham or inch or Najaasat Khafeefah equal to a quarter of the clothing then Salaat will not be valid-done. A person must wash it. If it is less, the Salaat will be done-valid but it is undesirable to perform Salaat wearing such clothes without necessity] To perform Salaat in scanty clothing It is undesirable to perform Salaat keeping the head exposed If one is very hungry and food is present, it will be undesirable to perform Salaat It is undesirable to repeatedly lift the sleeves It is undesirable to count Tasbeeh using the hands in Salaat

It is undesirable for the Imam to stand (alone) in the Mihraab without valid cause It is undesirable to stand behind when there is place in the row in front It is undesirable to wear clothing that has pictures of living objects on them It is undesirable to have a picture above ones self, or behind or in front or opposite one It is undesirable to have an oven or a fire that is worshipped in front of one when performing Salaat It is undesirable to perform Salaat when there are people sleeping in front of the person performing Salaat It is undesirable to move the sand away that will not give difficulty to ones forehead during Salaat It is undesirable to specify a single Surah to be read and no other It is undesirable not to place a Sutra (barrier) in such a place where one thinks that people will pass by there

The emphasized Sunnat Salaat are 12:


2 Rakats before Fajr 4 Rakats before Zuhr

2 Rakats after Zuhr 2 Rakats after Maghrib 2 Rakats after Esha The total is 12 Rakats

The important rulings of Witr are 6


Witr Salaat is compulsory Witr comprises of 3 Rakats with one Salaam The time of Witr is from the time of Esha until true dawn-the sequence between Esha and Witr is wajib In the third Rakat, after a Surah is joined, the hands should be raised for Takbeer before the Duaa-e-Qunoot It is necessary to recite the Duaa of Qunoot in the third Rakat If a person forgot to perform Witr, he will have to make Qadhaa of it This is the Duaa of Qunoot,

The rulings pertaining to a traveller are 12


A person becomes a traveller (Musaafir) when 48 Shari miles are travelled On journey, four Rakat Salaat becomes two Rakat The Qadhaa of a Salaat on journey is performed as 2 Rakats if one is at home The Qadhaa of a Salaat missed at home performed on journey will be 4 Rakats A person should perform Salaat in the train, plane etc. In obligatory Salaat, standing, Ruku and Sajdah are obligatory. A person should definitely do them if one has the ability to do so It is necessary to do all of these even though the space is little If a person sits and performs the Sunnat and Nafl, then it will be permissible If there is no conviction that the place is impure, then it will be taken to be pure and Salaat is permissible on it

If the land is impure, then clothing or paper should be spread out and it will be permissible to perform Salaat on it A person should learn the Qibla direction from people or from signs If there is no way of coming to know of the Qibla, then a person should think and whichever direction he has conviction of, he should perform Salaat in that direction. It will be valid.

A person will become a traveller by covering 48 Shari miles and 54, 54 English miles
A person becomes a traveller by traversing 48 Shari miles and he will have to make Qasr The English equivalent is 54, 54 miles The English mile is 1760 yards (Gaz) A Shari mile is 2000 yards The English mile is 1.13636 shorter than the Shari mile If 1.1363 is multiplied by 48, you get 54, 54 English miles A person will become a traveller upon 48 Shari miles = 87, 78 kilometres

If a person travels 87, 78 kilometres he becomes a traveller This is because a kilometre is 1093, 61 yards A kilometre is 1, 828 shorter than a Shari mile If 1, 828 is multiplied by 48, it equals 87, 78 kilometres

Jumuah There are 7 things that will make Jumuah obligatory:


To be a male To be free A person should be in a city or in the boundary He should be healthy He should have safety from an oppressor Both his eyes should be in order His feet should be in order, he can go to the Jaami Masjid, then Jumuah will be obligatory If a woman, slave, traveller or sick person performs Jumuah it will be valid.

There are 6 conditions for Jumuah to be correct:


To be in the city or in the boundary of the city [Today there is permission to perform Jumuah in a big locality. When the Imam of the locality is present, then too it will be permissible to establish Jumuah] It should be city or the out linning area of the city The king or his deputy should be present The time should be that of Zuhr. Jumuah is not correct before Zuhr time or after the time of Zuhr At the time of Zuhr, there should be a Khutbah delivered with the intention of Jumuah At least one person should be present to hear the Khutbah There should be general permission for all There should be 3 people present besides the Imam (for Salaat)

There are 16 Sunnat actions in the Khutbah:


It is Sunnat for a person to be in a state of purity

It is Sunnat to cover the private areas It is Sunnat to sit on the pulpit before beginning the Khutbah It is Sunnat to call out the Azaan in front of the Khateeb It is Sunnat to stand and deliver the Khutbah It is Sunnat to face the congregation It is Sunnat to begin the Khutbah praising Allaah according to His status It is Sunnat to recite both the Kalimahs of testimony It is Sunnat to recite Durud upon Rasulullaah It is Sunnat to advise and recite a verse of the Quraan It is Sunnat to recite two Khutbahs It is Sunnat to sit between the two Khutbahs The beginning of the second Khutbah should have the praises of Allaah It is Sunnat to recite Durud Sharif in the second Khutbah It is Sunnat to make Duaa of forgiveness for the Muslims

It is Sunnat for the congregation to listen to the Khutbah, to say it so loud that the congregation is able to hear It is Sunnat to recite a Khutbah that is short, equal in length to one of the Surahs of Tiwaal Mufassal

The first Jumuah Khutbah

The second Jumuah Khutbah

The rulings of Eid are 11:


The Salaat of Eid is compulsory The Eid Salaat is 2 Rakats There are 6 extra Takbeers in Eid Salaat The time for Eid Salaat is from sunrise until Zawaal The 1st of Shawwaal is Eid ul Fitr On the 10th of Dhul Hijjah is the Salaat of Baqra Eid-Eid ul Adhaa The wajib conditions for Eid Salaat are the same as those that make Jumuah compulsory It is compulsory upon the one who has Nisaab to make Qurbaani 7 shares can be made in a large animal A goat is only sufficient on behalf of one person

Consideration is given to the place in which the animal is regarding time

14 things are desirable in Eid:


Eating an odd number of dates before Eid Salaat To bath-only mustahab on day of Eid ul Fitr To make Miswaak To apply perfume To wear good clothing If Sadaqatul Fitr is compulsory, it should be given out before the Salaat To make joy and happiness apparent To give more Sadaqah according to ones means Tabkeer, i.e. to awake early in the morning Ibtikaar, i.e. to go early to the Eid Gaah To perform Fajr in the Masjid of the locality To go to the Eid Gaah saying the Takbeer softly on Eid ul Fitr and to read audibly on Eid ul Adhaa is Sunnat To return using another road

Sadaqatul Fitr is 1, 769 kg of wheat or is cash value

Janaazah There are 6 conditions for Salaatul Janaazah:


The deceased should be a Muslim The deceased should be pure The deceased should be placed in front of the Imam Most of the body or the entire body should be present The one performing Salaat should not be mounted without an excuse The deceased should be on the ground Salaatul Janaazah is Fard alal Kifaaya

There are 5 obligatory actions in Salaatul Janaazah:


To stand The first Takbeer Tahreema is to tie the hands and recite Thana The second Takbeer is to recite Durud Sharif The third is to recite the Duaa

The fourth is to make Salaam thereafter The total number of Takbeers is 4

There are 4 Sunnat actions in Salaatul Janaazah:


Whether the deceased is male or female, the Imam should stand in line with the chest Thana should be recited after the first Takbeer Durud upon Rasulullaah second Takbeer should be recited after the

Duaa for the deceased should be recited after the third Takbeer This is the Duaa for Salaatul Janaazah

If the deceased is an immature boy, then recite this Duaa,

If the deceased is an immature girl, then recite this Duaa,

There are 10 etiquettes of Sajdah Tilaawat


There are 14 verses in the Quraan, when recited or heared, Sajdah becomes compulsory This Sajdah should be done in the state of Wudhu It is better that the Sajdah be done immediately after reciting the verse It is also permissible if the person performs the Sajdah at a later time If the verse is recited in Salaat, then one should make the Sajdah in that very Rakat It is best that a person stands facing the Qibla and goes into Sajdah If he does the Sajdah from a sitting position, then too it will be permissible After this Sajdah there is no Salaam If one verse is recited repeatedly in the same place, then only one Sajdah becomes compulsory

If the place of recital changes, then a second Sajdah will become compulsory Sajdah Tilaawat is compulsory

Vows There are 9 rulings regarding vows:


It becomes compulsory to fulfil a vow after one has made it If a person made a vow suspended upon a condition, then it will become compulsory to fulfil it once the condition is fulfilled A vow is done to perform Salaat A vow is done to fast A vow is made to give wealth in charity A vow is made to slaughter an animal It is necessary to give the wealth of a vow to the poor to eat A vow is done to perform Hajj and Umrah That which is not worship, it is not done as vow

FASTING There are 6 types of fast:


Obligatory, e.g. the fast of Ramadhaan Compulsory, e.g. the fast of a vow Sunnat, e.g. the fast of 10 Muharram Optional, e.g. the fast of Shabaan Desirable, e.g. the fast of Dawood Undesirable, e.g. the fast of the day of Eid

There are 3 obligatory actions of fasting:


To make the intention of fasting To stay away from food and drink throughout the day To stay away from intercourse throughout the day

5 things are desirable for a fasting person:


To partake of Sehri To delay Sehri To make quick in Iftaar, on a day that is not cloudy To make Dhikr and Tilaawat in abundance

It is desirable to stay away from sins

On account of 13 things, Kaffarah and Qadhaa become necessary:


Principle 1: if in Ramadhaan a person is keeping the fast of Ramadhaan and consumes something that is taken as food or medicine wilfully or he drinks something out of his own choice and there is no sickness or journey or he did it forgetfully or someone did not force him, then Qadhaa and Kaffaarah will become compulsory. Principle 2: in the month of Ramdhaan if a person is keeping the fast of Ramadhaan and he wilfully has intercourse without anyone forcing him, then Qadhaa and Kaffaarah will become compulsory In the following 13 cases Qadhaa and Kaffaarah will become compulsory: If he eats knowingly, Qadhaa and Kaffaarah will become compulsory If he knowingly takes medication or drinks water or liquor, then Qadhaa and Kaffaarah will become compulsory If he knowingly has intercourse, Qadhaa and Kaffaarah will become compulsory Swallowing a raindrop and it enters the throat

A person eats raw meat or fat, if it had worms, gone bad By eating Paan -beetle leaf- Qadhaa and Kaffaarah will become compulsory By eating wheat Qadhaa and Kaffaarah will become compulsory Chewing it and took it out. The Qadhaa and Kaffaarah will not apply if it was chewed and dissolved Swallowing a grain of wheat Eating chewing gum will make Qadhaa and Kaffaarah compulsory If a person swallows his wifes saliva Qadhaa and Kaffaarah will become compulsory If a person eats after cupping then Qadhaa and Kaffaarah will become compulsory If a woman is happy when made to have intercourse, then Qadhaa and Kaffaarah will be compulsory upon her

48 things make Qadhaa necessary, not Kaffarah:

Principle 1: the fast will break by eating those things that are not consumed as food or medicine, but Qadhaa will become compulsory, not Kaffaarah Principle 2: if a person consumes food or medicine on account of sickness or by someone forcing him or on journey or he eats mistakenly, the fast will break. There will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah Principle 3: food or medicine reached the stomach from another path besides the throat or it reached the brain. The fast will break but Kaffaarah will not be compulsory Principle 4: a person remembered his fast and put water in his mouth and it mistakenly went down the throat. This is referred to as a mistake. Qadhaa becomes compulsory Principle 5: a person did not remember fasting. He wilfully ate to his fill. This is forgetfulness. The fast does not break. In the following 48 cases only Qadhaa will be compulsory, not Kaffaarah: There was danger of falling ill, so he ate. There will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah A person fell ill so he ate or drank water. There will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah

Someone forced a person to eat. There will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah There was danger of falling ill. He therefore drank water or medicine. There will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah Someone forced him so he drank water or medicine. There will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah If a fasting person eats raw rice there will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah If a person eats flour that was kneaded or dry flour there will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah If a person ate a lot of salt at once there will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah If a person ate sand there will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah If a person eats a pit that is not normally eaten there will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah If a person smokes a cigarette-unintentionally- there will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah-if intentionally then Kaffaarah also If a person smokes tobacco-unintentionally- there will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah-if intentionally then Kaffaarah also

If a person smokes pipe-unintentionally- there will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah-if intentionally then Kaffaarah also If a person chews tobacco-unintentionally- there will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah-if intentionally then Kaffaarah also If a person eats lime there will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarahif it is the lime of pan then Kaffaarah If a person inhales strong medicine-unintentionally- and the effect reaches the brain then there will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah If a person eats a fruit that is not eaten there will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah If a person swallows a pebble or stone there will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah If food, water or medicine reaches the intestine through the back passage there will be Qadhaa If through injection, medicine was sent to the intestines or brain there will be Qadhaa If a person puts medicine into his nose there will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah

If a person puts something into his throat and takes medication there will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah If a person puts oil into his ears the fast will break there will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah (if one has a hole in the ear drum-Mufti Elias) If a person applied medication on his stomach or brain and it reached the intestine or brain then there will be Qadhaa If the fast broke by mistake in such a way that he used water for gargling which went down then there will be Qadhaa If a person was forced to break his fast, even if it was by intercourse, there will be Qadhaa not Kaffaarah If a person forced a woman to have intercourse, Qadhaa will be compulsory on her, not Kaffaarah If a woman is looking after the ill and there is fear that she will fall ill and breaks her fast then Qadhaa will be compulsory If someone put water into the stomach of a sleeping person, then there will be Qadhaa After eating forgetfully a person ate knowingly. There will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah

After having intercourse forgetting that he is fasting, he had intercourse knowingly. There will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah A person did not make an intention at night. He ate during the day after intending. There will be Qadhaa Or in the morning he was a traveller. He then intended to stay and ate, there will only be Qadhaa Or in the morning he was a traveller. He then intended to stay and ate. There will be Qadhaa A person did not intend to fast nor did he intend not too fast. He stayed away, then there will be Qadhaa There was doubt regarding whether Fajr began or not and the person ate Sehri or had intercourse, then there will be Qadhaa A person had Iftaar thinking that the sun set and some part of the day was remaining, then there will only be Qadhaa If a person had intercourse with a dead person or an animal and he ejaculated. There will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah If a person nullified a fast other than that of Ramadhaan, then there will only be Qadhaa

A person had intercourse with a woman that was sleeping. Only Qadhaa will be necessary upon her not Kaffaarah If a woman put something into her private parts there will be Qadhaa A person put a wet finger (that was wet with water or oil) into his back passage, there will be Qadhaa A woman put a wet finger into her private parts, there will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah A person put smoke into his throat intentionally. There will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah A person vomited intentionally a mouthful. There will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah Vomit came up and a person took it back. It was a mouthful and he also remembered his fast. There will be Qadhaa. If a person ate something that was stuck in between his teeth that equalled a gram, there will be Qadhaa A person could not fast on account of being unconscious. There will be Qadhaa no Kaffaarah

22 things do not break the fast:

If a person ate forgetfully the fast does not break If a person drank forgetfully the fast does not break If a person had intercourse forgetfully his fast does not break If a person ejaculates by looking, his fast will not break By smelling perfume his fast does not break The fast will not break by applying Surma even if he gets the taste of it in his throat If he takes out a considerable amount of blood by injection his fast will not break A person took medication by means of an injection and the effect did not reach the brain or intestines, the fast will not break The fast does not break by backbiting A person intends to break his fast but does not, his fast will not break If smoke enters his throat without any action on his part, the fast will not break If dust went into his throat his fast will not break If a fly went into a persons throat the fast will not break

If the effect of the medication reaches a persons throat and he remembers that he is fasting A person was in a state of major impurity in the morning, even if he spends the entire day impure If he places medication or oil into his private parts (penis) the fast will not break If water went into a persons ears by diving into a river If mucus came into the nose and a person pulled it up or swallowed it then the fast will not break If a person vomited a mouthful and it went back down on its own then the fast has not broken If a person vomits intentionally less than a mouthful his fast will not break If he ate something in between his teeth and it was less than a gram the fast will not break If a person chewed something like a sesame seed and it dissolved completely and he did not taste it in the throat, the fast will not break

8 things are undesirable for the fasting person:


It is undesirable to taste something without reason

It is undesirable to chew something without reason It is undesirable to use toothpaste and tooth powder If a person does not have control over himself then it will be undesirable to kiss her It is undesirable to hold on to ones wife if both of them do not have control It is undesirable to collect saliva in the mouth and then swallow it Everything that he thinks will make him weak like cupping It is undesirable to take out a lot of blood by injection because a person will get weak

7 things are not undesirable for the fasting person:


It is not undesirable to kiss It is not undesirable to hold/hug ones wife if one has control over ones self It is not undesirable to put oil on ones head or moustache It is not undesirable to apply Surma

To make Miswaak until the evening, in fact, it is Sunnat It is not undesirable to rinse the mouth or put water into the nose It is not undesirable to take a bath to get cool or to roll ones self in wet clothes

There is scope for 5 types of people not to fast:


A pregnant woman who fears harm for her unborn child A breastfeeding woman who has fear of harm for her child A traveller A sick person Such an old person who cannot fast These people should fast later. If they cannot, they should give Fidya

The rulings of Fidya are 5:


If a person cannot fast throughout his life he should give Fidya The Fidya of one fast is 1, 769 kg of wheat

The Fidya for 30 fasts is 53, 07 kgs of wheat Alternatively, the value of 53, 07 kgs of wheat could be given to the poor Alternatively, 30 poor people could be fed

The rulings of Sadaqatul Fitr are 9:


Sadaqatul Fitr is compulsory upon the person that who possesses Nisaab Even if a year has not passed over the Nisaab, then too Fitra will be compulsory Fitra should be discharged before Eid If a person did not fulfil it until Eid, then it remains compulsory afterwards It is compulsory to give it, it does not fall off if it is not given One has to give on ones own behalf and on behalf of ones minor children Mature children and ones wife can give on their own or the father can give upon their request The Fitra for one person is 1, 769 kgs of wheat 1, 769 kgs of wheat or its value

There are 3 types of Itikaaf:


Compulsory, in the case where a person took a vow Sunnat Kifaayah Muakkadah, the last 10 days of Ramadhaan Desirable, which is besides the above

ZAKAAT Zakaat is obligatory upon 7 types of people:


If a person has his basic needs fulfilled and after paying his debts, if he owns 52, 5 Tola of silver then Zakaat becomes obligatory upon him If a person owns 7, 5 Tola of gold, then Zakaat will be obligatory upon him If a person owns the value of 7, 5 Tola gold in pounds, dollars or rupees etc. If a person owns trading stock to the value of 7, 5 Tola gold, then Zakaat is obligatory upon him If a person bought a house for trade, then Zakaat will be obligatory If a person bought a plot of land for trade, then Zakaat will be obligatory

If a person bought books or anything else for trade, then Zakaat will be obligatory In terms of percentage, 2, 5% is obligatory 1 Tola is 11, 664 grams Therefore, if you multiply 7, 5 Tola by 11, 664, the result is 87, 48 grams of gold Multiply 52, 5 Tola of silver by 11, 664, the result will be 612, 36 grams of silver upon which 2, 5% Zakaat is obligatory

Zakaat is not obligatory upon 10 types of people:


A poor person does not have to give Zakaat Such a person who is in debt and all his wealth is used in the debt, then Zakaat will not be obligatory [A long term debt does not prevent Zakaat from becoming obligatory. For example, a person took a loan of 100000 to be paid over 25 years. He has to pay 10000 each time and his income is 12000 yearly. He will have to give Zakaat on the 2000 because every year 10000 will be used up in his basic needs] A child does not have to give Zakaat A mad person does not have to give Zakaat

The tools used to earn, e.g. sewing machine, the car used as a taxi etc If an entire year did not pass over the wealth, there will be no Zakaat on it If a persons wealth is less than Nisaab, i.e. less than 52, 5 Tola of silver If a person bought a house to rent there will be no Zakaat There is no Zakaat on a plot that a person bought to build his house There is no Zakaat for ones books or something bought for personal use

There are 8 types of people who could be given Zakaat:


Fuqaraa those who have a little wealth Masaakeen those who have nothing at all Aamileen those whose work it is to collect Zakaat Muallafatul Quloob those in whom there is hope that they will accept Islaam or they are weak in Islaam-this is abrogated Riqaab freeing a slave by giving him wealth to pay off his price

Gharimeen a person in debt on account of some responsibility Fi Sabeelillaah helping a person in Jihaad with Zakaat Ibn us Sabeel a traveller, he has wealth at home but he has no wealth on journey It is necessary that the above mentioned people are made the owners of the Zakaat, then the Zakaat will be done

10 types of people cannot be given Zakaat:


A disbeliever A wealthy person who possesses Nisaab A person owns something and the value of it equals Nisaab The child of a wealthy person The parents and grandparents going upwards cannot be given Zakaat by his son The progeny (sons, daughters, granddaughters) cannot be given Ones wife For the shroud of a deceased For fulfilment of the debt incurred by a deceased grandsons,

The poor inheritors of a person can be given and they fulfil the debt, then there is no problem If a person gives Zakaat to a person thinking that he is deserving, then the opposite becomes apparent, the Zakaat will be valid on condition that he found out and gave.

This is the sequence of giving Zakaat:


Ones close family should be given Zakaat first, like brother, sister, uncle etc. Then ones neighbour Then the people of the locality Then those of the same profession Then those of ones city Then those of another city It is not necessary to inform the recipient that this is Zakaat

HAJJ There are 8 conditions for Hajj to become obligatory:


Islaam

Sanity Maturity To be free The time of Hajj A person should have the ability to afford moderate expenditure, even if it be in Makkah For a person out of Makkah, he should have the ability to afford such a conveyance that is special for him If he is in Daar ul Harb, he should have knowledge that Hajj is obligatory upon him

There are 5 conditions in order to fulfil the compulsion: [This means that Hajj has become obligatory once the conditions are found but if all these barriers exist. Therefore there is scope to delay. If the barriers are not removed throughout his life then it is not necessary to bequest that Hajj be made on ones behalf]
His body should be healthy and he should be able to go There should be no barrier stopping him going for Hajj [Like a visa problem]

The road should be safe A woman should not be in the time of Iddat A Mahram can go along with the woman

There are 3 types of Hajj:


Hajj Ifraad a person ties the Ihraam only for Hajj from the Meeqaat Hajj Qiraan a person ties the Ihraam for Umrah and Hajj together Hajj Tamattu a person ties the Ihraam for Umrah during the months of Hajj, after coming out of Ihraam he then ties the Ihraam for Hajj A person can perform Hajj Tamattu with the permission of for one whom performed. Nowadays people are forced to do it.

The Meeqaat of Hajj are 5:


The Meeqaat for the people of Madinah is Dhul Hulayfah. It is 410 km north of Makkah The Meeqaat for the people of Iraq is Dhaat e Irq. This is 90 km from Makkah towards the east The Meeqaat for the people of Shaam is Juhfa. It is 182 km from Makkah, towards the south east

The Meeqaat for the people of Najd is Qarn ul Manaazil. It is 80 km from Makkah, towards the east The Meeqaat for the people of Yemen is Yalamlam. It is 130 km from Makkah, towards the south If a person passes the Meeqaat without Ihraam, a penalty becomes compulsory

There are 3 obligatory actions in Hajj:


To tie the Ihraam To stay in Arafah To perform the Tawaaf uz Ziyaarah

The compulsory actions of Hajj are 22:


To tie the Ihraam from the Meeqaat To delay the stay at Arafat until sunset To stay in Muzdalifah on Yaum un Nahr after Fajr until before sunrise To pelt the Jamarats using pebbles For a Qaarin and Mutamatti to slaughter an animal To shave the hair (or trim it) To do it in the Haram and during the days of Nahr

To pelt before shaving the hair For a Qaarin and Mutamatti to slaughter between pelting and shaving the hair To perform Tawaaf uz Ziyaarat during the days of Nahr To do Saee of Safa and Marwa in the months of Hajj This Saee should be done after a proper Tawaaf A person who is not excused should walk and do the Saee Saee should be started from Safa To perform Tawaaf al Widaa To begin every Tawaaf of the Baytullaah from the Hijr Aswad To begin from the right One who is not excused should perform Tawaaf walking A person should be pure from both types of Hadath To cover the private areas To perform the Tawaaf uz Ziyaarat in the days of Nahr To leave the forbidden things

By leaving some of the compulsory actions, Damm will be necessary and by leaving others, Damm will not be necessary

There are 60 Sunnat actions in Hajj:


To bath for Ihraam Or to perform Wudhu To wear a loin cloth and cloth to cover the upper body, new and white are better if one can get and clean and neat is valid To apply perfume To perform 2 Rakat of Ihraam To say the Talbiyah in abundance after putting on the Ihraam Men should recite the Talbiyah aloud at Salaat time Or when they ascend a high place Or when they descend towards a lower place Or when meeting a traveller In the morning When a person recites Talbiyah, he should recite it repeatedly

He should recite Durud upon Rasulullaah He should ask for Jannah and the company of the pious He should seek refuge from Jahannam He should take a bath upon entering Makkah He should enter from Baab Mualla in the day When visiting the Baytullaah a person should recite Takbeer and the first Kalimah A person should ask for that which is beloved to him when he sees the Baytullaah A person should perform Tawaaf e Qudoom if it is not the months of Hajj In this Tawaaf there should be Idtibaa and Raml after which there is Saee [Idtibaa means taking the Ihraam cloth from under the right shoulder and placing it over the left. Raml means walking rapidly in the first three circuits of that Tawaaf after which there is Saee. This is Sunnah] Men should run between the two green lights and they should walk slowly for the rest of the Saee A person should perform Tawaaf in abundance, for a foreigner it is more virtuous than performing Nafl Salaat

On the 7th of Dhul Hijjah, in Makkah after Zuhr, the Imam should deliver a Khutbah This is a single Khutbah without sitting in between The people should be taught the rites of Hajj in it A person should leave from Makkah to Mina on the 8th after sunrise He should spend the night in Mina On Yaum e Arafah (9th Dhul Hijjah) a person should leave from Mina to Arafat after sunrise In Arafat, the Imam should deliver two Khutbahs He should sit in between In these gatherings a person should display humility and cry shedding tears in abundance A person should make Duaa in abundance for himself, his parents and for the Muslims He should then leave Arafat with peace and tranquillity after sunset A person should get off in Muzdalifah away from Batn Waadi near Mount Quzah He should spend the night of the 10th in Muzdalifa

A person should spend the nights of Mina in Mina (10, 11, 12) At the time of pelting, he should keep Mina at his right and Makkah at his left When pelting the Jamarah Aqabah on all the days, it should be done while mounted At the time of pelting Jamarah Ula one should be walking At the time of pelting Jamarah Wusta one should be walking One should stand in Batn Waadi when pelting The pelting on the first day should be between sunrise and Zawaal On the rest of the days it should be between Zawaal and sunset It is also Sunnat for the one performing Ifraad Hajj to slaughter an animal To eat from the animal of Ifraad, the optional animal slaughtered and from the slaughter of the Qaarin and Mutamatti It is Sunnah to deliver a Khutbah on Yaum un Nahr like the first Khutbah

In it the rest of the rituals of Hajj should be taught If one intends to leave Mina on the 12th, one should leave quickly before sunset It is Sunnat to stay a little while in Muhassab after leaving Mina To drink Zam Zam water to ones fill One should drink it while facing the Baytullaah and looking at it One should drink it standing A little Zam Zam water should be placed on the head and body One should cling to the Multazam, it is Sunnat to place ones chest and face on it One should cling onto the cover of the Kabah and ask for the things beloved to one One should kiss the doorframe of the Kabah One should enter the Baytullaah with respect and honour (if possible) One should visit Madinah One should recite Durud and Salam upon Rasulullaah

The infringements (Jinaayat) are of 4 types and they total 38:


The Jinaayat in which Damm becomes compulsory. They are 14 The Jinaayat in which half a Saa becomes compulsory. They are 13 The Jinaayat in which less than a Saa becomes compulsory. It is 1 The Jinaayat in which the value becomes compulsory. They are 10

The infringements that make Damm, i.e. a goat compulsory are 14:
A mature Muhrim applies perfume on his limb He colours his hair using Henna To apply scented oil To wear sewn clothing To cover the head for an entire day To shave a quarter of the head

To cut the hair at the place of cupping To cut the hair under one armpit To cut the hair below the navel To cut the hair of the neck To clip the nails of both hands and feet in a single sitting To clip the nails of one hand or one foot To leave out a single compulsory action from the compulsory actions listed To perform Tawaaf e Qudoom or Tawaaf e Widaa in a state of Janaabat makes necessary slaughtering of a goat. If Tawaaf e Ziyraat is done in Jannaabat then one Budnabig animal-becomes necessary to slaughter.

The infringements for which one has to give half a Saa of wheat are 13:
A person applied perfume on less than a full limb A person wore sewn clothing for less than a day A person covered his head for less than a day A person shaved less than a quarter of his head A person clipped less than 5 nails

A person should give half a Saa for every nail If a person performs Tawaaf e Qudoom or Tawaaf e Sadr without Wudhu A person left out 1 circuit of Tawaaf e Sadr A person left out 2 or 3 circuits of Tawaaf, in lieu of each one he should give half a Saa A person left pelting a pebble on any Jamarah If a person left out less than 7 pebbles, he should give half a Saa in lieu of every pebble A person shaved the head of another person (Muhrim or not) If a person applied perfume on account of some excuse or wore sewn clothing or shaved, then he will be given the choice between slaughtering, or giving 6 poor people 3 Saa or keeping 3 fasts

There is one infringement that makes less than half a Saa compulsory
By killing lice or a locust. One can give any amount of Sadaqah

The infringements that make the value compulsory are 10:


If a Muhrim killed a hunted animal, he has to give the full value He cut off a limb of a hunted animal that now the animal cannot run, then the full value will have to be given If he plucked the feather of a bird that it now cannot run then he has to give the full value If he cut the wing of a bird that it cannot fly, then he will have to give the value that decreased If he plucked the wing of a bird and it can fly, then he will have to give the value that decreased He cut the limb of an animal and it can run, then he will have to give the value that decreased By breaking the eggs of an animal he will have to give the value The value of a goat will not suffice for killing a predator If a person killed a hunted animal of the Haram he has to give the full value By cutting the grass and fruit bearing trees of the Haram one has to give the value

Nothing becomes compulsory by killing 14 animals:


Crow Kite Scorpion Mouse Snake A mad dog Fly Ant Flea Fleas Tortoise By killing an animal that is not hunted, nothing becomes compulsory If a predator attacks, then nothing becomes compulsory by killing it Nothing becomes compulsory by killing a tame animal

The animals whose slaughterer can eat from it are 4:


The animal slaughtered in Tamattu The animal slaughtered in Qiraan An optional sacrifice The meat of ones Qurbaani animal

The animals whose meat cannot be eaten are 6:


The animal slaughtered on account of Jinaayat The animal slaughtered on account of Kaffaarah The compensation of hunting On account of sickness, one had to slaughter the animal along the way The animal slaughtered on account of being stopped for going for Hajj The animal slaughtered on account of taking a vow

There are 5 animals that are necessary to be slaughtered in the Haram:


Damm of Tamattu

Damm of Qiraan Optional slaughter Damm of being stopped Compensation for hunting

There is one animal that is not necessary for it to be slaughtered in the Haram:
The animal became ill, it could be slaughtered wherever one wants to

3 animals have to be slaughtered on Yaum un Nahr:


Damm of Tamattu Damm of Qiraan It is also better that optional sacrifice is done on Yaum un Nahr [Haram on all four sides of Makkah Mukarramah is the boundary of the Haram. Some types of animals have to be slaughtered here. Yaum un Nahr the 10, 11 and 12 of Dhul Hijjah are the days of Nahr]

5 animals are not necessary to be slaughtered on Yaum un Nahr:

Damm of Kaffaarah Damm of vow Damm of being stopped Compensation for hunting Damm of Jinaayat

UMRAH There are 3 obligatory actions in Umrah:


To tie the Ihraam from the Meeqaat To perform 7 circuits of Tawaaf To make Saee thereafter To cut the hair and come out of Ihraam. The rest are the same as Hajj

Duaas are accepted in 15 places:


During Tawaaf At the Multazam Under the Meezaab e Rahmat

Inside the Baytullaah At Zam Zam Behind Maqaam Ibraaheem On Safa On Marwa During Saee In Arafat In Mina Jamarah Ula Jamarah Thaaniyah Jamarah Thaalitha (at the time of pelting) At the time of pelting on the fourth day

Etiquettes 13 etiquettes of eating:


Wash the hands before eating Lay out the food cloth and eat Sit and eat

Eat with the right hand

Eat taking it to be the bounty of Allaah Eat from in front of you, not from the centre Eat taking into consideration the people Eat till half the belly is full. Leave the other half for water and air If a morsel fell down, then pick it up and eat it Do not eat burnt food

Wash the hands after eating

5 etiquettes of drinking:
Sit and drink water Drink in three sips Drink with the right hand

Look into the glass first before drinking to check if anything fell inside Recite Alhamdulillaah after drinking

10 etiquettes of sleeping:
It is better to make Wudhu and sleep Recite Tasbeeh Faatimi and Surah Mulk etc before sleeping

Sleep facing the Qibla Do not face the feet towards the Qibla when sleeping Dust the bed before sleeping Sleep with the intention of Tahajjud If one sees a bad dream then turn sides Try not to sleep flat on the back, bad dreams result

13 etiquettes of remaining in the Masjid:

Place the right foot first when entering the Masjid

Do not make a noise in the Masjid Do not speak of worldly affairs in the Masjid Perform Tahiyyatul Masjid upon entering the Masjid if it is not makrooh time Make Dhikr, Salaat and Tilaawat in abundance It is better that a person stays with Wudhu If another place is available one should not sleep in the Masjid There is scope for a traveller when one is forced One should stay with the intention of Itikaaf Put back in its place whatever was taken First place the left foot out when leaving the Masjid

10 etiquettes of consultation:

Everyone should sit together and consult

Do not cut off someone during consultation

Give an opinion that has the goodness of th

Do not give a view for ones personal bene Do not be stubborn on ones view Be content with the decision of the Ameer

Practice with the heart and soul whateve was

Consultation is a trust and it should n before the masses

15 etiquettes of Gasht:

Gasht is the work of the Ambiyaa. Theref have the importance of it at heart Walk on one side of the road

Keep the gaze lowered and walk

Have the worry about how Deen can become widespread No one should talk. Only the person appointed to speak should speak One should speak with humility and love If he gives an incorrect response, then do not argue Try to bring him to the Masjid When the speaker speaks, then everyone else should listen attentively One should make Duaa that one takes effect before Ghust Do not stand in front of the door Stand on the right or left so that you do not look at a Ghayr Mahram Do not be affected by looking at some worldly item There is shortcoming in ones effort, so return seeking forgiveness from Allaah

13 etiquettes of urinating:
One should sit and urinate It is better that one cleans the private parts with clods of sand and do spoil if not using Then wash with water If both are not possible, then with water If this is not possible, then with clods of sand If the place that has become impure is less than an inch, less than a Dirham, then the clod will suffice If the place that has become impure is less than an inch, then tissue paper will also suffice If urine has touched an area more than an inch, then it will be necessary to wash with water Tissue paper is very beneficial for the one who has urine drops coming out If impurity less than an inch comes onto the clothing, then Salaat in them will be permissible It is better that the impurity less than an inch is washed One should not face the Qibla and urinate-the front or back

One should open as least of the private area as possible

17 etiquettes when excreting/passing stool:


When entering the toilet, first put the left foot

It is undesirable to pass stool in the Qibla direction or direct ones back in that direction One should open as least as possible the private areas The English toilet should be clean If the English toilet is cleaned with tissue paper it will become pure After cleaning it, and then sitting by placing the buttocks thereon, ones body will not become impure If the clothes touch it, it will not become impure It is better that the anus is first cleaned with a lump of sand Then one should wash with water If both are not possible, then with water

If this is not possible, then one should clean with a lump of sand If the place that has become impure is less than an inch, then the lump of sand will also suffice If the place that has become impure is less than an inch, then tissue paper will also suffice If the place that has become impure is more than an inch, then it is necessary to wash with water It is desirable to take the right foot out of the toilet first

18 etiquettes of Ghusl:
If there is some impurity, it should be washed first-wash the hands up to the wrists then the private pars if there is any impurity there then any where there is impurity Make Wudhu before Ghusl Wash the hands up to the wrists Rinse the mouth Put water into the nose Wash the face

Wash the hands including the elbows Make Masah of the head Wash the feet after Ghusl Pour water over the body thrice Put water wherever it could be made to reach It is best that the private areas are not uncovered If the private areas are open, one should not face the Qibla Pour water over the body thrice Do not recite any Duaa in the bathroom There is a utensil in which water is falling in from the tap and used water is also falling in, then too the water will be pure If one has conviction that impure water has fallen into the utensil, then the water of the utensil is impure. It should be thrown away and new water taken and the Ghusl began If soap fell into the water it is pure because soap is pure

Optional Salaat There are 4 important rulings in Taraweeh Salaat:


Taraweeh Salaat is 20 Rakats. This is proven from the Hadith This is performed in units of 2-after every 2 rakaats to make salaam It is Sunnat to sit a little while after every 4 Rakats It is Sunnat to complete the entire Quraan during Ramadhaan

For men to make salaat with Jamaat is sunnat There are 4 important rulings in Tahiyyatul Wudhu:
The 2 Rakats performed after Wudhu is called Tahiyyatul Wudhu Tahiyyatul Wudhu is Nafl-sunnat e ghair mukkaidha

If one performed Tahiyyatul Masjid, then Tahiyyatul Wudhu will be included in it One should not perform Tahiyyatul Wudhu in the undesirable time

There are 4 important rulings in Tahiyyatul Masjid:


The 2 Rakats performed when entering the Masjid is called Tahiyyatul Masjid It is Nafl to perform Tahiyyatul Masjid If one performs any other Sunnat, obligatory or compulsory Salaat, then Tahiyyatul Masjid will be done One should not perform Tahiyyatul Masjid in the undesirable time

There are 6 important rulings in Ishraaq Salaat:


2 Rakats performed after sunrise is called Ishraaq Ishraaq Salaat is Nafl-sunnat e ghair mukkhaidha This Salaat can be performed as 2 Rakats, or as 4 Rakats. It is better that 4 are performed

Ishraaq time lasts until breakfast time, about 9 o clock Do not perform Ishraaq in the undesirable time Perform Ishraaq 10 minutes after sunrise

There are 7 important rulings in Chaasht Salaat:


The meaning of Chaasht is breakfast Perform 2 Rakat at breakfast time, this is Chaasht Salaat The time of Chaasht lasts from 9 o clock to just before Zawaal Chaasht Salaat is Nafl-sunnat e ghair mukkaidha One can perform 2 Rakats or 4 Rakats of Chaasht It is better to perform 4 Do not perform Chaasht in the undesirable time

Salaatul Istikhaara:
If some important task is at hand, then perform Istikhaara. Istikhaara is not made regarding that which is obligatory or compulsory on a person, but there is scope, e.g. Hajj is obligatory upon you. There is no Istikhaara regarding this. However, one has done Hajj and now

he wants to perform optional Hajj. So he should make Istikhaara for this that should I or should I not do it. Alternatively, one should make Istikhaara for marriage or other worldly affairs. One should not ask others to make Istikhaara. One should do it oneself. Others will do wrong for you and sometimes they will take money and tell you wrong and upside down things. The method of Istikhaara is that one should perform 2 Rakat of Salaat and in Tashahhud, after Duaa, one should read the Istikhaara Duaa. If one does not know it, then after Salaam one should read it looking inside. One should make Duaa that Allaah should make the decision of goodness in it. Whatever is goodness for the person. It will be shown/indicated in a dream The heart will be inclined to the work/task Or hatred for the work will be put into the heart If the heart does not incline towards something on the first day, then do Istikhaara for 7 days. Allaah willing, within 7 days, the days will be inclined in some way. If this does not happen, then repeat the 7 day Istikhaara. This is the Duaa of Istikhaara,

Awwaabeen Salaat:
After the Sunnats of Maghrib, 6 Rakats of optional Salaat are performed. This is called Awwaabeen

Salaat ut Tasbeeh:
Every week or once a month or at least once a year one should perform Salaat ut Tasbeeh. One can perform it as 2 Rakat or 4 Rakat. The total number of Tasbeeh in the 4 Rakat is 300 and in the 2 Rakat it is 150. In 1 Rakat 75 Tasbeeh is recited. There is no proper reference for 2 rakaats. It is 4 rakaats which can be read with 1 salaam or 2 salaam, both permissible ,with 1 salaam best. Shaami-vol 2 p 26 The sequence of Tasbeeh is: 15 Tasbeeh after Tahreemah 10 Tasbeeh after reciting the Surah

10 Tasbeeh in Ruku 10 Tasbeeh after getting up from Ruku 10 Tasbeeh in the first Sajdah 10 Tasbeeh when lifting the head from the first Sajdah 10 Tasbeeh in the second Sajdah The total in 1 Rakat is 75.

Tahajjud:
Tahajjud Salaat is Sunnat and carries great reward In Salaat ut Tahajjud Duaas are accepted After Esha, optional Salaat performed is Tahajjud The time for Tahajjud is after Esha until true dawn It is better that Tahajjud is performed in the latter part of the night If no one could wake up and Tahajjud was performed after Esha, then one will get the reward of Tahajjud One can perform 4 Rakats or 8 Rakats of Tahajjud

It is better to perform 8 Rakats

The method of Nikaah


2 sane, mature, Muslim males should be witness. Alternatively, 1 man and 2 women should be witness. They should present the proposal and acceptance before the witnesses. The Nikaah will be done, even if it is not registered. Those people who are involved in adultery and cannot leave it should at least marry the woman so they could be saved from the sin of adultery. First the Khutbah should be recited, then the proposal and acceptance. After this, Duaa for love between them should be made.

The Khutbah of Nikaah

Mahr Faatimi:
Mahr Faatimi is 500 silver Dirhams. 1530, 90 grams of silver is Mahr Fatimi. One Dirham of silver is 3, 061 grams. Multiply 500 by 3, 061 and you will get 1530, 90 grams Mahr Fatimi In terms of Tola, it is 131, 25 Tola of silver Mahr Fatimi A silver Dirham is 0, 262 Tola of silver Multiply 500 by 0, 262 and you will get 131, 25 Tola of silver Mahr Fatimi 1 Tola of silver is 11, 664 grams

Today, 10 grams is taken as 1 Tola According to this, 1530, 90 grams equals 153, 09 Tola of silver For Mahr, one should give 1530, 90 grams of silver or at the time of Nikah the value of it should be stipulated Thameer ud Deen Qaasimi Manchester 25 September 2010 70 Stamford Street, Old Trafford Manchester, England M16.9LL 0161 2279577 Translation edited by H. Elias (Mufti) 30th Shwaal 1432-27th September 2011

About the Book


Thamratul Fiqh comprises of all the rulings of Salaat, Fasting, Zakaat, Hajj and Nikaah laid out simply in sections. The sections are obligatory actions, compulsory actions, Sunnat actions, desirable actions and undesirable actions of each of the fundamental duties in Islaam. All the rulings have been adapted from the classical Hanafi text, Nur ul Idah, studied in many countries. The rulings are numbered and the book is

designed to make it easier for younger children to memorise them. It also serves as an aid to the Imam of a Masjid to teach the basic rulings of Salaat, Fasting, Zakaat and Hajj to the Musallis. Any Hanafi can easily refer to it for his day to day questions. It will prove to be a very handy book to any Hanafi. It has 1025 easy simple laws especially designed for children. It is useful handy book for adults also. It will serve as study guide for the going out on long journeys such as Hajj or Jamaat work or those in prisons.