47 views

Uploaded by Prince Rocker Saif

Trigonometry

- The Magic Calculator and the Sine Addition Formula
- sohcahtoa
- Trig Ident
- 34. Heights and Distances
- Derivative Sin Cos
- Trigonometry Formulas
- Solutions,etc
- trigonometry
- Functions
- trigonometry assessment professional development
- Ch02_Trig
- Chapter 4 Trig Other Book
- Formula Booklet math studies
- school work
- similarity trig lesson plan
- maths mqp-3 english 2015
- pipelineproject
- Engineering Math II Lecture 11
- trig functions essay
- Std09-Maths-TM-2.pdf

You are on page 1of 7

Maths 101

Maths 101: Trigonometry The Basics The hypotenuse is the longest side The side opposite the labelled angle is called the opposite side The side next to the labelled angle which is not the hypotenuse is the adjacent side Remember SOH CAH TOA sine $ % opposite hypotenuse ad#acent hypotenuse opposite ad#acent opposite

$ ad#acent

hypotenuse

cosine $ %

tangent $ %

The Sine We can use the sine ormula rom abo!e to ind" an angle when gi!en the opposite and hypotenuse sides to the angle a side when gi!en the opposite angle and the hypotenuse Wor ed !"amp#e &n the diagrams below' ind the !alue o x a$ 10cm x x a sine $ % opposite hypotenuse % , 10 % 0+, ,cm %$ /0o 11cm

(se the in!erse unction to ind x sin)1*0+,- % ..o % opposite sine $ % o x % sin/0 x hypotenuse 11 % 2+3cm % x 11

The Cosine We can use the cosine ormula to ind" an angle when gi!en the ad#acent and hypotenuse sides to the angle a side when gi!en the ad#acent angle and the hypotenuse

Page 1

Maths 101

Wor ed !"amp#e &n the diagrams below' ind the !alue o x a$ 11cm x ,cm a cosine $ % ad#acent hypotenuse (se the in!erse unction to ind x + % 20+.o cos)1*0+.12% 11 10 + % 0+.12 %$ x .,o 3cm

x 3

The Tangent We can use the tangent ormula to ind" an angle when gi!en the opposite and ad#acent sides to the angle a side when gi!en the ad#acent angle and side Wor ed !"amp#e &n the diagram below' ind the !alue o x /0 2cm

o

tangent $ %

opposite ad#acent

x 2

% 0+.12

x % tan/0o x 3 % 4+2cm 5ind the !alues o angles and sides mar6ed with letters below a$ x %$ c$

d$ x

.0o

2cm a

e$ 10cm b 20o

Page &

00o

11cm

0cm

4cm y

,+1cm 11+4cm

Maths 101

The 'sosce#es Triang#e Wor ed !"amp#e The diagram to the right shows triangle 9:;+ 9: and 9; are the same length+ a$ 5ind the length' x' o the triangle %$ :alculate the area o the triangle a 5irst we ind y' which is <x' using the cosine o 0/o' which gi!es" y cos0/o % y % ,*cos0/o- % .+1cm , x % 1y y % 4+.

,cm

% 5or the area' we must ind the height' h We can use =ythagoras or trigonometry sin0/o % h h % ,*sin0/o- % 0+2cm 0/o x 0/o , The area is <*b x h- so" 0+0 x 4+.10> x 0+03> % 1/+00cm1 *to 1 d+p+-

Wor ed !"amp#e &n the ollowing triangles' calculate the !alue o x The Sine (u#e a$ are two rules we can use besides the abo!e %$ trigonometric ratios or triangles There with no right)angle+ The irst is the sine ru#e+ :alculate the lengths o the sides and siAe o the angle mar6ed with letters a b c sin A sin B sin C a$ %$ % % ?R % % sin A sin B sin : a b c We use the sine rule to ind" a (se the sine rule with the sides on top when trying to ind a side a side when gi!en two angles and a side 7sides go on top8 an angle when gi!en two sides and an angle sines go on top8 % /.+0cm *to / s+ +there ore x 7% c$ d$ % (se the sine rule with the sines on top when trying to ind an angle @

o oo oo o sin 90cm sin 9x , 4. 2m x0, ., o @ % % 4.o sin x sin 10 2 ., .0 10cm x 10 4cm m

@ % .4+2o *to / s+ +Page there ore)x % sin)1 *0+,.33o oooo :: 9 9y 9 r 10*sin ,cm sin .0 1/1 ./ 3mm @ ., 4. 10m - 20o14o 2cm x : ::

Maths 101

9 The Cosine (u#e The second o the two rules is the cosine ru#e' which we can use to" ind the hypotenuse when gi!en two sides and an angle ind any angle when we ha!e all three sides The cosine rule is" a1 % b1 B c1 C 1bc*cosAb1 % a1 B c1 C 1ac*cosBc1 % a1 B b1 C 1ab*cosC@ c 9 2cm b : 10cm Dnow that in these triangles A' B and C are all angles and a' b and c are all sides

Page *

cosA % ?R cosB %

cosC %

Maths 101

Wor ed !"amp#e &n the ollowing triangles' calculate the !alue o x a$ 40o x %$ ,cm F 0cm 9y way o the cosine rule" x1 % 21 B 101 C *1 x 2 x 10-cos40o x1 % 1/2 C 110cos40o x1 % 110+12 x % 110+12 % 10+,cm 9y way o the cosine rule" 01 B ,1 C 41 cos F % % 1x0x, % 0+1.14> cos)1*0+1.14- % 41o 4cm 5ind the !alue o y in each o the ollowing triangles a$ %$ y 12cm 2m 110o 4m 3cm

10 ,0 x 0x,

11cm y

When to +se the (u#es Eere is the ull list o scenarios you may encounter and how to respond" When gi!en 1 sides and the angle in between them" use the cosine rule to ind the third side use the sine rule to ind either missing angle ind the other missing angle using the other two angles rom 140 degrees

,0o

10

10 21o

40

When gi!en a side in between 1 angles" use triangle theory to ind the missing angle use the sine rule to ind both the missing sides

Page ,

Maths 101

11

When gi!en all / sides" use the cosine rule to ind any missing angle use the sine rule to ind another angle use triangle theory to ind the third angle

10 The am%iguous case" use the sine rule to ind both possible answers o the reGuired missing angle use the sum o 140 to ind the possibilities or the other angle in the triangle use the sign rule to ind out the possibilities or what the third side may be

3 .0o 10

-etting to .no/ 0our Trigonometric (atios 5rom di!iding the eGuilateral triangle on the ollowing page into two right)angled triangles' we ta6e #ust one o them+ (sing that right)angled triangle' and the ormulae or sine' cosine and tangent' we can wor6 out certain !alues or sine' cosine and tangent at regular inter!als in a graph+

1 20o 1

/

1 20o 1

/0o

1 20o

/0o

/

1 1

/

1 tan 20o %

/

sin 20o %

1 1

cos 20o %

sin /0 %

cos /0 %

tan /0 %

We can also use a right)angled isosceles triangle' where the eGual sides are o length 1 and the hypotenuse will be root 1 sin .0 %

o

cos .0 %

1

Page 1

1

.0o

.0o

Maths 101

tan .0o % 1

The Sine 2ormu#a The sine ormula can be used to calculate the area o a scalene triangle @rea % < ab *sin : Wor ed !"amp#e 5ind the area o this triangle' to / signi icant igures 9 0cm /4o ,cm

Page 3

- The Magic Calculator and the Sine Addition FormulaUploaded bydigger_sc
- sohcahtoaUploaded byAnnisa Istiqomah
- Trig IdentUploaded byberickson_14
- 34. Heights and DistancesUploaded byz1y2
- Derivative Sin CosUploaded byAnonymous CKg2M9Sn
- Trigonometry FormulasUploaded byedgarsubs
- Solutions,etcUploaded byBob Janel
- trigonometryUploaded byapi-239944362
- FunctionsUploaded byIda Berlian
- trigonometry assessment professional developmentUploaded byapi-219074785
- Ch02_TrigUploaded bymayank98108
- Chapter 4 Trig Other BookUploaded byRedmondWA
- Formula Booklet math studiesUploaded byOmar Arrieta Guerrero
- school workUploaded byrachna357
- similarity trig lesson planUploaded byapi-121560518
- maths mqp-3 english 2015Uploaded byapi-392974626
- pipelineprojectUploaded byapi-242727769
- Engineering Math II Lecture 11Uploaded byYin Ka
- trig functions essayUploaded byapi-250366197
- Std09-Maths-TM-2.pdfUploaded byTNPSCbooksmaterials
- gfgf.docxUploaded byAnonymous i8DCw1C5Q
- Additional Complex Number Problems SolutionsUploaded byNicholas Teh
- TestSolution-DPS MATH Mock Test Periodic Test-1 (SAT-A) Class-X 0110Uploaded byamartya
- Calc Notes 0304Uploaded byNjoka Samuel K
- TrignometryUploaded byVardaan Thakur
- DK3162app3Uploaded byFarouk Hamdoon
- ISL 12Uploaded byNurul Husna
- Math A2 Syllabus P3_1Uploaded byMuhammadFaseeh
- 12-MathsUploaded byKunalKaushik
- 2010_Yr12_2-unit_T2.pdfUploaded bySasuke

- 13 Angle ConstructionsUploaded byAnwar Hossain
- The Most Beautiful Triangle Plato's Timaeus by p.stefanides PaperUploaded byYaho Hos
- Chapter at Thc Cnd Oflhe Lesson. StudentsUploaded byMathathlete
- 2U CSSA Geometry and LinearUploaded byGrace Huang
- Analytical Trigonometry With Applications 1Uploaded byIChikawa ARata Dewi
- ES 1 02 - Geometric Construction 2.pdfUploaded bychristie Merloin
- Geometry m5 Topic a Lesson 6 TeacherUploaded byLalit Kumar
- Geometry--Construction Rubric and DetailsUploaded byRamon Gasgas
- 11. Similarity and Congruency Powerpoint ExcellentUploaded byNina
- Fermat Combined ContestUploaded byDheer Verma
- Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles Assignment Class 9Uploaded bygurdeepsarora8738
- [Math Dictionary] - AUploaded bykatrina99
- AnswerUploaded byJieTrixx KoHai
- NMTC final stage Sub Junior 2014Uploaded byyatishgoyal
- Extra Problems for Jacobs Using GSPUploaded bypeter_ash_4
- Lesson 3Uploaded byrhameni
- Elementary Triangle Geometry (Mark Dabbs)Uploaded byjvr84
- Disha Publication Shortcut on Visual ReasoningUploaded byprashant
- Fiitjee Basic MathsUploaded byShaurya Gupta
- Soalan Topikal (PMR)Uploaded byAleeya Natasha
- TrigoUploaded bysagar
- Soal Olim TaiwanUploaded byYunita Septriana Anwar
- Mathematics 2D Geometry MCQUploaded byrasheedshaikh2003
- Geometry and trigonometryUploaded bychotumotu131111
- Intermediate mathematics important questions by aimstutorial.inUploaded bySalmanAnjans
- bk8_3Uploaded bynagendra786
- Tess ActivitiesUploaded byWanSenoi N AtenKiter
- Worksheet 4.1 & 4.2 Graphing Sine & Cosine FunctionUploaded byKuo Garol Sarong
- Euclidean Geometry NotesUploaded byscribd@rekenaar
- CLASS 7 - MATHS.pdfUploaded byApoorv Gupta