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1997 Rules on Civil Procedure 2001 Edition <draft copy. pls.

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Rule 24 DEPOSITIONS BE ORE !"TION OR PENDIN# !PPE!$ TWO TYPES OF DEPOSITION TAKING: 1.) Deposition Pending Action (R !e "#) and ".) Deposition $e%o&e Action o& Pending Appe'! (R !e "()

Rule 24 Depositions Before Action or Pending Appeal

In R !e "#) *o t'+e ' testi,on* o& deposition o% peop!e in &e!'tion to ' pending c'se. T-e&e is '!&e'd* ' pending c'se in co &t) so e.e&*t-ing is /'sed on ' pending 'ction. T-e ne0t & !e (R !e "() is deposition /e%o&e ' c'se is %i!ed. T-'t is 1-* it is c'!!ed Depositions $e%o&e Action. Act '!!*) t-e concept o% depositions /e%o&e 'ction is not &e'!!* ne1. T-is is '!so %o nd in t-e R !es p&io& to 1223 / t 1's %o nd in 'not-e& & !e. It 1's c'!!ed Pe&pet 'tion o% Testi,on* (R !e 1#( o% t-e o!d R !es o% 4o &t). W-'t t-e ne1 & !es did 1's si,p!* to t&'ns%e& R !e 1#( to R !e "(. $ t -o1 c'n I 'pp!* deposition t'+ing) 1'!' ,'ng +'so5 T-'t is 1-* it 1's +no1n 's Pe&pet 'tion o% Testi,on* nde& R !e 1#(. E6A7P8E: S ppose t-e&e is ' c'se 1-ic- I 1o !d !i+e to %i!e 'g'inst $. $ t %o& t-e ,o,ent I c'nnot %i!e it *et. I intend to %i!e ' c'se 'g'inst -i,. So t-e&e is 'n e0pected c'se /et1een s in t-e % t &e on!* t-e&e '&e ce&t'in t-ings t-'t I sti!! -'.e to do. $ t i% I %i!e ' c'se 'g'inst $) I -'.e so,e 1itnesses 1-o '&e '!! &e'd* !i+e A 'nd 4. $ t t-e t&o /!e is) I !e'&ned !'te!* t-'t A 1i!! die soon. 9e -'s c'nce& 'nd 4 1i!! -'.e to !e'.e %o& '/&o'd) ne.e& to co,e /'c+. De%inite!*) i% I 1i!! %i!e t-e c'se) t-e&e '&e no ,o&e 1itnesses '.'i!'/!e. :: Is t-e&e ' 1'* o% t'+ing testi,on* o& deposition in 'd.'nce e.en /e%o&e 1'!' p'ng +'so5 A: YES) /* 'pp!*ing R !e "(. I 1i!! %i!e ' petition /e%o&e t-e co &t +no1n 's Petition to Pe&pet 'te t-e Testi,on* o% A 'nd 4. We!!) e.en i% t-e&e is 's *et no c'se) I 1i!! ; st %i!e ' petition nde& R !e "(. I% I c'n p&o.e &e'!!* t-'t t-e testi,on* 1o !d /e &e!e.'nt o& i,po&t'nt t-e co &t 1i!! iss e 'n o&de& '!!o1ing ,e to t'+e deposition in 'd.'nce. Sect%o& '. Depositions before action; petition. ! perso& (ho des%res to perpetuate h%s o(& test%)o&y or that of a&other perso& re*ard%&* a&y )atter that )ay +e co*&%,a+le %& a&y court of the Ph%l%pp%&es- )ay f%le a .er%f%ed pet%t%o& %& the court of the place of the res%de&ce of a&y e/pected ad.erse party. 0'a- R'142 :: W-e&e 1i!! *o %i!e it5 A: In t-e co &t o% t-e p!'ce o% t-e &esidence o% 'n* e0pected 'd.e&se p'&t* /ec' se t-e&e is sti!! no c'se. So *o -'.e to %i!e 'n independent petition nde& R !e "( Sec. 2. Contents of petition. The pet%t%o& shall +e e&t%tled %& the &a)e of the pet%t%o&er a&d shall sho(3 0a2 that the pet%t%o&er e/pects to +e a party to a& act%o& %& a court of the Ph%l%pp%&es +ut %s prese&tly u&a+le to +r%&* %t or cause %t to +e +rou*ht4 0+2 the su+5ect )atter of the e/pected act%o& a&d h%s %&terest there%&4 0c2 the facts (h%ch he des%res to esta+l%sh +y the proposed test%)o&y a&d h%s reaso&s for des%r%&* to perpetuate %t4 0d2 the &a)es or a descr%pt%o& of the perso&s he e/pects (%ll +e ad.erse part%es a&d the%r addresses so far as k&o(&4 a&d 0e2 the &a)es a&d addresses of the perso&s to +e e/a)%&ed a&d the su+sta&ce of the test%)o&y (h%ch he e/pects to el%c%t fro) each- a&d shall ask for a& order author%,%&* the pet%t%o&er to take the depos%t%o&s of the perso&s to +e e/a)%&ed &a)ed %& the pet%t%o& for the purpose of perpetuat%&* the%r test%)o&y. 02- R'142

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1997 Rules on Civil Procedure 2001 Edition <draft copy. pls. check for errors>

Rule 24 Depositions Before Action or Pending Appeal

Sec. 1. Notice and service. The pet%t%o&er shall ser.e a &ot%ce upo& each perso& &a)ed %& the pet%t%o& as a& e/pected ad.erse party- to*ether (%th a copy of the pet%t%o&- stat%&* that the pet%t%o&er (%ll apply to the court- at a t%)e a&d place &a)ed there%&- for the order descr%+ed %& the pet%t%o&. !t least t(e&ty 0272 days +efore the date of the hear%&*- the court shall cause &ot%ce thereof to +e ser.ed o& the part%es a&d prospect%.e depo&e&ts %& the )a&&er pro.%ded for ser.%ce of su))o&s. 01a- R'142 Sec. 4. Order and examination. If the court %s sat%sf%ed that the perpetuat%o& of the test%)o&y )ay pre.e&t a fa%lure or delay of 5ust%ce- %t shall )ake a& order des%*&at%&* or descr%+%&* the perso&s (hose depos%t%o& )ay +e take& a&d spec%fy%&* the su+5ect )atter of the e/a)%&at%o& a&d (hether the depos%t%o&s shall +e take& upo& oral e/a)%&at%o& or (r%tte& %&terro*ator%es. The depos%t%o&s )ay the& +e take& %& accorda&ce (%th Rule 21 +efore the hear%&*. 04a- R'142 I% t-e petition is g&'nted) t-e co &t 1i!! no1 '!!o1 t-e deposition o% t-ese peop!e to /e t'+en 'nd t-e* '&e t'+en si,p!* /* %o!!o1ing R !e "#. Sec. 8. Reference to court. or the purpose of apply%&* Rule 21 to depos%t%o&s for perpetuat%&* test%)o&y- each refere&ce there%& to the court %& (h%ch the act%o& %s pe&d%&* shall +e dee)ed to refer to the court %& (h%ch the pet%t%o& for such depos%t%o& (as f%led. 08a- R'142 R !e "# s'*s) the court in which the action is pending. $ t t-e&e is sti!! no pending 'ction -e&e. So it ' to,'tic'!!* &e%e&s to t-e co &t in 1-ic- t-e petition %o& t-e pe&pet 'tion 1's %i!ed. Sec. 9. se of deposition. If a depos%t%o& to perpetuate test%)o&y %s take& u&der th%s Rule- or %f- althou*h &ot so take&- %t (ould +e ad)%ss%+le %& e.%de&ce- %t )ay +e used %& a&y act%o& %&.ol.%&* the sa)e su+5ect )atter su+se:ue&tly +rou*ht %& accorda&ce (%th the pro.%s%o&s of sect%o&s 4 a&d 8 of Rule 21. 09a- R'142 :: 9o1 do *o se t-e pe&pet 'tion o% testi,on*5 A: T-e s',e ses o% 'n o&din'&* deposition < %o& i,pe'c-,ent) %o& 'n* ot-e& p &pose !i+e t-e 1itness is '!&e'd* de'd < t-e s',e nde& R !e "#. So t-e & !e nde& R !e "# is '!so 'pp!ic'/!e to R !e "(. Sec. ;. Depositions pending appea!. If a& appeal has +ee& take& fro) a 5ud*)e&t of a court- %&clud%&* the "ourt of !ppeals %& proper cases- or +efore the tak%&* of a& appeal %f the t%)e therefor has &ot e/p%red- the court %& (h%ch the 5ud*)e&t (as re&dered )ay allo( the tak%&* of depos%t%o&s of (%t&esses to perpetuate the%r test%)o&y for use %& the e.e&t of further proceed%&*s %& the sa%d court. I& such case the party (ho des%res to perpetuate the test%)o&y )ay )ake a )ot%o& %& the sa%d court for lea.e to take the depos%t%o&s- upo& the sa)e &ot%ce a&d ser.%ce thereof as %f the act%o& (as pe&d%&* there%&. The )ot%o& shall state 0a2 the &a)es a&d addresses of the perso&s to +e e/a)%&ed a&d the su+sta&ce of the test%)o&y (h%ch he e/pects to el%c%t fro) each4 a&d 0+2 the reaso& for perpetuat%&* the%r test%)o&y. If the court f%&ds that the perpetuat%o& of the test%)o&y %s proper to a.o%d a fa%lure or delay of 5ust%ce- %t )ay )ake a& order allo(%&* the depos%t%o&s to +e take&- a&d thereupo& the depos%t%o&s )ay +e take& a&d used %& the sa)e )a&&er a&d u&der the sa)e co&d%t%o&s as are prescr%+ed %& these Rules for depos%t%o&s take& %& pe&d%&* act%o&s. 0;a- R'142

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1997 Rules on Civil Procedure 2001 Edition <draft copy. pls. check for errors>

Rule 24 Depositions Before Action or Pending Appeal

:: W-'t is deposition PENDING APPEA85 A: O/.io s!*) t-e&e is ' c'se '!&e'd* on 'ppe'!. So -o1 do *o 'pp!* R !e "( nde& t-is +ind o% sit 'tion5 E6A7P8E: T-e&e is ' c'se /et1een K 'nd $. K !ost. A%te& -e &ecei.ed ' cop* o% t-e decision) -e disco.e&ed ' ,'te&i'! 1itness 1-o, -e %'i!ed to p&esent. So t-is is ' ne1!* disco.e&ed e.idence (NDE). 9'd K +no1n o% -is e0istence) -e 1o !d -'.e 1on t-e c'se. So) K 1i!! %i!e ' ,otion %o& ne1 t&i'! /'sed on NDE. I% -is ,otion is g&'nted) t-e&e 1i!! /e ne1 t&i'!. $ t) i% -is ,otion is denied) K 1i!! 'ppe'!. W-i!e 1'iting %o& t-e decision o% t-e co &t) t-e 1itness te!!s -i, t-'t -e 1i!! /e !e'.ing %o& A%g-'nist'n 'nd 1i!! co,e /'c+ no ,o&e. So) K 1i!! se Section 3. 9e 1i!! %i!e ' ,otion 's+ing to t'+e t-e deposition o% ' 1itness pending 'ppe'! in t-e e.ent t-'t -is ,otion %o& ne1 t&i'! is g&'nted) /ec' se t-e 1itness -'s to go 'nd c'nnot 1'it %o& t-e ne1 t&i'!. So in t-e e.ent t-'t i% I 1in t-e 'ppe'!) t-e c'se 1i!! go /'c+. I c'n p&esent t-e testi,on* /ec' se /* t-'t ti,e -e ,'* '!&e'd* /e de'd. In e%%ect) p'&' n' &ing deposition /e%o&e 'ppe'!. So it is '!so pe&pet 'ting t-e testi,on* o% ' possi/!e 1itness) in t-e e.ent t-e 'ppe'! is decided in *o & %'.o&. T-'t=s 1-* it is c'!!ed deposition pending 'ppe'!. "oo nga ano#$

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