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Design of Reinforcement needed at the Bearing Region of the Precast Girder, G1 Design Specification (fy = 276 MPa) 1.

Factored loads Factored shear, Vu 1.2(60.08) + 1.6(33.75) = 126.10 kN Horizontal force, N uc 0.3(126.10) = 37.83 kN > (0.2Vu = 25.22 kN) 2. Identify the potential crack location.
Possible crack

(NSCP 411.10.3.4)

Ash Avf + An
15 o

Nuc Vu

Nuc Vu Main longitudinal reinforcement

(a) Primary potential crack and reinforcement to provide shear transfer

(b) Secondary possible crack and reinforcement Ash to provide shear transfer

Figure 1

3.

Determine the shear-friction reinforcement Avf required. Presumably it would be appropriate to resolve the Vu and Nuc into components parallel and perpendicular to the potential crack but a simpler and more practical approach is to assume that all of Vu will act parallel to the crack required Avf
Vu 126100 2 435.13 mm 0.75(276)(1.4)

fy

(NSCP 411.8.4.1)

Where 1.4 For monolithic concrete 4.

(NSCP 411.8.4.3)

Determine the additional reinforcement An to provide for the net tension across the potential crack. required
An N uc 37830 2 182.75 mm fy 0.75(276)

(NSCP 411.8.4.1)

5.

Total reinforcement to restrain primary crack


As Avf An 435.13 182.75 617.88 mm
2

Using 16 mm bars: Ab

(16) 2 201

617.88 3.07 , say 4-16 mm bars 201

6.

Reinforcement for the potential secondary horizontal crack that may form as shown in Figure 1(b).The maximum shear that could act along such a failure plane would be the horizontal shear-friction force arising from the tensile capacity of the main shear-friction reinforcement. The required vertical stirrup shear-friction reinforcement Ash is
Ash As f y 617.88(276) 2 441.34 mm 1.4(276)
(10) 2 (2) 157 mm2 4

f y

Using 10 mm U-stirrups: Ab

441.34 2.81 , say 3-10 mm bar 157

7.

Additional Confinement Reinforcement. Provide reinforcement to prevent splitting in the vertical plane of the beam equal to 25% of the support reaction. This confinement reinforcement is divided equally into horizontal Ach and vertical Acv portions.
Ach Acv Vu 126.10x103 2 57.11 mm 8fy 8(276)

Use 2-10 mm vertical bars and 2-10 mm horizontal U-stirrups (As = 314 mm2) 8. Details

2-10 mm U-stirrups 2-10 mm U-stirrups

3-10 mm U-stirrups @ 100 mm O.C. 500 mm Main reinforcement 15


o

Nuc 2-16 mm Vu 2-16 mm

Figure 2