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Reference

Geometric tolerances

Foster, L.W., Geo-Metrics III: The application of geometric dimensioning and tolerancing techniques. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc., 1994.

TAIIC CHARACTERISTICS, SYMBOLS,

-

elan.

r

110

alure

liUed

IC-

In

CHARACTERlsnc

Flatness

Straightness

Circularity (Roundness)

Profile 01 a line

 

}

Profile of a Suriace

Perpendicularity (Squareness)

Angularity

}

Parallelism

Circular Runau.

 

}

Total Aunoul

Pbsilion

Concentricity

}

Symmetry

5 TYPES

FOAM

PAOFILE

ORIENTATION

RUNOUT

LOCATION

Maximum Material Condition MMC

Regardless of Feature Size RFS'

lea st Material Condition LMC

Projected TOlerance Zone

Tangent Plane

Diametrical (Cylindrical) Tol Zone or Feature

-

Free Stale

Basic, 01 Exact, Dimension

Datum Feature Symbol

Feature Control Frame

Datum Targel

}

KIND OF FEATURE

INDIVIDUAl

INDIVIDUAL

OR RELATED

RELATED

25

REFERENCE TO DATUM

23

c

SYMBOL

JL0

.002

A

DATUM REFERENCE

TOLERANCE

III

"WOS @

~

TWO REFERENCE DATUMS

A

B

1 0

MMC APPLICABLE TO DATUM

o

.1.

0.003 @

A @

DATUMS A B 1 0 MMC APPLICABLE TO DATUM o .1. 0.003 @ A @ MMe

MMe APPLICABLE

DATUM REFERENce

TO TOLERANCE

. E4

ORDER OF PRECEDENCE OF DATUM

PRIMARY DATUM REFERENCE

SECONDARY DATUM REFERENCE

~

0.005@

ABC

TERTIARY DATUM REFERENCE

·0

;-.uRES

I'

~

.003

A _ B

MULTIPLE DATUM FEATURES useD SIMUL· TANEOUSlY TO ESTABLISH A SINGLE DATUM REFERENCE , FOR EXAMPLE, TO ESTABLISH

DAT UM AXIS.

1.1.1

0

00 2 1A ~

FEATURE ]

CONTROLRFS

~

DATUM MMC

NOT NORMALLY PRACTICAL

GENERAL RULES OF TOLERANCE ZONE FOR FORM, ORIENTATION, PROFILE, AND LOCATIONAL TOLERANCES . 1be specified
GENERAL RULES
OF TOLERANCE ZONE FOR FORM, ORIENTATION, PROFILE,
AND LOCATIONAL TOLERANCES
.
1be specified tolerance value re present s the diamete r of a cy li ndrical lone, the diameter
(/) shall be induded
in the feature C9 ntro] frame.
die tolerance zone is other than a diameter. the toleran c e value represcnls the distanCe;
"",. ,two y.u-allel straight lines or planes or the distance between two uniform boundaries.
t :~~;~;~~;, SHAPE IS :
Where the
diameter (cylindri cal) symbol 0
is specified, the
I
is a diameter (or cylindri cal) shape. Where no 0
is specified, the tolerance zone is
two parallel line s or planes in the direc tion of Ihe dimension arrows. The lOleran~
is the TOTAL tole rance
CONCENTRICITY
SYMMETRY
FLATN ESS
Zxxxi AI
ZXXXIAI
~
:METER (CYL)
:ALWIDTH
LrOTAL WIDTH
TOlZONE
TOLZONE
TOLZQNE
CIRCULARITY
CYUNORICITY
PERPENDICULARITY
ZX XX IAI
~
TOTAL WIDTH
L TOTAL WIDTH
:ALWIDTH
TOLZONE
OR THICKNESS
TOLZONE
BETWEEN TWO
TOLZONE
CONCENTRIC
BETWEEN
TWO
Z
I2lXXXIAI
CIRCLES
CONCENTRIC
CYLINDERS
DIAMETER
TOLZONE
ANGULARITY
RUNOUT
PROFilE OF SURFACE
PROFILE OF LINE
ZXXXIAI
2
xxxlA-B1
7 XX IAI I"'>XXXI
:AlWIDTH
TOLZONE
I
ZI 2lXXX IAI
2
,xxx l A- BI
TOTAL WIDTH
OR THICKNESS
TOl ZONE AS
APPLICABLE
DIAMETER (CYl)
roTA l RUNOUT
TOlZONE
(FIM) TOl ZONE

-

3t

Reference

Dimensional tolerances

Bertoline, G.R., Wiebe, E.N, Miller, C.L., & Mohler, J.L., Technical Graphics Communication. WCB/McGraw-Hill, 1997.

a.a.:SlU~ SHAFT 40 "­ '" Figure 15.62 indicates three methods of designallng metric tolerances on
a.a.:SlU~ SHAFT 40 "­ '" Figure 15.62 indicates three methods of designallng metric tolerances on

a.a.:SlU~

SHAFT

40

a.a.:SlU~ SHAFT 40 "­ '" Figure 15.62 indicates three methods of designallng metric tolerances on drawi
"­

'"

a.a.:SlU~ SHAFT 40 "­ '" Figure 15.62 indicates three methods of designallng metric tolerances on drawi

Figure 15.62 indicates three methods of designallng metric tolerances on drawi ngi-. Th e valu e!> in parenthc-.c arc fo r refe rence only a nd come from AN SI Stand<lrd B4.2· J978tab lcs . as shown in Figu re 15 .63.

Preferred Fils

terference.

Hole bas is fils ha ve a funda me ntal deviati on of H on the

and tr ansi tio n fit s is s hown in Figure 15.64 .

TI le h o le basis syste m for clear ance . in ­

hole, as s hown in th e fi gure.

The shaf t basis system for clCllriUlCC, interference, and

bas i s fits as shown

l r a n silion fi t s i s s h o wn in F ig ur e 1. 5.6 5. Shan ha ve a f undam enta l de v iati on o f h on the sha n. in the figure .

T -
T
-

,e,

H.

,A,

(

40H8 \

40.039

40.000

,6)

)

(

"

.009

40.000

)

)C)

40H8

Figu r4I 15.61

M etric Symbols and Their Definitions

Figure 15.62

Symbo ls Used for Dim CIl

Three I\Idh(l(h of Showing Metric Tolerance

,.iOllk

- - .­ - ",.:1 .­ - •., " 101110 " , 0. 100 '"
-
-
-
",.:1
-
•.,
"
101110
"
,
0. 100
'"
l'U 7ll
0.0011
"""
"""
,
",.,
,
711 111
"."
,
"'" "
,
100.220
". ""
100.000
""
"'"
."
"'''
100.000
l1li.1110
",
0.1 20
' '''
00.,,"
,.
"
"'"
11 9.820
119_
'"
''''
120.05-4
11 1 .1lii0i
0.067
119.800
111 113
0.12(1
li!O.ooo
119929
11Q.9711
,
,
-
- -­
, "'"
""
,
- ,.
--
-
-
"
"',.,
"" "'"
~
-.~
1.12(1
«10 1~
_780 850
"'"
~
,
."
, 400.000 _
"
-
,,,,
,
, sao.l~ .,,,,,
=
,
- 491UD2
'"
'"
,",
,
"'"
."".9'0
4'812(1
ot99111&
00
""
4'812(1 ot99111& 00 "" Figur. 15.63 A Slandard Hole Ba T a bl e fo r

Figur. 15.63

A Slandard Hole Ba

T a bl e fo r Determining Upper and l o we r Limit.s o f a Hole Dimensioned Metri catt .1

~i~

702 PART.

SIaldaftt TectncaI Gr.lIila PraalCeS

702 PART. SIaldaftt TectncaI Gr.lIila PraalCeS FiglJre 15.64 T he Metri c Preferred H ole Ba

FiglJre 15.64

T he Metri c Preferred H ole Ba s is Sys tem or Fit s

0 I - e11 ,""""'"- ~ ". M'",""", I '" ,., H7 .-
0
I
-
e11
,""""'"-
~
".
M'",""",
I '"
,.,
H7
.-
"'
""'"
'"
s;."
'"
"'"

r """"",

m!enetence ­

101

101

rc~

\

I

I

1'''l\

""" I

~

­ 101 rc~ \ I I 1 '''l\ """ I ~ I I I I I

I I

I I

I I

,

Figure 15.6 5

T h e M e tric Preferr e d Shart "a~ i.~ S~·.)irelll ( If Fjl~

r"""-""

I~

I.

I

15.6 5 T h e M e tric Preferr e d Shart "a~ i.~ S~·.)irelll (

,

s

5

5

15.6 5 T h e M e tric Preferr e d Shart "a~ i.~ S~·.)irelll (
m '" CHAPTIR 15 Dimeosionino oJ1d ToIem:iog Pracllces 180.,     .      

m

'"

CHAPTIR 15

Dimeosionino oJ1d ToIem:iog Pracllces

180.,

   

.

 
     

DesC'lpllOrl

 
 

-

Sho.

 

Basi,

 

11

HIllen

 

UIDM I'UIWW1g II tor

OOITWneI dil kMII

01 ~

an

1IIIIftMrI:

J

H9/d9

""'"

FfN I'IJIWWng 111001 tcr UN where accuracy II essential , boIliJOOd 10t large ~. ure

i

 

van.dQnI, h~ running ~

,or h eavy Iournlll pres$UreI

 

J

,

,

cae ~

ab AllNlg Gn

,p

rNCt*- A'Id b

IICQIIIIIe IIQIian at moMra&e

 

,

-

   

H7/f16

.,,'"

SIicIing If not I~

to ' 1.111 IrMIy btl! 10 rntNe and turn frMty and Ioc8te aocuralety

     

 

7

 

"'''"

 

*

 

I

.iIIIIId _

.,,'"

 

InIRIIdon lit b-KOJr.-. 1ocaIIofI; a ~

 

I

"'

1IOd

 

ctearance

I i

.,

-

IIIIIfII

   

H7fplS'

P1",.

-'­

t

DcationaIlnI-*WICe

Iil lor p.II1I .eqwang r.gIcIry and d;rwnent with pnme accuracy of

,

I

Ioc8lIon buI wIthouI apec:>.I bore jlfeMU!e ~

 

-

 

,

,

 
 

U7",

Foroe lit

!!IDle lot I*fS INn can !)II highlY

8SMd

or for shr1nI< fila wMra !he heavy

 

H7'"

pI'8S8ing ton:. requ

ed

lIIelm pteetical

 

703

' Transition lit br bIIIlc tizae in range from 0 thrOugh 3 mm

FillY"

15. 66

De scri ption of Pn: fcrrrd Met r ic Fits

A

d escri pt i on o f the ho le basis Sy S IC-1U and shan bnsi s

syst em is gi ven in Figure 15.66 .

Two met hods to lera nces on a d

form and

are ac ce p ta ble fo r represent ing met ric

ra win g. Figu re 15 .67

sh ow s th e limir gives the ac tu al

the nore fo rm. The limi t form

value s , and th e not e fo

to lera nce

(40) and leiters that refe r to standard

the s ize. Figure 15.68 s hows the techn iques fo r applying

tab les to determine

r m uses the bas i c si ze

Determining th e Tolerance Usi ng the Hole Basis System

15.67.

Use Appendix 13 and Rgures 15.59 and

St.p t.

GIVen: A shalt and a hOle, !he hole baSIS system.

SoIuti()(l: From Figure 1559. assign the baSIC sIZe

15 .66 , ass ign

me tr ic tolerances to a technical draw ing.

15 6 12 Sta ndar d PrecISio n Fits· En gl ish Umts

ca ll e d pre rerred

o ve r mllll y yea rs

clearance fit. and a basic diameter 01 41 mm for the

hole.

sc.p2.

01 40 mm to the shalt . From Figure

the A spec ia l group o f English u nit to lerance relatio ns hips,

pr ecisi on fi ts. have been d eve loped a nd have a h istor y o f working well

slid ing fit H7/g6 . SlidIng fit I s defined In the figure ar.p 3 . Hole Determine the upper and k>wer lim its 01 the

hole 'rom Appendix 13, USing coIurm H7 and rtIW 40

from the hole basis charts From the table , the limlts are

40 .025 and 40.000.

Shaft Oetermlne the upper and IoWef limits of the

under

cert a in circu mst ances .

ANS I St a nd a rd 8 4.J speci ­

fies a

se ries of s ta nd ard fits be tw ee n cy lindrical pa rts ,

based

on the bas ic ho le syst e m. Th e ta bles in Append ix es

7 t hro ugh 11 list eac h type of fi l, s ho w i ng th e AN S I rec ­

o mmend ed sizes. allowa nces. tolerances. a nd fi ts in deci­ ma l inch es. The di ffe re nt fit classes lIT e a:i follo ws :

BlIp 4.

shall 'rom Appendix 13. us ing column g6 and row 40.

From the table , the limits are 39 991 and 39 975

FN 1 Ught drW6 filS are those lequmng Irght assembly pressures, and prochice ffiOI'8 0/
FN 1 Ught drW6 filS are those lequmng Irght assembly pressures, and prochice ffiOI'8 0/
FN 1 Ught drW6 filS are those lequmng Irght assembly pressures, and prochice ffiOI'8 0/

FN 1

Ught drW6 filS are those lequmng Irght assembly pressures, and prochice ffiOI'8 0/ less permanent assemblies They

FN 2

are sUItable lor thin secllons or long tits, or In cast-lion external members MedIUm dnve Ills ale SUItable tor ordinary Steel pa1lg or tor shnnk fits on Itghl secllOOS They IU8 aDoullhe Ilghlest hIS

FN3

that can be used with high-grade easl-iron external members

Heavy drive fils are suitable lor heaVt8I sleel pans or tor shrtnk filS In mecllum sectlOflS .

FN4 . Face fits are SUitable 10/ parts which can be hig hly suessed , or lor Wink I~swhele !he heavy pressing lorces required

FN5

are impracllcal

BaSic hole system Um:ts ale in IhousancIths 01 an inch lJrrwts lor hole and shalt are appllSd algebraICally 10 the basic SIze to obtain the ~ml'S 01 size tor the parts

Class FN 1 Cl sss FN 2 Class FN 4 Cla n FN 5 Nominal
Class FN 1
Cl sss FN 2
Class FN 4
Cla n
FN 5
Nominal
Size Ran ge,
Inches
SUndard
Limits

F"rum ANSI a.t . t - I961 ( RI<JtI 1).

Tah le Used to Apply Pr e-cisi on To le r ances to Pa rts

Flgur. 15.73

15. 71 TOLERANCES IN CAO

Some lo le rancing concepts ar e uni que to C A D . In hand

C AD d rawings. the n. can be co nsidered geometry

{tIes rather than simply dra wings. CAD geometry data­

d

ra w i ng,

the

g r ap h ics

are an

im age o f

Ih e p art.

a nd

the

bases

a rc ofte n tra ns late d dire ct ly to machi ning equi p­

dim ensions add import ant i nformation 10 the draw ing. In

men t.

making them con siderab ly m o r e useful tha n ha nd

C AD , the gra ph ics c an become mo re descri pt ive because

an acc urat e ma th e ma lica l d efinit io n o f t he shape o f a p art

is created , whereas in ha nd dr awing , l he grap hics arc nOl

as accurate.

draw ings . Ra ther

d i m ensi on show n

t he

than ha v ing a mac hi nist int e rpre t the

o n the drawi ng. th e m ach i ne 1001 U$CS

size o f the geometr i c cl em ent:- en coded i n th e CAD

dat abase.

the o n the drawi ng. th e m ach i ne 1001 U$CS size o

Reference

Surface finishing

Bertoline, G.R., Wiebe, E.N, Miller, C.L., & Mohler, J.L., Technical Graphics Communication. WCB/McGraw-Hill, 1997.

B1B PART 4 SlandardTectllucatGraphlCSPraaIces SURfN;il. TEXTURe SYMBOlS ANO COHS1'RIJCTK)N LAY SVMBOt.B .,
B1B
PART 4
SlandardTectllucatGraphlCSPraaIces
SURfN;il. TEXTURe SYMBOlS ANO COHS1'RIJCTK)N
LAY SVMBOt.B
.,
,."
V
BaM: aurlace 18l!lure symtJoI. Swlace m;I'f 0. produeed by
any methoo. exc;ept when the bar or cil'de "
5P8d11ed.
MaIer181 removal by mec:Ilinng is required. The Ilortloolal
tier IndIc:ata l hal maJeriaI rem<Mll by ~
.if
to prodIK:e \he surtaee and Ihal maI
b' hi purpoM.
Is required
,aI mus1 be ~
1
Malllrilll ~
aIIowancI. n. r'IMTIber Indicates \he
x
,.,.if
amount of stoct to 1M! remcMId by macnillirog ~ m ~
(or 1ncMI).
To/erancee may be.tded 10 \he basic Y8Iue
,
sho\IWl or In a geoetiIIllOIe.
M
Material removal proNb.1er:I. ThtI circle n !he _
Indir.;Jfes
,-.ry<ira8r
~
_01
­
10
,
tI
lhallhe IUI1<Ice must ". pmduteo by prOOflUeS sud!
<I
c
ca5lIng. IorgJ1g. tIOt finiIIIinQ;. 00/c:I fIn""og. dMr casting.
~
r'\'oIIIIaIUgy. or InjeaIon molding. wiII'IouI subHquerrl
removal of malerlal.
~~
ION
Sun.:. Ieldure ~
TWt iI used WIlen any $Ortac.
_oI
IO
t.kfI
R
V
~
spec:ifiId aboYIIlfIfI horiZorrtaI ijntl or 10
"""'­
!he right of the symbol. Sur-.:. may be produc«I by any
method,
eccepI when the bar or
drde is spedted .
,~'od
,01
p
~'XAPPAOX d JX
~
.{
00
c:­
<I
~
OO
SO'
1.5 X
Figura 18.58
S pe-c:iaJ Surlac
Ttl<ture Lay Sy mbo ls
LETTER HEIGHT . X
The recorNnMCled proportions lor drawing the Sla"1acEI I~e
symbol lire SOOWn eboVe. Therener tleIgM and line IIoidrh
t/IouId be the same as tIlat for dlmeneIons and dimension
linea.
~(W~lDfUfIl~TO. YIoBlL
---
,
Figure ta.57
Surfact' Tt .'l:turr Symbuls and C(U1~truction
'*"8
,
­""~
VI
-
"
-~
-
-_-­
""
-,"'
--
-
,
-.-
~
-~
-
­
r
,
_
,
,_
~
­
­
,
_1I'C't
-
10
_,
,.
,
,_
--",,-
-.,---
/1----
---~
­
,.
W
-
,"'
----
10
9'
-.~
,
ut-
"
-
I
~
-- ­
tWoI"'
Ioro
\
vz:s
0 _10
,.
~
-----.-
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED
All SURFACCS
~y
-""1'-
-
--.
,
_
~
l. GS
Figure 18.59
Application orSurrace Symbols 10 a Simple
F'lgu~ 18 , 60
S urfac e Texture Va l u es a nd Rl1lat ed
P, rt
Sy mbols
CHAPTER 18 ProcWion ar'(I AulOI'l'8!ed Marlul<DunnQ Processes 819 -- ROUGHNESS AVERAGE Ra -

CHAPTER 18

ProcWion ar'(I AulOI'l'8!ed Marlul<DunnQ Processes

819

-- ROUGHNESS AVERAGE Ra - MlCAQMETEAS IlIl'1 (MICAOW(;HES \Ih) om • IU U U I.
--
ROUGHNESS AVERAGE Ra - MlCAQMETEAS IlIl'1 (MICAOW(;HES \Ih)
om
IU
U
U
I.
_
~
~
~
0.05
0 025
0.01 2
(2000)
11000}
(500)
(2SO)
(125)
(63)
('32)
(18)
(8)
(4)
(2)
(
1)
10.5)
-
-
E"""", _
Boring. turning
--""BanellWlhlng
0;-. """'­
EJeetro/ylic grindifIO
""""'
-
­
-
~
"""'­
Il'I'Ie5tmenl ~
""-'
Cold rolliog. dr8wIng
Ole eastlng
The fWIIII8S ~
~
_
typicIII of the poOCIIII. Iiaed.

Figure 18.61

Surra ce Roughness Produced by Common Production Me.lhod s

(he cUlling action o f a n abrasive slurry. Th is process is used [0 c reate bl ind a nd through holes. slOis. and ir­ regu lar shapes. Othe r rel ated processes incl ude rolary ult ra so nic mac hinin g (RU M) and ult raso ni ca ll y as ­ sis te d ma c hi ning (U AM ).

Elec lrom {!challi cul machinillg (EMM) - a process Ihat

en hance s tradi tio na l ma chining tec hn iqu es by apply­ ing a con [ro ll cd volt age across the interface between the 100 1and an el cclro lyte .

1810.2 Elecilical Machining

The I wO bas ic categories of electrical mac hin ing arc as foll ows :

£IItClroc h t ' lII ic: (l 1 d i s char gt! gr i n d illg (E CDC; -a proces.<;

that uses a pulsati ng. bigh-amperage current passi ng fmlll a !,'T'dphite whecl to ,1positi vely charged workpiece. Varia tions o f this process inc lud e electrochemica l grind­ ing (ECG ) and e lectrochemical hon ing (EO I).

Reference

Examples

Bertoline, G.R., Wiebe, E.N, Miller, C.L., & Mohler, J.L., Technical Graphics Communication. WCB/McGraw-Hill, 1997.

FiIlU'. 111. 26 1929 Seal Gr:.phics Su le Speclhcallons 1l1e sca le used on a
FiIlU'. 111. 26 1929 Seal Gr:.phics Su le Speclhcallons 1l1e sca le used on a

FiIlU'. 111. 26

1929 Seal

Gr:.phics Su le

Speclhcallons

1l1e sca le used on a sel o f work ing drawings is pl:lc ed in tbe lille block. ( See Figure 19. 13) If marc Ih a n o ne scale

is used. Ihe sc a le is s ho wn nea r th e delail dra wi ng. (SCi! Figu re 19 .8) Scale s arc indica led in metric d raw ings by a colon. such as I :2 ; for t he Englis h system, a n equ al .sign,

suc h as J=2. is used .

. COllJIIlon English scales found on engi ne ering dra w ­ ings are as fo ll ows:

1.

1.

1.

1.

1.

2.

1

2

4

8

10

1

'''I

Half

Ouarter

Eighth

Tenlh

Double

Common metric scales include the foll owing:

11

Full

12

Hal!

15

Fdlh

110

Tenth

120

Twenuelh

150

Fiftieth

1100

Hundredth

T

he

d es ignatio ns METRIC o r

SI appear in or near the

ti

tle

bl oc k to s how (h at

mel ri c

dimensions a nd scale

are

used o n the drawing.

 
 

A

grap hi cs scale ca n

also be

used . especially on map­

ping d rawings. (Figure 19.26) T his graphics sc ale has

fro m Ihe

dra wi ng to the scale to determin e dislances. CAD drawings are nearl y alw ays mad e full -s ize so that automat ic di mension ing will show the true dimen­ sions . T o fit on the pap e r, CAD draw in gs are sca led when pri med or plo lu;d . The scale numbe r on Ihe CA D plOi rcprese nls Ihe p rint/p lot scale. nOI th e scale a t whi c h Ihe CAD draw ing w as cre: aled . Adjustments must then be made: for text s ize so that Ihe tex t is nol 100 la rge or too small when the sca led pial is created.

calibralions for transferring measurements

19.2 10 ToJerance Specifications

TOlerances arc me ns ions . For

spcc ilicd in a d raw ing those d imensio ns that

us ing to leranccd d i­ are: no t speci lically

ns that us ing to leranccd d i­ are: no t speci lically 5 ., .><><
5 ., .><>< .lIXIt I •• e15 I •• 12'1 Al<G ES t I­ 1zq'
5
.,
.><><
.lIXIt
I •• e15
I
•• 12'1
Al<G
ES
t
1zq'
AC£
I"1HISi'I
Q\I Slttl
•'I'e
005'
~
~
¢
100MM COARSE
PITCH
MCF
MILLING CUTTER
005' ~ ~ ¢ 100MM COARSE PITCH MCF MILLING CUTTER flgur. t9.27 Ge neral Tolerance Note

flgur. t9.27

Ge neral Tolerance Note for Inch and

Millimeter Dimen.~i(InS

l OuId Chlqt Too/in. by K<:nlllnK'tll. hit )

tolera nced. a general loleran« note is used . This not e is pl aced in the lower right come r. nea r the litIe b lock. and usua lly conta ins a tol erance nnd a gcne:r.t1 s lat e ment. s uc h

as UN LESS OTHERW ISE SPECIFIED.

Fo r exa mpl e. in Fi gu re J9.27. Ihe general tolera nce nOle specifies the rollowing tolerances for unloleranced dimensions:

Onc place dec im a l in ches :!:c . I .

Two place d ccim;ll inches :::.02. Th ree pla ce decim al inch es :!:.OO5.

On e placo deci mal mill imeters :r;2.5. Two place decim al millime ters j:{).51.

Three placc decimal millimeter:. :::0. 127.

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THA T

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r lC I ENT MUST

M!N. 1. 2-2.3

A" p o S U~PL.!ER ~OLeENeOLZENrAeRI ( G.'\ !3H

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Det a il Drawi ng or the Pin Used in th e Piston A ~$embly

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020.5

CHAI'IfER

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DETAIL

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Drawi ng notes provid e: information on ho w to gage the dimensio llaltolcr ance under load .

-r;:

ho w to gage the dimensio llaltolcr ance under load . - r;: Y ,tG, L('.,
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A 11.0 k N ''''''' Figur. 19.9 Detai l Dra wing of the Beari ng Sleeve