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THE CANADIAN

THEOSOPHIST
T h e T h e osoph ical S ocie ty is n o t res p o n s ib le f o r a n y s t a t e m e n t in th i s M ag az in e, u n le ss m a d e in a n o f f ic ia l d oou m en t

VOL. XVI., No. 7.

HAMILTON, SEPTEMBER 15th, 1935________Price 10 Cents

THE FLY IN THE OINTMENT


Behold ! how good and pleasant a thing it is for brethren to dwell together in unityI This must have been a shining thought in the minds of most of those who came to the meetings of the Fraternization! Conven tion in Toronto on August 23. 24 and 25. To many who have stayed away from 'Ihis and the two earlier Conventions it has appeared that such gatherings were only due- to a perhaps amiable, hut nevertheless quite fond and vain wish to mix the oil of compassion with the water of bitterness and deceit, while those who took part were deceiving themselves and the truth was not in them. I t is no m atter for silly boast ing, ami the. only test to which ithis work can be put is th e old test of the Great L a w : By their fruits ye shall know them. I t may yet he seen that the simple desire to draw together all those who have taken the high resolve to know and to follow the lofty teachings o f the Founder of the Theo sophical Society and of those who inspired her work, is a test in itself, and that those who have held themselves aloof have chosen a wav of death. The tim e has come when, without any Pharisaic vaunt of betternese, people must, choose to say: Stand thou on that side: I will stand on this! I t is almost beyond belief that ini the same month, 500 miles away, a Theosophi cal Convention could have listened without protest to a renewal, in the name of a dark and noisome science, of the diabolical teachings that- have already driven thous ands out of the Theosophical Society, this being done in an effort to bolster the repute of th e shattered Tdol whose worship was intended to supplant the pure' gold of the Secret Doctrine with the foul precepts of Belial. There is no need to repeat the details of this matter. They are all on record1 for those who might care to examine the de grading story of twenty-seven' years ago when 15,000 members left the Theosophi cal Society rather than risk its cont ain in ation. Why does Ad'yar cling to it ? Two black pigments can never be mixed to create the whiteness of purity, and if the President of the Theosophical' Society at Adyar is weak enough to perm it the per petuation of this tradition of shame; he m ust he aware that the handw riting is ablaze on the. w all: M e n e M e n e T e K e e F phaksin. A. E. S. S.

THE TORONTO CONVENTION


The meetings of the Third International Tuter-Theosoph ical Fraternization and Jubilee Convention were a great success and1 tlie attendance, which at N iagara in 1933 registered 125, and was somewhat less a t Rochester last year, mounted to 197, but this only included those who registered and not those who attended the public meetings as visitors. T here was a fine spirit of enthusiasm and of friendly dis course a t the several reception meetings, at which tea and other refreshments were served' and which the local Womens Aux iliary Commit toe made a complete success. The arrangements for convenient lodgings appear to have Iteen highly sal is1 factory and altogether every visitor from a distance was well provided for. The Toronto Head-quarters pi'ovM equal to llie demands made ii|>on it., and the audiences' were well accommodated. The collect ions taken up at the meetings were intended' to cover the expenses. but. fell short somewhat. As on other occasions representatives of the three main Theosophieal Societies were present!. The Hew York Society under Mr. K. T. Hargrove was not. in evidence, it being a policy of that Society not to rec ognize any Theosophists outside its own ranks. The American Theosophieal Society takes much the same position, and de clined to recognize the Convention, the official reason given being that the Point Loma Society usedi such occasions to proselytize the members of of her bodies. As it. happened, the Liberal Catholic Church, which is sponsored by the Ameri can Society, and to which President. Arundale belongs, was the only body that atr tempted, any proselyting, copies of a Church magazine being distributed a t the door to visitors. The Chairman called at tention to this activity and disclaimed any connection with it on the. part of the Toronto Society. There were no represent ative as far as we are aware from the Temple of Halcyon.
The Luncheon

The Luncheon a t Coles Restaurant was a pleasant function, though considerably delayed by the non-arrival of H is Worship Mayor Simpson., who had been involved in other official duties in connection with the opening of the great Canadian National Exhibition which began on the same day as the Theosophieal Convention and was attended during it be two weeks of its dur ation- by over a million and a half people. Many of the Convention visitors seized the opportunity to see this wonderful display and! were highly interested. One of the features was the Ceylon Tea Planters fine panorama of a -ccl ion of the Ceylon moun tain's covered with tea plantations, with all the activities of Ihe tea gardens in, opera tion. workers passing to and fro, elephants, railway train s and other means of trans port in operation, and w ith the great hill> and the ocean in fine perspective. Mr. R. C. "Bingham, a member of the Toronto Lodge, designed this scene and -was in charge of the work. H e had two huge figures of a sedeiif. Buddha placed- at the entrance to this scene, exciting much com ment and enquiry. Mayor Simpson -joke sympathetically of the work of the Society and emphasized the i n t e r * o f the city of Toronto in edu cation, giving some details of the school system and its results. N early eighty at tended the luncheon. The photograph taken after the luncheon was an excellent one though it. was impossible to get a full attendance of the, visitors. There a re 73 in, the picture which can- be had for One Dollar on application to Mr. Fellows or Miss C rafter a t 52 Isabella Street. Toron to. One of the attractions1of the luncheon was the singing of Mr. Allan Wilson, whose splendid tenor voice has been a recent feature on radio programmes. Mr. Wilson also sang at the meeting on Sund'ay eve ning. On Friday evening Air. Rex Le

(P o in t Looi'a), w ired : greetings from two members of long- standing; to comrades old and new who are meeting to show the world that Theosophy means Brotherhood with out I fs or F rills." Isidor H . Lewis wired for the New York (P oint Loin a) members heartfelt greetings. Deep is the w orlds need of the teachings of the E lder Brothers of hum anity and sacred the work of the Thteosophical Movement whose mission it is to promulgate those teachings and thus -serve: and1bless mankind. C u t of the fra ternal; efforts of which this Convention is an> earnest expression there is bound1 to emerge a, more deeply vital perception of the reality and the power and glory of that greater love and' more compassionate un derstanding which are the very flowers and fruit, of the Theosophieal Life and teach ings. V. F. Estcourt, president San Francisco Lodge- No. 11 (P oint Lam a), addressed a cordial greeting to the General Secretary of Canada, of which the following para graph may la* quoted1 : A dm itting the pos sible opportunity for constructive results to be gained as, a result of tem porary differ entiation into separate organizations:, we must not, however, lose sight of the fact th at our several societies are the offspring of th a t one Theosopliical Society which II. P. Blavatsky founded to serve as a united body in the spreading of the great Message which she brought, to this age. Surely all thiose who are aware of this one simple fact in our Theosophieal ancestry m ust ultim ately! become conscious of the unbreakable tie that, binds together all those who earn estly desire to carry 0 1 1 the work of our great Founder.
A M essage From G erm any

D r. Luisa K ruger wrote from Berlin, Germany, to Mr. Clapp: D ear Compan ion, now. a short, time before the beginning of the Convention I m ust tell you that it hardly will be possible for me to be present there. I am of Lettish nationality and have great difficulties to get my money from Latvia. B u t I shall come at any rate, only some timle later, but in spite of this I

hope that I shall have occasion to see you then. Meanwhile I would be glad, if Mr. Srnythe of the Canadian T. S. would give me. an address/ of an F. T. S. in Montreal, where I ll stay a short tim e; maybe that J shall have occasion to speak there also. 1 would' be, very obliged to you if you would be so kind as to do me this favour. Many thank in ad vance. W ith my best wishes and Theosophieal greetings I rem ain yours very truly Dr. Luisa Kriiger. (p. Adlr. F ra u F. Blumberg, Luisenufer 35 Berlin S. 42). Mr. E. Norm an Pearson, who had been invited! to come, wrote the General Secre tary of his m any engagements, and added : Also I should he quite frank to say that I am doubtful of the wisdom of holding joint conventions. Yet, although it is not m y way, I sincerely hope th at you will have a successful and a fru itfu l gathering. Thomas H . Barlow, president Lodge No. 28 (P o in t Lom a), Ann Arbor, Michigan, ini the course of a cordial greeting, sa id : T hat Theosopbists who profess no distinc tion betwieien race, creed, caste or colour, in our relations w ith hum anity in general, can resent differences in opinion or allegiance among u n its w ithin the Movement of which we all are parts, seems almost unbelievable. I t saddens us th at such resentment does seem evident and hope your del iterations and1influence in this Convention m ay be a great step towards universal Theosophieal understanding, sym pathy and brotherly love. Mr. E. L. T. Schaub, detained in Los Angeles owing to the illness of his sister, sent, his greetings, and among other things, wrote: I believe the fraternal spirit, which prevails at. these conventions, will spread', and eventually result in all Theosophists, interested in ad vancing the cause of Universal Brotherhood regardless of race, creed or colour again moving for ward! under one common; banner, as in H. P. B.s tim e. A resolution adopted unanimously by Victoria Lodge, No. 1 (C anada), of the P o in t Loma T. S., was forwarded by presi

dent G. P . Jeanneret, and stated1 : Com rades F. C. Berrid'ge, Wm. T. Stewart and myself have very pleasurable memories of your visit to Victoria some years ago (1899), and we desire personally to send you our very kind regards and our Lodge collectively its fraternal greetings both to yourself and to the members of your Lodge. The resolution sent cordial fra ternal greetings to the Convention and ex pressed full sympathy with the F raterniz ation Movement, and its best wishes for the success of the Convention.
A M illion D ollar G ift

D r. K uhn was called upon and spoke of his recent visit to the Convention of The American Theosophical Society at W heat on and the announcement there of the don ation of a million dollars' hv Mrs. Shillard Sm ith of Philadelphia to the Wheaton Society for the purpose of acquiring fu r ther land area fronting on the highway, and erecting an A rt Institution at the cost of half a million, with an auditorium for general use. the balance of the donation to serve for maintenance. T his new building will relieve the present Wheaton building of much interior pressure and thus extend its accommodation. Dr. K uhn stated that he had greetings and good wishes for the Fraternization Movement from m any mem bers in the United States and believed that the rank and file would generally approve of it if the Leaders agreed. Mrs. Gertrude K napp of Font hi 1 1 wias then called on for her paper on Some Facts of Botany viewed' Tbeosopliically. W e hope to print this paper later. In sub sequent discussion D r. K uhu spoke of Botany as most suitable for instruction in Lotus Circles and of the importance of the lessons botany contains Theosophically. A paper by Dr, Evelyn G. Mitchell, Boston, on Theosophy and Mental H ealth was read by Mr. H arry D. Potter of Hamilton. This has generally been re garded as th e outstanding paper of the Convention among those sent in from out side. W e hope to present it next mouth. A paper by Mr. E. L. T. Schiaub on How

to Beach a W ider Public,' was read by Mr. H arold Anderson, and. this was fol lowed by a paper by Miss O. H arcourt, vice-president, Bristol Lodge, T. S. in England, on The Circle and the Point, w hich was read b y Mr. Potter. These papers' appear elsewhere. A Committee on Resolutions was then nominated by the C hair and adopted on resolution, consisting of J. Emory Clapp, convener; Dr. K uhn, Cecil W illiams, Ron ald V. G arratt, George T. Kinm an, Rober/ M arks, Miss Mayme-Lee Ogden, A. C. Fellow, Secretary, and the Chairman. The Chairm an announced th at Mr. Fel lows, who was secretary for Toronto Lodge had consented to act as secretary for the Convention, and Miss Grafter, who was acting treasurer of the General Executive of the T. S. iu Canada, would act. as treasurer of the Convention. The F rid ay evening meeting was well attended ami Mr. Houssers address on Theosophy and Economics excited close attention. A num ber of questions were asked and answered by M r. Housser. We hope to have this paper either in extenso or a summ ary of it from the speaker.
The T oast L ist

On S aturday a luncheon was given at Coles R estaurant at which the M ayor at tended and spoke to the toast of his health coupled- with the sentiment of Brother hood, and other toasts were spoken1 to by Mrs. Knapp Religion, Philosophy and Science: D r. Kuhn The Secret D octrine; Mr. Clapp The Theosophical Movement; Miss Mayme-Le Ogden O ur Neighb ours; M r. Cecil Williams1 Fraterniza tion. The members then adjourned to the Theosophical Hall where a photograph was taken. Various delays caused by the luncheon and the photograph resulted in a late opening of the Saturday afternoon session, scheduled' for three oclock hut. opened fully an hour later. This led to the omission of M r. Iverson H a rrie s paper on Bogeys and Brotherhood Among Theosophists, and the programme was- so fu ll that on

Sunday no time could be found for it. It bad already appeared, however, in: the Point Lorn a Eorum, and is therefore avail able for -students. M r. Cecil W illiam s read his pai^er covering; much the same ground, on. Enemies of F ratern izatio n / which appears1elsewhere. In the discussion that followed Mr. Garratt. spoke of the definite service rendered by Theosopbists, the recog nition, of which he considered would great ly assist Fraternization. Dr. K uhn memBoned a circular he had received from Mr. Ljangstrom of Sweden, dealing with an issue, of a past generation, as an example of things th at can never be proved and had better be forgotten. Miss Arnold of Toledo lead a paper on Theosophy and H ealth. O n Saturday evening at 8 the paper which appear elsewhere by Miss Salamave of San Francisco was read by Mr. George I. Kimman and warmly received. Dr. Kuhn followed w ith an hours address on Philosophyth e Need of the World:, a masterly summary, and received w ith pro longed applause. This was regarded as the finest address1 he had delivered in Toronto.
The L a st G reat Day-

O n Sunday morning the Committee on Resolutions met, those present being Messrs. Clapp, G arratt, S my the, Marks, Kuhn. Williams and' Fellows. T heir re port was presented at the afternoon session and unanimously adopted1and appears be low. I n the afternoon ait two oclock Mr. J . Em ory Clapp gave his address on What is the Theosophical Conception of Brother hood. W e hope to present this in a later issue. Mr, R. C. Bingham spoke on Ahimsa, the Buddhist principle of barmlessness or not injuring others, the basis of peace and opposition to war. Mi'. B ing hams eloquent and impressive appeal was both tim ely and effective, and m ight well be. committed1 to writing. He gave a a motto I have no sword. I make the subconscious my sword. Mr. Robert A. Hughes followed1with a splendid paper on The Purpose of the Theosophical Move ment." which was one of the outstanding

thoughtful and impressive papers of the Convention. We hope to print it later. Miss Mayme-Lee Ogden spoke on The Iiiiportimce of Lotus Circles, and gave an illum inating account of her work in this field. Mrs. Hazel Boyer B rauns paper, Theosophy Here and Now was omitted for lack of time, and the reader not being present, and1 M r. Potter read the paper contributed by Mrs. Jalie Neville Shore A Religion for Modern Y o u th This paper appear elsewhere in the Magazine. From this- point till seven oclock the members were entertained by the ladies of the Toronto Lodge and an animated ex change filled a pleasant two hours . The only flaw was the departure of the Rochester party who had to leave at five oclock by motor in order to be a t work in the morning. They cheerfully undertook the long drive from Rochester and back to show their real appreciation of the prin ciple of fraternization, and expressed their extreme pleasure in having been able to attend the Convention. The hospitality of the Toronto members included a drive around the city on a most comprehensive tour including all the points of general interest, and the guests were loud in their praise of its beauties and advantages, In this and- other ways the social aspect o f the Convention was well provided for, and there is no doubt th at the effect of vis-a-vis acquaintance does more than anything to establish friendly rela tione. A t seven oclock Mr. G. Rupert Lesch gave a most enthralling address on The osophy and1the Study of Comparative Re ligion. His treatm ent o f the subject was profound and yet popular to those in any degree fam iliar with the study of religion on it theological side. H is ingenious quotation of New Testament passages in illustration of the points he makes is most illum inating to Bible readers and is a bril liant study in, comparative religion in it self. H is summation of the One-ness, the All-ness- and the Only-ness of the Divine Life was a, vision never to be forgotten.

The Chairm an closed the meeting with the hope th at the Convention would bear fru it and that those present would carry its messages wherever they went, in sup port of the great message of Brotherhood that had been brought 'to the world' by Madame Blavatsky. The meeting was closed w ith the. repetition of the Gayatri. So ended the Third Fraternization Con vention, the largest and most successful so far held. The attendance was a record. The proceedings, which were, with the ex ception! of the evening addresses, entirely voluntary, resulted in' a. fine series of papers, almost, too numerous in fact, for the tim e at' the disposal of the Convention, so that discussion was lim ited in order to in clude all the papers^ to be read. This sug gests that special tiipe for discussion be scheduled1in the programmes of later Con ventions.
R esolutions S ubm itted to th e C onvention

The following are the Resolutions adopt ed' at the Sunday afternoon session of the Convention: That the thanks of the Convention be conveyed to Mr. and Mrs. Rex Le Lacheur, Mr. Allan Wilson and Mr. Mullen for their assistance in carrying out the musical portion' of the programme. T hat the thanks of the Convention, lie conveyed to the Publicity Committee, and all other Officials, who were responsible for the organizing and work of the Con vention. T hat the thanks of the Convention be conveyed to all those members who gave addresses or contributed, papers, thus ma terially assisting in the success, of the Con vention and particularly to Dr. A lvin B. Kuhn. Mr. G. Rupert Leseh and Mr. F. B. ITousser. T hat the thanks of the Convention lie accorded to the Toronto Lodge for kindly giving the use of their Head Quarter for the holding of this Convention. That the. Convention tender their very cordial and sincere thanks to the Womens A uxiliary for their self-sacrificing efforts and their assistance in entertaining and

carrying on other organization work in con nection with this Convention. That a Committee representing the sev eral Theosophieal bodies' be appointed to promote the Fraternization Movement throughout' the year, and that M r. C. W il liams, Mr. J . Em ory Clapp and Mr. E. L. T. Scbaub form the nucleus of this Com m ittee with power to add to their number. That the question of the place of meeting for next years Convention be left with the Fraternization Committee, it being undepL stood that, it will be held in the United States. T hat1 we re-affirm the Ressolnion adopted last year, asi follow: That in view of the obvious want of vision, and wisdom in the counsels of leadership in the world1 today, and the feebleness of the efforts to achieve human brotherhood in spite of the spiritual professions of the dominant religious bodies; in view of the fact that the present economic and social management reflect by evident' inadequacy and failure, lack of knowledge of the basic principles of hum an life and evolution, on which alone a more humane, and1less ruthless order of society can be established ; and whereas1 the very fundam entals of a righteous social order have been1 laid down for the guidance of hum anity in the ancient days in the Laws of Maun, the philosophy of Plato, the writings of Hermes, and1 in the revered Scriptures of the past, and a knowledge of them revived in' the modem age by our great leader H . P. Blavatskv, and in the Theosophieal M ovement; and in view of the sore need ait this bom- of these same principles in world leadership to relieve the suffering caused by the collapse of economic structures, he it resolved- by the Theosophists assembled in the second I n ternational Inter-Theosophieal Convention a t Rochester, N. Y., that we deplore the indifference in the general mind of the day to our efforts to restore to the world its birthright of the ancient or ageless Wis dom. by the applieaitbm o f which alone hum an life can he guided to a happier status; and be it further resolved, that we

declare it our firm conviction th at war, poverty, crime, disease and other appalling abnormalities of modern society are ultim ately due to the worlds' ignorance of the basic principleof practical Wisdom, which is the function of Theosophy to advance in the modem age. T hat this Convention commends the joint action of the A dyar and Point Loma Societies in arranging for the publication of the complete works of IT. P . PlavaLsky -of-which volume three has now been issued and suggest to students the advisability of possessing a complete set of th is w ork T hat owing to the large place taken1up by propaganda in the Theosophieal Move ment a period should be set aside at; all Conventions, for the discussion of this most im portant phase of Theosopliical activity. T hat th is Convention, convey to the Heads or Leaders of the Several Theosophical Societies in the world, its fraternal greetings* and testimonial of loyalty to the cause of Theosophy. And1 he it fu rth er resolved, T hat this Convention respectfully desires to urge upon these several Heads and1Leaders of Theosophic Bodies the eminent desirability of their taking cognizance of the existence w ithin their various organizations of a large volume of sentiment favourable to some acceptable programme of harmonization of the elements of the Theosophic .Movement: that, in view of the existence of this senti ment, as manifested and exemplified in the three. Conventions already held it he sug gested to the responsible Theosophic Leadership th at the time is ripe for posi tive effort on its p a rt in the direction of such re-approaehment as will enable the Theosophic Movement to present to the world it seeks to interest in its vital mes sage of spiritual brotherhood a living ex em plification of that same unity and human fellowship in its own organic work.
Those Who R egistered

Those who signed the register were only a p a rt of those who attended the Conven tion meetings. The total registered were 107 which consisted largely of those attend

ing the day meetings. The H all, which seats 500, was well filled each evening. The names of those- registered follow: Erom the. United! States: 14:Win. A. Banks, Youngstown, O .; Dr. Alvin B. Kuhn-, Elizabeth. N..T.; Mr. H enry Huebner, Toledo, O .; J . Em ory Clapp. Boston, M ass.; Mrs. Ju liu s 1L Jacobson, Toledo, O .; Miss Em ilie P . Arnold. Toledo. 0 .; Mayme-Lee Ogden. Rochester. N .Y .; Bes sie W. Stanford, Rochester. N .Y .; Claire C. Groot, Rochester, N . Y .; Florence G. Cowles. Rochester. N .Y .: Mavor W. A rtlip, Rochester, N .Y .; W alter Yey. H e bron, C onn.; G. R upert Lesch. Buffalo, N .Y .; W. T. Hawkins, Allison Park. Pa. Erom Toronto: 150: A. C. Bellows, M r. and! Mrs. G. I. Kinm an. M aud E. Crafter, Mrs. H . Illingworth. Ague- Wood, N . W. J. HaydOui, Alfred R. Haemmerle, Mrs. C. E. Sword. John E. Taylor, Mr. and Mrs. Allan Wilson, Meta Thornton, Ivy B arr, L. Ileeren, S. Constantnoff, J. R. Eraser. H . Anderson. Olga M. Cable, Day MacKay, Eva M. Budd. Mrs. "Minnie Lawlor. M aude I. Tristram . M ary Stuart, P. M. Sennett, Evelyn Slaght. L. H artley (EuglandO, W. B. Yate. M ay M ullain, H . Dobson, M ary E. Allen. H . Pape, E. J. Norman. M argaret Boddy. M. Hindsley, Lolita B. Perkin's, B. T. Fenner. Louis And e rton, Doris LI. Andertton. O. S. James. A. Lermam, D. W. B arr. Mrs. C. E . Coyne. Estelle Morrish. Sarah Pedler, Edward, Norman, Edward Widder. R. H. Thomas. Molly Brannon. Clara Powell Buckley, Freda H . Bass, Janet Cornwell, F. B. Housser, Pattie Tanner. R. T. Tanner. L ilith C. Haines. Rev A. T. P . Haines, F. M. A. M inter, S. M urray. M. Catte-rall, F . Mcdlieott. A. P. H arrop, M. C. Herrim an, E. B. Dvistan, J . G. Chester. Mr. and Mrs. J . B. Chamberlain. H attie Munther, M. E. Butcbart, Lydia Neal. M ar jo rie Lei Lacheur. Rex Le Laeheur. Ruby Wei bourne. Olive Olive. B. T. Ames, El son Mack ay, W. C. Chalk. Nellie Hop kins, Roht Mark., R. Thornton, William King, E. L. Thomson, M. C. Hubei, Mrs. E. B. Ilubel, Miss Sarah E. Powers, B.

Chase. M. Chase. P . E. Logiier, Mrs. Sarah Tristram , Evelyn P . Webley, Anne Bothwell, Frances Treleaven, Charles M. Hale'. Jessie M. Hale, Mrs. W aterfield, M argaret W arner, Mrs. M. C. Boulton, E. P . Boulton, Elizabeth Murdoch, M. Stagg. J . P. Crann, Florence Catterall, Hope E. Clark, Annabelle Murdoch, Mrs. W. B. Stevens*. M. E. Christie, Estelle B. Bright, P . Spracklin. Sadie1Defoe, W. Ham ilton, C. K irch, P . C. Bingham, M ary A. Hermon, M. Lennox, Booth, Mrs. Olsen, Mrs. Bovina. Tallman, M m A. M. W right, Ethel Allan, A. McEundie, B. Eerguson, M. Winterbottom, Mrs. A. Haemmerle, Mrs. F . Monk. M. Buchanan, Ann Eergu son. Florence J . Richardson, Anna Glover. E. Moore. Alex. Mackie, Muriel Norman. John Van Eden, Caroline Cunningham, J. A. Secord. Mrs. Elizabeth Keleher, P . E . Watkins. J . Ewings, D. H . Bum s, Guy C. Robertson. C. Glad-stion1 Bell, H . J . Munther, E . ITorwood, Gyneth Horwood, W innifred Jones, H . Tweedie, Mrs. D. G. Cole. Mrs. P . Aitken, Bydia Neal, Mrs. B. J . Yodden, Edward W. Heraion. From H am ilton: 16: Albert E. S. Smythe and Mrs. Janie Smythe, Robert A. Hughes. M r. and Mrs. Cecil Williams*, H a rry Dryden* Potter, Mabel Carr, Amy E. V. Putnam , Anne M. Anderson, Amelia G. Mills, Mr. and Mrs. W. P . Hick, Mr. and Mrs. C. Dnmbray, Ann Robinson, E. Avonde. Erom Kitchener, O n t.: 5 : Alexander W att. M ary W att, D an Sh a ntz, Lawrence Baer, J . W. Schroeder. From M ontreal: D. B. Thomas. From Agincourt, O nt.: Mrs. S. Bong, C. Bong. From N iagara Falls, O nt.: Dr. and Mrs. A. Beon Hatzan. From Niagararon-the-Lake, O nt.: Mrs. Bertram A. Taylor. From Welland*, O nt.: Ronald V. Garratfc. From St. Catharines, O n t.: Mrs. I,. D. Cunningham, Jocelyn Cunningham. From Fonthill, O n t.: G ertrude Knapp.

From St. Thomas, O n t.: Miss E . Brierley. From Sudbury, O n t.:P ita Butler.

HAS THEOSOPHY A FUTURE? By Dr. H. N. Stokes


M r. Sm ythe has suggested to me th at I should write something about The F uture of Theosophy5. F irs t of all, ha Theosophy a future ? That, I take it, depends largely UT>on the believers in Theosophy them selves. A re Theosophieal principles to spread so as to influence the entire race, or are they to die out as so m any philoso phies and religions have done? We are told th at a special effort is made once in each century to awaken humanity to the principles for which Theosophy is supposed to stand. T hat may be so, but it should be i>erfectly obvious th at this is a two-sided arrangement. N o efforts of the Masters can be effective unless they meet with response and co-operation. And that co-operation* can be given by everyone in terested, and the moment to begin th is is today, not some forty year* hence1 . Have we not already enough to live by ? Please remember this. W e Theosophists are a very small body as compared with the whole of hum anity, even w ith that por tion which belongs to w hat we call our civilization. J u st think: the membership of the largest Theosophieal society is about 30,000; possibly we m ay add1 another 10,000 for the other societies and1the un attached Theosophists, say 40,000 in all. T hat represents but. a few thousandths of one percent, of the worlds population. I f this almost vanishing fraction is* to bring about any future whatever for Theosophy it m ust stand together. I t cannot afford to work as a collection of separate units ignoring or opposing each other, each m ain taining th a t it views, being wholly right, all the others m ust be wrong and hence not quite fit to speak to on Theosophieal m at ters. What would you th in k of an army which declined to fight as a u n it because of some

differences of opinion as to uniforms or 'weapons? W hat would- you think of an arm y which should insist th at their politi cal differences made it impossible to stand together in the same trenches ? There is a common cause, and all minor differences have to he forgotten in, the fighting, no m atter how much the individual soldiers m ay differ on politics* or on, the best, sort of boots. And1 what would the supreme command in our case the Masters think of .such people? B ut that is precisely the condition we have in the Theosophieal Movement today. This pitifully small arm y is divided into several clans or societies, each claiming to have the same object, b u t each so anxious over differences on m inor points that they not only will1not co-operate, but often an tagonize each other. The situation may well be called' scandalous. Elsewhere I have had occasion to refer frequently to what appears to be an in creasing tendency in some societies to rep resent to their members and the world at large that they alone constitute T H E Theosophieal Society, T H E Theosophieal Movement. I n some cases th is has gone to the extent not only of ignoring or denying the existence of a Theosophieal Movement without their own lim its, but even so far as issuing printed warnings and1 charging officials of other societies with being a sort of transcendental robber trying to get into the sheepfold by climbing in, instead of entering by the door. I am not giving nam es; their own words speak for them. Erom w hat one reads in o ffic ia l documents it would seem that some societies are almost in a state of panic over spies and propa gandists from other Theosophieal societies. All of you m ay not be aware of this, hut it is an actual1 fact. I t is most, pitiful. I understand, th at the executives of each society have a certain responsibility, occupy a position where they are expected, and should, devote most of th eir efforts to the particular instrum ent for which they are responsible. B ut that- affords no reason for acting as if they are afraid th at they

may lose some present or prospective mem bers by acting in a friendly manner to wards others. I f members of other soci eties are: le*ss enlightened1 than their own they should, welcome the opportunity of giving them more light. I f, on the con trary, they are more enlightened, they should be glad to have th eir own members learn from them. I look on this series of fraternization conventions, at present hardly beyond the embryo stage, as f a r more important than any of the other Theosophieal conventions being held this year or at any other time. I t is by far the most im portant because it is the nucleus, of a movement to secure co operation in essentials, leaving it to those who choose to do so to argue over minor differences. Ho not forget the words of the Master Tv. H . (M ahatma Letters, page 231), speaking of the Jesuits: They work for the greater power and glory ( ! ) o f their Order; wefor the power and final glory of individuals, of isolated* units, of hum anity in general, and we are content, nay forced to leave our order and its chiefs entirely in the shade. As regard's the proceedings of such a convention;, while T have' no comment to make on the reading of general Tbeosophical papers, which is perhaps essential, it must be remembered that such papers can be presented' in any lodge or society at nnv time. The first and foremost, object is to bring together associates of different soci eties and to give them the chance to get acquainted. Oh. hut that is turning the convention into a social affair, a sort of picnic, somebody may say. I reply that it is and should he first of all a social affair, because it gives the members of each society attending the opportunity to discover, as I have had; to discover, that those of other organizations than their own are just as intelligent, just as well-meaning as themselves, and that the essence- of their Theosophy is ju s t as- good as their own, even if they may d iffer on m atters of policy, theories of suceeseorship, or certain other doctrinal points.

Consequently I look on this convention andi other fraternization conventions as prim arily a means of getting: the several Theosophical sects to understand each other and; to -work together for a, common causes not as a tim e or place for general Theosophical discussions. I t is quite pos sible that the attendance m ay be small, perhaps even smaller than last year. That is no reason for thinking th at another con vention will not be worth the trouble. There is nothing worth while which is not worth the trouble, and another convention should be held, even if no more than fifty attend. There is much being spoken and written on the subject of Brotherhood, in elaborat ing reasons why, even though all admit the theory of Universal Brotherhood1 , that is something quite different from fraterniza tion, that while we m ay concede that mem bers of other societies are theoretically our brothers, practically we dont need to speak to them, or work with them, or recognize them in any way. and that the idea of fra ternization is a useless dream, an imprac ticable ideal. I must say that all of these discussions, when really sincere and not intended to make an excuse for neglecting our duty, remind me of nothing so much as a squid trying to hide itself by ejecting a volley of ink. A ll such discussions are unpractical and an. evasion of the real issue. There are people a-plenty who always see the reasons why something can not be done andi who are as proud' as pea cocks over their ability to find such reasons. F a r fewer are those who believe it can be done, even though i t m ay require some experimenting and failure at first. It is on these latter that the fu tu re of Theosophy depends. I believe that Theosophical societies can co-operate and' I have yet to hear any one sound reason why they cannot. O f course there must be some common ground. The Secret Doctrine of II. P. B. has been sug gested, I f it cannot l>e that., then, let it he her K ey to Theosophy; if not tbak then The Voice of the Silence, or Light on the

Path, or the Bhagavad Gita. The first step is getting acquainted. This series of conventions offers that opportunity to the few who can attend. B u t it can, be done everywhere, in every town where two or more societies have lodges. E fforts to hold joint meetings at. times should be encour aged, but even where this is rejected by one or the other society occasional visits to the meetings of other societies, not for pur poses of propaganda, b u t for good fellow ship. are sure to, lead1to closer relations in the long run. Many, to be sure, have 3~ mortal dread of being rebuffed. I t might happen at times, has happened, but it is a poor sort, of m artyr for his cause who would hold back at such a triviality. May T add th at it is absolutely essential that no fraternization convention should perm it the use of methods, forms or cere monials peculiar to one particular society. I t is necessary to avoid everything which might give the impression that the conven tion is controlled by one particular organ ization. The sounding of gongs-, prayers or invocations, nieditatdonsu quotations from the special literature of any one society should, be avoided. This precaution has not always been observed, in the past and has given- rise to suspicions probably unfounded that the convention was being run by a particular society in its own in terests. This, of course, is not saying that when conventions are held in cities where on society has a preponderance of mem bra and a better hall, such society may per force have to do the greater part of the details, b ut in any event committees should be as representative of the leading societies as possible, names and associations being given. So finally, I earnestly hope th at those who have the decision as to a fu tu re fra ternization convention will not be discour aged1 . that they will remember that great movements may have small beginnings and belong in growing, and that it is absolutely necessary to keep the lamp of Brotherhood burning, no matter how low the flame may sink ad times, if Theosophy is to have a future.

ENEMIES OF FRATERNIZATION.
By Cecil Williams The attitude of some to fraternization is like that of the topers in tlie story to the ghost1hey do not believe in it but they are scared. Others approach fraterniza tion in the sp irit of the gourmand -who complained he could not eat a much as he wanted'they would like to take everybody into their own society but they cant. F e a r and vanity are great enemies not only of fraternization b ut of all human progress. Often we find them, in. the Movement, wearing the mask of loyalty. Loyalty to a society or to a teacher is to be admired ; but loyalty to Besant or Arundale, to Tingley or do Pnrucker. to Judge 0 1 * Blavatsky, or even to the M asters is> not enough. We m ust be loyal to T ruth and to all hum anity, else we are not Theosophists. The school spirit is suited to school boys; for grown men and women there is the world spirit. When we consciously or un consciously put our society or teacher be fore Theosophy we betray the cause of the Masters, for, to adapt the wise words of Annie Besant, Theosophy does not belong to any Theosophieal society; all true Theosopbical societies belong to Theosophy. Shortly after the first fraternization convention at N iagara Falls I spent a few days with my fam ily in the quiet village of Cherry Valley near the B ay of Quinte. They are religious folk down there. They invited us to Sunday school. W e went, because th a t also was a form of fraterniza tion! O ur visit gave me a glimpse of the state o f our rural Sunday schools, but I was particularly struck with ore thing. A young m an sang a solo, the words of whose refrain went something like th is : You go to your church and I ll go to mine, B ut well walk along together. In the Sunday schools, I thought, they have put fraternization into a song, and I asked myself this question. Is the Theosophical society, which was designed to lead1 , doomed now to lag behind the churches? I n these days of new idleas,

even in mathematics, are we to hang on to old formulas and say, Theosophieal soci eties should work on parallel lines and never meet? W e can understand, though we cannot exculpate, the fear one society m ay have that another will absorb it or lead its mem bers astray, b ut let us also understand that this fear is a hangover from churchianity. I n The Hey to Theosophy H . P. Blavatsky pointed out that shortcomings of members were often errors they had brought in with them from the sects in which they had grown up. The fear that some members of A dyar have of Point Loma is akin to the fear Presbyterians have of Methodists. T im idity is not a Theosophieal tra it and judging by most Theosophists I have met in this case it is utterly groundless; their loyalty to th eir society is too fierce. And if a society should lose a few members, they will not be lost among the many new ones it would gain Ix^oause it practised what it preached. In the Blavatsky lodge of H am ilton we do not hesitate to tell new comers where and when the Ham ilton society meets and tell them of its library. I f inquirers prefer the Hamilton society to our lodge, why should we worry ? The important thing is not th at people should join the Blavatsky lodge hut that they should become Theosophists. The serpent on the Theosophieal symbol, biting its tail, does not mean that a member of the move ment, having professed universal brother hood, should proceed to swallow himself. Then the idea of one big society which is harboured, or is thought to be harboured, by some Point Loma members I admit this idea once docked: in my m in d ; I . too, was brought up in a sect.; educated in a denominational school is it not. also a hangover from churchianity? It smacks very much of Catholicism. But it is a dream as vain as the unconscious vanity that inspires it. Adyar and the U. L. T. are as loyal to their traditions as Point Loma is to its leader. And it is fortunate that it is so. The need is not for stereo typed' unity hut for diversified activity

and thought within Theosophieal bounds and for fraternal good-will between all Theosophists in every land and society. We cannot win the war upon ignorance and selfishness by turning all sailors and airmen into soldiers ; we need all three arms, but they m ust co-operate. The complaint is made that Theosophical magazines ignore entirely the activities of other societies. M y friends, this is not a sin of leading church magazines. They are not above reporting or commenting favourably upon outstanding events in other denominations. A re we who proclaim tolerance from the house tops to sink in the practice of tolerance below the Christion sects ? Shame, eternal shame upon us, if it shall be so! It. i reported that in some quarters of the Adyar society great emphasis is being laid: upon, the definite article the in the title. This society is the Theosophieal society. Does this mean that., instead of universal brother hood. the first, article of Theosophy is to become the definite article? I feel free to criticize all three societies, because I am a member of all three. I honour and esteem them all. T want them all to grow in strength and influence, and I believe there are those in all three soci eties who. while they m ay differ from me in some points, which is only evidence they are exercising their intelligence, appreci ate my sincerity. I w ant to see the soci eties overcome those incorporeal enemies of truth and progress fear and vanity; I want to see them enter more fully upon their heritage; and, above all. I want to see them do more effective work for the salva tion of humanity. From his watch tower in Washington, Dr. Stokes discerns a lessening of fraternal activity. My friends, this m ust not he! W e must not allow fraternization to die. The woes of the world are too poignant. H um anity depends upon u s ! Tt is my hope th at this convention, meeting in the build ing where the international fraternization convention idea was first proposed and discussed, will adopt the suggestion of un

friend, Mr. E m ory Clapp, and appoint a committee to work for fraternization the year round. I f fraternization is slow let. us not say with the pessimist the glass is half empty, hut w ith the optim ist that it is half full. I vet us' not. think of tu rn in g down an empty glass but of filling it to the brim. F e a r and vanity, these kamic enemies of Theosophy must be defeated, and' they can he if we will recognize them1for what they are. and ask ourselves honestly if our actions arid1our attitude toward fraternrz'ation make for a better world and the help ing of poor, agonizing humanity. T o d a y the forces of love and hate are balanced and the tim e is so critical that the world despairs of the future. The power of thought and the power of spiritual love are potent, forces-. L et us throw all th at we have in the balance. Let us show the despairing world, by the example of love for our fellow Theosophists in other societies, that love is. the: great, healer. Let us not through fear and1 vanity frustrate the efforts of the founders o f the Theosopbical movement. Perfect love casteth out fear and vanity, and' these two kamic enemies of fraternization, of Theosophy, of the M asters of Wisdom and of humanity, let us now resolve to banish forever from our midst.

FROM THE WESTERN W O M EN S BUDDHIST BUREAU


To all Theosophieal friends now assembled' in this fraternization conven tion Greetings: From a B uddhist sister in California who owes a great debt of grati tude to the Theosophieal founders for the privilege of hearing of Theosophy and Buddhism. * * * Tt is not flesh and blood, but the heart, that makes brothers. Schiller. * * * This friendly and truly noble fraterniza tion attempt on the part of various Theosophical leaders and their societies is in

deed a precious one. And great credit is due all who have any part in it. I t shows a commendable spirit of tolerance and a sincere effort -to actually establish a real Universal F raternity such a-s the "Masters had in mind when the T. S. Wjis first founded, and for which very purpose, in deed, it was founded. In Letter VI. of The Mahatma Letters it tells of the M asters hopes to found a genuine Brotherhood of H um anity where all will become co-workers of nature, will work for the. good of m ankind. F urther 011 in the same letter we read : The Chiefs want a Brotherhood) of H um anity, a real Universal F raternity '.started. W hile in L etter xxviii the T. S. is said to be a harbinger of Universal Brotherhood . Surely then, a Theosophical fraternization convention as is: now assembled in Toronto IS definitely such a harbinger. And, just as surely*let us hope it foreshadows a wholly reunited T. S.. all sincere, the like of which has been, the like of which cannot help being. Ton cannot make an associ ation out of insincere men. says Carlyle, only in a world of sincere men is unity possible; and1there, in the long run, it is as good as certain... ." How heartening are his words an actual promise that un ity is possible, in the long run, in an association of sincere men. Tn a world that at this moment is crumbling, indeed1is fairly crashing about our head's, how infinitely important that all Theosophical societies N o n e E x c e f t et> in- which the Masters placed such hope and confidence, should Now a n d F o r e v e r M o r e , forget every difference of whatever nature, and become in truth, a real Universal F ratern ity . I nity, harmony and unselfishness within the T. S. are the best propaganda possible to gain intelligent recruits bv creating a favourable impression. W here as, discord, intolerance and selfishness create an opposite effect. In the K ey to Theosophy, used as a text book I believe by nearly all Theosophical societies, some of which areregrettably

so at. odds w ith one another. Madam Blavatsky says: What, the Theosophist has to do above all is to forget his person ality. Perhaps then the surest way to establish an actual Universal Fraternity would bei for each and everyone particu larly those unsympathetic with fraterniz ation movements- to recall H .P .B .s words more often. A forgetfulness of person ality. a little less of I and: thou . I f you couldst empty all thyself of self Like to a shell dishahited......... then there would he no room for (little') Me. Arnold too expresses the idea beautifully iu his1Light; of Asia : Foregoing self the Universe grows I . The T. S. was definitely intended at the outset to lie a great unwavering beacon to show poor H um anity the Path. So that, those seeking an explanation' of lifes per plexities would have a. true light to guide them, not false lights. So they would not be misled as many were then, and still are today by will-o-thie-wisp lights of pseudo-teachings, parading under differ ent names, all claiming to have the Truth. Indeed, some are more harmful than the merely deceiving lights of will-o-the-wisps; they are dangerous as false mirages of the desert that lure thirsty travellers to doom. A tolerant, all-inclusive T.S.. united' in this one common purpose, would he just such an unwavering beacon1light as it was orig inally intended to he. A n old Chinese philosopher said the union of m any thread's make an unbreak able cord. How unbreakable, how in vincible the distinguished leaders of the various Theosophical societies and their followers m ight become if each one forgot the 1 and thou and remembered only, bleeding H um anity. The whole Theosoph ical teachings stress Oneness not separ ation. hut Oneness of All. M arcus Aurelius says: We are made for co-operation, like hands, like feet, like eye-lids, like the rows of the upper and lower teeth. To act. against one another is contrary to nature.

Perhaps at this very convention now assembled a common meeting ground can and will be1found), acceptable to all leaders and all societies not at present co-operating or even approving. I t should not be d iffi cult to find such a common meeting ground in the great broad field of Theosophy. Perhaps if everyone were to unbend just a trifle it would help T do not know. But it is quite possible to unbend without loss of dignity, and1the old Chinese philosopher already quoted also said th a t a bow un bent is useless. Every intelligent Thoosopliist, of course understands perfectly the true spirit of the teachings, and also well and tru ly understands the real reason why the T. S. was founded' in the first place. I t seems a great pity to give outsiders the satisfaction of saving that it is easier for some Theosophists to pass through the eye of a needle than fraternize at a Theo-/ sophical convention. H .P .B . also says in the Key, that in her time it could be said without a shadow of injustice ; See, how those Theosophists love one another. Have times changed any, or have they not ? Bo you Tcnow th at there actually ore people who innocently believe th at the letters T. S. standnot for Theosophieal Society, but for Theosophieal snobbery! W hile there m ay have been1 in the past disappointments and1 discouragements in fraternization attempts, and there doubt less will be more, still for the sake of poor orphan H um anity as K.IT. feelingly spoke of it. remain steadfast in purpose, faithful in your efforts. Do not falter, those of you who have seen the vision and are try ing to make an actuality out of the ideal set before Theosophists by the M asters a Brotherhood of H um anity which would, if ever it became an actuality, bring to the world universal peace and1 good-will to men. Knowing yourselves then to be absolute ly right in these attempts, remain solid1as a rock. The Dhammapadla savts1 : As a solid' rock is not shaken by the wind, wise people falter not amidst blame and praise. * * *

May the overshadowing influence of the Wise Ones be m anifest to everyone present on this auspicious aud notable occasion which surely foreshadows a wholly re united T.S. a harbinger of a real Brotherhood' of H um anity for which pur pose the society was first organized. F a ith fully, M iriam Salanave. W estern Womens Buddhist Bureau of California.

THE CIRCLE AND THE POINT^


A great m any people now-a-days cannot tell us1what, religion really is, nor can they explain th eir attitude towards it. I n days gone by the m ajority of C hristians weTe ready to give a definition of religion and to declare their view upon it. Anyone hav ing an unorthodox outlook was considered to he voluntarily wicked aud was exhorted to ask God the help their unbelief. To day even very moderately advanced think ers are world religionists, for they under stand th a t even the apparently downward path can lead to Me. We have largely ceased to believe that the ultimate goal of the religious life is our own personal salv ation., or th at o u r chosen path is of para mount. importance. I t is dawning upon us that this is a wonderful world in which we are living, and th a t things are hap pening th at have never happened before. The veil between this world and the next is wearing thin,, and we are getting into touch with another even more wonderful world behind th a t veil. We are all having an amazing incarna tion. whether we are aware of it or not, perhaps the most amazing we have ever had. Modern science is lifting the veil which hangs before the portal of the unseen world. W e feel in touch w ith the spiritual planes, we need no longer to he prodded into salvation, for we know th at we can save ourselves by evolving our higher con sciousness. The tru e religionist, is a spiritual evolu tionist. his aim is salvation by means of in dividual growth. Salvation, he will tell

you, is guided by Gods great Hierarchies "that govern the affairs of Man, and that they save us by the gradual unfoldment of the soul, by the stronger welding of the link th a t binds it to the higher planes-. Salvation, as Goethe pointed out, is a pro cess of becoming. But in ordeT to make a success of life it seems necessary to get religion1 in some form or other. I f not orthodox views, then some private religious system of our own. I t is, of course, possible to rub along with out any sense of spiritual values, to pass on ones way without religion of any kind whatever, b ut for short periods only. Things happen to us, slings and arrows are flung a t us which force us at times to retire to a spiritual fortress. W ith each rude shock of destiny we learn* to be more alive to the troubles of others which is the first certain sign of the: awakening of the spirit. The not. yet sorry, as a great w riter calls the unevolved in spirit, are roused, if only for a time, to some tenderness for the weak, the suffering and the old*. And at length they are brought to seek a rock whereupon to build their lives. That rock, for us in* the West, is the Christ. As a humble student of the Kab balah, I have come to believe that the Christ- is one of the exalted Hierarchy called- by the ancient Israelites the Souls of F ire, or Asohim, the Divine Members of which return voluntarily into incarna tion in order to teach salvation by means of faith in the tru th that each one of us is truly and essentially a spirit, and th at im prisonment in an earth body, w ith all the suffering it- entails, is only incidental, and is for the purpose of developing the link between body and1spirit. That, link is best foTged by compassion and* purity, for with out. these two qualities there is no spiritual magic possible. W e may perhaps add- to them the acceptance of life as a spiritual experience and of death as a supreme ad venture. Religion and science are said to ho gradually becoming reconciled. Their ultimate fusion may solve all the difficul

ties and produce- a new and glorious world religion. Religion has great need' of that precision, of thought, which has become a feature of modern life, while science lacks the help of the beauty which has been lavished upon religious worship all down the ages. Hence the power and long life of symbolism in the world. That which is greatest in religion can only be expressed in symbolism not that of a diagram or of a lineal figure, hu t a sublime m ind picture like Luthers a m ighty fortress is our God, one simple line th a t will never be forgotten because it is* the outcome of the impression made- upon his childish mind by the beauty of the W artburg, that, m agnifi cent feudal castle which* crowned the sum mit of the mountain under whose shadow he spent so m any years of his early life. H e who sees the Universe, merely as a conglomeration of electrons will never see God1 , but he who sees it as Beauty will see H im all the time. We are all circles w ith the dot in the middle, spiritual symbols of the Creative Logos. The dot within, the circle is the life power w ithin us, the M anifesting Logos on a small scale. W e are all en gaged in expressing ourselves, in expand ing outwards in order to reach the edge of the circle, hut we find that the circle itself is expanding all the. time, and thus we never get to the periphery at all. Expan sion and self-expression are all very well, hut at tim es we should withdraw to the dot in the middle, where wonderful things await us. Tt is a difficult task, because the corruptible body presseth down the soul, and the earthly tabernacle weigheth down the m ind. The soul is a spiritual Zodiac, an individual inner circle wherein is fulfilled all that is indicated'by the outer Zodiac of matter. I n past, ages ships that, p u t out to sea had only the sun and the stars to guide them, and when these failed them by reason of weather conditions they- were in1 great danger. Then someone somewhere, it is believed in China, noticed that a thin bit of metal secured on one spot but permitted

to tu rn on its axis freely always came fin ally to rest pointing to the North. That discovery changed' world conditions. But the reason why the compass needle always turns to the N orth is, I believe, still unex plained. May it be th at the needle points to the great, inconceivably terrific central Sun of the Universe about which modern astronomers have so much to tell us ? Is it perhaps the dot. in the centre of the circle of the Universe ? We ourselves1 are ships cast upon the sea of Time, we all have a compass needle w ithin us, by means of which we should be able to guidle our course towards the central dot in the centre of our being, and so become partakers in the secrets of the Divine' Light. This is true religion, aspiration towards the high est that we known towards union- w ith God, the goal of the mystics. There is a region of the mind' where the opening up to God not only can, but must take place. That region is best found in meditation, which thus becomes one of the essentials- of the religious life. An aspect of religion which appeals to a few only, and is denied vehemently by the majority., is the theory of an evolving or progressing God1 , of a D eity Who is H im self being borne forward' to a higher level, carrying the whole Universe, both spiritual and m aterial with H im . This theory is- by no means new, for it can be found in the secret doctrine of Israel. The Book of the Kabbalah called the Sepher Dzenioutha, or Book of Concealed Mystery, treats of the gradual development of the Creative Deity, and consequently of all Creation. Attached to this doctrine is the implication th a t mankind, in developing itself spiritually, is assisting in the evolu tion of the Great S pirit Who is becoming, therefore, increasingly efficient to create a still more magnificent Creation. May this theory of the expansion of D eity per haps explain that expansion of the sphere of the Universe which, according to present day astronomers, is taking place? I s the great circle o f the material Universe ex tending its periphery as the dot in the

centre, its spiritual hub, becomes increase ingly powerful ? I t is said th at the H igher Powers are speeding up the evolution of hum anity. In order to still further hasten th at expansion, it is of the utmost importance th at each one of us; -should strengthen the link that connects us w ith the Divine. T hat can- be accomplished by trained and intelligent meditation, the object of which is to pro duce an extension of consciousness that w ill bring us into touch w ith the CosiSic Soul. The ecstacy of the Saints is nothing more than such an extension. I t was said by one of the Gnostics that I t is possible for a m ans soul to be made like unto God even while he is still in the body, if be will but behold the Beauty of the Good! . 0. Harcourt, Vice-Presid'ent of the Bristol Lodge of the Theosophieal Society.

MR BELCHERS WESTERN TOUR


A fter Victoria, I was taken, by Mr. George Hobart-thanks to our good friend K a rta r Singhs good' offices to Cedar, about- 10 miles south of Nanaimo. This was the home of th e A quarian Foundation now completely vanished1 . Toronto Lodge members will be much interested to know th at Mr. and' Mrs. Geo. Hobart., and1 Mr. and Mrs. Tom W illiams are still living on the property. All declare th at they would not if they could, forego the lesson that the bitter experience taught hem. They have proved the wisdom of R. L. Steven sons advice, to renounce when th a t shall be necessary and' not be embittered . Their happiness bubbled1over in generously pro viding for your wandering scribe. Three very enjoyable and1 profitable meetings were held in the home of Mr. and Mrs. von Platen. To me these meetings were exhilarating, being unexpected and for the earnest attention they elicited. I was given a delightful! trip to Poinlti Alberni, where is located the most up-to-date

lum ber m ill on the P acific Coast. Our party was perm itted to see it in operat-ion; it was a bewildering experience. On the way to Point Albe-rni we passed beautiful Cameron Lake and through Cathedral Grove, notable for its> untouched prim itive grandeur, its huge cedars and Douglas fir trees. R eturning to Vancouver, I was once again the guest of M r. A. J . Harrison. Gen. Secy of the Canadian Theosophieal Federation, and President of the Hermes Lodge, w ith its membership of 75. Public meetings are maintained, and a good Secret Doctrine class under the able leadership of M rs. Torens. One meeting was held in th eir Lodge Room. I t was well attended, a good representation from both the V an couver and Orpheus Lodges being present. I n the afternoon of that, day I was ahle to renew the acquaintance of Miss Fewster in her fathers home. She sang for us both then and at the lecture in the same delightful way th at endeared her to the Toronto Lodge audiences. M r. Marshallsaythe book steward of the Lodge tells me he is meeting a steady and growing demand for The Secret Doctrine. At Summerland Mrs. Coll as secured a good meeting for me in her home which is pleasantly situated! in a country of hills and1 mountains, irrigated orchards, and roads w inding in and out, up and down. I m ust pay my trib u te to the skilful driv ing by Mrs. Collas of her car. The ride to Penticton, where a lecture was given, and friendly contact renewed with M r. and Mrs. Dix, and the return by night by the shore of Okanagan Lake, then through the hills to her home will always be a pleasant memory to me. The following morning, early, I left for Nelson, arriving there in the evening; having a whole day of very varied scenery, the railway climbing, loop ing. over m any bridges, trestle and steel, through stupendous scenery like a lost thing. Passing the Doukhobor settlement at B rilliant there is a jam factory with its title, conspicuously pain ted : The Chris tian Community of Universal Brother

hood. These Doukhobors not only work their own land1but hire out to farm ers giving good service. Their women add to the picturesqueness of Nelson with their clean, characteristic dresses and silk shawls for head covering. Mrs. F raser provided for me and we had one very interesting meeting in h er home. Mrs. Minnie Drews will he kindly remembered by many mem bers of the Toronto Lodge. She has a good library of Theosophieal books' and I was glad to avail myself of them. Now, after two days and nights on the train T am once more in Winnipeg. 1 was met and very generously provided for by Dr. B race H ill in his lovely summer home about seven miles from W innipeg on the bank of the Assiniboine. H e had kept his promise, and had gathered together a group which is interested in Theosophy and is organizing under the United Lodge of Theosophy. Several meetings have been held ini his down-town office; and his en thusiasm, wholesome skepticism and spirit of camaraderie! augur well for the success of the group. I n this cheering note I will conclude these ram bling notes of a rambler. Felix A. Belcher. Winnipeg, August. 26.
BOOKS BY CHARLES JOHNSTON
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BOOKS on THEOSOPHICAL and ALLIED SUBJECTS

kept in stock and procured to order. My list, sent on request.

N. W. J. HAYDON
564 P A P E A V E ., TORONTO (6)

AM ONG THE LODGES


D uring A ugust the Sunday evening lec tures were given by Mr. A. E. S. Smytbe who spoke on the first and third Sundays, his subjects being ''A G reat Irish Theoso phist' and The M agic of Youth . On the second1 Sunday the lecture was given by M r. A. W att of the Kitchener Lodge, his subject being The Gnostics . The last Sunday was during the Convention, the speaker in the evening being Mr. G. It. Lesch of Buffalo.
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Some notes from an Orpheus Lodge meeting on the Seven Principles of M an: T hat strange power Ahamkara, an as pect of the Intellectual Principle enables us. or rather compels us to identify our selves with whatever is strongest at the moment in the ever shifting field of our conscious states. At one tim e we identify ourselves with our finest aspirations and a few hours or even moments, later, we perhaps know ourselves only as the embodi ment of a desire to satisfy some whim or personal ambition. Throughout even one day we identify ourselves w ith m any dif ferent and often conflicting moods, desires and ambitions, in each of which we think of ourselves as I. W hich of these many I V each of which seems as1 real as the other, is the real I, or is any one of them the real I ? A w riter the other day was emphatic that if he m et the boy he was twenty years ago he would itch to box his ears. In another twenty years he will probably find1 him self equally out of sympathy with the I he knows as himself now. M editation upon this subject is of the greatest value, for the reason th a t as we realize more and1more fully the illus ory, kaleidoscopic nature of the self we know as T we weaken somewhat the magi cal power of the hypnosis which N ature holds over us. F o r in a very real sense we live in a hypnotic trance, believing our selves to be what we are not. and acting ac cordingly. Who, or what, is the Master Magician And how is his power m ain

tained1 ? In the Voice of the Silence we read the Mind is the Slayer of the Real, let the disciple slay the' Slayer. What does this somewhat cryptic saying mean ? I f Mind, means the Intellectual Principle, M anas; in the first place to kill it is im possible for it is an aspect of the Spiritual Triad! which is our Se l f ; in the second place to be without M ind is to be an idiot. This cannot be what is meant. It. is KamaManas, the personal desire mind which is the creator of illusion which L meant hcrcr I t is Kam a desire, which is the Master Magician. N ature exercizes her thraldom and power over us by enmeshing us in a cloak of illusion through Kam a, the desire principle whose root form is Tanha, the th irst for life ; for sensation; for experi ence. Sensation, life, is the one thing we all crave; pleasant sensation if we can get it, if not, then unpleasant or even painful sensation. So the disciple is admonished that he must be able to slay bis lunar body (K am a) ait will. I n other words if he would see clearly on the difficult and dangerous path he travels he m ust be able to put bis desires and wishes, his hopes and fears entirely on one side at will. Any practice which exercizes whatever power the student possesses to stand aside from his emotions and desires and look at things coolly and im partially is of the greatest value. F o r example, to go to a political or other meeting where njob emotion runs high, to allow oneself to be strongly in fluenced and then to c u t oneself off from it and coolly and1 critically exercize the mind, is one of the many ways which will suggest, themselves. Eventually we have' to build1 u p an individual magic which is stronger than N ature m agic; then and then only can we force her to let us go free. Until then we are tied to the apron strings of the Great Mother and must follow her ceaselessly up and down on her endless cycles.
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M r. and Mrs. Dum brav of Ham ilton have been receiving condolences on the early death of Mrs. Dum brays sister, Valeria Novack. on .Till v 28.

T H E C A N A D IA N T H E O S O P H IS T
THE O RG A N OF T H E T H E O S O P H IC A L I N CANADA S O C IE T Y P u b lis h e d o n th e 1 5th o f ev e ry m o n th .

much of this together on such short notice, and .you are to be congratulated. I wish you would send me about one half-dozen extra copies. I am enclosing a $5. bill to renew my own subscription and I wish you would also mail The Canadian Theosophist to M r............................. for one year, begin ning w ith the Russell num ber.
O Cf o

E d ito r A lb e r t E. S . S m y th e . E n t e r e d a t H a m i lto n c la s s m a t t e r . S u b sc rip tio n , G eneral One P ost a O ffic e Y e a r. as Second-

D o lla r

O F F IC E R S O F T H E T . S. I N CANADA G E N E R A L E X E C U T IV E F e lix A. B e lc h e r, 250 N . L l s g a r S t ., Toro nto. M aud E. C r a f t e r , 345 C h u rch S t r e e t , Toron to . W illia m A . G r if f it h s , 37 S ta y n e r S t r e e t , W e s t m o u n t, P .Q . N a t h . W . J . H a y d o n , 564 P a p e A v en u e, Toronto. F re d e r ic k B. H o u ss e r, 10 G len G ow an A v e ., T o ro n to . K a r t a r S in g h , 1720 F o u r th A ve. W ., V a n co u v er, B.C. W a s h . E . W ilk s , 925 G e o rg ia S t. W ., V ancou ver. G EN ERA L SECRETARY A lb e r t E. S. S m y tb e , 33 F o r e s t A venu e, H a m i lto n , O n ta rio , C an a d a.

Mr. and Mrs. Foster Bailey have sent out a card w ith an Invocation which is being despatched to 100,000 people in ten different languages 'all over the world ask ing them to use this a t least once a day. It reads: Let the Forces of Light bring illum ination to all mankind'. Let the S pirit of Peace be spread abroad. May men of goodwill everywhere meet in a spir it of co-operation. Let power attend the efforts of the Brothers of H um anity. We cordially endorse this effort and hope that Signor Mussolini will receive a copy. If he responds it will do a lot of good. Most of the rest of us are already convinced,

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OFFICIAL N O TES
W e regret very much1 that post office regulations require us to dirop from our m ailing list all members not paid up on the books this month. Any who cannot at present pay the full $2.50 m ay send1$1. on account to keep their subscription good, a o The Ham ilton1 Lodge is preparing for the winter seasons activity and Mr. Smythe will resume his Key to Theosophy class on October 7. Anyone who studies The Key and possesses himself of its con tents may without hesitation undertake to carry Theosophy to any group of enquirers anywhere. B H ere is an encouraging letter from Cali fornia. I want to express my apprecia tion for the very marvellous memorial num ber of the Canadian Theosophist to the memory of George Russell, M . I t is a very splendid piece of work getting so

There are several standards by which the success of a Convention may be meas ured. One is attendance. Another is the quality of the m aterial presented. A third is the financial results. In this respect the recent Convention in Toronto stands high. The deficittoo bad it was not a surplus will be under $25, according to latest receipt of accounts. The Toronto T. S. gave the use of The Theosophieal H all gratis, and expenses were for adver tising, for some travelling expenses of speakers, and for badges. There are a few of these left, and may be bad with a copy of this Magazine with report of the Convention for Twenty-five Cents. The National Society i- taking care of the deficit,
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Extrem e pressure on our space this month owing to the reports from the F ra ternization Convention and important cor respondence has prevented the publication of reviews of the T hird Volume of II. P. B.s Complete W orks; of the LTnited Lodge

of Theosopliisits volume, The Friendly Philosopher; the fine volume' of the Bud dhist Lodge in England, on Concentration and M editation ; and Dr. Arundales new book You, which promises to he his ewelamb in popularity'. We do not know any Theosophieal book so likely to become a best seller and' as far as we have read, up to the end1of the chapter on H ate and W ar, recommend1it as the finest presentation of Theosophieal principles published for pop ular circulation in twenty years.

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Attention is called to the final report of Mr. Felix A. Belcher on his visit to the West and the various Ledges and Theosophical centres' there. Mr. Belcher, follow ing our Canadian tradition does not make fish of one Theosophieal student and flesh or fowl of another, and' has found pleasant relations possible with all with whom he came in contact. We learn that Mr. R. C. Bingham contemplates a business trip through W estern Canada and he will be glad to visit, any Theosophieal centres which desire to meet him. Mr. Bingham has lived for many years in the East, for eleven' of that tim e as a native among: the natives, and knowing Mohammedanism and Buddhism intimately has adopted the Bud dhist faith. H e has joined the Toronto Theosophieal Society as a resul-t of the recen t Fraternization Convention, a a s Dr. Arundale has requested the opinion o f the General Secretaries on the question of a policy to he adopted over the action of The Point Loma Society in assuming the title o f T h e Theosophieal Society, upon which he has prepared a w arning to he published in The Theosophist. H e insists in this warning on ithe Secession of 1895 when it would have been an affiliation with India had' Colonel Oleott not refused to see it that way. H e singles out the* Point Loma organization also, when the New York Society under E rnest Temple H a r grove also insists that it is T h e Theosopliical Society, and several other independent bodies also assume the same title locally.

All societies were originally autonomous and known locally as The Theosophieal Society. The Toronto Lodge Charter, for example, is direct from Madame Blavatsky and establishes T h e Toronto Theosophieal Society, and if needed this would be a legal charter. The attem pt to hold up one Society or another as infringing such rights appears to us to be a ploughing of the sand;. The extremists of the three C hristian Churches. Greek. Roman and Anglican each allege that it is the Tmyand only true Church, and this debate can never be settled till all go down in oblivion. Handsome is that handsome does, and Theosophical Societies are those whieh preach and practise especially practise Theos ophy. It is> not to be wondered at if many people find a closer adherence to the The osophy of M adame Blavatsky and the Masters in Point Loma than in Adyar, but this is a m atter of opinion, and ju st be cause it is a m atter of opinion, we believe Dr. Arundale would be unwise and also nn-Theosopbical to dogmatize upon the onlyness, or the entailed rights, of one Society over another. I t is not nice to think of Dr. Arund'ale competing w ith Mr. Hargrove and1 announcing as Mr. H a r grove does, that his magazine is the offi cial organ of the original Theosophieal Society and that, we have no connection with any other organization calling itself Theosophieal nor with sim ilar bodies W e commend1to Dr. Arundale, and1 of course to M r. Hargrove, that pleas ant little tale to be found in the Gospel of St. Matthew, xxi. 28-32. There is also much to be considered in the Book of Numbers, diaper xi.

INTERMENT OF GEORGE RUSSELL


W e had intended including m any more tiributes to the memory of Ml, but- unfortun ately onr space this month is crowded with the Fraternization Convention. The ac counts of the funeral in Dublin are most impressive. The rem ains were received

from England) at Dim Laoghaire by Dr. W. B. Yeats, Mr. F ra n k OConnor, M r. F. B. Higgins and' Mrs. Higgins, Miss M. Cunningham, Miss Nora Cunningham, Prof. Osborne Bergin, Senator Gogarty and Miss Curran. Lady Heath. M r. G. G. Esmonde, T.D., and' other friends of the Irish Aero Club circled over the vessel as a m ark of respect. Mr. Conn Curran, Miss Pamela Travers, andl Mile. Simone Terry accompanied the remains from Bour nemouth. Amongst those at the grave in Mount Jerome Cemetery were President de Valera, and M r. W. T. Cosgrave, T.D., ex-President. The burial service was eonducted by Bev. C. C. W. Duggan1 . M.A., rector of Harolds Cross. The attendance included about. 1200 of the most eminent political, literary, educational and profes sional men and women of Ireland, and there has rarely been such a personal tribute paid' to anyone in the Emerald Lie. M r. F ran k OConnor, on behalf of the Irish Academy of Letters', in the course of an oration at the grave, said he could speak for the gratitude of two generations of young Irish writers whom M r. Bussell bad befriended and encouraged. When the story of iE comes to be written, it. may be found th at this was not the least of the services which he had rendered. Another country would probably, he said, have buried him with more ceremony. So great, a man. so powerful an influence for good, would not have been laid in bis grave without some fitting signal of the nations gratitude, but. the cleavage between him and the people he served' is neither to their discredit nor to his. It serves to m ark the place he filled1 . The silence between them and him is liis justification. The greatest service did for Ireland was to help in the drpation'of new modes of life, to stand apart ais the symbol of a more? com plex and comprehensive existence, to repre sent through a lifetim e the Ireland in the heart, the empire in the womb of time. H e was of the type that Europe knew in the great days preceding the Benaies anee.

H is weakness, was its weakness and his strength its strength. I f he had chosen to give himself to one art or science be would, I feel, have been among its greatest men. B ut then he would not have been fE, aud Ireland would have been poorer for it. The list of eminent persons who attended the funeral and who sent, wreaths filled half a column of very small type in the Irish Independent. Among the wreaths sent are mentioned those by bis sons B rian and De,rmot and bis grand-daughter Maureen. Besoln lions of pi-ofound regret and sincere sorrow were adopted by the Vocational Education Officers' Organiza tion at its Congress in Dublin, and1by the Dublin Trades Council Executive, by the latter in appreciation of his valuable and patriotic service to the cause of the work ers in the labour and co-operative move ments.

BACK T O BIBLES
M r. Geoffrey Hodson has written in the Ju n e Theosophist an article in which he has quite unintentionally, no doubt, given an entirely perverted view of the opinions of those who like' myself have been includ ed under th phrase invented by Dr. Stokes of Washington. D.C.. Back to Blavatsky . Those of us who have been fifty years in the Theosophieal Movement do not need to apologize for our opinions, but it is some times necessary to p u t other people right regarding the events and policies of the past. Whatever merit there may he in the challenge Back to Blavatsky lies in the fact that those who have studied Blavatsky with any diligence and any saturation of her spirit, must lie of all people the most tolerant, the most liberal, and the most anxious for the fullest freedom of thought and .speech. The group of w riters who grew up under her influence were all recog nizable by this breadth of spirit, and charity of understanding. They were, however, strong in defence of spiritual conceptions of life and philosophy as distinguished

from the tendency to psychic revelation and marvel-mongering th at began to prompt the pens of m any writers. Those who studied under Blavatsky developed a keen eye for the follies and fantasies, for which a taste sprang up among younger students. It is unecountable how this taste deve loped! in the Theosophical Society itself, but the fact is undeniable, and to such a degree, that the older members who refused to bow down to the new and sensational literature were regarded as traitors' and were told in 1 1 0 measured1term s th at they cumbered the Theosophical ground. It re quires some detachment of m ind to tu rn back and survey the development of this psychic literature during the last genera tion. but the careful student will not fail to note what occurred. The Secret Doctrine was relegated to the top shelf in numerous libraries, and students were told that it was not suitable reading for them. The books on which so many of us had strength ened our mental muscles by writers like H artm ann. Judge, Collins, Mead, Pryse, Kingsland; and others were ostracized; and with the Blavatsky books were displaced in the libraries. Such a statement as this not so very long ago had the effect of arousing unmitigated fu ry in some circles, and it is to be hoped that this extreme attitude has passed, but one can recognize in Mr. Hod sons remarks the fear that, the reading of the former literature m ight prevent' the perusal of later works1 of genius. Now all that we older students ask for is au equal field for all. W e can tru st the intuitions of the students who read everything for awhile. Usually they cease to read everything and learn to concentrate on that which gives them growth. I read everything myself, on the old: Bible precept prove all things; hold fast to th at which is good. N aturally one finds much that is not so good, and leaves that field alone in future. It is possible that some students find Blavatsky a barren field. Well and, good. 'O ther heights in other lives, God' willing. as Mr. Browning remarks. B ut it is not

necessary to fence off any fields from the young student. And those who fear the cry of Back to Blavatsky, m ust have some alarm that' Blavatsky m ight prove attractive beyond expectation to those who were expected to find rich pasture in more loudly heralded paddocks. After all, the Secret Doctrine is not a Bible, h u t a text book. Text books are not. infallible except when they provide us with standards like the M ultiplication Table, which is astonishingly infallible w ithfrrfts limits. The prim ers with their alphabets and their cat, rat, sat., m at. too, are quite reliable for the youthful mind, and after mastering such authorities the more mature mind can seek for itself. Some prefer Secret Doctrine., others The A rah ian Nights or such like romances. M r. Hud son seems to be alarmed lest The Arabian Nights should not have its chance with the rest. Mr. Hamilton-Tones is accused of cultivating a Bible-Consciousness, to the exclusion of The Arabian Nights et al. It is remarkable, when one comes to think of it, how students of The Secret Doctrine lose th eir taste for the fluffier pabulum which is so frequently presented as a substitute. B u t even bere I am quite content to trust the unbridled common sense of the average student. A. E. S. S.

FRAUDULENT IMPERATOR OF AM ORO


Dr. R. Swinburne Clymer ha just issued a third extensive exposition of the false and' fraudulent methods of the Imperator of the AM ORC, M r. Spencer Lewis, and* it should resolve the doubts of the m any correspondents who have been w rit ing to us and trying to convince us that we are u njust and: wrong to denounce the methods of this gentleman in deluding the members of his organization as lie does. We have no quarrel with these members nor w itb any others, who are gullible enough to he deceived and misled by false teaching and baseless pretences, nor can we

boast of the Theosophieal Movement in this respect w ith the example of Mr. Leadbeater before us. The AMORC has made such ridiculous claims and these have been so widely ac cepted that it is only fair to the public and those who have been deceived to let them know how fully these pretences and falsifi cations have been exposed. The present book of 128 pages issued, by The: Rosicrucian Foundation, Quakertown, Pennsyl vania, presents 34 fac simile documents proving that the alleged original Rosicrucian teachings issued by Lewis, the Imperator, are pilfered! from well-known works of such w riters as Dr. Franz H artm ann, Von Eckhartshausen, Dr. R ichard Maurice Bucke, W illiam W alker Atkinson. -Tohann Valentin Andrere, and others, particularly the notorious Aleister Crowley from whom he has, derived, his chief authority, and' his title and such charter as he purports to possess, being, as Dr. Clymer points out the Most Illustrious M aster of Black Magic and a Most Adept Black M agician, whom, notwithstanding, Lewis is said to acknowledge to be his Secret C h ie f \ T h is book and its companion volumes, A Challenge and the Answer, and R an dolph Foundation the Authentic Body has Exclusive R ights to use- of Rosicruciau Names, completely shatter the deceitful and1misleading claims, of Spencer Lewis. I n an appendix the testimony of A. Leon Batchelor, a form er treasurer of the AM ORC, is given, in which he states that the whole object of AMORC is to supply funds to the Lewis family, who built their homes with the funds and' paid their house hold expenses out of the property, valued at half a million, with $400,000 cash in the bank and1 an annual income of about. $350,000. Mr. Batchelor says it is a sad reflection on AMORC that about 400 members drop out each m outh; that about an equal num ber each month are caught in the meshes of Lewiss untruthful and' un ethical advertising, soon to drop by the wayside, and th eir places to be taken by new victims. I t is a sad reflection also on

the gullibility of the public th at they are willing to pay heavily for the bogus teach ings of AMORC, and yet neglect, in Canadia a t any rate, to .investigate the Theos ophy which we offer free. The people appear to love to lie fooled, and perhaps it is necessary that they should have such experience. Y et they do not seem able to learn to discriminate. Dr. Clymer deserves much credit for taking such pains to lay the evidence regarding this most successful deceiver, a vile im postor, a clever charlatan and a crafty sorcerer, as he term s him, before the world. These books are supplied free to those: interested. W e observe th at the cost of postage is 21 cents,

C O R R E SPO N D EN C E
AN UNWORTHY QUIBBLE
Editor, Canadian Theosophist: I find that I m ust once again ask you to correct a mis-statement in your magazine. The M ay issue has ju st reached me and you state on page 85 : Tt is a sadi reflection to think th at the T. S. spent money printing the follies of Man, Whence, How and1W hither, not to mention The Lives of Alcyone, when they m ight have been printing a book like this of Mr. Bruntons. N o money of The Theosophieal Society wais involved1 in the publication of these works or of any other work issued from Adyar, except the official General Report of The Theosophieal Society issued an nually. and The Golden Book of The The osophies! Society, 1875-1925. The Theo sophieal Publication House and the Vasanta Press at A dyar were financed by Dr. Besant, she receiving profits, if any, which was quite rarely, and bearing all losses and investing necessary capital for outlay for replacing machinery, etc. W e at Adyar realize th at we are a source of criticism to you; but is1it not advisable

to be ure of jo u r facts before you criti cize? Yours sincerely, C. Jinarajadasa. Olcoft, Wheaton, HI., August 12, 1935. W e gladly p rin t Mr. Jinarajadasas letter, since it all the more emphatically indicates the method so frequently pursued by our Adyar friends. I f M r. Jinaraj adfasa is correct the books referred1to were not printed by T'heosophists nor w ritten by Theosophlisits nor advertised! by Tbeosophists nor circulated and recommended and listed in Theosophical magazines for p u r chase and perusal by Theoeopliists. Which as M r. Euclid would say. is absurd. I t was Theosophical money th at produced1and bought these hooks whether it passed through the accounts of the A dyar organ ization or not. A nd if M r. Jinarajadasa was a& particular that, such money was directed into right channels as he is that the T. S. should be relieved of the disgrace of being associated w ith the printing of these deceitful inventions' of Charles W. Leadbeater it would greatly redound to the credit of all concerned. As works of fic tion and invention, properly! so styled, we m ight not worry about them any more than we do about the infamous Spalding book, but when they are hawked about the Society as Theosophical works a protest is needed!. M r. Jinarajadasa can w rite good books himself, and he knows the dif ference. which makes the quibble less par donable. THE IM PUTATIONS OF TH EO SO PH Y Editor. Canadian Theosophist: We read1 on the cover of the M agazine T h e o s o p h y that the United Lodge of Theosophists dloes not concern itself with dis sensions or differences of individual opin ion , and that The work it has on hand and the end it keeps in view are too absorb ing and too lofty to leave it the tim e or inclination to take part- in' side issues .

We then tu rn to the editorial, appearing in the last eight issues, under the name o f A fterm ath , to findi an almost ludicrous contradiction of the above declaration in m inute and' detailed censure of people and events, presented w ith a bias1th at rules1out every angle of vision b u t the one given in the I say so maim er of anonymous authority. M isstatements of fact, are so frequent in this series th at I note you have been obliged to correct some of them in: the C a n a d i a n T h e o s o p h i s t , the columns o f T h e o s o p h y being closed' to all w h o -d is agree with their edicts. A distortion of tru th in the August in stalment of A fterm ath calls for refuta tion; for, whatever view one m ay take: of the claims, undoubtedly made by various TheosopbistS of our tim e to speak with the sanction and under the instruction of some occult authority, to cite. As a psychologi cal phenomenon (p. 438 T h e o s o p h y ) , the name of Mrs. A. L. Cleather in such a category, immediately following the names of Dr. de Purucker, Mrs. Besant and! Mrs. Alice Hailey, is a false association for which no justification is, or can he pro duced. Some years ago Mr. W illiam Kingsland, in a letter to T h e o s o p h y , dealt w ith what lie called' th e ir most virulent attack on Mrs. Cleather , and demolished, in par ticular, the peg upon which they hung a flimsy charge of claims on her part. As these claims are again implied by T h e o s o p h y , to quote Mr. Kingslands able defence is less a personal m atter than a service to all who value reliable testimony to H . P. Blavatsky, as given in tlie books of Mrs. A. L. Cleather, her personal pupil. R eferring to the Preface of H. P. B l a v a t s k y : A G r e a t B e t r a y a l , Mr. Kings land1 writes to T h e o s o p h y : The first point that you endeavour to make is. that Mrs. Cleather claims to speak on behalf of the M asters because she uses the phrase, I therefore protest w ith all my strength, and in Their Sacred Names. Now it certainly never occurred to me when I read that phrase that she was mak-

ing any such claim ; nor do 1 think so now. If is perhaps rather an unguarded sentence, but it does not appear to m e to be anything more than a phrase which is sometimes used, such as, in the name of common sense, in the name of all th at is sacred, or even in Gods name. A t least I am absolutely sure of this, th a t Mrs. Cleather did not intend it to be a claim such as you would! read into it, and that- she certainly does not make any claim to si>eak by Their (the Masters) Instruction. - After a careful comparison of texts be tween Mrs. Cleathers published statements a n d T h e o s o p h y s g a r b l e d version , Mr. Tvingsland rem arks: I m ust really say th a t such distortion of words andmeaning is about the lim it of anything theosophieal that I have seen for a very long time. I t has either been w rit ten with a most reprehensible carelessness, or w ith a most deliberate intent to pervert and mislead . H e reviews in moderate and lucid style the varying opinions w ith regard to W. Q. Judge, and sums up T h e o s o p h y s attitude th u s : 1 -jo u r position as an adherent of Mr. Judge is simply on the same footing as any of the other individual claims. You sup port the claim of W. Q. J . and reject the others; but what is the difference in prin ciple ? Is it not purely a1m atter of indivi dual opinion in your case as in others? Why then do you profess to bo so much beyond and superior to individual opinion, and yet can make such a bitter attack on the opinions of others when your own ap pears to be in danger? To misrepresent is no defence . H. The H .P .B . Library, 348 Eoul Lay Rd., Victoria, B.C.,

August 9th.
BRO TH ERH O O D AND FRATERNIZATION Editor. Canadian Theosophist: I do not think that M r. Cecil W illiam s quite

understands the object, of my letter on the above subject, though that may be due to my own failure to express myself clearly. I t was not my intention to be hypercritical of any genuine effort to move towards uni versal brotherhood, such as th a t of Mr. Williams. I desired merely to elevate a w arning signal: Look o u t! Go slow ! I did not intend to say Stop, tu rn back and sit tig h t! I f we have evolved the spirit of brother hood within ourselves we cannot prevent it from m anifesting; but this is my point, we need to take very close stock of our selves to be sure th at that which strives to manifest is really the true spirit, and not one of a thousand masqueraders. I do not think k is possible to regiment people' into brotherhood', and that, I also think is what organized Fraternization movements attem pt to do. A few indivi duals1 active in any such movement are animated, by the genuine spirit, but beyond question the mass who take up the idea have no conception of its real meaning. The way bristles with snares and snags: I sim ply say beware of these. I quoted some examples of what the Piirucker movement gave rise to, from my own direct observation. I f the various societies and their Leaders possessed the genuine spirit it would1not be possible for them to erect barriers against those who differ slightly' from their ways and teach ings,, and sling bricks at them when they attempt to approach, and say unpleasant, things about them behind1their backs. All these things the leading organizations do, as I know from my own first hand: experi ence. I was a member of the A dyar T.S. for a little Henderson. while, and was boosted by them as a lecturer, until it was found that my doc trine (those1 of H. P. B.) were cutting across the more modern teachings favoured. T was actually asked to submit to a censor ship of mv lectures, and naturally I re volted and resigned. That incident oc curred six or seven years, ago, and, although I have never attacked the T. S., I appear to remain under a ban. Recently, a year

ago, pursuing an id'ea sim ilar to that of Mr. W illiams I applied for membership in the T. S. and was refused. Later I was for a little while a member of the Point Loma society, but had to re tire because I could not accept certain dogmas, and work in certain ways. The result ? I am regarded even by those who not long since called me a personal friend as an enemy, and freely abused as a black magician' (seemingly a favourite missile with the Lomaites ). More astonishing still some young, enthusiastic, but exceedingly foolish members of the Druid Lodge- wrote without m y knowledge to Dr. de Purucker protesting against the attitude and words of so m any P. L. members and suggesting that he put an extinguisher on them. One would think the Champion of Fraternization would hasten to comply, b u t astonish ing to relate he refused to interfere in any way, and.1more than that actually justified his followers, on the plea (an untrue one) that members of the D ruid Lodge had said unkind things about P . L. members, and their Leader, and what is is sauce for the Dublin goose is sauce for the Point Loma gander. Now. what meaning can fraterniza tion have in the face of hard facts like these ? Tt seems to in th at it is a pure farce. There are different societies be cause different leaders and followers propagate and adhere to different in many cases fundamentally different doctrines. A member of one society is always skat ing on thin ice when fraternizing with a member of another. Constraint between them is inevitable, and constraint is incom patible with brotherhood. I think it. is in finitely more brotherly to keep aloof and follow our own path and let: others follow theirs, recognizing th a t as all differ in nature so must their ways differ. We can meet in perfect am ity as ordinary citizens of the world', hut the, moment we meet as Theosophists and members of different societies we are beset on all sides with prickly barriers and pitfalk. All this is not criticism of Mr. W il

liams, or of anyone else. H e is right to follow the way he feels convinced' is right. B ut because there are thousands of inex perienced persons as yet incapable of a balanced judgem ent of their own, it is hut right to let them see the other side of a m atter so important as this. P. G. Bowen. 11 G rantham St., Dublin, J u ly 28. .E EXPECTED T O RETURN T O IRELAND Editor, Canadian Theosophist: I would like to correct a slight inaccuracy which occurs in Captain Bowensarticle in your August number. He says that L E ? finally handed over the charge of the Hermetic Society to himself (Capt. Bow en) iu 1933. This handing over was a purely temporary one pending Hvs return to Ireland a return which was not only expected and looked forwu nl to by Herme tic members, but was definitely Hvs own intention as published correspondence of liis goes to show. Tn making the correc tion I realize that the error i~ merely one of phraseology, but it tends to strengthen a rum our promulgated across the channel to the effect that -E had severed all con nection with this country: this is a m at ter on which a close personal friend of -E found it necessary to correct a leading con tributor to the English Sunday Times. Tt is a m atter of very little moment perhaps but a date given in an excerpt from Ernest Boyds Appreciations and Depreciation? in another article is surely too late by a decade or ?io. Hi is. descrilxd as being one of a group who met together for discussion in 1917. (No. Some 20 to 25 years be fore 7.9/7). 1907 or even 1-897 would fit that period more accurately. In 1917 that group had scattered though individually they kept, occasional contact with the Herm etic then some years old. I can not now remember if Ernest Boyd was in Dublin in 1917 quite possibly lie was, but bisf book was published in America I think some time afterwards and a con

fusion of data seems to have occurred be tween th at of Boyds own association with JE and the much earlier events to which he refers. F aithfully yours, Kathleen Nicholls. 70 St. Stephens Green, Dublin, 24th August.

IN TROD UCTIO N T O THE PHILOSOPHY AND WRITINGS OF PLATO


By Thomas Taylor (Continued from Page 179.) H aving taken a general survey, both of the great world and the microcosm man, I shall close this account of the principal dogmas of Plato, with the outlines of his doctrine concerning Providence and Fate, as it is a subject of the greatest import ance, and the difficulties in which it is in volved are happily removed by that prince of philosophers. In the first place, therefore,, Providence, according to common conceptions, is the cause of good to the subjects of its care ; and Fate is the cause of a certain connec tion to generated1natures. This being ad mitted. let. us consider what the things are which are connected. O f beings, therefore, some have their essence in eternity, and others in time. B u t by beings whose es sence is in eternity, I mean those whose energy as well as th eir essence is etern al; and by beings essentially temporal, those whose essence is always* in generation, or becoming to be, though this should take place in an infinite time. The media between these two extremes are natures, which, in a certain respect, have an essence permanent and better than generation, or a flowing subsistence, but whose energy is measured by time. For it is necessary that every procession from things first to last should be effected through media. The medium, therefore, between these two ex tremes, must either be that which has an eternal essence, but an energy indigent, of time, or, on the contrary, that which has

a temporal essence, but an eternal energy. It is impossible, however, for the latter of these to have any subsistence; for if this were admitted;, energy would be prior to essence. The medium, therefore, must be that whose essence is eternal, but energy temporal. Andi the three orders which compose th is first middle and' last are, the intellectual, psychical (or that pertaining to soul), and corporeal. F o r from what has been already said by us concerning the gradation of beings, it is evident th at the intellectual order is established in eternity, both in essence and energy; that the corp oreal order is always in generation, or ad vancing to being, and this either in an infinite time, or in a part of tim e; and that the psychical is indeed' eternal in essence, but temporal in energy. Where then shall we rank things which, being distributed either in places or times, have a certain coordination and sympathy with each other through connection? It is evident that they must, be ranked' among altermotive and' corporeal natures. F or of things which subsist beyond the order of bodies, some are better both than place and tim e; and others, though they energize according to time, appear to be entirely pure from any connection with place. Hence things which are governed and connected by Fate are entirely altermotive and corporeal. I f this then is demonstrat ed, it is manifest, that adm itting Fate to be a cause of connection, we m ust assert that, it presides over altermotive and corp oreal natures. If. therefore, we look to that which is the proximate cause of bodies, and' through which also altermotive beings are moved, breathe, and are held together, we shall find that this is nature, the energies of which are to generate, nourish, and increase. I f, therefore, this power not only subsists in us and all other animals and plants, but prior to partial bodies there is, by a much greater neces sity, one nature of the world which com prehends and is motive of all bodies; it follows, that nature must be the cause of things connected', and that in this we must

investigate Fate. Hence Fate is nature, or that incorporeal power which is the one life of the world1 , presiding over bodies, moving all things according to time, and connecting the motions of things that, by places and' times, are distant from each other. I t is likewise the cause of the mu tual sympathy of mortal natures, and; of their conjunction w ith such as are eternal. F or the nature which is in us, binds and connects all the parts of our body, of which also it is a certain Fate. And as in our body some parts have a principal subsist ence, and others are less principal, and the latter are consequent to the former, so in the universe, the generations of the less principal parts are consequent to the mo tions of the more principal, viz. the sub lunary generations to the periods of the celestial bodies; and the circle of the form er is the image of the latter. Hence it is not difficult to see that Providence is deity itself, the fountain of all good. F or whence can good1 be im parted. to all things, but from divinity? So that no other cause of good1but deity is, as Plato says, to be assigned. And. in the next place, as this cause is* superior to all intelligible and sensible natures, it is con sequently superior to Fate. W hatever too is subject to Fate, is also under the do minion of Providence; having its connec tion indeed; from Fate, but deriving the good' which it possesses from Providence. B ut again, not all things that are under the dominion of Providence are indigent of F a te ; for intelligibles are exempt from its sway. F ate therefore is profoundly conversant with corporeal natures ; since connection introduces time and corporeal motion. Hence Plato, looking to this, says in the Timseus, that the world is mingled from intellect and necessity, the former ruling over the latter. F o r by necessity here he means the motive cause of bodies, which in other places he calls Fate. And this with great propriety; since every body is compelled to do whatever it does, and to suffer whatever it suffers'; to heat or to be heated, to im part or to receive cold. But

the elective power is unknown to a corp oreal nature; so that the necessary and' the nonelective m ay be said to he the peculiari ties of bodies. As there are two genera of things there fore. the intelligible and the sensible, so likwise there are two kingdoms of these; th at of Providence upwards, which reigns over intelligibles and; sensibles, and that of Fate downwards, which reigns over sensibles only. Providence likewise dif fers' from Fate, in the same manner as deity, from that which is divine indeed, but participation, and not prim arily. F or in other things we see th at which has a prim ary subsistence, and th a t which sub sists according to participation. Thus the light which subsists in the orb of the sun is prim ary light, aud that which is in the air, according to participation; the latter being derived from the former. A nd life is prim arily in the soul', but secondarily in the body. Thus also, according to Plato, Providence is deity, but Fate is something divine, and not a god: for it depends, upon Providence, of which it is as it were the image. As Providence too is to intelli gibles, so is Fate to sensibles. And alter nately as Providence is to Fate, so are iutelligibles to sensibles. B ut intelligibles are the first of beings, and from these others derive their subsistence. And1hence the order of F ate depends on the dominion of Providence. In the second place, let us look to the rational nature itself, when correcting the inaccuracy of sensible information, as when it accuses the sight of deception, in seeing the orb of the sun as not larger than a foot in diam eter; when it represses the ebullitions of anger, and exclaims with Ulysses, E ndure m y h e a rt; or when it restrains the wanton tendencies of desire to corporeal delight. F o r in all such operations it manifestly subdues the irrational motions, both gnostic and appeti tive, and1 absolves itself from them, as from things foreign to its nature. B ut it is necessary to investigate the essence of

every thing, not from its perversion, but from its energies according to nature. I f therefore reason, when it energizes in us as reason, restrains the shadowy impres sions of the delights of licentious desire, punishes the precipitate motion of fury, and reproves the senses as* full of decep tion, asserting that W e nothing accurate, or see, or h e a r: and if it says this, looking to its internal reasons, none of which it knows through the body, or through corporeal cognitions, it is evident that, according to this energy, it removes itself fa r from the senses, con trary to the decision of which it becomes separated' from those sorrows and delights. A fter this, let us direct our attention to another and' a better motion of our rational soul, when, during the tranquillity of the inferior parts, by a self-convertive energy, it sees1its own essence, the powers- which it contains, the harmonic reasons from which it consists, and1the m any lives of which it is the middle boundary, and thus finds itself to be a rational world, the image of the prior natures from which it proceeds, but the paradigm of such as are posterior to itself. To this energy of the soul, theo retic arithmetic and geometry greatly con trib u te ; for these remove, it from the sen ses, p u rify the intellect from the irrational forms of life with which it is surounded, and lead1 it to the incorporeal perception of ideas. Eor if these sciences receive the soul replete with images, and knowing nothing subtile, and unattended with ma terial g arrulity; and if they elucidate reasons possessing an irrefragable necessity of demonstration, and) forms full of all certainty and immateriality, and wliich by no means call to their aid the inaccur acy of sensibles, do they not evidently p urify our intellectual life from things which fill us w ith a privation of intellect, and- which impede our perception of true being ? A fter both these operations of the ration al soul, let us now survey her highest in telligence, through which she sees her sister souls in the universe, who are allot

ted' a residence in the heavens, and in the whole of a visible nature, according to the will of the fabricator of the world. But above all souls she sees intellectual essences and orders-. For a deiform intellect re sides above every soul, and wbicb also im parts to the soul an intellectual habit. P rio r to these, however, she sees those d'ivine monads, from which all intellectual multitudes receive- th eir unions. For above all things united, there m ust neces sarily be unific causes; above things vivi fied, vivifying causes; above intellectual natures, those th a t impart intellect; and above all participants, imparticipable natures. From all these elevating modes of intelligence, it m ust be obvious to such as are not perfectly blind, how the soul, leaving sense and body behind, surveys through the projecting energies of intellect those beings th a t are entirely exempt from all connection; with a corporeal nature. The rational and intellectual soul there fore, in whatever m anner it m ay he moved according to nature, is beyond' body and sense. A nd hence it m ust necessarily have an essence separate from both. But from this agaiu. it becomes manifest, that when it energizes, according to its nature, it is superior to Fate, and beyond the reach of its attractive power; hut that, when falling into sense and things irrational and cor poralized, it follows downward1natures, and lives with them as with inebriated neigh bours, then together with them it becomes subject to the dominion of Fate. For again, it is necessary that there should be an order of beings of such a kind, as to subsist according to essence above Fate, but to be sometimes ranked under it ac cording to habitude. F or if there are beings, and .such are all intellectual natures, which1 are eternally established above the laws of Fate, and also which, according to the whole of th eir life, are distributed under the periods of Fate, it is necessary that the medium between these should be that nature which is sometimes above, and sometimes under the dominion of Fate. For the procession of incorporeal

natures is much more -without a vacuum than that of bodies. The free will therefore of man. accordL ing to Plato, is a rational elective power, desid'erative of tru e and' apparent good, and leading the soul to both, through which it ascends and descends, errs and acts with rectitude. And hence the elective w ill be the same with that which characterizes our essences According to this power, we dif fer from divine and1 mortal natures: for each of these is void' of that two-fold; in clination ; the one on account of its excel lence being alone established in true good; but the other in apparent good, on account of its defect. Intellect too characterizes the one. but sense' the other; and the former, as Plotinus says,, is our king, but the latter our messenger. W e therefore are established in the elective power as a m edium ; and having the ability of tending both to true and apparent good, when we tend to the form er we follow the guidance of intellect, when to the latter, that of sense. The power therefore which is in us is not capable of all things. F or the power which is omnipotent is characterized by unity; and on this account is all-powerful, because it is one. and possesses the form of good. B ut the elective power is two-fold, and on this account is not able to effect all th in g s; because by its inclinations to true and apparent good, it falls short of that nature which is prior to all things. It would however be all-powerful, if it had not an elective impulse, and was will alone. F or a life subsisting according to will alone subsists according to good, because the will naturally tends to good, and such a life makes that which is characteristic in us most powerful and deiform. And hence through this the soul, according to Plato, becomes divine, and in another life, in conjunction with deity, governs the world. A nd thus much of the outlines of the lead ing dogmas of the philosophy of Plato. (To Be Continued.) 0 0 0 Rev. Alexander Irvine is to be in Ham ilton on Sept cm lev 29 and 30.

T H R O U G H THE GATES OF GOLD


A FRAG M EN T O F T H O U G H T

By Mabel Collins (Continued from Page 188.) III. The first, thing which it is necessary for the soul of man to do in order to engage in this great endeavour of discovering trna. life' is the same thing th at the child first does in its desire for activity in1the laxly, he m ust be able to stand. I t is clear th at the power of standing, of equilibrium, of concentration, of uprightness, in the soul, is a quality of a marked character. The1word that presents, itself most readily as descriptive of this quality is confi dence. To remain still amid life and its changes', and stand firm ly on the chosen spot, is a feat which can only bo accomplished by the m an who haisi confidence in himself and in his destiny. Otherwise the hurrying forms of life, the rushing tide of men, the great floods of thought, m ust inevitably carry him with them, and then he will lose that place of consciousness whence it was pos sible to start on the great enterprise. F or it must be done knowingly, and without pressure from without. this act of the new-born man. All the great ones of the earth have possessed th is confidence, and have stood firm ly on that place which was to them the one solidl spot in the universe. To each m an this place is of necessity dif ferent. E ach man must find' his own earth and his own heaven, We have the instinctive desire to relieve pain, but we work in externals in this as in everything else. We sim ply alleviate it; and' if we do more, and' drive it from, its first, chosen' stronghold, it. reappears in some other place w ith reinforced vigour. Tf it is eventually driven off the. physical plane by persistent and successful effort, it reappears on the mental or emotional planes where no man can touch it. That

this is so, is easily seen by those who con nect the various planes of sensation, and who observe life w ith that additional il lumination. Men habitually regard1 these different forms of feeling as actually sep arate, whereas in fact, they are evidently only different sides of one centre, the point of personality. I f that which arises in the centre, the fount of life, demands some hindered; action, and consequently causes pain, the force thus created being driven from one stronghold must find an other ; it cannot be driven out. And all the blending s of human life which cause emo tion and distress, exist for its use and pur poses. as well as for those of pleasure. Both have th eir home in m an; both demand their expression of right. The marvellously delicate mechanism of the human fram e is constructed to answer to their lightest touch; the extraordinary intricacies of hum an relations evolve themselves, as it were, for the satisfaction of these two great opposites' of the soul. P ain and pleasure stand apart and sepa rate, as do the two sexes; and it is1in the merging, the making the two into one, that joy and dleep sensation and profound peace are obtained. Where there is neither male nor female, neither pain nor pleasure, there is the god in man dominant, and then is life real. To state the m atter in this way may savour too much of the dogmatist who ut ters his assertions uncontradicted from a safe pulpit; but it is dogmatism only as a scientists record of effort in a new direc tion is dogmatism. Unless the existence of the Gates- of Gold can be proved to be real, and' not the mere phantasmagoria of fanciful visionaries, then they are not worth talking about at all. In the nine teenth century hard facts or legitimate arguments alone appeal to men's m inds; and so much the better. F o r unless the life we advance towards is increasingly real and actual, it is worthless, and time is wasted in going after it. Reality is mans greatest needt, and he demands to have it a t all hazards*, a t any price. Be it so. No

one doubts he is rig h t Let us then go in search of reality. IV . One definite lesson learned by all acute sufferers will be of the greatest service to us in this consideration. I n intense pain a point is reached where it is indistin guishable from its opposite, pleasure. This is indeed so, but few have the heroism or the strength to suffer to such a fa r point. I t is as difficult to reach it by the other road. Only a chosen few have the gigantic capacity for pleasure which will enable them to travel to its other side. Most have but enough strength to enjoy and to become the slave of the enjoyment. Y et man has undoubtedly w ithin himself the heroism needed for the great jo u rn ey ; else how is it that m artyrs have smiled amid the tor ture. ? How is it th a t the profound sinner who lives for pleasure can at last feel stir within himself the divine afflatus? I n both those cases the possibility has arisen' of finding the way; but too often th at possibility is killed by the overbalance of the startled nature. The m artyr has acquired a passion for pain and lives in the idea of heroic suffering; the sinner becomes blinded1 by the thought of virtue and worships it as an end, an object, a thing divine in itse lf; whereas it can only be divine as it is part of that infinite whole which includes vice as well as virtue. How is it possible to divide the infinite, that which is one ? I t is as reasonable to lend divinity to any object as to take a cup of w ater from the sea and declare that in that is contained the ocean. You cannot separate the ocean; the salt water is part, of the great, sea and muist be so ; but never theless you do not hold the sea in your hand. Men so longingly desire personal power that they are ready to put infinity into a cup, the divine idea into a formula, in order th at they m ay fancy themselves in possession of it. These only are those who cannot rise and approach the Gates of Gold', for the great breath of life confuses th em ; these are struck with horror to find how great it. is. The idol-worshipper keeps

an image of hie idol in his heart and bum s a candle always before it. I t is his own. and he is pleased at that thought, even if he bow in reverence before it. In how many virtuous and religious men does not. this same state exist? In 1the recesses of the soul the lamp is burning before a house hold gods a thing possessed: by its wor shipper and subject to him. Men cling with desperate tenacity to these dogmas, these moral laws, these principles and modes of faith which are their household gods, their personal idols. Bid them bum the unceasing flame in' reverence only to the infinite, and they -turn from you. W hat ever their manner of scorning your protest may lie, within themselves1it leaves a sense of aching void. F or the noble soul of the man. th at potential king which is within us all, knows full well that this household idol may be- cast down and destroyed1 at any moment, th a t it is without finality in itself, w ithout any real and absolute life. Aud he lias been content in his possession, forgetting that anything possessed can only by the immutable laws of life be held temporarily. H e has forgotten that the infinite: is his only frie n d ; he has forgot ten th at in its glory is his only home, that it alone, can be his god. There he feels as if he is homeless; but th at amid the sacrifices he offers to his own espe cial idol there is for him a brief restingplace; and for this he clings passionately to it. Few have the courage even slowly to face the great desolateness which lies1out side themslveS', and m ust lie there so long as they cling to the person which they rep resent, the I which is to them the centre of the world', the cause of all life. In their longing for a God: they find the reason for the existence of one; in th eir desire for a sense-body and1a world to enjoy in, lies to them the cause of the universe. These beliefs m ay be hidden very dieep beneath the surface, and be indeed scarcely accessi ble; hut in the fact that they are there is the reason why the man holds himself up right. To himself he is himself the infinite

and the G od; he holds the ocean in a cup. In this delusion he nurtures the egoism which makes life, pleasure and1makes pain pleasant. In this profound egoism is the very cause and source of the existence of pleasure and of pain. F o r unless man vacillated between these two, and1 cease lessly reminded himself by sensation that he exists, he would forget it. And in this fact lies the whole answer to the question, W hy does m an create pain for his own discomfort ? The strange and mysterious fact remains unexplained as yet. that man in so deluding himself is merely interpreting N ature backwards and putting into the words of death the meaning of life. F o r th at man does indeed hold within him the infinite, and that the ocean is really in the cup, is an incontestable tru th ; but it is only so be cause tbe cup is absolutely non-existent. It is merely an experience of the infinite, having no permanence, liable to be shat tered at any instant. I t is in the claiming of reality and permanence for the four walls of his personality, that man makes the vast blunder which plunges him into a prolonged series of unfortunate incidents, and intensifies continually the existence of his favourite forms of sensation. Pleasure and' pain become to him more real than the great ocean of which he is a part and where his home i s ; he perpetually knocks himself painfully against these walls where he feels, and his tiny self oscillates within his chosen prison. (T o Be Continued.)

Books by Wm. Kingsland


The Esoteric Basis of Christianity. Scientific Idealism. The Physics of the Secret Doctrine. Rational Mysticism. The Real H. P. Blavatsky. The A rt of Life. The G reat Pyramid.
May be had from JOHN M. WATKINS, 21 Cecil Court, Charing Cross Road, London, W. 0 . 2, England.

THEOSOPHY AND THE MODERN WORLD


C o n d u c te d by F. B. H ousser
THE GLANDS AND CELLULAR ACTIVITY Dr. George W. Crile, of Cleveland, makes several interesting observations concerning the activities of certain of the glands in the' body and the effect these glands have on. the oxidation, and. activity, of brain tissue. By separating brain tissue into its fatty and protein fractions and by adding these two fractions together, he can reproduce the short-wave radiation, or light., produced w ithin the bodies of the living. By adding in addition, extracts of certain glands to the mixed solution he can study the effect of the glands themselves. One of the striking demonstrations by Dr. Crile before the National Academy of Sciences in Washington recently, gave an indication of the action of the secretions of thyroid and adrenals. The addition of thyroxin, secreted by the thyroid, and adrenalin, secreted by the adrenals, both essential to life and health, each increased the glow given off by the brain solution. One would expect, Dr. Crile said, th at there would be in animals some mechanism for the adaptive varying of the radiation produced1within the animal. Our findings that the thyroxin and adrenalin increased the short-wave radiation pro duced by the oxidation of the proteins, sug gests that, this function is performed by the adrenal-sympathetic system and'the thyroid gland1 .
G lands and th e H um an A u ra

health and disease; and by certain more highly gifted individuals still, it is said that centres or foci of light can be observed surrounding the m ajor nerve-centres. These centres, or chakras in H indu term inology, correspond very closely to certain of the glands in the body. The thyroid gland in the throat, in particular, corres ponds to the pharyngeal plexus; the adren als, over the kidneys, to the solar plexus. Both these plexi form part of what: Crile calls the sympathetic nervous system lying in front of the spine and functioning almost independently of the nervous sys tem of which the spinal cord forms a part. The sympathetic system is the governor of all the involuntary actions of the body; it is that by which we weep, digest our food, by which our skin flushes or is blanched, and by which, in general, the body func tions in its purely anim al behaviour. I t is the system which is most stressed in the H indu physiologies and the system which has. to he brought under the control of the will in the various Yoga schools, more particularly concerned w ith the body.
Food fo r T hought

A ll the above suggests that there m ay be some relation between the proteins of which the body is built up, the glands and what we are in the habit of calling the Hum an Aura. F o r it is a well-authenticated fact th a t under certain favourable conditions and., by certain individuals, an: atmosphere or aura of light can be observed surround ing the body. This aura changes in size, brilliancy and colour with the state of

D r. Crile goes on to say that the nervous system functions largely by the oxidation of protein-like substances, and that these when oxidized give rise to radiations of high frequency, tending toward the ultra violet, and as noted before, thyroxin and adrenalin increased this action. He also observes that those animals which are most active have likewise the largest, thyroid and adrenal glands. The contrary is the case w ith the sluggish animal. H e says also that they are quite large in man, (although he does not say so. the m ajority of the more active and ferocious animals are carnivor ous). Since proteins act in much the same way as these two gland substances, it is to be expected that, there should be a mutual reinforcement between a high meat diet

and glandular activity. There is something then to be said1for the old saying, Feed him raw meat , at least if activity is to he expected.
V egetarianism vs. M eat-E ating

This is nob an argument pro or con for vegetarianism or meat-eating, for one can exist on either diet in a state of compara tively high activity. ( I t is to be noted that the Chinese whose diet is far more vege tarian than ours, subsist largely on the Soy Bean, which is almost pure protein). It is on the other hand an argum ent for a bal anced protein-carbo-hydrate diet. (Crile incidentally remarks that while proteins give rise to a high ultra-violet component in the radiation due to th eir combustion, carbo-hydrates on the other hand give rise to more infra-red or heat radiation). I n passing, it has been estimated that one requires but two ounces of protein per diem for the repair of body wastes and that all else is waste. On the contrary protein or meat-foods give rise to ju s t exactly as much energy as the sugars and starches, when used in the body. F o r one-half the protein molecule is burned as sugar, the other half as f a t ; the nitrogen fraction is thrown away, when protein is burned as fuel. W. F . S.
M agic K ey to a M aster M ind

for the authorship of Shaksperes plays and' poems. Mr. Inioe accepts the occult tradition, coming down' from the Rosicrucian Society, of which Bacon was head of the English branch, th a t Bacon was the great; author, as well a the elder son of Elizabeth, who had been secretly m arried to Lord Leicester, Robert Devereux, E arl of Essex, being the younger son, which would account for the Queens strange be haviour towards this fiery youth, who tried1to establish his right to the throne.
B ro adly B u ilt Case -

As a novel', R ichard Iinoes Englands H ig h Chancellor (Saunders-, $2.50) unites the romance o f stories like London Bridlge I s Falling w ith the sense of re ality we geti in the more graphic Tudor biographies, including those borderline studies' itihat reconstruct the lives of the more famous and1 picturesque characters of Elizabethan England'. Mr. Inces beau tifully finished/ tale of F rancis Bacon brings forward1prom inently such fam iliar figures1 as Essex, Cecil, Burghley, Coke, Jam es F irs t and: Buckingham. The book will stir the imagination and is one of the most entertaining narrative of the period. To literary readers, its main interest will be that the chief concern is to account

Determined to avoid the fanaticism of Baconians, I have always walked wide of their cyphers and' preferred to accept the very unsatisfactory legend of the Stratford playwright. I f Ince were relying on secret codes, his novel1would be m erely ingenious. B ut hi broad argument attains consider able strength from the great variety of fac tors brought into the recital. The first test of any theory is: Does it account for the fact? I f we take M r. Incesupposi tions a true, whole battalions of political event and personal1 problems fall neatly into place and become comprehensible some o f them for the first time. T his is more thani can; be said1 for the conclusions of many commentators on the Between them, they text, of Shakspere. furnish some of the most- absurd1reasoning th at has ever been solemnly swallowed; and! of course they do not agree among themselves1 , except in common allegiance to the orthod/ox tenet th at Shaxspur or Shagspur, sometime ostler at the Globe Theatre, was the supreme literary genius of all time. The Bacou authorship, for example, removes entirely the problem of why Shaxspur took no interest in the pub lication of his plays, and how some of his greatest works1 came to be printed many years after hi death. Sim ilarly with quite different matters. To sustain the conventional attitude in Elizabeth and' Essex, Lytton Strachey had to get rid o f a ring. H e did1so airily by saying it didnt exist. One year later, this identical rin g was soldi at public

auction at Christies in London. There is also the fact, ignored! by historians, that when Essex cut his name into the stone wall of his room in the Tower, it was chisselled as neither Essex nor Devereiux, but Robert Tidir, which was the original spell ing of Tudor.
In s p ira tio n of P lay s

T his chronicle of Bacon, scholar, lawyer, philosopher and poet, hangs together con sistently. There are still one or two little questions I should like to ask Mr. Ince; b u t they are trifles relatively, whereas the Sbakspere legend is strongest in backing up unimportant- details and leaves almost all the m ain issues in mystery, or resolved by suppositions!. As- a m atter of evidence, it is1desirable th at the m ain facts be cred ible, and th a t any doubts fall into the small corners of a subject. Especially is thisi true about- the inspir ation of the plays. I t is bard to under stand! how the 'traditional Bard obtained either the knowledge or the wisdom dis played in the lines. W ith the author of The Advancement of Learning , i t is easy to see how the events of his own life, from h is clouded' parentage, through his- youth ful love for Queen* M arguerite of Navarre, on to hie public disgrace and quiet years of w riting afterwards, supply exactly the inform ation and the moods of his principal creation. Internal evidlence is not con clusive it seldom is but strongly pre sumptive. H am let is- by- all means the key problem, since we all feel instinctively that the man is here most fully revealing himself. Read the pregnant passages w ith the thought th at a disowned prince is discussing his mothers action- and comprehension enters. H appily, I am not called upon to pass final judgment (ju st who is?) but I tentatively prefer the more to the1less credible.
In tim a te Glimpses of th e Age

way it completes the others, as they must always rem ain partly dim if the great mind of the period is left out. Taking tbe plays and sonnets on one hand, and1 Bacons essays and heavy prose works- on the other, regard th is pass-age as- a criticism of edu cation at the- tim e: Universities, parliaments, churches, law court and medical school are always at least 200 years behind the best thought, of th eir age. They are bound- tig h t in the red tape o f antiquat-ed statutes, out-of-date creeds, habits of thought that tim e has worn threadbare1 . Go into any church or parliam ent o r official lecture hall aud (unless hypnotized' by a school or creed) you will feel the mouldy atmosphere creep about you like the dam p vapours issuing out of old Oa-pulets ancestral tomb. Men still dispute about the names of things long after the things themselves have crumbled into dust. They fight under meaningless banners' like sleepers struggling in a dream. Cambridge in the year 1573 was still pouring knowledge into the young out of t wo or three bottles- blessed and labelled by Authority. O ne bottle was marked1 - Aris totle w ith Commentators-. It. was. pre scribed for all those students who studied physics and! philosophy. Another bottle was labelled Galen and' Hippocrates and was dispensed- to all who studied medicine. There* was- another m ixture from which -all had1 to be physicked1; it was called! T h e ology. Erasm us, Colet and Linacre had laughed1 at this- m ixture, but the learned' divines and professors believed th at it was the best tonic for the young ever prescribed in the past-, or that could1be prescribed in the future.
A T rue N oblem an

O f the great num ber of Tudor books printed in recent years, Englands H igh Chancellor is> one of the1 best through which to realize the customs and tem per of a great age o f changing values. In a

This- version of th e career of Francis Bacon, Lord Verulam, will strike many a responsive chord because its hero is a great idealist, and1because it restores- to a- much maligned m an the dignities and honours, not so much fitting his high station as com m ensurate w ith his abilities and virtues. No coldl m an is he, however clear-sighted,

but one noble and- tender enough to ac cept limitations., a'ppajpentti failures and to forgive the meannesses' of men. I t is easy to believe th a t the mam who, in his Essays, wirote on seditions and troubles and oni the true greatness of Kingdoms also set down the lines: The tim e isi out of joint: 0 cursedi spite, T hat ever I was born to set it right,! W illiam A rthur Deacon in Toronto M ail & Em pire, J u ly SO, 1985. THE NEXT FIVE YEARS The relationship of economics to the es tablishment of a reign of brotherhood with out distinction of race, caste, sex, creed or colour is every day being demonstrated more impressively in the march of world events. According to the statistics of the .50 most im portant nations of the world, 2,400,000 people died of starvation in. 1034 and about 1.200.000 people committed suicide as a result of starvation. At the same time, owing to the collapse of prices, 267,000 car lbadte of wheat, 248,000 tons of sugar, 26.000 tons of rice and 25,000 tons of beef were destroyed'. This does not include foodstuffs destroyed by natural causes. (Prayer Press, Prague ). A new publication of the health commit tee of the, League of N ations calledi N u tri tion and1Public H ealth shows that a large proportion of the workFs population are not getting enough to eat. I n G reat B ri tain, it says, between 10 and 25 percent, of the population cannot, afford a diet of the type aud quality known to be essential as a safeguard1 against m alnutrition and disease. In the United States-before the depres sion over 14 million, families had1incomes under th e m inim um of subsistence level. This number would now be more than doubled^

ers of business, church, politics and educa tion to sign their names to a book, which has ju st been published in England called The N ext Five Years . (M acmillan & Co., publishers). We believe say the signatories, that the present situation offers a new oppor tunity and a new challenge; a challenge to give leadership in' organizing a world order free from the menace of war, a chal lenge to develop an economic system which is freed from poverty and' makes full use of the growing material resource of the age for the general advantage, and a chal lenge to safeguard political! liberty and to revitalize democratic government . We repeat it goes on, that the pres ent situation offers at once a new challenge and1 a. new opportunity. The democratic system of government is on its trial. It will only survive i f it can produce a policy equal to the problems of our tim e and1 a leadership capable of evoking the cooper ation and enthusiasm necessary to carry it through. In' these times a special respon sibility rests upon informed men of modiarate opinion, whatever their party allegiance may be. They m ust secure the acceptance of a policy of this kind by whatever gov ernment- may be in office. I f they fa il to do so the probabilities are that, we shall drift on till the uext crisis strikes a weak ened system and a despondent population, when the outcome m ay be a despairing lapse into the tyrannical and barbarous methods that, have supervened in, sim ilar circuinstances elsewhere.
D ecay o f P re se n t System

A fter subscribing to these views the 150 leaders of business, church, polities and education some 300 pages w ith the outline of a plan for B ritain over the next; five years. The plan, at the moment is not the important thing. The point is that 150 of the most, intelligent minds in- England 150 R eform ers recognize Ihat- we are passing through a Knowledge of these conditions, which crisis in the history of the races of the are behind the wars and rumours of wars west, such a crisis as the founders of the that threaten to sendi our present world Theosophieal movement predicted would older up in smoke, has prompted 150 leadL occur during the twentieth century.

I t is everywhere apparent th a t the pres ent economic system, which) is based on a fetish and! once fashionable doctrine of scarcity is fast decaying and! becoming as obsolete as th e horse and buggy. No true Theosophist, said Madame Blavatsky, would consent to become the fetish of a fashionable doctrine, any more than lie would m ake him self the slave of a decaying deaddetter system. This applies to a deaddetter system of economics as _jn u cb as to a deaddetter system of religion. The Theosophieal Society has surely played a p a rt in the past in destroying the old. Tf it is to live it will have to play a part in creating the new.
Some II. P. B. S tatem ents

lose every notion of the superior powers of its own divine spirit,. We are in a barren period ; the 13th century, during which the m alignant fever of skepticism broke out so irrepressibly, lias entailed unbelief as a hereditary, disease upon the 19th. The divine intellect i veiled in man. ( S.D ., I I . 78).
The C reative A ttitu d e

At present , H . P . B. say in The K ey in Theosophy (page 173), the main fund amental object of the society is to sow the germs, in the hearts of men which m ay in tim e sprout, and: under more propitious circumstances lead to a healthy reform con ducive of more happiness to the masses than they have hitherto enjoyed. This., taken in conjunction w ith her other state m ent in the K ey to the effect th a t the state of society described in Edward Bel lamys book Looking Backward, should be the first great; step towards the full real ization of universal brotherhood, indicates th at M'adame Blavatsky foresaw, as she was bound to, that the absorption of the id*eas o f the Secret. Doctrine by society would inevitably reform economics the same as everything else. W hen the circulation which Eliphas Levi calls currents of the astral light in the universal E th er, which contains in it self every element, takes place in harmony with the divine spirit, our earth and every thing pertaining to it enjoys a fertile period. The occult powers of plants, an imals and: minerals magically sympathize with the superior natures, andl the divine soul of man is in perfect intelligence with these inferior ones. B ut during the bar ren periods, the latter lose their magic sympathy and the spiritual sight of the m ajority of mankind is so blinded1 as to

This rarely quoted passage, considered in the light of the economic stupidity and indifference of governments and, peoples to-day, is significant. The malignant fever of skepticism which started in the 18th and1 extended into the 19th century liasi increased in momentum in the 20th, extending its range to the field1of econom ics. Tt has made us skeptical of anything new or untried1system and paralyzed our leaders so that they are afraid to experi ment. The sphere of work of The Theosophieal Society is not in technical economics but it does stand, or should, for a creative atti tude, the one thing most lacking in econ omic and social thinking to-day. The premier of Tasmania, after com pleting a tour of Europe and' the United Kingdom in which he talked to the leaders of Italy, Germany, France, England and Ireland in search o f idea with which to help his own people in Tasmania, said recently th at lie heald* not one suggested remedy of those difficulties. H e found no one who did not shrink from attacking the terrible problem of poverty and yet science to-day stands ready to produce enough for everybody if we can find an economic system that, can distribute it without crushing us under a mountain of taxes and debt,. The next five years m ay force the wesern world to create or perish. E. A N EXPERIMENT IN TIME Some little tim e ago an engineer by the name of Dunne wrote a hook called an E x periment in Tim e in which he described curious dreams he had had which foretold

future events in an uncanny way. Later he was, able to secure the same prophetic insight in his waking moments, using a process somewhat sim ilar to th at with which the Theosophist is fam iliar under the name of meditation. Dunne, being a mathematician gave a reasonable explan ation of his ability, in term s of a mathe matical construction somewhat sim ilar to relativity. The book aroused' much inter est, and'led to the publication of a second work ju st recently. In this the analysis of the phenomena has been carried much further. Corroboration of such phenomena is always valuable, but difficult 'to obtain. I t is seldom that premonition or pre-know ledge of future events is placed on record for future veTificaiton.
F u lfilled Prophecies

An interesting series of prophecies has, however, been made recently in Toronto bv William Bailey. These are recorded in the Toronto S tar Weekly of Saturday, August 17th, 1935, in an incrview with a member of the Star staff. Frederick G riffin. The following extracts give the essential data concerning Bailey's past successes and his prognostications for the future: Mr. Baileys predicament began when word crept into the papers that on. January 1. 1934. he had made a series of what proved like remarkable prophecies at a meeting of several people in his home. H is own story of the performance is th is : The people were skeptics. W e were sitting together about 7 oclock in the evening. It was then that I saw M arie Dressier. It. was a kind' of vapour floating before me. but I recognized her face. I seemed to have an indigestion, condi tion. My hand were paralyzed. T said, M arie Dressier is going to die . The words -seemed to come to me. Then there was a feeling as if an auger was boring a hole in my back. Then I saw Dolfnss,, the Austrian Chancellor, just as I had seen M arie Dressier. T said, Dolfuss is going to die .

How did you know, I asked', seeking the mechanics of prophecy. I was certain of it, said Bailey. I knew I was saying it but the voice was strange. I knew he was going, to die from a shot in the back. Did1 you see anything more that night? Yes. T saw all kinds of things. I saw a man, in a tree. H e looked, like the King of the Belgians. I could1see the insignia on the collar of his uniform clearly, Then lie. seemed! to fall out o f a tree. T hat is where I m ade a mistake. He. was killed mountain, climbing. B ut th a t night. I said lie was going to die . Ma ri o D resslor d i ed1on Ju lv 28., 19 34 ; Dolfnss was assassinated: on Ju ly 25. 1934; The K ing of the Belgians was killed on February 17, 1931. G riffin has obtained' corroboration of these prophecies from two Hamilton people who were present on the evening in question.
V erifiable Prophecies

Bailey says that he1 sees for Canada, a return of prosperity, a Liberal victory this autumn, new em pire'trade agreements, an uprising o f our youth and the emergence into the limelight of some new national figure. Also. Mitchell H epburn is to suc ceed MacKenzie K ing as prime minister. A Frederick G riffin says these prophe cies m ight have been got- from reading the daily papers. So lie pressed M r. Bailev for a real good bang-up m ajor prophesy . H ere is wha't he received in his own words: Mussolini, he said, will he assassin ated before the vear is out. So will H it ler . How is each of them going to get it ? I asked. I cannot see clearly, he said, hut I gather the impression th at an- elderly Jew ish man will kill H itler. Tt. seems th at he has a revolver. Mussolini will be killed' with a knife . . . . . F i l l e d with alarm. I asked1 what would result. W ar? Kovolution? No, said' Mr. Bailey, shutting his eyes

once more, there will he1 no general war condition. Four nations null solve the trouble. The reader m ight be well advised to p u t this copy of The Canadian Theosophist aside until the end of the year to see if these predictions oome true. W. F . S.
E d ito r s N ote

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A partial explanation of'the phenomenon discussed by W. F. S. will be found in a quotation from The Secret Doctrine in an article in this section by R. S. W hen once out o f the body and not. subject to the habit of consciousness formed by others, tim e does not exist, In a footnote S. T). I., 583 H. P. B. says: The division of the physical senses into five comes to us from great antiquity. B ut while adopting the number, no modern philosopher has asked' himself how these senses could1 exist, i.e. be perceived* and used in a self-conscious way, unless there were a sixth sense, mental perception, to register and record' them . O ur present normal physical sense's, she says (page, 585). were, from our pres en point of view, abnormal in those days of slow ami progressive downward evolu tion and fall into matter. And' there was a dtay when all that in our modem times is regarded as exceptional. . .such as thought traiis ft rence. clairvoyanee, clai r-audience, e tc.; in short, all th a t is now called ' won derful aud abnormal when, all that and much more belonged to the senses and faculties common to all hum anity. These senses. The Doctrine indicates, will again become normal in the Sixth Root Race. JUBILEE GRAM OPHON E RECORD A new gram a phone record has been made of The Diamond Jubilee Message by the President of The Theosophieal Society, Dr. G. S. Arundale. I t is suggested that an endeavour be made to put it on the air in the broadcasting stations and thus bring it to thousand's of listeners. An