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CHAPTER I

1.1 INTRODUCTION
General labor welfare means efforts to make life worth living for workmen factories act 1948 it provides various labor welfare measures and it applies to all establishment employing 10 or more workers where power is used and 0 or more workers where power is not used! and where manufacturing process is being carried on " #t provides for the following! 1" " &" $abor welfare officers %ealth of workers 'afety and welfare of workers

(elfare health and safety measures is the combination of psychological! psychological and environment circumstance that cause a person to truthfully say # am satisfied with organi)ation providing welfare schemes! health schemes! safety e*uipment and safety education" (elfare! health and safety measures are a set of favorable or unfavorable feeling with which +mployees view their attitude" +,tensive research conducted on welfare! health and safety measure has indicated the factors such as" -verall satisfaction about welfare! heath and safety measure .elation with welfare officers /vailable of the protection 0ethod of safety education

1.2 NEED FOR THE STUDY


1he area taken for this study is that 'A STUDY ON EMPLOYEES WELFARE, HEALTH AND SAFETY MEASURES AT CADS INDIA, CHENNAI' " 1he organi)ation needs information towards employees satisfaction towards welfare! health and safety measures" 1he research is to provides the various aspects to know the awareness and opinion of each and every employees towards the welfare! health and safety of the organi)ation" 1he need for this research is to protect workers as well as negligent from accidents! to secure for them in various conditions" 1hese also used to maintain

inspection staff and to make for maintenance of health! safety and also welfare measures in the particular organi)ation"

1.3 STATEMENT OF OBJECTIVES


1o know the e,tent of awareness about welfare health and safety measures adapted on 2/3' #43#/" 1o find availability the of various welfare! health and safety measures in the organi)ation" 1o find satisfaction level of employee with respect to welfare! heath and safety measures on the organi)ation" 1o check the awareness of employee about the safety of machinery and e*uipment on the organi)ation" 1o know whether the employees are property trained regarding the safety measures on the organi)ation" 1o determine the correct method of safety education suitable for employees on the organi)ation" 1o find out the opinion of the employees safety measures adapted by the organi)ation" 1o know the opinion of employees for which they give importance to increase welfare! heath and safety of employees on the organi)ation" 1o suggest suitable measures to improve the welfare! heath and safety of employees on the organi)ation"

1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY


1he study can be used to understand the following with respects to welfare! health and safety measures of the organi)ation" /wareness factor of welfare! health and safety measures" /vailability factors of welfare! health and safety measures"

'atisfaction level of welfare! health and safety measures" -pinion to improve the welfare! health and safety measures"

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CHAPTER II
2.1 INDUSTRY PROFILE
CONSTRUCTION SECTOR - OVERVIEW 1oday! #ndia is the second fastest growing economy in the world" 1he #ndian construction industry is an integral part of the economy and a conduit for a substantial part of its development investment! is poised for growth on account of industriali)ation! urbani)ation! economic development and people5s rising e,pectations for improved *uality of living" #n #ndia! construction is the second largest economic activity after agriculture" 2onstruction accounts for nearly 67 per cent of the total investment in infrastructure and is e,pected to be the biggest beneficiary of the surge in infrastructure investment over the ne,t five years" #nvestment in construction accounts for nearly 11 per cent of #ndia8s Gross 3omestic 9roduct :G39;" < &9"68 billion is likely to be invested in the infrastructure sector over the ne,t five to 10 years = in power! roads! bridges! city infrastructure! ports! airports! telecommunications! which would provide a huge boost to the construction industry as a whole" #nvestment into this sector could go up to <9&"&6 billion by >? 010" (ith such bullish prospects in infrastructure! affiliated industries such as cement are on a high" 2ement consumption! for the first time! is set to e,ceed the 170=million tonne mark" .eflecting the demand for the commodity! capacity utili)ation rose to over 100 per cent to touch 10 per cent in @anuary 00A with dispatches touching 14"10 million tonnes as against the production of 14 million tonnes" /s opportunities in the sector continue to come to the fore! foreign direct investment has been moving upwards" 1he real estate and construction sectors received >3# of < 16"7& million in the first half of the current fiscal year" In !"#$% S&'(&n#" .esidential :%ousing B 3evelopment; .eal +state #ndustrial :#ndustrial 9arks! >actories! 9lants! etc"; 2orporate :-ffice! .esearch 2enters;

2ommercial :.etailC 0alls! 'hops! 'howroomsD %otelsD etc" ; #nfrastructure .oads .ailways Erban infrastructure :improved housing! water supply and sanitation! schools! Eniversities! health and security! etc"; 9orts /irports 9ower

In )*n R&*+ E"#*#& S&,#-$ .eal +state is a <8 billion :by revenue; #ndustry in #ndia" #t is proFected to grow to <&4 billionn by 010" #t has witnessed a revolution! driven by the booming economy! favorable demographics and liberali)ed foreign direct investment :>3#; regime" Growing at a scorching &0 per cent! it has emerged as one of the most appealing investment areas for domestic as well as foreign investors" 1he second largest employing sector in #ndia :including construction and facilities management;! real estate is linked to about 70 ancillary industries like cement! brick and steel through backward and forward linkages" 2onse*uently! a unit increase in e,penditure in this sector has a multiplier effect and the capacity to generate income as high as five times" A++-$-!n D&.&+-/(&n# .ising income levels of a growing middle class along with increase in nuclear families! low interest rates! modern attitudes to home ownership :the average age of a new homeowner in 006 was & years compared with 47 years a decade ago; and a change of attitude amongst the young working population from that of 5save and buy5 to 5buy and repay5 have all combined to boost housing demand" /ccording to 5%ousing 'kyline of #ndia 00A=085! a study by research firm!

#ndices /nalytics! there will be demand for over 4"& million new dwellings for self=

living in urban #ndia alone by 017" 2onse*uently! this segment is likely to throw huge investment opportunities" #n fact! an estimated <16 billion investment will be re*uired over the ne,t five years in urban housing! says a report by 0errill $ynch" 'imultaneously! the rapid growth of the #ndian economy has had a cascading effect on demand for commercial property to help meet the needs of business! such as modern offices! warehouses! hotels and retail shopping centers" Growth in commercial office space re*uirement is led by the burgeoning outsthecing and information technology :#1; industry and organi)ed retail" >or e,ample! #1 and #1+' alone is estimated to re*uire 170 million s*ft across urban #ndia by 010" 'imilarly! the organi)ed retail industry is likely to re*uire an additional by 010" 0+-1*+ M*2-$" (ith the significant investment opportunities emerging in this industry! a large number of international real estate players have entered the country" 2urrently! foreign direct investment :>3#; inflows into the sector are estimated to be between <& billion and <&"70 billion" @ones $ang $a'alle :@$$;! the world5s leading integrated global real estate services and money management firm! plans to invest around <646 million in the country5s burgeoning property market" 3ubai=based 3/0/2 9roperties would invest up to < "9 billion to develop properties in #ndia" 0errill $ynch B 2o bought 49 per cent e*uity in seven mid=income housing proFects of #ndia5s largest real estate developer 3$> in 2hennai! Gangalore! Hochi and #ndore for < 4& million" E/+=based real estate company .akeen and 2hennai=based mineral firm 1rime, Group have formed Foint venture company = .akindo 3evelopers = which would invest over <& billion over the ne,t five years" 3ubai=based 4akheel and %ines of the E' have tied up with 3$> to develop properties in #ndia" 3$> has also formed a Foint venture with $imitless %olding! a part of 3ubai (orld! to develop a <9 billion township proFect in Harnataka" 0 million s* ft

Gulf >inance %ouse :G>%; has decided to invest over < 1 billion in a Greenfield site close to 4avi 0umbai"

0-.&$n(&n# In)#)*#).&" 1he Government has introduced many progressive reform measures to unlock the potential of the sector and also meet increasing demand levels" 100 per cent >3# allowed in realty proFects through the automatic route" #n case of integrated townships! the minimum area to be developed has been brought down to 10 hectares from 40 hectares" Erban $and :2eiling and .egulation; /ct! 19A6 :E$2./; repealed by increasingly larger number of states" +nactment of 'pecial +conomic Iones /ct" 0inimum capital investment for wholly=owned subsidiaries and Foint ventures stands at <9 million and <& million! respectively" >ull repatriation of original investment after three years" 71 per cent >3# allowed in single brand retail outlets and 100 per cent in cash and carry through the automatic route" INFRASTRUCTURE P-3&$ 9ower generation capacity of 1 G(D 790 bn units produced :1 unit J1kwh;!

2ompound /nnual Growth .ate of 4"6K over the last fthe years R-* " /n e,tensive road network of &"& m km L the second largest in the world 1he Golden Muadrilateral :GM=7846 km of 4 lane highways; 4orth='outh B +ast (est 2orridors :4'+(=A&00 km of 4 lane highways; R*)+3*%" #ndia has the fifth largest electricity generation capacity in the world

1he premier transport organi)ation of the country = the largest rail network in /sia and the world8s second largest

A766 locomotives! &A!840 2oaching vehicles!

!14A >reight wagons! 687&

'tations! &00 ?ards! &00 Good sheds! A00 .epair shops! 1"74 m (ork force P-$#" 1 0aFor 9orts and 187 0inor 9orts along A!71A km long #ndian coastline 100K >3# under the automatic route is permitted for port development proFects 9ublicL9rivate partnership is seen by the Government as the key to improve 0aFor and 0inor ports A)$/-$#" #ndia has 1 7 airportsD of these! 11 are designated international airports 100K >3# is permissible for e,isting airportsD >#9G approval re*uired for >3# beyond A4K 9rivati)ation of the 3elhi and 0umbai airports is in progress" +,pected investment of about < "4 billion 4ew international airports = Gangalore B %yderabad are being built by private consortia L total investment of about <411 million 7 other city airports are being considered for private investment"

U$1*n D&.&+-/(&n# #ndia8s total urban population on 1st 0arch 00A was 87 million" /llowing up to 100 K foreign direct investment :>3#; under the automatic route in townships! housing! built=up infrastructure and construction=development proFect" O//-$#!n)#)&" (ith the economy surging ahead! the demand for all segments of the real estate sector is likely to continue to grow" 1he #ndian real estate industry is likely to grow from <A billion in 007 to <78 billion in by 017" Given the boom in residential housing! #1! #1e'! organi)ed retail and hospitality industries! this industry is likely to see increased 8

investment activity" >oreign direct investment alone might see a close to si,=fold Fump to <19 billion over the ne,t 10 years" 1here are a lot of opportunities that are sprouting up in the construction of .oads! .ailways! /irports and 9ower" 9roFects worth <1"8A billion are coming up to develop 'pecial +conomic Iones" #ndia has a large and growing middle class population of &00 million people! out of which a large section is need on new houses" #t is estimated that there is a national housing storage of 41 million units" .etailing is becoming the boom industry with organi)ed retail being a market of <4"494 billion" (ater supply and sanitation proFects alone offer scope for annual investment of <4" A billion" 1he 0inistry of 9ower has formulated a blueprint to provide reliable! affordable and *uality power to all users by 01 " 1his calls for an investment of <74"6A billion in the ne,t five years" 1he government of #ndia has permitted >3# up to 100K for development of integrated townships in #ndia last year" #ndia5s booming infrastructure sector is fuelling demand for all kinds of construction e*uipment" Gefore the opening up of the #ndian economy! and the entry of international maFors! much of infrastructure development and construction in the real estate sector was done manually" Gut with the infrastructure and construction sectors undergoing dramatic changes L with 60=storeyed sky=scrapers being built in cities like 0umbai! and thousands of kilometers of e,pressways and highways being laid across the subcontinent= builders and contractors are ac*uiring sophisticated e*uipment to e,ecute the multi=million=dollar proFects" >or the construction e*uipment sector! which has adapted rapidly to the changed scenario! this is indeed good news! as it paves the way for an e,citing future"

2.2 COMPANY PROFILE


2/3' is a leading international software company speciali)ing in civil and structural engineering design and detailing software" 2/3' applications are used worldwide by consulting engineers! civil engineering contractors! builders! national and local governments! structural steelwork and rebar fabricators" 2/3' employs more than &00 staff globally! the vast maFority of those working from our #ndia offices and we have been in business for over 40 years" 1here are more than 7000 2/3' customers who use over 70!000 copies of 2/3' software in A0 countries"

2/3' #ndia was established in 1996 in 2hennai" 1he office was founded and managed by 0r" H"H @agadish" 2/3' global head*uarters is located in the EH! with additional offices in the E'/ and E/+" 2/3' has an installed world=wide Lmore than 4000 customers who use in e,cess of 48!000 copies of 2/3' supplied programs in more than A0 countries" 2/3' software has been tried and tested on a wide range of proFects including buildings! bridges! airports! water treatment plants and power installations" 2/3' has a large team of *ualified e,perienced 'tructural and 2ivil personss and technicians! software developers and programmers dedicated to continuous progress through innovation and continuous product development" 2/3' are not only the developer of the world5s favorite rebar detailing software 2/3' .2! but are also one of the biggest users" S!//-$# 2/3' offer a combination of training! support and a maintenance contract :2/3'2over;" 1his ensures that you can fully e,ploit all that the software solution has to offer the business" 'upport is provided by the 2/3' central helpdesk via email! fa, and telephone" R&1*$ &#*)+)n' 2/3' has established an enviable reputation for providing e,pertise as well as e,pert software for reinforced concrete detailers" .unning in /uto2/3! .ebar2/3 has been the market leading reinforced concrete detailing software in the EH and around the world for more than 0 years" .ebar2/35s success is due to its advanced detailing features and technical e,cellence! which include integration with design and fabrication software" .ebar2/3 can detail anything and has been successfully used on all sorts of building! transportation! water! process and power proFects including precast concrete elements" 2/3' are not only the developer of the world5s favtheite .ebar N .2 detailing software 2/3' .2! but are also one of the biggest usersO 2/3' provide a global .2 detailing service! particularly for the main markets of #ndia! 3ubai :E/+;! EH! E'/ and 2anada" M- &+)n', An*+%")" 4D&")'n5

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.ebar2/3 delivers real integration via /uto2/3 = the industry leading platform" .ebar2/3 also links to 2/3' powerful analysis and modelling tools = /&3 0/P and '2#/ 9ersonsD the latter enabling slabs to be easily designed and detailed" #n addition! the results from 2/3' design programs for concrete beams! columns! bases! slabs etc! can also be imported into .ebar2/3! for instant detailing and scheduling to configurable preset styles" 'uch details can later be amended easily! as re*uired" D&")'n *n D&#*)+)n' 6-$ O#7&$ M*#&$)*+" /s well as design for reinforced concrete! 2/3' develop and support a range of software products to suit the full range of design and detailing re*uirements for steel! timber and other materials" 0&-#&,7n),*+ 1he 2/3' range of Ground 9ersonsing applications includes software for designing cantilever and mass concrete .etaining (alls! 'heet 9iling! 2offerdams! 'lope 'tability analysis and .einforced 'lope design" 2/3' have established an enviable reputation for providing e,pertise as well as e,pert software for reinforced concrete detailers" .unning in /uto2/3! .ebar2/3 has been the market leading reinforced concrete detailing software in the EH and around the world for more than 0 years" .ebar2/35s success is due to its advanced detailing features and technical e,cellence! which include integration with design and fabrication software" .ebar2/3 can detail anything and has been successfully used on all sorts of building! transportation! water! process and power proFects including precast concrete elements" A!#-CAD5 .ebar2/3 builds on /uto2/3! the industry standard 2/3 platform" #t fully e,ploits the stable 3 drawing environment of /uto2/3! tailoring a solution for rebar detailing and bar bending scheduling that meets the stringent re*uirements of the industry" /s an integrated /uto2/3 application! .ebar2/3 adds functionality and toolbars to the /uto2/3 system and is supported by *uality user manuals and training" #f you are a 2/3 0anager you will find it easy to recruit trained and e,perienced technicians for such an industry standard solution! whilst the level of support! advice and e,pertise available through the help desk will impress all users"

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0+-1*+ ,- &5 .ebar2/3 is a global player in the truest sense of the word" 'ince the orignal software was launched as 2/3' .2 in the EH over 0 years ago! further versions for 4orth /merica! #ndia and 'outh /frica have been released" %igh *uality output! stability! integration and fle,ibility have seen the adoption of .ebar2/3 across diverse worldwide markets" .ebar2/3 is often the default choice for many international and prestige proFects! such as the GurF in 3ubai :pictured;! the software having earned its8 reliability and consistency credentials" 8!*+)#%5 .ebar2/3 maintains a reinforcement database that always reflects e,actly what is on the drawing" #n addition! all new bars and changes are instantly added to the bar bending schedule which means that checking is reduced and errors virtually eliminated" /dditional audit commands detect incomplete or unlabelled bars and ensure compliance with the configured detailing standard" .ebar2/3 drawings re*uire less manual checking! thus scheduling errors are virtually a thing of the pastO S*.)n'"5 .ebar detailing can be a slow manual process! with no certainty as to the accuracy or consistency of the eventual drawing output" 'crap and wastage due to inaccurate reinforcement drawings! mistakes in Gar Gending 'chedules :GG'; and unutilised off= cuts costs the construction industry nearly 19: of its steel consumption each yearO .einforcement detailing and Gar listing has never been easier" .ebar2/3 helps you accomplish this &0K faster and more accurately than manual methods by creating drawings whilst automating the preparation of GG'" 1he .ebar2/3 software really is the solution to prevent the proFects bleeding profits" (hether you are a 2onsultant 9ersons! 3etailing provider! 0ain 2ontractor or .ebar >abricator! then the solution could be .ebar2/3" (hen you use .ebar2/3 you do so alongside thousands of other #ndian and global users " B&n&6)#"5 .ebar2/3 brings efficiencies and cost savings to consultants! contractors and fabricators alike"

1o help the potential customers evaluate the potential benefits to their organi)ations we can provide a 'avings +valuation"

(e can undertake this in a face to face meeting at the offices" 1his includes a .ebar2/3 3emo and a detailed session to suit the specific re*uirements"

Gooking is easy" Ese the contact form! email or telephone us to arrange a meeting with one of the e,pert consultants"

CADS P$).*,% P-+),%


2/3' is committed to protecting the privacy" 2/3' has created this privacy statement in order to demonstrate the firm commitment to privacy"

1he following discloses the information gathering and dissemination practices for the website at E.$C www"scaffolding=software"co"uk

2/3' do not disclose visitors information to third parties" /ny information that you provide us with! whether it be business or personal information :such as the name or address;! cannot be seen by third parties"

1he information we keep is stored on the own computer systems! not on a website"

1his site may at times contain links to other! third party websites! 2/3' is not responsible for the privacy practices or the content of such websites"

1his privacy statement is not presented as a legally binding contract"

1&

CHAPTER III
3.1 RESEARCH METHODOLO0Y
Q.esearch8 means a scientific and systematic for pertinent information on a specific topic" .esearch is a careful investigation or in*uiry especially through search for new facts in any branch of knowledge" .esearch comprises defecting and redefining problems! formulating hypothesis or suggested solutions! collecting "organi)ing and evaluating dataD making deductions and reaching conclusionsD and at last carefully testing the conclusions to determine whether they fit the formulating hypothesis" Q0ethodology8 is defined as the study of methods by which we gain knowledge! it deals with cognitive processes imposed on research by the problems rising from the nature of its subFect matter

3.2 TYPE OF RESEARCH


3escriptive research has been usedD it involves surveys and fact findings en*uire of different kinds the maFor purpose of descriptive research is the description of the state of affairs! as it e,ists at present" 1he main characteristics of this method are that the state researcher has no control over the variableD he can only report what has happened or what is happening" 1he methods of research utili)ed in descriptive research are survey methods of all kinds! including comparative and correlation methods"

3.3

RESEARCH INSTRUMENT
1he research instrument used in the study structured *uestionnaire structured

*uestionnaire are those *uestionnaire in which there are predetermined *uestion relating to the aspect" >or which the researcher collect the data" 1he *uestions are presented with e,actly the same wording and order to all the respondents"

3.4

8UESTIONNARIE DESI0N
1he structured *uestionnaire for employee satisfaction organi)ation providing

welfare! health and safety with the following types of *uestionnaires open ended! closed ended! multiple choice! types of *uestions" 14

3.;

DATA COLLECTION
3ata refers to information or facts" #t includes numerical figures! non= numerical

figures! descriptive facts! and *ualitative information" 1he task of data collection begins after a research problem has been defined and plan has been decided" 1he nature of the data is both primary and secondary data" 3.;.1 P$)(*$% D*#* 1he primary data are those that are collected through *uestionnaire and direct personal interview" 1he *uestionnaire was framed in such a manner to obtain correct information! graded suitably from the respondents" 3.;.2 S&,-n *$% D*#* 'econdary data has been collected through oral communication" 'econdary data about the company profile and details were collected from the company website"

3.<

SAMPLE PROCEDURE
2onvenience sampling has been used in this study" 2onvenience sampling is used

for selection of homogeneous sample for the study" #t refers to selecting a sample of study obFects on convenience" #t is a non=probability sampling" 1hus research study may include study obFects! which are conveniently located" .esearch findings based on convenient sampling however! cannot be generali)ed"

3.=

PERIOD OF STUDY

3uring the period the following Muestionnaire was pre=tested" -bFectives were set and *uestionnaire was finali)ed" 3ata were collected and recorded" 3ata were analy)ed and interpreted" .eports were generated"

3.>

SAMPLIN0 SI?E

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3ue to time and resource constraint the sample si)e has been taken as 70 for 2onsultation with the company guide and proFect guide"

3.@

PILOT SURVEY
/ pilot survey with 7 samples from employees was conducted for testing the

validity of the *uestions" #t was found that there was no need for changes in the *uestionnaire and hence the same *uestionnaire was used for final survey also"

3.19

LIMITATION OF THE STUDY


2onvenience sampling has its own time limitation because the chances of right persons on being selected can be less" 1ime is the main constraint as it is difficult to meet all the employees of the organisation within a short period" 2ost is also the main constrain as this research involves massive amount for the purpose of preparing the report"

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CHAPTER IV
DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION 4.1 DATA ANALYSIS
1he data after collection has to be processed and analy)ed in accordance with the outline laid down for the purpose at the time of developing the research plan" 1his is essential for a scientific study and for ensuring that we have all the relevant data" 9rocessing implies editing" 2lassification and tabulation of collected data so that they ac*uiescent to analysis" 1he term analysis refers to the computation of certain measure along with search for patterns of relationships that e,ists among data=group s" 1hus in the process of analysis! relationships of differences supporting or conflicting with original or new hypothesis should be subFected to statistical tests of significance to determine with what validity data can be said to indicate any conclusions /nalysis of data in a general way involves a number of closely related operations that are performed with the purpose of summari)ing the collected data and organi)ing them in such a manner that answer the research *uestions"

1A

TABLE 4.1.1 A0E OF THE RESPONDENTS


A'& Gelow 7 yrs 7 L &7 yrs &7 L 47 yrs /bove 47 yrs T-#*+ N- -6 R&"/-n &n#" 69 9& 71 &A 2;9 P&$,&n#*'& 8 &A 0 17 199

FI0URE NO. 4.1.1 &AK 8K 0K 17K

40 : -6 R&"/-n &n#" &0 0 10 0 Gelow 7 ?rs

7=&7?rs

&7=47?rs

/bove 47yrs

A'&

INFERENCE5 &AK of the respondents having their age below respondents having their age 7 L &7 yrs" 7 yrs and 8K of the

TABLE 4.1.2

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EDUCATIONAL 8UALIFICATION OF THE RESPONDENTS


E !,*#)-n*+ 8!*+)6),*#)-n 10th std 1 th std 3iploma EG 9G T-#*+ N- -6 R&"/-n &n#" & 4A 6& 8 6 2;9 P&$,&n#*'& 1& 19 7 && 10 199

FI0URE NO. 4.1.2

: -6 R&"/-n &n#"

&7 &0 7 0 17 10 7 0
10 th

&&K 7K 19K 1&K 10K

ip lo m

th

E !,*#)-n*+ 8!*+)6),*#)-n

INFERENCE5 &&K of the respondents are under graduates and 7K of the respondents are 3iploma holders"

TABLE 4.1.3 EAPERIENCE OF THE RESPONDENTS

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9G

't

't

EB/&$)&n,& $ess than 1 year 1L 7 yrs 7 L 10 yrs /bove 10 yrs T-#*+

N- -6 R&"/-n &n#" 7& 96 68 && 2;9 FI0URE NO. 4.1.3

P&$,&n#*'& 1 &8 A 14 199

EB/&$)&n,&

/bove 10yrs 7=10yrs 1=7 yrs $ess than 1 yrs 0 10

14K AK &8K 1K 0 &0 40

: -6 R&"/-n &n#"

INFERENCE5 &8K of the respondents have an e,perience of 1=7 yrs and respondents have an e,perience of 7=10yrs" AK of the

TABLE 4.1.4 AWARENESS ABOUT WELFARE, HEALTH AND SAFETY MEASURES


A3*$&n&"" F*,#-$ N- -6 R&"/-n &n#" 0 P&$,&n#*'&

$arge e,tent 'ome e,tent 4ot aware T-#*+

A& 119 78 2;9 FI0URE NO. 4.1.4

9 48 & 199

4ot /ware A3*$&n&"" F*,#-$ 'ome +,ent $arge +,tent 0

&K

48K
9K 0 40 60

: -6 R&"/-n &n#"

INFERENCE5 48K of the respondents are having some e,tent among the awareness of welfare! health and safety measures and 9K of the respondents are having large e,tent among the awareness of welfare! health and safety measures"

TABLE 4.1.; AVAILABILITY OF WELFARE MEASURES


A.*)+*1)+)#% -6 3&+6*$& (&*"!$&" (ashing >acility K A.*)+ 70 100 N-# *.*)+ 0 0 T-#*+ 2;9 199

'tore rooms B .est .ooms K >irst /id K 2anteens K 'itting >acility K 1ransportation K

70 100 70 100 70 100 70 100 19& AA

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7A &

2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199

FI0URE NO. 4.1.;


1ransportation A.*)+*1)+)#% -6 W&+6*$& (&*"!$&" 'itting facility 0K 2anteen 0K 0K &K

AAK

100K

100K

>irst /id

100K

'toreB .est rooms

0K

100K

(ashing >acility 0K : -6 R&"/-n &n#" 0 0 40 60 80

100K 100 1 0

INFERENCE5 100K of the respondents having availability of washing facility" 100K of the respondents having availability of store rooms and rest room facility" 100K of the respondents having availability of store rooms and rest rooms facility" 100K of the respondents having availability of canteen facility"

100K of the respondents having availability of sitting facility" AAK of the respondents having availability of transport facility and &K of the respondents not having availability of transport facility"

&

TABLE 4.1.< SATISFACTION LEVEL OF WELFARE MEASURES


N&)#7&$ "*#)"6)& n-$ )""*#)"6)& 71 0 9 1 4A 19 8 &A 9 8 11 17 11 47

S*#)"6*,#)-n +&.&+ -6 3&+6*$& (&*"!$&" (ashing >acility K 'tore rooms B .est .ooms K >irst /id K 2anteens K 'itting >acility K 1ransportation K

H)'7+% "*#)"6)& 6 7 7 1 64 6 6A A 88 &7 1A 6

S*#)"6)& A4 &0 10A 4& 80 & &9 16

H)'7+% )""*#)"6)& &9 16 41 16 & 1& &9 1 6 7 74

D)""*#)"6)& 4 9 1 8 A 10 9& &A 41 16 &9 16

T-#*+ 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199

INFERENCE5 &0K of the respondents are satisfied with satisfaction level of washing facility and 7K of the respondents are highly satisfied with satisfaction level of washing facility" 4&K of the respondents are satisfied with satisfaction level of store room and rest room facility and 1K of the respondents are highly satisfied with satisfaction level of store room and rest room facility" & K of the respondents are satisfied with satisfaction level of first aid facility and 6K of the respondents are highly satisfied with satisfaction level of first aid facility"

&AK of the respondents are dissatisfied with satisfaction level of canteen facility and AK of the respondents are highly satisfied with satisfaction level of canteen facility"

&7K of the respondents are highly satisfied with satisfaction level of sitting facility and 7K of the respondents are highly dissatisfied with satisfaction level of sitting facility"

47K of the respondents are neither satisfied nor dissatisfied with satisfaction level of transportation facility and K of the respondents are highly dissatisfied with satisfaction level of transportation facility" FI0URE NO. 4.1.<

TABLE 4.1.= PROVIDIN0 OF MEDICAL INSURANCE FACILITY


M& ),*+ In"!$*n,& -/#)-n ?es 4o T-#*+ N- -6 R&"/-n &n#" 0& 4A 2;9 P&$,&n#*'& 81 19 199

FI0URE NO. 4.1.=

4o = 19K

?es = 81K

INFERENCE5 81K of the respondents are ac*uired the medical insurance facility and 19K of the respondents are not ac*uired the medical insurance facility"

TABLE 4.1.> SATISFACTION LEVEL OF MEDICAL INSURANCE SCHEMES


S*#)"6*,#)-n +&.&+ -6 M& ),*+ In"!$*n,& %ighly satisfied 'atisfied 4either satisfied nor dissatisfied %ighly dissatisfied 3issatisfied T-#*+

N- -6 R&"/-n &n#" 4 1 7 &A 1A 9 2;9

P&$,&n#*'& 1A 70 17 6 1 199

FI0URE NO. 4.1.>


60 70 : -6 R&"/-n &n#" 40 &0 0 10 0 %ighly 'atisfied 'atisfied 4either 'atisfied %ighly 3issatified 4or 3issatisfied 3issatisfied 1AK 17K 6K 70K

1 K

S*#)"6*,#)-n +&.&+ -6 M& ),*+ )n"!$*n,&

INFERENCE5 70K of the respondents are satisfied with satisfaction level of medical insurance schemes and 1AK of the respondents are highly satisfied with satisfaction level of medical insurance schemes"

TABLE 4.1.@

AVAILABILITY OF HEALTH MEASURES


A.*)+*1)+)#% -6 H&*+#7 M&*"!$&" 2leanliness K Rentilation B 1emperature K /rtificial %umidification K $ighting K 3rinking (ater K 1oilet >acility K A.*)+ 70 100 70 100 197 A8 70 100 70 100 70 100 N-# *.*)+ 0 0 0 0 77 0 0 0 0 0 0 T-#*+ 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199

FI0URE NO. 4.1.@

A.*)+*1)+)#% -6 H&*+#7 (&*"!$&"

1oilet >acility 0K 3rinking water 0K $ighting /rtificial %umidification Rentilation B 1emperature 2leanliness 0 0K 0K 0 40 60 80 0K K A8K

100K 100K 100K

100K 100K 100 1 0

: -6 R&"/-n &n#"

INFERENCE 100K of the respondents having availability of cleanliness facility" 100K of the respondents having availability of ventilation B temperature facility" A8K of the respondents having availability of artificial humidification facility and K of the respondents not having availability of artificial humidification facility" 100K of the respondents having availability of lighting facility 100 of the respondents having availability of drinking water facility" 100K of the respondents having availability of toilet facility"

TABLE 4.1.19 SATISFACTION LEVEL OF HEALTH MEASURES


N&)#7&$ "*#)"6)& n-$ )""*#)"6)& 1A 6 &A 17 1 1 48 47 18 6 10 77

S*#)"6*,#)-n +&.&+ -6 H&*+#7 (&*"!$&" 2leanliness K Rentilation B 1emperature K /rtificial %umidification K $ighting K 3rinking (ater K 1oilet >acility K

H)'7+% "*#)"6)& 4A 19 10& 41 44 18 7& 1 19 8 41 16

S*#)"6)& 11A 4A 7& 1 &A 17 109 44 &A 17 1A A

H)'7+% )""*#)"6)& 9 1 4 1A 19 A 1 7 11 47 & 1&

D)""*#)"6)& 40 16 17 6 9 1 &1 1 76 107 4

T-#*+ 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199

INFERENCE5 4AK of the respondents are satisfied with satisfaction level of cleanliness facility and 19K of the respondents are highly satisfied with satisfaction level of cleanliness facility" 41K of the respondents are highly satisfied with satisfaction level of ventilation B temperature facility and 1K of the respondents are satisfied with satisfaction level of ventilation B temperature facility" 48K of the respondents are neither satisfied nor dissatisfied with satisfaction level of artificial humidification facility and 18K of the respondents are highly satisfied with satisfaction level of artificial humidification facility"

&0

44K of the respondents are satisfied with satisfaction level of lighting facility and 1K of the respondents are highly satisfied with satisfaction level of lighting facility"

47K of the respondents are highly dissatisfied with satisfaction level of drinking water facility and K of the respondents are dissatisfied with satisfaction level of drinking water facility"

4 K of the respondents are dissatisfied with satisfaction level of toilet facility and K of the respondents are neither satisfied nor dissatisfied with satisfaction level of toilet facility

FI0URE NO. 4.1.19

4 K 1oilet >acility S*#)"6*,#)-n +&.&+ -6 H&*+#7 (&*"!$&" K K 3rinking water 47K

$ighting 1K /rtificial %umidification 18K Rentilation B 1emperature 2leanliness 19K 0 10 0 &0 : -6 R&"/-n &n#" 40 1K

44K 48K

41K 4AK 70 60

&1

TABLE 4.1.11 AWARENESS OF DAN0EROUS MACHINES


A3*$&n&"" -6 *n'&$-!" (*,7)n&" /ware 4ot /ware T-#*+ N- -6 R&"/-n &n#" 70 0 2;9 P&$,&n#*'& 100 0 100

FI0URE NO. 4.1.11

4ot /ware = 0K

/ware = 100K

INFERENCE5 100K of the respondents are aware of the dangerous nature of machines

&

TABLE 4.1.12 TRAININ0 OPINION RE0ARDIN0 SAFETY MEASURES


S*6&#% T$*)n)n' O/)n)-n 1rained 4ot 1rained T-#*+ N- -6 R&"/-n &n#" 1 &8 2;9 P&$,&n#*'& 87 17 100

FI0URE NO. 4.1.12

4ot 1rained 17K

1rained 87K

INFERENCE5 87K of the respondents are trained with safety training measures and 17K of the respondents are not trained with safety training measures"

&&

TABLE 4.1.13 SATISFACTION LEVEL OF TRAININ0 OF SAFETY MEASURES


S*#)"6*,#)-n +&.&+ "*6&#% T$*)n)n' %ighly satisfied 'atisfied 4either satisfied nor dissatisfied %ighly dissatisfied 3issatisfied T-#*+ N- -6 R&"/-n &n#" 6& 11 4 &4 1A 2;9 P&$,&n#*'& 7 47 10 14 6 199

FI0URE NO. 4.1.13

70 47 40 &7 &0 7 0 17 10 7 0

47K

: OF R&"/-n &n#"

7K 10K 14K 6K

%ighly 'atisfied

'atisfied

4either 'atisfied 4or 3issatisfied

%ighly 3issatified

3issatisfied

S*#)"6*,#)-n +&.&+ -6 "*6&#% #$*)n)n'

INFERENCE5 47K of the respondents are satisfied with satisfaction level of safety training measures and 7K of the respondents are highly satisfied safety training measures" with satisfaction level of

&4

TABLE 4.1.14 METHOD OF SAFETY EDUCATION


M&#7- -6 S*6&#% E !,*#)-n 9osters %ighlighting Ensafe 9ractice 'afety 3emonstration 'afety $ectures 'afety >ilms T-#*+ N- -6 R&"/-n &n#" 19 67 99 41 6 2;9 P&$,&n#*'& 8 6 40 16 10 199

FI0URE NO. 4.1.14 M&#7- " -6 S*6&#% E !,*#)-n

'afety >ilms 'afety lectures 'afety demonstration %ighlighting unsafe practice 9osters 0

10K 16K 40K 6K 8K 10 0 &0 40 70

: -6 R&"/-n &n#"

INFERENCE5 40K of the respondents are prescribed safety demonstration with the method of safety education and 6K of the respondents are prescribed highlighting unsafe practice with the method of safety education"

&7

TABLE 4.1.1; OPINION ABOUT SAFETY MEASURES


O/)n)-n *1-!# S*6&#% M&*"!$&" +,cellent Good /verage 9oor Rery 9oor T-#*+ N- -6 R&"/-n &n#" 9 10A 7A &9 18 2;9 P&$,&n#*'& 1 4& & 17 A 199

FI0URE NO. 4.1.1;

O/)n)-n -6 S*6&#% (&*"!$&"

Rery 9oor 9oor /verage Good +,cellent 0

AK 17K &K 4&K 1 K 10 0 &0 40 70

: -6 R&"/-n &n#"

INFERENCE5 4&K of the respondents are having good opinion among the opinion of safety measures and &K of the respondents are having average opinion among the opinion of safety measures"

&6

TABLE 4.1.1< RANCIN0 OF WELFARE MEASURES


W&+6*$& M&*"!$&"D R*nE" (ashing >acility K 'tore rooms B .est .ooms K >irst /id K 2anteens K 1ransportation K 'itting >acility K 4 1A

R*nE 1 R*nE 2 R*nE 3 R*nE 4 R*nE ; R*nE < 6 10 48 19 11 47 77 A 11 9 4 &6 14 &4 14 99 40 1 7 1 7 70 19 8 A 11 1A A 11 4 101 40 &1 1 1A A 117 46 1 8 A 10 41 16 76 46 18 11 7 7 1 7 10 && 1& 6 10 &7 14 10A 4& 8 & 19 8 1 9 9 4

T-#*+ 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199

INFERENCE5 46K of the respondents preferred :rank 4; for washing facility of welfare measures" 4&K of the respondents preferred :rank 6; for store rooms and rest rooms facility of welfare measures" 47K of the respondents preferred :rank 1; for first aid facility of welfare measures" 40K of the respondents preferred :rank measures" 40K of the respondents preferred :rank &; for transportation facility of welfare measures" ; for canteen facility of welfare

&A

70K of the respondents preferred :rank ; for sitting facility of welfare measures"

FI0URE NO. 4.1.1<

1ransportation

70K

R*nE)n' -6 W&+6*$& (&*"!$&"

'itting facility

40K

2anteen

40K

>irst /id 47K 4&K 'toreB .est rooms

(ashing >acility

46K

10

&0 : -6 R&"/-n &n#"

40

70

60

&8

TABLE 4.1.1= RANCIN0 OF HEALTH MEASURES


H&*+#7 M&*"!$&"D R*nE" 2leanliness K Rentilation B 1emperature K /rtificial %umidification K $ighting K 3rinking (ater K 1oilet >acility K

R*nE 1 R*nE 2 R*nE 3 R*nE 4 R*nE ; R*nE < 1 1 48 11 47 && 1& 10A 4& 17 6 4 1A & 1& 8 & 1 8 48 0 47 18 9 4 &6 14 9 11 &1 1 46 18 A 11 76 4 10 &4 14 1 7 1 8 1 8 1 7 70 18 A 7 1 A 11 A 11 &1 1& 1A A 9 4 1A 6 101 41 11 4 109 44 6 10

T-#*+ 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199

FI0URE NO. 4.1.1=


60 48K 41K 4&K 44K 70 : -6 R&"/-n &n#" 40 &0 0 10 0 2leanliness Rentilation B 1emperature /rtificial %umidification $ighting 3rinking water 1oilet >acility 47K 70K

R*nE)n' -6 H&*+#7 (&*"!$&"

&9

INFERENCE5 48K of the respondents preferred :rank 1; for cleanliness facility of health measures" 47K of the respondents preferred :rank 1; for ventilation and temperature facility of health measures 41K of the respondents preferred :rank 6; for artificial humidification facility of health measures" 4&K of the respondents preferred :rank 1; for lighting facility of health measures" 44K of the respondents preferred :rank 6; for drinking water facility of health measures" 70K of the respondents preferred :rank 4; for toilet facility of health measures"

40

TABLE 4.1.1>

RANCIN0 OF SAFETY MEASURES


S*6&#% (&*"!$&"D R*nE" 9rotection >actors K 0aintenance >actors K 9recaution >actors K (orking condition >actors K R*nE 1 R*nE 2 R*nE 3 R*nE 4 11 47 71 0 &4 14 1 4 70 7 10 67 6 41 16 67 6 1 118 4A 4 1A 49 19 9 64 0 107 4 7A & 19 A T-#*+ 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199 2;9 199

FI0URE NO. 4.1. 1>

(orking condition factors R*nE)n' -6 "*6&#% (&*"!$&" 9recaution factors 0aintainence factors 9rotection factors 0 10 0 &0 40

70K 4AK 4K

47K 70 60

: -6 R&"/-n &n#"

41

INFERENCE5 47K of respondents preferred :rank 1; for protection factor of safety measures 4 K of the respondents preferred :rank 4; for maintenance factor of safety measures 4AK of the respondents preferred :rank &; for precaution factor of safety measures" 70K of the respondents preferred :rank 1; for working condition factor of safety measures"

4.2 STATISTICAL ANALYSIS


1he role of statistics is to function as a tool in designing research! analy)ing its data and drawing conclusions there from the important statistical tools used in this analysis are chi=s*uare test! weighted average test! H"' test and Hendall5s concordance test" 4.2.1 CHI F S8UARE TEST 1he 2hi L s*uare test is important test amongst the several tests of significance developed by statisticians" 2hi L s*uare! symbolically written as S theoretical variance" U"&" -6 CHI F S8UARE 2hi L s*uare is a very versatile test used both as a non=parametric and a parametric measure" /s a non=parametric measure it is used asC /s a test goodness of fit" /s a test of independence" 1o establish confidence intervals for the variance of a population" is a statistical measure used in the conte,t of the sampling analysis for comparing a variance to a

S#&/" )n.-+.& )n *//+%)n' C7) F SG!*$& #&"# 1" 2alculated the e,pected fre*uencies on the basis of the given hypothesis or on the basis of null hypothesis" EB/&,#& 6$&G!&n,% -6 *n% ,&++ +=

( .ow total for the row that cell ) ( 2olumn total for the column that cell ) ( Grand 1otal )

"

-btain the difference between observed and e,pected fre*uencies and find out the s*uare of such differences" 2alculate ( -iF + iF ) "

&"

3ivide the *uality

(-

iF

+ iF )

obtained as stated above by the corresponding

e,pected fre*uencies or the group fre*uencies"

4&

4"

>ind the summation of

(-

iF

+ iF ) + iF

values or what we call

( -

iF

+iF )

+ iF

1his is the re*uired S values"

1he S value obtained as such should be compared with relevant table of S and the #nterface is drawn" P$&,*!#)-n" *1-!# C7) F SG!*$& #&"# 1o avoid making incorrect interface from chi L s*uare hypothesis test! the general rule applied is that an e,pected fre*uency of less than 7 in one cell of a contingency table it is too small to use" 'o it is combined in order to get an e,pected fre*uency of 7 or more" 4.2.2 WEI0HED AVERA0E (here the relative importance of the different items is not the same! weighted arithmetic mean is computed" 1he term weight stands for the relative importance of the difference items" 1he formula for the calculation isC P( = (here AW J 1he weighted arithmetic mean" A J 1he variable values" W H 1he weights" 4.2.3 COLMO0ROV-SMIRNOV TEST 1his test is used for comparing the distribution of an ordinal scale" 1he test is concerned with degree of agreement between the distribution and some specified theoretical distribution" #t determines whether the score in the sample can be reasonably thought to have to come from a population having to come from a population having theoretical distribution" F-$(!+* 3 0a,imum J T >o :,;=>e:,;U

(P (

44

(here! > :o;J -bserved cumulative fre*uency >:,; J +,pected cumulative fre*uency >or a sample :n; at 7K level significance! the critical value of 3 can be given by = 1"&6 n

3ecision arrived from the test is based on calculated value" 2omparing with the critical value :table value;! if the calculated value is higher we accept the alternative hypothesis" 'imilarly if the calculated value is less than the critical value we accept null hypothesis 4.2.4 CENDALL'S CONCORDANCE TEST C&n *++'" ,-&66),)&n# -6 ,-n,-$ *n,& Hendall5s coefficient of concordance! represented by the symbol w! is an important non=parametric measure of relationship" #t is used for determining the degree of or individuals" (hen there are only two sets of ranking of 4 obFects! we generally work out spearman5s coefficient of correbtoon! but Hendal5s coefficient 9f concordance:(; is considered an appropriate measure of studying the degree of associates among three more sets of rankings" 1he basics of Hendall5s coefficient of concordance is to imagine how the given data would look of there were no agreement among the several sets of ranking ! abd then to imagine have at would look! of there were perfect agreement e,ists between Fudges! :w; e*ual5s to 1" (hen ma,imum disagreement e,ists !:w; e*uals to 0" #t may be noted that two Fudges complete in an inde, of divergence of the actual agreement shown on the data from the perfect agreement the procedure for computing and interpreting Hendall5s coefficient of concordance :w; is as followsC 1" /ll the obFects! 4 should be ranked by all H Fudges on the usual fashion" this information may be put in the form of a H by 4 matri," " &" >or each obFect determine the sum of ranks :.F; assigned by all the H Fudges" 3etermine .F and then obtain the value of ' as under '= :.F=.F; work out the value of ( by working following formula"

47

(=

1 H 1

(4

'
&

4 H ( 4 1)

1he significant of ( can be tested by using Hendall5s 2oefficient of concordance table on P depending upon the si)e of 4 and H" 4ull hypothesesC (J0! /lternative hypothesisC ( J0" Hendall5s 2oefficient of concordance applied to find out whether the ranking is done for the brand awareness satisfactory or not"

46

CHI-S8UARE TEST NO5 1


A)( H9 C C 1o test the relationship between educational *ualifications and awareness about welfare! health B safety measures among the employees" 1here is no significance relationship between educational *ualifications and awareness about welfare! health B safety measures among the employees" H1 C 1here is significance relationship between educational *ualifications and awareness about welfare! health B safety measures among the employees"

E !,*#)-n*+ 8!*+)6),*#)-n D A3*$&n&"" *1-!# W,H4S 10th 1 th 3iploma EG 9G T-#*+

L*$'& &B#&n# 9 14 18 4 8 =3

S-(& &B#&n# 16 &0 &9 1 11@

N-# *3*$& A 11 17 19 6 ;>

T-#*+ 32 4= <3 >3 2< 2;9

CALCULATION OF CHI-S8UARE O1"&$.& F$&G!&n,% 9 14 18 4 8 =3 &0 &9 1 11@ 16 A 11 17 19 6 ;> 32 4= <3 >2 2< 2;9

EB/&,#& F$&G!&n,% 10 1& 17 & 4A A 11 32 4=

19 & 8 =3 9 9 16 A 14 11 18 &0 17 4 &9 19 8 1 6 E 10 17 A 1& & 11 19 9 17 & &9 0 8 1& 7

9 &9 1& 11@ I9 - EJ =1 1 0 1 =1 0 =1 1 0 1 0 =1 0 =1 1

17 0 7 ;>

<3 >2 2< 2;9 I9 - EJ2 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 I9 - EJ2D E 0"100 0"06A 0 0"0AA 0"04& 0 0"07& 0"0&4 0 0"04& 0 0"070 0 0"0AA 0" 00 9.=44

2alculated value J 0"A44 3egree of freedom J :r L 1; :c L 1; J :7 L 1; :& L 1; J 8" 1able value V 7K level of 'ignificance level and degree of freedom at 8 is 17"70A RESULT 2alculated value :0"A44; is less than that of table value :17"70A;! null hypothesis :%o;is accepted" CONCLUSION

48

1his implies that there is no significance relationship between educational *ualification and awareness about welfare! health and safety measures among the employees"

49

CHI-S8UARE TEST NO5 2


A)( H9 H1 C C C 1o test the relationship between e,perience and awareness about welfare! health and safety measures among the employees 1here is no significance relationship between e,perience and awareness about welfare! health B safety measures among the employees" 1here is significance relationship between e,perience and awareness about welfare! health B safety measures among the employees"

EB/&$)&n,& D A3*$&n&"" *1-!# W,H4S $ess than 1 yrs 1 L 7 ?rs 7 L 10 ?rs /bove 10 yrs T-#*+

L*$'& &B#&n# 16 8 0 9 =3

S-(& &B#&n# 7 46 & 16 11@

N-# *3*$& 1 16 8 ;>

T-#*+ ;3 @< <> 33 2;9

CALCULATION OF CHI-S8UARE O1"&$.& F$&G!&n,% 16 8 0 9 =3 EB/&,#& F$&G!&n,% 17 &0 1 A =3 7 47 && 16 11@ 1& 1 16 8 ;> ;3 @< <> 33 2;9 & 16 11@ 7 46 16 8 ;> 1 ;3 @< <> 33 2;9

9 16

E 17

I9 - EJ 1

I9 - EJ2 1

I9 - EJ2D E 0"06A

70

7 1 8 46 0 & 16 9 16 8

7 1& &0 47 1 1 && 16 A 16 8

0 =1 = 1 1 =1 =1 0 0 0

0 1 4 1 1 1 1 0 4 0 0

0 0"0AA 0"1&& 0"0 0"048 0"048 0"0&0 0 0"7A1 0 0 9.@@<

2alculated , value J 0"996 3egree of freedom J :r L 1; :c L 1; J :4 L 1; :& L 1; J 6" 1able value V 7K level of 'ignificance level and degree of freedom at 6 is 1 "79

RESULT 2alculated value :0"996; is less than that of table value :1 "79 ;! null hypothesis :%o; is accepted"

CONCLUSION 1his implies that there is no significance relationship between +,perience and awareness about welfare! health and safety measures among the employees"

CHI-S8UARE TEST NO5 3


A)( H9 H1 C C C 1o test the relationship between e,perience and medical insurance opinion among the employees" 1here is no significance relationship between e,perience and medical insurance opinion among the employees" 1here is significance relationship between e,perience and medical

71

insurance opinion among the employees"

EB/&$)&n,&D M& ),*+ In"!$*n,& O/)n)-n $ess than 1 yrs 1 L 7 ?rs 7 L 10 ?rs /bove 10 yrs T-#*+

Y&" 4& A8 77 A 293

N10 18 1& 6 4=

T-#*+ ;3 @< <> 33 2;9

CALCULATION OF CHI-S8UARE O1"&$.& F$&G!&n,%

4& A8 77 A 293

10 18 1& 6 4=

;3 @< <> 33 2;9

EB/&,#& F$&G!&n,%

4 80 77 6 293

11 16 1& A 4=

;3 @< <> 33 2;9

9 4&

E 4

I9 - EJ 1

I9 - EJ2 1

I9 - EJ2D E 0"0 4

10 A8 18 77 1& A 6

11 80 16 77 1& 6 A

=1 = 0 0 1 =1

1 4 4 0 0 1 1

0"091 0"070 0" 70 0 0 0"0&8 0"14& 0"796

2alculated , value J 0"796 3egree of freedom J :r L 1; :c L 1; J :4 L 1; : L 1; J&" 1able value V 7K of significant level and degree of freedom at & is" A"817"

RESULT 2alculated value :0"796; is less than the table value :A"817;! so %o is accepted" CONCLUSION 1his implies that there is no significance relationship between e,perience and medical insurance opinion among the employees"

7&

CHI S8UARE TEST NO5 4


A)( H9 H1 C C C 1o test the relationship between e,perience and training factor opinion among the employees" 1here is no significance relationship between e,perience and training factor opinion among the employees" 1here is significance relationship between e,perience and training factor opinion among the employees"

EB/&$)&n,&DT$*)n)n' -/)n)-n $ess than 1 year 1=7 yrs 7=10 yrs /bove 10 yrs T-#*+ 46 81 7A 8

T$*)n&

N-# #$*)n& A 17 11 7 3> ;3 @< <> 33

T-#*+

212

2;9

CALCULATION OF CHI- S8UARE O1"&$.& F$&G!&n,% 46 81 7A 8 212 EB/&,#& F$&G!&n,% 47 A9 79 9 212 9 46 A 81 E 47 8 A9 8 1A 9 4 3> I9 - EJ 1 =1 ;3 @< <> 33 2;9 I9 - EJ2 1 1 4 I9 - EJ2D E 0"0 0"1 7 0"071 A 17 11 7 3> ;3 @< <> 33 2;9

74

17 7A 11 8 7

1A 79 9 9 4

= = =1 1

4 4 4 1 1

0" &7 0"068 0"444 0"0&4 0" 70 1" 9

2alculated , value J1"

9"

3egree of freedom J :r L 1; :c L 1; J :4 L 1; : L 1; J &" 1able value V 7K of significant level and degree of freedom at & is" A"817"

RESULT 2alculated value :1" CONCLUSION 1his implies that there is no significance relationship between e,perience and 1raining factor opinion among the employees" 9; is less than the table value :A"817;! so %o is accepted"

77

CENDALL'S CONCORDANCE COEFFICIENT TEST NO5 1


A)( H9 H1 C C C 1o test whether the ranks are dependant or independent to maintain the health of the employees 1he ranks are independent to maintain the health of the employees" 1he ranks are independent to maintain the health of the employees"

H&*+#7 (&*"!$&"D R*nE" 2leanliness Rentilation B 1emperature /rtificial humidification $ighting 3rinking water 1otal >acility

R*nE 1 1 1 & 4 46 18 9

R*nE 2 R*nE 3 & 4 18 1 1 9 46 46 1 1 9 18 & 4

R*nE 4 4 9 46 & 1 1 18

R*nE ; 18 46 & 9 4 1 1

R*nE < 9 18 1 1 4 46 &

1 1 & 1 6 R) T-#*+ R) R2 IR) - R2J IR) - R2 J2 14 14 0"7 =6"7 4 " 7

& 6 7 6 23 & 0"7 "7 6" 7

4 & 4 & 1> 18 0"7 = "7 6" 7

4 & 6 7 7 1 24 4 0"7 &"7 1 " 7

7 4 4 & 7 23 & 0"7 "7 6" 7

6 7 1 6 1 4 23 & 0"7 "7 6" 7

R2 21 21 21 21 21 21 123 =@.;

2alculated value :'; J A9"7

(=

1 H 1

(4

'

&

76

(=

A9"7 1 6 6& 6 1 A9"7

)
= A9"7 1 &6 ( 10 ) 1

(=

1 &6 ( 16 6 ) 1 = A9"7 1 A760 1 A9"7 = = 0"1 6 6&0

1able value ' V 7K level for H J 6 and 4 J 6 is

1"4

2alculated value W 1able Ralue! 1herefore ( is insignificant"

RESULT 2alculated value :0"1 6; is less than that of table value : 1"4;! :%o;is accepted"

CONCLUSION %ence we conclude that the ranks are independent to maintain the health of the employees"

7A

CENDALL'S CONCORDANCE COEFFICIENT TEST NO5 2


A)( H9 H1 C C C 1o test whether the ranks are dependant or independent to maintain the welfare of the employees" 1he ranks are independent to maintain the welfare of the employees" 1he ranks are dependant to maintain the welfare of the employees"

W&+6*$& (&*"!$&"D R*nE" (ashing >acility 'tore B rest rooms >irst aid 2anteens 1ransportation 'itting facility

R*nE 1 6 48 11 77 A 4 4 1 4 6 & & 1 6 1 29 0 1 =1 1

R*nE 2 R*nE 3 9 &6 &4 99 1 1 7 7 4 7 6 1 & 24 4 1 4 16 19 A 1A 11 101 &1 1 7 4 & 7 29 0 1 =1 1

R*nE 4 117 1 A 41 76 1A

R*nE ; 46 11 7 7 && 6 & 1 6 4 7 6 2; 7 1 4 16

R*nE < &7 10A 8 19 1 9 R2 21 21 21 21 21 21 12< =1

6 7 & 4 22 1 1 1

R) T-#*+ R) R2 IR) - R2J IR) - R2 J2

1; 17 1 =6 &6

2alculated value:'; J A1

(=

1 H 1

(4
A1

'

&

(=

1 6 6& 6 1

)
78

(=

A1 1 &6 ( 16 6 ) 1 = A1 1 A760 1 A1 = 0"11& 6&0

A1 1 &6 ( 10 ) 1

1able value ' V 7K level for H J 6 and 4 J 6 is

1"4

2alculated valueW 1able Ralue! 1herefore ( is insignificant"

RESULT5 2alculated value :0"11&; is less than that of table value : 1"4;! :%o; is accepted"

CONCLUSION5 %ence we conclude that the ranks are independent to maintain the welfare of the employees"

79

CENDALL'S CONCORDANCE COEFFICIENT TEST NO5 3


A)( H9 H1 C C C 1o test whether the ranks are dependant or independent to maintain the safety of the employees" 1he ranks are independent to maintain the safety of the employees 1he ranks are dependant to maintain the safety of the employees"

S*6&#% (&*"!$&"D R*nE" 9rotection factors 0aintenance factors 9recaution factors (orking condition factors

R*nE 1 11 71 &4 1 4

R*nE 2 R*nE 3 7 49 67 9 41 118 67 4

R*nE 4 64 107 7A 19 R2 19

1 & 4 R) T-#*+ R) R2 IR) - R2J IR) - R2 J2 1 @ 9 10 =1 =

4 & 11 11 10 1 1

& 4 1 & 11 11 10 1 1 4 @ 9 10 1 1 1

19 19 19

49

2alculated value :'; J 4 (= 1 H 1

(4
4

'

&

(=

1 4 4& 4 1 4

)
= 4 1 16 ( 60 ) 1

(=

1 16 ( 64 4 ) 1

60

4 1 960 1 4 = 0"070 80

1able value ' V 7K level for H J 4 and 4 J 4 is 49"7 2alculated valueW 1able Ralue! 1herefore ( is insignificant"

RESULT 2alculated value :0"070; is less than that of table value :49"7;! so %o is accepted"

CONCLUSION %ence we conclude that the ranks are independent to maintain the safety of the employees"

61

COLMO0ROV SMIRNOV DMAA TEST NO5 1


A)( H9 H1 C C C 1o test the difference between age and satisfaction level of medical insurance factors among the employees" 1here is no significance difference between age and satisfaction level of medical insurance factors among the employees" 1here is significance difference between age and satisfaction level of medical insurance factors among the employees" A'&D S*#)"6*,#)-n +&.&+ -6 M& ),*+ )n"!$*n,& Gelow 7 yrs 7 L &7 yrs &7 L 47 yrs /bove 47 yrs T-#*+

H)'7+% S*#)"6)& 1 17 9 6 42

S*#)"6)& &4 4A 7 19 12;

N&)#7&$ S*#)"6)& N-$ D)""*#)"6)& 10 14 8 7 3=

H)'7+% D)""*#)"6)& 7 6 & & 1=

D)""*#)"6)& 8 11 6 4 2@

T-#*+ <@ @3 ;1 3= 2;9

C*+,!+*#)-n -6 3&)'7#& A.&$*'& A'&D S*#)"6*,#)-n H)'7+% +&.&+ -6 S*#)"6)& M& ),*+ )n"!$*n,& W 7 Gelow 1 7 yrs 7 L &7 17 yrs &7 L 47 9 yrs /bove 6 47 yrs N&)#7&$ S*#)"6)& N-$ D)""*#)"6)& & 10 14 8 7 H)'7+% D)""*#)"6)& W&)'7# A.'. V*+!& 3.;; 3.;3 3.;< 3.;4

S*#)"6)& 4 &4 4A 7 19

D)""*#)"6)& 1 8 11 6 4

7 6 & &

W&)'7#& A.&$*'& *n R*nE

W&)'7#& A.&$*'& &"77 &"7& &"76 &"74 F &"76 &"77 &"74 &"7& 14.1> CF F9IBJ &"76 0" 7107 A"11 0"70141 10"67 0"A7107 14"18 1 E &"77 &"77 &"77 &"77 14.29 CE &"77 A"10 10"67 14"

R*nE II IV I III F& IBJ 0" 7 0"70 0"A7 1 F9IB-F&IBJ 0"00107 0"00141 0"00107 0

D (*B

2alculated value J 0"00141 1able value V 7K level of 'ignificance = 1"&6 1"&6 = n 70

J 0"086 RESULT 2alculated value :0"00141; is less than the table value :0"086;! so %o is accepted"

CONCLUSION 1his implies that there is no significance difference between age and satisfaction level medical insurance factors among the employees"

6&

COLMO0ROV SMIRNOV DMAA TEST NO5 2


A)( H9 H1 C C C 1o test the difference between age and satisfaction level of safety training among the employees" 1here is no significance difference between age and satisfaction level of safety training among the employees" 1here is significance difference between age and satisfaction level of safety training among the employees" A'&D S.L -6 S*6&#% T$*)n)n' Gelow 7 yrs 7 L &7 yrs &7 L 47 yrs /bove 47 yrs T-#*+ N&)#7&$ S*#)"6)& N-$ D)""*#)"6)& A 9 & 16 112 7 & 24

H)'7+% S*#)"6)& 1A & 1& 10 <3

S*#)"6)& &1 4

H)'7+% D)""*#)"6)& 9 1& A 7 34

D)""*#)"6)& 7 6 & & 1=

T-#*+ <@ @3 ;1 3= 2;9

C*+,!+*#)-n -6 W&)'7#& A.&$*'& A'&D S.L -6 S*6&#% H)'7+% T$*)n)n' S*#)"6)& W Gelow 7 yrs 7 L &7 yrs &7 L 47 yrs /bove 47 yrs 7 1A & 1& 10 S*#)"6)& 4 &1 4 & 16 N&)#7&$ S*#)"6)& N-$ D)""*#)"6)& & A 9 7 & H)'7+% D)""*#)"6)& 9 1& A 7 D)""*#)"6)& 1 7 6 & & W&)'7# A.' .*+!& 3.<= 3.<> 3.=1 3.<>

W&)'7#& A.&$*'& *n R*nE

64

W&)'7#& A.&$*'& &"6A &"68 &"A1 &"68

R*nE IV III I II

F &"A1 &"68 &"68 &"6A 14.=;

CF &"A1 A"&9 11"0A 14"A7

F9IBJ 0" 7 0"701 0"A71 1

E &"69 &"69 &"69 &"69 14.=<

CE &"69 A"&8 11"0A 14"A6

F& IBJ F9IB-F&IBJ 0" 7 0"00 0"70 0"001 0"A7 0"001 1 0

D (*B

2alculated value J 0"00 1able value V 7K level of 'ignificance = 1"&6 1"&6 = n 70

J 0"086 RESULT 2alculated value :0"00 ; is less than the table value :0"086;! so %o is accepted"

CONCLUSION 1his implies that there is no significance difference between age and satisfaction level o f safety training among the employees"

67

COLMO0ROV SMIRNOV DMAA TEST NO5 3


A)( H9 H1 C C C 1o test the difference between educational *ualification and safety education opinion among the employees" 1here is no significance difference between educational *ualification and safety education opinion among the employees" 1here is significance difference between educational *ualification and safety education opinion among the employees" E !,*#)-n*+ 8!*+)6),*#)-n D S*6&#% E !,*#)-n*+ O/)n)-n 10th 'td 1 th 'td 3iploma EG 9G T-#*+ S*6&# % F)+(" & 4 A 9 & 2< 32 4= <3 >2 2< 2;9 T-#*+

H)'7+)'7#)n' S*6&#% S*6&#% P-"#&$" !n"*6& D&(-n"#$*#)-n L&,#!$&" /$*,#),& 4 7 6 1@ 9 1 16 1 A <; 1& 19 7 & 10 @@ 7 8 10 14 4 41

C*+,!+*#)-n -6 W&)'7#& A.&$*'& E !,*#)-n*+ 8!*+)6),*#)-n H)'7+)'7#)n' S*6&#% S*6&#% D S*6&#% P-"#&$" !n"*6& D&(-n"#$*#)-n L&,#!$&" E !,*#)-n*+ /$*,#),& O/)n)-n W ; 4 3 2 th 10 'td 9 1& 7 1 th 'td 4 1 19 8 3iploma 7 16 7 10 EG 6 1 & 14 9G A 10 4 S*6&# % F)+(" 1 & 4 A 9 & W&)'7#& A.' V*+!& 3.9< 3.9@ 3.93 3.91 3.94

W&)'7#& A.&$*'& *n R*nE W&)'7#& A.&$*'& &"06 &"09 &"0& R*nE I II IV

66

&"01 &"04

V III

F &"09 &"06 &"04 &"0& &"01 1;.23

CF &"09 6"17 9"19 1 "1 17" &

F9IBJ 0" 0& 0"404 0"60& 0"A96 1

E &"07 &"07 &"07 &"07 &"07 1;.2;

CE &"07 6"10 9"17 1 " 0 17" 7

F& IBJ 0" 0"4 0"6 0"8 1

F9IB-F&IBJ 0"00& 0"004 D(*B 0"00& =0"004 0

2alculated valued :3ma,; J 0"004 1able value V 7K level of 'ignificance = 1"&6 1"&6 = n 70

J 0"086 RESULT 2alculated value :0"004; is less than the table value :0"086;! so %o is accepted"

CONCLUSION 1his implies that there is no significance difference between educational *ualification and safety education opinion among the employees"

6A

COLMO0ROV SMIRNOV DMAA TEST NO5 4


A)( H9 H1 C C C 1o test the difference between welfare measures and satisfaction level of welfare measures among the employees" 1here is no significance difference between welfare measures and satisfaction level of welfare measures among the employees" 1here is significance difference between welfare measures and satisfaction level of welfare measures among the employees"

W&+6*$& (&*"!$&"D"*#)"6*,#)-n H)'7+% +&.&+ -6 W.M S*#)"6)& (ashing >acility 'tore B .est .ooms >irst aid 2anteens 'itting facility 1ransportation 6 7 64 6A 88 1A

S*#)"6)& A4 10A 80 &9 8

N&)#7&$ S*#)"6)& N-$ D)""*#)"6)& 71 9 4A &A 11

H)'7+% D)""*#)"6)& &9 41 & 9 6 74

D)""*#)"6)& 4 1 A 9& 41 &9

T-#*+ 2;9 2;9 2;9 2;9 2;9 2;9

C*+,!+*#)-n -6 W&)'7#& A.&$*'& W&+6*$& (&*"!$&"D"*#)"6*,#)-n H)'7+% +&.&+ -6 W.M S*#)"6)& W (ashing >acility 'tore B .est .ooms >irst aid 2anteens 1ransportation 'itting facility 7 6 7 64 6A 88 1A S*#)"6)& 4 A4 10A 80 &9 8 N&)#7&$ S*#)"6)& N-$ D)""*#)"6)& & 71 9 4A &A 11 W&)'7# H)'7+% D)""*#)"6)& &9 41 & 9 6 74 D)""*#)"6)& 1 4 1 A 9& 41 &9 A.' .*+!& 3.44 3.;1 3.4> 2.>3 3.22 2.=2

W&)'7#& A.&$*'& *n R*nE W&)'7#& A.&$*'& &"44 &"71 &"48 "8& R*nE III I II V

68

&" "A F &"71 &"48 &"44 &" "8& "A 1@.29 CF &71 6"99 10"4& 1&"67 16"48 19" 0 F9IBJ 0"18& 0"&64 0"74& 0"A11 0"878 1 E &" &" &" &" &" &" 1@.29 CE &" 6"4 9"6 1 "8 16 19"

IV VI F& IBJ 0"16A 0"&&& 0"7 0"66A 0"8&& 1 F9IB-F&IBJ 0"016 0"0&1 0"04& 0"044 D(*B 0"0 7

2alculated value :3ma,; J 0"004 1able value V 7K level of 'ignificance = 1"&6 1"&6 = n 70

J 0"086 RESULT 2alculated value :0"004; is less than the table value :0"086;! so %o is accepted"

CONCLUSION 1his implies that there is no significance difference between (elfare measures and 'atisfaction level of welfare measures among the employees"

69

COLMO0ROV SMIRNOV DMAA TEST NO5 ;


A)( H9 H1 C C C 1o test the difference between health measures and satisfaction level of health measures among the employees" 1here is no significance difference between health measures and satisfaction level of health measures among the employees" 1here is significance difference between health measures and satisfaction level of health measures among the employees" H&*+#7 (&*"!$&"D"*#)"6*,#)-n H)'7+% +&.&+ -6 H.M S*#)"6)& 2leanliness Rentilation B 1emperature /rtificial humidification $ighting 3rinking water 1otal >acility 4A 10& 44 7& 19 41 N&)#7&$ S*#)"6)& N-$ D)""*#)"6)& 1A &A 1 1 47 6 77

S*#)"6)& 11A 7& &A 109 &A 1A

H)'7+% D)""*#)"6)& 9 4 19 1 11 &

D)""*#)"6)& 40 17 9 &1 76 107

T-#*+ 2;9 2;9 2;9 2;9 2;9 2;9

C*+,!+*#)-n -6 W&)'7#& A.&$*'& H&*+#7 (&*"!$&"D"*#)"6*,#)-n H)'7+% +&.&+ -6 H.M S*#)"6)& W 2leanliness Rentilation B 1emperature /rtificial humidification $ighting 3rinking water 1otal >acility 7 4A 10& 44 7& 19 41 S*#)"6)& 4 11A 7& &A 109 &A 1A N&)#7&$ S*#)"6)& N-$ D)""*#)"6)& & 1A &A 1 1 47 6 77 H)'7+% D)""*#)"6)& 9 4 19 1 11 & W&)'7# D)""*#)"6 )& A.' .*+!& 1 40 17 9 &1 76 107 3.41 3.=; 3.1@ 3.;< 2.49 2.43

W&)'7#& A.&$*'& *n R*nE W&)'7#& A.&$*'& &"41 &"A7 A0 R*nE III I

&"19 &"76 "40 "4&

IV II VI V

F &"A7 &"76 &"41 &"19 "4& "40 1>.=4

CF &"A7 A"&1 10"A 1&"91 16"&4 18"A4

F9IBJ 0" 00 0"&90 0"7A 0"A4 0"8A 1

E &"1 &"1 &"1 &"1 &"1 &"1 1>.=2

CE &"1 6" 4 9"&6 1 "48 17"6 18"A

F& IBJ 0"16A 0"&&& 0"7 0"66A 0"8&& 1

F9IB-F&IBJ 0"0&& 0"07A 0"0A 0"0A7 0"0&9 0

D(*B

2alculated valued :3ma,; J 0"0A7 1able value V 7K level of 'ignificance = 1"&6 1"&6 = n 70

J 0"086 RESULT 2alculated value :0"0A7; is less than the table value :0"086;! so %o is accepted"

CONCLUSION 1his implies that there is no significance difference between health measures and satisfaction level of health measures among the employees"

A1

COLMO0ROV SMIRNOV DMAA TEST NO5 <


A)( H9 H1 C C C 1o test the difference between safety education and opinion of safety measures among the employees" 1here is no significance difference safety education and opinion of safety measures among the employees" 1here is significance difference safety education and opinion of safety measures among the employees" S*6&#% & !,*#)-n D-/)n)-n -6 "*6&#% EB,&++&n# (&*"!$&" 9osters A %ighlighting unsafe 1& practice 'afety demonstration & 'afety lectures 4 'afety films T-#*+ 2@ C*+,!+*#)-n -6 W&)'7#& A.&$*'& S*6&#% & !,*#)-n D -/)n)-n -6 "*6&#% (&*"!$&" W 9osters %ighlighting unsafe practice 'afety demonstration 'afety lectures 'afety films V&$% P--$ 7 8

0-A 48 10 17 A 19=

A.&$*'& 14 6 7 8 4 ;=

P--$ 10 1A 4 7 & 3@

T-#*+ <3 112 24 34 1= 2;9

1 1>

EB,&++&n# 7 A 1& & 4

0-4 A 48 10 17 A

A.&$*'& & 14 6 7 8 4

P--$ 10 1A 4 7 &

V&$% P--$ 1 7 8

W&)'7# A.' .*+!& 3.33 3.3= 3.33

3.41 3.3;

W&)'7#& A.&$*'& *n R*nE W&)'7#& A.&$*'& &"&& &"&A A R*nE IV II

&"&& &"41 &"&7

V I III

F &"41 &"&A &"&7 &"&& &"&& 1<.=@

CF &"41 6"A8 10"1& 1&"46 16"A9

F9IBJ 0" 0& 0"404 0"60& 0"80 1

E &"&6 &"&6 &"&6 &"&6 &"&6 1<.>9

CE &"&6 6"A 10"08 1&"44 16"80

F& IBJ 0" 0"4 0"6 0"8 1

F9IB-F&IBJ 0"00& 0"004 D(*B 0"00& 0"00 0

2alculated valued :3ma,; J 0"004 1able value V 7K level of 'ignificance = 1"&6 1"&6 = n 70

J 0"086 RESULT 2alculated value :0"004; is less than the table value :0"086;! so %o is accepted"

CONCLUSION 1his implies that there is no significance difference between safety education and opinion of safety measures among the employees"

A&

4.3 SUMMARY OF FINDIN0S


4.3.1 0ENERAL FINDIN0S &AK of the employees having their age below 7 yrs" &&K of the employees are under graduates" &8K of the employees having the e,perience of 1=7 yrs" 48K of the employees are having some e,tent among the awareness of welfare! health and safety measures" /ll the employees having availability of washing facility" /ll the employees having availability of store rooms and rest room facility" /ll the employees having availability of store rooms and rest rooms facility" /ll the employees having availability of canteen facility" /ll the employees having availability of sitting facility" AAK of the employees having availability of transport facility" &0K of the employees are satisfied with satisfaction level of washing facility" 4&K of the employees are satisfied with satisfaction level of store room and rest room facility & K of the employees are satisfied with satisfaction levels of first aid facility" &AK of the employees are dissatisfied with satisfaction level of canteen facility" &7K of the employees are highly satisfied with satisfaction level of sitting facility" 47K of the employees are neither satisfied nor dissatisfied with satisfaction level of transportation facility" 81K of the employees are ac*uired the medical insurance facility" 70K of the employees are satisfied with satisfaction level of medical insurance schemes" /ll the employees having availability of cleanliness facility" A4

/ll the employees having availability of ventilation B temperature facility" A8K of the employees having availability of artificial humidification facility" /ll the employees having availability of lighting facility" /ll the employees having availability of drinking water facility" /ll the employees having availability of toilet facility" 4AK of the employees are satisfied with satisfaction level of cleanliness facility" 41K of the employees are highly satisfied with satisfaction level of ventilation B temperature facility"

48K of the employees are neither satisfied nor dissatisfied with satisfaction level of artificial humidification facility"

44K of the employees are satisfied with satisfaction level of lighting facility" 47K of the employees are highly dissatisfied with satisfaction level of drinking water facility"

4 K of the employees are dissatisfied with satisfaction level of toilet facility /ll the employees are aware of the dangerous nature of machines 87K of the employees are trained with safety training measures" 47K of the employees are satisfied with satisfaction level of safety training measures"

40K of the employees are prescribed safety demonstration with the method of safety education"

4&K of the employees are having good opinion among the opinion of safety measures"

46K of the employees preferred :rank4; for washing facility of welfare measures" 4&K of the employees preferred :rank 6; for store rooms and rest rooms facility of welfare measures"

47K of the employees preferred :rank 1; for first aid facility of welfare measures"

A7

40K of the employees preferred :rank ; for canteen facility of welfare measures" 40K of the employees preferred :rank &; for transportation facility of welfare measures"

70K of the employees preferred :rank ; for sitting facility of welfare measures" 48K of the employees preferred :rank 1; for cleanliness facility of health measures"

47K of the employees preferred :rank 1; for ventilation and temperature facility of health measures

41K of the employees preferred :rank 6; for artificial humidification facility of health measures"

4&K of the employees preferred :rank 1; for lighting facility of health measures" 44K of the employees preferred :rank 6; for drinking water facility of health measures"

70K of the employees preferred :rank 4; for toilet facility of health measures" 47K of employees preferred :rank 1; for protection factor of safety measures" 4 K of the employees preferred :rank 4; for maintenance factor of safety measures"

4AK of the employees preferred :rank &; for precaution factor of safety measures" 70K of the employees preferred :rank 1; for working condition factor of safety measures"

4.3.2

STATISTICAL FINDIN0S 1here is no significance relationship between educational *ualification and awareness about welfare! health and safety measures among the employees"

1here is no significance relationship between e,perience and awareness about welfare! health and safety measures among the employees"

1here is no significance relationship between e,perience and medical insurance opinion among the employees"

A6

1here is no significance relationship between e,perience and training factor opinion among the employees"

1he ranks are independent to maintain the health of the employees" 1he ranks are independent to maintain the welfare of the employees" 1he ranks are independent to maintain the safety of the employees" 1here is no significance difference between age and satisfaction level of medical insurance factor among the employees"

1here is no significance between age and satisfaction level of safety training option among the employees"

1here is no significance between educational *ualification and safety education opinion among the employees"

1here is no significance difference between welfare measures options and satisfaction level of welfare measures"

1here is no significance difference between health measure option and satisfaction level of health measures among the employees"

1here is no significance difference between safety education and opinion of safety measures among the employees"

4.4 SU00ESTION AND RECOMMENDATIONS


0any of the employees are not much aware of welfare! health and safety measures provided by the organisation! hence the suggestion made to the organi)ation to provide the awareness factor to the large e,tent for the employees" #n the organi)ation! the transportation facilities is given for the only senior employees! hence the suggestion made to the organi)ation to provide the transport facility to all the employees including the trainee of the employees" #n the organi)ation! the artificial humidification facility avail to some department! hence the suggestion made to the organi)ation to provide the artificial humidification to the entire department to maintain good health for the employees"

AA

1he satisfaction level of safety training are not up to the satisfaction level for the employees in the organi)ation! so the recommendation made to the organi)ation to provide effective safety training to the employees"

1he organi)ation is recommended to give the safety measures for the employees to prevent accident"

4.; CONCLUSION
-ne clear indication in this study is that maFority of the employees are aware of the welfare! health and safety measures" >rom the findings! medical insurance facility and transportation facility are provides to only senior employees in the organi)ation" >rom the findings! most of the employees are aware of dangerous nature of machines and e*uipments" in the organi)ation" -ne clear indication in this study is that most of the employees are properly trained by the employers in the organi)ation" 'ince! the organi)ation is in the good condition there will be some problem raised in the organi)ation due to the poor opinion about the safety measures and the satisfaction level of welfare! health and safety measures are mostly dissatisfied with the employees" 'o there should be properly maintenance of the above three measures for the employees in the organi)ation"

A8

8UESTIONNAIRE
1. P&$"-n*+ )n6-$(*#)-n5 a; 4ame b; /ge C C XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Gelow 7 yrs &7 L 47 yrs 7=&7 yrs /bove 47 yrs"

c; +3E2/1#-4/$ ME/$#>#2/1#-4C d; 3+'#G4/1#-4 e; +P9+.#+42+ 10th 'td 3iploma 9G 1


th

'td

EG

C XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX C $ess than 1 yr 7=10 yrs 1=7 yrs /bove 10 yrs"

"

1o what e,tent! you are aware of welfare! health and safety measures adopted by your organi)ationY $arge e,tent 4ot /ware 'ome e,tent

&"

2an you please specify the welfare measure available in your organi)ationY a; (ashing facility b; 'tore rooms B .est rooms c; >irst /id d; 2anteens e; 'itting facility f; 1ransportation C C C C C C /vail /vail /vail /vail /vail /vail 4ot /vail 4ot /vail 4ot /vail 4ot /vail 4ot /vail 4ot /vail

A9

4"

(hat is your level of satisfaction regarding the welfare measures offered by your organi)ation Y

W&+6*$& (&*"!$&"D S*#)"6*,#)-n +&.&+ (ashing facility 'tore rooms B .est rooms >irst /id 2anteens 'itting facility 1ransportation 7"

H)'7+% "*#)"6)&

S*#)"6)&

N&)#7&$ "*#)"6)& N-$ )""*#)"6)&

H)'7+% )""*#)"6)&

D)""*#)"6)&

(hether any medical insurances provided to the employees in your organi)ationY ?es 4o #f yes :'pecify; XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

6"

/re you satisfied with the medical insurances provided by the organi)ationY %ighly satisfied 'atisfied

4either satisfied 4or dissatisfied %ighly dissatisfied 3issatisfied

A"

2an you specify the health measures available in your organi)ationY a; 2leanliness b; Rentilation B 1emperature c; /rtificial humidification d; $ighting e; 3rinking water f; 1oilet facility C C C C C C /vail /vail /vail /vail /vail /vail 4ot /vail 4ot /vail 4ot /vail 4ot /vail 4ot /vail 4ot /vail

8"

(hat is your level of satisfaction regarding the health measures offered by your organi)ationY

80

H&*+#7 (&*"!$&"D S*#)"6*,#)-n +&.&+ 2leanliness Rentilation B 1emperature /rtificial humidification $ighting 3rinking water 1oilet facility 9" H)'7+% "*#)"6)& S*#)"6)&

N&)#7&$ "*#)"6)& N-$ )""*#)"6)&

H)'7+% )""*#)"6)&

D)""*#)"6)&

/re you aware of the dangerous nature of machines and e*uipment in your organi)ationY /ware 4ot /ware :if aware Goto M"4o"10;

10"

%ave you been properly trained by the employers regarding the safety measuresY 1rained 4ot 1rained

11"

(hat is your level of satisfaction about the training of safety measuresY %ighly satisfied 'atisfied

4either satisfied 4or dissatisfied %ighly dissatisfied 3issatisfied

1 "

#n your opinion! which method of safety education is suitable for employeesY 9oster 'afety demonstration 'afety films %ighlighting unsafe practice 'afety lectures

1&"

(hat is your opinion about the safety measures adopted by the organisationY +,cellent 9oor Good Rery poor /verage

81

14"

#n your opinion which of the welfare measures are important to increase the motivation and moral of employees in your organisationY :.ank accordingly; W&+6*$&

(&*"!$&"D R*nE (ashing facility 'tore rooms B .est rooms >irst /id 2anteens 1ransportation 'itting facility 17"

R*nE 1

R*nE 2

R*nE 3

R*nE 4

R*nE ;

R*nE <

#n your opinion which of the health measures are important to maintain the health of the employees in your organisationY :.ank accordingly;

H&*+#7 (&*"!$&"D R*nE 2leanliness Rentilation B 1emperature /rtificial humidification $ighting 3rinking water 1oilet facility 16"

R*nE 1

R*nE 2

R*nE 3

R*nE 4

R*nE ;

R*nE <

#n your opinion! which of the safety measures are applicable to maintain the safety of the employees in your organisationY :.ank accordingly;

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REFERENCES
Gupta"'"9 L
nd

edition L Z'tatistics for managementZ! 'ultan 2hand B

2ompany $td! 4ew 3elhi" Hathari"2"." L


nd

edition L Z.esearch methodology and 1echni*uesZ L

Rishwa 9rakasham! 4ew 3elhi" 9rasad" $"0 L 1st edition L Z%uman .esources 0anagement Z L 'ultan 2hand 9ublication! 4ew 3elhi" Hapoor" R"H" L
nd

edition L Z>undamentals of mathematical statisticsZ L

'ultan chand B 2ompany $td" www"cadsindia"com w"w"w"google"com

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