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TEST BANK

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Chapter 1 Introduction 1. Which of the following is the primary objective of a firm? A. employees' benefits B. satisfaction of customers . satisfaction of suppliers !. prompt payment to cre"itors $. ma%imi&e stoc'hol"er wealth (inancial ris' involves ))). A. fluctuation in e%change rates B. "ifferent interest an" inflation rates . balance of payments position !. A an" B $. A* B* an" ,hree sweeping changes inclu"e ))). A. the en" of ol" War B. in"ustriali&ation an" growth of the "eveloping worl" . the creation of the -orth American ,ra"e Agreement !. increase" globali&ation $. A* B* an" ! /anagers are generally "efine" as ))). A. stoc'hol"ers B. agents . cre"itors !. suppliers $. customers Which of the following is not one of seven principles of global finance? A. mar'et imperfection B. ris'1return tra"eoff . portfolio effect !. comparative a"vantage $. company a"vantage 3ncentives for multinational company managers inclu"e the following e%cept ))). A. stoc' options B. bonuses . per4uisites !. salary increases $. vacation 18+

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$nvironmental factors affecting international operations are as follows e%cept ))). A. foreign customs B. foreign economic factors . foreign political situations !. foreign legal aspect $. international "istance ,hree major ris's in international business are ))). A. political* financial an" weather B. economic* political an" people . political* financial an" regulatory !. accounting* management an" information $. mar'eting* ethics an" political onflicts of interest for multinational corporations "o not inclu"e ))). A. the interests of sovereign governments may be "ifferent B. the goals of multinationals are "ivergent from host countries . some conflicts may e%ist within multinational subsi"iaries !. multinational companies may conflict with local laws $. multinational managers live in "ifferent time &ones ,he conflict between owners* employees* suppliers* an" customers of a company is 'nown as ))). A. regulatory ris' B. problem of agency . conflict of multiple environments !. conflict of interests $. none of the above ,he main "ifferences between "omestic an" international companies from a financial manager's point of view are largely "ue to "ifferences in ))). A. ris's B. national laws . economic factors !. political factors $. all of the above A global company is an organi&ation that attempts to ))). A. have a worl"wi"e presence in its mar'et B. integrate its operations worl"wi"e . stan"ar"i&e operations in one or more of the company's functional areas !. A an" B $. A* B* an" 18.

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orporate governance is often narrowly "efine" as the pru"ent e%ercise of ownership rights towar" the goal of increase" ))). A. sharehol"er value B. profit . profit margin on sales !. asset turnover $. sales volume ,he most common form of sharehol"er activism inclu"es ))). A. a sharehol"er proposal for pro%y fight B. "irect negotiation with management . public targeting of a corporation ! A* B* an" $. A an" only ,he 8$ ! 9rinciples of orporate :overnance covers ))). A. the rights of sharehol"ers B. the e4uitable treatment of sharehol"ers . the responsibilities of the boar" !. "isclosure an" transparency $. all of the above ,he political* regulatory* technological* an" economic forces ra"ically changing the global competitive environment inclu"e ))). A. the collapse of communism B. the privati&ation of state1owne" enterprises aroun" the worl" . the revolution in information technologies !. a wave of mergers* leverage" buyouts* an" ta'eovers $. all of the above All of the following have playe" an important role in the globali&ation process of the worl" economy e%cept ))). A. a"vances in information technologies B. increase" tariffs . re"uctions in tra"e barriers !. re"uce" transportation an" communication costs $. re"uctions in technological barriers

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;e"uctions in transportation an" communication costs have ))). A. facilitate" international pro"uction activities B. enlarge" tra"ing areas . enable" companies to e%ploit international cost "ifferentials !. re"uce" technological barriers $. all of the above ;easons for management to focus on stoc'hol"er wealth ma%imi&ation inclu"e ))). A. stoc'hol"ers are the owners of the company B. stoc'hol"ers provi"e the ris' capital that protects the welfare of other constituents . a high stoc' price provi"es the best "efense against a hostile ta'eover !. enhance" sharehol"er value ma'es it easier for the company to attract a""itional e4uity capital $. all of the above Which of the following statements about financial planning an" control is not true? A. financial planning an" control must be consi"ere" simultaneously B. the preparation of bu"gets is a planning function* but their a"ministration is a controlling function . bu"gets are use" to compare actual performance with planne" performance !. the foreign e%change mar'et plays a 'ey role in /- financial planning an" control $. all of the above statements are true ,he role of the /- financial manager has e%pan"e" in recent years to inclu"e ))). A. corporate strategy B. financial planning an" control . subsi"iary performance !. multiple environments $. regulatory ris's

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Chapter 2 Motives for World Trade and Forei n Invest!ent 1. Accor"ing to the classical economic theory* international tra"e ta'es place between countries base" on the . A. absolute a"vantage of lan" B. absolute a"vantage of labor . absolute a"vantage of technology !. comparative a"vantage of s'ills $. comparative a"vantage of cost Accor"ing to the theory of factor en"owments* a country must speciali&e in the pro"uction an" e%port of any goo" that uses its large amount of pro"uction factors. A. scarce B. limite" . wasteful !. abun"ant $. small A pro"uct life cycle theory wor's only . A. in international tra"e B. in international investment . in both international tra"e an" foreign investment !. with an e%porter who has a monopolistic position $. with an importer who has a comparative a"vantage Which of the following is not a major form of tra"e restriction? A. forfaiting B. tariffs . non1tariff barriers !. import 4uotas $. countervailing "uties ,he main functions of the Worl" ,ra"e 8rgani&ation <W,8= "o not inclu"e A. a"ministrating its tra"e agreements B. forum for tra"e negotiations . technical assistance an" training for "eveloping countries !. monitoring national tra"e policies $. the establishment of tra"e centers aroun" the worl" .

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,he major forms of economic cooperation among countries "o not inclu"e A. a free tra"e area B. a consortium ban' . customs union !. economic union $. political union Which of the following is a vali" argument for protectionism? A. national security B. unfair competition . "omestic employment !. A an" B $. A* B* an"

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Which of the following is not a main objective of the free tra"e agreement between the >nite" ?tates an" ana"a? A. establish common e%ternal tariffs B. phase out tariffs between the two countries . liberali&e investment laws between the two countries !. grant @national treatment@ with each other $. liberali&e the tra"ing relationships between the two countries ,wo loose tra"ing blocs in Asia are ))). A. A?$A- an" -A(,A B. A?$A- an" $> . A?$A- an" A9$ !. -A(,A an" $> $. A9$ an" -A(,A ,he $clectic ,heory* "esigne" to e%plain a logical lin' between tra"e an" investment theories* was "evelope" by ))). A. Aevy B. ?nart . Aessar" !. -ehrt $. !unning Which of the following theories best "escribes a major motive for international tra"e? A. the theory of comparative a"vantage B. portfolio theory . eclectic theory !. oligopoly mo"el $. none of the above 188

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-ehrt an" Bogue suggeste" that companies invest abroa" because of ))). A. new mar'ets B. raw materials . pro"uct efficiency !. new 'nowle"ge $. all of the above Which of the following is not one of benefits of open tra"e? A. increase" government spen"ing B. comparative a"vantage . increase" competition !. increase" pro"uctivity $. e%pan"e" menu of goo"s Which of the following is not an e%ample of tra"ing bloc? A. African >nion B. -orth American (ree ,ra"e Agreement . /ercosur !. the entral American ommon /ar'et $. the Asian 9acific $conomic ooperation ,ariffs on importe" goo"s can be impose" for the following reason<s= A. revenue B. national pri"e . protection of "omestic companies !. retaliation $. A* * an" ! 3mport 4uotas specify the perio" of time. A. minimum B. ma%imum . unlimite" !. small $. given .

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amounts of certain pro"ucts to be importe" "uring a given

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,he portfolio theory of foreign investment relies on the following variable<s= A. ris' B. technology . return !. mar'et share $. both A an"

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An oligopoly e%ists when A. many B. e%actly two . 10 !. a few $. about 20

firms "ominate the mar'et.

,he portfolio theory assumes that "omestic investment projects ten" to be with foreign investment projects than with other "omestic projects. A. less B. more . perfectly negatively !. perfectly positively $. in"epen"ently

correlate"

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Which of the following a"vantages typically is <are= associate" with a multinational firm over a "omestic firm? A. access to technology B. "ifferentiate" pro"ucts . access to capital !. superior management $. all of the above orporate responses to tra"ing blocs inclu"e ))). A. "irect investment in major tra"ing blocs B. joint ventures with firms in major tra"ing blocs . strategic alliances with firms in major tra"ing blocs !. A an" B $. A* B* an" Cohn !unning argues that a company is willing to invest abroa" when it has ))). A. ownership1specific a"vantages B. benefit1specific a"vantages . internationali&ation a"vantages !. location1specific a"vantages $. A* * an" !

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Which of the flowing statements concerning economies of scale is false? A. it is a synergistic effect sai" to e%ist when the whole is worth more than the mere sum of its parts B. costs fall as outputs e%pan" . each country shoul" speciali&e in a limite" number of pro"ucts in which it has a comparative a"vantage !. mass pro"uction an" mass mar'eting "eplete s'ills an" technologies $. the functions of pro"uction* mar'eting an" purchasing can be consoli"ate" ,he synergistic effect sai" to e%ist when the whole is worth more than the mere sum of its parts is calle" ))). A. economies of scale B. "ifferences in taste . the theory of factor en"owments !. the pro"uct life1cycle theory $. the theory of comparative a"vantage Anti"umping "uties are ))). A. impose" for technical an" health regulations B. non1tariff barriers . a""itional import "uties impose" to offset an e%port subsi"y by another country !. customs "uties impose" on an importe" pro"uct whose price is lower than that of the same pro"uct in the home mar'et $. customs "uties impose" on an importe" pro"uct whose price is higher than that of the same pro"uct in the home mar'et

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Chapter " The Balance of #a$!ents 1. ,he balance of payments on current account "oes not inclu"e the following items A. merchan"ise e%ports B. invisible tra"e items <services= . current transfer items !. foreign stoc's an" bon"s $. merchan"ise imports ,he financial account in the balance of payments "oes not inclu"e the following )) . A. foreign "irect investment B. gol" . foreign ban' loans !. portfolio investment $. investment on foreign bon"s 8fficial reserve assets "o not inclu"e A. gol" B. convertible foreign e%change . special "rawing rights <?!;s= !. British poun" $. Algerian "inars . .

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re"it transactions in the balance of payments "o not inclu"e ))). A. e%ports of goo"s an" services B. investments an" interest pai" to foreign resi"ents . investment an" interest earnings !. transfer receipts from foreign resi"ents $. investments an" loans from foreign resi"ents ,he general tren" of the >? service tra"e account has been A. a stable "eficit B. an increasing "eficit . a "ecreasing "eficit !. a falling "eficit $. a surplus .

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Which of the following is not one of the major groups that ma'e up the balance of payments? A. current account B. capital account . financial account !. net errors an" omissions $. profit account ,he financial account in the balance of payments "oes not inclu"e )))). A. foreign "irect investments B. foreign portfolio investments . e%ports of goo"s an" services !. other investments $. A* B* an" ! ,he accounting statement that summari&es all the economic transactions between a country's resi"ents an" foreign resi"ents is calle" the balance of . A. merchan"ise tra"e B. current account . capital account !. official account $. payments 3n a freely floating e%change rate system* a current account "eficit shoul" pro"uce a financial account . A. surplus B. "eficit . balance !. both A an" B $. all of the above !uring the 1667s* the >nite" ?tates ha" a A. surplus B. "eficit . reasonable balance !. both A an" B $. none of the above in its current account.

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As the real value of the yen rises* the balance on Capan's current account is li'ely to A. stay the same B. improve . "eteriorate !. cannot tell $. none of the above 16+

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3f a country imposes tariffs on importe" goo"s* then that country's balance of payments will very li'ely . A. improve B. "eteriorate . stay the same !. cannot tell $. all of the above Bol"ing other things constant* an increase in the current account "eficit of a country's balance of payments will most li'ely . A. wea'en the value of its currency B. increase the value of its currency . not affect the value of its currency !. all of the above $. none of the above 3nterest an" "ivi"en" incomes show up in the A. merchan"ise account B. reserves an" relate" items . capital account !. current account $. financial account ,he current account inclu"es . A. merchan"ise e%ports an" imports B. earnings from invisible tra"e . unilateral transfer items !. A an" B $. A* B* an" 8fficial reserve assets are compose" of A. gol" B. convertible foreign e%changes . special "rawing rights <?!;= !. all of the above $. A an" B . .

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,he balance of payments i"entify states that the combine" balance of current account* capital account* financial account* net errors an" omissions* an" reserves an" relate" items must be . A. greater than one <1= B. less than one <1= . e4ual to &ero <7= !. between 11 an" D1 (. between 1 an" 7 Worl" output has grown ))))) than worl" tra"e "uring the 1667s. A. faster B. slower . ten times faster !. all of the above $. none of the above ,he C1curve effect hol"s that a country's currency "epreciation causes its tra"e balance to )))). A. "eteriorate for a short time B. flatten out after an initial "eterioration . significantly improve in the long run !. A* B* an" !. A an" B only ,o re"uce its tra"e "eficit* a country shoul" "o all of the following but )))). A. "eflate the economy B. "evalue the currency . a"opt foreign e%change controls !. institute tra"e controls $. increase money supply All of the following statements concerning a countryEs balance of payments are true e%cept ))). A. it is commonly "efine" as the recor" of transactions between the countryEs resi"ents an" foreign resi"ents over a specific perio" B. the recor"e" transactions inclu"e e%ports an" imports of goo"s an" services . it recor"s only the transactions of business firms !. it is use" to analy&e a countryEs competitive position $. it is use" to forecast the "irection of e%change rates

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All of the following statements concerning a countryEs balance of payments are true e%cept ))). A. it is a sources1an"1uses of fun"s statement B. it recor"s transactions that earn or e%pen" foreign e%change . it reflects changes in assets* liabilities* an" net worth "uring a specifie" perio" !. statistics are gathere" on a "ouble1entry accounting basis $. it recor"s transactions between "omestic an" foreign resi"ents A country incurs a surplus in its balance of payments when ))). A. cre"it transactions e%cee" "ebit transactions B. it earns more abroa" than it spen"s . autonomous receipts e%cee" autonomous payments !. A an" B $. all of the above

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Chapter % The International Monetar$ S$ste! 1. # Which of the following is not one of a"vantages for a fle%ible e%change rate system? A. countries can maintain in"epen"ent monetary policy B. e%change rates un"er a fle%ible system are unstable . countries can maintain in"epen"ent fiscal policy !. fle%ible e%change rates permit a smooth a"justment to e%ternal shoc's $. entral ban's "o not nee" to maintain large reserves >n"er the purely fluctuating e%change rate system* the balance of payments imbalances are automatically correcte" by the following mechanism . A. speculation B. government intervention . interest rate changes !. supply an" "eman" in e%change mar'ets $. none of the above Which of the following is not "irectly relate" to the Bretton Woo"s system? A. 16.. B. the fi%e" e%change rate system . the ban' of $nglan" !. the 3nternational /onetary (un" $. the Worl" Ban' Which of the following is not "irectly attributable to the collapse of the fi%e" e%change rate system? A. >.?. balance of payments "eficits B. the "ecrease in the >.?. "ollar value . the "ecline of international reserves !. Capan's tra"e surplus $. none of the above ,he :roup of ,en got together at the ?mithsonian 3nstitution to agree on a wi"er ban" system so that e%change rates can fluctuate . A. 0F above an" below the central rate B. 2.20F above an" below the central rate . 2F above an" below the central rate !. .F above an" below the central rate $. 17F above an" below the central rate

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,he Camaican Agreement was hel" to amen" the Bretton Woo"s Agreement of the fi%e" e%change rate system in . A. 165+ B. 1650 . 1652 !. 1658 $. 1656 (actors that cause "eman" an" supply sche"ules for foreign e%change to shift "o not inclu"e G A. relative inflation rates B. relative interest rates . "ifferent welfare systems !. relative income levels $. government intervention ,he Culy 166+ currency crisis in $urope cause" the $uropean /onetary ?ystem to wi"en the ban"s within which member currencies coul" fluctuate against other member currencies* to of a central value. A. 1.F B. 10F . 12F !. 15F $. 18F ,he objectives of the 3nternational /onetary (un" <3/(= are A. to promote international monetary cooperation B. to promote e%change stability . to create stan"by reserves !. all of the above $. none of the above .

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,he reserve tranche of the 3nternational /onetary (un" <3/(= means that by e%changing their own currencies for convertible currencies* a member country may "raw F of its 4uota. A. 20 B. 07 . 50 !. 87 $. 177

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Which of the following is not a ?!; component currency? A. >? "ollar B. euro . ?wiss franc !. Capanese yen $. British poun" ?pecial "rawing rights are use" to settle payments by the following organi&ations e%cept A. 3/( member countries B. prescribe" organi&ations . central ban's !. multinational corporations $. A* B* an" ,he euro began public circulation in )))). A. 1666 B. 2777 . 2771 !. 277+ $. 2772 ,he "irty floating e%change system was establishe" in A. 1626 B. 165+ . 1652 !. 1656 $. 1687 .

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,he "ecline of the >? "ollar value in the late 1687s was mainly attributable to the following agreement . A. Aouvre Accor" B. 9la&a Accor" . ?mithsonian Agreement !. Camaica Agreement $. -one of the above ,he Asian currency crisis in 1665 starte" in A. Horea B. ,hailan" . 3n"onesia !. Bong Hong $. 9hilippines .

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,he ?eptember 1662 currency crisis in $urope was mainly attributable to A. the British currency action B. the increase in :erman interest rate . the !anish election !. the (rench currency policy $. all of the above

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,he proposal un"er which a par value of a currency is a"juste" intermittently is referre" to as a . A. wi"e ban" B. narrow ban" . crawling peg !. crawling ban" $. gli"ing ban" ,he 4uota allotte" to a member country of the 3/(* which it can borrow at will* is 'nown as tranche. A. gol" B. basic . member !. cre"it $. reserve $conomists regar" the creation of the $uro as a new $uropean currency in the international monetary system as the most important "evelopment since . A. 160+ B. 162+ . 165+ !. 168+ $. 166+ A country may lin' its e%change rate to the value of a major currency* often the >? "ollar. ,his is calle" . A. a currency par B. a currency peg . a currency composite !. a currency bas'et $. none of the above

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3f an" when the value of the Capanese yen against the >? "ollar goes up 10F* it affects the following items . A. the price of importe" Capanese cars B. the price of Capanese cameras . the price of Capanese pearls sol" in ,roy* 8hio !. the price of a ?harp copier in !etroit $. all of the above Which of the following currencies is "irectly lin'e" to the value of gol"? A. >? "ollar B. Capanese yen . euro !. British poun" $. none of the above A foreign e%change rate ))). A. is the par value B. is an e%change rate which "oes not fluctuate . can involve a single currency !. is the price of one currency e%presse" in terms of another currency $. fluctuates accor"ing to mar'et forces A fi%e" e%change rate ))). A. is an e%change rate which "oes not fluctuate or which changes within a pre"etermine" ban" B. will have a par value . re4uires central ban's to absorb currency surpluses an" eliminate currency "eficiencies !. B an" $. all of the above A currency boar" ))). A. is a monetary institution that only issues currency to the e%tent it is fully bac'e" by foreign reserves B. is an e%treme form of the fi%e" e%change rate system . involves an e%change rate fi%e" by law !. B an" $. all of the above

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A currency "evaluation is ))). A. an official increase in the value of a currency by the government of that currency B. a rise in the value of a currency against other currencies un"er a floating system . a "ecrease in the value of a currency against other currencies un"er a floating system !. an official re"uction in the par value of a currency un"er a fi%e" rate system $. a currency boar"

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Chapter & The Forei n E'chan e Mar(et and #arit$ Conditions 1. ,he foreign e%change mar'et is referre" to as a mar'et where one country's currency is e%change" for another currency. ,he currency e%change is usually ma"e through the following metho"s . A. buyers an" sellers of foreign e%change meet at a physical location. B. buyers an" sellers of foreign e%change meet through a telephone networ' . buyers an" sellers of foreign e%change meet through computer communications !. A an" B $. B an" Which of the following is not a function of a commercial ban' in the foreign e%change mar'et? A. they operate the payment mechanism B. they "etermine e%change rates . they e%ten" cre"it !. they help re"uce foreign e%change ris' $. they buy an" sell foreign e%change Which of the following is not a characteristic of speculation A. profit motive B. e%change rate fluctuation . he"ging !. ris' ta'ing $. "eliberate uncovere" position A cross rate is an e%change rate between ))) an" ))). A. ,he >? "ollar an" the Capanese yen B. any two non1home currencies . the /e%ican peso an" the euro !. the "omestic currency an" a foreign currency $. the euro an" the Capanese yen A >? company is e%pecte" to receive I177*777 in 127 "ays. 3f the company wants to minimi&e the ris' of foreign e%change* then it woul" . A. buy British poun"s forwar" B. sell British poun"s forwar" . buy British poun"s 127 "ays from now !. sell British poun"s 127 "ays from now $. sell British poun"s in the current spot mar'et .

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?peculation in foreign e%change mar'ets entails . A. covering in the forwar" mar'et B. covering in the money mar'et . he"ging in the option mar'et !. buying in the current spot mar'et an" selling in the future spot mar'et $. covering in the futures mar'et (oreign e%change mar'ets are efficient if . A. goo" information is available at no or little cost B. you have insi"e information . mar'ets are highly regulate" !. mar'et information is secretive $. most foreign e%change "ealers are speculators ,he theory of purchasing power parity says that . A. the inflation rates in two countries are unrelate" B. the e%change rate will a"just to reflect changes in the price levels of two countries . the inflation rate is greater than the interest rate !. the interest rate is greater than the inflation rate $. the interest rate an" the inflation rate are i"entical ,he (isher $ffect assumes that the . A. real interest rate is e4ual to the nominal interest rate B. nominal interest rate is e4ual to the real interest rate plus the inflation rate . inflation rate is e4ual to the real interest rate !. nominal interest rate is e4ual to the inflation rate $. nominal interest rate is lower than the inflation rate ,he 3nternational (isher $ffect says that the . A. e%change rate "ifference reflects the inflation rate "ifference between two countries B. future spot rate shoul" move in an amount e4ual to* but in the opposite "irection from* the "ifference in interest rates between two countries . future spot rate reflects the forwar" rate !. interest rate is greater than the inflation rate $. all of the above

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,he theory of interest rate parity means that the . A. interest rates are e4ual in two countries B. "ifference between a forwar" rate an" a spot rate e4uals the "ifference between a "omestic interest rate an" a foreign interest rate . "ifference between the spot rate an" the future spot rate reflects the interest rate "ifference between two countries !. future spot rate reflects the inflation "ifference between two countries $. all of the above A forwar" rate is e4ual to a future spot rate if foreign e%change mar'ets are A. controlle" by the government B. efficient . controlle" by speculators !. are partially controlle" by the 3nternational /onetary (un" $. none of the above Actual e%change mar'et participants inclu"e A. ban's B. companies . in"ivi"uals !. governments $. all of the above . .

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ommercial ban's play the flowing role in international transactions ))). A. they operate the payment mechanism B. they e%ten" cre"it . they help re"uce ris' !. A an" B $. all of the above ))) is use" a major means of re"ucing ris' in international transactions. A. e%change tra"ing B. the payment mechanism . letter of cre"it !. the >? (e"eral ;eserve $. ban' tra"ing rooms entral ban's ))). A. attempt to control the growth of the money supply within their juris"ictions B. serve as their governmentsE ban'er for "omestic an" international payments . strive to maintain the value of their own currency against any foreign currency !. A an" $. all of the above 270

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3f the spot rate of the /alaysian ringgit is J.+7 an" the si% month forwar" rate of the ringgit is J.+2* what is the forwar" premium or "iscount on an annual basis? A. premiumK about 1..0F B. "iscountK about 1..0F . premiumK about 1+.+F !. "iscountK about 1+.+F $. premiumK about 12.5F Solution) use E*uation +&,%.+/"2 , /"0-1/"02 ' +"301140- 5 1"/"6

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3f the spot rate of the 3srael she'el is J.+2 an" the si% month forwar" rate is J.+7* what is the forwar" premium or "iscount on an annual basis? A. "iscountK 11.0F B. premiumK 11.0F . premiumK 12.0F !. "iscountK 12.0F $. premiumK 22.0F Solution) use E*uation +&,%.+/"0 , /"2-1/"22 ' +"301140- 5 ,12/&6 3f the ana"ian "ollar is e4ual to J.82 an" the Bra&ilian real is e4ual to J.28* what is the value of the Bra&ilian real in terms of ana"ian "ollars? A. about .+202 reals B. about .+028 reals . about 1.2 reals !. about 1.0 reals $. about .0277 reals Solution) cross rate /241/43 5 /"2&3

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3f the Capanese yen was worth J.77+0 si% months ago an" is worth J.77.0 to"ay* how much has the yen appreciate" or "epreciate"? A. appreciate"K about 26F B. appreciate"K about 20F . "epreciate"K about 27F !. "epreciate"K about 18F $. appreciate"K about 10F Solution) use E*uation +&,1+/00%& , /00"&-1/00"& 5 276

272

21.

AssumeG <1= the >? annual interest rate L 17FK <2= the /alaysian annual interest rate L .FK an" <+= the 671"ay forwar" rate for the /alaysian ringgit L J.+82.. At what current spot rate will interest rate parity hol"? A. J.+622 B. J.+800 . J.+875 !. J.+502 $. J.2777 Solution) use E*uation +&,4.+/"43% , S-1S- ' +"30170-2 5 /10 , /0% S 5 /"408

22.

?uppose annual inflation rates in the >? an" ambo"ia are e%pecte" to be 0F an" 67F* respectively over the ne%t year. 3f the current spot rate for the ambo"ian riel <HB;= is ++.2.22 riels per "ollar* then the best estimate of the riel's future spot rate one year from now isG A. J270+.25 B. J2+07.66 . J++.2.22 !. J2280.2. $. J5877.77 Solution) use E*uation +&,3-/ 9e!e!:er that the reciprocal of ""%2/3" 5 0/0002771/ ne; e'chan e rate 5 <0/0002771.+1 = /0&-1+1 = /70-2 5 </00013&21K>9? or K>911</00013&" 5 K>930&"/281<

2+. #

3f the e%pecte" inflation rate is .F an" the real re4uire" return is 0F* what is the nominal interest rate? A. 1F B. 6F . 2F !. 0F $. 11F Solution) @se E*uation +&,8-) no!inal rate 5 real rate = inflation rate/ No!inal rate 5 &6 = %6 5 76

>se the following information to answer the ne%t three 4uestions. Assume the followingG you have J17*777 to investK the current spot rate of British poun"s is J1.877K the 671"ay forwar" rate of the poun" is J1.587K the annual interest rate in the >? is .FK the annual interest rate in the >H is 2F. 275

2.. #

Where woul" you invest your J17*777 to ma%imi&e your yiel" with no foreign e%change ris'? A. in the >nite" ?tates B. in the >nite" Hing"om . cannot tell !. "oes not ma'e any "ifference $. in :ermany Solution) invest in the @S) <10A000 ' 1/01 5 <10A100 Invest in the @K and cover in the for;ard !ar(et/ Bu$ pounds at the present spot rate) <10A00011/4 5 B&A&&& invest in the @K) B&A&&& ' 1/01& 5 B&A3"4 sell pounds for;ard) B&A3"4 ' 1/84 5 <10A0"3 The investor ;ould earn <3% !ore :$ investin in the @nited States instead of the @nited Kin do!/

20.

:iven the >? interest rate* the >H interest rate* an" the spot rate* what woul" be an e4uilibrium forwar" e%change 4uotation? A. 1.877 B. 1.587 . 1.876 !. 1.670 $. 2.777 Solution) use E*uation +&,4- and solve for the for;ard rate) .+F , 1/400-11/400 ' +"30170-2 5 0/0% , 0/03 F 5 B1/407

22.

:iven the spot rate* the forwar" rate* an" the >? interest rate* what is the e4uilibrium >H interest rate? A. 2.7F B. 8.6F . ..7F !. 2.7F $. 8..F Solution) use E*uation +&,4- and solve for the @K interest rate/ .+1/840 , 1/400-11/400 ' +"30170-2 5 0/0% , if if 5 0/04% 278

>se the following information to answer the ne%t two 4uestionsG Assume that the spot rate change" from J7.2. per ?wiss franc on Canuary 1 in one recent year to J7.28 per ?wiss franc on !ecember +1 of that year. 25. # What is the percentage change in the franc spot rate using "irect 4uotes for a >? company? A. 0.00F B. 2.20F . 5.00F !. 8.77F $. 6.66F Solution) @se E*uation +&,1-/ 6 Chan e 5 +0/34 , 0/3%-10/3% 5 0/032& or 3/2&6 28. # What is the percentage change in the franc spot rate using in"irect 4uotes for a >? company? A. B. . !. $. 2.20F 5.55F 8.88F 6..0F 0.00F

Solution) Convertin the a:ove e'a!ple into indirect *uotationsA the S;iss franc chan es fro! 1/&32& francs to 1/%803 francs/ @se E*uation +&,2- to solve this pro:le!/ 6 Chan e 5 +1/&32& , 1/%803-11/%803 5 3/2&6 26. ,he bi" price is J7.2. for the ana"ian "ollar an" the as' price is J7.28 for the ana"ian "ollar. What is the bi"1as' sprea" for the ana"ian "ollar? A. 2.55F B. 5.55F . 8.50F !. 2.20F $. 0.20F Solution) @se E*uation +&,"-/ Spread 5 +0/34 , 0/3%-10/3% 5 0/032& or 3/2&6

276

Chapter 3 Currenc$ Futures and Cptions 1. ,he 3nternational /onetary /ar'et in the hicago /ercantile $%change tra"es A. stoc's B. bon"s . >? ,reasury Bills !. currency futures $. all of the above !ifferences between the futures mar'et an" the forwar" mar'et inclu"e A. price range B. maturity . si&e of contract !. cre"it ris' $. all of the above ,he buyer an" the seller in currency future mar'ets agree on A. a future "elivery "ate B. the price to be pai" . the 4uantity of the currency !. all of the above $. none of the above ,he main objective of he"gers in currency futures mar'ets is to A. ma'e a profit B. protect against e%change ris' . ma'e sure that foreign bills are collecte" !. protect against political ris' $. none of the above urrency futures contracts are normally available . A. in a pre1"etermine" amount for a specifie" maturity "ate B. in fle%ible maturity "ates . tailore" to the "esire of the buyer !. tailore" to the "esire of the seller $. tailore" to the "esire of both the buyer an" the seller ,he forwar" mar'et of foreign e%change offers contracts . A. tailore" to meet the nee"s of the buyers an" sellers B. which are normally stan"ar"i&e" . which have a stan"ar"i&e" maturity "ate !. which are regulate" by the ommo"ity (utures ommission $. which are available in a pre1"etermine" amount 217 . . .

# 2.

# +.

# .. #

0. #

2. #

5. #

urrency futures contracts are . A. tra"e" on organi&e" e%changes B. actually settle" for "elivery . bac'e" by compensating balances !. han"le" by commercial ban's $. han"le" by mutual savings ban's ,he lifetime high an" low figures in the currency futures 4uotation table mean A. the highest an" lowest prices "uring the year B. the highest an" lowest prices "uring the "ay . the highest an" lowest prices for each contract month "uring its life time !. the highest an" lowest prices for each wee' $. none of the above .

8. #

6. #

,he @open interest@ in a currency futures 4uotation table refers to the . A. total number of contracts tra"e" B. total number of outstan"ing contracts which are not offset by opposing transactions . total number of intereste" parties !. total number of contracts tra"e" in a year $. none of the above /argin re4uirements in currency futures mar'ets are a form of A. transaction cost B. collateral "eposit . bro'erage fee !. compensation $. all of the above ?peculators in currency futures mar'ets are A. covere" by options contracts B. covere" by future contracts . usually ma'ing profits !. greatly e%pose" to e%change rate ris' $. always losing money . .

17. #

11.

# 12.

,he e%changes that tra"es currency options inclu"e ))). A. 9hila"elphia ?toc' $%change B. hicago /ercantile $%change . hicago Boar" 8ptions $%change !. ?ingapore ?toc' $%change $. all of the above 211

1+. #

A currency call option gives the . A. buyer the right to buy the un"erlying currency B. seller the right to sell the un"erlying currency . bro'er the right to buy the un"erlying currency !. seller the right to buy the currency futures contracts $. none of the above A currency put option gives the A. buyer the right to buy B. buyer the right to sell . bro'er the right to sell !. seller the right to sell $. none of the above the un"erlying currency.

1.. #

10. #

A stri'e price in currency options mar'ets is the specifie" e%change rate at which the A. option can be e%ercise" B. option can be bought . option can be sol" !. futures options can be sol" $. none of the above A call option has an intrinsic value if the stri'e price is . A. above the e%change rate of the un"erlying currency B. below the e%change rate of the un"erlying currency . above the forwar" rate !. below the forwar" rate $. above the spot rate of the >.?. "ollar A currency futures call option gives . A. the buyer the obligation to buy a particular currency futures contract B. the seller the right to sell a particular currency futures contract . the seller the obligation to sell a particular un"erlying currency !. the buyer the right to buy a particular currency futures contract $. none of the above A currency futures put option gives . A. the buyer the obligation to sell a particular currency futures contract B. the seller the right to sell a particular currency futures contract . the seller the right to sell an un"erlying currency !. both the seller an" the buyer to sell a particular currency futures contract $. the buyer the right to sell a particular currency futures contract

12. #

15.

# 18.

212

16. #

8ption premiums consist of . A. intrinsic value* time value* an" current value B. intrinsic value* time value* an" volatility . current value* time value* an" volatility !. time value* intrinsic value* an" historical value $. all of the above (utures contracts of the following currencies are tra"e" on the $%change e%cept )))). A. British poun" B. euro . Capanese yen !. ?wiss franc $. -ew Mealan" "ollar hicago /ercantile

27.

# 21. #

A long currency futures position means that an investor has the following situation A. a put option B. a call option . a forwar" he"ge !. a futures he"ge $. none of the above Which of the following instruments is a financial "erivative? A. currency futures B. currency forwar" . interest swap !. currency swap $. all of the above 8rgani&e" e%changes tra"e the following futures instrumentsG A. currency futures of any maturity B. stan"ar"i&e" currency futures . currency futures of any si&e !. currency futures sol" in any currency $. none of the above .

22.

# 2+. #

2..

urrency futures contracts are ac4uire" for the following purposes ))). A. he"ging B. speculation . arbitrage !. he"ging an" speculation $. all of the above

21+

20.

# 22.

,he major types of ris' in "erivatives tra"ing are A. cre"it B. li4ui"ity . settlement !. mar'et $. all of the above

A multinational company wants to use a currency put option to he"ge 17 million ?ingapore "ollars in accounts receivable. ,he premium of the currency option with a stri'e price of J.00 >? is J.70 >?. 3f the option is e%ercise"* what is the total amount of >? "ollars receive" after accounting for the premium payment? A. J0*777*777. B. J0*277*777. . J0*077*777. !. J2*777*777. $. J6*777*777. Solution) total receipts 5 Sin apore dollars 10A000A000 ' /&& 5 <&A&00A000 total pre!iu! 5 Sin apore dollars 10A000A000 ' /0& 5 &00A000 net receipts 5 <&A000A000

25. #

,he premium for a British put poun" with an e%ercise price of J1.57 is J.70. What is the brea'even spot rate for the buyer of the put? A. J1.57. B. J1.20. . J1.50. !. J1.27. $. J2.17. Solution) :rea(even point 5 <1/80 , <0/0& 5 <1/3&

28.

Nou purchase a call option on British poun"s for a premium of J.7. per unit with an e%ercise price of J1.20. ,he option will not be e%ercise" until the e%piration "ate* if at all. 3f the spot rate on the e%piration "ate is J1.25* your net profit or net loss per unit isG A. J.7.. B. J.72. . 1J.72. !. 1J.7.. $. J.07. Solution) @se E*uation +3,2- ) profit or loss 5 <1/38 , +<1/3& = </0%- 5 ,</02

21.

>se the following information to answer the ne%t three 4uestionsG 8n 8ctober 2+* the closing e%change rate of British poun"s was J1.87. alls which woul" mature the following Canuary with a stri'e price of J1.80 were tra"e" at J7.17. 26. # ,he call options were . A. in the money. B. at the money. . out of the money. !. below the money. $. above the money. Solution) +7. # <1/40 , <1/4& 5 ,<0/0&

What is the intrinsic value? A. 1J.70. B. J.70. . J.77. !. J.17. $. J.07. Solution) The !athe!atical value of the option is ne ative +,<0/0&-A :ut the intrinsic value is Dero :ecause it cannot :e ne ative/

+1.

3f the e%change rate of British poun"s rises to J2.77 prior to the Canuary option e%piration "ate* what is the percentage return on investment for an investor who purchase" a call on 8ctober 2+? A. .7F B. .0F . 07F !. 00F $. 57F Solution) 6 return 5 +<2/00 , <1/4& , <0/10-1<0/10 5 &06

210

Chapter 8 Financial S;aps 1. (inancial swap mar'ets have emerge" in recent years because of the following reasons ))). A. e%change rates fluctuate wi"ely B. interest rates fluctuate wi"ely . forwar" mar'ets may not function properly !. currency futures are available only for selecte" currencies $. all of the above (inancial swaps are use" by the following organi&ations ))). A. multinational companies B. commercial ban's . worl" organi&ations !. sovereign governments $. all of the above ,he origins of the swap mar'et are usually regar"e" as an outgrowth of the following financial instruments ))). A. parallel loans B. bac'1to1bac' loans . commercial paper !. treasury bills $. A an" B ,ypically* parallel loans involve the following parties A. two multinational firms B. three multinational firms . two subsi"iary firms !. five multinational firms $. A an" A bac'1to1bac' loan usually involves A. two* two B. four* four . three* three !. A an" B $. all of the above companies in .

# 2.

# +.

# ..

# 0. #

"ifferent countries.

212

2.

# 5. #

,he shortcomings of parallel an" bac'1to1bac' loans inclu"e A. "ifficulty of fin"ing counterparties B. a non1compliance by one of the parties . "ifficulty of fin"ing e%act matching nee"s !. A an" B $. A* B* an"

urrency swaps overcome the shortcomings of parallel an" bac'1to1bac' loans because of . A. speciali&e" swap "ealers an" bro'ers B. their simplicity . their cost effectiveness !. A an" B $. A* B* an" ,he first currency swap between the Worl" Ban' an" 3B/ was arrange" in 1681 by A. iticorp B. Ban'America . ?olomon Brothers !. /errill Aynch $. none of the above A currency swap ban' is usually A. an en" user B. a financial interme"iary . a currency speculator !. A an" B $. all of the above . .

8. #

6. #

17. #

A currency swap bro'er is a swap ban' who . A. uses his or her own account in completing transactions B. is strictly an agent to ta'e or"ers from her client . a currency speculator !. A an" B $. all of the above 3nterest rate swaps involve counterparties who want to . A. e%change a floating rate commitment for a fi%e" rate loan B. e%change "ebt for stoc' . e%change a short1term loan for a long1term loan !. A an" B $. none of the above

11. #

215

12. #

urrency swaps involve A. one currency B. two currencies . foreign stoc's !. B an" $. none of the above

1+. #

all swaptions are attractive when interests are e%pecte" to A. fall B. rise . stay the same !. A an" B $. none of the above An interest rate floor in currency swaps sets . A. a ma%imum rate on floating interest rate payments B. a ma%imum rate on fi%e" interest rate payments . a minimum rate on floating interest rate payments !. a minimum rate on fi%e" interest rate payments $. none of the above

1.. #

10.

# 12. #

,he basic motivations for swaps inclu"e))). A. to provi"e protection against future changes in e%change rates B. to eliminate interest rate ris's arising from normal commercial operations . to re"uce financing costs !. A an" B $. all of the above /ortgage companies may use interest rate swaps mainly because A. they have short1term liabilities an" long1term assets B. they have long1term "ebt . they have mortgage loans !. A an" B $. none of the above .

15.

3nterest rate swaps are usually possible because international financial mar'ets in "ifferent countries are . A. efficient B. perfect . imperfect !. A an" B $. none of the above

218

18.

# 16.

urrency swaps* as oppose" to parallel an" bac'1to1bac' loans* ))). A. are arrange" by speciali&e" swap "ealers B. inclu"e the right of offset . re4uire principal values to be reflecte" in the participantsE boo's !. A an" B $. all of the above 9lain vanilla swaps ))). A. are the most basic form of swap B. involve two counterparties agreeing to ma'e payments to each other on the basis of some 4uantity of un"erlying assets . re4uire two parties to e%change notional principals !. A an" B $. all of the above -otional principals ))). A. may or may not be e%change" in plain vanilla swaps B. are use" to calculate interest payments . e4ual the value of un"erlying assets involve" in swaps !. B an" $. all of the above >se the following information to answer the ne%t three 4uestionsG Assume that you are a swap "ealer an" have just acte" as a counterparty in an interest rate swap. ,he notional principal for the swap was J5.0 million an" you are now obligate" to ma'e five annual payments of 8 percent interest. ,he floating rate that you will receive is 8.2 percent* an" the floating payments to you are annual as well.

# 27.

21. #

3f interest rates "o not change over the ne%t five years* what will be your annual net inflow? A. J17*777 B. J10*777 . J20*777 !. J.7*777 $. J00*777 Solution) <8A&00A000 ' +0/042 , 0/04- 5 <1&A000/

22.

What is the net present value of your swap agreement at a "iscount rate of 8 percent? A. J17*777 B. J20*66+ . J00*88+ !. J06*860 $. J27*222 216

Solution) <1&A000 ' the annuit$ discount factor of <1 for & $ears at 4 percent 5 <1&A000 ' "/77" 5 <&7A47&/ 2+. 3f the floating rate stays the same for the first two years an" then falls by 1.0 percent* what will be your net payments for the five years? A. B. . !. $. J 50*777 J 67*777 J177*777 1J107*677 1J222*077

Solution) Eou ;ill receive a total of <"0A000 for the first t;o $ears .<8A&00A000 ' +0/042 , 0/040- ' 22/ The ne; floatin rate that $ou ;ill receive) 4/26 , 1/&6 5 3/86/ Eou ;ill pa$ a total of <272A&00 for the last three $ears .<8A&00A000 ' +0/038 , 0/04- ' " $ears2/ ThusA $our net pa$!ent over the five $ears ;ill :e ,<232A&00 +<"0A000 , <272A&00-/ >se the following information to answer the ne%t five 4uestionsG ,wo counterparties agree to enter a foreign currency swap between American "ollars an" ?wiss francs. 8ne "ollar is currently worth 1.. francs. ,he American "ollar payor will provi"e J077*777. ,he interest rate on the "ollar is 6 percent* an" the ?wiss franc rate is 8 percent. ,he swap calls for a life of three years with annual payments. 2.. # Bow much will the provi"er of the "ollar pay at the outset? A. ?(r577*777 B. ?(r077*777 . ?(r+05*1.+ !. ?(r277*777 $. ?(r120*777 Solution) <&00A000 ' SFr1/% 5 SFr800A000/ 20. 3f the interest rates "o not change* what is the annual "ollar interest payment for the foreign borrower of "ollars? A. J+.*777 B. J.7*777 . J.0*777 !. J07*777 $. J00*777 Solution) <&00A000 ' 0/07 5 <%&A000/ 227

22.

3f a net payment is recor"e" for interest in year one an" e%change rates "o not change* what will be the net payment? A. J1*777 B. J2*777 . J+*777 !. J0*777 $. J5*777 Solution) <&00A000 ' +0/07 , 0/04- 5 <&A000/

25. #

What will be the total payment in francs by the borrower of "ollars for year +? A. ?(r502*777 B. ?(r077*777 . ?(r.77*777 !. ?(r+07*777 $. ?(r 0+*077 Solution) SFr800A000 +1/04- 5 SFr8&3A000/

28.

What will be the total payment in "ollars by the borrower of francs for year +? A. J107*777 B. J2.0*777 . J0.7*777 !. J0.0*777 $. J277*777 Solution) <&00A000 +1/07- 5 <&%&A000/

221

Chapter 4 E'chan e 9ate Forecastin 1. (oreign e%change mar'ets are efficient if . A. there are many informe" investors B. e%change rates reflect all available information . there are no barriers of fun"s movement !. transaction costs are negligible $. all of the above 3n empirical stu"ies on foreign e%change rate forecasting* the general consensus on mar'et efficiency. A. strong1form B. semistrong1form . wea'1form !. semiwea'1form $. all of the above efficiency best "escribes

# 2.

+.

# ..

A fun"amental analysis in e%change rate forecasting involves the following e%cept A. inflation rates B. interest rates . national income growth !. money supply $. price tren"s A technical analysis in e%change rate forecasting involves the following e%cept A. past price B. volume movements . price charting !. political factors $. filter rule ,here are three 'in"s of efficient mar'ets. ,hese are A. wea' form efficient mar'et B. semi1strong form efficient mar'et . strong form efficient mar'et !. perfectly efficient form mar'et $. A* B* an" . .

# 0.

222

2.

# 5.

,hree are A. B. . !. $.

metho"s are wi"ely use" to forecast floating e%change rates. ,hese three metho"s . technical analysis* fun"amental analysis* an" forwar" rates technical analysis* mar'et1base" forecasts* an" spot rates fun"amental analysis* mar'et1base" forecasts* an" forwar" rates fun"amental analysis* technical analysis* an" mar'et1base" forecasts all of the above

# 8. #

!ufey an" :i""y suggeste" that currency forecasting can be consistently useful or profitable only if one of four con"itions is met. ,hese con"itions inclu"e the following ))). A. the forecaster has e%clusive use of a superior forecasting mo"el B. the forecaster has consistent access to information before other investors . the forecaster pre"icts the nature of government intervention in the foreign e%change mar'et !. A an" B $. A* B* an" 3f the forwar" rate is the best available pre"ictor <unbiase"= of future spot rates* the forwar" mar'et is . A. inefficient B. efficient . semi1efficient !. B an" $. none of the above (orecasting nee"s of the multinational company inclu"e all of the following but A. he"ging "ecision B. wor'ing capital management . long1term investment analysis !. long1term financing "ecision $. speculation ,wo primary metho"s of technical analysis consist of . A. charting an" mechanical rules B. charting an" forwar" rates . mechanical rules an" spot rates !. charting an" the theory of purchasing power parity $. multiple regression analysis an" spot rates .

6.

# 17. #

22+

11.

# 12.

,wo major 4ualities of mechanical rules as compare" with chartists are A. subjective ju"gement an" objective s'ill B. consistency an" superior ju"gement . superior accuracy an" subjective ju"gement !. consistency an" "iscipline $. objective ju"gement an" error1free results (ilter rule is a rule that belongs to the following forecasting metho". A. fun"amental analysis B. mar'et1base" forecast . econometrics mo"el !. forwar"1rate forecasting mo"el $. technical analysis /ar'et1base" forecasts consist of . A. spot rate* forwar" rate* an" inflation rate B. spot rate* forwar" rate* an" e%change rate . spot rate* forwar" rate* an" interest rate !. spot rate* forwar" rate* an" wage rate $. technical analysis an" fun"amental analysis

# 1+. #

1..

# 10.

,he four1step se4uence as a general forecasting proce"ure un"er a fi%e" rate system consists of . A. assessing the balance of payments outloo' B. measuring the magnitu"e of re4uire" a"justment . timing of a"justment !. nature of a"justment $. all of the above ,here are at least three ways to "etermine the si&e of the change in the e%change rate re4uire" to bring the balance of payments bac' into e4uilibrium. Which of the following is one of the three ways to restore the balance1of1payments e4uilibrium? A. the theory of purchasing power parity B. forwar" e%change rate . free mar'et or blac' mar'et rate !. all of the above $. none of the above

22.

12.

Whether a country will "evalue its currency un"er a fi%e" rate system is ultimately a )) "ecision. A. economic B. momentary . political !. fiscal $. international 3n the case of a structural balance of payments "eficit* policy ma'ers attempt to implement a number of corrective policies* e%clu"ing . A. tight monetary policy B. tight fiscal policy . e%change controls !. higher government spen"ing $. wage controls ,he flowing may be e%pose" to foreign e%change ris's ))). A. cre"it purchases whose prices are state" in foreign currencies B. borrowe" fun"s "enominate" in foreign currencies . uncovere" forwar" contracts !. A an" B $. all of the above Wor'ing capital management involves all of the following e%cept ))). A. short term financing "ecisions B. short1term investment "ecisions . fi%e" assets !. interest rates $. selection of loan currencies A mar'et1base" forecast is ))). A. a currency forecasting techni4ue that uses historical prices or tren"s B. a forecast base" on mar'et in"icators such as forwar" rates . a systematic effort at uncovering functional relationships between a set of in"epen"ent variables an" a "epen"ent variable !. A an" B $. none of the above >se the following information to answer the ne%t two 4uestions. Assume that the ana"ian "ollar appreciates from >?J7.20 at the beginning of the year to >?J7.57 at the en" of the year.

15.

# 18.

# 16. #

27. #

220

21.

What is the percentage appreciation of the ana"ian "ollar? A. ..26F B. 0.26F . 2.26F !. 5.26F $. 8.26F Solution) @se E*uation +4,1-) #ercenta e Chan e 5 +0/80 , 0/3&-10/3& 5 8/376

22. #

What is the percentage "epreciation of the >? "ollar? A. 15.1.F B. 12.77F . 10.1.F !. 18.88F $. 16.16# Solution) @se E*uation +4,2-) #ercenta e Chan e 5 +0/3& , 0/80-10/80 5 ,8/1%6 >se the following information to answer the ne%t three 4uestions. ?uppose that the ?wiss franc appreciates from >?J7..7 at the beginning of the year to >?J7... at the en" of the year. ,he >? inflation rate is 0 percent an" the ?wiss inflation rate is + percent "uring the year.

2+. #

What is the percentage appreciation of the ?wiss franc? A. 11.12F B. 11.77F . 17.77F !. 17.06F $. 12.77F Solution) @se E*uation +4,1-) #ercenta e Chan e 5 +0/%% , 0/%0-10/%0 5 106

222

2..

What will the "ollar price of the ?wiss franc be in one year? A. J7..7.. B. J7.07.. . J7.2710 !. J7.5700 $. J7..758 Solution) @se E*uation +4,"-) #redicted 9ate 5 <0/% ' .+1 = 0/0&-1+1 = 0/0"-2 5 <0/%084

20. #

What is the real "epreciation <1= or real appreciation of the ?wiss franc "uring the year? A. 2..F B. 5.1F . 5.6# !. 8.2F $. 6.6F Solution) +0/%%00 , 0/%084-10/%084 5 8/76

22.

,he spot rate is >?J7.07 per Australian "ollar. ,he annual interest rates are 12 percent for the >nite" ?tates an" 8 percent for Australia. 3f these interest rates remain constant* then what is the >? "ollar mar'et forecast of the spot rate for the Australian "ollar in five years? A. J..226 B. J..666 . J0.665 !. J2...5 $. J5.228 Solution) @se E*uation +4,&-) #redicted 9ate 5 <0/&0 ' .+1 = 0/12-&1+1 = 0/04-&2 5 <0/&778

25.

A 27 peso percent return in /e%ico is higher than a 5 percent "ollar return in the >nite" ?tates. A. true B. false . either true or false !. none of the above $. it "epen"s on whether these are nominal or real returns.

225

Chapter 7 Mana in Transaction E'posure and Econo!ic E'posure 1. # ,ransaction e%posure occurs if there is a change in an e%change rate an" . A. an outstan"ing obligation "enominate" in a foreign currency is settle" B. sales are ma"e in cash . purchases are ma"e in cash !. an outstan"ing obligation "enominate" in a home currency is settle" $. all of the above 3f a foreign currency "epreciates* e%change losses will occur when e%pose" A. receipts are greater than e%pose" payments B. payments are greater than e%pose" receipts . receipts are greater than e%pose" net worth !. receipts an" e%pose" payments are the same $. none of the above .

2. #

+.

# ..

$conomic e%posure measures the impact of actual e%change conversion involving the following cases e%cept . A. cash flows from a foreign investment B. a foreign subsi"iary borrows money in international financial mar'ets . a foreign subsi"iary imports raw materials !. local wages go up $. none of the above A forwar" mar'et he"ge involves the following e%cept A. a fi%e" amount of foreign currency B. forwar" rate . forwar" contract !. future spot rate $. commercial ban's A money1mar'et he"ge "oes not involve the following A. spot rate B. interest rate . forwar" rate !. mar'etable securities $. accounts receivable .

# 0. #

228

2. #

An option1mar'et he"ge in foreign e%change ris' management is a form of a<n= A. covere" he"ge B. open position . balance sheet he"ge !. swap $. speculation A currency swap involves the following A. spot mar'et only B. forwar" mar'et only . spot an" forwar" mar'ets !. options an" futures mar'ets $. the -ew Nor' ?toc' $%change .

5. #

8. #

3n the case of a cre"it swap* a parent company . A. buys a foreign currency in the spot mar'et an" sells it in the forwar" mar'et B. buys a foreign currency in a home mar'et an" sells it in a foreign mar'et . "eposits a home currency at a home ban' on behalf of a foreign ban' an" the foreign ban' len"s money in a foreign currency to the company's foreign subsi"iary !. all of the above $. none of the above 3nterest rate swaps involve the following transaction . A. e%change cash flows of a fi%e" interest rate for cash flows of a floating interest rate B. e%change cash flows of long1term "ebt with cash flows of short1term "ebt . e%change cash flows of foreign currency "ebt with cash flows of home currency "ebt !. all of the above $. none of the above Bac'1to1bac' loans involve the following transaction . A. e4ual loans are arrange" by two multinational parent companies in two "ifferent countries B. e4ual loans are arrange" by one ban' in two "ifferent time perio"s . e4ual loans are arrange" by one multinational corporation in two "ifferent rates !. all of the above $. none of the above

6. #

17. #

226

11.

# 12. #

$conomic e%posure management "oes not involve the following A. "iversifie" pro"uction B. "iversifie" mar'eting . "iversifie" financing !. balance sheet he"ge $. "iversifie" operations ,he three types of foreign e%change e%posures are A. precautionary* transaction* an" speculative B. translation* economic* an" transaction . translation* precautionary* an" political !. transaction* political* an" "evaluation $. transaction* political* an" economic When have A. B. . !. $. .

1+.

a firm has "ivi"en"s payable "enominate" in foreign currency* the firm is sai" to . economic e%posure translation e%posure transaction e%posure ta% e%posure political e%posure

1.. #

(oreign e%change ris' ))). A. becomes less complicate" when currencies are allowe" to float B. "oes not e%ist when all currencies are fi%e" . is the ris' of loss "ue to changes in the international e%change value of national currencies !. "ecreases with the effects of globali&ation $. none of the above A cross1he"ge ))). A. involves the use of forwar" contracts* a combination of spot an" mar'et an" money mar'et transactions* an" other techni4ues to protect from foreign e%change loss B. is a techni4ue "esigne" to he"ge e%posure in one currency by the use of futures or other contracts on another currency that is correlate" with the first currency . involves an e%change of cash flows in two "ifferent currencies between two companies !. involves a loan contract an" a source of fun"s to carry out that contract in or"er to he"ge transaction e%posure $. involves the e%change of one currency for another at a fi%e" rate on some future "ate to he"ge transaction e%posure

10.

2+7

12.

$conomic e%posure management ))). A. is "esigne" to neutrali&e the impact of une%pecte" e%change1rate changes on net cash flows B. can use the same techni4ues use" to eliminate translation an" transaction ris's . uses "iversifie" operations an" financing to re"uce economic e%posure !. A an" $ all of the above >se the following information to answer the ne%t two 4uestionsG ONM ompany has an account receivable of I17*777*777 from a British company to be pai" in three months. ,he a""itional information is as followsG British poun" spot rateG J2.7267 British poun" +1month forwar" rateG J2.77+2 +1month interest rate in the >?G 2F +1month interest rate in the >HG +F

15.

What will be the appro%imate value of the account receivable in >? "ollars if the company ma'es a forwar" mar'et he"ge? A. J27*777*777 B. J27*267*777 . J27*7+2*777 !. J21*777*777 $. J17*777*777 Solution) @S dollar value 5 <2/00"2 ' B10A000A000 5 <20A0"2A000

18. #

What will be the appro%imate value of the accounts receivable in >? "ollars if the company ma'es a money1mar'et he"ge? A. about J27*701*777 B. about J27*76+*777 . about J27*101*777 !. about J27*26+*777 $. about J+7*777*777 Solution) +1+2+"+%:orro; B7A804A8"4 +10A000A00011/0":u$ <17A377A0"0 in e'chan e for B7A804A8"7 invest <17A377A0"0 in the @S at 26 receive <20A07"A010 +<17A377A0"1 ' 1/02-

2+1

>se the following information to answer the ne%t five 4uestionsG A subsi"iary in 3srael re4uires the 3srael she'el e4uivalent of J1 million at the current e%change rate of . she'els per "ollar. ,o obtain . million she'els for the subsi"iary in 3srael* the parent must open a J1 million cre"it in favor of as 3sraeli ban'. ,he 3sraeli ban' charges the parent 17F per year on the . million she'els ma"e available to the subsi"iary an" pays no interest on the J1 million that the parent has "eposite" in favor of the ban'. ,he parent's opportunity cost on the J1 million "eposit is 27F. ,wo financing alternatives are "irect loan an" cre"it swap. 16. # 3f the current e%change rate stays the same* which alternative is less e%pensiveG "irect loan or cre"it swap? A. "irect loan B. cre"it swap . both alternatives are e4ually e%pensive !. cannot tell $. "epen"s on the government policy Solution) Annual interest of the direct loan 5 206 Annual interest of the credit s;ap 5 "06 27. Which alternative is more attractiveG "irect loan or cre"it swap? A. "irect loan B. cre"it swap . e4ually attractive !. cannot tell $. "epen"s on the government policy Solution) The direct loan is cheaper :ut su:Fect to e'chan e ris(? the credit s;ap is !ore e'pensive and has no e'chan e ris(/ ThusA one cannot tell for sure ;hich alternative is !ore attractive. 21. # What is the e%change rate that will ma'e the cost of the "irect loan e4ual to the cost of the cre"it swap? A. 3srael she'el ..7 per J B. 3srael she'el ... per J . 3srael she'el ..8 per J !. 3srael she'el 0.0 per J $. 3srael she'el 6.7 per J Solution) Girect Hoan Cost Credit S;ap Cost 200A000$ = +1A000A000$ , %A000A000- 5 200A000$ = %00A000 $ 5 %/%

2+2

22.

A multinational company believes that the e%change rate at the maturity "ate of the loan is 0 3srael she'els per "ollar. 3f the company's pre"iction proves correct* which alternative is cheaper? A. "irect loan B. cre"it swap . e4ually e%pensive !. cannot tell $. all of the above Solution) Girect loan cost 5 +200A000 ' &- =.+1A000A000 ' &- , %A000A0002 5 2A000A000 Israel she(els Credit s;ap cost 5 200A000 ' & = %00A000 5 1A%00A000 Israel she(els

2+. #

3f mar'et analysts pre"ict that the e%change rate will be 0 3srael she'els per "ollar at the maturity of the loan* which alternative woul" rational "ecision1ma'ers recommen"? A. "irect loan for sure B. cre"it swap for sure . cannot tell !. all of the above $. none of the above Solution) The credit s;ap is :etter :ecause it is cheaper and has no e'chan e ris(/

2++

Chapter 10 Translation E'posure Mana e!ent 1. ,ranslation e%posure means that . A. a firm incurs actual losses in foreign e%change mar'ets B. currency conversion ta'es place in foreign e%change mar'et . a firm ma'es actual profits in foreign e%change mar'ets !. a firm covers its foreign e%change ris' in the forwar" mar'ets $. a firm e%periences an accounting impact of e%change rate changes -et translation e%posure means . A. the "ifference between e%pose" operating e%penses an" fi%e" assets B. the "ifference between e%pose" assets an" accounts receivable . the "ifference between e%pose" assets an" e%pose" liabilities !. the "ifference between e%pose" revenues an" e%pose" e%penses $. none of the above ,he currentPnon1current metho" of currency translation will not affect A. cash B. accounts receivable . accounts payable !. notes payable $. long1term "ebt .

# 2. #

+.

# .. #

,he monetaryPnon1monetary metho" of currency translation will not affect A. cash B. accounts receivable . inventory !. mar'etable securities $. accounts payable

0.

,he temporal metho" of currency translation is almost similar to the monetaryPnon1 monetary metho" e%cept the following item . A. accounts receivables at historical cost B. accounts receivables at mar'et price . inventory at historical cost !. inventory at mar'et price $. fi%e" assets at mar'et price

2+.

2. #

(A?B -o. 8 is the same as the following translation metho" A. currentPnon1current metho" B. monetaryPnon1monetary metho" . temporal metho" !. current rate metho" $. e%change rate metho" (A?B -o. 02 shows e%change gains or losses in the following A. 4uarterly income statement B. annual income statement . stoc'hol"ers' e4uity account !. the sources an" uses of fun"s statement $. none of the above

5. #

8. #

,he functional currency is "efine" as the currency of the environment in which the entity primarily generates an" e%pen"s cash* an" usually refers to the currency. A. parent B. local . reporting !. recor"ing $. home ,he >? "ollar is the functional currency for ))). A. those foreign operations whose cash flows "irectly affect the parentEs >? "ollar cash flows B. foreign entities that are merely an e%tension of the parent company . foreign subsi"iaries in countries with runaway inflation !. foreign subsi"iaries in countries with inflation of 177F over three years $. all of the above When an /- has several subsi"iaries* a variety of fun"s a"justment techni4ues can be use" to re"uce its translation loss. ,hese techni4ues inclu"e the following basic strategies ))))). A. "ecrease soft1currency assets* increase soft1currency liabilities B. increase soft1currency assets* increase soft1currency liabilities . "ecrease har"1currency assets* "ecrease soft1currency liabilities !. "ecrease har"1currency assets* increase har"1currency liabilities $. none of the above

6.

# 17. #

2+0

11.

# 12.

,he following statement "oes not apply to transfer prices ))))). A. they are prices of goo"s an" services sol" between relate" parties B. they are prices of goo"s an" services sol" between parents an" subsi"iaries . they are usually the subject of government policing mechanisms !. they cannot be manipulate" by importers $. they are fre4uently "ifferent from armEs length prices ,ranslation e%posure ))). A. is sometimes calle" accounting e%posure B. measures the affect of an e%change rate change on publishe" financial statement of a firm . refers to the potential change in the value of outstan"ing obligations "ue to changes in the e%change rate between the inception of a contract an" the settlement of the contract !. A an" B $. A an" ,ranslation e%posure affects a companyEs ))). A. ability to raise capital B. earnings per share . stoc' price !. 'ey financial ratios $. all of the above ,ranslation e%posure ))). A. measures the affect of an e%change rate change on publishe" financial statement of a firm B. "oes not involve actual cash flows . "oes not present any financial ris' to a firm !. A an" B $. all of the above Which of the following items is not relate" to a balance sheet he"ge in translation e%posure management? A. re"uce the levels of local currency B. tighten cre"it . "elay the collection of har" currency receivables !. increase har"1currency assets $. options mar'et he"ge >se the following information to answer the ne%t three 4uestionsG AB ompany's ana"ian subsi"iary has the following balance sheet. 2+2

# 1+.

# 1..

# 10.

ash an" receivables J 877 3nventory 677 (i%e" assets 577 ,otal assets J2*.77

9ayables J 677 Aong1,erm !ebt 077 -et Worth 1*777 ,otal claims J2*.77

?uppose the ana"ian "ollar "epreciates from >?J1.77 to >?J.87 "uring the perio". 12. # >n"er the monetaryPnon1monetary metho"* what is AB 's translation gain or loss? A. D J127 B. 1 J127 . D J277 !. 1 J277 $. D J677 Solution) net e'posure 5 C<1A%00 , C<400 5 C<300 ain or loss 5 </20 ' C<300 5 <120 15. # >n"er the currentPnon1current metho"* what is AB 's translation gain or loss? A. D J127 B. 1 J127 . D J227 !. 1 J227 $. D J577 Solution) net e'posure 5 C<700 , C<1A800 5 ,C<400 ain or loss 5 </20 ' +,C<400- 5 ,<130 18. # >n"er the current rate metho"* what is AB 's translation gain or loss? A. D J277 B. 1 J277 . D J207 !. 1 J207 $. D J207 Solution) net e'posure 5 C<1A%00 , C<2A%00 5 ,C<1A000 ain or loss 5 </20 ' +,C<1A000- 5 ,<200

2+5

Chapter 11 International Financial Mar(ets 1. # ,he $urocurrency mar'et consists of ban's which accept "eposits an" ma'e loans in foreign currencies . A. outsi"e the country of issue B. insi"e the country of issue . in the home country !. in $urope only $. none of the above $uro"ollars are >? "ollars "eposite" in A. -ew Nor' B. hicago . Aon"on !. ?an (rancisco $. !etroit $uro"ollars can be create" in A. $urope B. Asia . Aatin America !. Africa $. all of the above . .

2. #

+.

# ..

# 0. #

$uro"ollar "eposits coul" e%pan" in"efinitely if . A. public an" private "epositors always 'eep their money in non1>.?. ban's B. ban's always 'eep their money in non1>.?. ban's . ban's are able to fin" public an" private borrowers in $uro"ollars !. all of the above $. none of the above ,he Ban' for 3nternational ?ettlement is a ban' in central ban's. A. the >nite" ?tates B. ?wit&erlan" . ana"a !. :ermany $. Capan that facilitates transactions among

2+8

2.

# 5. #

,he $uro"ollar mar'et is probably the most efficient because there are no A. reserve re4uirements B. interest ceilings on "eposits . (!3 <(e"eral !eposit 3nsurance orporation= fees !. all of the above $. none of the above

3f the >.?. government imposes a""itional ta%es on interest pai" on >? ban' "eposits* the li'ely effect of this regulation is to . A. e%pan" the $uro"ollar mar'et B. re"uce the $uro"ollar mar'et . have no impact on the si&e of the $uro"ollar mar'et !. increase >.?. ban' "eposits $. none of the above ;ecent movement towar" a highly integrate" global financial system has cause" ban'ers to "evelop three s of central ban'ing. ,hese three s are . A. consultation* cooperation* an" common sense B. coor"ination* cooperation* an" con"itions . consultation* cooperation* an" con"itions !. consultation* cooperation* an" coor"ination $. none of the above $uronote issue facilities consist of . A. $uronotes* $urocommecial paper* an" $uro1me"ium1term notes B $uronotes* commercial paper* an" $urobon"s . $urocommercial paper* $uronotes* an" $urostoc's !. $urocommercial paper* $uronotes* an" $urobon"s $. none of the above 3nterest rates on $uro"ollar "eposits are normally A. lower B. same . higher !. cannot tell $ none of the above 3nterest rates on $uro"ollar loans are normally A. lower B. same . higher !. cannot tell $. all of the above 2+6 than those on >? "eposits.

8.

# 6. #

17. #

11. #

than those on >? loans.

12.

# 1+.

$urobon"s are long1term obligations "enominate" in A. ?wiss franc B. >? "ollars . Capanese yen !. British poun"s $. all of the above ,he main characteristics of straight bon"s "o not inclu"e A. a fi%e" interest rate B. a fi%e" maturity . unsecure" "ebentures !. no interest payment until maturity $. none of the above

outsi"e the country of issue.

# 1.. #

,he interest rate on floating rate bon"s is usually a"juste" every A. three months B. si% months . nine months !. twelve months $. two years ,he main characteristics of &ero1coupon bon"s "o not inclu"e A. interest payment ma"e at maturity B. principal payment ma"e at maturity . sales at a "eep "iscount !. "iscounte" interest $. no perio"ic interest to pay. ,he A. B. . !. $. .

10.

# 12. #

has the largest mar'et share of the international bon" mar'et. >? "ollar Capanese yen :erman mar' British poun" (rench franc

15.

Which of the following "oes not contribute to the efficiency of the $uro"ollar mar'et? A. the >? government imposes no restrictions on non1resi"ent transactions B. foreign entities are free to transact with >? ban's . $uropean ban's offer competitive rates for $uro"ollar "eposits an" loans !. no reserve re4uirements for $uro"ollar time "eposits $. none of the above

2.7

18. #

Which of the following is relate" to the $uro"ollar mar'et? A. H3B8; B. A3B8; . ?3B8; !. /3B8; $. none of the above Which of the following "oes not contribute to the "evelopment of the Asian currency mar'et in ?ingapore? A. Asian "ollar "eposits B. an increase in ban'ing activities in Asia . political instability in Asia !. an increase in tra"e in Asia $. none of the above 3nterest rates on $uro"ollar "eposits may be higher than the rates on "eposits in the >? because . A. $uroban's are more efficient B. $uro"ollar "eposits are not re4uire" to pay (!3 fees . $uroban's are free of reserve re4uirements !. A an" B $. A* B* an" ,he Ban' for 3nternational ?ettlements recommen"s that globally active ban's maintain capital e4ual to at least ))) percent of their assets. A. 17 B. 6 . 8 !. 5 $. 2 ,he popularity $uronotes in comparison with $uro ommercial paper is A. larger B. smaller . e4ual !. A an" $. B an" ,he international capital mar'et consists of the following A. international bon" mar'et B. international stoc' mar'et . $urocurrency mar'et !. $uro commercial paper mar'et $. A an" B 2.1 . .

16.

27.

# 21.

22. #

2+.

2.. #

:lobal bon"s are bon"s sol" . A. insi"e the country in whose currency they are "enominate" B. outsi"e the country in whose currency they are "enominate" . insi"e as well as outsi"e the country in whose currency they are "enominate" !. A an" B $. A* B* an" ,he hol"er of currency option bon"s are allowe" to receive their interest payments in the currency of their option among . A. ten pre"etermine" currencies B. five pre"etermine" currencies . two or three pre"etermine" currencies !. A an" B $. A* B* an" urrency coc'tail bon"s are issue" to minimi&e A. interest rate ris' B. foreign e%change rate ris' . sovereign ris' !. "efault ris' $. all of the above :overnments privati&e state1owne" companies to A. assist the "evelopment of capital mar'ets B. raise money . wi"en share ownership !. replace public1sector "ecision1ma'ing $. all of the above .

20.

22. #

25.

# 28.

,ra"itionally* >? ban's have face" all of the following prohibitions on e4uity1relate" activities e%cept for ))))). A. ban's cannot own stoc' for their own account B. ban's cannot ma'e a mar'et in e4uity securities . ban's cannot participate in interstate ban'ing !. ban's cannot actively vote shares hel" in trust for their ban'ing clients $. ban's cannot engage in investment ban'ing activities

2.2

26. #

By crosslisting its shares on foreign e%changes* an /- hopes to accomplish all but the following )))))). A. avoi" security regulations of all countries where their shares are liste" B. allow foreign investors to buy their shares in their home mar'et . provi"e another mar'et to support a new issuance !. compensate local management an" employees in the foreign affiliates $. establish a presence in an a""itional country

2.+

Chapter 12 International Ban(in Issues and Countr$ 9is( Anal$sis 1. # ,he foreign ban' representative office A. accepts "eposits B. obtains local mar'et information . ma'es loans !. issues letters of cre"it $. tra"es $uro"ollars .

2. #

,he foreign correspon"ent ban' is a form of A. branch ban'ing B. subsi"iary ban' . informal ban'ing relationship !. consortium ban'ing $. none of the above

+.

# ..

Which of the following is not a major characteristic of the foreign ban'ing subsi"iary? A. its own charter B. its own boar" of "irectors . its own stoc'hol"ers !. all ban'ing officers from the parent ban' $. none of the above ,he learing Bouse 3nterban' 9ayments ?ystem < B39?= . A. accepts international "eposits B. ma'es international loans . clears foreign e%change transactions !. moves "ollars between -ew Nor' offices of financial institutions $. moves foreign currencies between -ew Nor' an" Bong Hong ,he learing Bouse 9ayments Assistance ?ystem < B9A?= . A. accepts international "eposits B. ma'es international loans . clears foreign e%change transactions !. moves fun"s between Aon"on offices of most financial institutions which han"le foreign e%change tra"es $. all of the above

# 0.

2..

2. #

An international syn"icate" loan is ma"e by a group of A. ban's from "ifferent countries B. corporations from "ifferent countries . countries !. >? ban's $. Capanese ban's A country ris' analysis "oes not inclu"e A. political ris' B. economic ris' . objective criteria !. company financial analysis $. none of the above .

5.

# 8.

# 6. #

,he Worl" Ban' classifies the "ebt bur"en of "eveloping countries accor"ing to a set of ))))) ratios. A. five B. four . three !. seven $. two ountry ris' ran'ings can be foun" in the following journal ))). A. 3/( ?taff 9apers B. $uromoney . the Cournal of 3nternational Business ?tu"ies !. /ultinational Business ;eview $. Cournal of (inance ,wo financial service firms an" assign letter ratings to in"icate the 4uality of sovereign1government bon"s. A. !ow Cones ompany an" /oo"y's 3nvestor ?ervice B. ?tan"ar" Q 9oor's an" !ow Cones ompany . itiban' an" /oo"y's 3nvestor ?ervice !. C.9. /organ an" itiban' $. /oo"y's 3nvestor ?ervice an" ?tan"ar" Q 9oor's ,he international "ebt crisis of the 1687s starte" when the following countries coul" not ma'e international "ebt payments . A. /e%ico* Bra&il* an" ,aiwan B. Bra&il* /e%ico* an" Argentina . Argentina* Bra&il* an" Horea !. ,aiwan* Horea* an" /e%ico $. all of the above 2.0

17.

# 11. #

12. #

,he Asian financial crisis of 1665 starte" in A. Horea B. ,hailan" . /alaysia !. 3n"onesia $. 9hilippines

1+.

# 1..

,he causes of the Asian financial crisis fall into one of two theories )) . A. the fun"amental view an" the pessimistic view B. the pessimistic view an" the panic view . the panic view an" the optimistic view !. the pessimistic view an" the optimistic view $. the fun"amental view an" the panic view A country ris' analysis involves the following assessment A. political ris' B. economic ris' . legal ris' !. both A an" B $. A* B* an" .

# 10.

# 12. #

,o solve the Asian financial crisis of 1665* crisis countries too' the following actions A. close" many ailing ban's B. cleane" up non1performorming loans . encourage" surviving ban's to merge with other ban's !. all of the above $. none of the above A consortium ban' ))))) . A. "oes not have its own charter B. is a permanent group of ban's that han"le large international loans . is usually owne" by sharehol"er ban's from the same country !. is an information arrangement in which a ban' in a country maintains "eposit balances with ban's in foreign countries an" loo's to them for services an" assistance $. has little contact with its parent ban's

2.2

15.

,he ?ociety for Worl"wi"e 3nterban' (inancial ,elecommunications <?W3(,= )))). A. "oes not inclu"e Asian an" Aatin American ban's B. has vastly increase" the multiplicity of formats use" by ban's in "ifferent parts of the worl" . represents a common "enominator in the international payment system an" uses the latest communication technology !. causes ban's to e%ecute international payments more e%pensively $. is infre4uently use" Aen"ers* borrowers* the 3nternational /onetary (un"* an" the Worl" Ban' wor'e" together to overcome the "ebt crisis of the 1687s by all of the following but )))) . A. resche"uling "ebt B. refinancing "ebt . provi"ing a""itional loans !. creating broa" economic policies $. all of the above All of the following statements apply to Bra"y bon"s e%cept )))) . A. they are guarantee" by >? ,reasury bon"s purchase" by "ebtor countries B. they are highly mar'etable . they are largely cre"ite" with solving the "eca"e1long global "ebt crisis of the 1687s !. originate" from the Bra"y 9lan* name" after >? ,reasury ?ecretary -icholas Bra"y $. maintain the original "ebt maturity of the "ebtor country ,he panic view theory of the cause of the Asian (inancial risis of 1665 supports all of the following statements but )))) . A. the Asian crisis was not cause" by problems with economic fun"amentals B. there were no visible warning signs of the impen"ing crisis . a swift change in e%pectations was the catalyst for the crisis !. the crisis was cause" by international investorsE irrational behavior $. the 3/(Es fiscal an" monetary policies after the crisis greatly assiste" in containing the sprea" of the crisis

18.

# 16.

# 27.

2.5

Chapter 1" Financin Forei n Trade 1. # Which of the following is not a "ocument involve" in foreign tra"e? A. bill of la"ing B. commercial paper . letter of cre"it !. "raft $. insurance "ocument Which of the following con"ition<s= must a "raft meet in or"er for it to be negotiable? A. contain an uncon"itional promise or or"er to pay B. must be in writing an" signe" by the "rawer . payable on sight or at a specifie" time !. ma"e out to or"er or to bearer $. all of the above A "raft or a bill of e%change in international tra"e financing is an or"er to pay written by ))). A. an importer. B. am importer's ban' . an e%porter's ban' !. an e%porter $. an importer's insurance company When tra"e "rafts are accepte" by a ban'* they become A. bills of la"ing B. ban'ers' acceptances . letters of cre"it !. time "rafts $. commercial paper ,he types of "rafts inclu"e . A. a sight "raft B. a time "raft . a "ocumentary "raft !. "ocuments against payment $. all of the above .

2.

# +.

# .. #

0.

2.8

2.

A bill of la"ing is not a . A. shipping "ocument B. receipt . contract !. letter of cre"it $. "ocument involve" in the physical movement of the merchan"ise by a common carrier A letter of cre"it is issue" by . A. an importer B. an e%porter . a ban' !. a government $. the 3nternational /onetary (un" ,he a"vantages of letters of cre"it "o not inclu"e . A. a ban''s promise to pay B. importers can receive merchan"ise sooner . e%porters can receive money sooner !. ban's are responsible for the 4uality of goo"s $. the importer can obtain better terms A revocable letter of cre"it can be revo'e" at any time by a<n= A. importer B. e%porter . ban' !. government $. all of the above Which of the following is not a form of letter of cre"it? A. unconfirme" letter of cre"it B. revolving letter of cre"it . non1revolving letter of cre"it !. confirme" letter of cre"it $. free letter of cre"it 8ther "ocuments which generally accompany the "raft as specifie" in the letter of cre"it inclu"e a<n= . A. commercial invoice B. insurance "ocument . consular invoice !. certificate of origin $. all of the above 2.6 .

5. #

8.

# 6. #

17.

# 11.

12.

# 1+. #

(orms of countertra"e inclu"e the following e%cept ))). A. simple barter B. clearing arrangement . switch tra"e !. counterpurchase $. mutual agreement ?witch tra"ing is a form of countertra"e. When two tra"ing countries e%perience a tra"e imbalance* the imbalance is . A. balance" by a purchase agreement involving a thir" party B. finance" by a cre"itor country who len"s money to a "ebtor country . finance" by a ban' !. finance" by the Worl" Ban' $. none of the above A counterpurchase involves a return purchase of goo"s by a seller from A. the buyer B. a thir" party . a bro'er !. a ban' $. a government .

1.. #

10. #

A buy1bac' agreement is an agreement by the seller to receive a portion of payment in pro"ucts pro"uce" by . A. the buyer B. a thir" party company . a thir" party country !. a ban' $. the >? government 3f a tra"e is "one on open account* . A. the importer pays in cash B. the importer borrows from a ban' . the importer signs a formal "ebt instrument !. the importer purchases with a specifie" cre"it term $. a ban' finances the tra"e

12.

207

15.

# 18. #

,he $%port ,ra"ing ompany Act was passe" by the >? ongress in 1682 to achieve the following objectives e%cept . A. help small an" me"ium1si&e" firms e%port their pro"ucts B. allow >? ban's to invest in commercial enterprises for e%port purposes . permit >? companies to form a partnership for e%port purposes without fear of antitrust ramifications !. purchase a companyEs accounts receivables on a non1recourse basis $. enable e%port1tra"ing companies to buy pro"ucts an" e%port these pro"ucts An offset agreement is fre4uently calle" A. "irect offset B. in"irect offset . compensation agreement !. counterpurchase $. switch tra"er .

16.

# 27.

A forfaiting arrangement in international tra"e financing normally "oes not re4uire A. a large "iscount B. long term financing . a ban' !. a recourse privilege $. foreign tra"e Which of the following items is not relate" to the >? $%port13mport Ban'? A. an in"epen"ent agency of the >? government B. the promotion of >? e%ports . commercial ban'1loan guarantees !. insurance offerings to >? e%porters $. mobili&es private capital

# 21. #

,he 9rivate $%port (un"ing orporation <9$( 8= was create" in 1657 at the initiation of the Ban'ersE Association for (oreign ,ra"e with the support of the following organi&ations e%cept . A. the >nite" -ations B. the >? ,reasury !epartment . the >? $%13m Ban' !. both B an" $. large >? ban's

201

22.

# 2+.

,he (oreign re"it 3nsurance Association <( 3A= "i" not provi"e the following type of insurance . A. failure of importer B. e%propriation . revolution !. foreign e%change ris' $. civil war !ocumentation in foreign tra"e is meant to ))). A. assure that the e%porter will receive the payment an" the importer will receive the merchan"ise B. re"uce noncompletion ris' . re"uce foreign e%change ris' !. finance tra"e transactions $. all of the above -oncompletion ris' ))). A. is greater in foreign tra"e than in "omestic tra"e B. causes e%porters to want to 'eep merchan"ise until they are pai" . can be re"uce" through the use of foreign tra"e "ocuments !. A an" B $. all of the above Which of the following is not a type of bill of la"ing? A. straight B. "ocumentary . on1boar" !. clean $. foul A consular invoice ))). A. is issue" by the consulate of the importing country B. is necessary to obtain customs clearance . evi"ences title to the shippe" goo"s !. A an" B $. all of the above ountertra"e ))). A. refers to worl" tra"e arrangements that are variations on the i"ea of barter B. is "ifficult to measure in volume "ue to secrecy . is falling in popularity an" importance !. A an" B $. all of the above 202

# 2..

# 20. #

22.

# 25.

28. #

What is the cost of not ta'ing cash "iscount for the following termG +P17* net 177? Assume +27 "ays a year. A. 12.77F B. 12.+5F . 1..00F !. 12.77F $. 27.77F Solution) @se E*uation +1",1-/ "1+100 , "- ' "30170 5 12/"86/

26.

(or the following import purchase* calculate the annual cost of the cash "iscount forgone* an" "etermine the "ate an" amount pai" if the "iscount is ta'enG J177* .P17* net +7. Assume that the invoice "ate is /arch 27 an" that there are +7 "ays in a month. a. 50F* J627* /arch +7 b. 00F* J627* April 17 c. 50F* J627* /arch +7 ". 00F* J827* /arch 27 e. 50F* J827* /arch +7 Solution) %1+100 , %- ' "30120 5 8&6? <1A000 +1 , 0/0%- 5 <730? and March 20 = 10 5 March "0/ >se the following information to answer the ne%t two 4uestionsG A multinational company has factore" its accounts receivable of J27*777 "ue in one month. ,he factor a"vances 50 percent of the receivables* charges 1.0 percent per month* an" 2 percent commission. Both the interest an" the commission are pai" on a "iscount basis.

+7.

What are the net procee"s available to the company? a. J10*777.77 b. J1.*577.77 c. J1.*007.07 ". J1.*007.20 e. J1.*+81.77 Solution) Face value Hess) 2&6 reserve due fro! factor 26 co!!ission Funds availa:le for advance Hess) 1/&6 interest on advance Net proceeds fro! advance <20A000 &A000 %00 <1%A300 217 <1%A"41

20+

+1.

What is the effective annual cost of factoring the accounts receivable? a. .0.66F b. +0.22F c. 26.77F ". 21.72F e. 10.07F Solution) .<%00 = +<217 ' 12-21<1%A"41 5 21/036/

20.

Chapter 1% Financin Forei n Invest!ent 1. 3nternal sources of fun"s available for foreign investment "o not inclu"e A. the parent e4uity contributions B. the parent "irect loans . fun"s provi"e" by operations from retaine" earnings !. intersubsi"iary fun" transfers $. commercial ban' loans .

# 2.

# +. #

/any multinational companies are reluctant to ma'e large e4uity investments in their foreign subsi"iaries because . A. "ivi"en"s to foreign sharehol"ers are normally subject to local income ta%es B. "ivi"en"s to foreign sharehol"ers are usually subject to withhol"ing ta%es . "ivi"en"s to foreign sharehol"ers are usually subject to foreign e%change ris' !. an e4uity investment is not very fle%ible for the investor $. all of the above 9arent loans to foreign subsi"iaries are usually more popular than e4uity contributions because . A. parent loans give a parent company greater fle%ibility in repatriating fun"s B. interest payments on intracompany loans are not ta% "e"uctible in the host country . intracompany loans re4uire cumbersome paperwor' !. intracompany loans carry high interest rates $. none of the above When a foreign subsi"iary has "ifficulty in borrowing money* a parent may provi"e its subsi"iary a loan guarantee through the following form<s= . A. the parent may sign a purchase agreement to buy its subsi"iary's promissory note from the len"er B. the parent may guarantee a specific loan agreement . the parent may guarantee all loans to the subsi"iary !. all of the above $. none of the above /any foreign subsi"iaries in "eveloping countries are not always free to remit their earnings in har" currency mainly because . A. many "eveloping countries "o not have sufficient international reserves B. foreign subsi"iaries want to retain earnings for current operations . foreign subsi"iaries "o not want to repatriate earnings to their parent !. subsi"iary managers want to ma%imi&e their own cash flows $. the parent company wants its subsi"iaries to have financial stability

..

# 0. #

200

2. #

Aoans from sister subsi"iaries are consi"ere" to be A. an internal source of fun"ing B. an e%ternal source of fun"ing . an e%ternal source of borrowing !. a form of cash "ivi"en"s $. none of the above

5.

# 8. #

$%ternal sources of fun"s for the multinational company inclu"e A. joint ventures with local investors B. borrowing from ban's in the parent country . ban' loans from the host country !. loans from the host government $. all of the above

Ban' over"rafts in international financing have the following feature<s= A. the customer can write chec's beyon" "eposits B. they provi"e a letter of cre"it . the ban' cannot charge interest !. these loans must be repai" within two "ays $. these loans are not allowe" in most in"ustriali&e" countries /ost multinational firms prefer unsecure" loans because A. they can receive large sums of fun"ing B. they "o not have collateral . boo''eeping costs of secure" loans are high !. their interest rate is low $. they re4uire large compensating balances .

6. #

17. #

Bri"ge loans are short1term renewal loans because . A. they are repai" when the permanent financing is arrange" B. they are rolle" over again for short1term purposes . they are not relate" to long1term loans !. they have low interest rates $. their maturity is less than one year Arbi loans are a form of . A. money mar'et he"ge B. foreign e%change arbitrage . currency swap !. options mar'et he"ge $. speculation

11. #

202

12.

# 1+. #

$"ge Act orporations are not allowe" to "o the following ban'ing activity A. international ban'ing B. international financing . financing foreign in"ustrial projects !. accept "omestic "eposits $. accept foreign "eposits

,he privileges of 3nternational Ban'ing (acilities <3B(s= "o not inclu"e . A. e%emption from the (e"eral income ta% B. free"om from reserve re4uirements . e%emption from some state income ta%es !. allowance of ban' offices in the >nite" ?tates to accept time "eposits in either "ollars or foreign currency from foreign customers $. B* * an" ! 3nternational Ban'ing (acilities <3B(s= allow ban' offices in the >nite" ?tates to A. accept time "eposits from foreign customers B. accept foreign currency "eposits from foreign customers . e%ten" cre"it to foreigners !. all of the above $. none of the above .

1..

# 10.

# 12. #

Which of the following is not a major a"vantage of forming a joint venture from a multinational firm's point of view? A. ta% benefits B. local mar'eting e%pertise . more capital !. less political ris' $. tight control ,he main emphasis of the Worl" Ban' is in the following area A. short1term commercial loans B. short1term government loans . loans for long1term social infrastructures !. loan guarantees for member countries $. investment in former communist countries .

15. #

,he 3nternational (inancial orporation <3( = is a sister institution of the Worl" Ban' an" is responsible for ma'ing the following type<s= of loans . A. government projects B. in"ustrial projects . in"ivi"ual projects !. e"ucational facilities $. none of the above 205

18.

,he 3nternational !evelopment Association <3!A= was establishe" in 1627 as an affiliate of the Worl" Ban' :roup an" its cre"it terms are generally e%ten"e" for years. A. 20 B. +7 . 07 !. less than 11 $. 5 Which of the following ban's is not a regional "evelopment ban'? A. 3nter1American !evelopment Ban' B. $uropean Ban' for ;econstruction an" !evelopment . Asian !evelopment Ban' !. African !evelopment Ban' $. the Ban' of Capan ,he Agency for 3nternational !evelopment <A3!= is an agency of one of the following >? government agencies . A. the >? ommerce !epartment B. the >? ,reasury !epartment . the >? ?tate !epartment !. the >? Custice !epartment $. the >? $"ucation !epartment ,he 8verseas 9rivate 3nvestment orporation <893 = was establishe" in 1626 an" han"les the following type<s= of wor' . A. guarantees political an" commercial ris's B. investment in Aatin America . political lobbying !. investment in ;ussia $. all of the above ,he 3nter1American !evelopment Ban' inclu"es the following countries A. ana"a* the >nite" ?tates* an" /e%ico B. Bra&il* /e%ico* an" Argentina . the >nite" ?tates an" 16 Aatin American countries !. A an" B $. none of the above .

16.

# 27.

21. #

22. #

208

2+. #

,he $uropean Ban' for ;econstruction an" !evelopment was establishe" in 1667 as a "evelopment ban' for the following region . A. Western $urope B. emerging "emocracies in $astern $urope . the -A,8 countries !. A an" B $. A* B* an" ,he $uropean 3nvestment Ban' was establishe" in 1608 by the member countries of the $uropean ommunity to support the following activities . A. to ma'e loans to the member governments B. to support the socio1economic infrastructures of the member nations or their basic in"ustries . to ma'e loans to $uropean ban's !. A an" B $. A* B* an" ,he Asian !evelopment Ban' was forme" in 1622 by 15 Asian countries in partnership with the following countries . A. the >nite" ?tates B. ana"a . :reat Britain !. :ermany $. all of the above :lobal partnerships an" alliances have flourishe" in recent years because of the following reasons . A. re"uce high "evelopment costs B. re"uce pro"uction costs . re"uce critical time to mar'et !. ma%imi&e ownership an" technology control $. A* B* an" 9roject finance has been use" to finance a variety of infrastructure projects e%cept ))). A. airports B. high schools . bri"ges !. highways $. power generation projects

2.. #

20.

# 22.

# 25. #

206

28.

# 26. #

?ome major forms of strategic alliances are A. licensing agreements B. mar'eting arrangements . joint ventures !. management contracts $. all of the above

9roject finance refers to an arrangement where a project sponsor finances a project on a basis. A. shortK non1recourse B. longK non1recourse . longK recourse !. shortK recourse $. none of the above

1term

+7. #

,he principal instruments use" by ban's to service an /- Es re4uest for a loan are all of the following but ))). A. letter of cre"it B. over"raft . bri"ge loans !. currency swaps $. lin' financing All of the following are 'nown types of joint ventures e%cept ))). A. two companies from the same country con"uct a business in a thir" country B. an /- forms a joint venture with host1country companies . an /- an" a local government form a joint venture !. companies from two or more countries establish a venture in a thir" country $. all of the above are 'nown types of joint ventures A firm borrows J27*777 at 12 percent. What is the effective rate of interest if the loan is "iscounte"? A. 12.77F B. 12.12F . 1+.2.F !. 1+.66F $. 1..77F Solution) Gollar interest cost 5 <20A000 ' 0/12 5 <2A%00/ Effective interest rate 5 <2A%001+<20A000 , <2A%00- 5 1"/3%6/

+1.

# +2.

227

++.

A firm borrows J27*777 at 17 percent. What is the effective rate of interest if the principal an" its interest are pai" at maturity? A. 11.11F B. 11.77F . 17.07F !. 17.77F $. 6..0F Solution) Gollar interest cost 5 <20A000 ' 0/10 5 <2A000/ Effective rate of interest 5 <2A0001<20A000 5 106/

+.. #

What is the effective interest rate on a J17*777 loan at 12 percent interest rate if the ban' re4uires a 271percent compensating balance an" a payment of the interest at maturity? A. 10F B. 1.F . 1+F !. 12F $. 11F Solution) 121+100 , 20- 5 1&6/

+0.

What is the effective interest rate on a J17*777 loan at 12 percent interest rate if the ban' re4uires a 271percent compensating balance an" an a"vance payment of the interest? A. 12.00F B. 1+.00F . 10.20F !. 12.20F $. 15.20F Solution) 121+100 , 20 , 12- 5 18/3&6/

+2.

A >? company borrows ?wiss francs for one year at 8 percent. ,he ?wiss franc is e%pecte" to "epreciate by 2 percent against the "ollar for one year. What is the effective interest rate of the loan in >? "ollar terms? A. 1.77F B. 1.02F . 2.77F !. 2.07F $. +.11F Solution) @se E*uation +1%,1-/ r 5 .+1 = 0/04-+1 = +,0/03- , 12 5 1/&26/

221

+5.

A >? company borrows British poun"s for one year at 2 percent. ,he >? one1year interest rate is 8 percent. ,he one1year forwar" rate of the poun" is J1.6+. ,he spot rate of the poun" at the beginning is J1.60. ,he poun"'s spot rate is J2.70 by the en" of the year. Base" on the information* compute the percentage change in poun" an" the effective interest rate of the loan in >? "ollar terms. A. 0.1F* 17.7F B. 2.1F* 11..F . 0.1F* 11..F !. 5.7F* 12.7F $. 8.7F* 12.0F Solution) #ercenta e chan e in pound 5 +<2/0& , <1/7&-1<1/7& 5 &/16/ Effective interest rate 5 +1 = 0/03- +1 = 0/0&1- , 1 5 11/%6/

+8.

,he one1year >? interest rate is 17 percent* an" the one1year 3talian interest rate is 1+ percent. 3f a >? company invests its fun"s in 3taly* by what percentage woul" the euro have to "epreciate to ma'e its effective interest rate the same as the >? interest rate from the >? company's perspective? A. 117.00F B. 1 2.07F . 1 ..20F !. 1 2.20F $. 1 1.77F Solution) @se E*uation +1%,1-/ 0/10 5 +1 = 0/1"-+1 = ie- , 1? solve the e*uation for ie +percenta e depreciation-/ ie 5 +1 = 0/101+1 = 0/1"- , 1 5 ,2/3&6/

+6.

A >? investor has J0 million in e%cess cash that it has investe" in hile at an annual interest rate of 27 percent. ,he >? interest rate is 6 percent. By how much woul" the hilean peso have to "epreciate to cause such a strategy to bac'fire? A. 117.00F B. 127.77F . 1+1.88F !. 1+0.77F $. 1.2.07F Solution) @se E*uation +1%,1-/ 0/07 5 +1 = 0/30-+1 = ie- , 1? solve the e*uation for ie +percenta e depreciation-/ ie 5 +1 = 0/07-1+1 = 0/30- , 1 5 ,"1/446/

222

Chapter 1& International Wor(in Capital Mana e!ent 1. ,he ability to relocate wor'ing cash balances an" profits on a global basis provi"es multinational firms with several types of arbitrage opportunities. ,hese types of arbitrage opportunities "o not inclu"e arbitrage. A. ta% B. financial mar'et . regulatory system !. commo"ity mar'et $. both A an" B (un" flows from parent to subsi"iary "o not inclu"e A. the initial investment from the parent B. intracompany loans from the parent . the purchase of goo"s from the parent !. a""e" investments from the parent $. the transfer of employees from the parent .

# 2.

# +.

# .. #

Which of the following is not a major component of fun" flows from subsi"iary to parent? A. "ivi"en" payments from subsi"iary B. interest payments from subsi"iary . royalty payments from subsi"iary !. payments for goo"s receive" from the parent $. ta% payments from subsi"iary An a"vantage of multilateral netting by a multinational corporation an" its foreign affiliates is that it . A. re"uces the total volume of interaffiliate fun" flows B. increases the total volume of interaffiliate fun" flows . increases foreign e%change ris' !. increases political ris' $. re"uces the number of employees Aea"s an" lags are a form of wor'ing capital management by . A. accelerating har"1currency payables payments an" "elaying soft1currency payables payments B. "elaying accounts receivable payments an" spee"ing up accounts payable payments . accelerating both receivables an" payables payments !. accelerating soft1currency payables payments an" accelerating har"1currency payables payments $. all of the above 22+

0. #

2. #

Accor"ing to the transfer pricing regulations* multinational firms are suppose" to charge prices to its foreign affiliates base" on the followingG A. total cost B. arm's1length prices . average cost !. internal prices $. none of the above ?ome multinational companies set up a re1invoicing center which normally . A. invoices in the same currency for the buyer an" seller of goo"s an" services B. buys in one currency an" pays in another currency . buys in the parent currency an" pays in the parent currency !. buys in gol" an" pays in the >? "ollar $. all of the above 3ntracompany loans "o not inclu"e the following transaction<s= A. "irect loans B. cre"it swaps . paralell loans !. both B an" $. investment cre"it re"it swaps "o not inclu"e the following party A. the parent company B. the foreign company . a ban' !. a foreign government $. both A an" B . .

5. #

8.

# 6.

# 17.

/ultinational firms may be able to repatriate fun"s from foreign affiliates through the following metho"<s= . A. royalty payments B. management fees . "ivi"en" payments !. a"justment of transfer prices $. all of the above

22.

11.

# 12. #

Which of the following is not relate" to the tra"itional objectives of multinational firms' cash management? A. to minimi&e the cost of fun"s B. to improve li4ui"ity . to improve the return on investment !. to re"uce ris's $. to pay the same amount of "ivi"en" year after year entrali&e" international cash management re4uires each local subsi"iary to A. "o whatever it wants with its e%cess cash B. hol" the minimum cash balance . invest in foreign e%change mar'ets !. invest in local capital mar'ets $. invest in long1term securities .

1+. #

,he most important factor affecting the location of international cash centers is probably ))). A. the local government's political stability an" its attitu"e towar" foreign1base" companies B. having enough cash balances at the local subsi"iary . e%change rate volatility !. the local government's ability to e%port oil $. all of the above /ajor categories of a float "o not inclu"e the following ))) . A. invoicing float B. cre"it float . mail float !. processing float $. transit float ,he @just1in1time@ inventory management was initiate" by A. the >nite" ?tates B. :ermany . Capan !. the >nite" Hing"om $. Horea .

1.. #

10. #

220

12.

A 1662 stu"y by ;icci an" /orrison foun" that 87 percent of (ortune 277 companies use wire transfers * 07 percent pool their cash * an" almost half net payments an" transfer fun"s electronically . A. sometimesK sometimesK sometimes B. oftenK oftenK often. . oftenK sometimesK rarely. !. rarelyK rarelyK rarely. $. oftenK oftenK rarely. ,ransfer pricing has been use" by multinational firms to achieve the following objectivesG A. minimi&e income ta%es B. minimi&e tariff payments . minimi&e foreign e%change controls !. operate wor'ing capital effectively $. all of the above ;e1invoicing centers are set up in ta% haven countries to "o the following A. charge higher prices B. meet "ifferent accounting stan"ar"s . bypass government restrictions an"Por avoi" ta%es !. A an" B $. A* B* an" .

15.

# 18. #

16. #

/ultinational companies fre4uently unbun"le remittances into separate flow categories in or"er to . A. avoi" ta%es B. minimi&e the si&e of profit repatriation . meet the accounting stan"ar"s !. A an" B $. A* B* an" Which of the following is not a popular cash center location. A. Au%embourg B. ,he -etherlan"s . Bermu"a !. hile $. the Bahamas 3ntracompany loans "o not inclu"e . A. "irect loans B. cre"it swaps . bac' to bac' loans !. loans un"er parent guarantees $. loans from the Worl" Ban' 222

27.

# 21.

22. #

3n international cash management* which of the following items is most important? A. interest rate "ifferential between two countries B. inflation "ifferential between two countries . interest rate an" foreign e%change rate comparisons between two countries !. A an" B $. A* B* an" Which of the following is not one of the ways that a multinational company can "elay its payments? A. mail B. electronic fun" transfers . more fre4uent re4uisitions !. floats $. none of the above -et wor'ing capital inclu"es ))). A. accounts receivable B. accounts payable . inventory !. A an" B $. all of the above $conomic constraints of an /- Es current asset management inclu"e all of the following but ))). A. foreign e%change constraints B. arbitrage constraints . regulatory constraints !. ta% constraints $. all of the above are constraints ,he principal goal of spee"ing the collection process is to ))). A. re"uce floats B. minimi&e the investment in accounts receivable . re"uce ban'ing an" transaction fees !. B an" $. all of the above

2+. #

2..

# 20. #

22.

225

25.

A >? company has J17*777 in cash available for .0 "ays. 3t can earn 1 percent on .01"ay investment in the >nite" ?tates. Alternatively* if it converts the >? "ollars to ?ingapore "ollars* it can earn 1.0 percent on a ?ingapore "eposit for .0 "ays. ,he spot rate of the ?ingapore "ollar is >?J7.07. ,he spot rate .0 "ays from now is e%pecte" to be >?J7..7. ?houl" this company invest its cash in the >nite" ?tates or in ?ingapore? A. in the >nite" ?tates B. in ?ingapore . it "oes not ma'e any "ifference !. all of the above $. none of the above Solution) @S invest!ent earns 1 percent/ #ercenta e chan e in Sin apore dollar5 +<0/%0 , <0/&0-1<0/&0 5 ,206/ Sin apore invest!ent loses 14/4 percent) .+1 = 0/01&-+1 = +,0/20-2 , 1 5 ,14/46/

28.

A ana"ian investor has ana"ian J177*777 to invest for one year. >? ,reasury bills offer a yiel" of 11 percent. ,he current e%change rate of the ana"ian "ollar is >?J7.07. What is the yiel" on the investment if the e%change rate of the ana"ian "ollar is >?J7..2 at the en" of the year? A. 17.20F B. 12.00F . 10.77F !. 27.20F $. 20.77F Solution) Convert Canadian <100A000 to @S<&0A000 at <0/&0 rate/ Invest @S<&0A000 in the @S at 11 percent/ +<&0A000 ' 1/11 5 <&&A&009econvert @S dollars to Canadian dollars/ +<&&A&001<0/%3 5 Canadian <120A3&2Eield 5 +Canadian <120A3&2 I Canadian <100A000-1Canadian <100A000 5 20/3&6/

228

Chapter 13 International #ortfolio Invest!ent 1. # 3nternational portfolio "iversification* compare" to a purely "omestic portfolio "iversification* in general will . A. increase ris' B. "ecrease ris' . have the same amount of ris' !. all of the above $. cannot tell A. B. . !. $. A. B. . !. $. A. B. . !. $. is not a major cause of systematic <un"iversifiable= ris'. a worl"wi"e recession a worl" war worl" energy supply both A an" B company management change isPare not a major cause of unsystematic <"iversifiable= ris'. wil"cat stri'es new competitors new pro"uct management worl"wi"e inflation both B an" is not a major component of the capital asset pricing mo"el. an e%pecte" rate of return on a security the ris'less rate of return the mar'et rate of return systematic ris' the historical price of the stoc'

2.

# +.

# ..

# 0. #

A correlation coefficient in portfolio management measures . A. the "egree of correlation between two or more securities B. the "egree of variance . the "egree of past relationship !. the "egree of certainty $. all of the above

226

2.

# 5. #

Assume that the e%pecte" returns of the five portfolios are the same but their stan"ar" "eviations are as follows. Which of these five portfolios is most ris'y? A. 1.0F B. 2.7F . 2.0F !. +.7F $. ..7F Which of the following statements gives the best "escription of international portfolio? A. stoc' mar'et returns have lower positive correlations across countries than within a country B. stoc' mar'et returns have higher positive correlations across countries than within a country . stoc' mar'et returns are suppose" to have &ero correlations across countries !. stoc' mar'et returns have lower negative correlations across countries than within a country $. stoc' mar'et returns have in"epen"ent correlations across countries Accor"ing to an empirical stu"y by ?olnic'* an efficient international portfolio cuts the systematic ris' of an efficient >? portfolio by more than F. A. 20 B. 07 . 50 !. 177 $. 1+7 Aggressive stoc's are those stoc's that have betas ))). A. greater than 1 B. smaller than 1 . e4ual to 1 !. can not tell $. greater than 1 but small than 2. A portfolio that incurs the smallest ris' for a given level of return is calle" ))). A. the efficient frontier B. the optimal portfolio . the mar'et portfolio !. the international portfolio $. the efficient portfolio

8. #

6. #

17.

257

11. #

/etho"s of international "iversification "o not inclu"e the following ))). A. international mutual fun"s B. purchases of >? government securities for >? investors . American "epository receipts !. he"ge fun"s $. "irect purchases of foreign securities Accor"ing to an empirical stu"y by Aevy an" Aerman* which of the following portfolios performe" best? A. >? portfolio of stoc's an" bon"s B. internationally "iversifie" portfolio of bon"s . internationally "iversifie" portfolio of stoc's !. internationally "iversifie" portfolio of stoc's an" bon"s $. :erman portfolio of stoc's an" bon"s Accor"ing to a stu"y by Aevy an" Aerman* an investment in >? bon"s compare" to internationally "iversifie" bon" portfolios is . A. more efficient B. less efficient . about the same !. cannot tell $. relatively efficient Accor"ing to a stu"y by Aevy an" Aerman* an investment in >? stoc's compare" to internationally "iversifie" stoc' portfolios is . A. more efficient B. less efficient . about the same !. highly efficient $. none of the above ,he capital asset pricing mo"el < A9/= assumes that . A. the un"iversifiable ris' of a security coul" be "iversifie" if certain financial parameters are present B. ris's are worth ta'ing as long as they can be "iversifie" . the total ris' of a security can be partially "iversifie" if certain financial parameters are present !. the total ris' of a security can be totally "iversifie" if certain financial parameters are present $. the total ris' of a security consists of systematic an" unsystematic ris's

12.

# 1+. #

1.. #

10.

251

12. #

,he e4uation 'nown as the security mar'et line consists of the A. commercial rate of interest an" systematic ris' B. commercial rate of interest an" a ris' premium . ris'less rate of interest an" a ris' premium !. nominal rate of interest an" a ris' premium $. national average rate of interest an" a ris' premium

15.

# 18. #

A correlation coefficient of &ero means that the two sets of returns for two securities are ))))). A. correlate" or "epen"ent on each other B. correlate" or in"epen"ent of each other . uncorrelate" or "epen"ent on each other !. uncorrelate" or in"epen"ent of each other $. none of the above Because the "egree of correlation among securities "epen"s on economic factors* most pairs of "omestic securities have a correlation coefficient . A. between 7 an" 1.7 B. between 7 an" 11.7 . greater than D1.7 !. between 7 an" 2.7 $. e4ual to 7 8ne way to measure the benefits of international "iversification is to compare the . A. e%pecte" return for a portfolio of >? an" foreign portfolios B. stan"ar" "eviation of return for a portfolio of >? an" foreign portfolios . e%pecte" return an" stan"ar" "eviation of return for a portfolio of foreign countries !. e%pecte" return of portfolios in in"ustrial countries $. e%pecte" return an" stan"ar" "eviation of return for a portfolio of >? an" foreign securities combine" vs. >? securities alone Which of the following statements about international investment correlation is not true? A. stoc' mar'et returns have lower positive correlations across countries than within a country B. member countries of the $uropean >nion have relatively high correlations . the >? an" Capan have a high correlation !. both B an" are not true $. all of the above are not true

16.

# 27.

252

21.

# 22. #

A stu"y by /organ ?tanley foun" that American investors coul" enjoy higher returns an" less ris' if they hel" a portfolio that containe" up to ))) percent investment in foreign stoc's. A. 27F B. +7F . .7F !. 07F $. 27F ,he e%pecte" rate of return on a mar'et portfolio is 10 percent. ,he ris'less rate of interest is 5 percent. ,he beta of a company is 1... What is the re4uire" rate of return on this company's common e4uity? A 18.2F. B. 22.7F. . 20.2F. !. +1.6F. $. 00.2F. Solution) use E*uation +13,2-) 9 5 /08 = +/1& , /08-1/% 5 14/26

2+. #

At present* the ris'less rate of return is 0 percent an" the e%pecte" rate of return on the mar'et portfolio is 11 percent. ,he e%pecte" return for a common stoc' is 27 percent an" the stoc''s beta is 1.2. ,his particular common stoc' isG A. un"ervalue" B. overvalue" . fairly value" !. cannot tell $. none of the above Solution) use E*uation +13,2-) 9 5 /0& = +/11 , /0&-1/2 5 12/26 J 206

2..

A portfolio manager has "eci"e" to invest a total of J2 million on >? an" Capanese portfolios. ,he e%pecte" returns are 12 percent on the >? portfolio an" 27 percent on the Capanese portfolio. What is the e%pecte" return of an international portfolio with .7 percent investe" in the >? portfolio an" 27 percent investe" in the Capanese portfolio? A. +2.7F B. 12.8F . 10.7F !. 12.5F $. 17.7F

25+

Solution) use E*uation +13,%-) 9p 5 +/%-+/12- = +/3-+/20- 5 13/46/ 20. Henneth ?ha" has "eci"e" to invest a total of J277*777 on >? an" (rench portfolios. ,he e%pecte" returns are 27 percent on the (rench portfolio an" 15 percent on an international portfolio. ,he international portfolio consists of 27 percent investe" in the >? portfolio an" .7 percent investe" in the (rench portfolio. What is the e%pecte" return on the >? portfolio? A. 11F B. 12F . 1+F !. 1.F $. 10F Solution) use E*uation +13,%-) 0/18 5 +0/30-+9us- = +0/%0-+0/20-/ 9us 5 1&6/ 22. # Assume that the per1share prices of a common stoc' are J.7* J07* an" J27 for three "ays. alculate the average price* the stan"ar" "eviation* an" the coefficient of variation for the stoc'. A. J07* J17* 7.27 B. J07* J17* 7.+7 . J.7* J27* 7..7 !. J27* J27* 7.07 $. J.7* J07* 7.27 Solution) Avera e price 5 +%0 = &0 = 30-1" 5 <&0/ @se E*uation +13,1- for the standard deviation) Standard deviation 5 K.+%0 , &0-2 = +&0 , &0-2 = +30 , &0-221+" , 1-LM 5 <10/ The coefficient of variation 5 101&0 5 0/20/

25.

Chapter 18 Corporate Strate $ and Forei n Girect Invest!ent 1. # ,he >nite" ?tates !epartment of ommerce "efines foreign "irect investment as investment in either real capital assets or financial assets with a minimum of F e4uity ownership in a foreign firm. A. 17 B. 27 . +7 !. 07 $. 27 Which of the following is not an oligopoly1create" a"vantage of foreign "irect investment for investing companies? A. proprietary technology B. management 'now1how . access to scarce raw materials !. political a"vantage $. financial economies of scale Which of the following is not "irectly relate" to benefits of foreign "irect investment to host countries? A. foreign investment in"uces the transfer of technology B. foreign investment increases national employment . foreign investment contributes to ta% revenues !. foreign investment provi"es local wor'ers with an opportunity to learn managerial s'ills $. foreign investment creates jobs for foreigners Which of the following is not part of the argument against foreign investment for host countries? A. foreign investment brings about the loss of political an" economic sovereignty B. foreign investment e%ploits local natural resources . foreign investment un"ermines local in"igenous cultures !. foreign investment lowers local wages $. foreign investment controls 'ey in"ustries an" e%port mar'ets Which of the following is not an a"vantage of foreign licensing arrangement over foreign investment? A. licensing re4uires a relatively small amount of investment B. licensing has relatively lower ris' . companies obtain an opportunity to penetrate foreign mar'ets. !. licensing may create a possible competitor $. licensing is an easy way to circumvent foreign government restrictions 250

2.

# +.

# ..

# 0.

2. #

/o"es of foreign "irect investments "o not inclu"e the following A. construction of new plants abroa" B. e%ports . mergers an" ac4uisitions of foreign firms !. international joint ventures $. international e4uity alliances

5. #

onstruction of new plants abroa" re4uires "eman" forecast. ?uch a "eman" forecast "oes not "epen" on the following ))). A. political system B. competition . income !. population $. economic con"itions (er"ows classifies benefits of foreign "irect investment into two categoriesG A. tangible an" intangible B. ta% an" intangible . better customer1service an" tangible !. technology an" intangible $. lower cost an" higher ta% an" .

8. #

6.

,otal private flows to "eveloping countries grew more than ))) fol" between 1662 an" 1666. A. eight B. nine . ten !. eleven $. twelve Which of the following statements is false? A. a merger is a transaction that combines two companies into one new company B. an ac4uisition is the purchase of one firm by another firm a ten"er offer is an offer to sell a certain number of shares !. Heiretsu is a Capanese wor" that stan"s for financially lin'e" groups of firms $. a ten"er offer is usually associate" with a hostile ta'eover ,he use of the purchase1of1assets metho" in case of a merger creates ))). A. goo"will B. actual profits . a""itional e%penses !. a""itional sales $. a""itional mar'et share 252

17. #

11. #

12.

-ewman sai" that a growth1oriente" company can globally close four types of growth gaps between its sales potential an" its current actual performance. ,hese gaps "o not inclu"e ))). A. a pro"uct1line gap B. a "istribution gap . a local gap !. a usage gap $. a competitive gap A merger can affect all of the following e%cept ))). A. earnings before ta%es B. employee health care . ta%es !. capitali&ation rate $. "ebt capacity ,he appropriate mi% of "ebt an" e4uity ))) the overall cost of capital. A. increases B. re"uces . "oes not change !. causes a variety in $. A an" B 3n general* international mergers an" ac4uisitions ten" to "ecrease ris' an" increase earnings capabilities by the following factors e%cept . A. international ta% a"vantage B. lowering capitali&ation rate . increasing "ebt capacity !. increasing overhea" $. increasing earnings before ta%es ,he mar'et1base" system of corporate governance is primarily use" in ))). A. ?outh Africa B. the >nite" ?tates . Capan !. /e%ico $. hina

1+. #

1.. #

10.

# 12. #

255

15. #

,he ban'1base" system of corporate governance is primarily use" in ))). A. Capan B. the >nite" ?tates . the >nite" Hing"om !. Horea $. 9ortlan" Bost countries can benefit from foreign "irect investment because it . A. contributes to ta% revenues an" helps balance their international balance of payments B. provi"es local wor'ers with an opportunity to learn managerial s'ills . in"uces the transfer of technology an" s'ills which are fre4uently in short supply !. increases both national employment an" wages $. all of the above !ecisions on capital e%pen"itures involve the allocation an" commitment of fun"s to investment projects ))). A. whose returns are e%pecte" to e%ten" beyon" one year B. which usually re4uire very large sums of money . ma"e in e%pectation of benefits over an e%ten"e" perio" !. which are not rea"ily reversible once they are ma"e $. all of the above ,he benefits of mergers an" ac4uisitions over construction of new plants inclu"e all of the following but ))). A. faster penetration of foreign mar'ets B. the foreign operations can be tailore" to e%act nee"s . 4uic'er elimination of competitors !. allows for the purchase of only part of a firm $. the buil"ing of factories may ta'e years to complete An e4uity alliance is ))). A. where one company ta'es an e4uity position in another company B. a venture that is owne" by two or more firms . an agreement where an /- allows a foreign company to pro"uce its pro"ucts in a foreign country in e%change for compensation !. an agreement where an /- allows a foreign company to sell pro"ucts or services un"er a bran" name $. occurs when /- s contract with a foreign manufacturer to pro"uce pro"ucts for them accor"ing to their specifications

18.

# 16.

# 27. #

21. #

258

22.

# 2+.

,he "ecline in (!3 flows in 2772 was almost entirely "ue to the "ecline in flows to Aatin America an" the aribbean. ,his "ecline was "ue to ))). A. the regional recession un"ermine" investment incentives B. fewer large mergers an" ac4uisitions . the process of privati&ation ha" move" towar"s completion !. all of the above $. none of the above 8bstacles to improving a countryEs investment climate inclu"e )))). A. ba" roa"s B. primitive port facilities . lac' of local capital !. lac' of 4ualifie" local technicians $. all of the above /ergers are often more "ifficult to evaluate than purchases because ))). A. the financial manager must carefully "efine benefits B. the financial manager must analy&e who gains from the merger . special ta% an" legal issues must be a""resse" !. special accounting issues must be a""resse" $. all of the above A >? firm is consi"ering the ac4uisition of a /e%ican company for J2 million. ,he cost of capital for the >? firm is 17 percent. ,he /e%ican company has e%pecte" cash flows of J67*777 per year. ,he synergistic benefits of the merger will a"" J+7*777 per year to net cash flow. What is the present value of net cash flows from this merger? A. J1*077*777 B. J1*.77*777 . J1*+77*777 !. J1*277*777 $. J 507*777 Solution) #resent value 5 <70A000 = <"0A000 5 <1A200A000/

# 2..

# 20.

22.

A ana"ian company has a total of J.07*777 in ta% loss carryforwar"s. ,o use these losses an" to "iversify its operations* a >? company has ac4uire" the ana"ian company through a merger. ,he >? company e%pects to have earnings before ta%es of J+77*777 per year. AssumeG the >? company is in the .71percent ta% brac'et an" all the losses can be carrie" forwar". Bow much ta% can the >? company re"uce through this merger? A. J187*777 B. J207*777 . J+77*777 !. J.07*777 $. J077*777 256

Solution) 9eduction in ta' 5 the loss involved !ultiplied :$ the ta' rate) <%&0A000 ' 0/%0 5 <140A000/ 25. Assume that the "ebt ratio is 27 percent* the cost of "ebt is 2 percent* the cost of e4uity is 17 percent* the ta% rate is 07 percent* an" annual earnings after ta%es are J17*777 for a multinational company. What are the company's weighte" average cost of capital an" its mar'et value? A. 0.8F* J107*777 B. 0.8F* J152*.1. . 2.2F* J152*.1. !. 2.6F* J167*21. $. 5.5F* J277*777 Solution) Wei hted avera e cost of capital 5 0/30 ' 0/03+1 , 0/&0- = 0/%0 ' 0/10 5 0/0&4/ Mar(et value 5 <10A00010/0&4 5 <182A%1%/ 28. Assume that a company with a ta% rate of .7 percent has ac4uire" a firm with J0 million boo' value for J12 million. ,he ac4uiring company is locate" in a country where goo"will write1offs are "e"uctible for ta% purposes. ,he goo"will can be written off for a ma%imum of ten years. What is the amount of ta% savings that the ac4uiring company can reali&e for ten years? A. J2.1 million B. J2.0 million . J2.8 million !. J+.0 million $. J..8 million Solution) Nood;ill 5 !ar(et value , :oo( value 5 <12 !illion , <& !illion 5 <8 !illion/ Ta' savin s 5 ood;ill ' ta' rate 5 <8 !illion ' 0/%0 5 <2/4 !illion/

287

Chapter 14 International Capital Bud etin Gecisions 1. Which of the following is not "irectly relate" to the cash flow analysis of a foreign investment project? A. foreign royalty payments B. foreign ta%es . foreign e%change rate changes !. management changes $. "eman" forecast 3n a foreign investment analysis* which of the following objectives is most important an" relevant? A. to ma%imi&e the project cash flows B. to ma%imi&e the parent cash flows . to ma%imi&e the project earnings !. to ma%imi&e the overall parent earnings $. to ma%imi&e the subsi"iary cash flows Which of the following capital bu"geting techni4ues is consi"ere" to be superior to other metho"s? A. the average rate of return B. the paybac' metho" . the net present value metho" !. the rule1of1thumb metho" $. both A an" ! /any multinational companies use the ris'1a"juste" "iscounte" rate an" increase the "iscount rate if a projectEs ris' is . A. lower than normal ris' B. the same as normal ris' . greater than normal ris' !. cannot tell $. all of the above 3n a foreign investment analysis* the certainty1e4uivalent approach a"justs for ris' in the following variable . A. the cost of capital B. cash flow . inflation rate !. interest rate $. unemployment rate

# 2. #

+.

..

0. #

281

2. #

,he last three phases of a foreign investment analysis areG A. implementation* control* an" post au"it B. implementation* control* an" the publication of annual financial reports . implementation* post au"it* an" planning !. control* post au"it* an" planning $. control* search for projects* an" planning ,he portfolio theory relies on the following variable<s= A. ris' B. project maturity . project return !. both A an" $. both B an" .

5.

# 8.

# 6.

When net present value an" internal rate of return pro"uce "ifferent answers* net present value is better becauseG A. the net present value is easier to compute than the internal rate of return B. the primary goal of a firm is to ma%imi&e the value of the firm* which coinci"es with the net present value approach . the internal rate of return assumes a constant reinvestment rate !. a single project may have more than one internal rate of return $. all of the above 9ortfolio theory "eals with the selection of investment projects that woul". A. ma%imi&e profit B. minimi&e ris' . ma%imi&e the rate of return for a given level of ris' !. minimi&e ris' for a given level of return $. an" ! >se the following information to answer the ne%t three 4uestionsG A foreign investment project with an initial cost of J10*777 is e%pecte" to pro"uce net cash flows of J8*777* J6*777* J17*777* an" J11*777 for each of the ne%t four years. ,he firm's cost of capital is 12 percent* but the international financial manager perceives the ris' of this particular project is much higher than 12 percent. ,he international financial manager feels that a 27 percent "iscount rate woul" be appropriate for the project.

17. #

What is the paybac' perio" of the project? A. 1.8 years. B. 2.0 years. . 2.5 years. !. +.7 years. $. ..7 years. 282

Solution) pa$:ac( period 5 1 = +1&A000 , 4A000-17A000 5 1/4 $ears/ 11. # What is the net present value of the project at the firm's cost of capital? A. about J10*777. B. about J1+*.77. . about J11*077 !. about J17*.77 $. J12*777. Solution) N#O 5 <4A0001+1/12- = <7A0001+1/12- 2 = <10A0001+1/12-" = <10A0001+1/12-% , <1&A000 5 <1"A%""/ 12. # What is the ris'1a"juste" net present value of the project? A. about J6*777 B. about J8*077 . about J5*677 !. about J5*.77 $. J8*777. Solution) N#O 5 <4A0001+1/20- = <7A0001+1/20- 2 = <10A0001+1/20-" = <10A0001+1/20-% , <1&A000 5 <7A002/ 1+. A multinational company is consi"ering the establishment of a two1year project in :ermany with a J8 million initial investment. ,he company's cost of capital is 12 percent. ,he re4uire" rate of return on this project is 18 percent. ,he project with no salvage value after two years is e%pecte" to generate net cash flows of 12 million euros in year 1 an" +7 million euros in year 2. Assume no ta%es an" a stable e%change rate of J7.27 per euro. What is the net present value of the project in "ollar terms? A. about J+7 million B. about J12 million . about J11 million !. about J17 million $. about J 8 million Solution) Eear 1) 12A000A000 euros ' <0/30 5 < 8A200A000 Eear 2) "0A000A000 euros ' <0/30 5 <14A000A000 Net present value 5 <8A200A0001+1/14- = <14A000A0001+1/14-2 , <4A000A000 5 <11A027A01&/

28+

1..

A foreign project has an initial investment of J1*.77. 3ts net cash flows are e%pecte" to be J677* J1*777* an" J1*.77 for each of the ne%t three years. ,he certainty e4uivalent coefficients of the project are 7.50* 7.00* an" 7.+0 for each of the ne%t three years. With a 21percent ris'less rate of return* "etermine the certain net present value of the project. A. about J1.7 B. about J.07 . about J1*077 !. about J2*077 $. about J2*.77 Solution) N#O 5 <700 +0/8&-1+1/03- = <1A000+0/&&- 1+1/03- 2 = <1A%00+0/"&-1+1/03-" , <1A%00 5 <1"4/

10.

# 12.

Which of the following is not a major political ris' liste" in a stu"y by :o""ar"? A. e%propriation B. restrictions on remittances of "ivi"en"s . ta% changes !. e%change controls $. high inflation rates Which of the following is not a major reason for the nationali&ation of both foreign an" "omestic companies by many governments? A. the government believes that it coul" run the business more efficiently B. the government believes that companies are concealing their profits . politicians wish to win popular support as they save jobs by nationali&ing !. the government wants to operate business firms $. the government can control a company or in"ustry ,he operational restrictions associate" with political ris' "o not inclu"e the following measure . A. employee policies B. locally share" ownership . loss of transfer free"om !. confiscation of business assets $. breaches in agreements Accor"ing to a stu"y by Henne"y* the largest number of e%propriations too' place between . A. 1657 an" 1656 B. 1687 an" 1686 . 1627 an" 1626 !. 1607 an" 1606 $. 1667 an" 1666 28.

# 15.

# 18. #

16. #

,he !elphi techni4ue of political ris' analysis involves A. compiling the opinions of in"epen"ent e%perts B. using an outsi"e consultant . e%ecutive visits to a country !. all of the above $. both B an"

27.

# 21.

!efensive measures before investment to avoi" political ris' of a foreign project inclu"e ))). A. planne" "ivestment B. careful negotiations . a"apting to host1country goals !. concession agreements $. all of the above A significant upsurge in e%propriation will not return in the future because ))). A. the international "emonstration effect "iscourages e%propriation B. the economic conse4uences of mass e%propriation have been negative . the loss of sovereignty over some sectors may be politically accepte" !. the enhance" capabilities of "eveloping countries $. all of the above ,o become a goo" citi&en of a host country* the multinational company shoul" ta'e the following actions e%cept ))). A. use a large amount of locally1supplie" raw materials B. hire local people for managerial positions . maintain a competitive e"ge !. "eflate the subsi"iary's profits $. ma'e the e4uity of the subsi"iary available to local investors ountrywi"e political ris's "epen" on the following three broa" groups of variablesG A. political climate* economic climate* an" foreign relations B. political climate* economic climate* an" ta% laws . economic climate* foreign relations* an" inflation rates !. foreign relations* ta% laws* an" inflation rates $. money supply* the balance of payments* an" inflation rate ?ome popular techni4ues of political1ris' assessment inclu"e the following A. the "elphi techni4ue B. the gran" tour . ol" han" !. 4uantitative analysis $. all of the above 280 .

# 22.

# 2+. #

2..

20.

# 22. #

,he number of e%propriations un"erta'en by foreign governments has A. increase" slightly B. increase" substantially . "ecrease" slightly !. "ecrease" substantially $. staye" the same

since 1656.

,he gran" tour relies on the visiting the countries where investment is consi"ere". A. opinions of company e%ecutives B. gut feeling of in"epen"ent a"visors . opinions of ban'ers !. opinions of government officials $. none of the above A foreign investment "ecision "iffers from a "omestic "ecision in the following waysG A. net cash flows are subject to e%change1rate changes B. foreign investment projects are subject to political ris' . foreign investment projects are subject to e%change controls !. the cost of capital for a foreign project is higher $. all of the above ,he companyEs overall strategy consists of ))). A. objectives B. policies . resources !. A an" B $. all of the above Which of the following statements concerning cash flow analysis of foreign projects is not true? A. the cash outflows an" inflows shoul" be analy&e" on an after1ta% basis B. the forecasts or"inarily come from "ata of similar ventures . foreign e%change rates nee" not be consi"ere" !. the forecasts may be ma"e by such techni4ues as the percent1of1sales metho" $. two sets of cash flows must be ma"e* one for the project itself an" one for the parent company When the host country has a stable e%change rate ))). A. no cash flow problems are presente" B. cash flow analysis becomes more complicate" . permission is re4uire" to buy foreign e%change !. the remittance of fun"s to the parent company is bloc'e" $. none of the above 282

25.

# 28.

# 26.

+7. #

Chapter 17 The Cost of Capital for Forei n #roFects 1. ,he weighte" average cost of capital "oes not "eal with the following componentsG A. the cost of e4uity B. the cost of "ebt after ta% . the value of the firm's "ebt !. the cost of inventory $. the value of the firm's e4uity ,he cost of e4uity can be "erive" from the following mo"elG A. an inventory mo"el B. a cash flow mo"el . the capital asset pricing mo"el !. a "ebt mo"el $. none of the above ,he cost of "ebt shoul" be "erive" from the following consi"erationG A. "ebt capacity of a firm B. solvency of a firm . li4ui"ity of a firm !. after ta% interest cost $. none of the above ,he weighte" average cost of capital consists of the following ))). A. the cost of "ebt an" the cost of preferre" stoc' B. the cost of "ebt* the cost of preferre" stoc' an" the cost of e4uity . the cost of "ebt* the cost of preferre" stoc'* an" the cost of retaine" earnings !. the cost of common stoc' an" the cost of retaine" earnings $. the cost of "ebt* the cost of preferre" stoc'* an" the cost of retaine" earnings When we calculate the weighte" average cost of capital* which of the following metho"s is superior? A. the boo' value of "ebt B. the boo' value of e4uity . the mar'et value of "ebt an" e4uity !. the mar'et value of assets $. none of the above

# 2. #

+.

# .. #

0.

285

2. #

,he weighte" average cost of capital usually goes "own up to a certain point if we a"" A. more e4uity B. more "ebt . more preferre" stoc' !. none of the above $. all of the above ,he company's optimum capital structure is compatible with . A. minimi&ing the company's weighte" average cost of capital B. ma%imi&ing the value of the company . ma%imi&ing the company's share price !. all of the above $. none of the above /ultinational companies may lower their cost of capital mainly because A. they are smart B. they can obtain a""itional capital internationally . they have "ifferent national wor' forces !. they have political clout $. none of the above ,he marginal cost of capital means that . A. it is inferior B. it is superior . the company incurs a""itional cost by raising a""itional fun"s !. it is always constant $. none of the above 3n foreign investment analysis* the optimum capital bu"get is obtaine" at the point where ))). A. the net present value is ma%imi&e" B. the internal rate of return is ma%imi&e" . the internal rate of return crosses the marginal cost of capital !. all of the above $. none of the above ,he main reasons why the international cost of capital may be "ifferent from the purely "omestic cost of capital are "ue to the followingG A. the company's accessibility to international capital mar'ets B. ta% a"vantages in "ifferent countries . e%change rate ris' !. A an" B $. A* B* an" 288 .

5.

# 8. #

6. #

17.

11.

12. #

/ultinational companies may re"uce their cost of capital by A. increasing foreign "irect investment B. "iversifying ris' across the national boun"aries . increasing political pressure !. e%ploiting local labor $. none of the above

1+. #

,he optimum capital bu"get is "efine" as the amount of investment that ma%imi&es ))). A. the mar'et share of the company B. the value of the company . the net cash flow of the company !. earning before ta%es of the company $. all of the above ,he capital asset pricing mo"el is base" on the assumption that ))). A. no ris' is awar"e" with a ris' premium B. systematic ris' is inconse4uential . un"iversifiable ris' is inconse4uential !. intelligent ris'1a"verse investor see' to "iversify their ris's $. beta my not be estimate" base" on historical "ata 9otential problems in using the capital asset pricing mo"el inclu"e ))). A. how to compute beta B. the mar'et may not be in e4uilibrium . ris'1a"verse investors see' to "iversify their ris's !. A an" B $. all of the above /- s must account for a number of complicate" factors to measure "ebt inclu"ing all of the following but ))). A. /- s can borrow in $urocurrency mar'ets B. /- s can borrow in international bon" mar'ets . an estimate of interest rates an" proportion of "ebt to be raise" in each mar'et !. an estimate of ta% rates in each capital mar'et $. the firmEs price1earnings ratio A firm may base their subsi"iary cost of capital on ))). A. the cost of capital to the parent company B. the cost of capital to the subsi"iary . a weighte" average of the cost of capital to the parent company an" the cost of capital to the subsi"iary !. all of the above $. none of the above 286

1..

# 10.

# 12.

15.

18.

Which of the following statements concerning the appropriate cost of capital is true? A. the "iscount rate shoul" be increase" to account for inflation B. an /- shoul" not use a cost of capital "etermine" worl"1wi"e . the cost of capital to the foreign subsi"iary shoul" never be use" as the cost of capital !. if a parent company finances the entire cost of its foreign project by itself* the cost of capital to the parent company may be use" as the appropriate cost of capital $. none of the above statements is true ,he optimal capital structure ))). A. is where the "ebt ratio remains fi%e"* but the amount of capital to be obtaine" changes B. is the combination of "ebt an" e4uity that yiel"s the lowest cost of capital . within the same in"ustry stays the same from country to country !. all of the above statements are true $. none of the above statements is true $mpirical stu"ies <1688= on cultural values an" capital structure have foun" thatG A. capital structure norms for companies vary wi"ely from one country to another B. cultural factors cause "ebt ratios to cluster by country . ?outheastern Asian* Aatin American* an" Anglo1American countries have low "ebt ratios !. all of the above $. none of the above ,he common stoc' of :lobal orp. is selling at J0. per share. 3t e%pects to pay a "ivi"en" of J. per share an" the "ivi"en" will grow at a rate of 6 percent per year. What is the cost of the common stoc'? A. 1+.5F. B. 1..6F. . 10.7F. !. 10.0F. $. 12..F. Solution) use E*uation +17,2-) cost of co!!on stoc( 5 %1&% = /07 5 13/%6

16. #

27.

# 21.

267

22.

:lobal orp. has bon"s outstan"ing. ,he bon"'s yiel" to maturity <before1ta% cost of the bon"= is 12.. percent an" the firm's ta% rate is .7 percent. What is the after1ta% cost of the bon"? A. 12..F. B. 17.6F. . 5..F. !. 2.2F. $. ..1F. Solution) use E*uation +17,&-) cost of :ond 5 /12%+1 , /%0- 5 8/%6

2+.

:lobal orp. has "ebt with a mar'et value of J87*777 an" common e4uity with a mar'et value of J127*777. ,he component costs of the capital structure for :lobal orp. are 5.. percent for bon" an" 12.. percent for common e4uity. What is the weighte" average cost of capital for :lobal orp.? A. 5..F. B. 12.8F. . 12..F. !. 16.2F. $. 21.0F. Solution) use E*uation +17,1-) cost of capital 5 +120A0001200A000-/13% = +40A0001200A000-/08% 5 12/46

2..

,he ris'less rate of interest is 2 percent* the e%pecte" rate of return on a mar'et portfolio is 8 percent* an" the beta coefficient of a common stoc' is 1.2. What is the cost of this common stoc'? A. 0.7F B. 2.+F . 5.+F !. 5.6F $. 8..F Solution) @se E*uation +17,"-) Cost of co!!on stoc( 5 0/03 = +0/04 , 0/03-1/2 5 4/%6/

261

20.

A >? company borrows /e%ican pesos for one year at +7 percent. !uring the year* the peso "epreciates 10 percent against the "ollar. ,he >? ta% rate is +0 percent. What is the after1ta% cost of this "ebt in >? "ollar terms? A. 0.22F B. 2.77F . 2.87F !. 2.8+F $. 5.77F Solution) @se E*uation +17,3-) The :efore,ta' cost of de:t 5 0/"0 ' 0/4& , 0/1& 5 0/10&/ After,ta' cost of de:t 5 0/10& +1 , 0/"&- 5 3/4"6

22.

,he price1earnings ratio of a company is 20. What is the cost of the common stoc' for this company? A. 20F B. 27F . 17F !. 0F $. .F Solution) @se E*uation +17,%-) The cost of co!!on stoc( 5 112& 5 %6/

25.

A firm just pai" a "ivi"en" of J1.2. Base" on your assessment of the ris'iness of the common stoc'* you feel it shoul" pay a return of 27 percent. 3f the firm's "ivi"en"s are e%pecte" to have a long1term growth rate of . percent* what is the mar'et value of the stoc'? A. J5.07 B. J2.27 . J0.77 !. J..20 $. J6.66 Solution) If $ou rearran e E*uation +17,2- for the !ar(et price of e*uit$A $ou ;ill have) !ar(et price 5 dividend1+cost of e*uit$ , annual dividend ro;th rate- 5 <1/21 +0/20 , 0/0%- 5 <8/&0/

262

28.

A firm's ne%t year earnings are e%pecte" to be J..77 per share* an" the firm follows a practice of paying out 27 percent of earnings as "ivi"en"s. ,he long1term growth rate for this firm is 0 percent an" the appropriate "iscount rate is 12 percent. What is the price of this stoc'? A. J17.20 B. J27..0 . J+7.77 !. J+..26 $. J+7.20 Solution) Solve E*uation +17,2- for the !ar(et price of e*uit$) Because the dividend per share is <2/%0 +<%/00 ' 0/30-A !ar(et price of the stoc( 5 <2/%1+0/12 , 0/0&- 5 <"%/27/

26+

Chapter 20 Corporate #erfor!ance of Forei n Cperations 1. # ,he (oreign orrupt 9ractices Act <( 9A= was enacte" by the >? ongress in A. 1657 B. 1650 . 1655 !. 1687 $. 1680 .

2. #

,he (oreign orrupt 9ractices Act was amen"e" in 1688. ,his amen"ment ma'es corporate e%ecutives criminally liableG A. if they falsify accounting recor"s B. if they were negligent . if they pay @grease payments@ !. all of the above $. none of the above Which of the following is not a major "ecision variable affecting the ultimate choice of a particular organi&ational structure for the finance function of a multinational firm? A. transfer pricing an" performance evaluation B. ta% planning . inflation !. e%change e%posure management $. positioning of fun"s A stu"y by Ab"allah an" Heller conclu"es that the following items are consi"ere" to be important in evaluating financial performance of foreign operations. A. return on investment <;83= B. profits . bu"gete" ;83 compare" with actual ;83 !. bu"gete" profit compare" with actual profit $. all of the above Which of the following is not an in"irect ta%? A. value1a""e" ta%es B. tariffs . withhol"ing ta%es !. both A an" B $. capital gains ta%es

+.

..

# 0.

26.

2. #

A neutral ta% in the conte%t of international ta%ation means the e4ual treatment of A. American companies in the >nite" ?tates B. American an" foreign companies in the >nite" ?tates an" foreign countries . foreign companies in foreign countries !. American an" foreign companies in >- member countries $. all of the above

5.

# 8.

3nternational ta%ation affects the following aspects of multinational companies e%cept ))). A. the choice of location in the investment "ecision B. the form of new enterprise . the metho" of finance !. the level of wages an" salaries $. the metho" of transfer pricing 3n a""ition to "irect an" in"irect ta%es* multinational companies may have to pay the following ta%es. A. property ta%es B. payroll ta%es . stamp an" registration ta%es !. sales an" e%cise ta%es $. all of the above 3n general* there are three classes of ta% systems aroun" the worl"* which consist of )))* )))* an" ))). A. single ta%* "irect ta%* an" in"irect ta% B. "ouble ta%* single ta%* an" sales ta% . partial "ouble ta%* single ta%* an" payroll ta% !. single ta%* "ouble ta%* an" partial "ouble ta% $. single ta%* "ouble ta%* an" value a""e" ta%. ,he main purpose of the foreign ta% cre"it is to A. avoi" international "ouble ta%ation B. avoi" withhol"ing ta%es . avoi" foreign ta%es !. ma%imi&e ta% collection on a global basis $. increase mar'et share .

# 6.

# 17. #

11.

Which of the following is not a necessary con"ition to become a ta% haven country? A. a stable government B. low ta%es . free"om of currency movements !. no national ta% treaties $. goo" communication system 260

12. #

,a% havens inclu"e the following countries e%cept ))). A. Bahamas B. Bermu"a . Rietnam !. hannel 3slan"s $. ?wit&erlan" Which of the following "oes not necessarily mitigate the effect of "ouble ta%ation? A. ta% haven B. foreign subsi"iaries in in"ustrial countries . ta% treaty !. transfer pricing $. foreign ta% cre"it /any $uropean countries have a"opte" the value1a""e" ta% as the major source of revenue to avoi" the . A. effect of business ta%es B. compoun"ing effect of capital ta%es . compoun"ing effect of withhol"ing ta%es !. effect of income ta%es $. compoun"ing effect of sales ta%es ountries enter into bilateral ta% treaties to an" thus to . A. avoi" "ouble ta%ationK "iscourage the free flow of investments internationally B. avoi" ta%ationK encourage the free flow of investments internationally . avoi" "ouble ta%ationK encourage the free flow of investments internationally !. avoi" e%cessive regulatory stepsK encourage the free flow of investments internationally $. none of the above :oo"s in a foreign tra"e &one have not entere" the country so far as the following factors are concerne". A. import "ocumentation B. collection of custom "uties . the allocation of 4uotas !. other import restrictions $. all of the above

1+. #

1..

# 10. #

12.

262

15. #

A"vantages of the foreign tra"e &one to e%porters appear to have been A. e%aggerate" B. well 'nown . overloo'e" !. well "ocumente" $. un'nown Which of the following countries is not a ta% haven? A. Aiechtenstein B. the hannel 3slan"s . Bahamas !. Bermu"a $. 9anama

18.

# 16. #

/any researchers single" out ))) as an important factor influencing the international transfer pricing "ecision. A. import "uty minimi&ation B. income ta% minimi&ation . a"justing for currency fluctuations !. avoi"ing financial problems !. increasing foreign sales A transfer pricing strategy usually attempts to transfer earnings from a a ta% country. A. highK low B. lowK high . highK high !. lowK low $. noK low ta% country to

27. #

21.

?ubsi"iary A sells inventory with a cost of J17 to subsi"iary B for J10. ?ubsi"iary B then sells the finishe" goo"s with a cost of J10 to a "omestic in"epen"ent thir" party for J20. ,he international transfer price is J . A. 17 B. 10 . 20 !. 25 $. .7

265

22. #

Which of the following is not a major transfer1pricing objective? A. income ta% minimi&ation B. import "uty minimi&ation . mar'et share ma%imi&ation !. avoi"ing financial problems $. a"justing for currency fluctuations 3f prices in local currencies are increase" by the same percentage as the increase in the cost of imports* ))). A. the effect of e%change1rate fluctuations on profits is greater than the effect of a comparable local inflation rate B. the effect of e%change1rate fluctuations on profits is less than the effect of a comparable local inflation rate . the effect of e%change1rate fluctuations on profits is i"entical with the effect of a comparable local inflation rate !. there is no effect on profits $. there is no effect on the interest rate A management information system is a comprehensive system to provi"e all levels of management in a firm with information on ))). A. pro"uction functions B. mar'eting functions . financial functions !. all of the above $. none of the above ,he return on investment relates enterprise income to some specifie" investment base such as ))). A. total parent income B. total assets . total stoc'hol"ers e4uity !. all of the above $. none of the above 9rior to the inception of the (oreign orrupt 9ractices Act* corporate bribery ))). A. tarnishe" the cre"ibility of American business operations B. cause" embarrassment with allies an" foes ali'e . create" foreign policy "ifficulties !. tarnishe" the worl"Es image of the >? $. all of the above ongress felt that >?

2+.

2..

# 20. #

22.

268

25.

,a% morality ))). A. is a ta% that woul" not affect the location of the investment or the nationality of the investor B. are those ta%es assesse" on importe" goo"s . are those ta%es impose" by host governments on "ivi"en" an" interest payments to foreign investors an" "ebt hol"ers !. is the conflict between profits an" ethics $. is the e%cess of "e"uctible e%penses over gross income

266