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I. Building Description Intergate.Manhattan A Stronghold for Data II. Planning for a Catastrophe Operations Management Team Building Infrastructure & Utilities Electrical Power Distribution Resiliency Emergency Generator Resiliency & Fuel Capacity Fiber & Connectivity Resiliency Natural & Built Environment III. Intergate.Manhattan & Hurricane Sandy Impacts Additional Findings Conclusion 10 11 11 4 4 4 4 5 7 3

I. Building Description

During an episode of extreme weather conditions, Sabey Data Centers priority is that our data centers remain on line and operational at all times. Faced with earthquake, flood or hurricane, our data centers are sited, designed and built to survive most catastrophic events. 375 Pearl Street, our Intergate.Manhattan (IGM) location in New York City, is a case in point.

Intergate.Manhattan A Stronghold for Data

Sabey purchased 375 Pearl Street in 2011 to create Intergate.Manhattan (IGM), our flagship Tier III New York City data center. During our forty years of construction and development, Sabey has acquired extensive expertise in appraising the condition of existing buildings. IGM stands out for its robust construction and, particularly, for the fact that it is purpose-built for housing essential data center infrastructure. 375 Pearl Street was built in 1974 for New York Telephone to serve as one of the main telecom switching centers for New York City. The building is 32 stories high (552ft) and is made of concrete and steel, cross-braced for strength and stability. This building is unique among data centers in that the structure was designed and built specifically for data center infrastructure and required no retrofitting. Ceiling heights range from 14ft to 23ft to accommodate tall cabinetry while providing deep plenums for air circulation and cooling. Floor weight loads are heavy and run from 150lbs to 400lbs/square foot. Massive bustles run the height of the building on three sides to accommodate IGMs robust electrical, fiber and HVAC infrastructure. Utilities enter each floor from several locations for maximum flexibility and efficiency in laying out the data center. The freight elevator is 9ft high and 15ft wide and can support a maximum weight of 12,000 lbs to accommodate bulky equipment.

II. Planning for a Catastrophe

When selecting a data center there are several important factors to consider. Operations, building infrastructure and the natural and built environments are the most important. Below is an in-depth look at these factors.

Operations Management Team

Engineering and Security have staff on site 24x7x365. Engineering staff is carefully selected and trained on such things as formal Emergency Operating Procedures (EOP) for various contingencies. IGM has contracts with key vendors for emergency response. The building has shelter-in-place supplies for the operations team, should a local or regional event require personnel to stay at the building for an extended period.
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Building Infrastructure & Utilities

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Electrical Power Distribution Resiliency

Upon completion of its new service, IGM will have 18MW of power with an ultimate capacity of 40MW. The building is served with 13.2kv high tension service feeders in an N+2 configuration. The Con Edison IGM substation is deployed on the 2nd floor which is 46ft above sea level. Conduits carrying the feeders are encased in concrete from the point of entry up to the Con Edison IGM substation, thereby providing an additional measure of protection from tampering, fire and flooding.


23' 14' 14' 14' 15' 15' 15' 14' 14' 14' 14' 14' 14' 16' 14' 14' 1 '-6" 14' 14' 14' 1 '-6" 15' 15' 16' 14' 14' 14' 23'

Emergency Generator Resiliency & Fuel Capacity

IGM is served currently by two 3MW backup generators for the turnkey data center floors and two 2.5MW generators to support the base building. These generators were installed in an N+1 configuration.IGM can support up to twenty-four 3MW generators. The newly installed generators are located on the 4th floor which is 96ft above street level. Floors 31, 4, 3 and 2 have space reserved for future generator installation.

Stacking Plan

4 Life Safety - Turnkey 2,3 Switchgear/

Data Center Generator Plants / Chiller Plant


Future Generators/ ConEd Substations 7ft from grade to building entrance

IGM is equipped with fuel tanks with a capacity of 155,000 gallons. It has an approved permit to add additional fuel tanks that will increase maximum capacity to 255,000 gallons. With 40MW of available power, Sabey estimates there will be enough on site fuel reserve to power the generators for 72 hours on full load. No other data center in the city is known to have equivalent fuel storage capacity. Sabey also maintains contracts with three individual fuel companies requiring fuel delivery on notice. Due to New York City environmental codes, all fuel storage tanks must be installed underground. (Section II continues)




II. Planning for a Catastrophe

Fiber & Connectivity Resiliency

Maintaining connectivity during extreme weather conditions and other disasters is an essential requirement for high-performing data centers. Sabey safeguards its customers network access through the robustness of the fiber plant, its location on IGMs 2nd floor and through a redundant topology. Sabey is unique in its Intergate.Exchange feature, a carrier class service that connects all Sabey campuses and is exclusive to our customers. Through IGX, customers at IGM can connect to any carrier in the country via one of our west coast or central Washington campuses. Fully diverse and fully redundant, IGX provides business continuity and disaster recovery capability. (Section II continues)

1,200,000 sf

438,000 sf

1,100,000 sf

520,000 sf

Santa Clara San Diego Los Angeles Las Vegas

Chicago Denver Omaha

490,000 sf


Capacity Time to Service Flexibilty Terms Segregated Services Ease Configurations

1Gbps to 10 Gbps 24 hr connection service Customized Low cost, simplified terms Available & Guaranteed Thats our promise Point to point Fully redundant Fully diverse

II. Planning for a Catastrophe

IGMs fiber plant currently has two Points of Entry (POE) for carrier cable. Sabey installed six (4-inch) conduits from each POE up to the redundant Carrier Equipment Room/Meet Me Room (CER/ MMR) located on the 6th floor. Due to IGMs height and unimpeded line of sight, Sabey also provides customers the ability to install GPS and microwave antennas for networking and redundant data links. Sabey manages dual fiber rings between carrier hotels/colocations such as 60 Hudson, 32 Avenue of the Americas, 111 8th Ave and Seattle, Washingtons Westin Building, a major west coast carrier hotel. Some carrier hotels in Manhattan have heightened vulnerability to flooding, e.g., both 60 Hudson and 111 8th Avenue are located within FEMA Flood Zone A (see Figure 1). In the event of a disaster that impacts service from any of the carrier hotels/colocations, Sabey has the ability via IGX to re-establish connections to any carrier through its west coast data centers in Seattle and central Washington. (Section II continues)

To: Intergate.Seattle Intergate.Quincy Intergate.Columbia

To: Intergate.Ashburn









Av en ue




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Pearl St




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Sabey Data Centers exclusive IGX connection and site access

II. Planning for a Catastrophe

Natural and Built Environment
IGM is located in the Lower East Side and is at least a mile from Wall Street and the Freedom Tower, areas identified as potential high value targets. IGM is also located within a one block circumference to 26 Federal Plaza, Department of Homeland Security and One Police Plaza (NYPD headquarters). Close proximity to these highly secure structures enhances Intergate.Manhattans safety. Between IGM and the East River is the Governor Alfred E. Smith apartment complex. In the event of flooding in the East River, water must travel through the apartment complex up a 17ft grade and 1,056ft inward. IGM is designated within FEMA Zone C (Figure 1) and in Zone 5 of the NYC Hurricane Evacuation map (Figure 2). To the south, the Brooklyn Bridge and its support structure provide a breakwater. (Section II continues)

Picture 1 Depiction of distance between IGM and the East River

II. Planning for a Catastrophe

Flood zones are geographic areas that FEMA has defined according to varying levels of flood risk. These zones are depicted on a communitys Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) or Flood Hazard Boundary Map. Each zone reflects the severity or type of flooding in the area. The following are FEMAs descriptions of moderate to low risk areas: In communities that participate in the National Flood Insurance Program, flood insurance is available to all property owners and renters in these zones:

Zone Description
B and X (shaded) Area of moderate flood hazard, usually the area between the limits of the 100-year and 500-year floods. Are also used to designate base floodplains of lesser hazards, such as areas protected by levees from 100-year flood, or shallow flooding areas with average depths of less than one foot or drainage areas less than one square mile. C and X (unshaded) Area of minimal flood hazard, usually depicted on FIRMs as above the 500-year flood level. IGM is located in FEMA Zone C (unshaded), the safest zone. (Section II continues)


Figure 1 2013 FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Map

II. Planning for a Catastrophe

Figure 2 2013 NYC Hurricane Evacuation Map IGM is located in Zone 5, the second safest zone.

Figure 3 National Seismic Hazard Map New York City is located in an area ranked lowest for seismic activity.

III. Intergate.Manhattan & Hurricane Sandy

The impact of Hurricane Sandy was devastating to many companies located in downtown New York City. Data centers were out of commission for several months. In fact, as of Q3 2013, the Wall Street area is still in recovery. Hurricane Sandy was uniquely destructive due to the confluence of events that increased the impact typical of a Category 1 classification. First was the storms enormous size at landfall, Sandys tropical storm-force winds spanned 943 miles of the U.S. coast. No hurricane on record has been wider. Second was the angle of attack influenced by another frontal system which caused the storm to veer in a nearly perfect perpendicular strike against the coast, increasing the severity of the flooding. And finally, the moon was full meaning that tides were already at their highest. For all these reasons, a Hurricane Sandy-like storm is considered to be a 1 in 700 year event. Intergate.Manhattan experienced no flooding as a result of storm surge or any significant damage to the building from the storm itself. Sabey operations and management teams were on site during the storm, monitoring the building. This was, in part, due to careful site selection. Sabey chose the 375 Pearl Street site a year and a half prior to Sandy with the intention of re-designing it to withstand a Category 3 hurricane intact. Hurricane Sandy was a Category 1 Hurricane at landfall. (Section III continues)

Figure 4 IGM is located 1,056ft (direct line) from the East River and sits on a 17.28ft elevation at street level. The entrance to IGM is an additional 7 above street level. 10

III. Intergate.Manhattan & Hurricane Sandy

Additional Findings
Sabey has submitted IGMs data to a qualified third party, RPS Groups Applied Science Associates (ASA), to confirm that IGM will meet the challenge of a Category 3 storm. ASA provided Sabey with the NOAAs location specific worst case storm surge estimates. IGM-375 Pearl Street is on the edge of two model SLOSH (Sea Lake Overland Surges from Hurricanes) cells (51,92 and 51,91). Based on the estimates provided in the table below, IGM will sustain a Category 4 hurricane. This is based on the following criteria: 1. 17.28ft elevation between 375 Pearl Street (IGM) and the East River* 2. 1056ft straight line distance between the East River and 375 Pearl Street with multiple buildings in between. 3. Con Edison switch gear installed on the second floor 46ft above sea level 4. Con Edison feeders installed in conduit encased in concrete from the street to the 2nd floor.
*The 17.28ft elevation was validated by an independent study performed in 2013 by Munoz Engineering.

Hurricane Sandy was a tragic event for a great many people in the Northeast. From an operational standpoint, Sabey has used the event as an opportunity to evaluate IGMs performance and take appropriate actions to assure its ability to withstand extreme weather conditions.

Mean Tide SLOSH Cell Category 1 Category 2 Category 3 Category 4 51,92 Dry Dry Dry 10.3ft 51,91 Dry Dry 5ft 10.5ft

High Tide 51,92 Dry Dry Dry 11.9ft 51,91 Dry 0.6ft 6.6ft 12ft

Storm Tide Elevation (ft NAVD88)**

**Results Note From ASA: This chart was produced for the National Environmental Trust by Applied Science Associates and predicts worst case flooding from a Category II Hurricane Storm Surge in the year 2100; the future flood elevation was determined by combining sea level rise predictions with storm surge elevations. Sea level rise estimates were made using the Canadian Climate Centers GCM1 model. The storm surge elevations estimates came from the National Weather Services Storm Surge Group at the National Hurricane Center and represent the maximum storm surge elevations that can be expected from a Category II Hurricane as calculated by the SLOSH model.


At Sabey your business is our business. Customer satisfaction, stability and resiliency are as important to us as they are to you. We understand the importance of your business and will take every measure to provide you with peace of mind, knowing that your infrastructure is safe, sound and secure.
John Sabey President Sabey Data Center Properties

For further information on our IGM resiliency program or to take a tour of our facility please contact:
Dan Meltzer 646.553.6507 Michael Morris 212.372.2260 Joe Ryan 646.553.6502 Todd Bateman 312.386.3191 John Ford 206.277.5209 David Falk 212.372.2271 Adrian Gamory 646.553.6512 Sabey Data Center Properties Intergate.Manhattan 646.553.6500