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Math 111 Exam #2 Review

1. Write in the form where are real constants. 2. Write in the form where are real constants. 3. The weight of a particular species of fish (in kg) is proportional to the cube of its length (in ). Write a function for the weight of the fish in terms of its length using as the constant. If when , find the weight of a fish of this species that is 32 in length. 4. For the function , as , ? 5. Estimate the unit rate for each of the following. Write each as a percent rounded to two decimal places. a. An amount is invested into an account which pays 7.4% annual interest compounded continuously. What is the annual growth rate of the investment? b. A quantity decays by 24% of its amount every 16 days. By how much is the quantity decaying every day? 6. Simplify each of the following:

a.

b.

c.

7. Find the exact zeros for each of the following functions and determine each functions domain:

a.

b.
and

8. Find a polynomial of degree 4 such that 9. For the graph of a given polynomial function answer each of the following: a. What is the smallest possible degree for this function? b. Is the leading coefficient positive or negative? c. How many real zeros does the function have? d. As , As , 10. Find for each function:

a. 11. If
13. Write 14. Suppose

b. , find
in terms of simpler log expressions.

c.
and simplify.

12. Write the expression as a logarithm of a single quantity:

, Evaluate

15. Find all exact real solutions for for each of the following equations and approximate each solution to three decimal places. a. b. c. d. f. g. e. h. for a) t and b) r .

16. Solve the compound interest formula

17. Suppose you invest in an account which pays 6% annual interest compounded quarterly. How long will it take to double your investment? How long will it take to double if your investment is compounded continuously? 18. The world population has increased from about 4 billion to 7 billion between 1985 and 2010. Assuming that the population is growing according to a continuous exponential model, what will be the estimated world population in the year 2025? According to your model when will the world population triple its 2010 population? 19. A bacteria population doubles every 42 hours. How long will it take for the population to triple? 20. For each of the following a quantity is either growing or decaying over time Write a model in each case in the form and in the form . a. An initial quantity is growing by 34% for every unit increase in . b. An initial quantity is decaying by 7.8% for every unit increase in 21. If an investment of $5000 grows to $6300 in 4 years, with an annual interest rate that is compounded monthly, what is the annual interest rate? What is the annual interest rate if the investment is compounded continuously? 22. One hour after an experiment begins, the number of bacteria in a culture is 200. After three hours from the start of the experiment, there are 700. Assume the culture is growing exponentially. a. How many bacteria were in the culture at the start of the experiment? b. Find the doubling time for this culture. 23. An artifact has 10 grams of carbon-14, whose half-life is 5730 years. When will there be only 4 grams of carbon-14 remaining? 24. It takes 1000 years for a sample of 100mg of radium-226 to decay to 65mg. Find the half-life of radium-226. 25. Beef consumption in the United States (in billions of pounds) in year is approximated by the function , for , where corresponds to year 1995. a. According to this model how much beef was consumed in 1995? In 2006? b. According to this model in what year does beef consumption reach 32 billion pounds? 26. Suppose find a formula for if is a. a power function b. a linear function c. an exponential function

Key
1. 5a. 6a. 7a. zeros at 8. 9 Depends on the given graph etc. 10a. 11. 12. 13. 14. 1.1 15a. b. b. c. b. b. c. b. zero at 2. 3. 4.

c. f.

d. 6 g.

e.
h.

16a. 17. 18. 19. 20a. b. 21. Monthly: 22a. 23. 24. 25a. 25.84 b. In the year 2011 b.

b.
population will triple every 49.1 years, so

Continuously:

26a.

b.

c.