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0 AC030 Treasury AC030 R/3 System Release 46C 04/04/2001

0

0 AC030 Treasury AC030 R/3 System Release 46C 04/04/2001

AC030 Treasury

AC030

R/3 System

Release 46C

04/04/2001

0 AC030 Treasury AC030 R/3 System Release 46C 04/04/2001

AC030 Treasury

1

Copyright

2

Treasury

4

Euro

5

Course Prerequisites

6

Target Group

7

Course Overview

1

Course Goals

2

Course Objectives

3

Course Content

4

Course Overview Diagram

5

Main Business Scenario

6

Navigation

1

Navigation: Unit Objectives

2

Navigation: Business Scenario

3

Logging On to the System

4

Screen Elements

5

SAP Easy Access - Standard

6

Selecting Functions

7

Role-Based User Menu

8

Field Help: F1 and F4

9

SAP Library

10

Menus: System and Help

11

User-Specific Personalization

12

Table Settings - Example

13

Personalizing the Frontend with GuiXT

14

Navigation: Unit Summary

15

Navigation - Exercises

16

Navigation - Solutions

21

SAP Treasury Overview

1

SAP Treasury Overview: Unit Objectives

2

Course Overview Diagram

3

SAP Treasury Overview: Business Scenario

4

SAP Treasury Overview

5

SAP Support for Business Requirements

6

Defining the Organizational Framework

7

Investment and Risk Guidelines

8

Selection of Financial Instruments

9

Hedging

10

Identifying Treasury Processes

11

SAP Treasury Overview: Unit Summary

12

Liquidity Management in the Short andMedium Term

1

Liquidity Management in the Short and Medium Term: Unit Objectives

2

Course Overview Diagram

3

Liquidity Management in the Short and Medium Term: Cash Management Scenario

4

Analysis and Trading Process

5

Main Targets of Treasury

6

Liquidity Management

7

Cash Management: Functions

8

Electronic Banking: Functions

9

Electronic Banking: General Process

10

Electronic Banking: Check Deposit

11

Electronic Banking

12

Control Functions

13

Cash Position

14

Structure/Views of Liquidity Analysis

15

Corporate Group Evaluations

16

Cash Concentration

17

Liquidity Forecast

18

Exercise: Cash Management Functions

19

Cash Position and Liquidity Forecast

20

Integration with Other SAP Modules

21

Liquidity Management in the Short and Medium Term: Treasury Management Scenario

22

Treasury and Market Risk Management

23

Identifying Treasury Processes

24

Transaction and Position Management Process

25

Treasury Management: Functions

26

Liquidity Management in the Short and Medium Term: Money Market Scenario

27

Money Market: Product Types

28

Transaction and Position Management Process: Example of a Fixed-Term Deposit

29

Trading: Entering a Fixed-Term Deposit

30

Creating Contract Data: Fixed-Term Deposit

31

Organizational Units

32

Basic Principles of Transaction Management (1)

33

Business Partner - Roles and Functions

34

Business Partner - Data: Overview

35

Business Partner and Trader Authorization

36

Exercise: Creating a New Business Partner

37

Creating a Fixed-Term Deposit: Structure

38

Trading Support

39

Financial Transactions: Cash Flow

40

Financial Transaction Architecture

41

Condition Types/Flow Types

42

Financial Transactions in Cash Management

43

Exercise: Integrating Trading Functions toCash Management

44

Cash Flows in Cash Management

45

Collective Processing: Money Market

46

Transaction Management: Worklist and Collective Processing

47

Money Market - Fast Processing

48

SAP Business Workflow

49

Transaction and Position Management Process: Example of a Fixed-Term Deposit

50

Back Office

51

Business Partner - Standing Instructions

52

Correspondence

53

Business Partner: Standing Instructions - Correspondence

54

Business Partner - Payment Details (1)

55

Business Partner - Payment Details (2)

56

Transaction Settlement / Control

57

Exercise: Confirmation Management and Control Functions in the Back Office Area

58

Transaction and Position Management:Example of a Fixed-Term Deposit

59

Accounting

60

Payment Transaction Handling

61

Postings: Account Assignment Reference

62

Customizing: Account Determination

63

Posting a Transaction: Summary

64

Treasury Management and Cash Management

65

Transfer to Financial Accounting -Logical Process

66

Exercise: Posting Due Flows to FI and Evaluating them in Cash Management

67

Payment Transaction Handling

68

Posting using the Payment Program

69

Accrual/Deferral Procedures and Methods

70

Interest Accruals/Deferrals: Customizing

71

Exercise: Interest Amount Accruals/Deferrals at Year End

72

Transaction History

73

Liquidity Management in the Short and Medium Term: Foreign Exchange Scenario (1)

74

Liquidity Management in the Short and Medium Term: Foreign Exchange Scenario (2)

75

Foreign Exchange: Product Types

76

Creating an Order: Forward Exchange Transaction

77

Currency Master Data

78

Market Data: Exchange Rates

79

Datafeed Architecture

80

Exercise: Managing Currency Risks in CashManagement using Forex Transactions

81

Foreign Exchange in Cash Management

82

Netting and Payment Requests

83

Exercise: Active Liquidity Management using Netted Money Market and Forex Transactions

84

Valuation: Valuation Units

85

Foreign Currency Valuation (FCV Determination: 2)

86

Foreign Currency Valuation

87

Foreign Currency Valuation (1) - G/L Accounting

88

Foreign Currency Valuation (2) - G/L Accounting

89

Foreign Currency Valuation (3) - G/L Accounting

90

Liquidity Management in the Short and Medium Term: Limit Management

91

Limit Management (1)

92

Limit Management (2)

93

Limit Management (3)

94

Liquidity Management in the Short and Medium Term: Unit Summary (1)

95

Liquidity Management in the Short and Medium Term: Unit Summary (2)

96

Data for the

97

Liquidity Management in the Short and Medium Term Exercises

99

Liquidity Management in the Short and Medium Term: Solutions

108

Financial Transactions in the Medium andLong Term

1

Financial Transactions in the Medium and Long Term: Unit Objectives

2

Course Overview Diagram

3

Financial Transactions in the Medium and Long Term: Securities Management Scenario

4

Treasury and Market Risk Management

5

Treasury Management: Functions

6

Product Categories - Product Types

7

Class Master Data: Product Types - General Data

8

Product Type - Conditions - Flows

9

Financial Transactions in the Medium and Long Term: Scenario - Evaluating the Securities Position

10

Standard Reports: Examples (Securities)

11

Reports

12

Sample Evaluation using Position Information

13

Securities: Position Overview Object List

14

Financial Transactions in the Medium and Long Term: Concluding Securities Transactions

15

Sample Evaluation

16

Part Sale of Stocks

17

Transaction and Position Management Process

18

Transaction Management: Prerequisites

19

Process View: Trading - Back Office - Accounting

20

Basic Principles of Transaction Management

21

Create Order: Initial Screen

22

Create Order

23

Execute Order

24

Back Office: Overview

25

Collective Processing: List

26

Securities Account Cash Flow

27

Post Transaction

28

Position Management Posting Journal: View

29

Exercise: Concluding Securities Transactions Integration to Cash Management

30

Period-End Closing: Securities

31

Financial Transactions in the Medium and Long Term: Create Class Master Data

32

Class Data Notation

33

Class

34

Classes: Product Categories - Overview

35

Create Class: Bond

36

Create Class: Bonds - Basic Data

37

Create Class: Conditions

38

Exercise: Creating Class Master Data

39

Automatic Posting I

40

Automatic Posting II with Incoming Payments

41

Defining Organizational Elements: Portfolios and Securities Accounts

42

Securities Account and Portfolio

43

Define Portfolios

44

Securities Account Master Data

45

Master Data: Position Indicator - Initial Screen

47

Master Data: Position Indicator - Data

48

Exercise: Defining Organizational Elements:Securities Accounts and Position Indicators

49

Financial Transactions in the Medium and Long Term: Accounting Functions: Valuation

50

Position Management Alternatives

51

Position Management and Valuation Categories

52

Valuation Principles (One-Step): Scenarios

53

Valuation Principles (One-Step)

54

General Concept: Securities Position Management and Valuation

55

Securities Management: Overview

56

Financial Transactions in the Medium and Long Term: Scenario: Loans Taken

57

Loans Given - Loans Taken

58

New Loan Transactions: Process Overview

59

Possible Procedures for Loan Processing

60

Loans Given/Taken and Posting

61

General Posting Options I

62

General Posting Options II

63

Transaction Process: Example

64

Contract - 4 Ways of Entering Contracts in the SAP System

65

Financial Transactions in the Medium and Long Term: Scenario: Create Contract

66

Contract - Function Overview

67

Loan - Initial Screen

68

Contract - Basic Data

69

Condition Header / Condition Items

70

Contract - Condition Header

71

Contract - Condition Items

72

Condition Items - Fields

73

Condition Structure

75

Loans - Cash Flow

76

Effective Interest Calculation

77

Payment Schedule

78

Exercise: Create Contract

79

Financial Transactions in the Medium and Long Term: Scenario: Disbursement

80

Contract: Disbursement

81

Disburse Contract: Incidental Costs

82

Save / Post Disbursement

83

Integration with FI

84

Disburse Contract: Posting

85

Planned -> Actual Record

86

Integration with R/3 Financial Accounting / TR Cash Management

87

Exercise: Disburse Contract

88

Payment Options

89

Incoming Bank Transfer: Example of Manual Bank Statement

90

Disbursement Payment (Bank Transfer): Posting

91

Financial Transactions in the Medium and Long Term: Scenario: Payments Due

92

Automatic Posting: Post Planned Records

93

Post Planned Records Due

94

Exercise: Post Amounts as

95

Payment Options

96

Outgoing Payments

97

Financial Transactions in the Medium and Long Term: Closing Operations / Special Cases

98

Closing Operations / Special Cases

99

Accrual/Deferral: Overview

100

Valuation: Position Valuation

101

Loans - Cash Flow

102

Cash Flow: Making Changes

103

Loans - Cash Flow: Display Variants

104

Business Operations for a Contract

105

Types of Business Operation

106

Enter Charges as Business Operation: Example

107

Transfer Postings: Overview

108

Loans: Release

109

Financial Transactions in the Medium and Long Term: Unit Summary (1)

110

Financial Transactions in the Medium and Long Term: Unit Summary (2)

111

Data used in the Unit: Financial Transactions in the Medium and Long Term

112

Financial Transactions in the medium and long term Exercises

114

Financial Transactions in the Medium and Long Term Solutions

123

Market Risk Management and Managing Risk Positions

1

Market Risk Management and Managing Risk Positions: Unit Objectives

2

Course Overview Diagram

3

Market Risk Management and Managing Risk Positions: Business Scenario

4

Market Risk Management and Managing Risk Positions: Analysis and Simulation

5

Risk Categories

6

Risk Controlling in Treasury

7

Defining the Organizational Framework

8

Investment and Risk Guidelines

9

Selection of Financial Instruments

10

Hedging

11

Risk Process in Treasury

12

Market Risk Management: Functions

13

Integration of Scenarios and Fictitious Transactions

14

Instruments in Currency and Interest Management

15

Financial Instruments and Influencing Factors

16

Market Risk Management and Managing Risk Positions: Mark-to-Market Valuation

17

Mark-to-Market Valuation

18

Mark-To-Market Valuation: Procedure

19

Example: Valuation of Swaps

20

Mark-to-Market Valuation - Calculation Base

21

Mark-to-Market Valuation - Details Log

22

Exercise: Mark-to-Market

23

Storing OTC NPVs

24

Market Risk Management and Managing Risk Positions: Currency Risks

25

Exposure Analysis

26

Integration of a Company’s Cash Flows

27

Currency Exposure

28

Option Exposure

29

Currency Option

30

Create OTC Currency Option

31

Currency Option: Option Price Calculator

32

Exercise: Currency Exposure

33

Market Risk Management and Managing Risk Positions: Interest Rate Risks

34

Interest Rate Exposure

35

Interest Rate Exposure - Determine Basis Point Value

36

Forward Rate Agreement

37

Create FRA

38

Swaps

39

Enter: Interest Rate Swap

40

Manual / Automatic Interest Rate Adjustment

41

Exercise: Interest Rate Exposure

42

Analysis / Simulation - Key Figures

43

Analysis / Simulation - Evaluations

44

Analysis / Simulation - Structure

45

Exercise: Analysis and Simulation

46

Integrated Market Risk Management

47

Market Risk Management and Managing Risk Positions: Unit Summary

48

SAP Treasury Overview

49

Market Risk Management and Managing Risk Positions Exercises

50

Market Risk Management and Managing Risk Positions Solutions

56

0

AC030 Treasury AC030AC030 TreasuryTreasury SAP SAP AG AG 1999
AC030 Treasury
AC030AC030
TreasuryTreasury
SAP SAP AG AG 1999

SAP System R/3

Release 4.6B

Status: April 2000

Material number: 5003 6818

0.2

Copyright
Copyright

Copyright 2000 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

Neither this training manual nor any part thereof may be copied or reproduced in any form or by any means, or translated into another language, without the prior consent of SAP AG. The information contained in this document is subject to change and supplement without prior notice.

All rights reserved.

SAP AG 1999

Trademarks:

Some software products marketed by SAP AG and its distributors contain proprietary software components of other software vendors.

Microsoft®, WINDOWS®, NT®, EXCEL®, Word® and SQL Server® are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.

IBM®, DB2®, OS/2®, DB2/6000®, Parallel Sysplex®, MVS/ESA®, RS/6000®, AIX®, S/390®, AS/400®, OS/390®, and OS/400® are registered trademarks of IBM Corporation.

ORACLE® is a registered trademark of ORACLE Corporation, California, USA.

INFORMIX®-OnLine for SAP and Informix® Dynamic ServerTM are registered trademarks of Informix Software Incorporated.

UNIX®, X/Open®, OSF/1®, and Motif® are registered trademarks of The Open Group.

HTML, DHTML, XML, XHTML are trademarks or registered trademarks of W3C®, World Wide Web Consortium, Laboratory for Computer Science NE43-358, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 545 Technology Square, Cambridge, MA 02139.

JAVA® is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc. , 901 San Antonio Road, Palo Alto, CA 94303 USA.

JAVASCRIPT® is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc., used under license for technology invented and implemented by Netscape.

SAP, SAP Logo, mySAP.com, mySAP.com Marketplace, mySAP.com Workplace, mySAP.com Business Scenarios, mySAP.com Application Hosting, WebFlow, R/2, R/3, RIVA, ABAP™, SAP Business Workflow, SAP EarlyWatch, SAP ArchiveLink, BAPI, SAPPHIRE, Management Cockpit, SEM, are trademarks or registered trademarks of SAP AG in Germany and in several other countries all

over the world. All other products mentioned are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies. Design: SAP Communications Media

0.3

Treasury
Treasury

Level 2

AC030

3 days

Treasury Overview

AC010

5 days

Financial Accounting and Reporting

Level 3 AC815 5 days Loans Management for Financial Services AC816 3 days AC810 3
Level 3
AC815
5 days
Loans Management for
Financial Services
AC816
3 days
AC810
3 days
Loans Management for
Corporates
Basic Functions in
Treasury Management
AC820
4 days
Securities Management
AC825
3 days
Money Market, Foreign
Exchange and Derivatives
AC830
3 days
Market Risk Management
AC805
3 days
Cash Management
AC215
1 day
Cash Budget
Management

SAP AG 1999

0.4

Euro
Euro

I.

Conversion of

local currency

II.

Conversion of position currency

(for securities)

III.

Conversion of transaction or contract currency (usual module)

SAP AG 1999

R/3R/3
R/3R/3

Treasury Management

The company itself triggers conversion

Convert all flows on a key date after closed fiscal year

Reconcile rounding differences, generate adjustment flows, and post to specific accounts

No postings in closed fiscal year

Notification from issuer triggers conversion

Convert nominal values, book values, and historical acquisitionvalues selectively

Reconcile rounding differences with the depository bank, generate adjustment flows, and post to specific account

Adjust class data

Adjust nominal values using alternative means

Business partners agree on conversion date - depends on term/due date of transactions/contracts

Convert transactions/contracts selectively

Reconcile rounding differences, generate adjustment flows, and post to specific accounts

0.5

Course Prerequisites
Course Prerequisites

Required:

You must already be familiar with the SAP R/3 System

Recommended:

We recommend that you attend the SAP20 - SAP R/3 Overview course

SAP AG 1999

0.6

Target Group
Target Group

Participants:

Project team

DP administrators

Duration: 3 days

SAP AG 1999

Target Group  Participants:  Project team  DP administrators  Duration: 3 days SAP AG

Note These training materials are not designed as a self-study program. They are only complete when used in conjunction with the instructor's explanations. Space is provided for your notes on these explanations.

1

Course Overview
Course Overview

Contents:

Course Goals

Course Objectives

Course Content

Course Overview Diagram

Main Business Scenario

SAP AG 1999

1.2

Course Goals
Course Goals
Course Goals SAP AG 1999 This course will prepare you to:  Use all the options

SAP AG 1999

This course will prepare you to:

Use all the options provided by the SAP R/3 Treasury module in order to ensure that your short-, medium-, and long-term cash flows and their related risks are managed efficiently.

in order to ensure that your short-, medium-, and long-term cash flows and their related risks

1.3

Course Objectives
Course Objectives
Course Objectives SAP AG 1999 At the conclusion of this course, you will be able to:

SAP AG 1999

At the conclusion of this course, you will be able to:

Describe the relationships between the SAP Cash Management, Treasury Management, Loans Management, and Market Risk Management applications

Set up the structures required for managing short-, medium-, and long-term liquidity in your company

Explain the different ways of monitoring and controlling market risk

Define the system settings needed to control internal processing

1.4

Course Content
Course Content

Preface

Unit 1

Unit 2

Unit 3

Unit 4

Course Overview

Introduction

Unit 5

Unit 6

Financial Transactions in the Medium and Long Term

Market Risk Management and Managing Risk Positions

SAP Treasury Overview

Liquidity Management in the Short and Medium Term

and Managing Risk Positions SAP Treasury Overview Liquidity Management in the Short and Medium Term Appendix

Appendix

SAP AG 1999

1.5

Course Overview Diagram
Course Overview Diagram

Introduction

SAP Treasury Overview

Liquidity Management in the Short and Medium Term

Financial Transactions in the Medium and Long Term

Market Risk Management and Managing Risk Positions

SAP AG 1999

1.6

Main Business Scenario
Main Business Scenario
Main Business Scenario SAP AG 1999  You are using (or have successfully installed) the SAP

SAP AG 1999

You are using (or have successfully installed) the SAP FI module. You now want to activate short-, medium-, and long-term liquidity management and use the Market Risk Management options.

2

Navigation
Navigation

Contents:

Navigation in the system

User-specific settings

Navigation in the mySAP.com Workplace

SAP AG 1999

2.2

Navigation: Unit Objectives
Navigation: Unit Objectives
Navigation: Unit Objectives SAP AG 1999 At the conclusion of this unit, you will be able

SAP AG 1999

At the conclusion of this unit, you will be able to:

Identify the elements of a typical window

Navigate in the system

Personalize your user settings

Describe and use the mySAP.com Workplace

2.3

Navigation: Business Scenario
Navigation: Business Scenario
Navigation: Business Scenario SAP AG 1999  New users need to familiarize themselves with the screens

SAP AG 1999

New users need to familiarize themselves with the screens in the system and define their personal default settings

2.4

Logging On to the System
Logging On to the System
User System Help SAPSAP R/3R/3 New Password Client If you have problems logging on, contact
User
System
Help
SAPSAP R/3R/3
New Password
Client
If you have problems logging on,
contact Donna Moore, x486
User
Password
Language
You can place your own text on
the initial screen: See SAP Note 205487
T70 (1) (000)
iwdf5070 INS

SAP AG 1999

SAP R/3 Systems are client systems. The client concept enables the parallel operation, in one system, of several enterprises that are independent of each other in business terms. The components SAP Business Information Warehouse (BW) and SAP Knowledge Warehouse (KW) are exceptions to this: in these cases only one client is used. During each user session you can only access the data of the client selected during logon.

A client is, in organizational terms, an independent unit in the system. Each client has its own data environment and therefore its own master data and transaction data, assigned user master records and charts of accounts, and specific Customizing parameters.

For a user to log on to the system, a master record must exist in the system for that user. To protect access, a password is required for logon. The password is hidden as you type (you only see asterisks).

SAP R/3 Systems are available in several languages. Use the Language input field to select the logon language for each session.

Multiple logons are always logged in the system beginning with SAP R/3 4.6. This is for security as well as licensing reasons. A warning message appears if the same user attempts to log on twice or more. This message offers three options:

Continue with current logon and end any other logons of the same user in the system

Continue with current logon without ending any other logons in the system (logged in system)

Terminate current logon attempt

You can place your own text on the initial screen in a number of ways. For more information, see the SAP Note mentioned above. The GuiXT (covered at the end of this chapter) offers a further option.

2.5

Screen Elements
Screen Elements

Command Field

Screen Elements Command Field Standard Toolbar Favorites Menu Edit Extras System Help SystemSystem FunctionFunction

Standard Toolbar

Favorites
Favorites
Menu Edit Extras System Help SystemSystem FunctionFunction Name:Name: ActivityActivity Choose Save Input field
Menu
Edit
Extras
System
Help
SystemSystem FunctionFunction Name:Name: ActivityActivity
Choose
Save
Input field
Application
Toolbar
Tick
Selection 1
Selection 2
Selection 3
Selection 4
Checkboxes
Radio Buttons
Options
Option 1
Pushbuttons
Option 2
Option 3
Overview
Option 4
Option 5
Positive
Display
Edit
Neutral
Tab Page
System Message
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Tab Page System Message T70 (1) (400) iwdf5070 INS This screen is made up of various

This screen is made up of various screen elements. It does not match an actual screen in the system.

Status Bar

SAP AG 1999

Command field: You can use the command field to go to applications directly by entering the transaction code. You can find the transaction code either in the SAP Easy Access menu tree (see the

page User-Specific Personalization) or in the appropriate application by choosing System

Status.

Standard toolbar: The icons in the standard toolbar are available on all SAP R/3 screens. Any icons that you cannot use on a particular screen are dimmed. If you leave the cursor on an icon for a moment, a QuickInfo appears with the name (or function) of that icon. You will also see the corresponding function key. The application toolbar shows you which functions are available in the current application.

Checkboxes: Checkboxes allow you to select several options simultaneously within a group.

Radio buttons: Radio buttons allow you to select one option only.

Tabs: Tabs provide a clearer overview of several information screens.

Status bar: The status bar displays information on the current system status, for example, warnings or error messages. Other elements are:

Menu bar: The menus shown here depend on which application you are working in. These menus contain cascading menu options.

Title bar: The title bar displays your current position and activity in the system.

2.6

SAP Easy Access - Standard
SAP Easy Access - Standard
Menu Edit Favorites Extras System Help SAPSAP EasyEasy AccessAccess Other Menu Create Role Assign User
Menu
Edit
Favorites
Extras
System
Help
SAPSAP EasyEasy AccessAccess
Other Menu
Create Role
Assign User
Documentation
Favorites
SAP Menu
Office
Logistics
Accounting
Human Resources
Information Systems
Tools
You are greeted by your logo
in the right-hand part of the window.
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SAP AG 1999

SAP Easy Access is the standard entry screen displayed after logon. You navigate through the system using a compact tree structure.

You can include an image on the right-hand side of the screen such as your company logo. This image can only be entered systemwide, and is a cross-client setting. Assuming you have the appropriate authorization, you can find a detailed description of the necessary settings by choosing Extras Administration Information. Note that this image is stored in the system and transported to the SAP Frontend every time it is called by SAP Easy Access. Although this transfer is compressed, the image for the initial screen should not be bigger than around 20 kB. You can prevent this image being called either by using the setting Low Speed Connection in the SAPLogon program (see SAP Note 161053), or by switching off the calling of the image under Extras Settings. See also User-Specific Personalization.

2.7

Selecting Functions
Selecting Functions

using the transaction code in the command field

Menu Edit Favorites Extras System Help Create session End session SAPSAP EasyEasy AccessAccess -- EnjoyEnjoy
Menu
Edit
Favorites
Extras
System
Help
Create session
End session
SAPSAP EasyEasy AccessAccess -- EnjoyEnjoy UserUser MenuMenu
User profile
Favorites
Enjoy User Menu
URL - SAP Notes (User / PW req.)
Accounts Receivable
FD02 -Change Customer (Account
Materials Management
Sales and Distribution
Tools
Services
Utilities
List
Services for object
Object history
Own spool requests
Own Jobs
Short Message
Status
Log off
Own spool requests Own Jobs Short Message Status Log off using the menu path using SAP
Own spool requests Own Jobs Short Message Status Log off using the menu path using SAP

using the menu path

using SAP Easy Access and Favorites

SAP AG 1999

You can select system functions in the following ways:

Use the mouse to choose: Menu options, Favorites, and SAP Easy Access options

Use the keyboard (ALT + the underlined letter of the relevant menu option)

Enter a transaction code in the command field:

A transaction code is assigned to each function in SAP R/3 Systems. You can access the assigned transaction code from any screen in the system. For example, to display customer master data, enter /n and the appropriate transaction code (in this case /nfd03). You can find the transaction code for the function you are working in under the Status option of the System menu. Other possible entries:

/n ends the current transaction. /i ends the current session. /osm04 creates a new session and goes to the transaction specified (SM04).

You can also use the keyboard to go to the command field. Use the CTRL + TAB key combination to move the cursor from one (input) field group to the next. Use TAB to move between fields within a group.

By entering search-sap-menu in the command field, you can search for and display the menu path for an SAP transaction. You can also search for text strings.

2.8

Role-Based User Menu
Role-Based User Menu
Menu Edit Favorites Extras System Help SAPSAP EasyEasy AccessAccess -- EnjoyEnjoy UserUser MenuMenu Other Menu
Menu Edit
Favorites
Extras
System
Help
SAPSAP EasyEasy AccessAccess -- EnjoyEnjoy UserUser MenuMenu
Other Menu
Create Role
Assign User
Documentation
Favorites
Great Transactions
SM50 - Prcoess Overview
VA01 - Create Sales Order
Favorites chosen by the user
reduce navigation time
Interesting WWW Pages
URL - The Herald Tribune
URL - Time Magazine
Important Files
URL - Vacation Planning
Enjoy User Menu
URL - SAP Notes (User / PW req.)
Accounts Receivable
FD02 - Change Customer (Accountin
Materials Management
Sales and Dsitribution
Tools
A role-based menu contains the activities
that the user can execute based on the
role assigned to the user in the system.
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SAP AG 1999

A Role describes a set of logically linked transactions in the system. These represent the range of functions users typically need for their work.

User roles (previously “activity groups”) have to be set up using the Profile Generator so that SAP R/3 System users can work with user-specific or position-related menus.

The authorizations for the activities listed in the menus are also assigned to the users using user roles. With Release 4.6, predefined user roles from all application areas are included in the standard system.

Users who have been assigned a user role can choose between the user menu and the SAP standard menu.

The above screen shows the role-based user menu for a user with the name "Enjoy". You can find roles that are supplied in the standard SAP R/3 System by choosing Other menu on the SAP Easy Access initial screen.

Every enduser can personalize the initial screen using Favorites. You can create your own Favorites list containing the transactions, reports, files, and Web addresses that you use most often.

You can add favorites either by choosing Favorites or by using the mouse to “drag & drop” items into the Favorites directory.

2.9

Field Help: F1 and F4
Field Help: F1 and F4
Customer Edit Goto Extras Environment System Help DisplayDisplay CustomerCustomer:: InitialInitial ScreenScreen
Customer
Edit
Goto
Extras
Environment
System
Help
DisplayDisplay CustomerCustomer:: InitialInitial ScreenScreen
Customer
F1 Help: Displays the Meaning of
Fields and Technical Information
Company Code
Customer account number
A unique key is used to clearly identify the customer within theSAP
System.
Procedure
When creating a customer master record, the user either enters the
account number of the customer or has the system determine the
number when the record is saved, depending on the type of number
assignment used. The account group determines how numbers are
Restrictions
assigned.
Customer
1000
Entries Found
Company Code
Restrictions
Company Name
City
F4 Help: Displays
Possible Entries
Currency
Co
Company Name
City
Cur
Restrict Number to
SAP A.G.
Walldorf
EUR
IDES AG 1000
Frankfurt UNI
IDES Canada
Toronto
CAD
IDES AG
Frankfurt UNI

SAP AG 1999

For help on fields, menus, functions, and messages, use F1.

F1 help also provides technical information on the relevant field. This includes, for example, the parameter ID, which you can use to assign values for your user to input fields , which have to refer to these parameter IDs.

For information on what values you can enter, use F4. You can also access F4 help for a selected field using the button immediately to the right of that field.

If input fields are marked with a small icon with a checkmark, then you can only continue in that application by entering a permitted value. You can mark many fields in an application as either required entry fields or optional entry fields. You can also hide fields and preassign values using transaction or screen variants or Customizing.

2.10

SAP Library
SAP Library
SAP Library - SAP Library Contents Index Search SAP Library SAPLibrary Release 4.6C, March 2000
SAP Library - SAP Library
Contents
Index
Search
SAP Library
SAPLibrary
Release 4.6C, March 2000
IDES
You can access the
complete online
documentation for the
system using the SAP
Library
Getting Started
Release Notes
Implementation Guide
Glossary
Copyright 2000 SAP AG
All rights reserved.

SAP AG 1999

SAP R/3 Systems provide comprehensive online help. You can display the help from any screen in the system. You can always request help using the Help menu or using the relevant icon (the yellow question mark).

You can access the SAP Library quickly and comfortably by using the SAP Service Marketplace. There you can find the SAP Help Portal under Knowledge and Training, where you can not only access Help in HTML format, but can also perform efficient full-text searches in the SAP Library. If you have the SAP Library installed, you also have, of course, these opportunities within your company.

You can access the Help Portal directly at http://help.sap.com

2.11

Menus: System and Help
Menus: System and Help
Menu Edit Favorites Extras System Help Create Session Application help End Session SAP Library SAPSAP
Menu
Edit
Favorites
Extras
System
Help
Create Session
Application help
End Session
SAP Library
SAPSAP EasyEasy AccessAccess
User profile
Glossary
Other Menu
Services
Rolle anlegen
Release Notes
Benutzer zuordnen
Documentation
Utilities
SAPNet
Favorites
List
Feedback
SAP Menu
Services for object
Settings
Office
Logistics
Object
history
Accounting
Personnel
Own spool requests
Own jobs
Information Systems
Short message
Tools
Status
Log off
Both of these menus are available on every screen
and always offer exactly the same options.
T70 (1) (400)
iwdf5070 INS

SAP AG 1999

The System menu contains, among others, the following options:

Create/End Session: Allows you to create and end sessions. The maximum number of sessions can be set to a number between 2 and 6 by the system administrator using the parameter rdisp/max_alt_modes.

User profile: This is where you can enter user-specific settings. For example, you can use Parameter IDs in Own Data, in order to set default values for specific user-dependent fields in the system (for example the company code field).

List: Contains important list functions, such as searching for character strings, saving in PC files, printing, and so on.

Status: Enables you to display important user and system data.

Log off: Ends the R/3 session with a confirmation prompt.

The Help menu contains, among others, the following options:

Context-sensitive Application Help

Access to the SAP Library (see previous page)

a Glossary

2.12

User-Specific Personalization
User-Specific Personalization
Menu Edit Favorites Exrtas System Help Administration Information Ctrl+Shift+ F8 Assign user Options SAPSAP
Menu
Edit
Favorites
Exrtas
System
Help
Administration Information
Ctrl+Shift+ F8
Assign user
Options
SAPSAP EasyEasy AccessAccess
Display Documentation
Shift+ F6
Generate Graphic
Other Menu
Technical Details
Rolle anlegen
Ctrl+Shift+ F10
Benutzer
zuordnen
Dokumentation
Create Shortcut
Settings
Shift+ F9
Activate GuiXT
Favorites
Set Start Transaction
Shift+ F7
SAP Menu
Default Size
Office
Hardcopy
Logistics
Quick Cut and Paste
Accounting
Human Resources
About
Information Systems
Tools
Settings
This is used to specify settings
Display favorites at end of list
Do not display menu, only display favorites
Do not display picture
Display technical names
Different Settings options make
working with the system easier
T70 (1) (400)
iwdf5070 INS

SAP AG 1999

The end user has many possibilities for personalizing the system. Some are described below:

You can alter the layout of your initial screen under Extras

the image in the right-hand part of the window or by turning on the option to display the technical names (transaction codes) in the SAP Easy Access Menu.

Among other things, you can activate a quick cut and paste in the Options menu. Using Options you can change the reaction speed of the QuickInfo that is displayed when you hold your mouse cursor over an icon or a push button.

Own data, you can set personal standard values. You

By following the path System

can choose the tabs Address, Defaults, and Parameters. As an example, the setting of Parameters is explained here:

Settings, for example by switching off

User profile

Parameters: Here you can set defaults for frequently used input fields. In order to be able set a default value for a field, it must have been assigned a Parameter ID. Procedure for finding the Parameter ID: Go to the field for which you wish to set a default value. Select the F1 help, and then choose Technical Info. The system displays an information window that contains the relevant parameter ID under the heading Field Data (as long as the field

has been assigned a Parameter ID).

2.13

Table Settings - Example
Table Settings - Example
Parameters Value Text Sales order type Company code Processing group Bank key Table Settings Choose
Parameters
Value
Text
Sales order type
Company code
Processing group
Bank key
Table Settings
Choose Variants
Current setting
My variant
Standard setting
Basic setting
Maintain Variants
Variant
Use as standard setting
Create
Delete
Save
Administrator

SAP AG 1999

Use the Table Settings function to change, in the table control, the individual basic table settings that are supplied with the system. This is particularly useful for tables where you do not need all the columns. You can use the mouse to drag & drop column positions and widths, or even make the column disappear.

Save the changed table settings as a variant. The number of different variants you can create per table is not restricted.

The first variant is called the basic setting; the SAP System defines this setting. You cannot delete the basic setting (you can delete the variants you define yourself).

The table settings are stored with your user name. The system uses the variant currently valid until you exit the relevant application. If you then select the application again, the system will use the standard settings valid for this table.

Note: you can change table settings wherever you see the table control icon in the top right-hand corner of a table.

2.14

Personalizing the Frontend with GuiXT
Personalizing the Frontend with GuiXT
Personalizing the Frontend with GuiXT FD03 without GuiXT FD03 with GuiXT Example from http://www.guixt.com SAP AG

FD03 without GuiXT

Personalizing the Frontend with GuiXT FD03 without GuiXT FD03 with GuiXT Example from http://www.guixt.com SAP AG

FD03 with GuiXT

Example from http://www.guixt.com

SAP AG 1999

SAP R/3 Systems offer numerous options for settings and adjustments:

Define default values for input fields

Hide screen elements

Deactivate screen elements (dimmed) You can do this by, for example, defining transaction variants.

SAP offers GuiXT, as of SAP R/3 Release 4.6. In addition to all of the above functions, you can now:

Include graphics

Convert fields and add pushbuttons and text

Change input fields (or their F4 help results) into radio buttons

GuiXT scripts are stored on the Frontend. In accordance with local scripts (which can also be stored centrally), the GUIXT scripts determine how data sent from the application server is displayed. These scripts can be standard throughout a company, or they can be different for each Frontend.

NOTE: The GuiXT will support the mySAP.com Workplace only as of the end of the year 2000. This means that until then you should use either the SAP GUI for the Windows Environment and the GuiXT or the mySAP.com Workplace with the SAP GUI for HTML (or the SAP GUI for Java or the SAP GUI for Windows).

2.15

Navigation: Unit Summary
Navigation: Unit Summary
Navigation: Unit Summary You are now able to:  Identify the elements of a typical window

You are now able to:

Identify the elements of a typical window

Navigate in the system

Make personal system settings

Describe and use the mySAP.com Workplace

SAP AG 1999

2.16Navigation - Exercises

Unit: Navigation Topic: Basic Functions2.16 Navigation - Exercises At the conclusion of this exercise, you will be able to: ∑

- Exercises Unit: Navigation Topic: Basic Functions At the conclusion of this exercise, you will be

At the conclusion of this exercise, you will be able to:

Log on to an SAP R/3 System

Find transaction codes

Access the SAP Library

Use F1 help to find field information

Use F4 help to search for possible field entries

∑ Use F4 help to search for possible field entries As a new user of an

As a new user of an SAP R/3 System, you begin to navigate the system using the menu paths and transaction codes. You also begin to access the various types of online help.

All menu paths in the exercises refer to the SAP standard menu.

1-1 Logging on to the system

Select the appropriate system for this course. Use the client, user name, initial password and logon language specified by the instructor. The first time you log on, you will get a prompt in which you must enter your new password, which you choose yourself, twice. Make a note of the following:

Client:

User:

Password:

Language:

1-2 What is the maximum number of sessions (windows in the SAP R/3 System) you can have open simultaneously?

1-3 Identify the functions and find the transaction codes that correspond to the following menu paths in the SAP standard menu.

1-3-1

Tools

Administration

Monitor

System Monitoring

User Overview

Name of function:

Transaction:

1-3-2

Accounting

Financial Accounting

Accounts Receivable

Master Records

Display

Accounting Accounts Receivable Master Records Display Enter Customer 1000 and Company Code 1000 to go to

Enter Customer 1000 and Company Code 1000 to go to the next screen.

Name of function:

Transaction:

1-4 Help

1-4-1

If you choose Application help in the SAP Easy Access initial screen (System menu), which area of the SAP Library does it take you to?

menu), which area of the SAP Library does it take you to? To answer the questions

To answer the questions below, you will need to go to the Display Customer: Initial Screen.

1-4-2

Use F1 help on the Customer field. What is this field used for? Write a brief summary of the business-related information.

1-4-3

Use the F1 help on the Company code field. If you choose the Application help icon from the F1 help screen, which area of the SAP Library does it take you to?

1-4-4

Which icon do you need to use on the F1 help screen to find the parameter ID for the Company code field? Hint: See the notes on the slide User-Specific Personalization

1-4-5

Use F4 help on the Customer field to find the customer number for Becker ##. To do this, use the Search term "Becker*" after calling the F4 help.

Note: ## corresponds to your assigned group number.

Unit: Navigation Topic: User-Specific SettingsAt the conclusion of this exercise, you will be able to: ∑ Set a user

Unit: Navigation Topic: User-Specific Settings At the conclusion of this exercise, you will be able to:

At the conclusion of this exercise, you will be able to:

Set a user parameter for a field

Set user defaults

Maintain your favorites

Select a start transaction of your choice

favorites ∑ Select a start transaction of your choice You begin to set various user-specific settings.

You begin to set various user-specific settings.

Exercises marked * are optional.

2-1 Setting user parameters.

2-1-1

Assign a parameter value for the Company code field to your user profile.

Note: The instructor will tell you what parameter value to enter (for example 1000). For information about defaults, see the notes on the slide User-Specific Personalization.

Parameter ID:

Parameter value:

2-2 Defining User-Specific Settings using System

User profile

Own Data

2-2-1

In your user profile, set your logon language to the value used for the course.

2-2-2

In your user profile, set the decimal notation and date format of your choice.

2-3 Defining your favorites

2-3-1

Insert at least one new folder under the Favorites folder.

2-3-2

Add any two of your favorite transactions to the corresponding folders.

2-3-3

Add the Internet address http://www.sap.com with the text SAP Homepage.

2-4*

Setting a start transaction using the Extras menu.

2-4-1

Enter a transaction of your choice as the initial transaction. You will then need to log off and on again for the change to take effect.

Note: If desired, you can change the initial transaction back to the default value simply by deleting the transaction code that you entered.

2.17Navigation - Solutions

2.17 N avigation - Solutions Unit: Navigation Topic: Basic Functions 1-1 Log on to the system

Unit: Navigation Topic: Basic Functions

1-1 Log on to the system specified by the instructor and change your initial password.

1-2

To open and close sessions, choose System

Create session (or use the appropriate

icon) or System

End session.

The maximum number of sessions you can have open simultaneously is six (6), depending on your system settings.

1-3

To find the transaction code, choose System

Status. These function names and

transaction codes correspond to the menu paths:

1-3-1

Transaction: SM04 for Function Name: User list

1-3-2

Transaction: FD03 for Function Name: Display Customer: General Data

1-4

Help

1-4-1

The section of the unit Getting Started that deals with using SAP Easy Access is displayed.

1-4-2

Suggestion: The customer is a unique key (account number) used to clearly identify the customer within the system.

1-4-3

FI – Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable

1-4-4

To find the Parameter ID: BUK, choose Technical Info

1-4-5

Customer ## (## corresponds to your assigned group number)

When you select F4 in the Customer field, the Restrict Value Range window appears. You can explore the various tabs to see the different search criteria available. Find a tab that includes the Search term field and enter the following:

Field Name

Value

Search term

Becker*

Choose Enter. A window appears listing the customer account numbers that match your search criteria. Select the line that corresponds to Becker ##, then choose Copy. This automatically copies the customer account number into the Customer field.

Unit: Navigation Topic: User-Specific Settings 2-1 Setting user parameters. 2-1-1 To assign a parameter value

Unit: Navigation Topic: User-Specific Settings

2-1 Setting user parameters.

2-1-1

To assign a parameter value to a field you will need the parameter ID of the field. First you need to select a transaction that contains this field. For example, Company code can be found in transaction FD03. Next, place the cursor on that field (click it with the mouse). To display the required info, choose:

F1

gives you the required information. For the Company code field, the parameter ID is BUK.

Finally, enter the parameter ID and desired value in your user profile:

System

On the Parameter tab page you enter the parameter ID and value that you want to be entered into the field. Save your entries.

Technical Info

Parameter ID

User profile

Own data

2-2 Setting user defaults.

2-2-1

To set the logon language, go to your user profile:

System

User profile

Own data

On the Defaults tab page, enter the language of your choice in the Logon language field.

2-2-2

To set the decimal notation and date format, remain on the Defaults tab in your user profile. Select the indicator adjacent to the notation and format you desire. Save your selections.

2-3 Defining favorites of your choice.

2-3-1

Favorites

Insert folder

Type any name for the folder then select Enter. You can add as many folders as you desire. Once created, folders can be dragged and dropped to position them where you want.

2-3-2

To create favorites, select specific applications (transactions) that you need as favorites for your daily work from the menu tree of the SAP standard menu. Add them to your Favorites list by selecting them and choosing Favorites Add from the menu bar. Alternatively, use the mouse to drag & drop favorites

to a folder. You can also use the menu path Favorites

Insert transaction to

2-3-3

add using a transaction code

different folders later by choosing Favorites

Create Internet addresses by choosing Favorites

When you select SAP Homepage from your favorites, an Internet browser will open and you will be connected to SAP’s homepage.

Finally, you can move existing favorites to

Move or using drag & drop.

Add Web address or file.

2-4 Setting a start transaction.

2-4-1

Extras

Enter a transaction of your choice then choose Enter. Notice the system message on the status bar indicates that your selected transaction has been set as the start transaction. The next time you log on, the system will go directly to your start transaction.

Note: To change back to SAP Easy Access as the initial screen, follow the menu path again, delete the transaction code and select Enter. The next time you log on, SAP Easy Access will be the initial screen.

Set start transaction

3

SAP Treasury Overview
SAP Treasury Overview

Contents:

SAP Treasury Overview

Defining the Organizational Framework

Selection of Financial Instruments

Identifying Treasury Processes

Treasury Management Functions

SAP AG 1999

3.2

SAP Treasury Overview: Unit Objectives
SAP Treasury Overview: Unit Objectives
SAP Treasury Overview: Unit Objectives SAP AG 1999 At the conclusion of this unit, you will

SAP AG 1999

At the conclusion of this unit, you will be able to:

Provide an overview of SAP R/3 Treasury

Identify the relevant product types

Explain the various processes and standard functions of SAP Treasury

3.3

Course Overview Diagram
Course Overview Diagram

Introduction

SAP SAP Treasury Treasury Overview Overview

SAPSAP TreasuryTreasury OverviewOverview

Liquidity Management in the Short and Medium Term

Financial Transactions in the Medium and Long Term

Market Risk Management and Managing Risk Positions

SAP AG 1999

3.4

SAP Treasury Overview: Business Scenario
SAP Treasury Overview: Business Scenario
SAP Treasury Overview: Business Scenario SAP AG 1999  Before you begin your work in the

SAP AG 1999

Before you begin your work in the project team, you want to gain an overview of SAP R/3 Treasury.

Which products and processes can be mapped using the new Treasury system? What functions are available?

3.5

SAP Treasury Overview
SAP Treasury Overview
SAP Treasury Overview Download Market data TMTM Business LoansLoans partner DerivativesDerivatives

Download

Market data TMTM Business LoansLoans partner DerivativesDerivatives SecuritiesSecurities MoneyMoney marketmarket
Market data
TMTM
Business
LoansLoans
partner
DerivativesDerivatives
SecuritiesSecurities
MoneyMoney marketmarket
ForexForex
Bank data
MoneyMoney marketmarket ForexForex Bank data Financial Accounting DD CC DD CC Logistics 100100
MoneyMoney marketmarket ForexForex Bank data Financial Accounting DD CC DD CC Logistics 100100
Financial Accounting DD CC DD CC Logistics 100100 100100
Financial Accounting
DD
CC
DD
CC
Logistics
100100 100100

SAP AG 1999

Market Risk Management:

Interest/currency exposure

Sensitivities

Mark-to-market

Risk analysis/Simulation

Value at Risk

Transaction Management:

Management of financial transactions and positions

Transfer to Financial Accounting

Flexible reporting and portfolio analysis

Datafeed interface

Cash Management:

Electronic banking

Liquidity status

Integrated operational systems

Control functions

The objective of the SAP Treasury module is to ensure efficient liquidity, portfolio, and risk management.

SAP Treasury is subdivided into the following three areas:

Cash Management (CM) offers tools for efficient liquidity analysis.

Transaction Management (TM) supports the management of financial transactions and positions.

Market Risk Management (MRM) provides methods and procedures for assessing risk positions.

3.6

SAP Support for Business Requirements
SAP Support for Business Requirements
Treasury in conjunction with other SAP modules (FI, MM, SD) Data integration Central decision-making Several
Treasury in
conjunction with
other SAP modules
(FI, MM, SD)
Data integration
Central
decision-making
Several currencies
Automatic processes
Cash Management
Analysis of financial
resources
Investment / borrowing
Data entry
Monitoring
Processing
Reporting
Risk management
SAP AG 1999
Electronic banking Money market Securities Loans
Electronic banking
Money market
Securities
Loans
Foreign exchange Derivatives
Foreign exchange
Derivatives

3.7

Defining the Organizational Framework
Defining the Organizational Framework

1. Definition of a means/end hierarchy

Define earnings and risk targets

Establish investment and risk guidelines

Implement in the form of operating targets

2. Definition of procedure

Identify the processes

Company-specific modeling of work processes

Break down into single activities and assign to groups

Incorporate in an authorization and release concept

SAP AG 1999

Management is responsible for defining the framework within which treasury transactions are executed. This is divided into three main areas:

Specifying the basic business principles, including:

Trading strategies for the respective instruments

The markets on which trading is allowed

Transaction volume, organization (contract components), and documentation

Risk limitation, including:

Procedures for measuring and controlling risk

Value of the permitted risk positions according to instruments or organizational units

Reaction to extreme market trends or exceeded limits

Internal reporting

Organization, including:

The areas of responsibility and functions of individual employees

Division into function areas

Human resources and technical equipment

3.8

Investment and Risk Guidelines
Investment and Risk Guidelines
Internal
Internal
External
External

Risk

targets

Revenue

targets

Investment

regulations

Risk

regulations

targets Investment regulations Risk regulations Investment and risk guidelines Limits Hedging strategies

Investment and risk guidelines

Risk regulations Investment and risk guidelines Limits Hedging strategies Relevant product types

Limits

Hedging

strategies

Relevant

product types

Reporting

system

SAP AG 1999

In the financial services area, there are countless statutory norms and controlling bodies that monitor entered risks to protect the investor.

3.9

Selection of Financial Instruments
Selection of Financial Instruments
Selection of Financial Instruments Product types Investment/Borrowing instruments Hedging instruments Money market

Product types

Investment/Borrowing instruments
Investment/Borrowing
instruments
Instruments Product types Investment/Borrowing instruments Hedging instruments Money market Securities Loans Forex
Instruments Product types Investment/Borrowing instruments Hedging instruments Money market Securities Loans Forex
Hedging

Hedging

Hedging instruments
instruments

instruments

instruments
Hedging instruments
Hedging instruments
Hedging instruments
Hedging instruments
Hedging instruments
Hedging instruments

Money market

Securities

Loans

Forex

Derivatives

Fixed-term

Stocks

Mortgage

Forex

Caps / Floors

deposits

Subscription

loans

spot

FRAs

Deposits at

rights

Borrower's

deals

Swaps

notice

Investment

note loans

Forward

- Interest rate

Commercial

certificates

Policy loans

exchange

- Interest rate curr.

Paper

Bonds

Other

deals

OTC options

Convertible

loans

Forex

- Currency

bonds

swaps

- Interest rate

Warrant bonds

- Security

Warrants

- Swaption

 

Futures

SAP AG 1999

In the short-term area, money market transactions and forex transactions allow you to bridge liquidity deficits or surpluses. In the medium to long-term area, investments and borrowings are additionally represented by securities transactions and loan transactions.

Derivative financial instruments, on the other hand, help you hedge against interest rate and currency risks.

3.10

Hedging
Hedging
HedgingHedging Hedging Hedging Hedging object strategy rate
HedgingHedging
Hedging
Hedging
Hedging
object
strategy
rate

Overall position

Portfolio position

Single position

SAP AG 1999

Macro hedgeposition Portfolio position Single position SAP AG 1999 Portfolio hedge Micro hedge * Release not yet

Portfolio position Single position SAP AG 1999 Macro hedge Portfolio hedge Micro hedge * Release not
Portfolio position Single position SAP AG 1999 Macro hedge Portfolio hedge Micro hedge * Release not

Portfolio hedge

Micro hedgeSingle position SAP AG 1999 Macro hedge Portfolio hedge * Release not yet specified Full hedge

* Release not yet specified

Full hedge 100%

Partial hedge x%

Hedging is a way of counteracting risk. It involves setting up an offsetting position, which develops in the opposite way to the underlying position.

Risk objects are either cash flows resulting from an operating business or from Treasury transactions/positions such as loans, securities, or money market transactions.

Exchange rates, interest rates and volatilities are all sources of risk.

You can match risk and hedged items and hence determine hedged and non-hedged items using the Market Risk Management component.

Hedge transactions are usually forward transactions (symmetrical instruments) or options (asymmetrical instruments) as well as combinations of these.

3.11

Identifying Treasury Processes
Identifying Treasury Processes
Earnings/ risk targets Feedback Revision of planned targets Adjustments Analysis Decision (planning)
Earnings/
risk targets
Feedback
Revision of
planned targets
Adjustments
Analysis
Decision
(planning)
FinancialFinancial
Analysis and
trading process
transactionstransactions
Transaction and position
management process

SAP AG 1999

transactionstransactions Transaction and position management process SAP AG 1999 Documentation and control functions

Documentation and control functions

From a strategic point of view, the analysis and trading process is the starting point for the various Treasury processes. At this stage, you identify and analyze the liquidity and risk positions on the basis of the risk and earnings targets you have defined. SAP Treasury provides special tools and methods with which you can perform an integrated analysis of your company's financial and risk situation.

If you have decided to conclude certain financial transactions, you enter the trading processes for these transactions in SAP Transaction Management (TM). Transaction Management also supports functions for managing transactions and the related financial positions at later stages.

All Treasury activities are supported by common documentation and control functions. This ensures that analyses of specific instruments or of various instrument groupings can be performed at each stage of the Treasury process. This fulfills the various documentation and control requirements of both Financial Accounting and Treasury.

3.12

SAP Treasury Overview: Unit Summary
SAP Treasury Overview: Unit Summary
SAP Treasury Overview: Unit Summary  The SAP Treasury component is divided into three main areas:

The SAP Treasury component is divided into three main areas:

- Cash Management,

- Treasury Management / Loans Management

- Market Risk Management.

You can represent financial transactions in Treasury Management using different processes

The SAP Treasury Management module includes functions that enable you to manage your financial transactions from the trading stage through back office processing to Financial Accounting

SAP AG 1999

4

Liquidity Management in the Short and Medium Term
Liquidity Management in the Short and
Medium Term

Contents:

Cash Management

Money Market

Foreign Exchange

SAP AG 1999

4.2

Liquidity Management in the Short and Medium Term: Unit Objectives
Liquidity Management in the Short and Medium
Term: Unit Objectives
Management in the Short and Medium Term: Unit Objectives SAP AG 1999 At the conclusion of

SAP AG 1999

At the conclusion of this unit, you will be able to:

Provide an overview of the entire liquidity management process in the short and medium term

4.3

Course Overview Diagram
Course Overview Diagram

Introduction

SAP Treasury Overview

Liquidity Liquidity Management Management in in the the Short Short and and Medium Medium Term

LiquidityLiquidity ManagementManagement inin thethe ShortShort andand MediumMedium TermTerm

Financial Transactions in the Medium and Long Term

Market Risk Management and Managing Risk Positions

SAP AG 1999

4.4

Liquidity Management in the Short and Medium Term: Cash Management Scenario
Liquidity Management in the Short and Medium
Term: Cash Management Scenario
in the Short and Medium Term: Cash Management Scenario SAP AG 1999 Cash Management Functions Our

SAP AG 1999

Cash Management Functions

Our model company has to deal with the integration of electronic banking into Cash Management before it is in a position to use the liquidity analysis options. The company has identified a liquidity surplus on its bank accounts for a particular value date in Cash Management. A series of examples show us how this liquidity surplus came about and how it can be interpreted. On the one hand, it is worth noting the business causes behind the individual cash flows, and on the other hand, their effect on the system. Different cash flow views in different areas provide information about the company's overall liquidity situation, and the short-term liquidity on its bank accounts.

4.5

Analysis and Trading Process Earnings/Earnings/ riskrisk targetstargets Controlling Information Information
Analysis and Trading Process
Earnings/Earnings/
riskrisk targetstargets
Controlling
Information Information
Processing Processing
Decision Decision
procurement procurement
control control
 Instruments
 Internal:
 Identification of
 Select one
 Trading
 Methods
- Liquidity
appropriate
alternative
 Back office
 Measurements
status
financial
 Accounting
- Risk
transactions
 Reporting
position
 Simulation
 External:
of alternative
Market data
results
SAP AG 1999

From a strategic point of view, the analysis and trading process is the starting point for the various Treasury processes. At this stage, you identify and analyze the liquidity and risk positions on the basis of the risk and earnings targets you have defined. SAP Treasury provides special tools and methods with which you can perform an integrated analysis of your company's financial and risk situation.

4.6

Main Targets of Treasury Priority Target %1)%1) 1) 1 Ensure liquidity 95 2 Optimize financing
Main Targets of Treasury
Priority
Target
%1)%1)
1)
1 Ensure liquidity
95
2 Optimize financing costs
92
3 Optimize yields on financial assets
74
4 Hedge costs (e.g. against possible
exchange rate fluctuations)
61
5 Hedge sales (e.g. against possible
exchange rate fluctuations)
52
6 Contribute to profit through active
management of open items
30
1) % of all companies surveyed
Source: Price Waterhouse Top 500 Survey (Germany) 1994
SAP AG 1999