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Thermal Energy Storage System

Operations Manual

Project: Pune Central,


r"
s / I:MS

Pune

Cristopia Energy Systems (I) Pvt. Ltd.

Village Umri !e"a, #$, %& In"ore'%!an"(a )oa" In"ore ' *+$,$, (&.P.) P!: ,-.#'$/-**.* / ++, $/-*0/0 / /-, 1a2: ,-.#'$/-**.$ Email: cris_indiafajsancharnet.in

Index
#)

Intro"uction to 3!erm al Storage System 4eneral In5orm ation on Cristopia 3!erm al Storage System
.)

$)

6esign 6ata an" System

Selection *) System 6escription


+) 0)

3ec!nical 6ata P /s I 6iagram

Sheets

-) 7istogram
/)

4ui"elines Logic!

for Operation Operation

"! Monthly Operation Strategy * * * * * * * * *

#., I83)96UC3I98
:t t!e time (!en (e tal more an" more a;out ecological ris s an" t!e rationalisation o5 energy use, t!e t!ermal energy storage represents a tec!nical solution a"apte" to in"ustrial cooling an" air con"itioning systems. Classical systems are "esigne" 5or pea "eman", even i5 (e use t!e c!illers at #,, < 5or only a 5e( "ays or 5e( !ours every year. 3!ermal storage ;y latent !eat allo(s a re"uction in c!iller capacity. 3!is storage provi"es s!ort5all o5 t!e energy (!en "eman" is !ig!er t!an t!e c!iller capacity. 3!us c!iller operation is continuous an" its e55iciency at ma2imum. 3!e S3= allo(s real management o5 t!e cooling energy accor"ing to t!e "eman". :lso signi5icant savings can ;e ma"e on running costs using o55 pea electrical tari55s. 3!e re"uction in t!e c!iller si>e also re"uces t!e ?uantity o5 re5rigerant use", a point t!at is more an" more important (it! t!e ne( restrictive la(s on C1C@s. 3!e S3= improves system relia;ility an" o55ers a sa5er mo"e o5 operation 5or processes or ;ac 'up systems. Cristopia, a manu5acturer o5 latent !eat t!ermal storage systems present in t!is "ocument t!e ;asic principles o5 t!ermal storage. :""itionally (e "etail t!e 5un"amental elements 5or installation, operations an" maintenance o5 t!ermal Energy Storage System. 3!e Cristopia team is al(ays at your "isposal to assist you.

#..$
$.#:

%E&E'(L I&)O'M(TIO&.
E8E)4A S39):4E. $.#.#

B7A S39)E E8E)4AC.


Until no(, it !as not ;een possi;le to store reasona;le ?uantities o5 !eat or col" an" as a result, c!illers !ave ;een si>e" to satis5y ma2imum "esign loa" con"itions D muc! o5 t!is capacity ;eing use" 5or only a 5e( !ours per "ay (or even year). 6aily t!ermal storage allo(s t!e use o5 smaller c!illers. 6uring lo( "eman" perio"s t!e store is c!arge", t!en "uring !ig! "eman" t!e energy store" is release". 1or cyclic loa"s, 3!ermal Energy Storage permits smaller c!illers to operate on a near continuous ;asisD storing energy "uring o55 pea (usually c!eaper) perio"s 5or use "uring pea !ours.

E#.$ 79B IS E8E)4A S39)E6 C F SE8SIG=E 7E:3


Principally, (e consi"er (ater as t!e storage me"ium 5or sensi;le energy. :s (ell as ;eing availa;le c!eaply an" in a;un"ance, (ater !as a volumetric !eat capacity o5 #.#0 B!/m#,C D greater, 5or instance, t!an iron or stone. 7o(ever, t!ere are limitations to its use especially (!en use" (it! large temperature "i55erentials. In cooling applications, a practical ma2imum o5 only 0 ac!ieve". . =:3E83 7E:3 =atent !eat is t!e name given to t!e energy eit!er store" or li;erate" (!en a su;stance c!anges p!ase. E2ample : ice c!anges to (ater, (ater to gas or steam. 3!ese c!anges occur at constant temperature. 3!e energy a;sor;e" or release" "uring p!ase c!ange is rat!er more signi5icant t!an t!e energy re?uire" to "ecrease or increase t!e PC& (P!ase C!ange &aterial) temperature (sensi;le !eat). B!/m.can ;e

*aily consumption

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

3o melt a material (e re?uire a ?uantity o5 energy. 1or instance to melt one gram o5 ice re?uire /, calories at constant temperature. 3!is energy is release" (!en t!e material is coole" "o(n an" returns to soli" p!ase. 6i55erent materials !ave "i55erent 5usion points. 1or 3!ermal Storage (e use "i55erent materials to satis5y t!e re?uirements o5 a (i"e range o5 applications. 3!ese materials are calle" PC&s (P!ase C!ange &aterials). =atent !eat storage presents us (it! t(o signi5icant a"vantages : F F !ig! t!ermal "ensities can ;e ac!ieve", energy is release" at almost constant temperature.

S39):4E :PP=IC:3I98S
B!en consi"ering potential applications 5or =atent thermal storage it is necessary to e2amine t!e energy source ;eing use". B!ere cooling is generate" ;y electricity t!roug! a t!ermo"ynamic mac!ine (c!iller), t!e attractiveness o5 storage is signi5icantly increase" since re"uce" au2iliary loa"s result in signi5icant savings in electrical consumption. B!ere t(o part tari55 (&a2imum "eman" H unit c!arges) an" / or 3ime 95 t!e 6ay tari55s (lo(er unit c!arges "uring o55 pea an" / or !ig! unit c!arges in pea perio"s) are applica;le, t!e energy cost is 5urt!er getting re"uce". In in"ustrial cooling an" air con"itioning systems, t!e process re?uirements "o not permit large temperature "i55erentials across t!e circuit. 3!us, sensi;le energy storage (!ic! re?uires very large storage volumes is generally unsuita;le an" C)IS39PI: S3= systems are most appropriate.

I!e !ig! cost o5 t!e c!illers ma es t!e re"uction ot installe" po(er attractive. In"ustrial process cooling an" air con"itioning a( tavoura;le applications tor t!e use o5 =:3E83 7E:3 S39):4E. t5elovy are liste" some typical applications 5or 3!ermal Energy Storage :ir Con"itioning 955ice ;uil"ing 7ospital Gan s Con5erence centres &useums )ecor"ing stu"ios 3!eatres 6epartment stores Supermar ets :irports Cinemas Sport centres 7otel

Process Cooling
+,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,n in . I . I -im in m m . .............. i i . l _____________

F F F F F F F F F F F F F

F 6airy in"ustries F Slaug!ter !ouses F Col" stores F Central itc!ens F r!arm"ceut%.il in"ustries F Gottling plants F Gre(eries F S ating rin s F &eat in"ustries

F F F F F

Gac 'up IIIIIIIIIIIIIII Computer rooms Clean rooms 9perating 3!eatres 3elep!one e2c!anges Col" storage

F 3V stu"ios F E2plosive storages

3!e a"vantages o5 t!ermal storage are : F F F F F F a re"uction o5 c!iller si>e (+, to J, <), a re"uction o5 costs, a re"uction in energy consumption. an increase in relia;ility, simpli5ie" maintenance, re5rigerant loa" re"uction (C1C, 7C1C, ammonia) (+, to S9 <).

3!ermal storage is an e55icient system 5or optimising a i r con"itioning an" re5rigeration plant.

:ccor"ing to t!e application a signi5icant installe" c!iller capacity re"uction o5 +, to < < can ;e ac!ieve". :lso ot!er components (trans5ormer, cooling to(er, etc..) are re"uce" in t!e same proportions an" t!e servicing o5 e?uipment is simp!lie". :lso it allo(s t!e re"uction o5 ma2imum "eman" an" use ot electncitv at nig!t to ta e a"vantage o5 3ime 95 t!e 6av tari55.

$.$

S3= SAS3E& S3= ' S3orage o5 =atent 7eat


3!e S3= is compose" o5 a tan 5ille" (it! Kno"ulesK. 3!e tan !as upper man!oles to allo( t!e 5illing (it! no"ules. : lo(er man!ole allo(s emptying. Insi"e t!e tan t(o "i55users (inlet an" outlet) sprea" t!e !eat trans5er 5lui" along t!e tan . 3!e pressure "rop t!roug! t!e tan is $.+ mB4. 3!e inlet in c!arge mo"e must ;e via t!e lo(er "i55user in or"er to ensure t!e natural strati5ication. 3!e tan s are manu5acture" in ;lac steel (test pressure ;et(een *.+ to #, ;ar), are "elivere" empty an" positione" on site or, i5 t!e access to site is impossi;le, constructe" on site. Concrete tan s can also ;e use". 3!e no"ules are sp!erical (it! a "iameter o5 77 mm, -/ mm or J/ mm ("epen"ing on t!e no"ule type). 3!e sp!erical plastic no"ules contain t!e P!ase C!ange &aterial (PC&). 3!e mec!anical an" c!emical c!aracteristics o5 t!e no"ule s!ell (manu5acture" in polyole5in) are (ell a"apte" to t!e con"itions encountere" in :ir Con"itioning or )e5rigeration systems. 3!e use o5 mo"ern tec!nologies permits ?uality control. 3!e materials use" are completely neutral to t!e p!ase c!ange materials an" !eat trans5er 5lui". 3!e p!ase c!ange materials use" ;y C)IS39PI: Energy Systems, an" also t!e no"ules, !ave ;een la;oratory teste" in 1rance an" a;roa". 3!is pro"uct "evelopment (or !as le" to a very !ig! relia;ility o5 t!e S3=. 9nce 5ille" (it! PC& t!e no"ule plugs are seale" ;y ultrasonic to ensure per5ect (ater'tig!tness. 3!e no"ules are "elivere" in ;ags. 3an s are 5ille" on site. 3!e 5illing is regular an" !omogeneous. C)IS39PI: Energy Systems offers a range of temperatures/ '

..LC to H $-LC
3!e S3= !as ;een conceive" 5or !y"raulic applications. Please consult C)IS39PI: Energy Systems 5or any ot!er application. #.0 S1STEM 2OMPO&E&TS

3!e ?uantity o5 energy store" 5or eac! type o5 no"ule is proportional to the storage volume. 3!e num;er o5 no"ules in a system "etermines t!e heat e2c!ange rate ;et(een t!e no"ules an" t!e !eat trans5er 5lui". $...# 3erminology : 7o( to un"erstan" t!e terminology:

STL ',, '#+ ,,: p!ase c!ange temperature in LC #+: tan volume in cu;ic metres STL ' 8#+ ' +, 8: negative temperature #+: t!e p!ase c!ange temperature in LC +,: tan volume in cu;ic metres S3= ' :C ' 3$$ :C: t!e p!ase c!ange temperature o5 ,LC (t!e no"ules !ave a "iameter o5 J0 mm) #,,: tan volume in cu;ic metres #.0.# 3!e no"ules: 3!e envelope:
7ig! Strengt! special plastic material c!emically neutral to(ar"s eutectics an" !eat trans5er fluid t!ic ness #.+ mm : no migration o5 t!e !eat trans5er 5lui" e2terior "iameter: F F J0 mm : -- mm : :ir con"itioning In"ustrial Cooling

e2c!ange sur5ace

Plug Air pocket Phase Change Material (PCM) Blend of polyolefines

#CS 8 o " u le 9perating temperature ,,NC t!P nn"ules Storage 3e c ! a ra c te rist limitePCIIIIIII # 3!e ta;le !erea5ter P!ase c!ange QQ ''''''''''''''''''K temperature gi '''''''''II M M M M M M M M M MLC I 8 o " u le type II''''''''''''''''''''''''' ''''''I

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. . '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''O''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

S8... S8.$J S8.$0 S8.$# S8.#/ S8.#+ S8 .#$ S8.#, S8 .,0 S8 .,. S.99

'$/.J '$0.$ '$#.. '#/.. '#+.* '##.'#,.*

'*,LC a H0,LC

' 5.5 - $.0


,

C99 SC$-

, H $-

$....

37E 3:8% :86 3:8% I8SU=:3I98: 3!e !ori>ontal cylin"rical tan is ma"e o5 ;lac steel. :s stan"ar", t!e test pressure is *.+ ;ars. 3(o upper man!oles allo( t!e tan to ;e 5ille" (it! no"ules. 3(o connections are 5itte" on t!e man!ole covers 5or 5illing air ;lee" valves an" manometers.

3!e "imensions o5 t!e stan"ar" tan s are give in t!e ta;le ;elo(. 3!e tan can ;e also vertical (it! a s irt (see "ra(ing V:). 1or systems (or ing at atmosp!eric pressure is possi;le to use rectangular tan s (in steel or concrete).

:ccor"ing to t!e space availa;le (e can mo"i5y t!e "iameter an" lengt! to 5it t!e tan to t!e site. 3!e tan is manu5acture" accor"ing to plant re?uirements.

I8SU=:3I98 ( ol" storage: Insulation is essential an" !as t(o o;jectives : to re"uce t!ermal losses, F to avoi" con"ensation. Ri,,,,R 3!einsu.ation (il. ;e o5 StyQ type, injecte" m,neraS, etc... as common.P in :/C or re5rigeration. T(,,a! t!e 3!e insulation inclu"es t(o vapour ;arriers to avo." (ater migrate t!roug! t!e insulation. , 3an s s,te" out"oors must !ave e2ternal (aterproo5 cla""ing to protect t!e tan . 7ot storage: 3!e insulation (ill respect t!e same rules as 5or (ater storage. In ;ot! cases: F it is necessary to allo( insulation ;et(een cra"les an" tan . 3!is insulation must (it!stan" t!e tan (eig!t ('#+,, g/m . ) 9ptions inclu"e" !ig! "ensity neoprene or e?uivalent. 7E:3 3):8S1E) 1=UI6 3!e !eat trans5er 5lui" must ;e compati;le (it! all t!e !y"raulic net(or components, an" (it! t!e operating temperatures. F

S...*

1or K!ot storageK (temperatures !ig!er t!an *LC) t!e !eat trans5er 5lui" must respect classical !eating plant net(or con"itions (t!e !eat trans5er 5lui" is (ater H a""itives). F 1or col" storage, (ater alone can not ;e use". It is necessary to use a ;rine or glycole" (ater. F In t!e 5oo" in"ustry, t!e !eat trans5er 5lui" must ;e compati;le (it! 5oo"stu55. ..+ EUP:8SI98

F IV)VPPVPW

tan

m ust ta e

TTS account t!e m a2im uman"


at 1 r USUal te

t!e loops ($,'$+ C ma2imum) an" 5or normal !eat trans5er 5lui" volume KK P
59

l Z T ^ C

5 rL

TBre "i55erences

K9Bing

&

K S

F . < 5or atmosp!eric S3= tan , F + < 5or pressurise" S3= tan (ma2imum #, ;ars).
13.6 SIU P)ESSU)E P)9P . i !e SI = consists o5 a tan 5ille" (it! no"ules. 3!e 5lo( T XPPPvery tan ;y t!e "i55users. Ins."e t!e tan t!e !eat T a PX.

jY- s almost lo(, an" t!e 5lo( is laminar. 3!e pressure "rop "ue to no"ules nil. 3!e pressure "rop is only "ue to t!e "i55users.

. 3ypically, 5or an usual 5lo( rate o5 $.+ mV! per P o5 tanT t!e pressure "rop o5 a S3= is $.+ mB4. Ge5ore manu5acturing t!e tan it is important "etermine t!e ma2imum 5lo( rate an" t!e pressure "rop (ante". 1rom t!is in5ormation (ma2imum 5lo( rate an" ma2imum pressure "rop), t!e "iameter an" t!e num;er o5 !oles per "i55user are calculate". Ihis calculation is "one ;y t!e 3ec!nical 6epartment o5 C)%39PI: Energy Systems. :t t!e or"er, it is t!en important to in"icate t!e ma2imum 5lo( rate an" t!e pressure "rop (ante". $...PU&PS 1or parallel lay'out t(o pumps are re?uire" to ensure circulation o5 t!e !eat trans5er 5lui" (c!arge pump an" "istri;ution pump).

C!arge pump

3!e c!arge pump 5lo( rate "epen"s on c!iller capacity an" 6elta 3. 3!e !eat trans5er 5lui" c!aracteristics must ;e ta en into account F 6istri;ution pump

3!e "istri;ution 5lo( rate "epen"s on t!e ma2imum "eman" an" 6elta 3. 3!e !eat trans5er 5lui" c!aracteristics must also ;e ta en into account. $.../ 37)EE' B:A V:=VE 3!e .'(ay valve must ;e a mo"ulating type. 1or systems ;elo( ,LC allo( 5or a spin"le element !eater. 1or selection, see manu5acturer@s "ocumentation.

#.4

STO'(%E ST'(TE%IES

600 500 400

*aily consumption
300
200 100 0

(kW)

##

#.

#+

#-

#J

$#

$.

S3= manages t!e cooling energy according to designer5s re6uirements7 here are various strategies t!at can ;e a"opte". #.4.3 P('TI(L STO'(%E 'E*82E* 29ILLE' 2(P(2IT1!

3!e c!iller capacity is re"uce" to ., to 0, e n erg y is st9re.

6 u rin g " ay vZ Z l

6 u r in

$.*.$

=9B SE:S98 6ISC7:)4E

P( B) 0,,# +,,' !"" .,, $,,

ZZZ

6isc!arge

C!arge

C!arge

#,,

ire

ro( ucZ ion

# $ . * + 0 - / J #, ## #$ #. #* #+ #0 #- #/ #J $, $# $$ $. $*

: partial storage in !ig! season can ;e easily trans5orme" into a total storage or time o5 "ay storage "uring lo( season in or"er to increase t!e running costs savings.

30 34 3: 3; 3< 3=

+ ,

=
P( B) 0,,

3" #$ #3 ## #0
P( B) 0,, ',

#$$

+,,

C!arg e C!arge
200

400 300

<

"

5+> ?

3#

30

34

3:

6uring t!e air con"itioning perio" R %5illers are stoppe" aT" ail t!e cooling energy is provi"e" only ;y t!e S3=.
$.*.+ G:C%'UP
P ( B ) 0 , , # +,,'

400-

3 0

20000-

6isc!arge

!ours

3!e S3= is use" as ;ac 'up only (!en it is necessary. It replaces t!e main cooling system in case o5 5ailure. 3!e S3= is regularly rec!arge" to compensate 5or stan"ing losses. K
to

*esign *ata and System Selection

0,3 . *esign *ata :

#. :m;ient Con"itions 6ry Gul; Bet Gul; *, LC $0.# LC

$. C!ille" Bater Inlet 3emperature C!ille" Bater 9utlet 3emperature .. Con"enser Bater Inlet 3emperature : .$ LC Con"enser Bater 9utlet 3emperature : .0LC 0 ' # . System Selection /

#$ LC - LC

Pea@ Load C!illers

: -., 3)

3!ermal Energy Storage System: $$+ 3) 2 $ 8os. : #,*/ 3)7 (0$ CU&) 2 # 8o. +,+ 3)7 (., CU&) 2 # 8o.

Plate 9eat Exchanger

/ .0+ T' x $# 8os.

System *escription
ste m 5or Pune CentraV !as % &%'( )%* re"uce" C!Uler Capacity 5or Pea =oa" o5 -.9
Sy

(it!

Entire ;uil"ing s!a.# !avecon, mon g !ave $ 8os. o5 0$ tu C!illers o5 $$+ 3% compressors , $ 8os. t!ermal P7E pumps, p storage system CU& respectively, primary, secon"ary , con"enser an" gas et !eat e2c!anger $ 8os 2 .0+ 3) .

Scre( energy

$$+ 3) 2 $ 8os. Scre( C!illers are connecte" in Parallel (it! 3(o 3!ermal Storage Systems o5 0$ Cum [ ., Cum Capacities an" are su55icient to meet Peal =oa" o5 -., 3). 3!ermal Energy Storage System is use" to optimi>e t!e installation. Instea" o5 selecting t!e c!illers 5or pea cooling rating, t!e use o5 3!ermal Energy Storage system allo(s selection o5 c!illers 5or average capacity.

3!ermal Energy Storage System uses t!e latent !eat o5 crystalli>ation an" 5usion to provi"e a compact an" controlle" storage. 3!e system consists o5 storage no"ules 5ille" in t!e e2c!anger vessel. 6uring perio" o5 lo( loa", t!e eutectic salt 5ille" in t!e storage no"ules 5ree>es t!ere;y a;sor;ing cooling po(er an" (!en t!e cooling "eman" e2cee"s, t!e 5ille" eutectic salts melt to release t!e a""itional cooling po(er

F F F F
F

)e"uction o5 c!iller si>e )e"uction o5 installe" po(er an" plant room space )e"uction o5 operation an" maintenance costs. Pea @s!aving@ or lopping@ o5 cyclic loa"s

9ptimi>ation o5 electrical resources ( %enerator set and Electrical installation ) S )e"uction in use o5 re5rigerant S Increases system relia;ility S Getter energy management (o55'pea electricity) S :vaila;ility o5 Gac 'up "uring o55 pea mont!s S )e"uction o5 electrical consumption . :. Technical *ata Sheets / Enclose"

;. P A I *iagram : Enclose" Piping an" instrumentation "iagram is enclose" . <. 9ISTO%'(M / Pea@ Month Load 9istogram is enclosed hereBith

28MC

# $ .* +0

I I I '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''' :ir con"itioning I''''''''''''''''''''''''I ServiceIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIO 3ype &a e IIIQIIIIIIIIIIIIIK .IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIQ'''''' IIII.''''''''.I \\

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CristopiaIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII.' ' ' ' ''''''''''''''''''''' \\


IIIIIIIIIIIIII#,*/ 3)7IIIIIII

3!ermal Stnrage capacity

IIIIIIIIIIIII/ 7oursIIIIIIIII.II $+ < &17 (ater solutionIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIII'+6egCIIIIIIIIIII '#./ Peg CIIII '0.+ Peg CIIII 9Pe?C IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII @ '''''''' $.+ &B4IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII

:vera?e time 5or 5ull c!argjn5ljrom5ulV)PP 7eat trans5er me"iumIIIIIIIIIIIII''''''''' / J #, ## #$ #. Gnne Entry temperatureIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII.''''''''''''''''O'''''''' Grine leaving temperatureIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII.'''''''''.'''''''''''''''' C!iller s!utt'o55 3emperature P!ase c!ange temperature '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

II''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''I''''' '''''''''

Pressure "rop across storage tan IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIQ 3an material Insulation material '''''''''''''''''' ''''''''''''''''''''

Car;on Steel IS$,0$, 4ra"e @G@ 3!ermocol #,, mm

#* #+

Insulation 3!ic ness 3an "imensions 6ia =engt! Empty Beig!t Service Beig!t

..+ & 0.J++ & #,0,, %gs -$0,, %gs

Page :

T e c h

n i c a l S e e c l l i c a t i o n s
P9E for isolation of %lycol Dater7 #
_ _ _ ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

&os. '

IIIIIIIIIII

,IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII -

___________________________

Primary Side #:E Ethylene Q %lycol! II 3)IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII'''''''

*escription
'''''''''''''''''''
.,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,-

IIIIIIII

Secondary side Dater!


.''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''O Q

,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

Entering 3emp. ( C ) E2c!angeBater Capacity''''''''' =eaving Bater 3emp. ( C ) Bater 5lo( rate (CU&/7r.) Bater Pressure 6rop ( &B4) )ate" Pressure ( Gar)

IIIIIIII

QIIIIIIIII#$

IIIIIIIIIIIIIIII*, IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIJ.+

''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

IIIIIIIIII

$$,.-0 *./+ - Gar

$.$.*#
,'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''O'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

0., - Gar

Page -

T e c h n i c a l S e e c l l i c a t i o n s
P9E for isolation of %lycol Dater7 #
_ _ _ ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

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IIIIIIIIIII

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___________________________

Primary Side #:E Ethylene Q %lycol! II 3)IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII'''''''

*escription
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IIIIIIII

Secondary side Dater!


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Entering 3emp. ( C ) E2c!angeBater Capacity''''''''' =eaving Bater 3emp. ( C ) Bater 5lo( rate (CU&/7r.) Bater Pressure 6rop ( &B4)

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$$,.-0 *./+

$.$.*#
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0.,

)ate" Pressure ( Gar)

- Gar

- Gar

Page -

% u i d e

l i n e s f o r O p e r

a ti o n O p e r a ti o

n L o gi c!

si* -

=. _%m deiin es.Fr _OEe ratio n_/

:. 7V: C Instal lation consi sts o5: #. Bate r Coole " Scre ( C!ill ers: $$+ 3) 2 $ 8os

^: ^ S X ^ ^ ^

^e ^ and
O& prior
C! ille r 9 8. .
5

,,

t in g pu m ps :l so pu m p ca n ;e sta n" ;y ;y sel ect


ra

nnP

in g an y o5 t! e op er ati ng
P

t!r ou g! sta n" ;y arr an ge m en ts

.. Secon "ary Pump s 5or 7V: C ' Bor ing H # Stan ";y 9n e pu mp

s!a ll ;e op era tio nal t!r ou g! V1 6 an " V1 6 (il l get co m ma n" 5ro m pre ssu re tra ns "u cer . In cas e o5 V1 6 5ail ure t!e pu n

can ;e c!a ng e" ov er to 6 9= sta rti ng. Ea c! op era tin g pu mp mu st 6 98 as soo n as loa " "e ma n" on lo ( si" e is ava ila ;le .

7o (e ver sta n" ;y pu mp ca n ;e sel ect e" 5ro m an y o5 t!e op era tin g pu mp t!r ou g! sel ect or s(i tc! . *. Con"e nser Bater Pumps ' $Bor

# Stan" ;y Ea c! op era tin g pu mp mu st ;e 5or par tic ula r ma c!i ne an " 9 8 as so on as its C! ille r pu mp is 9 8, :l so pu mp

ing H

ca n ;e sta n" ;y ;y sel ect ing an y o5 t!e op era tin g pu mp s t!r ou g! sta n" ;y arr an ge me r +. P7E Pumps '# Bor i ng H # Stan" ;y Ea c!

ope rati ng pu mp mu st ;e 98 as soo n as coo lin g is re? uir e" : pu mp can ;e sta n" ;y ;y sel ect ing an y o5 t!e op era tin g pu mp s t!r o sel

ect or s(i tc!. 0. &otori >e" valves:

&: Valv es 5or 0$ &. S3= C!ar ging and load meet ing

S3=.

ge an" port : clos


G. System

operation is categoriH ed In tBo Modes.

3. #.

&ight mode. *ay mode.

3. &iftht Mode/

9peration selection (ill ;e on time ;ase an" time must ;e a"justa;le. 2harging : 3imings #,:,, P& to ,0:,, :&. Got! c!illers (ill ;e at 've set point (auto select t!roug! timer) G937 C7I==E) SE3 P9I83 M ' *LC, C!iller Inlet Control.

:s soon as c!arging is selecte" ;e5ore c!iller start'up, 5ollo(ing se?uence o5 operations must ;e per5orme": Se?uence I : 1or S3= c!arging (it! Got! C!iller Valve &V#, &V$ ' 9pen Port : o5 valve Vm"l [ Vm"$ close Primary Pump 98, Con"enser Pump 98, Cooling 3o(er 1ans 98. Se?uence II :s soon as c!arging complete C!iller is s(itc!e" 911, 5ollo(ing e?uipment must ;e 911. Con"enser Pump, Cooling 3o(er 1ans, Primary pumps ' 911. Valve &V#, &V$,' Close. II *ay Mode/ Load Meeting and STL *ischarge

9peration selection (ill ;e on time ;ase an" time must ;e a"justa;le. S3= "isc!arging [ =oa" &eeting: #,:,, :& to #,:,, P&. Set Point o5 C!illers (ill ;e c!ange" 5rom 've to Hve as ;elo(: C!iller I M H JLC C!iller Inlet Control.

2hiller II , I =J2 2hiller Inlet 2ontrol. 9oBeKer7 ;e5ore starting of chillers7 folloBing se6uence of operations must ;e per5orme".

Valve &Vl, &V$ ' Close" Valve &V. o5 C!iller I open (!en C7B return temp. 3$ S 1+ 9 Valve &V* o5 C!iller II open (!en C7B return temp. 3$ S #*LC Valve &Vl open (!en C7B return temperature 3$ S #.L C :s soon as return 3emperature is Z#$LC , VI Closes Valve &V$ open (!en C7B return temperature 3$ S #+L C :s soon as return 3emperature is Z#$LC , V$ Closes V&"l /s V&"$ ' . B&V ' &o"ulates at H- LC. Primary Pump 98, Con"enser Pump 98, Cooling 3o(er 1ans 98 Secon"ary Pump 98 t!roug! V16. :s soon as any C!iller is s(itc!e" 911, 5ollo(ing e?uipment must ;e
U rr.

It@s Con"enser Pump, Cooling 3o(er 1ans, Primary pump ' O)). Secon"ary Pump 911, P7E pump 911

2. SeasonBise Operations shall Fe as under /,2.I Summer / March to .une! *ay Mode / 3$/$$ (M to 3$/$$ PM Load Meeting and STL *ischarge 8ormally ;ot! t!e C!illers along(it! S3= 6isc!arge s!all operate to meet t!e pea loa" 5rom #, :& to #, P& . In pea !ours 5rom #$ 8oon to / P.&., ;ot! t!e c!illers s!all run on #,,< capacity. 7o(ever 5or remaining !rs. (#, :& to #$ 8oon [ / P& to #, P&) , 3(o circuits o5 9ne C!iller [ 9ne circuit o5 anot!er c!iller H tSi ^ "isc!arge s!all ;e normally su55icient to meet t!e =oa"s. Got! t!e C!illers operate at Hve set point. C!iller I Set point : H JLC C!iller II Set Point : H /LC &V o5 ;ot! t!e S3= senses C7B return temperatures [ operate as un"er 0$ Cum S3= &otori>e" valve &V# : 9pen S #.LC [ Close at ##LC ., Cum S3= &otori>e" valve &V$ : 9pen S #+LC [ Close at #.LC

Got! t!e .B&V mo"ulates at H -LC ., &ight Mode/ 3$/$$ PM to $;/$$ (M 9peration selection (ill ;e on time ;ase an" time must ;e a"justa;le. 2harging : 3imings #,:,, P& to ,0:,, :&. Got! c!illers s!all operate on C!arging &o"e [ (ill ;e at 've set point (auto select t!roug! timer) G937 C7I==E) SE3 P9I83 M ' *LC, C!iUer Intlet Control.

:s soon as c!arging is selecte" ;e5ore c!iUer start'up, 5oUo(ing se?uence o5 operations must ;e per5orme":

Valve &V#, &V$ ' 9pen Port : o5 valve Vm"l [ Vm"$ close Primary Pump 98, Con"enser Pump 98, Cooling

1ans N8

Se?uence II :s soon as c!arging complete C!iller is e?uipment must ;e 911. Con"enser Pump, pumps ' 911. Valve &V#, &V$,' Close 2.# Dinter / &oKemFer to )eFruary! *ay Mode / 3$/$$ (M to 3$/$$ PM Load Meeting and STL *ischarge 8ormally 9ne C!iller along(it! S3= 6isc!arge s!all operate to meet t!e pea loa" 5rom #, :& to #, P& . In pea !ours 5rom #$ 8oon to / P.&., 9ne c!iller s!all run on #,,< capacity. 7o(ever 5or remaining !rs. (#, :& to #$ 8oon [ / P& to #, P&) , 9ne circuit o5 9ne C!iller H S3= "isc!arge s!all ;e normally su55icient to meet t!e =oa"s. C!iller II s!all ;e 8ormally 911 "uring t!e "ay time. Got! t!e C!illers operate at Hve set point. (Inlet Control) C!iller I Set point: H JLC C!iller II Set Point : H /LC &V o5 ;ot! t!e S3= senses C7B return temperatures [ operate as un"er 0$ Cum S3= &otori>e" valve &V# : 9pen S #.LC [ Close at ##LC ., Cum S3= &otori>e" valve &V$ : 9pen S #+LC /G Close at #.LC Got! t!e .B&V mo"ulates at H -LC ., &ight Mode/ 3$/$$ PM to $;/$$ (M
,

9peration selection (ill ;e on time ;ase an" time must ;e a"justa;le

C!arging : 3imings #,:,, P& to ,0:,, :&. C!arging D Got! c!illers s!all operate on C!arging &o"e (auto select t!roug! timer) G937 C7I==E) SE3 P9I83 (ill ;e at 've set point

M ' *LC, C!iller Inlet Control.

:s soon as c!arging is selecte" ;e5ore c!iller start'up, 5ollo(ing se?uence o5 operations must ;e per5orme": Se?uence I 5or S3= c!arging (it! Got! C!iller Valve &V#, &V$ ' 9pen Port : o5 valve Vm"l /+ Vm"$ close Primary Pump 98, Con"enser Pump 98, Cooling 3o(er 1ans 98. Se?uence II :s soon as c!arging complete C!iller is s(itc!e" 911, 5ollo(ing e?uipment must ;e 911. Con"enser Pump, Cooling 3o(er 1ans, Primary pumps ' 911. Valve &V#, &V$,' Close 2.0 Monsoon / .uly to OctoFer! *ay Mode / 3$/$$ (M to 3$/$$ PM Load Meeting and STL *ischarge 8ormally 9ne C!iller along(it! S3= 6isc!arge s!all operate to meet t!e pea loa" 5rom #, :& to #, P& . In pea !ours, 9ne c!iller s!all run on #,,< capacity. 7o(ever 5or remaining !rs. (#, :& to #$ 8oon [ / P& to #, P&) , 9ne circuit o5 9ne C!iller H S3= "isc!arge s!all ;e normally su55icient to meet t!e =oa"s C!iller II s!all ;e 8ormally 911 "uring t!e "ay time 1or t!e &ont! o5 9cto;er, ;ot! t!e C!illers H S3= "isc!arge s!all meet #, act. Got! t!e C!illers operate at H ve set point. (&et Control) C!iller I Set point : H JLC C!iller II Set Point : H /LC

tne

&V o5 ;ot! t!e S3= senses C7B return PPP V# 9 S #. C [ Ctoae at &V o5 ;ot! t!e S3= senses C P P 0$ Cum S3= &otori>e" valve &V# : 9pen S #. C [ ., Cum S3= &otori>e" valve &V$ : 9pen S #+ C [ Close at Got! t!e .B&V mo"ulates at H -LC ., &ight Mode/ 3$/$$ PM to $;/$$ (M 9peration selection (ill ;e on time ;ase an" time must ;e a"justa;le. C!arging : 3imings #,:,, P& to ,0:,, :& 2harging Got! c!illers s!all operate on C!arging &o"e [ (ill ;e at 've set point (auto select t!roug! timer) G937 C7I==E) SE3 P9I83 M ' *LC, C!iller Inlet Control.

:s soon as c!arging is selecte" ;e5ore c!iller start'up, 5ollo(ing se?uence o5 operations must ;e per5orme": Se?uence I 5or S3= c!arging (it! Got! C!iller Valve &V#, &V$ ' 9pen Port : o5 valve Vm"l [ Vm"$ close Primary Pump 98, Con"enser Pump 98, Cooling 3o(er 1ans 98. Se?uence II :s soon as c!arging complete C!iller is s(itc!e" 911 5ollo(ing

Monthly Operation Strategy

Project/ Loncord Pune


9O8'L1 LO(*

2entral
Month Bise Operating Strategy

Month: Ja

o,- Consi-ere- . 428 TR

&ight Operations / ## hrs to $; (M, 2harging S3= C!arging : Got! C!illers in C!arging &o"e (it! '*LC set point. C!illers Valves V&. [ V&* open, S3= Valves V&l [ V&$ 9pen, . B&V &V"l [ &V"$ Port : Close. 1ollo(ing is t!e se?uence ;e5ore C!iller Startup. Got! Primary Pumps, Con"enser Pumps, C.3. 5ans 98

*ay Operation / $; 9rs. to ## 9rs , Load Meeting J :m to #$ 8oon [ #/ to $$ 7rs. : 6uring t!is perio" =oa" s!all ;e met ;y S3= "isc!arge. Got! t!e c!illers s!all ;e 911 to ta e t!e a"vantage o5 3.9.6. tari55 rates. Primary pumps, Con". Pumps, C.3. 5ans 911. C!illers Valves V&. [ V&* Close. S3= Valves V&l [ V&$ Open .B&V &V"l : Port : 9pen at C7B) S #.LC , Close at #$LC &V"$ : Port : 9pen as C7B) S #*LC , Close at #.LC #, :& to #/ !rs : =oa" meeting (it! ;ot! C!illers [ S3= "isc!arge. # [ /0 c!iller along(it! S3= "isc!arge s!all meet t!e loa" "uring t!is perio". C!iller I set point: (H) JLC C!iller II set point: (H) /LC Primary Pumps, Con". Pumps. C.3. 5an :98 . B&V &V"l [ &V"$ mo"ulates C!iller valves V&. [ V&* 9pen, S3= valves : V&l open at C7B) S #.LC [ MM# open at C7B) S#*LC 7istogram 5or t!e &ont! o5 Xanuary enclose".

Month &ight Operations / #0 hrs to $; (M, 2harging S3= C!arging : Got! C!illers in C!arging &o"e (it! '*LC set point. C!illers Valves V&. [ V&* open, S3= Valves V&l [ V&$ 9pen, . B&V &V"l [ &V"$ Port : Close. 1ollo(ing is t!e se?uence ;e5ore C!iller Startup. Got! Primary Pumps, Con"enser Pumps, C.3. 5ans 98

*ay Operation / $" 9rs. to ## 9rs , Load Meeting

J :m to #, 8oon [ $, to $$ 7rs. : 6uring t!is perio" =oa" s!all ;e met ;y S3= "isc!arge. Got! t!e c!illers s!all ;e 911 to ta e t!e a"vantage o5 3.9.6. tari55 rates. Primary pumps, Con". Pumps, C.3. 5ans 911. C!illers Valves V&. [ V&* Close. S3= Valves V&l [ V&$ 9pen . B&V &V"l : Port : 9pen at C7B) S #.LC , Close at #$LC &V"$ : Port : 9pen as C7B) S #*LC , Close at #.LC #, :& to $, !rs : =oa" meeting (it! ;ot! C!illers [ S3= "isc!arge. Got! t!e c!illers along(it! S3= "isc!arge s!all meet t!e loa" "uring t!is perio". C!iller I set point: (H) JLC C!iller II set point: (H) /LC Primary Pumps, Con". Pumps. C.3. 5an :98 . B&V &V"l [ &V"$ mo"ulates C!iller valves V&. [ V&* 9pen, S3= valves : V&l open at C7B) S #.LC [ V&$ open at C7B) S#*LC 7istogram 5or t!e &ont! o5 &arc! enclose".

D:]& y 6 o c u m e n ts B o g e S 3 = 1 e; ' V ariant* *

S T L S tr a te g y 2 o

E of Energy STL! 3$$

Capacities (tons) *J* , # $ . * + 0 - / J #, ## #$ #. #* #+ #0 #- #/ #J $, $# $$ $. $* 55l;ase liil"irect pro"uctior7&"isc!arge Pc!arge 7over c!arge < o5 Energy (S3=)