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PIPESIM Suite

Proprietary Notice


Patent information
Service mark information

i i
Trademark information
trotter lm
report
Contact information
Table of Contents
Proprietary Notice ............................................................................ 2
Patent information............................................................................ 2
Service mark information ................................................................ 2
Trademark information .................................................................... 2
Contact information ......................................................................... 2
TABLE OF CONTENTS ....................................................... 3
DOCUMENT CONVENTIONS............................................ 10
PIPESIM HOT KEYS........................................................ 10
1 INTRODUCTION .......................................................... 15
1.1 Setting up............................................................................. 15



1.2 Documentation..................................................................... 17
1.2.1 PIPESIM


1.3 PIPESIM overview................................................................ 19


1.4 File Management.................................................................. 25
1.5 Security ................................................................................ 26


PIPESIM
1.6 New features ........................................................................ 28
1.7 Schlumberger Support Services........................................ 28
1.8 What to do next.................................................................... 28
2 MODEL OVERVIEW.................................................... 31
2.1 Steps in building a model ................................................... 31
2.2 Starting PIPESIM.................................................................. 31
2.3 Units System........................................................................ 31
2.4 Fluid data.............................................................................. 32



2.5 Model components overview.............................................. 35

2.6 Flow correlation................................................................... 40
2.7 Run an operation................................................................. 40
2.8 Saving & Closing PIPESIM.................................................. 41
2.9 How to build models............................................................ 41







3 FLUID & MULTIPHASE FLOW MODELING............... 52
3.1 Black Oil ............................................................................... 52

PIPESIM










3.2 Compositional...................................................................... 60




3.3 Pressure Drop Calculation.................................................. 65




3.4 References ........................................................................... 80
4 RESERVOIR, WELL & COMPLETION MODELING ... 87
4.1 Vertical Completions........................................................... 87


4.2 Horizontal Completions ...................................................... 91







PIPESIM

4.3 Multiple Layers / Completions.......................................... 103
4.4 Artificial Lift........................................................................ 104


4.5 Tubing................................................................................. 105
4.6 Chokes................................................................................ 106






4.7 Heat transfer....................................................................... 113
4.8 Reservoir Depletion........................................................... 113


4.9 References ......................................................................... 115
5 FIELD EQUIPMENT................................................... 119
5.1 Compressor........................................................................ 119
5.2 Expander ............................................................................ 120
5.3 Single Phase Pump ........................................................... 121
5.4 Multiphase Boosting ......................................................... 121






PIPESIM

5.5 Separator............................................................................ 135
5.6 Re-injection point .............................................................. 135
5.7 Heat Transfer...................................................................... 135
5.8 References ......................................................................... 135
6 OPERATIONS............................................................ 139
6.1 Check model ...................................................................... 139
6.2 No operation....................................................................... 139
6.3 Run model .......................................................................... 140
6.4 System Analysis ................................................................ 140
6.5 Pressure Temperature profile........................................... 140
6.6 Flow correlation matching................................................ 140
6.7 Wax Prediction................................................................... 141
6.8 Nodal Analysis................................................................... 141
6.9 Artificial Lift Performance................................................. 142


6.10 Gas Lift Design & Diagnostics ......................................... 145

6.11 Horizontal well analysis .................................................... 148
6.12 Reservoir tables................................................................. 148
6.13 Network analysis ............................................................... 149
6.14 Production Optimization................................................... 149
PIPESIM
6.15 Field Planning.................................................................... 150




6.16 Multi-lateral well analysis.................................................. 155
6.17 Post processor................................................................... 155



6.18 References ......................................................................... 156
7 CASE STUDIES ......................................................... 159
7.1 Pipeline & facilities Case Study Condensate Pipeline 161









7.2 Well Performance Case Study Oil Well Design............ 175




7.3 Network Analysis Case Study Looped Gas Gathering
Network ...................................................................................... 7-184


PIPESIM



7.4 Optimization.................................................................... 7-194
7.5 Field Planning................................................................. 7-194
7.6 Multi-lateral...................................................................... 7-194
8 INDEX......................................................................8-194
PIPESIM
Document conventions
edit/copy
PIPESIM
PIPESIM
THIS PAGE LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY
PIPESIM
PIPESIM Hot Keys
File
PIPESIM
Simulation
Windows
Tools
Editing/General
PIPESIM
PIPESIM
1 Introduction
Schlumbergers PIPESIM
1.1 Setting up
PIPESIM
ESI M











1.1.1.2 Check the PIPESIM package
PIPESIM
PIPESIM
PIPESIM
PIPESIM
PIPESIM
PIPESIM


1.1.1.3 Make backup copies
1.1.1.4 Read the additional notes document
PIPESIM 2000
1.1.2 Running setup
PIPESIM












1.1.3 Changing Options after quitting setup
1.2 Documentation
1.2.1 PIPESIM additional documentation
PIPESIM
1.2.1.1 Artificial lift Performance curve
PIPESIM 2000
1.2.1.2 User Defined Multiphase flow correlation
PIPESIM
1.2.1.3 OpenLink
PIPESIM
1.2.1.4 PVT file format
PIPESIM
1.2.1.5 Sentinel LM Security
PIPESIM
PIPESIM
1.2.2 Case Studies
PIPESIM
1.2.3 Online Help



1.2.3.1 Help contents
PIPESIM 2000


PIPESIM
1.3.1 Modules
PIPESIM






1.3.1.1 Pipeline & Facilities





1.3.1.2 Well Performance analysis










PIPESIM 2000
1.3.1.3 Network analysis module







1.3.1.4 Production Optimization (GOAL)
PIPESIM 2000





1.3.1.5 Multi-lateral wells (HoSim)
PIPESIM 2000

1.3.1.6 Field Planning (FPT)





1.3.2 Options
1.3.2.1 Compositional option


PIPESIM 2000


























1.3.2.2 OLGAS 2000
PIPESIM 2000
1.3.2.3 ECLIPSE 100
1.3.2.4 ECLIPSE 300
1.3.2.5 MBAL
1.4 File Management
PIPESIM



Input data (*.BPS, *.BPN, *.PGW, *.FPT,*.HSM)
Output data (*.OUT, *.SUM)
Transfer files (*.PLT, *.PLC, *.PWH, *.PBT, *.TNT, *.PST)
PIPESIM
PVT table (*.PVT)
PIPESIM
PIPESIM 2000
Database files (*.MDB)



Units file (*.UMF)
1.5 Security
PIPESIM
1.5.1 Stand-alone security (dongle)
Dongle Utility.
PIPESIM 2000
PIPESIM
PIPESIM
1.6 New features
Release Notes
1.7 Schlumberger Support Services
PIPESIM
Center Tel
United Kingdom
America
1.8 What to do next
New users
PIPESIM

Existing users

PIPESIM 2000
THIS PAGE LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY
PIPESIM 2000
2 Model Overview
2.1 Steps in building a model
PIPESIM














2.2 Starting PIPESIM
PIPESIM <start/program
files/Schlumberger/PIPESIM>.
2.3 Units System


PIPESIM
PIPESIM
PIPESIM
2.4 Fluid data
PIPESIM
PIPESIM











2.4.1 Black Oil
PIPESIM 2000
PIPESIM
PIPESIM

PIPESIM








2.4.2 Compositional
PIPESIM
PIPESIM 2000
Measured Properties;



Critical Property




PIPESIM
2.4.3 Steam
PIPESIM
2.5 Model components overview
PIPESIM




PIPESIM
Pipeline & facilities module
Component Type Description
PIPESIM 2000
Well Performance module
Component Type Description
PIPESIM
Network module
Component Type Description
PIPESIM 2000
2.5.1 Model & Component limitations























PIPESIM









2.6 Flow correlation



2.7 Run an operation
PIPESIM 2000
2.8 Saving & Closing PIPESIM
PIPESIM
2.9 How to build models
PIPESIM
PIPESIM
PIPESIM













2.9.1 Fluid calibration
2.9.1.1 Black Oil






PIPESIM
2.9.1.2 Compositional











2.9.2 Pipeline & facilities





PIPESIM
2.9.2.1 Correlation matching



PIPESIM 2000




2.9.2.2 Pressure/Temperature profile







2.9.2.3 Equipment/Flowline sizing (1 parameter)







2.9.2.4 Equipment/Flowline sizing (Multiple parameter)





PIPESIM




2.9.2.5 Multiphase booster design










PIPESIM








PIPESIM 2000
2.9.3 Well Performance









PIPESIM
2.9.3.1 Correlation matching




2.9.3.3 Pressure/Temperature profile







2.9.3.4 Equipment/Tubing sizing (1 parameter)







2.9.3.5 Equipment/Tubing sizing (Multiple parameter)








PIPESIM 2000

2.9.3.6 Artificial Lift analysis






2.9.3.7 Well performance curves for GOAL







2.9.3.8 Well performance curves for Network Solver






PIPESIM
2.9.3.9 Reservoir Tables






2.9.3.10 Horizontal completion length





2.9.3.11 Gas Lift Rate v's Casing head pressure






2.9.4 Network Analysis
2.9.4.1 Fluid properties
PIPESIM 2000
2.9.4.2 Boundary Conditions









PIPESIM






2.9.4.3 Network model





2.9.5 Production Optimization











2.9.6 Field
c













2.9.7 Multi-lateral





PIPESIM
3 Fluid & Multiphase Flow Modeling
PIPESIM
3.1 Black Oil
Fluid properties can be predicted by black-oil correlations that have been
developed by correlating gas/oil ratios for live crudes with various
properties, such as oil and gas gravities. The selected correlation is used to
predict the quantity of gas dissolved in the oil at a particular pressure and
temperature.
3.1.1 Lasater

3.1.1.1 Bubble point pressure
Step 1:
Step 2:
Step 3:
PIPESIM 2000
Step 4:
3.1.1.2 Solution gas
3.1.2 Standing
3.1.2.1 Bubble point pressure
Step 1:
Step 2:
3.1.2.2 Solution gas

3.1.2.3 Oil formation volume factor - saturated systems
Step 1:
Step 2:
3.1.3 Vazques and Beggs
PIPESIM

3.1.3.1 Bubble point pressure
3.1.3.2 Solution gas

3.1.3.3 Oil formation volume factor - saturated systems

3.1.3.4 Oil formation volume factor - undersaturated systems
3.1.4 Glas

PIPESIM
3.1.4.1 Bubble point pressure and solution gas

3.1.4.2 Oil formation volume factor - saturated systems

3.1.4.3 Oil formation volume factor - undersaturated systems

3.1.5 Coning




PIPESIM

3.1.6 Liquid Viscosity
3.1.7.1 Beggs and Robinson method
3.1.7.2 Glas method

3.1.7.3 User's data method
3.1.8 Live Oil Viscosity


PIPESIM
3.1.8.1 Chew and Connally

3.1.8.2 Beggs and Robinson


3.1.9 Undersaturated Oil Viscosity
3.1.9.1 Vasquez and Beggs
PIPESIM

3.1.9.2 Kousel method

3.1.9.3 No calculation

3.1.10 Oil/Water Mixture Viscosity
3.1.10.1 Inversion method

3.1.10.2 Volume ratio method

PIPESIM
3.1.10.3 Woelflin method

3.1.11 Gas Viscosity
3.1.11.1 Lee et al. Method
3.2 Compositional
3.2.1 EOS (Equations of State)



3.2.1.1 Soave-Redlich-Kwong
PIPESIM
3.2.1.2 Peng-Robinson
3.2.1.3 SMIRK
3.2.2 Viscosity model


PIPESIM
3.2.2.1 Lower Alkanes
3.2.2.2 Higher Alkanes
3.2.2.3 Petroleum Fractions
3.2.2.4 Water
PIPESIM
3.2.2.5 Methanol
3.2.2.6 Emulsion



3.2.3 BIP (Binary Interaction Parameter) Set
3.2.4 Hydrates
PIPESIM


PIPESIM
3.3 Pressure Drop Calculation



PIPESIM







3.3.1 Flow regimes

Flow Regimes Classification for Vertical Two Phase Flow
PIPESIM
PIPESIM

Flow Regimes Classification for Horizontal Two Phase Flow



PIPESIM
3.3.2 Single Phase Flow Correlations

3.3.2.1 Moody

3.3.2.2 AGA

PIPESIM
3.3.2.3 Panhandle 'A'
3.3.2.4 Panhandle 'B'
3.3.2.5 Hazen-Williams

3.3.2.6 Weymouth
3.3.3 Vertical Multiphase Flow Correlations
3.3.3.1 Ansari
upward two-phase flow
3.3.3.2 Baker Jardine Revised
gas-condensate
pipelines with a no-slip liquid volume fraction of lower than 0.1
PIPESIM
BJA
BJA
BJA
3.3.3.3 Beggs & Brill Original
horizontal and inclined pipes
3.3.3.4 Beggs & Brill Original, Taitel Dukler map
3.3.3.5 Beggs & Brill Revised
PIPESIM
3.3.3.6 Beggs & Brill Revised, Taitel Dukler map
3.3.3.7 Brill & Minami
3.3.3.8 Duns & Ros
vertical flow
3.3.3.9 Duns & Ros, Taitel Dukler map
3.3.3.10 Govier & Aziz
gas
and condensate
PIPESIM

3.3.3.11 Gray
vertical flow in gas and condensate systems which
are predominantly gas phase
3.3.3.12 Hagedorn & Brown
small diameter vertical conduits
BJA
3.3.3.13 Hagedorn & Brown, Duns & Ros map
3.3.3.14 Lockhart & Martinelli
3.3.3.15 Lockhart & Martinelli, Taitel Dukler map
3.3.3.16 Mukherjee & Brill:
Note
PIPESIM
two-phase
inclined flow
3.3.3.17 NOSLIP Correlation
NOSLIP
MOODY Note
3.3.3.18 OLGA-S 2000 Steady State
PIPESIM
3.3.3.19 Orkiszewski
in vertical pipe
3.3.3.20 Shell SIEP Correlations


3.3.3.21 Shell SRTCA Correlations





3.3.3.22 GRE Mechanistic Model BP
PIPESIM
3.3.4 Horizontal Multiphase Flow Correlations
3.3.4.1 Baker Jardine Revised
gas-condensate pipelines with a
no-slip liquid volume fraction of lower than 0.1
BJA
BJA
BJA
3.3.4.2 Beggs & Brill Original
BBO BJA
horizontal and inclined pipes
3.3.4.3 Beggs & Brill Original, Taitel Dukler map
PIPESIM
3.3.4.4 Beggs & Brill Revised
3.3.4.5 Beggs & Brill Revised, Taitel Dukler map
3.3.4.6 Brill & Minami:
3.3.4.7 Dukler, AGA + Flanigan
horizontal and
inclined two phase flow of gas-condensate gathering systems
3.3.4.8 Dukler , AGA + Flanigan (Eaton holdup)
3.3.4.9 Duns & Ros, Taitel Dukler map
BJA
vertical flow
PIPESIM
3.3.4.10 Lockhart & Martinelli
3.3.4.11 Lockhart & Martinelli, Taitel Dukler map
3.3.4.12 Mukherjee & Brill
Note
two-phase inclined flow
3.3.4.13 NOSLIP Correlation
NOSLIP
MOODY Note
3.3.4.14 OLGA-S 2000 Steady-State:
PIPESIM
3.3.4.15 Oliemans
large
diameter condensate pipelines
3.3.4.16 Xiao
two-
phase flow in horizontal and near horizontal pipelines
PIPESIM
3.3.4.17 Shell SIEP Correlations

3.3.4.18 Shell SRTCA Correlations





3.3.4.19 GRE Mechanistic Model BP
3.4 References
J. Cdn. Pet. Tech.
Oil & Gas Journal
Trans. AIME
PIPESIM
J. Pet. Tech.
J. Pet. Tech.
et al.
SPEJ
Two-Phase Flow in Pipes
The Technology of Artificial Methods
Trans. 23
et al.
Trans.
JPT
Oil and Gas J. 56
PIPESIM
J.
Pet. Tech.
Well Performance
J. Pet. Tech.
et al. Handbook of Natural Gas Engineering
Trans.
et al. Trans.
Chem. Eng.
Prog. 45
JPT
Int. J. of Multiphase
Flow
SPE
J. Prod. Eng.
PIPESIM
JPT
The Flow of Homogeneous Fluids Through Porous
Media
J. Pet. Tech.
PIPESIM
Volumetric and Phase Behavior of Oil Field
Hydrocarbon Systems
Drill. and
Prod. Prac.
Trans.
AICHE J.
Drill. and Prod.
Prac.
PIPESIM
THIS PAGE LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY
PIPESIM
4 Reservoir, Well & Completion Modeling
PIPESIM








4.1 Vertical Completions
4.1.1 Liquid Reservoirs
4.1.1.1 Fetkovich / Normalized back pressure
4.1.1.2 Jones
PIPESIM
4.1.1.3 Pseudo-Steady state / Darcy

4.1.1.4 (Straight line) Well productivity Index


4.1.1.5 (Straight line) Well productivity Index (with Vogel
correction below bubble point)
4.1.1.6 Vogel
4.1.1.7 Hydraulic Fracture
PIPESIM
4.1.1.8 Multi-rate tests
multi-point
Isochronal



4.1.2 Gas and Gas Condensate Reservoirs
4.1.2.1 Back pressure / C and n
4.1.2.2 Forchheimer
4.1.2.3 Jones
PIPESIM
4.1.2.4 Pseudo-Steady state / Darcy

4.1.2.5 (Straight line) Well productivity Index


4.1.2.6 Hydraulic Fracture
4.1.2.7 Multi-rate tests




PIPESIM
4.2 Horizontal Completions
Thin reservoirs
Heterogeneous reservoirs
Reduce water/gas coning
Vertical permeability
4.2.1 Effect of Pressure Drop on Productivity
toe
heel
PIPESIM
Figure 4.1



PIPESIM
Figure 4.2

PIPESIM

4.2.2 Single Phase Pressure Drop


p x f q L
m
=

( . ) / 114644 10
5 2
d
5

q
p p d
TZL
g
g
=

15320
1
2
2
2 16 3
( )
/

PIPESIM

4.2.3 Multiphase Pressure Drop


4.2.4 Inflow Production Profiles




PIPESIM


Figure 4.3
4.2.5 Steady-State Productivity

PIPESIM

Figure 4.4
q =
0. 007078k h p ( B )
ln[
a + a L
L
h L)ln[
h
2r
]
h
h o o
w
/
( / )
/
| +( /
2 2

2
2
a = (L 0. 25+(2r L) ]
4 0.5
/ )|0. 5 + / 2
eh

q =
0. 007078k h p ( B )
ln[
r
(L )
]
h
h o
eh
o
/
/

4
k = k k
eff v h
PIPESIM
h = h
k
k
h
v
q =
0. 007078k h p ( B )
ln[
a + a L
L
h L)ln[
( h
2r
]
h
h o o
2 2 2 2
w
/
( / )
/
| +( /
/ ) +
2

2
2
2
=
k
k
h
v

r = r exp(-s)
w,eff w
r =
r (L
a L a h r
w,eff
eh
w
h L)
/ )
|1+ 1( / ) | +|( / )|
2
2
2
( /
PIPESIM
4.2.6 Pseudo-Steady State Productivity
q
kh p B
A C R s s Dq
v
o o
A w m v
=
+ + +
/ .
ln [ . / ( )]
1412
2 2458
2

q =
kh p . 2 B
ln[(
r
r
) - 0. 75]
v
o o
e
w
/141
s = ln[ C C
CA A,ref A
/ ]
PIPESIM

q =
0. 007078b k k p ( B )
ln[
A
r
]+ lnC - 0. 75+s
h
x z o o
1
w
H R
/
PIPESIM
4.2.7 Solution Gas-Drive IPR
q
q
=[1- V(
p
p
) - (1- V)(
p
p
) ]
o
o,max
wf
R
wf
R
2 n
4.2.8 Horizontal Gas Wells

PIPESIM

=
p
dp
z
p
p m
0
2 ) (

q =
0. 007027k h(p - p )
ln[
r
r
] ZT
h
h
e
w,eff
e
2
wf
2

q =
0. 007027kh(p - p )
[ln[
r
r
]- 0. 75+s +s +s - c + Dq ] ZT
h
e
w
m ca h
r
2
wf
2

D =
2. 222x10 ( k h )
r h
-15
g a
pwf w
p
2

= 2. 73x10 k
10
a
-1.1045
= 2. 33x10 k
10
a
-1.201
PIPESIM

4.3 Multiple Layers / Completions


PIPESIM





PIPESIM
PIPESIM
4.4 Artificial Lift



PIPESIM
4.4.1 Gas Lift
PIPESIM
PIPESIM
PIPESIM
4.4.2 ESP Lift
PIPESIM








4.5 Tubing







PIPESIM
4.6 Chokes


4.6.1 Ashford-Pierce
q Cd
o
= 351
2
.
e
) ( = +

B F
o wo
1
2
( ) ( )
| |
( )
| |

|
\

|
.
|

|
\

|
.
| +

(
(
+ +

(
+ +

n
n
T z R R e p e R F
T z
p
R R e R F
s
n
n
g s wo w
s
n
g wo w
1
1 198 6 1 0 000217
198 6 0 000217
1 1
1
1 0
1 1
1
1
0
1
2
. .
. .
PIPESIM

Assumptions:





Choke size (64th in.) C

4.6.2 Omana
N N N Q
qL Pl d D
=

0263
3 49 3 19 0 657 1 8
.
. . .

N
.
PIPESIM
N q
qL L
o L
L
=
|
\

|
.
|
184
1 25
.
.

N
G
L

=
N P
pl
L L
=

174 10
1
2
1
.

Q
R
d
=
+
1
1
1
N D
D c
L
L
= 120872 .

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) q R D
L
o
L L c G
= +

1953 10 1
3
1 245 1 545
1
0 657
1 8 3 49
1
3 19
.
. .
.
. .
P
.

4.6.3 Gilbert, Ros, Baxendall, Achong and Pilehvari


PIPESIM
c b o
L
d GOR aP q

= ) (
1
Correlation A B c
4.6.3.1 PDVSA modification
e c b o
L
d GOR aP q

= ) ) ( (
1
PIPESIM
4.6.4 Poettmann-Beck
( )
( )
q
A
GOR
P
V m
R
R
o
o c
L
o
G
=
+
+
+
+

(
(
88992
561 0 0765
92736
1 05
0 4513 0 766
05663
0
1
1 1
1
1
1
1
. .
.
.
.
.
. ( . )
.

( ) ( )
( )
R
T z GOR R
PB
s
o
1
1
1 1
0
1
1
0 00504
=
.
PIPESIM
m
R
G
L
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
=
+

V
m
L
1
1
=

4.6.5 Mechanistic Correlation,


p p p
TP L L G G
= +
p
g
q
C A
L
L
c
L
L c
=
|
\

|
.
|

2 144
2
p
g
q
YC A
G
L
c
G
G c
=
|
\

|
.
|

2 144
2
PIPESIM
( ) Y
d
d
K
p p
p
= +
|
\

|
.
|

(
(
|
\

|
.
| 10 041 035 1
2
1
2
2 1
1
. . . /
C
C
d
d
d
=

|
\

|
.
| 1
1
2
4
p p
C
YC
TP L G
dL
dG
= +
|
\

|
.
|
|

(
(

(
(
1 1
2

p
d
d
q
d C
L L
m
dL
=
|
\

|
.
|

(
(

(
1
8083
1
2
4
1
2

q
L
q
G
A
c
p
1
p
2

PIPESIM
4.6.6 API 14-B Formulation

p p
C
YC
TP L G
dL
dG
= +
|
\

|
.
|
|

(
(

(
(
1 1
2

p
d
d
q
d C
L N
m
dL
=
|
\

|
.
|

(
(

(
1
8083
1
2
4
1
2
p p
Y
tp L G
= +

(
1
1121
1
2

.
p
d
d
q
d
L N
m
=
|
\

|
.
|

(
1
687055
1
2
4
1
2
.
PIPESIM

q
m

N
4.7 Heat transfer
4.8 Reservoir Depletion
PIPESIM
4.8.1 Volume Depletion Reservoirs
p p p
i
=
PIPESIM
G G
G
E
E
p
i
=
E
p
ZT
= 3537 .
p
Z
p
Z
G
G
i
i
p
=
|
\

|
.
| 1
PIPESIM
4.8.2 Gas Condensate Reservoirs
4.9 References


JPT
Journal of
Petroleum Technology,
SPE
Reservoir Engineering
PIPESIM
Fundamentals of Reservoir Engineering
JPT
World Oil
PIPESIM
J. Pet. Tech.
Horizontal Well Technology
Chem. Eng.
Prog. 45
PIPESIM
JPT
The Flow of Homogeneous Fluids Through Porous
Media
World Oil
PIPESIM
5 Field Equipment
5.1 Compressor





Adiabatic Route
Polytropic Route
Mollier Route (compositional cases only)
PIPESIM
5.2 Expander





Adiabatic Route
Polytropic Route
Mollier Route (compositional cases only)
PIPESIM
5.3 Single Phase Pump





5.4 Multiphase Boosting
PIPESIM
PIPESIM
Traditional Approach
The incoming fluid is separated in its
constituent gas and liquid phases.
The separated liquids are pumped up
to the required pressure and exported
via the liquid export line.
Separated gas is compressed up to the
required pressure and exported via the
gas export line.
Alternative Approach
The incoming fluid is separated in its
constituent gas and liquid phases.
The separated liquids are pumped up
to the required pressure and separated
gas is compressed up to the required
pressure, before the two phases are
recombined and exported via a
multiphase export line.
Multiphase Boosting
The incoming fluid is directly boosted
up to the required pressure without
separation of the gas and liquid
phases, and exported via a multiphase
export line.
PIPESIM

PIPESIM
Outflow curve
THP curve
Production System Analysis
PIPESIM
Outflow curve - No boosting
Outflow curve - Boosting 20 bar
THP curve
Production System Analysis

5.4.1 Multiphase Boosters Positive Displacement Type
PIPESIM

5.4.2 Twin Screw Type Multiphase Boosters
PIPESIM
Twin Screw Multiphase Pump - Performance Curve
(valid for GVF=0%, p1=1 bara)
Pump differential pressure [bar]
F
l
o
w

r
a
t
e

[
m
3
/
h
]
S
h
a
f
t

p
o
w
e
r

[
k
W
]
Twin Screw Multiphase Pump - Performance Curve (valid
for GVF=85%, p1=1 bara)
Pump differential pressure [bar]
F
l
o
w

r
a
t
e

[
m
3
/
h
]
S
h
a
f
t

p
o
w
e
r

[
k
W
]
PIPESIM




5.4.3 Progressing Cavity Type Multiphase Boosters
PIPESIM
PIPESIM
5.4.4 Multiphase Boosters Dynamic Type
PIPESIM
5.4.5 Helico-Axial Type Multiphase Boosters
PIPESIM
PIPESIM
M
a
x
i
m
u
m


s
p
e
e
d
M
i
n
i
m
u
m

s
p
e
e
d
8
0
%

s
p
e
e
d
9
0
%

s
p
e
e
d
M
a
x
.

D
P

l
i
n
e
Maximum booster differential pressure
B
o
o
s
t
e
r

d
i
f
f
e
r
e
n
t
i
a
l

p
r
e
s
s
u
r
e
Total volumetric flow rate at suction
Best efficiency line
Helico-axial type multiphase booster - Performance curve
(valid for given GVF, p
-suction
and fluid density)





5.4.6 Contra-Rotating Axial Type Multiphase Booster
PIPESIM
Figure 5-11 Contra-rotating axial (CRA) compressor
PIPESIM
5.4.7 Alternative approach
PIPESIM.
PIPESIM
5.5 Separator

5.6 Re-injection point



5.7 Heat Transfer
5.8 References
PIPESIM
PIPESIM
THIS PAGE LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY
6 Operations
PIPESIM
























6.1 Check model
6.2 No operation
ProdMan
PIPESIM 2000
6.3 Run model
6.4 System Analysis
Pressure/Temperature Profiles
6.5 Pressure Temperature profile
6.6 Flow correlation matching
PIPESIM 2000
6.7 Wax Prediction
PIPESIM
6.8 Nodal Analysis
PIPESIM
Inflow
Outflow

PIPESIM 2000
6.9.1 Well Performance Curves
6.9.2 Optimization module performance curves
GOAL
GOAL
6.9.2.1 Well head chokes
GOAL
PIPESIM 2000
Manifold
Flowline
Wellhead
Wellhead Choke
Well
GOAL
GOAL



GOAL
PIPESIM 2000
GOAL
6.10 Gas Lift Design & Diagnostics
PIPESIM
PIPESIM
6.10.1 Check for Gas Lift instability
PIPESIM 2000
:


C F
r
F
r
F
v
v
v
v
c 1 1 3 1
2
=
|
\

|
.
|
+

. .

.

C F
r r
F
v
v
v
c
2 1 1 =
|
\

|
.
|
+ .


( )
F
B g q J
C A Y V q
f
go
D p
v
a fo
1
2
2
=
. . .
. .
( )
( )
F
q q A
g
P
q
fo go t
f g
to
fo
3
=
+

.
.
.

( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
F
C A Y C A Y
r r
C A Y
r r
c
D p
ch
D p
v
ch v
ch
D p
v
ch v
ch
=
+

(
|
\

|
.
|
|

(
2 2
2
2
2
.
.



r
P
P
v
to
co
=

( )
( )

v
t
c
zT
zT
=

r
P
P
ch
co
m
=

( )
( )

ch
c
m
zT
zT
=

PIPESIM 2000

SUBSCRIPTS




GOAL)
PIPESIM 2000
i c e n s e d t o : B J A i n h o u s e ( K -
0 0 0 1 )
P I P E S I M P l o t A u g 0
1 9 9 6
P I P E S I M f o r W i n d o w s B a k e r J a r d i n e & A s s o c i a t e s
W e l l P A 1 3 - A l h a n a t i
L 9
6.11 Horizontal well analysis
PIPESIM's
6.12 Reservoir tables
PIPESIM 2000





6.13 Network analysis



6.14 Production Optimization

PIPESIM 2000

PIPESIM.


GOAL
6.15 Field Planning
6.15.1 Dynamic Eclipse link

PIPESIM 2000

PROS:



CONS:




Capabilities:



Limitations:


PIPESIM 2000
6.15.2 Look-up tables
Sample decline curve
Cumulative liquid production [mmstb]
PROS:




CONS:

PIPESIM 2000

PROS:



CONS:

Capabilities:


Limitations:


6.15.4 Event handling





PIPESIM 2000
FPT
6.16 Multi-lateral well analysis
HoSim
6.17 Post processor

PIPESIM





PIPESIM
6.17.1 Graphical plots
PIPESIM.









PIPESIM 2000
6.17.2 Tabular data
PIPESIM
6.17.3 Onscreen data
6.18 References
PIPESIM 2000
THIS PAGE LEFT BLANK INTENTIONALLY
PIPESIM 2000
7 Case Studies
PIPESIM














PIPESIM
7.1 Pipeline & facilities Case Study Condensate Pipeline
7.1.1 Task 1. Develop a Compositional Model of the Hydrocarbon
Phases
-
PIPESIM <File/New/pipeline and facilities model>
<setup/compositional...>
"Add>>"
Petroleum
Fractions
Add to composition>>
PIPESIM
Component
Selection
Phase
Envelope
7.1.2 Task 2. Identify the Hydrate Envelope
-
-
<setup/compositional...> Add>>
Phase Envelope
PIPESIM
7.1.3 Task 3. Select a Pipeline Size
-
PIPESIM




operations/pressure-temperature profiles
PIPESIM


7.1.4 Task 4. Determine the Pipeline Insulation Requirement
-
-
operations/pressure-temperature profiles
PIPESIM

PIPESIM
7.1.5 Task 5. Screen the Pipeline for Severe Riser Slugging
-
setup/define output...

PIPESIM
operations/pressure-temperature profiles
reports/view output
PIPESIM
PIPESIM
7.1.6 Task 6. Size a Slug Catcher
-

PIPESIM

reports/view summary
PIPESIM
7.1.7 Data Available
Layout:

Boundary Conditions:

Pure Hydrocarbon Components:
Petroleum Fraction:


PIPESIM
Aqueous Component:
Pipeline Sizes Available:

Pipeline Data:
Pipeline Insulation Study Data:

Data for Risers 1 and 2:-
PIPESIM
PIPESIM
7.2 Well Performance Case Study Oil Well Design
7.2.1 Task 1. Develop a Calibrated Blackoil Model
-
-
-
PIPESIM
PIPESIM <File/new/well>
<setup/blackoil...>
OK
<setup/blackoil/advanced calibration data>
plot PVT data
<series>
PIPESIM
PIPESIM
<setup/blackoil/viscosity data>
PIPESIM
<setup/blackoil/advanced calibration data>
PIPESIM
7.2.2 Task 2. Develop a Well Inflow Performance Model
-
7.2.3 Task 3. Select a Tubing Size for the Production String
-
PIPESIM
-




operations/systems analysis
PIPESIM


7.2.4 Data Available
Reservoir Conditions:
Stock Tank Oil Properties:
Bubble Point Properties:
Blackoil Calibration Data:






PIPESIM
Deviation Survey:
Minimum Pressure Allowed at the Wellhead:
Multiphase flow correlation
Production Strings Available:
Drill String Test:
Production plan obtained from reservoir simulation:
PIPESIM
7.3 Network Analysis Case Study Looped Gas Gathering
Network
7.3.1 Task 1. Build a Model of the Network
-
PIPESIM <file/new/network>
PIPESIM
edit/copy edit/paste
PIPESIM
setup/compositional...> export
setup/compositional...>
import
PIPESIM
edit/copy edit/paste
PIPESIM


PIPESIM
7.3.2 Task 2. Specify the Network Boundary Conditions
-
PIPESIM
PIPESIM
-
Setup/boundary conditions
7.3.3 Task 3. Solve the Network and Establish the deliverability
-
-
-
-
setup/options/network iterations
PIPESIM
7.3.4 Data Available
Layout:


Completion and Tubing Data:

Pure Hydrocarbon Components (Wells 1 & 2):
PIPESIM
PIPESIM
Petroleum Fraction (Wells 1 & 2):

Aqueous Component (Wells 1 & 2):
Pure Hydrocarbon Components (Well 3):
Petroleum Fraction (Wells 3):

Aqueous Component (Well 3):

Data for Looped Gathering Lines (B1, B2, B3, and B4):

Data for Deliver Line (B5):

Boundary Conditions:
7.4 Optimization
7.5 Field Planning
7.6 Multi-lateral
PIPESIM
8 Index
Analyse artificial lift
requirements
Create GOAL curves
Create reservoir tables Back pressure IPR
See
Find the optimal completion
length C and n IPR
Perform a Nodal Analysis
Darcy IPR
See
Set boundary conditions
Fetkovich,liquid IPR
Jones gas, IPR
Jones liquid, IPR
Forchheimer gas, IPR
Multi-rate tests
gas IPR
PIPESIM
liquid IPR
Pseudo-Steady state IPR
Pseudo-Steady state, IPR
Straight line PI liquid, IPR
Vogel, IPR
Well PI, IPR

PIPESIM