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# Deviation is distance from the mean X= = X- = 0 Finish later X- X

cf 0 0 0 0 0

N=

Cohen's d

Ch7

Standard error

6 Z-score -

## Sample size n= = M= SS=

19 30 31.9 220.5

Scores

Step one: state the hypothesis and set alpha level Ho = x H 1 x = critical region = Step two: locate the critical region df = n -1 Step 3: calculate the test statistic a. calculate sample variance 18 = .05 = .01 2.042 = .001

## Measurin effect size: cohen's d

Measure % of variance

## Construct confidence interval + -

18

12.25

0.80

2.366

0.54

0.24

+ 33.80

26.30

H 0: 1 = 2 or 1 - 2 = 0 H1 n= Step 1. is it 1 or 2 tails Step 2. = Step 3. df Step 4. t critical Sample A Sample B M SS n= n-1 0 t - statistic -1 0 Confidence interval t critical values 2 tails 1 tail Ho = x H 1 x = critical region = = .05 = .01 2.447 = .001 1.96 2.58 3.3 1.65 2.33 ? r^2 F-max -1 Cohen's d Estimated standard error

Pooled variance

n= Sum of Squares X X
2

4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 ss=

## Include T for two sample sizes Estimated standard error

Pooled variance

Confidence interval

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

## #DIV/0! + hand hand

Do by hand

#DIV/0!

Hypothesis test and effect size Step 1: State the hypothesis and select alpha H0:D = 0 H1:D 0 Step 2: locate the critical region df = T critical Step 3: calculate the t Sample variance SMD = 1 2 3 4 5 M S^2 SS n

## treatment 1 treatment 2 Difference D 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0

Use sample mean and hypothesized pop. Mean a nd standard error to compute t stat t= d r^2

Magnitud Evaluation of e of d Effect Size Small effect (mean difference around 0.2 standard deviation) Medium effect (mean difference around 0.5 standard deviation) Large effect (mean difference around 0.8 standard deviation)

d = 0.2

2

d = 0.5

r 2 = 0.09

Medium effect

d = 0.8

2

Cohen's D

r2

II

n= M= T= SS=

n= M= T= SS=

n= M= T= SS=

2 -3 -1

## #DIV/0! SS within = SSinside each treatment

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

0.00

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

Make a decision about H0 and state a conclusion SS df #DIV/0! 0 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! MS 2 #DIV/0! F = -3 0.00 -1

#DIV/0!

Analysis of variance Notes Sample A Sample B Sample C Sample D N= G= X 2 = n= k= T= SS = Step 1: State the H 0 = 1 = 2 = 3 H1 = Atleast one of the treatment means is different Step 2: Locate the critical region : Obtain values for df between and df within add probability for type 1 error add how to write the findings Source SS Between #DIV/0! Within 0 Total #DIV/0!

= =
=

-1 0

## Critical region Step 3: perform the analylis a. Perform the analysis of SS

=
#DIV/0! SS within = SSinside each treatment

= =

-1

## dfbetween = dfwithin = c. calculate the MS values

= =

-1 0

=
#DIV/0!

=
#DIV/0! d. Compute the F-ratio

=
Make a decision about H0 and state a conclusion Source Between Within Total SS 0 0 0 df 0 0 0 Size effect ANOVA MS 0 F= 0

#DIV/0!

=
Tukey's HSD Test

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

## for type 1 error te the findings df MS -1 #DIV/0! F = 0 #DIV/0! -1

#DIV/0!

Factor B

n= M= T= SS= Factor a

12

n= M= T= SS=

12

T ROW1 =

df total = N-1

47

36

enter yourself

0 or

nter yourself

## dfbetween + dfwithin = dftotal

39

Stage 2 0

df A = number of rows -1

df B = number of columns -1

SS AxB = SSbetween-SSA-SSB

0.00

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

0.00

0.00

N= G= X =
2

48 0 640

2 2

## Source Between Factor A Factor B AxB Within Total

SS 0 0 0 0 0 640

df 3 1 1 1 36 47

MS 0 0 0 0.00 1 1 1

## F 36 #DIV/0! 36 #DIV/0! 36 #DIV/0!

Factor B

n= M= T= SS= Factor a

n= M= T= SS=

n= M= T= SS=

T ROW1 =

df total = N-1

47

42

0 or

nter yourself

## dfbetween + dfwithin = dftotal

47

Stage 2 0

df A = number of rows -1

df B = number of columns -1

SS AxB = SSbetween-SSA-SSB

0.00

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

N= G= X =
2

48 0

2 2

## Source Between Factor A Factor B AxB Within Total

SS 0 0 0 0 0 0

df 5 1 2 2 42 47

MS 0 0 0 0.00 1 2 2

2

2

64 X MX=

64 Y MY=

## XY 12 132 0 48 70 168 100 54 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 584 XY

=X + 8 16 4 12 14 18 14 10 4 0 0 0 0 0 0

Y- -5 -5 2 -6 -7 -6 -4 -1 -4 0 0 0 0 0 0

(Y-) 25 25 4 36 49 36 16 1 16 0 0 0 0 0 0

0.5625

Population

## Does rsquared go here?

Partial correlation

Y
14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16

Regression 0.5

=X +

Standard error of estimate 2.160247 predicted variability 36 Unpredicted variability 28 F-Ratios! 36.00

4.67

7.71

SS 36 28 64

df 1 6 7

MS 36.00 4.67

F 7.71

16

Factor B

N= G= X =
2

66 0

2 2

## Source Between Factor A Factor B AxB Within Total

SS

df

MS

Goodness of fit
n= C= df= 120 3 2 Observed frequencies B C 54 38 28 0.333333 0.333333 0.333333 Expected frequancies 40 40 40 A

48.6

14

## Chi-square for independence

n= 150 c= 3 r= 2 df= 2 Expected frequency 1 2 Percentages A 26 9 35 23% A 23.33 11.67 35 Observed frequencies B C 24 22 11 18 35 40 23% 27% Expected frequencies B C 23.33 26.67 11.67 13.33 35 40

## 1 2 4 3.62 3.42 3 0.97 2

0.16

0.15

0.08

E 0 0 0.333333 0.333333 40 40

100 50

100 50