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thesaurus of business and management terms

glossary of alternative words for common terms of business, management and work
ability - skill, intelligence, competence, experience, expertise, capability accelerate - hasten, increase, expedite access - permission, entry, obtain acceptable - reasonable, fair, appropriate accessible - reachable, available, easily entered accommodation - arrangement, agreement, place to stay or live account - statement, description, report, facts accountable - responsible, answerable, explainable, duty-bound accountability - responsibility, duty, expectation, contract, deliverable, deliverables accrue - increase, accumulate, grow, collect achievement - goal, objective, target acquire - obtain, buy, gain, procure, get, take over act - deed, perform, execute, procedure activity - action, job, duty adapt - change, modify, adjust, alter add - increase, calculate, attach adjourn - pause, break, take a break, finish adjunct - attachment, supplement, addendum adjust - change, alter, rectify, amend, modify, make more suitable adopt - accept, use, buy adverse - negative, hostile, opposed, unfavorable

advice - input, help, assistance, recommendation, suggestion, feedback advise - inform, help, tell, post, brief, notify, counsel, instruct agency - organisation, service provider, representative organization agenda - list, schedule, program, programme, concerns, motive, motives, wish-list, drivers, expectation, expectations agent - contractor, operator, dealer, representative, middle-man aggressive - determined, firm, pushy, vigorous agreement - arrangement, promise, contract, understanding aid - help, assistance, support aim - goal, purpose, objective, intention alliance - agreement, partnership allot - share, apportion, distribute, allocate allow - permit, let, agree, grant, concede ambition - goal, desire, aspiration, hope, vision amass - collect, gather, store, accumulate amend - alter, change, correct, rectify, adjust, revise amount - quantity, sum analyse - examine, study, analyze analysis - examination, study, exploration, assessment, calculation annul - invalidate, cancel, dissolve, make void, nullify appeal - request, plea, ask, attraction application - request, use (of something) appoint - choose, pick, elect, select apportion - divide, share, allocate, distribute appraise - judge, consider, examine, assess, review appropriate - save, take, seize, keep appropriate - acceptable, fair, reasonable, relevant approval - agreement, permission, consent, endorsement

approve - agree, allow, permit, accept, grant endorse aptitude - ability, skill, leaning, gift, talent archive - collection, collect, store, file, documentation arrange - plan, formulate, set, order, structure, manage, organise, organize array - collection, group, number (of) article - item, piece, thing, legal document assemble - gather, collect, compile, fit together assess - calculate, judge, measure, form an opinion, gauge, analyze assessment - opinion, judgment, calculation, estimate associate - colleague, member, co-worker, partner, business partner, contractor assured - certain, definite attach - join, connect, fasten, add attribute - quality, feature, speciality, credit, specialty authority - power, permission, control, sway, leading special knowledge authorise - allow, permit, grant, authorize available - free, ready, potential, offered, on offer average - typical, normal, usual, mean, medium, standard, par If the word(s) you are trying to find are not listed try the business dictionary

B
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ backup - copy, help, extra, contingency bail out - rescue, leave balance - remainder, amount owed, adjust, correlate, equalise, equalize balloon - grow, expand, swell, enlarge ban - disallow, bar, exclude, prohibit, embargo

bank - collect, store barrier - problem, restriction, obstacle basic - fundamental, intrinsic, foundational, simple basis - reason why, motive, grounds batch - group, collection, bundle, pack battle - competition, struggle, argument, effort beat - defeat, outdo, win, exceed, surpass beleaguered - beset, experiencing difficulties, isolated, stranded, criticised, criticized bespoke - tailor-made, made to measure bet - gamble, risk, be rash, venture bias - against, for, towards, tendency, influence in favour of, in favor of bid - offer, attempt, tender books - accounts boost - increase, improve, strengthen, augment boycott - avoid, refuse, shun brand - type, design, kind, sort, trademark branded - labelled, well-known, named, patented, labeled breakdown - fail, failure, end, list of details breakthrough - discovery, development, emerge brief - instructions, explanation, summary, inform, short, concise, quick build - increase, develop, progress, create bulletin - report, news burden - duty, responsibility, onus, difficulty burgeon - rapidly grow, develop, escalate, swell business - company, organisation, work, commerce, trade, affairs, organization, venture, corporation, enterprise, concern, activity buy - purchase, obtain with money, invest in

buyer - purchaser, investor, customer

C
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ cancel - annul, discontinue, call off, stop, nullify candidate - applicant, contender, entrant cap - limit, surpass caretaker - custodian, janitor cargo - goods, freight, supplies, wares catalogue - list, record , catalog category - group, classification cater - provide, supply ceiling - limit, restriction, largest amount certification - qualification, authentication certify - authenticate, confirm, state officially chain - group, series, line change - alter, amend, replace, modulate, make different channel - route, direct charge - claim, accuse, responsibility chart - list, diagram, graph, draw charter - hire, lease, rent, record, permit written statement chartered - qualified, hired, rented, leased cheat - trick, deceive, defraud check - stop, control, examine, investigate, halt make certain chief - main, head, most important, highest ranking choice - selection, range, option, good quality circular - advertisement, publication, notice, letter, leaflet, notice, notification, flyer

circulate - spread, publish, pass round claim - demand, request, state officially, state, legal right classify - class, order, group together, categorise, categorize clean - honest, harmless, debt-free, reliable (goods) clear - remove, approve, finish, obvious, intelligible make sense clearance - permission, sanction, leave clientele - customers, clients, trade clone - replicate, duplicate, exact copy close - finish, cease, end activity, stop operating code - standards, rules, regulations collapse - fall, decrease, fail, ruin collect - gather, obtain, bring together combine - join, unite, put together command - order, instruction, dominate commerce - business, trade commitment - promise, loyalty, agreement, duty, willingness commute - journey, travel a regular route company - business, organisation, corporation organization compete - contend, vie competence - ability, skill, knowledge, proficiency competent - able, skillful, proficient, knowledgeable compile - list, compose compliance - obedience, submission complimentary - gratis, free of charge gratis component - part of a whole, factor, element, feature, piece item comprise - consist of, include, have, made from compulsory - obligatory, binding, incumbent, mandatory

con - trick, cheat, deceive, defraud, negative (opposite of 'pro') concept - idea, principle, understanding concession - compromise, trade, exchange, reduction in price, movement conduct - behaviour, bearing, demeanour, attitude, guide, manage, behavior, demeanor confer - discuss, consult, reward, bestow, give conference - meeting, discussion, talks, debate, forum inquiry confidence - trust, belief, positiveness, a secret, assurance conviction confidential - private, secret, off the record conform - obey, adapt oneself, accommodate connect - join, link, attach, contact consensus - general view, agreement consolidate - bring or join together, combine, centralise, centralize construct - build, make, formulate, erect consultant - expert, troubleshooter, adviser, advisor consumer - purchaser, buyer, user content - parts, structure, information contract - agreement, terms, engage control - restrict, limit, manage, power, influence restrain rule over convene - meet, gather together, organise a meeting convention - meeting, gathering of people conference, practice conformity convert - change from one form to another modify, win someone over core - main, centre, essential, essence, most important center corporation - company, business, venture, enterprise correspondence - communication, letters, email, similarity, symmetry corresponding - matching, connected, correlating, opposite corrupt - dishonest, illegal, immoral, illicit, flawed, incorrect information, pervert, spoil, ruin

costing - estimating, pricing, cost, price, value, valuation, quote, quotation counsel - adviser, lawyer counsellor - troubleshooter, advisor, adviser, counselor counterfeit - fake, forgery coupon - voucher cover - include, protect, conceal, provide a service credentials - qualities, experience, references, endorsements, crude - simple, inaccurate, makeshift, improvised, improvized curb - control, limit, restrain, moderate current - present, existing, topical, happening now curtail - limit, reduce, shorten, cut customer - buyer, purchaser, client, patron

D
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ data - facts, information, evidence dealer - trader, merchant declaration - affirmation, official statement declare - state, announce, tell, divulge, speak affirm decline - weaken, shrink, decrease decouple - disconnect decree - official order, decide, decision made in court deduct - take away, subtract deed - action, action, written agreement deep - serious, extreme, profound defect - fault, imperfection, shortfall, leave defective - faulty, imperfect, incomplete defend - protect, resist

defer - delay, put off deficiency - lack, shortfall, defect, insufficiency deflate - reduce, lessen, make smaller, ridicule defraud - trick, be dishonest, obtain money illegally defray - provide money defunct - unused, extinct, dead, no longer existing degrade - worsen, impair, disrespect delete - remove, erase, obliterate, stop making deliver - provide, produce, achieve, give demand - firm request, order, require, claim demonstrate - show, explain, prove demonstration - explanation, proof depart - exit, leave, go dependent - controlled, connected, supported, reliant deplete - reduce, waste, use up, exhaust depreciate - detract, decrease in value, demonetise, demonetize, amortise, amortize deputy - stand-in, substitute, proxy design - plan, prototype, pattern, make, artwork develop - grow, advance, produce, build, create become device - object, tool, piece of equipment method (of doing something) devise - plan, think of, invent, originate, conceive, innovate, create, conceptualise, conceptualize diagram - drawing, plan, representation, picture, sketch, blueprint, map, image dictate - control, influence, dominate digit - number, character, finger dilute - reduce, lessen effectiveness weaken dimension - size, aspect

directory - list, listing, database disallow - prohibit, exclude, refuse permission discharge - sack, remove, give official permission carry out a duty disclose - tell, reveal, expose discontinue - stop, terminate discount - ignore, disregard, reduction in price discrepancy - disagreement, difference between two amounts , disintegrate - deteriorate, break up (into pieces) dismiss - remove (person), sack, disregard, reject dispatch - send, report display - show, exhibit, arrange (items) dispose - sell, get rid of dispute - disagreement, argument, quarrel, argue disqualify - prevent, exclude, ban, outlaw, reject dissolve - end (contract or partnership), cease, cancel distribute - supply, give, apportion, share out diversify - modify, develop wider range, adapt, extend activities divest - sell, get rid of, dispose of division - unit, section, classification doable - achievable, possible, can be done, viable, practical, practicable, feasible docket - label, record, ticket document - record, official paper dodge - avoid, elude, evade dominant - powerful, important, main, influential dominate - control, influence donate - give done - completed, finished, ended

downgrade - reduce status, reduce value, make less important driven - compelled, influenced drop - weaken, lower, decrease, reduce, fall discontinue duplicate - copy, reproduce durable - strong, tough, Long-lasting duress - threat, force duty - obligation, task, work, job, tax necessity

E
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ earnings - profit, wages, salary, income economic - profitable, cost-effective, viable, financial, commercial, trading economical - good value, cheap, low-budget, affordable edge - advantage, brink effective - productive, successful, forceful, advisable efficient - operative, not wasteful, skillful elect - choose, vote for, chosen eligible - included, have the right emerge - appear, be disclosed employ - use, engage, recruit, hire employee - worker, staff member emporium - shop, department store, depot enable - empower, permit, facilitate endorse - support, approve enhance - improve, highlight enquire - ask, find out , inquire enquiry - question, request for information (RFI), inquiry entitlement - claim, official right

equipment - tools, machinery, wherewithal equity - money, capital, funds, asset, share erode - weaken, impair, reduce error - mistake, misjudgment escalate - increase, grow, make more serious establish - create, start, become successful demonstrate ethic - moral, principle ethical - right, morally correct or acceptable etiquette - protocol, convention, rules of correct behaviour, behavior evade - avoid, elude evaluate - appraise, estimate, guess, assess evaluation - opinion evolve - develop gradually, become, unfold exceed - outdo, be superior, overstep exceptional - outstanding, unusually good, very unusual execute - do, carry out, act, perform action or task exercise - activity, keep fit, work-out, act, invoke, apply excessive - exorbitant, unwarranted, superfluous, unreasonably high exhibition - show, display, presentation exit - leave, quit, sell (ownership of an enterprise) exorbitant - overpriced, dear, extortionate expand - grow, broaden, increase experience - skill, knowledge, wisdom expert - ace, skilled, proficient expire - end, finish, elapse explain - justify, account for, interpret exploit - treat unfairly, take advantage of, misuse, make best use of

extend - lengthen, expand, lengthen, make longer, make (an offer)

F
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ fabricate - make, build, fake something, lie facilitate - make easy, ease, accommodate, enable, help, coach, advise, mentor, provide facility - building, factory, convenience, ease facilities - buildings, services, equipment, means, scope factor - quality, feature, component, cause, influence failed - unsuccessful, fallen short fair - acceptable, appropriate, just, honorable fake - false, not genuine, imitation, sham fall - decrease, drop, descend, fail false - wrong, incorrect, not genuine, erroneous faulty - imperfect, incorrect, inexact feasible - possible, achievable fee - charge (money) feed - supply, provide fickle - changeable, unreliable firm - business, company fixed - set, unchanging, habitual flag - tire, weaken, mark (something) flaw - mistake, imperfection, weakness flood - deluge, numerous, many flop - failure, washout, non-event, damp squib flourish - grow, develop, prosper, be fruitful flyer - leaflet

force - influence, power, energy, strength, personnel forecast - predict, foretell formal - official, correct, suitable format - arrangement, plan, design formulate - create, prepare, arrange foundation - basis, source, beginning fractional - unimportant, very small freight - cargo, goods, merchandise functional - working, practical, useful, instrumental furnish - supply, provide, make ready futile - useless, absurd, pointless

G
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ gamble - risk, speculate, uncertainty gap - space, difference, requirement gauge - measure, estimate, judge generate - produce, create, cause generic - standard, unbranded (product) get - obtain, receive, understand gimmick - trick, novelty, contrivance glitch - problem, fault global - worldwide, universal, inclusive goal - aim, objective, ultimate goods - products, merchandise governance - control, power grant - allow, permit, permission, consent graph - plan

graphic - descriptive, representing gratis - free, uncharged grievance - complaint, discontent ground - reason, basis, educate grounding - training, knowledge grow - increase, expand, mature guarantee - promise, safeguard, legal agreement, make certain, guest - visitor guidance - help, advice, instructions, tips guru - expert, sage

H
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ hallmark - sign, feature, indication, standard (of quality of something) halo-effect - feelgood factor, positive reflection, positive association, reflected glory, (more about halo effect - see also BIRGing) haggle - argue, barter, bargain handbook - manual, instructions, notes, guide hand-holding - supporting, buddying, supervising, helping handle - deal with, manage, be responsible for, organise, organize handmade - unique, individual, bespoke, high quality, exclusive, labour intensive, labor intensive, made by hand not machine or automated harass - upset, annoy, frighten, intimidate, bully, exert force upon, pressurise, pressurize (a person or people) hard copy - paper printed format (as distinct from electronic or digital format) hardball - aggression, firmness, determination hard selling - aggressive selling, pressure, strong persuasion harmonise - combine, integrate, bring together (successfully), harmonize

harvest - profit, reward, reap reward, milk, exploit, monetise, monetize haulier - transporter, carrier of goods hazard - danger, obstacle, gamble, risk, obstacle, threat hazardous - dangerous, damaging headcount - employees, workforce, staff, team, labour force, labor force, workgroup headline - main, overall, total, story, message heads-up - warning, brief update, short report head-to-head - confrontation, standoff, battle, fight, argument, debate (between two parties) headway - gain, progress, increase, rise, improvement heartland - centre, focus, epicentre, middle, core, heart, heartlands (usually an area of something successful or popular) hedge - reduce risk, offset risk, protect against risk help - aid, support, assist, buddy, mentor, guide, teach, assistance, care for, oversee, facilitate, enable helpdesk - service, assistance, support, information (department or team or group) hierarchy - structure, order, management structure, organizational structure, taxonomy, grouping, classification, system, pecking order highlight - emphasise, indicate, make obvious, emphasize hire - employ, rent, lease hitch - problem, difficulty hone - develop, improve, sharpen hostile - unfriendly, adverse, attacking hub - centre, focus, chief thing center hypothetical - suppositional, imaginary

I
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

identify - find, discover illegal - unlawful, prohibited, illicit illicit - illegal, disallowed by law image - impression, picture, copy, reflection impact - influence, importance imperfection - weakness, fault, blemish improper - dishonest, inappropriate, inapt, disreputable imprudent - unwise, not sensible, careless, risky, reckless inactive - idle, inert, not working, not in use inadmissible - disallowed, excluded incentive - inducement, reward, motivation, something that encourages incentivise - encourage, offer a reward, incentivize income - earnings, wages, salary incoming - arriving, received incompetence - lack of skill or ability independent - unconnected, uncontrolled, unsupported, unrelated indicative - showing, suggesting, evidential indicate - point, sign, show inefficient - wasteful, unskillful, useless ineligible - unqualified, rejected inertia - inactivity, indifference inflate - increase, enlarge inflexible - rigid, unchangeable, unbendable, obstinate influence - motivate, modify, bias, authority inform - tell, relate, influence, educate information - facts, details, data inoperative - invalid, unusable, powerless, not working

inspect - check, scan, look closely at instruct - tell, teach, train, inform, command instruction - information, command integrate - combine, put together integrated - connected, combined interim - lull, Short-term, not permanent intermediary - middleman, mediator, facilitator invalid - incorrect, unwarranted, officially or legally unacceptable item - object, article, component itinerary - schedule, journey plan, travel route, route, roadmap

J
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ jettison - reject, eject, get rid of job - opening, position, opportunity, task, duty undertaking jobless - unemployed, inactive join - connected, fix, enroll, meet, bring together become a member judge - decide, arbitrate, form an opinion, adjudicate jump - rise, increase, leap, interval jumpy - nervous, anxious, agitated justify - explain, demonstrate, warrant

K
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ keen - eager, sharp, competitive, willing key - most essential, most important, main, chief thing, crucial influential keynote - important thing, chief thing kill - spoil, destroy, stop

kit - tools, equipment, materials, parts know-how - knowledge, experience, means, skill knowledge - information, skills, understanding, comprehension, mastery kudos - prestige, esteem

L
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ label - tag, brand, mark of identification landmark - important event or achievement or matter languish - fail, become weaker, be affected latent - concealed, lurking lateral - sideways thinking, different perspective lawful - legal, licit, legitimate lead - control, ahead, guide, advantage, direct leading - best, managing, inspiring learning - development, teaching, coaching, growth, edification, knowledge, experience, discovery lease - rent, hire legible - readable, intelligible, understandable legislation - law, regulation legitimate - legal, genuine, legally acceptable leverage - influence, upper hand liable - liable, responsible, legally responsible, punishable by law, subject to law, exposed to, open to, vulnerable limit - restrict, restrain, restriction, bind link - connect, join, relationship, communicate, intermediary log - record, gauge, documentation, diary, journal logic - reason, reasoning, rationality

loom - threaten, impend low-end - cheap, inexpensive loyal - faithful, trustworthy lucrative - profit-making, gainful, money-making lure - persuade, entice, tempt

M
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ magnate - tycoon, mogul, business chief mainstream - usual, normal, main (part), tendency, mass maintain - keep, continue, record, check, support sustain provide majority - largest, greatest part, main part make - create, form, build, produce, compel constitute makeover - changeable, improve malfunction - fail, stall, break down manage - control, run, undertake, supervise, conduct manager - boss, head, director, controller mandate - official order or instruction charge, trust mandatory - must-do, required by law, obligatory, compulsory, unavoidable, necessary manipulate - control, influence, deceive, operate, misuse manufacture - production, create, make or produce goods marginal - small, unimportant, inconsiderable, insignificant, marginally - slightly, insignificantly markdown - cheapen, reduce price marketable - easy to sell, saleable, attractive to employers or customers salable marketeer - seller, salesperson

mark-up - increase in price, overcharge mature - experienced, well-developed, well-established maximum - greatest, largest, most meagre - small quantity, poor quality, economical meager mean - average, middle mediate - moderate, intervene, negotiate, arbitrate mediocre - average, not very good, middling, inferior mega - impressive, greatest part, very large memo - note, reminder memorandum - report, proposal, record menial - inferior, unskilled (work) merchandise - goods, products merchandising - selling merge - combine, mix middleman - intermediary, mediator, agent milestone - important stage or event mindset - attitude, fixed ideas minimal - lesser, smallest or least amount minimum - smallest or lowest possible minted - recently produced or created very rich miscellaneous - various, mixed, non-uniform misconduct - malpractice, bad management, unacceptable behaviour, unacceptable behavior mission - aim, goal, vocation, important job mobile - moveable, transportable, moving model - design, copy, prototype, form an opinion moderate - reasonable, average, mild, middle of the road moderator - intermediary, referee, mediator

modify - changeable, alter, vary, make more suitable monitor - check, watch (something) moribund - ineffective, inactive, dying, likely to fail motion - proposal motivate - encourage, push mushroom - multiply, develop quickly, rapidly grow or increase

N
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ name - brand, repute, well-known person or company or product need - requirement, require, shortfall negligible - unimportant, inconsiderable negotiate - make terms, discuss negotiations - formal discussions, conference no-frills - basic, unadorned nominal - very small, insubstantial, trivial, in name only, nominate - suggest, choose, select nosedive - descent, sudden drop or fall notable - noteworthy, person of repute, outstanding, remarkable, unforgettable notional - estimated, guessed, suppositional novel - new, interesting, amusing nullify - invalidate, extinguish number one - most important, best, premier, self

O
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ oath - promise, testimony, true statement

object - item, thing, purpose, goal, disagree objective - aim, goal obligation - duty, promise, necessity observe - watch, study, see observer - watcher, spectator obsolete - outdated, disused, no longer in use occupation - job, profession, interests offend - upset someone, commit crime, displease official - formal, authoritative, genuine, businesslike, authorised, authorized opening - opportunity, job, starting operate - control, use, work, function operation - business, activity, undertaking opinion - idea, conviction, persuasion, point of view opportunity - opening, possibility, scope, chance optimal - best, most likely to succeed option - choice, decision, pick order - request, demand, instruction, command, require organisation - business, company, group, structure, corporation, organization organise - arrange, plan, compose, organize origin - source, starting place oust - eject, force out outcome - result, effect outdated - outmoded, antiquated, old-fashioned outline - description, overview, main points or facts outstanding - notable, superior, not yet paid or done or solved overachieve - do better than expected

overhype - exaggerate override - overrule, stop, reject decision or order oversee - supervise, watch (something), manage oversight - mistake, negligence, forget to do something overview - outline, general description

P
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ pact - agreement, promise, handshake par - equivalence, expectation, forecast, standard parameter - limit, target, border, guideline, constraint, measure parcel - package, apportion, piece pare - cut, reduce gradually parity - similarity, being equal, balance, equality partial - incomplete, fractional, in part participate - cooperate, take part in, collaborate, partner particular - specific, certain particulars - details, information, description patronage - support, protection, influence, custom payback - reward, advantage, return, just desert peg - fix (prices), hold pending - waiting, undecided, in process, happening soon perform - do, act, entertain peripheral - unimportant, marginal, external, outside perk - bonus, reward, benefit permit - allow, let, right to do something persuade - press, urge, convince, induce, cajole, pressurise, pressurize, sell

phase - stage, aspect, step, section pick - choose, opt, take, select, selection, choice picket - protest, obstruct, demonstrate, be obstructive pigeonhole - classification, compartment, put into a particular group, categorise, categorize pilfer - steal, thieve, rob pitfall - difficulty, danger, peril, trap placement - job, location plan - chart, diagram, drawing, plot, vision, envision, intention, detailed arrangements, blueprint plateau - level out, flatten, stabilise, stabilize platform - basis, policy, standpoint pledge - promise, formal promise, oath, bequeath, bequest, bequeathment plummet - plunge, founder, fall suddenly plunge - plummet, descend rapidly pointer - sign, indication, indicator policy - course of action, contract of insurance procedure, pool - group, collect money or information store, joint possession portable - moveable, transferable, easily carried portion - part (of a whole) position - place, job, opinion, prestige positive - goods, useful, affirmative, believing possessor - owner, holder post - mail, job, situation, subsequent, after or later than, publish, announce, postpone - defer, delay, put off until later potential - possible, qualities that can be developed power - control, influence, strength, energy, operate, authority

practice - action, custom, habitual, exercise, etiquette, usual way of doing something practise - rehearse, repeat, act, do, behave precise - exact, accurate, definite prefer - choose, like better preferential - giving an advantage to prejudice - unreasonable dislike bigotry, have a harmful effect on premier - most important, most successful, first showing of something presentation - speech, show, formal introduction press - persuade, push, request prestige - respect, admiration, influence, importance prestigious - admired, respected, important luxury presumption - supposition prevail - outweigh, override prevailing - existing prevalent - very common, extensive, universal prey - easy target, victim prey on - ill-treat, exploit, cause harm, con, trick priceless - extremely valuable, important, very precious pricey - expensive, dear primary - main, fundamental, simple, most important prime - main, most important, primary, excellent principal - main, most important, rule, director, in general law prior - previous to, previously, before, earlier, happening or existing before prioritise - rank, put in order of importance, prioritize priority - most important, precedence, to be dealt with first privilege - special right or advantage

privileged - confidential information prize - award, very valuable, desired object probe - investigate, inquiry, ask questions procedure - policy, usual or correct way of doing things proceed - begin, starting place, commence, progress productive - growing, making, gainful, profitable, achieving or doing a lot profession - skilled job, vocation, trade, skill, qualification proficient - able, skilled, practised, competent profile - description, outline, shape, visibility, reputation profitable - advantageous, prolific, money-making, viable, economical, rewarding programme - program, schedule, agenda, course, itinerary progress - develop, go forward, improve, improvement prohibit - stop, prevent, restrain, bar, ban promote - upgrade, make better, put forward, advance, advertise, market, sell prompt - punctual, without delay, hint, remind proportion - portion, part or share of a whole proposal - plan, request, intention, formal suggestion proposition - plan of action, business idea proprietor - owner of business or land or property,etc. prospective - potential, future, expected or likely to happen prosper - flourish, be successful, develop successfully provide - stipulate, give, make available prudence - conservatism, caution, avoiding unnecessary risks prudent - careful, sensible when making decisions showing care and though for the future pull - influence, attract interest, cancel an event punctual - on time

purchase - buy pursue - follow, chase up

Q
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ qualified - experienced, knowledgeable, skilled, expert, prepared completed training passed exams quality - high standard, feature, aspect, character quantity - amount, number quarantine - protection, seclusion quarter - district, place, period of three months mercy quasi - almost, partly, similar query - question, ask, doubt questionable - doubt, dishonest, wrong, disreputable quit - leave, close, depart, resign quota - portion, fixed amount, limited number quotation - price, referral, estimated cost of job or service quote - repeat, cite, illustrate, instance, quotation

R
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ raise - increase, mention, elevate rally - incite, assembly, give courage random - orderless, indiscriminate, done or chosen without prior thought range - variety, vary, series, scope, portfolio rank - position, classification, importance ratchet - increase by small amounts rate - measure, amount, decide, estimate, price

ratify - endorse, make legal rationale - enquiry, reasons or principles (that explain a decision) , inquiry reach - attain, arrive, achieve, communicate with react - be active, respond reactive - showing a response ready-made - pre-prepared, prepared in advance reap - accumulate, take, gather, gain, obtain, attain, benefit from reasonable - acceptable, appropriate, fair, moderate, rational rebate - refund, discount recall - remember, call something in recap - repeat, go over, give summary recede - retreat, become smaller, become weaker, withdraw recipient - receiver, acceptor, taker reclaim - restore, get back (something) recognise - know, remember, see, recognize recommend - suggest, advise reconcile - pacify, make (figures) agree reconstruct - rebuild, remake, restore record - describe, written account recoup - get money back, recover, retrieve recover - get something back improvement, recoup, restore recuperate - improve, get money back redefine - change limits or nature of something redress - correct something, remedy reduce - lessen, shrink, make smaller redundant - jobless, useless, unused re-evaluate - re-think

refer - describe, indicate, speak about refine - make pure, improve, purify reform - transform, make better, improve refurbish - repair, redecorate regain - acquire, get something back regarding - about, concerning, relating to region - area, locality register - enrol enlist, officially record something, enroll regress - recede, fall back, make or become less advanced regular - frequent, usual, standard regulate - control, supervise, supervize regulation - rule, law, legislation reimburse - pay back (money), repay reinforce - strengthen, support, make stronger reject - inferior, unusable item, refuse to accept related - connected, akin release - liberate, make something available to free from duty, reliable - trustworthy, trusty, correct, true, credible, certain relief - help, aid remedy - cure, solution, improve bad situation remote - far, distant, secluded remove - dismiss from job, get rid of, take out, take away, rent - lease, hire repair - mend, make good, fix reply - answer, rejoinder, reaction, response represent - sell for, act or speak for, deputise for, deputize for, symbolise, symbolize

reputable - honest, honorable, respected, credible, established, wellregarded, trustworthy request - ask require - need, necessitate, fall short rescue - save, defend research - study, inquiry, experiment reserve - available supply, substitute, modesty, put something by for later reshuffle - change, change around, restructure, re-order, reorganise, reorganize resilient - strong, able to recover quickly resistance - opposition, dislike of, obstinacy, refusal to accept something resolve - find a solution, formally reach a decision intend, resources - means, supply of something, energy, energies, fuel, materials respond - reply, react, answer, cooperate responsibility - duty, onus restraint - limit, moderation restrict - limit amount or size of keep under control result - outcome, product, completion retail - sell retain - keep something, hold something back preserve retract - recant, withdraw a statement make smaller in amount or value retrieve - find, recoup, get something back revamp - repair, improve appearance of review - report, consider or examine something rectify revoke - cancel, not retain, end validity of rise - ascend, increase in amount or level risk - danger, peril, chance, speculate rival - competitor, contender

roadmap - plan, vision, milestones, project plan, masterplan role - function, position (of somebody) rotate - change regularly, pass to each member in regular order ruin - damage, spoil, make someone lose all their money rules - regulations, orders running - managing, operating

S
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ salary - wages, pay, earnings salvage - restore, save (from being destroyed) sample - tester, taste, example, small amount satisfactory - acceptable, sufficient, good enough saturate - drench, overproduce, over supply savvy - knowledge, understanding scale - range, spectrum, measure, gauge schedule - timetable, plan, list scheme - plan, system scrap - cancel, annul, piece, stop using screen - check, inquire scrutinise - scan, look at or examine closely, scrutinize secondary - inferior, unimportant, less important section - department, subdivision, part, department secure - safe, protected, achieve (something) seek - pursue, look for, search, try to obtain segment - division, divide, part of something select - choose, pick, opt for, carefully chosen, excellent seller - vendor, trader

semi - half, partly, incomplete sensitive - aware, understanding, discriminating, react quickly, (information) not to be shared serve - provide, help, spend time, do duty for setback - difficulty, problem, delay, hitch shed - decrease, emit, get rid of ship - send, transport, carry shopper - buyer, purchaser shortage - lack, shortfall shortfall - shortage, less (than is needed) short-staffed - Short-handed, understaffed shrewd - intelligent, showing good judgment clever at understanding simulate - imitate, create artificially sink - decrease, deteriorate, suppress situation - circumstance, circumstances, predicament, position, matter, issue, subject, concern, job, opportunity skill - ability, competence, expertise, dexterity skilled - experienced, qualified slash - reduce something by a large amount cut slice - a share, portion, piece, part of something slogan - by-line, tag line, maxim, advertisement slump - decline, decrease, deteriorate, sudden fall smart - intelligent, clever, advanced (technology) snip-a-bargain - good value sole - only, one sort - arrange, classification, put in order, a type (of something) sound - reliable, sensible when making decisions, undamaged, good and thorough, in good condition spec - specification, detailed description

special - unusual, chosen, out of the ordinary specialist - expert, highly skilled person specific - special, particular, clearly defined, precise and clear specify - explain, name, give exact instructions state (something) split - divide, apportion, share (something) sponsor - supporter, backer, patron stable - steady, unchanging, firmly fixed stagnant - inert, undeveloping, unchanging, not growing staple - basic, important (part) static - unchanging, undeveloping, not moving status - position, situation, prestige, level of something or somebody statute - law, legislation, formal rule stipulate - state clearly, demand, specify stipulations - requirements, conditions, demands, specifications stranglehold - complete control, retention strapline - slogan strategic - planned strategy - a plan, tactics, policy stress - pressure, importance, emphasis, emphasise, emphasize strife - contention, a quarrel, angry disagreement stringent - severe, very strict, strictly controlled sue - litigate, claim damages in court sundry - various, many, unimportant superintend - oversee, manage, supervise supply - provide (something) amount provided, make available for use support - help/er, aid, resource/s, encourage/ment, advocate, augment, bolster, protect/ion, insulate/insulation, addition, add to surpass - outdo, be superior

surplus - glut, superfluity, extra, more than is needed suspend - delay, put off, prevent from happening or being used halt temporarily defer debar from job or duties temporarily as a punishment swindle - cheat, deceive, act fraudulently

T
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ tactical - schematic, worked out, carefully planned, strategic talent - aptitude, natural ability, gift, passion, calling tangible - touchable, existing, clearly seen target - goal, aim, objective task - job, duty, piece of work team - group, unit, outfit, company template - model, mould, example mold temporary - short-term, non-permanent, makeshift tender - bid, offer tentative - experimental, cautious, provisional, not definite, terminate - end, conclude, close, finish, discontinue territory - area, zone, ground, pitch text - meaning, precept, written words textile - fabric, material theory - idea, opinion, supposition thrive - prosper, flourish, become strong or healthy or successful tier - level, layer, series token - symbol, indication, trivial, gift, security top flight - best, most successful, highest train - teach, instruct, tutor, coach, mentor, educate, edify, nurture, develop, school, explain, impart (facts/information), prepare, prime, demonstrate, illustrate

training - learning, development, course, trainings, coaching, mentoring transfer - move over, carry, duplicate, displace transferable - moveable, negotiable, transportable, communicable transparent - clear, unambiguous, open, artless, not secret, easily understood

U
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ ultimatum - conditions, final warning, threat, deadline uncontested - unopposed, undisputed undertaking - task, project, promise, agreement, commitment undisclosed - concealed, hidden, not made known undue - unreasonable, unnecessary, unwarranted, undeserving uneconomic - wasteful, unprofitable unemployed - jobless, out of work, unused unexpired - valid, remaining, still in force unethical - immoral, dishonest, morally unacceptable unfriendly - hostile, opposing, antagonistic unique - special, unusual, inimitable, one of a kind unlawful - illegal, illicit unmanageable - uncontrollable, disobedient, difficult to deal with unofficial - illegal, independent, unauthorised, unauthorized unprofitable - uneconomic, unproductive, profitless unscrupulous - dishonest, not fair, not honest, without morals, unskilled - untrained, unqualified, inexpert unveil - introduce, disclose, show (something) upbeat - positive, enthusiastic, optimistic update - provide recent information, modernise, modernize

upkeep - maintenance, preservation upmarket - expensive, dear, good quality upsurge - sudden large increase used - second-hand, pre-owned, employed, utilised, utilized

V
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ vacancy - job, job opening, job opportunity vacant - empty, not being used vacation - holiday valid - genuine, legally or officially acceptable value - worth, price, importance vanilla - ordinary, not special variable - changeable, non-uniform vendee - buyer, property purchaser vendor - seller, supplier venture - enterprise, speculate, undertaking, business project or activity verbal - spoken, unwritten vet - examine, check, screen (something or someone) viable - possible, cost-effective, safe, can be done or achieved or used, likely to be successful virtual - almost, nearly, not completely, electronic, digital, web-based vision - concept, idea, notion, plan, scheme, shape, dream, aspiration, ambition, wish, thought, intent, intention void - nullify, not legal, invalid (contract) volatile - excitable, transient, suddenly changeable voluntary - uncharged (fee), offered, done willingly

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ waged - salaried, having regular paid work, employed wake-up call - sudden warning walkout - strike (by workers), fail in duty warranty - guarantee, security wastage - shrinkage, loss whistle-blower - informer white elephant - bane, useless (big, expensive) thing wind-up - close down, liquidate, terminate, cease workforce - staff, labour force , labor force

X
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ x-rated - adult, pornographic, unsuitable for children and under-age people

Y
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ yardstick - gauge, a measure yes - okay, affirmative, confirmed, agreed, understood yield - produce, submit, relinquish

Z
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ zeal - keenness, willingness, enthusiasm zenith - summit, top, peak zero hour - departure, beginning (of operation)