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11 Subject Index

The following index does not include keywords related to anatomy and specific injuries. A brief outline of the anatomy of each body region is provided in the corresponding chapters. A a-3ms criterion 77 abbreviated injury scale (AIS) 27, 67, 99, 146, 171, 188 abdominal peak force (APF) 176 accident reconstruction 30 accident statistics 20 airbag 85, 155, 220 airbag induced injury 216 anthropomorphic test device (ATD) 37, 47, 123 see also BioRID, BioSID, body block, CRABI, Hybrid III, POLAR, RID2/3, SID, THOR, TNO-10, World-SID Average Distal Forearm Speed (ADFS) 219 B Biofidelic Side Impact Test Dummy (BioSID) 50 biomechanical response 34, 70, 108, 153, 157, 173, 194 BioRID 52, 121 blunt impact 145, 149, 170, 174, 177, 200 body block 54 boxing 79, 82, 232, 239
C

children 82, 172, 177 coefficient of restitution 32 Combined Thoracic Index (CTI) 157, 162 Compression Criterion (C) 161 computer simulations 54 concussion 66, 79 consumer tests 46 contact sport 124, 201, 221, 225, 239 CRABI 53
D

delta-v 31, 113 diffuse axonal injury (DAI) 67, 83 disc bulge 107 disc degeneration 126 disc rupture 107
E

ECE 39, 119 ECE R21/R25 77 ECE R22 77

248

Subject Index I

ECE R44 176 ECE R94 39, 44, 54, 77, 119, 161, 163, 199 ECE R95 39, 43, 50, 77, 161, 163, 176, 199 elderly 172, 186 energy equivalent speed (EES) 32 epidemiology 17
F

impact velocity 31 Injury Assessment Reference Values (IRAV) 54 injury criteria 8, 26 Injury Priority Rating (IPR) 29 Injury Severity Score (ISS) 28 intervertebral neck injury criterion (IV-NIC) 121
K

Femur Force Criterion (FFC) 199 finite element (FE) method 23, 54, 55 flail chest 148 FMVSS 39, 48, 119 FMVSS 201 53, 77 FMVSS 208 40, 44, 75, 77, 114, 119, 156, 159, 161, 195, 199 FMVSS 214 40, 43, 50, 158, 160 football 82, 124, 126, 202, 221 force-deflection characteristics 153, 157, 174 free motion head form (FMH) 39, 53
G

knee airbags 204 knee bolsters 204 knee braces 204


L

lateral impact 50, 77, 159, 190, 192, 195 low-back pain 107, 125 Lower Neck Load Index (LNL) 118
M

mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) 66, 79 multi body system 54 muscle contusion 200 myositis ossificans traumatica 201
N

GAMBIT 78 groin injury 178


H

hamstring strains 201 Head Injury Criterion (HIC) 75 Head Performance Criterion (HPC) 77 head restraint 127, 129 helmets 84 hernia 178 human body modelling 57 Hybrid III 48, 121, 220

neck injury criteria MIX criteria 123 neck displacement criterion (NDC) 121 neck injury criterion (NIC) 113 neck protection criterion (Nkm) 115 Nij criterion 114 New Car Assessment Programs (NCAP) 46 noise 236

Subject Index O

249

occupational health 235 overlap 32 overuse injury 163, 222, 232, 237
P

padding 84, 128 paresis 125 pedestrian (safety) 39, 85, 192, 205 POLAR 53 post mortem test objects (PMTO) 36 prevention 84, 126, 204 pubic symphysis peak force (PSPF) 200
Q

skiing 79, 201 snowboard 79, 223 soccer 79, 83, 178, 201 soft tissue neck injury 95, 103, 106, 126 S-shape 105, 127 stress fracture 124, 163, 201, 203, 238 submarining 177
T

quadriplegia 125 Quebec Task Force (QTF) 24, 104


R

THOR 49, 75, 220 Thoracic Compression Criterion (ThCC) 163 Thoracic Trauma Index (TTI) 159, 160 Tibia Compression Force Criterion (TCFC) 199 Tibia Index (TI) 199 TNO-10 53
U

rear-end collision 104 rebound 105, 116, 127 Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI) 237 Research Arm Injury Device (RAID) 220 Rib Deflection Criterion (RDC) 162 RID/RID2/RID3D 52, 119, 123 rigid body dynamics 54 risk function 27
S

ulnar variance 223


V

visco-elastic foam 128 viscous criterion (VC) 161 volunteer experiments 35


W

SAE arm 220 SAHR 129 seat 105, 126 seat belt 85, 105, 154, 175, 177, 216 severity index (SI) 75 shin guards 204 side impact dummy (SID) 50

Wayne State Tolerance (WSTC) 71 WHIPS 131 WIL 129 WipGARD 132 World-SID 51 wrist guard 224

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