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S E M I C O N D U C T O R

HIP200ACREF
200W Class D Subwoofer Amplier
Description
The HIP200ACREF Reference Design delivers 200WRMS power into a 2 load with less than 0.1% THD. The amplier will run continuously at rated power with no droop in output level. Since the efciency is 90% at maximum power, no expensive, bulky heatsinks are required. The design is part of Harris Cool Audio program that enables customers to achieve a minimum time-to-market for audio end products. This design is offered to Customers after execution of a Licensing Agreement. At this time, Harris provides a documentation package containing 1) Circuit Description, 2) Schematics, 3) Test and Manufacturing Information, 4) A Bill of Material with all vendor and vendor part numbers, 5) Harris Engineering Support Contacts, 6) One Sample Amplier Board. For more information, see us on the web, home page http://www.semi.harris.com. For technical assistance, call Central Applications at 1-800-442-7747, or email us at centapp@harris.com.

November 1997

Features
200 Watt RMS Power (400 Watt Peak) Operation from a Single Supply Meets FCC Class B and CE Mark Requirements for EMC 10-450Hz Bandwidth (3dB) 0.1% THD Greater than 90% Efciency at Max Power Pop-Free Start-Up Remote On/Off Soft Clipping Overcurrent and Thermal Protection

Applications
Subwoofer Ampliers

Ordering Information
Contact Harris licensing agents, Continental Far East or International Operations. See contact information provided in this document. Bandwidth can be customized through component change.
Contact Harris Intelligent Power for further information.

Reference Design Block Diagram


+15V +DC POWER AMPLIFIER LOW PASS FILTER MODULATOR LOW PASS FILTER -OUT

200W SUBWOOFER J1 PRE-AMPLIFIER LOW PASS FILTER (400HZ)

+OUT

OVER CURRENT THERMAL SHUTDOWN SOFT CLIPPING

EN

-DC

CoolAudio is a trademark of Harris Corporation. CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge. Users should follow proper IC Handling Procedures. Copyright

Harris Corporation 1997

File Number

4272.1

HIP200ACREF
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Supply Voltage, VBUS (Note 1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.3V to 36V All Other Pin Voltages (Note 1). . . . . . . . VGND -0.3V to VBUS +0.3V

Operating Conditions
Supply Voltage, VBUS (Relative to GND) . . . . . . . . . . . +32V (+4 -2) Voltage on VSS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0V Temperature Range (Amplier Ambient) . . . . . . . . . . .-40oC to 60oC

CAUTION: Stresses above those listed in Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress only rating and operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational sections of this specication is not implied.

NOTES: 1. All voltages are relative to VGND , unless otherwise specied. 2. JA is measured with the component mounted on an evaluation PC board in free air.

Electrical Specications
PARAMETER SUPPLY MEASUREMENTS

VBUS = 32V, RLOAD = 1.99, VCOM = 0V TA = 25oC SYMBOL TEST CONDITIONS TYP UNITS

+15V Current Quiescent - Switching +15V Current Quiescent - Non Switching VBUS Quiescent Current REM On/OFF Quiescent Current (On) VBIAS Idle Current Minimum 15V Input Supply Voltage Maximum +15V Input Supply Voltage OUTPUT MEASUREMENTS (All In RMS) Maximum Output Power at 32V Efficiency PMAX PMAXEFF PMAXEFF PMAXEFF PMAXEFF PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS Total Harmonic Distortion + Noise SNR PSRR (VOUT / VBUS) ADDITIONAL MEASUREMENTS Cutoff Frequency PWM Frequency Amplifier Gain Input Impedance NOTE: FUPPER FPWM AV RIN
THD+N

VBIAS = 12V, REM = VBIAS VBIAS = 12V, REM = VCOM = 0V IBUS REN IBIASIDLE Audio In = 0V, REM = VCOM = 0V Audio In = 0V, REM = VBIAS

130 54 200 100 0.10 13.5 20

mA mA mA k mA V V

VBUS = 32V VBUS = 32V, POUT = 20W VBUS = 32V, POUT = 50W VBUS = 32V, POUT = 100W VBUS = 32V, POUT = 200W POUT = 100W, 100Hz Relative to Full Scale Output, 5kHz VBUS = 3210% -3dB (Note 3)

200 78 85 88 90

W % % % %

0.1 -85 3

% dB mV/V

VSNR PSRR

450 68 23 10

Hz kHz dB K

3. Can be tailored, contact Harris intelligent Power Applications.

Reference Board Connector Assignment


SYMBOL EN
+DC

DESCRIPTION Remote on/off signal for the amplifier. Amplifier output stage power source. The + polarity high power output. The -polarity high power output. Logic supply voltage = 15VDC. Ground return for the amplifier. Audio input from Preamp.

+OUT -OUT
+15

-DC J1

HIP200ACREF Typical Performance Curves


24 1

22 AMPLITUDE (DBr)

%THD+N 0 100 FREQUENCY (Hz) 1K

20

0.1

18

16

14

0.01 10

100 FREQUENCY (Hz)

1K

NOTE: The above curve shows the frequency response from 20Hz to 800Hz at 200W output power. Note that the response is 3dB from 10Hz -450Hz. FIGURE 1. AMPLITUDE vs FREQUENCY

NOTE: The above curve is THD+N% vs Frequency at 100W.

FIGURE 2. THD vs FREQUENCY

0.1

%THD+N 0.01 0 50 100 OUTPUT POWER (W) 150 200

NOTE: THD+N% increases below 50Hz and above 150Hz because the input lter begins to attenuate the Audio Precision input signals at these points. See Figure 1 above. FIGURE 3. PERCENT THD+N vs OUTPUT POWER (100Hz), WITHOUT COMPRESSION

HIP200ACREF Reference Board Physical Layouts


5.90

JP2 PIN 1 = +OUT PIN 2 = - OUT

4.35

JP3 PIN 1 = +30V SUPPLY PIN 2 = +15V SUPPLY PIN 3 = COMMON GROUND PIN 4 = REMOTE

AUDIO INPUT (RCA JACK) J1

FIGURE 4. AMPLIFIER BOARD CONNECTIONS

HIP200ACREF Evaluation Test Procedure


HIP200ACREF Consumer Subwoofer Amplier. Equipment Test equipment required for proper evaluation of the 200W Harris Subwoofer Amplier are as follows: Two Regulated DC Power Supplies will be needed for testing. A high power supply with clean output and capable of supplying a constant 32VDC at 8A minimum continuously; and a lower voltage supply capable of providing 15V continuously at 300mA. A power supply with the current limit set to those specied above is recommended. For power supplies which do not read the current limit set-point directly, the position of the set point control corresponding to the appropriate current levels should be determined prior to starting the test and marked on the power supply control panel. Audio Precision System 1 Analyzer or equivalent, capable of providing clean audio input signals controllable in amplitude from 0V to 500mV and frequencies from 15Hz to 1kHz. The system should also be capable of analyzing amplier characteristics, Output Power, Frequency Response, Total Harmonic Distortion, and Noise. An output low pass lter will be needed to lter out the switching waveform components resulting from class D amplication. This lter can be made from the schematic shown in Figure 5. The lters corner frequency is approximately 10kHz and therefore, is sufcient for analyzing subwoofer ampliers, but not full range units. A 2 non-inductive resistive load capable of handling a minimum of 200W. Procedure 1. Connect a shielded cable between the Audio Precision Analyzer signal output port and the RCA jack on the amplier. Connect a #16AWG twisted pair cable between plug, JP2, and the 2.0 resistor set. Connect suitable wires between plug, JP3, on the amplier and the 15 and 32VDC supplies using #16AWG twisted wire for GND and 32VDC and #22AWG for 15VDC and EN signals. Set the output voltages for the supplies to 15V and 32V, before connecting cables at the amplier side. Preset the current limit settings of the 15VDC supply to 300mA and the # at VDC supply to about 10ADC. 2. With the power supplies off, plug the J1, JP2 and JP3 external connectors into the appropriate ports on the amplifier board. Make sure the board is sitting on a non conductive surface prior to powering up. The switch controlling the remote EN(able) pin should be in the off (open) position. 3. With the audio input signal set at 0mV, turn on the 15V power supply followed by the 32V supply. The indicated current from the 32VDC supply should be zero and for the 15VDC supply near 60mA. Next, turn on the remote on/off control switch. The 15VDC supply current should increase to no more than 150mA. The 32VDC power supply current with no input signal should be approximately 250mA. 4. If the amplifier output is connected to a resistive load, 2, 200W resistor, make sure the resistor is placed in a safe position since it will get very hot during the evaluation test. 5. Depending on the type of testing to be conducted (Output Power, THDs etc.) select the menu and control panel settings on the Audio Precision Analyzer to conduct the test. Input frequency should be set between 10Hz and 800Hz and input voltage level should be increased slowly until desired output power is achieved. At 200W output power, the 32VDC bus power supply current should be approaching 8A. 6. Conduct the desired tests in accordance with the Audio Precision test procedures. 7. Power down audio signal input and power supplies before disconnecting the amplifier from the test set up. Expected Test Results The Harris 200W Consumer Subwoofer Amplier is designed to provide 200W rms output power into 2 speaker load with THD+N as shown under Electrical Specications in this data sheet. As the amplier output power approaches 200W, the output voltage swing approaches the limits of the supply voltage (32V) and the output waveform will begin to soft-clip, resulting in a rapid increase in THD. The onset of soft-clipping can be viewed by looking at test point TP1 with an oscilloscope probe with respect to a suitable ground on the amplier board. A noticeable attening of the signal will occur as the input amplitude is increased further and further with jumper JP4 in the circuit. With JP4 pulled, compression is disabled. The short-circuit shutdown circuit can be tested by simply shorting the 2 output resistors with a suitable means. Near instant disabling of the amplier should be noticed. To reset the amplier, remove the short circuit and then toggle the EN voltage to GND then back to the +15VDC supply potential.
HIP200ACREF 100, 1W, 1% +OUT JP2 -OUT 100, 1W, 1% 2 200W 0.15F NI LOAD

(NOTE 8)

TO A/P INPUT

NOTE: 8. Use polypropylene filter capacitors only. FIGURE 5. FILTER CIRCUIT FOR USE WITH AUDIO PRECISION ANALYZER AND RESISTIVE LOADS

HIP200ACREF Authorized Harris Licensing Agents


ASIA Continental Far East, Inc. 3-1-5 Azabudai, Minato-ku Tokyo 106, Japan Tel: 03-3584-0339 FAX: 03-3588-0930 NORTH AMERICA and EUROPE International Operations, Inc. 15 Oakdale Manor Suffern, New York 10901 USA Tel: 914-369-3532 FAX: 914-369-1607

All Harris Semiconductor products are manufactured, assembled and tested under ISO9000 quality systems certication.
Harris Semiconductor products are sold by description only. Harris Semiconductor reserves the right to make changes in circuit design and/or specications at any time without notice. Accordingly, the reader is cautioned to verify that data sheets are current before placing orders. Information furnished by Harris is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Harris or its subsidiaries for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Harris or its subsidiaries.

Sales Ofce Headquarters


For general information regarding Harris Semiconductor and its products, call 1-800-4-HARRIS NORTH AMERICA Harris Semiconductor P. O. Box 883, Mail Stop 53-210 Melbourne, FL 32902 TEL: 1-800-442-7747 (407) 729-4984 FAX: (407) 729-5321 EUROPE Harris Semiconductor Mercure Center 100, Rue de la Fusee 1130 Brussels, Belgium TEL: (32) 2.724.2111 FAX: (32) 2.724.22.05 ASIA Harris Semiconductor PTE Ltd. No. 1 Tannery Road Cencon 1, #09-01 Singapore 1334 TEL: (65) 748-4200 FAX: (65) 748-0400

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