Sie sind auf Seite 1von 1

Umm Er

Radhuma
Hith
1st Anhydrite
1st Salt
2nd Salt
2nd Anhydrite
3rd Anhydrite
3rd Salt
4th Anhydrite
4th Salt
G
otnia
Najmah
Sargelu
Dhruma
Marrat
Dibdibba
Ghar
Dammam
Rus
Tayarat
Ahmadi
Mauddud
Wara
Burgan
Shu' aiba
Unnamed Clastic
Zubair
Ratawi
Minagish
Minjur
Jilh
Sudair
Khuff
Bahra
Gudair
Rumaila
Mishrif
Polar Glaciation
of West Arabia
Rus
Damman
Umm Er
Radhuma
Aruma
Mishrif
Rumaila Mbr
Ahmadi Mbr
Wara Mbr
Mauddud Mbr
Safaniya Mbr
Khafji Mbr
Hofuf
Hadrukh
Dam
A
B
C
D
Middle Dhruma
Dhruma Shale
Upper Dhruma
Atash Mbr
W
asia
T
ham
am
a G
p
Buwaib
Yamama
Sulaiy
Hith
A
rab
Jubaila
Hanifa
Tuwaiq
Mountain
Upper Marrat
Lower Marrat
Jilh
Minjur
S
udairUpper
Lower
Q
alibah
Khuff
Unayzah A
Unayzah B
Berwath
Upper Jubah
Lower Jubah
Jauf
Tawil
Risha Mbr
Sajir Mbr
Siq/Yatib
Burj
Sharawra Mbr
Qusaiba Mbr
Quwarah Mbr
Ra'an Mbr
Kahfah Mbr
Hanadir Mbr
Sarah
Al Khlata
Equivalent ?
Q
asim
S
aq
Dhibi Limestone
Pre-Khuff
Unconformity
Shu' aiba
Biyadh
Najd Wrench
System
Red Sea Rift
Eastward tilt of Arabian Plate
Aruma
Mishrif
Rumaila Mbr
Ahmadi Mbr
Wara Mbr
Mauddud Mbr
Safaniya Mbr
Nahr Umr
W
asia
Q
alibah
Unayzah
Upper Jubah
Lower Jubah
Jauf
Tawil
Saq
Siq
Burj
Sharawra Mbr
Qusaiba Mbr
Quwarah Mbr
Ra'an Mbr
Kahfah Mbr
Hanadir Mbr
Q
asim
Pre-Unayzah
Unconformity
A
B
C
D
Middle Dhruma
Dhruma Shale
Upper Dhruma
Hith
Jubaila
Hanifa
Tuwaiq
Mountain
Upper Marrat
Lower Marrat
Dhibi Limestone
Dammam
Unnamed
Formation
Rus
Umm Er
Radhuma
Shu' aiba
Hawar
Kharaib
Yamama
Sulaiy
Khuff
Sudair
Jilh
Ratawi
Minjur
Hormuz Series
T
ham
am
a G
p
A
rab
I
II
III
(Jubaila)
Fahahl IV
Lower Araej
Uwainat
Hith
Q
atar
Diyab Darb
(Hanifa)
Upper Araej
Izhara
Hamlah
Hofuf
Dam
Lower Fars
Dammam
Rus
Umm Er
Radhuma
Simsima
Fiqa Rulat
Halul
Laffan
Mishrif
Khatiyah/
Ahmadi
Mauddud
Nahr Umr
Shu' aiba
Hawar
Kharaib
Lekhwar
Yamama
Sulaiy
Gulailah
Sudair
Khuff
Unayzah
?
kharaib
Lekhwair
Yamama
Fiqa
Laffan
Mauddud
Nahr Umr
Shu' aiba
Kharaib
Hawar
Hith
A
C
Asab
Lower
Fars
Mishan
Gachsaran
Hofuf
Asmari
Dammam
Umm Er
Radhuma
Khuff
Jilh Gulailah
Minjur
Simsima
Mishrif
Mishrif
Ruwaydah
Lekhwair
Habshan
Habshan
Salil
Rayda
Nasr
Bab
Lower Araej
Shale Marker
Uwainat
Diyab (Dukhan)
Hanifa
Upper Araej
Hamlah
Izhara
Unayzah
Tuwayil
?
Sudair
B
D
A
rab
Shilaif
Halul
Halul
Rus
Upper Fars
Lower Fars
Upper Pabdeh
(Hamriyah)
Lower Pabdeh
(Hamidiyah)
Shu' aiba
Simsima Equiv
Jubaila
Hanifa
Tuwaiq
Mountain
Dhruma
Lias
Ghail
Bih
Hagil
Ghalilah
Milaha
Elphinstone
Group
? ?
??
Sailil
Raydah Cherts
Lekhwair
Fiqa
Laffan
Aruma
Mishrif
Khatiyah
Mauddud
Salt
Nahr Umr
M
usanda G
roup
T
ham
am
a
K
ahm
ah G
roup
Ilam
Taqa
Jaza
Umm Er
Radhuma Medj Zin
Mukalla
Sufia Mbr
Harshiyat
Harshiyat
Qishn
Clastic Mbr Qishn
Carbonate Mbr
Upper Naifa/Saar
Lower Naifa
Sabatayn
Ayad
Shuqra
Kohlan
? ?
Lam
Lam
Madbi
Basement ?
Furt
Rays Mbr
Mukalla
Mukalla
Fartaq
Lusb Mur
Sharwayn
Rus
Lusb Mbr
Al Khlata
Gharif
Rahab
Khuff Khuff
Simsima Simsima
Aruma
K
ahm
ah
Upper Mafraq
Lower Mafraq
Lower Fars
Asmari Fm
Equivalent
Dammam
Shammer Shale
Natih
Fars
Rus
Umm Er
Radhuma
Umm Er
Radhuma
Fiqa Arada Fiqa Arada
Fiqa Shargi Fiqa Shargi
Hanifa
Jubaila
Tuwaiq
Mountain
Dhruma
Khuff
Rahab Shale
Ara
Basement
Shuram
Kufai Hajir
Abu Mahara Gp
Gundir Mangil
Misfar
Misfar
Taqa
Nahr Umr Nahr Umr
Kahmah
Shu' aiba Shu' aiba
Kharaib
Kharaib
Lekhwair
Lekhwair
Salil
Salil
Rayda
Habshan
Habshan
Natih
S
em
ail
O
phiolite
2nd Alpine
Event
Semail Ophiolite Obduction
1st Alpine Event
Alpine Glaciation of
Southern Arabia
Nimr Gp
Haradh Amin Miqrat Mahwis
Ghudun
Barakat Mbr
Mabrouk Mbr Barik Mbr
Sahmah
Hasirah
Saih Nihayda
S
afiq G
p
S
ahtan G
roup
Nafun Gp
M
ahatta
H
um
aid G
p
Uplift due to thermal doming
and Gondwana break-up
Al Khlata
Karim
Buah Kharus
Masirah
Minjur
Middle and Upper Gharif Middle and Upper Gharif
Haushi
Lower
Gharif
Saiq
Mahil Jilh
Jilh
Sudair
Jilh
Sudair
Sudair
Hormuz
Soltanieh
Barut
Zaigun
Lalun
Mila
C
B
A
Zardkuh Zardkuh Zardkuh
Gahkum
Ilebeyk
Chatishen Faraghan
Dalan
Nar
Kangan
Khaneh Kat
Aghar
Kangan
Sargelu Sargelu
Alan
Mus
Adaiyah
Alan
Mus
Adaiyah
Surmeh Surmeh
Neyriz Neyriz
Fahliyan Fahliyan
Gadvan Gadvan
Garau
Garau Dariyan
Kazhdumi
Ilam Ilam
Gurpi
Gurpi
Tarbur
Sachum
Jahrum Jahrum
Pabdeh Pabdeh
Pabdeh
Gacharsan
Bakhtiari
Lahbari Lahbari
Agha Jari
Agha Jari
Kalhur
Asmari
Asmari
Shahbazan
Aleh Zang
Amiran
Kashkan
Mishan
Razak
Guri
Ahwaz
Najmah Najmah
Surgah
Emam Hasan
Lopha
Ahmadi
Sarvak
Gotnia Gotnia
Hith
Zagros
Obduction
Hercynian Orogeny
Dashtak Dashtak
Umm Er
Radhuma
Zubair
Ratawi
Gotnia
Hith
Sargelu Sargelu
Upper Bakhtiari
Lower Bakhtiari
Upper Fars
Lower Fars
Jeribe Limestone
Dhiban
Euphrates
Anhydrite
Serikagni
Anah Anah
Bajawan
Bajawan
Shurau
Shurau
Azkand
Baba
Sheikh Alas
Azkand
Baba
Sheikh Alas
Ibrahim
Tarjil
Palani
Jaddala
Avanah
Pila Spi Gercus
Aaliji Sinjar
Khurmala
Kolosh
Clastics
Zahra
? ?
Khabour
Khabour
Akkas
Ga'ara
Ga'ara
Nijili
Beduh
Mirga Mir
Geli Khana
Mulussa
Zor Hauran
Kurra Chine
Ubaid
Sarki
Sehkaniyan
Alan
Mus
Adaiyah
Barsarin
Mauddud
Nahr Umr
Upper
Qamchuqa
Shu' aiba
Upper
Sarmord
Middle
Sarmord
Lower
Sarmord
Lower
Qamchuqa
Garagu
Yamama
Zangura
Sulaiy Chia Gara
Balambo
Mishrif
Mishrif
Kifl Kifl
Rumaila Rumaila
Ahmadi
Wara
Ahmadi
M'sad
Rutbah
Mahil
Ban
Dokan
Dokan
Gulneri Gir
Bir
Mergi
Gudair
Sa'di Sa'di
Tanuma Tanuma
Khasib Khasib
Mushorah Mushorah
Kometan
Tayarat
Shiranish
Shiranish
Shiranish
Hartha Hartha
Digma Aqra
Aqra
Bekhme
Tanjero Shiranish
Safawi
Zagros
Mountains
Suffi
Najmah
Muhawir
Naolelekan
Butmah
Baluti
Harur
Ora
Kaista
Pirispiki
Chalki
Chia Zairi
Bakhtiari
Upper Fars
Lower Fars
Serikagni
Hartha
Derro
Judea
Upper Rutbah
Lower Rutbah
Upper Ga 'ara
Lower Ga 'ara
Hayyan
Jeribe
Soukhne
Haramoun
Amanous
Nimr
Kurra Chine Anhydrite
Kurra Chine Dolomite
Mulussa B
Mulussa B
Amanous Shale
Dolaa
Markada
Chalki
Tanf
Suffi
Affendi
Bedinan
Swab
Khanasser
Sosink
Zabuk
Ora
Kaista
Sargelu
Mus
Alan
Adaiyah
Palani
Jaddala
Aaliji
Burj
Salib
Lisan
Saqiye Grp
Shallala/Ma'an
Umm Rijam
Muwaqqai
Ghareb
Umm Ghadnan
Wadi Assir
Amman
Shueib hummar
Fuhays Na'ur
Kurnub
Arad Group
Ramon Group
Umm Irna
Mudwwara
Risha
Dubeidib
Hiswa
Umm Ishrin
Saramuj
?
?
Salib
Umm Sahim Swab
Burj
Disi
?
Judea G
roup
Kish Sha
SERRAVALLIAN
AQUITANIAN
PRIABONIAN
YPRESIAN
MAASTRICHTIAN
CAMPANIAN
TURONIAN
SANTONIAN
CONIACIAN
THANETIAN
CENOMANIAN
ALBIAN
APTIAN
BARREMIAN
HAUTERIVIAN HAUTERIVIAN
VALANGINIAN
BERRIASIAN
TITHONIAN
KIMMERIDGIAN
OXFORDIAN
CALLOVIAN
BATHONIAN
BAJOCIAN
AALENIAN
TOARCIAN
CARNIAN
LADINIAN
ANISIAN
SPATHIAN
SMITHIAN
DIENERIAN
GRIESBACHIAN
RHAETIAN-
NORIAN
PLIENSBACHIAN
SINEMURIAN
HETTANGIAN
T
E
R
T
IA
R
Y
(T
T
)
P
A
L
E
O
G
E
N
E
(P
g
)
N
E
O
G
E
N
E
(N
g
)
BURDIGALIAN
TORTONIAN
MESSINIAN
ZANCLEAN
PIACENZIAN
CHATTIAN
RUPELIAN
LUTETIAN
BARTONIAN
DANIAN
QUATERNARY
LANGHIAN
C
E
N
O
Z
O
IC
(C
z
)
M
E
S
O
Z
O
IC
(M
z
)
P
A
L
E
O
Z
O
IC
(P
z
)
P
R
O
T
E
R
O
Z
O
IC
INFRA-CAMBRIAN
C
R
E
T
A
C
E
O
U
S
(K
)
J
U
R
A
S
S
IC
(J
)
T
R
IA
S
S
IC
(T
r)
P
E
R
M
IA
N
D
E
V
O
N
IA
N
S
IL
U
R
IA
N
O
R
D
O
V
IC
IA
N
C
A
M
B
R
IA
N
C
A
R
B
O
N
IF
E
R
O
U
S
TATARIAN
KAZANIAN
UFIMIAN
KUNGURIAN
ARTINSKIAN
SAKMARIAN
ASSELIAN
WESTPHALIAN
NAMURIAN
VISEAN
TOURNAISIAN
FAMENNIAN
FRASNIAN
GIVETIAN
EIFELIAN
EMSIAN
PRAGIAN
LOCHKOVIAN
PRIDOLI
ASHGILL
CARADOC
LLANVIRN
ARENIG
TREMADOC
LATE
MIDDLE
EARLY
TELYCHIAN
HOMERIAN
LUDFORDIAN
GORSTIAN
SHEINWOODIAN
AERONIAN
RHUDDANIAN
STEPHANIAN
L
E
L
M
E
L
E
L
L
M
E
E
N
eocom
ian
EO
C
EN
E
PALEO
C
EN
E
"LATE"
(Senonian)
"M
ID
D
LE"
"EAR
LY"
LATE
M
alm
M
ID
D
LE
D
ogger
EAR
LY
Lias
LATE
M
ID
D
LE
EAR
LY
Scythian
PLIO
-
C
EN
E
M
IO
C
EN
E
O
LIG
O
C
EN
E
LLANDOVERY
W
EN-
LOCK
LUDLOW
LATE
EAR
LY
LATE
EAR
LY
LATE
LATE
EAR
LY
EAR
LY
M
ID
D
LE
M
ID
.
1.64
23.3 23.8 23.8
5.32
65.0 65.0 65.5
145.8 142.0 142.0
159.4
205.1
227.4
241.2
251.4
283.0
354.0 362.5 354.0
245.0 248.2
208.0 205.7
98.9
55.0
T
E
R
T
IA
R
Y
(T
T
)
P
A
L
E
O
G
E
N
E
(P
g
)
N
E
O
G
E
N
E
(N
g
)
QUATERNARY
C
E
N
O
Z
O
IC
(C
z
)
M
E
S
O
Z
O
IC
(M
z
)
P
A
L
E
O
Z
O
IC
(P
z
)
P
R
O
T
E
R
O
Z
O
IC
INFRA-CAMBRIAN
C
R
E
T
A
C
E
O
U
S
(K
)
J
U
R
A
S
S
IC
(J
)
T
R
IA
S
S
IC
(T
r)
P
E
R
M
IA
N
D
E
V
O
N
IA
N
S
IL
U
R
IA
N
O
R
D
O
V
IC
IA
N
C
A
M
B
R
IA
N
C
A
R
B
O
N
IF
E
R
O
U
S
LATE
MIDDLE
EARLY
SERRAVALLIAN
AQUITANIAN
PRIABONIAN
YPRESIAN
MAASTRICHTIAN
CAMPANIAN
TURONIAN
SANTONIAN
CONIACIAN
THANETIAN
CENOMANIAN
ALBIAN
APTIAN
BARREMIAN
HAUTERIVIAN
VALANGINIAN
BERRIASIAN
TITHONIAN
KIMMERIDGIAN
OXFORDIAN
CALLOVIAN
BATHONIAN
BAJOCIAN
AALENIAN
TOARCIAN
CARNIAN
LADINIAN
ANISIAN
SPATHIAN
SMITHIAN
DIENERIAN
GRIESBACHIAN
RHAETIAN-
NORIAN
PLIENSBACHIAN
SINEMURIAN
HETTANGIAN
BURDIGALIAN
TORTONIAN
MESSINIAN
ZANCLEAN
PIACENZIAN
CHATTIAN
RUPELIAN
LUTETIAN
BARTONIAN
DANIAN
LANGHIAN
TATARIAN
KAZANIAN
UFIMIAN
KUNGURIAN
ARTINSKIAN
SAKMARIAN
ASSELIAN
WESTPHALIAN
NAMURIAN
VISEAN
TOURNAISIAN
FAMENNIAN
FRASNIAN
GIVETIAN
EIFELIAN
EMSIAN
PRAGIAN
LOCHKOVIAN
PRIDOLI
ASHGILL
CARADOC
LLANVIRN
ARENIG
TREMADOC
TELYCHIAN
HOMERIAN
LUDFORDIAN
GORSTIAN
SHEINWOODIAN
AERONIAN
RHUDDANIAN
STEPHANIAN
L
E
L
M
E
L
E
L
L
M
E
E
N
eocom
ian
EO
C
EN
E
PALEO
C
EN
E
"LATE"
(Senonian)
"M
ID
D
LE"
"EAR
LY"
LATE
M
alm
M
ID
D
LE
D
ogger
EAR
LY
Lias
LATE
M
ID
D
LE
EAR
LY
Scythian
PLIO
-
C
EN
E
M
IO
C
EN
E
O
LIG
O
C
EN
E
LLANDOVERY
W
EN-
LOCK
LUDLOW
LATE
EAR
LY
LATE
EAR
LY
LATE
LATE
EAR
LY
EAR
LY
M
ID
D
LE
M
ID
.
AP11
AP10
AP9
AP8
AP7
AP6
AP5
AP4
AP3
AP2
AP1
AP11
AP10
AP9
AP8
AP7
AP6
AP5
AP4
AP3
AP2
AP1
34
92
33.7
149
182 180.1
255.0
295.0
364 364
443 440 445
545.0 540.0 570.0
520 520
1.64
23.3 23.8 23.8
5.32
65.0 65.0 65.5
145.8 142.0 142.0
159.4
205.1
227.4
241.2
251.4
283.0
354.0 362.5 354.0
245.0 248.2
208.0 205.7
98.9
55.0
34
92
33.7
149
182 180.1
255.0
295.0
364 364
443 440 445
545.0 540.0 570.0
520 520
P
E
R
IO
D
(System
)
E
P
O
C
H
(Series)
AGE
(Stage) APM
E
R
A
(Erathem
)
G
radstein
and
O
G
G
(1996)
H
arland
et al
(1990)
IC
S
(2002)
APM
G
radstein
and
O
G
G
(1996)
H
arland
et al
(1990)
IC
S
(2002)
P
E
R
IO
D
(System
)
E
P
O
C
H
(Series)
AGE
(Stage) E
R
A
(Erathem
)
JORDAN QATAR BAHRAIN SAUDI ARABIA KUWAIT
SOUTHWEST NORTHEAST SOUTH WEST NORTH KURDISTAN LURESTAN KHUZESTAN COASTAL FARS INTERIOR FARS NORTH CENTRAL SOUTH WEST EAST ABU DHABI NORTHERN
EMIRATES
IRAQ IRAN OMAN YEMEN UAE SYRIA
Volcanics
Provisional Stratigraphy of the Greater Arabian Gulf Region
This chart represents developments in stratigraphy for the greater Arabian Gulf
area, published during the period 2000 - 2003, and builds on the extensive work
of Moujahed Al-Husseini and Neil Stewart, illustrated by the 'Preliminary
Chronostratigraphic Chart of the Gulf Region' published by Gulf PetroLink in
2000. This chart maintains the same presentation format, portraying
generalised stratigraphic columns at representative sites. Similarly, the
simplified lithology is expressed with the widely recognised standard GeoArabia
colours. New to this chart, is the tectonic megasequence framework of Sharland
et al. (2000).

Many sources were used for the update and construction of this provisional
version, and more information is continuously becoming available in the public
domain. Crucially, Sharland et al. are in the process of publishing a revised
megasequence framework for the Middle East which will have impact on our
regional understanding of age assignments for the lithostratigraphic rock units.
The chart will be updated and submitted for full technical and editorial review
with the objective of publication, accompanied by a full bibliography, in
GeoArabia later this year.
Stratigraphy
of the Gulf
PGS Reservoir Consultants
Tel: +44 1628 641 000
Fax: +44 1628 641 200
PGS Onshore
Tel: +1 281 589 6732
Petroleum Geo-Services
www.pgs.com
STRATIGRAPHIC
LEGEND
Limestone
Dolomite
Basinal marl,
shale and limestone
Sandstone
Siltstone
Anhydrite
Salt
Ophiolite
HYDROCARBON
LEGEND
Oil reservoir
Gas reservoir
Source rock
Index Map
IRAN
IRAQ
UAE
YEMEN
TURKEY
JORDAN
Azraq Graben
Marib Graben
Palmyra & Sinjar Troughs
Zagros Fold Belt
Alborz
Zagros Suture
Dead Sea Fault Zone
Sirjan Block
Sanandaj Ranges
Mardin High
Khleissia-Mosul
High Aleppo High
Urumieh
Dokhtar
Magmatic
Arc
Najd Fault Trend
Owen-Sheba
Fracture
Zone
Tehran
Riyadh
Doha
Abu Dhabi
Muscat
Sanaa
Damascus
Amman
Central Iran
Central Iran
Micro-plates
Oman
Mountains
Kopeh Dagh
Fold/thrust belts
L E G E N D
Intraplate inversion zone
Tertiary basins
Precambrian
Salt
Basins
Hercynian mobile zone
Ophiolites
Calcarenite alkaline
volcanics
Alkaline basalts
Crystalline basement
Main structural high Spreading axis
Compression, thrust
or reverse fault
Extension, normal fault
Oil fields
Gas fields
SYRIA
OMAN
Baghdad
N
Med
Sea
Gulf of Oman
Arabian Gulf
Gulf of Aden
Caspian Sea
Arabian
Sea
Red Sea
Km
0 500
36 40 44 48 52 56 60
36
32
28
24
20
16
60 56 52 48 44 40 36
16
20
24
28
32
36
Bitlis Suture
Makran Zone
Arabian
Shield
South Syria
Platform
SAUDI ARABIA
QATAR
BAHRAIN
KUWAIT
Reproduced from Konert et al. (2001) by permission of Gulf PetroLink
Produced by:
PGS Reservoir Consultants is a leading European
organisation providing exploration and production consultancy
services with over 20 years experience worldwide. Our
services are designed to maximise the value of oil and gas
company assets, from licensing and exploration through to
appraisal, development, production and abandonment.
With our unrivalled experience and network of contacts around the world PGS Reservoir
Consultants is uniquely positioned to provide the following services:
Integrated Field Studies - Geoscientists, reservoir engineers, cost engineers and
petroleum economists, providing a cost-effective service for modelling oil and gas fields
for reservoir development and production management.
Mega Survey Seismic Interpretation - Re-evaluation of existing interests and
identification of potential opportunities in new areas by Integration of multiple 3D surveys.
Farm-out Services, Promotions & Data Room Services - Market, promote and
manage farm-out or divestment of your assets.
Reserves Certification and Reporting - Independent expert valuation to SPE-WPC,
LSE, SEC or individual country standards and regulations.
Asset and Portfolio Evaluation - Technical experts to inspect data and perform
technical and economic evaluation of farm-in and property acquisition opportunities.
Subsurface Asset Management - From the planning of seismic acquisition, and
evaluation of the drilling programme to managing production optimisation.
Subsurface Technical Resources - Our comprehensive database of proven technical
consultants and extensive regional expertise ensures that we can find the right person to
suit your needs.
Sponsored by:
PGS Onshore is a leading seismic acquisition contractor
providing best in class service in land, transition zone and
shallow water worldwide. We have built our company to
provide superior geophysical imaging solutions in challenging
and complex environments by equipping highly experienced
people with proven operating abilities around the world with the best
equipment available.

Equipment PGS Onshore operates the largest inventory of new, state of the art, land
equipment in the industry. We continue investing in new applications development for
desert, arctic and transition zone environments. Managers and field staff are proven
innovators.
People PGS Onshore has attracted and retained a cadre of personnel whose depth of
experience operating all over the world is unequalled. Management brings a proven
customer network. PGS Onshores regional and field management has experience in 62
countries worldwide, including all major petroleum provinces.
HD3D High Density 3D (HD3D) provides superior reservoir quality imaging with an
order of magnitude greater trace density at rates that compete with current conventional
3D surveys. The HD3D product enables imaging structural and stratigraphic details
not available with conventional 3D data.