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BOEING 767 SYSTEMS REVIEW

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PNEUMATICS

1. GENERAL
Air for Air conditioning & pressurization Wing & Engine anti-ice Engine start Cargo heat Center hydraulic system ADP (Air Driven Pump) Hydraulic Reservoir Pressure

2. ENGINE BLEED AIR SUPPLY


Left & Right engine bleed air supplies are similar & pneumatics energy comes either from : - High Pressure (HP) Engine compressor section - Low Pressure (LP) Low thrust = HP valve open. High thrust = HP valve closed. Bleed Air valves are used for pressure control and : - are electrically commanded - are pressure actuated - close during period of low air demand.

3. PNEUMATIC DUCTING
Normal flight procedures require isolation between Left and Right systems after engine start : - Each engine supplies air to its corresponding Air Cond. Pack, Wing Anti-ice, Thrust reverser & Hydraulic reservoir. - Both engines supply air to the Center pneumatic duct. - Separation of the system is controlled by the L & R isolation valves controlled by the L & R Isol. Switches. - A bypass around each isolation valve allows airflow from the engine for FWD cargo compartment heat & to supply the Center pneumatic duct. The pressures read on the Pneumatic Duct Pressure Indicator should be approximately equal Center Isolation switch controls Bleed airflow into or out of the Center pneumatic duct. The switch is ON for normal operation. After engine start, air is bypassed around the L & R isolation valves into the crossover manifold & then into the Center pneumatic duct for distribution to the using systems : - Center hydraulic system demand Air Driven Pump (ADP) - Aft cargo compartment heat - Bulk cargo compartment heat - Center hydraulic reservoir

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BOEING 767 SYSTEMS REVIEW

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4. APU BLEED AIR SUPPLY


APU is connected to the pneumatic system through the APU Bleed Air Valve : - VALVE light illuminates momentarily indicating a disagreement while the valve is in transit. - Opens with APU at normal speed through the Center pneumatic duct. - Closes after the first engine start. - Reopens during the start cycle of the other engine. - With engines running, cannot be opened unless Center isolation valve closed & both engine bleed valves closed (Check valve in the center duct + APU bleed Air Valve). Barometric control of APU components automatically reduces APU pneumatic pressure and results in insufficient pressure for cabin pressurization > 20.000 ft.

5. GROUND PNEUMATIC SUPPLY


2 ground connectors on the Left side of the a/c permit 2 Packs operation or engine start. L + R ISLN switches should be ON for : - air conditioning pack - engine starting

6.

DUCT LEAK TEST

Checks the continuity of the leak detector loops. Illumination of the three DUCT LEAK + EICAS Caution messages = no fault BODY DUCT LEAK msg is a leak in the CENTER duct.

7. ENG STRUT LEAK TEST


Checks the continuity of the detectors and simulate a strut leak. Illumination of L&R DUCT LEAK lights + EICAS Caution message = no fault. Releasing the switch terminates the test. For resetting the system, Engine Bleed Air switches must be cycled to unlatch the PRV & HPSOV and return to normal operation.

8.

FAULTS
L/R ISLN VALVE

- ON (alternate action) : opens Isolation Valve - VALVE (amber) : Isolation Valve position disagrees with switch signalled position.

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BOEING 767 SYSTEMS REVIEW

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APU V A L V E

ON

(amber) : APU bleed air valve disagrees with signalled position.

L/R ENG

O F F

ON

- ON (alternate action) : opens engine bleed air valves if engine is operating - OFF (amber) : engine bleed air valve closed + EICAS msg.

DUCT LEAK

(amber)

- Bleed air leak in the Left, Right or engine strut pneumatic duct + EICAS msg. or - system test Bleed air and isolation switches to be selected OFF in case of Bleed duct leak = back to normal when the temperature has cooled if the light remain ON, a leak exists between the L and R isolation valves Strut duct leak = light remain illuminated

BLEED

(amber) : Engine HPSOV (High Pressure Shutoff Valve) and/or Pressure Regulating valves are open when they should be closed + EICAS msg BLEED + Eng. HPSOV = the HPSOV is open when only low pressure is required BLEED + Eng. PRV = the pressure regulating valve has failed open - Engine Bleed Air over temperature + EICAS msg and - Engine Bleed air valves are automatically closed + EICAS msg OVHT gives a signal to close the engine bleed valve > idem for PRV and HPSOV unless strut duct leak exist : - PRV reopens with engine anti-ice - HPSOV and PRV reopens for Thrust reverser reset = BLEED AIR SWITCH ON and OFF A only one reset recommended.

OVHT

(amber)

D U C T

L E A K

(amber)

- Bleed air leak in the centre pneumatic duct + EICAS msg or - System test + EICAS msg

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BOEING 767 SYSTEMS REVIEW

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PNEUMATICS SYSTEM (PW)

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BOEING 767 SYSTEMS REVIEW

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PNEUMATICS SYSTEM (GE)

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BOEING 767 SYSTEMS REVIEW

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Copyright Smartcockpit.com Ludovic ANDRE / version 00