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RELEASE NOTES FOR NEMO OUTDOOR 6.4.0.

7
5 of December 2012
th

Kiviharjunlenkki 1D | FI-90220 Oulu | Finland | tel. +358 50 395 7700 | fax +358 8 551 6183 | www.anite.com/nemo

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Introduction .............................................................................................................................................................. 5 New Applications & Features .................................................................................................................................... 6 2.1 Applications ....................................................................................................................................................... 6 New Video Streaming Statistics for YouTube Testing............................................................................... 6 Qchat Support (PTT Calls) ......................................................................................................................... 8 HTTPS Transfer Protocol ........................................................................................................................... 9 Support for Content Encoding Information with HTTP Browsing............................................................. 9 Using External Applications with Nemo Invex .......................................................................................... 9

2.1.1 2.1.2 2.1.3 2.1.4 2.1.5 2.2

New Devices ...................................................................................................................................................... 9 Samsung Galaxy S III ................................................................................................................................. 9 Nokia 500 .................................................................................................................................................. 9

2.2.1 2.2.2 2.3

New Features .................................................................................................................................................. 10 ANR CGI Reporting.................................................................................................................................. 10 Nemo FSR1 Scanner Handler Improvements ......................................................................................... 11 Altair Handler Improvements ................................................................................................................. 11 Qualcomm Handler Improvements ........................................................................................................ 12 Updated GSM/UMTS/LTE NAS L3 Decoders ........................................................................................... 14 Rohde & Schwarz TSMW Scanner Handler Features .............................................................................. 14 PCTel EX/ MX Scanner Handler Improvements ...................................................................................... 18 Manufacturer & Model Information ...................................................................................................... 19 Measurement Error Events Written for Nemo Invex Hardware Alerts .................................................. 19 CPU Information Logged into Measurement File Header ...................................................................... 19

2.3.1 2.3.2 2.3.3 2.3.4 2.3.5 2.3.6 2.3.7 2.3.8 2.3.9 2.3.10 3

User Interface .......................................................................................................................................................... 19 3.1 Script Enhancements ....................................................................................................................................... 19 Waiting for Custom Condition in Script Wait Command ........................................................................ 19 Counters and Timers in Script Files ........................................................................................................ 20 Script Option to Prevent Script Stopping During Connection Establishment ......................................... 22

3.1.1 3.1.2 3.1.3 3.2 3.3

Editing BTS Files............................................................................................................................................... 22 Map Enhancements ........................................................................................................................................ 22 OpenStreetMap Maps ............................................................................................................................ 22 Loading KMZ Map Files in Indoor View .................................................................................................. 22

3.3.1 3.3.2 3.4

Other User Interface Enhancements ............................................................................................................... 23 Show Advanced Device Measurement Options in Devices Window ...................................................... 23 Nemo Invex UIC Slot ID and UIC Temperature Information ................................................................... 23 User Defined Measurement Filename Templates .................................................................................. 23 Timezone Adjustment for GPS Time Synchronization ............................................................................ 23
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3.4.1 3.4.2 3.4.3 3.4.4

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3.4.5 3.4.6 3.4.7 3.5 4 5

Locking to Multiple Bands with Band Lock ............................................................................................. 24 Exporting Data Views as Word and PowerPoint Documents ................................................................. 24 Measurement Export Option for Exporting Multiple Measurement into Single Export File .................. 24

Miscellaneous.................................................................................................................................................. 24

Version History ........................................................................................................................................................ 25 New Devices ............................................................................................................................................................ 25 5.1 5.2 5.3 Handsets and USB Modems ............................................................................................................................ 26 Scanning Receivers .......................................................................................................................................... 27 Nemo Outdoor 6.4.0.7 New Devices and Licenses ......................................................................................... 28

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Qualcomm-based WCDMA and CDMA2000 Terminals and Data Cards ................................................................. 28 Computer Hardware and Software Requirements ................................................................................................. 29 Device Configuration and Workspace Files ............................................................................................................. 29 Installation............................................................................................................................................................... 30 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 Supported Operating Systems ........................................................................................................................ 30 First-time Installation ...................................................................................................................................... 30 Update/Upgrade ............................................................................................................................................. 30 Uninstallation .................................................................................................................................................. 30 HASP Dongle Runtime Drivers ......................................................................................................................... 31

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Limitations and Issues with Windows 7 Operating System .................................................................................... 31 File Format Changes ................................................................................................................................................ 32 Known Issues ........................................................................................................................................................... 32 12.1 12.2 General & User Interface ................................................................................................................................ 32 UEs................................................................................................................................................................... 33 Altair-based UEs ..................................................................................................................................... 33 Cassidian Handsets ................................................................................................................................. 33 Datang/Leadcore Handsets .................................................................................................................... 34 Motorola Handsets ................................................................................................................................. 34 Nokia Handsets ....................................................................................................................................... 34 Samsung Chipset-based UEs ................................................................................................................... 37 Qualcomm GSM/WCDMA-based UEs .................................................................................................... 38 Qualcomm (MDM9200/ 9600)-based UEs ............................................................................................. 42 LG LTE Modems (LG1000/ LG 2000) ....................................................................................................... 49 Qualcomm 3GPP2-based UEs ................................................................................................................. 49

12.2.1 12.2.2 12.2.3 12.2.4 12.2.5 12.2.6 12.2.7 12.2.8 12.2.9 12.2.10 12.3

Scanner Receivers ........................................................................................................................................... 49 Anritsu Scanners ..................................................................................................................................... 49 Nemo FSR1 Scanner................................................................................................................................ 49 PCTEL Scanners ....................................................................................................................................... 50

12.3.1 12.3.2 12.3.3

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12.3.4 12.4

Rohde & Schwarz Scanners .................................................................................................................... 51

Nemo Invex ..................................................................................................................................................... 52 General ................................................................................................................................................... 52 Nemo Invex USB Isolation Module ......................................................................................................... 52 Nemo Invex UIC Module......................................................................................................................... 52

12.4.1 12.4.2 12.4.3 12.5

Other Devices .................................................................................................................................................. 53 GPS receivers .......................................................................................................................................... 53 TerraTec DMX 6Fire & Maya44 USB Sound Cards .................................................................................. 53 Beceem BCS200/BCSM 250/3300 Wimax .............................................................................................. 55

12.5.1 12.5.2 12.5.3 12.6 13 14

Applications & Protocols ................................................................................................................................. 55

Troubleshooting Device Connectivity Issues ........................................................................................................... 57 Troubleshooting Data Transfer Issues ..................................................................................................................... 58 14.1 PS Connection Works but No Data .................................................................................................................. 58 UAC Settings ........................................................................................................................................... 58 Antivirus Filtering ................................................................................................................................... 59

14.1.1 14.1.2 14.2

Low Data Throughputs .................................................................................................................................... 59 All Windows Versions ............................................................................................................................. 61 Windows XP ............................................................................................................................................ 62 Windows Vista/Windows7 ..................................................................................................................... 62

14.2.1 14.2.2 14.2.3 14.3

Issues with HTTP Browsing Testing ................................................................................................................. 64

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1 Introduction
Nemo Outdoor is a pioneering and leading-edge network measurement, optimization, and benchmarking solution for perfecting the air interface of wireless networks. It collects measurement results and geographical coordinates, and these measurement results further provide valuable information for network planning, roll-out, tuning, verification, optimization, maintenance, and benchmarking purposes. Nemo Outdoor is always among the first-to-market with support for the very latest technologies, such as, LTE FDD and TDD, HSPA+ dual cell, CDMA, 1xEVDO, GSM, WCDMA, WiMAX, iDEN, TETRA and TD-SCDMA measurements.

Nemo Outdoor provides our customers with the flexibility and choice to meet the specific and growing needs of the ever-evolving markets. Its powerful platform is expandable beyond current trends to those of the future, and all of this materializes on a single platform. With Nemo Outdoor you can perform not only drive testing but also QoS and benchmarking measurements on every standard network technology and on multiple simultaneous data connections. This empowers the operators to reach both optimal network performance and time and cost-effectiveness.

Nemo Outdoor is extremely easy to set up, configure and use. Furthermore, Nemo Outdoors utterly customizable and smooth user interface offers the users the possibility to customize data views and workspaces for their specific needs at any given time. This flexibility further manifests itself in the open file format (ASCII) which enables customers to integrate in their optimization processes the use of not only the upscale Anites post-processing tool Nemo Analyze, but also those of third-party vendors. In addition, Nemo Outdoors import/export feature allows for all user settings to be transferred to or from another computer.

Through our close cooperation with several mobile and scanner manufacturers we ensure that our customers always get to select amongst the latest test equipment. Currently Nemo Outdoor supports more than 270 test terminals and scanner receivers, a figure which is constantly on the increase to meet the rapidly changing customer needs for optimal satisfaction.

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2 New Applications & Features


2.1 Applications
2.1.1 New Video Streaming Statistics for YouTube Testing

YouTube video support using HTTP links was introduced in Nemo Outdoor version 6.30. The reasons why YouTube was selected as the preferred service for video streaming testing with Nemo Outdoor is that YouTube produces 22% of the total global mobile traffic according to statistics [1]. Moreover, when inspecting only streaming services, YouTube represents 52% of the total global mobile streaming. That is, YouTube is by far the most popular streaming application over the globe. With Nemo Outdoor, statistical information can be collected, such as, number of data attempts, failed data connections, data drops, successful data transfers, throughputs, and stream state. With the latest version of Nemo Outdoor and additional trigger points, users can perform comprehensive YouTube video testing from the end-user QoS perspective. New KPIs are needed due to the reason that when streaming is performed using the HTTP/TCP transport mechanism, video quality degradation is avoided. HTTP streaming is used by all Android and iOS based handsets. KPIs seen with the RTSP/UDP transport mechanism, such as video quality jitter and video quality jerkiness, are obsolete. With the HTTP/TCP transport mechanism, video quality MOS is always either 1 (annoying) or 5 (perfect) on the MOS scale. Video quality MOS 1 presents a situation where video streaming (playing) is totally frozen. VLC player version 2.04 is required. It can be down loaded from http://www.videolan.org/.

The following new KPIs are recorded in addition to network availability and accessibility (PS data connections and data transfer statistics): Service Accessibility Streaming Set Up Success Rate (%) Definition Condition Trigger Points Ratio of successful stream playing starts after user requests the stream. PDP context is activated. Start: User initiates the video request. Data request (DREQ) event in the measurement file with streaming status Stop: The video streaming starts. First data stream status (DSS) event with buffering status Computation Connection Time-out Number of Successful Data Attempts 100 Total Number of Streaming Data Request Attempts

If the time for the video to initiate is greater than X seconds, the attempt is counted as failure. Connection time-out time can be set by user via Nemo Outdoor user interface. Default value is 30s.

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Service Retainability Streaming Completion Success Rate (%) Definition Proportion of the times that the video is played until the end and the number of video streaming playing started. Condition Trigger Points Video streaming playing has started successfully. Start: Video streaming playing starts. First data stream status (DSS) event with playing status. Stop: Video streaming reaches the end of the stream. Data transfer completed (DCOMP) event with transfer status. Computation Transfer Time-out Successful Streaming Data Transfers 100 Streaming

After the playing is stopped for some reason and if the time for the video to restart is greater than X seconds, the attempt is counted as a streaming data drop. Transfer time-out time can be set by user via Nemo Outdoor user interface. Default value is 30s.

Service Integrity Streaming Setup Delay [s] Definition Condition Trigger Points Duration between the point that the user requests the video and the start of the playing. The playing starts. Start: user requests the video. Data request (DREQ) event in the measurement file with streaming status Stop: Video streaming playing starts. First data stream status (DSS) event with playing status. Computation Connection Time-out t t s If the time for the video to initiate is greater than X seconds, the attempt is counted as failure. Connection time-out time can be set by user via Nemo Outdoor user interface. Default value is 30s. Additional KPIs Stream duration Streamed duration Written to DSS event. Video duration Written to DSS event. Actual video duration including start delay and rebuffering time, i.e., the total delay experienced by user. Streaming buffering Playback position Video resolution Written to DSS event. Number of buffering events during playing Written to DSS event. Showing playback position at the moment Written to DSS event.

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The following KPIs are available with Nemo Analyze post-processing tool. Streaming Delay Ratio Definition Ratio that indicates the proportion between the length of the video stream and the actual length of the playing counting start delay and rebuffering time, i.e., the total delay experienced by user. Condition Trigger Points Video playing has been successful until the end. Start: User requests the video. Data request (DREQ) event in the measurement file with streaming status Stop: Stream is ended. Data transfer completed (DCOMP) event with successful transfer status. Computation Remarks Additional KPIs Duration of buffering Duration of buffering during playing Video Length s Start Delay s + Rebufferings + Video Lengths The closer to the unity indicates the better streaming experience.

User can also set the rebuffering timeout time with video streaming testing via the Nemo Outdoor user interface. It sets the maximum allowed buffering duration during video playback. References: [1] Allot MobileTrends: Global Mobile Broadband Traffic Report. Allot Communications, H1, 2011 [2] Video Streaming Development, Omnitele 2.1.2 Qchat Support (PTT Calls)

QChat is a Push-to-Talk (PTT) technology developed by Qualcomm. QChat, an application developed for the BREW platform, is a PTT communication technology for 3G networks. QChat handsets and server software allow users to connect instantaneously with other QChat users anywhere in the world with the push of a button. In addition, QChat enables one-to-one (private) and one-to-many (group) calls over the 3G networks.[3] QChat uses standard Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) technologies. Voice information is sent in digital form over IPbased data networks (including CDMA) in discrete packets rather than traditional circuit-switched protocols, such as those used in the public switched telephone network (PSTN). PTT calls must be performed using the keypad of the phone when used with Nemo Outdoor application. Normal call events and statistics are written when attempting or ending PTT calls. Different states of PTT calls, such as idle, getting ready to receive, receiving, transmitting are written to VCHI event. Please see the file format specification for further information. RTP packets are recorded and decoded with Nemo Outdoor application. Qchat is an optional feature in Nemo Outdoor application and requires the license option 320081-20. QChat PTT calls can be performed, for example, with the Kyocera DuraMax E4255 handset.

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References: [3] Reuters Company Overview, Qualcomm Incorporated 2.1.3 HTTPS Transfer Protocol

Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure is a widely used communications protocol for secure communication over a computer network. HTTPS file data transfers and also HTTPS browsing can be done with Nemo Outdoor application using manual or automated mode. 2.1.4 Support for Content Encoding Information with HTTP Browsing

When Decode content option is selected from Nemo Outdoor user interface and HTTP data is compressed, the transfer is identified by content encoding information (e.g. gzip). Information is written to DCONTENT event. This information is useful, for example, when benchmarking performance of HTTP browsing between different operators and page downloading times differ. 2.1.5 Using External Applications with Nemo Invex

External applications are ran in the UIC module instead of the controlling PC. User must set the command line in the script file to point to the appropriate folder and file located on the UIC module.

2.2 New Devices


2.2.1 Samsung Galaxy S III

The latest Nemo Outdoor version 6.40 introduces support for several new Samsung Galaxy S III handsets: o o o Samsung Galaxy S III (GT-i9305, EU) Samsung Galaxy S III (SCH-i535, Verizon) Samsung Galaxy S III (SPH-L710, Sprint)

Measurements from 2G to 4G are supported with the updated Qualcomm handler including CSFB calls. Please see the Nemo Outdoor Qualcomm LTE and CDMA/ EVDO data sheets for further information. 2.2.2 Nokia 500

Nokia 500 based on the Symbian OS is supported with voice, voice quality, and ps data testing also with multi system configurations controlled with single CPU. Requires Nokia 500 handler option (320075-15). Handset does not support video call testing.

Please see chapter 5. New Devices for a full list of new test devices verified by Anite Finland.

Kiviharjunlenkki 1D | FI-90220 Oulu | Finland | tel. +358 50 395 7700 | fax +358 8 551 6183 | www.anite.com/nemo

2.3 New Features


2.3.1 ANR CGI Reporting

In LTE, the UE detects neighbor cells independently. Operator must set X2 and/ or S1 objects to the network to be able to make handovers between cells. In case the network or the UE does not support the Automatic Neighbor Relation (ANR) functionality , the UE detects unknown PCIs, measures, and reports back to the network with a measurement report. If X2/ S1 objects are not set to the network, it is not possible to perform handovers, and most likely the connection between an eNB and a UE is lost. The purpose of the Automatic Neighbor Relation (ANR) functionality is to help manage neighbor relations of eNBs. When a UE detects an unknown PCI, it reports the Eutran Cell Global ID (ECGI) of the unknown cell to the network. Based on the reported ECGI information, the network creates neighbor relation to the new cell. ANR information is decoded and shown in the user interface of Nemo Outdoor and also logged to file whenever the network sends a CGI reporting command to the UE (cellForWhichToReportCGI) and when the UE reports neighbor cells (measResultNeighCells) to the network. Information is logged to the Automatic neighbor relation information event including ANR type, channel number, PCI, Cell ID, TAC, MCC, and MNC. Notifications and statistics can be shown for ANR events as well.

Figure 1. Example views of ANR information.

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2.3.2

Nemo FSR1 Scanner Handler Improvements

The following new functionalities are supported with Nemo Outdoor 6.40 onwards. It should be noted that the ICD of the Nemo FSR1 scanner with the firmware version 3.1 is backwards compatible with Nemo Outdoor 6.31 and 6.30. WCDMA L3 message decoding (Optional feature, FSR5600-00) o Provides full BCCH message decoding. BCCH decoding can be activated via measurement properties All existing customers are entitled to get a free update to firmware version 3.1 including WCDMA L3 message decoding. 2.3.3 Support for Nemo FSR1 autodetection o Scanner is detected automatically by Nemo Outdoor application

New scanning modes for WCDMA : High dynamic and high speed Altair Handler Improvements

The following new parameters and features have been added: New parameters: o o o Support for RSSI level information (Cellmeas) RLCRATE & RLCRATEU Total RLC throughput and RLC throughputs / RB supported MACRATE & MACRATEU Throughputs supported NOTE! RLC & MAC throughputs are supported on the latest Altair SW package, ALT3100_04_00_02_00_32_TF. Previous versions do not report these parameters.

LTE precoding matrix indicator (WB PMI)

Written to CQI event. Requires Altair SW package, ALT3100_03_02_00_00_10_TF o PRB utilization UL (in TDD mode)

PRB utilization DL

Written to PLAIU and PLAID events. New features: o o Device removal notification support Support for band lock

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Locking to multiple LTE FDD and LTE TDD bands simultaneously is supported 2.3.4 2.3.4.1 Qualcomm Handler Improvements LTE

The following new LTE parameters and features have been added: New parameters: o LTE precoding matrix indicator (WB PMI)

Written to CHI event o CQI per subband

Written to CHI event o PRB utilization UL

PRB utilization UL/Index

PRB utilization DL

PRB utilization DL/Index

Written to PLAIU and PLAID events.

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RACH logical root sequence index

Support for cyclic prefix with LTE

Root sequence and CP information is written to CHI event

Support for LTE CS fallback events and statistics. The following statistics are logged: o o o o o o o CS fallback voice call attempts CS fallback voice call attempt failures CS fallback voice call attempt failures (system failure) CS fallback voice call connects (MOC/ MTC)

CS fallback voice call attempt success rate CS fallback voice call setup time (MOC/ MTC) CS fallback calls received (MTC calls)

Support for MMS messaging with LTE packet session o MMS message sending and receiving is enabled when the access point name of the existing packet session matches the access point name configured for MMS messages. This can be used in LTE networks where MMS messages can be sent/received over the LTE APN

2.3.4.2

WCDMA

Neighbor cell index information is written to NLIST event.

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2.3.4.3

LG Handler Improvements

The following new LTE parameters have been added: o PRB utilization UL

PRB utilization DL

Written to PLAIU and PLAID events. 2.3.5 Updated GSM/UMTS/LTE NAS L3 Decoders

All decoders have been updated and are 3GPP Rel. 10 compliant. LTE RRC decoder Rel 10. Ver. 10.6.0. 2.3.6 2.3.6.1 Rohde & Schwarz TSMW Scanner Handler Features LTE MIMO Measurements with R&S TSMW

Multiple input multiple output (MIMO) technologies are an essential component of state-of-the-art mobile radio systems such as HSPA+1 and LTE2 and are key to achieving extremely ambitious capacity goals that include providing stable data rates in the two- to three-digit megabit per second range over a broad coverage area. The use of spatial multiplexing allows the data rates to be multiplied without requiring additional bandwidth or increasing the overall transmit power. However, the effectiveness of these technologies is not always guaranteed. The MIMO channel state information (CSI) can be used to determine whether spatial multiplexing is practicable. For example, under certain circumstances (such as identically polarized radio waves), spatial multiplexing does not bring any benefit with respect to capacity even with a direct line of sight (LOS) between the transmitter and the receiver, while it is of much more benefit in extreme cases of multipath propagation (such as indoor reception). Assessing the status of a MIMO channel requires a continuous evaluation of complex matrices. Fortunately, relatively simple mathematical indicators, such as the channel rank and condition, can be interpreted for a rapid assessment of the MIMO channel. [5] All of the MIMO specific measurements are based on the full bandwidth and can be applied to 4x2 and 2x2 MIMO systems. The output is basically the channel matrix with complex values, meaning amplitude and phase. This measurement needs to be done by each terminal using MIMO. Out of the channel matrix a so-called Singular-ValueDecomposition is calculated. The results are called Singular Values and are used to get the Condition Number (CN). The condition number qualifies the channel whether it is ill-conditioned (MIMO not applicable) or well-conditioned (MIMO usable). In a case with CN < 10 dB, this well-conditioned channel matrix would be useful when recovering the data streams. If the CN were >15 dB, it could be expected that data recovery would be very sensitive to noise.

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Figure 2. Channel matrix with condition number [5]

R&S TSMW provides the condition number and rank information to Nemo Outdoor once per second. MIMO scanning results are reported for up to 32 cells (PCI) simultaneously. Condition number and other parameters shown in the figure 3. are logged for each cell separately and contains scanning results per physical resource block. Low condition number (CN) represents good conditions for MIMO. But the full MIMO performance also depends on the SINR of the signal. So the system performance of a system with CN=0 dB and SINR=15 dB would be equal to a system with CN=15 dB and SINR=20 dB1. Bottom-line, the performance of a MIMO system depends on the Signal-to-Noise-Ratio and also on the Condition Number. To understand throughput issues, both values need to be considered. The rank of the channel matrix is thus an indicator of how many data streams can be spatially multiplexed on the MIMO channel. The rank and condition of a channel matrix also exist for every possible matrix dimension and thus for every possible MIMO constellation. [6]

The following new MIMO parameters shown in the figure 3. are logged with Nemo Outdoor in addition to parameters available per port. Values are written to PRBSCAN event. Please note that option 315021-13 (LTE MIMO Scanner Option TSMW-K30 1514.4085.02) is required to be able to make MIMO measurement with the R&S TSMW scanning receiver. TSMW firmware version 1.13 is required.

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Figure 3.Supported R&S TSMW MIMO parameters.

The following TX/RX combinations are available in the Vicom interface and are logged by Nemo Outdoor application when WB scanning mode is used. Antenna port combinations are logged to OFDMASCAN event. The configuration of the measurement task includes which eNB TX antenna port to measure: any combination of 0, 1, 2, and 3. On which receiver frontend to measure: RX0, RX1, or both. Each measurement result includes which TX-RX combination was measured. For example, TX0 RX1 means Reference Signal from eNB antenna 0 was measured on receiver frontend 1.

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Figure 4.Supported R&S TSMW parameters/ antenna port/ port combinations. 2.3.6.2 LTE MIMO Antenna

Optional R&S MIMO antenna 42101-12 (TSMW-Z8 MIMO, 1518.1851.02) is required. NOTE! MIMO antenna is not included in the option 315021-13 (LTE MIMO Scanner Option TSMW-K30 1514.4085.02) and it must be ordered separately. The antenna must be used only indoors.

Key Benefits One antenna covers all bands between 700 MHz 2700 MHz Applicable for 2x2 or 4x2 MIMO scenarios Reference MIMO antenna meets LTE MIMO requirements (balanced gain, high isolation and low correlation coefficient)

Figure 5.R&S TSMW Z8 MIMO antenna [8].

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References: [5] Rohde & Schwarz Assessing a MIMO Channel [6] How a R&STSMW scanner brings special advantage in a drive test system [8] Technical information TSMW_Z8 2.3.6.3 Built-in GPS Data with R&S TSMW Scanner

The TSMW has a built-in GPS receiver. The SuperSense technology even allows a position fix with very poor GPS satellite signals. In some cases this even works indoor, like in shopping malls with a thin metal roof. The scanner can use the GPS for the synchronization but it does not need a GPS to get measurements. When no GPS is available, the TSMW is able to use technology related Synch Channels for its own synchronization. The internal GPS can detect satellites with -148 dBm for initial acquisition and then with -158 dBm for tracking the satellites. So once the position fix is done, its even more sensitive. Internal GPS receiver of TSMW can be activated via Nemo Outdoor user interface under measurement properties and it can be used also to log GPS coordinates to measurement files. [7]

[7] How a R&STSMW scanner brings special advantage in a drive test system 2.3.7 2.3.7.1 PCTel EX/ MX Scanner Handler Improvements PCTel EX+ Scanner Receivers

PCTel EX+ scanners are supported on the Nemo Outdoor platform with PCTel EX and EX LTE handlers. To be able to simultaneously measure GSM/ WCDMA and LTE systems, both PCTel EX and PCTel EX LTE licenses are required. NOTE! All PCTel EX+ scanners with known system and band configurations are supported. Due to the large variety of different systems and bands available with EX and EX+ scanners, Anite Finland cannot quarantee full compabilty with all models. Please see the Nemo Outdoor 6.4.0.7 Compatible Devices 5th December 2012.pdf for further information about the supported systems and band variants. A combination of the listed systems and bands can be used with EX+ platform. For example, from the list we can see that support for EX models LTE E800/2600 (UL/DL) and GSM 900/1800 WCDMA 2100 already exist in Nemo Outdoor. If these bands exists in the PCTel EX+ scanner, the device can be added to Nemo Outdoor as two different scanning receivers. In case the supported systems and bands differ from the currently supported models, the scanner cannot be used with Nemo Outdoor application. 2.3.7.2 GSM BCCH & WCDMA BCH Layer 3 Message Decoding with PCTel MX

User can select full L3 message decoding for GSM (SI) and WCDMA (SIB) separately. This requires the following options: MX GSM Layer 3 Option OP522-GSM (315016-07) and MX WCDMA Layer 3 Option OP522-WCDMA (31501608).

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2.3.7.3 2.3.8

LTE 800MHz ESMR and WCDMA 1800 Band Support with PCTel MX Scanner E-UTRA band 26, 814 MHz to 849 MHz DL, 859 MHz to 894 MHz UL. Known as ESMR 800 MHz (superset of bands V, VI XVIII, and XIX). WCDMA 1800 (band III) 1805- 1880MHz. Manufacturer & Model Information

Information can be seen for all test devices under configuration manager window during measurement and playback. 2.3.9 Measurement Error Events Written for Nemo Invex Hardware Alerts

Hardware alerts are written as ERR events in the measurement log. The following ERR event error texts have been added: Hardware Voltage High Hardware Voltage Low Hardware Battery Operation Hardware Battery Voltage Low Hardware High Voltage Shutdown Hardware Battery Shutdown

2.3.10

CPU Information Logged into Measurement File Header

CPU information of the computer running the Measurement Server is written to the measurement file header. This is logged as a new parameter in the #SERVERHW event. During playback, information is shown in the configuration window.

3 User Interface
3.1 Script Enhancements
3.1.1 Waiting for Custom Condition in Script Wait Command

User can define a custom parameter rule and a maximum time in the script Wait command. The command waits until the specified rule is matched or the maximum time is elapsed.

Figure 6. Script editor - wait settings.

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3.1.2

Counters and Timers in Script Files

User can create a named timer or counter with a script command and use the value of the timer and counter in If and Loop command rules.

Figure 7. Script editor- advanced options In the example below, the script file is ran as long as number of GSM calls (counter) is less than five and the time duration (timer) is less than 600s. First add the counter and timer to the script file. Timer is started on line 2 and it is started on every loop.

Figure 8. Script editor, script with counter and timer.

Figure 9. Script editor timer settings.

With IF/ end IF lines GSM calls count is incremented by one when the serving system is GSM.

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Figure 10. Script editor - counter.

Lines 3 to 11 are looped as long as the number of GSM calls is less than 5 and duration is less than 600s. When the counter value reaches 5 or the timer value reaches 600s, the script is completed.

Figure 11. Script editor- Loop.

Loops are created by using If/end IF commands and defining the loop criteria using GSM call counter and Duration times made earlier.

Figure 12. Script editor- Loop settings

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3.1.3

Script Option to Prevent Script Stopping During Connection Establishment

New script engine option that implemements a "soft" stopping of scripting. When enabled, the option delays the script stopping if any of the devices has a call or connection attempt ongoing.

Figure 13. User Interface Properties.

3.2 Editing BTS Files


BTS files (extension .nbf) can be edited and saved via Nemo Outdoor user interface. Please see the Nemo Outdoor user manual for further information.

3.3 Map Enhancements


3.3.1 OpenStreetMap Maps

In addition to MapInfo Nemo Outdoor application can be used with OpenStreetMap maps. Same functionalities are supported as with MapInfo maps, such as, route coloring and overlaying BTS files. By default Nemo Outdoor installs both maps but the user can choose not to install MapInfo maps by using the custom installation option. 3.3.2 Loading KMZ Map Files in Indoor View

Google Earth can be used to georegister raster images with building floorplans and these images can be saved as KMZ files. Nemo Outdoor indoor map window can be used to view and place markers on KMZ raster images with georeferenced coordinates. Please see Nemo Outdoor user manual for further instructions on how to overlay floor plan image files with Google Earth application and how to use KMZ files with indoor testing.

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3.4 Other User Interface Enhancements


3.4.1 Show Advanced Device Measurement Options in Devices Window

Figure 14. Measurement options. 3.4.2 Nemo Invex UIC Slot ID and UIC Temperature Information

User interface displays UIC slot ID and UIC temperature information. Information can be seen in the Server Status view.

Figure 15.Server Status view 3.4.3 User Defined Measurement Filename Templates

Measurement file naming can be done using a number of built-in tags (such as %y for year) and with user defined templates with custom tags. The template includes the name of the tag and a list of allowed values for each tag. The template can be used also to specify the measurement filename format which defines how the tags are used in the measurement filename. New dialog called Filename Editor has been added for building the template and it is possible to export/import measurement file templates using the existing import/export settings feature. Filename editor can be accessed via User Interface properties window. 3.4.4 Timezone Adjustment for GPS Time Synchronization

New user-configurable offset value that specifies the difference between GPS UTC time has been added. This offset is used by handlers when GPS time synchronization is performed. It is highly recommended to use this setting when performing voice quality measurements against Nemo Server and Nemo Server is using NTP time.

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Figure 16. User interface properties. 3.4.5 Locking to Multiple Bands with Band Lock

Many test UEs allow multiple bands to be specified so the band lock command has been modified to allow multiple bands. 3.4.6 Exporting Data Views as Word and PowerPoint Documents

All views in the workspace can be exported to Word and PowerPoint formats. One view (window) is exported per page. Individual views can be exported in jpeg format.

Figure 17. Exporting images. 3.4.7 Measurement Export Option for Exporting Multiple Measurement into Single Export File

Instead of exporting each measurement file to separate export file, user can choose to export all files to a single file using option Export to single file. System does not perfom any sanity check, such as, are measurement files made at the same time or in the same location.

3.5 Miscellaneous
User selectable measurement file location in the measurement report dialog Improved scanner status in the device status window o Information in the SCANCONFIG-event is displayed in the device status window

Parameter presentation modes with color sets o Map/Indoor color set legend shows user-specified parameter presentation modes, for example, bps, kBps, MBps for throughput values

Resizable script editor window Maximizing data views that are docked together

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It is possible to maximize/restore data views that are docked together either vertically or horizontally

Presentation for LTE Cell ID eNB Id+Cell Id format LTE Cell ID (eCGI) parameter can be shown also in the eNB ID+ Cell ID format. eCGI= eNB ID+ Cell ID (int (41218 div 256) =161 => eNB ID, 41218= mod 256 = 2 => Cell ID). Presentation can be changed via user interface properties window

New data transfer status value: transfer aborted o Previously if a data transfer was stopped before completion, it was logged as a successful transfer. New status value "Transfer aborted" is used. This allows users to differentiate completed transfers from aborted transfers in post-processing

Logging custom AT-commands and responses o AT commands that are sent from the user interface with the send AT command are logged into the measurement file. Also the responses for these commands are logged. If the command is not passed to the UE there will be no events written. Information is logged to new MODEM event

Low disk space warning for remote Measurement Servers o Nemo Outdoor monitors disk space displaying a warning when the free disk space on any of the connected remote Measurement Servers running on Nemo Invex UIC module is low

Logging LTE TDD uplink/downlink configuration in SCANCONFIG event iDEN scanning with iDEN test terminal MMS messaging with LTE packet session o MMS message sending and receiving is enabled when the access point name of the existing packet session matches the access point name configured for MMS messages. This can be used in LTE networks where MMS messages can be sent/received over the LTE APN

4 Version History
Please see the C:\Program Files (x86)\Anite\Nemo Outdoor\readme.html file for further information about the changes with different UEs and scanner devices.

5 New Devices
For a complete list of supported devices, please see the separate document Nemo Outdoor 6.4.0.7 Compatible Devices.pdf.

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5.1 Handsets and USB Modems

Samsung Galaxy S III (GT-i9305), EU GSM 850/900/ 1800/ 1900 WCDMA 850/ 900/ 2100 LTE FDD 800/ 1800/ 2600 (bands 20, 3, and 7)

Samsung Galaxy S III (SCH-i535, Verizon) CDMA 2000/1xEV-DO Rev. A, 850/ 1900 LTE FDD 700C (band 13)

Samsung Galaxy S III (SPH-L710, Sprint) CDMA 2000/1xEV-DO Rev. A, ESMR 800/ 850/ 1900 LTE FDD 1900/ 1900 PCS A-G (band 2 and 25)

Nokia 500 GSM 850 / 900 / 1800 / 1900 HSDPA 850 / 900 / 1900 / 2100/ 2100 AWS (1700) GPRS/ EDGE Class 33 HSDPA, 14.4 Mbps; HSUPA, 5.76 Mbps Symbian Anna OS, upgradeable to Nokia Belle OS Verified with up to 6 UEs with single CPU Voice quality testing supported Available with special firmware for 2G WB-AMR testing Available with ext. antenna

Onda MT689DC DC-HSPA+ 900/2100 MHz 42.2 Mbps DL HSDPA 900/2100 MHz 14.4 Mbps DL

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HSUPA 2100/1900/900/850 5.76 Mbps UL UMTS 2100/1900/900/850 384 Kbps EDGE/GPRS 850/900/1800/1900 MHz 237 Kbps

ZTE MF193 USB modem Quad band GSM/ HSDPA 850/1900/2100 7.2Mbps DL

Kyocera DuraMax E4255 CDMA/ 1xEVDO Rev. A 800/1900 Qualcomm QSC6085 Supports CDMA-based push-to-talk system

5.2 Scanning Receivers


Support for 06108 PCTEL EX Scanner GSM 900/ GSM 1800 /UMTS 850/ UMTS 2100. Nemo FSR1 scanner handler updated to support firmware version 3.10. Nemo Outdoor 6.40 is compatible with Nemo FSR1 scanner firmware versions 3.0 (FSR1_030003.ffw) and 3.10 (FSR1_03010x.ffw).

PCTEL MX handler updated to support MX scanner SeeGull Master API version 1.4.01. EX scanner handler updated to support eICD version 2.1.11.0.

R&S scanner handlers updated to support ViCom interface version 14.71. R&S TSMW firmware 1.13 beta 201 is required. New firmware can be downloaded from : http://www2.rohde-schwarz.com/en/products/test_and_measurement/Drive_Test_Tools/hardware/TSMW-%7CFirmware-%7C-23-%7C-4874.html

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5.3 Nemo Outdoor 6.4.0.7 New Devices and Licenses


Product Code Device Firmware Version License Handler Driver Max. # of Verified Devices/ CPU 413140-12 413133-06 with ext. antenna 413139-14 Samsung Galaxy S III SCH-i535, Verizon M8960A-AAAANAZM1.0.442802 (AAAAANAZ Jul 4 2012 13:16:00) Qualcomm LTE OR Qualcomm CDMA/EVDO 413139-15 Samsung Galaxy S III SPH-L710, Sprint M8960A-AAAANAZM1.0.102013 (AAAAANAZ Jul 18 2012 12:18:11) Qualcomm LTE OR Qualcomm CDMA/EVDO 100314-19 Nokia 500 NTM 85 v1.0, 10-09-12, RM750, V 79u_sr1_11w42, 2009/II NTM IF 3.6.3, 0x0 NA Onda MT689DC MT68xDC.TIM.FW.B06 (ONDAMF68 Nov 18 2011 14:04:29) NA ZTE MF193 USB modem M6290A-KPRZL-2.4.0105T (MF193 Jun 17 2011 17:07:52) Qualcomm HSDPA Qualcomm 1.2074.6 1 Qualcomm HSPA +DC Qualcomm 3.2074.0.2 1 Nokia 500 (320075-15) Nokia 500 7.1.92.0 6 Qualcomm 1.5.6.0 1 Qualcomm 1.5.6.0 1 Samsung Galaxy S III GT-i9305 EU M9615ACEHWMAZD1795 (ACEFWMAZ Aug 17 2012 20:29:27) Qualcomm LTE Qualcomm Kies_2.3.3.12085_7_5.exe ?

NA

Kyocera DuraMax E4255

1.002SP (SNACAZ53 Sep 05 2011 19:43:30)

Qualcomm CDMA/EVDO

Qualcomm

NA

NA

06108 PCTEL EX Scanner GSM 900/ GSM 1800 /UMTS 850/ UMTS 2100

NA

PcTel EX

PcTel EX

NA

6 Qualcomm-based WCDMA and CDMA2000 Terminals and Data Cards


Nemo Outdoor is compatible with all devices labeled as CDMA by Qualcomm or QUALCOMM 3G CDMA using the Qualcomm chipsets. However, Anite Finland Ltd cannot guarantee full functionality when a test terminal is used with a Qualcomm-compatible handler. Video calls, for example, might not work. Please see the separate document Nemo Outdoor 6.4.0.7 Compatible Devices.pdf. for a list of verified Qualcomm-based CDMA and WCDMA terminals.

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CDMA terminals with or without RUIM card purchased from Anite Finland Ltd must be registered with a local CDMA operator. Anite Finland Ltd does not take any responsibility if a local operator restricts the registration of test terminal(s) supplied by Anite Finland Ltd.

Computer Hardware and Software Requirements


PC (Lenovo or Dell recommended) with Windows XP (32- bit) Professional or Windows 7 Professional (32/ 64bit). Windows 7 Professional recommended Pentium III processor, minimum 1GHz, preferably 1.7 GHz for single mobile measurements For multi data measurements Intel Core Duo processor T2500 2.00GHz or higher required For voice quality measurements with up to four channels with USB sound card Intel Core Duo processor T2500 2.00GHz or higher required For up to six channel voice quality measurements with USB sound card Intel Quad Core processor Q9100 2.26GHz or higher required 512MB RAM minimum, 1GB RAM recommended For multi data measurements with HSPA+ devices Intel Quad Core processor Q9100 2.26GHz or higher required 100 MB of free hard disk space for installation and use; 1 GB recommended One USB port for copy protection module One USB port per mobile Depending on the scanner used, one USB port or serial port or RJ45 or FireWire port per scanner One serial port for each voice quality audio module or one USB port per sound card One USB port for an external GPS receiver Display resolution 1400 x 900 recommended Internet Explorer for viewing the help file

8 Device Configuration and Workspace Files


Device configuration and workspace files made by Nemo Outdoor 6.3.1.11 are fully compatible with Nemo Outdoor 6.4.0.7.

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9 Installation
9.1 Supported Operating Systems
Supported operating systems are Windows XP (32/ 64-bit) and Windows 7 (32/ 64-bit).

9.2 First-time Installation


Note that for Windows XP and Windows 7, the installation must be run under Administrator account or other user account with administrative privileges.

Start Windows and insert the Nemo Outdoor CD-ROM in your CD drive (e.g., drive D). Select Start | Run in the Windows Status bar. Type D:\Nemo Outdoor 6\Nemo Outdoor x.xx.x in the Open field (xx refers to the version number). Run the setup.exe and click the OK button. After the installation program starts, follow the instructions on your screen. NOTE! When the Nemo Outdoor software installation is complete, you will need to restart the computer. With Nemo Outdoor 6.30 onwards copy protection module is not needed during installation.

9.3 Update/Upgrade
Note that for Windows XP and Windows 7, the installation must be run under Administrator account or other user account with administrative privileges. Note that if the existing Nemo Outdoor version is 6.2.1.x or older it must be uninstalled via add or remove programs before the Nemo Outdoor 6.4.x installation can be ran.

Start Windows and insert the Nemo Outdoor CD-ROM in your CD drive (e.g., drive D). Select Start | Run in the Windows Status bar. Type D:\Nemo Outdoor6\Nemo Outdoor x.xx.xx in the Open field (xx refers to the version number). Run the setup.exe and click the OK button. After the Installation program starts, follow the instructions on your screen. NOTE! With Nemo Outdoor 6.21 or earlier version the copy protection key must be attached to USB port during the installation and uninstallation when asked. When the Nemo Outdoor software installation is complete, you will need to restart the computer.

9.4 Uninstallation
Note that for Windows XP and Windows 7, the uninstallation must be run under Administrator account or other user account with administrative privileges.

Nemo Outdoor application must be uninstalled via Add or Remove Programs. NOTE! With Nemo Outdoor versions 5.80- 6.21 the copy protection key must be attached to USB port during the uninstallation. With Nemo Outdoor 6.3.x onwards copy protection module is not needed during uninstallation. When the Nemo Outdoor software uninstallation is complete, you will need to restart the computer.

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9.5 HASP Dongle Runtime Drivers


Note that the Nemo Outdoor setup includes the required HASP dongle runtime driver compatible with the application. The driver should not be updated, for example, with Windows update or using a separate driver setup downloaded from the internet. It is recommended not to install any other applications using the HASP dongle runtime driver as different versions can conflict. In case the HASP dongle runtime driver is updated and it conflicts with Nemo Outdoor, an uninstallation of the current driver should be done via Uninstall or change program. Locate the application called Sentinel HASP Run- Time and uninstall it. Re-install Nemo Outdoor application.

10 Limitations and Issues with Windows 7 Operating System


The following limitations with Windows 7 operating system have been noticed and verified by Anite Finland or informed by the vendors:

ZTE MF820T modem with Windows 7 OS. Device is conflicting with the Sentinel HASP key driver used with Nemo Outdoor application. After ZTE modem is installed, Sentinel HASP key cannot be detected by Nemo Outdoor. A workaround is to change the auto tuning settings to normal immediately after the ZTE modem is installed. Please see section 14.2.3 for further details on how to change the auto tuning mode

Devices not supporting Windows 7 operating system: o PCTEL LX tri- band scanning receiver

Other limitations: o IP packet capturing via Nemo Outdoor does not work with Windows 7 64-bit version. Packet capturing must be done using third party application

Debug logging needs administrative privileges if User Account Control Settings (UAC) is enabled. Its recommended to change UAC settings to Never notify. This can be done via User Account Control Settings

If UAC is set to always notify it might cause issues with data testing. PS connection can be established but data transfer cannot be done. Its recommended to change UAC settings to Never notify. This can be done via User Account Control Settings

Figure 18. UAC settings.

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11 File Format Changes


Nemo Outdoor version 6.4.0.7 supports Nemo file format version 2.15. Nemo Analyze version 6.30.1 is compatible with Nemo file format version 2.14.

12 Known Issues
12.1 General & User Interface
Note that if there is a system that measures acceleration in the laptop and which causes the hard disk to stop when jolted, it should be turned off. Otherwise there may be breaks in the measurement files. With voice quality testing this can be seen with missing MOS scores, and with other test devices with gaps in the measurement results.

Figure 19. Lenovo active protection system properties. Download stops responding. Applies to Windows XP, Windows Vista and Windows 7 operating systems. When you try to download a file, the download stops responding and then times out. The problem occurs when you use a USB modem that has a data transfer speed that is faster than or equal to 240 kilobits per second (Kbps). The problem occurs because of a limitation in the current USB modem driver (Usbser.sys). The hotfix download is available from http://support.microsoft.com/kb/925681 Please select View and request hot fix downloads and follow the instructions to download the appropriate file. Files can be found also from the DVD supplied by Anite (Nemo Outdoor 6.0\Setup\Microsoft hot fix). Please note that for each operating system there is a separate file available: o o o Windows 7, Windows6.1-KB925681-x86.msu Windows Vista, Windows6.0-KB925681-x86.msu Windows XP, WindowsXP-KB925681-x86-ENU.exe

It is highly recommended not to use the User Parameters functionality during multi device testing as the decoding of L3/ RRC messages will cause a high CPU load. If performance problems are found, it is recommended to remove all user parameters from the user interface.

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If the message Server Busy is displayed on the screen, it is recommended that the packetmon.exe be killed using the task manager. Packetmon.exe is used by the Microsoft Network Monitor. Microsoft Network Monitor is needed only with the video streaming quality or IP packet capturing functionalities. If IP packet capturing or video streaming quality measurements are not required its recommended to not install Microsoft Network Monitor.

12.2 UEs
12.2.1 Altair-based UEs Harris MBC-100: UE frequently has gaps in the trace messages during idle mode even power saving is disabled. Issue is seen with the firmware ALT3100_04_00_02_00_32_TF. Issue has been reported to chipset vendor NSN USB-lte 7210: o NSN connection manager application must be closed when the UE is used with Nemo Outdoor. When the UE is connected to a USB port, the connection manager is automatically launched. This can be avoided by changing the file name. Browse to "C:\Program Files\NSN LTE Connection Manager and rename the nsnltecm.exe to nsnltecm.exe_" Power saving for UE should be disabled using the ADCC application provided by Altair with UEs having firmware version ALT3100_04_00_02_00_23_TF. UEs with the firmware ALT3100_04_00_02_00_32_TF or later power saving can be disabled by sending the following AT command to UE: AT%SETCFG="PW_IDLE","NONE" o o This can be done e.g. using Nemo Outdoor application via measurement properties of the UE. The modem gets extremely hot during measurements. When the UE is overheated, trace messages are not reported but the data transfer continues normally. UE frequently has gaps in the trace messages that occur about every 10s and last for 800ms. To avoid performance issues with the modem, the following modification is recommended. By this modification the Altair LogCreator standalone functionality is disabled. Browse to folder C:\Program Files\NSN LTE Connection Manager\Tools\ Internals\LogCreator\ and open file RunLogCreator.bat with Notepad. Modify the following string: Original: LogCreator.exe -SA -FN:"50" -E -Y4:"LOG_SOCK_IF" -D4:".\LoggerDB\LTELogDB.txt" D1:".\LoggerDB\PhyFWLogDB.txt" -Q:"50000" Modified: LogCreator.exe -E -Y4:"LOG_SOCK_IF" -D4:".\LoggerDB\LTELogDB.txt" D1:".\LoggerDB\PhyFWLogDB.txt" -Q:"50000" 12.2.2 Cassidian Handsets MER value is not reported by the terminal

o o

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The terminal does not answer all incoming calls when call modes are semi duplex or duplex. Auto-answer can be enabled in the following ways with THR880i and THR880. o THR880i: o Plug in a headset (Nokia Headset Type HDC-9) Settings / Enhancement Settings / Headset / Automatic Answer --> On Settings / Profiles / Headset / Personalize / Incoming Call Alert: this must not be "Off". Settings / Profiles / Headset / Activate Reboot the phone.

THR880i: Before the terminal can be used with Nemo Outdoor, the field test mode of the terminal must be activated by the Cassidian TETRA Prorgramming Tool. Tool is available only from Cassidian.

For THR880 the procedure is identical, except that there is a slightly different menu structure for the steps. Instead of Settings | Profiles | Headset, the correct path is Profiles | Headset.

12.2.3

Datang/Leadcore Handsets

Please see the Nemo Outdoor 6.31 Release Notes for the known issues found with the Datang DTM8129 and Leadcore LC 8130E handsets. 12.2.4 Motorola Handsets

Please see the Nemo Outdoor 6.31 Release Notes for the known issues found with the Motorola V9 handsets. Motorola iDEN i886: o o o Handovers are not reported during packet session CREL has incorrect old cell information (same as the new cell) CELLMEAS writes the "Number of cells" to n-1, even though there are n cells reported. This causes Outdoor not to show results for one reported cell. 12.2.5 Nokia Handsets Nokia general issues: o Nokia connectivity cable driver with the Windows Vista operating system has been found to cause a problem when establishing PDP context activation and also instabilities with test terminals. o Usage of WCDMA RLC messages will cause phone instability during high-speed PS data activity. This is a performance restriction. By default, RLC messages are not enabled with Nemo Outdoor. o Terminals do not update the L1 counters (first 2 octets) in uplink SACCH PDUs that are reported to Nemo Outdoor. These two octets always have value 0x00 0x00. This problem has been reported to Nokia. Nokia 500: o o Video calls are not supported by the handset Charging problem: During measurements after battery is fully charged, charging stops and does not start again. In this case it is possible that the battery runs out during a long test.
34

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USSD testing is not supported

Nokia E7-00: o o USSD testing is not supported Charging problem: During measurements after battery is fully charged, charging stops and does not start again. In this case it is possible that the battery runs out during a long test. o o Concatenated SMS testing is not supported. Max. 160 charaters are supported. Windows XP fix KB943198 (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/943198) is needed when using HSDPA category 6 or higher data transfer speeds. o Usage of WCDMA RLC messages will cause phone instability during high-speed PS data activity. This is a performance restriction. By default, RLC messages are not enabled with Nemo Outdoor. o When the UE is locked to a WCDMA carrier, it only updates the intra-freq cell list and configured triggers from SIB11 / SIB12 messages, and ignores the "measurement control" RRC messages updating intra-freq measurement configuration. o During measurements, the battery might run out because the terminal can be charged only via a USB charger. It is highly recommended to use separate charger during measurement. o During voice quality testing if separate charger cable is disconnected from terminal it can decrease MOS score. It is recommend to unplug the charger after measurement is stopped. o To further increase stability, it is recommended to do the following from the UI: Set Theme effects to OFF Set Animated background to OFF Set Call image to none Set Screen saver to none Delete additional home screens Set widgets to offline mode Set WLAN scanning to OFF Set sensors to OFF

Nokia C7-00: o o o USSD testing is not supported With multiRAB testing UE is crashing due to limited power. Charging problem: During measurements after battery is fully charged, charging stops and does not start again. In this case it is possible that the battery runs out during a long test. o o Concatenated SMS testing is not supported. Max. 160 charaters are supported. Windows XP fix KB943198 (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/943198) is needed when using HSDPA category 6 or higher data transfer speeds.

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Usage of WCDMA RLC messages will cause phone instability during high-speed PS data activity. This is a performance restriction. By default, RLC messages are not enabled with Nemo Outdoor.

When the UE is locked to a WCDMA carrier, it only updates the intra-freq cell list and configured triggers from SIB11 / SIB12 messages, and ignores the "measurement control" RRC messages updating intra-freq measurement configuration.

To further increase stability, it is recommended to do the following from the UI: Set Theme effects to OFF Set Animated background to OFF Set Call image to none Set Screen saver to none Delete additional home screens Set widgets to offline mode Set WLAN scanning to OFF Set sensors to OFF

Nokia C5-00/ C5-00.2: o Charging problem: During measurements after battery is fully charged, charging stops and does not start again. In this case it is possible that the battery runs out during a long test. o Windows XP fix KB943198 (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/943198) is needed when using HSDPA category 6 or higher data transfer speeds o Usage of WCDMA RLC messages will cause phone instability during high-speed PS data activity. This is a performance restriction. By default, RLC messages are not enabled with Nemo Outdoor. o When the UE is locked to a WCDMA carrier, it only updates the intra-freq cell list and configured triggers from SIB11 / SIB12 messages, and ignores the "measurement control" RRC messages updating intra-freq measurement configuration

Nokia C5-03 (RM-697), C5-03 LAT (RM-719) and C5-04AWS (RM-720): o With Nokia C5-03 handsets, the screen of the handset should not be activated during voice quality calls. Activating the screen causes interference to audio and decreases MOS scores. o Charging problem: During measurements after battery is fully charged, charging stops and does not start again. In this case it is possible that the battery runs out during a long test. o Windows XP fix KB943198 (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/943198) is needed when using HSDPA category 6 or higher data transfer speeds o Usage of WCDMA RLC messages will cause phone instability during high-speed PS data activity. This is a performance restriction. By default, RLC messages are not enabled with Nemo Outdoor.

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When the UE is locked to a WCDMA carrier, it only updates the intra-freq cell list and configured triggers from SIB11 / SIB12 messages, and ignores the "measurement control" RRC messages updating intra-freq measurement configuration.

o o

Video calls are not supported at the moment. This is a limitation of the test terminal. To further increase stability, it is recommended to do the following from the UI: Set Theme effects to OFF Set Animated background to OFF Set Call image to none Set Screen saver to none Delete additional home screens Set widgets to offline mode Set WLAN scanning to OFF Set sensors to OFF

Please see the Nemo Outdoor 6.31 Release Notes for the known issues found with the following Nokia handsets: 6720, 612x, N95, N80, N85, N96 and N97 Modems Nokia 21M-02: o NDIS interface isn't working with Win7 operating system, dial-up connection must be used. NDIS works with Windows XP o o o SMS testing is not currently supported MultiRAB not supported The following parameters are not supported: GSM RXQ sub/ full, FER, C/I, WCDMA RACH parameters, HS-SCCH usage, MAC-hs block rate and number of Ack/ Nack messages 12.2.6 Samsung Chipset-based UEs Samsung Droid Charge (SCH-i510): o If USB disconnects, the handler must be stopped before enabling the USB Tethering from the phone again o o o o MMS testing not supported Only LTE system supported with Nemo Outdoor at the moment CS voice calls not enabled as UE is supported with LTE system only at the moment LTE link adaptation parameter statistics are reported only for one modulation / PRB allocation per sample duration o The following parameters are not available: MAC Downlink/ Uplink Throughput, MAC Downlink/ Uplink Block Rate, MAC Downlink/ Uplink Residual BLER, PDSCH Block Rate and Timing Advance

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12.2.7

Qualcomm GSM/WCDMA-based UEs

General Issues: USSD testing not supported with Huawei and Samsung UEs Qualcomm-based WCDMA terminals do not report the L3 CHANNEL REQUEST and L3 MEASUREMENT REPORT messages. RRC CONNECTION REQUEST message is missing occasionally. Extended channel type is reported only in circuit switched mode. For example, PDTCH channel is not reported. With HSPA+ USB modems it is recommended to use, if applicable, the original USB extension cable that comes with the device to achieve higher data throughput. It has been noted that when a broadband device is connected directly to the USB port of the computer, interference might lower data throughputs in some cases Some MDM 8200 based devices reports incorrect WCDMA RLC throughput for uplink direction. Issue is not seen with all vendors. 12.2.7.1 Bandrich Modems Bandrich Bandluxe C320: o Cell change during PS data transfer from GSM to UMTS can occasionally cause device reset. After this, the device still reports GSM cell information with a constant RX level value despite the serving system actually being UMTS. The measurement must be stopped and restarted. 12.2.7.2 Blackberry Handsets Blackberry Torch 9810 (RDM71UW): o o o o UE is not very stable USSD testing not supported Video call/ voice quality testing not supported MultiRAB testing not supported. If CS is ended before data transfer ends, data transfer will end with "timeout" immediately after the call is ended o o o Forcing functions are not supported Auto answering does not function with application tester handler GSM: RXQ and FER not available

12.2.7.3 Huawei Modems Applies to all 3G and 4G Huawei USB modems. Huawei connection manager starts up every time when device is plugged in. As a work around connection manager .EXE file can be renamed. It still gives some reinstall warning when device is plugged in but this can be ignored. Applies to all 3G and 4G Huawei USB modems . NOTE! Nemo Outdoor 6.31 enables automatic DHCP with Qualcomm-based devices using NDIS interface. The following procedure is required only with Nemo Outdoor

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version 6.30 or older. Before measurements can be done with Nemo Outdoor application, the Internet protocol properties must be manually changed to automatic mode. This must be done always after modem is disconnected/reconnected. Its required also if the device stops responding during measurement: Windows XP: Go to Start | Control Panel | Network Connections, and right-click on Huawei Broadband Connection, and select Properties. In the Local Area Connection Properties dialog, select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click on Properties. Select Obtain an IP address automatically. Select also Obtain DNS server address automatically Windows 7: Go to Start | Control Panel | Network and Internet | Network and Sharing Center. Select Huawei Broadband Connection in the View your active networks list. In the Local Area Connection Status dialog, select Properties. In the Local Area Connection Properties dialog that opens, select the Networking tab, and Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) in the This connection uses the following items view. Click on Properties. Select Obtain an IP address automatically. Select also Obtain DNS server address automatically

Figure 20. TCP/ IP properties.

Please see the Nemo Outdoor 6.31 Release Notes for the known issues found with the following Huawei USB modems: E270, E220, E1820, E169, E180, E367 and E372. 12.2.7.4 LG Terminals Please see the Nemo Outdoor 6.31 Release Notes for the known issues found with the following LG handsets: KF700 and P500. 12.2.7.5 Novatel Modems Novatel Ovation MC545 USB modem: o Novatel connection manager application must be opened when device is connected to usb port of computer. NOTE! Before starting Nemo Outdoor application connection manager application must be closed. Otherwise device cannot be started.

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Please see the Nemo Outdoor 6.31 Release Notes for the known issues found with the following Novatel USB modems: MC996D, MC998D, 930D and 990D 12.2.7.6 Option Modems Please see the Nemo Outdoor 6.31 Release Notes for the known issues found with the Option USB modems. 12.2.7.7 Samsung Handsets Samsung Galaxy Ace: o o o o o o Video calls are not supported No indication of incoming SMS message MMS testing is not supported Multi RAB works only if PS connection is established after voice call connection Device is shutting down when system lock is used PDP context activations and deactivations with multiple Samsung/Qualcomm terminals occasionally cause instability problems with dial-up connections. Avoiding these commands when using script files is recommended. o International numbers starting with + do not work with Samsung terminals. It is advised to use 00 instead of +. Samsung Omnia 7/ Focus/ Galaxy Ace: o o o o o Video calls are not supported No indication of incoming SMS message Multi RAB works only if PS connection is established before voice call connection Device is rebooting when system lock is used PDP context activations and deactivations with multiple Samsung/Qualcomm terminals occasionally cause instability problems with dial-up connections. Avoiding these commands when using script files is recommended. o International numbers starting with + do not work with Samsung terminals. It is advised to use 00 instead of +. Samsung SGH-A847: o USB mode must be set to "Samsung PC Studio" to have the ports available. (Can be set permanently from Menu -> Settings -> Connectivity -> Select USB Mode -> Samsung PC Studio) 12.2.7.8 Sierra Wireless Modems Sierra Wireless 312U/ 319U: o Occasionally the network adapter interface (NDIS) disappears and device cannot perform PS data connection. Workaround is to use the modem with microSD card or by disabling microSD card from the device. By default Sierra Wireless modems do not include microSD cards. The microSD can be

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permanently disabled with either AT commands or via a command line utility. The command line utility ItmTk.exe can be downloaded from the Nemo User Club under Drivers for Test Devices folder. For AT commands use e.g. Hyperterminal. AT!ENTERCND=A710 AT!CUSTOM=USBMSENABLE,x 0=disable 1=enable o Device is unstable with Win 7 operating system. Issue is seen especially with Lenovo computers. Issue is seen with failed PDP context activations and it also causes Windows file corruption on all processes under Windows 7 operating system. Measurement log file(s) might be empty or incomplete missing footer information. This issue has been reported to vendor. It is recommended to use Windows XP SP3 operating system. Multi measurements with 319U are not supported at the moment with Lenovo computers. o No indication of incoming MMS message

Sierra Wireless 312U/320U: o If Lenovo W510 or other computer with USB 3.0 ports is used with Sierra Wireless USB modems, the computer crashes immediately after the second USB modem is connected to the USB 3.0 port. Problem is experienced with all 3xx- series USB modems provided by Sierra Wireless.

The Watcher application must normally be running simultaneously with Nemo Outdoor in the background if default settings of the application are used. However it is recommended to change the default settings of the Watcher application to avoid any issues during measurements. If the user wants to close the Watcher application but still wants to be able to conduct measurements with Nemo Outdoor, the following settings from the Watcher application must be selected. NOTE! The option names seen in the Watcher application depend on the application version. If multiple modems are used simultaneously on the same computer, these settings must always be changed!

Figure 21. Watcher application. o Watcher autolaunch must be disabled. Select No On exit, select Do nothing Check for updates, select Never

MCC and MNC values reported by the device are occasionally incorrect.

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o o

Instabilities noticed with the GSM system; e.g., data connection fails more often in GSM. It has been discovered that cell reselection from 2G to 3G does not necessary occur even when 3G coverage is very good.

With multi-device configuration when Nemo multi (USB hub) is disconnected and connected again, all devices cannot necessarily be recognized. Each device must be separately unplugged and plugged again to the Nemo multi hub to get them to work. It is recommended to add each device separately to multi configuration each time.

Please see the Nemo Outdoor 6.31 Release Notes for the known issues found with the following Sierra Wireless USB modems: Aircard 885, 306, 307, 308, 309, 310U, Siptune 215. 12.2.7.9 Sony Ericsson Handsets Sony Ericsson Xperia Arc S (LT-18i): o Phone is charged via a USB data cable and charging causes interference to audio when the serving system is GSM. Interference is cyclic and it affects the uplink MOS score with Terratec sound card. With a fully loaded battery, the UL MOS score decreases dramatically after a 30-minute phone call. This lasts about 30 minutes. It is highly recommended that if used in voice quality testing, the handset is used only for observing downlink MOS scores and phone calls are made between the handset and a fixed line with Nemo Server. In mobile-to-mobile testing, the issue is also seen in GSM. NOTE! The issue is not seen while the serving system is WCDMA o o Video calls are not supported Multi RAB works only in this order: Voice call -> PDP context activation. If PDP context activation is made before voice call, the test fails o o When band lock is used, the phone reboots itself. Band lock is still functioning correctly Driver supports Windows 7 32- bit version

12.2.7.10 ZTE Modems ZTE MF668A modem: o MO voice call works when Trace option is selected from the device advanced properties. NOTE! MTC calls are not supported o o 12.2.8 MultiRAB testing can be done only if packet connection is activated before a CS call No indication of incoming MMS message with application tester handler

Qualcomm (MDM9200/ 9600)-based UEs

General Issues: Listed cells are not reported in idle mode RRC CONNECTION REQUEST message is missing occasionally Requested throughput is not available

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Occasionally WCDMA monitored set are shown is active set. Issue is seen with 92xx/ 96xx chipsets Attach/detach commands should be avoided with LTE modems. Using these commands causes instabilities in the UEs. UEs can also reset itself. It is recommended to choose from User Interface Properties -> Measurement -> Force detach when going to idle mode -> No. This will prevent the UE from detaching. If attach/ detach commands are needed frequently, for example, with script files, it is recommended that radio off/radio on commands are used instead of attach/detach.

Figure 22. User Interface properties. When a voice call is terminated, the PS data connection is released with UEs that require the Trace interface call method to make voice calls. MultiRAB testing is not recommended due to this reason. 12.2.8.1 Huawei LTE Modems Huawei E392/ E398 modem: o Huawei connection manager starts up every time when device is plugged in. As a work around connection manager .EXE file can be renamed. It still gives some reinstall warning when device is plugged in but this can be ignored. o Huawei E398 modem. NOTE! Nemo Outdoor 6.31 enables automatic DHCP with Qualcomm-based devices using NDIS interface. The following procedure is required only with Nemo Outdoor version 6.30 or older. Before measurements can be done with Nemo Outdoor application, the Internet protocol properties must be manually changed to automatic mode. This must be done always after modem is disconnected/reconnected. Its required also if the device stops responding during measurement: Windows XP: Go to Start | Control Panel | Network Connections, and right-click on Huawei Broadband Connection, and select Properties. In the Local Area Connection Properties dialog, select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click on Properties. Select Obtain an IP address automatically. Select also Obtain DNS server address automatically Windows 7: Go to Start | Control Panel | Network and Internet | Network and Sharing Center. Select Huawei Broadband Connection in the View your active networks list. In

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the Local Area Connection Status dialog, select Properties. In the Local Area Connection Properties dialog that opens, select the Networking tab, and Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) in the This connection uses the following items view. Click on Properties. Select Obtain an IP address automatically. Select also Obtain DNS server address automatically.

Figure 23. TCP/ IP properties. o o o No indication of incoming SMS message No indication of incoming MMS message with application tester handler PDP context activations and deactivations with multiple Huawei USB modems occasionally cause instability problems with dial-up connections. Avoiding these commands when using script files is recommended. o Huawei E392: LTE RSRQ listed not available

12.2.8.2 LG LTE Handsets LG P930 o The network adapter interface is not supported completely. The device can be used if the USB tethering is enabled through the phone menu, and PS connection setting (in Nemo Outdoor) is set to either dial-up or automatic o If the USB connection is disconnected (i.e. device unplugged), the USB tethering must be re-enabled on the phone in order to use the data connection o When using the device in LTE, user must not issue manual packet session commands, instead, if the connection needs to be torn down, user should use Radio On/Off commands o With voice calls user must issue an "ATS0=1" AT command to enable the incoming calls. This must be done every time the phone is restarted. o o No indication of incoming SMS MMS cannot be sent/ received when packet session is activated already

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12.2.8.3 Pantech LTE Modems Pantech UML290 USB modem. o NDIS interface can be used to make PS connection only while device is camping on LTE. NDIS interface cannot be used with 2G or 3G connections. Instead of NDIS interface the dial up connection should be used. 12.2.8.4 Samsung LTE Handsets Samsung Galaxy S III (GT-i9305, EU): o When the UE is used with Nemo Outdoor, other UEs cannot be used simultaneously in data testing if the NDIS interface is used to activate PS data connection. For example, simultaneous data testing with Huawei LTE modem and Samsung Galaxy S III handset is not possible. It should be noted that the issue does not limit using multiple Galaxy S III UEs for simultaneous data testing or together with non-NDIS UEs, such as, Nokia test terminals. o To be able to make voice calls the Trace interface call method must be selected from Nemo Outdoor user interface via advanced properties. NOTE! When a voice call is terminated, the PS data connection is released. MultiRAB testing is not recommended due to this reason.

o o

Manufacturer information cannot be read from the UE. Automatic answering to incoming calls can be done only when a headset is connected to the UE. Use the original headset included in the sales package. Connect the headset to the phone and from the phone menu select: Settings -> Call Answering/ Ending-> Press arrow < on the left upper corner to go back to previous menu. Select Settings -> Accessibility -> Call Settings -> Accessory Settings For Call -> Automatic Answering. Automatic answering will operate only with the headset connected.

Auto detection should not be used to add the device. Add the device manually. See the dial-up guide for further instructions.

o o o o

SMS/ MMS message testing not supported at the moment Video calls are not supported Voice quality testing is not supported with sound cards UE does not support WB AMR codecs

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o o

Radio On/ Off commands are not supported UE is always online. This means that attach/ detach and PDP context activation/ deactivation commands cannot be used via Nemo Outdoor.

If data testing is done manually without script files, recording must be started before data protocols can be accessed via Nemo Outdoor. Without recording, the data protocol options in the UI are not available.

If data throughputs in LTE are lower than expected, it is recommended to adjust the buffer size via Nemo Outdoor user interface, for example, to value 1024. It should be noted that buffer size must be adjusted separately for each protocol (e.g. for FTP and HTTP).

Settings. The following settings should be activated from the phone: Data testing:

Settings -> More settings -> Mobile networks -> Mobile data enabled-> Enable Settings -> More settings -> Mobile networks -> Network Mode -> AUTO
Samsung Galaxy S III (SGH-i747): o To be able to make voice calls the Trace interface call method must be selected from Nemo Outdoor user interface via advanced properties. NOTE! When a voice call is terminated, the PS data connection is released. MultiRAB testing is not recommended due to this reason.

o o o

No indication of incoming SMS message Video calls are not supported System lock not supported. UE must be locked to certain band.

Samsung Galaxy S III (SGH-T999):

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To be able to make voice calls the Trace interface call method must be selected from Nemo Outdoor user interface via advanced properties. NOTE! When a voice call is terminated, the PS data connection is released. MultiRAB testing is not recommended due to this reason.

o o o

No indication of incoming SMS message Video calls are not supported System lock not supported. UE must be locked to certain band

Samsung Galaxy S III (SCH-i535, Verizon): o UE must be locked either to CDMA or LTE system when used with Nemo Outdoor. Multi system measurements with single UE are not currently supported. o o Band locking does not work with CDMA/EVDO MOC voice call works only when the terminal is in CDMA/EVDO only mode. When device is in LTE, calls do not go through. o o MMS or SMS messaging not supported Simultaneous voice calls and data connections do not work when UE is camping in CDMA and LTE simultaneously. Simultaneous voice and data testing can be done only when UE is locked to CDMA o o o Do not use Tethering, it will disable modem and trace ports EVDO TX Power is not reported Turn off always-on packet data (Menu -> Settings -> Wireless and Network -> More Settings -> Mobile networks -> uncheck "Use Packet Data"

Samsung Galaxy S III (SPH-L710, Sprint): o UE must be locked either to CDMA or LTE system when used with Nemo Outdoor. Multi system measurements with single UE are not currently supported. o MOC voice call works only when the terminal is in CDMA/EVDO only mode. When device is in LTE, calls do not go through. o o o Band locking does not work with CDMA/EVDO MMS or SMS messaging not supported Simultaneous voice calls and data connections do not work when UE is camping in CDMA and LTE simultaneously. Simultaneous voice and data testing can be done only when UE is locked to CDMA o Packet connection occasionally fails when camping on CDMA

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o o

Do not use Tethering, it will disable modem and trace ports Turn off always-on packet data (Menu -> Settings -> Wireless and Network -> More Settings -> Mobile networks -> uncheck "Use Packet Data"

Sometimes the network adapter appears with a yellow exclamation mark. The device must be reconnected to the USB

EVDO TX Power is not reported

Samsung Galaxy S II LTE (GT-I9210): o Autodetecting the device does not always choose the correct trace port. There are two ports with same name and sometimes the correct port is chosen and sometimes not. Its recommended to add device manually to Nemo Outdoor o Video calls are not supported

Samsung Galaxy S II Skyrocket i727: o To enable auto-answering functionality, user must first initialize the terminal for auto-answer with an AT-command "ATS0=1". This must be done only once when the phone is used for the first time. o No indication of incoming SMS message

12.2.8.5 Sierra Wireless LTE Modems Sierra Wireless 330U USB modem: o o In GSM UE is unstable PDP context activations and deactivations cause instability problems. Avoiding these commands when using script files is recommended o MMS message testing not supported

Sierra Wireless 313U/ 320U/ 330U: o o With LTE max. DL data throughput is limited to ~50Mbps with 320U Occasionally the network adapter interface (NDIS) disappears and device cannot perform PS data connection. Workaround is to use the modem with microSD card or by disabling microSD card from the device. By default Sierra Wireless modems do not include microSD cards. The microSD can be permanently disabled with either AT commands or via a command line utility. The command line utility ItmTk.exe can be downloaded from the Nemo User Club under Drivers for Test Devices folder. For AT commands use e.g. Hyperterminal. AT!ENTERCND=A710 AT!CUSTOM=USBMSENABLE,x 0=disable 1=enable

12.2.8.6 ZTE LTE Modems ZTE MF820T/ MF820D/ MF880: o PDP context activations and deactivations cause instability problems. Avoiding these commands when using script files is recommended

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ZTE MF880: o o UE does not work in GSM (FW: M9200B-SCAQTBZD-4.0.32 (SCAQTBZM Nov 15 2011 18:58:05) TX Power PUCCH/ PUSCH not available

12.2.9

LG LTE Modems (LG1000/ LG 2000) Please see the Nemo Outdoor 6.31 Release Notes for the known issues found with the following LG LTE USB modems: LG L1000, LG 2000, LG G7, LG G13, LG G17, LG VL600.

12.2.10 Qualcomm 3GPP2-based UEs If auto detection is used to add device to Nemo Outdoor the CS dial up connection should be manually changed to not used. This can be done via device properties window. Currently MMS send functionality is supported with CDMA terminals. Received MMS messages are not detected. FER F-SCH (supplemental channel) is not working correctly

12.2.10.1 LG Handsets LG KX206: o Incoming calls are not automatically answered due to a limitation of the terminal.

12.2.10.2 Pantech Modems Pantech UM175: o <automatic> for PS dial-up connection does not work with the device. A workaround is to create a dial-up connection manually.

12.3 Scanner Receivers


12.3.1 Anritsu Scanners Please see the Nemo Outdoor 6.31 Release Notes for the known issues found with the Anritsu scanner receivers. 12.3.2 Nemo FSR1 Scanner o o o GPS antenna should always be connected to scanner receiver GPS fix must be aqruided before starting CDMA/ EVDO scanning GPS fix must be be aqruided once before BSIC can be decoded. After fix is aqruided GPS connection / fix is not needed anymore with GSM measurements o Correlator parameter is no longer utilized by the FSR1 UMTS scanning algorithms with firmware 2.07 onwards. The user is encouraged to leave this parameter at its default value

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o 12.3.3

Please read the separate Nemo FSR1 3.0 release note for further information

PCTEL Scanners PCTEL EX scanner: o Stopping measurement fails occasionally with EX scanners. Due to this reason starting new measurement is failing. Workaround is to power cycle scanner receiver o o o Pilot scanning works only in Top-N mode. This is a device feature Timeslot scanning is not supported The channel parameter is n/a when an empty PILOTSCAN measurement event is written

PCTEL EX Wimax scanner: o For Top-N preamble scanning to be successful, the scanning receiver must acquire a GPS fix at least 30 seconds before starting the Nemo Outdoor application in online mode. If the existing configuration file includes a PCTEL WiMAX scanner, it is recommended to open the configuration file in offline mode. If the scanner does not send any results after 30 seconds, it is recommended to send a reset command to the scanner via the user interface.

PCTEL EX GSM/TD-SCDMA scanner: o Secondary frequency scanning is not supported by the scanning receiver

PCTEL LX scanner: o With the GSM/WCDMA scanner, the Internal GPS receiver should be activated only in UMTS mode

PCTEL MX scanner: o When MX scanner receiver is used with a Nemo Invex UIC module, other devices must not be connected to the same UIC module. o The power switch must remain in the Drive Test position at all times. The Indoor Test Mode is not available at this time. o o o USB LED does not illuminate. The GPS antenna needs to be connected before power up. Occasionally scanner device does not accept scanning configuration sent by Nemo Outdoor application even though status is scanning. Device is not reporting any scanning results. In such situations it is adviced to open device measurement properties again and press ok. Issue have been reported to the vendor. o Nemo Outdoor application does not detect if USB data cable is disconnected during the measurement. Device is not responding message is not shown. o Detecting and connecting the PcTel MX scanning receiver for the first time takes a much longer time. Time depends on the number of available COM ports installed in the computer. With Win XP computers the required time is longer than with Win7 operating system. The required time is ~2min10 min. It is recommend to save the hardware configuration file with Nemo Outdoor after the first

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connection to the scanner receiver. Starting device with an existing hardware configuration file is much faster. 12.3.4 Rohde & Schwarz Scanners TSML & TSMQ Windows 7 driver version 12.0.0.0. Please read the TSMx-NewFireWireDriver.pdf document for further information about the installation process. After starting the measurement it can take up to 10- 20 seconds before the scanner receiver starts reporting the scanning results The TSML and TSMQ devices might not work correctly when connected directly to the Firewire port of the computer. If connection problems are experienced, it is recommended to use a PCMCIA express adapter card Firewire Express card TSPC-FW1 (415010-00).Problems with some Dell Notebooks. Possible problems are caused by some of the drivers installed on Dell systems by default. The problems can be solved out by removing the original system and re-installing the operating system only with the components necessary to operate with the scanners. In addition, it has been recognized that the systems which only provide 1024 bytes Host rec. buffer size (instead of 2048 bytes) can cause issues with the scanning receivers. This can be checked from the Rohde & Schwarz TSMx Device driver properties tab. Dell Vostro 1014 model has been found to be incompatible with the R&S TSML-GW scanner. GSM scanning cannot be performed.

Figure 24. TSMQ driver properties. Rohde & Schwarz TSMQ: o EVDO measurements can only be performed properly when a CDMA2000 channel is measured as well. In this way, the time relationship between the different PN offsets is resolved. Rohde & Schwarz TSML-C: o EVDO measurements can only be performed properly when a CDMA2000 channel is measured as well. In this way, the time relationship between the different PN offsets is resolved. o Simultaneous pilot scanning and spectrum scanning are not supported.

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Rohde & Schwarz TSML-G: o Simultaneous frequency scanning and spectrum scanning are not supported.

Rohde & Schwarz TSML-W: o Simultaneous pilot scanning and spectrum scanning are not supported

Rohde & Schwarz TSMW: o If more than two technologies are measured simultaneously, the scanning device might become unstable. Possible symptoms include the following: High CPU load when multiple systems are measured simultaneously. Firmware 1.09 or later should fix the issue. It can be downloaded from http://www2.rohdeschwarz.com/en/products/test_and_measurement/Drive_Test_Tools/hardware/TSMW-%7C-Firmware%7C-23-%7C-4874.html o In case of abnormal behavior, it is recommended to restart Nemo Outdoor. It is also recommended to power cycle the scanning receiver.

12.4 Nemo Invex


12.4.1 General When shutting down the system, it is recommended to close Nemo Outdoor before turning power off from the Nemo Invex chassis It is highly recommended to set the event buffer size from 100000 to 50000 when Nemo Outdoor application is used with Nemo Invex system. This can be done via user interface properties 12.4.2 Nemo Invex USB Isolation Module Sierra Wireless 312/ 319 USB modem: o After power cycling the USB modem, there have been rare occasions when the USB modem is recognized as a hard disk drive instead of USB modem. Temporary workaround is to eject the device via system tray. Requires remote desktop connection to UIC . Issue appears also when the USB modem is connected directly to the USB port of the UIC module o Device is unstable with Win 7 operating system. Issue appears with failed PDP context activations and it also causes Windows file corruption on all processes under Windows 7 operating system. This issue has been reported to vendor. 12.4.3 Nemo Invex UIC Module Nemo Invex UIC module includes preinstalled Huawei E392/ E398 driver. When plugging in Huawei E392/ E398, the OS might ask the user to install a new driver. User should choose No to not install a new driver in such occasion. In case a new driver is installed, the user must do the following:

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Huawei connection manager starts up every time when device is plugged in. As a work around connection manager .EXE file can be renamed. It still gives some reinstall warning when device is plugged in but this can be ignored.

When the MX scanner is used with a Nemo Invex UIC module, other devices must not be connected to the same UIC module When the MX scanner is used with a Nemo Invex UIC module, it is required to wait that the Status/Power LED of the MX scanner receiver switches to green before adding the scanner to Nemo Invex. If the device is added to Nemo Invex before start up is completed, it can crash Nemo Invex.

12.5 Other Devices


12.5.1 GPS receivers In case GPS fix is lost frequently during driver test, it is advisable to turn off the car radio to see if it is generating spurious emissions that are interfering with the GPS receiver. 12.5.2 TerraTec DMX 6Fire & Maya44 USB Sound Cards The sound card should be connected to a USB 2.0 port. Connecting the device to a USB 3.0 port may cause missing MOS scores and distortion in audio, which decreases the MOS score . If terminals report lower than expected MOS values in Voice Quality measurements, it may result from too high CPU usage on the computer. First of all, an Intel Core Duo processor T2500 2.00GHz or higher is required for voice quality measurements. If you suspect that the reported MOS values are too low and you are using multiple terminals and a scanner simultaneously, try the following. First, if you have many applications running on the laptop, try closing the unnecessary ones. Next, disconnect the scanner and try testing with a single terminal to see if the MOS values improve. Proceed with testing with 1-4 terminals without using the scanner simultaneously for optimal MOS results. If a sound card is used as a standalone hardware connected to a laptop, the test handsets must not be placed close to the sound card. This applies especially to GSM. Turn off all sounds from the test handsets. From Windows OS, choose system sounds scheme as No sound. Note that if there is a system that measures acceleration in the laptop and which causes the hard disk to stop when jolted, it should be turned off. Otherwise there may be breaks in the measurement files. With voice quality testing this can be seen with missing MOS scores, and with other test devices with gaps in the measurement results.

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Figure 25. Lenovo active protection system properties.

Voice quality measurements using Nemo Multi Lite suitcases with Nokia terminals: o When a Nokia terminal is placed to the holder screen facing upwards, it might cause some interference to a sound card located at the bottom of the suitcase. This is due to the fact that the transmitting antenna is located on the rear side of the terminal. It is recommended to place the terminal to the holder screen facing down as seen in the picture below.

Figure 26. Nokia terminal facing down.

Wi-Fi must be turned off from the laptop. In case stationary tests are performed, for example, in the office, Wi-Fi base station must not be located close to the measurement system. With Nokia C5-03 handsets, the screen of the handset should not be activated during voice quality calls. Activating the screen causes interference to audio and decreases MOS scores. Voice quality echo testing: o The following reference sample files provided with Nemo Outdoor setup cannot be used due to too low speech activity ratio for echo testing: 5s_nb.wav, 5s_wb.wav, 7s_nb.wav and 7s_wb.wav

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12.5.3

Beceem BCS200/BCSM 250/3300 Wimax With some Beceem-based devices it is required to use an API version newer than the one that is by default included in the Nemo Outdoor installation package. If a diagnostics software from Beceem (called Kannon) or a connection manager software corresponding to the firmware of the Beceem device is available, it is sometimes possible to use the API from one of these softwares to get the device to work properly with Nemo Outdoor. Search for a file called libxvi010.dll in Kannon or connection manager installation directory. Back up your existing libxvi010_524.dll in Nemo Outdoor installation folder (C:\Program Files\Anite\Nemo Outdoor) and then overwrite it with the new version. Next, run regsvr32 Serial_Beceem_524.dll in the Outdoor installation folder. In Nemo Outdoor select the new device "Beceem BCS200 (524) RSSI & CINR values are not cleared when the level goes below -120dBm for RSSI and -32dB for CINR Ubee Interactive U1900 Wimax Connection manager software from the operator must be used to make the PS session activation/deactivation. (FW: 5.2.3013, DRIVER: 5.2.139.0, LIB: 5.2.36. )

12.6 Applications & Protocols


VLC media player: o Retrieving proper error messages (streaming cause codes) is missing.

USSD testing: o USSD testing is not supported with Huawei and Samsung UEs.

FTP UL data transfers: o Occasionally FTP UL data throughput values can exceed the maximum value supported by the network. This is seen at the beginning of data transfers. The root cause is that the operating system can buffer the data.

VoIP testing: o Other PS data connections are not allowed at the same time with the same computer. Issue has been reported to the vendor. o Only one VoIP connection per CPU can be done at the moment. Issue reported to the vendor.

With Nemo Outdoor 6.3 the required Microsoft Network Monitor version is 3.4. IP packet capturing does not work with Windows 7/ Windows Vista 64- bit versions at the moment. Due to this reason, video streaming quality measurements cannot be performed with these operating systems.

If IP packet capturing is not required it is highly recommended to uninstall it, as it affects to the CPU performance. WAP testing. The WAP protocol stack used in Nemo Outdoor supports the following contents: o Content Type

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WMLC WML 1.1/1.2/1.2.1 text and binary yes WMLScript 1.1/1.2/1.2.1 text and binary yes Character Sets WML Char-sets US ASCII yes UTF-8 yes UCS-2 yes ISO8859-1 (Latin) yes ISO8859-2 to 10 (other European) yes ISO8859-13 to 15 (other European) yes SHIFT JIS (Japanese) yes WSP 1.0 (5 July 2001) WTP 0.0 (10-Jul-2001) WTLS (06-April-2001)2 WP-HTTS (29-Mar-2001) WAP 2.0 /MMS It has been discovered that with high data rates (HSDPA 7.2Mbps), data throughput values with Nemo Outdoor might be lower than expected. To fix the problem, it is recommended to install Windows hot fix which is immediately available. Please see http://support.microsoft.com/kb/925681 for further information. A too small TCP window size also lowers the maximum data throughput. By using the TCPOptimizer utility software, it is possible to change the TCP window size and obtain better throughputs. A good TCP window size should be 128,000 bytes. After the settings have been changed, the computer must be rebooted to make the changes effective. The TCPOptimizer utility software can be downloaded from the Nemo user club: (http://www.anite.com/nemo-wireless-networkmeasurement-solutions-anite.html?Itemid=59) You can also request it from Nemo Helpdesk (Nemo.Helpdesk@Anite.com) If data throughput problems are experienced with Windows Vista or Windows 7 operating systems and you are using auto-tuning TCP receive window, please see article http://blogs.msdn.com/wndp/archive/2007/07/05/receive-window-auto-tuning-on-vista.aspx or try to set the auto-tuning level to highlyrestriced." Auto tuning can be restricted by running netsh interface tcp set global autotuninglevel=restricted from the command prompt. We have found that the restricted mode will often allow some of the benefits of auto tuning with a number of problematic devices. Current auto tuning level can be shown with the command netsh interface tcp show global. With MMS testing the data transfer status can occasionally show more than 100%.

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Streaming (Catra). Nemo Outdoor cannot establish streaming with the Nemo Server Catra streaming service. With Nemo Handy, streaming is working correctly with the included test files. CDMA SMS end-to-end testing. To be able to calculate end-to-end delivery time, SMS testing must be done using the same operator between two terminals. This is due to the fact that SMS message ID changes from operator to operator.

MMS testing. In case of high MMS sending/receiving failures it is recommended to increase the default time out time from 30 seconds e.g. to 60 seconds.

13 Troubleshooting Device Connectivity Issues


In general all power saving options should be disabled and high performance power settings should be used. Battery stretch should not be used and USB port power saving option should be deselected.

Figure 27. Generic USB hub properties.

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14 Troubleshooting Data Transfer Issues


14.1 PS Connection Works but No Data
14.1.1 UAC Settings If UAC is set to always notify it might cause issues with data testing. PS connection can be established but data transfer cannot be done. Its recommended to change UAC settings to Never notify. This can be done via User Account Control Settings. If UAC settings cannot be changed its highly recommended to start Nemo Outdoor application with administration rights by right clicking Nemo Outdoor icon and by selecting Run as administration.

Figure 28. UAC settings.

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14.1.2

Antivirus Filtering

Disable antivirus application and Windows firewall. If data transfer still does not work, please do the following: Activate PS connection (activate PDP context) Go to Network settings and choose appropriate connection assigned for device. Go to Connection properties and check that antivirus NDIS filtering is unchecked.

Figure 29. Connections.

Figure 30. Antivirus NDIS Filter.

14.2 Low Data Throughputs


In case lower data throughputs are received with Nemo Outdoor compared to third-party applications, read this document for troubleshooting throughput problems with various TCP based protocols.

In case low throughput values are monitored with Nemo Outdoor and also with third-party applications, the issue can most likely be seen by observing link adaptation parameters. For example, low average CQI and high MAC-HS 3 retransmission rate indicate an area of bad coverage or high interference. Low HS-SCCH usage rate (= high HSDPA DTX percentage ratio) points to capacity, server or transmission problems.
rd

In LTE networks, observe physical resource block allocation (PRB) and signal to noise ratio (SNR). PRB affects throughput directly. Values less than maximum may indicate other users in the cell, a bottleneck in the transmission network or not enough data to be sent (application does not need all the available bandwidth). If data throughputs in

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LTE are lower than expected, it is recommended to adjust the buffer size via Nemo Outdoor user interface, for example, to value 1024. It should be noted that buffer size must be adjusted separately for each protocol (e.g. for FTP and HTTP).

Requested throughput much higher than the actual measured throughput may indicate that there are other users sharing the radio resources of the cell or some other bottleneck in the network that prevents the mobile from getting the maximum achievable throughput. High PUSCH TX power values indicate a lack of uplink coverage. When operating in the dynamic range of link adaptation, average BLER (PDSCH BLER) should be higher than 0, typically 10-20%, in order to achieve the gain of HARQ retransmission scheme Residual BLER after all HARQ retransmissions should be 0%. Higher values indicate that the radio link is about to drop. Observe the MAC downlink/uplink residual BLER (%) values.

Other things that could help troubleshooting: Disable any firewall and/or antivirus software that could reduce the throughput. Some HSPA USB interfaces may also install their own software which may affect to window size settings in registry. Disable IP packet monitoring from the advanced properties

Figure 31. IP capture settings. Try another FTP server for comparison. Command prompt FTP throughput. This comparison is recommended because command prompt FTP does not use any multithreading or other non-standard methods. For better results, keep Nemo Outdoor at the background measuring the mobile network while making the transfers. Also try different servers. For Nemo Outdoor 5.60 and older versions: Run a script with simultaneous FTP transfers to see if the throughput increases. Does not work manually, script is always needed. For Nemo Outdoor 5.70 and later versions: Use the multithread feature of the FTP protocol to test simultaneous transfers. Works also manually.

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Make a comparison test between Nemo Outdoor and the connection manager used with the device. When configuring a device with Nemo Outdoor, only the trace port should be defined. The modem port and dial-up connection must be left blank. As ports are left blank it is not possible to perform a manual PDP context activation or data transfer via Nemo Outdoor. However, a script file with data connection commands can be used. Script files should include only data transfer commands, not Attach/detach or PDP context activation or deactivation commands. Start a data transfer and observe the application data throughput value. Make the same test again but this time make a connection using Nemo Outdoor.

14.2.1

All Windows Versions

How to check the TCP window size from packet logs:


Using Wireshark: 1. Check the .pcap file and look at the (non FTP-DATA) TCP traffic in the middle of the transfer. Window size value tells the current TCP window size used.

Using Nemo Outdoor: 1. 2. Open a packet grid window in Nemo Outdoor. Look at the TCP traffic in the middle of an FTP transfer with PayloadLen=0:

3.

Double click the frame to get detailed frame info. Look at the Tcp tree. Window shows the current value.

Using debug logs (for developers, help desk, etc.): 4. Look for the GetWindowSizeFromRegistry() function.

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TCP Window size set to n = Value found from registry. TCP Window size set to default: n = Value not found from registry. Set to default. TCP Auto-Tuning detected. Window size not set. = Windows Vista/7 is using auto-tuning TCP window. A measurement file (.nmf) does not save window size info. Packet log and/or debug log is always needed.

5.

14.2.2

Windows XP

Check registry value of HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\TcpipParameters\TcpWindowSize. Windows and Nemo Outdoor both use it if it exists. The value can be changed manually or by using TcpOptimizer software. Increase value the value if needed. If the registry value is missing, Nemo Outdoor will use its default window size which is 256 KB. 14.2.3 Windows Vista/Windows7

Windows Vista/7 does not use static window sizes from the registry. They rely on dynamic window size which is handled by TCP auto tuning feature. However, if the same registry value that XP uses is set, Outdoor reads it and adjusts the manual window size based on this value. In most cases, the registry has been edited by a third-party software or a USB mobile interface driver/software. This registry entry can be removed. If the TCP auto-tuning is disabled Nemo Outdoor will use its default window size 64 KB. Outdoor 5.40 and newer checks the auto-tuning state and does not change any window sizes if auto-tuning is enabled.

How to check TCP auto-tuning state:


1. Open command prompt by typing CMD to Search programs and files field.

2.

Type netsh interface tcp show global

3.

Receive Window Auto-Tuning Level shows the current state.

Please note that administrator rights are required to change auto-tuning settings.

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4.

Open command prompt by typing CMD to Search programs and files field. Right-click and select Run as administrator.

Figure 32. Run as administrator.

5.

To disable auto-tuning type netsh interface tcp set global autotuning=disabled. This limits the TCP window size to 64KB. However, Outdoor sets its own default 256KB when auto-tuning is disabled. To increase the maximum TCP window size that auto-tuning uses, type netsh interface tcp set global autotuning=highlyrestricted. Below are all the values of auto-tuning level with explanations: disabled: Uses a fixed value for the TCP receive window. Limits to 64 KB (65535). highlyrestricted: Recommended. Allows the receive window to grow beyond its default value, very conservatively. restricted: Recommended. Somewhat restricted growth of the TCP receive window beyond its default value. normal: Default value. Allows the receive window to grow to accommodate most conditions. experimental: Allows the receive window to grow to accommodate extreme scenarios (not recommended, it can degrade performance in common scenarios, only intended for research purposes). It enables receive window values of over 16 MB.

6.

7.

Windows XP fix KB943198 (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/943198) is needed when using HSDPA category 6 or higher data transfer speeds with Nokia test terminals

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14.3 Issues with HTTP Browsing Testing


Selecting Automatic configuration or Proxy settings can cause problems with HTTP browsing testing, such as, increase the page downloading time. In such a case automatic/ proxy settings should be disabled.

Figure 33. LAN settings.

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