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Roof Top DuTreat Units

Company training February 6th, 2013

Major Section to be Covered


First Encounter with the Units Six quadrant access ports Tour Through the Unit Pathways
Air Path Refrigerant Cycle Solution Cycle

PLC/HMI Introduction Review HMI: Main Screens

First Encounter with the Units


Unit Modularity Available Units Envelop Outer Dimensions Envelope Overview Construction Material Required Clearances

First Encounter: Unit Modularity

First Encounter: Available Units

DTRT 2500 3500

DTRT 5000 7000


DTRT 10,000 14,000

Odd Intermediates Possible as Well

DTRT 20,000 28,000

First Encounter: Envelop Outer Dimensions


89

77

74 Front View Back View

First Encounter: Envelope Overview


Condenser Fan Condenser Coil

Horizontal Process Outlet Hatch

Regeneration Outlet Hatch

Regeneration Inlet Compartment Electrical Compartment

Process Inlet Compartment

Vertical Process Outlet Compartment

Regeneration Mechanical Port

Front View

Back View

Construction Material
Construction Materials Exterior:
Oven Cured Paint over 1.5 mm Galvanized Steel. Floor and Structural Columns 2mm Galvanized Steel M6 Bolted Frame

Construction Materials Interior


Polypropylene Solution Enclosure with Polyethylene Insulation mats.

First Encounter: Required Clearances


40

40 60 60 40

60

Six quadrant access ports Main Components Location


Process Inlet Port Regeneration Inlet Port Process Outlet Port Regeneration Mechanical Port Electrical Port External Condenser Port

1. Process Inlet Port

2. Regeneration Inlet Port

3. Process Outlet Port

4. Regeneration Mechanical Port

5. Electrical Port

6. External Condenser Port

Tour Through the Unit Pathways


Air Path Refrigerant Cycle Solution Cycle

Rooftop Schematic View


Exhaust Air Supply Air Outdoor Air

R-A
Condenser Fan Array

Return Air/ Outdoor Air

R-A

Exhaust Air

R-A
S-A S-R

R-A
S-A S-R

Reg. Sump

R= Refrigerant A= Air S= Solution

Proc. Sump

Air Path
Schematics Fans Location Overview Vertical/Horizontal Air Flow Options Unit Modularity Duct Connectivity Variable Air Flow Capabilities Fan Curves

Rooftop Schematic View: Air Path


Exhaust Air

Supply Air

R-A
Outdoor Air
Condenser Fan Array

Return Air/ Outdoor Air

R-A

Exhaust Air

R-A S-A

R-A S-A

R= Refrigerant A= Air S= Solution

Air Path Trough the Unit

Process Vertical Inlets

Return Air

Air: Process Vertical Outlets

Zone

Vertical Air Flow Path

Return Air

Zone

Air: Process Horizontal Inlets

Air: Process Horizontal Outlets

Air: Horizontal Air Flow Path


Zone

Out Door

Regeneration Air Path

Back View

Front View

Air: Regeneration Air Path


Out Door

Out Door

Condenser Air Path

Air Outlet from DTRT 5000

Air: Unit Modularity Duct Connectivity

Air: Unit Modularity Duct Connectivity

Variable Air Flow Capabilities


Fans and Frequency Drives
Adaptability to installation requirements Variability of external static pressure Wider range of unit CFM operability

Fan Curves
DTRT 2500 DTRT 5000

DTRT 2500

DTRT 3500

DTRT 5000

DTRT 7000

Refrigerant Cycle
Schematics Digital Compressor Electronic Expansion Valve Refrigerant to Air Heat Exchangers
Post Cooling/ Post Heating HEX Pre Cooling HEX Pre Heating HEX

Rooftop Schematic View: Refrigerant


Exhaust Air Supply Air Outdoor Air

R-A
Condenser Fan Array

Return Air/ Outdoor Air

R-A

Exhaust Air

R-A
S-A S-R

R-A
S-A S-R

R= Refrigerant A= Air S= Solution

Refrigerant Cycle: Digital Compressor


Digital Compressor Description PWM Methodology Range of operation 60Hz Grid Variability under changing loads Tying the compressor modulation to our advantage

Refrigerant Cycle: Digital Compressor


15Hp Emerson-Copland Digital Scroll R-410a 60Hz, 3 Phase Crack case heater PWM

Pulse Width Modulation Topology


Solid State Relay

Indoor (Zone) Sensor Type: Column Mounted

OR

Supplied Air Sensor Process Outlet Duct Mounted


Diagrams taken from: AE4-1395 (August 2012) 3-15 Ton Digital Compressors for AC

Pulse Width Modulation Topology


Solid State Relay

Indoor (Zone) Sensor Type: Column Mounted

OR

Supplied Air Sensor Process Outlet Duct Mounted


Diagrams taken from: AE4-1395 (August 2012) 3-15 Ton Digital Compressors for AC

Electronic Expansion Valve

Refrigerant Cycle: Condenser Coils

20 fins per inch Improved Heat Rejection Built from Copper tubes and Hydrophobic coating Aluminum fins

Refrigerant Cycle: Refrigerant to Air Heat Exchanger


Heat Exchanger Location Regeneration Inlet (Air Pre-Heat) Process Inlet (Air Pre-Cool) Process Outlet (Air PostCool /Re-Heat)

Rows Deep / Coils / Fins per Inch

6 / 13/7

5 / 14 /4

2 / 16 /4

Filter Dryers

Solution Cycle
Schematics Pumps Protection Sump Solution Levels Colona and Leak Detection Anti Crystallization and High LL Prevention Mechanism

Rooftop Schematic View: Solution Cycle


Exhaust Air Supply Air Outdoor Air

R-A
Condenser Fan Array

Return Air/ Outdoor Air

R-A

Exhaust Air

R-A
S-A S-R

R-A
S-A S-R

Reg. Sump

R= Refrigerant A= Air S= Solution

Proc. Sump

Solution Cycle: Pump Location Reminder

Solution Cycle: Pumps Present to Semi Immersed Mechanically Future


Coupled Centrifugal Pump

Magnetic Drive Centrifugal Pump

Benefits of the shift: Solution flow away from the air stream Manufactured in chemical resistant thermoplastics (PP) encapsulated magnet, spindle housing and pump housing. Magnetic coupling require no seals or lubricants for operation Provides energy efficient thermal shield, minimizing heat transfer to the pumped fluid. Leak-free environment for the LiCl media. Continuous flow of aggressive chemicals and chilled fluids with no obstruction.

Solution Cycle: Pump Placement Allocation

Solution Cycle: Media and Manifold Solution Distribution

Hexagonal Corrugated (45 x 45) Cellulose Paper Sheets placement. Similar Manifold placement for the Process and Regeneration. Cross flow: Solution to Air HEX High Evaporation Efficiency and low pressure drop.

Solution Cycle: Media and Manifold Solution Distribution

Media Ratio differences from DT-Large


Process media Process Top cross volume section
DTRT/DTL

Regeneration media volume


+5%

Regen. Top cross section


-30%

+20%

-4%

Manifold construction similarities to DT-Large


Manifold Silicon Tube Central connection to even distribution

Solution Cycle: Solution to Refrigerant Heat Exchangers Location

Images taken from http://www.turbotecproducts.com for illustration purposes only

Solution Cycle: Solution-Refrigerant HEX


Tube in Tube HEX
Coaxial titanium heat exchanger encapsulated in a thermo-plastic tube. Advantages:
Coaxial inner tubes create turbulent flow heat transfer increases. Titanium coaxial inner tubing can withstand corrosive and erosive environments.

Exchanges the Thermo-Plastic material and copper tubes coated by epoxy paint in the DT-Large unit

Solution Cycle: Leak Free Environment

Solution Cycle: Visual Inspection of Solution Level

12

High Liquid Detection

Medium Level Detection Medium Level Detection 4 Low Liquid Detection Leak Detection

Solution Cycle: Anti Crystallization Prevention Mechanism

Solution Cycle: High LL Prevention Mechanism

Set Point: Pressure Process Value: Discharge Pressure Control Value: Fan Relay
System Discharge Pressure Above Kp Set Point Below Kp Set Point

Fans On Off

Refrigerant Regeneration Supply High Liquid Temperature High Liquid Temperature

PLC/HMI Introduction Review


Local and PLC Mode Physical Location of HMI Controller-Unit Topology Sequence of Operation Unit Functionality Enthalpy Control BMS Available Connectivity DI/DO & AI/AO

PLC/HMI Intro: Local PLC Mode

PLC/HMI Intro: Physical Location

Saddle Mount

Maintenance Engineer Office/ Mechanical Room

PLC/HMI Intro: Controller-Unit Topology

PLC/HMI Intro: Sequence of Operation Stage 1

Set Point: Humidity Ratio Process Value: Supplied Air Humidity Ratio Control Value: Compressor Modulation

PWM

PLC/HMI Intro: Unit Functionality

Compressor Pulse Width Modulation & Post Heat

PLC/HMI Intro: Sequence of Operation Stage 2

PWM

PLC/HMI Intro: Sequence of Operation Stage 3

Set Point: Temperature Process Value: Supplied Air Temperature Control Value: 4 Way Valve Solenoid

PWM

PLC/HMI Intro: Unit Functionality

Compressor Pulse Width Modulation & Post Cool

PLC/HMI Intro: Enthalpy Control

PLC/HMI Intro: BMS Available Connectivity

Modbus RTU (485) Modbus over TCP/IP Modbus RTU (485) to BACnet Modbus over TCP/IP to BACnet

DI/DO & AI/AO

DTRT 2500 Sensor Positioning


Vertical Outlet OA and RA Inlets

Outdoor Air Sensor

Supplied Air Sensor Process Outlet Duct Mounted

Return Air Sensor Process Inlet Duct Mounted

Indoor (Zone) Sensor Type: Column Mounted

DTRT 5000 Sensor Positioning


Return Air Sensor Process Inlet Duct Mounted

Supplied Air Sensor Process Outlet Duct Mounted Unit 1 Indoor (Zone) Sensor Type: Column Mounted

Supplied Air Sensor Process Outlet Duct Mounted Unit 2

Outdoor Air Sensor

HMI: Main Screens


Component Monitoring Unit Inlet/Outlet Mode of operation Auto/Manual Mode Set Point Schedule Information Transcended off of the Unit String Format

Component Monitoring

Unit Inlet/Outlet (Main Screen) DTRT 5000 Unit

Unit Inlet/Outlet (Main Screen) 6xDTRT 2500 Units w/ one Controller

Mode of operation

Auto/Manual Mode

Set Point Screen

Schedule Screen

Email Transcended off of the Unit

SMS Transcended off of the Unit

On Board SD Card Logger

RCMS Email and SD Card String Format


Unit MI1177
Excel - Unit #

Time MI230
RTC Time

Date MI235
RTC Date

Id.HR MI1178
INDOOR HR

Id.T MI1179
INDOOR TEMP

Od.HR MI1180
OUTDOOR HR

Od.T Out.HR MI1181 MI1182


OUTDOOR TEMP

Out.T MI1183

In.HR In.T MI1184 MI1185

Cs.Pr MI1186

PROCESS OUT HR PROCESS OUT TEMP PROCESS IN HR PROCESS IN TEMP SUCTION PRESSURE COMPRESSOR

Cd.Pr DmFA.Fd DmRA.Fd MI1187 MI1188 MI1189


DISCHARGE FRESH AIR PRESSURE DAMPER COMPRESSOR FEEDBACK

Cs.Tp MI1190

Cd.Tp MI1191
DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE COMPRESSOR

DmFA.Ctr MI1192
FRESH AIR DAMPER CONTROL

RETURN AIR DAMPER SUCTION FEEDBACK TEMPERATURE COMPRESSOR

Dc.Vv% MI1193

Input Output MI1194 MI1195


Output Map

Fault DW20
Fault Map

SP Tmp SP HR MI1197 MI1198


Setpoint Temp Set point HR

DIGITAL COMPPRESSOR Input Map DISCHARGE SOLENOID

Questions ?

Lifting the Unit