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Land Chapter 2

Land Chapter 2 slides

Slide 1 : The 1925 reforms and unregistered land law

The 1925 reforms and unregistered land law Subject Guide Chapter 2 Claire de Than

Slide 2 : 2. introduction
1925: key statutory reforms to English land law All land in England and Wales is either unregistered title land or registered title land Most land is now registered title but you need to know the rules for both categories The distinction between the two categories is of great importance Keep notes separate

Slide 3 : 3. learning outcomes Learning Outcomes

At the end of chapter 2 and assigned reading students should be able to: Explain the meaning and nature of overreaching Explain the operation of the system of land charges registration in unregistered title land Describe how the 1925 reforms have attempted to simplify conveyancing, and the extent to which they succeeded Decide whether third party rights are enforceable against a purchaser of unregistered title land 1/4


Land Chapter 2

Slide 4 : 4. aims and policy of the 1925 legislation

SG 2:1 - history and reasons behind 1925 reforms Aims of legislation: simplify conveyancing; rationalize existing law Legislation tries to protect purchasers of land from hidden third party rights and to provide mechanisms to protect third party rights. Unregistered title land likely to continue to exist for foreseeable future

Slide 5 : 5. reduction in the number of legal estates

Historically: many forms of legal estates and interests Now, LPA 1925 s.1(1), only two legal estates in land: Fee simple absolute in possession and Term of years absolute LPA 1925 s.1(2) lists potential legal interests in land Any other right must be equitable. Important distinction legal rights bind world equitable rights are generally vulnerable unless protected

Slide 6 : 6. extension of the system of overreaching

2.2: Key concept in 1925 legislation that equitable interests should be either REGISTRABLE or OVERREACHABLE Generally commercial = registrable 2/4


Land Chapter 2

family = overreachable Overreaching equitable interest attaches to purchase money on sale of land great advantage for purchasers

Slide 7 : 7. introduction of system of land charges registration

2.3: protection of commercial interests in land via land charges Replacement of complex notice rules of old law: equitable interests bound everyone except bona fide purchaser for value of legal estate without notice Land Charges Acts 1925 and 1972: Land Charges Register Most important land charges: next slide

Slide 8 : 8. registration continued

Puisne mortgage C(i) General equitable charge C(iii) Estate contract C(iv) Restrictive covenant D(ii) Equitable easement D(iii) Spouses/civil partners right of occupation F Must be registered against name of estate holder Note problems with system Unregistered charges void against: purchaser of legal estate for money or moneys worth C(iv), D(ii), D(iii)) purchaser for value of any interest C(i), C(iii), F Subject Guide 2.3 Activities 2.1 and 2.2 Midlank Bank v Green (1981) 3/4


Land Chapter 2

Slide 9 : 9. the doctrine of notice

Some equitable interests in unregistered title land are neither registrable nor overreachable, so remain subject to doctrine of notice List of such interests at 2.4 of subject guide Changes in society have expanded category Types of notice: actual; imputed; constructive Read Kingsnorth v Tizzard (Activity 2.3) Activity 2.4

Slide 10 : 10. sample examination question

End of chapter question is a partial question Any question could include unregistered title land, so you must study and revise its rules

Slide 11 : 12. about me

Claire de Than, Senior Lecturer and Director of the LLB at City Law School, London, is the author of the Subject Guide and online materials for Land Law 2000-2013 University of London