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ADC Performance Survey 1997-2013

Boris Murmann, Stanford University, murmann@stanford.edu


The purpose of this data collection is to help identify trends and limits in the power efficiency of A/D converters. In
an ideal world, everyone would use the same metrics and conditions to specify the power dissipation, bandwidth
and resolution of their designs. Unfortunately, in this world, different authors use different metrics and
interpretations. Having said this, it is clear that the tabulated data in this document must be read with a grain of
For use in publications and presentations please cite this data collection as follows:
B. Murmann, "ADC Performance Survey 1997-2013," [Online]. Available: http://www.stanford.edu/~murmann/adcsurvey.html.
Notes on the primary (raw data) columns:

Power (P) - Taken as specified by the authors. Sometimes this number includes power for clocks, references,
etc; sometimes it doesn't. For delta-sigma modulators, the power for the decimation filter is not included. This is
fsnyq
- Nyquist
rate,are
equal
to the sampling
rate measured
(fs) dividednear
by the
oversampling
ratioconverter.
(OSR). Note
that
SNDR_hf,
SNR,sampling
THD, SFDR
tabulated
as the values
fsnyq/2
for a Nyquist
When
this data was not available, data for lower input frequencies is used instead. Fortunately, in recent years, most
Nyquist converters are properly evaluated up to fsnyq/2. Only older data points (before ~2003) tend to suffer from
"low frequency only" issues. Multi-GHz converters tend to roll off for frequencies much lower than fs/2. For these
fin_hf - This is the frequency at which SNDR_hf was measured. For Nyquist ADCs, fin_hf is typically taken equal
to fsnyq/2 where justified, i.e. the listed SNDR is also measured at fsnyq/2. Exceptions include designs that roll off
below Nyquist (example: ISSCC 2003, paper 18.2., fs=20GHz, SNDR measured up to fin=6GHz ==>
SNDR_lf - SNDR measured at low input frequencies. The sinusoidal SNDR near Nyquist (SNDR_hf) is not
always a meaningful metric. Consider for example recent high-speed converters that are designed for broadband
inputs (high speed links, cable TV tuners, etc.), where the signal power is spread rather than being concentrated
DR is the measured "instantaneous dynamic range" of the converter, i.e. this metric does not contain any extra dBs obtained th
Csamp - Sampling capacitance of the converter. The tabulated values corresponds to the single ended capacitance to ground
Notes on secondary columns:
SNDR_plot - Unfortunately, many oversampling designs specify only DR as a measure of resolution. Therefore,
this columns looks to generate a "best replacement" for SNDR_hf using the smallest value among {SNR, THD,
Power/fsnyq - Energy per Nyquist sample (not to be confused with the metric energy/conversion-step). It is
implicitly assumed here that power scales proportional to the Nyquist sampling rate. This is true fundamentally,
but in practice, it is often harder to build a circuit that pushes speeds to the technological limits. Whenever a data

Notes on the "energy" and "aperture" plots:


The general idea is to have one chart where low energy designs can shine (the energy plot) and one where
designs with good speed-resolution product will stand out (the aperture plot); there are usually only very few
designs that look good in both plots. Energy plot: x-axis=SNDR_plot, y-axis=Power/fsnyq. Aperture plot: xaxis=SNDR_plot, y-axis=fin_hf. In the aperture plot, the lines for Jitter=0.1psrms/1psrms are performance lines
that a fictitious sampler with only the specified jitter numbers (no other nonidealities, such as quantization noise,
etc.) would achieve. In the energy plot, the line labeled FOMW=10fJ/conversion step corresponds to the Walden
Notes on the FOM vs. speed plots:
The idea here is to evaluate energy efficiency against absolute speed. Since both FOMW and FOMS work well
only across a limited range of SNDR, I included a plot for both FOMs. For low-resolution designs, the FOMWbased plot is more suitable, whereas the FOMS plot does a better job at rewarding high resolution designs that
also push bandwidth. The plots shown in this spreadsheet use SNDR_plot (usually equal to SNDR_hf) as a basis

Other notes:
Bandpass delta-sigma converters are generally hard to compare to Nyquist and low-pass delta-sigma
modulators. The metrics used in this data set are no exception and do not provide a fair comparison. Bandpass
Some people may argue that for converters with ERBW < fsnyq/2, the power should not be normalized by fsnyq,
but rather by 2*ERBW. I do not subscribe to this argument, because in a typical Nyquist converter, none (or few)
of the active circuits "see" the input frequency; ERBW < fsnyq/2 usually boils down to limitations in a passive
portion of the converter that does not dominate the overall power. Also, calculating a FOM by normalizing to
2*ERBW would require a change in the noise bandwidth (which is fsnyq/2), for fairness. Yet another group of
I would like to thank Richard Schreier (ADI), Ken Poulton (Agilent), Yangjin Oh, Ray Nguyen, Matthew Guyton
(MIT), Hajime Shibata (ADI), Yawei Guo (Cadence), Alp Oguz (EPFL), Matthias Keller (Univ. Freiburg) and
Thanks,
Boris
[1] B. Murmann, Limits on ADC Power Dissipation, in Analog Circuit Design, by M. Steyaert, A.H.M Roermund,
[2] B. Murmann, "A/D Converter Trends: Power Dissipation, Scaling and Digitally Assisted Architectures," Proc.
[3] R. H. Walden, Analog-to-digital converter survey and analysis, IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun., vol. 17, pp.
[4] R. Schreier and G. C. Temes, Understanding Delta-Sigma Data Converters. New York: Wiley, 2005.
[5] A.M.A. Ali, et al., "A 16-bit 250-MS/s IF Sampling Pipelined ADC With Background Calibration," IEEE J. SolidRevisions:
20070907: First web release
20070927: Minor formatting edits
20080207: Update ISSCC 2008
20080627: Update VLSI 2008
20090423: Update ISSCC 2009
20091023: Update VLSI 2009, added FOM lines in Energy plot
20100226: Update ISSCC 2010, corrections of earlier data
20100620: Update VLSI 2010, corrections to earlier data (especially DR), formatting change to explicitly state the
20100620a: Corrections on a few selected data points (in red)
20100620b: Corrections on a few selected data points (in purple)
20110308: Update ISSCC 2011
20110415: Added area data by Marian Verhelst (Intel)
20110620: Update VLSI 2011, some data corrections
20110620a: Added FOM chart, added one data point
20120308: Update ISSCC 2012
20120812: Update VLSI 2012, included Schreier-SNDR FOM
20120812a: Correction of VLSI 2011, 12.1
20130306: Update ISSCC 2013
20130406a: Corrected the missing "TI" for time interleved designs in the 2013 ISSCC data
20130629: Update VLSI 2013, format change, added Csamp and SNDR_lf (see notes above)
20130629a: Added ISSCC 2006, 3.6; corrected VLSI 2013, 8.1

urmann/adcsurvey.html.

any extra dBs obtained through variable gain.


ed capacitance to ground of one input pin.

YEAR
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997
1998
1998
1998
1998
1998
1998
1998
1998
1998
1999
1999
1999
1999
1999
1999
1999
1999
1999
1999
1999
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
2001
2001
2001
2001
2001
2001
2001
2001
2001

ID
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.8
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
13.5
13.6
13.7
4.4
4.6
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
9.6
9.7
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.7
18.1
18.2
18.3
18.4
18.5
18.6
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.7
20.2
20.3
20.4
20.5
3.1
3.2
3.4
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6

TYPE
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ

ARCHITECTURE
SAR
Folding
Folding
Two-step
Pipe
SDSC, Pipe
SDSC
SDSC, TI
SDCT
SDCT, Complex
SDSC
SDCT
SDSC
SDSC, SwOpAmp
Pipe
Pipe, TI
Pipe, TI
Pipe
Pipe, TI
Flash
Folding
SDSC
SDCT
SDSC, Pipe
SDCT
SDCT
Algo
Two-Step
Folding
Two-Step
Flash
Flash
Folding
Folding
Pipe
Folding
Pipe
Pipe
SDSC
SDSC
SDCT
SDSC
SDSC
SDSC
SDSC
Flash
Flash
Pipe
Two-Step
Pipe
Pipe

TECHNOLOGY
1
1.00 BiCMOS
0.5
Bipolar
1.4
0.6
0.5
0.6
HBT
0.8
0.8
0.5
0.6
0.5
0.7
1
1
0.5
0.5
0.35 BiCMOS
0.50 BiCMOS
0.5
0.35
1.2
0.5
0.80 BiCMOS
1.5
0.35
0.60 BiCMOS
0.5
0.4
0.6
Bipolar
0.5
0.5
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.65
0.5
0.35
0.25
0.25
0.35 BiCMOS
0.5
0.35
0.35
0.18
0.25
0.35
0.60 BiCMOS

TITLE
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2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
2003
2003
2003
2003
2003
2003
2003
2003
2003
2003
2003
2003
2003
2003
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004

10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
13.5
13.6
18.1
18.2
18.3
18.4
18.5
18.6
23.5
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
18.1
18.3
18.4
18.5
18.6
18.7
23.6
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
14.1
14.2
14.3
14.4
14.5
14.6
14.7
25.1
25.2
25.3
25.4

NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
NQ
OS
NQ
NQ
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ

Pipe, TI
Flash
Folding
Pipe, TI
Pipe
SAR
SDCT
SDCT, SDSC
SDSC
SDSC
SDCT
SDSC
SDSC
Flash
SDSC, SwOpAmp
Pipe
Pipe
SDSC
SDSC
SDSC
SDSC
SDSC
SDCT
SDCT
SDCT
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Pipe, TI
Flash, TI
Pipe
Pipe
Pipe
Pipe
SDCT
SDCT
SDSC
SDSC
SDCT
SDSC
SDSC
SDSC
SDCT
Folding
Folding
Pipe
Pipe, TI
Two-Step
Flash
SAR, TI
Pipe
Pipe
Pipe
Pipe

0.35
0.18
0.18
0.35
0.3
0.13
0.65
0.35 BiCMOS
0.35
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.13
0.13
0.18
0.6
0.35 BiCMOS
0.25
0.35
0.13
0.35
0.13
0.18
0.5
0.18
0.13
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.35
0.35 BiCMOS
0.25
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.13
0.09
0.13
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.13
0.18
0.13
HBT
0.09
0.18
0.18
0.25
0.18

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A 4 Gsample/s
8b ADC in 8b
0.35m
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A 6b 1.6GSample/s
A 1.6 Gsample/s
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Digital calibration
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free two-path
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bandpass

architecture
modulatorgen
wi
A 2 mW 89AdB
continuous-time
DR continuous-time
ADC
with
ADC
merged
with increas
chan
A 1.8V 1.6GS/s
A 1.8V8bfolding-interpolating
self-calibrating folding
ADCADC
in 0.18m
with 7.26
C
An 8b 600MS/s
An 8b200mW
CMOS folding
CMOS ADC
folding
with
A/D
resistive
converter
avera
us
A 1.2V 220MS/s
A 10b pipeline
10b pipeline
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fabricated
implemented
in a 0.13m
in 0.13
pu
A 150MS/sThis
8b 71mW
paper presents
time-interleaved
a 150 MS/s
ADC8inbit0.18m
time-inte
C
A 21mW 8b
An125MS/s
8b subranging
ADC occupying
ADC uses0.09mm2
interpolation,
in 0.13
ave
A 3b 40GS/s
A 3b
ADC-DAC
SiGe ADC-DAC
in 0.12m
produces
SiGe a conversion r
A 6b 600MHz
A 6b10mW
converter
ADCarray
arrayoperates
in digitalat
90nm
a 600MHz
CMOScl
A digitally enhanced
A 1.8 V 151.8V
b 4015b
MS/s
40MS/s
CMOSCMOS
pipelined
pipelined
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A 15b 20MS/s
A 15CMOS
b 20 MS/s
pipelined
CMOS
ADC
pipelined
with digital
ADC backgro
is fabric
A 96dB SFDR
A 9650MS/s
dB SFDR
digitally
50 MS/s
enhanced
pipelineCMOS
A/D converte
pipeline
A 1.8V 14bA10MS/s
1.8 V, 14
pipelined
b pipelined
ADCADC
in 0.18m
using passive
CMOS wit
ca

2004
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2007

25.5
25.6
25.7
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
9.6
9.7
15.2
15.3
15.4
15.5
27.1
27.2
27.3
27.4
27.5
27.6
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
12.6
12.7
12.8
31.1
31.2
31.3
31.4
31.5
31.6
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
13.5
13.6
25.1
25.2
25.3
25.4

NQ
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OS
OS
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OS
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Pipe
Pipe
Pipe
SDSC, Switched RC
SDSC
SDSC
SDSC
SDSC, Pipe
SDCT, SDSC
SDCT, SDSC
Pipe
Pipe, Scalable
Pipe
Pipe
SDCT
SDCT
SDCT
SDCT
SDCT, Filter
SDCT, Complex
SDCT
SDCT, Complex
SDCT, Complex
SDSC
SDSC, TI
SDCT
SDSC
SDSC
Pipe
Pipe
Subranging
Pipe, CBSC
SAR
Pipe
Pipe
Pipe
Flash
Two-Step
Flash
Flash
SAR, TI
Pipe, TI
SDCT, Complex
SDSC
SDCT
SDCT, SDSC
SAR
SAR, TI
Pipe
Two-Step
Pipe
Pipe

0.25
0.13
0.18
0.35
0.09
0.09
0.25
0.18
0.35
0.18
0.09
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.13
0.11
0.09
0.09
0.18
0.18
0.13
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.18
0.09
0.18
0.09
0.18
0.18
0.13
0.13
0.18
0.09
0.09
0.18
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0.13
0.13
0.09
0.13
0.09
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0.09
0.13
0.09
0.09
0.09
0.09

A 12b 80MS/s
A 12pipelined
b 80 MS/s
ADC
pipelined
with bootstrapped
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c
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10 pipeline
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22 m
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capacitor
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pipelined
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pipelined
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MASH
audio ADC
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consumes
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1mW from
integrato
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multi-bit
4bmodulator
modulator
in 90nm
usesdigital
3- and
CMO
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A 66dB DRA1.2V
single-amplifier
1.2mW single-amplifier
double-sampling
double-samplin
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A multi-bit
2.5MS/s
cascaded
output data
2-2-0
rate

modulator
ADC in 0.
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2nd-order
oversampled
4b cascaded
modulator
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in cascade ADC
with
A 106dB SNR
A hybrid
ADC oversampling
with a CT 1st-stage
ADC for
is presented.
digital audioA
A 0.18m 102dB-SNR
A second-order
mixed
mixed
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SC SC
audio-band
modulator
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A 3.3 mW A
1210b
MS/s
pipelined
10b pipelined
ADC has
ADC
been
in 90
realized
nm digital
in a dC
A 50 MS/sA(35
new
mW)
opamp
to 1 with
kS/s a(15
short
W)
power-on
power scaleable
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A 10 b 125AMS/s
10 b 40
125mW
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pipelined
pipelined
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in 0.18
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fr
A 30mW 8b
An200MS/s
8b 200MS/s
pipelined
2.8b-per-stage
CMOS ADC
pipelined
using aADC
swi
A 3mW 74dB
A third-order
SNR 2MHz
CTCT
multibit
ADC
ADC
with afor
tracking-AD
wireless
A 1.2V 3.5mW
A 1.2V
3.5mW
modulator
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withmodulator
a passivewith
current
a mixer
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A 4th-orderA86dB
fourth-order
CT 1b
ADC
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two
converter
amplifiers
using
in a90nm
two
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low-voltage
implementation
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a 3rd-order
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digital co
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A 4.7mW 89.5dB
A CT complex
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complex
ADC with
ADC
built-in
with
LPF
built-in
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A 43mW CT
A low-power
complex
wide-BW
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complex
of
signal
ADC
ban
s
A 14b 20mW
A 3rd-order
640MHz single-loop
CMOS CT /spl
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modu
A 375mW A
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bandpass
/spl Delta//spl
ADC is designed
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An 118dB A
DR
1bCT
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A 5.4mW 2-Channel
A 2nd-order
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A 0.5V 74dB
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SNDR
3rd-order
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DAC DeltaSigma ADC implemented in
An 80/100MS/s
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a4
A 90nm CMOS
A 10b1.2V
pipelined
10b Power
ADC with
and programmable
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spee
A 10b 50MS/s
Power-saving
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ADC with Opamp
such as
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curr
A 30mW 12b
A 12b
40MS/s
40MS/s
Subranging
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a High-Gain
is reali
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A comparator-based
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switched-capacitor
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A 25W 100kS/s
A 0.18mum
12b ADC
CMOS
for12b
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100kS/s
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successiveAa
A 14b 100MS/s
A 14bDigitally
multi-bit-per-stage
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pipelined
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is imp
i
A 15mW 0.2mm2
A 10b 50MS/s
10b 50MS/s
pipelined
ADCADC,
with implemented
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in
A 13b Linear
Using
40MS/s
statistical
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matching
ADC properties
with Self-Configure
of capac
A 0.16pJ/Conversion-Step
A high-speed 4b 2.5mW
flash ADC
1.25GS/s
in 90nm
4bdigital
ADC CM
in
A 90nm CMOS
A 1.2V
1.2V
6b 1GS/s
6b 1GS/s
ADC
Two-Step
is fabricated
Subranging
in a 90nm
AD
A 4GS/s 4b
A Flash
0.18mum
ADCCMOS
in 0.18m
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CMOS
non-interleaved 4b
A 22GS/s 5b
A 22GS/S
ADC in 5b
130nm
ADCSiGe
implemented
BiCMOSin 130nm SiG
A 6b 600MS/s
A 1.2V
5.3mW
6b ADC
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using asynchronous
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processin
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A time-interleaved
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architecture
in 0.13m that
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A 56mW CT
A 90nm
Quadrature
CMOSCascaded
CT quadrature
Modulator
DeltaSigma
withm7
A 0.13m CMOS
A 2-2 cascaded
EDGE/UMTS/WLAN
multi-standard
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DeltaSigma
ADC
m
A 1.2V, 121-Mode
A reconfigurable
Continuous-Time
CT 5th-order
SD Modulator
1b DeltaSigma
for W
A 5th-orderACT/DT
5th-order
Multi-Mode
CT/DT multi-mode
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DeltaSigma AD
A 65fJ/Conversion-Step,
A fully dynamic050MS/s
SAR ADC00.7mW
is proposed
9bitthat
Charg
us
A 14b 40MS/s
A 2-channel
Redundant
time-interleaved
SAR ADC with
40MS/s
480MHz
SAR
Clock
AD
A 0.8V 10bA80MS/s
low-voltage
6.5mW
design
Pipelined
is developed
ADC with
for Regulat
amplifie
A 10b 160MS/s
A 10b84mW
160MS/S
1V Subranging
subranging ADC
ADC with
in 90nm
THACM
is
A 4.7mW 0.32mm2
A 4.7mW 10b
10b 30MS/s
30MS/s Pipelined
pipelined ADC Without
is imple
A 10b 205MS/s
A 10b1.0mm2
205MS/S
90nm
1mm2
CMOS
ADC Pipeline
for flat-panel
ADC disp
for

2007
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2010

25.5
25.6
25.7
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
12.6
12.7
12.8
27.2
27.3
27.4
27.5
27.6
27.7
27.8
30.1
30.2
30.3
30.4
30.7
30.8
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
9.6
9.7
9.8
21.7
16.1
16.2
16.3
16.4
16.5
16.6
21.1
21.2
21.3
21.4
21.5
21.6
21.7

NQ
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Pipe, ZCBC
Pipe
Pipe, TI
SAR
SAR, TI
Two-Step
SAR
SAR
Pipe
Pipe
Folding
SDSC
SDSC
SDSC, TI
SDSC
SDCT
SDCT
SDCT
Pipe
SAR, TI
SAR, TI
Pipe
Two-Step
Flash
SAR, TI
Folding, TI
Binary Search
SAR, TI
Pipe
Pipe
Pipe
Pipe
Pipe, ZCBC
Two-Step, TDC
SDCT
SDCT
SDCT
SDSC
Flash, TI
Pipe
Pipe
Pipe, Folding, TI
VCO
Pipe
Pipe, ZCBC
Pipe, SAR
SAR
Pipe, SAR
SAR
SAR
SAR
SAR, TI

0.18
0.13
0.09
0.09
0.065
0.09
0.065
0.18
0.18
0.065
0.09
0.18
0.065
0.18
0.09
0.18
0.065
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0.18
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0.09
0.065
0.09
0.18
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A Zero-Crossing
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ADC
65nm
in 65nm
CMOS
CMOS
ADC exceeds the 29GS/s

2011
2011
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2013

10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6
27.1
27.2
27.3
27.4
27.5
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
19.3
27.1
27.3
27.5
27.6
27.7
27.8
27.9
2.4
15.1
15.2
15.3
15.4
15.5
15.7
15.8
16.3
26.1
26.2
26.3
26.4
26.5
26.6

NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
OS
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
OS
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
OS
NQ
NQ
OS
OS
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ
NQ

SAR, TI
Pipe, TI
Pipe, TI
Pipe
SAR
SAR
SDCT
SDCT
SDSC
SDSC
SDSC
SDCT BP
SDCT BP
SDCT BP
SDCT
SDCT
SDCT
SDCT
Flash, TI
Pipe
Pipe
Pipe
SAR
SAR
SAR
Pipe
Flash, TI
SDCT
SAR
SAR
Incremental
Incremental
SAR
Pipe
SAR
Flash, TI
SAR, TI
Pipe, TI
SAR, TI
SAR, TI
SAR, TI

0.065
SiGe BiCMOS
0.040
0.180
0.065
0.065
0.045
0.090
0.180
0.130
0.180
0.040
0.065
0.065
0.090
0.090
0.090
0.045
0.04
0.180
0.065
0.040
0.065
0.04
0.09
0.130
0.04
0.028
0.065
0.090
0.160
0.160
0.090
0.180
0.18
0.040
0.065
0.13 BiCMOS
0.032
0.045
0.065

A 480mw 2.6GS/s
This work
10b
presents
65nm cMoS
a 64 Time-interleaved
interleaved 2.6GS/s
ad
A 12b 1GS/s
A 2-way
SiGe BicMoS
time-interleaved
Two-waypipeline
Time-interleaved
ADC built in
p
An 800MS/s
Andual-Residue
800MS/s 4-interleaved
pipeline adc12b
in 40nm
pipeline
cMoS
ADC
A 16b 80MS/s
A 16b
100mw
pipeline
77.6dB
ADC SnR
that achieves
cMoS pipeline
77.6dBFS
adc S
A 0.024mm2
An 8b
8b 400MS/s
400MS/s SaR
SAR adc
ADCwith
with2b/cycle
2b-per-cycle
and Re
a
A Resolution-Reconfigurable
This paper presents5-to-10b
a reconfigurable
0.4-to-1v 5-to-10b
power S
A 4Ghz cTA
4GHz
adc CT
withADC
70dB dR
is and
presented
-74dBFS
withThd
a loop
in 12
f
An 8mw 50MS/s
A 3rd-order
cT single-loop
Modulator CT
with
81dB
modulator
SFdR and
with
A Third-order
A single-slope
dT Modulator
quantizer
using
using
noise-Shaped
modified bidire
Bidi
A 250mv 7.5w
An ultra-low-voltage
61dB SndR cMoS
SC
Sc
converter
Modulator
using
usin
a
A 84dB SndR
A third-order
100khz Bandwidth
modulator
low-power
with single
Single
operati
op-am
An LC Bandpass
A 6th order
&[Delta]&[Sigma]
LC bandpassADC
&[Delta]&[Sigma]
with 70dB SND
AD
A 12mW Low
A 800MS/s
Power Continuous-time
low power 4th-order
Bandpass
continuous-tim
&#8721
A DC to 1 A
GHz
6th-order
tunableDC
RFto&[Delta]&[sum]
1GHz tunable ADC
CT low-pass
achievin
A 16mW 78dB
In thisSNDR
paper,10MHz
we propose
BW CT
a &#61508;&#931;
VCO based DeltaA
A 72dB DR,
A multi-bit,
&[Delta]&[sum]
3rd order
CT CT
Modulator
&[Delta]&[Sigma]
using digitally
mo
A 15mW, 3.6GSps
An 8-tap CT-&#8710;&#931;
FIR DAC is used to ADC
reduce
with
power
36MHz
dis
A 20mW 61dB
A 1-bit
SNDR
3rd Order
(60MHz
Continuous-Time
BW) 1b 3rd Order
Delta
Contin
Sigm
Optical
communication
technology in Tra
lon
A 40nm CMOS
Single-Chip
50Gb/sDP-QPSK/BPSK
Ring Amplifiers
The concept
for Switched
of a Ring
Capacitor
Amplifier
Circuits
is introduced.
A 5.37mWA10b
10-bit
200MS/s
switched-capacitor
Dual-Path Pipelined
pipelined
ADC
ADC wa
A 1.7mW 11b
A 250MS/s
250MS/s
2x2-times
interleaved
Interleaved
11bit pipelined
Fully Dynam
SAR
A 90MS/s This
11MHz
work
Bandwidth
describes
62dB
a SAR
SNDR
ADCNoise-Shapin
which levera
A 70dB DRThis
10bpaper
0-80MS/s
presents
Current
a charge-domain
Integrating SAR
SAR
ADC
AD
A 7-to-10bA0-to-4MS/s
power-efficient,
Flexible
flexible-resolution
SAR ADC with 6.5-to-16f
SAR ADC
A 31.3fJ/Conversion-Step
Analog-to-digital70.4dB
conversion
SNDR
with
30MS/s
a signal
1.2V
band
T
A 195mW/55mW
A dual path
Dual-Path
receiver
Receiver
is designed
AFE to
Foroperate
Multistan
ov
A 28fJ/Conv-Step
A CT &[Delta]&[Sigma]
CT &[Delta]&[Sigma]
modulator
Modulator
achieves
with27
7
A 2.2/2.7fJ/conversion-step
A power-efficient 10/12bit
10/12b 40kS/s
40kS/sSAR
SARADC
ADCwi
in
A 71dB-SNDR
This 50MS/s
paper describes
4.2mW CMOS
a SAR SAR
ADC ADC
of 71dB
by SNR
SN
A 1V 14b Self-Timed
A 2nd-orderZero-Crossing-Based
&[Delta]&[Sigma] ADC
Incremental
in 0.16&[m
A 6.3&[mu]W
A 21b
21bit
Incremental
Incremental
analog-to-digital
Zoom-ADC with
converter
6 ppm I
A 2.4-to-5.2fJ/Conversion-step
A 0.4V-to-0.7V operated
10b 10b
0.5-to-4MS/s
SAR ADCSAR
with Ac
Adaptive Opamp
A switched-capacitor
Gain and Nonlinearity
bottom-plate
Cancellation
sampling
in sP
A 0.45V 100-Channel
A power efficient
Neuralneural
Recording
recording
IC with
architecture
Sub-uW
A 10.3-GS/s,
A 40-nm
6-b Flash
CMOS
ADC
10-GS/s,
for 10G6-bit
Ethernet
FlashApplicatio
ADC ha
An 11b 3.6GS/s
A 3.6GS/s
Time-Interleaved
11-bit Time-Interleaved
SAR ADC in
SAR
65nm
ADC
CM
A 14b 2.5GS/s
Eight8-Way
14b pipelined
Interleaved
ADCs
Pipelined
are timeADC
interleaved
With B
A 3.1mW 8b
An 1.2GS/s
8b 1.2GS/s
Single-Channel
single-channel
Asynchronous
SAR converter
SA
An 8.6 ENOB
The900MS/s
proposedTime-Interleaved
1b/cycle reconfiguration
2b/cycleschem
SAR A
A 14-bit, 80MS/s
This paper
SARpresents
ADC witha 73.6dB
65nm SAR
SNDR
ADC
in 65nm
that ov

AUTHORS
COMMENTS
Csamp [pF] AREA [mm^2]
SNDR_lf [dB]
fin_hf [Hz]
Hammerschmied, C.; Qiuting Huang
2.155
1.00E+05
Vorenkamp, P.; Roovers, R.
7
2.50E+07
Bult, K.; Buchwald, A.; Laskowski, J.
1
2.50E+07
Jewett, R.; Poulton, K.; Kuo-Chiang Hsieh; Doernberg, J.
6.40E+07
Sung-Ung Kwak; Power
Bang-Sup
includes
Song;digital
Bacrania,
(addtl.
K.70mW)
27.28
2.50E+06
Brooks, T.L.; Robertson, D.H.; Kelly, D.F.; Del Muro, A.; Harston, S.W.
31.8
1.25E+06
Senderowicz, D.; Nicollini, G.; Pernici, S.; Nagari, A.; Confalonieri, 0.39
P.; Dallavalle, C.
1.00E+03
Ong, A.K.; Wooley,
IF=20MHz
B.A.
2.73
2.00E+05
Raghavan, G.; Jensen,
Data taken
J.F.; Walden,
for max. R.H.;
BW, IF=55MHz
Posey, W.P.
0.5625
6.26E+07
Jantzi, S.; Martin, Data
K.; Sedra,
taken A.
for max. BW, IF=3.75MHz
4.32
2.00E+05
Leung, K.Y.; Swanson, E.J.; Kafai Leung; Zhu, S.S.
25
4.80E+04
van der Zwan, E.J.
0.4
2.00E+04
Yasuda, A.; Tanimoto, H.; Lida, T.
1.00E+05
Peluso, V.; Vancorenland, P.; Marques, A.; Steyaert, M.; Sansen, W.
0.85
1.60E+04
I. Opris, L. Lewicki, and B. Wong
9
1.00E+07
D. Fu, K. Dyer, S. Lewis, and P. Hurst,
22
2.00E+07
K. Dyer, D. Fu, S. Lewis, and P. Hurst,
42
2.00E+07
Joseph Ingino Jr. and Bruce Wooley
14.5
5.00E+06
W. Bright
5.5
3.75E+07
P. Setty, J. Barner, J. Plany, H. Burger, and J. Sonntag
0.75
1.75E+08
M. Flynn and B. Sheahan,
0.6
2.00E+08
A.L. Coban; P.E. Allen
0.53
2.00E+04
Breems, L.J.; van de Zwan, E.J.; Dijkmans, E.C.; Huijsing, J.H.
0.2
1.00E+05
Paul, S.; Hae-Seung Lee; Goodrich, J.; Alailima, T.; Santiago, D. 47
9.00E+06
van Engalen, J.; van
Data
defor
Plassche,
10.7MHZR.;
IF,Sokvoort,
BW=200kHz
E.; Venes, A.
0.36
2.00E+05
Namdar, A.; Laung, B.H.
1.5
4.00E+04
Ozan E. Erdogan, Paul J. Hurst, and Stephen H. Lewis
5.94
6.25E+04
Hendrik van der Ploeg
Fig. 18.2.6.a
and Robert
shows
Remmers,
7.8 ENOB at fin=12.5 MHz 0.8
1.25E+07
Gian Hoogzaad and
Fig.Raf
18.3.6.a
Roovers
shows 8.7 ENOB at fin=20 MHz
0.8
2.00E+07
Brian Brandt and Joseph Lutsky
1.6
1.00E+07
Yuko Tamba and Kazuo Yamakido
2.4
2.50E+08
Kwangho Yoon, Sungkyung Park, and Wonchan Kim
5.25
33.2
1.00E+08
Carl Moreland, Michael Elliott, Frank Murden, Joe Young, Mike Hensley,
261 and Russ Stop
5.00E+07
Myung-Jun Choe, Bang-Sup Song, and Kantilal Bacrania,
8.7
2.00E+07
Larry Singer, Stacy Ho, Mike Timko, and Dan Kelly
10
3.25E+07
Hui Pan, Masahiro Segami, Michael Choi, Jing Cao, Fumitoshi Hatori,
16and Asad Abidi
2.50E+07
Jun Ming and Stephen H. Lewis
10.3
4.00E+07
Hsin-Shu Chen, Kantilal Bacrania, and Bang-Sup Song
10.8
1.00E+07
Geerts, Y.; Steyaert, M.; Sansen, W.
5.3436
1.25E+06
Fujimori, I.; Longo, L.; Hairapetian, A.; Seiyama, K.; Kosic, S.; Cao,
26.24
J.; Shu-Iap Chan
1.25E+06
van der Zwan, E.; Philips, K.; Bastiaansen, C.
0.6
2.00E+05
Tabatabaei, A.; Kaviani, K.; Wooley, B.
2.8
2.00E+06
Burger, T.; QiutingData
Hueng
for WCDMA
0.36
5.00E+06
Oliaei, O.; Clement, P.; Gorisse, P.
0.4
1.89E+05
Vleugels, K.; Rabii, S.; Wooley, B.A.
2.00E+06
Michael Choi and Asad A. Abidi,
0.8
6.50E+08
Govert Geelen
0.35
5.50E+08
Yong-In Park, S. Karthikeyan, Frank Tsay, and Eduardo Bartolome 2.5
5.00E+07
Hendrik van der Ploeg,
SNDRGian
estimated
Hoogzaad,
assuming
Henkequal
A. H. contribution
Termeer, Maarten
of distortion
1 Vertregt,
and and
thermal
Raf L.
noise
J. 2.70E+07
Roovers,
Dan Kelly, Will Yang, Iuri Mehr, Mark Sayuk, and Larry Singer,
7.8
3.75E+07
Yu, P.C.; Shehata, S.; Joharapurkar, A.; Chugh, P.; Bugeja, A.R.;31.35
Xiaohong Du; Sung-Ung Kwak;
2.00E+07
Papantonopoulous, Y.; Kuye

Ken Poulton, Robert Neff, Art Muto, Wei Liu, Andy Burstein, and
28.8456
Mehrdad Heshami
43.9
1.00E+09
Peter Scholtens and Maarten Vertregt,
0.12
6.60E+08
Koji Sushihara and Akira Matsuzawa
0.3
2.25E+08
Shafiq M. Jamal, Daihong
No HF data,
Fu, fin=990kHz
Paul J. Hurst, and Stephen H. Lewis,
12.5
1.00E+06
Daisuke Miyazaki, Masanori Furuta, and Shoji Kawahito
3.12
1.50E+07
Franz Kuttner
0.08
1.00E+07
Henkel, F.; Langmann, U.; Hanke, A.; Heinen, S.; Wagner, E.
6
1.00E+06
Schreier, R.; Lloyd, J.; Singer, L.; Paterson, D.; Timko, M.; Hensley, M.;
5 Patterson, G.; Behel, 3.30E+05
K.; Zhou, J.; Martin, W.J.;
Salo, T.; Hollman, T.; Lindfors, S.; Halonen, K.
0.79
3.84E+06
Ruoxin Jiang; Fiez, T.S.
2.86
2.00E+06
van Veldhoven, R.; Philips, K.; Minnis, B.
0.41
2.00E+06
Gupta, S.K.; Brooks, T.L.; Fong, V.
2.6
9.62E+05
Gomez, G.; Haroun,
Data
B.for WCDMA
0.2
2.00E+06
Lin, J.; Haroun, B.
0.3
1.10E+07
Sauerbrey, J.; Tille, T.; Schmitt-Landsiedel, D.; Thewes, R.
0.08
8.00E+03
Kulhalli, S.; Penkota,
LF V.;
dataAsv,
onlyR.
2.56
1.00E+04
Waltari, M.; Sumanen,
Broken
L.;chip,
Korhonen,
SNDR T.;
is an
Halonen,
optimistic
K. estimate
6
2.50E+07
Reutemann, R.; Balmelli, P.; Qiuting Huang
1.5
1.00E+06
Blanken, P.G.; Menten, S.E.J.
0.18
8.00E+03
Feng Chen; Ramaswamy,
Data for WCDMA
S.; Bakkaloglu, B.
0.1225
2.00E+06
YuQing Yang; Chokhawala,
A-weightedA.;
DR=114dB
Alexander,
-->M.;
111dB
Melanson,
linear J.;
DRHester,
5.62
D.
2.00E+04
Dezzani, A.; Andre,
Data
E. for WCDMA
0.2
1.92E+06
van Veldhoven, R.Data for CDMA
0.55
1.23E+06
Yan, S.; Sanchez-Sinencio, E.
5.76
1.10E+06
Philips, K.
0.22
1.00E+06
Tabatabaei, A.; Onodera, K.; Zargari, M.; Samavati, H.; Su, D.K. 2.4
2.00E+07
Ken Poulton, Robert Neff, Brian Setterberg,4 Bernd Wuppermann, Tom
196 Kopley,40.9
Robert Jewett,6.00E+09
Jorge Pernillo, Charles Tan, and
Xicheng Jiang, Zhengyu Wang, and M. Frank Chang,
0.5
1.00E+09
Byung-Moo Min, Peter Kim, David Boisvert, and Arlo Aude
1.85
4.00E+07
Sang-Min Yoo, Jong-Bum Park, Hee-Suk Yang, Hyuen-Hee Bae, Kyoung-Ho
2.2
Moon, Ho-Jin Park,
7.50E+07
Seung-Hoon Lee, and Jae-H
Boris Murmann and Bernhard E. Boser
7.9
3.75E+07
Alfio Zanchi, Frank Tsay, and Ioannis Papantonopoulos
25
3.50E+07
Moyal, M.; Groepl, M.; Werker, H.; Mitteregger, G.; Schambacher, J.31
1.20E+07
Breems, L.J.
1.7
1.00E+07
Balmelli, P.; Qiuting Huang
0.95
1.25E+07
Putter, B.M.
0.2
1.10E+06
Ueno, T.; Itakura, T.
0.12
1.92E+06
Yao, L.; Steyaert, M.; Sansen, W.
0.18
2.00E+04
Gaggl, R.; Inversi,Data
M.; Wiesbauer,
for BW=1.1MHz
A.
1.10E+06
Ying, F.; Maloberti, F.
1.1
2.50E+06
Philips, K.; Nuijten,
DR=89dB,
P.A.C.M.;DRinst=68dB
Roovers, R.; Munoz, F.; Tejero, M.; Torralba,
0.14
A.
1.00E+06
Robert Taft, Chris Menkus, Maria Rosaria Tursi, Ols Hidri, and Valerie8 Pons
8.00E+08
Govert Geelen and Edward Paulus
0.2
3.00E+08
Bjrnar Hernes, Atle Briskemyr, Terje N. Andersen, Frode Telst, Thomas
1.3
E. Bonnerud, and ystein
1.10E+08
Moldsvor,
Sotirios Limotyrakis, Scott D. Kulchycki, David Su, and Bruce A. Wooley,
1.8
7.50E+07
Jan Mulder, Christopher M. Ward, Chi-Hung Lin, Dave Kruse, Jan 0.09
R. Westra, Marcel L. Lugthart,
6.25E+07
Erol Arslan, Rudy J. van de P
William Cheng, Wais Ali, Moon-Jung Choi, Kanon Liu, Tammy Tat,3.96
Don Devendorf, Lloyd Linder,
1.30E+10
and Ronald Stevens,
Dieter Draxelmayr
3.00E+08
E. Siragusa and I. Galton,
20
2.00E+07
Hung-Chih Liu, Zwei-Mei Lee, and Jieh-Tsorng Wu
11.22
1.00E+07
K. Nair and R. Harjani,
5.55
2.50E+07
Yun Chiu, Paul R. Gray, and Borivoje Nikolic
15
5.00E+06

Carl R. Grace, Paul J. Hurst, and Stephen H. Lewis,


19.6
4.00E+07
Olaf Stroeble, Victor Dias, and Christoph Schwoerer,
0.3
4.00E+07
Seung-Tak Ryu, Sourja Ray, Bang-Sup Song, Gyu-Hyeong Cho, 15.96
and Kanti Bacrania
1.50E+07
Gil-cho Ahn; Dong-young Chang; Brown, M.; Ozaki, N.; Youra, H.;2.88
Yamamura, K.; Hamashita,2.40E+04
K.; Takasuka, K.; Temes, G.C.;
Jiang Yu; Maloberti, F.
0.4
2.00E+06
Jinseok Koh; Yunyoung Choi; Gomez, G.
0.26
1.94E+06
Brewer, R.; Gorbold,
DR J.;
manually
Hurrell,extracted
P.; Lyden,
from
C.; plot
Maurino, R.; Vickery,
20.21
M.
1.00E+06
Bosi, A.; Panigada, A.; Cesura, G.; Castello, R.
4
1.00E+07
Nguyen, K.; Adams, B.; Sweetland, K.; Huaijin Chen; McLaughlin, 0.82
K.
2.00E+04
Morrow, P.; Chamarro, M.; Lyden, C.; Ventura, P.; Abo, A.; Matamura,
0.65 A.; Keane, M.; O'Brien,2.00E+04
R.; Minogue, P.; Mansson, J.; M
Wang, R.; Martin, K.; Johns, D.; Burra, G.
0.3
6.00E+06
Ahmed, I.; Johns, D.
1.2
2.50E+07
Yoshioka, M.; Kudo, M.; Gotoh, K.; Watanabe, Y.
0.66
6.25E+07
Hwi-Cheol Kim; Deog-Kyoon Jeong; Wonchan Kim
0.15
1.00E+08
Dorrer, L.; Kuttner, F.; Greco, P.; Derksen, S.
0.3
2.00E+06
Nagai, T.; Satou, H.; Yamazaki, H.; Watanabe, Y.
0.62
4.28E+05
Das, A.; Hezar, R.; Byrd, R.; Gomez, G.; Haroun, B.
0.25
6.00E+05
Fontaine, P.; Mohieldin, A.N.; Bellaouar, A.
0.25
6.00E+05
Munoz, F.; Philips,DR=89.5dB,
K.; Torralba,DRinst=70dB
A.
0.1976
1.00E+06
Yaghini, N.; Johns, D.
0.95
2.30E+07
Mitteregger, G.; Ebner, C.; Mechnig, S.; Blon, T.; Holuigue, C.; Romani,
1.2 E.; Melodia, A.; Melini,2.00E+07
V.
Schreier, R.; Abaskharoun,
DR=90dB,N.;
DRinst=85dB
Shibata, H.; Mehr, I.; Rose, S.; Paterson,
2.5 D.
8.50E+06
Silva, P.G.R.; Breems,
Data for
L.J.;
FM
Makinwa, K.A.A.; Roovers, R.; Huijsing, J.H.
6
2.00E+05
Kwon, S.; Maloberti, F.
2.32
2.20E+06
Kye-Shin Lee; Sunwoo Kwon; Franco Maloberti
1.1
1.10E+06
Kong-pang Pun, Shouri Chatterjee, Peter Kinget
0.6
2.50E+04
Goes, J.; Vaz, B.; Monteiro, R.; Paulino, N.
0.06
1.00E+04
Fujimoto, Y.; Kanazawa, Y.; Lore, P.; Miyamoto, M.
1.7
3.20E+06
Geelen, Govert; Paulus, Edward; Simanjuntak, Dobson; Pastoor, Hein;
0.3 Verlinden, Ren
3.20E+07
Ryu, Seung-Tak; Song, Bang-Sup; Bacrania, Kanti
1.43
2.50E+07
Shimizu, Yasuhide; Murayama, Shigemitsu; Kudoh, Kohhei; Yatsuda,
4.6728Hiroaki; Ogawa, Akihide2.00E+07
Sepke, Todd; Fiorenza, John; Sodini, Charles; Holloway, Peter; Lee,1.2
Hae-Seung
4.00E+06
Verma, Naveen; Chandrakasan, Anantha
0.63
5.00E+04
Bogner, Peter; Kuttner, Franz; Kropf, Claus; Hartig, Thomas; Burian,
1.02
Markus; Eul, Hermann 5.00E+07
Choi, Hee-Cheol; Kim, Ju-Hwa; Yoo, Sang-Min; Lee, Kang-Jin; Oh, 0.2
Tae-Hwan; Seo, Mi-Jung; 2.50E+07
Kim, Jae-Whui
Ray, Sourja; Song, Bang-Sup
3.6
2.00E+07
G. Van der Plas, S. Decoutere, S. Donnay
0.033
6.25E+08
P. Figueiredo, P. Cardoso, A. Lopes, C. Fachada, N. Hamanishi, K.
0.13
Tanabe
5.00E+08
S. Park, Y. Palaskas, M. Flynn
0.88
2.00E+09
P. Schvan, D. Pollex, S-C. Wang, C. Falt, N. Ben-Hamida
2.4
1.10E+10
S-W. Chen, R. Brodersen
0.12
3.00E+08
S. Gupta, M. Choi, M. Inerfield, J. Wang
3.5
5.00E+08
Breems, L.J.; Rutten,
10.5MHz
R.; van
IF Veldhoven, R.; van der Weide, G.; Termeer,
0.5
H.
2.00E+07
Christen, T.; Burger,
Data
T.;taken
Qiuting
for Huang
WLAN mode
0.4
1.00E+07
Ouzounov, S.; vanData
Veldhoven,
taken forR.;
GSM
Bastiaansen,
mode, (best
C.;FOM=0.2pJ/conv-step)
Vongehr, K.; van
0.36Wegberg, R.; Geelen, G.;
2.00E+05
Breems, L.; van Roermund, A.
Putter, B.
Data taken for CDMA mode (best FOM=0.5pJ/conv-step)
0.125
6.14E+05
Craninckx, J.; VanData
der Plas,
takenG.
for 20MS/s, Nyquist input (ENOB=7.4)
0.08
1.00E+07
Hesener, M.; Eichler, T.; Hanneberg, A.; Herbison, D.; Kuttner, F.;0.55
Wenske, H.
9.60E+05
Yoshioka, M.; Kudo,
Data
M.;taken
Mori,for
T.;VDD=0.8V
Tsukamoto, S.
0.6372
4.00E+07
Huber, D.J.; Chandler,
Assumed
R.J.;~9.1ENOB
Abidi, A.A. at Nyquist
0.42
8.00E+07
Young-Deuk Jeon; Seung-Chul Lee; Kwi-Dong Kim; Jong-Kee Kwon;
0.32Jongdae Kim
1.50E+07
Seung-Chul Lee; Young-Deuk
Power inlcudes
Jeon;
SHA.
Kwi-Dong
SNDR and
Kim;SFDR
Jong-Kee
takenKwon;
from charts
1Jongdae
(diff.)
Kim; Jeong-Woong
1.03E+08
Moon; Wooyol Lee

Brooks, L.; Hae-Seung


Data for
Lee200MS/s
0.05
1.00E+08
Hernes, B.; Bjornsen,
SNDR
J.;taken
Andersen,
from Fig.4,
T.N.; Vinje,
large A.;
ERBW
Korsvoll, H.; Telsto,
0.52 F.; Briskemyr, A.; Holdo,
1.03E+08
C.; Moldsvor, O.
Cheng-Chung Hsu; Fong-Ching Huang; Chih-Yung Shih; Chen-Chih1.4
Huang; Ying-Hsi Lin; Chao-Cheng
4.00E+08 Lee; Razavi, B.
V. Giannini, P. Nuzzo, V. Chironi, A. Baschirotto, G. Vander Plas,
0.0902
J. Craninckx
2.00E+07
B. Ginsburg, A. Chandrakasan
3
1.25E+08
G. Van der Plas, B. Verbruggen
0.25
0.0625
7.50E+07
M. van Elzakker, E. van Tuijl, P. Geraedts,0.5
D. Schinkel, E. Klumperink,
0.0275 B. Nauta
5.00E+05
A Agnes, E. Bonizzoni, P. Malcovati, F. Maloberti
15
0.24
5.00E+04
B. Lee, B. Min, G. Manganaro, J. W. Valvano
7.28
5.00E+07
M. Boulemnakher, E. Andre, J. Roux, F. Paillardet
0.07
5.00E+07
B. Verbruggen, J. Cranickx, M. Kuijk, P. Wambacq,
0.2
G. Van der 0.0165
Plas
29.9
8.75E+08
Y. Chae, I. Lee, G. Han
0.715
2.00E+04
R. Veldhoven, R. Rutten, L. Breems
0.03
2.00E+05
K. Lee, J. Chae, M.
Data
Aniya,
for 2.5MHz
K. Hamashita,
BW K. Takasuka, S. Takeuchi,
3.67
G. Temes
2.50E+06
P. Malla, H. Lakdawala,
Reconfigurable,
K. Kornegay,
MASH21
K. Soumyanath
used
1
2.00E+07
W. Yang, W. Schofield, H. Shibata, S. Korrapati, A. Shaikh, N. Abaskharoun,
0.7
D. Ribner
1.00E+07
Y-S. Shu, B-S. Song, K. Bacrania
0.5
8.00E+06
L. Doerrer, F. Kuttner, A. Santner, C. Kropf, T. Puaschitz, T. Hartig
0.0888
2.00E+04
B. Gregoire, U-K. Moon
2.3
1.00E+07
Z. Cao, S. Yan, Y.SNDR
Li
stays >32 dB up to fin=450MHz
0.09
4.50E+08
P. Schvan, J. Bach,
Data
C. for
Falt,
upP.toFlemke,
8GHz, SNDR
R. Gibbins,
aboveY.22.8
Greshishchev,
dB up to fin
16N.
12GHz
Ben-Hamida,
34.9 D. Pollex,
1.20E+10
J. Sitch, S-C. Wang, J. Wolcza
K-W. Hsueh, Y-K.SNDR/SFDR
Chou, Y-H. Tu,
is 59.9dB/64.9dB
Y-F. Chen, Y-L.atYang,
fin=60MHz
H-S. Li 1.1
6.00E+07
Y. Shimizu, S. Murayama, K. Kudoh, H. Yatsuda
0.29
1.50E+08
D. Daly, A. Chandrakasan
Data for single ended, pseudo differe gives 5.56 ENOB,
2
2.84uW
2.00E+05
Erkan Alpman, Hasnain Lakdawala, L. Richard Carley, K. Soumyanath
1
1.10E+09
R. C. Taft, P. A. Francese, M. R. Tursi, O. Hidri, A. MacKenzie, T. 17.5
Hoehn, P. Schmitz, H. Werker,
4.98E+08
A. Glenny
Ying-Zu Lin, Soon-Jyh Chang, Yen-Ting Liu, Chun-Cheng Liu, Guang-Ying
0.18
Huang
4.00E+08
Wenbo Liu, Yuchun Chang, Szu-Kang Hsien, Bo-Wei Chen, Yung-Pin
1.1 Lee, Wen-Tsao Chen, 3.00E+08
Tzu-Yi Yang, Gin-Kou Ma, Yun C
Ashutosh Verma, Behzad Razavi
0.49
2.33E+08
Siddharth Devarajan, Larry Singer, Dan Kelly, Steven Decker, Abhishek
10 Kamath,
78.6
Paul Wilkins6.25E+07
Andrea Panigada, Ian Galton
4
5.00E+07
Imran Ahmed, JanSNDR
Mulder,
estimated
David A.from
Johns
Fig. 9.2.5
1.4
2.50E+07
Lane Brooks, Hae-Seung Lee
0.3
2.50E+07
Shahrzad Naraghi, Matthew Courcy, Michael P. Flynn
0.06
3.00E+05
Matt Park, Michael Perrott
0.45
2.00E+07
Sheng-Jui Huang, Yung-Yu Lin
0.084
2.00E+06
Vijay Dhanasekaran, Manisha Gambhir, Mohamed M. Elsayed, Edgar
0.154Snchez-Sinencio, Jose2.00E+07
Silva-Martinez, Chinmaya Mishr
Lynn Bos, Gerd Vandersteen, Julien Ryckaert, Pieter Rombouts,0.0756
Yves Rolain, Geert Van der Plas
2.00E+06
Jun Cao; Bo Zhang; Singh, U.; Delong Cui; Vasani, A.; Garg, A.; Wei Zhang;
33.2 Kocaman,
5.00E+09
N.; Pi, D.; Raghavan, B.; H
A. M. Ali, A. Morgan, C. Dillon, G. Patterson, S. Puckett, M. Hensley,50
R. Stop, P. Bhoraskar, S.1.25E+08
Bardsley, D. Lattimore, J. Bray,
R. Payne, M. Corsi,
Data
D. for
Smith,
fin=80
S. Kaylor,
MHz at D.
fs=160MS/s,
Hsieh
Fig 16.2.5
4
8.00E+07
B. Verbruggen, J. Craninckx, M. Kuijk, P. Wambacq, G. Van der Plas
0.03
1.10E+09
G. Taylor, I. Galton
0.07
4.50E+06
Y-C. Huang, T-C. Lee
0.0572
5.00E+07
B. P. Hershberg, S. T. Weaver, U-K. Moon
1.11
5.00E+06
C. P. Hurrell, C. Lyden,
Data for
D. fin=6.25
Laing, D.MHz,
Hummerston,
Fig. 21.1.6M. Vickery
4.5
6.25E+06
W. Liu, P. Huang, Y. Chiu
0.059
2.25E+07
M. Furuta, M. Nozawa, T. Itakura
0.0585
2.00E+07
M. Yoshioka, K. Ishikawa, T. Takayama, S.
0.039
2.50E+07
C-C. Liu, S-J. Chang, G-Y. Huang, Y-Z. Lin, C-M. Huang, C-H. Huang,
0.0256 L. Bu, C-C. Tsai
5.00E+07
P. Harpe, C. Zhou, X. Wang, G. Dolmans, H. de Groot
0.07
5.12E+06
Y. M. Greshishchev, J. Aguirre, R. Gibbins, C. Falt, P. Flemke, N. Ben-Hamida,
16
34.9
D. Pollex, P. Schvan,
1.80E+10
S-C. Wang, M. Besson

K. Doris, E. Janssen, C. Nani, A. Zanikopoulos, G. van der Weide 5.1


1.30E+09
R. Payne, C. Sestok, W. Bright, M. El-Chamas, M. Corsi, D. Smith,2.35
N. Tal
5.00E+08
J. Mulder, F. M. van
Power
der Goes,
includes
D. reference
Vecchi, J. R. Westra, E. Ayranci,0.88
C. M. Ward, J. Wan, K. Bult
4.00E+08
J. Brunsilius, E. Siragusa, S. Kosic, F. Murden, E. Yetis, B. Luu, J. Bray,
9.9 P. Brown, A. Barlow 4.00E+07
H. Wei, C-H. Chan,
Data
U-F.
forChio,
400MS/s,
S-W. at
Sin,
Nyquist
S-P. U,
from
R. Martins,
Fig. 10.5.5
F. Maloberti
0.024
2.00E+08
M. Yip, A. P. Chandrakasan
Data for 10b mode
0.212
1.00E+04
M. Bolatkale, L. Breems, R. Rutten, K. Makinwa
0.9
1.25E+08
J. G. Kauffman, P. Witte, J. Becker, M. Ortmanns
0.15
2.50E+07
N. Maghari, U-K. Moon
0.44
1.04E+06
F. Michel, M. Steyaert
0.3375
1.00E+04
A. Pena Perez, E.Numbers
Bonizzoni,
forF.OSR=16
Maloberti
0.492
5.00E+04
J. Harrison et al. IF = 700-800MHz
0.4
2.00E+07
H. Chae et al.
IF = 200MHz
0.2
2.40E+07
H. Shibata et al. IF=450MHz, no SNDR data?
5.5
1.50E+08
K. Reddy et al. Data for fin=4MHz
0.36
4.00E+06
P. Witte et al.
0.23
2.50E+07
P. Shettigar et al.
0.12
3.60E+07
V. Srinivasan et al.
0.49
6.00E+07
D. Crivelli et al.
34.3
1.00E+10
B. Hershberg et al.
1.98
1.00E+07
Y. Chai et al.
0.19
1.00E+08
B. Verbruggen et al.
0.066
1.25E+08
J. Fredenburg
0.0462
1.10E+07
B. Malki et al.
Data for 80MS/s
0.079625
4.00E+07
P. Harpe et al. Data for 10b mode
0.047
2.00E+06
Ho-Young Lee; Bumha Lee; Un-Ku Moon
0.24
1.50E+07
B. Zhang et al.
5.00E+09
Y-S. Shu et al.
0.08
1.80E+07
P. Harpe et al. 12b data
0.076
2.00E+04
T. Morie et al.
0.097
2.50E+07
C. Chen et al.
0.45
6.67E+02
Y. Chae et al.
0.375
1.25E+01
C-Y Liou et al. Data for VDD=0.4V
0.042
2.50E+05
Y. Miyahara et al.
1.43
3.00E+07
D. Han et al.
1.00E+05
S. Verma et al.
0.27
5.00E+09
E. Janssen et al.
7.4
54.0
1.80E+09
B. Setterberg et al.
103.6
1.00E+09
L. Kull et al.
Data for VDD=1V
0.0015
6.00E+08
H-K Hong et al.
0.038
4.50E+08
R. Kapusta et al.
4
0.55
73.6
4.00E+07

SNDR_hf [dB]
56.5

SNR [dB]

DR [dB]

-THD [dB]

SFDR [dB]

64.0

75.0

58.4
86.9
89.0

93.0
97.0

53.5
84.9
81.0
75.0
44.1
62.0
110.0

88.0
75.0
67.0
118.0
96.0
79.0
77.0

62.0
65.4
55.0
58.0
67.0
43.3
31.0
29.2
88.0
84.0
71.0
63.5
66.0
71.0
48.7
54.1
58.7
34.9
27.5

70.0
64.0
44.3
89.0
84.0
70.0
51.0
84.0
87.0
35.0
35.8
57.1
67.0
72.8

104.0
75.0
70.6

55.0

72.0

46.3

47.0

51.0

90.0

98.2
86.0
78.0
67.0
72.0

33.6

74.0

78.0

90.0
62.8
62.0
64.0

59.6
59.0
60.5

75.0
66.0
70.0

73.1
95.0
90.0
77.0
52.0
90.0

95.0
72.0
67.0
64.0

82.0

83.1
97.0
90.0
80.0
75.0
53.0
84.0
95.0

54.9
80.3
97.0

82.0
59.3

102.0

58.0

44.0
58.4

64.0
70.0

74.0

86.0
84.0

SNDR_plot [dB]
56.5
64.0
53.5
58.4
84.9
89.0
81.0
75.0
44.1
62.0
110.0
96.0
75.0
62.0
65.4
55.0
58.0
67.0
43.3
31.0
29.2
88.0
84.0
71.0
63.5
66.0
71.0
48.7
54.1
58.7
34.9
27.5
75.0
66.0
70.0
64.0
44.3
73.1
89.0
84.0
77.0
70.0
51.0
84.0
87.0
35.0
35.8
57.1
67.0
72.8
74.0

39.1
31.9
36.0
56.8
54.0
55.0
56.2
81.0
48.0
82.0
70.0
88.0
49.0
33.0
67.0

62.4

70.2
67.0

55.0
81.0
48.0

90.0
50.0

103.0
103.0

70.0

74.0
106.0

50.0
47.0
75.0
68.2

70.0
79.0

76.5
84.0
68.0

45.2
105.0
64.0
83.0
75.5
50.0
29.5
30.0
58.2
52.0
67.0
72.8

72.0
77.0
50.9
81.0
76.0

83.0
84.0

86.0
50.3
111.0
70.0
83.0
88.0
76.0
53.0

58.9

79.0
63.0
82.0
77.3
53.2
85.0
78.0
72.0

65.0

68.4

67.0
84.0
54.0
88.0
82.0
86.0
68.0

45.8

56.0

46.9
51.0
45.4
47.5
20.0
31.0

55.0

52.5

72.0
74.0
75.0
73.6

35.0
70.6
65.0
76.0
81.0

88.0

90.0
94.0
96.0
99.0

39.1
31.9
36.0
56.8
54.0
55.0
56.2
81.0
48.0
82.0
70.0
88.0
49.0
33.0
67.0
68.2
70.0
79.0
68.0
45.2
105.0
64.0
83.0
83.0
75.5
50.0
29.5
30.0
58.2
52.0
67.0
72.8
79.0
63.0
72.0
77.0
50.9
81.0
76.0
72.0
65.0
45.8
46.9
51.0
45.4
47.5
20.0
31.0
72.0
74.0
75.0
73.6

72.6
55.9
61.0
81.0
51.0
63.0
73.5
97.0
52.6
55.0
53.7
47.3
71.0

74.0
70.0
68.8
74.0
90.0
78.0
76.0
74.0
80.0
76.3
57.7
54.6
62.6
54.0
65.0
66.0
57.2
67.0
23.8
33.8
22.0
20.0
33.0
52.0
69.0
63.0

84.5
78.0
81.0

100.0
73.8
106.0
102.0

84.0
103.0

87.0

55.8
72.0
63.0
86.0
77.0

76.0
76.0

80.0
75.0
86.0
77.0
70.0
72.5
78.0

82.0
80.0

85.0
98.0
86.0
85.0

82.0
76.3

83.0
78.5
70.0
72.7

63.5

71.0
75.0

70.0
72.9
73.0

71.0
82.0

46.3
83.0
51.4
56.5
57.0
55.0

82.0
58.0
66.0
103.0
75.0
106.0

77.0
67.0
82.0
82.0
87.0

72.0

72.6
55.9
61.0
81.0
51.0
63.0
100.0
73.5
97.0
102.0
52.6
55.0
53.7
47.3
71.0
63.0
86.0
74.0
70.0
68.8
74.0
76.0
90.0
78.0
76.0
74.0
80.0
76.3
57.7
54.6
62.6
54.0
65.0
66.0
57.2
67.0
23.8
33.8
22.0
20.0
33.0
52.0
69.0
63.0
82.0
82.0
46.3
83.0
51.4
56.5
57.0
55.0

40.3
54.0
54.0
53.3
28.4
40
54.4
58.0

62.0

53.9
55.6

61.1
71.8

72.2
59.0
27.6
81.0
81.0
64.0
82.0
76.5
64.7
32.0
22.8
59.9
38.4
32.0
34.0

74.0
84.0
77.0
81.0
67.0

78.7
66.4

83.0
72.0
87.0
81.0
92.0

79.0

80.0
70.3

65.4

76.5
69.2

73.6
48.0

81.2
79.1
62.0

80.0
68.0
66.0

80.0
54.4
69.6
85.0

45.0
66.3
36.0
56.5
92.0
85.0
64.5
68.0
58.0

72.0

97.7
79.0

79.0
90.0
91.0
41.5

75.2
31.1
77.8
53.9
69.5
80.0
67.1
52.5
56.6
56.0
48.4
25.2

79.0
104.0

64.9

56.5
27.0
43.0
53.0
77.0
68.8
58.2
62.0
49.4
78.1
79.1
60.0
65.0
31.6
77.5

32.0
93.0

85.0

93.0

67.4
78.8
82.0
84.7
63.0
66.9
35.0

40.3
54.0
54.0
53.3
28.4
40.0
54.4
58.0
72.2
59.0
27.6
81.0
77.0
81.0
64.0
82.0
81.0
76.5
64.7
32.0
22.8
59.9
38.4
32.0
34.0
56.5
27.0
43.0
53.0
77.0
68.8
58.2
62.0
49.4
78.1
79.1
60.0
65.0
31.6
77.5
75.2
31.1
77.8
53.9
69.5
80.0
67.1
52.5
56.6
56.0
48.4
25.2

48.5
59.0
75.0
40.4
55.0
65.0
63.5
78.2
61.0
84.0
70.0
58.0
78.0
67.5
70.9
60.6
25.8
76.8
57.0
56.0
62.0
54.2
58.3
70.4
29.2
73.6
62.6
69.1

52.0
59.0

58

77.0

65.5

70.0
70.0

79.3
64.0

53.8
67.0
70.0
89.0
53.0
68.8

74
81.0
86.3

88.0
60.0
74.0
79.1
69.1
76.4
61.5

72.0
83.0

77.2

88.5
79.0

95.4
64.0

70.0
79.6
78.1
84.0
81.9
119.8

54.3
73.3
51.5
32.5
50.0
39.3
51.2
71.3

75.5

84.0

61.0

78.0
50.0
61.6
80.3

48.5
59.0
59.0
75.0
40.4
55.0
65.0
63.5
78.2
61.0
84.0
70.0
58.0
74.0
78.0
67.5
70.9
60.6
25.8
76.8
57.0
56.0
62.0
54.2
58.3
70.4
29.2
73.6
62.6
69.1
81.9
119.8
54.3
73.3
51.5
32.5
50.0
61.0
39.3
51.2
71.3

P [W]
1.20E-02
3.00E-01
1.70E-01
5.70E+00
1.30E-01
5.50E-01
5.50E-04
7.20E-02
1.40E+00
1.30E-01
7.60E-01
2.30E-03
9.60E-03
4.00E-05
2.50E-01
5.65E-01
6.50E-01
2.65E-01
7.00E-02
2.25E-01
2.00E-01
1.01E-03
1.80E-03
3.24E-01
6.00E-02
1.80E-02
1.60E-02
1.95E-01
6.50E-02
7.50E-02
4.00E-01
3.30E-01
1.25E+00
8.00E-01
4.30E-01
8.50E-01
2.50E-01
7.20E-01
2.95E-01
2.70E-01
1.00E-02
1.10E-01
1.35E-02
5.00E-03
1.50E-01
5.45E-01
3.00E-01
1.80E-01
2.95E-01
3.18E-01
8.60E-01

fs [Hz]
2.00E+05
5.00E+07
5.00E+07
1.28E+08
5.00E+06
2.00E+07
1.00E+06
4.00E+07
4.00E+09
1.00E+07
6.14E+06
5.64E+06
5.00E+06
1.54E+06
2.00E+07
4.00E+07
4.00E+07
1.00E+07
7.50E+07
3.50E+08
4.00E+08
2.82E+06
1.30E+07
1.80E+07
8.00E+07
2.00E+07
1.25E+05
2.50E+07
4.00E+07
2.00E+07
5.00E+08
5.00E+08
1.00E+08
4.00E+07
6.50E+07
5.00E+07
8.00E+07
2.00E+07
6.00E+07
2.00E+07
2.11E+07
6.40E+07
1.38E+08
1.30E+07
6.40E+07
1.30E+09
1.10E+09
1.00E+08
5.40E+07
7.50E+07
4.00E+07

OSR
1
1
1
1
1
8
500
100
32
25
64
141
25
48
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
71
65
1
200
250
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
24
8
53
16
14
34
16
1
1
1
1
1
1

fsnyq [Hz]
2.00E+05
5.00E+07
5.00E+07
1.28E+08
5.00E+06
2.50E+06
2.00E+03
4.00E+05
1.25E+08
4.00E+05
9.60E+04
4.00E+04
2.00E+05
3.20E+04
2.00E+07
4.00E+07
4.00E+07
1.00E+07
7.50E+07
3.50E+08
4.00E+08
4.00E+04
2.00E+05
1.80E+07
4.00E+05
8.00E+04
1.25E+05
2.50E+07
4.00E+07
2.00E+07
5.00E+08
5.00E+08
1.00E+08
4.00E+07
6.50E+07
5.00E+07
8.00E+07
2.00E+07
2.50E+06
2.50E+06
4.00E+05
4.00E+06
1.00E+07
3.78E+05
4.00E+06
1.30E+09
1.10E+09
1.00E+08
5.40E+07
7.50E+07
4.00E+07

P/fsnyq [pJ]
6.00E+04
6.00E+03
3.40E+03
4.45E+04
2.60E+04
2.20E+05
2.75E+05
1.80E+05
1.12E+04
3.25E+05
7.92E+06
5.75E+04
4.80E+04
1.25E+03
1.25E+04
1.41E+04
1.63E+04
2.65E+04
9.33E+02
6.43E+02
5.00E+02
2.51E+04
9.00E+03
1.80E+04
1.50E+05
2.25E+05
1.28E+05
7.80E+03
1.63E+03
3.75E+03
8.00E+02
6.60E+02
1.25E+04
2.00E+04
6.62E+03
1.70E+04
3.13E+03
3.60E+04
1.18E+05
1.08E+05
2.50E+04
2.75E+04
1.35E+03
1.32E+04
3.75E+04
4.19E+02
2.73E+02
1.80E+03
5.46E+03
4.24E+03
2.15E+04

FOMW_lf [fJ/conv-step]

17676.1

4.60E+00
3.40E-01
5.00E-02
2.34E-01
1.60E-02
1.20E-02
2.18E-02
5.00E-02
3.80E-02
1.02E-01
3.30E-03
2.30E-01
2.90E-03
4.60E-04
1.00E-04
3.00E-02
7.15E-01
3.30E-02
1.00E-04
1.30E-03
5.50E-02
2.10E-03
4.10E-03
6.20E-02
4.70E-03
5.30E-02
1.00E+01
3.10E-01
6.90E-02
1.23E-01
2.90E-01
1.00E+00
7.50E-02
1.22E-01
2.00E-01
6.00E-03
1.35E-03
1.40E-04
1.50E-02
1.50E-01
2.07E-03
1.27E+00
2.00E-01
1.35E-01
7.10E-02
2.10E-02
3.80E+00
1.00E-02
3.94E-01
2.33E-01
7.80E-01
1.12E-01

4.00E+09
1.60E+09
4.50E+08
1.20E+08
3.00E+07
2.00E+07
1.00E+08
3.20E+07
8.00E+07
3.20E+07
1.54E+08
6.40E+07
4.60E+07
2.20E+07
1.02E+06
2.10E+07
5.00E+07
8.00E+07
1.00E+06
1.04E+08
5.12E+06
3.84E+07
7.68E+07
3.52E+07
6.40E+07
1.60E+08
2.00E+10
2.00E+09
8.00E+07
1.50E+08
7.50E+07
7.00E+07
2.40E+08
1.60E+08
2.00E+08
2.82E+08
6.14E+07
4.00E+06
1.05E+08
1.20E+08
6.40E+07
1.60E+09
6.00E+08
2.20E+08
1.50E+08
1.25E+08
4.00E+10
6.00E+08
4.00E+07
2.00E+07
5.00E+07
1.00E+07

1
1
1
1
1
1
50
48
10
8
38
33
12
1
64
1
1
40
63
26
128
10
31
16
32
4
1
1
1
1
1
1
10
8
8
128
16
100
48
24
32
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

4.00E+09
1.32E+09
4.50E+08
1.20E+08
3.00E+07
2.00E+07
2.00E+06
6.60E+05
7.68E+06
4.00E+06
4.00E+06
1.92E+06
4.00E+06
2.20E+07
1.60E+04
2.10E+07
5.00E+07
2.00E+06
1.60E+04
4.00E+06
4.00E+04
3.84E+06
2.46E+06
2.20E+06
2.00E+06
4.00E+07
2.00E+10
2.00E+09
8.00E+07
1.50E+08
7.50E+07
7.00E+07
2.40E+07
2.00E+07
2.50E+07
2.20E+06
3.84E+06
4.00E+04
2.20E+06
5.00E+06
2.00E+06
1.60E+09
6.00E+08
2.20E+08
1.50E+08
1.25E+08
4.00E+10
6.00E+08
4.00E+07
2.00E+07
5.00E+07
1.00E+07

1.15E+03
2.58E+02
1.11E+02
1.95E+03
5.33E+02
6.00E+02
1.09E+04
7.58E+04
4.95E+03
2.55E+04
8.25E+02
1.20E+05
7.25E+02
2.09E+01
6.25E+03
1.43E+03
1.43E+04
1.65E+04
6.25E+03
3.25E+02
1.38E+06
5.47E+02
1.67E+03
2.82E+04
2.35E+03
1.33E+03
5.00E+02
1.55E+02
8.63E+02
8.20E+02
3.87E+03
1.43E+04
3.13E+03
6.12E+03
8.00E+03
2.73E+03
3.52E+02
3.50E+03
6.82E+03
3.00E+04
1.04E+03
7.93E+02
3.33E+02
6.14E+02
4.73E+02
1.68E+02
9.50E+01
1.67E+01
9.85E+03
1.17E+04
1.56E+04
1.12E+04

8984.4

5524.3

7.55E-01
3.30E-02
3.50E-01
1.00E-03
2.10E-03
1.20E-03
4.75E-01
2.40E-01
1.80E-02
3.70E-02
3.30E-03
3.50E-02
4.00E-02
3.00E-02
3.00E-03
3.50E-03
5.40E-03
6.00E-03
4.70E-03
4.30E-02
2.00E-02
3.75E-01
2.10E-01
5.10E-03
5.40E-03
3.00E-04
2.00E-04
2.38E-02
2.20E-02
1.80E-02
3.00E-02
2.50E-03
2.50E-05
2.24E-01
1.50E-02
2.68E-01
2.52E-03
5.50E-02
8.90E-02
3.00E+00
5.30E-03
2.50E-01
5.60E-02
2.05E-02
1.44E-03
3.10E-03
2.90E-04
6.60E-02
6.50E-03
8.40E-02
4.70E-03
6.10E-02

8.00E+07
8.00E+07
3.00E+07
3.07E+06
4.00E+07
3.84E+07
2.00E+07
8.00E+07
6.14E+06
6.14E+06
1.20E+07
5.00E+07
1.25E+08
2.00E+08
1.04E+08
1.32E+08
2.67E+08
5.04E+07
6.40E+07
2.76E+08
6.40E+08
2.64E+08
4.17E+07
1.44E+08
1.32E+08
3.20E+06
5.00E+06
1.00E+08
6.40E+07
5.00E+07
4.00E+07
8.00E+06
1.00E+05
1.00E+08
5.00E+07
4.00E+07
1.25E+09
1.00E+09
4.00E+09
2.20E+10
6.00E+08
1.00E+09
3.40E+08
2.40E+08
2.60E+07
7.68E+07
2.00E+07
4.00E+07
8.00E+07
1.60E+08
3.00E+07
2.05E+08

1
1
1
64
10
10
10
4
154
154
1
1
1
1
26
154
223
42
32
12
16
31
104
33
60
64
250
16
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
17
12
65
63
1
8
1
1
1
1

8.00E+07
8.00E+07
3.00E+07
4.80E+04
4.00E+06
3.88E+06
2.00E+06
2.00E+07
4.00E+04
4.00E+04
1.20E+07
5.00E+07
1.25E+08
2.00E+08
4.00E+06
8.56E+05
1.20E+06
1.20E+06
2.00E+06
4.60E+07
4.00E+07
1.70E+07
4.00E+05
4.40E+06
2.20E+06
5.00E+04
2.00E+04
6.40E+06
6.40E+07
5.00E+07
4.00E+07
8.00E+06
1.00E+05
1.00E+08
5.00E+07
4.00E+07
1.25E+09
1.00E+09
4.00E+09
2.20E+10
6.00E+08
1.00E+09
4.00E+07
2.00E+07
4.00E+05
1.23E+06
2.00E+07
5.00E+06
8.00E+07
1.60E+08
3.00E+07
2.05E+08

9.44E+03
4.13E+02
1.17E+04
2.08E+04
5.25E+02
3.09E+02
2.38E+05
1.20E+04
4.50E+05
9.25E+05
2.75E+02
7.00E+02
3.20E+02
1.50E+02
7.50E+02
4.09E+03
4.50E+03
5.00E+03
2.35E+03
9.35E+02
5.00E+02
2.21E+04
5.25E+05
1.16E+03
2.45E+03
6.00E+03
1.00E+04
3.71E+03
3.44E+02
3.60E+02
7.50E+02
3.13E+02
2.50E+02
2.24E+03
3.00E+02
6.70E+03
2.02E+00
5.50E+01
2.23E+01
1.36E+02
8.83E+00
2.50E+02
1.40E+03
1.03E+03
3.60E+03
2.52E+03
1.45E+01
1.32E+04
8.13E+01
5.25E+02
1.57E+02
2.98E+02

8.50E-03
9.25E-02
3.50E-01
8.20E-04
1.20E-03
1.34E-04
1.90E-06
3.60E-06
2.30E-01
4.50E-03
2.20E-03
3.60E-05
9.50E-04
1.50E-02
2.79E-02
1.00E-01
5.00E-02
1.20E-03
8.70E-03
3.20E-02
1.20E+00
1.80E-01
3.40E-02
1.66E-06
5.00E-02
1.20E+00
1.97E-03
3.00E-02
5.50E-02
3.85E-01
1.30E-01
9.90E-03
4.50E-03
1.40E-05
8.70E-02
4.52E-03
1.05E-02
6.83E-03
3.90E-01
8.50E-01
1.62E+00
2.60E-03
1.70E-02
4.50E-03
8.40E-03
1.05E-01
3.02E-03
1.21E-03
8.20E-04
1.13E-03
6.90E-05
1.50E+00

2.00E+08
2.05E+08
8.00E+08
4.00E+07
2.50E+08
1.50E+08
1.00E+06
1.00E+05
1.00E+08
1.00E+08
1.75E+09
4.00E+06
1.50E+08
6.00E+07
4.20E+08
6.40E+08
2.56E+08
1.20E+07
2.00E+07
1.25E+09
2.40E+10
2.00E+08
3.00E+08
4.00E+05
2.50E+09
1.00E+09
8.00E+08
6.00E+08
5.00E+08
1.25E+08
1.00E+08
5.00E+07
5.00E+07
1.00E+06
9.00E+08
1.28E+08
2.50E+08
3.20E+08
1.03E+10
2.50E+08
1.60E+08
2.20E+09
1.15E+09
1.00E+08
1.00E+07
1.25E+07
4.50E+07
4.00E+07
5.00E+07
1.00E+08
1.02E+07
4.00E+10

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
100
375
12
11
32
16
300
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1.67
23
32
6
80
1
1
1
1
128
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

2.00E+08
2.05E+08
8.00E+08
4.00E+07
2.50E+08
1.50E+08
1.00E+06
1.00E+05
1.00E+08
1.00E+08
1.75E+09
4.00E+04
4.00E+05
5.00E+06
4.00E+07
2.00E+07
1.60E+07
4.00E+04
2.00E+07
1.25E+09
2.40E+10
2.00E+08
3.00E+08
4.00E+05
2.20E+09
9.96E+08
8.00E+08
6.00E+08
5.00E+08
1.25E+08
1.00E+08
5.00E+07
5.00E+07
6.00E+05
4.00E+07
4.00E+06
4.00E+07
4.00E+06
1.03E+10
2.50E+08
1.60E+08
2.20E+09
9.00E+06
1.00E+08
1.00E+07
1.25E+07
4.50E+07
4.00E+07
5.00E+07
1.00E+08
1.02E+07
4.00E+10

4.25E+01
4.51E+02
4.38E+02
2.05E+01
4.80E+00
8.90E-01
1.90E+00
3.60E+01
2.30E+03
4.50E+01
1.26E+00
9.00E+02
2.38E+03
3.00E+03
6.98E+02
5.00E+03
3.13E+03
3.00E+04
4.35E+02
2.56E+01
5.00E+01
9.00E+02
1.13E+02
4.15E+00
2.27E+01
1.21E+03
2.46E+00
5.00E+01
1.10E+02
3.08E+03
1.30E+03
1.98E+02
9.00E+01
2.33E+01
2.18E+03
1.13E+03
2.63E+02
1.71E+03
3.79E+01
3.40E+03
1.01E+04
1.18E+00
1.89E+03
4.50E+01
8.40E+02
8.40E+03
6.71E+01
3.03E+01
1.64E+01
1.13E+01
6.74E+00
3.75E+01

49.2

1104.9

442.8

1014.1

828.6

4.80E-01
5.75E-01
1.05E-01
1.00E-01
4.00E-03
2.06E-07
2.56E-01
8.00E-03
2.90E-03
7.50E-06
1.40E-04
2.00E-02
1.20E-02
5.50E-01
1.60E-02
8.50E-03
1.50E-02
2.00E-02
5.00E-01
5.10E-03
5.37E-03
1.70E-03
8.06E-04
6.00E-03
1.74E-05
2.54E-03
1.39E-01
3.90E-03
9.70E-08
4.20E-03
2.00E-05
6.30E-06
5.00E-07
6.80E-02
2.43E-06
2.40E-01
7.95E-01
2.39E+01
3.06E-03
1.08E-02
3.11E-02

2.60E+09
1
1.00E+09
1
8.00E+08
1
8.00E+07
1
4.00E+08
1
2.00E+04
1
4.00E+09 16
5.00E+08 10
5.00E+07 24
1.40E+06 70
1.60E+06 16
3.20E+09
80
8.00E+08
17
4.00E+09
13
6.00E+08
30
5.00E+08
10
3.60E+09
50
6.00E+09
50
2.50E+10
1
2.00E+07
1
2.00E+08
1
2.50E+08
1
8.80E+07
4
8.00E+07
1
4.00E+06
1
3.00E+07
1
1.00E+10
1
6.40E+08
18
4.00E+04
1
5.00E+07
1
1.33E+03
1
5.00E+04 2000
5.00E+05
1
6.00E+07
1
2.00E+05
1
1.00E+10
1
3.60E+09
1
2.50E+09
1
1.20E+09
1
9.00E+08
1
8.00E+07
1

2.60E+09
1.00E+09
8.00E+08
8.00E+07
4.00E+08
2.00E+04
2.50E+08
5.00E+07
2.08E+06
2.00E+04
1.00E+05
4.00E+07
4.80E+07
3.00E+08
2.00E+07
5.00E+07
7.20E+07
1.20E+08
2.50E+10
2.00E+07
2.00E+08
2.50E+08
2.20E+07
8.00E+07
4.00E+06
3.00E+07
1.00E+10
3.60E+07
4.00E+04
5.00E+07
1.33E+03
2.50E+01
5.00E+05
6.00E+07
2.00E+05
1.00E+10
3.60E+09
2.50E+09
1.20E+09
9.00E+08
8.00E+07

1.85E+02
5.75E+02
1.31E+02
1.25E+03
1.00E+01
1.03E+01
1.02E+03
1.60E+02
1.39E+03
3.75E+02
1.40E+03
5.00E+02
2.50E+02
1.83E+03
8.00E+02
1.70E+02
2.08E+02
1.67E+02
2.00E+01
2.55E+02
2.69E+01
6.80E+00
3.66E+01
7.49E+01
4.36E+00
8.47E+01
1.39E+01
1.08E+02
2.43E+00
8.40E+01
1.50E+04
2.52E+05
1.00E+00
1.13E+03
1.22E+01
2.40E+01
2.21E+02
9.56E+03
2.55E+00
1.20E+01
3.89E+02

473.7

539.3

99.4

FOMW_hf [fJ/conv-step]
109339.8
4632.8
8762.4
65521.3
1809.5
9549.7
29987.3
39165.9
85371.5
315924.4
30619.8
1114.8
10444.2
1215.1
8214.7
30741.4
25036.5
14485.1
7813.2
22180.4
21224.3
1223.7
694.8
6207.7
122682.8
137994.7
44143.3
34999.4
3907.4
5330.2
17677.7
34073.4
2719.9
12266.2
2559.9
13126.2
23315.1
9748.7
5122.1
8337.1
4320.8
10641.3
4656.8
1021.1
2049.3
9126.1
5431.4
3069.0
2986.1
1188.5
5249.0

FOMS_lf [dB]

122.0

FOMS_hf [dB]
125.8
143.2
135.2
128.9
157.7
152.6
143.6
139.4
120.6
123.9
158.0
165.4
145.2
148.0
141.4
130.5
132.9
139.8
130.6
119.9
119.2
161.0
161.4
145.4
128.7
129.5
136.9
126.8
139.0
139.9
122.8
116.3
151.0
140.0
148.8
138.7
126.3
144.5
155.3
150.7
150.0
142.6
136.7
159.8
158.2
125.8
128.4
141.6
146.6
153.5
147.7

15642.7
8049.2
2155.7
3449.5
1302.4
1305.8
20661.2
8261.0
24109.7
2478.2
319.2
5822.3
3148.5
573.0
3416.3
680.1
5533.5
2265.2
3044.7
2186.1
9457.8
422.3
144.4
2441.0
482.7
5128.3
20617.3
6000.5
1294.5
2520.9
2113.5
4006.3
429.0
5302.1
2458.9
470.8
1226.8
381.7
1322.2
9220.9
712.2
4978.8
1841.4
2116.7
3111.4
865.9
11631.4
575.0
3027.5
2844.2
3394.4
2863.3

130.3

130.9

125.5
124.7
132.5
140.9
143.7
144.2
132.8
149.2
128.0
154.9
157.8
154.2
137.4
136.8
146.0
153.6
145.4
153.8
147.0
137.1
160.6
153.6
167.8
155.5
158.8
135.8
119.5
125.1
145.9
139.9
148.1
148.2
161.0
142.1
150.0
159.6
142.4
162.5
154.7
144.2
151.8
133.8
138.7
140.1
135.6
142.2
117.2
135.8
149.1
150.3
150.1
150.1

2707.1
805.7
12724.8
2271.8
1811.0
267.9
2905.2
3103.3
7775.7
8987.6
789.0
1523.5
808.9
792.3
258.7
3542.3
275.9
1220.7
909.3
415.3
122.1
4277.7
20310.5
178.5
476.0
1464.8
1223.5
695.5
545.3
820.4
683.4
763.1
172.0
1373.8
506.8
3662.3
159.4
1374.7
2163.9
16695.8
242.1
768.6
607.8
888.0
349.9
245.3
85.9
1143.3
267.7
956.7
270.8
647.6

149.8
146.8
137.3
154.8
140.8
155.1
163.2
149.7
157.5
159.3
145.2
143.5
145.6
142.5
159.2
143.9
166.5
154.0
153.3
156.1
164.0
149.6
149.8
164.3
159.1
153.2
157.0
157.6
149.4
146.0
150.8
146.0
158.0
149.5
149.4
145.7
137.7
133.4
125.5
115.6
140.5
145.0
154.5
149.9
163.4
165.0
151.7
158.8
149.3
146.3
152.0
147.3

503.3
1101.9
1068.4
54.3
223.4
10.9
4.4
55.5
690.8
61.8
64.5
98.1
410.5
327.1
538.6
485.9
340.8
5492.2
309.9
787.2
4419.4
1114.2
1667.9
127.6
555.1
2207.2
134.7
433.3
301.4
532.3
577.6
298.1
87.5
96.8
331.2
153.9
321.2
1175.0
1219.2
554.8
2152.9
40.3
297.7
111.2
344.3
1027.8
36.3
87.8
29.7
21.9
31.4
2512.0

145.9

134.9

160.7

134.4

136.1

141.0
144.4
144.6
157.2
138.6
157.5
168.6
159.4
155.6
159.5
143.5
168.4
160.2
163.2
152.6
162.0
163.0
148.7
155.3
134.9
122.8
147.3
134.8
142.8
137.4
142.7
140.1
143.0
149.6
159.1
154.7
152.2
159.4
152.7
161.7
165.5
152.8
149.7
132.8
159.2
152.1
147.4
162.0
154.4
157.2
157.7
165.8
154.7
161.4
162.5
157.1
126.5

849.2
789.6
180.2
272.0
116.9
22.4
704.7
130.9
209.5
409.0
108.1
193.5
385.2
447.6
123.2
87.7
72.7
190.4
1250.0
45.1
46.4
13.2
35.8
178.8
6.5
31.3
590.0
27.7
2.2
36.1
1475.7
314.8
2.4
299.9
39.4
699.8
854.7
10427.1
33.8
40.5
129.5

138.2

147.5

164.7

142.8
148.4
154.8
161.0
147.4
161.9
151.9
158.4
163.8
152.2
169.5
160.0
151.0
158.4
166.0
162.2
164.7
155.4
129.8
169.7
159.7
164.7
163.3
152.4
168.9
168.1
134.8
170.2
175.7
166.8
157.1
182.8
171.3
159.7
157.7
135.6
143.5
138.2
152.2
157.4
162.4

YEAR
1997
1997
1998
1998
1998
1999
1999
1999
2000
2000
2000
2001
2001
2002
2002
2003
2003
2003
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2005
2005
2005
2005
2005
2005
2006
2006
2006
2006
2006
2006
2006
2006
2006
2006
2006
2007
2007
2007
2007

ID
3.2
3.4
14.2
14.3
14.4
8.2
8.3
8.4
11.1
16.1
16.2
19.2
19.3
23.1
23.2
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.1
6.2
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.4
6.4
25.1
25.2
25.3
25.4
25.5
12.2
12.3
21.1
21.2
21.2
21.3
6.2
6.3
16.1
16.2
16.2
16.3
16.4
19.1
19.2
19.4
19.5
7.1
7.2
7.3
19.1

TYPE ARCHITECTURE TECHNOLOGY TITLE


ABSTRACT
AUTHORS
OS
SDCT
0.500
1.2-v, 16-bit
WeAudio
haveA/d
improved
Converter
the
Matsuya,
noise-shaping
With Suppressed
Y. Terada,
signal
Latch
J.flowError
in o
NQ
Folding, TI
Bipolar
An 8-GSa/s
We8-bit
report
ADC
onSystem
an analog
KentoPoulton,
digital converter
Knud L. Knudsen,
(ADC) sys
NQ
Pipe
0.6
A 1.5 V, 10-bit,
A 1.5 14
V, 10-bit,
MS/s CMOS
14.3 MS/s
Abo,
pipeline
pipeline
A.M.analog-to-digital
Gray,
analog-to-digital
P.R.
conve
co
NQ
Two-step, Pipe
0.25 BiCMOS A 2.5 V 100
This
MS/s
paper
8 bit
describes
ADC using
Sugawara,
a 2.5
pre-linearization
V 100M.
MS/s
Yoshida,
8 input
bit subrangi
H.
buffer
Mi
OS
SDCT
0.5 SiGe
A 4 GHz fourth-order
Test resultsSiGe
for a HBT
fourth-order
Weinan
band pass
Gao
band
pass
Cherry,
modulator
(BP)
J.A.
Sne
mo
NQ
Pipe
Bipolar
An 8 b 500AnMS/s
8 b 500
full Nyquist
MS/s one-bit-per-stage
cascade
Irie, K. A/D
Kusayanagi,
converter
cascadeN.A/D
Kawac
conv
NQ
Flash
0.35
A1V6bA
50current-interpolation
MHz current-interpolating
Bang-Sup
technique
CMOS
Song
is used
ADC
Myung-Jun
to implemen
Ch
NQ
Pipe, Folding
0.5
An 8 b 100When
MSample/s
appliedCMOS
to folding
pipelined
Myung-Jun
ADCs,folding
pipelining
ChoeADC
Bang-Sup
relieves the
So
OS
SDSC
0.25
A 50-mW A
14-bit
5th-order
2.5-MS/s
single-loop
- modulator
Balmelli,
- modulator
P.
in aQiuting
0.25
has
m
Huang
been
digital
imple
Pi
CM
NQ
Pipe
0.6 BiCMOS A 12 b 105This
Msample/s,
analog-to-digital
850 mWMichalski,
converter
analog toachieves
C.digital converter
a minimum
NQ
Folding
0.35
An 8-bit 125
An MS/s
8-bit 125
CMOS
MS/s
folding
CMOS
Kwangho
ADC
folding
forYoon
Gigabit
ADC Jeongho
using
Ethernet
an Lee
equa
LSI
NQ
Folding
0.18
An 8-bit 30This
MS/s
paper
18 mW
describes
ADC with
Sigenobu,
an 8-bit
1.8 V30single
T.
MS/s
Ito,
power
18
M.mW
Miki,
supply
ADC
T. (
NQ
Pipe
0.35
A 12-bit mismatch-shaped
This paper presents
pipeline
pipeline
Shabra,
A/DA/D
A.
converter
converters
Hae-Seungwith
Leeimp
NQ
Flash
0.18
A 6bit 400Msps
The design
70mWofADC
a lowusing
power
Ono,
interpolated
K.
6bit,Shimizu,
400Msps,
parallel
H.1.8V
Ogawa,
scheme
CMOJ
NQ
Folding
0.12
A 1.2 V 10-b
A CMOS
100-MSamples/s
analog-to-digital
A/D
Blum,
converter
converter
A.S. Engl,
in(ADC)
0.12/spl
B.H.utilizing
Eichfeld
mu/mfoC
low-voltage
two-stage
algorithmic
ADC
NQ
Pipe
0.18
A 0.9 V 9 A
mW
1MSPS digitally
calibrated
Dong-Young
ADC
Chang;
with incorporatin
75
Gil-Cho
dB SFDR
Ah
A 1.8 V, 1AMS/s,
1.8 V,851 dB
MS/s,
SNR
852+2
dB
mash
SNR 2+2
/spl
mash
Sigma//spl
/spl Sigma//sp
Delta/
OS
SDSC
0.35
Kye-Shin
Lee
Maloberti,
F. m
OS
SDCT
0.25
A Fourth Order
A low-power
Continuous-Time
fourth order
Farzad
Complex
continuous-time
Esfahani,
Sigma-Delta
Philipp
complex
Based
ADC/sfo
NQ
Cyclic
0.13
A calibration-free
A calibration-free
3V 16b 500kS/s
3V 6mW
Hee-Cheol
6mW
16-bit
0.5mm/sup
Choi
500kS/s
Seung-Bin
cyclic
2/ ADC
ADC
wit
Yo
OS
SDSC
0.18
A third-order
A third-order
/spl Sigma//spl
EA modulator
Delta/
Jae modulator
Hoon
employing
Shimin 0.18
mixed-mode
Beomsup
/spl mu/m
Kim
in
OS
SDSC
0.18
A third-order
A third-order
/spl Sigma//spl
EA modulator
Delta/
Jae modulator
Hoon
employing
Shimin 0.18
mixed-mode
Beomsup
/spl mu/m
Kim
in
OS
SDCT
0.13
A 12 bit Continuous-Time
A wide bandwidth
/spl
Continuous-Time
Sigma//spl
Paton, S. Delta/
Di Giandomenic,
/spl
modulator
Sigma//spl
with
A.D
OS
SDCT
0.35
A 3.3-V 240-MS/s
A bandpass
CMOS
/splbandpass
Sigma//spl
Cheung,
/spl
Delta/
V.S.L.
Sigma//spl
modulator
Luong,
Delta/
isH.C.
demo
modu
OS
SDSC
0.35
A 3.3-V 240-MS/s
A bandpass
CMOS
/splbandpass
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Cheung,
/spl
Delta/
V.S.L.
Sigma//spl
modulator
Luong,
Delta/
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demo
modu
OS
SDSC
0.35
A 3.3-V 240-MS/s
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CMOS
/splbandpass
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/spl
Delta/
V.S.L.
Sigma//spl
modulator
Luong,
Delta/
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demo
modu
NQ
Flash
0.13
A 4GS/s 6b
A 4GS/s
flash ADC
6b flash
in 0.13
ADC
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Paulus,
with
mu/m
8bC.output
CMOS
Bluthgen,
is presented
H.-M. rea
Lo
NQ
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0.18
A 600 MSPS
An 8-bit
8-bit folding
folding A/D
ADCconverter
Zheng-Yu
in 0.18 /spl
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Wang
mu/m
achieves
CMOS
Hui Pan
signalChu
NQ
Pipe
0.34 BiCMOS A highly integrated
This analog
analog
baseband
baseband
Gulati,
transceiver
transceiver
K. Munoz,
features
featuring
C. aSeonghw
12-bit,
a 121
NQ Pipe, TI, SwOpAmp
0.18
A 1.5-V 10-b
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50 MS/s
10-b time-interleaved
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pipeline
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ispipeline
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0.18
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ultra low-voltage
algorithmic
CMOS
Jipeng
ADC two-stage
with
Li Gil-Cho
81dB algorithm
SFDR
Ahn Dong-Y
ADC
OS
SDSC
0.25
An energy-efficient
A low-power,
analog
energy-efficient
front-end
Sunyoung
circuit
analog
Kim
for afront-end
Jae-Youl
sub-1V digital
circuit
Lee h
OS
SDSC
0.13
A 1-V, 1-MS/s,
A low-voltage
88-dB sigma-delta
switched-capacitor
Libin
modulator
Yao Steyaert,
fourth-order
in 0.13-/spl
M. /spl
Sanse
mu/m
Sig
NQ
Pipe, TI
0.18
A 6GS/s, 4-bit
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receiver
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A/D converter
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designed
A. Yang,
with
for aC.-K.K.
embedd
serial-li
NQ
Pipe
0.18
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pipelined ADC
pipelined
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in 0.18
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converter
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Norling,
CMOS
has K.
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digitally self-calibrated
pipelined
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pipelined
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adaptive
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Kim
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active
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Converter
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A/D converter
with
T.-C.
Open-Loop
Lee
(ADC) with
Amp
NQ
Pipe, SwOpAmp
0.18
A 1-V 100MS/s
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dual-mode
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Y.ADC
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realized
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using
H. multi-pha
Luong
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NQ
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dual-mode
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Y.ADC
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realized
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using
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A 7bit 800Msps
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800MspsFolding
folding
K.and
and
Makigawa
Interpolation
interpolation
K. Ono
ADC
ADCT.
Using
isOhka
presa
NQ
SAR, TI
0.065
A 500MS/s
A 5b
1.2V
ADC
6mW
in 65nm
500MS/s
CMOS
B.5-bit
Ginsburg
ADC forA.use
Chandrakasan
in a UWB re
OS SDSC, Switched RC
0.13
A 0.9V 92dB
A 0.9V
Double-Sampled
third-order 1.5bit
Switched-RC
M. Kim
delta-sigma
G.-C.SD
Ahn
ADC
Audio
P.
with
ADC
Hanumo
simple
OS
SDSC
0.13
A 1.2V, 10.8mW,
A 1.2V switched-capacitor
500kHz Sigma-Delta
C. Tsang
sigma-delta
Modulator
Y. Chiumodulator
with
B. Nikolic
84dBach
SN
OS
SDSC
0.09
An 11-Bit A
330MHz
2-2 cascaded
8X OSRSigma-Delta
/splJ.Sigma/-spl
Paramesh
modulator
Delta/
R. Bishop
Modulator
with 4-bit
K.inte
So
for
OS
SDCT
InP HBT
A 4GHz 4th-Order
A 4th-order
Passive
bandpass
LC Bandpass
L.DeltaSigma
Luh J. Delta-Sigma
Jensen
modulator
C.-M.
Modulat
utilizes
Lin C
NQ
SAR, TI
0.13
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2010
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2011
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19.2
19.3
19.5
23.1
23.2
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18.3
18.3
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22.1
22.2
22.3
22.4
7.1
7.2
7.3
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23.1
23.2
23.3
23.4
26.1
26.2
26.3
26.4
15.2
15.2
15.2
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12.1
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Quantizer
tw
An 85dB SFDR
A 1-0 MASH
67dB SNDR
sigma-delta
8OSR
S.-C.ADC
240MS/s
Lee,demonstrates
B. Elies,
ADC
Y. Chiu
with
a digital
Non
A Reconfigurable Mostly-DigitalG.
Taylor,
ADC with
I. Galton
a Worst-Case FO
A 75.1dB This
SNDR
paper
840MS/s
presents
CT DS
aChi-Lun
30MHz
Modulator
Lo,
bandwidth
Chen-Yen
with 30MHz
continuousHo,Bandw
Hung
A 69dB SNDR,
A new25MHz
power-efficient,
BW, 800MS/s
Hyungil
reconfigurable,
Continuous-Time
Chae and6th-order
Michael
Bandpa
P.
conti
Fl
A 66dB SNDR
A discrete-time
15MHz BWdelta-sigma
SARC.C.
Assisted
Lee,ADC
E.
Alpman,
that
ADC
utilizes
S.inWeaver,
22nm
an 8b
C.-Y
TriS
A 379nW A
58.5dB
VCO-based
SNDR delta-sigma
VCO-Based
Y.-D. modulator
Chang,
Modulator
C.-H.
is proposed
Weng,
for Bio-Pote
T.-H.
for
A 4.1mW,A12-bit
deterministic
ENOB, 5MHz
digitalBW,
S.
background
Rao,
VCO-Based
K. Reddy,
calibration
B.
ADC
Young
with
techniqu
and
OnP
A 5.4GS/sA12b
5.4GS/s
500mW
12bPipeline
2-wayJ.interleaved
ADC
Wu, A.
in 28nm
(W.-T.)
pipeline
CMOS
Chou,
ADC
C.-H.
is pre
Yan
A 75.9dB-SNDR
A high resolution
2.96mW 29fJ/Conv-Step
pipelined
B. Hershberg
ADC that
Ringamp-Only
andperforms
U.-K. Moon
precisi
Pipeli
A 70MS/s A69.3dB
Nyquist
SNDR
ADC 38.2fJ/Conversion-Step
with time-based
T. Oh, H. Venkatram
pipelined
Time-Based
and
architecture
U.-K. Mo
P
A 12-Bit, 200-MS/s,
A high-speed,
11.5-mW
low-power
Pipeline
N. Dolev,
pipeline
ADC
M. ADC
Kramer
Usingisaand
realized
Pulsed
B. Murm
by
Bu
A 10-Bit 800-MHz 19-mW CMOS
Shiuh-hua
ADC
Wood Chiang, Hyuk
A 35mW 8An
b 8.8
asynchronous
GS/s SAR 8x
ADC
interleaved
Lukas
with Kull,
Low-Power
redundant
Thomas
Capacitive
Toifl,Martin
SAR ADC
Re
An 8.5mWThis
5GS/s
paper
6b describes
Flash ADC
V.H.-C.
a with
5GS/s
Dynamic
Chen
6bit and
flash
Offset
L.ADC
Pileggi
Calibratio
fabricat
A 0.0058mm^2
An extremely
7.0 ENOB
low 24MS/s
power
K. Yoshioka,
and
17fJ/conv.
area efficient
A.Threshold
Shikata,
threshold
R.Config
Sekc
A 2.1 mWA11b
410410
MS/s
MS/s
2x interleaved
Dynamic
B. Verbruggen,
Pipelined
11bit pipelined
SAR
M. ADC
Iriguchi,
SAR
with
ADC
M.
Bac
di
A 6b 10GS/s
A 64-way
TI-SARtime-interleaved
ADC with E.Z.
Embedded
Tabasy,
successive
2-Tap
A. Shafik,
approximation
FFE/1-Tap
K. Lee,D

COMMENTS

Csamp [pF]

Software calibration

AREA [mm^2]
29.68
5.75
3.3
1.24
5.5
4.8
1.68
1.1
0.8
0.96

Calibration

GSM mode
WCDMA mode

SNDR, SNR not reported

Includes preamplifier

Double-sampling mode
Quadrature mode

0.2688
0.32
1.44
6.25
0.3894
0.5
0.7
0.7
1.2
1.2
1.2
0.5
0.5
8
1.3
1.4
0.5
0.6016
2.88
1.9
1.9
1.15
0.055
0.19
0.5
2.04
2.04
0.32
2.28
1.44
1.51
1.3
12.4
1.6
0.1485
0.19
0.56

SNDR_lf [dB]

fin_hf [Hz]
2.00E+04
4.00E+06
7.15E+06
5.00E+07
4.00E+06
2.50E+08
2.50E+07
5.00E+07
1.00E+06
5.25E+07
6.25E+07
1.50E+07
2.55E+07
2.00E+08
5.00E+07
5.00E+05
5.00E+05
2.70E+05
2.50E+05
2.00E+05
5.00E+06
1.20E+07
2.00E+05
1.00E+06
1.25E+06
2.00E+09
3.00E+08
9.00E+07
2.50E+07
2.00E+06
8.00E+03
5.00E+05
3.00E+09
5.00E+06
4.00E+07
1.00E+07
2.08E+04
5.00E+06
4.00E+08
5.00E+07
2.00E+07
4.00E+08
2.50E+08
2.40E+04
5.00E+05
2.05E+07
1.00E+06
6.75E+08
1.75E+09
5.50E+08
1.10E+07

SNDR_hf [dB]
91.5
47.5
58.5
43.3
45.0
33.5
42.3
78.0
40.2
45.0
67.0
31.0
54.9
55.0
78.4
77.4

61.0
72.0
55.0
52.0
40.0
60.4
57.2
55.0

22.5
58.8
56.5
70.4
60.0
56.0
33.7
41.5
44.5
33.6
26.0
89.0
84.0
63.0
48.1
31.2
40.9
36.0

8
0.28
0.85
1.4
0.00324
14
3.5
0.185
0.12
1
0.13
0.0308
0.3
2.16
0.18
0.18
Data at fin=10MHz
0.5
0.090
0.123
0.33
A different use of the term "switched-opamp" 0.26
0.89
0.32
0.4
0.04
3.75
0.075
0.0055
0.7
0.125
0.075
0.01
Data for 20MHz BW, power for SDC core only 0.7
0.125
GSM mode
0.4
BT mode
0.4
UMTS mode
0.4
DVB-H mode
0.4
WLAN mode
0.4
Differential mode
0.02
1.100
0.44
1.4694
0.32
0.16
0.086
Data for VDD=1.2V
0.028
Power includes digital
1.3
Numbers for BW=20MHz
0.13
0.71
Bandpass
0.4
0.085

27.0
30.8

1.50E+07
2.00E+07
5.00E+06
7.50E+06
8.00E+03
1.25E+06
5.00E+05
2.00E+07
4.00E+08
5.00E+07
4.00E+08
8.75E+08
2.50E+09
5.15E+09
2.50E+04
1.00E+05
1.92E+06
1.15E+07
2.50E+07
1.30E+07
2.50E+07
1.25E+08
1.00E+07
1.00E+07
1.50E+07
5.00E+06
5.00E+07
1.60E+07
5.50E+06
5.00E+04
1.35E+09
3.84E+09
2.00E+07
4.00E+07
2.00E+05
5.00E+05
2.00E+06
4.00E+06
2.00E+07
3.00E+07
8.00E+09
3.00E+09
5.00E+07
2.50E+07
5.00E+06
7.50E+07
5.33E+06
2.00E+07
1.95E+06
8.00E+07
1.92E+06

70.7
62.0
48.1
67.0
63.0
86.3
44.2
70.0
33.7
30.0
32.0
32.4
95.0

68.0
47.7
54.3
64.0
65.9
62.5
65.0
56.3
75.4
52.0
32.0
63.0
53.8
33.6
24.5
39.0
53.8
82.0
76.0
75.0
72.0
58.0
64.0
25.1
28.0
63.2
64.4
60.3
54.1
73.7
63.0
73.3
41.0
78.0

0.4
1.50E+09
51.0
0.42
1.50E+08
56.0
0.023
6.50E+08
33.1
Data for fin=100MHz, ADC breaks beyond this frequency
0.46
1.00E+08
50.0
0.2
5.00E+08
40.0
0.11
1.56E+04
60.3
0.0396
1.56E+04
45.1
0.0112
5.50E+05
46.9
0.055
2.00E+07
44.5
0.18
1.05E+08
30.0
0.55
5.00E+08
38.9
0.1
8.00E+06
59.1
0.021
1.50E+09
33.1
0.36
1.00E+04
50.0
0.225
5.00E+08
52.4
0.5
1.50E+07
61.5
0.18
1.40E+09
48.2
0.013
5.00E+08
42.8
0.004
3.75E+08
43.3
0.046
2.50E+08
52.9
0.03
5.00E+04
56.3
Data for Modulator B
0.051
1.00E+07
70.0
0.37
5.00E+06
70.7
Recorded power does nt include digital post-processor
0.28 estimate
1.50E+07
67.0
Used data for highest BW
0.075
3.75E+07
70.0
0.071
3.00E+07
75.1
fcenter = 200MHz
0.25
2.50E+07
69.0
0.04
1.50E+07
66.0
0.06
2.00E+03
58.5
0.16
5.00E+06
73.9
Reported HF performance was genarated by subtarting
0.4 jitter.61.0
The data listed2.70E+09
here is from the conference talk, with jitter include
Only fin=1MHz data reported, but unlikely that anything
1.98 degrades significantly
1.00E+07
at 10MHz
75.9
0.5
69.3
2.00E+07
65.2
8.000
0.26
65.0
1.00E+08
57.6
0.18
55.0
4.00E+08
52.2
0.128
0.025
39.1
3.81E+09
37.0
0.100
0.02
33.4
2.50E+09
30.9
0.064
0.0058
1.23E+07
44.2
0.11
60.0
2.05E+08
55.0
Includes FFE/DFE
0.33
29.2
5.00E+09
27.0

SNR [dB]
92.0

DR [dB]
94.0

53.0

62.0

-THD [dB]

SFDR [dB]

69.0

46.5
80.0
68.0

78.0

75.0

77.0

35.0
75.0
85.7

87.0
82.0
90.2

64.0

76.0
55.0
76.0

30.0
46.9
60.7
62.0
55.0
86.0

72.0
60.3

62.3
81.0

88.0
59.0
56.9
73.2

71.1
67.0

76.3
69.1
80.0
69.0
47.5
52.6
54.4

58.0
45.2
46.5
36.8

35.0
91.0
84.0
67.0
76.0

92.0
84.0
90.0

80.0

96.0
67.0

SNDR_plot [dB]
91.5
47.5
58.5
43.3
53.0
45.0
33.5
42.3
78.0
68.0
40.2
45.0
67.0
31.0
54.9
55.0
85.7
78.4
77.4
76.0
55.0
61.0
72.0
55.0
52.0
30.0
40.0
60.4
57.2
55.0
86.0
88.0
22.5
58.8
56.5
70.4
60.0
56.0
33.7
41.5
44.5
33.6
26.0
89.0
84.0
63.0
76.0
48.1
31.2
40.9
36.0

P [W]
6.50E-03
1.25E+01
3.60E-02
1.80E-01
3.50E-01
9.50E-01
2.00E-02
1.65E-01
5.00E-02
8.50E-01
1.10E-01
1.80E-02
6.00E-01
7.00E-02
1.80E-01
9.00E-03
1.50E-01
4.60E-03
6.00E-03
4.00E-03
4.00E-03
7.00E-02
3.70E-02
3.70E-02
3.70E-02
9.90E-01
2.07E-01
1.20E+00
2.90E-02
1.20E-02
5.94E-05
7.40E-03
7.80E-01
8.10E-02
9.40E-02
3.37E-02
3.20E-05
1.00E-02
1.05E-01
3.00E-02
3.00E-02
1.20E-01
6.00E-03
1.50E-03
1.08E-02
7.80E-02
7.70E+00
1.68E-01
9.80E-02
4.60E-02
2.54E-03

fs [Hz]
6.14E+06
8.00E+06
1.43E+07
1.00E+08
4.00E+09
5.00E+08
5.00E+07
1.00E+08
8.00E+07
1.05E+08
1.25E+08
3.00E+07
5.10E+07
4.00E+08
1.00E+08
1.00E+06
1.00E+06
1.30E+07
5.00E+05
3.20E+06
4.00E+07
4.00E+08
2.40E+08
2.40E+08
2.40E+08
4.00E+09
6.00E+08
1.80E+08
5.00E+07
4.00E+06
1.02E+06
6.40E+07
6.00E+09
1.00E+07
8.00E+07
2.00E+07
4.17E+04
1.00E+07
8.00E+08
1.00E+08
4.00E+07
8.00E+08
5.00E+08
6.14E+06
6.40E+07
3.28E+08
4.00E+09
1.35E+09
3.50E+09
1.10E+09
2.20E+07

82.2
73.0

72.0

77.0
76.0
84.0
90.1

60.0
45.0
70.0

100.0
84.0
61.0
68.0

51.0
80.0

100
86
63
81.0

76.6
77.0
68.2

70.2
67

59.6
76.0

72.0
56.3
85.0
62.5
70.0
62.0
33.4
42.5
70.0

48.3
85
78
75
72
58

79.0

66
79
48
83

74.0
75.0
69.0
71.0
94.5
67.0
83.0
51.0

70.7
62.0
48.1
67.0
63.0
84.0
86.3
60.0
44.2
70.0
33.7
30.0
32.0
32.4
95.0
84.0
61.0
68.0
47.7
54.3
64.0
65.9
62.5
65.0
56.3
75.4
52.0
32.0
63.0
53.8
33.6
24.5
39.0
53.8
82.0
76.0
75.0
72.0
58.0
64.0
25.1
28.0
63.2
64.4
60.3
54.1
73.7
63.0
73.3
41.0
78.0

1.02E-01
1.60E-02
2.30E-03
6.36E-02
5.60E-06
6.40E-02
3.80E-02
3.84E-02
3.00E-01
2.50E-01
1.20E-02
7.60E-03
3.20E-01
1.6
8.70E-04
2.10E-03
3.20E-03
4.80E-02
1.44E-03
5.51E-03
0.01836
1.40E-01
5.32E-03
6.80E-03
9.00E-03
3.60E-02
9.20E-04
2.40E-04
3.57E-03
1.30E-06
5.00E-02
5.20E-02
8.60E-03
1.12E-02
2.80E-03
2.60E-03
3.60E-03
4.90E-03
8.50E-03
1.14E-02
8.10E-02
4.35E-01
6.20E-03
3.50E-03
9.80E-05
1.53E-03
1.39E-02
2.80E-02
8.55E-03
1.64E-01
2.80E-03

3.00E+07
4.00E+07
1.00E+07
2.40E+08
2.00E+06
2.00E+07
1.00E+06
9.50E+08
8.00E+08
1.00E+08
8.00E+08
1.75E+09
5.00E+09
1.03E+10
5.00E+06
2.60E+07
6.24E+07
1.15E+08
5.00E+07
2.60E+07
5.00E+07
2.50E+08
3.00E+08
6.40E+08
1.50E+09
8.00E+07
5.00E+07
5.00E+07
1.10E+07
1.00E+05
2.70E+09
7.50E+09
4.00E+09
8.00E+07
5.12E+07
9.60E+07
1.28E+08
1.92E+08
6.40E+08
3.00E+08
1.20E+10
1.60E+10
1.00E+08
5.00E+07
1.00E+07
1.50E+08
6.40E+07
4.00E+02
1.25E+08
8.88E+09
2.46E+08

60.0
57.0
61.0
50.0

35.0
61.1

71.0
38.0

56.0
61.9

57.0
71.0
71.0
75.9

59.8
75.4
50.0
76.1
66.1

64.5

72.4
55.0
58.0
57.0
66.0
71.0

70.6
71.6
85.0
77.0
77.1
70.0

57.0

83.0
65.3
83.0
65.0
91.4
63.0

38.6

48.8

51.0
56.0
33.1
50.0
40.0
60.3
45.1
46.9
44.5
30.0
38.9
59.1
33.1
50.0
52.4
61.5
48.2
42.8
43.3
52.9
56.3
70.0
70.7
67.0
70.0
75.1
69.0
66.0
58.5
73.9
50.0
75.9
65.2
57.6
52.2
37.0
30.9
44.2
55.0
27.0

5.00E-01
4.00E-02
2.20E-02
4.00E-02
1.60E-02
1.09696E-06
8.70E-08
1.20E-06
1.13E-04
3.48E-02
2.65E-02
4.30E-03
1.10E-02
7.40E-06
3.29E-02
2.60E-03
4.46E-02
3.80E-03
4.50E-03
8.20E-03
1.70E-07
2.57E-03
8.10E-03
3.70E-02
3.90E-02
1.30E-02
3.50E-02
1.27E-02
3.79E-07
4.10E-03
5.00E-01
2.96E-03
6.38E-03
1.15E-02
1.90E-02
3.50E-02
8.50E-03
5.46E-05
2.14E-03
7.93E-02

3.00E+09
3.00E+08
1.30E+09
3.20E+08
1.00E+09
3.13E+04
3.13E+04
1.10E+06
4.00E+07
2.10E+08
1.00E+09
6.40E+08
3.00E+09
2.00E+04
1.00E+09
3.00E+07
2.80E+09
1.00E+09
7.50E+08
5.00E+08
1.00E+05
3.00E+08
8.00E+07
2.40E+08
2.40E+09
8.40E+08
8.00E+08
2.40E+08
2.50E+04
6.40E+08
5.40E+09
2.00E+07
7.00E+07
2.00E+08
8.00E+08
8.80E+09
5.00E+09
2.46E+07
4.10E+08
1.00E+10

OSR
154
1
1
1
500
1
1
1
40
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
24
1
8
4
17
600
120
96
1
1
1
1
1
64
64
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
128
64
8
2000
1
1
1
1

fsnyq [Hz]
4.00E+04
8.00E+06
1.43E+07
1.00E+08
8.00E+06
5.00E+08
5.00E+07
1.00E+08
2.00E+06
1.05E+08
1.25E+08
3.00E+07
5.10E+07
4.00E+08
1.00E+08
1.00E+06
1.00E+06
5.40E+05
5.00E+05
4.00E+05
1.00E+07
2.40E+07
4.00E+05
2.00E+06
2.50E+06
4.00E+09
6.00E+08
1.80E+08
5.00E+07
4.00E+06
1.60E+04
1.00E+06
6.00E+09
1.00E+07
8.00E+07
2.00E+07
4.17E+04
1.00E+07
8.00E+08
1.00E+08
4.00E+07
8.00E+08
5.00E+08
4.80E+04
1.00E+06
4.10E+07
2.00E+06
1.35E+09
3.50E+09
1.10E+09
2.20E+07

P/fsnyq [pJ]
1.63E+05
1.56E+06
2.52E+03
1.80E+03
4.38E+04
1.90E+03
4.00E+02
1.65E+03
2.50E+04
8.10E+03
8.80E+02
6.00E+02
1.18E+04
1.75E+02
1.80E+03
9.00E+03
1.50E+05
8.52E+03
1.20E+04
1.00E+04
4.00E+02
2.92E+03
9.25E+04
1.85E+04
1.48E+04
2.48E+02
3.45E+02
6.67E+03
5.80E+02
3.00E+03
3.71E+03
7.40E+03
1.30E+02
8.10E+03
1.18E+03
1.69E+03
7.68E+02
1.00E+03
1.31E+02
3.00E+02
7.50E+02
1.50E+02
1.20E+01
3.13E+04
1.08E+04
1.90E+03
3.85E+06
1.25E+02
2.80E+01
4.18E+01
1.15E+02

FOMW_lf [fJ/conv-step]

FOMW_hf [fJ/conv-step]
5289.4
8053637.2
3661.7
15068.3
119873.4
13077.9
10349.1
15498.2
3850.9
3943.7
10526.7
4129.9
6430.7
6038.0
3955.3
19587.4
9520.8
1253.1
1980.6
1939.2
870.6
3181.2
28431.0
40263.0
45500.0
9581.5
4223.1
7796.1
979.8
6529.1
227.6
360.4
11935.5
11381.5
2151.6
622.7
939.8
1939.7
3318.5
3089.7
5468.2
3836.5
736.3
1356.5
833.7
1649.8
746604.9
600.0
946.3
462.0
2240.0

1
1
1
16
125
8
1
24
1
1
1
1
1
1
100
130
16
5
1
1
1
1
15
32
50
8
1
1
1
1
1
1
100
1
128
96
32
24
16
5
1
1
1
1
1
1
6
10
32
56
64

3.00E+07
4.00E+07
1.00E+07
1.50E+07
1.60E+04
2.50E+06
1.00E+06
4.00E+07
8.00E+08
1.00E+08
8.00E+08
1.75E+09
5.00E+09
1.03E+10
5.00E+04
2.00E+05
3.84E+06
2.30E+07
5.00E+07
2.60E+07
5.00E+07
2.50E+08
2.00E+07
2.00E+07
3.00E+07
1.00E+07
1.00E+08
5.00E+07
1.10E+07
1.00E+05
2.70E+09
7.67E+09
4.00E+07
8.00E+07
4.00E+05
1.00E+06
4.00E+06
8.00E+06
4.00E+07
6.00E+07
1.20E+10
1.60E+10
1.00E+08
5.00E+07
1.00E+07
1.50E+08
1.07E+07
4.00E+07
3.90E+06
1.60E+08
3.84E+06

3.40E+03
4.00E+02
2.30E+02
4.24E+03
3.50E+02
2.56E+04
3.80E+04
9.60E+02
3.75E+02
2.50E+03
1.50E+01
4.34E+00
6.40E+01
1.55E+02
1.74E+04
1.05E+04
8.33E+02
2.09E+03
2.88E+01
2.12E+02
3.67E+02
5.60E+02
2.66E+02
3.40E+02
3.00E+02
3.60E+03
9.20E+00
4.80E+00
3.25E+02
1.30E+01
1.85E+01
6.78E+00
2.15E+02
1.40E+02
7.00E+03
2.60E+03
9.00E+02
6.13E+02
2.13E+02
1.90E+02
6.75E+00
2.72E+01
6.20E+01
7.00E+01
9.80E+00
1.02E+01
1.30E+03
7.00E+02
2.19E+03
1.02E+03
7.29E+02

369.1
959.9

1213.8
388.8
1107.9
2317.6
303.2
1976.2
2250.9
1174.8
2830.2
967.4
380.7
168.1
1968.0
4561.7
378.5
810.5
908.9
1016.7
145.3
499.9
283.5
347.4
244.1
234.0
562.1
748.1
28.3
147.6
281.2
32.5
473.6
494.4
2952.9
349.8
680.3
504.2
195.8
188.3
327.4
146.7
459.4
1325.1
52.7
51.8
11.6
24.7
329.3
606.4
580.2
11148.1
112.3

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
40
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
15
8
8
32
14
16
8
6
64
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

3.00E+09
3.00E+08
1.30E+09
3.20E+08
1.00E+09
3.13E+04
3.13E+04
1.10E+06
4.00E+07
2.10E+08
1.00E+09
1.60E+07
3.00E+09
2.00E+04
1.00E+09
3.00E+07
2.80E+09
1.00E+09
7.50E+08
5.00E+08
1.00E+05
2.00E+07
1.00E+07
3.00E+07
7.50E+07
6.00E+07
5.00E+07
3.00E+07
4.00E+03
1.00E+07
5.40E+09
2.00E+07
7.00E+07
2.00E+08
8.00E+08
8.80E+09
5.00E+09
2.46E+07
4.10E+08
1.00E+10

1.67E+02
1.33E+02
1.69E+01
1.25E+02
1.60E+01
3.51E+01
2.78E+00
1.09E+00
2.83E+00
1.66E+02
2.65E+01
2.69E+02
3.67E+00
3.70E+02
3.29E+01
8.67E+01
1.59E+01
3.80E+00
6.00E+00
1.64E+01
1.70E+00
1.29E+02
8.10E+02
1.23E+03
5.20E+02
2.17E+02
7.00E+02
4.23E+02
9.48E+01
4.10E+02
9.26E+01
1.48E+02
9.11E+01
5.75E+01
2.38E+01
3.98E+00
1.70E+00
2.22E+00
5.22E+00
7.93E+00

101.0
38.2
39.6
51.7
54.1
44.5
6.4
337.0

574.9
258.6
460.4
483.8
195.9
41.5
18.9
6.0
20.6
6415.3
368.2
364.8
99.3
1432.1
96.6
89.2
75.8
33.9
50.2
45.2
3.2
49.7
289.2
674.1
201.2
46.6
303.9
259.6
137.8
101.3
358.4
29.0
61.3
92.8
71.4
68.9
59.3
16.8
11.4
433.7

FOMS_lf [dB]

FOMS_hf [dB]
156.4
102.6
141.5
127.7
123.6
129.2
124.5
127.1
151.0
145.9
127.7
134.2
143.3
125.6
139.4
132.4
150.9
156.1
153.6
153.0
146.0
143.3
139.3
129.3
127.3
123.1
131.6
139.1
146.6
137.2
167.3
166.3
118.4
136.7
142.8
155.1
148.1
143.0
129.5
133.7
132.7
128.8
132.2
161.0
160.7
147.2
127.1
144.1
133.7
141.7
132.4

135.7
133.4

152.4
153.0
141.5
147.7
154.5
156.9
157.5
147.2
135.4
153.0
138.9
140.6
130.9
127.5
169.6
160.8
148.8
151.8
150.1
148.0
155.3
155.4
155.2
156.7
148.5
156.8
159.4
142.2
154.9
159.7
137.9
133.2
132.7
149.3
160.5
158.8
162.4
161.1
151.7
158.2
133.8
130.6
162.2
162.9
167.4
161.0
159.5
151.5
156.9
127.9
166.4

158.3
166.7
164.4
158.2
150.1
148.1
169.8
137.2

145.8
151.7
137.8
146.0
144.9
161.8
157.6
163.5
157.0
124.8
141.7
151.8
144.4
141.3
154.2
159.1
153.2
153.9
152.5
157.8
171.0
165.9
158.6
153.1
159.8
168.7
157.5
156.7
155.7
164.8
147.3
171.2
162.6
157.0
155.4
148.0
145.6
157.7
164.8
135.0

Jitter

1.00E-12

1.00E-13
snr=-20log(2*pi*sigma*f)

f
1.00E+04
1.00E+05
1.00E+06
1.00E+07
1.00E+08
1.00E+09
1.00E+10
1.00E+11

SNR
144
124
104
84
64
44
24
4

SNR
164
144
124
104
84
64
44
24

FOMW

1.00E-14

1.00E-13 fomw=p/fsnyq/2^ENOB

sndr
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120

p_fs [pJ]
2.58E-02
8.17E-02
2.58E-01
8.17E-01
2.58E+00
8.17E+00
2.58E+01
8.17E+01
2.58E+02
8.18E+02
2.59E+03
8.18E+03

p_fs [pJ]
2.58E-01
8.17E-01
2.58E+00
8.17E+00
2.58E+01
8.17E+01
2.58E+02
8.17E+02
2.58E+03
8.18E+03
2.59E+04
8.18E+04

FOMS

160

170

sndr
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120

p_fs [pJ]
5.00E-04
5.00E-03
5.00E-02
5.00E-01
5.00E+00
5.00E+01
5.00E+02
5.00E+03
5.00E+04
5.00E+05
5.00E+06
5.00E+07

p_fs [pJ]
5.00E-05
5.00E-04
5.00E-03
5.00E-02
5.00E-01
5.00E+00
5.00E+01
5.00E+02
5.00E+03
5.00E+04
5.00E+05
5.00E+06

foms=sndr+10log(fsnyq/2/p)

1.E+07
1.E+06

P/fsnyq [pJ]

1.E+05
1.E+04
1.E+03
1.E+02

ISSCC 2013
VLSI 2013

1.E+01

ISSCC 1997-2012
VLSI 1997-2012

1.E+00

FOMW=10fJ/conv-step
FOMS=170dB

1.E-01

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

SNDR @ fin,hf [dB]

80

90

100

110

120

1.E+11

ISSCC 2013
VLSI 2013

1.E+10

ISSCC 1997-2012
VLSI 1997-2012

fin,hf [Hz]

1.E+09

Jitter=1psrms
Jitter=0.1psrms

1.E+08

1.E+07
1.E+06

1.E+05
1.E+04
1.E+03
10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

SNDR @ fin,hf [dB]

100

110

120

FOMW,hf [fJ/conv-step]

1.E+05

1.E+04

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

ISSCC 2013
VLSI 2013
ISSCC 1997-2012
VLSI 1997-2012

1.E+00
1.E+04 1.E+05 1.E+06 1.E+07 1.E+08 1.E+09 1.E+10 1.E+11

fsnyq [Hz]

180
ISSCC 2013
VLSI 2013

170

ISSCC 1997-2012
VLSI 1997-2012

FOMS,hf [dB]

160
150
140

130
120
110
1.E+04

1.E+05

1.E+06

1.E+07

1.E+08

fsnyq [Hz]

1.E+09

1.E+10

1.E+11