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Absentee Someone who is not at work when they should be, usually without permission.

Absenteeism (noun)
Accident at work = industrial injury
Applicant - candidate A person who formally requests something, especially a job, or a place at college or university.

Application An official request for something, usually in writing.

A paper or set of papers printed with marked spaces in which answers to questions can be written or information can be
Application form recorded in an organized way.

To Apply (for a job) (verb) To request something, usually officially, especially by writing or sending in a form.

To Appoint (verb) a person To choose someone officially for a job or responsibility.

Aptitude test A test to find out whether someone has a natural ability for a particular type of work.

To Ask (verb) for a rise To put a question to someone, or to request an answer from someone.

Assistant Someone who helps someone else to do a job.

Back pay Money paid from a date in the past up to the present time.

Bargaining power The ability of a person or group to get what they want.

Basic salary What a person earns before other sums of money, such as payments for working extra hours, are added.

Lay off To stop employing someone, usually because there is no work for them to do.

To Be out of work To be unemployed.

Business hours - office hours Hours of the day when a business is open, usually between 9am and 5:30pm

Christmas bonus Extra money paid as a gift for a successful business year.

Clerical work - office work Administrative duties.

Company bargaining - company negotiation When representatives of management and the empolyees discuss terms.

Compensation for permanent disability A payment made for injuries caused at work which prevent further employment.

The abilities and experience which make someone suitable for a particular job or activity, or proof of someone's abilities
Credentials and experience.

A period in the day during which a particular group of people work / the group of workers who work for a period during the
Day shift day.

A sum of money paid regularly by the government or a private company to a person who can not work any more because
Disability pension they have become ill.

To Dismiss (verb) - to fire To remove someone from their job, especially because they have done something wrong.

Dismiss without notice To immediately remove someone from their job, especially because they have done something wrong.

Early retirement When you leave your job and stop working before the normal age.
Employer The person or company someone works for.

Employment agency A business that finds suitable people to work for other businesses.

Employment contract - labour contract To have formally agreed to work for a company or person on a stated job for a stated period of time.

Executive personnel People in a high position, especially in business, who make decisions and put them into action.

Experienced person Someone who has knowledge of the job they do.

To Fill (verb) a vacancy The find an employee for a vacant position.

Freelance Doing particular pieces of work for different organizations, rather than working all the time for a single organization.

Full-time employment / job Work done for the whole of a working week.

Health care A benefit given to employees to help when they or their family members become ill.

Higher education - advanced education Education to college or university level.

To Hold (verb) a position To be employed in a position in a company.


A time, often one or two weeks, when someone does not go to work or school but is free to do what they want, such as
Holiday (GB) - vacation (US)
travel or relax.
Index-linked wages Describes an employer payment that changes by the same amount as the general level of prices.

Industrial relations (GB) - labor relations (US) The relationships between companies and their workers.

Industrial tribunal - labour court A type of law court which decides on disagreements between companies and their workers.

Internal regulations Official company rules.

Interview A meeting in which someone asks you questions to see if you are suitable for a job or course.

Job - employment The regular work which a person does to earn money.

Job application The process of finding employment in a company.

Job description A list of the responsibilities which you have and the duties which you are expected to perform in your work.

The process of comparing a job with other jobs in an organization and deciding how much the person who is doing the job
Job evaluation should be paid.

The feeling of pleasure and achievement which you experience in your job when you know that your work is worth doing, or
Job satisfaction the degree to which your work gives you this feeling.

Job security If you have job security, your job is likely to be permanent.

Job sharing When two or more people divide the hours of a full-time job between them.

Labour disputes When management and employees or an employee disagrees with company policy or decisions.

Labour force - manpower A description of the amount of people able to work or employed.

Labour market The supply of people in a particular country or area who are able and willing to work.
Labour relations - trade-union relations The relationships between employees and employers.

Leave Time permitted away from work for holiday or illness.

Letter of appointment A letter showing that a person has been employed by a company.

Managing director The person in charge of the way a company operates.

The people within a company who are in charge of departments or groups, but who are below those in charge of the whole
Middle management company.

Minimum wage The smallest amount of money that an employer is legally allowed to pay someone who works for them.

Motivation Enthusiasm for doing something.

A period in the night during which a particular group of people work / the group of workers who work for a period during
Night shift the night.

Occupation - employment A person's job.

Office hours Hours during which business is done.

Office manager Person responsible for administration and the running of an office.

Office staff - office personnel

On probation - to be on trial A period of time at the start of a new job when you are watched and tested to see if you are suitable for the job.

To have stopped work in an attempt to persuade management to increase salaries or provide benefits, or because of an
On strike argument.

On the job training Training given while employed at a job.

Outsourcing If a company outsources, it pays to have part of its work done by another company.

Overtime pay Extra payment for working beyond the usual time.

Overtime Time spent working beyond the usual time needed or expected in a job.

Part-time job If you work part-time or do part-time work, you work for only some of the day or the week.

To Pay (verb) To give money to someone for work which they have done.

Payroll - payroll ledger A list of the people employed by a company showing how much each one earns.

A piece of paper given to someone who is employed to show how much money they have earned and how much tax has
payslip been subtracted.

A sum of money paid regularly by the government or a private company to a person who does not work any more because
Pension they are too old, they have become ill or reached retirement age.

A supply of money which many people pay into, especially employees of a company, and which is invested in order to
Pension fund provide them with a pension when they are older.

Permanent staff Full-time employed staff.


Personnel department A part of a company that deals with employee details.

Production bonus An extra amount of money that is given to you as a present or reward for better quality work or improved productivity.

Public holiday (GB) - national holiday (US) A day when almost everyone in a particular country does not have to go to work or school.

Purchasing manager The person in charge of buying for the company.

Refresher course A course to practise and improve skills, especially because you have not used them for a long time.

To Resign (verb) To give up a job or position by telling your employer that you are leaving.

Resignation (noun)
To leave your job or stop working because of old age, ill health or because you have reached the common age to stop
To Retire (verb) working.

Protection against possible damage or loss, especially a promise of payment, or the money paid if there is such damage or
Risk indemnity loss.

Seasonal employment Relating to a job done during a particular period in the year.

To Select (verb) candidates To choose a candidate, or to choose by making careful decisions.

Severance pay - dismissal pay Money paid by an employer to an employee whose job the employer has had to bring to an end.

Sick leave Absence from work because of illness.

Skilled labour People who have been trained for a job.

Social security A system of payments made by the government to people who are ill, poor or who have no job.

To Strike (verb) To refuse to continue working because of an argument with an employer about working conditions, pay levels or job losses.

Striker Someone who is involved in a strike.

The job is still vacant The job is still available.

An organization that represents the people who work in a particular industry, protects their rights, and discusses their pay
Trade-union (GB) - labor union (US) and working conditions with employers.

To Train (verb) To prepare or be prepared for a job, activity or sport, by learning skills and/or by mental or physical exercise.

Training The process of learning the skills you need to do a particular job or activity.

Underemployed When something or someone is not used to it's or their full ability or for the normal time it or they is usually used for.

Unemployed Not having a job that provides money.

Unskilled labour Work for which no skills are needed.

Unskilled worker Unskilled people have no particular work skills.

Vacancy - vacant position A job that no one is doing and is therefore available for someone new to do.
Workload The amount of work to be done, especially by a particular person or machine in a period of time.

Workplace A building or room where people perform their jobs, or these places generally.