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Science summary Unit 1: OUR BODY

THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM


1) What is digestion?
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2) What are the functions the liver performs?
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3) Complete the blanks with the missing words.
-In the ... teeth crush the food and the saliva makes the food
easier to swallow.
-The .. moves the food from the throat to the
stomach.
- Gastric juices in the break down the food into a liquid.
-In the .. water, vitamins, proteins, minerals,
fats and carbohydrates are absorbed from the food mixture and they pass to the blood.
-When

all

the

nutrients

are

extracted,
and

then

the

food

leaves

mixture
the

body

goes

to

the

through

the

THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM


4) What is the function of the respiratory system?
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5) What is inhalation?
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6) What are alveoli?
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7) What is exhalation?
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8) Complete the blanks with the missing words.
-When you breathe , air enters your body through your .
or ...
-Air

enters

the

..

and

goes

down

the

(windpipe).
-The . carry air into each lung.
-Air enters the .
-In the lungs, oxygen passes from the air into the through the
. The blood with oxygen travels around the body.
-The

blood

delivers

and

then

it

picks

up

from the body cells and returns it to the lungs. In


the alveoli carbon dioxide is separated from the blood.
-Carbon

dioxide

leaves

the

..

THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM

body

every

time

you

9) What is the function of the circulatory system?

10) Complete the blanks with the missing words


-The .. pumps blood into the arteries. This blood contains
......
-The carry blood with oxygen and nutrients around our
body.
-The deliver blood with oxygen and nutrients to all the
cells in our body. Then, they take away products, like carbon
dioxide, and pass these products into our veins.
-The .. carry carbon dioxide from our body cells to our
lungs.

11) How do we protect our lungs?


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Short questions.
1. Where is the food broken into small pieces?
2. Which tubes moves the food to the stomach?
3. Where are the nutrients from the liquid food mixture extracted?
4. Which organ filters and warms up the air that we breathe in?
5. Which organs from the respiratory system take oxygen from the air?
6. Which organ allows us to speak and make other sounds?
7. What do we call the small air sacks in the lungs?
8. Which blood vessels carry blood and nutrients from the heart to all parts of our
body?
9. Which blood vessels connect arteries and veins?
10. Which organ in our circulatory system pumps blood to all parts of our body?
2) Write True or False
1. The larynx channels, filters and warms up air before it enters the body.
2. The heart and the different blood vessels in the body form the circulatory system.
3. The liquid food mixture that the body doesnt need passes into the large intestine.
4. Arteries carry blood and nutrients away from the heart to all parts of the body.
5. There are thousands of small air sacks in the lungs, called alveoli.
6. The lungs are two spongy organs that take oxygen from the blood.

7. Veins are the smallest blood vessels. They carry blood to all cells of the body.
8. Carbon dioxide leaves the body every time we breathe in.
9. The larynx is a tube that contracts and expands to move the food to the stomach.
10. At the end of the trachea there are two bronchial tubes which go to the lungs.
11. The windpipe is twelve centimetres wide.