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ME Test ID: 3225 Answer Keys 1 8 15 22 29 36 43 50 57 64 125 227.27 675 B 9.97 B A 120 B C 2 9 16 23 30 37 44 51 58 65 B A D A 3.08 2.96 D 80 B C 3 10 17 24 31 38 45 52 59 C B 3.33 14.09 C A 1.

55 A A 4 11 18 25 32 39 46 53 60

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C 6.34 C A 26.57 C D C A 5 12 19 26 33 40 47 54 61 C D B 48.6 A B D A A 6 13 20 27 34 41 48 55 62 0.044 B B D 0.183 C 19.2 B D

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7 14 21 28 35 42 49 56 63

C A C A C 14.98 0.64 B A

EXPLANATIONS:1.

Torque or work

Power Time

V I

For cylinder of radius 1m & force of application F Torque Fr VI t Fr VI.t 25 10 0.1 F r 0.2 1 125N

2.

When mass moves by a distance X, the spring is stretched by x cos . The spring force in horizontal direction is k x cos constant is k cos2 .

cos

i.e., k cos2 x . So effective spring

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ME Test ID: 3225 3.

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The outer point is subjected by a bi-axial state of stress.

=pd/4t

So, on Mohr circle it will be a point at a distance

then origin.

5.

Given that f(x)


1

6x (1 5

x) 0

Mean E(x)
0 1

xf(x)dx x
0 1

6x (1 5

x)dx x3 )dx

6 (x2 50 6 x3 5 3 6 1 5 3
v dy V

x4 4 1 4

6 5

7 12

7 10
v dy V

6.
0

1
0

v dy V

But outside the boundary layer


1
0

v V

1 hence

v dy V

1
0

dy

e
e

1
0.044 mm

0.12 2.718

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ME Test ID: 3225 7.

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V Rex

280 5 18 Vx

77.78 m

sec

or 3 105

77.78 x 1.49 10 5
5

x
5

5.75 cm
x V 5 0.0575 1.49 10 77.78 5.25 10 4 m

525 m .
8.

Energy balance
Qa Qo Qa Qo 2 0.032 1 0.55 1

Incident flux then Qo

Qa 1 0.032

0.55

95 0.418

227.27 W m2.

9.

E = bT 4 = 5.67 10-8 6734 = 11631.7 W m2


2 11631.7 = 5.6710-8 T 4 T = 527.3C. radiant flux gets disclosed

10.

Stress at a plane is a vector i.e., first order tensor while at a point it is a second order tensor or tensor.

11.

tan 45

Q 1 25Q

tan 45

0.8

45

38.66 6.34

45
P

45 mg
Q

mg

1.25 Q

45

12. 14.

All statements are correct about atomic hydrogen welding. Wear flat rubs along the ground surface and due to friction it dissipates energy. Further, high negative rake angle is also responsible for high specific energy requirement.

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ME Test ID: 3225 15.

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Net heat sup plied

V I
25 300 0.9 10 675 J / mm
P1 L1 A1E1 P2 L 2 A2E2

17.

PL AE
1 2

1 2

P1 P2
u Q

L1 L2

A2 A1

E2 E1

1 2

1 2

1 0.3

10 3

3.33

19.

w And for I, II W u

III, IV & V

T3 T2

T2 is temperature difference T1 is temperature difference.

Both are less than I, II

So far change in internal energy between I, II


I II u u Q Q mCv T2 mCv T3 T1 T1 Since, T3 u of II T1 T2 T1 u of I

So II

u is highest greatest.

20.

All 500 J of mechanical energy is lost i.e., transformed into heat in process (A). For process (B), we can find heat that would be converted to work by a carnot engine operating between given temperatures and subtract that amount of work from 1 kJ to find the energy lost.

W B,max
Carnot

W re cov ered
1 Tc Th 1

EfficiencyCarnot
300 400 0.25

Qin

Wre cov ered

0.25 Qin

250 J

i.e.,750 J is lost
So process B is more wasteful of available work.

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ME Test ID: 3225 21.

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Given figure having closed cycle with coordinates

A B C D E F
ABC AHG, AHG

G H A.
GFE, GFE CDE, CDE ABC

ABC, CDE, EFG, GHA are straight lines and of same length.

So its a square A 1,3


Dis tance AC

C 3,5
1 3
2

3 5

2 2 units

Heat added

0 Closed cycle

Work done
2 2

AC AC
2 2 bar.L

8 105 10 3 J
800 J 0.8 kJ.
22.
Vorticity vector curl velocity vector V i x 2xy at 1,1, 0 , Vorticity vector j y x2 z i k z 0 2k x2 i 2xz 2x k

23.

2i x x2

1 i(y y 2) 2

x
2

iy 1 12

2i

A circle with centre (0, 2) on y axis radius 1

24.

Normal circular pitch= p cos

15

cos20

14.09mm

25.

Coriolis component of acceleration = 2 v

2 13 88

30

239.6 m / s2

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ME Test ID: 3225 26.

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Power
7500 T

P
T

T
2 100 60 2 N 60

717Nm Twisting moment

Bending moment at center of gear


Fbending radius of gear radius of gear 717 Nm Bending moment M Torque pitch circle radius 717 0.15 2 0.15 2

Equivalent twisting moment

M2

T2

717 2 1014 Nm So twisting moment T d


3

16

d3

16T
s

48.6 mm

27.

Eigen values are 1, 8, 27, ., n3

sum

n(n 1) 2

28.

f x

esin x

f x

f 0

xf ' 0

x2 f '' 0 2! 1 f ''' 0 3!

Coefficient of x3

x3 f ''' 0 3! 1 0 0 3!

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ME Test ID: 3225 29. Given m = 10 kg


frequency, fn
n

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40 20 2 fn

2 Hz 4 rad / s 0.25 2 1
2

log arithmic decrement, f 1


2 2

631.65

1.5806 10 3 0.0397 damping coefficient, C

2m

2 10 4 0.0397 9.97 N / m / s
hP kA d d2 4 hPkA To

30.

m P A Q

0.02 2 4 T

6.3 10
2 2

10 2 m 3.14 5 6.3 10 4 m2 10
2

m 3.14

8.16 10
4

15

100

20

3.08 W

31.

Dilatation is also known as unit volume change or volumetric strain Dilatation, e


V V
y
x y z

E 1 E 1 E
y x

1 ( E 1
x

)(1

1
x y

(2 (

1) 1)

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ME Test ID: 3225 32. Jobs Processing time (days) 4 5 6 8 9 12 15 Total

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V I VII VI II III IV

4 9 15 23 32 44 59 186/7=26.57 days

33.

The new proportional limit is nothing but the stress caused by the load i.e.

4P d2

34.

Maximum reduction
h R to h R tf 40 10 300 30 300 mm

hmax

10 mm

0.183

35.

If temperature Twall of vessel walls coincides with gas temperature T a molecule striking the wall changes the normal component Px of its momentum by change in momentum is 2Px . Thus, when Twall

Px . So total

T momentum will be higher, when

Twall

T momentum is lower. As pressure is proportional to momentum, we can PC


As for Pb Twall

deduce

PA

T it will be between C & A Thus PC PB PA

36.

F
L F

t L

d 75 450 2 75 212057.5 N 212.05kN

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ME Test ID: 3225 37. Using equation of ideal gas

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PV

RT

is molar mass
Temperature T p m R v

P R
P gh
gh R

gh R

For that planet free fall acceleration gP


MP 2Me & rp 4rc

G MP
2 rP

gp

2 16

ge

9.81 8

1.23
So Temperature TP
gP h R

1.23 20 10 3 1000 8.3

2.96 K
Ao Af

38.

Extrusion ratio k

do2 d f2 352 202 3.06

ef

ln

Ao Af

ln3.06

1.12

extrusion ram pressure P

ln

Ao Af 864.13 MPa

771.5 1.12

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ME Test ID: 3225 39.

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Firstly converting all dimensions in bilateral tolerance (equal)

A B C
P

30 0.05mm 35.03 0.05mm 30.02 0.04 mm


A B C (30 35.03 30.02) (0.05 95.05 0.14 0.05 0.04)

Now,

40.

Using First law of thermodynamics


Q U W

Cv T

3 RT i.e., u 2

3 R T 2

Work W

P V

PA. x
P0 mg A

Piston displacement

Gas pressure P

We know P V So
Q P V 5 P V 2

R T
3 P V 2

Given q

Q t

0.25 W

sec2 20 bar 2 Mpa 600 g 0.6 kg

10 m

q t
x t

5 PA x 2
v 2q 5PA 2q 5 P0 A mg 2 0.25 5 2 4 5.3
2

0.6 10

2 0.25 5 2

5.32

0.6 10

mm sec

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ME Test ID: 3225 41.

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base line

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Maximum clearance =U.L of hole- L.L as shaft= 0.04-(-0.04) = 0.08m= 80 m Allowance is minimum clearance between a hole and shaft Allowance=L.L of hole U.L of shaft =-0.01-(-0.02) =0.01 mm = 10 m
L L

42.

T. d d

20 10
6

20 10

15

3 10

Hence d due to thermal expansion = 3 10 4 Hence d due to compression of bar = 0.3003

0.30
0.3
4

0.9 10 4 m
0.9 10 4 m
4 4

0.003 30 10
Strain Now L L F d d d L E d2 4 2.1 10 0.3 d L L L E 0.33
4

0.9 10

0.9 10

2.1 10

7 10 L L

2.12 10
3

2.12 10

100 109

2.12 108 Pa

14.98 106 N

43.

Size as punched out

size as die

size of die is 15 mm

Punch size

15 2 clearance
0.0032 t

clearance, C

0.0032 1.5 200


0.0678

Punch size

15 2 0.0678

14.864 mm .
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ME Test ID: 3225 44.

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1 , 2 point s

using Bernoulis equation

d
1 2

Datum

P1 g 0
2 v1

2 v1 2g 2 v1 2g

z1 h

P2 g 0

2 v2 2g

z2 h d

v2 2 2g

2 v2

2gd

Applying Continuity Equation A1v1


1 h v1
So v2
2 v1 2 v1

A2v2

1
h d

h
v1
2

v2

h h d
h h d

2gd
2

2 v1 1

2gd

v1 1

2gd h h d
2

Flow rate Q

A1v1
1 h2

1 h v1
2gd 1 h d
2

hv1

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ME Test ID: 3225

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v2 dy V2

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45.

Energy thickness
y
0 1 2014

E 0
2

v 1 V

2014

dy

Put

2014

0 to 1

and y
1 E 0

t2014
t 1
1

dy

2014 t2013 dt

t2

2014 t2013dt

2014
0

t2014

t2016 dt

2014
2014

t2015 2015

t2017 2017

1 2015

1 2017

24.78 mm

0.025 m

Power Loss due to the formation of boundary layer is 1 E V3 E 2

1 2

0.125 103

24.78 10
6

kg m3 m3 sec3

62.5 24.78 10
1.55 milli Watt meter

kg m2 m sec3

46.

By Newtons law of cooling, we have


Solving, we get ln(T u sin g t c 0, T Tm ) kt

dT dt

k(T

Tm )
30o C

c .....(1) where Tm 80o C,(1) gives 40o C,(1)becomes

100o C and t

10, T

ln70,k

1 ln(1.4) and T 10 t

ln10

t ln(1.4) ln70 10

10

ln7 ln(1.4)

57.8

58

47.

Using partial fractions, we get

3 sin2t 10

8 sin3t 15

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ME Test ID: 3225 48.

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For bearings to operate satisfactorily the bearing characteristic (sommerfield) number

ZN R P C

should remain same.

As, R, C, Z are same


N1 P1 P2 N2 P2 19.2 250 12 kg cm2 400 P2 19.2 bar

49.

In this case N and P are same

Z1

R1 C1 0.1

Z2

R2 C2 Z2 0.1
2

R1

R 2 also

0.125 Z2
50.

0.064 Pas

0.64 Poise Pas

10 Poise

Table

DC semi motor

Gear box

encoder

Table speed=Pitch RPM of lead screw

RPM of lead screw

(60 frquency) pulse emitted / revolution of lead screw 60 200 24 rpm 500 120 mm / min

pitch 5mm / req Table speed 5 24

51.

Dis tan ce moved by table

pitch Total pulses emitted by encoder Pulses emitted / revolution of lead screw

5mm / rev 8000 pulses 500 pulses / rev 80 mm

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ME Test ID: 3225

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52.

Hydraulic Gradient line (Energy) P HGL Z g

H G LB H G LA 0

15

200000 917 9.81

37.24 m

600000 917 9.81

66.72 m

Since
53.

H G LA

H G LB , Flow is from A to B up

Laminar Flow Assumption 32 vL 128 LQ hf gd2 gd4

hf
L

HGL A
15
2

HGLB
20
2

66.72 37.24

29.48
25 m

29.48

128 0.29 25 Q 917 9.81 0.03


4

0.000727
Q A 0.000727
4 0.032

m3 Flow rate sec

Velocity

1.028

m sec

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ME Test ID: 3225


54.
1 2

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0.04

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4%

0.04

Cs

P 60 100 103 60 3000 Nm N 2000 Maximumfluctuation of energy E work done per cycle CE Workdone / cycle E I 2CS I 2000 I I k2 2 60
2

3000 0.1

300 Nm

0.04

300

0.1709 Kg m2 0.1709 Kg

mk2

55.

m V 0.1709 A

2 RA 1 A 7500

3.64 mm2

60.

60 x0.5

30 x1

30 x1.5 +.5

45 x2 +.5

90

? =225 x2.5

+.5 62.

+.5

15

x2 y2 z2 83 sin ce, x, y & z are in A.P So, y y2 z2 z 10 58 z2 in i y2 z2 2yz 100......... i Then x must be 5 putting the value of y2 2yz 42 yz 21 so y & z must be 3 & 7 series will be 3,5 & 7

63.

Clearly marked price of Book = 120% of CP Also, Cost of paper = 25% of CP Let, cost of paper for a single book be Rs. n
Then 125 : 25 180 : n 180 25 n Rs.37.50 125

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ME Test ID: 3225 64.

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Work done on the first three days in 37%. Hence work done on the next 7 days is 63%. Since this is A+Bs work we get One days work of A Also, 5A = 4B, Hence A=4% and B=5%. So B is the fastest worker. So, B will take 20 days to complete the work.

9%

65.

While buying He buys 1100 grams instead of 1000 gms. Suppose he bought 1100 grams for Rs. 1000 While selling He sell only 900 grams when he takes the money for 1 kg. Now as per question he sells at a 8% profit. (20% markup & 10 % discount) Hence his selling price is Rs.1080 for 900 grams, to calculate profit percentage we will equate the money. 1100 grams for Rs. 1000 (Buying) 1188 grams for Rs. 1080 900 grams for Rs. 1080 (selling) Hence profit % =

288 9W

32%

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