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# Assignment unit-I 1. Define simulation? How it differs from optimization? 2.

Describe a manufacturing system and its components with an example? 3. Name two entities, attributes, activities, events, and state variables for the following systems. a) A cafeteria b) Grocery store c) Bank d) Traffic intersection e) An automobile assembly line 4. Differentiate the following simulation models with an example for each? a) Deterministic and stochastic simulation model b) Static and dynamic simulation model c) Continuous and discrete simulation model 5. When simulation is appropriate. Explain? 6. Discuss about the applications and advantages of simulation? 7. Describe the Monte-Carlo Simulation with illustration? 8. Explain the steps in scientific simulation with an example? 9. Consider the following continuously operating job shop. Inter arrival times of job are distributed as follows: Time between arrivals(hr) Probability Processing time (min) Probability 0 0.23 45 0.30 1 0.37 50 0.35 2 0.28 60 0.20 3 0.12 75 0.15

## Processing times for jobs are distributed as follows.

Construct the simulation table and perform the simulation for 10 new customers. What is the average time in queue, average processing time and maximum time in system. 10. A small grocery store has only one checkout counter. Customers arrive at this checkout counter at random from 1 to 8 min. apart. Each possible value of inter arrival time has the same probability of occurrence as shown table1. The service time vary from 1 to 6 min. with the probabilities shown in table2. Develop the simulation table and analyze for 10 customers.

Table 1 Time between 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 arrivals(Min) Probability 0.125 0.125 0.125 0.125 0.125 0.125 0.125 0.125 Table 2 Service Time(Min) Probability 1 0.10 2 0.20 3 0.30 4 0.25 5 0.10 6 0.05

Random digits for arrival: 913,727,015,948,309,922,753,235,302 Random digits for service: 84,10,74,53,17,79,91,67,89,38 11. Explain the routines involved in event scheduling time advance algorithm for DES? 12. Using the event scheduling approach perform single server queuing simulation for a grocery store with the following data until 4 delays have occurred. Inter Arrival time: 0.4, 1.2, 0.5, 1.7, 0.2, 1.6, 0.2, 1.4, and 1.9 Service time: 2, 0.7, 0.2, 1.1, 3.7, 0.6 A baker is trying to figure out how many dozens of bagels to bake each day. The probability distribution of the number of bagel customers is as follows. Number of customers / day Probability 8 0.35 10 0.30 12 0.25 14 0.10

Customers orders are distributed as follows: Number of dozen ordered / customer 1 Probability 0.40 2 3 4 0.10

0.30 0.20

Bagels sell for Rs.8.4/dozen. They cost Rs.5.8 per dozen to make. All bagels not sold at the end of the day are sold at half price to a local grocery store. For the following random digits perform simulation and report how many dozen bagels should be backed each day and the profit on each day. Random digits for customer: 44, 34. Random digits for demand: 8, 2, 4, 8, 1, 6, 3, 0, 2, 0 3, 6, 7, 1, 9, 0, 2, 2