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Bibliography Individual Website Junior Division Phil Crawford

Clarke, Kristen. Jim Crow Must Go. Photograph. America Revealed. July 14, 2011. Accessed January 13, 2014. http://www.spaulforrest.com/2011/07/are-new-voter-idlaws-jim-crow-by.html. I used this as a picture in my web site. It helped develop the story of the rights and responsibilities of African-Americans. This is the picture of a woman holding a sign to protest Jim Crow. I liked it, because of how calm she is, even though she is doing something that could get her in huge trouble. Colored Waiting Room. Photograph. Living the Story: The Civil Rights Movement in Kentucky. January 2014. Accessed February 1, 2014. http://www.ket.org/civilrights/gallery02.htm. I used this on my home page, so the viewer could see an actual sign showing segregation. These signs were popular during the Jim Crow era, and I thought it would be both an important and interesting thing to include.

Coorperation for National Comunity Service. "Our Lives Begin to End the Day We Become Silent about Things That Matter." Dr. Matin Luther King Jr. Day of Service. Last modified January 20, 2014. Accessed February 6, 2014. http://mlkday.gov/plan/library/communications/quotes.php. I used this quote on my home page of my website. It helped by making my story stronger. Corbis. George Wallace. Photograph. The Telegraph. September 15, 1998. Accessed February 3, 2014. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/7624706/Geor ge-Wallace.html. I used this picture on my George Wallace page. It is the top image, and it shows him giving a speech. It helped my website by showing just how powerful he looked during this time. Crowd at Lincoln Memorial. Photograph. Civics. December 3, 2013. Accessed February 4, 2014. http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/category/civics/. I used this as a background image on my forms page. While it is behind words, it still portrays a powerful message. Educational Broadcasting Cooperation. "The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow." PBS:The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow. Last modified 2002. Accessed February 5, 2014. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/.

This page really helped, because it had so many things to explore. It wasn't just focused in on one thing, but it was also enough information to use. . "Voting Then, Voting Now." PBS:The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow. Last modified 2002. Accessed February 5, 2014. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/tools_voting.html. This page really helped, because it had so many things to explore. It wasn't just focused in on one thing, but it was also enough information to use. Estate of Malcolm X. "A Man Who Stands for Nothing Will Fall for Anything." Malcolm X Official Website. Accessed February 6, 2014. http://www.malcolmx.com/about/quotes_by.html. I used this to find a quote I use on the home page of my website. It helped, becuse it is a reall powerful quote that moved my story along. First Black Vote. Photograph. Forever Free. November 16, 1867. Accessed February 5, 2014. http://library.wichita.edu/foreverfree/resources.html. This was a picture from Harper's Weekly Newspaper. I used it in my Voting page. This was the actual image that was posted in 1867. The Georgetown Election: The Negro at the Ballot Box. Photograph. The Authentic History Center. July 20, 2012.

Accessed December 13, 2013. http://www.authentichistory.com/1865-1897/1reconstruction/1-johnson/. This is a picture that I used on my voting page. It is of an African-American man casting his ballot in Georgetown. It helped develop my story by showing the anger of others, because of the fact that an African-American man got a chance to cast his vote. "George Wallace-Segregation Forever.mp4." Youtube. Video file, 00:20. Posted by James Leloudis, August 24, 2011. Accessed February 4, 2014. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hLLDn7MjbF0. I used this in my George Wallace page. The whole video is 1:06, but I cut off part of it using www.tubechop.com. Higgenbotthem, Michael. "Ghosts of Jim Crow." The Sun. Last modified January 23, 2013. Accessed February 6, 2014. http://articles.baltimoresun.com/2013-01-23/news/bs-edmarshall-race-20130123_1_black-children-blackhouseholds-black-women. I used this on my Overcoming Jim Crow page. It helped, because it is a really deep quote. Louisianna Literacy Test Page 1. Photograph. Slate. 1964. Accessed January 4, 2014. http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_vault/2013/06/28/voting_ri

ghts_and_the_supreme_court_the_impossible_literacy_test _louisiana.html. I used this on my literacy test section. It is a picture of a literacy test that would have been given to African-Americans who wanted to vote. Louisianna Literacy Test Page 3. Photograph. Slate. 1964. Accessed January 4, 2014. http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_vault/2013/06/28/voting_ri ghts_and_the_supreme_court_the_impossible_literacy_test _louisiana.html. I used this on my literacy test section. It is a picture of a literacy test that would have been given to African-Americans who wanted to vote. Louisianna Literacy Test Page 2. Photograph. Slate. 1964. Accessed January 4, 2014. http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_vault/2013/06/28/voting_ri ghts_and_the_supreme_court_the_impossible_literacy_test _louisiana.html. I used this on my literacy test section. It is a picture of a literacy test that would have been given to African-Americans who wanted to vote. Lynching of Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith in Indiana. Photograph. Sunny Nash-Race Relations in America. 2012. Accessed February 4, 2014.

http://sunnynash.blogspot.com/2012/10/rosa-parks-blackwomanhood-lynching.html. I used this in my Disturbing Images section, because even though is is disturbing it shows that many white people viewed lynchings as a party. A Man Was Lynched Yesterday. Photograph. African American Odyssey. 1938. Accessed February 5, 2014. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/aopart6b.ht ml. I used this on my Lynching page. It is a flag hanging out of a window, and it reads," A Man Was Lynched Yesterday". This was important to my website, because it shows that people got used to the lynchings. Man with White Paint and Vote on His Forehead. Photograph. Leadership Center for a Common Good. September 24, 2012. Accessed February 5, 2014. http://www.commongoodcenter.org/organizers_sourcebook . I used this on my lynching page, because even though it in particular doesn't show a lynching, it shows a man who wishes he was white, and almost looks scared to be of AfricanAmerican descent. Owens, Eric. Colored Only. Photograph. The Daily Caller. February 15, 2013. Accessed January 13, 2014.

http://dailycaller.com/2013/02/15/elementary-school-banswhite-kids-from-tutoring/. I used this picture on my home page. I needed it to help portray the story I am trying to tell with this webpage. This was an image that I first saw when I was in Birmingham visiting the National Civil Rights Museum. It was very small and in the section on segregation. Part of Alabama Literacy Test. Photograph. Anisfield-Wolf Book Awards. 2013. Accessed February 5, 2014. http://www.anisfield-wolf.org/2013/07/voting-rights-actcould-you-pass-a-1960s-literacy-test/. This is an example of a few questions that would typically be on a literacy test, I used this in my literacy test section. PBS Online. "Wallace Quotes." PBS: George Wallace. Last modified 2000. Accessed February 6, 2014. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/wallace/sfeature/quotes.ht ml. I used this on my George Wallace pag.This really helped. It was a quote from George Wallace. Peterson, Andrea. John Lewis and Martin Luther King Jr. Meet with John F. Kennedy after the March on Washington. Photograph. Washington Post. August 7, 2013. Accessed February 5, 2014. http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-

switch/wp/2013/08/07/did-snowden-engage-in-civildisobedience-civil-rights-leader-john-lewis-thinks-so/. I used this image on my Overcoming Jim Crow page. It helped, because these are all Civil Rights activists and they were meeting with John F. Kennedy, who was both the president at that time, but he was also against the Jim Crow laws and segregation. This was also one of my favorite images, do to the fact that it is a picture with almost all of the big Civil Rights Leader. Pilgrim, David. No Dogs, No Mexicans, No Negros. Photograph. Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia. 2012. Accessed February 7, 2014. http://www.ferris.edu/jimcrow/what.htm. I used this image on my Who Was Jim Crow page. While it is racist, these were in many different places during the Jim Crow era. . "What Was Jim Crow." Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabalia. Last modified September 2000. Accessed January 11, 2014. http://www.ferris.edu/jimcrow/what.htm. This was where I did a lot of my research. This page helped me most when I was first starting. It also gave me some information that I ended up using in my webpage. . "Who Was Jim Crow." Jim Crow Museum of Racist Artifacts. Last modified September 2000. Accessed February 5, 2014. http://www.ferris.edu/jimcrow/who.htm.

This was where I did a lot of my research. This page helped me most when I was first starting. It also gave me some information that I ended up using in my webpage. Rewald, Jason. Jim Crow Must Go. Photograph. The Delta Blues. Accessed January 13, 2014. http://www.tdblues.com/2010/09/jim-crow-etiquette/. I used this source, because it had a picture that I found for my project. I looked and this was the only place I could find this image and the site didn't tell where they found it. I used this on my home page of my website where it says "Jim Crow Must Go." This was also my favorite picture, because it is a cool poster that really represents how many African-Americans were feeling during this time. I also used this to get one of my quotes. Taylor, Justin. "Martin Luther King Response to 'You Cant Legislate Morality; You Have to Change Hearts First.'" The Gospel Coalition. Last modified January 2014. Accessed February 6, 2014. http://thegospelcoalition.org/blogs/justintaylor/2008/09/20/ martin-luther-king-response-to-you-cant/. I used this, because it had a quote I needed for my lynchings page. It is a Quote that Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. said and it is very powerful. This N***** Voted. Photograph. PBS: The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow. 2002. Accessed November 29, 2013. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/tools_voting.html.

This was used in my disturbing image section, because even though it is disturbing, it portrays the message I wanted. Youtube. "Jump Jim Crow." Youtube. Last modified September 7, 2012. Accessed February 7, 2014. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T5FpKAxQNKU. This was used in my Who was Jim Crow page. It is a video of a song called Jump Jim Crow. This is really cool, because it has artifacts, pictures, and videos in the background while the fiddle is playing.