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Collet Connector Comparison

Collet Connector Comparison

Collet Connector Comparison

As drilling depths have increased over the years, Cameron collet connectors have evolved to address issues concerning higher internal and external pressures, ever-increasing applied bending and tension loads, and extreme operating conditions. Additionally, Cameron collet connectors are designed to fulfill a variety of requirements caused by restricted space, high preload and fatigue life, as well as customer requirements for unique operating environments.

Cameron Model 70, HC, HCH4 and DWHC Collet Connectors are typically used for connection of the BOP stack to the wellhead, and to secure the lower riser assembly to the top of the BOP. While these collet connectors utilize the same basic design, their preload and structural load capabilities vary.

All Cameron collet connectors have the following features:

High strength and stiffness with a direct “load path” through the connector.

Metal-to-metal sealing AX gaskets on the collet end ensure seal integrity. A new version of the AX gasket with a contingency seal may be used with the DWHC.

Positively driven-open collet segments during unlock ensure that no overpull is required to disconnect. A secondary unlock function is also included in the design.

Inconel ® inlays on all sealing surfaces exposed to seawater.

Available with studded, flanged or clamped tops.

Available with secondary unlock pistons.

Inherent self-locking characteristics.

Model 70 Collet Connector

The Model 70 Collet Connector forms a tight seal while withstanding the bending stresses and separating forces caused by well pressure, riser tension and vessel motion. Features include:

Cylinders may be easily repaired or replaced.

Short “swallow up”, tapered hub profile and positive unlocking system allow disconnection at angles up to

30°.

25° angles on the clamp segment faces and a large actuating piston area create a greater clamping force at a given hydraulic pressure.

Standard manual override.

Actuated by hydraulic cylinders which provide high clamping preloads.

SD24752
SD24752

Model 70 Collet Connector

SD24753 HC Collet Connector
SD24753
HC Collet Connector

Collet Connector Comparison

HC Collet Connector

SD24754 HCH4 Collet Connector
SD24754
HCH4 Collet Connector

The HC Collet Connector is similar to the popular Model 70, but is designed to provide greater preload to withstand higher separating forces. Features include:

Short “swallow up”, tapered hub profile and positive unlocking system allow disconnection at angles up to 30°.

Shortest “swallow up” of any major wellhead connector available on the market.

Large actuating piston area creates a greater preload at a given hydraulic pressure than the Model 70.

Higher applied loads can be tolerated without causing hub face separation because of the higher preloads.

Uses annular cylinder with greater annular piston area for larger locking and unlocking force.

Compact design minimizes height and weight.

• SD24755
SD24755

DWHC Collet Connector

HCH4 Collet Connector

The HCH4 Collet Connector is based on Cameron’s standard HC Collet Connector. It incorporates most major features of the standard HC Collet Connector with its standard HC operating system and structural load carrying components. Its unique locking design includes three load shoulders on the collet segments/fingers, allowing the customer to use a Cameron HC connector to lock onto an H4 wellhead and still maintain a direct load path.

DWHC Collet Connector

The DWHC is a high strength drilling and completion collet connector engineered for the high loads encountered in ultra deepwater applications. Features include:

Segment and hub geometry and a large actuating piston area create a greater clamping force for the higher loads encountered in ultra deepwater conditions.

New flange exceeds API standards with a thicker neck, a larger bolt circle and larger bolt diameter to match the capacity of the DWHC.

New hub profile accommodates high load carrying capacity. This Cameron design will be shared with the industry in an effort to promote standardization and reduce total interfaces.

Provides 21 million pounds total equivalent tension capacity, based on API design criteria.

Design forms the foundation for the requirements of Cameron’s ultra deepwater SpoolTree TM Production System applications.

AX, CX and BX Gaskets

Cameron subsea collet connectors utilize field-proven, metal-to-metal gaskets to ensure seal integrity. The connector’s internal hub is fitted with the AX gasket, available with bonded hycar resilient rings upon customer request.

The flanged, studded or clamped top connection of the connectors is fitted with either the pressure-energized CX gasket or the ring joint BX gasket. These gaskets are recessed into and retained by the clamped, studded or flanged hub, ensuring face-to-face contact with minimal clamping force.

Hub Interchangeability

In addition to the standard wellhead hub, Cameron has designed a unique dual hub wellhead profile to use with the DWHC Connector. This DWHC hub allows other collet connectors to be used in applications where the loading requirements are not as severe.

While the standard HC Collet Connector and the Model 70 Collet Connector locks onto the DWHC hub, the DWHC Collet Connector locks onto the standard wellhead hub. No modification to either collet connector is required.

Cameron’s newest collet connector, the HCH4, was designed specifically to fit on a mandrel-style hub.

Hub Interchangeability In addition to the standard wellhead hub, Cameron has designed a unique dual hub

DWHC

Hub Interchangeability In addition to the standard wellhead hub, Cameron has designed a unique dual hub

HC

Hub Interchangeability In addition to the standard wellhead hub, Cameron has designed a unique dual hub

SD017194

HCH4 Connector with H4 Hub
HCH4 Connector with H4 Hub

Model 70

Hub Interchangeability In addition to the standard wellhead hub, Cameron has designed a unique dual hub
Hub Interchangeability In addition to the standard wellhead hub, Cameron has designed a unique dual hub

DWHC

Hub Interchangeability In addition to the standard wellhead hub, Cameron has designed a unique dual hub

SD24780

DWHC Hub

Hub Interchangeability In addition to the standard wellhead hub, Cameron has designed a unique dual hub

HC

Model 70
Model 70
Hub Interchangeability In addition to the standard wellhead hub, Cameron has designed a unique dual hub
Hub Interchangeability In addition to the standard wellhead hub, Cameron has designed a unique dual hub

SD24781

Standard Hub

Load Paths and Performance Data

A load path is the way applied loads are transmitted through the connector to the wellhead. The more direct the load path, the fewer components it travels through, yielding a stiffer, more stable connection. In turn, this stiff and stable connection directly affects resistance to hub face separation. All Cameron connectors have direct load paths which provide high resistance to hub face separation.

Model 70 Load Path SD24782
Model 70 Load Path
SD24782
HC Load Path SD24783
HC Load Path
SD24783
DWHC Load Path SD24784
DWHC Load Path
SD24784
HCH4 Load Path SD24785
HCH4 Load Path
SD24785

When selecting a collet connector, factors regarding preload and structural load should be taken into consideration. For instance, the Model 70 is for applications requiring up to 245,000 lb preload. For applications requiring a higher preload of up to 5.875 million lb, the Model HC is available. Both the Model 70 and HC connectors utilize the same structural capacities therefore, preload is the determining factor when choosing between the two. Cameron offers the HCH4, an HC equivalent, to fit on a mandrel-style wellhead. When even higher preload and structural load capacity is called for, the DWHC is the collet connector of choice.

Cameron Collet Connector Data – Typical Ratings, Normal Operating Conditions/Stresses*

Performance

Model 70

 

HC

DWHC

HCH4

Pressure Rating (psi/MPa)

10,000/69.00

10,000/69.00

15,000/103.50

15,000/103.50

10,000/69.00

15,000/103.50

Bending @ 0 pressure, 0 tension* (ft-lb)

3,645,000

4,048,000

5,293,000

11,500,000

2,961,000

1,868,000

Bending @ 0 pressure, 0 tension* (Nm)

4,942,000

5,488,000

7,176,000

15,591,000

4,014,000

2,533,000

Bending @ 10,000 psi, 0 tension* (ft-lb)

1,706,000

3,219,000

3,308,000

11,750,000

3,045,000

2,631,000

Bending @ 10,000 psi, 0 tension* (Nm)

2,313,000

4,364,000

4,485,000

15,930,000

4,128,000

3,567,000

Bending @ 10,000 psi, 2,000,000 lb tension*(ft-lb)

549,000

2,063,000

2,151,000

10,300,000

2,109,000

1,850,000

Bending @ 10,000 psi, 2,000,000 lb tension*(Nm)

744,000

2,797,000

2,916,000

13,964,000

2,859,000

2,508,000

Bending @ 15,000 psi, 2,000,000 lb tension* (ft-lb)

1,161,000

9,300,000

1,145,000

Bending @ 15,000 psi, 2,000,000 lb tension*(Nm)

1,574,000

12,609,000

1,552,000

Preload (lb)

245,000

4,385,000

5,875,000

12,000,000

4,740,000

8,352,000

Preload (N)

1,090,000

19,505,000

26,133,000

53,379,000

21,085,000

37,152,000

Load Shoulder Angle (housing/connector)

25°/25°

25°/25°

25°/25°

25°/10°

45°/0°

45°/0°

Maximum Release Angle

30°

30°

30°

4°****

4°

4°

Water Depth Rating (feet/meters)

10,000/3048

10,000/3048

Connector Style (hub, collet, etc.)

Collet with Hub

Collet with Hub

Collet with Hub

Collet with Hub

Collet with Hub

Collet with Hub

Maximum Subsea Wellhead OD (in/mm)

31.39/797.31

31.39/797.31

31.39/797.31

35.25/895.35

27.00/685.80

27.00/685.80

Maximum Connector OD (in/mm)

64.00/1625.60

59.00/1498.60

62.00/1574.80

75.25/1911.35

59.00/1498.60

62.00/1574.80

Swallow** (in/mm)

13.38/339.85

12.50/317.50

12.50/317.50

24.51/622.55

11.63/295.40

14.63/371.60

Weight (studded top) (lb/kg)

16,600/7530

20,600/9344

23,100/10,478

67,000/30,391

23,200/10,524

25,350/11,499

Operating Pressure (psi/psi)

1500/3000

1500/3000

1500/3000

1500/3000

1500/3000

1500

Operating Pressure (MPa/MPa)

10.30/20.60

10.30/20.60

10.30/20.60

20.60

20.60

10.30

Hydraulic Volume Required (Open) (gal/liters)

4.97/18.81***

18.50/70.02

25.00/94.63

52.80/199.85

18.50/70.02

25.00/94.63

Hydraulic Volume Required (Closed) (gal/liters)

4.18/15.82

14.90/56.40

20.00/75.70

42.20/159.73

14.90/56.40

20.00/75.70

Interchange Kit for Standard Connector

Not required

Not required

Not required

Not required

Not required

Not required

*

Ratings are based on API allowable stresses for normal design loads.

**

***

****

Top of wellhead to bottom of connector. If the Hydrate seal is used, the swallow will increase by approximately 2”(50.8mm).

Additional 2.49 gallons (9.43 liters) is necessary for secondary unlock. The 4° release angle limit applies to initial connector/wellhead lift off of zero to 1” (25.4mm). For greater than 1” (25.4mm) of lift off, the connector can be rotated up to 6° while clearing the wellhead.

Collet Connector Comparison

The charts on the right show the loads induced by the riser system on the BOP stack components. The riser load creates both a tension and bending moment on the BOP stack as shown. In these examples, F is the force on top of the BOP stack and “θ” is the angle of the flex joint.

As these charts indicate, the DWHC has a greater capability than the standard connector, making it a clear choice for deepwater drilling and production operations. Therefore, each connection above the DWHC in the stack needs to be strengthened in order to match the DWHC’s capabilities.

Case 1 shows the loads on each stack connection under a normal drilling condition of 1.5 million pounds tension and 1.88° riser angle.

Case 2 shows that with the maximum bending moment capability of the DWHC connector, each connection point in the stack sees significantly higher bending moments compared to the normal drilling conditions.

Stack Loads, Case 1 Stack loads with DWHC connector under normal drilling conditions. Flex Joint Annular
Stack Loads, Case 1
Stack loads with DWHC connector under normal drilling conditions.
Flex Joint
Annular BOP
F = 1,517,112 lb
= 1.88°
Working Pressure =
15,000 psi
Collet
Connector
DWHC Max Top Tension =
2,000,000 lb
Adapter Spool
FY, Top (lb)
Annular BOP
M, Top (ft-lb)
Single BOP
Double BOP
Double BOP
Wellhead
Connector
0
500,000
1,000,000
1,500,000
2,000,000
2,500,000
Stack Loads with DWHC, Case 2
Stack loads derived from the extreme load capability of the
DWHC connector.
Flex Joint
Annular BOP
F = 2,326,828 lb
= 5.28°
Working Pressure =
15,000 psi
Collet
Connector
DWHC Max Top Tension =
2,000,000 lb
Adapter Spool
FY, Top (lb)
Annular BOP
M, Top (ft-lb)
Single BOP
Double BOP
Double BOP
Wellhead
Connector
  • 0 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 5,000,000 6,000,000 7,000,000 8,000,000 9,000,000 10,000,000

Structural Load Capacities, 10K Bore Pressures

Based on membrane plus bending at yield

12 10 8 6 4 2 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
Bending Moment Capacity (Million ft-lb)

Tension Capacity (Million lbs)

Model 70 / Model HC

DWHC

Structural Load Capacities, 15K Bore Pressures

Based on membrane plus bending at yield

12 10 8 6 4 2 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
Bending Moment Capacity (Million ft-lb)

Tension Capacity (Million lbs)

Model HC

DWHC

Operating Data and Dimensions

C B A D
C
B
A
D
Model 70 SD24786 C B A D HCH4 SD24788
Model 70
SD24786
C
B
A
D
HCH4
SD24788

Model 70 Collet Connector

C B A D
C
B
A
D
HC SD24787 C B A D DWHC SD24789
HC
SD24787
C
B
A
D
DWHC
SD24789

Bore

Working

 

Number of

Stroke

Fluid Requirements (gal/liters)

A

B

 

C

 

D

 

Weight

 

Size

Pressure*

 

Cylinders

Length (in/mm)

 

Open

Closed

( in/mm)

(in/mm)

(in/mm)

 

(in/mm)

 

(lb/Kg)

 

18-3/4”

10,000 psi

   

9

9.75/247.65

4.97/18.81

4.18/15.82

38.28/972.31

18.75/476.25

64.00/1625.60

13.38/339.85

 

16,600/7530

 

*Also available in the following sizes and working pressures: 13-5/8” 5000, 10,000 and 15,000 psi; 16-3/4” 5000 and 10,000 psi; 20-3/4” 2000 and 3000 psi; 21-1/4” 2000 , 5000 and 10,000 psi.

 

HC Collet Connector

 

Bore

Working

Operating

Preload

Fluid Requirements

No Secondary Unlock

 

Secondary Unlock

 

Weight

 

Size

Pressure*

Pressure

(lb/MPa)

 

(gal/liters)

     

ABABCD

   

(lb/Kg)

 

(psi/MPa)

Open

Closed

( in/mm)

( in/mm)

 

( in/mm)

( in/mm)

( in/mm)

( in/mm)

18-3/4”

10,000 psi

3000/20.68

2,821,000/19,448

18.50/70.02

14.90/56.40

18.75/476.25

44.00/ 1117.60

18.75/476.25

59.00/1498.60

12.50/317.50

20,600/9,344

 

18-3/4”

15,000 psi

3000/20.68

5,875,000/40,502

25.00/94.63

20.00/75.70

35.41/899.41

18.75/476.25

43.71/ 1110.23

18.75/476.25

62.00/1574.80

12.50/317.50

23,100/10,478

 

*Also available in the following sizes and working pressures: 13-5/8” 15,000 psi, 21-1/4” 5000 psi

 

HCH4 Collet Connnector

 

Bore

Working

 

Operating

Preload

Fluid Requirements (gal/liters)

A

B

 

C

 

D

 

Weight

 

Size

Pressure

Pressure (lb/MPa)

(lb/MPa)

 

Open

Closed

( in/mm)

(in/mm)

(in/mm)

 

(in/mm)

 

(lb/Kg)

 

18-3/4”

10,000 psi

 

3000/20.68

4,740,000/31,712

18.50/70.02

14.90/56.40

44.00/1117.60

18.75/476.25

59.00/1498.60

11.63/295.40

23,200/10,524

 

18-3/4”

15,000 psi

 

1500/10.44*

3,000,000/20,682

25.00/94.63

20.00/75.70

43.72/1110.49

18.75/476.25

61.24/1555.50

11.63/295.40

25,350/11,499

 

*At 3000 psi (20.68 MPa) operating pressure, preload is 6,140,000 lb (42,329 MPa)

 

DWHC Collet Connector

 

Bore

Working

 

Operating

Preload

Fluid Requirements (gal/liters)

A

B

 

C

 

D

 

Weight

 

Size

Pressure

Pressure (lb/MPa)

(lb/MPa)

 

Open

Closed

( in/mm)

(in/mm)

(in/mm)

 

(in/mm)

 

(lb/Kg)

 

18-3/4“

15,000 psi

 

3000/20.68

12,000,00/82,728

52.80/199.85

42.20/159.73

66.78/1696.21

18.75/476.25

75.25/1911.35

24.51/622.55

67,000/30,391

 
Western Hemisphere Cameron PO Box 1212 Houston Texas 77251-1212 Tel 713 939 2211 Fax 713 939

Western Hemisphere

Cameron PO Box 1212 Houston Texas 77251-1212

Tel

713 939 2211

Fax 713 939 2620

http://www.camerondiv.com

Eastern Hemisphere

Cooper Cameron (U.K.) Ltd.

5 Mondial Way

Harlington Hayes UB3 5AR

Tel

44 181 9901800

Fax 44 181 9901888

http://www.camerondiv.com

Asia Pacific/Middle East

Cooper Cameron (Singapore) Pte. Ltd.

No. 2 Gul Circle, Jurong Industrial Est Locked Bag Service No. 3 Jurong Town Post Office Singapore 629560 Republic Of Singapore

Tel

65 8613355

Fax 65 8616197

http://www.camerondiv.com

Inconel ® is registered trademark of INCO.

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