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GSM Link Balance and Coverage Distance Estimation Tools V2.

1 Descriptions:
1.Applicable for 800M/900M/1800M network 2. Enhance the association of related parameters and reduce the user input 3. Add link prediction and coverage estimation when the tower amplification is used. 4.Modify the Propagation model function 1/5/2005

GSM link balance and coverage distance Estimation tools


System scenario
Frequency Band Environment

Clutter scenario

1 2
TMA FALSE

Indoor TRUE Water FALSE

DL
BTS max. transimt power (dBm) BTS combiner loss (dB) 7/8 feeder length (m) 5/4 feeder lenght(m) 1/2 jumper length (m) feeder connector loss (dB) BTS feeder and connector loss (dB) BTS antenna gain (dBi) Effective Radiated Power EIRP(dBm) MS sensitivity (dBm) 46.00 4.1 35.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 1.61 19.00 59.29 -104 2.00 -102.00 161.29 3.00 8.00 1300% 91% 10.7 20 127.56 127.56 1.5 40 0 1.16 m=I-j-k-l + e=a-b-c+d f g h=f+g I=e-h + -

Noise correction (dB) Actual environment sensitivity (dB) Max. path loss (dB)
Body loss Std. Dev. Of Slow Fading(dB) Expected area coverage probability Corresponding edge coverage probability Expected shadow fading margin (dB) Clutter loss (dB) Allowed DL Propagation loss (dB) Allowed Propagation loss satisfying link balance (dB)

MS antenna height (m) BTS antenna height (m) Twice environment correction (dB) Coverage radius (km)

d coverage distance Estimation tools


Clutter scenario In Car FALSE
Outdoor FALSE Legend

Dense Tree FALSE

Set by User Derived value Result value

UL
MS max. transimt power (dBm) BTS combiner loss (dB) 7/8 feeder length (m) 5/4 feeder lenght(m) 1/2 jumper length (m) feeder connector loss (dB) BTS feeder and connector loss (dB) BTS antenna gain (dBi) BTS antenna diversity gain (dB) BTS sensitivity (dBm)

33 0 35.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 1.61 19.00 3.00 -112.50 2.00

a b

c d e

Noise correction (dB) Max. path loss (dB)


Body loss Std. Dev. Of Slow Fading(dB) Expected area coverage probability Corresponding edge coverage probability Expected shadow fading margin (dB) Clutter loss (dB) Allowed DL Propagation loss (dB)

Actual environment sensitivity (dB) -110.50 163.89 3.00 8.00 1300% 91% 10.7 20 130.16

f I=a-b-c+d+e-f j

k l m=I-j-k-l

Expected coverage area dimensionkm2 Site type Cell radiuskm Cell dimenstionkm2 Expected BTS number

500 2 1.16 2.64 189.21

three-sector BTS

omnidirectional BTS

cell coverage radius RBTS distance D=1.5R single-site coverage dimension 1.949R*R

cell radius RBTS distance D=1.7 single-site coverage dimension 2.59

omnidirectional BTS

cell radius RBTS distance D=1.732R single-site coverage dimension 2.598R*R

Environment-Loss-Std.Dev fre.band
Environment Dense Urban Urban SubUrban Rural Area(Semi-open Area) High Way(Open Area) Penetration Loss (dB) 25 20 15 8 3 Std. Dev. Of Slow Fading(dB) 8 8 8 7 4 omnidirectional three-sector six-sector 900MHZ 1800MHZ 800MHZ

Site Type

Clutter

Clutter Type In Building In Car Dense Trees Water outdoor

Penetration Loss (dB) refer to C5~C9 10 13 -3 3

Area coverage probability to edge coverage probability

50%
Dense Urban Urban SubUrban Rural Area High Way

60% 30% 30% 30% 27% 14%

75% 49% 49% 49% 46% 32%

80% 57% 57% 57% 54% 50%

20% 20% 20% 17% 6%

Area coverage probability to expected shadow fading margin

50%
Dense Urban Urban SubUrban Rural Area High Way

60% -4.2 -4.2 -4.2 -4.3 -4.4

75% -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.6 -1.8

80% 1.4 1.4 1.4 0.8 0

-6.7 -6.7 -6.7 -6.6 -6.1

Cable loss

900MHZ 7/8 FeederdB/100m) 5/4 Feeder(dB/100m) 1/2 Jumper(dB/100m) 4.03 2.98 11.2

2000MHZ 6.46 4.77 17.7

450MHZ 2.7 1.9 7.6

1800MHZ 5.87 4.31 16.1

Probability

Site Type

50% 60% 75% 80% 85% 90% 91% 92% 93%


94% 95% 96% 97% 98% 99% 100%

omnidirectional

85% 66% 66% 66% 63% 51%

90% 75% 75% 75% 73% 64%

91% 77% 77% 77% 76% 66%

92% 79% 79% 79% 78% 69%

93% 81% 81% 81% 80% 72%

94% 84% 84% 84% 82% 75%

95% 86% 86% 86% 85% 79%

96% 89% 89% 89% 88% 82%

97% 91% 91% 91% 90% 86%

98% 94% 94% 94% 93% 90%

99% 97% 97% 97% 96% 95%

100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%

85% 3.2 3.2 3.2 2.4 0.1

90% 5.5 5.5 5.5 4.3 1.4

91% 5.9 5.9 5.9 4.8 1.7

92% 6.5 6.5 6.5 5.4 2

93% 7.2 7.2 7.2 5.9 2.4

94% 7.9 7.9 7.9 6.5 2.8

95% 8.6 8.6 8.6 7.2 3.2

96% 9.6 9.6 9.6 8.1 3.7

97% 10.7 10.7 10.7 9.1 4.3

98% 12.2 12.2 12.2 10.4 5.1

99% 14.6 14.6 14.6 12.3 6.5

100% 21.3 21.3 21.3 19.2 10.4

Watt to DB watt 20 dB dBm 13.0103 43.0103 Watt 20 mWatt 20000

mWatt dBm 1000

30