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Installation Training Seminar

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1. SUPERLOK TUBE FITTING


1) Tube Fitting Types 2) SUPERLOK Tube Fitting

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1) Tube Fitting Types


(Original) Compression Tube Fitting
1. Developed in 19 Century (1800s) 2. 3 Components: Nut, Body and Gasket Ring or Ferrule 4. The Advantage: Can be used without Special Tools. 5. The Disadvantages: Only Minimal Pressure Use (ex. Copper Tubing)

Seal Point Area

Narrow Seal Point

Friction Grip Area

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1) Tube Fitting Types


Flare Type Tube Fitting

Wider Seal Point

Advantages: Wider Sealing Area Can be Used in Higher Pressure


Seal Area

Disadvantages: The Ends of Tubes are irregular Special Flaring Tools are usually required.

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1) Tube Fitting Types


Bite-Type Tube Fittings

Seal Area

Accommodate higher Pressure applications over the original compression design.

Advantage: Bite type tube fittings accommodate higher Pressure applications over the original compression design. Disadvantage: Hard to control Over-Tightening, which causes the damage of tubing.
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Comprised of a fitting with a Nut, Body and Ferrule(s) having a sharp leading edge, which bites into the skin of the tubing to achieve holding ability.

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1) Tube Fitting Types


Two Ferrule Bite Type

Seal Area

The Twin Ferrule bite utilizes grip by the back ferrule and seal by front ferrule.

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1) Tube Fitting Types


(Two Ferrule) Mechanical Grip-Type Fittings
-Specially, Gas Seal is achieved through a Burnishing or Polishing contact by Front Ferrule with the fitting body and tube. This burnishing action forms concentrated zones of contact, and allows superior sealing capabilities over a wider range of system conditions.
1. two-ferrule in Design. 2. Front ferrule as it seals by coining the surfaces of the tubing and coupling body. 3. A Radial Collecting or Holding (Tube-Gripping) Action of the Back Ferrule and the Ferrule nose to Enhance Vibration Resistance. 4. The break or remake of the fitting after installation can be more successfully accomplished.
Seal Area

Gas Seal

Seal Area

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2) SUPERLOK Tube Fitting


Tube Fittings Overview

A Variety of choices in tube fittings in the Design, Installation and Maintenance of the Fluid Systems. <SUPERLOK Tube Fitting> 1. An Easy-to Install, 2. Live-Loaded, 3. Two Ferrule Design 4. Most of Configurations in sizes from 1/16 to 2 Inch and 2 to 50 mm, 5. Lower Torque to Tubing, 6. Gap Inspection Gauge for Sufficient Pull-up
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2) SUPERLOK Tube Fitting


Features of SUPERLOK

<Features> 1. A strict material management, A high precision design and the best processing technology. 2. Fittings Excellent Inner Surface Condition ----- Smooth Flow of Fluid. 3. Soft Tightening and Leakage Free ----- Productivity Improvement and Cost Reduction to SUPERLOK Tube Fitting Users

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2) SUPERLOK Tube Fitting


Structure of SUPERLOK
Nut <Structure> 1. 4 precision parts 2. Cope with the inferior environmental conditions and various customers needs. 3. Leakage Prevention and Sufficient Tightness with less forces -----Reduce Potential Leakage Risk in a course of tubing assembly and process Back Ferrule Front Ferrule

Fitting Body

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2) SUPERLOK Tube Fitting - 1


Why SUPERLOK?
Perfect Ferrules making Tight & Smooth -Link Tubing and F / V without any Leakage and Distortion of Tube Inside. -Pursuit of Perfect Ferrule Inspected by Computer Laser System. Excellent Roughness of the LOK Position -makes the Front Ferrule seated Easily and Properly. Smooth and High-Clean Inner Surface Condition of Fittings -Keeps the flow of fluid smoothly without swirling in the Instrument lines.
(A Co.) (B Co.) 1 inch SUPERLOK UNION LOK surface Roughness Better than those of Any Other Competitors

Smooth and High-Clean Inner Surface of SUPERLOK ELBOW

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2) SUPERLOK Tube Fitting - 2


Why SUPERLOK? (Review the Sales Points)
Perfect Ferrules making Tight & Smooth -Link Tubing and F / V without any Leakage and Distortion of Tube Inside. -Pursuit of Perfect Ferrule Inspected by Computer Laser System. Excellent Roughness of the LOK Position -makes the Front Ferrule seated Easily and Properly. -Specially, Gas Seal is achieved through a Burnishing or Polishing contact by Front Ferrule with the fitting body and tube. This burnishing action forms concentrated zones of contact, and allows superior sealing capabilities over a wider range of system conditions.
(A Co.) 1 inch SUPERLOK UNION LOK surface Roughness Better than those of Any Other Competitors Smooth and HighClean Inner Surface of SUPERLOK ELBOW

(B Co.)

Smooth and High-Clean Inner Surface Condition of Fittings -Keeps the flow of fluid smoothly with Less Swirling in the Instrument lines and Fluid Systems.

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2) SUPERLOK Tube Fitting


Configurations of SUPERLOK Fittings

Fittings for Connecting Tubes to Female Thread

Fittings for Connecting Tubes to Male Thread

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2) SUPERLOK Tube Fitting


Configurations of SUPERLOK Fittings
Fittings for Connecting 2 Tubes or more Fittings for Connecting 2 Tube Fittings

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2) SUPERLOK Tube Fitting


Configurations of SUPERLOK Fittings
Fittings for Blocking or Closing Tubing or Tube Fittings Fittings for Connecting Tubes to SAE/MS Straight Thread

Fittings for Connecting Tubing to Welding System

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2) SUPERLOK Tube Fitting


Configurations of SUPERLOK Fittings
Fittings for Connecting Tubes to Pipe or Straight Thread

Spare Parts

SUPERLOK Board-Through Fittings for Thermocouples

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Proper Selection, Handling, and Installation of Tubing, when combined with proper selection of SUPERLOK Tube Fittings, are essential to reliable Tubing Systems.

2. Tubing
1) Tubing Selection 2) Tubing Handling 3) Tubing Practice and Installation 4) Advantage of Tubing vs. Pipe 5) Tube Cutting and Deburring 6) Tube Bending

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1) Tubing Selection
Tubing Variables
Suitable Tubing Selection is essential in performance of Tubing System. When selecting Tubing Material, Size and Wall Thickness, Customer must consider Pressure, Flux (Flow), Temperature, Environment and Compatibility of system. Following Variables should be considered when Ordering Tubing for use with SUPERLOK Tube Fittings.

Surface Finish Material Hardness Wall thickness

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1) Tubing Selection
Tubing Variables
1. Tubing Surface Finish
Many ASTM Specifications cover the Requirements, but they often are not detailed on the Surface Finish. For example, ASTM A450 , A General Tubing Specification, reads;

What does A Workmanlike Finish mean? How much we should the grinding in depth and straightness. ASTM A269 allows the OD tolerance to 0.005 Inch x 2 (0.010 Inch). Ex) The Allowance of OD 0.500 Inch Tubing --- 0.490 In. Tube OD 0.510 In.

------------- This tubing could not be used with most of Tube Fittings.
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1) Tubing Selection
Tubing Variables

The Key to selecting proper tubing material for use with SUPERLOK Tube Fittings is that the tubing must be softer than the Fitting Material.

2. Tubing Material and 3) Hardness (Requirements for Tube Quality)

Even in the case of Over Hardness of Tubing Materials, SUPERLOK Tube Fittings can be used around HRb 90 or more according to our experiences and tests. It is for a kind of customer service for preventing the leakage from Over Hardness Materials of Tubing.
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1) Tubing Selection
Tubing Variables
4. Tubing Wall Thickness
The accompanying table shows working pressure ratings of tubing in a wide range of wall thicknesses.
Tube OD (in.) 1/16 1/8 3/16 1/4 5/16 3/8 1/2 5/8 0.010 5600 8500 10 900 5400 4000 7000 10 200 5100 4000 3300 2600 7500 10 200 5800 4800 3700 2900 8000 6500 5100 4000 6700 5200 6000

Minimum Wall Thickness (=1.2446mm)


TUBE WALL THICKNESS (in.)
0.028 0.035 0.049 0.065 0.083 0.095

Working Pressure (psig)

Working Pressure 3,700 Psig (=251 Bar) 1 Bar = 14.7 Psi = 1.019716 kg/ cm

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1) Tubing Selection
Tubing Variables
4. Tubing Wall Thickness in Gas Service
Gases (air, hydrogen, helium, nitrogen, etc.) have very small molecules that can escape through even the most minute leak path. Some surface defects on the tubing can provide such a leak path.
Tube OD (in.) 1/16 1/8 3/16 1/4 5/16 3/8 1/2 5/8 0.010 5600 8500 10 900 5400 4000 7000 10 200 5100 4000 3300 2600 7500 10 200 5800 4800 3700 2900 8000 6500 5100 6700 4000 5200 6000

Select a tube wall thickness


TUBE WALL THICKNESS (in.)
0.028 0.035 0.049 0.065 0.083 0.095

Working Pressure (psig)

As tube outside diameter (OD) increases, so does the likelihood of a scratch or other surface defect interfering with proper sealing.
The most successful connection for gas service will occur if all installation instructions are carefully followed and the heavier wall thicknesses of

tubing on the accompanying table are selected.

whose working pressure is Outside of the Shaded Areas

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1) Tubing Selection
Additional Tubing Considerations
Concentricity Ovality Inside diameter Seamless or welded

1. Metal tubing material should be softer than fitting material. For Example, Stainless Steel Tubing should not be used with Brass Fittings. 2. When Tubing and Fittings are made of the same material, Tubing should be fully annealed. 3. Always use an insert with extremely soft or pliable plastic tubing. 4. Extremes of wall thickness should always be checked against the suggested minimum and maximum wall thickness limitations. 5. Surface finish is very important to proper sealing. Tubing with any kind of depression, scratch, raised portion, or other surface defect will be difficult to seal, particularly in gas service. 6. Tubing that is oval and will not easily fit through fitting nuts, ferrules, and bodies should never be forced into the fitting.

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2) Tubing Handling

Good handling practices can greatly reduce scratches on tubing and protect the good surface finish that reliable tube manufacturers supply.

1. Tubing should never dragged out of a tubing rack or across a rough surface. 2. Tube cutters or hacksaws should be sharp.
Do not take deep cuts with each turn of the cutter or stroke of the saw.

3. Tube ends should be deburred.


This helps to ensure that the tubing will go all the way through the ferrules without damaging the ferrule sealing edge.

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3) Tubing Practice and Installation 1


Proper Tubing Installation (What types are correct?)

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3) Tubing Practice and Installation -2


Proper Tubing Installation
Correct Incorrect

When piles up many tubes, should make them Vertical in order to prevent the Corrosion or Pollutants, Dist and so on.

Correct

Incorrect

Do not block hinged doors, bolts and other equipment used in Maintenance.

Correct Incorrect
Since straightly assembled tubing to a pair of fixed fitting cannot be completely contacted with the both sides of fittings shoulder, there shall be a leakage risk caused by deformation from high temperature and high pressure. Connecting Points installed by fittings must be crossed each other, not be parallel, for saving space and making the installation easy.

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3) Tubing Practice and Installation

Avoid Foot or Hand Rail Tube Location

1. Tub OD 1/4 Inch, 1/2 Inch Tubing must be supported each 3 Feet (= 91.44 cm) (1 Foot = 30.48cm = 12 Inch) 2. 5/8 Inch, 7/8 Inch ---- 5 Feet (=152.40cm) 3. 1 Inch or Over ---- 7 Feet (=213.36cm) Tubing must not support the Weight of Valves, Filters, any other Equipment.

Proper Tubing Support


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4) Advantages of Tubing vs. Pipes


Ease of Installation
SUPERLOK Tube Fittings 1 Inch / 25mm and smaller can be installed quickly, easily, and reliably with simple hand tools. Over 1 Inch / 25mm sizes require use of a hydraulic swaging unit to swage the ferrules onto the tubing. Right Hand: Turing the Nut of Fitting Left Hand: Fixing the Body of Fitting Machining Threads, Flaring Tubes, and Welding Works are not needed.

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4) Advantages of Tubing vs. Pipes


Better Strength to Weight Ratio
Full wall thickness of tubing is used to contain pressure Wall thickness of Extra pipe wall pipe needed to thickness required contain pressure for threading

Wall thickness of pipe that must be used

Tubing
1. The Weight of Tubing is Lighter than that of Pipe.

Pipe

-Lower Expenses of Carriage, Less Supporters needed, Availability in Narrow or Small Space. 2. The Low Cost for Installation and Maintenance.

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4) Advantages of Tubing vs. Pipes


Lower Pressure Drop / Fewer Connection Required
Sharp Bending

Slow Bending

TUBING PIPING Pipe


Piping

Tubing

Slow and Gentle Bending of Tubing makes the inside flow Fewer Pressure Drop.

Tubing can be bended easily avoiding the obstacles around the place of tubing installation and so Tubing reduces the number of connecting parts and the risk of leakage.

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4) Advantages of Tubing vs. Pipes


Fewer Connection Required

Tubing can be bended easily avoiding the obstacles around the place of tubing installation and so Tubing reduces the number of connecting parts and the risk of leakage.

Tubing

Piping

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5)Tube Cutting and Deburring - 1


Tube Cutting
General Tube Cutter is designed to cut tubing materials from 3/16 to 1 in. (4 to 25 mm) OD.

Operating instructions
1. Position tubing between rollers and cutting wheel. 2. Turn handle until wheel touches tubing. 3. Advance handle an additional 1/8 turn. (The handle knobs are spaced in 1/8-turn increments. Use them as reference points.) 4. Rotate cutter around tube. After every second rotation,

advance handle 1/8 turn.


(For softer materials, advances handle after EACH rotation.) 5. Continue until tubing is cut through.

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5)Tube Cutting and Deburring - 2


Tube Cutting
Replacement Wheels; Always use a sharp wheel, since this is the best way to minimize burring. Using a dull wheel will also expand and work harden the tube end. Note: Occasionally lubricate working threads. Replace wheel when cutting becomes difficult or end of tube begins to expand. To replace wheel: 1. Open slide at least half-way by turning handle counterclockwise. 2. Remove screw holding wheel in place. 3. Take out old wheel and replace with new one. 4. Replace screw.

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5)Tube Cutting and Deburring


Tube Deburring
Deburring;
Remove all burrs from the tubing ID and OD. Failure to do so may affect the fittings sealing capability and system cleanliness. General tube deburring tool is for 3/16 inch ID to 1-1/2 inch OD and 4 mm ID to 38 mm OD stainless steel, steel, and hard alloy tubing.

Caution:
1. Do not put fingers inside tool or near the cutting edges. 2. The deburred tube end should have a uniform edge break with no burrs. 3. Internal and external chamfers should not exceed half the wall thickness of the tubing.

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5)Tube Cutting and Deburring


Tube Deburring

To deburr OD of tubing:
1. Place deburring tool over the end of the tubing with the blades on the outside. 2. Rotate the tool in a clockwise direction.

To deburr ID of tubing:
1. Place deburring tool over the end of the tubing with the blades on the inside. 2. Rotate the tool in a clockwise direction. All: Wipe deburred end of tubing clean with a cloth.

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6) Tube Bending
Bender Components

*** Bender Type Patent Problem


Link

Short Handle Clevis

Long Handle Roll Die Bender Die Roll Support Nameplate

Vise Clamp Block Tube Latch

Straight Tube Length Mark

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6) Tube Bending
Allow for Minimum Bend Radius
T R

T: L:

Tube OD Required straight tube length

R: Radius of tubing bend as


Required or minimum allowed for specified wall thickness and tube size

Ex> T: L:
Tube OD = 1/2 inch Required straight tube length = 1-3/16 inch

R: Radius of tubing bend = 1-1/2 inch


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3. Superlok tube fitting Installation


1) Installation Procedure 2) Safety Consideration 3) Leakage 4) Quarter-Turn Demonstration 5) Compensation Action

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1) Installation Procedures
Configuration of Superlok tube fitting
Nut Meets Back Ferrule (Line 3)

Stepped Shoulder
Back Ferrule Meets Front Ferrule (Line 2)

Front Ferrule Meets Fitting Body (Line 1)

Fraction al

Metric

B.FERRULE

NUT

F.FERRULE

BODY

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1) Installation Procedures
Three (3) Easy Steps for Installation up to 1 in. or 25mm
Step 3 Hold the fitting body safely with a backup wrench and tighten the nut 1-1/4 turns. (Pay attention to the mark of starting point of turning and make one revolution and place at 9 o'clock position. Marking the starting point of turning at the 6 o'clock position will let you notice where the starting point is). Step 2 Before tightening the SUPERLOK nut, mark the starting point of turning at the 6 o'clock position.

Step 1 Insert the tubing into SUPERLOK Tube Fitting's inside. At this moment, make sure that the tubing is completely contact with the shoulder of fittings and then finger-tighten the nut.

1 1/4 Turn

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1) Installation Procedures
Three (3) Easy Steps for Installation Small and Big Sizes

1/16, 1/8, and 3/16 inch or 2, 3, and 4 mm tube fittings: Tighten the nut three-quarters (3/4) turn to the 3 oclock position. Over 1 in./25 mm 1.Preswage the ferrules onto the tubing. 2.Tighten nut one-half turn (1-1/2) past finger-tight after the ferrules are preswaged.

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1) Installation Procedures
Pre-Swaging for over 1 in or 25 mm
1. Install the nut and ferrules onto the preswaging tool. 2. Insert tubing into the preswaging tool. 3. Make sure that the tubing rests firmly on the shoulder of the preswaging tool body and that the nut is fingertight. 4. Mark the nut at the 6 oclock position. 5. While holding the preswaging tool steady, tighten the nut one and one-quarter turns to the 9 oclock position. For 1/16, 1/8, and 3/16 in.; 2, 3, and 4 mm tube fittings, tighten the nut three quarters Turn to the 3 oclock position. 6. Loosen the nut. 7. Remove the tubing with preswaged ferrules from the preswaging tool. If the tubing sticks in the preswaging tool, remove the tubing by gently rocking it back and forth. Do not turn the tubing

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1) Installation Procedures
Three Easy Steps for Installation at the high pressure or
the high safety systems

1 1/4 Turn Since there are various variations of tubing, unifying the starting point of the fitting is desirable.

1. The starting point is determined by that when tighten the nut by using a wrench until the tubing shall not be turn freely in the fitting.
2. At this point, make the 1-1/4 revolution and tighten the nut. (If tube rotation is not possible, tighten the nut approximately 1/8 turn from the finger-tight position)

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1) Installation Procedures
Gaugeability
On initial installation, the gap inspection gauge assures the installer or inspector that a fitting has been sufficiently tightened. Position the gap inspection gauge next to the gap between the nut and body.

Correct
If the gauge will not enter the gap, the fitting is sufficiently tightened.

Incorrect
If the gauge will enter the gap, additional tightening is required.

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1) Installation Procedures
Retightening Instructions
You may disassemble and reassemble Superlok tube fittings many times.

1.Insert tubing with preswaged ferrules into the fitting body until the front ferrule seats 2.Rotate the nut with a wrench to the previously pulled-up position; at this point, a significant increase in resistance will be encountered. 3.Tighten slightly with a wrench. Do not use the gap inspection gauge with reassembled fittings.

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1) Installation Procedures
Pre-Swaging Tool
1. Install the nut and ferrules onto the preswaging tool. 2. Insert tubing into the preswaging tool. 3. Make sure that the tubing rests firmly on the shoulder of the preswaging tool body and that the nut is fingertight. 4. Mark the nut at the 6 oclock position. 5. While holding the preswaging tool steady, tighten the nut one and one-quarter turns to the 9 oclock position. For 1/16, 1/8, and 3/16 in.; 2, 3, and 4 mm tube fittings, tighten the nut three quarters Turn to the 3 oclock position. 6. Loosen the nut. 7. Remove the tubing with preswaged ferrules from the preswaging tool. If the tubing sticks in the preswaging tool, remove the tubing by gently rocking it back and forth. Do not turn the tubing 8. Insert tubing with preswaged ferrules into the fitting body until the front ferrule seats. 9. Rotate the nut with a wrench to the previously pulledup position; at this point, a significant increase in resistance will be encountered. 10. Tighten slightly with a wrench Do not use the gap inspection gauge with fittings that were assembled using the preswaging tool.

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1) Installation Procedures
Hydraulic Swaging Unit
Hydraulic Hand Pump
Is available in two unit sizes, with a choice of interchangeable fractional or metric tooling for: 1. 1/2 to 1 in. and 12 to 25 mm tubing and tube adapters 2. 1 to 2 in. and 25 to 50 mm tubing and tube adapters

Pump Hose Swage Indicator Knob

Swage Indicator Arm Hydraulic Swaging Tool

Threaded Body Die

*** Bender Type Patent Problem

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2) Safety Considerations

1. Do not bleed system by loosening fitting nut or fitting plug. 2. Do not assemble and tighten fittings when system is pressurized. 3. Make sure that the tubing rests firmly on the shoulder of the tube fitting body before tightening the nut. 4. Use gap inspection gauge to ensure sufficient pull-up upon initial installation. 5. Always use proper thread sealants on tapered pipe threads. 6. Never turn fitting body. Instead, hold fitting body and turn nut.

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3) Leakage
Leakage Formula Q (Leak) =

P H3 W
96 L

Stem H
W

H L Body L L H Body

Body Dia.

Made-up SUPERLOK tube fitting

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4) Quarter-Turn Demonstration
0.050 in. 1.27 mm Crest Root Flank

< Finger-tight Position>


Turn(s) 1/4 1/2 3/4 1 1-1/4 Inch 0.0125 0.025 0.0375 0.050 0.0625 mm 0.32 0.64 0.95 1.27 1.59
Tubing must be concentric and free of burrs prior to our quarter-turn increment pull-up.

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4) Quarter-Turn Demonstration

9 6 Polish Line Polish Line

< One Quarter-Turn>


The nut has now moved 0.0125 in. [0.32 mm] forward Back ferrule nose begins to contact tubing surface Front ferrule is driven forward-Polishing action has started on the fitting body bevel Front ferrule has begun to make contact on tubing O.D.
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4) Quarter-Turn Demonstration

12 9 Polished Area

<One-Half Turn>
The nut has now moved 0.025 in. [0.64 mm] forward Front ferrule drives forward Back ferrule nose continues to hinge inward More polishing action on the fitting body bevel One distinct ridge on tubing I.D. caused by the front ferrule

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4) Quarter-Turn Demonstration
<Three-Quarter Turn>
The nut has now moved 0.0375 in. [0.95 mm] forward The front ferrule has made increased contact on the tubing Additional polishing of the fitting body bevel has occurred A second ridge can be visually confirmed on the I.D. of the tubing, which indicates back ferrule contact has begun to take place The back ferrule continues to hinge inward and nose indents the tube
12 3 Polished Area

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4) Quarter-Turn Demonstration
<One Turn>
3 6 Polished Area
The nut has now made one complete revolution and has traveled a distance of 0.050 in. [1.27 mm] forward Both ferrules are tight on the tubing with virtually no axial movement Polishing action of the body taper is now complete Front ferrule has stopped forward motion and trailing edge rises to live load the seal Back ferrule continues to hinge. Rear flange lifts upward, redirecting the center section downward focusing more force on colleting of the tube Two distinct ridges can now be seen on the tubing I.D., which have been created by the swaging action of the front and back ferrule

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4) Quarter-Turn Demonstration
<One-and-One-Quarter Turns>
9 6 Seal Area The nut has now traveled 0.0625 [1.59 mm] and has completed the proper installation procedure of the Swagelok tube fitting. Verification of this installation can now be accomplished with the gap inspection gauge. No axial movement of the ferrules on the tubing O.D. Back ferrule has fully hinged supporting the tubing outboard of the grip point The front ferrule is completely live loaded to impart a vibration resistant, leak tight seal Distinct front and back ferrule ridges can be clearly seen on the tubing I.D. Upon disassembly, the tubing must be worked out of the fitting body since the tubing is enlarged ahead of the ferrules
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Seal Area

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5) Compensating Action

Heavy wall tubing

Thin wall tubing

A heavy wall tube resists ferrule action more than a thin wall tube, allowing the ferrules to coin out minor surface imperfections.
A thin wall tube offers less resistance to ferrule action during installation, reducing the chance of coining out surface defects, such as scratches.

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4. Superlok Tube Fittings to Make Job Easier


1) Fitting Products 2) Threads

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1) Fitting Products
Port Connectors
<Machined Ferrule End> While holding fitting body steady, tighten the port connector one quarter turn from the finger-tight position. For 1/16, 1/8, and 3/16 in.; 2, 3, and 4 mm tube fittings, tighten the port connector one eighth turn. For over 1 in. and over 25 mm tube fittings, tighten the port connector one quarter turn. <Tube Adapter End>
1. Insert the tube adapter into the Superlok tube fitting. Make sure that the tube adapter rests firmly on the shoulder of the tube fitting body and that the nut is finger-tight . 2. Mark the nut at the 6 oclock position. 3. While holding fitting body steady, tighten the nut one and one-quarter turns to the 9 oclock position. For 1/16, 1/8, and 3/16 in.; 2, 3, and 4 mm tube fittings, tighten the nut three-quarters turn to the 3 oclock position.
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1) Fitting Products
Tube Adapter

1. Install the end opposite the tube adapter end. 2. Insert the tube adapter into the Superlok tube fitting. Make sure that the tube adapter rests firmly on the shoulder of the tube fitting body and that the nut is finger-tight. 3. Mark the nut at the 6 oclock position. 4. While holding fitting body steady, tighten the nut one and one-quarter turns to the 9 oclock position. For 1/16, 1/8, and 3/16 in.; 2, 3, and 4 mm tube fittings, tighten the nut three-quarters turn to the 3 oclock position.

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1) Fitting Products
Tube Adapter 1

3
<Solve Alignment Problems and Reduce Inventories>

Superlok tube adapters can help eliminate difficult alignment problems and reduce inventories. Superlok tube adapters can be used with any Superlok tube fittings. So, stocking union elbows and union tees in various sizes and materialsalong with commonly used Superlok adapterseliminates the need for stocking special elbows and tees.

<Superlok Solution>
By using a Superlok tube adapter in conjunction with a union elbow or tee, these difficulties can be avoided.

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1) Fitting Products
Tube Adapter 1 2

3
<Typical Alignment Problem>

When installing pipe elbows or tees, it is often difficult to align the fitting with the desired run. 1. In this example, the installation requires connecting tubing to a female end connection. 2. When the pipe connection is tightened, the male elbow points in the wrong direction for the desired run. Loosening the pipe connection could mean leakage at the pipe thread. 3. Tighten the pipe connection of a Superlok male adapter into the female end connection. 4. Connect a Swagelok union elbow or tee to the adapter by tightening the Swagelok tube fitting with a wrench, while holding the elbow or tee in the desired direction. Insert the tubing into the other end of the Superlok elbow or tee and install the fitting.

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1) Fitting Products
Plugs

Make subsequent connections by slightly tightening with wrench after tightening the nut by hand. While holding the fitting body steady, tighten the plug one quarter turn from the finger-tight position. 1/16, 1/8 and 3/16 in.; 2, 3, and 4 mm tube fittings, tighten one-eighth turn.

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1) Fitting Products
Caps

See Superlok tube fitting installation and reassembly.

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1) Fitting Products
Reducers

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1) Fitting Products
Reducing Union Tees

1/2 1/2 1/4

3/8 1/2 1/2

1/4

1/2 1/4

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1) Fitting Products
Positionable Male Elbows

90 degree type

45 degree type

1. Turn the positionable end into the female fitting until the metal backup washer contacts the face of the fitting. 2. Turn the positionable end out of the female fitting (not more than one turn) until the Superlok tube fitting end is positioned properly. 3. While holding fitting body steady, tighten the lock nut until the metal backup washer contacts the face of the fitting.

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1) Fitting Products
Male Branch /Run Tees

Male Branch Tee type

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1) Fitting Products
Inserts

2010 3 30

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2) Threads
NPT Tapered Pipe Threads
National Pipe Tapered , Superlok Thread Sign N

2010 3 30

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2) Threads
ISO-7/1 (BSP) Tapered Pipe Threads
JIS B0203 (PT), DIN 2999, BSPT, Superlok Thread Sign R

2010 3 30

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2) Threads
SAE Straight Threads O-ring Boss
Unified Screw, American Standard Unified Screw Thread, Superlok Thread Sign U

2010 3 30

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2) Threads
Fractional Straight Threads <O-Seal>
Unified Screw, American Standard Unified Screw Thread, Superlok Thread Sign U

2010 3 30

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2) Parallel Threads
JIS B0202 (PF), BSPP, Superlok Thread Sign G

ISO 228/1 (BSP) Parallel Threads

ISO 228/1 (BSP) Parallel Threads

Bonded Washer Seal

Metal Gasket Seal (Generally Copper)

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Tapered & Straight & Parallel Threads


PTFE Tape

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