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I. The sentences below contain some common mistakes. Try to correct them.

The number of holidays abroad was dramatically increased in 2005. The figure was raised again in 2006, but it reduced in 2007. In 2008, the number of foreign holidays was reduced to its lowest oint.

!hat grammar oint can we learn by correcting these " sentences# II. $ind and correct the mistake in each of the sentences below% Technology allowed the growing of factories. &arents should be more conscious on their children's online acti(ities. The Internet allows eo le from all o(er the world to in(ol(e in discussions about current e(ents.

III. In which of these sentences is the assi(e used correctly# The amount of rainfall was increased last month. )n increase in rainfall was seen last month. The *+ was e, erienced an increase in rainfall. -ainfall has been reduced this year. Income ta, has been reduced this year.

I.. /ere are some more sentences that contain mistakes. 0ee if you can find them. 1hildren are not enough mature to make decisions. &oor arenting has contributed children to misbeha(e more. 2ood arenting encourages children ac3uire social skills. 4ringing u children and educate them is the res onsibility of arents.

.. Try to find and correct the mistakes in these sentences% I agree that we should interest more with our own societies and countries. There three main roblems that we need to tackle first, education. 5ou should mention your o inion in the introduction so e,aminer ha(e some idea what to e, ect from your essay.

.I. 1orrect the mistakes, not all of them are grammar mistakes. There were 56 million mt incidents than "5 million mt in7uries by bus.

In general, both the figures for serious fatalities and in7uries were dramatically higher for the demand res onse field. The number of eo le ha(ing in7uries showed the more o ular le(el than that of eo le ha(ing incidents. There is a somewhat difference between the number of eo le using hea(y rail and light rail. The bar chart illustrates the amount of assengers who were been incidents and in7uries tra(elled by fi(e ty es of trans ort such as demand res onse, bus, hea(y rail, light rail, and commuter rail in 2002. The bus, which is used by almost 80 eo le, tallied 66 in7uries. In three ty es of rail, being lower than light rail, hea(y rail sur assed commuter rail in the amount of incidents and in7uries. In7uries by bus was went u a ro,imately 8 times than commuter rail.

.II. $ind the mistakes in the following sentences. $amilies who do not ha(e cars ha(e decreased from 6976 to 2007. /ouseholds without a car ercentage gradually decreased. There is a rise can be noted in the ro ortion of households with two cars. The number of household with no car were well below 50: in 6976. There were least ercentage of household who had three or more cars, but it steadily im ro(ed to 5: by 2007.

I. 6. The number of holidays abroad I;1-<)0<= =-)>)TI1)??5 in 2005. 2. The figure -@0< again in 2006, but it $<?? in 2007. ". In 2008, the number of foreign holidays $<?? to its lowest oint. ;@T<0% The main roblem is the use of the assi(e Awas increasedB when the (erbs should be acti(e AincreasedB. )lso, you need to use CriseC AroseB instead of CraiseC AraisedB. The meaning of these 2 (erbs is the same, but we use them differently% DTa,es -@0< last yearD DThe go(ernment -)I0<= ta,es last yearD $or the same reason, you canCt use CreducedC% DTa,es fell...D DThe go(ernment reduced ta,esD

II. 6. Technology allowed the 2-@!T/ of factories. A ast or resent sim le de ending on the conte,tB 2. &arents should be more conscious @$ Aor Daware ofDB their children's online acti(ities. ". The Internet allows eo le all o(er the world to 4<E4<1@><E2<T in(ol(<= in discussions about current e(ents. III. 2 and 5 are correct. The others should be% 6. The amount of rainfall I;1-<)0<= last month. ". The *+ <F&<-I<;1<= an increase in rainfall. 8. -ainfall /)0 =<1-<)0<= E /)0 -<=*1<= this year. AI refer CdecreasedC because I normally use CreduceC when someone is res onsible for the reductionB. @-% There has been less rainfall this year. ;@T<% !e use Cis reducedC when someone is res onsible for the reduction. 0o, Cta,es are reducedC by a go(ernment, but Crainfall is reducedC is im ossible. I.. $irstly, each sentence has a mistake in(ol(ing an uncountable noun% )=.I1<, +;@!?<=2<, -<0<)-1/, I;$@->)TI@; should not be used in the lural or with aEan. 2 and " ha(e no other mistakes%

2. 0tudents need to de(elo their knowledge and skills. ". !e can use the Internet to do some research. ;umber 8 has one other mistake% DfastlyD is not a correct word. *se D3uicklyD% 8. If we want to find some information 3uickly, the Internet is the best resource. In number 6 there is a roblem with Dinfluence onD. This is correct when influence is a noun e.g. Dto /).< ); influence onD, but not when influence is a (erb. !e also need to change the word DmanyD because it isnCt used with uncountable nouns% 6. &arents influence their children and gi(e them ad(ice. @-% &arents ha(e an influence on their children and gi(e them ad(ice. Da lot of ad(iceD is fine Ain my o inionB, but Dlots ofD is more informalD. It might be better to find another word if you donCt like Da lot ofD e.g. you could write Din(aluable ad(iceD Awhich means Dim ortant or useful ad(iceDB. .. 6. I agree that we should 4< >@-< interest<= I; our own societies and countries. G we say Dbe interested inD not Dinterest withD. G 5ou could also say Dbe more concerned aboutD or Dtake more interest inD 2. There )-< three main roblems that we need to tackle. T/< first AoneB I0 education. G the biggest mistake in that sentence was not starting a new sentence after CtackleC. ". 5ou should mention your o inion in the introduction so AthatB T/< e,aminer /)0 some idea what to e, ect from your essay. G CideaC can be singular or lural. !e often say Csome ideaC .I. &roblems% 6. There were ;@T 56 million incidents. There were 56 incidents er million assenger miles. 2. CIncidentsC does ;@T mean Cserious fatalitiesC. ". =onCt use the word C o ularC when talking about negati(e things like in7uries. 8. 5ou canCt say Ca somewhat differenceC. )lso, the figures donCt show numbers of eo le *0I;2 the ser(ices. 5. Dwho were been incidents and in7uries tra(elledD H bad grammar. )lso, only use Csuch asC when you gi(e a few e,am les, not when you mention )?? of the items. 6. The bus was not *0<= by 80 eo le. =onCt use CtalliedC in this way. 7. 0trange sentence organisation G es ecially the use of Dbeing lower than light railD. 8. =onCt use Cwent u C G you canCt talk about increases or decreases when the items are different and no times are shown. 1orrections%

6. There were 56 incidents and "5 in7uries er million &>T on buses. 2. In general, both the figures for incidents and in7uries were dramatically higher for the demand res onse field. ". The number of in7uries was higher than that of incidents. 8. There was a small difference between the number of incidents and in7uries on hea(y rail and light rail. 5. The bar chart com ares the number of assengers who were in(ol(ed in incidents and in7uries on fi(e ty es of trans ort in 2002. 6. There were nearly 80 incidents and e,actly 66 in7uries on buses. 7. @f the three ty es of rail ser(ice, light rail ser(ices saw the highest number of incidents and in7uries, followed by hea(y rail and then commuter rail. 8. In7uries on buses !<-< a ro,imately 8 times higher than those on commuter rail ser(ices.

.II. >I0T)+<0% 6. There are 2 roblems%G families didnCt decrease, the ;*>4<- of families decreasedG the time is ast, so donCt use resent erfect Dha(e decreasedD, use ast sim le DdecreasedD 2. 5ou canCt say D/ouseholds without a car ercentageD ". The roblem is the 2 (erbs in Dthere isD and Dcan be notedD 8. 0e(eral roblems%G Dthe number wereD Anumber is singular, and itCs really a ercentage rather than a numberBG Dwell belowD means Da lot belowD G this is not true in the gra h 5. 0e(eral roblems%G DThere were least ercentage of householdD is not good <nglish. G Dim ro(edD is the wrong word to use G an increase isnCt always an im ro(ement Ae.g. an increase in ollution is not an im ro(ementB 1@--<1T 0<;T<;1<0% 6. The ro ortion of families without a car decreased between 6976 and 2007. 2. The ercentage of households without a car decreased gradually. ". There was a rise in the ro ortion of households with two cars. @-% ) rise can be noted in the ro ortion of... 8. The ro ortion of households with no car was 7ust under 50: in 6976. 5. In 6976, only a small ercentage of households had three or more cars, but the figure rose steadily to about 7: by 2007.