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English Prepositions

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Prepositions

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Countries Animals / Sports Literature Newsticker Exercises on Prepositions Prepositions are short words (on, in, to) that usually stand in front of nouns (sometimes also in front of gerund verbs). Even advanced learners of English find prepositions difficult, as a 1:1 translation is usually not possible. One preposition in your native language might have several translations depending on the situation. There are hardly any rules as to when to use which preposition. The only way to learn prepositions is looking them up in a dictionary, reading a lot in English (literature) and learning useful phrases off by heart (study tips). The following table contains rules for some of the most frequently used prepositions in English:

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Prepositions Time
Take On
Newsletter Calendar 2012 Language-Board Suggestions in months / seasons time of day year after a certain period of time (when?) at for night for weekend a certain point of time (when?) from a certain point of time (past till now) over a certain period of time (past till now) a certain time in the past earlier than a certain point of time telling the time telling the time marking the beginning and end of a period of time in August / in winter in the morning in 2006 in an hour

English
on

Usage
days of the week

Example
on Monday

Teach In
Cultural Studies Lessons Teachers Board

at night at the weekend at half past nine

since

since 1980

for

for 2 years

ago

2 years ago before 2004

before

to

ten to six (5:50) ten past six (6:10) from Monday to/till Friday

past

to / till / until

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English Prepositions

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English
till / until by

Usage
in the sense of how long something is going to last in the sense of at the latest up to a certain time

Example
He is on holiday until Friday.

I will be back by 6 oclock. By 11 o'clock, I had read five pages.

Prepositions Place (Position and Direction)


English
in

Usage
room, building, street, town, country book, paper etc. car, taxi picture, world meaning next to, by an object for table for events place where you are to do something typical (watch a film, study, work)

Example
in the kitchen, in London in the book in the car, in a taxi in the picture, in the world

at

at the door, at the station at the table at a concert, at the party at the cinema, at school, at work

on

attached for a place with a river being on a surface for a certain side (left, right) for a floor in a house for public transport

the picture on the wall London lies on the Thames. on the table on the left on the first floor on the bus, on a plane

for television, radio by, next to, beside under left or right of somebody or something

on TV, on the radio Jane is standing by / next to / beside the car.

on the ground, lower than (or covered by) something else lower than something else but above ground covered by something else meaning more than getting to the other side (also across) overcoming an obstacle higher than something else, but not directly over it getting to the other side (also over) getting to the other side something with limits on top, bottom and the sides movement to person or building movement to a place or country for bed

the bag is under the table

below

the fish are below the surface

over

put a jacket over your shirt over 16 years of age walk over the bridge climb over the wall

above

a path above the lake

across

walk across the bridge swim across the lake

through

drive through the tunnel

to

go to the cinema go to London / Ireland go to bed

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English
into

Usage
enter a room / a building movement in the direction of something (but not directly to it) movement to the top of something in the sense of where from

Example
go into the kitchen / the house go 5 steps towards the house

towards

onto

jump onto the table

from

a flower from the garden

Other important Prepositions


English
from

Usage
who gave it who/what does it belong to what does it show who made it walking or riding on horseback entering a public transport vehicle

Example
a present from Jane a page of the book the picture of a palace a book by Mark Twain on foot, on horseback get on the bus

of

by

on

in

entering a car / Taxi leaving a public transport vehicle leaving a car / Taxi rise or fall of something travelling (other than walking or horseriding) for age for topics, meaning what about

get in the car get off the train

off

out of

get out of the taxi prices have risen by 10 percent by car, by bus

by

at

she learned Russian at 45 we were talking about you

about

Exercises on Prepositions
Exercise on Prepositions Place 1 Exercise on Prepositions Place 2 Exercise on Prepositions Place 3 Exercise on Prepositions Place 4 Exercise on Prepositions Place 5

Exercise on Prepositions Time 1 Exercise on Prepositions Time 2 Exercise on Prepositions since and for See also: Date and Time Exercise on Prepositions Buses Exercise on Prepositions A picture Exercise on Prepositions A photograph Exercise on Prepositions The Wampanoag

Exercise on Prepositions George Washington

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Exercise on Prepositions Henry Ford Exercise on Prepositions McDonalds Exercise on Prepositions Uluru

Changed: 10th Dec 2010 19:35 URL: http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/prepositions

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