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Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles (Thalaathatul-Usool)

Transcribed from Classes by Shaykh hmad !usa "ibril

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of Contents.................................................................................................2 Class One..............................................................................................................1 Introduction...........................................................................................................1 Chapter One.......................................................................................................... The Bas!alah........................................................................................................ Ta"heed in Bis!illahi Ar#$ah!aan Ar#$ahee!...............................................% Tawheed Al-Uloohiyyah....................................................................................6 Tawheed Ar-Rububiyyah...................................................................................6 Tawheed Al-Asmaa Was-Sifaat........................................................................6 Lin&uistic $ules in Bis!illahi Ar#$ah!aan Ar#$ahee!...................................' Al-Jaar wal-Majroor fil-Basmalah Mutaalli u! Bimahthoof Ta deeruhu "iil #aai u! Bilma aam..........................................................................................$ Ta%heer Al-&Aamil 'ufeed Al-(asr....................................................................) (roofs for Be&innin& "ith the Bas!alah...........................................................) *t is i! A++orda!+e with the ,ura!....................................................................) The -ro.het Be/a! his #etters with Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem........) The Blessin& in the Bas!alah.............................................................................* Class T"o............................................................................................................1+ ,o "e sa- Bis!illah or Bis!illahi Ar#$ah!aan Ar#$ahee!........................11 The Na!e Allah...................................................................................................1/ Allah is The Sole Title for the #ord that "ashio!ed 01erythi!/.......................23 The Root of the 4ame Allah............................................................................23 Allah uses Allah a!d Rabb i! the ,ura!........................................................23 Allah is 5iffere!t to a!y other 4ames.............................................................26 The 4ame Allah by *tself is !ot a 5hi%r...........................................................26 Allah is the 4ame that All (is 7ther 4ames "ollow........................................26 As.e+ts of Tawheed i! the 4ame Allah..........................................................26 The Mi/hty 4ame Allah...................................................................................26 Ar#$ah!aan and Ar#$ahee!.............................................................................1) Ar-Rahmaa!....................................................................................................2) Ar-Raheem......................................................................................................28 Ar-Rahmaa! a!d Ar-Raheem.........................................................................28 The 0erc- of Allah..............................................................................................22 The Attribute of Mer+y.....................................................................................99 The Mer+y of Allah..........................................................................................9: Attai!i!/ the Mer+y of Alah.............................................................................93 Class Three..........................................................................................................2 1no" 0a- Allah 2a3e 0erc- on 4ou................................................................2 The I!portance of 1no"led&e..........................................................................2 The ,efinition of 1no"led&e.............................................................................2* The 5se of the 6ord I7la!..................................................................................2*

*s ;!owled/e <o!1eyed to other tha! (uma!s=...........................................98 <a! you say *lam to Someo!e More ;!owled/eable=..................................:9 The Le3els of 1no"led&e8 Ibn Al#9a--i!........................................................:2 The 2onour of 1no"led&e.................................................................................:: The E;a!ple of the Scholars............................................................................:) Jaabir a!d Abu Ayyub.....................................................................................:) Muhammad bi! (assa! Ash-Shaybaa!i.........................................................:8 Asad *b! Al-"uraat..........................................................................................:8 Saeed *b! Musayyib> Ar-Raa?i a!d Al-Bu%hari..............................................32 A!-4awawi> #isaa! Ad-5ee! *b! ;hateeb a!d Muadh *b! Jabal..................39 Sulaymaa! *b! Abdul Mali% the ;haleefah a!d Ataa *b! Rabah...................3: Al-;asaaee a!d the So!s of the ;haleefah...................................................33 Ash-Shaafiee a!d *b! Jaw?i...........................................................................33 $ahi!a< Allah.....................................................................................................// Ma/hfirah a!d Rahmah...................................................................................33 5o you say Rahima% Allah to a 4o! Muslim=.................................................36 Why did he say Rahima% Allah=.....................................................................36 Class Four........................................................................................................... + The Four Introductor- 0atters.......................................................................... + 6hat is the ,efinition of 6aa=ib....................................................................... 1 Is there a ,ifference Bet"een 6aa=ib and Fardh........................................... 1 The -roof for the 7.i!io! that Waajib a!d "ardh are Sy!o!ymous...............62 The -roof for the 7.i!io! that Waajib is #esser tha! "ardh...........................6: (ow do they <ate/orise the "araaidh a!d Waajibaat=.................................63 The Result of this 5is.ute...............................................................................66 The *slami+ ;!owled/es are *!tertwi!ed........................................................6$ Whi+h 5efi!itio! of Waajib did the Author *!te!d=.........................................6$ 1no"led&e in 0atters that (ertain to Allah..................................................... ) The 5efi!itio! of "ardh &Ay!............................................................................6) The 5efi!itio! of "ardh ;ifaayah.....................................................................6) Fardh >A-n in 1no"led&e? Action? Lea3in& 0atters and Belief..................... * "ardh &Ay! i! ;!owled/e ...............................................................................68 "ardh &Ay! i! A+tio! .......................................................................................68 "ardh &Ay! i! #ea1i!/ Matters........................................................................6@ "ardh &Ay! i! Belief.........................................................................................6@ The Four Obli&ator- 0atters.............................................................................%1 The 5efi!itio! of Masalah...............................................................................62 The First Introductor- 0atter8 1no"led&e.......................................................%2 1no"led&e of Allah............................................................................................%2 Marifatullah.....................................................................................................6: ;!owled/e of the (alaal a!d (araam............................................................63 The *m.orta!+e of Marifatullah.......................................................................63 */!ora!+e i! Marifatullah................................................................................6) 1no"led&e of the (rophet 0uha!!ad............................................................%*

1no"led&e of Isla!............................................................................................'2 The 5efi!itio! of *slam.....................................................................................$9 *slam is the 7!ly Reli/io! A++e.table to Allah................................................$: The "ou!datio! A+tio!s of *slam.....................................................................$6 Class Fi3e............................................................................................................'% The Order of the ,efinition of 1no"led&e.......................................................') 1no"in& Allah? the (rophet 0uha!!ad and the $eli&ion "ith (roof.........') What is the 5efi!itio! of -roof= ......................................................................$8 Is Ta@leed (er!issible in 0atters of >A@eedah..............................................)+ The "irst 7.i!io! that you Must ;!ow the -roof............................................)2 The Se+o!d 7.i!io! that it is !ot 7bli/atory to ;!ow the -roof ...................)2 The Third 7.i!io! that ;!owi!/ the -roof is (araam....................................)2 Summary of the Three 7.i!io!s.....................................................................)2 The -roofs that Ta leed is -ermissible .........................................................)9 The Second Introductor- 0atter8 To Act 5pon 1no"led&e...........................)% )% The Ty.es of A+tio!s i! *slam.........................................................................)6 5o you /et Reward for #ea1i!/ the (araam=.................................................)$ The Essential Aspects of Appl-in& 1no"led&e..............................................)) 7rdai!i!/ the Aood a!d "orbiddi!/ the 01il a!d A..li+atio! withi! 7!eself are Two Se.arate 7bli/atory Matters...................................................................)) A Ma! whose A+tio!s do !ot Mat+h his ;!owled/e.......................................)8 7!e is Aoi!/ to be ,uestio!ed about his ;!owled/e o! the Jud/me!t 5ay 8@ Sayi!/ That Whi+h 'ou 5o 4ot 5o.................................................................8@ 1no"led&e That ,oes Not Benefit....................................................................*1 Class Si;..............................................................................................................*% Actin& on 1no"led&e.........................................................................................*% ;!owled/e That 5oes 4ot Be!efit A+tio!.......................................................86 ;!owled/e is 5iffere!t to A+tio!.....................................................................86 ;!owled/e Was Se!t to be A+ted U.o!.........................................................8$ The <o!se ue!+es of 4ot A+ti!/ U.o! 'our ;!owled/e..............................88 One Should Not Abandon See<in& 1no"led&e ,ue to Bein& Accountable For 2is 1no"led&e..................................................................................................1++ Bein& 2i&her in 1no"led&e 0eans 4ou are 2eld to a 2i&her Standard . . .1+2 E;a!ples of Appl-in& 1no"led&e..................................................................1+ E3il Scholars.....................................................................................................1+' Actin& on 4our 1no"led&e in ,a7"ah............................................................11+ *b! Al-Jaw?i A!d (is Shuyoo%h....................................................................22@ ,o Not Aet Conceited "ith 2u!ans or "ith Allah........................................11: Class Se3en.......................................................................................................11/ The Third Introductor- 0atter8 Callin& (eople 5nto It.................................11/ What 5oes the 5hameer Refer To=.............................................................223 Is ,a7"ah Fardh >A-n or Fardh 1ifaa-ah......................................................11/ Attai!i!/ the 5etailed ;!owled/e is "ardh ;ifaayah....................................226

01ery Muslim has a -erso!al 7bli/atio! to -erform 5awah.......................226 Should One Lea3e ,a7"ah 5ntil 2e Beco!es Full- 1no"led&eable........11' The ,an&ers of Spea<in& About Allah 6ithout 1no"led&e........................11* Class Ei&ht .......................................................................................................12/ ,o Not Co!!it An- Sins 5nder the (rete;t of ,a7"ah................................12 Whe! Si!s Be+ome Wides.read it Affe+ts 01eryo!e...................................29$ 'ou (a1e to ;!ow how to Ai1e 5awah.......................................................2:2 (roofs on ,a7"ah.............................................................................................1:2 *!1ite -eo.le U!to Allah with ;!owled/e.....................................................2:: 5awah is our -ride.......................................................................................2:3 Rise U. a!d War!.........................................................................................2:6 The Balue of Auidi!/ 7!e Ma!.....................................................................2:6 The 5ay of Uhud a!d the 5ay of Taif ..........................................................2:$ 4ou 2a3e to 1no" and $elate to 4our Audience..........................................1/1 6isdo! 0ust be in ,a7"ah.............................................................................1// 5awah Must be i! the Best of All Ma!!ers..................................................233 Class Nine..........................................................................................................1/ Wisdom i! 5awah +a! *!+lude (arsh!ess...................................................266 The 5iffere!+e Betwee! Mudaaraah a!d Mudaaha!ah...............................269 E;a!ples of Our Salaf in ,a7"ah....................................................................1%: Conclusion on ,a7"ah to Allah.......................................................................1%) Class Ten...........................................................................................................1%* The Fourth Introductor- 0atter8 (atience......................................................1'+ (atience is Essential for a ,aa7i-ah...............................................................1'1 What do you /et out of -atie!+e= ................................................................2$2 6hat is the ,efinition of Sabr. ......................................................................1'% The #i!/uisti+ 5efi!itio! of Sabr...................................................................2$6 5oes <om.lai!i!/ 4e/ate Sabr=..................................................................2$6 The Ty.es of -atie!+e..................................................................................2$) 6h- does Allah Test 5s. ................................................................................1'* ,o Not E;pect a Life 6ithout Trials ..............................................................1)1 So!e Berses on Trials 1)% A ,aa7i-ah is 0ost Opti!istic in the ,ar<est of Ti!es................................1*: Class Ele3en......................................................................................................1*% One on the Auided (ath Should E;pect 2ardships......................................1*' Trials are a (urification fro! our Sins...........................................................2++ The I!portance of Intention............................................................................2+2 Stand 4our Around E3en if -ou are Alone.....................................................2+ The Majority are Usually Billified i! the ,ura!.............................................9@6 The ,ura! -raises the Mi!ority....................................................................9@6 6h- does Allah Test us "hen 2e has 1no"led&e of E3er-thin&..............2+' E3er-thin& is Aood for the Belie3er...............................................................2+* Be (atient on 2arsh 6ords.............................................................................21+

Al"a-s 2ead to $epentance 6hen Tested and 2a3e 0erc-.......................21: (atience in ,a7"ah is Special.........................................................................21% 6ise 6ords fro! Sha-<h 0usa 2afidhahullah.............................................21% Conclusion on Sabr..........................................................................................21* Class T"el3e.....................................................................................................22+ An Introduction to Surat Al#>Asr.....................................................................221 6hat ,oes Al#CAsr 0ean.................................................................................22: The "irst 7.i!io!C All of Time........................................................................99: The Se+o!d 7.i!io!C The 0ra of the -ro.het Muhammad .........................993 The Third 7.i!io!C The 0!d of the 5ay........................................................993 The "ourth 7.i!io!C Salatul-&Asr or the Timi!/ of Salatul-&Asr.....................996 The Sele+ted 7.i!io!....................................................................................996 The I!portance of Al#>Asr................................................................................22* Oaths in the 9ur7an and Sunnah.....................................................................2:1 The Oaths of 2u!an Bein&s...........................................................................2:: Class Thirteen...................................................................................................2: ,o Not 6aste Ti!e...........................................................................................2: The Sub=ect 0atter of the Oath.......................................................................2:% 0an<ind is at a Loss.........................................................................................2:' ;husr <omes i! a 4ou! "orm.......................................................................9:$ Why is ;husr Me!tio!ed as a 4a%irah=........................................................9:$ A -ra+ti+al 0Dam.le -ertai!i!/ to this Surah...............................................9:) #osses are #e1els.........................................................................................939 6h- ,oes the Surah Aeneralise and then 0a<e E;ceptions.....................2/2 Those "ho Belie3e...........................................................................................2// *maa! is the "ruit of ;!owled/e....................................................................933 Why did Allah !ot 5etail *maa!=...................................................................936 The Mea!i!/ of *maa! i! this Berse.............................................................936 Those "ho do Aood ,eeds.............................................................................2/% There is !o *maa! Without A+tio!.................................................................93$ A+tio!s Without *maa!..................................................................................938 All 5eeds are *!+luded i! this Berse.............................................................96@ Ad3ise and $eco!!end "ith Truth and (atience........................................2 1 5awah is !ot a Mo!o.oly.............................................................................962 Ad1isi!/ is a Arou. 0ffort.............................................................................969 (a Refers to All of the Re1elatio! of Allah................................................96: (atience.............................................................................................................2 : -atie!+e is *m.lied Throu/hout the Surah....................................................96: -atie!+e Refers to All Ty.es of -atie!+e......................................................963 The State!ent of Ash#Shaafi7ee......................................................................2 % Class Fourteen..................................................................................................2 ) A Chapter Title fro! Sahih Al#Bu<hari...........................................................2 ) Why did the Author use a <ha.ter Title from Bu%hari as -roof=..................968 ;!owled/e -re+edes A+tio!.........................................................................962

#aa *laaha *llallah..........................................................................................969 5o Berses Addressed to the -ro.het *!+lude Us=.......................................96: The Structure of the Boo<...............................................................................2%/ Chapter T"o......................................................................................................2%' The Obli&ation to 1no" and Act on Three 0atters.......................................2%' Why did the Author say Male a!d "emale=..................................................96) Why did the Author say Muslim=...................................................................96) The First 0atter8 Ta"heed Ar#$ububi--ah....................................................2'+ 1A8 Allah Created 5s........................................................................................2'+ -roofs from the ,ura! a!d Su!!ah.............................................................9$2 -roofs from the *!telle+t ...............................................................................9$3 (oetr- on the E;istence of Allah.....................................................................2'' Class Fifteen.....................................................................................................2)2 1B8 Allah (ro3ided Sustenance For 5s..........................................................2)2 The 5iffere!+e Betwee! Ar-Raa?i a!d Ar-Ra??aa ...................................9): The 5efi!itio! of -ro1isio!............................................................................9)3 Allah is Ar#$aDDaa@ .........................................................................................2)/ 'our -ro1isio! is i! the S%y..........................................................................9)3 -ro1isio! <omes "rom Allah.........................................................................9)$ 'our U!+ha!/eable -ro1isio! is Already Writte!.........................................9)) Ar-Ra??aa is Wise i! Ai1i!/ -ro1isio!........................................................98@ True Tawa%%ul a!d Tawaa%ul.......................................................................98: See% Mea!s but ;ee. your (eart "ully Atta+hed to Allah............................986 -ro1isio! is 4ot 7!ly Materialisti+.................................................................98$ 5e.e!d o! Allah i! (ardshi. .......................................................................988 The- 6orship Others Besides Allah 6ho 2a3e No Control O3er (ro3ision2** Ar#$aDDaa@ 6ill Send 4ou 0eans...................................................................:+2 Class Si;teen....................................................................................................:+/ 1C8 2e ,id Not Create 5s 6ithout A (urpose...............................................:+ What is (amala=...........................................................................................:@6 *!+orre+t 7.i!io!s o! the -ur.ose of 7ur <reatio!......................................:@6 'ou Were <reated for a -ur.ose..................................................................:@8 Sa1e 'ourself "rom (ell...............................................................................:2@ Allah is *!de.e!de!t of (is <reatio!.............................................................:29 1,8 2e Sent 0essen&ers to 5s........................................................................:1/ 1E8 6hoe3er Obe-s 2i! 6ill Enter (aradise................................................:1% The ,ura! a!d Su!!ah are 0 ual as Sour+es of #e/islatio!......................:2$ The ,ura! has a (i/her Status i! 7ther Areas...........................................:28 7bedie!+e to the -ro.het Must be <om.lete 7bedie!+e............................:28 The Stor- of Eula-beeb....................................................................................:2+ Class Se3enteen...............................................................................................:2 Three T-pes of Co!!ands in the 9ur7an and Sunnah................................:2% A <omma!d A++om.a!ied by 01ide!+e to *!di+ate it is 7bli/atory.............:96 A <omma!d With -roof to *!di+ate it is 4ot 7bli/atory................................:96

The Ae!eral <omma!ds...............................................................................:9) The $elationship Bet"een the 9ur7an and Sunnah......................................:2* *! A++orda!+e a!d Similarty.........................................................................:98 The Su!!ah Ai1es 5etails> 0D.lai!s or S.e+ifies.........................................::@ The (adith are *!de.e!de!t i! #e/islati!/...................................................::2 Those 6ho ,en- the Sunnah..........................................................................::2 1F8 6hoe3er $e=ects and ,isobe-s 2i! 6ill Enter 2ellfire.........................:: Cate&ories of ,isobedience............................................................................:: Major Shir% or Major ;ufr..............................................................................::6 A Muslim who Meets Allah with Si!s............................................................:3@ 7!e who Meets Allah with Mi!or Shir%.........................................................:32 5oes o!e who <ommits Mi!or Shir% "all U!der the Masheeah=................:33 The 5uaa to Shield 7!eself from Mi!or Shir%..............................................:36 6h- ,id Allah Choose 0usa to Co!pare "ith the (rophet 0uha!!ad.. :/% Class Ei&hteen .................................................................................................:/) The Second 0atter8 Shir< Al#5loohi--ah.......................................................:/) Introduction on Ta"heed and Shir<...............................................................:/) Three T-pes of Shir< Al#5loohi--ah...............................................................: / The First T-pe8 Associatin& a (artner to Allah.............................................: / The Second T-pe8 Ai3in& a (ortion of 4our 6orship to Other Than Allah: / Shir< in ,u7aa At#Talab....................................................................................: / Shir< in ,u7aa Al#Ibaadah................................................................................: ' Shir% i! *!te!tio!............................................................................................:6) Shir% i! #o1e..................................................................................................:6@ Shir% i! "ear..................................................................................................:69 Shir% i! (o.e.................................................................................................:66 Shir% i! Ru%oo a!d Sujood...........................................................................:66 The 5iffere!+e Betwee! Ru%oo a!d Sujood................................................:66

CLASS ONE

INT$O,5CTION
As we .romised> this is the start of the eD.la!atio! o! the Usool Ath-Thalaathah> the three fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les. As you all %!ow> it is a boo%let> !ot a boo%> a boo%let o! Tawheed> a!d we ha1e me!tio!ed it ma!y times. *t is 1ery small i! words but has some /reat> /reat mea!i!/s. These mea!i!/s> !o o!e +a! be i/!ora!t of. S+holars ha1e always dis+ussed this boo% a!d tau/ht it amo!/ the first that is tau/ht i! Tawheed. *f you really loo% i!to the three .ri!+i.les> what he mea!s about those .ri!+i.les> they are i! reality the matters you are /oi!/ to be as%ed about i! your /ra1e. So you !eed to %!ow> really as best as o!e %!ows> those three .ri!+i.les> a!d you !eed to a..ly them> so whe! you are as%ed about them i! the /ra1e> you ui+%ly /o throu/h them *!shaa Allah Taaala. We start /radually be+ause %!owled/e i! *slam is to be ta%e! /radual> you do !ot wa%e u. o1er!i/ht a! &Aalim or a Shay%h. *b! Abdil-Barr> i! his boo% al-Jaami said A?-Euhri saidC

!
Whoe1er see%s to /et %!owled/e i! a lum. sum o1er!i/ht> it lea1es him> %!owled/e lea1es him> it e!ds u. lea1i!/ him i! a lum. sum. ;!owled/e is to be attai!ed slowly> o1er days a!d !i/hts. ;!owled/e !eeds .atie!+e> it !eeds .ersiste!+e> it is a ste. by ste. .ro+ess. 'ou do !ot /o for eDam.le to some i! de.th &A eedah boo%s a!d the! you are /etti!/ frustrated> a!d fa+i!/ +om.leD matters you +a!!ot brea% dow!> whi+h you would ha1e bee! able to do had you we!t i! a ste. by ste. .ro+ess. Some brothers tell me they are studyi!/ &A eedah boo%s> Tawheed boo%s that &Ulamaa ha1e had a hard time brea%i!/ dow!. A!d the bi//er .roblem is they are studyi!/ it o! their ow!> a!d to to. that off> they are !ot e1e! studyi!/ it i! the la!/ua/e of the author. So eD.lai! to me how you +a! u!dersta!d it li%e that= *f you are u!able to /et to a tea+her> whi+h ma!y> es.e+ially i! this day a!d a/e> they +a!!ot /et to a tea+her> that is a whole differe!t story but you still !eed to at least %!ow how to start. 4ow this is a starter boo% o! Tawheed. 01e! thou/h you +a! sit a!d read this boo% ri/ht !ow> before * e1e! fi!ish this i!trodu+tio! you +a! .robably ha1e the boo% do!e>

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readi!/ it. *t still !eeds to be bro%e! dow!> se!te!+e by se!te!+e> so the stude!t of %!owled/e u!dersta!ds the dee. mea!i!/ of what that boo% really e!tails. *f you start i! the ste. by ste. .ro+ess> a!d you fi!d it diffi+ult> whi+h you may fi!d> !e1er e1er /i1e u.. The sim.le boo% that you ha1e before your ha!d> * studied it +o1er to +o1er with ele1e! differe!t Shuyoo%h> a!d .ortio!s of it * studied with e1e! more tha! that> but the e!tire boo%let with ele1e! differe!t Shuyoo%h. Al-;hateeb alBa/hdaadi i! his boo% al-Jaami !arrated> a stude!t of %!owled/e we!t to the Shuyoo%h of (adith to lear!. (e fou!d %!owled/e of (adith is 1ery diffi+ult> he /ot frustrated a!d he said this is !ot for me. 7!e day he was wal%i!/> +asual wal%> a!d he see! water dri..i!/ o! a sto!e> maybe a s.ri!/. *f you ha1e e1er see! a s.ri!/> es.e+ially where water has bee! dri..i!/ o! a sto!e for years a!d years> or e1e! if you loo% at a fou!tai!> it has bee! dri..i!/ o! a sto!e or e1e! +eme!t> it de!ts it> it de!ts the +eme!t or the ro+% o1er the years> water. (e said to himself> wow> loo% at that> water as li/ht as it is> soft> mild> it affe+ted the sto!e as hard as it is. (e said %!owled/e is softer a!d li/hter tha! water a!d my heart a!d my mi!d are !ot as hard as the ro+%. (e we!t ba+% to studyi!/ (adith a!d be+ame a 1ery well re.utable> famous s+holar of (adith. Start /radually> a!d as you /o o!> mo1e .atie!tly> mo1e forward .atie!tly. This is the start of the +lassi+al study we me!tio!ed a!d it is to +reate> * am !ot /oi!/ to say stude!ts of %!owled/e> *!shaa Allah it is to +reate &Ulamaa. The other le+tures we did a!d we will +o!ti!ue to do> li%e the U!i1ersity of 'usuf> The Ultimate -leasure> The #o1e a!d "ear Series> the uestio! a!d a!swers. They are i!formati1e> i!s.iratio!al> there is defi!itely %!owled/e i! them but that is !ot what ma%es a! &Aalim. Those %i!d of le+tures are !ot what +a! ma%e a! &Aalim. *f you hear a le+ture here a!d there a!d atte!d a two day semi!ar> a! e1e!t a!d trailer here a!d there> that is /ood but if that is what ma%es a! &Aalim> the whole Ummah is &Ulamaa be+ause your fathers ha1e bee! atte!di!/ Jumuah for about fifty> siDty years. A!d they ha1e bee! atte!di!/ le+tures betwee! Ma/hrib a!d *shaa for a similar time. There is a stru+tured study to be+omi!/ a stude!t of %!owled/e a!d &Aalim. There is a! u!+ou!table !umber of be!efits i! studyi!/ *slam i! the +lassi+al way. This is a ste. by ste. .ro+ess that will e!+om.ass the Madi!ah .ro/ram *!shaa Allah a!d e1e! more tha! that Biith!ihi Taaala> if Allah blesses us to +o!ti!ue. The !eDt issue> ma!y .eo.le> a!d * really say it with !o eDa//eratio! Alhamdulillah> from all o1er the world> they wa!t to +ome a!d study with you> with usG es.e+ially from U;> 0uro.e> .arts of the US a!d e1e! some Arabi+ +ou!tries. A!d *> as you %!ow> we do !ot ha1e resour+es a!d a 1ery well established .la+e to a++ommodate su+h !umber of stude!ts> yet. My father has tau/ht me a!d do!e so throu/hout his +areer> !e1er to +har/e or ta%e a!ythi!/ for 5awah. Whether it may be a marria/e or semi!ars or le+tures> or +lasses li%e this or e1e! more tha! that. So you +a! study with us throu/h the i!ter!et u!til Allah fi!ds us a way out. Why * me!tio!ed this is be+ause ma!y as% is it the same as studyi!/ with you.

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Ba+% i! the day> the stude!ts of %!owled/e had three le1els of studyi!/. Samaa alMubaashir> immediately lear!i!/ from a Shay%h. Those who are atte!di!/> that is Samaa al-Mubaashir. That is the best> the reward i! itself for that is imme!se. AlWaasitah> betwee! you a!d the Shay%h is a mediator> so if o!e of you /oes a!d +o!1eys this whole messa/e to a!other .erso!> that is Waasitah. 'ou were the mediator betwee! me a!d that .erso! you tau/ht. Some used to do that> es.e+ially busi!ess me! or farmers> they would ta%e tur!s i! lear!i!/ a!d tea+hi!/ ea+h other. Wijaadah> to fi!d a boo% writte! by a Shay%h a!d study from it. 4ow where does lear!i!/ for eDam.le> from a Shay%h o! 'outube +ome i!= *! my o.i!io!> it is hi/her tha! !umber two> be+ause you are !ot lear!i!/ throu/h a mediator> you are lear!i!/ from a Shay%h but you are lear!i!/ .ossibly throu/h the i!ter!et. A!d it is defi!itely !ot Wijaadah> it is !ot ta%i!/ a boo% a!d studyi!/ from it. So it is really betwee! the !umber o!e a!d !umber two. Throu/h the i!ter!et o!e +a! e1e! i!tera+t these days throu/h emails> or he +a! +all the Shay%h that he is lear!i!/ from> so i! reality> it has be+ome a !ot+h u!der Samaa al-Mubaashir. That is !ot to mi!imise /oi!/ to a Shay%h. 7!e should !ot resort to Wijaadah or Waasitah or a!y other mea!s if he +a! fi!d a dire+t Shay%h. *f you fi!d a ri/hteous Shay%h> you are able to> a!d he is i! the e!d of the world> you .a+% your ba/s a!d /o if you are able to /o a!d lear! from him. *f Allah blesses us i! the future> we +a! a++ommodate> we would lo1e for e1eryo!e *!shaa Allah to joi! us. #ear!i!/ from a Shay%h i! .erso! has its be!efits also> li%e you see his .ri1ate life> you see his ma!!ers> you see his attitude> you see his *baadah> you see how he rea+ts to thi!/s. My father> outside of the re/ular Madi!ah +urri+ulum whe! he se!t me> he made sure to +o!ta+t the major Shuyoo%h of our time> ma!y of them who are dead> a!d made sure that * study with them. The last o!e for eDam.le was Shay%h Mu bil> that he wa!ted me to /o atte!d a!d * always used to ma%e 5uaa to lear! from him but * was !ot able to /o to 'eme!. (e was %i+%ed out of Saudi i! the late se1e!ties> a!d * was !ot able to /o to 'eme!. So Subha! Allah> i! the year 9@@@> he +ame to #os A!/eles> <alifor!ia to /et medi+al treatme!t. * immediately headed there a!d stayed with him i! his house> the! sudde!ly i! the middle of the treatme!t> it was 5hul (ijjah so he de+ided to /o to Ma%%ah> ma%e (ajj a!d retur!. A!d whe! he we!t to Ma%%ah> a! arti+le bro%e out i! <alifor!ia> some !ews.a.er that Shay%h Mu bil was a radi+al> was this a!d that> is i! U!ited States> how they let him i!. So immediately> the embassy i! Saudi re1o%ed his 1isa. * say *!shaa Allah that was .ossibly from my 5uaa be+ause ri/ht after> a few wee%s later he died> Rahmatullahi &Alayh. So * thi!% *!shaa Allah> * always thi!% of it a!d say Alhamdulillah> it mi/ht ha1e bee! my 5uaa that he +ame all the way from 'eme! to #A> for medi+al treatme!t> * lear!ed from him> the! he we!t ba+% a!d shortly thereafter he died. So if you +a! .ursue a re.utable> ri/hteous Shay%h who fears Allah a!d is !ot a lowlife> deluded> sell out moder!ist or a .romoter for the ;ufr> or ;uffaar> or those who wor% for /o1er!me!tsG if you +a! fi!d that> the! surely /o ahead a!d lear! from him a!d follow him e1e! if he is i! the e!d of the /lobe.

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The Salaf used to +o!sider a !e/ati1e +hara+teristi+ for o!e to study from boo%s alo!e> that is +o!sidered !e/ati1e be+ause they saidC

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*f your Shay%h is your boo%> your mista%es are more tha! your +orre+t!ess. Whe! Shay%h *b! &Uthaymee! was as%ed about o!e who studies throu/h audio ta.e> he e!+oura/ed it> but he said> lear!i!/ dire+t is better be+ause you +a! dis+uss a!d as%. So that fa+tor that he said it is better be+ause you +a! dis+uss a!d as%> you +a! a..ly that today be+ause you +a! as% us> you +a! email us> a!d you +a! +all us by .ho!e a!d as%> a!d those who are i! the +lassi+al study with us will /et .re+ede!+e i! a!sweri!/ their uestio!s *!shaa Allah Taaala. The !eDt thi!/ is> those of you who atte!ded here without .e! a!d .a.er> you !eed to /o /et your .e! a!d .a.er. *!1est i! some .e! a!d .a.er a!d write> or you +a! li%e some here are doi!/ o! their la.to.> ta%i!/ !otes> or e1e! o! their .ho!e ta%i!/ !otes. Whate1er method you use> you should do+ume!t dow! your %!owled/e. 'ou should try your best e1e! .ossibly to ty.e 1erbatim> a!d that is your ba+% u.. Jotti!/ dow! !otes o! your la.to. is /reat. 7!e time * was i! <alifor!ia i! 4orth <aroli!a> a!d a brother was o! his .ho!e so ba+% the! * was just re+e!tly /etti!/ i!to the te+h!olo/y> a few mo!ths a/o> a!d * sort of s+olded him for usi!/ the teDt. A!d he showed me after the le+ture> he +ame res.e+tfully to me a!d showed me his .ho!e> he said loo% Shay%h> this was all the !otes from your le+ture. * said Subha! Allah be+ause ba+% the! * did !ot %!ow they also used .ho!es to ta%e !otes. So> o!e !eeds to write dow! his %!owled/e. Whe! * was se1e! years old> a! *ra i stude!t with my father> * was i! Madi!ah> my father was a stude!t. (e +ame to me a!d told me your father is a lio!> your father> i! +lass he writes e1ery si!/le word dow!. A!d the! * used to !oti+e my father i! the (aram> i! his +lasses outside the u!i1ersity where * see! him> he would write e1erythi!/ dow! a!d always ha1e a! audio re+ordi!/> re+ord e1ery si!/le le+ture a!d we still ha1e the ta.es u!til today. So * too% it u.o! myself to do the same> * !e1er e1er sat before a Shay%h where * did !ot write e1ery si!/le thi!/ he said. There are some eD+e.tio!al thi!/s you do !ot write> or that you miss> but * tried my best to write 1erbatim e1erythi!/. *! fa+t> * always refer to my !otes that * too% from Shuyoo%h. Writi!/ is the tre!d of the Salaf. Abdullah *b! Amr used to write the (adith of the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam u!til ,uraysh deterred him from that. The! the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> .ro+eed a!d write> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam e!+oura/ed him to write the (adith. *! Su!a! 5aarimi> Muaawiyah *b! ,urrah *b! *lyaas > he saidC

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*f you do !ot write %!owled/e> your %!owled/e is !ot +o!sidered !othi!/. Those who do !ot write %!owled/e> their %!owled/e is !ot +o!sidered !othi!/. They may ha1e .ossibly mea!t (adith but e1e! if they did mea! that> it still a..lies to this %i!d of study that we are doi!/ today. Saeed *b! Jubayr used to write what he hears i! sa!d> if he does !ot ha1e !othi!/ to write it dow!> a!d whe! dayli/ht brea%s or he fi!ds somethi!/ to write it dow! he /oes a!d writes it dow!. A!d similar thi!/s about writi!/ is !arrated by al-Muwardi> al-;haleel *b! Ahmad a!d others. They e!+oura/ed %!owled/e to be do+ume!ted. We will start slow> today will be a little bit lo!/er tha! usual be+ause of this i!trodu+tio! but we will start slow a!d .i+% u. s.eed as time /oes by. This is li%e * said> the first of our +lassi+al study *!shaa Allah. 01eryo!e should also ha1e a +o.y of this boo%> a!d !ow Alhamdulillah these days you do !ot ha1e to /o out a!d buy it> you +a! /o ahead o! the i!ter!et a!d .ri!t it> * thi!% it is about fi1e .a/es or so i! 0!/lish or +lose to that. To a1oid +o!fusio!> before * start> the author starts with four matters before he /ets to the three matters> he starts with a! i!trodu+tio! of four matters. The! he /oes a!d tal%s about the three matters> whi+h is the +ore boo%> a!d the! there is a! e!di!/ a!d a +o!+lusio! at the e!d of the boo% that we will tal% about *!shaa Allah Taaala. The boo% li%e * said> is !o more tha! fi1e .a/es but it has /reat imme!se be!efits. We will ta%e it li!e by li!e> .ossibly e1e! word by word. Today> we are o!ly /oi!/ to ta%e Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem> or e1e! * do !ot thi!% we are /oi!/ to fi!ish Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem> so we will .robably ta%e Bismillah. (e starts off with Bismillah> Basmalah. Bismillah is +alled the Basmalah. The author starts with Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem a!d we are /oi!/ to brea% that dow! .oi!t by .oi!t. We wa!t to u!dersta!d as stude!ts of %!owled/e> as stude!ts of %!owled/e> your u!dersta!di!/ to do Bismillah is !ot li%e a!y re/ular .erso!. There is 2.6 or 2.) Billio! Muslims that are outside> a!d if you as% them> why do you say Bismillah> ma!y may !ot e1e! %!ow that. As a stude!t of %!owled/e> you are su..osed to /et the e!tire .ers.e+ti1e> as to why you are sayi!/ Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem to e1erythi!/. 4ow you should +ome out with a differe!t u!dersta!di!/ as to why you say Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem.

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TA62EE, AL#5LOO2I44A2
Whe! you say Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem> you are eDerti!/ your e!tire Tawheed to Allah i! that matter that you are sayi!/ Bismillah to. *t has all as.e+ts of Tawheed i! it. 'ou are sayi!/ whe! you say Bismillah> you say Bismillah> Allah .ermits me to do this. Athi! Allahu #ee. Bismillah> a!d if Allah did !ot .ermit me> * would !ot do it. So whe! you are sayi!/ Bismillah> you are sayi!/> * am doi!/ it for the sa%e of Allah be+ause Allah .ermitted me to do this. Allah allowed me to do this> Athi! Allahu #ee H" ,I. * am doi!/ it for your sa%e 'aa Allah be+ause you .ermitted me> you allowed me to do this. That is why you do !ot say Bismillah whe! you are +ommitti!/ a si!> may Allah /uard us a!d .rote+t us from that. But if someo!e is dri!%i!/ al+ohol> they do !ot say Bismillah. 'ou do !ot say Bismillah be+ause if you say Bismillah> you are a+tually /etti!/ two si!s. 'ou are sayi!/ Bismillah> that Allah .ermitted you a!d Allah !e1er .ermitted that> a!d you are /etti!/ the a+tual si! for dri!%i!/ the al+ohol. So> you are /etti!/ two si!s if you do say Bismillah. 01e! thou/h> belie1e it or !ot it is a tre!d i! some +ou!tries> i! some Muslim +ou!tries that they say Bismillah before dri!%i!/ al+ohol. So that is Tawheed Uloohiyyah> Bismillah> Allah .ermitted me to do this> * am doi!/ this for the sa%e of Allah. So we are doi!/ this by the .ermissio! of Allah> this is Tawheed Uloohiyyah.

TA62EE, A$#$5B5BI44A2
Whe! you write dow!> who /a1e you the .ower to write= Allah /a1e you the .ower to write. So whe! you say Bismillah> you are sayi!/> * +ould !ot ha1e do!e this without the .ower Allah has /i1e! me. Bismillah> * do this by the .ower Allah has /i1e! me. Bismillah> * eat> be+ause Allah has /i1e! me this .ro1isio!> a!d be+ause had it !ot bee! for the .ower Allah has /i1e! me> * would !ot be able to +hew it. Bismillah> * write be+ause if it was !ot for Allah /i1i!/ me the .ower> my ha!d would !ot be able to mo1e> it would be .aralysed. That is li%e sayi!/ #aa hawla wa laa uwwata illah billah> if it was !ot for (is .ower> * would !ot ha1e do!e this a+t> the .ower that Allah has /i1e! me to do this a+t. That is why Allah saysC

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01ery .ro1isio! is from Allah. So that is the se+o!d as.e+t> that is Tawheed arRububiyyah i! Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem.

TA62EE, AL#AS0AA 6AS#SIFAAT


'ou are see%i!/ blessi!/ by the !ame of Allah> Bismillah> you are usi!/ the 4ame of Allah to bless whate1er you are doi!/. Whe! you are usi!/ the 4ame of Allah a!d
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the! followi!/> whi+h we will ta%e later> Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem> those are !ames> ualities a!d attributes of Allah that we will dis+uss *!shaa Allah. So you are usi!/ the 4ame of Allah to bless the a+t you are doi!/> that is Tawheed al-Asmaa wasSifaat. That a..lies to a!y matter that you say Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem to> a!y matter you say Basmalah to. Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem is +alled Basmalah. Whe! * say Bismillah to eat> or to sit a! eDam for eDam.le> * say Bismillah to bless that matter> to bless the test that * am ta%i!/. That is Asmaa was-Sifaat. Allah /a1e me the .ower to eat or to write> that is Rububiyyah. * do this for the sa%e of Allah> by the .ermissio! of Allah> he .ermitted me to do this> it is (alaal so * am doi!/ it> that is Tawheed Uloohiyyah. A!d li%ewise> ta%e it for e1erythi!/ else. 'ou u!dersta!d !ow> whe! you say Bismillah> !ow you are /oi!/ to /et a differe!t .ers.e+ti1e of what you used to say Bismillah before. Sometimes you are sayi!/ it be+ause you read a (adith to say it> !ow you u!dersta!d why you are sayi!/ it.

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The Baa i! Bismillah is *stiaa!ah a!d Tawa%%ul> the Baa. To see% hel.> a!d de.e!de!+e o! Allah. The /rammati+al rule i! Arabi+ is Al-Jaar wal-Majroor filBasmalah Mutaalli u! Bimahthoof Ta deeruhu "iil #aai u! Bilma aam. Whe! you say Bismillah i! Arabi+> it automati+ally im.lies you are sayi!/> Bismillah * eat> Bismillah * dri!%> Bismillah * write. 'ou do !ot ha1e to say the a+t that you are sayi!/ Bismillah to it> you do !ot ha1e to s.e+ify> * eat> * dri!%> * write. The Arabi+ la!/ua/e elimi!ates the !eed to me!tio! the a+t you are sayi!/ Bismillah to> it is automati+ally im.lied. 'ou do !ot ha1e to say the word * eat> you do !ot ha1e to say the word * dri!%> it is automati+ally im.lied i! Bismillah. That is amo!/ the beauties of the Arabi+ la!/ua/e. Whe! you eat> a!d you say Bismillah> it is li%e sayi!/ Bismillah * eat> e1e! thou/h you do !ot ta/ o! the word * eat. * wa!t you to u!dersta!d this fully> if you are writi!/> a!d you say Bismillah> it automati+ally mea!s Bismillah> * write. Al-Jaar wal-Majroor fil-Basmalah Mutaalli u! Bimahthoof Ta deeruhu "il #aai u! Bilma aam> that is the Arabi+ /rammati+al rule. 4ow we established that rule> e1ery time * say
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Bismillah> it automati+ally mea!s Bismillah * eat> it automati+ally mea!s Bismillah * dri!% if * am dri!%i!/> Bismillah * am ridi!/ i! my +ar. *t always +ome after the 4ame of Allah> !ote * always said Bismillah * eat> * !e1er said * eat Bismillah. There is a bi/ differe!+e. Why is it Bismillah * eat> !ot * eat Bismillah=

TA712EE$ AL#>AA0IL 45FEE, AL#2AS$

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The s+holars of 4ahw said for two reaso!s. "irst of all> you start with Bismillah> the 4ame of Allah +omes first i! the se!te!+e> Bismillah * eat> let the !ame of Allah +ome to bless it. That sli/ht +ha!/e ma%es a hu/e differe!+e be+ause whe! you delay !ami!/ the a+t after> i! Arabi+ /rammar> by sayi!/ Bismillah * eat> i!stead of sayi!/ * eat Bismillah> i! esse!+e> it limits your a+tio! solely for the sa%e of Allah. The /rammati+al rule is Ta%heer al-&Aamil 'ufeed al-(asr. Bismillah * eat> * do !ot eat by a!y 4ame other tha! 'our !ame> you limit it for the sa%e of Allah> o!ly for 'ou Allah * write. That is the differe!+e betwee! sayi!/ Bismillah * eat a!d * eat Bismillah. 7!ly for you 'aa Allah * write> o!ly for you 'aa Allah * dri!%> for 'our sa%e.

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Why does he start with Bismillah> this is a matter of *baadah a!d whe! you do *baadah> the burde! of .roof is o! you to bri!/ .roof. 'ou ha1e to bri!/ .roof whe! you are doi!/ a! *baadah> the burde! is o! the o!e doi!/ the *baadah to bri!/ .roof.

IT IS IN ACCO$,ANCE

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There are a hu!dred a!d fourtee! Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem i! the ,ura!. 01e! thou/h there are a hu!dred a!d thirtee! i! the start of the Surahs> Tawbah does !ot ha1e Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem> but i! Surat a!-4amlC

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<om.e!sates for the o!e missi!/ i! Surat at-Tawbah. *b! Abbaas said the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam did !ot %!ow the be/i!!i!/ a!d e!d of Surah> eD+e.t by Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem.

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*! Bu%hari> i! Muslim> from Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam to (era+lius> he started the letter with Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-RaheemC

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Whe! the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam made a treaty with ,uraysh> Suhayl *b! &Amr +ame to do the treaty with the -ro.het betwee! him a!d ,uraysh> he told AliC

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(e told Ali> start a!d write a!d say Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem. A?-Euhri !arrated a similar (adith li%e that. *b! (ajr said it is the tre!d of the s+holars a!d that whi+h is settled u.o! that they always start their wor%s with Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem. Abu Ba%r did the same> whe! he se!t A!as *b! Maali% to Bahrai!> he se!t a letter with him a!d he started it with Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem. A!d there is a! Alle/ed (adith that a!y im.orta!t matter whi+h does !ot start with Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem is +ut off from all /ood. The (adith is !arrated i! *b! (ibbaa! a!d other boo%s a!d it is wea%. *t is wea%e!ed by *b! (ajr> Suyooti> Albaa!i a!d other s+holars. Some tried hard to authe!ti+ate but it is wea%. (ad that (adith bee!> that dire+t (adith o! starti!/ with Bismillah bee! authe!ti+> we would !ot ha1e had to me!tio! the other .roofs. That (adith would ha1e bee! suffi+ie!t but be+ause that (adith is wea%> we +a!!ot use it as .roof so we resorted to other .roof to establish that sayi!/ Bismillah o! matters li%e writi!/ boo%s is .ermissible. *! fa+t> some s+holars li%e * said> tried 1ery hard to authe!ti+ate the (adith but it is really a wea% (adith a!d it +a!!ot be authe!ti+ated for ma!y reaso!s that we do !ot wa!t to /et i!to ri/ht !ow. *! fa+t> there is a! e!tire boo%let o! how the (adith is wea%> alA awil al-Mufaalah li-Baya! (adith al-*btida bil-Basmalah> Shay%h ;atta!i> who died arou!d ei/hty years a/o> a famous s+holar of (adith from Ma/hrib> Rahmatullahi &Alayh.

T2E BLESSINA IN T2E BAS0ALA2


So the !eDt .oi!t is the blessi!/ i! Basmalah> we say Bismillah to bless whate1er we say Bismillah o!. Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem> to bless whate1er a+t you are doi!/. *slam e!+oura/es Bismillah i! e1erythi!/> e1ery situatio! that you are i!. Whe! you are writi!/> ridi!/> whe! sa+rifi+i!/C
-a/e F 8

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0at from what whi+h Allahs 4ame has bee! me!tio!ed o!. Whe! eati!/ a!d dri!%i!/> i! Bu%hari a!d Muslim> Umar *b! Abi Salamah said> that the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam told himC

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01e! with relatio!shi. with your wife> with your s.ouseC

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Whe! you are tur!i!/ the li/hts off> whe! you are +losi!/ a bottle. Jaabir *b! Abdullah i! Bu%hari a!d Muslim said the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said +lose your bottle with the !ame of Allah> tur! your li/ht off with the 4ame of Allah> with Bismillah. Aet used to me!tio!i!/ the 4ame of Allah i! e1erythi!/ for Bara%ah i! your life. That is o!e of the reaso!s blessi!/> Bara%ah> the blessi!/ has bee! ta%e! out of our li1es. Whe! they resort to materialisti+ mea!s> we resort to Allah for our Bara%ah. Bismillah is your mea!s to /et Bara%ah from Allah i! e1erythi!/> Bismillah is your mea!s to /etti!/ Bara%ah from Allah i! e1erythi!/ you do> if you say Bismillah. *f you /et Allah o! your side> for Bara%ah> what else do you !eed=

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*f the .eo.le of the tow!s had belie1ed a!d had they had Ta wa> +ertai!ly> we would ha1e o.e!ed for them blessi!/s from the (ea1e!s a!d the 0arth. Allah will o.e! for you blessi!/ from the (ea1e!s a!d 0arth> just say Bismillah> Bara%ah is the blessi!/ from Allah. *f you e1er wo!der why there is !o blessi!/ i! our time these days> or i! our food> or i! our slee.> i! our re+itatio! of the ,ura!> as% yourself> ha1e you bee! sayi!/ Allahs 4ame a!d ha1e you bee! sayi!/ it from your heart %!owi!/ its mea!i!/= After you liste! to this /lim.se today> you are +omi!/ with a! e!tirely differe!t .ers.e+ti1e o! Basmalah.

CLASS T6O
#ast wee%> we /a1e a little i!trodu+tio!> the! we me!tio!ed the three as.e+ts of Tawheed i! Bismillah> the! we me!tio!ed two /rammati+al rules i! Bismillah> the! we me!tio!ed .roof for i!itiati!/ your a+tio!s with Bismillah> be+ause it is a matter of
-a/e F 2@

*baadah that !eeds .roof> the! we me!tio!ed a .ortio! of the blessi!/s of Allah whe! you say Bismillah. We are !ot do!e with Bismillah> a!d here * say> you !eed .atie!+e> we all !eed .atie!+e i! our study. Sometimes we are /oi!/ to .i+% u. the .a+e> a!d sometimes we are /oi!/ to slow dow!. Sometimes> we are /oi!/ to .i+% u. the .a+e be+ause it is ob1ious or i! the future> we are /oi!/ to study it i! more detail. Sometimes> li%e here> we !eed to %!ow it> this is our first 1erse i! Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem. 'ou ha1e to fully e!+om.ass the mea!i!/> a!d really> we +a! /o i!to more de.th i! this> but we ha1e to u!dersta!d as stude!ts of %!owled/e> somewhat of what Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem mea!s. (a1i!/ said that> whe! you do your outli!e> so * will !ot lose +ou!t> write the to.i+. "or eDam.le> Bismillah> a!d the! .ut the !umbers u!der it> or asteris% a!d the .oi!ts> be+ause it is a systemati+ study> it is !ot s.oradi+ stuff> so or/a!ise it.

,O 6E SA4 BIS0ILLA2 O$ BIS0ILLA2I A$#$A20AAN A$# $A2EE0.


The /e!eral rule is whe! there is !o s.e+ifi+ .roof o! a +ertai! matter> you +a! say the e!tire Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem. "or eDam.le> writi!/ a boo%> you are writi!/ i! day to day a+ti1ity> you +a! say Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem !ot just Bismillah. *t is Mustahabb> you +a! Bismillah or Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem. *! fa+t> matters li%e writi!/ a boo%> you /ot .roof to ba+% it u. from what the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam did i! Sulh al-(udaybiyyah to say the e!tire Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem. So a matter where there is !o s.e+ifi+ .roof> you say Bismillah or Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem. 4ow> there are matters where there is s.e+ifi+ .roof the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam o!ly said Bismillah> Bismillah without Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem. #i%e eati!/ for eDam.le> do you say Bismillah or Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem whe! you eat= *! this matter> there is s.e+ifi+ .roof i! eati!/. There is a (adith i! Su!a! at-Tirmidhi !arrated by Aishah radhiallahu &a!ha that the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> whe! you eat say Bismillah> if you for/et it i! the be/i!!i!/> the! sayC

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#oo% at that> he did !ot say Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem. *! this (adith> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said Bismillah for eati!/ a!d he re.eated it twi+e> o!+e if you say it ori/i!ally> a!d the se+o!d> what to say if you for/ot it. Bismillah i! the be/i!!i!/> a!d if you for/et it> you sayC

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This (adith is also !arrated by *b! Masood> a!d this (adith> *b! (ajr Rahimahullah said> this (adith is the most forthri/ht (adith o! this matter> mea!i!/ sayi!/
-a/e F 22

Bismillah whe! you eat. The .roblem for eDam.le> is a!-4awawi i! his boo% alAdh%aar said> it is better to say Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem whe! you eat tha! it is to say Bismillah. *b! Taymiyyah said it is .ermissible to say Bismillahi ArRahmaa! Ar-Raheem. (owe1er> *b! (ajr +omme!ted o! the stateme!t of a!4awawi> sayi!/ * do !ot %!ow where there is a!y .roof to say it is better to say Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem tha! it is to say Bismillah. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said i! a (adith !arrated by Samurah> *f * tell you a (adith> do !ot add to my sayi!/C

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5o !ot add to Ahaadith * tell you. The /e!eral mea!i!/ of it is whe! you lear! somethi!/> do !ot add to that (adith. But it also mea!s i! a..li+atio!> i! *baadah> you yourself i! your .ri1ate *baadah> do !ot add. *f he did !ot say Ar-Rahmaa! ArRaheem> do !ot add. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam was tea+hi!/ a you!/ boy> the (adith we me!tio!ed last wee%> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam does !ot hide a!ythi!/> s.e+ifi+ally whe! he tea+hes. (e is a le/islator> he is le/islati!/> whe! he sees somethi!/ he is le/islati!/. Whe! he told Umar *b! Abi Salamah> he saidC

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Say Bismillah. Some say what is the bi/ deal here> why are you ma%i!/ a bi/ deal> Bismillah or Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem. This issue is a! issue of *baadah a!d i! *baadah we adhere stri+tly to .roof be+ause a!yo!e who adds to *baadah or a!y matter of *slam> is li%e sayi!/ to Allah a!d the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> you do !ot %!ow> * wa!t to add a little bit from my ow!. That is what you are sayi!/ whe! you are addi!/ i!!o1atio! i! *slam. *! (adith Muslim> Umaarah *b! Ruaybah see! Bishr *b! Marwaa! raisi!/ his ha!ds i! the .ul.it o! "riday. (e said> may Allah dis/ra+e those two ha!dsC

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* see! the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam o! the .ul.it a!d he !e1er we!t beyo!d this Ha!d he /estured with his forefi!/erI. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam o!ly did this> where did you +ome u. with this= A!-4awawi +omme!ted o! this a!d said> the Su!!ah is !ot to raise your ha!ds duri!/ the ;hutbah. * wrote a! arti+le o! this se1eral mo!ths a/o> be+ause a lo+al Masjid here where * atte!ded Jumuah> a!d a you!/ ;hateeb /ot u. a!d he +omme!ted o! this sayi!/ you should
-a/e F 29

!ot raise your ha!ds a!d you %!ow> +ommotio! bro%e out. (ow +a! you say do !ot raise your ha!ds= So you +a! refer to that arti+le for more detail o! raisi!/ your ha!ds i! /e!eral. 01e! more tha! that> e1e! more tha! the (adith of Umaarah> Mustadara% al(aa%im> *b! Umar radhiallahu &a!hu saw a ma! s!ee?e> what do you say whe! you s!ee?e= Alhamdulillah> you say Alhamdulillah. The ma! s!ee?ed i! fro!t of *b! Umar a!d says Alhamdulillahi was-Salaatu was-Salaam &Alaa Rasoolillah> he added was-Salaatu was-Salaam &Alaa Rasoolillah. Beautiful mea!i!/> .ea+e a!d blessi!/ be u.o! the .ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> what is wro!/ with addi!/ that= Some say what is wro!/ with addi!/ that> it is a !i+e additio! to Alhamdulillah. *b! Umar deterred him from that additio!> he wa!ted him to sti+% with Alhamdulillah> .eriod. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said Alhamdulillah> .eriod that is it. *b! Abdee! said it is disli%ed> disli%ed to add was-Salaatu wasSalaam &Alaa Rasoolillah whe! you s!ee?e a!d say Alhamdulillah. As-Suyooti said it is affirmati1ely a 1ilified Bidah> Alhamdulillah was-Salaatu was-Salaam &Alaa Rasoolillah whe! you s!ee?e> e1e! thou/h the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam started some of his ;hutub with that. What is wro!/ if you add .raise to the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam to Alhamdulillah whe! you s!ee?e= After you s!ee?e> say Alhamdulillah> .eriod> be+ause the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam said Alhamdulillah> .eriod. The! you /o whe! you are do!e> if someo!e res.o!ds to you> the! whe! you are do!e> /o a!d say as-Salaatu was-Salaam &Alaa Rasoolillah a thousa!d times. (ere we ha1e the issue of eati!/> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam is telli!/ Umar *b! Abi SalamahC

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(e did !ot say Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem. So you ha1e the (adith of Aishah> a!d *b! Masood> the (adith *b! (ajr said is the most forthri/ht (adith o! this issue. So> it is best to sti+% with what the (adith said. There are some other matters where the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam s.e+ified o!ly Bismillah. "or eDam.le> relatio!shi. with your s.ouse> i! Bu%hari a!d MuslimC

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Whe! you /o to the bathroomC

-a/e F 2:

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#oo% how Bismillah is s.e+ifi+ i! those. 7ther tha! these matters> where there is !o s.e+ifi+ .roof or a (adith just me!tio!i!/ Bismillah alo!e> you are free to me!tio! the e!tire Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem. Where the (adith limits it to Bismillah> sti+% to Bismillah.

T2E NA0E ALLA2


ALLA2
IS

T2E SOLE TITLE FO$ T2E LO$, T2AT FAS2IONE, EBE$4T2INA

Allah is a !ame that is o!ly for Allah.

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5o you %!ow a!yo!e who is similar to (im= 'ou %!ow what that uestio! is> this uestio! at the e!d of this 1erse hasC

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*t is !ot a uestio! that !eeds a! a!swer> it is li%e a rhetori+al uestio!> it is a uestio! that is used to ma%e a .oi!t. Some s+holars said the mea!i!/ of> do you %!ow of a!y similar to (im is that there is !o o!e other tha! Allah with the !ame Allah.

T2E $OOT OF T2E NA0E ALLA2


Allah is deri1ati1e from the word *laah> the word is *laah as *b! al-,ayyim a!d others said. *laah is from Uloohiyyah> o!eshi.> *laah is o!eshi.> that is the root word of Allah. Sibawayh said Alif a!d #aam were added to *laah as a! ho!our a!d Tadheem to Allah. Whe! you add it> you add the Shaddah the! a!d you ta%e o!e of the (am?ah out so it be+omes Allah.

ALLA2

5SES

ALLA2

AN,

$ABB IN T2E 95$7AN

#oo% at how the ,ura! uses Allah> a!d at other times it uses Rabb. Whe! Musa we!t to /et the fire> his family were +old a!d he wa!ted li/ht a!d fire> Allah says i! the ,ura!C

-a/e F 23

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Berily Musa> * am your #ord> (e uses #ordshi. be+ause the setti!/ was that of #ordshi.. Allah wa!ted to tell Musa> * ta%e +are of you> * sustai! you> (e is telli!/ Musa> * .rote+t you. What are those as.e+ts of= * /uard you> * !ourish you. The! shortly thereafter> Allah uses Allah i! the same tal% to Musa. (e says> * ha1e +hose! you so liste! to that whi+h will be re1ealed to youC

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Berily> * am AllahC

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The se+o!d time> Allah says * am Allah> !ot Rabbu%a> why= (e said that a few mome!ts a/o> Rabb> !ow (e is sayi!/ Allah. "irst> Musa was afraid so Allah is telli!/ him> * ta%e +are of you> .rote+t you> mai!tai! you a!d sustai! you. Se+o!d stateme!t> was i! a s.ee+h where Allah was telli!/ Musa what is re uested of Musa. That mea!s Musa> you !eed to do this> you !eed to do that. What are those as.e+ts of= Uloohiyyah> so Allah uses Allah. The 1erse saidC

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Worshi. me Musa> .erform Salah> what are those= Whe! you do those> they e!tail Tawheed al-Uloohiyyah. So that is why Allah said i! the first o!e Rabbu%a a!d i! the se+o!d o!e> (e saidC

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(e +ould ha1e used either o!e but these are to show you how se!siti1e the ,ura! is a!d how Allah a!d Rabb are used.

ALLA2

IS

,IFFE$ENT TO AN4 OT2E$ NA0ES

Whe! you +all Allah> you say 'aa Allah> with the Alif a!d #aam before> mea!i!/ &The. #i!/uisti+ s+holars a!d s+holars of the Salaf all said> you say 'aa Allah. 5o you e1er say 'aa Al-Jabbaar> 'aa Al-;areem= 4o> you say 'aa Ar-Raheem> you say 'aa Al-;areem= 'ou say 'aa Raheem> 'aa ;areem> you ta%e out &Al. *! Allah> you say 'aa Allah with the Alif a!d #aam before it> u!i ue> u!li%e a!y other of Allahs 4ames. Some li%e at-Tahhaawi> *b! al-,ayyim> used that as .roof to substa!tiate that that is the mi/hty !ame of Allah> the o!e if o!e uses it to ma%e a su..li+atio!>

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Allah will a!swer. We will tal% about that *!shaa Allah i! the future whe! we tal% about Asmaa a!d Sifaat i! detail.

T2E NA0E ALLA2

B4 ITSELF IS NOT A

,2I1$

*t is i! 5uaa> it is i! .raise> it is i! /lorifi+atio!> it is i! the Shahaadah> but it is !ot by itself a form of 5hi%r that we were tau/ht by the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. So you do !ot /o a!d say o!e hu!dred times Allah> Allah> Allah. 'ou do !ot hold the beads a!d say o!e hu!dred times> Allah. 'ou say Alhamdulillah> you say Bismillah> you say #aa ilaaha illallah> you say 'aa Allah> * !eed this> but Allah> Allah> Allah alo!e is !ot a form of 5hi%r that we were tau/ht.

ALLA2

IS T2E

NA0E T2AT ALL 2IS OT2E$ NA0ES FOLLO6

Allah does !ot follow a!y of the other !ames. The !ame Allah does !ot follow a!y of the other !ames> the other !ames of Allah follow the !ame Allah. #et me eD.lai! it with a! eDam.le be+ause you mi/ht ha1e heard this stateme!t before> but a! eDam.le is /oi!/ to +lear the +o!fused fa+es that * see. Al-,uddoos> Al-A?ee?> AlJabbaar> Al-;haali > all those are !ames of Allah. 'ou do !ot say Allah is the !ame of Al-A?ee?> you do !ot say that. 'ou do !ot say Allah is the !ame of Ar-Rahmaa!. 'ou fli. it> you say Al-,uddoos is the !ame of Allah. The first was im.ro.er to say> this o!e> Al-A?ee? is the !ame of Allah> Ar-Rahmaa! is the !ame of Allah. So the other !ames follow the !ame of Allah.

AS(ECTS OF TA62EE, IN T2E NA0E ALLA2


We .re1iously said i! the last +lass that Bismillah e!tails all three as.e+ts of Tawheed> you submit all three forms of Tawheed i! Allah for a!y matter you say Bismillah. That is the same Bismillah Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem> or e1e! Bismillah> we me!tio!ed that i! the last +lass. 4ow we are /oi!/ to say the !ame Allah i!+ludes belie1i!/ i! all three ty.es of Tawheed> im.lies that you must belie1e i! all three ty.es of Tawheed. 4ot e1e! the !ame Allah> the root of Allah> *laah> is the three ty.es of Tawheed. That e!tails that you must belie1e i! all Tawheed. Tawheed ar-Rububiyyah is i!+luded as .art of Tawheed al-Uloohiyyah> but the o..osite is !ot true. So> *laah> the root word of Allah is Uloohiyyah> o!eshi.. *!+luded i! the o!eshi. is Rububiyyah> you /o two Tawheed there. The! Allah> the !ame itself is Asmaa> so that is Tawheed al-Asmaa wasSifaat. That is three Tawheed i! the !ame of Allah> !ot e1e! Allah> i! the root !ame of Allah> *laah.

T2E 0IA2T4 NA0E ALLA2


Allah is me!tio!ed i! the ,ura! two thousa!d> siD hu!dred a!d two times a++ordi!/ to al-Mujam al-Mufahras. *t is the most .o.ular !ame of Allah> the !ame +hose! out

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of all the !ames to say your Shahaadah> whe! you say Shahaadah> Ash-hadu alla ilaaha illallah> +hose! to say your Shahaadah. Whe! you utter that !ame> you are !ot utteri!/ just a!y !ame> you are utteri!/ the !ame of the Majesti+> the Re1ere!t> the Sublime> Allah. Allah is the !ame you shout whe! you are i! fear to /ai! safety. Allah is the !ame that if you me!tio! it i! somethi!/ s+ar+e> see%i!/ it to be blessed> it be+omes .le!ty a!d e1e! more> the !ame that those who i! fear +all to attai! se+urity. The !ame that those +all for relief whe! they are i! distress> whe! they are i! a!/uish> whe! they are i! a/o!y> i! sorrow> Allah> you +all Allah> !obody troubled or worried +alls the !ame of Allah eD+e.t that Allah relie1es his troubles a!d his worries> Allah. 4ot a .oor> that +li!/s o! to the !ame of Allah eD+e.t that Allah ma%es him afflue!t. 4ot a! ill> who +li!/s o! to the !ame of Allah eD+e.t that he be+omes healthy. The !ame whe! a distressed +alls> he /ets .ro1ided with safety. Allah> the !ame whe! a wea% +alls that !ame> (e /i1es him .ower a!d ho!our> whe! a! o..ressed uses that !ame a!d +alls that !ame> Allah> (e /ra!ts him 1i+tory. Allah is the !ame to +all whe! you wa!t mer+y> +all Allah. Allah is the !ame to +all for abu!da!+e a!d blessi!/s> Allah. Allah is the !ame you +all whe! you wa!t to +lea!se your si!s> Allah. Allah is !ot a!y ordi!ary !ame. *f o!e +om.rehe!ded the !ame of Allah> (e would li1e i! ultimate ha..i!ess> the mea!i!/s of the !ame of Allah. Whe! you ma%e Allah ma/!ifi+e!t i! your heart> your heart be+omes the stro!/est> most firm> most .ure heart> a!d at the same time it be+omes a mer+iful heart be+ause it has Allah i! it. Allah> is !ot a!y ordi!ary !ame. A heart that truly %!ows the mea!i!/ of Allah +ould !e1er belittle a si!> if it truly %!ows Allah> the !ame Allah. Whe! you say Bismillah by "ardh from Allah> you say Allahs !ame by "ardh se1e!tee! times. Bismillah> you ha1e to say se1e!tee! times a day i! your Salah> al-"aatihah. *! additio! to te!s of times you /ot to say it as Su!!ah> re+omme!datio!. 5o !ot thi!% it is just a!other !ormal word you are utteri!/> Allah is !ot a !ormal word you are utteri!/. Some ha1e a hi/her re/ard whe! they are me!tio!i!/ the !ames of their bosses a!d their %i!/s a!d their s.ouses a!d their .reside!t> tha! they do whe! they me!tio! Allahs !ame. <he+% your le1el of your *maa! by %!owi!/ your feeli!/ whe! you hear the !ame of Allah.

% N 3 6 [ 1 ! H 1 3 a 3 I - / ! / Y D / ( 29 7 1 # / & / n> :d ...` 1 o 1 6 1 ) - 1 " *


Whe! Allahs !ame alo!e is me!tio!ed> the hearts of those who do !ot belie1e> are filled with dis/ust. The le1el of /ratifi+atio!> the le1el of +omfort> the le1el of +o!te!t> the le1el of tra! uillity a!d ha..i!ess you feel whe! the !ame of Allah is me!tio!ed> tells you the le1el of *maa! you ha1e i! your heart be+ause of that 1erse. 'ou are sayi!/ the !ame of the o!e who raised se1e! s%ies with !o .illars to hold them u.> whe! you are sayi!/ Allah. 'ou are sayi!/ the !ame of the o!e who lowered se1e! earths u!der you by the wordC
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; " -0 / #
A!d the! (e +reated you from emitted seme!> as beautiful> a!d i! the best of all stature. #et that /o throu/h your mi!d e1ery time you hear of a se!te!+e with Allah i! it. More im.orta!tly> remember that whe! you say AllahC

/ ( ! 3 ! B ... 6 1 / 2N 6 2N 1 4 ] 3 9 7 ! 6 / 1
They u!derestimate> do !ot be li%e those who u!derestimate Allah> do !ot e1er be li%e that whe! you hear (is !ame> it is somethi!/ bi/> it is somethi!/ hu/e. They ma%e !ot a just estimate of Allah.

/ ! ... 1 / / AN 1 1 4 ] E 'p 6 / /
A!d the 5ay of the Resurre+tio!> the whole earth will be /ras.ed i! (is ha!d.

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A!d the hea1e!s will be rolled u. i! his ri/ht ha!d.

6 / _r :d" ... -# F! / AL 3 = 8 1 X
Alorified be (e> a!d hi/h abo1e those who attribute a .art!er to (im.

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A$#$A20AAN
Rahmaa! is the o!e who has the +om.lete mer+y> mer+y that e!+om.asses e1erythi!/. This !ame is u!i ue i! that it is amo!/ the eD+lusi1e !ames to Allah> ArRahmaa! is a! eD+lusi1e !ame to Allah. *t is a !ame .arti+ular to Allah> Wasf> des+ri.tio!> li%e a! adje+ti1e of mer+y. 7w!er of the /reat> 1ast> ultimate> eDte!si1e mer+y. The ultimate +om.lete mer+y that is eD+lusi1e to !o o!e other tha! Allah> that is a Rahmaa!. Words i! Arabi+ that are o! the s+ale of "alaa! H "Q;I i!di+ate 1ast!ess a!d abu!da!+e> eDte!si1e. Mea!i!/> the words that rhyme with the world "alaa!. #i%e Rahmaa!> "alaa!> you see how they rhyme. "or eDam.le> ta%e it i! how it .ertai!s to huma! bei!/s> Ahadhbaaa! H "ApsI> whi+h is o! the rhythm of "alaa!> Sa%raa! H"0LI whi+h is o! the rhythm of "alaa!> you !oti+e how they all rhyme. They all rhyme> whe! you say Ahadhbaa! it mea!s a!/er but !ot just a!/er>

-a/e F 2)

+om.lete> e!ra/ed> ultimate a!/er. Atshaa! H "XI> thirsty> utmost> e!tire> +om.lete> full thirst. #i%ewise> Ar-Rahmaa!> a!d Allah of +ourse has su.reme eDam.les> it mea!s a hi/h s+ale of mer+y that o!ly belo!/s to Allah. Ar-Rahmaa! is me!tio!ed i! the ,ura! fifty se1e! times a++ordi!/ to Mu jam al-Mufahras.

A$#$A2EE0
Ar-Raheem is a !ame whi+h refers to the a+tio!> mea!i!/ the o!e whose mer+y rea+hes to others. This !ame a..lies to Allah but restri+tly a..lies to others> a!d it is me!tio!ed o!e hu!dred a!d fourtee! times i! the ,ura!> li%e * said> a++ordi!/ to Mujam al-Mufahras. The mer+y that e!+om.asses (is +reatio!> this word is o! the s+ale of "aeel H

< ;I. This o!e here is o! "aeel> Raheem. *! Arabi+> words o! the s+ale of "aeel
are a form> they ta%e it to a form of bei!/ a! i!te!sified form of that a+tio!> rea+hi!/ others. Allah is the Most Mer+iful to the u!i1erse> the Most Mer+iful to the u!i1erse> to (is +reatio!. The !ame restri+tly a..lies to others> you +a! ha1e mer+y to your +hildre!> to your brothers> to your family. But of +ourse> there is !o way you +a! merely ima/i!e +om.ari!/ the mer+y of Allah to the mer+y of a!y of (is +reatio!> or e1e! the mer+y of (is +reatio!s +ombi!ed from the time of the +reatio! u!til the Jud/me!t 5ay. 'ou +a!!ot e1e! +om.are> it is !ot e1e! a feather wei/ht or a! atoms wei/ht> or e1e! less tha! that> +om.ared to the mer+y of Allah who is ArRahmaa!> Ar-Raheem. 01e! thou/h you may some ty.e of mer+y whi+h !o o!e +a! de!y> you +a! !e1er +om.are your mer+y to Allahs mer+y> that is what we mea! whe! we say restri+tly> a..lies to others. *! Surat ash-ShooraC

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There is !o!e li%e (im> (e is the All (eari!/> the All Seei!/. *! Surat al-A!aamC

/ u / #6/2 F H 3 6 : ...6 ! 1 / & / & K 6 K 1 /2 UM?


4o 1isio! +a! /ras. (im but he /ras.s all 1isio!s.

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AN,

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The .hrase Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem i!di+ates the /reat> 1ast> ultimate mer+y of Allah.

-a/e F 28

4o o!e +a! be !amed Ar-Rahmaa! but some .eo.le +a! be !amed Ar-Raheem> of (is +reatio!. 4o o!e +a! be !amed a !ame eD+lusi1e to Allah> it is a restri+ted !ame to Allah> Rahmaa!> you +a! !ot !ame that !ame. The utmost mer+y> the +om.lete> the full mer+y is o!ly to Allah> you +a! !ot ha1e that> it is !ot a +hara+teristi+ i! you so you +a! !ot ha1e that. Just li%e you +a!!ot !ame Allah be+ause you do !ot ha1e the +hara+teristi+s of Allah> you +a!!ot !ame Ar-Rahmaa!> it is a! eD+lusi1e !ame to Allah. #i%ewise> you +a!!ot !ame Al-;haali > the <reator> Ar-Ra??aa > the Sustai!er> al-Ahad> you +a!!ot !ame As-Samad> Al-Baari> Al-,ayyoom. Al-;haali for eDam.le> the <reator> the o!e who +reates somethi!/ with !othi!/ similar> !o resembla!+e> !o +om.ariso!> !o similar +om.ariso! to it. <a! you +reate somethi!/ similar to that= 4o> so you +a!!ot be +alled Al-;haali be+ause you do !ot ha1e that +hara+teristi+. Al-Baari is the Ma%er> the o!e who ma%es somethi!/ free from a!y defi+ie!+yG +a! you ma%e a!ythi!/ free of a!y defi+ie!+y= 7f +ourse you +a! !ot do that> so you +a!!ot be +alled Al-Baari. The!> there are some !ames that you +a! be !amed> li%e Aha!i> Mali%> A?ee?> Jabbaar. *! the ,ura!> Allah des+ribes the woma! who a++uses 'usufC

,... / ?M :vL-7 ...7 7d d ` / 1 1


Allah is sayi!/ Al-A?ee? a!d Allah +alls her the wife of Al-A?ee?. (a%eem *b! (i?am> (a%eem is a !ame of Allah. A Sahaabi duri!/ the time of the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam was !amed al-(a%eem. Allah said i! the ,ura!C

3 R 1 8D # < # 6 ... 3 6 A/ W 7 1 / N 8 : A : A 0 ' ?> :;s


Allah seals the heart of e1ery arro/a!t tyra!t. (e used the !ame Jabbaar to (is +reatio!> (is !ame is Jabbaar a!d (e uses that for (is +reatio!> it is used te! times i! the ,ura!. 4i!e out of those te! times it is for .eo.le who are stro!/> o..ressi1e> +ommit i!justi+e or those who do a!y ty.e of 5hulm. The last time it is me!tio!ed> Al-Jabbaar> is i! Surat al-(ashr a!d it refers to Allah. Whe! a huma! is .ermitted to !ame those> i! o!e way or a!other> it is i! a !e/ati1e se!se. 01e! if me!tio!ed .ositi1ely> it has some %i!d of defi+ie!+y i! it be+ause you are huma!. Whe! you me!tio! Allah> the! there is !o!e li%e Allah> it is the +om.lete> .ositi1e> ultimate> eDam.le. *t is the +om.lete> utmost> .ositi1e uality of that !ame> whate1er it mea!s. That is the differe!+e betwee! Ar-Rahmaa! a!d Ar-Raheem. #oo% i! the ,ura!> Allah said i! the ,ura!C

UU :S-X ... 1 A/ R 1 5 3 ... K


-a/e F 9@

The (eari!/ a!d #iste!i!/. Allah +alls you> i! Surat al-*!saa!C

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Allah says about youC

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A!d ma!y times i! the ,ura!> Allah says about (imselfC

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S.e+ifi+ally> this !ame Raheem> +a! be !amed li%e that. Raheem> you +a! !ame yourself or your +hild that. Allah says i! the ,ura!C

! / n? :ad9 ... 1 6 1 ) # 1 4 9 / & 1 "


About the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> (e !ames (is -ro.het Raheema. There are !ames that you +a! be !amed> of Allahs !ames> but always %!ow that there is !o way you +a! +om.are your uality to Allahs uality. Musaylamah the #iar de+ided to +all himself Rahmaa!> a! eD+lusi1e !ame for Allah. As a .u!ishme!t from Allah> Allah made him %!ow! as the #iar> a!d eD.osed him. (e +hose the eD+lusi1e !ame of Allah> Rahmaa!> his !ame was Rahmaa! al-'amaamah. Allah +lothed him with the !i+%!ame> the #iar> that he is %!ow! by all the way u!til the Jud/me!t 5ay. *f you say Rahmaa! al-'amaamah> does a!yo!e today %!ow him= 4obody %!ows him. (istory do+ume!ts him as Musaylamah al-;athaab> Musaylamah the #iar. That is his .u!ishme!t for tryi!/ to use a! eD+lusi1e !ame of Allah. (e be+ame a! eDam.le of a liar amo!/ the reside!ts of his +ities a!d 1illa/es> the .eo.le of the deserts a!d the Bedoui!s a!d i! history> the liar> a .u!ishme!t for o!e who tries to use the eD+lusi1e !ame of Allah. So the first differe!+e betwee! Ar-Rahmaa! a!d Ar-Raheem is you +a! !ame yourself Ar-Raheem but you +a! !ot !ame yourself Ar-Rahmaa! be+ause o!e is eD+lusi1e to Allah> a!d the other is !ot. 01e! with Raheem> you are differe!t resembla!+e i! the ualities> betwee! +reatio! a!d the <reator. *b! Jareer a!d others> al-"aarisi said Ar-Rahmaa! is for all the +reatio!> e1il a!d !o! e1il> huma! a!d !o! huma!> a!d Ar-Raheem is o!ly for the belie1ers. Ar-Rahmaa! +arries a broader s+o.e of mea!i!/ .ertai!i!/ to the mer+y of Allah. That is basi+ally what al-"aarisi> *b! Jareer a!d others said> a!d they used this .roofC

! / n? :ad9 ... 1 6 1 ) # 1 4 9 / & 1 "


-a/e F 92

A!d he is with the belie1ers Raheema> usi!/ the word Raheema. So the first o!e is a broad form> the se+o!d o!e is o!ly for the belie1ers. Some s+holars obje+ted to this> we do !ot wa!t to /et i!to that ri/ht !ow but some s+holars obje+ted. *b! Abbaas said> they are soft> te!der> /e!tle> Ra ee !ames> o!e of them is softer tha! the other. Mea!i!/ o!e +arries more im.li+atio! tha! the other> ea+h o!e is more mer+iful tha! the other. *b! Mubaara% said Ar-Rahmaa!> if you as% (e /i1esG Raheem> if you do !ot as%> (e /ets mad. So basi+ally that is what some s+holars said.

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T2E ATT$IB5TE OF 0E$C4
Ar-Rahmaa! a!d Ar-Raheem /i1e the uality the mer+y of Allah> the uality of mer+y> to Allah. We affirm to Allah what he affirmed to (imself a!d what (is Messe!/er> the most %!owled/eable of +reatio! affirmed to (im.

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We ha1e two !ames that /i1e the uality of mer+y to Allah> so we affirm to Allah what he affirmed to (imself a!d what (is Messe!/er> the most %!owled/eable huma! i! %!owled/e of Allah affirmed to (im. We do it without> free of a!y Tashbeeh. Tashbeeh mea!s +om.ariso!> we do !ot +om.are it. We do it free from Tamtheel> Tamtheel mea!s the li%e!i!/ of Allahs attributes to attributes of (is +reatio!. Without Tahreef> without distorti!/ the !ame or uality. Without Tateel> without de!ial of a!y of Allahs ualities or a!y as.e+t of it. We will tal% about this *!shaa Allah i! the future i! A eedah whe! we tal% about Tawheed al-Asmaa wasSifaat i! de.th. Allah saysC

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Whe! you read that> you read (e Allah is the o!e> o!e. (e is the o!e without a .art!er or !o asso+iate. That is what e1eryo!e u!dersta!ds> but it also mea!s (e is o!e i! his !ames> i! (is ualities a!d (is attributes. *! (is ualities> he is Ahad> Ahad i! his a+tio!s> !o +om.ariso! to him> that is what Ahad mea!s> just li%e it mea!s (e is the o!e without a .art!er. The terms Ar-Rahmaa! a!d Ar-Raheem /i1e
-a/e F 99

the uality of mer+y to Allah> so let us ta%e a ui+% /la!+e at the mer+y of Allah from some few Ahaadith a!d Ayaat.

T2E 0E$C4 OF ALLA2


Whe! o!e says Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem> or a!y .raise> a!y 1erse of Allah or a!y /lorifi+atio! of Allah> a!d you %!ow its mea!i!/> it is a! *maa! e!er/iser. *t is a! *maa! booster ri/ht there> so you +har/e u. your *maa! ma!y times a day if u %!ow what you are really sayi!/> !ot merely utteri!/ o! your li.s. That is why we tal%ed about this i! somewhat of de.th. The terms /i1e the uality of mer+y to Allah> so> let us ta%e a ui+% /lim.se at the mer+y of Allah from some Ahaadith a!d Ayaat.

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Ali *b! Abi Talib radhiallahu &a!hu said this is the most e!+om.assi!/ 1erse of Allah i! the whole ,ura!. *b! Masood radhiallahu &a!hu said this is the most easi!/ 1erse i! the ,ura!. Ash-Shaw%aa!i said it is the most ho.eful 1erse i! the ,ura!. Why= Be+ause it is me!tio!i!/ Allahs mer+y> (e is /i1i!/ ho.e. Who is (e me!tio!i!/ to> the a!/els= 5o !ot ma%e mista%es> who are obedie!t to Allah> who are i!fallible= 4o> (e is me!tio!i!/ it to si!!ers> !ot just a!y si!!ers> si!!ers with the utmost +rimes. 7h my sla1es who ha1e tra!s/ressed their bou!daries> who +ommitted e1il deeds> e1il si!s> des.air !ot the mer+y of Allah> Allah for/i1es all si!s. 5es.air !ot the mer+y of Allah> (e for/i1es all si!s. Abu (urayrah i! Sahih Muslim a!d i! Sahih Bu%hari said> whe! Allah +reated the +reatio!> Allah wrote abo1e his thro!eC

f AL A 1 s / / E ' 9 1 p
My mer+y .re+edes my wrath. *! Bu%hari> !arrated by Umar> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam see! a woma! see%i!/ her so!. Whe! she fi!ally fou!d him> the +om.a!io!s were loo%i!/ at the s+e!e> whe! she fou!d him she embra+ed him ti/htly a!d she be/a! to !urse him. *t was su+h a mo1i!/ s+e!e> a! emotio!al s+e!e> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d the +om.a!io!s were mo1ed by that /e!tle> te!der lo1e of a mother to her +hild. At that .oi!t> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam too% the o..ortu!ity to tea+h the +om.a!io!s about the mer+y of Allah. They see! the mer+y of a woma!> he wa!ted to tea+h them about the mer+y of Allah. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> do you thi!% a mother li%e that would harm her so!= 'ou thi!% a mother li%e that would .ut her so! i! a fire= They said !o> they e1e! said> !o Wallahi> they said Wallahi> !o way> while she is

-a/e F 9:

ali1e> !o way. (e said Allah is more mer+iful with his ser1a!ts tha! this mother is with her +hildC

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Some used to ma%e the 5uaa> oh Allah> you %!ow my mother is the most mer+iful huma! to me o! the earth> a!d * %!ow you are more mer+iful to me tha! my mother is. She would !ot let a .u!ishme!t or harm /et to me> so 'a Allah * as% you to sa1e me from a!y .u!ishme!t. *! Sahih Muslim> Abu (urayrah radhiallahu &a!hu re.orted that the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said mer+y has o!e hu!dred .arts> there is o!e hu!dred .arts to mer+y. (e se!t dow! to the earth> o!e .art of mer+y. To the ji!!> o!e .art /oes dow! to the ji!!> to the huma!> to the i!se+ts> a!d it is be+ause of this o!e .art that they ha1e lo1e amo!/st ea+h other. *t is be+ause of that mer+y> o!e mer+y> that they show %i!d!ess to o!e a!other. *t is be+ause> this is all the (adith> it is be+ause of that o!e mer+y that a beast treats its you!/ with affe+tio!. Allah reser1ed !i!ety !i!e .arts of the mer+y for (im. 5o you u!dersta!d Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem !ow= 5oes that +ome to mi!d whe! you hear Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem=

ATTAININA T2E 0E$C4 OF ALA2


The best way to attai! Allahs mer+y> a .ra+ti+al way> is to say Asta/hfirullah as a form of 5hi%r. #oo% at the 1erse> Saalih told his .eo.le i! Surat a!-4amlC

3 " :<" ... / '5 1 z - !6 6 / F H 9 / 03 7 / F J / n_


See% the for/i1e!ess of Allah so that you may re+ei1e the mer+y of Allah. <o!ti!uous 5hi%r of Asta/hfirullah bri!/s you the mer+y of Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem. Allahs mer+y is u!to the /ood doersC

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Musa> whe! he hel.ed that woma!> the two sisters> with water> the! he we!t a!d saidC

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(e showed some mer+y> some +om.assio!> it +ame ba+% to him. So whe! you show others mer+y> that is the se+o!d way of /etti!/ it> it +omes ba+% at you.
-a/e F 93

*! Su!a! Abu 5awood> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> be mer+iful to .eo.le o! this earth> the o!e abo1e the hea1e!s will ha1e mer+y u.o! you. Be mer+iful to others o! this earth> your +om.assio! to your wife> your mer+y to your wife> your %ids> your stude!ts> your em.loyees> those you su.er1ise> a!imals> showi!/ +om.assio! to them> hel.i!/ them> showi!/ mer+y li%e Musa> it +omes ba+% at you. This is by the 1erseC

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A!as> he ser1ed the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam te! years> !e1er o!+e did he re.rima!d him. 5o you thi!% he !e1er did a!y mista%es= ;ee. that i! mi!d whe! you treat others> to attai! the mer+y of Allah.

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1NO6 0A4 ALLA2 2ABE 0E$C4 ON 4O5

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This is our third +lass of the eD.la!atio! a!d elu+idatio! of Sharh Al-Usool AthThalaathah. The .re1ious two +lasses> we fi!ally +om.leted Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem a!d * .romise you *!shaa Allah to s.eed u. the .a+e a little bit. 7ur to.i+ today is the first se!te!+e after Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem> whi+h is *lam Rahima% Allah> %!ow> may Allah ha1e mer+y o! you. A!d some brothers as%ed me to slow dow!> if * do !ot slow dow! if * am !ot /ood at it> the! you always ha1e the re+ordi!/ to /o by. The word *lam with its 1ariatio!s is me!tio!ed i! the ,ura! se1e! hu!dred a!d se1e!ty !i!e times. We are tal%i!/ about our first .oi!t> the im.orta!+e of *lam> %!owled/e or *lam> the word *lam i! the ,ura!.

T2E I0(O$TANCE OF 1NO6LE,AE


Whe! you loo% at the story of Adam &alayhis salaam i! Surah Ba arah a!d you a!alyse it> you will see somethi!/ withi! that story of the first +reatio! Adam &alayhis salaam. #oo% at it> it is Surat al-Ba arah> 1erses thirty to thirty fourC

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;!owled/e> &*lm withi! its 1ariatio!s is me!tio!ed i! these four 1erses tal%i!/ about Adam a!d his +reatio!> ei/ht times. *! these four 1erses> they are me!tio!ed ei/ht times> whether it may be *lam> the 1ariatio! Talamoo!> or the 1ariatio! &Allamaa or the 1ariatio! &Allamta!aa> it is me!tio!ed ei/ht times i! these +hai! of 1erses about Adam a!d se1e! hu!dred a!d se1e!ty !i!e times throu/hout the ,ura!. 4ot o!ly is &*lm me!tio!ed i! these four 1erses> but more deli+ate tha! that is> Adam had a 1irtue a!d a! eD+elle!+e that made the a!/els .rostrate for him. The a!/els .raise Allah more tha! Adam> the a!/els /lorify Allah more tha! Adam a!d they tha!% (im more tha! Adam> but he has the su.eriority of %!owled/e a!d the a..li+atio! of %!owled/e. As a ;haleefah o! this 0arth> as Allah saidC

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;!owled/e is of the esse!+e> a! Ummah that wa!ts to lead all the other Ummam> is a! Ummah of %!owled/e> defi!itely has to ha1e %!owled/e. With la+% of %!owled/e> Shir% see.s i!to the !atio!> destroyi!/ the !atio!> a!d de+ayi!/ it> just li%e it de+ays a! i!di1idual> de+ays a!ythi!/ that it see.s i!to. 01erythi!/ re uires %!owled/e> !ot just Tawheed> whi+h is the heart a!d the +ore of %!owled/es> but e1e! ma!!ers re uire %!owled/e> if you do !ot ha1e %!owled/e for ma!!ers they be+ome tai!ted. Sta!dards> today> you see .eo.le who are +alled heroes whe! they are i! reality +owards. Today> without %!owled/e> free miDi!/ a!d mi!/li!/ be+omes freedom a!d i!de.e!de!+e. With !o %!owled/e> atta+%i!/ a!d de/radi!/ a!d tra!s/ressi!/ u.o! *slam a!d Allah subhaa!ahu wa taaala a!d the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu
-a/e F 96

&alayhi wa sallam> is +o!sidered i!telle+t a!d %!owled/e> a!d freedom of s.ee+h. &*lm is so im.orta!t that the more you see the la+% of it> the +loser we are to the Jud/me!t day. The more you see the i/!ora!+e> the more +loser we are to the Jud/me!t day> is!t it a si/! of the Jud/me!t day= 01eryo!e who see%s to ma%e a +ha!/e> !eeds %!owled/e. (ere> we raise re1i1ers *!shaa Allah a!d * said that before> we as% Allah subhaa!ahu wa taaala that a re1i1er +ome from out of you. A re1i1er to re1i1e this Ummah> its le/a+y> a!d the %ey to it is %!owled/e. #oo% at the /reatest re1i1ers of all times> the Messe!/ers a!d -ro.hets. We me!tio!ed Adam a!d how &*lm was me!tio!ed ei/ht times i! four 1erses about him> Surat al-Ba arah 1erses thirty to thirty four> but loo% also at #utC

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Allah says about #ut> we /a1e his wisdom a!d %!owled/e> loo% at MusaC

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#oo% at 'usufC

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We /a1e him %!owled/e a!d wisdom> 'a oobC

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(e is a ma! of %!owled/e from that whi+h we ha1e /i1e! him of our %!owled/e> 5awood a!d Sulaymaa!C

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We /a1e ea+h o!e of them wisdom a!d %!owled/e> &*sa &alayhis salaamC

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* tau/ht you the Boo%> a!d the wisdom> a!d the Tawraat> the Aos.el. Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallamC

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-a/e F 9$

We tau/ht you that whi+h you did !ot %!ow. Without %!owled/e> there is !o leadershi.> there is !o .ower> there is !o so1erei/!ty. The first re1elatio! to the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> .ertai!s to %!owled/eC

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* ra> &Allama> ,alam> all those are %!owled/e> 1ariatio!s me!tio!ed i! the ,ura! of &*lm is se1e! hu!dred a!d se1e!ty !i!e times> it is the se+o!d most used word after Allah. 4umber o!e most .o.ular word i! the ,ura! is Allah> the se+o!d o!e is &*lm> se1e! hu!dred a!d se1e!ty !i!e times. #oo% at the leadershi. ualities> whe! Allah +hose for Ba!i *sraeel> Taloot. (e told the Messe!/er> * do !ot wa!t to me!tio! the whole story> there is !o time for it but the .art of it that +o!+er!s us> Allah told (is Messe!/er> tell them Taloot is your ;i!/C

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Taloot is your %i!/> Taloot is from a fra+tio! from Ba!i *sraeel that did !ot ha1e %i!/s> it was from the other fra+tio! that they +hose their %i!/s> Allah +hose it from the other fa+tio!. They said !umber o!e> he is !ot from the fra+tio! that are des+e!da!ts of %i!/s. 4umber two> we mi/ht let that slide for you> but he /ot !o mo!eyC

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So they we!t ba+% a!d fou/ht with their Messe!/er> we do !ot a++e.t this ma! as our %i!/> we do !ot a++e.t Taloot. (e /ot !o mo!ey> he is !ot from the fra+tio!> a!d the! as the feud is /oi!/ o!> Allah re1eals to (is Messe!/er to tell themC

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Allah +hose him for you. That is it> that is the e!d of it> but why did Allah +hoose him= #oo% i! the ,ura! what it says> loo% at his +hara+teristi+sC

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(e /ot more %!owled/e a!d .ower tha! you> %!owled/e a!d .ower> +hara+teristi+s of a true> stro!/ !atio!. 01e! amo!/ the Ji!!> %!owled/e is .raised a!d they are +o!sidered hi/her ra!%i!/. #oo% at whe! Sulaymaa! wa!ted to /et Bil ees .ala+e> the first o!eC
-a/e F 9)

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&*freet said> * will /et it for you before you /et u.. A!d the other o!e said> the o!e %!owled/eable> Allah saysC

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*ll /et it before you bli!%> he was +hose!. *! fa+t> whe! e1erythi!/ was do!e with Bil ees> the fi!al thi!/ he said> Sulaymaa!C

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A!d we were /i1e! %!owled/eC

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T2E ,EFINITION OF 1NO6LE,AE
;!owled/e or &*lm mea!s to +om.rehe!d the reality of somethi!/ as it truly is> with +ertai!ty. <om.rehe!d somethi!/ as it truly is> with +ertai!ty. Whe! he says *lam> he is sayi!/ tea+h> he is .re.ari!/ you to hear some %i!d of im.orta!t %!owled/e. *t is used whe! there is some im.orta!t %!owled/e +omi!/> a!d it is used whe! there is somethi!/ im.orta!t a!d here> it is the most im.orta!t %!owled/e> whi+h is Tawheed. 7f +ourse> what the author is tal%i!/ about is the three esse!tial matters> the three fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les of *slam> so these are im.orta!t matters that he is raisi!/ aware!ess> liste! u..

T2E 5SE OF T2E 6O$, I7LA0


IS 1NO6LE,AE CONBE4E, TO OT2E$ T2AN 250ANS.
5oes the word *lam /o for huma!s a!d a!imal or just for huma!s= Really> this is a li!/uisti+ .oi!t> o!ly .eo.le who are i!t li!/uisti+ matters really would a..re+iate but * wa!ted to me!tio! it be+ause of some (adith i! there * would li%e to me!tio!. 'ou /et the (adith out of them a!d you will %!ow that they are authe!ti+ a!d you will /et that more tha! you /et the .oi!t of this matter. *lam> the li!/uisti+ s+holars me!tio!ed> is usually for someo!e who +om.rehe!ds of +ourse> you do !ot tell a wall> *lam. Some s+holars we!t i!to de.th a!d said
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sometimes> yes> a wall a!d a ro+% a!d a tree are tau/ht a!d you +a! tell them *lam a!d you +a! tea+h them. So whoe1er shows or whatsoe1er shows si/!s of bei!/ sus+e.tible> of lear!i!/> you +a! say *lam a!d you +a! tea+h. The sto!e that ra! away from Musa> a!d this is o!e of the (adith that * wa!ted to me!tio!. Musa was a 1ery modest ma!> * wa!t to me!tio! it be+ause * ha1e heard those who say it is wea%> a!d a+tually it is i! Bu%hari. (e used to %ee. himself +o1ered> !o!e of his body was see! be+ause he was a! eDtremely modest ma!> u!li%e what the +hildre! of Ba!i *sraeel used to do> bathi!/ to/ether. Some of the +hildre! of Ba!i *sraeel said he +o!+eals himself be+ause he /ot a disease> he /ot some defe+t i! him> he /ot le.rosy> he /ot her!ia> i! Arabi+ it is +alled Udhra> he had some %i!d of defe+t i! him. Allah wa!ted to +lear Musa &alayhis salaam> so o!e day while he was alo!e> he .ut his +lothes u!der a sto!e a!d he we!t to bathe i! se+lusio!. Whe! he +ame ba+% out> the sto!e> whe! he fi!ished ta%i!/ the bath a!d he we!t to /et his +lothes> the sto!e too% his +lothes a!d ra! off with it. The sto!e too% it a!d fled> Musa .i+%ed u. his staff a!d ra! after the sto!e a!d he be/a! to say> a!d this is the .oi!t of this for this matterC

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My /arme!t sto!e> my /arme!t sto!e> mea!i!/ /i1e me ba+% my +lothes> /i1e me ba+% my +lothes. (e ra! u!til he rea+hed the +om.a!y of Ba!i *sraeel who were /athered a!d they see! him !a%ed. They saw him !a%ed a!d they saw that there was !othi!/ wro!/ with him a!d that was solid .roof that they were wro!/ a!d they had wro!/ed him> they +leared him of that whi+h they a++used him. The sto!e sto..ed> Musa too% his +lothes the! he too% his staff a!d the! he be/a! to hit the sto!e> this is the se+o!d .oi!t for what we are tal%i!/ about> that he hit a sto!e. (ow does he hit a sto!e= (ow does he tal% to a sto!e= Whe! the ro+% showed si/!s that it %!ows a!d it +om.rehe!ds> he treated it as that. Whe! it showed si/!s of +om.rehe!sio!> he treated it li%e that. That is the story what Allah re1ealedC

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7h you who belie1e> do !ot be li%e those who a!!oyed a!d a++used Musa> a!d Allah +leared him of that whi+h they said a!d he was ho!oured by Allah> the 1erse i! Surat al-Ah?aab. The .oi!t of the story is> he beat the sto!e> whi+h is a si/!> maybe a! old s+hool style of tea+hi!/> but a si/! of tea+hi!/> re.rima!di!/. 4ot o!ly that> he tal%ed to it> he saidC

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Whe! the ro+% shows si/!s differe!t tha! its !ormal !ature> that it is res.o!si1e> that he +a! tea+h it> he tau/ht it> maybe old s+hool tea+hi!/> but he did tea+h it a!d he /ot his .oi!t a+ross to it. So that is what the li!/uisti+ s+holars say> *lam or %!owled/e +a! a..ly to huma! a!d other tha! huma!> that is what they use as .roof for that. More so> maybe to /et the .oi!t a+ross better> i! Su!a! al-(aa%im> 5aarimi> Bayha i> a!d *b! ;atheer +o!sidered it authe!ti+ a!d so did al-Albaa!i> about the Bedoui! who +ame to the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam to ta%e his Shahaadah. A!d he a+tually +ame .assi!/ by> a!d the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam tau/ht him *slam a!d the Bedoui! de+ided to ta%e his Shahaadah. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> you testify there is !o Aod but Allah a!d Muhammad is (is Ser1a!t a!d Messe!/er> do you testify to that= The Bedoui! was /i1i!/ the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam somewhat of a hard time> he said> who +a! testify to what you are telli!/ me to testify to= 'ou /ot to bri!/ someo!e to testify to what you are telli!/ me to testify to. Basi+ally> he wa!ts a mira+le> he wa!ts somethi!/ to substa!tiate what the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam is sayi!/. So the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam +alled a tree> +alled a tree o1er from a dista!+e a!d the tree> from dista!+e> +ame to the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam dra//i!/ its roots a!d /reeted the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> sayi!/ to the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallamC

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* beat wit!ess that there is !o Aod but Allah a!d Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam is the ser1a!t a!d Messe!/er of Allah. So the tree> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam s.o%e to the tree> +ommu!i+ated to the tree. The Bedoui! of +ourse> a +o!ti!uatio! of the story> be+ame Muslim a!d he told the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> if my .eo.le embra+e *slam * will stay there a!d tea+h them> if !ot> * am /oi!/ to +ome ba+% a!d joi! you. So basi+ally> you do !ot tea+h a tree o! a !ormal o++asio!> but whe! it showed si/!s of bei!/ sus+e.tible to %!owled/e> he tau/ht it> he /a1e it its Shahaadah a!d it said Shahaadah three times. Sometimes> you +a! tea+h a ro+% a!d !ot a huma! bei!/. Sometimes> huma!s> their hearts are sealed shut li%e a! u.side dow! +u.> you +a!!ot .ut water i! it. A tree a!d a ro+% are more sus+e.tible to %!owled/e> li%e that whi+h we see! with the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d with Musa. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> * %!ew a sto!e i! Ma%%ah that used to salute me> /i1e me Salaam> before he /ot his first re1elatio!> i! Sahih Muslim. *t used to say Assalaamu Alay%um> 7h -ro.het of Allah> before the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi sallam /ot his first messa/e. (e used to .oi!t where that sto!e was to the Sahaabah. The trees that used to shade the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam so !o o!e would see him whe! he wa!ted to /o to use the restroom. The li!/uisti+

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s+holars say if !o! huma!s show si/!s of u!dersta!di!/ a!d +om.rehe!di!/> the! they +a! be told *lam a!d they +a! be tau/ht. So the word *lam a!d %!owled/e is ty.i+ally for huma!s who +om.rehe!d a!d are sus+e.tible of u!dersta!di!/> !ot for sto!es a!d sti+%s> but whe! they do show si/!s of +om.rehe!di!/ a!d they are sus+e.tible of lear!i!/> the! they are tau/ht a!d they are told *lam or whate1er it may be> li%e a!yo!e or a!ythi!/ else. So this is our .oi!t about whether *lam or %!owled/e is told to other tha! huma! bei!/s.

CAN

4O5 SA4

I7LA0

TO

SO0EONE 0O$E 1NO6LE,AEABLE.

<a! you tell a s+holar *lam= We ta%e it to a!other eDtreme> +a! you tell someo!e more %!owled/eable *lam= 7f +ourse you +a!. "or eDam.le> a s+holar may %!ow al-&Asr but he may ha1e for/otte! the time of &Asr so you say it is time for al-&Asr. (e may ha1e for/otte!> so &*lm or %!owled/e> someo!e who is less i! %!owled/e +a! always tea+h someo!e a!d tell him *lam to o!e who is hi/her i! %!owled/e. Someo!e who is hi/her i! %!owled/e o1erloo%s> it ha..e!s a lot> o1erloo%s some of the most sim.lest thi!/s that a you!/er .erso! i! %!owled/e +a! dete+t.

T2E LEBELS OF 1NO6LE,AE8 IBN AL#9A44I0


The !eDt .oi!t !ow is the le1els of %!owled/e. *b! al-,ayyim> i! Miftaah 5aarisSaaadah said> the le1els of %!owled/e are siD> these are the ladders of %!owled/eC

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The first o!e is as%i!/ a!d .ursui!/ +orre+tly> as%i!/ a!d .ursui!/ %!owled/e +orre+tly. Some .eo.le are de.ri1ed of %!owled/e be+ause they do !ot .erfe+t as%i!/ or see%i!/ it i! the .ro.er way. A!d this is somethi!/ * already me!tio!ed i! the first +lass> they may !ot as% at all> some .eo.le may !ot as%> they ha1e a uestio!> they may !ot as% at all. 7r some may as% about somethi!/> whe! there is somethi!/ more im.orta!t a!d esse!tial that they should be as%i!/ or sear+hi!/ or .ursui!/. So they as% about that whi+h is least im.orta!t for them a!d for their
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reli/io! a!d they as% about somethi!/ whi+h is least im.orta!t> rather tha! that whi+h is most im.orta!t. That is a .roblem with ma!y of those who are i/!ora!t a!d tryi!/ to lear! o! their ow!> without at least fou!datio! of how to lear!. Some Salaf said> your way i! as%i!/ or .ursui!/ i! %!owled/e is half of %!owled/e a!d that is 1ery true. As%i!/ or .ursui!/ or see%i!/ %!owled/e i! the ri/ht ma!!er> is half of %!owled/e they said. "or eDam.le> if o!e /ot i!to studyi!/ *slam a!d jum.ed i!to laws of i!herita!+e> al"araaid> but does !ot %!ow the "i h of .urifi+atio!> is that a++e.table= 7r more .ra+ti+al eDam.le for us here> someo!e /oes to al-&A eedah at-Tahawiyyah a!d tries to u!dersta!d it. That is a 1ery diffi+ult boo% that /i1es s+holars a hard time> he /oes to that but has !e1er studied the basi+ boo%s before that> !ow that is the first o!e. The se+o!d o!e is liste!i!/ a!d bei!/ sile!t. *t is alle/edly said that Ali *b! Abi Talib said> if you sit with a s+holar> be more ea/er to hear tha! you are to s.ea%. Be more wa!ti!/ to liste! tha! you are to tal%. Third o!e is u!dersta!d> whi+h is ob1ious. The fourth o!e is (ifdh> memorise. There are thi!/s> es.e+ially i! our %!owled/es that you /ot to memorise. The fifth o!e is Taleem> you /ot to tea+h> a!d all these> we will /o throu/h them later but you should %!ow them for !ow. The siDth o!e is the fruit of the %!owled/e> whi+h is to a+t a++ordi!/ly to what you lear!ed a!d stay withi! the limits a!d bou!daries of what you lear!. Ali said> %!owled/e +alls for a+tio!> if it res.o!ds it stays> if it does !ot res.o!d> it mo1es away. Ash-Shabi said> our su..ort for memorisatio! of our %!owled/e used to +ome from a+ti!/ u.o! it. Al-"udhayl *b! *yyaadh> Muhammad *b! 4adr> Sufyaa! *b! &Uyay!ah> Umar *b! &Ala> a!d others said 1ery similar uotes about that. A side thi!/ is al-;halaal said> whe! he wa!ted to study /rammar he said * we!t to study /rammar> * stayed o!e year sile!t H fKI. The !eDt year> * +o!sidered a!d loo%ed i!to it H[OI. The third year> * .o!dered o1er it H [&2FI. *! the fourth year> * be/a! to as% my Shay%h H fILI. So it too% him four years> do !ot /o to that le1el> * am just showi!/ you some stuff old s+holars said. That is to show you the le1el of .atie!+e that they had also i! attai!i!/ the %!owled/e a!d that it is a stru+tured study> it is !ot a s.oradi+ thi!/.

T2E 2ONO5$ OF 1NO6LE,AE


7ur !eDt .oi!t is *lam Rahima% Allah> we are still i! the .ortio! of *lam. Ta%e the ho!our of %!owled/e> a!d this is /ood for you> it will i!s.ire you !ot to e1er sto. lear!i!/. A!as *b! Mali% radhiallahu &a!hu said the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam saidC

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*b! Maajah> the -ro.het salallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> lear!i!/ %!owled/e is a! obli/atio! o! e1ery Muslim. This (adith is +o!sidered wea% by some be+ause of matters withi! its +hai!> but other s+holars ha1e +o!sidered it authe!ti+ li%e al-Mu??i> as-Suyooti> a!d Albaa!i Rahimahumullah Jameea!. Ahmad said> o!e must %!ow that whi+h is esse!tial to establish his 5ee!. 'ou must> as a! obli/atio!> a!d well tal% about this i! the !eDt four i!trodu+tory matters whe! we tal% about %!owled/e a/ai!. Matters li%e for eDam.le> for Salah> Siyaam> that you !eed to %!ow> it is obli/atory> it is "ardh> it is Waajib o! you to %!ow. #oo% more tha! that> the ho!our of %!owled/e that you are doi!/ ri/ht !ow. Allah bears wit!ess i! the 1erse> Allah bears wit!ess that there is !o!e that ha1e a ri/ht to be worshi..ed but (e> Allah bears wit!ess to that. A!d the a!/els bear wit!ess to that> a!d loo% at the third o!e> a!d those ha1i!/ %!owled/e> those .eo.le who ha1e %!owled/e> (e mai!tai!s justi+e o! this 0arthC

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Al-,urtubi said about this> had there bee! a!yo!e more ho!ourable tha! s+holars> of the +ate/ories of huma! bei!/s> Allah would ha1e +ombi!ed them to (is 4ame> a!d to that of (is A!/els as (e did with the &Ulamaa. Allah testified> the a!/els> a!d the! (e said the %!owled/eable .eo.le. Allah i! the ,ura! told the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> a!d say MuhammadC

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*!+rease me i! %!owled/e> Allah dire+ts (is Messe!/er to as% Allah to /ai! more %!owled/e. (ad there bee! a!ythi!/ more ho!ourable to a+ uire tha! %!owled/e> Allah subhaa!ahu wa taaala would ha1e dire+ted (is Messe!/er to as% for that.

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(e would ha1e as%ed him to as% for more wealth> or .resti/e> or fame> or whate1er it is> but (e told him to as% for more %!owled/e. The !eDt 1erse i! the ,ura!> Allah saysC

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*t is o!ly those who ha1e %!owled/e amo!/st (is sla1es> that truly fear Allah subhaa!ahu wa taaala. Muaawiyah *b! Abi Sufyaa! radhiallahu &a!huma saidC
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01ery time you /et relaDed a!d la?y about %!owled/e> liste! to this (adith i! Bu%hari a!d Muslim. Whoe1er Allah wishes /ood for> (e /i1es him .rofou!d u!dersta!di!/ of the reli/io!. 'ou +omi!/ here today is a si/! that *!shaa Allah> Allah li%es you a!d wa!ts /ood for you.

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*! Sahih Muslim> the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> whosoe1er see%s a .ath to a+ uire the %!owled/e of the 5ee!> a!d o1er here whe! we are tal%i!/> this is %!owled/e of the 5ee!> Allah will ma%e the .ath for him easy to e!ter (ea1e!. 'ou> by sitti!/ here> lear!i!/ a!d sitti!/> or those by the +om.uter> lear!i!/ *slam> that is your .ath to Ja!!ah *!shaa Allah> you are .a1i!/ yourself a .ath for Ja!!ah by what you are doi!/ i! studyi!/ *slam. Abu 5arda said i! a (adith i! *b! Maajah> i! Abu 5awood a!d at-Tirmidhi> he said> loo% at the 1alue of %!owled/e> * wa!t you to see how bi/ of a! ordeal it is that you are stude!ts of %!owled/eC

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Whoe1er treads a .ath i! sear+h of %!owled/e> Allah will dire+t him to tread a .ath to e!ter -aradise. This .ortio! of the (adith of +ourse> we me!tio!ed it> it is i! Sahih Muslim. The rest of the (adith a!d this .art is also me!tio!ed i! *b! Maajah> Su!a! Abu 5awood a!d at-TirmidhiC

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The a!/els lower their wi!/s for the stude!t of %!owled/e> i! a..ro1al for that whi+h he does. They lower their wi!/s for you i! a..ro1al for that whi+h you do. The a!/els lo1e a!d res.e+t a!d ho!our you> the a!/els +ome dow! a!d lower their wi!/s for you> they humble themsel1es for you> a!d .rote+t you a!d /uard you> why= Be+ause you made a! effort to study *slam> so they .rote+t you> /uard you> lower their wi!/s for you. #oo% at the (adith> /oes o! to sayC

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A .erso! of %!owled/e> a see%er of %!owled/e> a %!owled/eable .erso!> the (ea1e!s a!d the 0arth see% the for/i1e!ess for the stude!t of %!owled/e> or the s+holar. So o!e will !ot /et the im.li+atio! that it is o!ly huma!s a!d Ji!! ma%i!/ *sti/hfaar> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam saidC

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Mea!i!/ e1erythi!/> do !ot assume it is o!ly huma! bei!/s a!d Ji!!> it is e1e! the fish> it is e1e! the whale> a!d it is e1erythi!/ else. *f it is the whale a!d fish i! the dee. dar% waters> it is e1erythi!/ else. 5o you wa!t e1erythi!/ to ma%e 5uaa for you= <o!ti!ue steadfast i! studyi!/ %!owled/e where1er you are.

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The !eDt .ortio! of the (adith> the su.eriority of a s+holar o1er a worshi..er is li%e the su.eriority of the full moo! at !i/ht time o1er the stars. 'ou see how su.reme the moo! is o1er the stars> whe! you loo% at !i/ht time> you see the moo! a!d you see how /lowi!/ a!d radia!t it is a!d it domi!ates the s%yG a!d if you do see the stars> they are li%e little dots. That is what the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam +om.ared a s+holar to a worshi..er to. *! this .arti+ular (adith> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam +om.ares how su.reme a s+holar is i! +om.ariso! to a worshi..er> li%e the moo! i! +om.ariso! to the stars. *! a!other !arratio!> i! Su!a! at-Tirmidhi> by Abu Umaamah al-Baahili> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam saidC

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The su.reme status of a! &Aalim o1er a! &Aabid is li%e how su.reme * am o1er the least o!e of you. We %!ow the su.eriority of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam o1er s+holars> or a!yo!e other tha! that> a!d less tha! that or abo1e that. "or the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam to +om.are himself li%e that is su+h a! ho!our> all the ho!our a!d e!+oura/eme!t for o!e to +o!ti!ue steadfast i! studyi!/ this %!owled/e. #oo% what the (adith /oes o! to sayC

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Berily> the s+holars are the heirs of the -ro.hets> they are the heirs of the -ro.hets. 'ou wa!t to be the heir of the -ro.hets= Study *slam. (o!our after ho!our> do you
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%!ow what a! ho!our it is to be +alled a! i!heritor of a! heir of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam=

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The (adith /oes o! to tell you> 1erily> the -ro.hets did !ot lea1e as i!herita!+e> 5i!ar a!d 5irhams> they did !ot lea1e dollars a!d +ha!/e> they did !ot lea1e wealth. They left behi!d %!owled/e> so whoe1er ta%es it> has i!deed a+ uired a /reat fortu!e. Sometimes .eo.le say they wa!t billio!s to be li%e the billio!aires> li%e Bill Aates> Warre! Buffett> or Waleed *b! Talaal or their li%es. Some wa!t to be .reside!ts> or li%e the .reside!ts> a!d li%e the %i!/s> or .romi!e!t .ositio!s a!d some see% some +ertai! ra!%s .eo.le loo% u. to so .eo.le +a! loo% u. to them. Some wa!t to loo% li%e others i! their dress a!d i! their style> e1eryo!e has +ertai! thi!/s they wa!t to loo% u. to. What really matters is the i!herita!+e of the Messe!/ers> to /rab a +hu!% of that i!herita!+e. That is the least of what .eo.le .ursue today> .eo.le .ursue e1erythi!/ wa!ti!/ to be li%e %i!/s a!d leaders> a!d so+ial statuses a!d mo!ey> but the least .ursued today is the i!herita!+e of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam. (ow ma!y .eo.le .ursue that a!d how ma!y .eo.le raise their %ids to .ursue that= Abul-Wafaa *b! A eel said> Allah /uarded me as a youth> * limited my lo1e to all * lo1ed whe! * was a youth was %!owled/e. * !e1er mi!/led with .eo.le who were .layers or foolish .eo.le e1er> * o!ly e!joi!ed with the stude!ts of %!owled/e. 4ow that * am i! my ei/hties> * am more ea/er to lear! tha! whe! * was i! my twe!ties. 4ow that * am i! my ei/hties * lo1e to lear! more tha! whe! * was i! my twe!ties> ima/i!e that. Mutarif saidC

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* lo1e to lear!> * thi!% it is better a!d * would lo1e to lear! more tha! * do worshi.. *t is more belo1ed to him tha! to worshi. a!d it is !ot o!ly his sayi!/> it is a sayi!/ of ma!y> ma!y other s+holars. 'ahya *b! ;atheer saidC

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'ou will !e1er /et %!owled/e> real %!owled/e> with a lot of rest. 'ou /ot to ta%e away a little bit of your rest time a!d a little bit of your slee. time> a!d * am /oi!/ to add to that> you are !ot e1er /oi!/ to be+ome %!owled/eable s.e!di!/ a lot of time o! "a+eboo% a!d Twitter. Some brothers s.e!d histori+al time o! it> that * ha1e heard of> fiftee! to twe!ty mi!utes maD. *b! Abbaas radhiallahu &a!hu said> studyi!/

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%!owled/e at !i/ht is more belo1ed to me at times tha! worshi..i!/ i! it. Studyi!/ *slam is more belo1ed to me tha! worshi..i!/. A?-Euhri Rahimhullah saidC

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Allah was !e1er worshi..ed i! a way li%e %!owled/e. Mea!i!/ studyi!/ *slami+ %!owled/e> a!d memorisi!/> a!d readi!/. All ty.es of %!owled/e> !ot just Tawheed but we me!tio!ed be+ause that is the mother of %!owled/es> that is the o!e that will sa1e you a!d .rote+t you from (ellfire. Ash-Shaafiee Rahimahullah saidC

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Studyi!/ &*lm is more im.orta!t tha! a 4aafilah .rayer. What this mea!s is that you /ot to u!dersta!d their lifestyle> their lifestyle was full> +om.lete> it had a full s+hedule to Allah. So at times> they /et +or!ered either * stay u. today a!d .ray> or * tea+h this stude!t or * write this boo% or * read this boo% or * .re.are for this +lass> it is o!e or the other. So at that time> it be+omes better tha! a 4aafilah> but we are differe!t. We ha1e .le!ty of time that we waste a!d trust me> the way we li1e> we +a! a++ommodate for both be+ause our s+hedule is !ot full> we still ha1e !ot rea+hed their ra!% i! how they filled their s+hedule. This is how they sa+red &*lm> loo% how they tra1elled a!d .ursued it.

T2E EFA0(LE OF T2E SC2OLA$S


EAABI$
AN,

AB5 A445B

Ahmad a!d Abu 'ala !arrated that Jaabir radhiallahu &a!hu tra1elled from Madi!ah to ash-Shaam> from Madi!ah towards Syria> loo% o! the ma.> to ta%e o!e (adith from Abdullah *b! U!ays. *! fa+t> a more story tha! that> *b! Abdil-Barr !arrated it i! his boo% Jaami Baya! al-&*lm> 1ery !i+e boo% about %!owled/e> about the si/!ifi+a!+e of %!owled/e> he me!tio!ed the story of Abu Ayyub radhiallahu &a!hu. Abu Ayyub was i! Madi!ah> he .a+%ed his belo!/i!/s a!d headed from Madi!ah to 0/y.t to meet U bah *b! 4aafia. Whe! he /ot to 0/y.t> he met the Ameer of 0/y.t> Muslima *b! Ma%hlad alA!saari. Muslima Ma%hlad /reeted him for a few mome!ts> embra+ed him> as%ed him what bri!/s you here Abu Ayyub= Abu Ayyub said> what bri!/s me here is a (adith * heard from the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> !o o!e heard it from the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam but me a!d U bah *b! 4aafia so you +a! se!d someo!e with me to dire+t me to where U bah is li1i!/> to his house. (e /ot to U bahs house> U bah o.e!ed the door> warmly embra+ed him> was ama?ed a!d sur.rised to see him a!d says> Abu Ayyub> what bri!/s you here= What bri!/s you to tow!= Abu Ayyub said there is a (adith * heard from the -ro.het

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Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> !o o!e heard that (adith but me a!d you. *t is the (adith about +o1eri!/ the faults of a Muslim> what is it U bah= U bah said> yes * heard it from the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam saidC

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Whoe1er +o1ers the faults> the embarrassme!ts of a belie1er i! this life> Allah will +o1er his faults o! the 5ay of Jud/me!t. So he heard that (adith> !ow> Abu Ayyoob said> you are ri/ht> Sadda t. What do you thi!% ha..e!s after this= 5o you thi!% he sat dow! i! U bahs house for a +offee or tea= 01e! thou/h there is !o doubt that U bah i!1ited himC

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The (adith says> did !ot u!tie his ba//a/e !or did he sit. (e tur!ed ba+%> /ot o! to. of his +amel a!d headed ba+% to Madi!ah. "rom Madi!ah to there> from Madi!ah to 0/y.t> to liste! to o!e (adith. 4ot a (adith he did !ot %!ow> but a (adith that he %!ew that !o o!e else heard it eD+e.t U bah> him a!d U bah> he wa!ted the ho!our of heari!/ it from U bah a/ai!. (e just wa!ted the ho!our of liste!i!/ a!d seei!/ U bah utter the words that the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam uttered> that !o o!e else had the ho!our of liste!i!/ to but them two. Today> we tell .eo.le> /o heat u. your meal> /o /et your +offee a!d /o lay o! your bed a!d +li+% 'outube> a!d lear! a +ou.le of thi!/s about *slam i! the +omfort> a!d heat> or i! the warm weather of your house> but .eo.le tur! away from it.

052A00A, BIN 2ASSAN AS2#S2A4BAANI


Muhammad bi! (assa! ash-Shaybaa!i> was a ma! who did !ot slee.> he was a bi/ stude!t> o!e of the to. stude!ts of Abu (a!eefah. (e was a ma! who barely sle.t> but whe! we say they too% out of their slee. time> whe! we say they did !ot slee.> you thi!% they were !ot huma! bei!/s= 'ou thi!% they were !ot made out of flesh a!d blood> that they were !ot huma!s who /ot tired= They were but they were de1oted> they had a /oal they wa!ted to rea+h> a!d they !eeded to .ursue that /oal. They did e1erythi!/ they had withi! their mi/ht to .ursue that /oal> that is why they were the /ia!ts they were. Whe!e1er Muhammad bi! (assa! ash-Shaybaa!i used to /et tired at !i/ht time> he would ha1e a bu+%et with i+e i! it a!d +old water a!d he would wi.e his eyes a!d fa+e with it. (e would say> warmth bri!/s me slee. a!d this +old water ta%es away the slee.. This was amo!/ the to. stude!ts of Abu (a!eefah Rahimahullah.

ASA, IBN AL#F5$AAT


-a/e F :8

#oo% at his stude!t> there was a ma! +alled Asad *b! al-"uraat. Asad *b! al-"uraat was a! &Aalim from S.ai!> he used to li1e i! S.ai! a!d he li1ed arou!d 4orth Afri+a re/io! as well. (e we!t from S.ai! to Madi!ah to lear! from *maam Maali%> he studied the Madhab of *maam Maali% a!d he studied with *maam Maali% Rahimahullah. Whe! he fi!ished e1erythi!/ with Maali%> he headed from> loo% at that> from S.ai! to 4orth Afri+a> to Madi!ah> the! he we!t to *ra . (e we!t to *ra to study with Abu (a!eefah> a!d the! he we!t to study with Muhammad bi! (assa! ash-Shaybaa!i> this ma! who used to .ut +old water o! his eyes to stay awa%e. So whe! he e!tered *ra > to /o study with Muhammad bi! (assa! ash-Shaybaa!i> he was dire+ted to the mos ue that Muhammad bi! (assa! ash-Shaybaa!i tea+hes i!. *t is of +ourse full> this is the *maam of his time> so he waits for some of the +rowd to lea1e. The! the +lose %!it that were arou!d Muhammad bi! (assa! ash-Shaybaa!i> he bro%e his way throu/h them> a!d he told Muhammad bi! (assa! ash-Shaybaa!i> *maam> * am a stra!/er a!d * !o wealth so * +a!!ot stay here too lo!/. * +a!!ot stay here too lo!/ i! *ra > * ha1e to /o ba+% to S.ai! so what is the best way to absorb all your %!owled/e as ui+%ly as .ossible so my mo!ey will !ot ru! out o! me= Muhammad bi! (assa! ash-Shaybaa!i said i! the day time> you joi! the re/ular (ala ah> at !i/ht time +ome to my house> * am /oi!/ to tea+h you. A!d * me!tio!ed a similar story that was +o!sidered wea%> by Ba i *b! Ma%hlad. 'ou +a! refer to it o! my ta.e o! Ba i *b! Ma%hlad. So the day time> he would joi! the re/ular (ala ah> a!d at !i/ht time> he would /o i! his house> a!d lear! from him. A!d !ow> e1ery time Muhammad bi! (assa! ash-Shaybaa!i /ets tired as he is tea+hi!/> he .uts water> but !ot his stude!t. (is stude!t slumbers as he is tea+hi!/ him> so Muhammad bi! (assa! ash-Shaybaa!i ta%es from that +old water a!d s.ri!%les i! his fa+e> u!til "ajr brea%s> while they are sitti!/ there a!d lear!i!/> ,aala Allah> ,aala Rasool. 5o you %!ow if you slee. ei/ht hours a day> a!d you li1e siDty years> if you do slee. ei/ht hours a day> siDty years> a!d most slee. more tha! that e1e! today> you ha1e s.e!t o!e third of your life slee.i!/ a!d that would be +o!sidered a..roDimately * thi!% about twe!ty years or so. Today> we do !ot say do that> we do !ot say /o to that eDte!t> there is !o !eed to stay u. li%e they did. *f you +ould> do it. *f e1eryo!e is truthful> a!d uses the mome!ts> the time he s.e!ds i! 1ai!> or .ossibly i! si!> a!d /i1es that to studyi!/> the! he has do!e a lot. Asad *b! al-"uraat we!t ba+% to S.ai!> do you thi!% he .ut le/ o! le/ a!d said you %!ow what * studied with *maam Maali%> studied with Abu (a!eefah> * studied with Muhammad bi! (assa! ashShaybaa!i a!d he must ha1e studied with ma!y other s+holars> you thi!% he we!t ba+% a!d .ut le/ o! to. of a!other a!d %i+%ed ba+% a!d relaDed= (e we!t ba+% a!d tau/ht *maam Maali%s Muwatta throu/hout the S.ai!> 4orth Afri+a! re/io! a!d the! he we!t a!d fou/ht i! the +o! uer of Su liyyah HSi+ilyI a!d i! that battle> he /ot %illed> a! *maam> Rahimahullah.

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5o you thi!% Asad *b! al-"uraat be+ame what he was wasti!/ his time or Muhammad bi! (assa! ash-Shaybaa!i> or Abu (a!eefah= These were me! who sa+red their time> a!d more so> %!ew how to sa+red %!owled/e.

SA7EE, IBN 05SA44IB? A$#$AAGI

AN,

AL#B512A$I

Saeed *b! Musayyib said> * used to tra1el !i/hts a!d days for o!e (adith. 4i/hts a!d days for o!e (adith that you +ould +li+% today> withi! two se+o!ds> with your fi!/ers a!d /et it. Ar-Raa?i said> * tra1elled more tha! o!e thousa!d "arsa%h> as a stude!t of %!owled/e> a!d the! * sto..ed +ou!ti!/ at o!e thousa!d "arsa%h. "arsa%h ba+% i! the days is li%e fi1e thousa!d %ilometres today> it is li%e three thousa!d> o!e hu!dred a!d siD miles today. That is the amou!t he +al+ulated> he sto..ed be+ause he !o lo!/er +al+ulated> a!d the! +o!ti!ued his jour!ey as a stude!t of %!owled/e. Al-Bu%hari used to /o to slee. a!d remember some thi!/s for his boo%s> or for his (adith +om.ilatio!> a!d he would write a!d jot dow! the !otes> he would wa%e u. from his slee. or from his !a. a!d write dow!. A!d a se+o!d time> /et u. a!d write dow!> a!d the! he would remember somethi!/> he would /et u. a!d write it dow!. *b! ;atheer i! his famous boo% at-Taree%h> said al-Bu%hari used to wa%e u. twe!ty times o! a! a1era/e !i/ht to jot dow! somethi!/ he remembers as he .uts his head to slee.. These were .eo.le who %!ew the 1alue of %!owled/e> this is *lam> you see what *lam mea!s. ;!owled/e> it did !ot +ome to them while they were .am.ered o! lofty mattresses li%e we ha1e today. This was the ma!> Bu%hari> who +om.iled a boo% that he sele+ted> he sele+ted this Ahaadith boo% from o1er siD hu!dred thousa!d (adith that he had before his ha!d. Without re.etitio!> Bu%hari has two thousa!d> siD hu!dred a!d two (adith. With re.etitio!> it is se1e! thousa!d> fi1e hu!dred a!d !i!ety three> a!d *b! (ajr said it is se1e! thousa!d> three hu!dred a!d !i!ety se1e! (adith. *f you .ut the re.eated (adith with the Taali aat al-Mutaabaaat> he has o1er !i!e thousa!d a!d ei/hty three (adith i! his boo%. 4ot a si!/le (adith did he .ut i! there> eD+e.t that he .rayed two Ra%aat *sti%haarah> e1ery time he .ut a (adith i! there. ;!owled/e !e1er +omes without effort a!d some time off slee. or some time off rest time> a!d some time off the so+ial media time. We me!tio! this to show you what the author mea!s whe! he says *lam. *lam> he wa!ts you to %!ow> he wa!ts you to %!ow how to ho!our %!owled/e> somethi!/ im.orta!t is +omi!/> * am /oi!/ to tea+h you. We are e!/a/i!/ i! somethi!/ im.orta!t that is what he is tryi!/ to tell you> sa+rifi+e for what * am about to tell you. We me!tio!ed eDam.les that we +ould !e1er be li%e them> * %!ow that. Why we me!tio! them= We me!tio! those eDam.les a!d you be li%e fi1e .er+e!t of that> .ossibly te! .er+e!t of that> you would be /ood> you would be i! /ood sha.e. U!li%e if we me!tio! our surrou!di!/s> who waste their time i! .ossibly si!s> or 1ai! times> they +a! !e1er /et !o where but if me!tio! these su.reme eDam.les> a!d you are li%e fi1e .er+e!t or you try to hit fifty .er+e!t li%e them> the! you are /ood.
-a/e F 32

AN#NA6A6I ? LISAAN A,#,EEN IBN 12ATEEB AN, 057A,2 IBN EABAL


#oo% at a!-4awawi Rahimahullah> who wrote 1olumes a!d 1olumes. What ama?es me about this ma! is that he died whe! he was a few years older tha! * am today ri/ht !ow> he died whe! he was forty four years old. 5o you %!ow> he o!ly started writi!/ whe! he was i! his thirties> s.e!di!/ time lear!i!/. -eo.le today just wa!t to jum. to the ;hutbah> /i1e ;hutbahs. (e started writi!/ i! his thirties> Sharh Muslim he wrote> he wrote Riyaadh as-Saalihee!. Sharh Muslim> that ama?i!/> ma/!ifi+e!t boo%> Riyaadh as-Saalihee!> al-Adh%aar> his boo% al-Majmoo> his boo% Mi!haj fil "i h> at-Tibyaa! fi Adaab (amalat al-,ura!> a /reat boo% o! the ma!!ers of those who +arry the ,ura!. Al-*daah> Busta! al-Aarifee!> Mi!haj at-Taalibee!> Rawdat atTaalibee!> he wrote Tahdhib al-Asma wal-#u/hat> he wrote at-Ta reeb> it is a summary of *b! Salahs boo% o! the s+ie!+e of (adith. (e wrote "orty 4awawi (adith> +om.iled those> who does !ot ha1e that= Who does !ot say a!-4awawi Rahimahullah te!s of times a day> e1ery stude!t of %!owled/e says that. (e wrote EawaaJid al-Rawdah a!d it is a boo% o! Usool al-"i h. (e started i!ter.retatio! or elu+idatio! o! Sahih Bu%hari but he was !e1er able to fi!ish it> it would ha1e bee! a /reat ma/!ifi+e!t boo% li%e that of *b! (ajr o! Sharh Sahih Muslim. 7!e time he said> * s.e!t two years i! my life> * !e1er laid o! my side o! a mattress or o! the /rou!d. So they as%ed him how did you slee.> a!-4awawi= Two years> his side !e1er /ot a mattress or the /rou!d. (e said> * used to lea! whe! * /et tired> * used to lea! o1er my boo%s> a!d ta%e a little !a.. * lea! o! my boo%s for a few mome!ts. -eo.les /oals are differe!t> if you wa!t to +riti+ise him> you are /oi!/ to fi!d +hildish %ids who wa!t to +riti+ise him> but these .eo.les /oals are differe!t. Some .eo.le wa!t "irdaws> some .eo.le wa!t Araaf> some .eo.le just wa!t the fro!t /ate of hea1e!. At forty four> he did for the Ummah more tha!> * am /oi!/ to say without a! eDa//eratio!> .ossibly millio!s at times> tha! what millio!s did for the Ummah. #isaa! ad-5ee! *b! ;hateeb was a s+holar from S.ai!> he li1ed arou!d 2:3@ a!d he was a well %!ow! leader a!d the s+holar of S.ai!. They said to +all him 5hulUmray!> the ma! with a double life. 'ou %!ow why they used to +all him that !ame= Be+ause at day time he would be o++u.ied with deali!/ with matters a!d resol1i!/ issues i! his +ou!try> at !i/ht time he would sit a!d write a!d lear!. So he /ot a double life> he too% out of his slee. time a!d /ot a double life. A/ai!> * say we me!tio! these eDam.les so we +a! /et a small .er+e!ta/e of li%e them> to im.ro1e our uality a!d attitude towards %!owled/e> whe! he says *lam. * would say /et your full ei/ht hours of slee.> a!d slee. o! a /ood> !i+e mattress or a waterbed> do !ot lea! o! your boo%s> * do !ot wa!t you to do that. Just ta%e the time off your 1ai! time> the time you s.e!d /ossi.i!/> the time you s.e!d i! so+ial media> a!d fo+us it for %!owled/e. Muadh *b! Jabal radhiallahu &a!hu died whe! he was thirty fi1e years old> +a! you belie1e that> thirty fi1e years old> the ma! we say radhiallahu &a!hu. The ma! who is a father to e1eryo!e from 'eme! a!d e1eryo!e
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from 'eme!> Muadh *b! Jabal is i! his /ra1e /etti!/ rewards for him. The tiresome a!d .ai! a!-4awawi a!d Muadh we!t throu/h is /o!e !ow> be+ause they are i! their /ra1e. The wor% remai!s a!d the reward remai!s> the tiresome a!d restless !i/hts are all /o!e. Whe! *maam Ahmad was as%ed whe! will you rest> they see! how he was> he said whe! * /o i! the /ra1e. A!-4awawi> * ima/i!e a!-4awawi !ow layi!/ i! his /ra1e> with su+h a bi/ smile o! his fa+e> Rahimahullah> it is as if he has a smile o! his fa+e. 01ery time we say Rahimahullah> he /ets reward for it> e1ery time we use his %!owled/e that is a! o!/oi!/> !e1er e!di!/ +harity> Sada ah Jaariyah. A!d he sits i! his /ra1e> a!d /ets all that reward. Al-Badr *b! JamaJah said> * we!t to 1isit a!-4awawi o!e time> a!d * +ould!t fi!d a .la+e to sit. Whe! * did> he made room for me> throu/h his boo%s> he %e.t sear+hi!/ a!d .ursui!/ boo%s. Al-Badr *b! Jamaah said> he .ursued %!owled/e i! his boo%s> loo%i!/ i! his boo%s> li%e a mother would be i! .ursuit of a lost so! of hers> loo%i!/ a!d stri1i!/. Al-(assa! al-Basri said two .eo.le !e1er /et satisfied> a stude!t of %!owled/e a!d a stude!t of wealth. 'ou !e1er /et satisfiedG you always wa!t more a!d more a!d more. That is to show you the le1el a!d .atie!+e that they had i! attai!i!/ the treasure of %!owled/e. *t is a treasure> you /ot to .ursue it. *lam Rahima% Allah.

S5LA40AAN IBN AB,5L 0ALI1

T2E

12ALEEFA2

AN,

ATAA7 IBN $ABA2

Sulaymaa! *b! Abdul Mali%> the leader> the ;haleefah> famous ;haleefah from Ba!i Umayyah> he we!t to ma%e (ajj> a!d he had two of his so!s with him. (e !eeded to as% some uestio!s .ertai!i!/ to (ajj> so e1eryo!e told him /o to Ataa *b! Abi Rabah. Ataa *b! Abi Rabah was a Tabiee who died o!e hu!dred a!d fourtee! years after the (ijrah. (e was a! eD-sla1e> he was just freed> he had a disease i! his eyes> o!e of his eyes was !ot fu!+tio!i!/> he used to lim.> a!d he was bla+%. *ma/i!e all that> matters that i/!ora!t .eo.le always loo% dow! u.o!> he had it all i! him. The i/!ora!t .eo.le loo% dow! o! all these matters> a!d he had all those i! him. The ;haleefah of the Muslim was dire+ted to /o as% that ma! for issues .ertai!i!/ to his (ajj. Whe! they fi!ally fou!d him> he was i! Salah> he was sta!di!/ i! Salah !ear the ;abah so the ;haleefah sta!ds with his two so!s a!d they wait a!d wait. A!d whe! he is do!e with his Salah> the ;haleefah says Ataa * ha1e a uestio!. So he is fa+i!/ the ;abah a!d he is behi!d him> the ;haleefah as%s him the uestio!> a! eD sla1e. A!d his ba+% was tur!ed to them> as if they were low> a!d he is the ho!ourable> a!d he did !ot e1e! tur! arou!d to a!swer him be+ause he does !ot !eed !othi!/ from the ;haleefah. The ;haleefah !eeds him> !eeds a ma! who i! e1ery way .eo.le loo% dow! u.o!> the i/!ora!t .eo.le. Whe! Sulaymaa! see! this> how ho!ourable he was> a!d how low he was e1e! thou/h he was the ;haleefah> a!d e1e! thou/h he had wealth a!d he had .ower a!d e1erythi!/> he told his two so!sC

k ;F H mhH!,
-a/e F 3:

5o !ot be la?y i! lear!i!/ or attai!i!/ %!owled/e be+ause * will !e1er for/et how low we had to sta!d i! fro!t of Ataa. The ;haleefah /oi!/ to as% someo!e that is a bi/ thi!/> ima/i!e if it is someo!e that was a! eD-sla1e with a bli!d eye> loo%ed dow! u.o!> the ;haleefah /oes to as% him. So he told his %ids !e1er e1er lea1e %!owled/e. -ro1isio! is always /uara!teed> but %!owled/e is !ot so a ;haleefah has .ro1isio!> but he does !ot ha1e %!owled/e. We see% %!owled/e> Allah always /uara!tees your .ro1isio!.

AL#1ASAA 7EE AN, T2E SONS OF T2E 12ALEEFA2


(aroo! ar-Rasheed had two so!s> al-Amee! a!d al-Mamoo!> that he brou/ht a s+holar +alled al-;asaaee %!ow! duri!/ his tome to tea+h them. Whe! al-;asaaee used to /et to their door> (aroo! ar-Rasheed either see! or was told that his two so!s al-Mamoo! a!d his brother we!t to the door> o.e!ed the door for al-;asaaee> ta%e his shoes a!d /reet him i!. Whe! (aroo! was told of this or he see! this> he summo!ed al-;asaaee to his .ala+e> to his room. (e said ;asaaee> who is the most ho!oured of .eo.le= Al-;asaaee said you (aroo! ar-Rasheed> you are the ;haleefah> you are the most ho!oured of the .eo.le here. (aroo! said !o> rather the most ho!oured amo!/ .eo.le is the o!e who the !eDt i! +omma!d to be leaders> /o a!d o.e! the door for him a!d ta%e his shoes be+ause his so!s were !eDt i! +omma!d to be leaders. We !eed to u!dersta!d the 1alue of %!owled/e a!d the /reat !oble missio! of attai!i!/ this.

AS2#S2AAFI 7EE AN, IBN EA6GI


Ash-Shaafiee> whe! he was as%ed how he studied a!d how he attai!ed his %!owled/e> he said * .ursued %!owled/e li%e a mother who is see%i!/ her o!ly lost so!. *ma/i!e a mother with her o!ly lost so! how she ru!s a!d +hases him if he is lost. (e said * .ursued %!owled/e li%e a mum does to fi!d her so!. *b! Jaw?i said> * stayed years desiri!/ (areesah. (areesah> it is a famous sweet we %!ow still today. (e said> * desired (areesah for years but * +ould !e1er eat it be+ause the /uy who sells it by the Masjid> at his time> would +ome whe! * ha1e a +lass> a!d * wa!t to /o eat it but * do !ot wa!t to miss the +lass. (o!our a!d reward for lear!i!/> it is dee.> lear!i!/ is !ot just a su.erfi+ial thi!/ that you ta%e or you do it if you /ot time or at your leisure> or if you /ot !othi!/ better to do> you /o to atte!d the (ala ah.

$A2I0A1 ALLA2
0AA2FI$A2
AN,

$A20A2

May Allah shower (is mer+y o! you. So the !eDt word> *lam Rahima% Allah> he mea!s may Allah shower (is mer+y o! you so you +a! a+hie1e what you see%. May Allah shower (is mer+y o! you so you +a! a+hie1e what you see%> that is the mea!i!/ of it. *t mea!s may Allah /ra!t you mer+y to a+hie1e all that> that is /ood for
-a/e F 33

you a!d to %ee. you away from that whi+h is e1il. That is what he mea!s whe! he says Rahima% Allah. *t mea!s> may Allah for/i1e your .ast> Rahima% Allah> mea!s may Allah for/i1e your .ast> may Allah .rote+t a!d /uide you for your future> these are all mea!i!/s of Rahima% Allah. *f you +ombi!e a +ou.le> Rahima% Allah a!d Ahafara #a% H

Js ! W9

WI> Ma/hfirah a!d Rahmah. Ma/hfirah is for/i1e!ess a!d mer+y is Rahmah. *f you
+ombi!e them to/ether> ea+h o!e would ha1e a mea!i!/. *f they are +ombi!ed> the! Ma/hfirah is that whi+h was of .rior si!s> if they are +ombi!ed i! o!e se!te!+e. Ma/hfirah is what was a .rior si!> a!d Rahmah is a safety i! harm> affe+t a!d .u!ishme!t from future si!s. *f they are se.arated> Ma/hfirah a!d Rahmah> it e!tails the mea!i!/ of the other. So if Ma/hfirah is by itself it mea!s Rahmah as well> if it is Rahmah by itself it mea!s Ma/hfirah. *f Ma/hfirah is i! a se!te!+e alo!e> it e!tails the mea!i!/ of Rahmah i! it. They e!+om.ass ea+h others mea!i!/s whe! they are se.arate> whe! they are i! se.arate se!te!+es. So Ma/hfirah mea!s Rahmah a!d Rahmah mea!s Ma/hrifrah if they are se.arate. The rule here is similar to the usa/e of *slam a!d *maa!> i! a se!te!+e. *slam is three le1els> *slam> *maa! a!d *hsaa!. We ha1e *slam a!d *maa!> Allah said i! the ,ura!C

L / 3 2 U^ :" bZ ... 1 1 7 3 1 " Q / 1w 2


*slam is me!tio!ed there alo!e without *maa!. So here it i!+ludes withi! it> *maa! a!d *hsaa!. *t i!+ludes *maa! i! it> it is me!tio!ed alo!e i! a se!te!+e. *! a!other 1erse> *maa! is me!tio!ed alo!eC

/ f Un :[ =@... / 3 1 N 6 Za
*maa! is me!tio!ed alo!e so *maa! here i!+ludes *slam a!d *hsaa! i! it. *maa! a!d *slam> if they are me!tio!ed to/ether i! o!e se!te!+e> the! ea+h word e!tails a differe!t mea!i!/. *f o!ly o!e of them is me!tio!ed> the! ea+h o!e e!+om.asses the mea!i!/ of the other. 'ou see that rule> same a..lies with our situatio! here> Ma/hfirah a!d Rahmah.

,O 4O5 SA4 $A2I0A1 ALLA2

TO A

NON 05SLI0.

71er here he said Rahima% Allah be+ause he is tryi!/ to tea+h. *f you are /oi!/ out to /i1e 5awah> you /o tell a !o! Muslim> may Allah ha1e mer+y o! you> or a!y !o! Muslim for that matter> a relati1e or a!y !o! Muslim. #et me say this> !umber o!e> there is !o differe!+e of o.i!io! amo!/ s+holars that o!e +a!!ot .ray for for/i1e!ess a!d mer+y for a !o! Muslim who dies i! that status> a ;aafir. 'ou +a!!ot ma%e 5uaa for him> may Allah ha1e mer+y o! him. A!-4awawi said i! al-Majmoo i! the fifth 1olume> there is a! *jmaa o! this> there is a +o!se!sus o! this. *b! Taymiyyah
-a/e F 36

Rahimahullah said there is a! *jmaa o! this> that it is .rohibited a!d that is i! the twelfth 1olume of al-"ataawa. As for o!e who is ali1e> if o!e is ali1e> there is some +omme!ts o! this> let me +lear it u.. Whe! a moder!ist or i/!ora!t reads it i! some of the old boo%s> he will say loo% so a!d so said it is o% to ma%e 5uaa with mer+y to a ;aafir that is li1i!/> a!d the! they mi/ht e1e! ta/ o! it a ;aafir who is dead too> at the rate they are /oi!/. That is a reaso! to show %!owled/e must be tau/ht by Shuyoo%h> be+ause sometimes you are /oi!/ to see i! a boo%> for eDam.le> the word Ma%rooh> disli%ed. Some Shuyoo%h> some &Ulamaa +o!sider what they say disli%ed (araam> but they always use disli%ed. A!d how would you %!ow that if someo!e did !ot tell you> as a .ri!+i.le of this Shay%h he said disli%ed. *ma/i!e readi!/ adultery or for!i+atio! is disli%ed or al+ohol is disli%ed> what that Shay%h mea!s has a root> disli%ed is (araam. 7!e thi!/ is for sure> su..li+atio! is mea!t to be u!derstood> if you are as%i!/ for a !o! Muslim> that Allah /uides them> su..li+atio! of Rahmah. Al-(aafidh *b! (ajr me!tio!ed this i! his eD.la!atio! i! "ath al-Baari> the ele1e!th 1olume> he said i! summary> this is the summary a!d * am /oi!/ to /i1e it to you a!d this is the best summary. 'ou +a! .ray for a !o! belie1er i! /uida!+e a!d if you +hoose to .ray for him i! mer+y> it must be with the i!te!tio! that mer+y mea!s /uida!+e. So basi+ally> if your i!te!tio! is to say Rahimahullah to a !o! Muslim who is li1i!/> your i!te!tio! better be o!e hu!dred .er+e!t that Rahimahullah> mea!i!/ may Allah ha1e mer+y o! him to /uide him. *t better be that a!d it +a! be !o other tha! that. *t is better to say just ma%e it +lear> may Allah /uide him> may Allah /uide them> or if you do +hoose to say Rahmah a!d it is !ot the best of the two o.i!io!s> the! you say it with the i!te!tio! of Allah /uide him. Badr ad-5ee! al-&Ay!i i! Umdat al-,aari> whi+h is a! i!ter.retatio! of Sahih Bu%hari +omme!ted o! a (adith where the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam me!tio!edC

/ 1 " 1 s 1 - / H 3 1 ; 3 / T 3 T / E / J
The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam made su..li+atio! that Allah for/i1e his .eo.le whe! they were !o! belie1ers. (e said> that is to for/i1e his .eo.le> he said it whe! they were harmi!/ him a!d o..ressi!/ him. Badr ad-5ee! says that mea!s to /ra!t them /uida!+e to *slam whi+h will +ause them to be for/i1e!> if they do be+ome Muslim. So you ha1e to u!dersta!d what the &Ulamaa are tal%i!/ about.

624 ,I, 2E SA4 $A2I0A1 ALLA2.


This was a tre!d used by wise> %!owled/eable &Ulamaa> they used these %i!d of sayi!/s. (e made 5uaa for o!e who is lear!i!/ a!d liste!i!/ to him> he is ma%i!/ 5uaa for o!e who mi/ht read his boo% i! the future. This is a bi/ lesso! that o!e who +o!1eys the messa/e must be mer+iful a!d +om.assio!ate to those he +o!1eys his messa/e to> he must show those he is tea+hi!/> that he wa!ts /uida!+e for them. Sometimes they thi!% you do !ot wa!t /uida!+e for them> you /ot to show
-a/e F 36

them you are tryi!/ to ta%e them from dar%!ess to a bri/ht li/ht. A 5aaiyah o.e!s the hearts with a smile> it is a %ey to a heart> with a !i+e +om.lime!t> +ould be a !i+e +om.lime!t or word> or .utti!/ your ha!d o! his ba+%. Today> some a+t as if it is Awrah to show your teeth> they thi!% it is Awrah to show your teeth> that is the reality do !ot lau/h> some .eo.le are li%e that. 5awah is wisdom> bei!/ /e!tle a!d %i!d> you !eed the %eysG you +a!!ot e!ter without Rahmah to .eo.le. Allah tells his -ro.het a!d he is the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> if you Muhammad were harsh a!d hard hearted> they would ha1e dis.ersed a!d left youC

1 s i ; 1 O H / f ...W ... P J 1 -p # / 1 / E / 9 / ! U>^ :" bZ


That is the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> so ima/i!e a!yo!e other tha! him. A 5aaiyah must be li%e Allah said about the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallamC

b 0 5 J , d 1 / 1 q d 2 / N 6 / q -L / P '1 / / #\ 1 / / :&-' 6 { 1 6 q !\ 1 ) 1 q 9 / & q 6 1 0 3 C 1 9 UlV


Who is mer+iful> who is mer+iful with you> who is +om.assio!ate with you> who is worried about you> who is +o!+er!ed for you a!d who is ea/er to /i1e you the best. (ere> the author is s.ea%i!/ to .eo.le at a time whe! .eo.le were dee. i! their i/!ora!+e a!d their Bidah a!d their Shir% a!d the worshi..i!/ of the /ra1es was wides.read a!d +ommo!> a!d it is eD+e.tio!al to be o! the ri/ht .ath. A %!owled/eable is wise a!d %!ows the truth is somewhat tou/h> the truth is tou/h sometimes> it is hard to absorb it> es.e+ially whe! their .are!ts a!d /reat /ra!d .are!ts ha1e bee! raised o! it> its hard to absorb the truth. The truth is diffi+ult i! itself> as a 5aaiyah with wisdom> you do !ot +ombi!e a tou/h attitude with a tou/h 5awah> you wa!t two tou/h!esses= At least wor% with the tou/h 5awah itself> do !ot add to it your attitude. Some lear! a +ou.le of (adith a!d ru! arou!d de+lari!/ .eo.le ;uffaar a!d ;hawaarij a!d e1erythi!/ you +a! thi!% of. *! Taree%h Ba/hdad> (usay! al-;arabeesi> was a .hiloso.hist Mubtadi> or o!e who resorted to me!tal ratio!alisatio!. Ash-Shaafiee we!t to 1isit Ba/hdad a!d al;arabeesi heard about him> .eo.le are /oi!/ from all o1er to 1isit him. Al-;arabeesi> he told his frie!ds let us /o 1isit ash-Shaafiee> hes a .hiloso.hist> you %!ow they are elo ue!t whe! they tal% be+ause they ha1e !o %!owled/e of ,ura! or (adith> they use their tal%. So he said let us /o 1isit Shaafiee a!d ma%e fu! of him. 01eryo!e has /athered there so ;arabeesi /oes there a!d with his outs.o%e! way of as%i!/ uestio!s> they as% ash-Shaafiee. Ash-Shaafiee %!ows what they are doi!/> %!ows .eo.le are there> he +ould ha1e %i+%ed them out. (e +ould ha1e told a
-a/e F 3$

+ou.le of his stude!ts ta%e them out of here> he +ould ha1e i!+ited the .eo.le to ta%e them out but he stood sile!t. (e stood .atie!tly a!d be/a! to a!swer them with ,ura! after ,ura! after (adith after sayi!/s> u!til he mesmerised them with his %!owled/e a!d his ma!!ers. 'ou %!ow what they said the .hiloso.hers> these Mubtadi> those who resorted to me!tal ratio!alisatio!= They said we left our Bidah a!d followed ash-Shaafiee. They we!t to ma%e fu! of him> he +ould ha1e do!e a!ythi!/ he wa!ted but he was .atie!t> Allah /uided with him some bi/ *maams of his time. 'ou see what it does> he had the %ey to the heart> he had wisdom i! +o!1eyi!/ the messa/e> that is why them are the 1erses * saidC

4 - ! rn :\ A ... 1 ! / FZ k ( 4 / 4 / 09 , ~ ... & 1 ! / FZ S ( / ! 4 / 4 / 09 8 3 2% 3 ! 'L ( Un :{KE


Wisdom is just as esse!tial as %!owled/e a!d that is what he says> Rahima% Allah is .art of the wisdom of Muhammad *b! Abdul Wahhaab. That is how you +a.ture the hearts a!d the mi!ds> Rahima% Allah> e1e! if you disa/ree with them a!d they are Muslim> Rahima% Allah. Ta%e this> humble yourself> lower your wi!/ to them> you %!ow who is sayi!/ Rahima% Allah= The ma! who for o1er two hu!dred years is still till today> bei!/ bad mouthed. The dust of the atta+%s from the storm of re1i1i!/ the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah of his time> Muhammad *b! Abdul Wahhaab> the dust it /e!erated has !ot settled u!til today> .eo.le still a++use him a!d tal% about him. (a1i!/ said that> +a! you just ima/i!e with me> what the atta+%s were li%e to him whe! he was i! his .ea%> if it is still /oi!/ o! till today= 'et with all that /oi!/ o!> he uses Rahima% Allah> where his o..o!e!ts are /oi!/ to be readi!/ his leaflets a!d letters that he is /oi!/ to .ass out. A 5aaiyah !eeds to ha1e a smile o! his fa+e with the .ro.er ma!!ers a!d he !eeds to be .leasa!t a!d a deli/ht for .eo.le to a..roa+h a!d +ommu!i+ate with> that is the true 5aaiyah a!d that is a +hara+teristi+ of a su++essful 5aaiyah. *lam Rahima% Allah> a smile mi/ht o.e! ma!y hearts to your messa/e> Rahima% Allah. Rahima% Allah> * am +o!+er!ed about you> * wa!t you to lear! this. *! Sahih MuslimC

} ! * / F " C u , E 1 = 1 " / ,3 1 ! / / F H / / / 4 / % E / : B / 1& : k


5o !ot mi!imise the reward of a!ythi!/> e1e! if it is merely to /reet your brother with a smile> e1e! if it is to smile i! your brothers fa+e. Jareer *b! Abdillah said i! Sahih

-a/e F 3)

Bu%hari a!d Muslim> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam !e1er see! me but smiled i! my fa+eC

T 1 1 Z / ! 3 A F 3 H1 5 ; H! 1
This was the -ro.het who we were ordered to follow whether he smiles to us or frow!s at us> whether he +o!1eys this messa/e soft to!ed or harsh to!ed. 4o o!e is ordered to follow me a!d you> so +o!1ey the messa/e i! wisdom a!d /ood ma!!ers> i! a .leasa!t a!d a li/ht way. Abdullah *b! (aarith said i! a (adith i! Su!a! TirmidhiC

, 29 , f , / . -L 5 A F + # 1 b 1 4 / P / 4 1 L!
A +om.a!io! is sayi!/> * !e1er see! a!yo!e smile more tha! the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. <a! you ima/i!e that> a brother /reets a brother with a smile> a sister /reets her sister with a smile> or a %i!d word> or a .at o! the ba+%> or embra+e> a %ey to o.e! the heart> a true smile> a ui+% smile> that slowly fades. 4ot those fa%e o!es that +ome slowly a!d 1a!ish real fast> those are the fa%e o!es. A si/! a!d a +hara+teristi+ of a Mu!aafi is a shar. to!/ue with a frow! to the belie1ers> a!d the o..osite to the !o! belie1ersC

, h29 I& # / / L 6 $ = % 5 ... 4 1 1 : : 1 / 3 1 -E 1 U^ :ad9


They shar.e! their to!/ues a!d yield them o! youC

, 3 0/ l^ :e'J ... 2 \ 1 ... 6 3 % / & \ / T 9 6 1 J


The o..osite of that is a trait of the Mu!aafi ee!. A 5aaiyah is a do+tor> he deals with the hearts a!d souls> s.iritually> !ot .hysi+ally. 'ou do !ot o.e! the heart a!d .lay arou!d with it> the .hysi+al mus+le itself> you deal with them s.iritually so you ha1e to %!ow how to .ro.erly o.e! them> you ha1e to fi!d the %ey to +o!1ey the messa/e. #i%e * said it is a harsh 5awah i! itself> do !ot +ombi!e to it your harsh!ess. -eo.le are huma!s> sometimes you !eed to .raise them to wi! their hearts. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam was tea+hi!/ Abdullah somethi!/. Whe! he tau/ht Muadh *b! JabalC

1 FhA ! W 1 1 , 1 ! / 9 3 3 T u u 1 / 0% 1 / # 1 5
-a/e F 38

The o!e we say after Salah> do you thi!% the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam just +ame to Muadh a!d said you say this after Salah= (e too% Muadh> he saidC

P A9 ... 1 1 W
* lo1e you Muadh. <a! you ima/i!e how his heart is=

/ 2 F Q ; F " # -E ... 1 , : Q. / , 3 : ` 3 T < &h b 1 FhA ! W 1 1 ! / 9 u u 1 / 0% 1 / # 1 5


The -ro.het +omme!ds *b! Umar the! +orre+ts him to .ray the !i/ht .rayer> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam .raised a!d the! e!+oura/es> that is the .ath of the wise a!d ri/hteous a!d su++essful 5uaat.

CLASS FO5$
This is our fourth +lass o! Al-Usool Ath-Thalaathah> Sharh Al-Usool Ath-Thalaathah> the elu+idatio! of the eD.la!atio! of Al-Usool Ath-Thalaathah.

T2E FO5$ INT$O,5CTO$4 0ATTE$S


"irst of all> we tal%ed about Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem> &*lam Rahima% Allah. The author saidC

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"our matters that the author is tal%i!/ about o1er here. We s.o%e about Bismillahi Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem> the! we s.o%e about &*lam Rahima% Allah> %!ow> may Allah ha1e mer+y o! you. We fi!ished at the e!d> %!ow> may Allah ha1e mer+y o! you. Today> we ta%e the obli/atio! to %!ow four matters. (e said it is obli/atory to %!ow four matters> you must %!ow these four matters. (ere> he said you are obli/ated to %!ow these four matters. (e used the Arabi+ wordC

@ 1
-a/e F 6@

'ou must %!ow these four matters.

62AT IS T2E ,EFINITION OF 6AAEIB.


The defi!itio! of Waajib is a!y matter where there is a firm order to do somethi!/> i! whi+h o!e is .romised a reward forG a!d a!yo!e u!eDem.ted> u!eD+used from doi!/ it> who lea1es it> is .romised .u!ishme!t. That is the defi!itio! of Waajib.

IS T2E$E A ,IFFE$ENCE BET6EEN 6AAEIB AN, FA$,2.


There is a .roblem here that s+holars had> there is a! issue betwee! Waajib a!d "ardh. Are they both the same or are they differe!t= *! Usool> the s+holars dis.uted this matter> Usool al-"i h. The s+holars dis.uted this mater> they said is Waajib "ardh a!d is "ardh Waajib> are they both the same thi!/ or are they two differe!t thi!/s= The author here> * wa!t you to %!ow a!d * am /oi!/ to re.eat it a/ai! a!d a/ai!> the author here does !ot mea! Waajib that is li%e the Waajib that Abu (a!eefah Rahimahullah +o!siders Waajib> whi+h is a lesser ra!% tha! "ardh. (ere> the author mea!s obli/atory> Waajib> "ardh. *t is a "ardh u.o! you e1e! thou/h he used the word Waajib> he mea!s it is "ardh o! you to %!ow the followi!/ four matters. *! 0!/lish> it may !ot seem li%e that bi/ of a deal> be+ause usually whe! they are tra!slated> Waajib> they say it is obli/atory a!d the! whe! they say "ardh> it is obli/atory. But whe! you loo% at the "i h .oi!t of 1iew> i! the Usool boo%s> you fi!d there is a dis.ute> is Waajib "ardh a!d "ardh Waajib or are they two differe!t thi!/s= Why * say this> be+ause Waajib> the obli/atory is ide!ti+al to "ardh> whi+h is obli/atory a++ordi!/ to ash-Shaafiee> to Maali% a!d to *maam Ahmad i! o!e of two o.i!io!s. #et me re.eat that> so !ow we are tal%i!/ about the dis.ute betwee! the s+holars i! Waajib a!d "ardh> are they the same or !ot. A Waajib> it is obli/atory> a Waajib whi+h mea!s obli/atory is ide!ti+al to "ardh whi+h is obli/atory> just two differe!t words a++ordi!/ to ash-Shaafiee> Maali% a!d *maam Ahmad i! o!e of two o.i!io!s. The se+o!d o.i!io! is by *maam Abu (a!eefah Rahimahullah. *maam Abu (a!eefah said> Waajib is sli/htly lesser ra!% of a! ordai!> of a "ardh> tha! "ardh. They are both a++ordi!/ to *maam Abu (a!eefah Rahimahullah> a! obli/atio!> obli/atory> you must do them. (owe1er> Waajib is a !ot+h less tha! "ardh. 4ow let us ta%e the .roof for both +am.s.

T2E ($OOF FO$ T2E O(INION T2AT 6AAEIB

AN,

FA$,2 A$E S4NON40O5S

-a/e F 62

The first +am. said Waajib is "ardh a!d they are both the same> a!d they use for their .roof a (adith i! Sahih al-Bu%hari> the ma! who +ame to the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallamC

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A Bedoui! from 4ajd +ame s+reami!/> i! o!e !arratio! mumbli!/ with his head u!+o1ered> a!d he we!t to the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam to as% him about *slam. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam res.o!ded to him. After the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam i!formed him of the obli/atory matters u.o! him> the ma!> this Bedoui! as%ed a uestio!. (e saidC

/ N ... ... < b / s 3


7ther tha! what you told me> the obli/atio!s> that whi+h you told me is "ardhC

/ < / s 3
*s there a!ymore obli/atio!s other tha! that> do * ha1e to do a!ythi!/ else other tha! that= A!d the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam res.o!dedC

3 H N ... ... / ,H 3 F " 1 b


(e said !o> you do !ot ha1e to do a!ythi!/ other tha! this u!less you +hoose to do a!y of the eDtra matters that o!e +a! do for eDtra reward. The .oi!t of the s+holars hereC

/ / & / < 4 L 1 ! @ / / & < / P 3 '! ] / J 1 1 / q * / x 1 < 1 h ] / P 3 '; / J 1 $ 1 1


So the s+holars said> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam did !ot .ut a middle +ate/ory betwee! "ardh a!d Su!!ah. This is "ardh> this is Su!!ah> he did !ot .ut a middle +ate/ory. (ad Waajib bee! a sli/htly lesser ra!% tha! "ardh> the! he would ha1e said o%> * told you the obli/atory matters> here is the Waajib matters a!d the! * am /oi!/ to tell you the Tatawwa> the! there is the Su!!ah. But he did !ot> the -ro.het told him the obli/atory "ardh matters> the! he we!t dire+tly a!d said> the o!ly other matters other tha! that is Su!!ah. Betwee! "ardh a!d Su!!ah> Tatawwa> the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam did !ot say oh a!d here is Waajib i! betwee! themG here is the Waajib that is i! betwee! them> here is matters that are Waajib i! betwee! them.

-a/e F 69

Se+o!d .roof> Allah i! the ,ura! saidC

U^r :`EA ... ... 1 ] 3 = / 3 T ; 6 ; 1 ;


"ardh is used i! this 1erse i! the +o!teDt of Waajib> so they said that mea!s they are the same. The third .roofC

3 . : b -E N b 1 / ! 3 L 3 1 A3 1 F 3
A!d whe! you hear that the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said that Allah said> li%e here> that mea!s it is automati+ally (adith ,udsiC

/ F f 1 h / 1 1 & m2 1 / A ,< | \ '; 1 / + 3 E 3 1 a 1 /


My ser1a!t !e1er +omes +loser to me with a deed a!y better tha! a "ardh. (ad Waajib bee! a se.arate +ate/ory> he would ha1e also added Waajib. (e would ha1e said> a!d Waajib is i!+luded. "irst is the "ardh a!d the! the Waajib> be+ause ri/ht after that> the! the (adith me!tio!ed 4aafil> that o!e +o!ti!ues to do 4awaafil. So he did !ot me!tio! a se+o!d +ate/ory after "ardh> ri/ht after "ardh> whi+h is Waajib. (e we!t from "ardh a!d the! he be/a! to tal% about other matters that are 4affil> just li%e the first .roof. 4ow the fourth .roof is they said> for both "ardh a!d Waajib> it is 1ilified to !ot do either o!e. *f you do !ot do either o!e> it is 1ilified> so it would be redu!da!t to say ea+h o!e has a se.arate mea!i!/ or +ate/ory be+ause we all a/ree the bottom li!e> it is 1ilified !ot to do it> it is a si! !ot to do it. Why would you ma%e them a se.arate +ate/ory whe! we all a/ree it is somethi!/ you must do a!d you /et si!s for !ot doi!/ it u!less you are eDem.ted= So why are you ma%i!/ it a s.e+ial +ate/ory= They said> this /rou. said> it is redu!da!t to say Waajib is differe!t tha! "ardh or "ardh is differe!t tha! Waajib. So basi+ally> if you loo% at this /rou.> they basi+ally use some teDtual .roof from (adith that the -ro.het we!t from "ardh the! we!t to Tatawwa> a!d did !ot me!tio! i! betwee! the middle +ate/ory of Waajib.

T2E ($OOF FO$ T2E O(INION T2AT 6AAEIB

IS

LESSE$ T2AN FA$,2

The (a!afiyyah a!d *maam Ahmad i! o!e of the o.i!io!s> said that ea+h o!e is a differe!t +ate/ory. "ardh is a +ate/ory a!d Waajib is a differe!t +ate/ory. They said

-a/e F 6:

that "ardh is a hi/her le1el that is more +o!firmed a!d more stressed a!d more em.hasised tha! a Waajib that +omes ri/ht u!der it. The .roof for the se+o!d /rou.> is more of a li!/uisti+ !ature tha! it is of a teDtual !ature. Those who lear! Arabi+ %!ow that sometimes> the literal mea!i!/ 1ery sli/htly> tha! the reli/ious +o!teDt mea!i!/ for a word. So * /i1e you that i! a! eDam.le of the word *slam a!d you will u!dersta!d it better. #i!/uisti+ally> if you loo% u. i! a! Arabi+ di+tio!ary *slam> the root word of it> what is the defi!itio! of *slam= 'ou are /oi!/ to fi!d that it mea!s submissio!> humbli!/> a!d obeyi!/. 7!e i! submissio!> you +a! say he is MuslimG humbli!/> he is MuslimG obeyi!/ +omma!ds> he is Muslim. That is the literal defi!itio! of *slam> from the root word of it. (owe1er> i! a reli/ious +o!teDt> loo% at the defi!itio!. The defi!itio! of *slam isC

3 & / ! 5 / , 1 / 1 w 1 1 1 / 9 1 3 1 E Q / 1 'L / 1w h 1 1 , 2 / 3 '& u / ! 1 y 1 / X / $


To submit to Allah with Tawheed> a!d to su++umb to Allah with obedie!+e> Taaa> a!d to disa1ow> disasso+iate yourself from Shir% a!d the .eo.le of Shir%. 'es> .arts of the root word were used but you ha1e to ha1e this whole +o!+lusi1e mea!i!/ to ta%e what *slam i! a reli/ious +o!teDt is. 4ow the (a!afiyyah used the sli/ht differe!+es i! the literal mea!i!/s of Waajib a!d "ardh to ha1e a! affe+t o! /i1i!/ ea+h o!e their ow! +ate/ory. Abu Eayd ad5abboosi said "ardh mea!s literally> to assess somethi!/ or what is .re+ise. *f somethi!/ is .re+ise> from Ta deer> that is "ardh. Ta deer a!d "ardh are the same> so it is somethi!/ that is assessed> somethi!/ that is .re+ise. Waajib o! the other ha!d he said> mea!s Su oot HI> whi+h mea!s to fall> a!d Allah used it i! a literal se!se i! the 1erseC

1 ... ?_ := ...T ; f ! / A &-


Whe! a wall dro.s dow!> you say Wajabatul-(aait H G =A!I> the wall fell. Wajabatul-(aait> that mea!s the wall fell. So here he says> well ta%e "ardh to be a!ythi!/ that is firm> ,aati HRkNI. A!ythi!/ with firm .roof is "ardh. Waajib> a!ythi!/ that is obli/atory with a sli/htly lesser sta!dard of .roof> well ta%e that to be a Waajib. 4ow> they made the disti!+tio! be+ause Su oot> to dro.> so they used dro. to mea! that is the se+o!d +ate/ory.

2O6 ,O T2E4 CATEAO$ISE T2E FA$AA7I,2 AN, 6AAEIBAAT .


So they made a disti!+tio! betwee! "ardh a!d Waajib but they themsel1es dis.uted> so how do we +ate/orise what is /oi!/ to be a Waajib a!d what is /oi!/ to be a "ardh= 4ow we established> there is a "ardh a!d there is a Waajib a++ordi!/ to the
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(a!afiyyah> but what is a "ardh a!d a Waajib= 7!e /rou. of the (a!afiyyah said> "ardh is what +omes throu/h ,atee H NI .roof. ,atee .roof is su.er firm> dire+t> .re+ise .roof whi+h is li%e a solid 1erse with its mea!i!/ +lear> or a solid authe!ti+ (adith with +lear mea!i!/ of it> a!d with multi.le +hai!s. That would be +o!sidered a "ardh. What is a!ythi!/ less tha! that> that is obli/atory> well +o!sider it a Waajib. So a!ythi!/ that +omes to us i! .roof that is 5ha!!ee H I> 5ha!!ee mea!s authe!ti+ (adith> we are !ot tal%i!/ about !o! authe!ti+ (adith. Authe!ti+ (adith that is a dire+t order but its +hai!s are !ot suffi+ie!t to be li%e multi.le +hai!s> so that will be a Waajib. 0Dam.le of this would be i! the ,ura!> Allah said i! the ,ura!C

` QK 1 ,! N 3 -
A!d .erform your Salah. 4o o!e dis.utes it> it is a +lear order> the mea!i!/ is 1ery +lear. *t is a 1erse i! the ,ura! so it is !ot dis.uted> it is "ardh to ma%e your Salah. But !ow> re+iti!/ the "aatihah i! e1ery si!/le u!it of the Salah> they said that is Waajib> !ot "ardh be+ause the (adithC

3 ` . 1& H a Q 1 0/ 1 = 1 FJ 1 ' H
There is !o Salah eD+e.t by you readi!/ the "aatihah i! e1ery u!it of the Salah. They said that .roof is 5ha!!ee> it is authe!ti+ but it is !ot solid e!ou/h to be a "ardh. So Salah is "ardh but re+iti!/ the "aatihah i! e1ery Ra%ah is Waajib. The se+o!d /rou. said> al-As%aree said "ardh is what is from Allah a!d Waajib is what is from Allah a!d what is from the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. So some .roof that is dis.uted> matters that are dis.uted> there are mea!i!/s from the ,urJa!> that a++ordi!/ to them is Waajib. *f it is solid a!d the mea!i!/ is +lear> that is "ardh> the first +ate/ory. Some say> third +ate/ory said "ardh is a!y dire+t order from Allah a!d Waajib is a!y dire+t order from the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. That is obli/atory i! both +ases> so o!e is from Allah a!d o!e is from the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. Al-*sraee!i> who is amo!/ the s+holars of al-(a!afiyyah said> "ardh is what is ordered by +o!se!sus> !o o!e dis.uted itG a!d Waajib is what may ha1e dis.ute as to it bei!/ "ardh or !ot. So they dis.ute i! themsel1es as to what is "ardh a!d what is Waajib.

T2E $ES5LT OF T2IS ,IS(5TE


The result of it is a++ordi!/ to the (a!afiyyah> whoe1er de!ies a "ardh is ;aafir be+ause he has +ommitted a! a+t of ;ufr> be+ause he de!ied somethi!/ that its .roof is beyo!d doubt. Waajib> the .roof is a less .re+ise so he has!Jt +ommitted a! a+t of ;ufr. So whoe1er de!ies sta!di!/ i! Arafaat duri!/ (ajj> or (ijaab of a woma!>
-a/e F 66

has +ommitted a! a+t of ;ufr be+ause that is "ardh. They +o!sider for eDam.le Witr> WaajibG they +o!sider ru!!i!/ i! Safa a!d Marwah whe! you /o to (ajj> those se1e! la.s you do where (aajar &alayhis salaam ra!> they +o!sider that Waajib. So if someo!e were to de!y that> the! he has!t +ommitted a! a+t of ;ufr be+ause the le1el of .roof i! less tha! that of the "ardh. Their rule is de!yi!/ a Waajib> is !ot ;ufr. #ea1i!/ that Waajib out> if you do !ot de!y it is +o!sidered "is > o!e who is astray. 5e!yi!/ a Waajib is !ot ;ufr a++ordi!/ to the (a!afiyyah be+ause it is .ro1e! o! a se+o!dary le1el basis .roof> u!li%e "ardh whi+h is .ro1e! beyo!d a doubt. That is the first result or fruit of this dis.ute. Se+o!d result or fruit of this dis.ute. 'ou /et more reward for doi!/ a "ardh tha! you do for doi!/ a Waajib> be+ause it is hi/her +ate/ory a++ordi!/ to the (a!afiyyah. The third fruit of this dis.ute or result> would .robably .ossibly be more u!dersta!dable i! a! eDam.le. The majority of s+holars> the first /rou.> say .rayi!/ i! Sujood> ma%i!/ Sujood at-Tilaawah> Sujood of re+itatio! is Su!!ah !ot Waajib or "ardh. Be+ause Umar *b! al-;hattab was o! the .ul.it o!e "riday a!d he read Surat a!-4ahl> whe! he /ot to the Sajdah i! Surat a!-4ahl> he /ot off the .ul.it a!d made Sujood. The 4eDt Jumuah> he /ot u. a!d read Surat as-Sajdah> Surat as-Sajdah has a Sujood i! it. Whe! he /ot to the 1erse of Sujood> he said oh .eo.le> we .ass by 1erses of Sujood> whoe1er ma%es Sujood is ri/ht a!d whoe1er does !ot ma%e Sujood is ri/htG a!d he did !ot ma%e Sujood the se+o!d time. *b! Umar his so!> added a stateme!t to that. (e said> Allah did !ot ma%e Sujood for Tilaawah> Sujood at-Tilaawah "ardh u.o! you. The majority of the s+holars said o%> it is !ot "ardh a!d Waajib so what does it be+ome= *t is !ot "ardh or Waajib> it /oes dow! to Su!!ah. (a!afiyyah said !o> it is !ot "ardh> so the! it is Waajib be+ause it dro.s dow! a le1el. 'es> it is !ot "ardh> but the! it is Waajib. So they dro..ed it to their se+o!d +ate/ory> whi+h is Waajib. The Jamhoor dro..ed it to their se+o!d +ate/ory> whi+h is Su!!ah. So it /ets dro..ed dow!> based o! what /rou. you are i!. The (a!afiyyah ma%e it WaajibG the majority> the Jamhoor> +o!sider it Su!!ah. So that is o!e of the results of this dis.ute of "ardh a!d Waajib bei!/ two differe!t +ate/ories. The first /rou.> si!+e they do !ot disti!/uish betwee! "ardh a!d Waajib> +o!sider them o!e> "ardh a!d Waajib the same thi!/G they said o% it is !ot "ardh as *b! Umar said> that mea!s it is !ot Waajib be+ause they are the same> /oes dow! to a Su!!ah. Al-(a!afiyyah said it is !ot "ardh li%e *b! Umar said> o%> but it dro.s dow! to Waajib. Bery similar to that> is sa+rifi+e. (a!afiyyah belie1e it is Waajib to sa+rifi+e> the other *maams> the other Jamhoor belie1e it is Su!!ah to sa+rifi+e> based o! the same ratio!ale. #i%ewise> the (a!afiyyah belie1e Witr is Waajib> Witr after the *shaaJ before "ajr is WaajibG you /et si!s a++ordi!/ to them if you do !ot do it> you are +o!sidered a "aasi if you are !ot doi!/ it. The majority say !o> it is Su!!ah.

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The +o!+lusio! for this whole dis.ute is sim.le> the a!swer is .retty mu+h +lear. *f you wa!t a o!e li!er o! it> the .ro.er o.i!io! is Waajib a!d "ardh are the same. The majority who +o!sider the Waajib a!d "ardh the same> ha1e (adith a!d use teDtual .roof li%e (adith as .roof to ba+% them u.G while the others use a!d substa!tiated their sta!+e with li!/uisti+ defi!itio!s. So that /i1es le1era/e to the first /rou.. Se+o!dly> it is more +orre+t> the first /rou. is more +orre+t be+ause "ardh a!d Waajib +o!+ur i! that o!e must do that whi+h he is su..osed to do a!d he /ets si!s for !ot doi!/ it> u!less he is eDem.ted. So the defi!itio! for both> are !early the same. A!d that /i1es more of a solid sta!+e to the first /rou. be+ause they both are the same.

T2E ISLA0IC 1NO6LE,AES A$E INTE$T6INE,


4oti+e> whe! we lear! Tawheed> we do lear! Tawheed> but as we lear! it> we study matters li%e this whi+h are Usool. This matter is !ot i! the Tawheed boo%s> this is i! Usool al-"i h but we use it to u!dersta!d more what the author is tal%i!/ about if he says 'ajib H @ 1 I> does 'ajib mea! "ardh or is it the lesser +ate/ory that Abu (a!eefah is tal%i!/ about. So we use Usool to %!ow the mea!i!/ of the author here> to u!dersta!d a matter of Tahweed a!d &A eedah. *f we .ass by a (adith i! the future> sometimes we are /oi!/ to tal% about (adith. Some s+holars +o!sider it wea% a!d it is a (adith that is .o.ular> we are /oi!/ to tal% about why it is wea% or why it is authe!ti+. That is Mustalah> it is /oi!/ to be a Tawheed +lass but we are /oi!/ to tal% about Mustalah a!d (adith i! it. The! 1ery soo!> *!shaa Allah> we are /oi!/ to see matters> it is /oi!/ to be more li%e Tafseer +lass. The!> it is /oi!/ to be other to.i+s. Sometimes> we /ot to brea% the 4ahw> the terms of the 4ahw dow!> li%e we did a+tually i! the first +lass whe! we tal%ed about> Ar-Rahma! a!d Ar-Raheem. *t is Tawheed but the *slami+ %!owled/es are i!tertwi!ed a!d that is a u!i ue thi!/ about. So whe! we /o to Usool> *!shaa Allah we .la! o! studyi!/ Usool> we are /oi!/ to tal% about "ardh a!d Waajib. 'ou /ot a! u!dersta!di!/ of it> a+tually !ow with what * tal%ed about> that is more of a detailed u!dersta!di!/ of it. So if we /et there> we mi/ht add a little bit more or we mi/ht just .ass by it or we mi/ht re1iew it.

62IC2 ,EFINITION OF 6AAEIB

,I, T2E

A5T2O$ INTEN,.

Why we brou/ht that u. here> Waajib or "ardh. We said be+ause here> he is sayi!/ 'ajibu> you must %!ow these four matters. 5oes he mea!s the Waajib a++ordi!/ to Abu (a!eefah> that is a sli/htly lesser ra!% tha! a "ardh= 4o> he mea!s "ardh> that is WaajibG the Waajib that is "ardh. (e mea!s this matter> had you ta%e! out the word 'ajibu> 'ufradhu H]JI> it would be the same thi!/. So he mea!s here 'ajibu> "ardh> the %i!d that is "ardh> the %i!d that is a++ordi!/ to the first three *maams. *t is +om.ulsory o! us to lear! these four matters> "ardh> Waajib to lear! these four matters. Me!> females> sla1es> the free> e1eryo!e must> e1ery Muslim who belie1es i! #aa ilaaha illallah Muhammadar-Rasoolullah !eeds to %!ow these

-a/e F 6$

four matters. <om.rehe!di!/ these matters fully a!d thorou/hly> is a "ardh u.o! e1ery si!/le Muslim.

1NO6LE,AE IN 0ATTE$S T2AT (E$TAIN TO ALLA2


;!owled/e i! matters where you are deali!/ with Allah> &*lm Muaamalatil-&Abd #iRabbih H& three ty.esC

2A I> the %!owled/e i! deali!/ with Allah are

uF! ,< !;,hE' : 5N, cQc


Al-Muaamalah &Ala Thalaathat A saam H 5N, &*ti +ommissio!ed that .ertai! to (im are either belief> or a+tio!> or lea1i!/. Some thi!/s that you /ot to belie1e i!> some thi!/s you /ot to a+t a!d do> a!d some thi!/s you /ot to stay away a!d refrai! from. ;!owled/e as it .ertai!s to that> to your deali!/ with Allah> is either "ardh JAy!> &*lm JAy!ee> or &*lm ;ifaaee. "ardh JAy!> mea!i!/ %!owled/e as it .ertai!s to your deali!/ with Allah. A!d those %i!d of %!owled/es> &*ti aad> "iil a!d Tar% is either "ardh JAy!> whi+h mea!s it is a .erso!al obli/atio!.

cQc I> aad HhE'I> a!d "iil H<!;I> a!d Tar% HuF!I. Matters Allah

T2E ,EFINITION OF FA$,2 >A4N


"ardh JAy! is a +om.ulsory> o! e1ery Muslim to .erform or do. That is the defi!itio! of "ardh JAy!. "ardh JAy! is a! obli/atio! that must be do!e by e1ery si!/le i!di1idual. "ardh &Ay! is a! obli/atio! that must be do!e by e1ery si!/le i!di1idual> it is a .erso!al obli/atio!. 0Dam.le is Salah a!d Siyaam> e1ery si!/le .erso! must do it.

T2E ,EFINITION OF FA$,2 1IFAA4A2


4ow> the !eDt o!e is "ardh ;ifaayah> +ommu!al res.o!sibilities. *t is "ardh that if .erformed by some> if .erformed by a suffi+ie!t !umber of .eo.le> the obli/atio! falls from the rest> the rest of the Ummah are !ot obli/ated to do it. This is a re uireme!t that the +ommu!ity> as a +olle+ti1e must fulfill it a!d !ot the i!di1idual himself. *t is !ot re uired o! a! i!di1idual basis but at the +ommu!ity as a whole> the +ommu!ity of the *slami+ Ummah as a whole. 0Dam.le is for eDam.le> buryi!/ the dead. A!other eDam.le is if we are te! .eo.le here a!d we are at the shore a! o+ea! a!d someo!e is drow!i!/> a!d we are able to res+ue him. We are all res.o!sible to /o res+ue him> if two .eo.le /o a!d res+ue him> that is suffi+ie!t for us. *f those two .eo.le who are able do !ot /o> all te! of us /et si!s. That is "ardh ;ifaayah. *t is !ot re uested by Abdullah a!d Umar or Muhammad> it is the a+t itself that is re uested> u!li%e the first +ate/ory. *f a /rou. ma%es Salat al-&Asr> it does !ot relie1e the rest from ma%i!/ Salah> e1ery last Muslim /ot to ma%e Salat al-&Asr.
-a/e F 6)

*! the +ommu!al obli/atio!> ordai!> it is suffi+ie!t if a +ertai! !umber of .eo.le do it> the! the rest will !ot be i! si! if they do !ot do it. *! the +ommu!al obli/atory a+t> the a+t must be +arried out a!d +om.leted. *f it is !ot +arried out a!d +om.leted be+ause o!e is !ot able to> we are !ot able to> let us say we are te! at the shore of a water> we are !ot able to res+ue that .erso! be+ause we do !ot %!ow how to swim. The! we must /o a!d i!form a!d e!+oura/e> !ot just res+ui!/ that .erso! who is drow!i!/> a!y matter> we must i!form> we must e!+oura/e others to elimi!ate the si! from falli!/ o! e1eryo!e.

FA$,2 >A4N IN 1NO6LE,AE? ACTION? LEABINA 0ATTE$S AN, BELIEF


FA$,2 >A4N IN 1NO6LE,AE
As to %!owled/e> you %!ow "ardh &Ay! a!d "ardh ;ifaayah as it relates to the %!owled/e .ertai!i!/ to Allah. As to %!owled/e that is "ardh &Ay!> .erso!al obli/atio!> it is %!owled/e that your reli/io! +a!!ot be +om.leted a!d +arried without it. That is the %i!d of %!owled/e that is "ardh &Ay!> %!owled/e that your reli/io! +a!!ot be +om.leted a!d +arried without. *t +ould be i! &A eedah> it +ould be i! a+tio!s> a!d it +ould be i! sayi!/s. A!ythi!/ that ma%es esse!tial matters of your 5ee!> a!d your belief> a!d your a+tio!s> a!d your sayi!/ defi+ie!t> you must as a +om.ulsory "ardh &Ay!> %!ow them. 'ou must i!di1idually %!ow it a!d see% it a!d lear! it. (ere> the +o!+lusio!> what the author me!tio!s here> 'ajibu &Alay!aa> you must> "ardh &Ay!> e1ery i!di1idual must %!ow> !o eDem.tio!s> these matters. 01ery i!di1idual must %!ow these matters as a "ardh &Ay! u.o! him. 4ote> there is some %!owled/e that 1aries> it 1aries i! how it is obli/atory or !ot towards Muslims> be+ause i!di1iduals 1ary. There is a +ertai! limit of %!owled/e that e1ery last Muslim must ha1e> that is the "ardh &Ay!> but there is matters that 1ary amo!/st Muslims. Some Muslims must %!ow +ertai! thi!/s> others must !ot> but there is a +ertai! le1el that o!e must %!ow. *b! Abdil-Barr said i! his boo% Jaami Bayaa! Al-&*lm> a!d *b! ,udaamah a!d other s+holars s.o%e o! this matter. #et me /o i!to a little but more detail so you u!dersta!d it. The s+holars said it is +o!se!sus that there are ty.es of %!owled/e that are "ardh &Ay! a!d that there are ty.es of %!owled/e that are "ardh ;ifaayah> *jmaa there is two %i!ds. 4ot e1erythi!/ is "ardh &Ay! a!d !ot e1erythi!/ is "ardh ;ifaayah. Amo!/ the %!owled/e that is +o!sidered "ardh &Ay!> a/ai! "ardh &Ay! is> the o!e that is a .erso!al obli/atio! e1ery last Muslim must %!ow.

FA$,2 >A4N IN ACTION


-urifi+atio!> Wudhu> Tahaarah> Salah> you must %!ow that. *f you li1e u!til Ramadhaa!> you !eed to %!ow about Ramadhaa!> what i!1alidates> what you /ot to do from .re-daw! to su!set. Matters li%e that> it is obli/atory o! you to %!ow. A
-a/e F 68

woma!> a!d !ot a ma!> it is "ardh &Ay! o! them to %!ow the rules that .ertai! to the me!strual +y+le> be+ause her fasti!/ a!d her Salah> their a++e.ta!+e is de.e!da!t o! that. They ha1e to the %!ow that> whe! they +a! ma%e Salah> whe! they +a!!ot> how they /et .urity. *t is "ardh &Ay! u.o! them to %!ow> a "ardh &Ay!. A ma! does !ot !eed to %!ow the rules of the me!strual +y+le. (owe1er> if a ma! is the o!ly .ath for his wife to lear!> he must %!ow be+ause he is her /uardia!> see how it 1aries. (e must lear! it to tea+h her or ta%e her to someo!e %!owled/eable to tea+h her> you see how it 1aries here. A re/ular ma! does !ot !eed to %!ow it> but if he has a wife a!d a dau/hter a!d a mother or a sister that he is res.o!sible for> hes /ot to lear! it to tea+h them. "ardh &Ay!> it be+omes "ardh &Ay! u.o! him> or to ta%e them to lear! it> or allow them to /o a!d lear! it. *f you ha1e a wealth> you !eed to %!ow the rules a!d re/ulatio! of Ea%ah. *f you ha1e !o wealth> you do !ot !eed to %!ow about Ea%ah be+ause you ha1e !o wealth. 'es it is better> but we are tal%i!/ here what is "ardh &Ay! a!d what is !ot. *f you are able to .erform (ajj> you !eed to %!ow about (ajj. *f you are u!able> you !eed to %!ow the limit that * am u!able> * am si+% or * do !ot ha1e the wealth to do it> so * do !ot ha1e to ma%e (ajj.

FA$,2 >A4N IN LEABINA 0ATTE$S


"ardh &Ay! i! lea1i!/ matters> let us ta%e some eDam.les o! that. A bli!d ma! who does !ot see> he does !ot ha1e to lear! what is (araam to loo% at be+ause he +a!!ot see> he does !ot ha1e to. A deaf who does !ot hear> he does !ot ha1e to %!ow what is (araam to liste! to> u!li%e me a!d you. * a!d you ha1e to lear! what is (araam to liste! to be+ause * +a! hear> it is "ardh &Ay! o! all Muslims to %!ow what is (araam to liste! to. *t is "ardh &Ay! o! e1ery Muslim to %!ow Ei!a is (araam. *t is "ardh &Ay! o! e1ery Muslim to %!ow Riba is (araam> a!d al+ohol is (araam> swi!e is (araam> the im.urities> that o..ressio! is (araam. The .rohibitio! of i!+est> or the %illi!/ of others. All that is "ardh &Ay! u.o! e1ery Muslim be+ause they may fall i! it> they ha1e to %!ow how to a1oid it.

FA$,2 >A4N IN BELIEF


The best eDam.le is what we are tal%i!/ about here> these four matters> matters that are "ardh &Ay! u.o! e1ery Muslim to %!ow. 7!e !eeds to %!ow matters of his belief> belief i! Allah> belief i! the A!/els> belief i! the Boo%s> belief i! the Resurre+tio! a!d Ja!!ah> Jaha!!am> you ha1e to %!ow that. 7!e !eeds to lear! that of *slam whi+h will remo1e a!y doubts if he has a!y doubts> be+ause .art of belie1i!/ i! *slam> is belie1i!/ i! *slam with !o doubts. *f you ha1e doubts> you ha1e a defi+ie!+y> so you ha1e to lear! *slam to remo1e that doubt. *f he is i! a +ou!try that has wides.read major Bidah> he !eeds to lear! them so he will a1oid them> so he will !ot fall i! them. The amou!t of "ardh &Ay! as it .ertai!s to %!owled/e> is what o!es belief or worshi.> a+ts or sayi!/> will !ot be +orre+t or i! a++orda!+e eD+e.t with it. *f it is that> the! you must lear! it o! a! i!di1idual basis> as are "ardh &Ay!.

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T2E FO5$ OBLIAATO$4 0ATTE$S


1 G5 So as the author said Arba Masaail H < R& / ,I> there is four matters that are "ardh u.o! you to lear!> "ardh &Ay! he mea!s. These are matters whi+h the author starts out the boo%let with> that is the whole 5ee!. These four matters are your e!tire 5ee! a!d they should be /i1e! /reat atte!tio! due to their treme!dous be!efits. Amo!/ the "ardh &Ay! that you must %!ow> are these four matters. Those who do !ot bri!/ their +o.ies of the Usool> a!d * am /oi!/ to say that a/ai! a!d a/ai!> that we .assed out> are /oi!/ to /et lost o1er here be+ause the author tal%s about four matters. 'ou are /oi!/ to thi!% these are the fu!dame!tal matters> these are !ot the o!es he is tal%i!/ about. (e tal%s about four matters> the! he tal%s about three matters> the! he fi!ally /ets to the +ore three fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les that the boo% is !amed after> the +ore .art of the boo%. So you /et lost with us> !ow we are tal%i!/ about four matters. The first .art of the four matters is %!owled/e a!d the! o! that> there is a! A> B> <. The! he says %!owled/e isC

; 1 / 1 3 . ; 1 / 1 1 A / ! 3 L ! 1 ; 1 3 h 1 &1 QL 1 / / 1 w ! 1 1 h
So you /ot to %!ow that there is a! A> B a!d < i! it. So you are /oi!/ /et lost if you do !ot follow alo!/ a!d %ee. it alo!/ a!d .ut a li!e> as we /o throu/h se!te!+e by se!te!+e. A!d a+tually> you should try a+tually to read it a!d /o o1er the whole boo%let. "or eDam.le> the first .a/e> so you ha1e a /e!eral idea as to what we are tal%i!/ about> a!d how he di1ided the boo% out. 'ou also !eed to %!ow that he re.eats +ertai! matters> that is why at +ertai! .oi!ts we will elaborate o! matters while other .oi!ts we will just .ass by. Whe! you eD.lai! a boo%let> you ha1e to eD.lai! it> or whe! you wa!t to read a boo%let to u!dersta!d it> you read it or eD.lai! it i! a way a++ordi!/ to how the author or/a!ised it a!d stru+tured it> to /et the full be!efit from it. A!d li%ewise o1er here> the first matter that he tal%s about of the four matters is %!owled/e. The! he me!tio!s %!owled/e i! Allah> %!owled/e i! the -ro.het Muhammad salallahu &alayhi wa sallam> %!owled/e i! the 5ee!. These same matters that he defi!es %!owled/e with here> are the same +ore matters of the Usool Ath-Thalaathah that we will tal% about i! the future *!shaa Allah. So here he says there are four matters.

T2E ,EFINITION OF 0AS7ALA2


*! Arabi+> Masalah mea!s there is four issues here> four thi!/s> four matters. The defi!itio! of Masalah or matter i! Arabi+> is a!ythi!/ .roof> or e1ide!+e is sou/ht for. Matters that you see% or .ursue is +alled a Masalah> Masalah is matters that are .ursued or sou/ht. So he said here> we ha1e Arba Masaail> there is four Masaail
-a/e F 62

here. (ere he me!tio!s four matters. The first o!e is %!owled/e a!d the! he defi!es %!owled/e> a!d the! he me!tio!s !umber two> a+tio!. The! he me!tio!s !umber three> 5awah. A!d the! he me!tio!s !umber four> Sabr. These are the four matters that he is tal%i!/ about. (e is sayi!/> these are matters that o!e should sear+h> see%> .ursue> a!d lear! with .roof. See%> sear+h> .ursue> a!d /et their .roof. 'ou must lear!> we too% the defi!itio! of %!owled/e last wee%. ;!owi!/ somethi!/ as it really is> i! a! affirmati1e a!d +ertai! way. (ere> the author defi!es %!owled/e i! a differe!t way. (e says %!owled/e> the first of the four matters> !umber o!e is %!owled/e a!d that is %!owled/e of Allah> (is Messe!/er> a!d (is reli/io!. So let us tal% about the first matterC

I5/ / / ! : : ! ; 1 1 / / / 1 3 . ; 1 / 1 1 A / ! 3 L ! 1 ; 1 3 h 1 &1 QL 1 / / 1 w ! 1 1 h
These are the four matters he is tal%i!/ about. These matters that he tal%s about> he starts off with %!owled/e> defi!es %!owled/e with %!owi!/ Allah> the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d (is reli/io!. #et us tal% about %!owled/e> that is !umber o!e. 4umber o!e is %!owled/e> you .ut A> %!owi!/ Allah. "o+us with me a bit be+ause if * lose your atte!tio!> * am /oi!/ to lose you for the rest of the (ala ah. So he me!tio!s %!owled/e> defi!es %!owled/e> the! me!tio!s a+tio!> the! he me!tio!s 5awah> the! he me!tio!s .atie!+eG a!d you %!ow them with .roof. Those are the first four matters he tal%s about. These are the matters that he says are obli/atory to e1eryo!e to %!ow.

T2E FI$ST INT$O,5CTO$4 0ATTE$ 8 1NO6LE,AE

1NO6LE,AE OF ALLA2
The first o!e is %!owled/e. A!d the! he says> %!owled/e is %!owi!/ Allah H ; / 1 1 I> %!owled/e a!d aware!ess of Allah> the Mi/hty> the Majesti+. This is the
%!owled/e a!d aware!ess that ma%es a .erso! a++e.t whate1er is .res+ribed a!d laid dow! to him by Allah. That is what %i!d of %!owled/e this is> whate1er ma%es you a++e.t a!d submit to Allah> to the rules a!d re/ulatio! Allah /i1es you is .art of this %!owled/e. This is the ty.e of %!owled/e that +auses o!e to submit> a +om.lete total submissio! to the laws of Allah a!d to (is rules a!d to (is re/ulatio!. This is
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the %!owled/e of o!es #ord> Allah> it is attai!ed by the si/!s a!d the 1erses i! the ,ura!> that is where we /et it from. A!d it is attai!ed by what is i! the (adith a!d also it is by +o!sideri!/ the si/!s whi+h Allah .ro1ided for us o! this earth i! (is +reatio!> it also is i!+luded i! this.

/ ; lM :[D 6/ 1 - 1 ! Z] q 1 N / [ 1
A!d o! this earth are si/!s for those who ha1e faith with +ertai!ty.

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A!d i! yoursel1es> will you !ot the! see> will you !ot +om.rehe!d a!d u!dersta!d. So those are si/!s of %!owi!/ Allah. We /et it from the ,ura!> we /et it from the (adith> we /et it from the si/!s i! AllahJs +reatio! o! this 0arth. Those 1erses are i! Surat ad-5aariyaat.

0A7$IFAT5LLA2
Some s+holars +ate/orised %!owled/e .ertai!i!/ to this> i! two ty.es. Marifatullah they said> the %!owled/e i! that is two ty.es. ;!owled/e i! Allah a!d %!owled/e i! AllahJs (alaal a!d (araam. ;!owled/e i! Allah> to %!ow what (is attributes are> to %!ow (is ualities. To %!ow AllahJs attributes a!d ualities is Marifatullah. Basi+ally> this %!owled/e is to %!ow AllahJs .ower o1er you. To %!ow AllahJs %!owled/e is su.reme> the %!owled/e o1er (is +reatio!> the .ower of (im sustai!i!/ this u!i1erse> all that is .art of Marifatullah. To %!ow Allah> Marifatullah> is to %!ow AllahJs !ames a!d +o!tem.late them a!d u!dersta!d their mea!i!/s a!d abide by them> what they e!tail. The %!owled/e that +reates the fear of Allah is Marifatullah. The ho!ouri!/ of Allah is Marifatullah. That is what he defi!es %!owled/e as> Marifatullah. Whe! they told ash-ShaJbi> the /reat *maam> a s+holar. Ash-ShaJbi> whe! they told him Ayyuhal-&Aalim H T,I> o!e /uy told him oh Shay%h> but i!stead of Shay%h they used &Aalim> oh you s+holar. (e said the s+holar is o!e who fears Allah> he said al-&Aalim is the o!e who fears Allah. ;!owled/e is %!owled/e of Allah a!d it +reates fear from Allah> Marifatullah +reates fear from Allah> a!d it also +reates lo1e i! Allah. Ma!y .eo.le are heedless a!d mi!dless of this %!owled/e> e1e! thou/h it has be!efits that tur! i! /ood for o!e i! this life a!d i! the life after. Be!efits are /ood i! both worlds. Some of the Salaf saidC

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7!ly the i/!ora!t +ommits si!s. What ty.e of i/!ora!+e do you thi!% that they mea!= They did !ot mea! i/!ora!+e i! (alaal a!d (araam. They said o!ly a! i/!ora!t .erso! +ommit si!s. They did !ot mea! i/!ora!+e i! the rules a!d
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re/ulatio!s> but they mea!t i/!ora!+e i! this matter> i! Marifatullah> */!ora!+e i! Allah. */!ora!+e i! the rewards Allah has for you> i/!ora!+e i! the .u!ishme!t Allah has reser1ed for those who si!. That you are usi!/ (is la!d> the la!d that Allah /a1e you> to +ommit a si! o!. That you are deri1i!/ stre!/th that Allah /a1e you> to +ommit a si! with> you are usi!/ .ower Allah has /i1e! you to +ommit a si! with. That is the %i!d of i/!ora!+e that they said> that si!!ers are i/!ora!t> that is the %i!d of i/!ora!+e.

1NO6LE,AE OF T2E 2ALAAL

AN,

2A$AA0

The se+o!d ty.e of %!owled/e> is the %!owled/e of (alaal a!d (araam. ;!owled/e i! Allah is the %!owled/e to %!ow Allahs (alaal a!d (araam. *b! Taymiyyah tal%s about this i! "ataawa> i! the third 1olume o! .a/e three hu!dred a!d thirty three. -eo.le i! these %i!d of %!owled/es are four +ate/ories a!d .ay atte!tio! to them be+ause you /ot to dia/!ose yourself a!d * /ot to dia/!ose myself> whi+h o!e of these +ate/ories * am so * +a! fiD myself. "irst o!e is the o!e who has %!owled/e i! Allah a!d i! the rules> Ah%aam> the rules a!d re/ulatio!s of AllahG a!d this is the best. This is the .ea% a!d this is what we wa!t a!d this is what we stri1e for. The se+o!d o!e is> the o!e who has %!owled/e i! Allah but is i/!ora!t i! the Ah%aam of Allah. The third o!e is o!e who has %!owled/e i! the Ah%aam of Allah but la+%s %!owled/e i! Marifatullah. The fourth o!e is i/!ora!+e i! both of them. The first o!e is the best a!d the fourth o!e is the worst> fi/ure out whi+h o!e of these four a!d wor% o! your wea%!ess a!d stre!/the! it be+ause that is how you %!ow Marifatullah.

T2E I0(O$TANCE OF 0A7$IFAT5LLA2


The !eDt .oi!t i! this matter> the im.orta!+e of %!owled/e i! Allah is /reat. Marifatullah is /reat> it is somethi!/ bi/> it is somethi!/ that !eeds to be ta%e! seriously. *t is the "itrah that o!e %!ows a!d worshi.s Allah> it is the "itrah that o!e %!ows a!d worshi.s Allah. *t is a+tually those with tai!ted "itrah that do !ot %!ow a!d do !ot wa!t to worshi. Allah. That mea!s some defi+ie!+y i! their "itrah ha..e!ed> to sway them away from the ri/ht "itrah. Allah the Most Mer+iful> you ha1e to %!ow that> MaJrifatullah> the Most Mer+iful> the Most <om.assio!ate. Allah> the o!e who is +loser to you tha! your ju/ular 1ei!s> that is MaJrifatullahC

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MaJrifatullah. The 7!e who heals bro%e! hearts. Whe! you ha1e a bro%e! heart> who heals it but Allah> MaJrifatullah. The 7!e who a!swers your +all whe! you are distressed> that is .art of MaJrifatullah. The 7!e who /i1es you 1i+tory whe! you are o..ressed> the lo!/ awaited 1i+tory +omes dire+tly from Allah for the o..ressed. That is MaJrifatullah. The 7!e who is more mer+iful tha! your ow! mother>

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MaJrifatullah. 7!+e you %!ow it a!d +om.rehe!d how mer+iful Allah is> that (e is more mer+iful to you tha! your mother> that is .art of MaJrifatullah. The 7!e> a!d the o!ly 7!e who +a! harm you or be!efit you. The whole world with its e!tirety +ould !ot harm you o!e ti!y bit if they all /athered a/ai!st you> a!d they +ould !ot all be!efit you i! their e!tirety o!e ti!y bit. That is MaJrifatullah> if you %!ow that> without the will of Allah they +ould !ot harm or hurt you> the! that is MaJrifatullah. The 7!e> whe! you raise your ha!d i! su..li+atio! to (im i! 5uaa> does !ot retur! your ha!ds em.ty. That is MaJrifatullah. The o!e who hears the +ries of the .eo.le while there are others who are dee. aslee.. 'ou +ould ha1e someo!e who is i! your house> dee. aslee.> he +a!!ot hear you whilst you are +ryi!/ su..li+ati!/> yet Allah from o! to. of se1e! s%ies hears you> that is MaJrifatullah. 'ou +a!!ot worshi. (im .ro.erly u!til you %!ow MaJrifatullah a!d %!ow about Allah. The more %!owled/e you %!ow i! this field> i! this area> the more you be+ome a worshi..er of Allah. The more you be+ome a fearful .erso! of Allah> the more you be+ome ho.eful i! Allah. ;!owled/e i! MaJrifatullah is the .ri!+i.le of all %!owled/es be+ause with it> you %!ow the .ur.ose of your eDiste!+e.

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* ha1e o!ly +reated huma! a!d Ji!! to worshi. Me. ;!owi!/ Allah> (is ualities a!d (is attributes> that (e is the <reator> that (e is the Sustai!er> that (e +o!trols the u!i1erse> the o!ly 7!e worthy of bei!/ worshi..ed. All that is Marifatullah. The more detail you %!ow of it> the stro!/er your *maa! is. ;!owi!/ that e1ery a+t of worshi. dire+ted to other tha! (im is wro!/> that is .art of MaJrifatullah. That is what MaJrifatullah e!tails. ;!owi!/ Allah e!+oura/es o!e to .erform the ordai!s a!d to lea1e the e1il out of lo1e a!d ho.e for Allah> that is the ultimate belief i! MaJrifatullah. ;!owled/e i! Allah is su.reme> it is the best of all %!owled/es. #iste! to this (adith> liste! how im.orta!t a!d hea1y it is> a!d how mi/hty it isC

3 . ; t E -L b 1 / 1 3 b ; ! 3 L 3 @ 5 ; h ` 9 9 " 1 / / & 1 / 3 1 4 - 3 / F 3 Q / p ; E 3 . 1 b 1 1 N 0/ / q .
Abdullah *b! &Amr *b! al-&Aas said> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam sat dow!. This (adith is i! Mus!ad Ahmad a!d its +hai! of authe!ti+ity> the me! of the +hai! of the !arratio! are 1ery stro!/ H [E+ bI. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam sat dow! a!d he said> whe! the death of the Messe!/er of Allah 4ooh a..roa+hed> this is the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam tal%i!/ about 4ooh> he admo!ished his two so!s. (e said> i!deed * will /i1e you far rea+hi!/ ad1i+e.
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,! ' / c &#Z / ' c # T / / / 1 1 / 1


* am +omma!di!/ you to do two thi!/s a!d * am war!i!/ you to stay away from two thi!/s. 4ooh &alayhis salaam /i1i!/ his farewell ad1i+e to two of his so!s. So he said> * am war!i!/ you to stay away from two thi!/s a!d * wa!t you to do two thi!/s.

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* war! you a/ai!st asso+iati!/ .art!ers with Allah a!d * war! you a/ai!st .ride> ;ibr is .ride. That is what he war!s them a/ai!st.

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A!d * order you> * +har/e youC

3 1 1 & 3 H 1 Q
Marifatullah> he wa!ts them to %!ow> #aa ilaaha illallah is Marifatullah. * +har/e you to %!ow that there is !o Aod but Allah. This is why * brou/ht you this (adithC

/ [ ! f 1 ! 3 1 ; | / / & 3 " T ! 5 / ] / 1 ! 3 1 f 3 1 0/ ; 3 1 # ; 1 1 1 J 1 ! 1 / 1 J | / 3 H 1 H ! " 1 d / S e / / # / ,f *


(e said> if you were to .ut the se1e! hea1e!s a!d the se1e! earths a!d what is i! them o! o!e side of a s+ale> a!d the! o! a!other side of a s+ale you would .ut #aa illaaha illallah> o! the other side. There is !o Aod but Allah> just that word> o! the other side of the s+ale. That is how mi/hty MaJrifatullah is> the latter would outwei/h the former. #a ilaaha illallah would be hea1ier tha! the se1e! s%ies a!d the se1e! earths a!d what is i! betwee! them. The (adith /oes o! further to sayC

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*f the (ea1e!s a!d the 0arth were of the sha.e of a ri!/ a!d you would .ut #aa ilaaha illa Allah o! it> it would brea% it. *t would destroy it> mea!i!/ it is hea1y> that is how hea1y> that is how mi/hty MaJrifatullah is. A!d the! the se+o!d thi!/ he ordered them to doC

. ( # ` < Q 1 2 1 1 3 " = 1 &! / A5 3 1 ; 1 & / = # Z! T < P # : \ : Y 1 &! / T \ / % / %


* +har/e you to say Subha! Allahi wa Bihamadih as it is the Salah of e1erythi!/> a!d e1erythi!/ /ets its .ro1isio! from it or throu/h it. This is a (adith to show how hea1y> how mi/hty> how im.orta!t> how esse!tial #aa ilaaha illallah> whi+h is MaJrifatullah> really is. That is how hea1y a!d dee. %!owled/e i! MaJrifatullah is. That he o! his deathbed also> ta%es out time> o! his deathbed> to tell his so!s you ha1e to lear! it> you ha1e to u!dersta!d it> you ha1e to belie1e i! it a!d +om.rehe!d it. A!yo!e who has +ommitted si!s> %illed> dra!%> did whate1er you +a! thi!% of of the worst si!s> if he was /ra!ted a!d blessed with fear of Allah a!d .rostrated a!d he %!ew this %!owled/e ri/ht here> a!d he had justi+e i! himG he would tell you there is !o .leasure o! this 0arth from the si!s * +ommitted to the time !ow * am obedie!t> more .leasurable tha! that Salah> or that Tasbeeh or that 5uaa that * did. *f o!e masters the %!owled/e i! Allah> MaJrifatullah> Wallahi there would !e1er be a!ythi!/ more .leasurable to him o! the fa+e of this 0arth tha! whe! his head is bowi!/ i! Sujood to Allah. *f he had a double life i! his .ast where he had si!s> what they +all .leasures> a!d the! he +om.ares it to the .leasure of MaJrifatullah a!d *baadah> he is /oi!/ to tell you this o!e is better. ;!owled/e i! Allah ma%es o!e ea/erly await the mome!ts he s.e!ds i! +o!ta+t with Allah> i! Salah> a!d i! 5uaa a!d i! Ru%hoo a!d i! Sujood a!d i! 5hi%r a!d i! a!y form of worshi.. #a+% of %!owled/e i! this> MaJrifatullah> ma%es o!e the %i!d of .eo.le who are ea/er by the mome!t to lea1e their Salah or to lea1e their *baadah or do !ot tou+h their ,ura!> they do !ot e1e! ha1e the ea/er!ess to /o a!d o.e! the ,ura! a!d re+ite from it e1ery day. Whe! o!e masters this %!owled/e> Marifatullah> he %!ows the 1erse i! the ,ura!C

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(e %!ows Allah> he %!ows MaJrifatullah> he %!ows whe! Allah +alls him o! this earth to ma%e Sujood a!d Ru%hoo> he does it by +hoi+e a!d he does it by submissio! so he +a! do it i! the life after by ho!our. Be+ause whoe1er does it by +hoi+e a!d
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submissio! i! this life> /ets to do it i! ho!our of Allah o! the day whe! Allah +omes dow! to jud/e .eo.le. ;!owled/e i! Allah> MaJrifatullah> bri/hte!s your /ra1e before you e!ter it. 5o you !ot wa!t to e!ter a bri/ht /ra1e= MaJrifatullah bri/hte!s your /ra1e before you e!ter it. That is why we study this> so we +a! be wel+omed i!to our illumi!ati!/> bri/ht /ra1e whe! we are .la+ed i! that /ra1e. The affe+t of MaJrifatullah is to .lease Allah before you meet (im. 5o you !ot wa!t to .lease Allah before you e1e! meet (im= 'ou wa!t Allah to be .leased at you whe! you sta!d i! fro!t of (im. So MaJrifatullah> is all about that. MaJrifatullah is to ma%e your obli/atio!s a!d your Salah before Salah is made u.o! you. #a+% of %!owled/e i! this area is why .eo.le si!. This is the area> whe! you ha1e la+% of %!owled/e i! it> that is why .eo.le si!.

IANO$ANCE IN 0A7$IFAT5LLA2
Allah i! the ,ura! says> Allah a++e.ts o!ly the re.e!ta!+e of those who do e1il i! i/!ora!+e a!d foolish!ess a!d shortly thereafter re.e!t.

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*/!ora!+e here is !ot the i/!ora!+e i! (araam a!d (alaal. *t is 1ery rare> it is 1ery eD+e.tio!al that o!e may do a (araam where he does !ot %!ow it is (araam. *t is 1ery eD+e.tio!al> rarely does it ha..e!. 01eryo!e who +ommits adultery %!ows that he is doi!/ a (araam> o!e who +ommits for!i+atio! %!ows that he is headi!/ to (araam to do> he %!ows that. *t +ould be 1ery eD+e.tio!al that o!e may !ot do it> that is a! eD+e.tio! but the ,ura! is !ot tal%i!/ about those eD+e.tio!al .eo.le. 7!e whe! he is %illi!/> %!ows he is doi!/ (araam whe! he is %illi!/. The i/!ora!+e here is the i/!ora!+e i! Allah> i! Marifatullah. Some ha1e total i/!ora!+e i! Allah> i! Marifatullah> that is why we study this> that is why Tawheed is esse!tial. Some ha1e total i/!ora!+e i! Marifatullah> some ha1e i!termitted .eriods of foolish i/!ora!+e i! Allah that +auses them to si! i! that i!termitted .eriod. #et me re.eat that> some ha1e total i/!ora!+e i! Marifatullah> those are e1il a!d wi+%ed .eo.le that s.e!d their life i! si!!i!/ a!d (araam. 7thers ha1e i!termitted .eriods of foolish i/!ora!+e i! Allah that +auses them to si! at times> a!d ma!y *!shaa Allah of the se+o!d %i!d re.e!t a!d +ome ba+%.

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Mujaahid a!d *b! Abbaas a!d others said the same thi!/. *t used to be said> Abu &Aaliyah is sayi!/ the Sahaabah used to say> it was wides.read amo!/ the Sahaabah that e1ery si! o!e +ommits a!d falls i!> it is be+ause of i/!ora!+e whether he did it o! .ur.ose or !ot. */!ora!+e i! what oh Sahaabah= */!ora!+e i! Marifatullah. 'ou see how esse!tial this ty.e of Tawheed is. 'ou will see some who will tea+h Tawheed a!d just fli. the .a/es to /o o!> but Tawheed !eeds to be tau/ht to e!ti+e you to a+t u.o! it> to e!ti+e you to do somethi!/ about it. That is the %i!d of Tawheed that mo1es you to better yourself. ;!owled/e of Allah ta%es you to (ea1e! before you /et to (ea1e!> %!owled/e i! Marifatullah ta%es you to (ea1e! o! this 0arth before you /et to (ea1e!. *b! Taymiyyah Rahimahullah said a famous uote> o!e of the most belo1ed uotes to me that * li%e from *b! Taymiyyah e1e! thou/h * read his "ataawa maybe about four to fi1e times from +o1er to +o1er. *b! Taymiyyah Rahimahullah saidC

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There is a Ja!!ah i! this life> whoe1er does !ot e!ter it> does !ot e!ter the Ja!!ah of the life after. What Ja!!ah is that *b! Taymiyyah> what are you tal%i!/ about> what Ja!!ah is i! this life= What are you tal%i!/ about whe! you were im.riso!ed fi1e times> whe! you s.e!t years i! .riso!> whe! you barely had a!ythi!/ to .ut o! yourself> what Ja!!ah is that you are tal%i!/ about= The /arde! of (ea1e!> who does !ot e!ter it i! this life> will !ot e!ter the (ea1e!. What /arde! of (ea1e! are you tal%i!/ about> whe! you were abused a!d .erse+uted= What he mea!t is what other Salaf saidC

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At times the heart .asses throu/h .hases that we say> if the .eo.le of (ea1e! are feeli!/ the same> they are i! /ood sha.e. At times> we /o throu/h .hases i! our hearts> we say if the .eo.le of (ea1e! are li1i!/ li%e that> ha1e the same feeli!/> the! they are i! /ood status. 'ou fi!d that i! first 1olume of Madaarij as-Saali%ee!> a..roDimately .a/e four hu!dred a!d ei/hty somethi!/. So that is Marifatullah> Marifatullah ta%es you to (ea1e! before you /et to (ea1e!.

1NO6LE,AE OF T2E ($O(2ET 052A00A,


Marifatu 4abiyyih ( ; 1 1 A / I> he defi!es %!owled/e as Marifatu 4abiyyih. 1 The author says you must %!ow the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> that is the defi!itio! of %!owled/e. ;!owled/e i! the -ro.het is the
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%!owled/e that ma%es the .erso! a++e.t whate1er he brou/ht us a!d whate1er he i!formed us of. A!d this o1er here> this %!owled/e> we will tal% about it whe! we tal% about the three .ri!+i.les li%e we said. 'ou must affirm a!d attest to the truth of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d whate1er he i!formed us of. ;!owled/e of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam is to +om.ly with his orders> a!y orders he has /i1e! us> you must +om.ly with it. That is %!owled/e i! the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. 'ou must a1oid that whi+h he forbade us from> you must lea1e a!ythi!/ he deterred you from doi!/. 'ou must jud/e by the re1ealed laws whi+h he +ame with> sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> a!d fully a!d totally a!d +om.letely be .leased with a!y jud/me!t Allah a!d the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam told you to do. 'ou do !ot just do it but you fully a!d +om.letely be .leased with a!ythi!/ they ha1e for you to say. ;!owled/e i! the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam is to %!ow that he is the sla1e of Allah a!d that he is the Messe!/er of Allah. ;!owled/e of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam is to fill your heart with +om.lete lo1e a!d obedie!+e to this ma!. The more you lo1e him> the more you truly follow him.

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As a +o!ditio! for Allah lo1i!/ you> you must follow the footste.s of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. 'ou must belie1e i! the messa/e of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. 'ou must obey his orders> you must follow his /uida!+e. Why Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam= Be+ause %!owi!/ Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> that is the o!ly way to %!ow the Shareeah a!d /uida!+e that Allah se!t us> from Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. The rules a!d re/ulatio!s to li1e i! a++ordi!/ with> +ame to us from the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. That is why the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. So that is a! esse!tial fa+tor i! %!owled/e> that is why he me!tio!ed it as o!e of the defi!itio!s of %!owled/e> to %!ow the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. *! a !utshell> %!owled/e of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam is the re uireme!t to ta%e a!d absorb the %!owled/e that will +ause you to a++e.t the /uida!+e he was se!t with> a!d to belie1e i! him a!d follow i! his ordai!s> a!d stay away from a!y of the .rohibitio!s he told you to stay away from. That is i! sim.le> what %!owled/e i! the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam is.

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4o> by your #ord> they +a! ha1e !o faith u!til they ma%e you Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> the jud/e i! all dis.utes betwee! them. Just a jud/e i! all dis.utes> is that the e!d of the 1erse ri/ht there= 4oC

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A!d the! they fi!d i! themsel1es !o resista!+e a/ai!st your de+isio! a!d a++e.t them with full submissio!. 'ou /ot to a++e.t a!y +omma!d by the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam with full a!d +om.lete a!d total submissio!. 'our heart /ot to be o!e> a++e.t it> a!d o!e hu!dred deli/hted you are doi!/ it or you are a+ti!/ or you are a++e.ti!/ it.

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The o!ly sayi!/ of those faithful belie1ers> the faithful belie1ers whe! they are +alled to Allah a!d (is Messe!/er> whe! you are telli!/ them here is the ,ura!> here is the (adith> here is the sayi!/ of Allah> here is the sayi!/ of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. 4o> this does !ot really a..ly to us> this does !ot really +o!+er! us> it does !ot really mea! that> they /o arou!d a millio! ways to a1oid itG but Allah said the faithful belie1ers are the o!es who sayC

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We hear a!d we obey. Allah says a!d su+h are the su++essful> su++essful mea!i!/ the o!es who will be /ra!ted *!shaa Allah> -aradise. Allah i! the ,ura! saidC

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A war!i!/C

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#et those who o..ose the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d the sayi!/s of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> %!ow> that they are /oi!/ to be hit with a "it!ahC

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"it!ah o1er here> beware of a "it!ah that will hit you if you disobey the +omma!ds of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. What %i!d of "it!ah= Amo!/ ma!y of the *maams who i!ter.reted this 1erse> they said "it!ah here mea!s Shir%. 5isobedie!+e to the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam is /oi!/ to lead you to Shir%. *f you reje+t a!ythi!/ from the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d resort to hearsay or to .eo.les ratio!alisatio!> or !e/le+t it or mi!imise it> it is /oi!/ to destroy you a!d +ause you to fall i!to Shir% at the e!d. That is the mea!i!/ of "it!ah.

1NO6LE,AE OF ISLA0
So he says %!owled/e is> %!owled/e mea!s to %!ow Allah> MaJrifatullah. We are still i! !umber o!eC

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The third o!e is to %!ow *slam. We tal%ed about %!owi!/ Allah> %!owi!/ the Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d %!owi!/ *slam.

T2E ,EFINITION OF ISLA0


*slam literally> li!/uisti+ally mea!s to submit> li%e we me!tio!ed earlier. *! the reli/ious +o!teDt> it mea!sC

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Total submissio! to Allah> total submissio! to Allah with Tawheed a!d su++umbi!/ to Allah with obedie!+e> a!d disa1owi!/> disasso+iati!/ from Shir% a!d the .eo.le of Shir%C

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Those are the +o!ditio!s a!d restri+tio!s of belie1i!/ i! *slam. That is the defi!itio! of belie1i!/ i! *slam.

ISLA0

IS T2E

ONL4 $ELIAION ACCE(TABLE

TO

ALLA2

There are te!s of 1erses that show the .re1ious Messe!/ers a!d their submissio! to the ShareeJah of Allah. A!d they use a+tually i! it as ma!y of you %!ow> i! the ,ura!> the word *slam to show their submissio! to Allah. *braheem &alayhis salaamC

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*! Surat al-Ba arah. This is *braheem &alayhis salaam sayi!/ our #ord> ma%e us submissi1e to 'ou> mea!i!/ me a!d my offs.ri!/> submissi1e to 'ou> a!d show us your Ma!aasi%C

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*slam that he says you must %!ow> is the reli/io! of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam be+ause *slam is the reli/io! of Musa a!d &*sa a!d *braheem. The o!ly thi!/ is whe! Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam +ame> the details a!d the .ri!+i.les of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam abro/ated the .re1ious reli/io!s. Jews duri!/ the time of Musa were Muslims. <hristia!s duri!/ the time of &*sa were Muslim> they submitted to the tea+hi!/s of &*sa> some of them> of +ourse we are tal%i!/ about the belie1ers of them. 4ow> i! this time> if they were true followers of Musa a!d &*sa> they would follow what is i! the ,ura! a!d what the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam told them to follow a!d adhere to. *f they were true belie1ers i! their ow! reli/io!> i! <hristia!ity> i! Judaism> they would follow what the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam +ame with. That is +lear a!d beyo!d a doubt. "or eDam.le> you hear the moder!ists a!d those .ro i!terfaith> the wi+%ed .eo.le of the i!terfaith> the de1ia!ts of this Ummah> the +a!+er of this Ummah> tell you that Allah i! the ,ura! .raised the Jews a!d <hristia!s today a!d they /ear 1erses to suit their desires.

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Those who belie1e> a!d those who are Jews a!d those who are <hristia!s> a!d the Sabia!sC

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Whoe1er belie1es> they use this 1erseC

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Whoe1er belie1es i! Allah a!d the Jud/me!t day> o! the Jud/me!t day they will /et their deeds a!d they shall ha1e their rewards> whoe1er belie1es i! Allah a!d the Jud/me!t 5ay.

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A!d there shall be !o fear u.o! them a!d there will be !o /rief u.o! them. So they say that a!d say loo%> we are all brothers a!d sisters a!d these /uys are /oi!/ to (ea1e! with us. This 1erse mea!s duri!/ their time> there were those who were ri/hteous. 5uri!/ the time of Musa> there were those who were ri/hteousG duri!/ the time of &*sa> there were those who were ri/hteous> that is what the 1erse is tal%i!/ about. 5uri!/ our time !ow> duri!/ the time after Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> if there were a!y true followers of Jesus or Musa alayhimus salaam> &*sa a!d Musa &alayhis salaam> they would liste! to the messa/e of their Messe!/er Musa a!d &*sa a!d follow Muhammad. *f they were true followers of their Messe!/ers> they would e!d u. followi!/ the footste.s of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. So i! reality> we are the true followers today> we are the true followers of Musa today> we i! reality are the true followers of &*sa be+ause Musa a!d &*sa as a +o!ditio! for their ow! -ro.hethood> their ow! -ro.hethood> !ot e1e! for their .eo.le> for before their .eo.le> for their ow! -ro.hethood /a1e a! oath to Allah that if Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam was se!t duri!/ their time> that they would belie1e i! him a!d follow him. That is them themsel1es> they ha1e to follow the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam if he was se!t i! their time. *f that is duri!/ their time a!d that is for them> ima/i!e for their followers. Thousa!ds of years after they died> they ha1e to follow the +omma!ds of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. #oo% at the 1erseC

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Allah too% a +o1e!a!t o! the -ro.hets> Allah too% a +o1e!a!t as a +o!ditio! of their -ro.hethood a!d Messa/ehood> too% a +o1e!a!t o! them. Said ta%e whate1er * /a1e you from the Boo% a!d (i%mah> a!d .ay atte!tio! to thisC

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The! (e said> if there will +ome to you a Messe!/er> Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> +o!firmi!/ that whi+h is with you> you must the! obey him a!d a++e.t him a!d hel. him a!d su..ort him. 'ou obey him.

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5o you a/ree= They said we a/ree. 5o you a++e.t it as a +o1e!a!t of 'our Messa/ehood that you ta%e the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d follow him if he is se!t duri!/ your time= All the Messe!/ers had to /i1e a .romise that they would. *f that is the Messe!/ers a!d that is i! their lifetime> ima/i!e how it is !ow. That is the belief i! *slam. So !o> the <hristia!s are !ot Muslims> !o> the Jews are !ot Muslims. The Muslims are those who belie1e i! Allah a!d the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. -art of belie1i!/ i! Jesus a!d Musa> we belie1e> is that they will tell their .eo.le a!d they ha1e told their .eo.le a!d Allah made them .romise themsel1es that if Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam is se!t> that they a++e.t him. Allah said i! the ,ura!C

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Allah said> truly the reli/io! of Allah is *slam. These 1erses are dire+ted at those who belie1e i! i!terfaithC

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A!d whoe1er see%s a reli/io! other tha! *slam> it will !e1er be a++e.ted of him i! this life a!d i! the (ereafter he will be amo!/ the losers. A!d i! the life after> he will
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be amo!/ the losers. *slam> the reli/io! that Allah bestowed o! this Ummah> Allah bestowed it o! this Ummah a!d +o!sidered it the .ri1ile/e of all .ri1ile/eC

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*! Surat al-Maidah. These are to show you what belief i! *slam> the shell of belief i! *slam> that o!e must belie1e i! *slam. This day> * ha1e .erfe+ted your reli/io! for you a!d +om.leted my fa1our u.o! you> a!d * ha1e +hose! *slam as your reli/io! for you. 7!e must belie1e firmly that the 5ee! of *slam is the o!ly 5ee! a++e.table to Allah.

T2E FO5N,ATION ACTIONS OF ISLA0


*slam mea!s to %!ow the a+tio!s that you are obli/ated to do> the fou!datio!al a+tio!s that o!e must do to be a belie1er.

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These are matters that are the .ri!+i.les> !ot the o!ly matters of a+tio!s of *slam> but the .ri!+i.les for a+tio!s i! *slam. -art of *slam> %!owi!/ the fou!datio! of *slam. The fou!datio! a+tio!s of *slam a!d adheri!/ to them a!d submitti!/ to them a!d followi!/ them. With this * thi!% ri/ht here> we will sto.. We too% %!owled/e a!d his defi!itio! of %!owled/e Rahimahullah is %!owi!/ Allah> %!owi!/ the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d %!owi!/ the reli/io! of Allah. So we too% these ui+%ly> * +o!sider this what we too% ui+%ly> be+ause %!owled/e i! Allah a!d %!owled/e i! the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d %!owled/e i! *slam will be ta%e! a/ai! later o! whe! we tal% about the three .ri!+i.les of *slam. Those are the three matters that you are /oi!/ to be as%ed about i! the /ra1e> so those are the Usool Ath-Thalaathah that we will tal% about. The o!ly reaso! we me!tio! them here is be+ause he defi!ed %!owled/e as %!owled/e i! those three> that is the true %!owled/e.

CLASS FIBE
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Before * start> let me say may Allah reward you a!d those who follow us o! the i!ter!et> may the time they ta%e out i! .ursuit of %!owled/e be the .ath that +auses them Biith!ihi Taaala> e!try to (ea1e!. Before we start the +lass> * wa!t to ma%e two +omme!ts> two ui+% +omme!ts. The first o!e is that last wee%s +lass whi+h was !umber four> before we had a brea% about the Buraydah situatio!> it was a..roDimately a! hour a!d a half or so without the uestio! a!d a!swer. * did !ot realise how lo!/ it was u!til after the +lass> !o o!e here +om.lai!ed a!d * +a! a+tually loo% at the fa+es a!d mo!itor o1er here> the boredom a!d +om.rehe!sio! le1el throu/h the !otes> throu/h the fa+es a!d that is why it we!t o! for o1er a! hour a!d a half. But * did /et some emails that it was too lo!/ for o!e +lass> !o o!e here +om.lai!ed but * did /et some emails. (eari!/ from the brothers a!d sisters who study throu/h the i!ter!et is 1ery esse!tial a!d im.orta!t> we e!+oura/e that a!d we will /o by that *!shaa Allah a!d we will ma%e our +lasses shorter. The !eDt o!e is> i! a!y matter li%e that we would li%e to hear su//estio!s from our brothers o! the i!ter!et be+ause for eDam.le> a+tually last +lass we s.o%e u.o! the differe!+e betwee! Waajib a!d "ardh. Whe! * s.ea% here> * +a! tell the +om.rehe!sio! le1el> * +a! tell o1erall a!d * was eD.e+ti!/ to be flooded o! uestio!s about Waajib a!d "ardh a++ordi!/ to the three *maams o! o!e side a!d Abu (a!eefah o! the other side. 01e! thou/h * /ot te!s of letters a!d emails a!d teDts o! the +lass> o!ly o!e was o! that issue. 4o o!e here as%ed> it was just o!e email that * /ot .ertai!i!/ to the issue of Waajib a!d "ardh> * had assumed * was /oi!/ to /et a lot of uestio!s li%e that. * would li%e to %!ow the i!.ut of the brothers both here a!d throu/h the i!ter!et so we +a! better the +lasses. "or eDam.le> * elaborated o! that issue> if the +om.rehe!sio! le1el is !ot too mu+h * +a! eD.lai! it i! maybe three li!ers. A+tually> most &Ulamaa if you loo% i!to their elu+idatio!s o! Usool Ath-Thalaathah> they briefly me!tio! this thi!/. But * me!tio!ed it i! somewhat of detail be+ause Allah %!ows what the future holds for us a!d if the +lasses will +o!ti!ue> we wa!t to absorb as mu+h %!owled/e i! ma!y fields withi! the Tawheed> as we +a!. Whe! * as%ed why !o o!e as%ed me about the issue of Waajib a!d "ardh> e1eryo!e said it was 1ery +lear> whi+h * fi!d Alhamdulillah amusi!/> be+ause * remember whe! * first studied it. The first time> * had absolutely !o idea what * was studyi!/> a!d this .arti+ular matter * a+tually remember the first time * heard of it. *t was 1ery diffi+ult for me> but Alhamdulillah e1eryo!e u!dersta!ds it. 01e! you!/ Muhammad> se1e! year old Muhammad my belo1ed stude!t> he +alled me a/ai! a!d * as%ed him ma!y uestio!s a!d he re+ited ,ura! a!d * told him what did you lear! from last +lass Muhammad= Se1e! year old Muhammad said * lear!ed the differe!+e betwee! Waajib a!d "ardh. So Alhamdulillah if Muhammad %!ows that> well he is a+tually 1ery> 1ery smart so * +a!!ot say if Muhammad %!ows it e1eryo!e %!ows it but Alhamdulillah !o o!e as%ed uestio!s a!d * am assumi!/ that it is +lear. 7therwise>
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we truly wel+ome uestio!s> es.e+ially o! that a!d * /i1e them .re+ede!t o1er a!y other uestio!s. A!d 4aseehah> o! the betterme!t of the +lass a!d su//estio!s to elaborate o! this issue or to ta%e away elaboratio! from these matters is 1ery esse!tial. We would li%e to hear a!d it will !ot be ta%e! offe!si1ely. Just li%e we hear uestio!s o! substa!ti1e matters> we wa!t to hear te+h!i+al uestio!s o! the (ala ah. 4ow let us /et started. This is our fifth +lass> we ha1e bee! tal%i!/ about the four i!trodu+tory matters that the author me!tio!s. (e says the first o!e of the four is %!owled/e> a!d he me!tio!s his defi!itio! of %!owled/e is to %!ow Allah> to %!ow the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d to %!ow the reli/io! with .roof. That is the first of the four matters> we s.o%e about Allah> we s.o%e about the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> we s.o%e about reli/io!.

T2E O$,E$ OF T2E ,EFINITION OF 1NO6LE,AE


The first .oi!t for today is the order> he me!tio!s as defi!itio! of %!owled/e> %!owi!/ Allah> %!owi!/ the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d %!owi!/ the reli/io!. *f you loo% i! Adh-5hurar a!d other boo%s> you mi/ht fi!d the order differe!t a little bit> where he would me!tio! Allah a!d the! reli/io! a!d the! the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. Why is that= The reaso! is two reaso!s. The first reaso! is> the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d *slam> a!d reli/io!> are i!se.arable. *t does !ot matter whi+h o!e you !ame first> so that is the first reaso!. The se+o!d reaso! behi!d that is he used &WaC

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;!owi!/ Allah a!d the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d %!owi!/ *slam. Whe! you use &Wa whi+h mea!s a!d i! Arabi+> it does !ot !e+essarily mea! a! order. Most of the time it does mea! a! order> but it does !ot !e+essarily mea! a! order. That is our first .oi!t.

1NO6INA ALLA2? T2E ($O(2ET 052A00A, AN, T2E $ELIAION 6IT2 ($OOF
(e says you ha1e to %!ow Allah> the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d *slam> with .roof. We tal%ed about Allah> we tal%ed about the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d we are /oi!/ to tal% i! detail more about him be+ause these three that he /i1es as defi!itio! of %!owled/e are the +ore of this
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boo%. 4ow we just me!tio! them as i!trodu+tory matters> as A> B> < of %!owled/e> for !umber o!e of the four i!trodu+tory matters. 4ow he says> you ha1e to %!ow .roof> you ha1e to %!ow reli/io! with .roof. We sto..ed at the issue of .roof> so let us tal% about .roof todayC

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62AT IS T2E ,EFINITION OF ($OOF.
-roof literally mea!s somethi!/ that leads to that whi+h is sou/ht. *! a reli/ious +o!teDt> a!d we me!tio!ed there is #u/hawi H m-zI a!d *stilaahi H9Q.I> li!/uisti+> literal> a!d a Sharee defi!itio!. (ere> .roof> Adillah mea!s teDtual a!d i!telle+tual .roof. TeDtual .roof> what we mea! here is that whi+h is affirmed by re1elatio!> the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah> the re1elatio!> a!d that whi+h is dire+tly deri1ati1e from them li%e *jmaa a!d ,iyaas. That is o!e ty.e of .roof here. *t also mea!s %!owi!/ Allah a!d (is Messe!/er a!d (is 5ee!> throu/h the use of i!telle+tual .roof> whi+h is .ro.er i! these areas. To be obser1a!t of Allahs +reatio!s> Allah me!tio!s it i! the ,ura!C

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Just that by itself> is me!tio!ed ele1e! times. Amo!/ Allahs Ayaat> amo!/ Allahs .roof> amo!/ Allahs e1ide!+e> amo!/ Allahs si/!s> a!d amo!/ Allahs lesso!s is the +reatio!> or to loo% i!to the s%y> the 0arth> the o+ea!s> the day> the !i/ht. That is all i! the ,ura!> i!telle+tual .roof> to a!alyse> to loo% at that.

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Berily> i! the +reatio! of the (ea1e!> the 0arth> the alteratio! of the day a!d the !i/ht> +ha!/e of !i/ht to day a!d day i!to !i/ht> are i!deed si/!s> Ayaat> for the me! to u!dersta!d> for the .eo.le to u!dersta!d. *! additio! to that .roof> is .hysi+al mira+les that o++urred duri!/ the life of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam at his ha!ds> by the will of Allah. #i%e water s.ri!/i!/ from his fi!/ers> s.ea%i!/ to i!a!imate obje+ts a!d them res.o!di!/ to him> ro+%s /i1i!/ him Salaam. Amo!/ the .roof also that is me!tio!ed here> that should be %!ow!> is affairs that the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam told of the u!see!> i! the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah> that he foretold of> that +ould ha1e o!ly bee! %!ow! from Allah a!d re1elatio!> a!d that had o++urred eDa+tly as he told them a!d some that we are awaiti!/ for them to o++ur.

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The .ur.ose> the author states .roof> that you !eed to %!ow .roof> is you !eed to u!dersta!d .roof be+ause it will /i1e you a better u!dersta!di!/ of the matter that he is tal%i!/ about. The esse!tial matters of Tawheed> the +ore matters of Tawheed> the .ri!+i.le matters of Tawheed !eed to be belie1ed i! firmly> de+isi1ely> with !o doubts. A!d usually> it is .roof that leads you to that. Before we /et to the !eDt .oi!t> let me say whe! we /et to the +ore .art of the boo%> li%e * said> we are /oi!/ to /o o1er %!owi!/ Allah> %!owi!/ the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d %!owi!/ the reli/io!> a!d %!owi!/ them with .roof. So whe! we /et there> be+ause we tal%ed about .roof i! detail here> we are /oi!/ to refer you ba+% to the be/i!!i!/. We are /oi!/ to say remember we tal%ed about .roof> /o refer to it o1er there i!stead of re.eati!/ it a/ai!. #i%ewise> i! the future *!shaa Allah> we are /oi!/ to study Usool> whe! we study Usool> we are !ot /oi!/ i!to de.th i! tal%i!/ about Waajib a!d "ardh a!d the differe!+e amo!/ the "u ahaa i! that matter. We are /oi!/ to say remember i! Tawheed> we me!tio!ed that i! Tawheed> /o refer to that o1er there. That is why we +a! elaborate o! some matters so i! the future> they are /oi!/ to sa1e us some time.

IS TA9LEE, (E$0ISSIBLE IN 0ATTE$S OF >A9EE,A2 .


<a! you do Ta leed> whi+h is followi!/> imitati!/ a Shay%h or s+holar or a %!owled/eable .erso! o! matters of &A eedah> or must you %!ow the .roof= *s it a .rere uisite to %!ow the .roof= *s your *maa! a++e.ted if you do !ot %!ow the .roof= We /ot a ma! who is %!owled/eable> a!d o!e who is i/!ora!t> they ta%e their Shahaadah> they fully belie1e i! Tawheed a!d they ha1e !o doubt i! it> but they do !ot %!ow the .roofs. *f you as% them for the .roofs> they are !ot /oi!/ to %!ow it. This matter is +alled> the s+holars tal% about it u!der Sihhat *maa! al-Mu allid

fil-&A aaid (2 1 2 1 1 GE 1 E 1 = 1 I. Mu allid is the imitator> is / ; 3 . / " 1 1 the *maa! of o!e who is a! imitator /ood or !ot= The author says you !eed to %!ow .roof for these matters> do you really !eed to %!ow them as a must or is it a re+omme!datio!> a!d is your *maa! a++e.ted or !ot= This is what the s+holars dis+ussed. Ma!y thi!% this is a! easy matter but i! reality> it is !ot> it is fou/ht o! two differe!t fro!ts.

The first fro!t is the major o!e> a!d that is betwee! the Muta?ilah> the se+t the Muta?ilah o! o!e side> a!d Ahlus-Su!!ah wal-Jamaaah> us> o! the other side. 7!e of the ma!y +hara+teristi+s of the Muta?ilah is they reje+t the faith of o!e who does !ot %!ow .roof of the matters of &A eedah. Some attribute this to the se+t> the Ashaairah> they also say that the Ashaairah re uest the same as the Muta?ilah. But al-,ushayri> whi+h is of the Ashaairah> a!d other s+holars of Ashaairah said Abu al(asa! al-Ashari> the father of the Ashaairah> it is !ot true that he said that. A!d that he> the father of the Ashaairah belie1es> whi+h we belie1e he later re+a!ted> he belie1es that the belief of a Mu allid is true. So basi+ally it is betwee! Ahlus-Su!!ah

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a!d al-Muta?ilah> !umber two> it is betwee! Ahlus-Su!!ah themsel1es. 71erall> there is three o.i!io!s o! the matter.

T2E FI$ST O(INION T2AT 4O5 05ST 1NO6 T2E ($OOF


The first o.i!io! is you ha1e to %!ow .roof for matters of &A eedah. *f you do !ot %!ow the .roofs for the matters of &A eedah> your *maa! is reje+ted> a!d this is what ar-Raa?i said> this is what Abul-(asa! al-Aamidi said> a!d this is what the o1erwhelmi!/ majority of the Muta?ilah said. Abu al-Mudhaffar as-Sammaa!i said> it is !ot .ermissible for a layma! to bli!dly follow i! matters of &A eedah> a++ordi!/ to some of the "u ahaa a!d the .hiloso.hists. 'ou must %!ow .roof from the ,ura!> from *jmaa> from ,iyaas> or whate1er it may be> .ertai!i!/ to your &A eedah> a!d Muta?ilah resort a lot to &A l.

T2E SECON, O(INION T2AT IT IS NOT OBLIAATO$4 TO 1NO6 T2E ($OOF


4umber two> the se+o!d o.i!io!. *t is !ot obli/atory to %!ow the .roof> you do !ot ha1e to %!ow the .roof. "ollowi!/ the sayi!/ of a s+holar> imitati!/> mimi+%i!/> followi!/ the s+holar> Ta leed> is a way to /o about a!d it is a++e.ted as lo!/ as you are firm i! your faith a!d you ha1e !o doubts> that is im.orta!t. That is the o.i!io! of o1erwhelmi!/ majority of Ahlus-Su!!ah wal-Jamaaah. The first o.i!io! is you must %!ow the .roof as a +o!ditio! for your belief> basi+ally the Muta?ilah. Se+o!d o.i!io! is you do !ot !eed to %!ow the .roof as lo!/ as you follow i! the truth> without ha1i!/ a!y hesitatio! or doubt.

T2E T2I$, O(INION T2AT 1NO6INA T2E ($OOF IS 2A$AA0


The third o.i!io! is> loo%i!/ i!to .roof is (araam be+ause if you are !ot ualified> loo%i!/ i!to .roof +ould +ause you to /o astray. This is attributed to some of the followers of *maam Ahmad *b! (a!bal. The last o.i!io!> * am /oi!/ to ta%e it out be+ause * thi!% it is really ta%e! out of +o!teDt a!d that it is a! eD+e.tio!al sayi!/ for some of the 1ery> 1ery few who may be sear+hi!/ i!to .roof i/!ora!tly> whi+h may +ause them to ha1e doubts. Someo!e who +a!!ot +om.rehe!d .roof to the .oi!t that it is a+tually /oi!/ to +ause a +ou!ter affe+t a!d /et him to be mis/uided> must /o to a s+holar to /o throu/h that .roof. So we will ta%e that out be+ause it is ta%e! i! a s.e+ial +o!teDt.

S500A$4 OF T2E T2$EE O(INIONS


The summary o! these o.i!io!s> the first two o.i!io!s> is if o!e is at a le1el where he is able to mai!tai! .roof a!d attai! it> the! he should see% .roof i! &A eedah a!d other matters. That is why we study this i! su+h detail. 4ow if you are a layma! or o!e who is !ot able to absorb a!d +om.rehe!d the .roof> he does !ot !eed to %!ow the .roof> as lo!/ as he is firm o! his belief with !o doubt. *! both situatio!s> o!e who a++e.ts *maa! without %!owi!/ .roof> is +o!sidered a belie1er> whether he is
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%!owled/eable or !ot> whether he is a layma! or !ot. The o.i!io! that said o!e must %!ow .roof> they im.ose u.o! o!e as the first obli/atio!> to %!ow .roof. Awwal Waajib (uwa!-4adhr wal-*stidlaal H O - ! b!,I> the Muta?ilah said the first obli/atio! is you !eed to see% reaso!i!/ a!d .roof. That is the first obli/atio! they im.ose u.o! o!e. The sim.le res.o!se to that is> the .roof is sou/ht to /et the /oal> .roof is sou/ht to /et a /oal. *f someo!e a+hie1es the +orre+t /uida!+e by followi!/> imitati!/> the! he has a+hie1ed the /oal. As-Safaaree!i /a1e a summary uote o! this matter> he said the truth o! this matter that !o o!e +a! e1ade> is the 1alidity of a belief of a follower. "ollower mea!i!/ o!e who imitates someo!e else> o!e who does Ta leed. Ta leed mea!s to /et to the ri/ht .ath> a!d this .erso! +hose a way to /et to the ri/ht .ath. What he is sayi!/ is> .roof is mea!t to /et to the ri/ht .ath> so if someo!e /ets it by doi!/ Ta leed the! he has a+hie1ed the /oal. A!-4awawi also a/reed a!d /a1e stateme!ts similar to this i! Sharh Muslim. Shay%h Ali al-;hudhayr> may Allah haste! his release from the Arabia! -e!i!sula .riso!s> he was amo!/ the s+holars who were ta%e! o! the same day> same issue with Shay%h 4asir al-"ahd. (e said it is .ermissible i! &A eedah matters to follow> as lo!/ as you are firm i! what you su..osedly imitate> follow> do Ta leed i!> a!d ha1e absolutely !o doubts> e1e! if you do !ot %!ow the 5aleel. *b! &Uthaymee! followed alo!/ with that same +o!+lusio! a!d said it is .ermissible to follow i! matters of &A eedah> as lo!/ as o!e has !o doubts. -roof that Ta leed is .ermissible> we will ta%e about four or fi1e of them.

T2E ($OOFS T2AT TA9LEE, IS (E$0ISSIBLE


The first o!e is> Allah dire+ted .eo.le to as% the .eo.le of %!owled/e. *f you do !ot %!ow somethi!/> Allah dire+ted you to as% the .eo.le of %!owled/e. Allah said i! the ,ura!C

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Two times> i! Surat a!-4ahl a!d Surat al-A!biyaa. As% the .eo.le of %!owled/e> as% what= This i! Arabi+> (e did !ot say what to as% about> the substa!+e of it> this is +alled i! Arabi+> (athf fil-Mutaalla H B ; 'CD9I. (e did !ot say what to as% about> is it .ri!+i.le matters of *slam> Tawheed> or is it /e!eral "i h matters= *t is !ot there> that is (athf fil-Mutaalla . The a!swer is> all of that. Tawheed matters> the first e!+om.asses all that> whether it may be matters of Tawheed li%e we are studyi!/ here> or se+o!dary matters whi+h are "i h matters>
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li%e Ea%ah a!d (ajj a!d Salah a!d the details of that. That is .roof that o!es *maa! is /ood if he as%s. The se+o!d .roofC

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Allah i! the ,ura!> Surat at-Tawbah said> the mea!i!/ of it is a .arty should stay ba+%> %!owled/eable .eo.le> %!owled/eable /rou. !eed to stay ba+% a!d war! the other .eo.le whe! they retur! to them so that they may be aware of the e1il a!d the /ood a!d %!ow the differe!+e. Basi+ally> a /rou. of .eo.le should stay ba+% a!d tea+h this reli/io!. War!er i! the 1erse is suffi+ie!t> tea+hers stay ba+% a!d tea+h a!d others follow> a!d it did !ot say .roof li%e i! the first 1erse. More so> the third .roof> Allah says to the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallamC

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7h Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> if you are i! doubt +o!+er!i!/ that whi+h We ha1e re1ealed to you> a!d he has !o doubts> the! /o a!d as% those who are readi!/ the Boo%. As% other .eo.le> i! Surat 'u!us> mea!i!/ if you are i! doubt oh Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> a!d of +ourse the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam had !o doubt> but if you are i! doubt> as%. So layme! +a! as% a!d follow. *! all of these> it says as% but it does !ot also i!+lude that you /ot to %!ow a!y .roof i! it. *t does !ot state that you ha1e to summarise or memorise or %!ow or fi!d out the .roof. *! the (adith of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> the !eDt .roofC

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*! Sahih Muslim> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> whoe1er says #aa ilaaha illallah Muhammadar-Rasoolullah> the! his wealth> a!d his blood has be+ome i!1iolable> they be+ome sa+red> !o o!e +a! tou+h it a!d Allah subhaa!ahu wa taaala will hold him a++ou!table a!d as% him. Why was his blood a!d wealth held sa+red a!d i!1iolable= As lo!/ as he says #aa ilaaha illallah MuhammadarRasoolullah. 5id he say> whoe1er says #aa ilaaha illallah with .roof= (e said merely whoe1er says #aa ilaaha illallah. *f .roof was obli/atory to %!ow> he would ha1e added that> it would ha1e bee! added to the (adith. 4eDt .roof> a!d this is o!e of the .roofs *b! &Uthaymee! reiterated> em.hasised. Ma!y i/!ora!t a!d layme! +a!!ot do *jtihaad a!d e!+om.ass .roof a!d memorise it
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a!d ratio!alise it. 'ou are i! reality> whe! you are telli!/ them they /ot to %!ow the .roof> you are as%i!/ them somethi!/ whi+h is abo1e their mea!s. A!d Allah said i! the ,ura!C

3 1 5 3 v / lV_ :`EA ...T 0 H L / ! 4 J 7 H


Allah burde!s !ot a .erso! beyo!d his s+o.e. What is obli/atory a!d the obje+ti1e is o!e firmly belie1es without a!y doubt> whether it is throu/h .roof or throu/h followi!/. Most of the "u ahaa said> if you +a!!ot for+e layme! to %!ow .roofs o! matters of "i h> be+ause it is too bi/ of a hardshi. o! them> we +a!!ot for+e them to lear! .roofs o! matters of &A eedah be+ause that is e1e! a bi//er hardshi. o! them. (adith 5humaam *b! Thalabah> 5humaam *b! Thalabah +ame to the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallamC

3 . 1 A 1 / 1 3 b 1 / c /& 3 | 1 -L I; ; a & ( 1 / 1 E 1 1 Z! 2 ! 3 L 1 & 3 . 2 * h < 1 3 b 1 @ ; / 3 c E / 1 5 1 -L R 1 ! 1 @ 1 1 Z! 1 / 2 / ! t / ; 3 L 3 q 1 1 5 E ; N b 1 / A 1 1 &= . / & / 2 0P ,: b 1 1 3 / , 3 . -L ," : 1 1 Z! 1 / 1 3 b ! / & 3 L 3 " 2 ; N N E :b 1 / A ": b q / 3 = : b / 2 1 1 3 / ; q z / 1 GL 1 W 1 2 1 I5 / ! 3 = W ; 5 W / ; ; " 1 2 1 1 ; 1 J 3 2@ 1 ,H 1 F Q 3 2X 2 " W 5 / / ,: b N / L N u < 1 J & " : b 3 / AN T 1 q 1 G# / / 1 ! 1 ! 3 W W 4 -L + 2 H N / 1 W & / & 3 " : b / 3 T 3 Z u / AN T 2X " / ,: b N 1 / 1 ! 1 ! 3 u W W , 3 Z u ! 2 H / ,u / " / & q 1 G# / 2 A ( / ( / ! ! 4 / % / h / " R 1 D 1 1 1& u c / ,! 2 / $ " / } 1 X 3 . ' ; " & E 1 3 1 / !2 # A / Z" 3 b 1 1 Z! 3 " : ! 3 c" / 3 T 3 L 1 G ; #/D < K L / d 1 Q ` # Q 4 p 4 p 3 ! / 1w 3 ` 1 ; 1 ;
-a/e F )3

L / ! / T ( 3 = / ! K 3 # 1 Q / 1w 2X 1 G ! ; ' " < / , # 2 T 1 3 ; 1 ( 1 : p # / / AN 2X # 1 ; T% 3 1 " : b N 1 ' 1 ; 3 9 / ,2 / , 3 H 1 H ; 3 ,! / ( IL W mh 1 D 1 ! -L 2/ A 1 G J ! ( ! / / , H 1 '/ T Y 1 ' / ,! 3 c { E 2 1 ,H 3 . 1 ; ( -L E 1 & 1 3 b 1 4 / 1 b C K 1 3 ! ! / 2K 1 1 1 Z! 1 / / 1 ": ! 9 3 L 3 / " " /2 3 @ 1 / < / E 1 * 1 / 'K
#et me /i1e you the summary i! 0!/lish> 5humaam *b! Thalabah +ame to the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. (e tethered his +amel by the door> he told the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam * am /oi!/ to be harsh o! you. (e is a Bedoui!> he is tryi!/ to tell the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam my !ature is a little bit differe!t> their !ature was a little bit differe!t. (e said whi+h o!e of you is *b! Abdul Muttalib= The -ro.het said * am *b! Abdul Muttalib. (e said> you are Muhammad= (e said> * am Muhammad. So he said> * am /oi!/ to be harsh o! you> * am !ot /oi!/ to ta%e it .erso!al> you do !ot ta%e it .erso!al. (e be/a! to as% the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam about the o!e!ess of Allah. The! he said> did Allah se!d you= A!d the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said yes> Allah se!t me with the 7!e!ess of Allah> the! ea+h "araaidh of the fi1e .illars> he be/a! to as% him> as%i!/ him by Allah was he se!t to +o!1ey that. After he as%ed a!d he belie1ed> he raised his ha!d a!d said oh Messe!/er of Allah> * shall !ot add to these matters !or shall * subtra+t from them. * am /oi!/ to belie1e i! these matters that you just told me about. (e as%ed a few uestio!s about the 7!e!ess of Allah> the Shahaadah> a!d the "araaidh> the fi1e .illars> a!d he a++e.ted from the truthful!ess of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. (e a++e.ted *maa! with !o doubt> a!d he left. A!-4awawi +omme!ted o! this (adith i! Sharh Muslim> said this is .roof of what the *maams we!t to that layme! followers who belie1e do !ot ha1e to %!ow .roof as a +o!ditio! of them bei!/ belie1ers. A!-4awawi we!t o! to say> Sharh Sahih Muslim> it is suffi+ie!t of them that they ha1e firm belief with !o doubt or hesitatio!> u!li%e what al-Muta?ilah said. A!-4awawi said> it is deri1ed from this> why is it deri1ed from this (adith= Be+ause the -ro.het a..ro1ed 5humaam o! his belief> of belie1i!/ without a!y .roof. There was !o eD+ha!/e of .roof i! there> he was !e1er uestio!ed> do you %!ow these .roofs> do you %!ow this mira+le> do you %!ow that mira+le= So that is .roof that o!e does !ot ha1e to %!ow the .roof.

-a/e F )6

The !eDt .roof. Whe! the Sahaabah e!tered the la!ds of the !o! Arabs> they a++e.ted the *maa! of the .eo.le. The Bedoui!s> the !o! Arabs> !o!e of them were ordered to sit a!d re+ite .roof> !or were some ui??ed> !or were some tested as to what your .roof is that you belie1e i! #aa ilaaha illallah Muhammadar-Rasoolullah> li%e that whi+h al-Muta?ilah said. So that is some .roof o! this matter. #oo% at the sayi!/s of some of the s+holars> 4awawi said whoe1er says Shahaadah truly belie1i!/ i! it> e1e! if he is a Mu allid> a follower> imitator> he is a belie1er. Be+ause the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam thou/ht it was suffi+ie!t to hear the Shahaadah of ma!y a!d did !ot re uest that they %!ow the .roofs of Tawheed a!d &A eedah> a!d the a++umulatio! of the (adith o! this are authe!ti+ a!d Mutawaatir. That is a stateme!t of a!-4awawi. *b! &A eel Rahimahullah said> it is !ot a /oal to %!ow the .roof> it is just mea!s to %!ow the .roof> to ma%e your belief firmG a!d if this ha..e!s without %!owi!/ .roof that is suffi+ie!t. *b! (a?im i! his boo% al-"asil> the fourth 1olume> * thi!% it would be arou!d .a/e thirty fi1e or after .a/e thirty fi1e> he said e1eryo!e else other tha! the Muta?ilah said a!yo!e who belie1es i! his heart> a true belief without !o doubts> a!d say it o! their to!/ue> #aa ilaaha illallah Muhammadar-Rasoolullah a!d e1erythi!/ the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam +ame with is the truth a!d de!ou!+e e1erythi!/ other tha! thatG is a belie1er> e1e! if he is a Mu allid a!d .roof is !ot a .rere uisite. *b! ,udaamah i! his boo% o! Usool> Rawdat a!-4aadhir> said the *maa! of a Mu allid> a follower or imitator is /ood. Sha! eeti Rahimahullah> of the +o!tem.orary s+holars +omme!ti!/ o! Rawdat a!4aadhir> followed alo!/ i! that o.i!io!. Safaaree!i said> li%e * me!tio!ed earlier whe! * first started> the truth o! the matter that !o o!e +a! e1ade is the 1alidity of the belief of a Mu allid. * me!tio!ed to you what Shay%h Ali ;hudayr said> may Allah haste! his release> a!d *b! &Uthaymee! a!d ma!y others. 4ow we are do!e with the first matter of the four i!trodu+tory matters. The first matter is %!owled/e> to %!ow Allah> the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d the reli/io! with .roof. We are do!e with that.

T2E SECON, INT$O,5CTO$4 0ATTE$ 8 TO ACT 5(ON 1NO6LE,AE

4umber two of the four i!trodu+tory matters is to a+t u.o! %!owled/eC

3 1 + I5 1 1& < : / /
T2E T4(ES OF ACTIONS IN ISLA0

-a/e F )6

7ur first .oi!t o! this matter is the ty.es of a+tio!s i! *slam. 4umber o!e> ordai!ed> Waajib> "ardh. The! you /ot the Su!!ah> Mustahabb> the !o! obli/atory that you /et reward for. The! you /ot the Ma%rooh> the disli%ed> a!d the! you /ot the (araam.

,O 4O5 AET $E6A$, FO$ LEABINA T2E 2A$AA0 .


(araam a+tio!s !eed to be a..lied. (ow do you a..ly the (araam a+tio!s= By lea1i!/ them. A..lyi!/ %!owled/e> is a..lyi!/ your %!owled/e i! matters that are (araam as well> a!d i! Shir% as well. (ow so= By lea1i!/ it> by stayi!/ away from it. 5oes o!e /et reward if he a..lies his %!owled/e i! matters of (araam= #ea1i!/ si!s a!d lea1i!/ Shir%> we me!tio!ed is o!e of the a+tio!s of %!owled/e. *f o!e lea1es Shir% a!d o!e lea1es si!> does he /et reward for it= The a!swer is> it is o!e of two situatio!s. A!d that is our .oi!t !umber two. We me!tio!ed the ty.e of a+tio!s> the! !umber two is do you /et reward for lea1i!/ the (araam= *f he lea1es it for the sa%e of Allah> li%e the (adith says i! the Sahihay!C

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A si! will !ot be writte! for o!e who thi!%s or i!te!ds to do a si!> if he +ommits the si! it will be writte! as o!e si!. *f he thi!%s a!d i!te!ds> it will !ot be writte! a/ai!st him. *! a!other !arratio! of the (adith> if he lea1es doi!/ that si! for reward from Allah> the! he /ets reward for it. That is the first o!e> if he lea1es it for the sa%e of Allah> he /ets reward for it. *f he lea1es it be+ause he is la?y or he is u!able to do that si!> he does !ot /et a reward. "or eDam.le> his homeboys did !ot .i+% him u. to /o to the bar. (e says well> Alhamdulillah * /ot reward. 'ou did !ot lea1e be+ause your boys did !ot +ome. 'ou do !ot /et reward. A /irl reje+ted him the! he says Alhamdulillah * did !ot +ommit Ei!a be+ause the /irl reje+ted me. 'ou do !ot /et reward> be+ause you did !ot do it be+ause you were u!able to. *f you left it> you said you %!ow what> e1erythi!/ is a1ailable for me> * lea1e it for the sa%e of Allah> the! that is whe! you /et reward. The o..ortu!ity is there> you lea1e it for AllahJs sa%e> the! you /et reward. *f you do !ot do it be+ause the +ha!+es are !ot there> the! you do !ot /et reward> be+ause of the !arratio! of the (adith that * me!tio!ed. So %!owled/e> a..lyi!/ %!owled/e also is i! (araam.

-a/e F )$

The !eDt .oi!t> he started with %!owled/e a!d the! he we!t to a..lyi!/ %!owled/e. Be+ause %!owled/e fiDes> %!owled/e +orre+ts the i!te!tio! a!d the method of a..li+atio! that result i! your a+tio! bei!/ .ro.er.

T2E ESSENTIAL AS(ECTS OF A((L4INA 1NO6LE,AE


4ow let us ta%e o! some .oi!ters o! the esse!tial as.e+ts of a..lyi!/ %!owled/e. (ere we ha1e to thi!% a!d fo+us. 7!e of the differe!+es> the major differe!+es betwee! the Salaf a!d those of us today> is the 1aria!+e betwee! %!owled/e a!d a+ti!/ u.o! it. Allah i! the ,ura! saidC

05J "-5F / I F , / , ! 6 A & j " ! 6 3 / ',! / / 1 1 E ; / ' F ,a nn :`EA" 1 1 0/ " - - / F Q '


'ou e!joi! the Birr> .iety a!d ri/hteous!ess o! .eo.le> a!d you for/et it a!d you do !ot a..ly it a!d you do !ot .ra+ti+e it> you yourself= This is a uestio! by Allah> mea!t to rebu%e a!d re.rima!d. 'ou e!joi! o! other .eo.le what you do !ot do yourself= *t is to rebu%e a!d re.rima!d a!d s+old for !ot a..lyi!/ that whi+h you %!ow a!d that whi+h you .rea+h. *t was re1ealed about the s+holars of Ba!i *sraeel but it a..lies to the s+holars of *slam a!d the followers of -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d all .eo.le as well. *b! Abbaas radhiallahu &a!huma said the Jews of Madi!ah used to tell their frie!ds a!d relati1es who were Muslims> remai! o! *slam a!d that whi+h that ma! is tea+hi!/ you> be+ause he is s.ea%i!/ the truthG yet they themsel1es did !ot belie1e. They used to .rea+h but did !ot a+t so this was re1ealed be+ause of them. *b! Jareer Rahimahullah said> the s+holars of the Jews used to order the .eo.le to do the /ood by Allah> a!d they themsel1es did si!s. This 1erse is a re.rima!d. *t is !ot a re.rima!d be+ause it ordered /ood but it is a re.rima!d be+ause he did !ot do the /ood. -ay atte!tio!> so !o o!e will uit o! me after today. * do !ot wa!t !o o!e to say the s+ruti!y is so mu+h o! the stude!ts of %!owled/e that * am just /oi!/ to uit> * would rather be i/!ora!t> it is easier to be i/!ora!t.

O$,AININA T2E AOO, AN, FO$BI,,INA T2E EBIL AN, A((LICATION 6IT2IN ONESELF A$E T6O SE(A$ATE OBLIAATO$4 0ATTE$S
The .ro.er o.i!io! o! this matter here> is ordai!i!/ the /ood> forbiddi!/ the e1il a!d a..li+atio! of it withi! o!eself are two se.arate thi!/s. 7rdai!i!/ the /ood> forbiddi!/ the e1il o! o!e side a!d the a..li+atio! o! o!e side. They are two se.arate obli/atory matters> o!e does !ot dro. if the other dro.s. #et me re.eat> the .ro.er o.i!io!> a!d there is a se+o!d o.i!io! o! this but the .ro.er o.i!io! of two
-a/e F ))

o.i!io!s o! this matter> is ordai!i!/ the /ood> forbiddi!/ the e1il o! o!e ha!d a!d a..li+atio!> a..lyi!/ what you lear! a!d %!ow i! o!eself> o! yourself a!d o! your +lose o!es that are u!der your +o!trol is a!other matter. 7!e does !ot dro. if the other dro.s. Some said if o!e falls i!to a si!> he should !ot deter others. That is the wea%er of the two o.i!io!s. 'ou /ot that= That is the wea%er of the two o.i!io!s. The 1erse is basi+ally sayi!/> here is what the 1erse is basi+ally sayi!/. 'ou are doi!/ ri/ht i! ordai!i!/ the /ood> the! follow it yourself. *t is !ot sayi!/ do !ot /o a!d +o!1ey the messa/e or sto.. The truth is> you are /oi!/ to +o!1ey the truth> follow it yourself. 'ou refrai! from the e1il you are telli!/ the .eo.le to refrai!> wor% o! yourself li%e you are telli!/ .eo.le to do. *t is a re.rima!d> !ot to sto. o!e from ordai!i!/ the /ood a!d forbiddi!/ the e1il> but rather to follow i! that whi+h he is sayi!/ a!d what he is tea+hi!/. *! (ud> Shuayb saidC

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* do !ot wa!t to be i! +o!tradi+tio! to that whi+h * ha1e forbidde! you. <o!tradi+tio!> * do !ot wa!t tell you o!e thi!/ a!d do a!other thi!/.

A 0AN

62OSE

ACTIONS ,O NOT 0ATC2 2IS 1NO6LE,AE

(adith> .ay atte!tio! to this (adith. Usaamah *b! Eayd radhiallahu &a!hu> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam saidC

/ ; B @ 1 E 1 / 3 ; 1 1 2/ ;' E 1 \ / < 1 3 & 1 / , ( 1 / 1 3 ; N ; 9 = # &' 1& !2 !2 1 , R; @' ; -E m ; < / 3 1 / Q - 1 / " / ," 1 / / I% T 1 ! / / # t / F! / / & I F f / , W 1 C ! N 1 1 FZ H 1 ! / / # b / & / # Zf / 1 C 1 0/ ,! / 0 # T / / 1 1 FZ! / / 1
Bu%hari a!d Muslim> Usaamah *b! Eayd said a ma! will be brou/ht a!d .ut i! (ellfire. A!d i! a!other !arratio!> the first to be .ut i! hellfire. A!d he will +ir+umambulate> /o arou!d i! a +ir+le i! (ellfire> li%e a do!%ey of a /ri!di!/ mill. The flour /ri!di!/ mill> you %!ow how he /oes arou!d them> that is how he will be. -eo.le of (ell will /ather arou!d him a!d say> oh so a!d so> 'aa Shay%h> 'aa
-a/e F )8

&Aalim. 5id you !ot order us to do the /ood a!d forbid the e1il= 5id you !ot /i1e us those elo ue!t sermo!s= 5id you !ot you a..ear o! satellite TB a!d tell us you /ot to do this a!d you /ot to do that= Were you !ot Tweeti!/ us about this a!d that= Were you !ot 'outubi!/ us o! this a!d that= Were you !ot the o!e who was tea+hi!/ us what to do a!d what !ot to do= What o! earth are you doi!/ here= They are sur.rised> they are i! sho+%> the .eo.le i! (ell are sho+%ed that he is there. (e is a Shay%h> he used to be +alled a Shay%h. The .eo.le i! (ell are sur.rised to see him i! (ell be+ause he was deemed .ious a!d ri/hteous. The ma! will say> * used to order the others to do the /ood but * myself !e1er did it> a!d * used to forbid others from the e1il while * myself used to do it. *! Sahih atTar/heeb wat-Tarheeb the author said> this is a ma! whose a+tio!s do !ot mat+h his %!owled/e. (is a+tio!s do !ot mat+h his %!owled/e.

ONE IS AOINA TO BE 95ESTIONE, ABO5T 2IS 1NO6LE,AE ON T2E E5,A0ENT ,A4

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"our matters the (adith says> the (adith says i! Tirmidhi> ad-5aarimi a!d it is authe!ti+> a ma! will !ot mo1e forward o! the Jud/me!t 5ay o!e ste.> u!til he is uestio!ed about four thi!/s. The first thi!/ he is /oi!/ to be as%ed about is how he s.e!t his life. The se+o!d o!e is about %!owled/e> did he tea+h it> did he a..ly it> more so> did he a..ly it= A!d the third o!e is about his wealth> where he /ot it a!d how did he s.e!d it. A!d the fourth o!e is /oi!/ to be about how did he wear out his youth. Those are four matters> you do !ot ste. forward o! the Jud/me!t 5ay> a!d why we brou/ht it is for the se+o!d matter> o!e is /oi!/ to be uestio!ed about his %!owled/e. *t is !ot to be sta+%ed u. i! o!es brai! a!d !ot a..lied.

SA4INA T2AT 62IC2 4O5 ,O NOT ,O

N :b 1 1 3 2 1 / A / / 3 | 1 2/ 1 /& a 3 . + -L N < 1 / 1 3 b ! " : 3 L 3 b / 5 / j 3 1 3 1 1 mD / J / ! 5 / $ / " p 1 \ 3 1 x / ! J < 5 # j 5 1 + 1 = 1 1


-a/e F 8@

At-Tabaraa!i i! al-;abir a!d al-Mu!dhuri said it is authe!ti+. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> the eDam.le of a %!owled/eable .erso! who tea+hes a!d for/ets himself to a..ly it> does !ot a..ly himself> is li%e a lam.> li%e a li/ht> li%e a +ha!delier. *t li/hts to .eo.le but it bur!s itself> that is the eDam.le the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said.

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Mus!ad Ahmad> a+tually it is Sahih at-Tar/heeb wat-Tarheeb> *b! (ibbaa!> alBayha i. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam whe! he we!t o! the !i/ht of the *sraa> he see! .eo.le whose to!/ues a!d their li.s were bei!/ sli+ed with metal %!i1es of fire. 01ery time they were sli+ed> they would retur! to their ori/i!al state to be sli+ed a/ai! without res.ite. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam has Jibraeel !eDt to him> he said Jibraeel> who are these= Why are they sufferi!/ li%e this= Jibraeel said these are the .ubli+ s.ea%ers of your Ummah> they say that whi+h they do !ot do.

1NO6LE,AE T2AT ,OES NOT BENEFIT

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*! Sahih Muslim> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam used to see% refu/e. 7h Allah> * see% refu/e i! you from %!owled/e that does !ot be!efit> from a heart that does !ot e!tertai! fear of Allah> from a soul that is !ot satisfied> a!d a su..li+atio! that is !ot a!swered. The -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam says * see% refu/e from %!owled/e that does !ot be!efit. *f there is o!e thi!/ you are /oi!/ to lea1e out with today> it is to %!ow this (adith. Wallahi if you truly +om.rehe!d this> you will be i! a/o!y. *f you truly +om.rehe!d this you will truly be i! a/o!y.

-a/e F 82

(ow ma!y a!d let us be truthful> let us be truthful with oursel1es today> let us be truthful> how ma!y ma%e this 5uaa= * +o!sider a!yo!e who atte!ds our .ro/ram> our +lasses> amo!/ the best of the best *!shaa Allah. This is %!owled/e> !ot for worldly /ai!. We do !ot eD+ha!/e mo!ey> we do !ot /o for .o.ularitys sa%e> it is !ot about +o!tests> !o o!e +omes here to mi!/le with /irls> !o o!e +omes here to joi! the o..osite seD. 4o o!e +omes here to liste! to a few seDual jo%es u!der the ba!!er of "i h of #o1e while ha1i!/ major defi+ie!+y i! Walaa a!d Baraa. 4o o!e +omes here for that %i!d of stuff. Those firmly o! the /uida!+e that we tea+h here> the /uida!+e of Tawheed> those o! this /uida!+e of the Tawheed o! the Ma!haj> whoe1er is firm o! that study are the followers of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam a!d the Messe!/ers. A!d they are the +arriers of #aa ilaaha illallah> a!d are the re1i1ers who usually /et tested li%e that of the trials of the Messe!/ers before> a!d at the same time they are the o!es who u.lift this Ummah from its dar%!ess a!d its defeats. Be+ause this is the Tawheed> this is the .ure. This is it> this is *slam> ta%e it or lea1e it. That is how we tea+h here. So you are> *!shaa Allah> amo!/ the few of the few of the 1ery> 1ery> 1ery> 1ery few who study this 5ee! a!d this Tawheed seriously a!d for !o other> !o .erso!al /ai!. So> out of this few> who of us ma%es the 5uJaa that the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam made> see%i!/ refu/e i! %!owled/e that does !ot be!efit= 7h Allah> * see% refu/e i! 'ou> from %!owled/e that does !ot be!efit. * %!ow ma!y who study throu/h the *!ter!et a!d who study here with us> a lot of them ma%e 5uJaa a!d it is a /oal for them to be %!owled/eable a!d always sayC

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But how ma!y of us has sou/ht refu/e from %!owled/e that does !ot be!efit us= Be truthful. ;!owled/e that does !ot be!efit us mea!s %!owled/e that we do !ot a..ly. * fear if we were to do a sur1ey o! this matter> we would retur! with a hu/e disa..oi!tme!t to all of us. Whe! did o!e of us> a!d we be truthful with oursel1es> fid/et a!d shi1er with +hills before Allah> li%e a wet bird> .leadi!/ a!d see%i!/ refu/e i! Allah from %!owled/e that does !ot be!efit us= * say this is the differe!+e betwee! the ;halaf> the latter .eo.le> a!d the Salaf> who +arried the le/a+y of the Ummah. The +urri+ulum is there> the +urri+ulum to u.lifti!/ this Ummah is there> we ha1e it. We ha1e it a!d we do !ot !eed those so +alled Mufa%%ir a!d thi!%ers to +ome a!d blab> a!d other o!es who wa!t to +ome a!d +ha!/e. The +urri+ulum is there> it is solid. The +urri+ulum for u.lifti!/ this Ummah> the /uida!+e is there a!d has bee! for fourtee! +e!turies> o1er fourtee! +e!turies. The .roblem is> the .roblem is the a..li+atio!.

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The -ro.het used to ma%e that 5uJaa. The -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam was su++essful i! /etti!/ the Sahaabah to a..ly it. (e .ri!ted +o.ies of the teDts that we
-a/e F 89

lear!> i! the hearts> i! the hearts of the Sahaabah he .ri!ted it. (e made it a /uida!+e they a+ted u.o!> it be+ame a total way of life for them. That is the se+ret. That ri/ht there> that ri/ht there is the se+ret of how the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam made the most su++essful !atio! o! the 0arth> from shattered> feudi!/> Bedoui!> a!ar+hist> who were i! the midst of a deserted> deserted desertG !ot just a!y re/ular desert> a deserted desert> who be+ame the su.er.ower of the world i! a histori+al> re+ord brea%i!/> li/ht!i!/> bat of a! eye time frame. "or thirtee! years> the -ro.het was busy i!s+ribi!/ this Tawheed a!d JA eedah i! the hearts. *! the hearts> !ot o! .a.er> !ot o! <5> !ot o! 'ouTube> !ot o! the i!ter!et> he was doi!/ it i! the hearts. Today> ma!y a!d most of the small stude!ts of %!owled/e> ha1e more boo%s tha! the re!ow!ed &Ulamaa who re1i1ed this Ummah. Al-Ma%tabah ash-Shaamilah who * really ha1e !ot /otte! to %!ow yet> it is somethi!/ you dow!load with thousa!ds of 1olumes. Whether it may be %!owled/e that they ha1e> we ha1e it. Whether the way it is or/a!ised> or the ua!tity> or the .ri!t of it> or how you /et it o! <5 or how you sear+h itG we ha1e more %!owled/e> ma!y ha1e more %!owled/e today tha! the re!ow!ed &Ulamaa. Allah i! the ,urJa! said about 'aJ oobC

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Berily> he was e!dowed with %!owled/e> about 'aJ oob. "rom that whi+h We tau/ht him> he had %!owled/e. ,ataadah says the mea!i!/ of this 1erse is> he was e!dowed with a..li+atio! a!d a..lyi!/ that whi+h We tau/ht him.

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Sufyaa! ath-Thawri was as%ed> do you li%e to study or a..ly what you studyC

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(e said> %!owled/e is sou/ht to be a..lied so !e1er lea1e see%i!/ %!owled/e for a..li+atio!> a!d !e1er lea1e a..li+atio! for see%i!/ %!owled/eC

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What are you tryi!/ to say Sufyaa! ath-Thawri= Basi+ally he is sayi!/> %!owled/e a!d a..li+atio! +ome ha!d i! ha!d> they are i!se.arable> you +a!!ot se.arate the two. *maam Ahmad told his stude!ts o!+e> there is !e1er a (adith * .assed by eD+e.t * fully a..lied it. "ully a..lied e1ery si!/le (adith. * o!+e .assed by a (adith that the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam we!t to /o +u..i!/ to Abu Teeba a!d he .aid
-a/e F 8:

o!e di!ar. (e said> so * we!t to /o /et +u..i!/ a!d * .aid eDa+tly that whi+h the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam .aid so * +a! follow eDa+t Su!!ah. 01ery (adith> *mam Ahmad> you so dari!/ly say you a..lied= (e would ha1e !e1er said a word li%e that if he did !ot truly a..ly it. A ma! who i! his Mus!ad Ahmad> had forty thousa!d (adith a!d it is said that he memorised o1er a millio!. *! his Mus!ad> forty> you a..lied e1ery si!/le (adith= *brahim al-(arbi said> * was with Ahmad *b! (a!bal> * was his +om.a!io!. "or twe!ty years> wi!ter a!d summer> +old days a!d hot days> !i/ht a!d day> !ot a si!/le day we!t by eD+e.t *maam Ahmad was a..lyi!/ i! that day> more tha! he a..lied the day before. Twe!ty years> day a!d !i/ht> he said e1ery day he a..lied more> today he would a..ly more tha! yesterday. The Salaf were the me! who were des+ribed> whe! they tur!ed to %!owled/e to study it> it a..eared o! them. *! their humility a!d i! their humble!ess> a!d o! their to!/ues> a!d o! their ha!ds. That is how %!owled/e affe+ted them. Some of those who +laim to be stude!ts of %!owled/e today> the reje+ts> they +ome from bars to su..osedly bei!/ stude!ts of %!owled/e> to u!leash their to!/ues o! /ia!ts they +ould !e1er be e ui1ale!t to the dust o! their shoes i! their ser1i+e to Allah a!d the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam. Just days a/o you were i! a bar> so sudde!ly you /o to stude!t of %!owled/e> you be+ome a stude!t of %!owled/e> !ow you wa!t to refute /ia!ts= * do !ot mea! the MurjiJah reje+ts alo!e> but they ali/! themsel1es> whether i!te!tio!ally or u!i!te!tio!ally> with the Moder!ists to refute the true .eo.le of Tawheed. "rom ra..i!/ o!e !i/ht to refuti!/ the /ia!ts of the Ummah i! the mor!i!/. "rom bars a!d +lubs> mo!ths a/o> to refuti!/ a!d sla!deri!/ a!d +hewi!/ .oiso!ous flesh of &Ulamaa a!d those who de1oted their li1es a!d their wealth a!d their ho!our for the sa%e of Allah. Why=

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&*lm #aa 'a!fa. The me! of the .ast were me! that as soo! as they tur!ed to %!owled/e> to lear! it> it was see! o! their a..eara!+e> i! their ;hushoo> i! their humility> their humble!ess> i! their to!/ues> i! their ha!ds. Whe! o!e la+%s eti uettes a!d ma!!ers> you thi!% they do !ot %!ow the %!owled/e of it= 'ou thi!% they do !ot %!ow about their to!/ues a!d their ha!ds a!d their sla!ders= 'ou thi!% they do !ot %!ow it= They do> but it is the wrath of &*lm #aa 'a!fa. Why else would the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam em.hasise i! his 5uJaa=

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Whe! others +a! /o throu/h the teDts of Walaa a!d Baraa li%e a! arrow> they will /o shar. throu/h it li%e a! arrow but they +a!!ot a..ly it i! their day to day life. &*lm #aa 'a!fa. *! al-JaamiJ al-Ah%aam al-,urJa!> a s+holar +alled Abu Uthma! al-(ayri> he sat to /i1e o!e of his +lasses. A!d he sat> /a1e a! i!trodu+tio! a!d sat sile!t> a!d sile!t>
-a/e F 83

a!d sile!t. The! Abu al-Abbaas said Shay%h> what is /oi!/ o!= Whe! is the (ala ah /oi!/ to start= A!d the!> the Shay%h raised his head u. a!d be/a! to +ry a!d wee. a!d the! be/a! to +ha!t his .oemC

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A !o! Ta i> o!e who does !ot ha1e Ta wa> he is tal%i!/ about himself> orders .eo.le for Ta wa li%e a do+tor /i1i!/ +ure while he himself is i! !eed to be +ured from that same ill!ess. The e!tire (ala ah be/a! to wee.. They %!ew how 1aluable it was to a..ly the %!owled/e. Abu al-Aswad ad-5uali> the famous .oet> he has a .oem about the matterC

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7h you ma! who is tea+hi!/ others> should!Jt the tea+hi!/ be to yourself=

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Start with yourself> deter it from wro!/. *f you are su++essful i! deterri!/ yourself from bei!/ wro!/> the! you ha1e be+ome i!deed wise.

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At that .oi!t> whe! you a+hie1e a..li+atio! of your %!owled/e> your s.ee+h will be a++e.ted> your words will be followed> a!d your tea+hers will the! be+ome be!efi+ial.

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5o !ot deter from somethi!/ a!d do that whi+h you deter from> a bi/ shame o! you if you do so.

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-a/e F 86

'ou see that 5uJaa= Tal% is .le!ty> %!owled/e is abu!da!t> but the a..li+atio! is s+ar+e. This is !ot mea!t to s+are you away from lear!i!/ %!owled/e. This is a+tually a! e!+oura/eme!t to a..ly that whi+h you lear!> that whi+h you deter .eo.le from> that> to stay away from it. That whi+h you order .eo.le to /o to a!d to do> it is a+tually a! e!+oura/eme!t for you to follow alo!/ i! that .ath> that whi+h you tea+h .eo.le or that whi+h you %!ow of.

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CLASS SIF
This our siDth +lass o! Tawheed a!d Usool Ath-Thalaathah. We s.o%e a!d we left off o! the se+o!d of the four fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les> the four i!trodu+tory fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les. The first o!e is %!owled/e a!d that is to %!ow Allah> the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d the reli/io!. The se+o!d of the .ri!+i.les is to a+t o! your %!owled/e a!d we left off there> let us /o ta%e it from there.

ACTINA ON 1NO6LE,AE
1NO6LE,AE T2AT ,OES NOT BENEFIT ACTION
The first .oi!t that you wa!t to !ote today a!d ta%e this as a rule> the mai! /oal for %!owled/e is that it is mea!s to worshi. Allah a!d e1ery %!owled/e that does !ot be!efit a+tio!> there is !othi!/ i! the Shareeah to i!di+ate that it is .raiseworthy. Shaatibi said> e1ery %!owled/e that does !ot be!efit a+tio!> there is !othi!/ i! the Shareeah to i!di+ate it is .raiseworthy. ;ee. i! mi!d there is some heart a+tio!s> a!d there is some .hysi+al a+tio!s. Some .eo.le do !ot +o!sider a+tio!s of the heart a+ts> but that is i! reality a! a+t. A+ti!/ u.o! %!owled/e +ould be i! the heart> matters of the heart> a!d it +ould be .hysi+al matters. *maa! is a! a+tio! of the heart> to belie1e> a!d that results from %!owled/e. "or eDam.le> what do * /et by belie1i!/ or %!owi!/ a!d lear!i!/ the 4ames a!d ,ualities of Allah> Attributes of Allah subhaa!ahu wa taaala= 'ou /et .le!ty of thi!/s a!d amo!/ that is a! a+t of the heart> whi+h is true> firm belief a!d stro!/er *maa!> Tasdee . 7f +ourse there is the other as.e+t of %!owled/e whi+h is the .hysi+al .art> we do !ot /ot to /et i!to that be+ause e1eryo!e %!ows it. Matters that .ertai! to Salah> Ea%ah> (ajj> Wudhu> Tahaarah> those are .hysi+al .arts. That is the first .oi!t.

1NO6LE,AE IS ,IFFE$ENT TO ACTION

-a/e F 86

;!owled/e is totally differe!t tha! a+ti!/. So they are two differe!t thi!/s> just be+ause you ha1e %!owled/e it does !ot mea! you are a+ti!/ o! it. Allah said i! the ,ura!C

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Those who We /i1e! the S+ri.ture to> they %!ow the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d re+o/!ise him just as they would re+o/!ise their ow! so!s a!d %ids. Who are those who re+o/!ised the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam= Those are the Jews a!d those are the <hristia!s. So they ha1e %!owled/e> Allah says +learly they ha1e %!owled/e but did they a+t o! it= 4o. They did !ot a+t o! it> they had the %!owled/e but they did !ot a+t o! it so that shows they are two differe!t thi!/s. Some .eo.le may ha1e %!owled/e but they may !ot a+t o! it> they are two differe!t e!tities that o!e must %!ow. Why must you %!ow it= Be+ause if Allah says the Jews had %!owled/e a!d the <hristia!s had %!owled/e> but yet i! other 1erses i! the ,ura! re.rima!ded them se1erely for !ot belie1i!/> the! they had %!owled/e but they did !ot a+t u.o! it so that is a !e/ati1e as.e+t. The bottom li!e is> %!owled/e a!d a+ti!/ are two se.arate thi!/s a!d *slam +ame to be a+ted u.o!> !ot to be sa1ed as teDt or i! your memory base.

1NO6LE,AE 6AS SENT TO BE ACTE, 5(ON


#oo% how the ,ura! me!tio!s that *slam +ame to be a+ted u.o!C

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A Boo% we re1ealed u.o! to you Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> why= *! order that you lead ma!%i!d out of dar%!ess. Why was the Boo% re1ealed= To ta%e ma!%i!d out of dar%!ess> a+t.

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A boo% with 1erses that were .erfe+ted a!d eD.lai!ed i! detail by Allah the Wise> the well Wise> the well a+ uai!ted. Why was this Boo% re1ealed> su+h detail> why= The !eDt 1erse isC

-a/e F 8$

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Worshi.> the a+t .art. That Boo% was re1ealed so you +a! a+t o! it> a+t how= Worshi. Allah.

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We did !ot se!d before you oh Muhammad> a Messe!/er> eD+e.t that We re1ealed to him #aa ilaaha illallah> to tea+h the .eo.le #aa ilaaha illallah> loo% at the e!d of it> !e1er was there a Messe!/er se!t> !ot o!ly *slam> !e1er was there a Messe!/er but he +ame with the teDtC

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Used the teDt so they +a! worshi.> so they +a! a+t o! it.

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We ha1e se!t you oh Muhammad this Boo%> so you +a! jud/e amo!/ ma!%i!d> why was this Boo% se!t=

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So you may jud/e betwee! me! as Allah showed youC

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So you +a! jud/e. That is why the Boo% was re1ealed. #oo% at the other 1erse> 1ery similar to this 1erseC

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"irst o!e saysC

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-a/e F 8)

Jud/e> a+t u.o! it by jud/i!/ amo!/ .eo.le. This o!e saysC

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So worshi. Allah by doi!/ the reli/ious deeds that (e ordered you to do> si!+erely. So it is to a+t u.o! it> that is to a+t u.o! it. 01ery %!owled/e> li%e we said i! the be/i!!i!/> that does !ot be!efit a+tio!> there is !othi!/ i! the Shareeah to i!di+ate that it is .raiseworthy.

T2E CONSE95ENCES OF NOT ACTINA 5(ON 4O5$ 1NO6LE,AE


;!owled/e is li%e a body> the soul of %!owled/e is a+ti!/ o! it. Without the soul> %!owled/e resembles a +or.se a!d if you /o a!d a+t a/ai!st what you %!ow> it is .ossibly li%e ha1i!/ a +ada1er> it is li%e bei!/ a +ada1er. That is what the %!owled/e would be be+ause it is /oi!/ to be used a/ai!st you. Maali% *b! 5i!aar said> if a! &Aalim does !ot a..ly his %!owled/e> it dro.s from his heart li%e the water falls o! a smooth ro+%. *f you e1er see! a s.ri!/> the li/ht s.ri!/s or a fou!tai!> water dri.s> dri.s> dri.sG that is how %!owled/e lea1es a .erso! who does !ot a..ly it. (ow ma!y ha1e %!owled/e> remi!d others of Allah> yet they themsel1es are mi!dless of it= (ow ma!y .rea+h fear of Allah yet they are bold a!d dari!/ with Allah= (ow ma!y .rea+h to bri!/ .eo.le +loser to Allah yet they themsel1es are the furthest from Allah= As a %!owled/eable .erso!> always %ee. i! mi!d> while the /e!eral layme! masses /et their ha!ds a!d feet a!d body .arts to testify a/ai!st them before Allah> you /ot somethi!/ more da!/erous. Allah i! the ,ura! saysC

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Today We shut their mouth> We sealed shut their mouth> the ha!ds be/i! to testify a/ai!st someo!e> their feet> i! that whi+h they did. *! a!other 1erse Allah saysC

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The .erso! s.ea%s to Allah> * wa!t someo!e to testify> Allah says would you a++e.t your ow! body .arts= They say yes> so their body .arts be/i! to testify a!d the! they sayC

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Why are you s.ea%i!/ a/ai!st us> we were tryi!/ to .rote+t you.

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-a/e F 88

Allah made them s.ea%. What is worse for the %!owled/eable a!d 5uaat> you !ot o!ly ha1e the body .arts> you ha1e other e1ide!+e to be added to that> whi+h is the Ayah you lear!> the (adith you lear!> they +ome a!d testify. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said i! Sahih MuslimC

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The ,ura! is /oi!/ to testify for you or a/ai!st you. *s that (adith or Ayah /oi!/ to testify for you or a/ai!st you= *s it /oi!/ to /i1e you i!ter+essio!> or be a reaso! for you to /o to (ell= *s it /oi!/ to be a +ause of .u!ishme!t or a +ause of torme!t= 5oes o!e !ot fear those 1erses> those orders that +ome dow! u.o! you> that you lear!> sta!d before you o! the Jud/me!t 5ay a!d testify a/ai!st you= *b! al-,ayyim Rahimahullah saidC

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*f %!owled/e with !o a..li+atio! was be!efi+ial> Allah would ha1e !ot re.rima!ded the .o!tiff of the -eo.le of the Boo%. A!d if a+tio! with !o si!+erity would ha1e hel.ed a!yo!e> Allah would !ot ha1e dis.raised a!d 1ilified the hy.o+rites. ;!owled/e without a..li+atio! is li%e a ho!ey+omb without ho!ey. ;!owled/e is li%e wealth> what you /et out of wealth is what you s.e!d. *! wealth> e1eryo!e %!ows> e1ery realisti+ .erso! %!ows that> you /et out of wealth what you s.e!d. #i%ewise i! %!owled/e> you o!ly /et out of it what you a+t u.o!. What use is wealth if you do !ot s.e!d it a!d use it= A!d li%ewise %!owled/e. A?-Euhri Rahimahullah said> do !ot a++e.t the sayi!/ of a s+holar who does !ot a..ly what he says a!d do !ot a++e.t the sayi!/ of o!e who a..lies but does !ot %!ow> that is a! i/!ora!t .erso! who may say the truth or do the /ood stuff sometimes. ;!owled/e that does !ot ha1e its fruit a!d affe+t i! the heart> i! a+tio!s> is %!owled/e to be used a/ai!st you.

ONE S2O5L, NOT ABAN,ON SEE1INA 1NO6LE,AE ,5E TO BEINA ACCO5NTABLE FO$ 2IS 1NO6LE,AE
A! im.orta!t matter .ertai!i!/ to the s+e!ario that we tal%ed about> whi+h is someo!e is /oi!/ to say today i! his thou/ht> wow> these (ala aat> Tawheed> are !ot for me. * am dro..i!/ out> * am ha1i!/ se+o!d thou/hts about +omi!/ to the +lass. *t is somethi!/ .eo.le thi!% of> be realisti+. *f the more * lear!> the more it is /oi!/ to be used a/ai!st me> let me sto..

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So let me tell you. 4umber o!e> we .re1iously said there is %!owled/e that is "ardh &Ay!. "ardh &Ay! is you ha1e to %!ow it> e1ery i!di1idual. ;!owled/e> that if you do !ot %!ow it you are si!!ed a!d most of what we tal% about> most of what we lear!> es.e+ially i! our Tawheed> the +ore .art of our Tawheed +lass a!d the additio!al stuff we tal% about is o!ly to hel. you u!dersta!d +ore of it. Most of what we tal% about it i! Tawheed +lass is stuff that is "ardh JAy! u.o! you to %!ow. Remember what we said> we already tal%ed about itC

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"ardh to %!ow these matters. The Ummah has /otte! a le1el of i/!ora!+e where most of what they lear! today> they thi!% it is eDtra +redit> whe! i! reality it is esse!tial matters they must %!ow a!d they /et si!!ed for !ot %!owi!/. So that is o!e issue you !eed to %!ow. 4ow> let us tal% about the eDtra +redit %!owled/e. 'ou say o%> * will lear!> someo!e will say you %!ow what * am /oi!/ to study with you a!d +ome to +lass for Tawheed> after the "ardh> theC

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After the "ardh> * will dro. out. We say> the a!swer to that> you +hose to be a stude!t of J*lm. 'ou ta%e time away from your family> ma!y of you memorise> Alhamdulillahi Rabbil-JAalamee!> ma!y of you lear!> ma!y of you stru//le> why= Be+ause you wa!t to be i! the .ea% of Ja!!ah. <orre+t or !ot= <orre+t. So> %!owled/e is o!e of the mea!s to ta%e you to the le1el of the Siddi ee!. 5o !ot be sur.rised to %!ow that some of the bi//est of all s+holars dis+ussed the issue of who is better> a! JAalim or a martyr. *b! Masood radhiallahu &a!hu> *b! al-Mubaara% a!d others> ha1e stateme!ts> * do !ot wa!t to me!tio! them ri/ht !ow. *b! al-,ayyim Rahimahullah s.o%e about it i! le!/th i! his boo% Miftaah 5aaris-Saaadah> o! who is more %!owled/eable> a! JAalim or a Shaheed. The fa+t that there is a! issue dis+ussed li%e that> shows you the hi/h le1el it is for a! JAalim> how hi/h his le1el is i! Ja!!ah. So it is a hi/h le1el> of +ourse the maturity of the Ummah> * .robably should !ot dis+uss it ri/ht !ow. Maybe i! the future> be+ause it mi/ht s.ar% a debate> the issue o! that matter. But just the fa+t that they dis+ussed the issue> shows you how hi/h ra!%i!/ a! JAalim is. Would you wa!t to uit studyi!/ be+ause of what some i/!ora!t .eo.le say> that if * do !ot %!ow it is better= That is a wro!/ ratio!ale. 4umber o!e> it is either "ardh> you ha1e to %!ow most of what we tal% about for eDam.le i! this +lass is "ardh. 4umber two> if it is eDtra +redit %!owled/e> you study it be+ause you wa!t to /o to the "irdaws. *f o!e wa!ts to merely study the basi+s> the +ore> the Tawheed a!d the "ardh JAy! matters outside Tawheed> the! you +a! /et your ste.s i!to (ea1e!> maybe the first le1el i! hea1e!. But the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam tau/ht us to aim hi/h> to aim to "irdaws. Whoe1er Allah de.ri1es of %!owled/e> /ets .u!ished with i/!ora!+e> that is a .u!ishme!t. A!d
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worse a!d more se1ere .u!ishme!t tha! that> is o!e who %!owled/e +omes to him a!d he tur!s away from it. A!d worse tha! all that> is o!e who is /ifted with %!owled/e a!d does !ot a+t u.o! it. A!other .oi!t. 4ot o!ly is this eDtra +redit %!owled/e to ta%e you to "irdaws> but it is also i! this life. *! this life> you lear! to /et the ultimate ha..i!ess a!d blessi!/s i! this life. *b! Taymiyyah> whe! * s.o%e about him remember * me!tio!ed uotes> had !othi!/ i! this life. The shirt o! his ba+%> at times of his life he had the shirt o! the ba+%. (e used to slee. at times i! the Masjid> Masjid al-Amawi> i! a!d out of .riso!. (e used to say words li%e our hearts .ass throu/h sta/es> if the .eo.le i! hea1e! are li%e this the! they are truly blessed. *! a life you would .resume to be a miserable life> he would say if the .eo.le i! hea1e! are li1i!/ li%e * am> the ha..i!ess * am i!> that is su+h a /ood life> * loo% forward for it. 'ou heard words from &Ulamaa who had !othi!/ i! this life> who say whoe1er does !ot e!ter the (ea1e! of this life> will !e1er e!ter the (ea1e! of the life afterG li%e *b! Taymiyyah Rahimahullah. Some who said> we are i! su+h a state of ha..i!ess that if the %i!/s a!d leaders were to %!ow about it> they would +ome a!d fi/ht us to ta%e it away. What too% them to the ultimate ha..i!ess whe! they had !othi!/= Whe! most of them> if you loo% at it> i! a!d out of .riso!> i! a!d out of trials> i! a!d out of .roblems a!d situatio!s. The thi!/ you loo% at it> is they had %!owled/e a!d they a..lied the %!owled/e they had. *t too% them to the .ea% of tra! uillity i! this life. So> that is how you be!efit from this %!owled/e i! this life a!d the! *!shaa Allah it will ta%e you to "irdaws. 'ou +a!!ot say> well si!+e the s+ruti!y o! me is /oi!/ to be more> let me sto. here. 'ou wa!t "irdaws a!d you wa!t a +o!te!t ha..y life i! this life> that +omes throu/h %!owled/e.

BEINA 2IA2E$ IN 1NO6LE,AE 0EANS 4O5 A$E 2EL, TO A 2IA2E$ STAN,A$,


'ou ha1e to %ee. i! mi!d i! a..li+atio!> the hi/her you are i! %!owled/e> the hi/her your a..li+atio! must be be+ause you are held to a hi/her sta!dard by .eo.le a!d more so a!d more im.orta!tly> by Allah. The hi/her your status is i! %!owled/e> the hi/her your a..li+atio! !eeds to be be+ause you are held at a hi/her status by .eo.le a!d more so a!d more im.orta!tly> by Allah. We do !ot ha1e a hierar+hy where we /ot +hur+h members> the! we /ot a .riest> the! we /ot a .o.e> the! we /ot a s.irit> the! we /ot a so! a!d the! we /ot father. We do !ot ha1e that. *! *slam> the hierar+hy to the le1els of Ja!!ah is %!owled/e a!d its a..li+atio!. ;!owled/e a!d its a..li+atio! sets your le1el> where you will be i! Ja!!ah. Whe! you are held at a hi/her status be+ause of your %!owled/e a!d a..li+atio!> the! the .u!ishme!t whe! doi!/ wro!/ is more se1ere.

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*! Surat al-*sraa. Allah says to the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam> if We did !ot ma%e you sta!d firm> you would ha1e !early i!+li!ed to them> a little bit i!+li!ed to them. -ay atte!tio!> al-,ushayri a!d ash-Sha! eeti Rahimahullah a!d others said> the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam did !ot i!+li!e. *f> Allah is sayi!/ if. What does Allah say= Allah says double the .u!ishme!tC

3 / ... ...` N 1 = 1 u / v / |
5ouble the .u!ishme!t i! this life a!d double the .u!ishme!t i! the life afterC

3 / 4 1 ... ...[ N 1 1 ! 1 = 1 u / | / v / | / v `
A!d the! you are /oi!/ to fi!d !o o!e to hel. you a/ai!st Us. This is tal%i!/ to the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam. Why> why all this to 'our belo1ed Muhammad sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam for merely i!+li!i!/. 5ouble the .u!ishme!t> the best ma! to wal% o! the fa+e of the 0arth> the best of all huma!ity a!d ma!%i!d= *b! Abbaas radhiallahu &a!hu says> he would be .u!ished. *! tal%i!/ about this 1erse> that the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam if he would ha1e i!+li!ed> whi+h he did !ot> but if he would ha1e i!+li!ed he would ha1e /ot double the .u!ishme!t i! this life a!d double the .u!ishme!t i! the life after. Why are you /oi!/ 'aa Allah> to .u!ish 'our belo1ed Messe!/er Muhammad sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam double had he do!e somethi!/ wro!/. A!-4asafi said +omme!ti!/ o! this> he said his ho!our a!d status is so /reat> that his .u!ishme!t if he does a!ythi!/ wro!/ is more se1ere. *t /oes both ways> he /ets al-Waseelah i! the life after> al-Waseelah is hi/her tha! "irdaws. The hi/hest of all .la+es i! (ea1e!> but it is +ostly.

3 / 4 1 H N 1 1 ! 1 = 1 u / | / v / | 3 c [ / v ` 2 r> :\Lw 6 W / 1 @ 1 F 4 K
#i%e Allah tells the wi1es of the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> the mothers> the .atie!t> steadfast wome! behi!d our -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. The o!e the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam was as%ed> who do you lo1e the most= Aishah> the wi1es of the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam.

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Surat al-Ah?aab. Allah says> oh wi1es of the -ro.het> whoe1er does "aahishah> ma%es a mista%e> the torme!t of her will be double. But loo%> the torme!t of her will be double> why is it that your .u!ishme!t /ets double= #oo% what Allah says i! the !eDt AyahC

3 1 / / = 1 1 -L 1 7 1 f 4 1 . / F! / E 6 3 0 ! < ! / P ?U :ad97 7 ... 7 7 6 / , T 1 F) 3 1 / F6


'ou are obedie!t> if you remai! obedie!t to the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> to Allah> a!d be ri/hteous i! your deeds> We will /i1e her double the rewards. 'ou are wi1es> you are s.e+ial> you /et double the reward> but you also /et double the si!s. Allah tells his -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam if you lea! towards them> towards the !o! belie1ers> wro!/ doers> you /et double the .u!ishme!t i! this life a!d i! the life after. (e tells the wi1es of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> you /et double the .u!ishme!t. This +omes to the +o!+lusio!> you> who is a stri1i!/ stude!t of %!owled/e> if you do !ot a+t o! your %!owled/e> you are held to a hi/her sta!dard> your .u!ishme!t is more tha! a re/ular .erso!. 'ou wa!t multi.le folds of rewards= 'ou wa!t "irdaws al-&Alaa= With this %!owled/e> a!d a+ti!/ u.o! it> there is a .ri+e you ha1e a .ri+e to .ay if you /o wro!/. 'ou are !ot li%e a!yo!e. That is why Allah tells the wi1es of the -ro.hetC

?l :ad9 ...7 7\ 1 5 : 9 I # / ... 3 '5 2


'ou are !ot li%e a!y wome!. 'ou stude!t of %!owled/e> you are !ot li%e a!y re/ular i!di1idual. 'our ho!our> your status is /reat> so the .u!ishme!t is se1ere. *b! Masood radhiallahu &a!hu said> the sta!dard for .eo.le of the ,ura!> he set sta!dards. (e said they must .ray at !i/ht> they must fast the day> they should be sad i! rememberi!/ Allah> while others are ha..y. They must be sile!t while others are tal%i!/ i! 1ai!> they should !ot s+ream a!d ha1e loud 1oi+es> they should be i! +o!sta!t status of ;hushoo. Why *b! Masood are you ma%i!/ these hi/h sta!dards to o!e who is holdi!/ the ,ura!= Be+ause you are a s.e+ial ma!> you are a ,ura! wal%i!/ o! this earth. 'ou are a +arrier of the ,ura!> you are a! u.holder of the ,ura!> so you are held to a hi/her sta!dard. Where others +a! tal% i! 1ai!> a!d .ossibly +ould!t be si!s> just 1ai! tal% that is !ot really si!sG but you are held o! a hi/her sta!dard. That is why the &Ulamaa of the Salaf were at their .ea%> be+ause
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they a..lied their %!owled/e i! e1ery time of their li1es. 5ay> !i/ht> e1e!i!/s> years> mo!ths> wee%sG a!d both i!ter!al i! their hearts a!d eDter!al. Both i! their worshi.> i! deali!/s with .eo.le a!d i! deali!/ with Allah. Al-;hateeb al-Ba/hdaadi wrote a boo%let o! this whole e!tire matter> about al-&*lm wal-&Amal> a!d Albaa!i Alhamdulillah we!t throu/h the (adith of it. *! it he says Jewish .eo.le %!ew> but they did !ot a+t u.o! what they %!ow> a!d the <hristia!s a+ted without %!owled/eG the first are +ursed a!d the se+o!d are astray. *b! Taymiyyah Rahimahullah says> whoe1er /oes astray of this Ummah by i/!ora!+e resembles the <hristia!s. A!d whoe1er /oes astray from the &Ulamaa of this Ummah by !ot a+ti!/ u.o! their %!owled/e> they resemble the Jews. Rest assured> the way to house your %!owled/e i! your mi!d is to a..ly it. *f you ha1e a .roblem memorisi!/ or %ee.i!/ %!owled/e i! your mi!d> fi!d some way to a..ly that %!owled/e. *!shaa Allah> you will !e1er for/et it.

EFA0(LES OF A((L4INA 1NO6LE,AE


#oo% how the Salaf too% seriously> eDam.les of a..lyi!/ %!owled/e. Al-Bu%hari> Saalim> the /ra!dso! of Umar *b! al-;hattab> Saalim *b! Abdillah *b! Umar *b! al;hattab radhiallahu &a!hum ajmaee!. (e said> i! the !arratio! of this father> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> /lory be to you Abdullah if you .ray at !i/ht. The .ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam is e!+oura/i!/ him to .ray at !i/ht. Saalim said> the so! of *b! Umar said> after that my father sle.t but a little bit> o!ly sle.t a little bit. #oo% how they too% seriously a+ti!/ u.o! %!owled/e. *! Sahih Muslim> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam tau/ht Ali a!d "atimah radhiallahu &a!hum to say Subha! Allah thirty three> Alhamdulillah> Allahu A%bar thirty three times> whe! they we!t as%i!/ for a ser1a!t. (e said say Subha! Allah thirty three> Alhamdulillah> Allahu A%bar thirty three times. Ali said that> +omme!ti!/ o! that later i! his life> * !e1er left that a si!/le day si!+e the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam told me to do it. Someo!e as%ed him> you did !ot lea1e that> !ot e1e! o! the days of Siffee!= The bloodshed betwee! Ali a!d Muaawiyah radhiallahu &a!hum. Siffee! was a battle where there were se1e!ty thousa!d Muslims who died i! it> twe!ty fi1e thousa!d of his soldiers. (e said !ot e1e! o! those hard !i/hts> you did !ot lea1e it= (e said> !ot e1e! o! those !i/hts. #oo% how they too% a+ti!/ u.o! their %!owled/e seriously. *! Muslim> the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> e1ery Muslim who has somethi!/ to write a will about must write his will a!d %ee. it behi!d his head whe! he slee.s. *b! Umar said> * !e1er sle.t a !i/ht after that without ha1i!/ my will u!der my head. Abu Umaamah> a!other eDam.le> he said the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> i! Su!a! a!-4asaaee> authe!ti+> e1e! thou/h *b! al-Jaw?i a!d others ha1e +o!sidered it wea% it is really a! authe!ti+ (adith. Whoe1er re+ites after e1ery Salah> Ayat al-;ursi> there is !othi!/ to sto. him from e!teri!/
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hea1e! eD+e.t his death. Mea!i!/ if he dies> he is /oi!/ to (ea1e! if he did that. *b! al-,ayyim said> my Shay%h *b! Taymiyyah !e1er left e1er doi!/ that> after Salah. Abdullah *b! Umar> ta%e this story about Abdullah *b! Umar. *! Sahih al-Bu%hari> the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam fou!d out that he was fasti!/ e1ery si!/le day. So the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam su//ested three days a mo!th. (e said you %!ow> Abdullah *b! Umar> ta%e three days a mo!th. (e said * +a! do more tha! that. (e said o%> three days a wee%. (e said * +a! do more tha! that. (e said> well fast o!e day a!d brea% your fast two days. 7!e day> two days> o!e day> two days. (e said * +a! do more tha! that. (e said> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> the! fast the fasti!/ of 5awood> o!e day yes> o!e day !o. The .oi!t> at the e!d of the !arratio! i! Mus!ad Ahmad> the first o!e is i! Bu%hari> but i! a!other !arratio! i! Mus!ad Ahmad he saidC

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Whe! he /ot older he said> * wish * too% what the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam told me i! the be/i!!i!/. A!alyse that stateme!t> * wish * too% the easy o!e of what the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam offered me. * wish * too% three days a mo!th> * wish * too% three days a wee%> * wish * too% o!e day fasti!/ two days. Why did he say that= Why did he ma%e that stateme!t= *s this "ardh u.o! him= 4o. Why did he !ot just sto. doi!/ eDtra !o! obli/atory fasti!/ that he was doi!/= (e said> * wish * too% what the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam told him whe! he wa!ted to ma%e it easier o! me> li%e three days a mo!th. *t was !o .roblem had he said * wa!t to uit fasti!/. * fasted all my life> * /ot old> let me sto. fasti!/. 4othi!/ is wro!/ with that. #et me /o ba+% from the fasti!/ of 5awood to fasti!/ three days a mo!th. But these were me!> whe! they +ommitted to somethi!/ that was a Su!!ah before a "ardh> they !e1er left it u!til death. That is why he said that. 'ou see how they a+ted o! their %!owled/e= Sufyaa! ath-ThawriC

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;!owled/e is mea!t to be a..lied for feari!/ Allah. The .ur.ose of it is fear Allah. A!d that is why %!owled/eable .eo.le are held at a hi/her sta!dard> be+ause they fear Allah more. *b! Abbaas said> e1eryo!e s.ea%s /ood> whose1ers a+tio!s +oi!+ide with his %!owled/e> the! he is fortu!ate. Whosoe1ers a+tio!s do !ot mat+h his sayi!/> he i! reality has rebu%ed a!d s+olded himself. Maali% !arrated i! his +hai! from al-,aasim *b! Muhammad> he said * met .eo.le who admired a..li+atio! of %!owled/e more
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tha! they would s.ee+h a!d tal%. All that is to say> %!owled/e is mea!s to a+t u.o! it. Aet that fa+t a!d %ee. it i! your mi!d.

EBIL SC2OLA$S
01il s+holars> a!d this is 1ery im.orta!t to us. A+tually> all this is im.orta!t to us be+ause * reiterate> we tea+h to be a..lied. ;!owled/e is mea!t to be a..lied. So who are e1il s+holars= (ere is a rule ash-Shaatibi Rahimahullah saidC

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01il s+holars are those who are da!/erous to ma!%i!d> they are a disease to ma!%i!d> they are those who do !ot a+t o! their %!owled/e. *b! al-,ayyim said i! his boo% al-"awaaid > e1il s+holars are li%e> he /a1e a .arable. They are li%e .eo.le sitti!/ o! the /ates of Ja!!ah +alli!/ .eo.le> +ome o! i!> +ome o! i!. With their to!/ues they are sayi!/ +ome o! i!> +ome o! i!> their a+tio!s are sayi!/ do !ot +ome i!. The more they tal% to .eo.le a!d tell .eo.le +ome i!> the more their a+tio!s say> do !ot liste! to us> be+ause if we were i!deed truthful> we would ha1e bee! the first to a..ly it. They a..ear as thou/h they are /uides> those &Ulamaa as-Soo a..ear> may Allah sa1e us a!d /i1e us refu/e from that> they a..ear as thou/h they are /uides but they are ba!dits. Those who do !ot a..ly what they lear! are li%e ba!dits. *t is li%e you are i! the +ar> you are as%i!/ someo!e for dire+tio!s> he /i1es you a detour so he +a! rob you. That is how &Ulamaa as-Soo are. Some of the worst .arables i! the ,ura!> the ,ura! /i1es us to lear! eDam.les of> some of the worst .arables of those eDam.les to lear! from are .ertai!i!/ to those who do !ot a..ly their %!owled/e.

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Surat al-Araaf. A s+holar> a! &Aalim who a+ts differe!t from that whi+h he %!ows> he is o!e> Allah /a1e a .arable that he is li%e a do/C
-a/e F 2@$

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Allah says had We willed> We surely would ha1e ele1ated him> he is li%e a do/ but We would ha1e ele1ated him> but he +lu!/ o! to this 0arth a!d followed his 1ai! desires. (e did !ot follow what he %!ows. The .arable is the .arable of a do/> if you dri1e him away> he lolls his to!/ue outG if you lea1e him> he lolls his to!/ue out. A!d whate1er you do> whate1er status he is o!> he lolls his to!/ue out. *b! al-,ayyim me!tio!s whe! he tal%ed about this> he me!tio!s how the .arable of a do/ is to e1il s+holars a!d the! me!tio!s te! .oi!ts u!der them. We do !ot really ha1e time to /o throu/h them. Allah /i1es this eDam.le> !ot of a!y do/> but a .a!ti!/ do/> a lolli!/ do/> he .a!ts all the time. That is the worst of all do/s. Resti!/> tired> thirsty with his thirst ue!+hed> whate1er status he is o!> he is .a!ti!/ a!d lolli!/. *f you tell the Shay%h s.ea% the truth> he is .a!ti!/ a!d lolli!/. *f you lea1e him> those e1il s+holars to !ot a..ly what he %!ows> what he %!ows he should a..ly> he is lolli!/. *f you shu! him> he is .a!ti!/. *f you just i/!ore him> he is .a!ti!/> a!d if he s.ea%s> he is .a!ti!/. (e did !ot use what he %!ows so Allah /i1es him a .arable of a .a!ti!/ do/. More tha! thatC

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The li%eli!ess of those who were e!trusted with the Tawrah> a!d li%ewise the ,ura!> the 1erse does !ot say the ,ura! but li%ewise the ,ura!. But after that> after they were trusted with the ,ura!> they after that failed those obli/atio!s> they are li%e a do!%ey whi+h +arries hu/e burde!s of boo%s. 5oes he u!dersta!d a!ythi!/ out of them= That is the eDam.le of the .eo.le who de!y Allahs Ayaat. (ere> Allah ma%es a .arable to a do!%ey. The first o!e was a %!owled/eable .erso!> .arable to a do/. (ere> it is a .arable to a do!%ey> a do!%ey whi+h does !ot +arryC

... ... - 1 = / /
They did !ot +arry it. What that mea!s is> they did !ot a..ly it. What usa/e does a do!%ey /et out of the Asfaar= The word i! Arabi+ is Asfaar> whi+h is .lural for Sifr> whi+h are the bi/ boo%s or tablets that they used to write u.o!. *f you .ut them o! a do!%ey> what does a do!%ey /et out of +arryi!/ those Asfaar= What does a do!%ey /et out of it o! its ba+% but the wei/ht= What does o!e who +arries the ,ura! or Bu%hari or Muslim or Mu/h!i or Usool Ath-Thalaathah> or other boo%sG he +arries it>
-a/e F 2@)

he %!ows it> +arries it mea!s he %!ows it but does !ot a..ly it> what does he /et but burde! of +arryi!/ it= 'ou /et !othi!/ but the burde! of the wei/ht> just li%e the do!%ey.

...` ... 6 9 / 3 ' -


*b! Abbaas radhiallahu &a!huma said> he was (ummiloo H - I mea!i!/ they 9 were ordered to a+t u.o! it. They were /i1e! it> (ummiloo H - I> i! order to a+t 9 u.o! it. *b! ;atheer Rahimahullah said> this .arable is for those who do !ot %!ow what is i! the boo%s. They are /i1e! the boo%s to lear!> they do !ot wa!t to lear! what is i! the boo%s. Those who %!ow what is i! the boo%s> they memorise it> but they do !ot +om.rehe!d it> they do !ot a+t u.o! it. A!d it is also for those who %!ow it a!d tam.er a!d .lay arou!d with it. They are worse tha! a do!%ey> be+ause at least a do!%ey has !o i!telli/e!+e to +om.rehe!d. They ha1e the i!telli/e!+e but do !ot use that i!telli/e!+e> so they are i!deed worse tha! a do!%ey.
*b! al-,ayyim i! &*laam al-Muwa iee! said> e1e! thou/h this was dire+ted to the Jews> it also a..lies to the .eo.le who were /i1e! the ,ura! a!d do !ot a+t u.o! that whi+h is i! the ,ura!. Wallahi> it is a /ri??ly .arable of a do!%ey> Allah +om.ari!/ o!e to a do!%ey> to a do/> is somethi!/ to war! youG so o!e a..lies that whi+h he lear!s a!d see%s %!owled/e a!d a..lies %!owled/e. These are remi!ders for those who ha1e a heart or /i1e a! ear while they are truly heedfulC

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Allah tells 'ahyaC

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'ahya> Joh!> ta%e the S+ri.ture> hold o! fast to the s+ri.ture Mujaahid a!d Eayd *b!

1 &I mea!s ta%e %!owled/e a!d a..ly it a!d a+t o! al-Aslam said Bi ,uwwah H` : 3 E your %!owled/e. As-Suyooti Rahimahullah said> o!e must a+t o! the (adith he hears i! ma!!ers> or i! worshi.> or i! /ood deeds> or i! a!y matter be+ause that is the Ea%ah> that is the .urifi+atio! of %!owled/eG a!d that is o!e of the best mea!s for it to stay i! your mi!ds.
Wa eeah Rahimahullah said> if o!e wa!ts to memorise a %!owled/e> the! a+t u.o! it. *braheem *b! *smaeel said> the /reat Muhaddith> we used to see% memorisatio! of a (adith by a+ti!/ o! it. That is how they memorised the (adith. 5o !ot be amo!/ those the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam +om.lai!s o! the Jud/me!t 5ay> you do !ot wa!t to be a defe!da!t o! o!e side a!d the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam as a .lai!tiff o! the other side.
-a/e F 2@8

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A!d the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam says about some .eo.le> oh Allah> them> those .eo.le> they deserted a!d they aba!do!ed the ,ura!. *b! al,ayyim tal%s about this> he /i1es about fi1e fa+tors of how the ,ura! is aba!do!ed. 7!e of them that .ertai!s to us> is deserti!/ a+ti!/ o! the ,ura!. (ow +a! you a+t o! it> if you do !ot %!ow it> you /ot to %!ow it a!d a+t o! it. 4umber two he me!tio!s> is that deserti!/ jud/i!/ by it i! both matters of .ri!+i.le a!d se+o!dary matters. So you /ot to a+t o! it> otherwise you would !ot wa!t the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam to be a .lai!tiff a/ai!st you o! the Jud/me!t 5ay.

ACTINA ON 4O5$ 1NO6LE,AE IN ,A76A2


7ur !eDt tal% !eDt wee% *!shaa Allah Taaala is /oi!/ to be 5awah to Allah> 5awah o! matters you lear!. The third .ri!+i.le is 5awah to Allah> 5awah to that whi+h you lear!. #et us !ow ble!d i! to sort of> the se+o!d .ri!+i.le a!d third .ri!+i.le. Whe! you %!ow you /ot the %!owled/e> !umber o!e> you a..ly the %!owled/e> the! you /ot to +o!1ey it. A!d you +o!1ey your %!owled/e> whe! you ha1e %!owled/e> you a..ly it> you tea+h it. The best way to tea+h it> a!d that is how we are /oi!/ to ble!d it> is by a..lyi!/ your %!owled/e. The a+tio! of o!e ma! is more affe+ti1e a!d be!efi+ial to a thousa!d me! tha! the .rea+hi!/ of a thousa!d me! to o!e ma!. Auidi!/ .eo.le by a+ti!/ o! the %!owled/e that you %!ow is better tha! you sayi!/ it. Ma!y thi!% it o!ly mea!s that 5awah is /i1i!/ ;hutub a!d 5uroos a!d all that> yet a+ti!/ o! it is just as im.orta!t.

IBN AL#EA6GI AN, 2IS S254OO12


*b! al-Jaw?i i! Sayyid al-;haatir> .a/e o!e siDty ei/ht said> * had ma!y Shuyoo%h> with differe!t ba+%/rou!ds a!d statuses of %!owled/e. * wa!t you to refer to this whe! you /o home if you ha1e Sayyid al-;haatir. The most be!efi+ial of them to me i! frie!dshi.> were those who a+ted o! their %!owled/e> e1e! thou/h he said * met those who were more %!owled/eable tha! them. * met &Ulamaa i! (adith who ha1e memorised /reat amou!ts of (adith a!d /reat %!owled/e i! the s+ie!+e of (adith> but were tolera!t o! ba+%biti!/. A!d ma!y times they would e1e! justify ba+%biti!/ u!der the .rete!+e of Jarh a!d Tadeel> a!d they would ta%e> loo% he did !ot li%e that> they would ta%e +om.e!satio! o! lear!i!/ (adith a!d tea+hi!/. 'ou wa!t to lear!> you /ot to .ay u. a hu!dred> a hu!dred a!d fifty dollars. They used to /i1e .rom.t a!swers to a1oid brea%i!/ their .resti/e e1e! thou/h they were !ot sure of matters> they wa!ted to a!swer e1erythi!/. * met Abdul-Wahhaab al-A!maati a!d he was o! the .ath of the Salaf> you would !e1er e1er hear him ba+%biti!/> i! .ubli+ or .ri1ate setti!/s> !or did he a++e.t> loo%
-a/e F 22@

at that> he said !e1er a++e.ted mo!ey> he li%ed the Shuyoo%h that did !ot a++e.t mo!ey for tea+hi!/. Whe! * used to re+ite some (adith to him> he would +o!ti!uously +ry> he would +ry a!d whe! * was a %id> it had its affe+t> it .e!etrated my heart whe! * was lear!i!/ from him. (e used to be li%e the Mashaai%h> li%e those you would o!ly hear or read about i! the boo%s of the Salaf> li%e the Sahaabah. * met Abu Ma!soor al-Jawaali i> 1ery sile!t ma!> ri/orous> a!d 1ery> 1ery dee. i!to the %!owled/e a!d 1ery thorou/h. *t would ha..e! that he would be as%ed about a matter that you!/ %ids i! his (ala ah would thi!% they %!ow the a!swers> yet he would refuse a!d ba+% away from a!sweri!/ it u!til he +o!firms his a!swer. (e used to +o!ti!uously fast a!d always be sile!t u!less he is tea+hi!/> u!less he is doi!/ somethi!/ ri/hteous. * be!efited from lear!i!/ from these two> more tha! ma!y of my other Shuyoo%h he is sayi!/. 7ut of the hu!dreds of the Mashaai%h> you say you had ma!y hu!dreds of Mashaai%h> he +hose these two. A!d a+tually ma!y do !ot %!ow them be+ause they are !ot .o.ular> he +hose these two be+ause they a..lied> they had a! affe+t o! him i! his .erso!al life be+ause he see! how they a..lied it. * also lear!ed that /uidi!/ .eo.le by your a+tio! is better tha! /uidi!/ them by his sayi!/> this is the +o!+lusio! he +ame out with it. * see Shuyoo%h who i! their .ri1ate times had jo%es a!d leisure time s.e!t> that too% them out of the hearts of ma!y a!d shattered what they %!ew of %!owled/e. Wallahi /olde! words> Wallahi they are /olde! words. (e /oes o! to say> !ot ma!y be!efited from them i! their li1es a!d they were for/otte! after their death. *t is rare a!yo!e would e1er o.e! their boo%s after their death. The! he /oes o! to say> Allah> Allah> Allah i! a..lyi!/ your %!owled/e> he is truly .oor a!d u!fortu!ate who /oes o! i! life !ot a..lyi!/ what he lear!ed. Allah> Allah> Allah i! a..lyi!/ your %!owled/e. (e missed the .leasure of this life by !ot a..lyi!/> be+ause it is a .leasure i! this life we me!tio!ed> a!d he missed the reward of the life after> he meets Allah ba!%ru.t with .le!ty of .roof a/ai!st him. That was the words of *b! al-Jaw?i i! Sayyid al-;haatir> .a/e o!e siDty ei/ht> refer to it> it basi+ally sums u. all our (ala ah todayC

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-a/e F 222

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'ou ha1e three hurdles before you. 'ou ha1e %!owled/e that you !eed to attai!> you a1e the hurdle> the wa1e of a..lyi!/ it> you ha1e the hurdle or wa1e of bei!/ si!+ere i! your %!owled/e. Al-"udhayl *b! al-Ayyaadh Rahimahullah said i! * tidhaa Al-&*lm Al-&Aml> he said a .erso! who has %!owled/e remai!s i/!ora!t i! what he %!ows

-a/e F 229

u!til he a+ts u.o! it. *f he a+ts u.o! what he %!ows> the! he is +o!sidered a! &Aalim. Some of the Salaf used to tra1el to &Ulamaa !ot to lear! from their %!owled/e but rather see how they a..lied their %!owled/e a!d see the affe+t of the %!owled/e u.o! them.

,O NOT AET CONCEITE, 6IT2 250ANS O$ 6IT2 ALLA2


4o matter how mu+h you a..ly of your %!owled/e> do !ot e1er self +o!+eited. 5o !ot /et +o!+eited with huma!s a!d do !ot /et +o!+eited with Allah> do !ot let that false .ride /et to you> do !ot ha1e a! eDa//erated se!se of self im.orta!+e> do !ot automati+ally thi!% you are /ra!ted "irdaws> just for a +ou.le of words or thi!/s you did or a +ou.le of a+ts that you a..lied your %!owled/e i!. 'ou %!ow Silah> i! Siffat as-Safwah for *b! al-Jaw?i> * me!tio!ed him the Ultimate -leasure of a Belie1er> ,iyaam> he was the ma! who wild a!imals used to free from him whe! he was .rayi!/ at !i/ht> he would do his ,iyaam i! the forest> he had su+h fear i! Allah> Allah the Almi/hty .la+ed fear of him i! the hearts of wild a!imals i! the dar% !i/hts a!d i! the dee.> dar% forest. Wild a!imals would flee from him a!d here> did he /et +o!+eited= 5id he say * .ray all !i/ht a!d loo% at me a!d who * am= The ma! who used to .ray all !i/ht a!d the! ru! ba+% to where the army is so they will !ot fi/ure that he was .rayi!/ all !i/ht> he .rete!ded li%e he was slee.i!/ all !i/ht lo!/. 5id he /et +o!+eited that he was blessed with a mira+le from Allah that wild a!imals used to ru! away from him at his si/ht whe! he was .rayi!/= Whe! he fi!ished his Salah he would sayC

, , & I5 3 @ 1 / + 1 3 1 ! 1 / b / / 1 / 1
(e felt as thou/h he was !ot worthy of as%i!/ Allah Ja!!ah. (e said oh Allah> sa1e me from (ell> is someo!e li%e me worthy of as%i!/ Allah Ja!!ah> just sa1e me from (ell. 4o matter what you do of a..li+atio!> of your deeds> !e1er /et swell headed with Allah. *b! al-Jaw?i i! Sayyid al-;haatir said> * see! some who worshi..ed Allah a!d the! after a time frame> they .aused> a!d the! they would boast sayi!/ * worshi..ed Allah so mu+h that !o o!e worshi..ed li%e me but !ow * am wea%. Umar al-"aroo > /ra!ted a .la+e i! (ea1e!> terrorised the Shaytaa!> ,ura! +omes i! a++orda!+e to what he says ma!y times> a ma! the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam dreamed of> a ma! who /a1e justi+e to a shee.> to a Jew> to a <hristia! u!der his rule> to a Muslim> Umar says * wish * /et resurre+ted with !othi!/ for me a!d !othi!/ a/ai!st me. Sufyaa! ath-Thawri> the ma! of (adith> Ali *b! "udhayl said * wal%ed arou!d the ;abah se1e! times a!d Sufyaa! ath-Thawri was i! Sujood> the s.a! of his Sujood> o!e Sajdah> is wal%i!/ arou!d the ;abah se1e! times. *b! al-Mubaara% said> * wrote about o!e thousa!d> o!e hu!dred Shuyoo%h> Sufyaa! was the best with !o +om.ariso!. Ameer al-Mumi!ee!> his !ame is Ameer al-Mumi!ee! i! (adith.

-a/e F 22:

'ahya *b! Maee! said he is Ameer al-Mumi!ee! i! (adith> 'ahya *b! Maee! is e ui1ale!t !early to *maam Ahmad *b! (a!balG he said Sufyaa! ath-Thawri Ameer al-Mumi!ee! bil-(adith. 5id he /et swell headed= 5id he /et +o!+eited= 7! his death bed> he as%s (ammaad *b! Salamah who was 1isiti!/ him o! his death bed> he says to (ammaad> you thi!% someo!e li%e me will be res+ued from (ell= 'ou thi!% someo!e li%e me will be res+ued from (ell= 5o !ot e1er /et +o!+eited or swell headed> !o matter what a+ts you do.

CLASS SEBEN

T2E T2I$, INT$O,5CTO$4 0ATTE$ 8 CALLINA (EO(LE 5NTO IT


This is our se1e!th +lass o! Al-Usool Ath-Thalaathah. We tal%ed about the first i!trodu+tory four fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les> these are the i!trodu+tory .ri!+i.les. "irst o!e was %!owled/e a!d he defi!ed %!owled/e as %!owi!/ Allah> the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d the reli/io! of *slam. The se+o!d o!e was to a..ly your %!owled/e> whi+h we fi!ished off last wee%. The third o!e today is> +alli!/ .eo.le u!to it.

3 / 32 : I5 1 / 1 ` / +1 + /
62AT ,OES T2E ,2A0EE$ $EFE$ TO.
<alli!/ .eo.le u!to what= What does the 5hameer /o ba+% to= What does the 5hameer refer to= What does the .ro!ou! it> refer to= <alli!/ .eo.le u!to it. <alli!/ .eo.le u!to it usually refers to the last matter. What the last matter is> a..lyi!/ it> +alli!/ .eo.le to a..lyi!/ it. We already eD.lai!ed thou/h> that a..lyi!/ %!owled/e does !ot +ome without you %!owi!/ %!owled/e. So i! reality> +alli!/ .eo.le u!to it mea!s +alli!/ .eo.le u!to %!owled/e a!d its a..li+atio!> be+ause they +ome side by side> they are i!se.arable.

IS ,A76A2 FA$,2 >A4N O$ FA$,2 1IFAA4A2 .


A! im.orta!t issue ma!y dis+ussed> is 5awah "ardh &Ay! or "ardh ;ifaayah> is it a .erso!al obli/atio! or a .erso!al obli/atio!= The a!swer to that is a twofold a!swer. 5awah is ordai!i!/ the /ood a!d forbiddi!/ the e1il> that is 5awah.
-a/e F 223

ATTAININA T2E ,ETAILE, 1NO6LE,AE IS FA$,2 1IFAA4A2


The first a!swer> the first fold of the a!swer is> there !eeds to be a /rou. of .eo.le de1oted to ordai!i!/ the /ood a!d forbiddi!/ the e1il> they /ot to be de1oted for that tas%. That .art here> is "ardh ;ifaayah> +ommu!al obli/atio!. *f a /rou. does it> it is suffi+ie!t for the Ummah. 01ery i!di1idual of this Ummah does !ot ha1e to be a ;hateeb> we do !ot !eed 2.6 Billio! ;hateebs> or master the elu+idatio! of all the (adith of Bu%hari> or brea% dow! the +hai! of !arratio!s of the (adith. A /rou. of this Ummah ha1e to /o /et the +lassi+al> detailed> i! de.th %!owled/e i! (adith> Mustalah> i! Seerah> i! Tafseer> i! "araaidh> the laws of i!herita!+eG that i! itself> all that is "ardh ;ifaayah. Allah i! the ,ura! saysC

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*t is !ot .ro.er for all the belie1ers all to /o out i! Jihad.

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A .arty should stay behi!d a!d /et the i!stru+tio!s> /et the lesso!s o! *slami+ %!owled/e> so that they +a! war! their .eo.le whe! they retur! to them. A /rou. of this Ummah has to be i! the forefro!t of 5awah> they ha1e to ta%e o! the +halle!/e. Whe! .eo.le bri!/ mis+o!+e.tio!s> they /ot to res.o!d to them. Whe! /o1er!me!ts s.read ;ufr> someo!e has /ot to sta!d u. to it. Someo!e !eeds to res.o!d to all that> someo!e !eeds to res.o!d to the Rawaafidh> to the ;hawaarij> to the Murjiah. Someo!e !eeds to lead Jumuah> someo!e !eeds to lead Salah> someo!e has to ha1e the detailed %!owled/e of Jarh a!d Tadeel> someo!e has to ha1e the detailed %!owled/e of i!herita!+e> but that is !ot somethi!/ e1eryo!e is able to do a!d i! fa+t it is im.ossible to burde! the whole Ummah with su+h detailed %!owled/e.

EBE$4 05SLI0 2AS A (E$SONAL OBLIAATION TO (E$FO$0 ,A76A2


*b! ;atheer Rahimahullah said> there !eeds to be a /rou. of this Ummah i! the forefro!t> to +o!fro!t the wro!/> sto. the e1il a!d re.rese!t a!d +o!1ey the truth. The! he said> whi+h leads us to the se+o!d a!swer> the B a!swer> at the same time> it is also Waajib o! e1ery i!di1idual to the eDte!t he +a! do. *t is Waajib o! e1ery i!di1idual to the eDte!t he +a! do> that is the se+o!d a!swer. 01ery Muslim has a .erso!al obli/atio!> a "ardh &Ay! obli/atio!> i!di1idual res.o!sibility to .erform 5awahG ea+h> a++ordi!/ to the best of his abilities or her abilities a!d a++ordi!/ to their surrou!di!/s. A!d that 1aries> that sli/htly 1aries based o! e1ery i!di1idual> based o! their %!owled/e. 'ou ha1e to do 5awah i! what you %!ow i! your surrou!di!/s> arou!d you. 'ou do !ot ha1e to be a ;hateeb> but you do %!ow Salah
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is "ardh> you see someo!e who is !ot doi!/ their Salah> you say Salah is obli/atory o! us> you ha1e to .erform your Salah. 'ou %!ow ba+%biti!/ is (araam> you are i! a setti!/ where there is ba+%biti!/> you say sto.> this is (araam. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam i! Sahih Bu%hariC

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<o!1ey from me e1e! if o!e Ayah. *f you %!ow o!e Ayah> /o ahead a!d +o!1ey it. 'ou %!ow that you truly %!ow the mea!i!/ of that Ayah> +o!1ey it. *! the ,ura!C

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#et there arise a /rou. out of you> i!1iti!/ .eo.le to that whi+h is /ood> to *slam> e!joi!i!/ the /ood a!d forbiddi!/ the e1ilC

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A /rou. of youC

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A!d Mi! H 1 I i! Arabi+ mea!s Tabeer> whi+h would mea! a /rou. of you> let there / be a /rou. of you. Mi! Tabeer> mea!i!/ some of you> whi+h if you ta%e it to that> if you ta%e Mi! Tabeer> would mea! the "ardh ;ifaayah> the +ommu!al obli/atio!. Mea!i!/ let there a /rou. of you master the %!owled/es> but Mi! i! Arabi+ +ould mea! al-Ji!s> whi+h mea!s the 1erse would mea!> let there be of ma!%i!d. Mea!i!/ all of you> Mi! lil-Ji!s H I mea!i!/ ma!%i!d> whi+h would ma%e the 1erse mea!i!/> the "ardh &Ay! ty.e of 5awah. The i!di1idual obli/atio! ty.e of 5awah> be+ause Mi! +ould be also lil-Ji!s> mea!i!/ of ma!%i!d. Abu (urayrah i! Sahih Muslim> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> the (adith all of you %!ow. Whoe1er sees e1il> let him +ha!/e it by his ha!dG if !ot> by his to!/ueG if !ot> by his heart. 01ery Muslim is dire+ted to +ha!/e> a!d of +ourse e1ery si!/le o!e of these> the to!/ue> the ha!d a!d the heart has its ow! rules a!d re/ulatio!s. Matters o!e is trusted with li%e his ow! +hildre!> he is obli/ated to do 5awah with them.

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7h you who belie1e> /uard yoursel1es a!d your family. (ow +ould you /uard them without /i1i!/ them 5awah= A .erso! must do 5awah to his family be+ause he is e!trusted with them> a!d he will be as%ed about it. A woma! is to do 5awah with her family as well> i! her surrou!di!/s> a!d her relati1es a!d her frie!ds a!d her .eers> be+ause she may be as%ed about it. She may be as%ed about a +ertai! situatio! whi+h she is i!> if she does !ot do the 5awah. *f o!e is i! a /atheri!/ where there is wi!e bei!/ ser1ed> he or she must tell them this is .rohibited. A!d the least of it> forbiddi!/ the e1il is wal%i!/ away> wal%i!/ away from that is i! itself forbiddi!/ the e1il a!d it is better if you tell them. So the .oi!t is> the detailed form of 5awah where you %!ow the detailed *slami+ %!owled/e a!d you +o!1ey that a!d you tal% about the ;hawaarij> the Murjiah> the Rawaafidh> the Jarh a!d Tadeel> that is "ardh ;ifaayah. But there is a! obli/atio! o! e1eryo!e withi! his surrou!di!/s to the best of his abilities a!d mea!s> that o!e is !ot "ardh ;ifaayah> that is a "ardh &Ay!.

S2O5L, ONE LEABE ,A76A2 5NTIL 2E BECO0ES F5LL4 1NO6LE,AEABLE .


We em.hasised %!owled/e so mu+h i! our +lasses> a!d Alhamdulillah from what * /ather a!d from the uestio!s that we ha1e bee! /etti!/> is that ma!y who follow these +lasses o! a re/ular basis are hea1ily i!1ol1ed i! 5awah a!d that is a /ood si/! a!d that is our tar/et> that is the %i!d of /rou. we tar/et. A +ommo! uestio! * ha1e bee! /etti!/ is that> should * +a!+el my 5awah efforts> you em.hasise %!owled/e so mu+h> should * +a!+el my 5awah efforts a!d fo+us o! lear!i!/= A!d * am /oi!/ to let *maam Ahmad Rahimahullah a!swer that uestio! for you. *! Ma!aa ib al-*maam Ahmad from *b! al-Jaw?i> Saalih the so! of *maam Ahmad said> a ma! saw my father with a! i!% .ot> they used to +arry the i!% .ot. A!d it was i! my fathers ha!d> Saalih is tal%i!/ about his father. The ma! said> Abu Abdillah> Abu Abdillah is the !ame of *maam Ahmad> you ha1e rea+hed su+h a hi/h status a!d .ositio!> you are the *maam of the Muslims a!d you are *maam of Ahlus-Su!!ah> u!til whe! are you /oi!/ to +o!ti!ue +arryi!/ that i!% .ot= A!d *maam Ahmad said> * am /oi!/ to ta%e the i!% .ot to the /ra1eC

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Muhammad *b! *smaeel as-Saai/h> as-Saai/h mea!s the o!e who is a for/er> he had a sho. that he was a for/er i!. (e said me a!d my father were wor%i!/> *maam Ahmad +ame by +arryi!/ his shoes a!d .assed by our sho.. My father /rabbed by
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his Thobe> by his dress> he said are!t you embarrassed *maam Ahmad> u!til whe! you are /oi!/ to %ee. lear!i!/ from these you!/ %ids you %ee. lear!i!/. Those %ids you /o a!d lear!> they are either o!e of two thi!/s> they are either you!/er tha! *maam Ahmad or they did !ot ha1e the %!owled/e *maam Ahmad had> but he still we!t to lear! from them. *maam Ahmad told as-Saai/h> he told him u!til death. * am /oi!/ to %ee. /oi!/ to lear! u!til death> whe! death +omes> the! * will sto. lear!i!/. *! Jaami Bayaa! Al-&*lm wa "adhlih> *b! Abdil-Barr> *b! Mubaara% was as%ed u!til whe! are you /oi!/ to +o!ti!ue lear!i!/> be+ause he always .ursued lear!i!/ a!d studyi!/G he said u!til death. A!other time whe! he was as%ed the same uestio!> he said it may be> .ay atte!tio! to that> it may be that that whi+h * !eed to lear!> that whi+h * des.erately !eed to %!ow whe! * sta!d before Allah> * .ossibly ha1e !ot wrote it yet. *f you say you wa!t to delay 5awah u!til you fully e!+om.ass %!owled/e> the! we all are !e1er /oi!/ to do 5awah> !ot i! this lifetime for sure. 01eryo!e !eeds to do 5awah i! what he %!ows a!d what he is sure of. A!other matter .ertai!i!/ to this> whi+h is more .erso!al> whi+h is bala!+i!/ betwee! your 5awah time a!d your lear!i!/ time. That is !ot to say you ta%e out 5awah out of your life> you bala!+e it i! a way that you see or deem that fits you. Ali Ta!taawi> a +o!tem.orary s+holar or a 5aaiyah> whate1er you wa!t to +all him> * heard him say that for the .ast se1e!ty years of his life> for se1e!ty years of his life si!+e he started lear!i!/ to read> !ot a day .assed by he read less tha! a hu!dred .a/es> u!less he was tra1elli!/. Whe! he was si+%> it would be about two hu!dred .a/es> a!d i! his youth it was three hu!dred .a/es. (e said> * used to read a!d study for te! hours a day. (e was sli/htly humorous> he said if someo!e studies for te! hours a day a!d he is a do!%ey> somethi!/ is /oi!/ to sti+% i! his mi!d. #oo% at that> a hu!dred to three hu!dred .a/es a day of his life> te! hours a day. 'es> we all ha1e to study li%e that> we all ha1e to study a!d lear!i!/ is a !e1er e!di!/ .ro+ess. Allah told his -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallamC

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This is to the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. 7h Allah> /i1e me more %!owled/e. Ai1e me more %!owled/e> u!til whe!= U!til whe! /i1e me more %!owled/e= Ai1e me more %!owled/e> what is the eD.iratio! date o! this 5uaa> whe! do you sto. sayi!/ that oh -ro.het of Allah sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam= 4e1er.

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U!til his death. That is the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> so ima/i!e us. We +o!ti!ue to lear!> just be+ause you are lear!i!/> it does !ot mea! you !e/le+t your 5awah. The .oi!t of this> if o!e thi!%s he +a! /o to Madi!ah or some s+hool or u!i1ersity or study with a Shay%h a!d study> a!d the! +om.lete all the %!owled/e a!d the! sit to tea+h> that is !ot a! &Aalim. That is !ot a! &Aalim> that
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mi/ht be the Shuyoo%h of today> but the real Shuyoo%h studied all the way u!til death. They a+tually> after they left u!i1ersities> studied more tha! they did whe! they were i! the u!i1ersities. *f you %ee. studyi!/ u!til death> you wa!t to delay 5awah u!til you /raduate from lear!i!/> the! there is !o su+h thi!/ as 5awah be+ause you are !e1er /oi!/ to /raduate. There is !o /raduati!/ out of *slami+ %!owled/e. Study> a!d at the same time you study> +o!1ey what you %!owG but bala!+e it out i! a way that suits you. *f you do !ot %!ow %!owled/e> share the basi+s. 01eryo!e %!ows #aa ilaaha illallah Muhammadar-Rasoolullah> ta%e someo!e who is !ot Muslim a!d tea+h him #aa ilaaha illallah Muhammadar-Rasoolullah or a! as.e+t of it> or a! as.e+t of ma!!ers> if you +a!!ot do 5awah o! your ow! to!/ue> do it o! the to!/ue of others> how= By /i1i!/ out a boo%> by a le+ture you hear or see> you /i1e it out i! a! audio format or i! a li!% format. That is doi!/ 5awah o! the to!/ue of others> but you /et the same reward. The e!tire Ummah must be 5uaat> but !ot 5uaat of Mi!bar> they do !ot !e+essarily ha1e to be 5uaat o! the Mi!bar. 01eryo!e i! his 1i+i!ity should be a 5aaiyah> a!d a++ordi!/ to that whi+h he %!ows> a!d what suits him i! his surrou!di!/s. 01eryo!e has to thi!% about de1oti!/ a timeframe out of his life> for 5awah. 5awah is !ot a mo!o.olised missio! the so +alled Shuyoo%h o!ly ta%e for themsel1es> or ta%e u.o! themsel1es> had it !ot bee! for the youth duri!/ the time of the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> the youth> there would ha1e bee! !o *slam today. We are all li%e> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam /a1e a! eDam.le> we are all o! a shi.. 7rdai!i!/ /ood a!d forbiddi!/ the e1il is li%e .eo.le o! a shi.> if you let someo!e destroy that shi.> the whole shi. si!%s. *f we sto. a!yo!e who is tryi!/ to destroy the shi.> .reser1e it> the! we are all /oi!/ to rea+h the shore safely.

T2E ,ANAE$S OF S(EA1INA ABO5T ALLA2 6IT2O5T 1NO6LE,AE


The !eDt .oi!t related to this> is that you do /i1e 5awah we said> we e!+oura/e you but %!ow your limits. Today> there is a worldwide *slami+ e.idemi+. 7!e who mi/ht be a /ood tal%er or .ossibly e1e! just /row a +ou.le day old beard> maybe .ut o! a s+arf> !ot e1e! a s+arf> just .ut o! a ;oofiyyah a!d /o to a lo+al Masjid or /i1e a tal% or two a!d just u.load it o! 'outube> what ha..e!s= The ma! who has sa+rifi+ed his whole life i! Medi+al S+hool who %!ows s!i..ets of *slami+ %!owled/e or .ossibly o!e or two bits a!d .ie+es of *slami+ %!owled/e> the o!e who s.e!t a!d sa+rifi+ed his life i! #aw S+hool a!d 0!/i!eeri!/ S+hool or maybe a busi!ess ma!> sudde!ly> well he is a Shay%h> he is a Mufti> he is Shay%h so a!d so. (e be/i!s to s.ea% so boldly i! matters of the desti!y of this Ummah> the Sahaabah> the "our *maams would ha1e ba+%ed away from. Sometimes> it starts off i!!o+e!tly> that is the truth of the matter. (e tea+hes> he %!ows some /ood (adith> /ood
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le+ture> /ood ;hutbah he /i1es> he +o!1eys it> a!d it starts off /ood. 7r he /oes to a !o! Muslim +ommu!ity> he +o!1eys a le+ture> i!1ites them to *slam> that is /ood> but some do !ot %!ow where to sto.. Sudde!ly after he s.ea%s i! the lo+al +ommu!ity a!d be/i!s to wear his ;oofiyyah a lot> a!d the! a few day old beard> or .ossibly sometimes you /o to (ajj a!d +ome ba+% a!d he is a Shay%h a!d a Mufti from /oi!/ ba+% from (ajj. 7r /o to Madi!ah for Umrah a!d +ome ba+%> or he we!t ba+% to Madi!ah> what is his %!owled/e> what is his Shay%h= 7h he we!t to Madi!ah. (ow lo!/ did he stay i! Madi!ah= Three wee%s. What did he /et i! three wee%s= The .roblem is> .eo.le do !ot %!ow their limits. 4ow> i! this day a!d a/e> you do !ot as% where is the Shay%h> you as% who is !ot the Shay%h. 'ou just .rese!t a! *slami+ uestio! i! a!y field> i! a!y surrou!di!/> a!d just see the .eo.le a!d see who will say Allahu Alam> let us +o!sult the Shuyoo%h. See how rare that is. Abdur-Rahmaa! *b! Abi #ayla said> * met o!e hu!dred a!d twe!ty of the A!saar> hu!dred a!d twe!ty of the A!saar> the Sahaabah of the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. AbdurRahmaa! *b! Abi #ayla is a Tabiee> he said if you as%ed ea+h of them a! issue> they would defer it to the other .erso! a!d the other .erso! u!til it +omes ba+% to the first .erso!. *t /oes from a hu!dred a!d twe!ty .eo.le> all the way ba+% to the first .erso!. 4ot a si!/le of them .rea+hes a (adith eD+e.t that he wishes his brother would suffi+e him> !ot a si!/le o!e of them would /i1e a "atwa eD+e.t that he wishes his brother would suffi+e him. <a! you ima/i!e as%i!/ a hu!dred a!d twe!ty Muslims today about a! *slami+ matter= 7h Wallahi> * thi!% this a!d this. A!d as% him> my wat+h bro%e or my +om.uter bro%e> he is /oi!/ to say ta%e it to the +om.uter offi+e or this .la+e> they %!ow /ood. *slam> e1eryo!e is a Shay%h today. Umar used to say fear Allah i! /i1i!/ your o.i!io!s o1er matters of this 5ee!. Umar a!d Ali amo!/ others> whe! a! issue used to arise> they are the best of the best i! the best +e!tury> you would thi!% Umar a!d Ali would jum. u. a!d a!swer the uestio!G but whe! a uestio! or a! issue would arise> they would /ather the Sahaabah> /et to/ether. What is the a!swer to this uestio!= Maybe o!e of them heard a (adith the other o!e did !ot %!ow of. 'ou thi!% Umar a!d Ali whe! they did that> they did !ot %!ow= (o!estly> do you thi!% they did !ot %!ow= Whe! they would /ather the Sahaabah a!d as% them. They wa!ted to ma%e o!e thousa!d .er+e!t sure that this is the ri/ht a!swer> that they did !ot miss out o! a!ythi!/. Ataa *b! as-Saaib said> a Tabiee> * met me!> he mea!s about the Sahaabah> he is a Tabiee tal%i!/ about the Sahaabah. * met me!> whe! o!e is as%ed about a "atwa> his a!swer would be while his %!ees were trembli!/ a!d shudderi!/. Why= (e fears Allah> that he is /oi!/ to be as%ed about this uestio!. Ash-Shabi> al-(asa! al-Basri a!d Abu (usay!> all Tabiee!> the se+o!d /e!eratio! after the Sahaabah. They said some of you today> /i1e "atwas i! matters that if they were .rese!ted to Umar *b! al-;hattab> he would ha1e /athered the .eo.le of Badr to +o!sult with themC

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What do we say today ash-Shabi> what do we say about today al-(asa! al-Basri> what do we say today about the Ummah if that is duri!/ your time> the first +e!tury. Wallahi> .eo.le who +a!!ot .ro!ou!+e a si!/le 1erse from the ,ura! ha1e today be+ome> whether they +all themsel1es or others +all them or !ot> i!dire+tly> ha1e be+ome Muftee!. -eo.le so i/!ora!t> they use matters abro/ated i! *slam as .roof to substa!tiate their sta!+e. Wallahi> we heard those who +a!!ot .ro!ou!+e a si!/le 1erse from the ,ura! +learly> issue "atwas> or use some %i!d of .roof o! matters that are abro/ated. "or eDam.le> as .roof for free miDi!/ a!d mi!/li!/. *maam Maali% said whoe1er wa!ts to a!swer a "atwa or issue .ertai!i!/ to *slami+ matters> let him +o!tem.late what is best for him before Allah. What is /oi!/ to suffi+e him whe! he is before Allah= #et him remember (ea1e! a!d let him remember (ell> a!d after he +o!tem.lates a!d thi!%s that> let him a!swerC

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A ma! as%ed *maam Maali% a!d he did !ot a!swer. The ma! said> Abu Abdillah> .lease a!swer me> *maam> a!swer me. *maam Maali% re.lied> do you wa!t me to be a justifi+atio! to the a+tio! that you wa!t to do= 5o you wa!t me to be the justifi+atio! for the a+tio! before Allah= A!d the! * am the o!e who /ets .u!ished a!d you /o s+ot-free. Al-(aytham *b! Jameel> he said *maam Maali% was o!+e as%ed about forty ei/ht matters. (e a!swered thirty two> a!d he said to the rest of them> * do !ot %!ow. (e a!swered thirty two a!d the rest of them> he said * do !ot %!ow. Roam arou!d the world a!d as% the same !umber of uestio!s *maam Maali% was as%ed about a!d see how ma!y a!swers you /et. *f you as% fifty> you are /oi!/ to /et fifty our of fifty. 'ou as% te!> you are /oi!/ to /et te! out of te!. *t is a miserable situatio! of the Ummah. 7!e ma! told *maam Maali%> Abu Abdillah if you say * do !ot %!ow> who %!ows= *maam Maali%> you are the Mufti of your time. *maam Maali% said> you do !ot %!ow me more tha! * %!ow myself. * %!ow myself> he is sayi!/ do * loo% s.e+ial to you= * am a! ordi!ary .erso! a!d * %!ow my limits. *f *maam Maali% %!ows his limits> should!t .eo.le of today %!ow their limits= (e said> if *b! Umar said he did !ot %!ow> the! * +a! say * do !ot %!ow. Bei!/ +o!+eited> a!d these are the words of *maam Maali%> a!d lo1e of .resti/e a!d leadershi. is what destroys .eo.le. That is why they +a!!ot say> * do !ot %!ow.

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(ere> * ha1e a +omme!t to say about this. Whe! Umar *b! al-;hattab> whe! Uthma!> whe! *maam Maali%> whe! they would /ather the Sahaabah to +o!sult with them> whe! *maam Maali% would say> a!d remember *b! al-Jaw?i we tal%ed about him i! the last (ala ah> he would ba+% away from matters that %ids would .roudly as%> *maam Maali% says * do !ot %!ow to .eo.le who are tra1elli!/ from wee%s jour!ey just to as% him a!d he says * do !ot %!ow to se1eral uestio!s of theirsG do you thi!% the Sahaabah or *maam Maali% did !ot really %!ow= * always thi!% about this issue. Ash-Shaafiee> they told him he was eli/ible to /i1e "atwa whe! he was fiftee! years old. (is Shuyoo%h told him> you are eli/ible to /i1e "atwa whe! he was fiftee! years old. (is tea+her *b! &Uyay!ah> used to tea+h a!d as% the Shaafiee who was still a %id> what do you thi!% about this matter= What do you thi!% about this (adith= A!d he would refer .eo.le to as% ash-Shaafiee> his ow! tea+her. Maali% too% the tas% of /i1i!/ "atwa at the a/e of twe!ty o!e> after he we!t arou!d to Shuyoo%h> he said am * suitable !ow to /i1e a "atwa or !ot= They told him> *maam Maali%> if your Shuyoo%h he would ha1e told you !o> would you ha1e sto..ed= (e said +ertai!ly> +ertai!ly * would ha1e. Remember the last +lass> * me!tio!ed two of the most .romi!e!t Shuyoo%h of *b! alJaw?i> who would ba+% away from /i1i!/ "atwa that the %ids i! his (ala ah would /i1e. Somethi!/ * always thou/ht of is> do you thi!% they really did !ot %!ow= 'ou thi!% these .eo.le did !ot really %!ow= * am almost .ositi1e> we do !ot %!ow the Ahayb> but * am !early .ositi1e they did %!ow the a!swer. What * belie1e is that there was o.i!io!s or ma!y (adith o! the matter> they were !ot at a le1el where they were o!e hu!dred .er+e!t sure. They were .robably !i!ety !i!e .oi!t !i!e .er+e!t sure> o%> this is the ri/ht a!swer> but we are !ot a hu!dred .er+e!t sure so they ba+% away. That is my feeli!/ a!d that is what * %!ow of these *maams. *f your boss /i1es you a dis+retio! to si/! off o! +ertai! matters> you would thi!% a millio! times before your .ro+eed a!d you would as% arou!d> you thi!% this is the ri/ht de+isio!= * wa!t to ma%e my boss ha..y> he /a1e me a dis+retio! to do this a!d that. 5o you thi!% * made the ri/ht de+isio!= *f o!e was a! ad1isor to a %i!/> to a .reside!t> a!d the %i!/ a!d .reside!t /a1e him dis+retio! to do +ertai! thi!/s or to ma%e +ertai! de+isio!s> he would as% arou!d all o1er a!d ma%e sure that is the +orre+t> o!e hu!dred .er+e!t de+isio!. 7!e who is /oi!/ to /i1e a "atwa> is /i1i!/ a "atwa> matter .ertai!i!/ !ot to a %i!/ or a .reside!t or a boss> it is a matter .ertai!i!/ to Allah that you are /oi!/ to sta!d before Allah a!d as%ed about them. 'our boss> you +a! /et o1er it> you +a! lie to him. 'our .reside!t> your %i!/> you +a! /et beyo!d that> you +a! .ass that .oi!t> but Allah the Almi/hty. *b! al-,ayyim Rahimahullah said> Allah .rohibited s.ea%i!/ about (im without %!owled/e a!d it is +o!sidered amo!/ the bi//est of all .rohibitio!s. Rather> *b! al,ayyim +o!sidered it amo!/ the worst si!s> *b! al-,ayyimC

-a/e F 299

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(e /a1e le1els> *b! al-,ayyim said> Allah /a1e le1els i! si!s> (e .ut le1els i! this 1erse i! four si!s. (e started off with the "awaahish> the major si!s li%e adultery> for!i+atio!G the! (e we!t to o..ressio!> that is the se+o!d le1elG the! (e we!t to Shir%> that is the thirdG a!d the! (e we!t to the worst le1el is> s.ea%i!/ about Allah without %!owled/e. (e started with the least a!d we!t to the worst> the worst is s.ea%i!/ about Allah without %!owled/e.

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Atee *b! 'a oob a!d *b! Wahhab said> they heard *maam Maali% Rahimahullah said> the Salaf a!d those before him !e1er used to say (araam a!d (alaal. They used to say we disli%e this a!d we li%e that> you should do this a!d you should !ot do that. They would !ot use the term (araam a!d (alaal be+ause of the 1erseC

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This is why ma!y of the i/!ora!t today whe! they /o a!d lear! from the boo%s> a!d * told you that is !ot the .ro.er way of lear!i!/ i! itself> by itself> u!less o!e has !o tea+her> they /o a!d read matters that *maam Ahmad *b! (a!bal disli%ed that. Whe! i! reality that matter is +o!sidered by *maam Ahmad *b! (a!bal> (araam> but they would !ot use the term (araam. Some of the &Ulamaa would !ot use the (araam> this brou/ht a lot of +o!fusio! to a lot of the stude!ts be+ause they would !ot use (araam a!d (alaal> feari!/ Allah. They say * disli%e this a!d * li%e this> * .refer this
-a/e F 29:

a!d * do !ot .refer that. The!> *maam Maali% brou/ht ma!y eDam.les where the Salaf used to use Ma%rooh> * disli%e a!d * li%e> a!d * .refer a!d * do !ot .refer> of the Salaf> of the .re1ious *maamsG a!d he said this was a +ommo! tre!d used by them. Abdullah *b! Umar radhiallahu a!hu saidC

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*! Bu%hari> i! Muslim. Berily> Allah does !ot ta%e away %!owled/e by s!at+hi!/ it from the hearts> (e ta%es away %!owled/e by ta%i!/ away the s+holars> by their death. So that whe! he lea1es> the s+holars lea1e a!d de.art> the! the .eo.le will be with the i/!ora!t a!d they will as% the i/!ora!t about 1erdi+ts a!d the! those i/!ora!t will tell them the a!swers.

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They are i! themsel1es astray> a!d they lead the masses astray. Ma%e 5awah i! what you %!ow i! +o!fide!+e a!d say i! matters that you do !ot %!ow> * do !ot %!ow> or /i1e me time> let me as%> let me resear+h> sim.le a!d easy. 'es> /i1e 5awah> do !ot sto. 5awah> do !ot say * am i/!ora!t> /i1e 5awah i! matters that you %!ow a!d ba+% away from that whi+h you do !ot %!ow. We ha1e to sto. here> we sto. a little bit early be+ause we ha1e a!other le+ture to /o to i! about forty fi1e mi!utes> so if you ha1e a!y uestio!s or +o!+er!s> we will ta%e it !eDt wee% *!shaa Allah> or you %!ow> most of you +a! .erso!ally +o!ta+t me a!d we will a!swer it. Ja?a%um Allah ;hayr.

CLASS EIA2T
This is our ei/hth +lass o! Al-Usool Ath-Thalaathah> Alhamdulillah that we /ot this far a!d we are tal%i!/ about the elu+idatio!s o! the boo% Al-Usool Ath-Thalaathah or Thalaathatul-Usool. A!d these are four i!trodu+tory matters> these are four i!trodu+tory .ri!+i.les> they are !ot the +ore of the boo%. These are four i!trodu+tory .ri!+i.les> we are still yet to /et to the +ore of the boo%. The first of those that we s.o%e about is that the author said you must %!ow these four matters> what are they= The first o!e of these four is a+tually what we s.o%e about a!d it is the +ore of the boo%> %!owled/e> to %!ow Allah> the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa
-a/e F 293

sallam a!d the reli/io!> the uestio!s you will be as%ed about i! your /ra1e. The se+o!d is to a+t u.o! it> a!d the third whi+h we started o! !ot last wee%> but the wee% before that> is +o!1eyi!/ itC

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Whi+h mea!s to +o!1ey it. <o!1ey what= To +all .eo.le u!to what= ;!owled/e a!d a+ti!/ u.o! %!owled/e. We me!tio!ed se1eral esse!tial .oi!ters o! 5awah> the last +lass we had a!d we will try to fi!ish the tal% o! 5awah today. *t is a 1ery le!/thy tal% so bear with me> * would li%e to try my best to fi!ish it today *!shaa Allah> so !eDt wee% we +a! mo1e o!. The uestio!s will be after the +lass for the .ur.oses of editi!/> the brothers> to ma%e it easy o! them> we de+ide to ha1e all the uestio!s at the e!d of +lass. That is why you will see your brothers writi!/ dow! a!d jotti!/ dow!. 'ou +a! jot dow! your uestio!> at the e!d of the +lass we will be here u!til we a!swer them.

,O NOT CO00IT AN4 SINS 5N,E$ T2E ($ETEFT OF ,A76A2


Some .eo.le fool themsel1es> they fool themsel1es be+ause you +a!!ot fool Allah. They will justify a sta!+e or a setti!/ that they are i!> a si!ful setti!/ that they are i!> by +ryi!/ a!d sayi!/ 5awah. 5o !ot be +au/ht for eDam.le> sitti!/ at a table with al+ohol> where al+ohol is bei!/ roamed arou!d> .assed arou!d> a!d say Wallahi * am /i1i!/ these .eo.le 5awah. Whe! a +ase li%e that was .rese!ted to Umar *b! al-;hattab> he started with lashi!/ the .eo.le> he ordered the lashi!/ of the .eo.le who were !ot dri!%i!/ before those who were dri!%i!/. Some of them said> we are fasti!/ Umar. (e said> with them start. 5o !ot be +au/ht amo!/ those who> a ma!> a brother amo!/ wome!> you see him i! a setti!/ where wome! are im.ro.erly dressed a!d the! he will tell you> * am /i1i!/ 5awah. 5o !ot be +au/ht with a sister alo!e a!d say Wallahi> * am tea+hi!/ her ,ura!. 5o !ot ha1e those ti/ht jea!s a!d that whi+h they +all today a (ijab> loo%i!/ more li%e someo!e who is tryi!/ to model sta!di!/ before a table with a few leaflets a!d the! +ry a!d say 5awah table. * me!tio! this be+ause this matter is wides.read. "or eDam.le> it is wides.read i! weddi!/s> you see weddi!/s where Muslims do> we +a!!ot +all them !o! Muslims if they ma%e their Salah a!d they +ommit si!s> we +a!!ot +all them !o! Muslim but it is eDtremely major si! what they do. They ha1e e1ery Shaytaa!i+ i!strume!t i! their

\ hall. 4isaau! ;aasiyaatu! &Aariyaat H [ q 5 [ 1 # q L 1 I> wome! 1 im.ro.erly dressed. MiDi!/ a!d mi!/li!/ at its .ea% a!d wome! with all that whi+h is .rohibited for a!other forei/! ma! to see> they are there i! that setti!/. 'ou as% a brother who you .resume is ri/hteous> what were you there doi!/= This ha..e!s fre ue!tly> * am !ot sayi!/ all the brothers who are reli/ious do that> but it does
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ha..e! fre ue!tly. What are you doi!/ o1er there i! that weddi!/= Wallah> 5awah. 'our 5awah is to tal% .eo.le i! a setti!/ li%e that> out of that si!. *f you +a!!ot> the! you !eed to wal% away. *f you +a! /o tal% to them a!d tal% them out of that si! a!d sto. them> the! !ot o!ly should you /o> but you must /o if you +a! tal% them out of it be+ause that is the .ea% of ordai!i!/ the /ood a!d forbiddi!/ the e1il. *f you /o tal% to them a!d they are /oi!/ to liste! to you a!d sto. those i!strume!ts> a!d sto. the miDi!/ a!d mi!/li!/> you say Wallah * am /oi!/ to /o sto. them a!d * am /oi!/ to tal% them out if> the! you must /o. (owe1er> if that is !ot what ha..e!s> the! you should !ot be i! a setti!/ li%e that. *! Ad-5urr Al-Mu%htaar> a!d ad-5usoo i from the Maali%iyyah> a!d ash-Shiraa?i i! Muhathab> a!d *b! 5hwayyaa! i! Mubda> a!d *b! ,udaamah i! Al-Mu/h!i a!d * thi!% it is the se1e!th 1olume. *! these boo%s> whi+h are boo%s of "i h o! the four Madhaahib> if you +a! /o a!d +ha!/e a Mu!%ar> /o +ha!/e itG if you +a!!ot> the! you do !ot !eed to be i! a setti!/ li%e that> e1e! if you are i!1ited. Why we say e1e! if you are i!1ited= Be+ause ma!y of the &Ulamaa +o!sider it Waajib> if you are i!1ited to a weddi!/ or a Waleemah> it is Waajib u.o! you to res.o!d to the i!1itatio! of your brother. *t is Waajib to /o> yet if there is .ubli+ si!s that are wides.read that you +a!!ot a1oid> the! that Waajib is !o lo!/er a Waajib. That Waajib is (araam u.o! you to /o> a++ordi!/ to the four Madhaahib a!d i! the boo%s that * me!tio!ed> it is (araam u.o! you to /o u!less you +a! +ha!/e it. The! if you +a! +ha!/e it> the! you +a! /o. We ha1e la!ds that ha1e bee! o++u.ied for o1er half a +e!tury> la!ds that withi! them is our third holiest shri!e. A!d there is those who +ry liberate it> liberate it> a!d they tal% about liberati!/> yet whe! that tal% /oes arou!d> o!e !eeds to do a reality +he+% withi! himself a!d as%> why is the Ummah i! the /utter that it is i!= Why for o1er half a +e!tury> .ertai!i!/ to that holy la!d> they are /oi!/ a!d we are /oi!/> be+ause what affe+ts them affe+ts us> why are they /oi!/ a!d why are we /oi!/ throu/h that whi+h we ha1e bee! /oi!/ throu/h= We !eed to refle+t> we !eed to a!alyse. Whe! a +om.a!y loses some of their i!+ome> the <07 /ets to/ether with his ma!a/ers a!d hi/h ra!%i!/ offi+ers a!d he /ets to meet with them a!d as%s the uestio! that is ty.i+al> what +a! we do> what strate/y +a! we de1elo. so we +a! wi! ba+% the i!+ome or the .rofits we had i! the .ast mo!ths= We !eed to +ha!/e. Whe! /e!erals> Muslims a!d !o! Muslims> whoe1er it may be> whe!e1er they lose> it is ta+ti+al to as% why did we lose that battle= What is it that +aused us to lose that battle= #i%ewise> whe! you ha1e 2.6 Billio! humiliated a!d de/raded to the lowest of low> by !o more tha! siD millio!> .ossibly siDtee! millio! at the most> you /ot to as% why= The Sahaabah were defeated. *! the Battle of Uhud> the Sahaabah were defeated a!d they as%ed that same uestio!C

-a/e F 296

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We wo!der why we ha1e be+ome the lowest of the low. The Sahaabah as%ed whe! they were defeated> o! their way ba+% to Madi!ah after the defeat> why=

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Why did this ha..e! to us= Allah /a1e them the a!swer. Before they rea+hed Madi!ah> they /ot the a!swer to what was ha..e!i!/. They as%ed a uestio!> what is the strate/y so we will !ot be defeated a/ai!= Why is it that we were defeated= What is the reaso!= Allah saysC

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"rom you> somethi!/ you ha1e do!e.

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'ou +he+% yourself. *!strume!ts do !ot liberate> i!strume!ts of the Shaytaa! de/e!erate. Ta%e that as a rule> i!strume!ts of the Shaytaa! do !ot liberate la!ds that ha1e bee! ta%e! from us. *!strume!ts of the Shaytaa! a!d those where they are widely s.read> are !ot ways for liberati!/> they are ways for de/e!erati!/. What 1i+tory are you awaiti!/=

62EN SINS BECO0E 6I,ES($EA,

IT

AFFECTS EBE$4ONE

We are !ot sayi!/ that e1eryo!e is li%e that> !o> Maaath Allah. * am /oi!/ to /o e1e! to the eDte!t of sayi!/> !ot just e1eryo!e is !ot li%e that> !ot e1e! the majority are li%e that. * am /oi!/ to say that to be o! the safe side> !ot e1e! the majority> let us say !ot the majority. (owe1er> whe! si!s be+ome wides.read> where ma!y are i!1ol1ed a!d it is .o.ular> e1e! thou/h it is !ot the majority a!d it is .o.ular> the! it affe+ts e1eryo!e. Whe! it is .o.ular> it affe+ts e1eryo!e. Whe! tow!s i! their e!tirety> from "alastee!> arou!d us> o1er here> e1e! thou/h !ot all> a!d * am /oi!/ to re.eat that a/ai! a!d a/ai!> e1e! thou/h * am /oi!/ to say to be safe> !ot e1e! the majorityG whe! you /ot tow!s who ha1e weddi!/s that .lay the i!strume!ts of the Shaytaa! a!d it is !ot eD+e.tio!al withi! that tow!> it is eD+e.tio!al i! that tow! a!d he is a stra!/er> o!e who de+ides to do his weddi!/ the *slami+ way. *t is wides.read> that is wides.read> it is a wides.read si!. *! Uhud> fifty me! u!der the leadershi. of Abdullah *b! Jubayr. They did !ot mea! to disobey the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> they are the me! who we!t to /i1e their !e+%s for the sa%e of the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> they did !ot mea! to disobey him. They made a! edu+ated /uess that de+ided the +orre+t
-a/e F 29$

o.i!io! i! it> out of res.e+t to the Sahaabah we do !ot say they made a mista%e> we say they made a! edu+ated /uess u.o! themsel1es> de+ided. Abdullah *b! Jubayr said> * am !ot lea1i!/ the hillto.. Abdullah *b! Jubayr said> * am stayi!/ o! this hillto.> o! this mou!tai!> the -ro.het said stay here !o matter what> * am /oi!/ to stay here. Se1e! hu!dred with the best ma! to wal% o! the fa+e of the 0arth /et defeated for the mi!or mista%e of less tha! fifty. The e!tire Muslim Ummah ba+% the! /ets defeated> be+ause it is the Ummah there> the e!tire Ummah /ets defeated for the mista%e of !ot e1e! fifty be+ause some of the fifty stayed o! the mou!tai!. Whe! e1il is wides.read> destru+tio! a!d defeat awaits this Ummah> that is the way it /oes.

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* say> a!d * am res.o!sible for what * say> tow!s ha1e rituals a!d weddi!/s from "alastee!> * do !ot e1e! wa!t to !ame those tow!s> es.e+ially wides.read arou!d us> * do !ot wa!t to !ame those tow!s whe! * +ould> they are more shameful i! their miDi!/ a!d their mi!/li!/ a!d the way the wome! are dressed i! the im.ro.er dressi!/> tha! the e!emies that we are fa+i!/.

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(e !arrated that the Rasoolullah sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam saidC

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*! Su!a! at-Tirmidhi> it is a! authe!ti+ (adith. The .oi!t of this (adith is that the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> there will be Mas%h i! this Ummah. What is Mas%h= Al-Ma!!aawi defi!es Mas%h asC

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What does that mea!= Mas%h> there is /oi!/ to be Mas%h at the e!d of time> at some time a!d the Sahaabah as%ed whe! will it be. What is Mas%h= Before we /et to the other .oi!ts of the (adith. *t +a! be real +ha!/e or huma!s i!to for eDam.le> .i/s a!d do!%eys li%e a!other (adith s.e+ified. This o!e does !ot s.e+ify but it +ould be real> a huma! bei!/ +ha!/ed to a form of a .i/ a!d a do!%ey. *t +ould be
-a/e F 29)

the +ha!/i!/ of the heart a!d the mi!d> you /o tal% to someo!e> you thi!% you are tal%i!/ to a huma! bei!/ but you are really !ot tal%i!/ to a huma! bei!/. Wallahi A%hi> this is (araam> you are i! the 0ast a!d he is i! the West> it is li%e you are !ot tal%i!/ to a huma! bei!/> it +ould be that as well. *t +ould be a real +ha!/e a!d it +ould be a heart a!d a mi!d +ha!/e. (e saidC

q 5 ... ... q 5 / / * ! v
A!d the! there is /oi!/ to be ;hasf. The !eDt o!e is ;hasf a!d that isC

; / 1 / z
There will be earth ua%es> the 0arth will o.e! a!d swallow .eo.le. That is ;hasf> that is the se+o!d o!e. A!d the! there is /oi!/ to be the third o!e that the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> there will be ,athf. A!d ,athf is (ijaarah> throwi!/ or the dro..i!/ of sto!es from the s%y> li%e that whi+h ha..e!ed for eDam.le to the .eo.le of 0le.ha!t> Abrahah a!d the .eo.le of the 0le.ha!t i! Surat al-"eel. So whe! does that ha..e!= Whe! do those three thi!/s ha..e!= The Sahaabah as%ed whe! does that ha..e!. (e said whe! the ,ayyi!aat a!d Maaa?if are wides.readC

1 ... ...[ 1 T
*f it a..ears> 5haharat is a+tually a ra!% lesser tha! wides.read. What are they= What are the ,ayyi!aat a!d what are the Maaa?if= ,ayyi!aat is e!tertai!ers> the si!/ers> the si!/ers that si!/ a!d i!s.ire you to do (araamG a!d Maaa?if are the i!strume!ts of the Shaytaa!. More so> i! a!other (adith> the o!e !arrated by Abu Aamir or Abu Maali%C

3 . -E ":b 1 / 1 L ! 3 L 3 3 1 A3 R P = / , ' 1 / " 1 '5 1 1 - / ! q / / 3 -0 3 , = N 1 = C / ! Y / ! / $ 1


"rom this Ummah> this is !ot tal%i!/ about the !o! belie1ers> this is tal%i!/ about this Ummah> the followers of this Ummah. There will be some .eo.le who will +o!sider ille/al seD> ille/al i!ter+ourse> adultery a!d for!i+atio!> they will do that> they will +o!sider thatG they will +o!sider the weari!/ of sil%> they will +o!sider the dri!%i!/ of al+ohol a!d the musi+al i!strume!ts as lawful. They will They will +o!sider it lawful> by their a+ts .ossibly> or +learly sayi!/ this is (alaal a!d you see that today. There is other !arratio!s of the (adith to show you how Allah may doom someo!e o1er!i/ht. They will /et a 1isitor or a .asser by> a Bedoui! +ome by to these .eo.le who are i!

-a/e F 298

e!/a/ed i!to these ille/al a+ts a!d he will as% them for somethi!/. (e may !eed to buy somethi!/ from them> we do !ot %!ow> the (adith does !ot me!tio!> the other !arratio!s of (adith do !ot me!tio!. But they will tell him> +ome ba+% tomorrow> we will /i1e you what you !eed tomorrow. The busi!ess tra!sa+tio! or the dire+tio!s or whate1er it may be> they will tell him whate1er .ur.ose you as%ed us> +ome ba+% tomorrow. Some of them will wa%e u.> the (adith wa!ts to show you how smooth a!d swift the disaster of Allah is for su+h .eo.le> they will wa%e u. o1er!i/ht> some of them are mo!%eys a!d swi!es. These are from this Ummah> some of them are mo!%eys a!d swi!es a!d we des+ribed it +ould be real> or it +ould be that their hearts a!d mi!ds are li%e that a!d they will be tra!sformed i!to mo!%eys a!d swi!es u!til the Jud/me!t 5ay> they will remai! so u!til the Jud/me!t 5ay. Mea!i!/ whe! those matters o++ur> the matters that we said that they will +o!sider lawful> whe! those matters o++ur a!d amo!/st them is usa/e a!d +o!sideri!/ lawful the i!strume!ts of the Shaytaa!> whe! those matters o++ur> there will be a sudde! a!d swift .u!ishme!t. A!d what do you wa!t> a bi//er .u!ishme!t tha! bei!/ the most humiliated Ummah out of the Umam today= Where siD millio! sta!d o! the to. of 2.6 Billio! a!d defeat them> that /oes i! history. #oo% at the other side> these are the Muslims that will be tra!sformed i!to a.es a!d mo!%eys a!d swi!es> why= Be+ause of the musi+al i!strume!ts. The ,ura! also says about the o..o!e!ts> what did (e say about them=

_M :`2G ... ... / ! h6 1 / $ 1 < ! / T Y ` E 1


Those who i!+urred the +urse a!d the wrath of Allah> those whom (e tra!sformed i!to mo!%eys a!d swi!es. 4ow this o!e> this 1erse is !ot .ertai!i!/ to this Ummah> this is .ertai!i!/ to our o..o!e!ts. 4ow the +o!+lusio!> the +o!+lusio! out of that. The first two Ahaadith are about this Ummah> the Ayah is about the o..o!e!ts> .eo.le will be tra!sformed from both sides i!to a.es a!d swi!es. The .oi!t> whe! you /ot a.es a!d swi!es or mo!%eys a!d swi!es fi/hti!/ mo!%eys a!d swi!es> the stro!/er wi!s> that is how it /oes. 7f +ourse> !ot e1eryo!e liste!s to that or e!/a/es i! those major si!s a!d those u!lawful a+ts. 4ot e1eryo!e a!d * am /oi!/ to say !ot e1e! the majority> just to be o! the safe side * am /oi!/ to add !ot the majority. * am /oi!/ to say it is wides.read a!d !o o!e +a! de!y that> it is wides.read whe! you +a!!ot e1e! a..roa+h .eo.le a!d tell them this is (araam a!d (alaal. Wallahi> they ha1e +ommu!ities here> they ha1e +lubs here that they sit a!d dri!% +offee a!d ba+%bite a!d do all that whi+h is .rohibited a!d .ossibly sometimes they i!1ite a /uy to le+ture. They as% what does he say> before they i!1ite him> what does he say about musi+al i!strume!ts= (araam> do !ot bri!/ him here. Wallahi> this is ha..e!s> some of you here %!ow this 1ery well. Whe! it be+omes wides.read> Allah holds e1eryo!e a++ou!table. Us who do !ot e!/a/e i! that a!d those who are i! that> all of us are held a++ou!table.

-a/e F 2:@

4ow> * do !ot li%e to /et off to.i+ i! these %i!d of +lasses but this is !ot really off to.i+. The .oi!t is those who .erform those %i!d of ille/al +eremo!ies are a sour+e of the defeat> are a major sour+e of the defeat. We %!ow about them a!d there is !o de!ial about that. What is the .oi!t=

4O5 2ABE TO 1NO6 2O6 TO AIBE ,A76A2


The .roblem is> * see a ri/hteous brother or * am told about a ri/hteous brother a!d this ha..e!s a!d it is 1ery irritati!/> you deem him he is a ri/hteous brother> he +omes to the (ala aat> he is /ood i! his *slam a!d the! sudde!ly he tells you or you are told of that he was i! o!e of these +eremo!ies. A!d what is his justifi+atio!= (e is there u!der the .reteDt of 5awah. 4ow you as% the brother> why did you /o to that weddi!/= Why did you /o to that +eremo!y= Why were you i! the middle of that e1il that you really did !ot ha1e to /o to= 5awah> the a!swer is 5awah. 7%> did you s.ea% there the! lea1e immediately= 'ou +a! .ossibly u!dersta!d that. 5id you s.ea% a!d immediately head out of there= 4o. 5id you sto. them= 4o. 5id you e1e! tal% there= 4o. *! reality> you thi!% be+ause you ha1e the o1erall a..eara!+e of someo!e who is reli/ious> whether it may be be+ause o!e has the beard or whate1er it may be a!d that your wife is a Muhajjabah a!d you ta%e her there a!d the! you assume merely be+ause of your .rese!+e that you are there for 5awah. That is the Shaytaa! .layi!/ with your mi!d.

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There is .eo.le who thi!% they are doi!/ ri/hteous a!d i! reality> it is e1il that they are doi!/. They thi!% they are doi!/ it u!der the .reteDt of 5awah> but i! reality it is !ot /ood what they are doi!/. 'ou do !ot /o to those .la+es +laimi!/ 5awah> that is our .oi!t. 'ou do !ot /o to .la+es of si! a!d +laim 5awah u!less you are there to sto. it. 'ou +a!!ot be .rese!t i! those .la+es u!less you are there to /uide them> u!less you are there to sto. it. *f they liste! to you> if you ha1e i!flue!+e o1er them> if you +a! tal% them out of it> /o there a!d you must a!d you should /o there. -art of the ordai!i!/ the /ood a!d forbiddi!/ the e1il is that those who do those %i!d of si!s> should be the out+asts a!d they should !ot be the ty.e of .eo.le who are loo%ed u. to. Today> we /et brothers who are stru//li!/ to start off their marria/e life o! the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah. Sometimes it is the bride> she +alls> * ha1e this a!d my traditio!s a!d some traditio!s that do !o +o!fli+t with the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah> we are !ot /oi!/ to tal% about that but there is traditio!s that are +o!fli+ti!/ with the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah> those belo!/ u!der our feet !o matter what they are. The ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah has .re+ede!+e o1er e1erythi!/. 'ou see those who as a
-a/e F 2:2

bride or a you!/ ma! who is tryi!/ to /et married a!d he is fa+i!/ a stru//le to try to ha1e his marria/e i! the ri/ht way for eDam.le. That o!e is the out+ast a!d he is the stra!/er> it is !ot the other o!es who are i! the si! that are the out+asts a!d the stra!/ers. 'ou see what * mea! whe! * say it is wides.read= 5o !ot e1er e!/a/e i! su+h matters u!der the .reteDt of 5awah. The same s+e!ario a..lies whe! for eDam.le> you see a sister> * /o 1isit u!i1ersities> with im.ro.er (ijaab> what they +all (ijaab a!d the attitude i! a u!i1ersity> sta!di!/ before a table with a bu!+h of leaflets a!d you as% what eDa+tly is she doi!/= 7h> she is doi!/ a 5awah table brother this wee%. 'ou do 5awah i! that ma!!er= 'ou ha1e to %!ow how to /i1e 5awah. 'ou do !ot e!/a/e i! a si! i! /i1i!/ 5awah a!d you do !ot /o i! a .la+e where it is si!ful a!d you /i1e 5awah> u!less you are there to sto. it. #i%ewise> those who /i1e 5awah u!der the .latform a!d the ba!!er of i!terfaith. They +laim that that is 5awah. Why are you i! i!terfaith= Why are you /oi!/ u!der the ba!!er of i!terfaith= 7h 5awah brother> these are the -eo.le of the Boo%> we /ot to /i1e them 5awah. There is somethi!/ +alled 5awah whi+h we are all for a!d we are all for 5awah> a!d there is a .ri!+i.le of ;ufr +alled i!terfaith. *!terfaith is a .ri!+i.le of ;ufr> if you do !ot %!ow about it> you !eed to /o study it. *t is ;ufr o! to. of ;ufr> it is a! as.e+t of ;ufr> i!terfaith. 'ou do !ot /o u!der the ba!!er of i!terfaith> /i1i!/ a tal% or a .arti+i.a!t i! su+h or/a!isatio! a!d they say oh * was there for 5awah. 'ou /o do 5awah u!der the ba!!er of 5awah or u!der a !eutral ba!!er> !ot u!der the ba!!er of i!terfaith. The .oi!t of all this is that you do !ot mi!/le with si!!ers a!d +ry 5awah. * me!tio!ed some of this i! a uestio! a!d a!swer a while a/o> whe! * was as%ed about mo+%i!/ Muslims a!d * me!tio!ed the 1erse of AllahC

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Whe! mo+%i!/ /oes o!> do !ot sit with them. Why= Allah saysC

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That a..lies to mo+%i!/> but it a..lies to other si!s as well. 7%> that is the .oi!t we wa!ted to +o1er.

($OOFS ON ,A76A2
-a/e F 2:9

INBITE (EO(LE 5NTO ALLA2

6IT2

1NO6LE,AE

Allah i! the ,ura! said> i! Surat 'usufC

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Say oh -ro.het> Allah is telli!/ the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam to say> this is my way> * i!1ite .eo.le u!to Allah> u!to mo!otheism> u!to the 7!e!ess of Allah> 5awah. That is what we are for> we are .ro 5awah> it is !ot that we are a/ai!st 5awah but there is .ro.er ways for 5awah.

3 1 - ...` , /h ... : 6 1 & 1 7 K 8


;!owled/e> that is why you all +ome here today> why= Be+ause you wa!t to /o +o!1ey this messa/eC

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With %!owled/e.

... ... 1 , A3 F ! 1
Me a!d those who follow me. *b! al-,ayyim Rahimahullah said> you +a!!ot be a follower of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam truthfully> u!less you +all to that whi+h the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam +alled with %!owled/e. That is a restri+tio!> i! the ,ura!C

3 1 - / N ...` 8 /h , 1 1 AL < : 6 1 & 1 7 1 D 1 7 ( K 8


As a 5aaiyah> you .rese!t this 5awah> this messa/e> you .ut the seed a!d you lea1e the rest to Allah. 'ou .ut the seed where1er you are a!d you lea1e the rest to Allah.

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Who is better i! s.ee+h tha! he who says> my #ord is AllahC

, ! 3 1 4 ... N 5 9 h 1 7 / / 3 H /
-a/e F 2::

A!d stays firm a!d steadfast o! itC

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A!d says> * am a Muslim a!d * amo!/ the Muslimee!C

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,A76A2
IS O5$

($I,E

*f a bi/ firm or +or.oratio! offers o!e of you a job> he ea/erly jum.s to it. (e would /o to trai!i!/> he would .ossibly /o ba+% to +olle/e a!d /et a! u.date i! his field. (e would do whate1er it is to /et that hi/h ra!%i!/ job that +or.oratio! /a1e him> offered him> a!d the! he would bolster about the offer that he /ot. 5aJwah is a! offer from Allah> the Almi/hty. A job> from Allah> !ot from a +or.oratio! or a %i!/ or a .reside!t. *t is a! offer from Allah> the Almi/hty. 'ou are doi!/ the job of the Messe!/ers.

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'ou> the true Belie1ers i! Tawheed> i! *slami+ mo!otheism> you are the real followers of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam. 'ouC

... : 3 , 6 / '# / *
'ou are the best. 'ou were> you are a!d you will be> that is what ;u!tum mea!s. 'ou were> you are> you will be. 'ou are the best of all .eo.le raised u. from ma!%i!d. 'ou are i! +har/e of ma!%i!d> the best of all .eo.le> why= Be+ause we are Arab= Be+ause we are bla+%= We ha1e bla+%> we ha1e white> we /ot e1erythi!/> we ha1e -a%ista!i> we ha1e e1erythi!/ here. Why= Why are we the best of all .eo.le= *s it based o! eth!i+ity= 5id Allah say you are the best of ma!%i!d based o! your eth!i+ity= 'ou are the best of ma!%i!d based o! !atio!alism= 'ou are the best of ma!%i!d based o! your +olour a!d your ra+e= *t is ;hayriyyah. 'ou are the best of all ma!%i!d> +arryi!/ a!d +o!1eyi!/ this messa/e> by +arryi!/ a!d +o!1eyi!/ this messa/e.

/ I F / ..." T F ! C ! 6 & " ! 6 / 1 / 1 / ...


That is what ma%es you the best> the 5aJwah to Allah is what ma%es you the best. We are a! Ummah of 5aJwah> a! Ummah that +o!1eys the messa/e. We are a! Ummah i! +har/e of all the other Umam. We were ho!oured be+ause we are the +arriers of this messa/e> who +o!1ey it.
-a/e F 2:3

/ ... ..." !6 1 !6 / / F! / & I F 1 " / T C


The -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam saidC

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The -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam said> !o!e +a! .rote+t me from .u!ishme!t of Allah. 4o o!e> !o o!e +a! .rote+t me from the .u!ishme!t of Allah. *f * were to disobey Allah> who +a! .rote+t you= A!d the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam is tal%i!/ about himself but this a..lies to all of us. Who +a! .rote+t us from the .u!ishme!t of Allah=

7 / N 1 6 1< 1 2 1 3 1 q 9 , / ! 1 , 1 2 @ ll 2 1 1 !h 4 = '/
*f * were to disobey Allah> !o o!e +a! .rote+t me from the .u!ishme!t of Allah !or +a! * fi!d refu/e eD+e.t i! Allah> eD+e.tC

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0D+e.t for +o!1eya!+e of the truth from Allah a!d (is Messe!/er. Some of the &Ulamaa said> !o o!e +a! .rote+t from the .u!ishme!t of Allah> whi+h is esse!tial> !o o!e de!ies that. 4o o!e +a! .rote+t from the .u!ishme!t of Allah if (e wa!ts to .u!ish but +o!1eya!+e> this 1erse mea!s +o!1eya!+e of this messa/e> is .rote+tio! from the .u!ishme!t of Allah. <o!1eya!+e of this messa/e is o!e of your mea!s for the .rote+tio! of the .u!ishme!t from Allah.

L 3 & H 3 1 4 Q ... 1 1 FH 1 7 6 s 1 !
We were ho!oured with 5aJwah> our .ride is 5aJwah. 7ur .ride i! this reli/io! +omes throu/h 5aJwah.

$ISE 5( AN, 6A$N


Allah tells (is -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu Jallayhi wa sallam i! the early daysC

; , / l :c2 l 6 D I N U 6 c 2 T 1 3 P / /
-a/e F 2:6

7h you -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam> you who are +o1ered u. i! /arme!ts> rise u. a!d war!. Rise u. a!d war!> what does that mea!= That is 5aJwah> that is ordai!i!/ the /ood a!d forbiddi!/ the e1il. Aet u. a!d war!. Wallahi> Wallahi> he /ot u. from that mome!t a!d !e1er rested u!til his last /as.. (e /ot u. from that mome!t> the early days whe! Allah /a1e him that 1erse a!d ordered him> a!d he !e1er rested till the 1ery last /as. of his breath. 'ou %!ow a! Ayah> you %!ow a (adith> you %!ow the .ri!+i.le of #aa ilaaha illallah> the! +o!1ey itG that is all you ha1e to +o!1ey. *f what you %!ow a!d what you firmly %!ow as we me!tio!ed last wee%> the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam saidC

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<o!1ey e1e! if o!e Ayah. <o!1ey from me> e1e! if it is o!e Ayah. So if you %!ow o!e Ayah> +o!1ey it. *f you %!ow o!e (adith> +o!1ey it. *f you do !ot %!ow o!e Ayah or o!e (adith a!d you %!ow #aa ilaaha illallah> whi+h you all %!ow> the! +o!1ey it to your !ei/hbour> to your frie!d> i! a!y setti!/ you are i!. *f you do !ot %!ow> a leaflet> a bro+hure> a <5> a li!%. #i%e * told the youth i! my re+e!t 1isit> * said if there was somethi!/ +alled "a+eboo% a!d Twitter a!d these mediums a!d it is so easy to ma%e websites> * would ha1e had a thousa!d websites. * would ha1e had by !ow a thousa!d websites +o!1eyi!/ the 5aJwah. 'ou sit there a!d you +o!1ey the 5aJwah. *! Su!a! Ahmad a!d Tirmidhi> the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam ma%es 5uJaa for you> for a bri/ht fa+e. (e made s.e+ial 5uJaa for you> those who hear a (adith a!d tra!smit them to others. The -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam made 5uJaa for you be+ause of that> may Allah bri/hte! the fa+e of the .erso! who hears what * say a!d retai!s it. May Allah bri/hte! the fa+e of a .erso! who hears what * say a!d retai!s it> mea!i!/ u!dersta!d it> mea!i!/ ha1e the %!owled/e. That is what it mea!sC

... ; ...
Retai!s it> u!dersta!ds it> absorbs it a!d +om.rehe!ds it> the! he +o!1eys it to others. *b! Masood a!d Abu (urayrah> i! Muslim a!d i! other boo%s of the (adith> whoe1er +alls to /uida!+e will ha1e the reward similar to all those who follow with him> without their reward bei!/ dimi!ished i! a!y ti!y bit or way. A!d you are /oi!/ to %!ow this (adith whe! * +o!+lude *!shaa Allaah a!d tal% about Abu Ba%r asSiddee radhiallahu &a!hu. Whoe1er +alls to mis/uida!+e a!d that is the o..osite> he will ha1e the si!s similar to all those who follow with that si!> !ot a ti!y bit a!y less tha! the si!s that they /et. So if * mis/uide a hu!dred .eo.le> all their si!s +ome> #aa Samah Allah> #aa ,addar Allah> o! me.

T2E BAL5E OF A5I,INA ONE 0AN

-a/e F 2:6

*! Bu%hari a!d Muslim> whe! the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam /a1e Ali the ba!!er i! the Battle of ;haybar. After the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam blew i! his eyes> be+ause Ali radhiallahu &a!hu had a! ill!ess. The -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam /i1es him the ba!!er a!d /i1es him the ad1ise. #iste! to the ad1ise the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam /i1es Ali. (e says> be .atie!t whe! you /et o! their turf. Whe! you /et there> to where you are headi!/> be .atie!t> ta%e it easy. 'ou %!ow what he says= A!d +all them u!to *slam a!d let them %!ow what is obli/ated u.o! them> why= Be+ause Ali> by Allah> the -ro.het /i1es a! oath> by Allah> for Allah to /uide o!e ma! by you is better for you tha! the red +amels. "or Allah to /uide o!e ma! by you> is better for you tha! red +amels. *t +ould be /uide someo!e to *slam> /uide him to +omi!/ ba+% to Salah a!d that is +omi!/ ba+% to *slam> or /uide someo!e to lea1i!/ al+ohol or a!y major si!. A!d as you %!ow> the red +amel is the best of the wealth of the Arab ba+% the! a!d similarly li%ewise today> sayi!/ o!e of the most eD.e!si1e +ars> a fleet of o!e of the most eD.e!si1e +ars today. The -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam was at the doors of those who harmed him> 1i+tory was mome!ts away. (e has /i1e! the ba!!er to Ali> to /o> it is a defeat for them *!shaa Allah> be+ause he %!ew that. The 1i+tory was mome!ts away> from .eo.le who harmed the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam for a 1ery lo!/ time. *f it was blood he wa!ted> he would !ot ha1e told Ali that. *f he was ea/er to /et their blood> he would !ot be+ause it was> *!shaa Allah> immi!e!t 1i+tory for the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam. (e had the u..er ha!d at that time> but his worry was su.reme> was bi/. (e says Ali> by Allah> easy> ta%e it easy Ali. By Allah> for Allah to /uide o!e ma! with you is better for you tha! the red +amels.

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TA7IF

*! Bu%hari a!d i! Muslim> Aishah radhiallahu &a!ha as%ed the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam> ha1e you e!+ou!tered a day harder tha! the day of Uhud= Aishah was a little bit older a!d she see! what ha..e!ed i! Uhud a!d she +om.rehe!ded it a!d absorbed it a!d see! what the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam we!t throu/h. She said oh -ro.het of Allah> ha1e you e!+ou!tered a day harder tha! the day of Uhud= (a1e you e!+ou!tered a day worse tha! the day of Uhud= Was there a!y day worse tha! that= She see! what ha..e!ed to him> Aishah wa!ts to %!ow the hardest day that the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam e!+ou!tered. The -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam re.lied> your tribe has troubled me a lot. 'our tribe a!d his tribe> but he is sayi!/ your tribe has troubled me a lot a!d the worst trouble was the trouble o! the day of JA abah. The day of JA abah is the day of TaJif whe! the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam we!t o! to the mou!tai! of the TaJif a!d they told their %ids to dri1e the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam away a!d reje+ted the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam.

-a/e F 2:$

Aishah radhiallahu &a!ha wa!ts to %!ow what the worse day that he e!+ou!tered was. What is it= She wa!ts to %!ow> was it Uhud a!d she s.e+ified Uhud. She su//ested Uhud be+ause she see! what ha..e!ed to the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam i! Uhud. So> she is assumi!/ somewhat that Uhud may ha1e bee! the worst day to the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam> i! his 5aJwah +areer. *! his twe!ty three years> she assumed> .ossibly> most li%ely> that is why she me!tio!ed it i! the uestio! that Uhud was the worst day. Why did she s.e+ify that= Be+ause she see! what ha..e!ed to the blessed head of the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam> the wou!d> she see! it. She see! the wou!ds that the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam e!+ou!tered that day. She see! that the teeth of the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam were dama/ed that day. She see! that the helmet was +rushed o! the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam that day. She see! that "atimah radhiallahu &a!ha bur!s a mat> redu+i!/ it to ashes> it is some form of medi+al thi!/ that they used to do ba+% the! for wou!ds. "atimah bur!s a mat a!d redu+es it to ashes a!d ta%es those ashes a!d .uts it o! the wou!d of the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam. That was used ba+% the!> to sto. the bleedi!/. Why was Uhud !ot the worst day of the 5awah +areer of the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam> e1e! thou/h all that ha..e!ed= More tha! that> why was it !ot the worst day whe! the u!+le of the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam died i! that battle a!d the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam wee.ed so hard> li%e a you!/ +hild> o1er his u!+le whe! he see! him i! the status he was i!. Why was it !ot the worst day> that same day> whe! se1e!ty of the his most belo1ed +om.a!io!s died a!d be+ame martyrs *!shaa Allah> i! that battle= The me! he lo1ed so dearly> ma!y of them were his relati1es. 7r ta%e it e1e! further> why was it !ot the worst day> the days he s.e!t i! a/o!y whe! the hy.o+rites s.o%e about the ho!our of his wife. 'ou %!ow to a ma!> that is 1ery bi/. Today> ma!y do !ot u!dersta!d it be+ause they are !ot real me!> but a real ma! does !ot allow a!yo!e to tal% or disho!our his wife or his wome!. A!d the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam we!t throu/h that whe! the hy.o+rites be/a! the rumour a!d some of the Sahaabah mista%e!ly /ot i!1ol1ed i! it a!d they s.o%e ill about the wife of the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam. Why was it !ot that= Why was it !ot the day they .ut the /uts of a +amel o! the ba+% of the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam a!d they be/a! to lau/h so mu+h that they fell o! to. of ea+h other> as it is stated i! the Sihaah. Why was it !ot the day that they +ho%ed the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam with his ow! u..er /arme!t> u!til he !early fai!ted a!d fell to his %!ees> ri/ht by the ;aJbah. Why was it !ot the humiliatio! the ,uraysh .ut him throu/h for ma!y years= Ma!y years a!d years. Why was it !ot that> that was the worst day of the 5awah +areer of the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam= Why was it !ot that= (e said it was the day of TaJif. What was so s.e+ial about the day of TaJif= Whe! you read the e1e!ts of that day> there was .hysi+al harm to the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam that day but it was mu+h less tha! a!y of that whi+h * just me!tio!ed to you. The .hysi+al harm to the -ro.het o! the day of TaJif was mu+h

-a/e F 2:)

less harm tha! the /uts of the +amel or whe! they tried to +ho%e him or ma!y of the other thi!/s> whe! they tal%ed about his ho!our. The matter of TaJif was somewhat less tha! that> .hysi+ally. What ha..e!ed i! Uhud was i!+om.arable to what ha..e!ed i! TaJif. Whe! the +om.a!io!s of the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam /et %illed> his u!+le /ets %illed> a!d he /ets wou!ded. What ha..e!ed i! other e1e!ts was i!+om.arable to the hardshi. he> sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> fa+ed o! the day of Taif. So why did you oh -ro.het of Allah +hoose the day of Taif= Why did you +hose that day> to tell Aishah that was the worst day. Be+ause Aishah a!d here it is> Aishah may ha1e mea!t what was the worst day to you oh -ro.het of Allah> what was the worst day that you e!+ou!tered oh -ro.het of Allah> .hysi+ally. She may ha1e im.lied or mea!t .hysi+ally> that is why she mea!t Uhud. What was ha..e!i!/ to you e1e! thou/h !ot .hysi+ally> trauma wise whe! you see se1e!ty of your +om.a!io!s a!d your u!+le a!d you wee. o1er him> me!tally or .hysi+ally that is 1ery sad a!d 1ery de1astati!/> she .ossibly mea!t that. Whe! you read Seerah> read it dee. a!d read i! betwee! the li!es. (e we!t to at-Taif with the bi/ ho.es that they were /oi!/ to e!ter *slam. Whe! he we!t to at-Taif a!d he +limbed u.> he had su+h bi/ ho.es that !ow at-Taif is /oi!/ to e!ter *slam a!d this is /oi!/ to be the first *slami+ +ity of ;hilaafah. (e had a lot of ho.es whe! he we!t to at-Taif. *t is !ot about me> is what he is tryi!/ to say. *t is !ot about me> it is !ot about the wou!ds i! my head> it is !ot about the teeth that were bei!/ +hi..ed or dama/ed. *t is !ot about the death of my +om.a!io!s> be+ause we are /oi!/ to meet *!shaa Allah i! Ja!!ah. *t is the a/o!y of seei!/ the messa/e that he was +o!1eyi!/ /etti!/ reje+ted> that is what it was. (e we!t with su+h ho.e to at-Taif> i! the ho.es that they are /oi!/ to embra+e a!d follow this reli/io!> so he +omes ba+% with bi/ a/o!y. A/o!y of seei!/ the messa/e that he was se!t to +o!1ey> /etti!/ reje+ted. That was the worst day of the 5awah of the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> the messa/e /etti!/ reje+ted. 01erythi!/ else * +a! withsta!d it> wa!t to hit me> wou!d me> +ho%e me> whate1erG but the messa/e /etti!/ reje+ted> that was de1astati!/. That is why he said that was the worst day. That is why Allah i! ma!y 1erses i! the ,ura!> +alms (is -ro.het dow! a!d (e tells him whe! he is hurt o1er those who reje+t the truthG the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> Allah sees what is i! the heart of the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d (e sees that he is hurt> he is distrau/ht o1er those who are reje+ti!/ the truth. 5awah was his life> it was his heart> it was his soul> it ru!s throu/h his 1ei!s a!d that is how it should be a!d must be for e1ery Muslim a!d e1ery 5aaJiyah. *t be+omes li%e his flesh a!d blood> 5awah be+omes li%e your flesh a!d blood. Whe! a true 5aaJiyah is de.ri1ed of 5awah> i! reality whe! a true 5aaiyah is de.ri1ed of 5awah> he feels as if the u!der/rou!d is better for him tha! bei!/ o! to. of the /rou!d. That is a true 5aaiyah> a+tually that is a true Muslim> we +all that a 5aaiyah today but that is a true Muslim be+ause 5awah is .art of the life of e1ery si!/le Muslim. So Allah +alms his -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam ma!y
-a/e F 2:8

times i! the ,ura!. (e /oes to at-Taif with the ho.es> that is his worst day. 01e! thou/h what ha..e!ed to him .hysi+ally whi+h is mu+h less tha! the other day> he says to Aishah it was the day of Taif> be+ause he was reje+ted. (is 5awah was reje+ted> Allah tells him ma!y timesC

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Ta%e it easy> do !ot destroy yourself. Ta%e it easy> do !ot destroy yourself oh Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> i! sorrow o1er them> ta%e it easy. *! a!other 1erse> Allah se!ds him words to +alm him dow!C

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-erha.s Muhammad you would %ill yourself> Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> you .erha.s would %ill yourself i! /rief i! followi!/ i! their footste.s for their tur!i!/ away from you> be+ause they belie1e !ot i! this messa/e. 'ou %ee. +hasi!/ after them> ru!!i!/ after them i! a/o!y> i! sorrow. Ta%e it easy oh -ro.het of Allah> Allah is tryi!/ to tell him ta%e it easy. More words to +alm him dow!C

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*sbir HA.I> why= Be+ause they hit you= Be+ause they harmed you= 4o> Allah is telli!/ him i! this 1erseC

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0!dure .atie!tly oh Muhammad> e!dure .atie!tly. 0!dure .atie!tly Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> your .atie!+e +omes o!ly from Allah. 5o !ot /rie1e o1er themC

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5o !ot /rie1e o1er them> do !ot be distressed o1er them. Allah +alms (is Messe!/er sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam dow! be+ause he is traumatised o1er them reje+ti!/ the messa/e. Be+ause to a true belie1er> his messa/e a!d +o!1eyi!/ it be+omes more im.orta!t tha! he himself is. *t be+omes more im.orta!t tha! myself> it be+omes more im.orta!t tha! my family> it be+omes more im.orta!t tha! my wealth> a!d it

-a/e F 23@

be+omes more im.orta!t tha! my ho!our. 5awah a!d +o!1eya!+e of this messa/e is the !umber o!e .riority for a belie1er.

4O5 2ABE TO 1NO6 AN, $ELATE TO 4O5$ A5,IENCE


Whe! deali!/ with 5awah> you must %!ow the le1el or ty.e of .eo.le you s.ea% to> be+ause the %!owled/e of who you s.ea% to is 1ery esse!tial. *! Bu%hari a!d i! Muslim> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said to Muadh whe! he was headi!/ to 'eme!> you are /oi!/ to meet the -eo.le of the Boo%. Whe! the -ro.het was /i1i!/ him his farewell ad1i+e> as he was /reeti!/ him outside of Madi!ah> you are /oi!/ to meet a!d see the -eo.le of the Boo%. (e is headi!/ to 'eme!> why did he /i1e him the heads u. a!d tell him that you are /oi!/ to meet the -eo.le of the Boo%= Why did he s.e+ify that= Be+ause Muadh was i! a! area where it was mostly statue worshi..ers. (owe1er> there were some Jews i! the outs%irts of Madi!ah> but he wa!ted him to %!ow that the .eo.le he is headi!/ to are the -eo.le of the Boo%. The way you a..roa+h the -eo.le of the Boo% a!d +o!1ey the messa/e to them> is differe!t tha! the way you a..roa+h statue worshi..ers that you ha1e bee! deali!/ with for a major .ortio! of your life. 'ou !eed to %!ow who the audie!+e you are s.ea%i!/ to> you !eed to %!ow who they are i! order to +o!1ey the messa/e. Whe! * am /etti!/ i!1ited to a le+ture i! the .ast wee%> * /ot to %!ow> am * s.ea%i!/ to youth or .eo.le i! their fifties a!d siDties= Am * s.ea%i!/ to the youth or their u!+les= Are you s.ea%i!/ to edu+ated or .eo.le who are layme!= 'ou ha1e to %!ow i! order to +o!1ey the messa/e or try your best to relate to your audie!+e. * first be/a! to memorise this boo% Al-Usool Ath-Thalaathah> whe! * was i! se+o!d /rade i! Madi!ah. * was i! a s+hool +alled Madrastu &Ubayy *b! ;aab #itahfeedh Al,ura! Al-;areem H0" E J=' # & &L2I> it was a s+hool that was .art of the re/ular s+hools> the re/ular /o1er!me!t s+hools but it was s.e+ialised for ,ura! as well. *t was o!e of the first i! Madi!ah li%e that> it used to be .art of the +urri+ulum a!d * am !ot sure if it still is today> with the re+e!t .ressure the West is .utti!/ o1er there o! them to +ha!/e the +urri+ulum> is that you ha1e to memorise the Usool Ath-Thalaathah or .ortio!s of the Usool Ath-Thalaathah whe! you are you!/. Whe! * used to re+ite to my father> we would be /oi!/ i! the mor!i!/ i! the +ar> he is headi!/ to the U!i1ersity of Madi!ah a!d he is /oi!/ to dro. me off at the s+hool. * would re+ite Al-Usool Ath-Thalaathah to my father a!d he would tell me that> that is eDa+tly what he is lear!i!/ i! o!e of his +lasses i! Madi!ah. * still remember that> as a +hild * was sur.rised that what he is lear!i!/ is what * am lear!i!/. * am i! se+o!d /rade i! eleme!tary s+hool a!d he is i! his se+o!d year i! Madi!ah U!i1ersity a!d we are studyi!/ the same thi!/. But he would tell me the way they study it> he said is i! way more de.th a!d detail tha! you are. Basi+ally what we were tau/ht i! se+o!d
-a/e F 232

/rade> a little about Mu! Rabbu% wa Maa 5ee!u% a!d the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d matters .ertai!i!/ to that i! a 1ery easy way> be+ause we are i! o!ly se+o!d /rade. Al-Usool Ath-Thalaathah> we tea+h it to %ids a!d we tea+h it to 5uJaat> a!d we tea+h it to .eo.le hi/her a!d lower tha! thatG but ea+h o! a le1el they u!dersta!d> i! a way they u!dersta!d. The way * tea+h it to you who ta%e !otes a!d write !otes a!d our future 5uJaat *!shaa Allah a!d some who memorise most of what we say> is differe!t tha! * would i! a /e!eral le+ture. *! Sahih Bu%hariC

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Ali i! Sahih Bu%hari> this is a stateme!t of Ali> it is !ot a (adith. Ali himself said> s.ea% to .eo.le o! a le1el they u!dersta!d> do you wa!t Allah a!d (is Messe!/er to be disbelie1ed i!= Be+ause you +a! .rese!t a matter i! a +ertai! way a!d +ause .eo.le to be disbelie1ers a!d you do !ot wa!t to do that. Sahih MuslimC

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This is the stateme!t of *b! Masood as well. *! Muslim> *b! Masood said whe! you s.ea%> s.ea% to .eo.le o! a le1el they u!dersta!d a!d they +om.rehe!d> be+ause if you s.ea% to them o! a le1el they do !ot +om.rehe!d> it will be a "it!ah for some. The %!owled/e> the true %!owled/e that you are tryi!/ to +o!1ey may be+ome a "it!ah. *b! Abbaas> a ma! +omes to him> loo% how he relates to his audie!+e a!d who he is tal%i!/ to. A ma! +omes to *b! Abbaas a!d as%s him> is there Tawbah for o!e who %ills= *b! Abbaas said yes> of +ourse there is Tawbah. The! ri/ht after that or shortly thereafter that> a!other +omes a!d says *b! Abbaas> is there Tawbah for a %iller a!d *b! Abbaas says !o. 4ow you /ot the stude!ts> the +ore stude!ts> *b! Abbaas how +ould you a!swer this a!d the! this= The o!e who as%ed did !ot %!ow be+ause they are ra!dom .assers by> they /ot their "atwa a!d we!t o! their way. The stude!ts who are there> they as%ed> why= What is u. with that Shay%h= "irst someo!e as%s> if someo!e %illed +a! he see% re.e!ta!+e a!d you say yes> a!d the! the other o!e you say !o. *b! Abbaas said> the first o!e * see! tears of re.e!ta!+e i! his eyes. * loo%ed at his eyes> * see! a ma! i! a/o!y> * see! a ma! with tears i! his eyes. (e a!alysed> he studied> what %i!d of ma! is this as%i!/ me= So> * told him yes. The se+o!d o!e he said> * loo%ed i!to his eyes a!d * see! s.ar%s i! his eyes that his is /oi!/ to %ill. This was a differe!t ma! tha! the first o!e. This time * see! s.ar%s> e1il

-a/e F 239

s.ar%s> so * said !oG so he will !ot /o a!d %ill. The (u%m o! the %illi!/ is it is (araam> !o dis.ute about that> but the way it is .rea+hed i!> that is a differe!t issue. (owe1er> let me tell you> *b! Abbaas did !ot lie> *b! Abbaas did !ot ma%e a fraudule!t "atwa. *! Tafseer Ath-Thaaalibi> he said it is !arratedC

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*! Tafseer Ath-Thaaalibi> he !arrated that some &Ulamaa used to use the harsher of two o.i!io!s to stri%e fear i! the hearts of the audie!+e> to deter .eo.le from +ommitti!/ si!s. Amo!/ them> was *b! Shihaab a!d *b! Abbaas. So basi+ally> *b! Abbaas did !ot lie> *b! Abbaas +hose o!e of the o.i!io!s be+ause he wa!ted to sto. a ma! from %illi!/G but that o.i!io! is substa!tiated a!d it is i! the boo%s. *s it the stro!/er= 7f +ourse !ot> but he used it to sto. a ma! from %illi!/. Memorisi!/ teDt is easy a!d that is what we are doi!/ here> &Ulamaa who +a! a..ly this matter i! 5awah a!d relate> that is 1ery s+ar+e a!d rare today. 'ou read i! the boo%s of ma!!ers of *ftaa> there is se+tio!s o! ma!!ers of *ftaa a!d a Mufti a!d a Shay%h> they tell you i! those boo%s of ma!!ers that a Mufti may +hose to /i1e the harsher of two o.i!io!s. A Mufti may /i1e the harsher of two o.i!io!s if he deems it is be!efi+ial based o! who is as%i!/. This is !ot .layi!/ /ames> we do !ot +o!sider this .layi!/ /ames as some say be+ause you +a!!ot just ma%e u. "atwas> *b! Abbaas would !ot ha1e just made u. a "atwa. 'ou +a!!ot ma%e u. a "atwa e1e! based o! a s+e!ario i! fro!t of you that you would li%e to /i1e a .erso!> !o you +a!!ot do that. But if there is two o.i!io!s a!d there is o!e harsher a!d you +hose to use that o!e> whi+h li%e *b! Abbaas did> the! you +a! do thatG for eDam.le> to sto. someo!e from %illi!/ a!other .erso!. *t is just +hoosi!/ the stri+ter of two o.i!io!s> whi+h you may !ot ado.t that se+o!d harsher o.i!io!> but you are doi!/ it for the be!efit of sto..i!/ someo!e from +ommitti!/ a major si! as *b! Abbaas did. So the .oi!t of that> the .oi!t of that whole matter is o!e thi!/. 'ou !eed to u!dersta!d who you are tal%i!/ to a!d relate to them. Sometimes your messa/e may be dire+ted to wome!> the way you s.ea% to wome! is differe!t tha! how you s.ea% at times i! +ertai! matters to me!. Sometimes it is dire+ted to wome! a!d other times it is dire+ted to me! as a 5aaJiyah. Sometimes> you are s.ea%i!/ to youth a!d sometimes you are /oi!/ to be s.ea%i!/ to elders. 'ou /ot to a!alyse> where am * /oi!/= Where is my tal%= Where am * ha1i!/ a meal at so * +a! .re.are a .re.are a tal%. Are they you!/ me! or are they older me!= What ty.e of .eo.le are they= Are they o! si!s or !o= Sometimes you are s.ea%i!/ to arro/a!t .eo.le> sometimes they are humble.

-a/e F 23:

'ou /ot to be .re.ared i! how you tal% to .eo.le. Sometimes you are /oi!/ to be s.ea%i!/ to edu+ated i! u!i1ersities> sometimes you are /oi!/ to be s.ea%i!/ to .eo.le who are fa+tory wor%ers or illiterate. Sometimes you are /oi!/ to be s.ea%i!/ to leaders a!d sometimes you are /oi!/ to be s.ea%i!/ to layme!. Sometimes you be s.ea%i!/ to +alm a!d +olle+ti1e .eo.le who wa!t sit a!d u!dersta!d a!d ratio!alise a!d may be as% a!d /o ba+% a!d forth so they +a! as% a!d be +o!1i!+ed> a!d sometimes it is /oi!/ to be a!/ry> wild .eo.le who will !ot a++e.t !othi!/ e1e! if it is a +lear +ut Ayah i! the ,ura! or a solid (adith i! Bu%hari a!d Muslim. 'ou do !ot a..roa+h you!/ youth i! the West today> li%e you a..roa+h a stude!t of &*lm who has /o!e throu/h three or four boo%s lear!i!/ it. Some .eo.le /et i!s.ired with Tar/heeb H sFI> some /et i!s.ired with Tarheeb H FI li%e (ell> .u!ishme!t of the /ra1e> i! matters of that sortG some /et i!s.ired to be ri/hteous by doi!/ Tar/heeb o! them. Some /et i!s.ired by both> Tar/heeb a!d Tarheeb> whi+h is the majority of the .eo.le. So you /ot to a!alyse who your audie!+e is. A su++essful 5aaJiyah li%e you *!shaa Allah Taaala> is o!e who .rese!ts the same messa/e> same messa/e> we are !ot here to bar/ai!> the messa/e is the messa/eG but the way you .rese!t it> you ha1e to u!dersta!d your audie!+e so you +a! relate to them. 'ou !eed to .rese!t the messa/e i! a! affe+ti1e way to the audie!+e that you are s.ea%i!/ to. That is what you /et out of this .oi!t that we are tal%i!/ about here a!d that you !eed to a!alyse> that is 1ery im.orta!t. Just as %!owled/e is im.orta!t i! 5awah> this is also just as im.orta!t. The !eDt .oi!t> we are .robably /oi!/ to ta%e some time> you %!ow last wee% we did !ot ha1e a le+ture a!d the wee% before we +ut it short so if we /o o1er time a little bit * ho.e that is alri/ht with e1eryo!e. 7%> Ja?a%um Allahu ;hayr.

6IS,O0 05ST BE IN ,A76A2


,A76A2 05ST BE IN T2E BEST OF ALL 0ANNE$S
Wisdom must be i! 5awah> a!d it must be based o! for/i1e!ess> it must be based o! bei!/ %i!dC

&6 Ul> :<= ... / h 1 / & 1 / 0= 1 W < 1 1 AL 8 1


The radiD of 5awah is to be %i!d> to be /e!tle> to +hoose the best words> to +hose the best methods> to +hose the best ma!!ers. A!d liste! to that> be+ause the !eDt .oi!t after this is im.orta!t. A/ai!> liste! to this be+ause the .oi!t after this is !ot /oi!/ to erase this .oi!t.

-a/e F 233

CLASS NINE
The fou!datio! or ori/i! for 5awah is to be %i!d. 'ou must be /e!tle i! how you +o!1ey it. 'ou must +hoose the best words. 'ou /o to the thesaurus> if there is se1e! words to +o!1ey a messa/e> you +hose the best a!d most %i!d word to +o!1ey your messa/e. 'ou be i! the best of your ma!!ers a!d you +hoose the best of all methods. Allah saidC

-N ! V? :`EA ... ... 1 - 4 5 3 j / 9 1


S.ea% to .eo.le /ood. The best> (us!aa H 4 5 I> the best of all ways. / 9

i ; 3 f O 1 1 7 : / 6 # f / T 9 1 A; / ! 1 s 1 H / ...W P J 1 -p / 1 / E / 9
*t is by the mer+y of Allah that you dealt with them /e!tly> had you bee! se1ere a!d harsh with them> they would ha1e dis.ersed. They would ha1e dis.ersed away> they would ha1e bro%e! away from you oh -ro.het of Allah a!d they would ha1e we!t o!> o! their ow!. They would ha1e left you a!d they would ha1e we!t o! their ow!.

! ; ... / 'L v / ; 1 6 1 z 6 / ! / / / T / T / ! / J 1 % / U>^ :" bZ ...6 / 1


So as% Allah for/i1e!ess for them. A!d this /oes ba+% to> remember the first stateme!t of the author> *Jlam Rahima% Allah. As% Allah for for/i1e!ess for them. Why= These are li%e stude!ts> you are li%e a father to them. A!d +o!sult them i! the affairs> e1e! if you are !ot /oi!/ to +hoose a!d ta%e their de+isio!> +o!sult them to show them how %i!d you are to them.

3 1 a h ! ... 1 3 & / , - 1 0/ < 1 ' 1 @ / , F H 9 5 1 ' 1 H n_ :[-A0


Allah says> do !ot ar/ue> if a matter rea+hed to a debate> if a matter rea+hed to a! ar/ume!t> do !ot debate with the -eo.le of the S+ri.ture> the Jews a!d the <hristia!s> u!less it be i! a ma!!er> i! a fashio! that is better. U!less it is i! the best of all ma!!ers> with /ood words> /ood wordsC

3 1 ... 1 3 & 1 ' / , 9 5 1 H


A!d /ood ma!!ers. This is whe! it /ets to a debate> so ima/i!e whe! it is i! 5awah.

-a/e F 236

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Allah says to the -ro.het Muhamma sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> oh Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> i!1ite to the way of your #ord> i!1ite to *slam> i!1ite to the Shareeah by wisdomC

&6 ... / h 1 / & 1 / 0= 1 W < 1 1 AL 8 1


By wisdom> di1i!e re1elatio!.

&6 ... / h 1 1 / & 1 5 1 O 1 / = / ! / 0= 1 W / < 1 1 AL 8 1


"air .rea+hi!/ a!d ar/ue with them i! the way that is better> the best. So the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> a!d he is the -ro.het of Allah> he was ordered to +hoose a!d +o!1ey the messa/e i! the best of all ma!!ers. A!d Allah tells him> if you would ha1e bee! harsh they would ha1e dis.ersed> they would ha1e dis.ersed away from you. *f that is to the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> the! what should we say= Wisdom i! 5awah is !ot to +om.romise the tea+hi!/ of *slam. Wisdom i! 5awah does !ot mea! you bar/ai! o! .ri!+i.les of *slam. The moder!ist 1ersio! of wisdom i! 5awah> is to +om.romise the .ri!+i.les of *slam a!d to /i1e i!. That is their 1ersio!> that is the moder!ist 1ersio!. The sell out> deluded .eo.le> yes that is their 1ersio!> to /i1e i! a!d tell them that whi+h they wa!t to hear> that is their 1ersio! of wisdom. *b! al-,ayyim i! Madaarij As-Saali%ee! a+tually defi!es wisdom. The way that it is su..osed to be do!e i!> a!d i! the ma!!er that it is su..osed be do!e i!> a!d a timi!/ that it is su..osed to be do!e i!. There is a differe!+e i! s.ea%i!/ to .eo.le o! a le1el they u!dersta!d that we me!tio!ed i! a .re1ious .oi!t> a!d here this .oi!t is to be s.ea%i!/ to .eo.le i! a %i!d ma!!er. The .re1ious .oi!t is to s.ea% to .eo.le o! a le1el they u!dersta!d a!d here it is to s.ea% to .eo.le i! a %i!d a!d wise ma!!er> that is o!e side. That is o!e thi!/> a!d +om.romisi!/ *slam whi+h is totally differe!t. 'ou ha1e to u!dersta!d those are two differe!t thi!/s. Just be+ause you wa!t to s.ea% to .eo.le o! a le1el they u!dersta!d a!d you be %i!d to them> it does !ot mea! you +om.romise *slam. Those are two totally differe!t thi!/s. *! (adith A!as> i! Sahih al-Bu%hari a!d i! Sahih Muslim> the (adith !arrated o! the authority of A!as *b! Maali% radhiallahu &a!hu. (e said> whe! the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam se!t Muadh> a!d a+tually the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam told it to A!as> he told it to Muadh a!d he told to Abu Musa al-Ashari. *t is also i! additio! to Bu%hari a!d Muslim> it is also i! Mus!ad al-Ba??ar. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> ma%e thi!/s easy for .eo.le a!d do !ot ma%e it diffi+ult for them. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam whe! he se!t Muadh> i!

-a/e F 236

Sahih al-Bu%hari> Muslim a!d Mus!ad al-Ba??ar a!d it is also !arrated by A!as> he said ma%e thi!/s easy for .eo.le a!d do !ot ma%e thi!/s diffi+ult for them.

! ! F H &! F H / J / X / 5 / 5
*t mea!s> ma%e Salah easy. 'es ma%e Salah easy> does that tell them> oh you %!ow> if you do !ot ma%e Salah that is /ood. Ma%e Salah a!ytime you wa!t> if you +ome ba+% la?y from wor%> +ombi!e all fi1e of them after *shaa be+ause you ha1e bee! at wor%. That is !ot what it mea!s. The (adith says ma%e thi!/s easy for them. Ma%e Salah easy for them yes> how do you ma%e Salah easy= Tea+h them that whe! they are tra1elli!/> that they +a! +ombi!e a!d shorte! their .rayers> that is ma%i!/ it easier for them. 'ou ma%e it easy by showi!/ them some of the Ru%has i! *slam. Ma%e it easy for them by telli!/ .eo.le that if you are si+%> you do !ot ha1e to fast. *f you are si+%> you do !ot ha1e to ma%e your Salah sta!di!/> you +a! ma%e your Salah sitti!/. *f you +a!!ot do it sitti!/> you +a! ma%e it lyi!/ dow!. *f you +a!!ot ma%e it lyi!/ dow!> ma%e it with your eyes. Ma%e thi!/s easier by showi!/ them how they do !ot ha1e to fast whe! they are si+%> ma%e it easier for them by showi!/ them that they do !ot ha1e to fast whe! they are tra1elli!/. That is ma%i!/ it easy for them. Ma%e it easy for them by showi!/ them that haste!i!/ the fast i! Ramadhaa! or i! a!y re/ular fast a!d delayi!/ the Suhoor> haste!i!/ the fast a!d delayi!/ the Suhoor is the best a!d that is re+omme!ded by the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. Why= So the /a. betwee! the times that you are fasti!/ will be shorte!ed. That is ma%i!/ it easy for them. That is how you ma%e it easier for them> u!li%e what they ta%e it to mea! today. Tea+h them that the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam was !e1er /i1e! a +hoi+e betwee! two (alaal matters> eD+e.t he +hose the o!e that is easier. 'ou tea+h them that> so whe! they are .rese!ted with a +hoi+e i! *slam> they do !ot ma%e thi!/s diffi+ult o! themsel1es. That is a +hoi+e betwee! (alaal matters> betwee! (alaal matters. *t is ta%e! today by some of the deluded> sell out moder!ists to mea! (araam. *f it is a (araam a!d a (alaal a!d the (araam is easier> you /o with the (araam. *t +ould be for eDam.le for /oi!/ to (ajj> dri1i!/ or wal%i!/> * ha1e the +hoi+e. Most li%ely the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam would ha1e +hose ridi!/ be+ause it is easier> that is (alaal a!d that is (alaal so the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam most li%ely> a!d he did /o ridi!/ to Ma%%ah. *t does !ot mea! that if o!e is /i1e! a +hoi+e betwee! (alaal a!d (araam> be+ause i! the be/i!!i!/ of the (adith it me!tio!s it broadly> it saysC

3 . -L 1 / 1 3 b ! / & 3 L 3 * / , 1 /
Betwee! two matters. So it does !ot s.e+ify but it really mea!s (alaal matters be+ause the e!d of the (adith we are /oi!/ to /et to> it does !ot mea! if o!e is /i1e!
-a/e F 23$

a +hoi+e betwee! a (alaal a!d a (araam> that the (araam is easier> that they +hoose the (araam. That is !ot what the (adith mea!s be+ause the +o!ti!uatio! of the (adith says at the e!d of it> a!d if it was a si!ful matter> he would be the furthest away from it. That is the e!d of the (adith that ma!y do !ot me!tio!. A!d if it was a si!ful matter> he would be the furthest away from it. Ma%i!/ it easy does !ot mea! +ha!/i!/ a (araam to a (alaal> to ma%e it easy. #i%e the "ataawa we see today> u!der the i!ter.retatio!s of ma%i!/ thi!/s easy based o! this (adith> oh what is your .roof= 'assiru wa #aa Tuassiru. Usury is (alaal i! the West> why= 'assiru wa #aa Tuassiru. The .eo.le if they sell al+ohol to !o! Muslims> that is (alaal> 'assiru wa #aa Tuassiru. They we!t to a! eDtreme a!d a! eDte!t i! these %i!d of issues> u!der the misu!dersta!di!/ ofC

! F H / 5 / 5
'ou see what it mea!s. 'ou ma%e your Salah sitti!/ if you +a!!ot do it sta!di!/> you +ombi!e if you are tra1elli!/> you do !ot ha1e to fast whe! you are tra1elli!/. 7r whe! you are telli!/ a woma!> today some of them tell a woma! oh you +a! wear those +a.s> today there is +a.s a!d they +all them (ijaab. A little hat they .ut o! a!d that is +alled (ijaab today> why= She is i! Ameri+a> she mi/ht ha1e to ride the bus or she ha1e to /o> 'assiru wa #aa Tuassiru. The Muslims i! the West> they +a! do that be+ause the eye is o! them> 'assiru wa #aa Tuassiru. Some we!t e1e! further to say !o (ijaab> /o ahead !o (ijaab at all> 'assiru wa #aa Tuassiru. So basi+ally> the .oi!t of this .oi!t that we are tal%i!/ about> the radiD or fou!datio! of 5awah is to be %i!d a!d to ma%e thi!/s easier. The .ro.er +ha!!els a!d the .ro.er li!es> there is a .ro.er li!e just li%e whe! you are dri1i!/> you do !ot /o .ass the si/! or that li!e. There is two li!es set forth> you ma%e thi!/s easier betwee! those li!es. 'ou ma%e thi!/s easy a!d you lower your wi!/ while you are +o!1eyi!/ the messa/e> mea!i!/C

&6 Ul> :<= ... / h 1 / & 1 / 0= 1 W < 1 1 AL 8 1


Whe! the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam .assed a woma! at a /ra1e> she was +ryi!/> she was wee.i!/ a!d the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam as usual> tries to +alm .eo.le dow!> tries to relate to them. So he told herC

A. , 1 '9 / 5 / ,! / 1 /
Be .atie!t a!d see% reward from Allah. She saidC

3 1 ; / 1 ' W 1 A K 1 / K 1& / W F
Aet away from me> she is telli!/ the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam /et away from me. She is s+oldi!/ the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> you ha1e !ot bee!
-a/e F 23)

hit with a +alamity> * ha1e bee! hit. This is the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam she is s.ea%i!/ to> a!other 5aaJiyah would /o off o! her> how dare you s.ea% to me li%e that> you %!ow who * am= * am Shay%h so a!d so> you %!ow how ma!y le+tures * ha1e /i1e!> you %!ow how ma!y boo%s * ha1e writte!. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam just wal%ed away !ormally. Whe! the Sahaabah told her that was the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> she fou!d out that was the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> she we!t ui+%ly to him a!d he was le!ie!t. (e /i1es her more words> she +omes to a.olo/ise a!d he /i1es her more words of ad1i+e> he saysC

/ ! 1 1 / / 2K 3 1 3 2 3 / AK
(ere is more ad1i+e> if you ha1e i! the future a .roblem> .atie!+e is whe! +alamity first affli+ts you. So the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam did !ot /o off at her be+ause he u!derstood her situatio!. She is i! a situatio! where she lost a so!> so he u!derstood that. But %ee. that i! mi!d whe! we tal% about the !eDt .oi!t. *! Mus!ad Ahmad o! the authority of Abu Umaamah> a ma! +omes to the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam as%i!/ him to +ommit for!i+atio!. (e says oh -ro.het of Allah> +ommit for!i+atio!. *f that was to ha..e! today with the &Ulamaa today> Allahu Alam what would ha..e! to that ma!. They are /oi!/ to de+lare him a "aasi a!d they are /oi!/ to tal% about him> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam +almed the Sahaabah dow! be+ause they /ot mad. (ow dare you disres.e+t the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d us for eDam.le> with a uestio! li%e that= The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam saidC

/ /
Mea!i!/ ta%e it easy> +alm dow! all of you. They we!t to sile!+e> they are obedie!t to the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> they we!t to +om.lete sile!+e. The! he told the ma!> +ome here> the ma! was at the e!d of the (ala ah be+ause he is there to as% uestio! a!d %ee. /oi!/ o! his way. <ome here> /et +loser> * wa!t to you /et +loser. 'ou %!ow how that feels whe! you bri!/ someo!e> a you!/ youth to you> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam bri!/s him to his side a!d he /ets +lose to the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> the! he s.ea%s to that youth i! a way with both .roof a!d i!telle+t. (e did !ot start slammi!/ him with Ayaat a!d Ahaadith. 4o> he also used i!telle+t be+ause this was a youth> a you!/ ma! who uses his mi!d. A lot of the youth> that is why it is the best deali!/ with the youth be+ause they a!alyse thi!/s a!d they +a! tell. They will !ot follow> es.e+ially the youth> they will !ot follow the tre!d of the elders. (e said to him> you a++e.t it for your mother= The you!/ boy said !o. (e said> the! .eo.le do !ot a++e.t that for their mothers> .eo.le do !ot wa!t that for their mothers. 5o you a++e.t that for your sister= Would you wa!t that to ha..e! to your sister= (e said !o> who would wa!t that to ha..e! to their sister= (e said> .eo.le do !ot a++e.t that or wa!t it for their sisters. The! he said> do you a++e.t it for your .ater!al
-a/e F 238

au!t= (e said !o> who would a++e.t that for their au!t= (e said> that the! .eo.le do !ot a++e.t that for their au!t. The! he said> do you a++e.t that for your mater!al au!t= (e !amed them o!e by o!e> he +ould ha1e used o!e eDam.le but so the youth +a! thi!%. Would you a++e.t it for your mater!al au!t= (e said !o> who would a++e.t that for his mater!al au!t= (e said> .eo.le will !ot a++e.t that for their au!ts as well. The! he wi.es o! his +hest> he /rabs him> he .uts his ha!d o! his +hest a!d he said to him> made 5uaa for him> he saidC

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7h Allah> for/i1e his si! a!d .urify his heart a!d .urify his .ri1ate .arts from doi!/ a!y (araam. The you!/ boy left sayi!/ Wallahi> * left from the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d there is !othi!/ * des.ise more tha! Ei!a a!d he !e1er we!t !ear it. (e did !ot /o !ear it> !or did he ha1e the desire for it after that. "ew words> that is the wisdom. ;ee. that i! mi!d also whe! we tal% about the !eDt .oi!t as well. *! Bu%hari a!d i! Muslim> (adith A!as> the Bedoui! who +omes i!to the Masjid of the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. 7ut of all the desert> he is +omi!/ from the desert a!d out of all the outside area arou!d the Masjid> Madi!ah whe! * we!t there as a %id was 1ery small> you +ould wal% all Madi!ah maybe i! fiftee! mi!utes> twe!ty mi!utes. The +ore .art of Madi!ah ba+% the!> so ima/i!e how it was duri!/ the time of the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. 7f +ourse !ow it is bi/> but ba+% the! it was small. *! the desert> he +ould !ot fi!d !o better s.ot> he +ould !ot fi!d !o s.ot to uri!ate> he /oes to the +or!er of the Masjid a!d uri!ates. *f this was to ha..e! today i! a Masjid> what would ha..e!= The shoes would be flyi!/ at him> he would /et a beati!/ a!d the! they are /oi!/ to +all the .oli+e a!d tell them ta%e him out of here a!d .ut him i! .riso! where he .robably +ha!/e his reli/io! or somethi!/ e1e! worse tha! that. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam tells the Sahaabah who /ot mad a!d we!t u. to himC

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5o !ot +ut him from uri!ati!/. *b! (ajr whe! he +omme!ted o! this (adith> he said loo% how dee. the wisdom of the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam is i! 5aJwah. *f he was to let them sto. him from uri!ati!/> it is /oi!/ to be all o1er himself be+ause he is /oi!/ to sto.> what he is /oi!/ to do is /et u.. (e is !ot /oi!/ to be able to sto.> it is /oi!/ to be all o1er. *b! (ajr says it is /oi!/ to be all o1er his +lothes a!d all o1er the Masjid. The !eDt .oi!t is> if he holds it i! a!d if he was able to hold it i! whe! they sto. him> the! it is /oi!/ to +ause him harm> it is /oi!/ to harm him. So after he was do!e> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam told the a!/ered Sahaabah how to +lea! it. 0stablished a lesso! for us> how to +lea! it if you ha1e it i! your +ar.et> what you do. The! he brou/ht the Bedoui!. (e did !ot let it /o> he did !ot let thi!/s slide. 4o> but he dealt with the matter with wisdom. (e brou/ht the Bedoui! a!d he told him i! su+h %i!d a!d wise ma!!ers that
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the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam o!ly +ould do. The ma!> the Bedoui! left sayi!/ oh Allah ha1e mer+y me a!d o! the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> mea!i!/ me a!d the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam alo!e. 01e! that> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam did !ot let him /o. (e said> the mer+y of Allah is 1ast a!d you +a!!ot limit it to me a!d you. So the -ro.het +orre+ted> but he used a wise way where .eo.le +a! a++e.t it a!d a way .eo.le +a! relate to it> i! (i%mah a!d Mawidhah al-(asa!ah H 1 5 / =

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*! Bu%hari a!d Muslim. *! Bu%hari a+tually> * do !ot thi!% it is i! Muslim from what * re+all ri/ht !ow> * do !ot thi!% it is i! Muslim. *! Bu%hari> how the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam +orre+ted Umar *b! Abi Salamah> how to eat from a .late> i! su+h %i!d hwords a!d he a++e.ted it a!d +o!ti!ued li%e that u!til the latter .art of his life. A broader lesso! was whe! the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam was o! the ;abah> o! the /ate of the ;abah a!d the .eo.le who for !early two de+ades did e1erythi!/ to harm him> e1erythi!/ you +a! ima/i!e to harm him> !ow he has te! thousa!d> well armed me! surrou!di!/ them. They are at his mer+y. (e +ould dire+t them with a fi!/er> with o!e word a!d they would all be elimi!ated off the fa+e of the 0arth. These are .eo.le who harmed him for de+ades a!d they harmed his family a!d %illed some of the +om.a!io!s. (e surrou!ds them with te! thousa!d me! a!d he says to them> after he /i1es a sermo!> what do you thi!% * am /oi!/ to do with you today= What did they say=

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The ma/!a!imous> the so! of the ma/!a!imous. 'ou are !ot /oi!/ to do !othi!/. Basi+ally> they mea!t the ma/!a!imous so! of the ma/!a!imous> you are /oi!/ to for/i1e us. 'ou are really !ot /oi!/ to do !othi!/. Be+ause whe! o!e is /e!erous> whe! o!e has !oble +hara+ter> a!d he is at a status of .ower> he is /oi!/ to for/i1e. (e said the words of 'usuf Jalayhis salaamC

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#et there be !o re.roa+h +ast u.o! you. May Allah for/i1e you> you are free to /oC

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So you see how the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam dealt with wisdom i! these matters> ma!y eDam.les. Muaawiyah *b! al-(a%am as-Salami> i! Sahih Muslim> he was ma%i!/ Salah behi!d the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam. A ma! s!ee?ed so Muaawiyah *b! al-(a%am said 'arhamu% Allah H W9I to the ma! who s!ee?ed while they are i! Salah> he said 'arhamu% Allah. "rom the (adith> the way the (adith /oes> it a..ears that Muaawiyah was u.set that the ma! did !ot say
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'ahdee%um Allah wa 'uslih Baala%um H 0 &eK !02TI. (e did !ot res.o!d to him so it seems that MuaaJwiyah radhiallahu &a!hu %e.t sayi!/> a!d this is differe!t tha! Muaawiyah *b! Abi Sufya! but radhiallahu &a!hu both of them> he %e.t sayi!/ 'arhamu% Allah. *t a!!oyed the Sahaabah to the .oi!t some of them> the (adith says some of them +la..ed o! their la.s. They +la..ed o! their la.s to tell the ma! be uiet. (e u!derstood it> he /ot u.set a!d he be+ame uieted. Why he re.eated it= (e assumed> he .ossibly wa!ted the ma! to say 'ahdee%um Allah wa 'uslih Baala%um. Whe! he see! the Sahaabah /et a!!oyed a!d they +la..ed o! their la.s> he we!t sile!t. 4ow the Salah is do!e> so the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam bri!/s this ma!. The -ro.het +alled him o1er. There is a mista%e> he did !ot let it slide a!d say wisdom is to let it slide. 4o> he +alls Muaawiyah> +ome o1er here. The -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam ad1ised him a!d dire+ted him a!d tau/ht him a!d told him this Salah> we do !ot say this %i!d of thi!/ i! it. The Salah is for this> this> a!d that. Muaawiyah said Wallahi> he did !ot hate me. Wallahi> he did !ot hit me> !or did he +urse me. (e /e!tly> i! the most %i!d way> told me that this is Salah a!d we +a!!ot say a!y of that whi+h you said i! it. 'ou o!ly do Tasbeeh a!d Ta%beer a!d re+ite ,urJa! i! it. So the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam eD.lai!ed it i! a %i!d ma!!er. #oo% what ha..e!ed from that story. As soo! as he did that> that was the e!d of that .art. 'ou %!ow what ha..e!ed= Muaawiyah *b! al-(a%am o.e!s his heart !ow> ri/ht i! that same setti!/> be/i!s to ha1e a heart to heart tal% with the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam a!d as%s him uestio!s .ertai!i!/ to other matters that he was o! before he be+ame Muslim. The -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam ad1ised him> that o.e!ed his heart> he be/a! to as% ma!y uestio!s about matters .ertai!i!/ to how his life was i! Jaahiliyyah a!d the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam told him that that is mis/uida!+e. The .oi!t of that is> whe! the -ro.het related to him i! a wise a!d a %i!d ma!!er> it showed that ma! Muaawiyah radhiallahu &a!hu> that the -ro.het was a..roa+hable. 'ou +a! as% him a!ythi!/> you +a! /o to him with a!ythi!/. After that you %!ow who this ma! was= This ma! was the ma! who brou/ht the ser1a!t he had sla..ed o! her fa+e a!d he was as%i!/ the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam that he felt bad for hitti!/ her a!d what the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam deems as his jud/me!t. (ad the -ro.het bee! harsh> he would !ot ha1e that heart to heart tal% after he +orre+ted that issue. This ma! would ha1e !ot e1er +ame to him later o! i! life with a sla1e> telli!/ him * hit her> what should * do. (e would ha1e bee! afraid to a..roa+h the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam. The -ro.het as%ed that woma!> a!d that is the famous (adith that you %!ow where the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam as%ed her> where is Allah= She did !ot s.ea% the la!/ua/e but she u!derstood> she .oi!ted to the s%y so the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam said free her. (ad the -ro.het !ot bee! %i!d i!
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+orre+ti!/ Muaawiyah the first time> had he said be uiet> you do !ot do this i! the Salah> embarrassed him i! fro!t of the Sahaabah or told him do !ot +ome to the +o!/re/atio! or he +ould ha1e said o!e word that would ha1e bee! harsh where the ma! would ha1e !e1er +ame ba+% a/ai!. But he felt so +omfortable that he +a! +ome to him to the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam with a!ythi!/ a!d that is how we lear!> o!e of the be!efits of it> we lear! o!e of the bi//est .roof i! the Su!!ah o! Allah> Ay! Allah> is this (adith ri/ht here. Allah told two Messe!/ers> .ertai!i!/ to 5aJwah. Allah told two messe!/ers> Musa a!d his brotherC

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What more do you wa!t for .roof o! wisdom= This hits the .ea%. Wisdom i! 5aJwah a!d bei!/ %i!d i! 5aJwah> this hits the .ea%. Allah tells two of the s.e+ial Messe!/ers> Musa a!d (aroo!> s.ea% to him %i!dly> .erha.s he may a++e.t the admo!itio! that you are /oi!/ to /i1e him a!d maybe he will fear Allah a!d +ome ba+% to the ri/ht .ath. *b! ;atheer +omme!ti!/ o! this 1erse said> this is a lesso!. "irJaw! was i! the .ea% of his arro/a!+e> "irJaw! was i! the .ea% of his .ride yet o!e of the most +hose! Messe!/ers> Musa a!d his brother (aroo!> are ordered to a..roa+h a ma! who is i! the .ea% of his arro/a!+e a!d .ride with a %i!d way. *f Allah said to s.ea% to "iraw! /e!tly> a tyra!t who said * am the su.reme lord. Allah tells Musa a!d (aroo!> s.ea% /e!tly to a ma! who says * am your su.reme lord> he saidC

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The! ima/i!e how mu+h mer+y a!d +om.assio! a!d %i!d!ess you !eed to ha1e whe! you s.ea% to someo!e who says Allah is the Most Su.reme #ord. "irJaw! said * am your su.reme lord a!d they were ordered to s.ea% to him %i!dly. 'ou are s.ea%i!/ to .eo.le who say Allah is my Su.reme #ord> so ima/i!e how mu+h %i!d!ess a!d sym.athy a!d mer+y a!d wisdom you !eed to ha1e with them. A ma! wal%ed i! o! al-MaJmoo!> duri!/ the day of the Abbaasid ;hilaafah whe! he was a ;haleefah> a!d he be/a! to admo!ish him 1ery harshly. So al-MaJmoo! was wise> whe! he s.o%e he was .retty mu+h wise> he said Allah se!t a ma! better tha! you to a ma! who is worse tha! me> a!d (e told Musa a!d (aroo!C

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S.ea% to him %i!dly. *b! Masood> i! al-Bu%hari said> it is as if * am loo%i!/ at the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam whe! he is sayi!/ the story of a .rior Messe!/er whose .eo.le beat him a!d he was sayi!/C
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A Messe!/er who was bleedi!/> the -ro.het used to +o!1ey the Messa/e a!d he used to wi.e the blood off a!d say> 7h Allah for/i1e my .eo.le they do !ot %!ow. This is 5aJwah to Allah> %i!d!ess> you /ot to ta%e the hardshi.s that /o with it. Sometimes> you may be humiliated> you /ot to ta%e that. That is all .art of 5aJwah. The .oi!t of this whole .oi!t is> be %i!d a!d wise i! how you +o!1ey the 5aJwah. 7ur -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam was the fou!tai! a!d well of te!der!ess a!d warm hearted!ess. That is our -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam> he was a shore less o+ea! of %i!d!ess a!d lo1e. That was the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam. There is !ot a harsh word that someo!e +a! say> why did he say that> that was !ot wise or +orre+t i! the matter or the setti!/ that he said it i!. That is our -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam. (e sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam was a s.ri!/ of mer+y.

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(e was +om.assio! a!d he was a mer+y to ma!%i!d. 4ot ma!%i!d> to the U!i1erse> JAalamee! is the U!i1erse. (uma!> Ji!!> a!d the U!i1erse itself> belie1ers a!d !o! belie1ers ali%e. (e did !ot /i1e i!> the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam did !ot /i1e i!. Whe! there was a mista%e> he +orre+ted it. (e !e1er let a mista%e .ass by> !e1er. 4e1er did the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam let a mista%e .ass by. (e did !ot just let it /o> but he did +orre+t it a!d he did it i! the most %i!d a!d a..ro.riate a!d wise ma!!er. A woma! from Ba!i *sraeel> a belie1i!/ woma!> a .rostitute> we!t to hea1e! a!d Allah for/a1e her of her si!s of .rostitutio! a!d Allah %!ows what else of her si!s. Allah for/a1e her be+ause she had +om.assio! toward a do/. 'our 5aJwah is mer+y. Whe! you are a 5aaJiyah> you ha1e mer+y. She had mer+y to a do/ be+ause she filled her shoes u. a!d brou/ht him water be+ause she was thirsty a!d she %!ew how it felt a!d she %!ew how the do/ felt. She had mer+y to the do/ so Allah for/a1e her for that. *f mer+y o1er a do/ by a .rostitute was mea!s for her for/i1e!ess from major si!s> the! ima/i!e the reward for mer+y o1er Belie1ers i! #aa ilaaha illallaah Muhammadar-Rasoolullah. *ma/i!e the reward for mer+y o1er ma!%i!d. 5aJwah is a! art> it is deali!/ with the hearts. 'ou are o.erati!/ o! the hearts> you ha1e to %!ow how to deal with it. Sometimes> you are deali!/ with those who are ri/hteous> it ha..e!s that you are deali!/ with those who are ri/hteous. Sometimes> you +o!1ey a matter i! a! im.ro.er way a!d it is a ri/hteous matter but you +hoose a! im.ro.er way> it would lead a layma! to see the truth that you are +o!1eyi!/ as e1il> be+ause of your a..roa+h. -ay atte!tio! to that. Sometimes> you +o!1ey a matter i! a way that is im.ro.er> you are o! the truth> you are o! the (a > but the way you +o!1ey it +ould lead a layma! to see the truth as e1il be+ause of your
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a..roa+h. Sometimes> a! i!!o1ator or a moder!ist who are masters> es.e+ially the moder!ists they are masters at their BotoD> say +heese smiles. They ha1e these BotoD> say +heese smiles whe! they +o!1ey their filth a!d their sell out> deluded form of *slam. They ha1e these fa%e smiles a!d they +o!1ey the matter a!d you +ould see it is so fa%e> they +o!1ey that e1il a!d be+ause of the way they +o!1ey it to layme!> they see that e1il as truth. As a 5aaJiyah> you !eed to u!dersta!d> we are !ot deali!/ with de1ils> we are !ot here deali!/ with de1ils. 5e1ils> we are !ot ordered to /i1e them 5aJwah. We are !ot deali!/ with a!/els either> mea!i!/ there are /oi!/ to be mista%es. We are !ot deali!/ with sto!es> we are !ot deali!/ with sto!es here. We are deali!/ with souls> some are /ood a!d some are bad. There are the dissolute "aajir> +ate/ory of "aajiree! a!d there are the de1ote Mutta ee!. 'ou %!ow the +ate/ories you are deali!/ with. Allah said i! the ,urJa!C

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Allah /i1es a! oath by the 4afs> the soul> a!d (e Who .erfe+ted it i! .ro.ortio!> Allah subhaa!ahu wa taaala. A!d (e showed them that whi+h is wro!/ a!d that whi+h is ri/ht.

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Mea!i!/ you are /oi!/ to ha1e both +ate/ories. So you ha1e to +o!1ey the messa/e i! wisdom a!d %i!d!ess> some who are Mutta ee! a!d some who are "ujjaar. 'ou deal with that soul> with that heart> with (i%mah.

6IS,O0 IN ,A76A2

CAN INCL5,E

2A$S2NESS

'ou see that lo!/ tal% we /a1e o! how you must +o!1ey this messa/e i! (i%mah a!d you ha1e to be %i!d i! your 5aJwah a!d how that is a fou!datio! a!d ori/i! of 5aJwah. 4ow the !eDt .oi!t is> !ot the o..osite of this .oi!t but a +o!ti!uatio!. Just as 5aJwah should be le!ie!t a!d it should be based o! wisdom> sometimes wisdom e!tails that o!e is harsh. So that at times> o!e +a! be harsh i! 5aJwah> you +a!!ot de!y that. The same story we used to show that 5aJwah is wisdom a!d it should be +o!1eyed i! a %i!d a!d a best ma!!er> also those same stories a!d ma!y of them show that there is a! as.e+t i! 5aJwah that is harsh. *t is eD+e.tio!al> yes> but there is a .art of 5aJwah where there is harsh!ess i! it. The story of Musa Jalayhis salaam whe! he was ordered to /o to "irJaw!C

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Musa> at the e!d> a!d this a lot of .eo.le try to hide it> whe! "irJaw! /ot belli/ere!t> whe! he /ot arro/a!t> whe! Musa sort of hit the e!d of the +ha!!el with him> whe! he /ot arro/a!t with Musa> "iraw! said to MusaC

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Musa +ome here> what= (e said * thi!% you are bewit+hed. (e is mo+%i!/ him> he is ridi+uli!/ him. What did Musa say=

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Wisdom> but o1er here what did he tell him= Musa re.lied to him a!d he said> * thi!% you "iraw!> this is Musa tal%i!/> * thi!% you are doomed> you are +ursedC

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'ou thi!% * am bewit+hed> * thi!% you are +ursed> * thi!% you are doomed. 'ou %!ow the word Mathbooraa> what is mea!s= Mathbooraa mea!s destroyed> it mea!s doomed> it mea!s +ursed. *b! Abbaas radhiallahu &a!hu said Mathbooraa mea!s +ursed> MalJoo! H"-I. Mathbooraa mea!s +ursed> MalJoo!> disli%ed. Musa is telli!/ "irJaw!> you are MalJoo!. That is what the i!ter.retatio! of *b! Abbaas is of the word Mathbooraa> you are MalJoo! "irJaw!. 7ther Mufassiree! said Mathbooraa mea!s doomed or destroyed> that mea!s you are /oi!/ to be doomed or destroyed. #i%e Mujaahid> Mujaahid said Mathbooraa mea!s doomed. Al-"arraa said o!e who has !o /ood i! him> is what Mathbooraa is. So yes> (e told him be %i!d to "irJaw! but there is a!other side to it that you +a!!ot de!y. (e told him be %i!d to "irJaw! but there is a!other side that you +a!!ot de!y. #e!ie!+y i! 5aJwah is the ori/i!. #e!ie!+y i! 5aJwah is the ori/i! a!d it is the majority but do !ot de!y that bei!/ harsh> whi+h is usually eD+e.tio!al> is also .art of *slam. 7!ly the deluded moder!ists a!d those who /o alo!/ with them are the o!es who de!y that bei!/ harsh is !ot .art of *slam. *t is a+tually a .art of *slam> is it eD+e.tio!al= Most defi!itely it is eD+e.tio!al. The o1erwhelmi!/ majority a!d the ori/i! a!d fou!datio! a!d radiD of 5aJwah> is %i!d a!d a..roa+hi!/ .eo.le i! the best ma!!er> but there is also harsh!ess i! 5aJwah. 'ou ha1e story of "irJaw! a!d Musa> you ha1e the story of 4imrood a!d *braheem Jalayhis salaam. 'ou ha1e the story of the ma! a!d two Ja!!ah a!d his brother> you ha1e the story of ,aroo! a!d his .eo.le. Ma!y stories i! the ,urJa! a!d ma!y stories i! the (adith. Sometimes i! these stories> it is le!ie!t> all of it is le!ie!t. Some of it is harsh> some of it is le!ie!t a!d harsh just li%e the story of "irJaw!. 'es> they we!t to him i! the best way i!itially but at the e!d> he told himC

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Why= Be+ause we said the defi!itio! of wisdom i! 5aJwah> we did !ot say it mea!s le!ie!+y i! 5aJwah> we said that is the ori/i! of it> wisdom i! 5aJwah is !ot le!ie!+y. That is the ori/i! of it> yes> that is the majority of it but that is !ot the defi!itio!. Wisdom is to .ut somethi!/ i! its .ro.er .la+e> i! the .ro.er ma!!er> i! the .ro.er timi!/. A!yo!e who does !ot belie1e i! Shahaadah is ;aafir. *f you do !ot belie1e i! Ashhadu allaa ilaaha illallah Muhammadar-Rasoolullah> a ;aafir is a ;aafir. * do !ot %!ow what the .roblem is with that> for de+ades> * +ould !ot u!dersta!d what the .roblem is. They +all us ;aafir> if you do !ot belie1e Jesus is the so! of Aod. To them> they +o!sider you a !o! belie1er> a ;aafir. *t mea!s he is !ot a Belie1er. What is the .roblem if we say someo!e is a ;aafir= * am !ot sure what the .roblem is. We ha1e a ;aafir a!d a Muslim> u!li%e what the deluded> de+ei1ers of this Ummah today ha1e bee! +o!1eyi!/. Allah i! the ,ura! saidC

* / ... mD 1 # 1 ) 1 ! 1 ; 1 3 q P 0 / 0 / 0E 6 q ; l :&z'
There is o!ly two +ate/ories> there is !o third +ate/ory. Whe! a!yo!e tells you there is a third +ate/ory> %!ow that he is either a! i/!ora!t or he is +orru.ted i! his JA eedah> a!d most li%ely the se+o!d. 'es !o! belie1er is a ;aafir but you do !ot /o to a !o! Muslim or a Jew> a!d you tell him you are a !o! belie1er. 01e! thou/h !o! belie1er> !othi!/ is wro!/ with that> you do !ot belie1e i! *slam. 'ou say you are !ot a belie1er> you are a ;aafir> you are a ;aafir= 'ou do !ot do that. That is !ot the .ro.er method of 5awah. 7r you say hey +ome here you ;aafir> * wa!t to tea+h you *slam> that is !ot the .ro.er way of 5awah. 'es> he is a ;aafir but that is !ot the .ro.er way of +o!1eyi!/ 5awah. 01e! thou/h you do !ot bar/ai!> he is a ;aafir> you ha1e to belie1e that he is a ;aafir but whe! you +o!1ey the 5awah> you do !ot tell him that you are a ;aafir> there is !o reaso! to tell him that. Sometimes> e1e! .eo.le of i!!o1atio! who are sus+e.tible of lear!i!/ a!d .ossibly +omi!/ ba+% to the .ath> you should be le!ie!t with them. There are ma!y who are bold a!d arro/a!t i! their i!!o1atio! a!d they s.read it> they are arro/a!t about it. Whe! they are at that le1el a!d they wa!t to u!leash their to!/ues> a lot of them li%e to u!leash their to!/ues o! the sla1es of Allah a!d the ri/hteous a!d .ious .eo.le of our time a!d .re1ious times> to ma%e the e!emies of Allah ha..y> it may be a..ro.riate at times to be harsh with them be+ause matters li%e this !eed to be studied o! a +ase by +ase situatio!. So yes> harsh!ess +ould be to a .erso! of Mubtadi who is a! i!!o1ator> but it de.e!ds> if he wa!ts to lear! or he a++e.ts the Ayaat i! the ,ura! a!d the Ahaadith of the Salaf a!d the sayi!/s of the Salaf> they why would you be harsh to him= 0a+h s+e!ario !eeds to be studied a!d dia/!osed by a 5aaiyah a!d le+tures +a! be /i1e! o! the details of whe! to be harsh a!d whe! to be le!ie!t but you ha1e to u!dersta!d that there is both i! *slam.

-a/e F 26$

The .ur.ose of this is to /i1e a! outli!e> this is just a! outli!e. The .oi!t for our .ur.oses here is yes> bei!/ %i!d i! 5awah is the ori/i! a!d it is the /e!eral rule a!d it is the majority but do !ot e1er de!y that bei!/ harsh i! ordai!i!/ the /ood a!d forbiddi!/ the e1il may be a! eD+e.tio!al way to do 5awah a!d +o!1ey the ri/ht messa/e to someo!e. Just li%e the story of "iraw!> .eo.le also usually use the story of 4ooh to establish le!ie!+y i! 5awah> whi+h is true. They are /oi!/ to tell you he made 5awah for !i!e hu!dred a!d fifty years> he li1ed for more tha! !i!e hu!dred a!d fifty years they are /oi!/ to say> a!d !i!e hu!dred a!d fifty years he we!t a!d /a1e 5awah> /a1e 5awah> /a1e 5awah> a!d we should be le!ie!t li%e that a!d li%e 4ooh &alayhis salaam a!d we /ot to /i1e 5awah. 'es> he did do 5awah a!d that is the majority li%e we always say.

E v 1 A ; / , 1 g / L 1 1 4 - / ! 6 / T / N / ,2 8 1 9 1 ; 3 1 Un :[-A0 ... H 1 : L 5 4 / *
A!d 4ooh was se!t to his .eo.le a!d he stayed with them> how lo!/=

3 1 ... ... H / , 1 : L v 5 4 / *
Thousa!d years short of fifty years> whi+h ma%es it !i!e hu!dred a!d fifty years. 'es but li%e the story of "iraw!> there is also a!other detail to it. *! his 5awah> he was 1ery %i!d.

, " H IL , H 3 1 m 4 0 H 1 / / / ! / 6 / 1 1 1 / N 3 ... 1 7
(e is telli!/ his .eo.le i! a %i!d way> * do !ot wa!t a!ythi!/ i! retur!> Allah is /oi!/ to /i1e me my reward.

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* am !ot /oi!/ to oust a .eo.le who are belie1ers> be+ause they are /oi!/ to meet their #ord. A!d * see> loo% at the last .oi!t of the 1erse o1er here> he stayed i! 5awah !i!e hu!dred a!d fifty years but also> do !ot for/et the other as.e+t. Whe! they .ressed him to dri1e away the belie1ers> whe! they %e.t .ushi!/ him to dri1e away the belie1ers> he +alled them a bu!+h of i/!ora!tsC

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-a/e F 26)

* am !ot /oi!/ to dri1e away those belie1ers> surely they are /oi!/ to meet their #ord but * see that you .eo.le are i/!ora!t. (e +alled them a bu!+h of i/!ora!t .eo.le> he +alled his .eo.le a bu!+h of i/!ora!ts whi+h is a harsh word> it is a tou/h word. A!d "iraw!> he was le!ie!t but he said Mathbooraa. 'es 4ooh did !i!e hu!dred a!d fifty years a!d he was 1ery %i!d a!d /e!tle i! his 5awah but also> he +alled them at o!e .oi!t i/!ora!t .eo.le. *braheem &alayhis salaam> he was 1ery le!ie!t to his tribe a!d his dad a!d he would tell his dadC

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'aa Abati is a word de!oti!/ 1ery %i!d way> 1ery sweet way to refer to your dad. *t is a sym.atheti+ way of referri!/ to your dad> it is a humble a!d res.e+tful way of referri!/ to your dad. 'es he did that with his dad> but it /ot to a .oi!t at o!e .oi!t i! his 5awah> what did he say= *! Surat al-A!biyaa> the same ma! who is sayi!/ 'aa Abati a!d was %i!d a!d tried to +o!1ey the messa/e> he made 5awah i! the %i!dest a!d best of all ma!!ers for years a!d years> but it /ot to a .oi!t where he said> what did *braheem &alayhis salaam say= (e said to his .eo.leC

3 " ... , 1 7 1 " !2 A / F 1 ! / 03 C 1 !h


Uff +omes i! two ,iraaaat. The first is Uffa with a "athah o! the "aa H C 3 ,I> that is o!e ,iraaaah. *t +omes i! a!other ,iraaaah> the o!e we %!ow> Bil-;asr watTa!wee! H- !'50&I> Uffi! HC ,I. The mea!i!/ of it i! both ,iraaaat is al-;araahiyyah wal-*%hti aar H E'9H! s+or!> soC

0I. *t mea!s disli%e a!d

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Uff> * hate this. #a%um> * hate you. A!d *%hti aar> * loo% a!d * s+or! you. After all those years= 'es> there was a .ortio! of his 5awah where he was harsh. (e said fie u.o! you> it is tra!slated i! the 0!/lish tra!slatio! as fie> but Uffi!/ is ;araahiyyah a!d *%hti aar> disli%i!/ a!d s+or!. What is he disli%i!/= Them a!d that what they worshi.. Uffi! #a%um> fie u.o! you a!d u.o! that whi+h you worshi.> you ha1e !o se!seC

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-a/e F 268

5o you !ot ha1e !o se!se= *s that !ot a harsh way of 5awah= 'es it is harsh> that was .art of 5awah that was harsh. *! Mus!ad Ahmad a!d the .ortio!s are i! the two Sihaah> whe! Subayyah bi!t al(aarith was widowed. She /a1e birth shortly after she was widowed> she /a1e birth to a baby boy ri/ht after her husba!d died> .ossibly wee%s later. *slami+ "i h .oi!t of 1iew> she is do!e with her &*ddah> she +a! /o a!d /et married. She is do!e with her &*ddah> she does !ot ha1e to wait the four mo!ths a!d te! days that a woma! who was !ot .re/!a!t has to wait. Abu Sa!aabil .assed by her o!e time a!d he %!ew or she told him that she just /a1e birth a!d she was .re.ari!/ herself to /reet a!d wel+ome .eo.le who are /oi!/ to be as%i!/ for her ha!d. So he> Abu Sa!aabil told her you /ot to wait the full four mo!ths a!d te! days. She thou/ht that did !ot seem ri/ht> she thou/ht> whi+h she was ri/ht> whe! a woma! is .re/!a!t a!d her husba!d dies> the! whe! she /i1es birth that is it> she is do!e with her &*ddah. (e said !o> you ha1e to wait for four mo!ths a!d te! days. *t may be> a++ordi!/ to some i!ter.retatio!> he desired to marry her a!d she reje+ted him so he wa!ted to sort of /i1e her a hard time a!d tell her you /ot to wait the lo!/er .eriod> the four mo!ths a!d te! days. She we!t to the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> what did the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam say= This was the ma! who tau/ht a Bedoui! who was uri!ati!/ i! the Masjid. This was a ma! who told a ma! who is tryi!/ to +ommit adultery> +ome here> a!d he rubbed o! his +hest. 'ou %!ow what he said=

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*! a!other !arratio!C

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(e told her> you are free. 'our &*ddah is o1er> you +a! /et married. The -ro.het who tau/ht the Bedoui! who was uri!ati!/ i! the Masjid a!d brou/ht him +lose a!d tau/ht him i! the most %i!d way> is !ow telli!/ about someo!e> he is a liar. Why= Be+ause the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam deemed it a..ro.riate !ow that it be harsh o! this .erso!> this i!di1idual. *! Muslim> Abu 5awood> a!-4asaaee> a ma! /ot u. to /i1e some s.ee+h or /i1e a tal% a!d he saidC

; 2 % / E / -L 3 R 2 ! 1 1
The o!e we say i! the be/i!!i!/ of all our ;hutbah.

-a/e F 26@

; / % / E / / 3 { ! -L 3 R 2 2 ! 1 1 1 2 ; S/ E -L s !
*!stead of sayi!/C

/ / -L 3 { ! ! 1
(e saidC

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Whoe1er disobeys them> he +ombi!ed them. (e said whoe1er disobeys them> mea!i!/ Allah a!d (is Messe!/er> is doomed. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam res.o!ded to him> he saidC

, $ 3 / ! { ! < N f / / 1 / t / -L / }1 & 1
The -ro.het said you are a doomed ;hateeb> say whoe1er disobeys Allah a!d (is Messe!/er> !ot whoe1er disobeys them. #oo% at the small differe!+e> he said you are a doomed ;hateeb> say whoe1er disobeys Allah a!d (is Messe!/er. 'ou should !ot be sayi!/ whoe1er disobeys them> you do !ot say them> small mista%e. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam i! that sim.le mista%e see! it was wisdom to be harsh with the ma! who said that> for some reaso!. *! a!other !arratio! the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam saidC

/ N
Ao> /et out.

/ /
Aet u. a!d /o. A!d i! a!other !arratio!> the o!e * me!tio!ed> he saidC

f / t 1 $ / , / }1 &
To say that to a .ubli+ s.ea%er> that +ould traumatise someo!e> he may !e1er /i1e a .ubli+ s.ee+h after that. Miserable ;hateeb> Bisa mea!s you are a miserable ;hateeb. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam deemed i! that s+e!ario that this ma! !eeded this ty.e of a..roa+h. *! (adith !arrated i! Muslim> Umaarah *b! Ruaybah> the o!e * me!tio!ed whe! you do !ot raise your ha!ds duri!/ the ;hutbah as a ;hateeb or a follower duri!/ Jumuah> you do !ot raise your ha!ds. Umaarah *b! Ruaybah see! o!e of the

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leaders of Ba!i Umayyah raisi!/ his ha!ds o! the .ul.it. What did Umaarah say= (e said> may Allah dis/ra+e those two ha!ds> may Allah dis/ra+e those two ha!ds> * see! the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam o! the .ul.it a!d he !e1er did more tha! this> mea!i!/ use his fi!/er. The -ro.het used to ma%e 5uaa o! the .ul.it usi!/ his fi!/er. What the .oi!t of it is> Umaarah said may Allah dis/ra+e those two ha!ds. (e deemed it a..ro.riate that he was harsh i! that +ir+umsta!+e ri/ht there. Abu Ayyub we!t to the weddi!/ of Saalim *b! Abdillah *b! Umar> Saalim *b! Abdillah *b! Umar is the /ra!dso! of Umar *b! al-;hattab. (e we!t to his house a!d the weddi!/> he is the /ra!dso! of Umar *b! al-;hattab> the so! of Abdullah *b! Umar. (e see! the walls i! the house of Saalim were +o1ered with dra.es> fully +o1ered with dra.es. Abu Ayyub radhiallahu &a!hu said to Saalim> the so! of Abdullah *b! Umar radhiallahu &a!hum ajmaee!> he said to him> the -ro.het deterred or disli%ed walls to be +o1ered a!d your walls are +o1ered. 'our walls are +o1ered a!d the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam deterred from that. Saalim re.lied to him> he said you %!ow our wome!> our wome!> you %!ow these days they o1er.owered us a!d you %!ow he be/a! to justify it> that his wome! wa!ted that a!d they are stro!/er> you %!ow li%e ma!y do today. Abu Ayyub refused to sit a!d left the weddi!/> he left it. 'ou %!ow weddi!/s li%e we said> ma!y of the &Ulamaa +o!sider it Waajib to res.o!d to it> he left it o1er dra.es all o1er the walls of Saalim. That is a little bit harsh i! +orre+ti!/ a mista%e> wal%i!/ out from the weddi!/> a!d Abu Ayyub is a +om.a!io! a!d a well %!ow! fi/ure of the frie!ds a!d Sahaabah of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. *b! Umar whe! he /oes o! a Ja!aa?ah> a!d the Su!!ah i! Ja!aa?ah is to s.eed wal%. Whe! Ja!aa?ah is o! your shoulders> you do ar-Ramil H <I. S.eed wal%i!/ i! &Arabi is +alled ar-Ramil. *b! Umar told the .eo.le> s.eed wal%> he is o! our shoulder> we ha1e to s.eed wal%. *f you do !ot s.eed wal% a!d do ar-Ramil> * am /oi!/ to lea1e a!d /o ba+%. That is bi/ words> * am /oi!/ to lea1e i! de.arture a!d /o ba+% a!d lea1e this fu!eral. Why= "or the mere fa+t he deemed it that this was a! a..ro.riate way of deali!/ with this +ir+umsta!+e> at this time. A!d the summary of these last two .oi!ts that * me!tio!ed> let me re.eat it> the last two .oi!ts that * just me!tio!ed. The ori/i! of 5awah a!d ordai!i!/ the /ood a!d forbiddi!/ the e1il is to be le!ie!t> as le!ie!t as you +a! be. We me!tio!ed the 1erses> we me!tio!ed the stories. 5o !ot e1er de!y thou/h> or +a!+el that there is the a..roa+h of bei!/ harsh i! *slam> as the moder!ists do a!d others li%e them. Whe! ea+h method is used> it de.e!ds o! a +ase by +ase +ir+umsta!+e a!d really> you +a! /o about for ma!y le+tures tal%i!/ about whe! to be harsh a!d whe! to be le!ie!t a!d the ty.es of .eo.le to be harsh with a!d the ty.es of .eo.le to be le!ie!t with> but the ori/i! a!d o1erwhelmi!/ majority is le!ie!+y i! 5awah.

T2E ,IFFE$ENCE BET6EEN 05,AA$AA2

AN,

05,AA2ANA2

-a/e F 269

* may ha1e me!tio!ed it but let me re.eat it be+ause it is im.orta!t. There is a differe!+e i! bei!/ %i!d a!d /e!tle i! 5awah> whi+h is +alled Mudaaraah H `2I> it is to sa+rifi+e your 5u!ya for your 5ee!. 'ou mi/ht be humiliated> you let it /o. 'ou s.ea% a!d +hoose the best of all words> you try hardest to +hoose the best> Ahsa! H

59,I> Ahsa! mea!s the better> the best. 'ou lower your wi!/> sometimes you
/ot to fi/ht yourself to lower your wi!/. 'ou may !eed to tolerate atta+%s a!d +o!1ey it a!d +ombat it with !i+e words. 'ou may !eed to s.ea% !i+e whe! you feel li%e you really do !ot wa!t to> that ha..e!s a lot. There is ma!y ways where you do Mudaaraah> that is +alled Mudaaraah. The! there is somethi!/ that we do !ot do> whi+h is Mudaaha!ah H 2I. The se+o!d o!e is Mudaaha!ah> Mudaaha!ah is totally differe!t. That is to sa+rifi+e your 5ee! for this 5u!ya> +om.romisi!/> we do !ot +om.romise. The first o!e is Mudaaraah> sa+rifi+i!/ your 5u!ya for your 5ee!> Mudaaraah. The se+o!d o!e is Mudaaha!ah> sa+rifi+i!/ your 5ee! for your 5u!ya> we do !ot do that. We do !ot de!y matters of *slam> we do !ot .lease the .erso! we are s.ea%i!/ to by de!yi!/ or /i1i!/ a! i!+orre+t form of *slam> we do !ot ma!i.ulate as.e+ts of *slam to .lease /o1er!me!ts or leaders or Wester! world. We do !ot do that> that is Mudaaha!ah. Allah said i! the ,ura!C

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We do Mudaaraah> we do !ot do Mudaaha!ah. A!d a 5aaiyah resembles water> water i! a 1ase> i! how his 5awah is +o!1eyed> i! how he +o!1eys his messa/e. *f you .ut water i! a +u.> it ta%es the sha.e of the +u.> the water ta%es the sha.e of a +u.. *f you .ut water i! a +u.> it ta%es the sha.e of that +u.G if it is i! a 1ase> it ta%es the sha.e of the 1ase. Whate1er i!strume!t you .ut water i!> it ta%es that sha.e. The +u. a!d the 1ase are solid> the +u. is solid> that is the .ri!+i.les of our 5ee!. We do !ot bar/ai!> they do !ot +ha!/e> they do !ot +ha!/e at all> but the water a!d how it +ha!/es i! the 1ase> the sha.e of it +ha!/esG that is how we relate a!d +o!1ey the messa/e a!d that is how we deal with .eo.le i! %i!d> a!d the best of all ma!!ers.

EFA0(LES OF O5$ SALAF IN ,A76A2


#oo% at the ri/hteous i! their 5awah. Abu Ba%r /oes> days i!to *slam> he +omes ba+% with fi1e of the te! .eo.le /ra!ted .la+es i! Ja!!ah. Uthma! *b! Affa!> Eubayr *b! Awwam> Abdur-Rahmaa! *b! &Awf> Saad *b! Abi Wa aas a!d Talhah *b! UbaydillahG fi1e withi! days of the *slam of Abu Ba%r. What %!owled/e at that .oi!t did Abu Ba%r ha1e> of reward for o!e to +o!1ey *slam= Abu Ba%r at that .oi!t> %!ew

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#aa ilaaha illallah Muhammadar-Rasoolullah> so he we!t with that. What reward was there for o!e who bri!/s others i!to *slam= *slam was days old> he /oes a!d bri!/s fi1e of .eo.le who were later fi1e of the te! .eo.le who were /ra!ted .la+es i! (ea1e!. There was .ossibly> most li%ely> !o (adith at that .oi!t detaili!/ the reward of bri!/i!/ others to *slam as we ha1e today> li%e the o!e we me!tio!ed about Ali *b! Abi Talib a!d li%e the life of the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d the Sahaabah i! 5awah. Abu Ba%r u!derstood that *slam was his life a!d /oal> whe! *slam is your life a!d /oal you s.ea% about it> you +o!1ey it> you bri!/ others to it> that is +ommo! se!se a!d that is what moti1ated Abu Ba%r as-Siddee radhiallahu &a!hu to bri!/ others i!to this ri/hteous reli/io!. 5o you see o!e of the reaso!s why the *maa! of Abu Ba%r is more tha! the *maa! of the Ummah= Be+ause Abu Ba%r had the u..er ha!d i! /etti!/ your forefathers> the forefathers of *slam> to embra+e *slam. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayi wa sallam brou/ht Abu Ba%r to *slam> Abu Ba%r brou/ht some of the bi//est forefathers of *slam to embra+e *slam. That is i! additio! of +ourse to his bli!d su..ort a!d belief i! the messa/e of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. So Abu Ba%r> he /ot this hi/h ho!our a!d ra!%i!/ of his *maa! bei!/ so mu+h a!d his 5ee! bei!/ so mu+h> he brou/ht Uthma! to *slam> he brou/ht a!d showed him the way to *slam. Uthma! later be+ame the third ;haleefah> Uthma! did so mu+h that we +a! tal% about for wee%s a!d wee%s to +ome. Who /et all that reward= Uthma! /ets it a!d the!> be+ause Abu Ba%r brou/ht him to *slam> Abu Ba%r /ets it as well. Abdur-Rahmaa! *b! &Awf a!d his a+hie1eme!ts> you all %!ow the a+hie1eme!ts of Abdur-Rahmaa! *b! &Awf a!d they are !umerous. Saad *b! Abi Wa aas> the ma! who too% *slam from Madi!ah all the way dow! to *ra > all the way dow! to -ersia. Today> Saad *b! Abi Wa aas rests i! his /ra1e with the reward of billio!s a!d billio!s a!d billio!s of Muslims> i! the re/io!s he o.e!ed for *slam. A!d /uess who /ets the reward= (e /ets the reward> Saad *b! Abi Wa aas a!d li%ewise> Abu Ba%r /ets the reward> !ot a ti!y less bit tha! that. The (adith we me!tio!ed> we ha1e to a..ly the (adith we me!tio!ed. Whoe1er .oi!ts someo!e to ri/hteous!ess> he /ets the reward of that. Saad *b! Abi Wa aas /ets the reward of e1eryo!e from Madi!ah dow! to -ersia to *ra > a!d so does Abu Ba%r. That is just fi1e of the te! .eo.le that he brou/ht to *slam> fi1e of the .eo.le who were /ra!ted .la+es i! (ea1e!. (e brou/ht Bilal a!d ima/i!e the reward of Bilal a!d the sa+rifi+es Bilal did a!d the a+hie1eme!ts he did> Bilal /ets them a!d Abu Ba%r /ets them. 4ow Abu Ba%r is i! his /ra1e a!d he /ets the reward. At-Tufayl *b! Amr ad-5awsi> the lo!/ story of how they were war!ed> Tufayl *b! Amr ad-5awsi was the leader of his tribe so ,uraysh war!ed him so mu+h !ot to follow the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. Be+ause they %!ew if he followed the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> his tribe is /oi!/ to follow him> a!d they had deali!/s with him that they did !ot wa!t to brea+h or to
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affe+t their deali!/s with him. So he e!ded u. after a lo!/ story> we do !ot ha1e time to /et i!to it> he embra+ed *slam. 5id he re+li!e ba+%= 5id he %i+% ba+% a!d said * embra+ed *slam> * am a leader of a tribe a!d that is it= This is i! the early days of *slam. *t is ob1ious> it is +ommo! se!se that if you truly ha1e a belief i! somethi!/> you /o a!d +o!1ey it. (e /oes o! to his father> as soo! as he /oes ba+% to his tribe> he tells him *slam. (is father tells himC

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My reli/io! is your reli/io!. The! he /oes to his family members> o!e by o!e> a!d they embra+e *slam. A!d amo!/ those who embra+ed *slam is Abu (urayrah> Abu (urayrah is from his tribe. At-Tufayl *b! Amr ad-5awsi> amo!/ those who he /ot to embra+e *slam is Abu (urayrah. 7ur ma! of (adith> our ma! of ma!y a+hie1eme!ts. So e1erythi!/> e1ery time you read a (adith> a!d how ma!y times do we say radhiallahu &a!hu= 01ery time you read a (adith by Abu (urayrah a!d you ma%e 5uaa for him> the same /oes to at-Tufayl *b! Amr ad-5awsi. 5aws is his tribe> they /a1e at-Tufayl> their leader> a hard time i! embra+i!/ *slam. So at-Tufayl we!t ba+% to the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. (e said> oh -ro.het of Allah> ma%e 5uaa o! my tribe 5aws> * wa!t you to ma%e 5uaa o! them. But the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> wise> %i!d> 5aaiyah> Rahmah lil-&Aalamee!> he saidC

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A!d he said /o ba+% to your .eo.le a!d +o!1ey> so he we!t ba+% to his .eo.le a!d he +o!1eyed> he we!t ba+% a!d he be/a! 5awah. 4ow so sudde!ly> they are a++e.ti!/ the 5awah. So he +omes ba+% to the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam with a..roDimately ei/hty or !i!ety +la!s from his tribe. They all /o to the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> ta%e their Shahaadah a!d /i1e +ommitme!t. A!d he stays with the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> u!til the fi!al years whe! Ma%%ah is +o! uered. 5aws> what * wa!t to tell you is 5aws today> is where the south of Saoodiyyah is. *f you loo% o! a ma. the south of Saoodiyyah is> that is where it is. 'ou %!ow the a++ide!t that * me!tio!ed> about the female bride who died with her family members> may Allah ha1e mer+y o! her a!d her family a!d /ra!t those who are li1i!/ of them .atie!+e> that is the area that at-Tufayl *b! Amr ad-5awsi was i!. The tribes there today mostly are %!ow! as Eahraa! a!d !eDt to it is the tribes of Ahaamid. Today there is hu!dreds of &Ulamaa from the tribes of Eahraa! a!d Ahaamid. Amo!/st them is the o!e you all %!ow> al-Ahaamidi> the o!e you liste! to> he is i! the tow! ri/ht !eDt to where at-Tufayl was. At-Tufayl !ow is i! his /ra1e> thirtee! +e!turies later a..roDimately or so> he /ets reward i! his /ra1e for that famous re+iter a!d there is hu!dreds of &Ulamaa from Ahaamid a!d Eahraa! or that area where ad5aws is. (e /ets it> at-Tufayl *b! Amr ad-5aws> he is i! his /ra1e /etti!/ that reward

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a!d who i! retur! also /ets it= The -ro.het of +ourse> sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. So loo% at that +hai! rea+tio!. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam /oes to a barber> he /i1es 5awah. What +omes out of it= *! a barber= SiD tee!a/ers at the barber embra+e *slam. The !eDt year these siD /o ba+%> these tee!a/ers> a!d bri!/ twel1e. The followi!/ year> the twel1e bri!/ se1e!ty three me! a!d two wome!. The followi!/ year> Musab *b! Umayr is se!t as a! ambassador to Madi!ah to tea+h them *slam. The! ri/ht after that> Musab *b! Umayr se!ds a messa/e to the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that the whole of Madi!ah has embra+ed *slam> you are wel+ome to +ome o1er here. SiD me! i! a barber sho. started this whole thi!/. The -ro.het of Allah sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam +o!1eyed the messa/e e1e! i! a barber sho.> a!d what +ame out of that at e!d is *slam i! Madi!ah. Those tee!a/ers u!derstood that we ha1e to +o!1ey this messa/e. "ew mome!ts they sat with the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam i! se+re+y> i! hidi!/. They too% the messa/e a!d they we!t o! a!d they %!ew> u!der +o!1i+tio!> that we /ot to +o!1ey this messa/e. Jafar *b! Abi Talib> the 5awah of Jafar *b! Abi Talib i! Abyssi!ia> i! Afri+a> he .la+ed the seeds of *slam i! Afri+a. A!d !early e1eryo!e is Afri+a who is Muslim> most li%ely> Jafar *b! Abi Talib /ets the reward of it today be+ause he is the o!e who we!t there a!d +o!1eyed the 5awah a!d /a1e the messa/e to a!-4ajaashi a!d that is how *slam be/a! to s.read i! that area. Abu Musa al-Ashari a!d Muadh *b! Jabal> i! 'eme!. All these me! we tal% about> Jafar *b! Abi Talib> Muadh *b! Jabal a!d all those> these were me! who were i! their early .rime> their twe!ties. The Mumi! of 'asee!> you all %!ow the story of Surat 'asee!> Mumi! 'asee!. 4early siDtee! or so 1erses tal% about this> who is this ma!= Who is this ma! that Allah do+ume!ts a story i! siDtee! 1erses me!tio!i!/ what ha..e!ed i! his situatio!. Two messe!/ers were se!t to .eo.le. A!d the! they were followed by a!other.

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They threate!ed their Messe!/ers> they threate!ed that they are /oi!/ to sto!e them> they threate!ed that they are /oi!/ to torme!t them. A!d they said> the e1il ome! that they ha1e is be+ause of their Messe!/er> they attributed that to their Messe!/er. A ma! did !ot %i+% ba+% a!d relaD> that is the Mumi! of 'asees!> Mumi! Aali 'asee! H L bZ )I. The ma! did !ot %i+% ba+% a!d relaD a!d say it is !ot my busi!ess> they /ot Messe!/ers> that is !ot my busi!ess. A ma! that is %!ow! to be ri/hteous +omes from the furthest .art of tow!. (e hears about what is /oi!/ o!> he +omes from the furthest .art of tow!.

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A saa is the furthest .art of tow!. (e +omes ru!!i!/> he +omes from A salMadi!ah. (e +omes ru!!i!/> they %ill him. (is heart is atta+hed to 5awah e1e! i! the life after. (is heart is atta+hed to res+ui!/ .eo.le a!d he tells whe! he is /ra!ted .la+es i! (ea1e!. They tell him> you are /ra!ted to /o to (ea1e!. Allah tells himC

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0!ter -aradise> he said * wish my .eo.le %!ew. 01e! i! the life after> his mi!d is still with his .eo.le tryi!/ to /et them to be res+ued. 'ou see how 5awah is whe! it be+omes .art of someo!e. (e said> * wish * +a! tell my .eo.le how Allah for/a1e me a!d made me amo!/ those who are ho!oured so .ossibly of +ourse> they +a! follow i! those footste.s a!d /et the ho!our that * ha1e. * wish * +ould /o ba+%> * wish * +a! /o ba+%. * wish * +a! ma%e 5awah to them a!d let them %!ow. (e is told to e!ter (ea1e! a!d his mi!d is ba+% there> tryi!/ to +o!1ey this messa/e to his .eo.le. *f eDam.les of Messe!/ers> if eDam.les that we are su..osed to follow> Sahaabah a!d huma!s> are !ot e!ou/h to i!s.ire you for 5awah> the! ta%e the eDam.les of Ji!!. 01e! Ji!! ha1e 5awah a!d they are stro!/ i! their 5awah. #oo% what Allah says about them i! the ,ura!> the Ji!!. Whe! a /rou. of them embra+ed *slam a!d followed the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> did they just sit ba+% sile!t=

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The Ji!! were mo1ed to +o!1ey this messa/e as soo! as they belie1ed i! it. As soo! as they belie1ed i! the messa/e> they wa!ted to +o!1ey it a!d this was the Ji!!. 7ur .eo.le> res.o!d. That is what the Ji!! said> res.o!d to the +all of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> res.o!d to the +all of the Messe!/er of Allah by belie1i!/ i! him.

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A!d the! they /o o! to say> if you belie1e i! him Allah will for/i1e you a!d /ra!t you this a!d that. So basi+ .oi!t is> the Ji!! themsel1es wa!ted to +o!1ey the 5awah. *f all that> Messe!/ers> Sahaabah> !ow the Ji!! is !ot e!ou/h to i!s.ire you to do 5awah> the! e1e! the a!imals> e1e! the a!imals ha1e 5awah. The story of the (ud
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(ud H22I> the (oo.oe. *! the ,ura!> whe! Sulaymaa! had a military mar+h a!d ordered all his soldiers to be at the mar+h> he !oti+ed a bird was missi!/. A bird /oes from "alastee! to 'eme! a!d the! ba+%> ordai!s the /ood a!d forbids the e1il. (e is late to the mar+h> it is or/a!ised by Sulaymaa! so Sulaymaa! &alayhis salaam said * am /oi!/ to .u!ish him by torme!t or slau/hter. (e> soo! after> +omes ba+%. What was he doi!/= (e was doi!/ 5awah. (e +omes ba+% late. (e saysC

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* /ot /ood !ews for you. (e was o! a 5awah missio!> he says hold u.> hold u. Sulaymaa!. * /ras.ed that whi+h you do !ot %!ow about> * /ras.ed %!owled/e you do !ot %!ow about. * ha1e bee! forbiddi!/ the e1il a!d ordai!i!/ the /ood. What is it> what do you ha1e=

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* fou!d a woma! ruli!/ o1er some .eo.le. She bee! /i1e! all thi!/s> all thi!/s that o!e +ould be /i1e! a!d she .ossessed that whi+h !o other ruler has .ossessed a!d she has a /reat thro!e. The!> .eo.le were worshi..i!/ the su!C

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(er a!d her .eo.le were .rostrati!/ a!d belie1i!/ a!d worshi..i!/ the su!. <a!!ot be sile!t> a bird says * +a!!ot be sile!t. * see them doi!/ Shir%> * +a!!ott be sile!t. They !eed to be worshi..i!/ the #ord of the su.reme thro!e> Allah.

CONCL5SION ON ,A76A2 TO ALLA2


*! +o!+lusio!> after you hear all that> there is a differe!+e betwee! a real flower that /i1es us a s+e!t a!d a .lasti+ flower that loo%s /ood but o!ly +arries the !ame flower. There is a differe!+e betwee! the two. The real flower> you .ut it i! your
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house> it has a !i+e s+e!t> it loo%s better. But you also /ot a .lasti+ flower> it loo%s 1ery /ood> but there is a hu/e differe!+e betwee! the .lasti+ a!d the real flower. The Muslim with !o 5awah> the Muslim who does !ot ordai! the /ood a!d forbid the e1il> is li%e that .lasti+ flower. #oo%s /ood> he is still Muslim> we are !ot sayi!/ he is !ot Muslim> loo%s /ood too be+ause a Muslim is always /ood *!shaa Allah. (owe1er> he is li%e that .lasti+ flower. The o!e who ordai!s the /ood a!d forbids the e1il a!d does 5awah li%e those we me!tio!ed> the tas% of the Messe!/er> the tas% of the Sahaabah> the tas% of the Ji!! a!d e1e! the tas% of some of the a!imals. The o!e who does 5awah is li%e a real flower that has a s+e!t a!d it is more deli/htful to loo% at a!d it is more .referred to ha1e i! your house tha! a .lasti+ flower. A belie1er who e!/a/es i! 5awah> who ta%es that tas% u.o! him> is li%e a ru!!i!/ water. There is a differe!+e> ru!!i!/ water is more .ure tha! still water. 'ou %!ow about water= Ru!!i!/ water is always more .ure tha! still water. *f water is still> if it is i! a .o!d or i! a .ool> o1er time what ha..e!s= 'ou /ot to loo% at the matter o1er time> o1er time what ha..e!s= *t may stay +lea! for a while> i! your .ool or your .o!d or a!y ty.e of still water> e1e! if it is bi/. "or some time it is /oi!/ to remai! +lea!> but after a while> it /ets tai!ted. U!li%e ru!!i!/ water that ru!s i!to the o+ea!s a!d it is more .ure a!d more +lea!. 4ot ordai!i!/ the /ood or doi!/ 5awah> if you do !ot ordai! the /ood a!d you do !ot do 5awah> you are li%e the still water. 'ou mi/ht /et tai!ted after a while. There is !o !eutral /rou!ds i! 5awah> !o !eutral /rou!ds> es.e+ially for us i! the West> there is !o !eutral /rou!d. That is how it is> ta%e that as a rule> there is !o !eutral /rou!ds i! 5awah ?o!e> you +a!!ot say * am just !eutral to myself. 'ou are either /i1i!/ 5awah or you are /etti!/ i!1aded i! your belief. The water /ets tai!ted o1er time> es.e+ially i! the +ir+umsta!+e that we are i!. Be li%e that +lea! ru!!i!/ water with 5awah to Allah> that +lea! ru!!i!/ water. A belie1er does !ot wa!t to be still with his reli/io!> he always wa!ts to mo1e a!d +o!1ey a!d tea+h others be+ause that is amo!/ the !oble tas%s> the tas%s of the Messe!/ers. With this we will +o!+lude> there is a little bit more * wa!ted to tal% about but * thi!% this is suffi+ie!t for this matter> 5awah to Allah. 4eDt wee% *!shaa Allah> we will /o to the fourth as.e+t a!d that will be the fi!al as.e+t of the four i!trodu+tory as.e+ts. * %!ow we stayed lo!/> but we +a! ta%e uestio!s. * do !ot mi!d stayi!/ if a!yo!e wa!ts to stay u!til we a!swer the last uestio!s> so /o ahead.

CLASS TEN
This is what is su..osed to be> or +o!sidered our te!th +lass o! Al-Usool AthThalaathah. We too% the four fu!dame!tal i!trodu+tory .ri!+i.les that the boo% starts off with. The first o!e was %!owled/e a!d its defi!itio!. The se+o!d o!e is a..lyi!/ %!owled/e. The third o!e is> whi+h we too% a!d fi!ished last wee%> +o!1eyi!/ %!owled/e. A!d what we will ta%e today is the fourth o!e> the! *!shaa Allah we will
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ta%e the .roof. We most li%ely are !ot /oi!/ to fi!ish it today so we will .robably ha1e today a!d !eDt wee% o! the fourth o!e> *!shaa Allah Taaala.

T2E FO5$T2 INT$O,5CTO$4 0ATTE$ 8 (ATIENCE


The fourth o!e is .atie!+e. The author saysC

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-atie!+e i! attai!i!/ %!owled/e> of +ourse you !eed .atie!+e for that. Attai!i!/ a!d +o!1eyi!/ %!owled/e> you ha1e to ha1e .atie!+e for that. That is why a lot of .eo.le fall off the wa/o!. Abu Ubayd s.e!t forty years writi!/ his +olle+tio! Ahareeb al(adith. *b! Abdil-Barr s.e!t thirty years writi!/ his boo% At-Tamheed> the boo% you %!ow. "ath al-Bari that we uote a lot> by *b! (ajr> he s.e!t twe!ty three years writi!/ a!d re1isi!/ that boo%. So you !eed .atie!+e i! attai!i!/ a!d +o!1eyi!/ %!owled/e. 'ou !eed .atie!+e i! a..li+atio! of %!owled/e> the se+o!d o!e. 'ou !eed .atie!+e i! 5awah to Allah. -atie!+e /oes to all that> howe1er> the stateme!t of the author here is /eared a little bit more s.e+ifi+ally to .atie!+e i! 5awah to Allah. The third matter> the o!e we just me!tio!ed> be+ause he says .atie!+e i! harm that you e!dure. A!d usually> the harm that you e!dure> usually> +omes whe! you start /i1i!/ 5awah to Allah be+ause a 5aaiyah he +alls .eo.le u!to +ha!/i!/> liberate themsel1es from their desires> the desires that are embedded withi! them. Some e1il traditio!s that ha1e be+ome .art of them> they ha1e be+ome .art of them li%e their flesh a!d blood. Their .are!ts> /ra!d.are!ts a!d /reat /ra!d.are!ts were doi!/ it. A 5aaiyah +alls .eo.le u!to lea1i!/ the e1il matters a!d follow re/ulatio!s set forth by Allah> a!d that is always diffi+ult to do. Sometimes they !e1er e1e! heard of them before> it is diffi+ult for .eo.le to +ha!/e their !ature so what they usually do is resist a!d o..ose a!d ta%e it o! the messe!/er that is tryi!/ to +o!1ey that to them. Therefore> a 5aaiyah> a real Muslim for that matter has the o.tio!> * will lea1e 5awah or * will lea1e as.e+ts of my *slam. That is a! o.tio!> whi+h of +ourse is !ot a! o.tio! to a belie1er. So lea1i!/ as.e+ts of your *slam li%e a 4i aabiyyah or (ijaab or beard or Salah> be+ause o!e is ridi+uled or mo+%ed or somethi!/ ha..e!s to him i! that matter> that is !ot a! o.tio! for a belie1er. A!d li%ewise> lea1i!/ 5awah is also a!d should !ot be a! o.tio!. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said i! Su!a! at-TirmidhiC

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The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> a belie1er who miDes a!d mi!/les with .eo.le> for 5awah> tea+hi!/ them> a!d he is .atie!t o1er their harm> be+ause they are /oi!/ to harm him> is better tha! a belie1er who /oes i!to solitary i! his house a!d is !ot .atie!t o1er their harm. So the other o.tio! is> the solutio! is> the +ure to the matter is to /et a+ uai!ted with somethi!/ +alled Sabr.

(ATIENCE IS ESSENTIAL FO$ A ,AA7I4A2


01eryo!e !eeds it> but a 5aaiyah who +alls u!to *slam with his a+tio!s> whether it is with his sayi!/s> whether it is with his a+tio!s> i! a!y of the ma!y differe!t mea!s of 5awah> he !eeds Sabr. A 5aaiyah is i! dire a!d des.erate !eed of Sabr. Sabr is his bri/ht!ess i! his heart that !e1er dims. -atie!+e> as-Sabr for a 5aaiyah> Jawaadu #aa 'a%boo H -A0

H h-I> it is a steed that does !ot stumble. As-Sabr for a 5aaiyah is Ju!du! #aa 'uh?am H dT H 2I> it is a military or a! army>
a! u!defeated army. As-Sabr for a 5aaiyah is a! u!demolishable fortress> is a (us!u! #aa 'uhdam H 2T H K9I. So that is Sabr for a 5aaiyah> for a .ra+ti+i!/ belie1er> you !eed it. 7f +ourse e1ery belie1er is su..osed to be .ra+ti+i!/ but today with our +ir+umsta!+es> you ha1e to add .ra+ti+i!/ belie1er.

62AT ,O 4O5 AET O5T OF (ATIENCE.


-atie!+e is a! im.e!etrable armour a!d a shield. A 5aaiyah uses .atie!+e li%e a soldier> a military soldier uses a! armour or a helmet or a bullet .roof 1est. A 5aaiyah uses .atie!+e i! the same way a military soldier uses that. Allah saidC

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*f you remai! .atie!t a!d steadfast a!d a Mutta i> their harm> their +u!!i!/> their +o!s.ira+y will !ot harm you. *t is a! ho!our for o!e who is .atie!t that Allah saysC

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Allah is with those who .reser1e .atie!+e. There is two ty.es of Maiyyah H there is two ty.es of a++om.a!yi!/ of Allah. The first o!e is the /e!eral a++om.a!yi!/ of Allah> Maiyyah &Aammah H

I>

I. Ae!eral a++om.a!yi!/
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of Allah> whi+h is the %!owled/e of Allah o1er this whole U!i1erse. The! you ha1e the s.e+ial> ho!orary a++om.a!yi!/ of Allah a!d that is what me a!d you !eed a!d that is what me a!d you stri1e for. The first o!e is for e1erybody> the se+o!d o!e is o!ly for a sele+ted few i!di1iduals. Who are they= *! Surat al-Mujaadilah> Allah saidC

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Allah said> Allah %!ows whatsoe1er is i! the (ea1e!s a!d i! the 0arth. ;!owled/e> (is %!owled/e a++om.a!ies e1erythi!/.

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4ajwa mea!s se+ret> there is !o se+ret betwee! three eD+e.t Allah is their fourth> with (is %!owled/e. As we are /oi!/ to tal% about i! future> i! the future Tawheed +lasses> Allah is abo1e (is thro!e> we established it ma!y times. Allah is abo1e (is thro!e> Allah is abo1e the se1e! (ea1e!s> abo1e (is thro!eC

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This 1erse mea!s with his %!owled/e> there is !o three that ha1e a se+ret eD+e.t Allah is their fourth with (is %!owled/e. 4or fi1e eD+e.t Allah is their siDth> with (is %!owled/e> !or a!y more tha! that or a!y less tha! that eD+e.t Allah is with them. This is the /e!eral a++om.a!yi!/ of Allah. #i%ewise> so you %!ow whe! you read the ,ura! whi+h is the /e!eral a++om.a!yi!/ of Allah a!d the s.e+ial a++om.a!yi!/ of AllahC

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The summary of the 1erse> (e is with you by (is %!owled/e> where1er you may be. (e is with you> with (is %!owled/e> where1er you may be. Ae!eral> for e1eryo!e> belie1er> !o! belie1er> Mutta i> whate1er you may be> Allah is with you> /e!eral. *! Surat at-Talaa C

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The summary> Allah surrou!ds all thi!/s with (is %!owled/e. Allah surrou!ds e1erythi!/ with (is %!owled/eC

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This is the /e!eral> Maiyyah &Aammah. 4ow> ta%e the Maiyyah ;haassah H

.*I> the s.e+ial> ho!orary a++om.a!yi!/ of Allah with (is %!owled/e to you.

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Allah said> be .atie!t> Allah is with those who are .atie!t.

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Whe! the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam was i! the +a1e fleei!/ from Ma%%ah to Madi!ah> he told Abu Ba%r radhiallahu &a!huC

3 " ... H 3 1" / d = / F ... 7


5o !ot be sad> do !ot be afraid> do !ot /rie1e> Allah is with us. S.e+ial> ho!orary a++om.a!yi!/ of Allah. Whe! Allah se!t Musa a!d (aroo!C

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* am with you both> * +a! hear you a!d * +a! see you. Maiyyah ;haassah bil-Mumi! Tatee "ee Siyaa al-Madih wath-Tha!aa H ;

FIF &). *

\+ !2 LI. "or the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam i! the +a1e>


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for Musa a!d (aroo! We se!t them to "iraw!> for as-Saabiroo!> a!yo!e who is Saabir> s.e+ial a++om.a!yi!/ of Allah with (is %!owled/e. S.e+ial> ho!orary> for s.e+ial .eo.le. *t is a +om.lime!t> it is a .raise> it is a su..ort from Allah> that is what me a!d you !eed. *f we wa!t that s.e+ial a++om.a!yi!/ of Allah with (is %!owled/e> to loo% out for us> we /ai! it by ha1i!/ .atie!+e.

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The s.e+ial> ho!orary> +om.lime!tary a++om.a!yi!/ of Allah> for those who are .atie!t. More reward for those who are .atie!tC

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"o+us o! these two Ayaat with me. Allah lo1es those who are .atie!t. The first o!e is> Allah is with those who are .atie!t> Allah lo1es those who are .atie!t> two Ayaat. Ta%e these two Ayaat a!d .ut aside ei/hty ei/ht other Ayaat i! the ,ura! that tal% about .atie!+e. *maam Ahmad is uoted as sayi!/> there is !i!ety Ayaat i! the ,ura! that me!tio! or tal% about .atie!+e. 'ou ta%e these two> if you ta%e these two a!d +o!tem.late a!d thi!%. *f you %!ow Allah is with you> the s.e+ial> ho!orary a++om.a!yi!/ of Allah> al-Maiyyah al-;haassah. 'ou %!ow Allah is with you from the first 1erse> you %!ow Allah lo1es you from the se+o!d 1erse> if you let it re/ister a!d belie1e it i! your mi!d> you %!ow that (e a++om.a!ies you with (is %!owled/e> the s.e+ial> ho!orary way> the! how +ould you e1er be afraid or feel lo!ely= *f Allah is with you a!d you feel it> a!d you let it si!% i! a!d you %!ow Allah is with you> how +ould you e1er be afraid or lo!ely= A!d if you %!ow Allah lo1es you from the se+o!d 1erse> the! how +ould you e1er /rie1e or worry= *f Allah lo1es you> how +ould you /rie1e or worry= 'ou wa!t the /lad tidi!/ from Allah> the! /et it throu/h Sabr.

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<ertai!ly> you are /oi!/ to be tested. 'ou are /oi!/ to be tested with fear> you are /oi!/ to be tested with hu!/er> loss of wealth> you are /oi!/ to be tested with loss of fruits> but ha1e the /lad tidi!/ for those who are .atie!tC

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They ha1e a /lad tidi!/. Who are they= As-Saabiree!> the o!es who say *!!aa #illahi wa *!!aa *layhi Raajioo!C

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'ou wa!t the a!/els to e!ter o! you i! Ja!!ah from all the /ates=

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The a!/els e!ter u!to them> to you *!shaa Allah> to us> the a!/els will e!ter u.o! you sayi!/ Salaamu! &Alay%um> .ea+e be u.o! you. 'ou .erse1ered .atie!t> eD+elle!t i!deed is the fi!al home. The out+ome has bee! eD+elle!t> why= Why did they /reet them= They saidC

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They /a1e them Salaam based o! the uality of their .atie!+e.

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Those who are .atie!t re+ei1e their full reward without a!y re+%o!i!/. 'ou /et abu!da!+e amou!t of reward for .atie!+e. Whe! someo!e /e!erous says * /ot you> * /ot this sa1ed for you> you %!ow that there is a lot. *ma/i!e Al-;areem> the ultimate i! (is /e!erosity says you .atie!tC

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Abuda!+e i! reward. We made from amo!/ them leaders> /uidi!/ by our +omma!d whe! they were .atie!t a!d they were +ertai! of our si/!sC

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Whe! did they be+ome *maams= Whe! they were .atie!t a!d +ertai!. *b! Taymiyyah> *b! al-,ayyim al-Jaw?iyyah a!d *b! ;atheer say stateme!ts similar to thatC

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With .atie!+e a!d +ertai!ty> o!e obtai!s leadershi. i! reli/io!. With .atie!+e a!d +ertai!ty> o!e obtai!s leadershi. i! reli/io!. -atie!+e with +ertai!ty> tie them to/ether> if .atie!+e a!d +ertai!ty are tied i!to a %!ot> you /et leadershi.> that %!ot is leadershi. i! *slam.

62AT IS T2E ,EFINITION OF SAB$.


T2E LINA5ISTIC ,EFINITION OF SAB$
#i!/uisti+ally s.ea%i!/> al-(absu wal-Ma!a H R !tA=I. #i!/uisti+ally> it is to ba! or .re1e!t. Ba! a!d .re1e!t or ba! or .re1e!t. Al-(absu wal-Ma!a> ba! a!d .re1e!t yourself from des.o!de!+y a!d a!Diety.

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To .re1e!t yourself from bei!/ des.o!de!t or ha1i!/ a!Diety. To ba! a!d .re1e!t your limbs from +ommitti!/ si!s> that is Sabr> to ba! a!d .re1e!t your to!/ue from +om.lai!i!/. -atie!+e with !o eDa//eratio!> is a methodolo/y. *t is !ot mere words said whe! o!e is affli+ted> Wallah * am .atie!t. That is after he said somethi!/ to a!/er Allah a!d the! at the e!d he says> Wallah * am .atie!t.

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-atie!+e has its tea+hi!/s> its rules a!d re/ulatio!s. That is .atie!+e.

,OES CO0(LAININA NEAATE SAB$.


Whe! * +om.lai! does it !e/ate Sabr= The a!swer to that is> +om.lai!i!/ is two folds. The first o!e is bad a!d the other o!e is a+tually a /ood way of +om.lai!i!/. 7!e should !e1er +om.lai! about Allah to (is +reatio!s. 'ou +om.lai! to Allah a!d that +om.lai!i!/ to Allah is a si/! of stro!/ *maa!. 'aJ oob Jalayhis salaam> the father of 'usuf> after the trials he we!t throu/h> he said> i! the i!itial be/i!!i!/ of it he saidC

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Beautiful .atie!+e. Beautiful .atie!+e is .atie!+e with !o +om.lai!i!/. So he said> * am determi!ed to ha1e beautiful .atie!+e> .atie!+e with !o +om.lai!i!/> * am !ot /oi!/ to +om.lai!. 'ou do !ot .reser1e .atie!+e so that .eo.le +a! say Wallahi so a!d so is .atie!t !or do you .reser1e .atie!+e so .eo.le +a! say Wallahi he was !ot des.o!de!t. 01e! thou/h he saidC

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A!d Allah uoted it i! the ,urJa!> after the !ews of what ha..e!ed to his so!> he still +om.lai!ed. 'aJ oob still +om.lai!ed but he saidC

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Whi+h is .atie!+e with !o +om.lai!i!/ but he still +om.lai!ed> he +learly said it. *! fa+t> he said * +om.lai!> but he said * +om.lai! to AllahC

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* o!ly> *!!amaa> 1erily> o!ly> * limit it> * +om.lai! my /rief> my sorrow> what * feel i! my heart to Allah.

3 V_ :vL-" / ,! 1 7 1 - / F H ...
A!d> * %!ow that of Allah whi+h you do !ot %!ow. <om.lai!i!/ to Allah does !ot !e/ate your .atie!+e. <om.lai! your .o1erty to Allah. <om.lai! your worries> your a!Diety> your wea%!esses> +om.lai! that all to Allah. That has !othi!/ to do with !e/ati!/ your .atie!+e. <om.lai! all that whi+h is i! your heart> em.ty your heart to Allah. <ast what is i! your heart i! all humble!ess a!d humility to Allah a!d wat+h the results you are /oi!/ to /et. Ayyub> a ma! de+lared by Allah> the Jud/e of all jud/es> de+lared Ayyub a!d said about himC

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Allah says truly> We fou!d him> Ayyub> .atie!t. 5e+laratio! by Allah> how eD+elle!t of a sla1e he was. Berily> he was oft retur!i!/ a!d re.e!ta!t. That is the mea!i!/ of Awwaab> o!e who +o!ti!uously re.e!t. But the .oi!t of it is the be/i!!i!/> truly We fou!d him .atie!t. Who said that= Who fou!d Ayyub .atie!t= Allah> the Almi/hty fou!d him. (e still +om.lai!ed> Allah de+lared him .atie!t but he still +om.lai!ed. (is +om.lai!i!/ to Allah was amo!/ the fa+tors that /a1e him the ho!our of bei!/ +ertified by Allah as ha1i!/ bee! fou!d to be .atie!t. (e +om.lai!ed to AllahC

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#oo% at the deli+ate word that Ayyub used> Massa!ee> * ha1e bee! tou+hed. 5estroyed me> doomed me> Ahla%a!ee H 0,I> he did !ot use a!y of those words. (e said> * ha1e bee! tou+hed. Tou+h> a little bit of tou+h of hardshi.> * ha1e bee! tou+hed with .roblems. What .roblem was he tou+hed with= 01ery o!e of you %!ows that> we do !ot !eed to /o throu/h them. (e is a! eDam.le of o!e who is .atie!t. A!d e1e! thou/h he lost all his wealth> he lost all his family> +hildre!> eD+e.t

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his wife> he lost his health> he was i! a! ill!ess i! the bed> he says Massa!ee. All that is !ot for a day or two> for years a!d years. Whe! he +om.lai!ed to Allah> he saysC

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Be+ause .eo.le are worse off tha! him. * ha1e bee! tou+hed with a! affli+tio!> so he +om.lai!ed but he +om.lai!ed i! a humble way. Allah de+lared him to be o!e who was fou!d to be .atie!t. The si!ful> the wro!/ ty.e of +om.lai!i!/> the o!e that !e/ates your .atie!+e is +om.lai!i!/ the <reator to o!e who is +reated. The .ro1ider to o!e who is bee! .ro1ided> to +om.lai! the Most Mer+iful> Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem to a huma! who is defi+ie!t or la+%s mer+y i! totality. #oo% at it> whe! you wa!t to sit a!d +om.lai! to .eo.le> does it ma%e se!se to you to +om.lai! to o!e who is defi+ie!t i! mer+y or does !ot e1e! ha1e mer+y> a!d lea1e the o!e who is .erfe+t a!d +om.lete a!d ultimate i! (is mer+y= Ar-Rahmaa! Ar-Raheem> the Most Ara+ious> the Most Mer+iful. *b! al-,ayyim Rahimahullah said +om.lai!i!/ is three le1els. The first o!e is> the most des.i+able is +om.lai!i!/ about Allah to (is +reatio!. Why did this ha..e!> why am * /oi!/ throu/h this> why this> +ha!/i!/ your belief> +ha!/i!/ your ways. The se+o!d o!e is the best le1el> whi+h is +om.lai!i!/ matters to Allah. The third o!e is i! the middle> whi+h is +om.lai!i!/ +reatio! to the <reator. So the se+o!d two are /ood> are o%> the first o!e is the o!e that !e/ates .atie!+e.

T2E T4(ES OF (ATIENCE


This is li%e * said> a brief outli!e that we !eed to tal% about> about .atie!+e. * /a1e a le+ture a!d it is a1ailable o! .atie!+e> whi+h tal%s i! de.th about trials a!d tribulatio!s. 'ou /ot the Sabr &Alat-Taaah wal-Mamoor H

A.

-I!I> .atie!+e to the obli/atory> that whi+h you are ordered to do. Sabr &Alal-Masiyyah H K A.I> .atie!+e to refrai! from the si!. The first
two> li%e wa%i!/ u. for "ajr> lo!/ day of wor%i!/> you .robably sle.t late at !i/ht> you .robably did ,iyaam the! sudde!ly "ajr +omes> you /ot to wa%e u. a/ai! for "ajr. 7r someo!e is !eDt to his wife i! the +omfort of his bed a!d his wife is !eDt to him> he lea1es that to /o a!d ma%e his Salah> Salatul-"ajr or Salatu!-4aafilah. To tur! away from that dream house or that house that you wa!t to shelter your family *!> be+ause you do !ot wa!t to /et i!to Riba. To sto. your to!/ue from what has be+ome the fruit of the setti!/s today> Aheebah a!d 4ameemah> to sto. your to!/ue from that !eeds a lot of .atie!+e. So those are the first two ty.es of .atie!+e. The third o!e is .atie!+e o! that whi+h Allah desti!ed for you> of trials a!d tribulatio!s> as-Sabru &Alal-Balaa wal-Ma door H !2E!

\QA AKI.

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5o you .eo.le thi!% that .eo.le will be left alo!e a!d !ot be tested> you thi!% you will say we belie1e a!d you will !ot be tested= We i!deed tested those before you> you are !ot a!y better tha! those before you. We tested those before you> so Allah will +ertai!ly ma%e it %!ow!> those who are .eo.le of truth a!d those who !ot. *maa! is !ot a word your utter> it is !ot a word you say o! your to!/ue alo!e. *maa! is to!/ue> heart a!d a+tio!.

624 ,OES ALLA2 TEST 5S.


(e said it i! the ,ura!C

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Allah will !ot lea1e the belie1ers i! the state whi+h they are i!> u!til (e disti!/uishes the wi+%ed from the /ood.

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Allah has wisdom behi!d matters. 'ou are tested> sometimes you %!ow the wisdom> sometimes you do !ot %!ow. That is what Allah mea!s> sometimes you do !ot %!ow> you do !ot %!ow the Ahayb.

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Allah will !ot dis+lose that but belie1e i! Allah a!d (is Messe!/er a!d if you do> you /et abu!da!+e i! rewardC

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Belie1e i! Allah a!d (is Messe!/er> that is the .oi!t of it> stay steadfast !o matter what ha..e!s of you. The .oi!t of it> (e is sayi!/ at the e!d of the 1erse> to remai! o! the ri/ht .ath of Allah a!d the Messe!/ers of Allah. Allah tests .eo.le of *maa! to disti!/uish betwee! the truthful a!d a liarC

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#oo% at that> u!til (e disti!/uishes the wi+%ed from the /ood. (e disti!/uishes the wi+%ed from the /ood throu/h trials a!d tribulatio!s a!d tests. Whether it may be fi!a!+ial o!es or .roblems with health or .roblems with busi!ess> a!d it +ould be .roblems> tested with matters for o!es 5ee! a!d that is the ultimate %i!d of test. A se+o!d time> a 1ery similar 1erseC

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*! order that Allah will disti!/uish the wi+%ed from the /ood a!d loo% at that> a!d (e will sto+%.ile the filth o! to. of ea+h other. Trials a!d tribulatio!s> matters that ha..e!ed> "ita! that ha..e!ed re+e!tly i! the .ast te! or fiftee! years> sto+%.iled the filth o! o!e side a!d sto+%.iled the ri/hteous .eo.le o! the o!e side. 'ou +a! see a!d tell> the 5uJaat> you +a! tell. "ilth is filth a!d you +a! tell the ri/hteous is ri/hteous.

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"or us a!d for Allah a!d we are /oi!/ tal% about that i! a little bit more detail. There are those who whe! they are tou+hed with a!y harm> sudde!ly their a..eara!+e +ha!/es> their methodolo/y +ha!/es with their a..eara!+e. <li..i!/ a!d trimmi!/ that whi+h used to be a! u!tou+hable "ardh> so sudde!ly !ow is a Su!!ah a!d e1e! lesser tha! a Su!!ah. Walaa a!d Baraa used to be defi!ed i! o!e thi!/> a!d Alhamdulillah thi!/s are re+orded> you +a! see it> !ow sudde!ly Walaa a!d Baraa is a totally differe!t thi!/.

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-a/e F 2)@

Some may !ot say why Allah did 'ou do that> !o. Some .eo.le failed the test> that is the i/!ora!t layme! .eo.le faili!/ the test> why Allah did 'ou do that= 7thers may +ha!/e their belief a!d .ri!+i.les a!d be/i! to +om.romise their .ri!+i.les. Those who we!t to .riso! a!d +ame out totally differe!t. Those who whe! trials +ame u.> before> loo% at them a!d loo% at their audio a!d 1ideo a!d their tal%s a!d their arti+les before the trials a!d loo% at it today. Sto+%.iled filth o! to. of ea+h other a!d sto+%.iled the ri/hteous o! to. of ea+h other. (e may !ot ha1e said why Allah did 'ou do this to me> he may ha1e !ot +om.lai!ed> why did this ha..e! to me> but he is a differe!t ma! i! his belief> he +ha!/ed his belief. Those are filth !ot bei!/ worthy of bei!/ +arriers of the 5aJwah of Allah subhaa!ahu wa taJaala.

,O NOT EF(ECT A LIFE 6IT2O5T T$IALS


5o !ot e1er eD.e+t 5aJwah o! the +orre+t Ma!haj> to be .a1ed with red +ar.et a!d flowers. 5o !ot e1er eD.e+t that. 5o !ot e1er eD.e+t it to be .a1ed with flowers a!d red +ar.et a!d lead you to a life of +omfort a!d luDury. 0stablish yourself from !ow> that you !eed *maa! a!d Sabr to e!dure hardshi.s if you are o! the ri/ht .ath of 5aJwah. We said i! the U!i1ersity of 'usuf Jalayhis salaam> the semi!ar * /a1e> do !ot e1er as% Allah for trials> e1er. Rather> as% Allah to sa1e you from trials but establish withi! yourself *maa! a!d Sabr> a!d that o!ly +omes throu/h %!owled/e. That is why we lear! %!owled/e> so whe! the trial +omes you do !ot fail. Wallahi> * +a! !umber !ames that whe! they were i!fli+ted with trials a!d how they failed> of our time> a!d .o.ular .eo.le a!d .eo.le that you may ha1e heard i! the media. 5o !ot e1er be li%e those whoC

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A!d amo!/ ma!%i!d is those who worshi. Allah as they were o! the ed/e. 'ou see if you are wal%i!/ o! the ed/e of a +liff> li%e a !arrow .la+e> li%e o! the ed/e of this table. *f /ood befalls him a!d e1erythi!/ is /oi!/ his way> ah * am a belie1er> * am +o!te!t. *f a trial befalls him> he tur!s ba+% o! his fa+e> losi!/ both this world a!d the (ereafterC

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(e lost this world a!d by him !ot bei!/ .leased with what Allah +hose with him> he lost the life after. Allahumma Thabbit!aa> Allahumma Thabbit!aa. *f he /ets what he wa!ts of wealth a!d fame a!d mo!ey a!d .resti/e a!d followers> he is with the /e!eral flow of the belie1ers. *f a test +omes> sudde!ly a test +omes> he lea1es that
-a/e F 2)2

.ath. 'ou hear .eo.le !ow sayi!/> 5uJaat> * wa!t to li1e ha..y> * wa!t to /o ba+% to my wife a!d %ids. * do !ot wa!t .roblems !o more> "ita! ha..e!ed. A!d they did !ot e1e! see "ita!> it did !ot e1e! +ome !ear them> they did !ot e1e! smell it. 'ou are /oi!/ to hear someo!e say this 5aJwah is !ot for me. * just heard it a+tually a few days a/o> if * am /oi!/ to be s+ruti!ised for /oi!/ to the Masjid> * am !ot /oi!/ to the Masjid !o more.

-# j , H Z - -E ", 6 ' ", 5 9 ! 3 / 3 1 / / l :[-A0" 'J -


A 5aaJiyah> a Muslim> follows the /uided .ath a!d he a++e.ts the ba//a/e that +omes with it. A 5aaiyah a++e.ts the ri/ht .ath a!d the ba//a/e that +omes with it. Whate1er out+ome Allah has for him> he ta%es it with a! o.e! heart a!d a bare +hest shouti!/ * am a belie1er.

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A!d We i!deed tested those who were before them> you are !ot a!y better tha! them. We i!deed tested those before you.

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A!d we are /oi!/ to tal% about what that mea!s> Allah wa!ts to %!ow those who are truthful a!d those who are liars. The -ro.hets /et tested a!d they /et harmed> you are /oi!/ to /et harmed a!d tested. <omfort> luDury> red +ar.ets i! the .ath of 5awah> it did !ot ha..e! to a si!/le Messe!/er. *t did !ot ha..e! for the most belo1ed to Allah of (is +reatio!> it did !ot e1e! ha..e! to a!y of the other Messe!/ers a!d who do we loo% u. to whe! we say 5awah= Whe! we say 5awah> who is our eDam.le i! 5awah= The Messe!/ers of Allah. 5o you %!ow a!y Messe!/er of Allah that did !ot li1e a life of hardshi.> from be/i!!i!/ to e!d= Those are the ideal eDam.les that o!e loo%s u. to i! 5awah. 4ow you see those who made 5awah a job> a +areer> for fame> for luDury> for /oi!/ with whate1er the tre!d of that time is. Whate1er ma%es you .o.ular at that time> that is what their ideolo/y is> that is what their 5ee! is> their reli/io! is whate1er is that. *f you are o! the ri/ht .ath a!d you ha1e !o e!emies a!d you ha1e !o trials> the! +lose the door i! your house a!d double +he+% what you are doi!/.

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-a/e F 2)9

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We a..oi!ted for e1ery -ro.hetC

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'ou ha1e to ha1e e!emies. Shayatee!> de1ils> some will say oh it is Shayatee!> loo% what Allah s.e+ified. 4ot o!ly Shayatee! of Ji!!> Allah s.e+ifiedC

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Ma!%i!d a!d of Ji!!> so !o o!e will say it was about the Ji!!. *!s.iri!/ to ea+h other ador!ed s.ee+h as a delusio!> if Allah did !ot wa!t> they would !ot ha1e do!e itC

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A 1ery similar 1erse li%e this o!eC

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We made for e1ery -ro.het> e!emies. (e has to ha1e e!emies> the Su!!ah of Allah> you +a!!ot +ha!/e the Su!!ah of Allah. 5isbelie1ers> .olytheists> today you ha1e the moder!ists a!d those who you %!ow> Allahu Alam what they are. Allah saidC

01 ... ...<
01ery. This is for who> me a!d you= *t is for those who are better tha! me a!d you> the eDam.les of 5awah. *f Allah a..oi!ted for e1ery -ro.het> e!emies> you eD.e+t a true Muslim o! the true .ath to be free of e!emies a!d .roblems a!d hardshi.s a!d trials a!d tribulatio!s= 0D.lai! that to me. Those fa%e i/!ora!t heads we ha1e today> the o!es we see> the o!es who ha1e this assum.tio! that they +a! /et e1eryo!e to be .leased at them a!d e1eryo!e i! their ima/i!ary mi!d> they +a! /et them i!to some bi/ +ir+le of u!ity. They thi!% they are the !ew Messiah with su+h sa1iour .owers a!d %!owled/e to /et e1eryo!e i! this +ir+le> whi+h the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam did !ot ha1e. 01eryo!e should be ha..y> to/ether> a!d we are o! the same .a/e.

-a/e F 2):

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They wa!t to bri!/ the world to/ether o! the wro!/ .reteDt a!d o! the a++ou!t of dis.leasi!/ Allah. Those !eed to lear! the basi+s of 5awah> !ot the basi+s of 5awah but rather before that> the basi+s of their 5ee!. Whe! you embra+e 5awah a!d you are affe+ti1e o! the true Ma!haj> o! the true belief> you must ha1e e!emies. A!d i! a time li%e today> if your s.ee+h is true a!d your Tawheed is .ure> you are /oi!/ to ha1e e!emies from those who +laim to be Muslims before the !o! Muslims. Was it me!tio!ed i! the ,ura! i! 1ai! two times=

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We all %!ow it> i! Ju?? &Amma. We all read Ju?? &Amma a!d we all memorise it but do we +o!tem.late it= Berily those who i! this life +ommitted +rimes> used to lau/h at the belie1ers.

1 ! ?M " ' !d z / T P 1 1 & !6


Whe!e1er they .ass by the belie1ers> they wi!% at ea+h other i! mo+%ery. This was tal%i!/ about the !o! belie1ers doi!/ it to the belie1ers. Today> we ha1e those who +laim to be belie1ers doi!/ it to the ri/hteous belie1ers of Tawheed.

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Whe! they retur! to their .eo.le> they retur! jesti!/.

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A!d whe! they see them they say 1erily> these /uys ha1e bee! /o!e astray. They see the ri/hteous .eo.le of Tawheed> the stra!/ers> the true .eo.le o! the .ure Tawheed today are stra!/ers amo!/ stra!/ers amo!/ stra!/ers. Those who are o! the true Tawheed> 1erily> ha1e /o!e astray> for eDam.le. (ow is that=

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'ou %!ow 5haalloo!= They are de1ia!ts. (e is a Ta%feeri> he is a ;hawaarij> they throw their labels at them. 7%> you +all them these !ames> +ome here buddy> what is the s+holarly defi!itio! of a Ta%feeri= They +ould !ot tell you. What is the +hara+teristi+s that the s+holars> the &Ulamaa of the Salaf me!tio! o! a ;hawaarij= They do !ot %!ow. What ha..e!s is> they hear the +rowi!/ of the roosters a!d they

-a/e F 2)3

be/i! to +row with them. * am /oi!/ to ha1e a little but more res.e+t> * am !ot /oi!/ to say they heard the do/s bar%i!/ so they be/a! to bar% li%e the do/s> * am /oi!/ to say they heard the +rowi!/ of the roosters so they +row li%e them. -ri!ted labels ready to be uttered at a mome!ts !oti+e> without fear of Allah. 'ou as a belie1er> if you are o! the true .ath a!d you are steadfast> you are /oi!/ to be tested a!d you !eed .atie!+e.

, D3 " = - " / - # 1 3 1 - -0 3 1 p / D 1 Z 6 l^
Berily duri!/ the world before> those who +ommitted the +rimes used to lau/h at those who belie1ed. ;ee. these Ayaat betwee! your eyes whe! you stru//le> whe! .eo.le +om.lai! to me * am fa+i!/ this> * am fa+i!/ that. 'es> it is /ood to +o!sult but %ee. these Ayaat i! +om.lai!i!/ to them. Whe! you are o! the /uided .ath a!d they throw labels at you> a!d you are sure you are o! the .ath of the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah> followi!/ the Sahaabah a!d those who followed them i! /uida!+e> they mo+% you a!d they are ha..y about you> .ay atte!tio! toC

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They ma%e fu! of you> they harm you> Allah saysC

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So what is the result if * am .atie!t= Wait for this day> Allah tells you> wait for this dayC

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We are !ot /oi!/ to mo+% !o o!e !ow> i! this life. But i! the life after> those who belie1e will lau/h at the disbelie1ers. Those who mo+%ed you> the! you +a! mo+% them ba+% a!d lau/h at them. *b! al-Mubaara% said al-,albi !arrated from Abi Saalih about the 1erse of AllahC

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Allah mo+%s them. Abu Saalih said> this is the stateme!t of Ab Saalih> the torme!t is i! additio! to the re/ular torme!t they /et i! (ell. The /ates of (ell o.e! a!d they are told to lea1e a!d the .eo.le i! (ell ui+%ly head to the doors> whe! they rea+h the doors> the /ates of (ell +loseG as .art of their .u!ishme!t. Whe! the belie1ers
-a/e F 2)6

see them> they be/i! to lau/h at them. There is wi!dows i! Ja!!ah that they see the .eo.le i! (ell a!d Abu Saalih said that is the mea!i!/ ofC

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That is the day whe! the belie1ers will lau/h at them. Wallahi> there is !othi!/ * loo% more forward to tha! the day we are *!shaa Allah +alled to a! a..oi!tme!t to see the fa+e of Allah subhaa!ahu wa taaala. That is the first thi!/ * loo% forward to. The se+o!d thi!/ * loo% forward to i! Ja!!ah> is the .leasa!t 1iew from the wi!dows of

/ I> with /lasses of yo/hurt a!d ho!ey Ja!!ah o! the thro!es of al-Araai% H W 1 1 G6 a!d water> o! loo%i!/ those i! Jaha!!am who for so lo!/ rele!tlessly tortured a!d harmed a!d mo+%ed a!d %illed us. May Allah for/i1e our si!s a!d %ee. us steadfast o! the Strai/ht -ath> so we +a! /et those ra!%s a!d le1els *!shaa Allah Taaala. We do !ot mo+% i! this life be+ause there is a +ha!+e of re.e!ta!+e> there is always a +ha!+e to re.e!t a!d +ome ba+% to the ri/ht .ath. But there is a time i! the life after where e1e! if it is a relati1e> you are !ot /oi!/ to feel a!y /uilt for mo+%i!/ them.

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They /et .aid fully> for what they used to do> it is .ay ba+% timeC

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'ou mo+%> you /et mo+%ed i! the life after. We as% Allah subhaa!ahu wa taaala to u!ite us o! al-Araai% o1erloo%i!/ those .eo.le who did this to us> *!shaa Allah Taaala. *! +o!+lusio!> !ot a si!/le Messe!/er or Muslim or re1i1er who too% o! this tas%> eD+e.t he was tested. That is the Su!!ah of Allah so we !eed to stre!/the! our Sabr> wor% o! our Sabr> a!d that o!ly +omes throu/h %!owled/e. 7r some may !eed to jum. off the wa/o! a!d * do !ut su//est that but that is the o!ly two ultimatums> a!d * su//est Sabr a!d %!owled/e. May Allah %ee. us steadfast a!d away from mis/uida!+e *!shaa Allah.

SO0E BE$SES ON T$IALS


#oo% at some of the 1erses o! trials.

! 3 1 & 0 ...\ : / A / X
-a/e F 2)6

#aam at-Taw%eed H 2

#-' HI> +ertai!ly it is /oi!/ to ha..e!> be assured it is /oi!/ to ha..e!. #aam of oath> this is also +o!sidered #aam of oath H H 5EI. Allah /i1es a! oath> Wallahi you are /oi!/ to be tested. A!d ri/ht after
that> it is the hea1y 4oo!. These are matters +o!siste!t throu/hout the ,ura!> loo%C

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Same #aam> #aam at-Taw%eed or #aam al-,asm. 'ou shall +ertai!ly be tried a!d tested i! your wealth a!d i! your .ro.erty> a!d i! your .erso!al sel1es.

#oo% at the se+o!d .art of it> the other o!e> #aam is +ertai!> it is immi!e!t. A!d you shall +ertai!ly hear mu+h of that whi+h /rie1es you> from those who re+ei1ed the S+ri.ture before a!d those who as+ribe .art!ers to Allah. So how 'aa Allah we deal with it= *t is i! the same 1erse> how we deal with itC

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(ow do we deal with it= Allah did !ot lea1e us ha!/i!/. *f you .erse1ere .atie!tly a!d ha1e Ta wa> just li%e the .re1ious 1erses we too%> the! that is a determi!i!/ fa+tor i! all affairs. *t is a determi!i!/ fa+tor i! your su++ess i! the life after. *t is !ot !e+essary to see the fruit of your 5awah i! this life. Some .eo.le wa!t to see the ultimate 1i+tory> the ultimate 1i+tory is to die .atie!t a!d firm o! the ri/ht .ath a!d that is why we +o!ti!uously as% Allah to %ee. us steadfast a!d firm o! the ri/ht a!d .ure Tawheed. The belie1ers e!dured so mu+h a!d the Messe!/ers e!dured so mu+h of trials a!d tribulatio!s> amo!/ the eDam.les is the -ro.het Muhammad

-a/e F 2)$

sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. (e e!dured so mu+h that Allah se!t +o!dole!+e to the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d that whi+h he e!dured.

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Whe! he was a/o!ised o1er that whi+h hurt him> Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> Messe!/ers before you were de!ied> Messe!/ers before you> they disbelie1ed i! were harmed. What did they do=

! -&D # !, ...! ... 8 !6 ; AK


They were .atie!t i! the de!ial they fa+ed> .atie!t i! the trials they fa+ed> a!d they were tested> harmed> a!d they were hurt.

... ... F 6 , / / K 8 3 '9


Till 7ur 1i+tory rea+hed them.

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There is !o way arou!d it. As a 5aaiyah> %!ow that> read the 1erse. There is !o o!e who +a! +ha!/e it> so if you are eD.e+ti!/ a life with !o hardshi.s a!d trialsC

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There is !o o!e who +a! +ha!/e the word of Allah. The 1i+tory is /oi!/ to +ome for sure a!d also> the tests before it is /oi!/ to +ome. 'ou +a!!ot +ha!/e the Su!a! a!d tre!ds of Allah. A 5aaiyah is /oi!/ to be tou+hed with harm a!d it is the Su!!ah of Allah> there is !o way arou!d it. 5o you remember our series o! the Araduates of the U!i1ersity of 'usuf> the most ho!ourable &Ulamaa. A!d * me!tio!ed i! there that they were stri+%e! with /rief a!d hardshi.s> we me!tio!ed how *maam Abu (a!eefah a!d the four *maams> how they were stri+%e! with /rief a!d hardshi. a!d their life was trial after trial. A!d if you also /o o! further to read the boo%s li%e that of Seerah JAlaam a!-4ubala> the heroes of *slam> or other boo%s> 1olumes of boo%s that me!tio! the history of the re1i1ers. -erha.s someo!e +a! e!li/hte! me of o!e of the re1i1ers of *slam> the .romi!e!t .eo.le that we me!tio! te!s of times i! our (ala aat> o!e of those whi+h history do+ume!ted that did !ot /o throu/h trials throu/hout his life= Was it a +oi!+ide!+e they all we!t throu/h trials= 4o.

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-a/e F 2))

Allah says fi!ally> surely it rea+hed you the !ews of the .eo.le before you. This is the !ews of the Messe!/ers before you> mea!i!/ what ha..e!ed to the Messe!/ers before you> ha..e!ed to you. They were tested a!d tried a!d the! they /ot the 1i+tory a!d the same ha..e!s to you. <o!tem.late the history> belo1ed Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> trials after trials> Allah is telli!/ him to +o!tem.late the history of the .re1ious Messe!/ers a!d how they we!t throu/h trials a!d the! 1i+tory. Trials that the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam we!t throu/h i! 5awah a!d his .erso!al life> o!e after a!other> o!e o1erla..i!/ the other. So des.erately>

6I> orderi!/ him to be .atie!t> dire+t that he had to hear from Allah> "asbir H / ; / 1 A. order by Allah to be .atie!t at least ele1e! times i! the ,ura!. "asbir Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> Allah saysC

n^ :h- ... AN 1 3 ' 1 3 1 6 / " E / 1 / ; / 1 A.


Allah says be .atie!t> the e!d> the desti!y> be+ause a lot of times whe! o!e /oes throu/h trials a!d o!e sees the Ummah i! the state that it is i!> he for/ets that there is a 1i+tory +omi!/G the e!d a!d desti!y is for al-Mutta ee!.

-E U?M :k ..." 6 - / ; / 1 A. 8
Be .atie!t o1er what they say. Be .atie!t> be+ause you are /oi!/ to hear a lot of stuff that is /oi!/ to be tal%ed about you. *f you sit i! your house> you are !ot /oi!/ to hear !o o!e tal%i!/. Ao to the 5awah fro!t> you are /oi!/ hear e1ery last thi!/ about your ow! self> that whi+h ma%es you doubt your ow! self at times.

3 2 _M : !...B / ! 1 7 3 1 6 9 / ; " / 1 A. 3 2 >> :;s ...B / ! 1 7 3 1 6 9 / ; " / 1 A.


*! Surat Ahaafir a se+o!d timeC

3 2 rr :;s ...B / ! 1 7 3 1 6 9 / ; " / 1 A.


Three times> why did Allah re.eat it= *! 1ai!= There is !ot a si!/le dot i! the ,ura! that is re.eated i! 1ai!. The +atastro.hi+ +alamities befall o! a belie1er> so Allah wa!ted to re.eat it a/ai! a!d a/ai! so you read it a/ai! a!d a/ai! a!d u!dersta!d the solutio! is "asbir.

4 d / / W l? :"5H Q " / d 3 1 Z6 3 / = / E 1 F
Allah says to the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> We re1ealed to you this ,ura!> we re1ealed to you this ,ura! i! sta/es. Ta!?eela mea!s i! sta/es. Really> what you would ima/i!e the !eDt 1erse after that is > so tha!% Allah. (e

-a/e F 2)8

re1ealed the ,ura!> (e ho!oured you with the ,ura! so tha!% (im. The !eDt 1erse after thatC

&6 ln :"5H ...W 1 6 / ; 1 / 0= / 1 A.


Be .atie!t. *t is !ot tha!% Allah> it isC

&6 ln :"5H ...W 1 6 / ; 1 / 0= / 1 A.


A!d Allah +omma!ds you to .reser1e .atie!+e to that whi+h Allah has i! desti!y for you.

! F H &6 ...[ 1 K 1 -= / 1 6 1 9 # 0 / ; W 1 / 0= / 1 A. nV :E
Be .atie!t to the de+isio!> to that whi+h Allah has for you. 5o !ot be li%e the +om.a!io! of the fish. Mea!i!/> do !ot lea1e 5awah. Whe! all the .roblems ha..e!> do !ot just wal% away> just li%e 'u!us did.

6A. # 6A.; !, ...< 1 1 d / / - 6 1 L P / 1 / ?> :CE9


Be .atie!t oh Muhammad> li%e the stro!/ willed Messe!/er did. "asbir> (e wa!ts to remi!d him of the Messe!/ers> be .atie!t li%e them. *t is !ot a! easy tas%> if it was a! easy tas% e1eryo!e would be o! this .ath. *t is a tas% .a1ed with hardshi. a!d thor!s. *t is a tas% a!d it is a .ath .a1ed with eDtreme hardshi.> but it is the way that leads you to "irdaws. The other .ath is a .ath .a1ed with ease a!d red +ar.et> but it leads to a! u!.leasa!t desti!y a!d you do !ot wa!t to /o that other way. 01e! thou/h it loo%s /ood> you do !ot wa!t to /o that way. 'ou wa!t to /o to the way that may seem diffi+ult but it /ets you to the ri/ht .la+e. Today> a ti!y bit of thi!/ that ha..e!s to .eo.le these days> so sudde!ly he is i! doubt of his reli/io!. (e is loo%i!/ i! the rear 1iew mirror to ma%e a U tur! out of a /uided .ath. Ti!y bit> whe! the dirt is .la+ed o! your head> the! maybe you +a! +om.lai!. Whe! the /uts of a +amel are throw! o! you a!d .eo.le be/a! to fall i! wea%!ess of lau/hter o1er ea+h other> the! .ossibly you +a! !a/ a!d s.ea% about it. Whe! o!e of you is +ho%ed to !ear suffo+atio! a!d Abu Ba%r radhiallahu &a!hu has to +ome a!d res+ue you> whe! he has to res+ue you from a beati!/ to !ear death> the! o!e +a! tal%. Whe! they .ut you i! a sie/e> li%e they did to the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> you +a! +all it a sie/e> you +a! +all it a .riso!> you +a! +all it a +o!+e!tratio! +am.> +all it all that. Whe! the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam was i! Shaab Abu Talib> you +a! +all it> it is +o!sidered a +o!+e!tratio! +am. a!d it is +o!sidered a sie/e a!d it is +o!sidered a .riso!. *t was more li%e a .riso!> if
-a/e F 28@

you read the details of how it was. They tried to dis+redit him a!d +all him a fraud> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> a fraud. A fraud o! a huma! bei!/> that is a little ra!%> a fraud o! Allah the Almi/hty. They +alled him i!sa!e> a madma!> a Maj!oo!. Wallahi> * %!ow lowlife s+ums a!d bums> +rimi!als> who %illed a!d murdered> who are willi!/ to s.e!d the rest of their life i! .riso! rather tha! ta%e a .lea deal of i!sa!ity a!d wal% out after a few years. They would rather s.e!d their life i! .riso! tha! to be do+ume!ted as i!sa!e. Their i!te/rity refuses to allow them to +o!sider themsel1es i!sa!e> e1e! if it mea!t life behi!d bars. 'our -ro.het /ets +alled a madma!> i!sa!e. 4ot o!ly him> but the Messe!/ers before him were +alled the same thi!/. A!d for someo!e to +all you +ra?y> that is really a bi/ thi!/. A!d Allah says !ot o!ly about the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> e1e! the Messe!/ers before.

, W 8D # N 3 1 b 3 F H - A N D 1 1 1 1 / 6 T : -L 3 1 9 >l :[D" @ q - / ! / , 6 q 1 L
Messe!/ers who +ame before> all of them> their .eo.le said> there is .eo.le who were followi!/ who it was said about them> sor+erers or madme!. They +alled our -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam what would be today> a! i!+om.ete!t> i!si/!ifi+a!t ma!. Basi+ally> wal-&Ayaathu Billah> a bum> they +alled our -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam that. My life> my soul> my s.irit> my family> my wealth be ra!somed to our belo1ed> they +alled him that.

,6 3 1 W !D 7 $ g 8 u ! , ! H 1 3 ' " 1 3 D & mD 4 d / 1 ! 1 4 -L 3 nU :"NJ H 6 7


Whe! they see you oh Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> they treat you i! mo+%ery. They mo+% you> a!d that is diffi+ult> whe! you are mo+%ed a!d made fu! of. *s this the o!e who Allah se!t as a Messe!/er= This /uy= Allah +ould !ot fi!d better tha! this /uy= They sit a!d lau/h a!d sayC

4 -L 3 g 7 H 8 , ... 1 3 D & mD 6 7
They s+a! him u. a!d dow! i! +o!tem.t a!d they say> Allah +ould !ot fi!d a better o!e tha! this=

N / D ! d 7 8 " b Z6 H 6 < : / E / - 8 / ?U :C*d : 1O / E 1 / ' 6


-a/e F 282

Why was a /reat ma! out of Ma%%ah !ot +hose!= Why was a /reat ma! out of Ma%%ah !ot +hose! for the ,ura! to be re1ealed to you= Allah +ould !ot fi!d better tha! this= Me!tio!ed i! the ,ura! ma!y times. (is frie!ds> sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> are refu/ees i! Abyssi!ia> i! Afri+a> i! the la!ds of 4ajaashi> al-(abashah. (is frie!ds are refu/ees i! Abyssi!ia> his other frie!ds are i! the hot su! bei!/ tortured. (e is bei!/ .elted with sto!es> he is wa!ted as a refu/ee> i! a dar% +a1e full of s!a%es a!d s+or.io!s with the hi/hest bou!ty o! him a!d his best frie!d. (is so!s> his +hildre!> al-,aasim> Abdullah> *braheem> Eay!ab> Ru ayyah> Umm ;althoom> all die o!e after the other. The o!ly o!e who sur1i1es till the e!d of his life is "atimah a!d the! he /ets the !ews that as soo! as he dies> ri/ht after him she is /oi!/ to die. (e /ets that !ews before> whe! he was ali1e. <alamity after +alamity> trial after trial> both i! his .erso!al life a!d i! his 5awah life. *t is !ot just .erso!al> it is also i! his 5awah life> it is !ot just 5awah> it is also i! his .erso!al life. Today> o!e loses a .are!t> o!e loses a so! a!d he !e1er re+o1ers after that e1er. (e lost all his +hildre! eD+e.t "atimah. 01e! i! his fi!al mome!ts de.arti!/> he was !ot eDem.ted from hardshi.> sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. *b! Masood sees him sha%i!/> i! Bu%hari> i! Muslim. (e wal%s i!> *b! Masood> whe! the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam is o! his deathbed a!d he is shi1eri!/. *b! Masood .uts his ha!d o! him a!d says> oh -ro.het of Allah> you are 1ery ill. (e is emotio!al> *b! Masood> he said * /et the .ai! of two me!. *b! Masood said> you /et the double reward as well= (e said yes> * /et the double reward. (e /ets the Waseelah> two> it is eD.e!si1e. So you wa!t to be as +lose to Allah as you +a!> to the Waseelah> you wa!t to be as +lose to the Waseelah as you +a!> you wa!t to be as +lose to the thro!e of Allah as you +a!> hold firm o! the .ath> +o!1ey it a!d be .atie!t. That is the way for it. (is !oble +hara+ter i! 5awah> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> was .atie!+e. *f it was re1e!/e he wa!ted i! his sta/e of 5awah> he would ha1e made a! eDam.le out of the .eo.le of Taif. To let the blood of the .eo.le of Taif flow dow! from the mou!tai! .ea%> all the way dow! to the 1alleys of Ma%%ah> so that the tribe of ,uraysh a!d all the fa+tio!s arou!d it a!d the whole Arabia! -e!i!sula will hear a! u!for/ettable lesso! of that whi+h ha..e!ed to a!yo!e who 1iolates the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. But !o> he says !o> lea1e them. (e tells the a!/els of the mou!tai!s who is ready to do this> he says lea1e them> maybe there will +ome from them those who will worshi. Allah. Ta%e this> be+ause we raise 5uaat> we raise 5uaat here> we say e1ery time he left a s+e!e of torture a!d ousti!/> he was more o.timisti+ a!d e!er/ised to +o!ti!ue i! his missio!. More sure tha! e1er that he would .re1ail be+ause he had betwee! his eyes> Wasbir> it +ould !ot +ome out without Wasbir. "asbir> sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam /a1e the most .romisi!/ .ro.he+ies> i!s.iratio! to his Sahaabah> i! the dar%est time> whe! they were i! the dar%est of the tu!!el. #ear! from that> a 5aaiayh is most o.timisti+ i! what .eo.le .er+ei1e as the most +ru+ial a!d dar%est mome!ts. A 5aaiyah is +alm a!d he is assured a!d he
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%!ows 1i+tory is ri/ht arou!d the +or!er a!d he %!ows that it is his duty to res+ue that shi..

A ,AA7I4A2 IS 0OST O(TI0ISTIC IN T2E ,A$1EST OF TI0ES


*! al-Ah?aab> loo% at the .romised 1i+tories i! the hardest a!d dar%est time. *! alAh?aab> o!e of the most diffi+ult times of the Ummah. <old> free?i!/> a!d if you %!ow the desert of Madi!ah> how free?i!/ it is> you %!ow. Rai!> hail> terrorised> the U!i1erse is u!ited a/ai!st him.

4 d 1 / Y H UU :ad9 2 ... 1 % ! / Y 4 2 1 -d
They were terrorised. Ahatafaa!> 4ajd> Murrah> Ashja> ,uraysh> tribes from all o1er> the Jews o! the outs%irts of Madi!ah betray them i! the fi!al mome!ts. *! the dar% mome!t> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam is o.timisti+. The world is a/ai!st him a!d he says> we are /oi!/ to be 1i+torious o1er the su.er.owers of the Roma!s> we are /oi!/ to be 1i+torious o1er the su.er.ower of the -ersia!s. (e said this i! the midst of the world u!iti!/> about to ma%e him eDti!+t. That is the .ur.ose of alAh?aab> to ma%e the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d the Sahaabah eDti!+t. We are /oi!/ to be 1i+torious o1er Sa!aa> the 0ast> the West a!d the +e!tre> the world is /oi!/ to fall u!der our +o!trol. The si+% hearted said> you belie1e a ma! telli!/ you he sees the .ala+es of the su.er.owers falli!/ u!der his +o!trol yet he is di//i!/ a tre!+h a!d we +a!!ot e1e! defe!d oursel1es= (e tells you he is /oi!/ to rule the world a!d we are afraid to ste. yards away to /o uri!ate=

3 1 3 H Ul :ad9 6 ... ! 2 6 -L 7 3 4 !6 s !
Allah a!d (is -ro.het did !ot /i1e us !othi!/ but false .romises. The firm> the belie1ers> i! those dar% times> e1ery time matter /ets worse> their *maa! is e!er/ised. 01ery time matters /et worse> it boosts their *maa!. The rai!> their *maa! /ets stro!/er> the +old> their *maa! /ets stro!/er. The tribes betrayi!/ them i! the fi!al mome!ts a!d se+o!ds> their *maa! /ets stro!/er. The fi!al straw is te! thousa!d me! yards away from them> withi! yards away from them.

! N / " a / 7 8 ! - 2 1 ) 9 - d / D / S,6 3 3 1 3 3 H hY 2. 6 6 / ! -L 7 -L 7 ! ! ! ll :ad9 4 / F! 4 1 5 1


This is what we ha1e bee! waiti!/ for> this is it. *t is a dar% time> but that is what we ha1e bee! waiti!/ for. A belie1er> a 5aaiyah> the more he is i!fli+ted> the more he is

-a/e F 28:

o.timisti+ about the messa/e> as lo!/ as he is o! the ri/ht .ath a!d /uided .ath. 4i/hts do !ot last fore1er> !i/hts are o!ly hours lo!/ a!d the! the dayli/ht brea%s. *! Tirmidhi> Saad radhiallahu &a!huC

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(e as%ed the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> who is most tested= *f you were to as% me that before lear!i!/ the +o!+e.ts a!d .ri!+i.les of *slam> * am /oi!/ to tell you the si!!ers. The adulterers> the ra.ists> the for!i+ators> that is who is /oi!/ to /et tested. The -ro.het saidC

/ ; / c \ / < + + ...< / / 3 1 A/
The Messe!/ers a!d those who follow them.

'/ A ... " , ; < 1 " 1 1 h 1 # / 1 ; 9 1 5 3 & 2 Q / 1 ...( q &Q. 1 1 h 1 3 '%


A ma! is tested a++ordi!/ to his belief> a++ordi!/ to his 5ee!. *f his 5ee! is firm> that is it> he .ro1ed himself= 4o> if his 5ee! is firm> /i1e him more. (e .assed to the se+o!d le1el of (ea1e!> o%> we /ot to ta%e him to the third le1el of (ea1e!. (e .assed the third le1el of (ea1e!> we wa!t to ta%e him u. a le1el of (ea1e!. (e ta%es him to a hi/her le1el be+ause Allah lo1es you> (e wa!ts you to be as +lose to the &Arsh as o!e +a! be.

" 3 ... ! q N 1 " 1 1 h 1 ; # / 1 ... 1


*f his 5ee! is !ot that stro!/.

... 1 1 h 1 9 1 5 1 ' / &...


*f his 5ee! is !ot that stro!/> the! his .u!ishme!t sto.s ri/ht there. 7%> this /uy just /ets ri/ht i!side the door of (ea1e!> that is his .la+e> that is where he stays.

A/ Q ... X 3 9 1 1 / A 2 / & / # ; 1 \ / ' ' / A / q } 1* 1 / ] / 1


The tests +ome o!e after a!other u!til a ser1a!t lea1es this 0arth with !ot a si!/le si!. Allah wa!ts to .urify you> (e wa!ts to refi!e you. (e wa!ts you to meet him .ure so you +a! be +lose to the &Arsh. Refi!i!/ a!d bur!i!/ /old ma%es it .ure> it ta%es the .ure /old out> it .urifies o!e. But /old does !ot +ome out easy> the .ure /old> it

-a/e F 283

+omes o! o!e thousa!d de/rees <elsius or more> so it !eeds .urifi+atio!. Allah is refi!i!/ you> Allah is .urifyi!/ you. * was tal%i!/ to a 5aaiyah i! U;> just hours a/o> this mor!i!/. A!d * was e!+oura/i!/ him to /i1e 5awah> to tea+h .eo.le> to tea+h the youth be+ause the method of 4oor ad-5ee! Ei!%i a!d how he raised a /e!eratio! is the true method. A!d he told me e1ery time there is a !oti+e for me to /i1e a le+ture> the .oli+e i! U; +a!+el the e1e!t. * told him that is better tha! here> o1er here the Muslims do that. Muslim Masjids we ha1e here> !ot a si!/le Masjid allow us to tea+h the Usool AthThalaathah. We sear+h a!d we /ot to .ursue a!d fi!d .la+es to ru! +lasses> we do !ot a!!ou!+e it be+ause we are at +a.a+ity. We do !ot ha1e !o room> we ha1e to tell the sisters lea1e> a!d we ha1e how mu+h= * do !ot e1e! %!ow how ma!y Masjids we ha1e i! our 1i+i!ity o1er here> maybe fiftee! or more. 4ot a si!/le o!e i!1ited or allows me to /i1e o!e si!/le tal% there. Two wee%s a/o> there was a sudde! +ha!/e i! a Masjid> i! the offi+ials there a!d there was a bi/ e1e!t /oi!/. So the ma!> Ja?ah Allahu ;hayr> he said * am /oi!/ to i!1ite Shay%h Ahmad> he i!1ited me. * said o% but you ma%e sure it is o% with the .eo.le. As soo! as the .osters we!t u. with my !ame> oh wat+h out> the Ameri+a! /o1er!me!t is after this /uy> we do !ot wa!t him here. (ow did you /uys i!1ite this /uy= * say> if there is errors> if they are after a!y errors> let us debate. We are o.e! for debate> the debati!/ are!a is bi/. But after we debate> si!+e we are deali!/ with i/!ora!t heads arou!d us a!d moder!ists a!d de1ia!ts a!d all ty.es of .eo.le> after the debate> let us do Mubaahalah H AI as well a!d see who is wro!/. The +urse of Allah fall o! who is de1ia!t a!d who is wro!/ a!d who +hooses a differe!t ideolo/y. There is !ot a si!/le mista%e by the will of Allah that they +a! fi!d> Alhamdulillah. We are !ot i!fallible but Alhamdulillah> * do !ot bolster or bra/> but if it is time for debate> Biith!illahi Taaala> they will see who is a mo+%ery a!d who is !ot. 5eluded moder!ists> .eo.le who atta+% their brothers i! su..orti!/> a!d to .lease the ;uffaar. A!d other times> you loo% left a!d ri/ht at times> you do !ot fi!d a si!/le su..orter. A!d at times> you will hear lots of !oise but there is !obody there. What did we me!tio!= We ha1e te! +lasses here> ha1e you heard us me!tio! a!ythi!/ i! Usool Ath-Thalaathah that is out of the ordi!ary= Basi+ tea+hi!/s that their %ids a!d their elders should %!ow. A!d the situatio! of the Masaajid a+tually remi!ds me of> Muhammad * baal saidC

[ -. , 0 !- 9 <0& "!@ bQ& hA #2@5 !- 9 <# ;f #G b*


-a/e F 286

* am /oi!/ to re1ise it a!d sayC

b *B= = . #2@5!
01ery day you /o to the Masjid> oh we are +olle+ti!/ do!atio!s for a !ew Masjid. The bri+%s are /oi!/ u.> the Masaajid are /oi!/ u..

bQ& [ -. , 0!
Where is the 1oi+e of Bilal= Whe! a +alamity ha..e!s to them> they are ui+% a!d ea/er to +o!dem! it. Whe! a +alamity ha..e!s to a belie1er> Wallahi you loo% left a!d ri/ht> is there a!y hel.= 4o. Whe! a +alamity ha..e!s to them> e1erybody is for +o!dem!i!/ it. Whe! a belie1er is o..ressed i! a .riso! or there is a situatio! of the Ummah o!/oi!/> /i1e me o!e> we !eed o!e to s.ea% about it.

bQ& [ -. , 0!
The Ma!aarats are /oi!/ u. i! e1ery tow!> i! e1ery +ity> i! e1ery tow!shi..

b *B= = . #2@5!
The Masjid from the word of truth> is em.ty. A!d that is the sad situatio! of the Ummah. * thi!% it is time for Salah so we will ha1e Salah *!shaa Allah Taaala a!d we will ta%e uestio!s a!d a!swer them. * am !ot really do!e tal%i!/ about .atie!+e> we will fi!ish it *!shaa Allah !eDt +lass.

CLASS ELEBEN
This is our ele1e!th +lass o! Al-Usool Al-Thalaathah. This (ala ah is more li%e a +o!+lusio! for the (ala ah last wee% o! .atie!+e. This is the fourth a!d fi!al .ri!+i.le of the four i!trodu+tory .ri!+i.les. With this we will +o!+lude with the four i!trodu+tory .ri!+i.les. 4eDt wee% *!shaa Allah> it will be .roof o! these four .ri!+i.les. Before * be/i! tal%i!/ about the Sabr> it a+tually .ertai!s to Sabr> * wa!ted to share a story. This mor!i!/ * /ot uestio!s about a "i h issue> o! how to deal with someo!e who +ommitted sui+ide. <a! he be buried by Muslims= <a! o!e ma%e 5uaa for him= <a! o!e ma%e Salatul-Ja!aa?ah u.o! him= A!d that is !ot really the .oi!t> but si!+e * %!ow * am /oi!/ to /et as%ed about that issue> * will /et it out of the way. Sim.ly .ut> the a!swer is yes. Muslims should do Salah o! o!e who +ommitted sui+ide> he is still a Muslim. That is !ot a! a+t of ;ufr i! the +orre+t o.i!io! of the s+holars. They should ma%e Salah o! him> they should bury him> they should shroud
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him> they should bury him amo!/ the belie1ers> a!d they should ma%e 5uaa a!d *sti/hfaar for him. *t is a su.er major si!> !o doubt about that. But i! itself> by itself> it does !ot ma%e o!e a !o! belie1er or !e/ate his Shahaadah. 4ow if he does !ot ma%e Salah> that is a whole differe!t story. * ado.t the 1iew that o!e who does !ot ma%e Salah is a ;aafir. 01e! if he +laims he is la?y> he is a ;aafir> Salah is a differe!t story. But if he ma%es Salah a!d he +ommitted sui+ide> that is a si!> +ommitti!/ sui+ide is a si!. The JUlamaa said that the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam refused to ma%e Salah o! a! i!di1idual who +ommitted sui+ide duri!/ his time. But the reaso! they say he did !ot ma%e Salah was to deter others from doi!/ that a+t. So the Shuyoo%h> the .romi!e!t .eo.le> the leaders> they should a1oid ma%i!/ Salah o! o!e who +ommitted sui+ide so they +a! deter others. So others will ha1e two thou/hts> is this /uy /oi!/ to ma%e Salah o! me whe! * die if * +ommit sui+ide= *t will ma%e him thi!% twi+e. The details were asto!ishi!/ about this you!/ ma!. (e was twe!ty three years old from Ba!/ladesh> memorises the e!tire ,ura!> !e1er was %!ow! to aba!do! Salah> he was always +o!siste!t o! his Salah. They do !ot %!ow a!y time he e1er missed a si!/le Salat. The day he %illed himself> he .erformed Salatul-5huhr a!d Salatul-&Asr. (e was %!ow! to be .ious a!d !o o!e e1er ima/i!ed this to ha..e!. (e a+tually> from what * was told> had a lo!/ beard> his dis+ussio!s were all about *slam. A few hours after &Asr> the maid wal%s i! his room> fi!ds him ha!/i!/ from a ro.e. This is o!e story. A!other story from a sister. She teDt a!d +alled a!d +alled a!d +alled a..roDimately "our 7J+lo+%> se1eral wee%s a/o. A!d she said she is i! the bathroom tryi!/ to sli+e her wrists> she a+tually started. * said why= She said o1er some ar/ume!t> it is a bi/ ar/ume!t> but a! ar/ume!t with her husba!d. * said> is this ma! worth you /etti!/ a millise+o!d of the bla?i!/ (ell of Jaha!!am= Alhamdulillah she sto..ed it a!d she is doi!/ /ood> but ima/i!e if she we!t alo!/ with it. May Allah /ra!t her> her %ids a!d all of our sisters> +o!te!t a!d ha..i!ess i! this life. Whe! o!e is at ease> he !e/le+ts this to.i+ about Sabr. Ma!y ta%e the tea+hi!/s of Sabr i! su+h a su.erfi+ial way a!d that is why we ha1e these .roblems. Those are the o!es who do !ot ha1e the immu!e system of Sabr to fe!d off trials> de.ressio!> a!Dieties a!d +alamities. That is how o!e e!ds u. losi!/ his *maa! or life. 7!e firmly rooted i! this to.i+ may /et mad. 'ou are a huma! bei!/> you are /oi!/ to /et mad. 7!e may /et sui+idal thou/hts. 'our 4afs> your Shaytaa!> you /et sui+idal thou/hts. But a (adith> a! Ayah we me!tio!> a story about Sabr> o!e of the matters that we tal%ed about Sabr> should +ome i!to o!es mi!d a!d sudde!ly he s!a.s out of it. That is basi+ally the lesso! we /et from those> that you ta%e these to.i+s to heart.

ONE ON T2E A5I,E, (AT2 S2O5L, EF(ECT 2A$,S2I(S


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#et us +o!ti!ue with our +lass. We s.o%e about ma!y issues o! Sabr a!d we basi+ally said> whe!e1er o!e is o! the /uided .ath> he should eD.e+t hardshi.s. Ma!y ma!y ma!y years a/o> * read a stateme!t by *b! (a?m> where he said> whoe1er thi!%s he will !ot be harmed a!d he is o! the ri/ht .ath> he is +ra?y. *f you are o! the ri/ht .ath a!d you eD.e+t !ot to be harmed> you ha1e lost it> that is what *b! (a?m Rahimahullah said. There is !o *maam that be+omes a! *maam without bei!/ tested.

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We made amo!/st them *maams> whe!=

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Whe! they were .atie!t. This is a /ia!t reli/io!. This is a /ia!t reli/io! that !eeds /ia!ts to +arry it. Aia!ts be+ome /ia!ts after they .ass tests> that is how they be+ome /ia!ts. 01ery trial /oes away> +louds stream away> trials always /o away. *f they do !ot /o away> you are the o!e who is /oi!/ to lea1e them a!d wal% away a!d /o to the Ahafoor Ar-Raheem. 'ou are /oi!/ to /o the! to the Ahafoor Ar-Raheem a!d lea1e them. 01erythi!/ starts> li%e some of the JUlamaa said> small a!d /rows bi//er> eD+e.t trials. They be+ome bi/ a!d Subha! Allah as time /oes by> they shri!% a!d be+ome smaller. Trials s+ree! a!d ho!our belie1ers. *mam Ahmad i! his Euhd> Mus!ad Abu SaJeed. Abu SaJeed al-;hudri radhiallahu &a!hu wal%s to the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam o! his death bed. A!d he .uts his ha!d o! the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d says> oh -ro.het of Allah> * +a!!ot e1e! .la+e my ha!d o! you throu/h the +lothes be+ause of the fe1er you ha1e. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam saidC

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We> the assembly of the Messe!/ers> /et our tests multi.lied just as our reward is multi.lied.

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A Messe!/er used to /et tested with li+e. #i+e i!fe+t him a!d eat him u. a!d +hew him> u!til he dies.

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There were Messe!/ers who were tested with .o1erty that they /ro1eled i! a +loa% or a ma!tle. 7r i! a!other !arratio!> they +ould !ot lift a +loa% or a ma!tle. Mea!i!/> +loa% or a ma!tle that is wor! o! the u..er half of a body. A shirt> as li/ht as it is> it was so hea1y o! them that they +ould barely wal% i! it. *t was so hea1y that they +ould barely +arry it. They were so wea% a!d fra/ile a!d mal!ourished from .o1erty> that they +ould !ot e1e! bear that o! their ba+% or bear the wei/ht of +arryi!/ it. 5oes the (adith sto. there=

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Subha! Allah> they used to be ha..y with trials as o!e of you is ha..y i! his .ros.erity.

' A59 , * ... /2 F ", 3 @ / - / / 1 /


'ou thi!% you are /oi!/ to e!ter (ea1e!= 'ou thi!% you are /oi!/ to e!ter (ea1e! whe! Ammaar we!t to (ea1e!= * am /oi!/ to e!ter the same hea1e! Ammaar we!t to a!d he e!dured all that he e!dured= * am /oi!/ to e!ter the same (ea1e! Bilal e!tered a!d he e!dured all that he e!dured=

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'ou thi!% that you will e!ter -aradise without su+h trials that +ame to those before you= They were affli+ted withC

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Se1ere .o1erty> Basaa is se1ere .o1erty.

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*s ailme!ts.

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A!d they were sha%e!.

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To the .oi!t that the Messe!/er> the Messe!/er a!d those +lose %!it with him> the belie1ers say> whe! is the hel. of Allah /oi!/ to +ome= <ertai!ly> the hel. of Allah is !earC

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Ja!!ah is !ot a +laim> Ja!!ah is !ot dissarray a!d +haos> !or is it +hea. tal%. Ja!!ah +omes throu/h trials a!d tribulatio!s. Bi+tory +omes i! dar% .oi!ts a!d Ja!!ah +omes throu/h trials a!d tribulatio!s.

T$IALS A$E A (5$IFICATION F$O0 O5$ SINS


*maam Ahmed> a!-4asaaee> *b! (ibbaa!> al-(aa%im> al-Ba??aar> me!tio! the (adithC

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A Bedoui! wal%s i! o! the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> were you e1er affli+ted> were you e1er ta%e! by Umm Mildam= The ma! said> what is Umm Mildam= The .ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam saidC

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*t is a fe1er that +omes a!d .e!etrates betwee! the bo!e a!d the s%i!. *t is fe1er> Umm Mildam was a +ommo! term used for fe1er. This ma! was !e1er affli+ted by it to the .oi!t he !e1er e1e! %!ew what it was. #iste! to the !eDt uestio!> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam saidC

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(e said> did you e1er /et i!fli+ted with a heada+he= (e said> what is a heada+he= The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> it is a !er1e that +auses .ai! i!side the head. (e said !o * !e1er /ot that> he did !ot e1e! %!ow what it was.

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Whe! he wal%ed away> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> whoe1er wa!ts to see a ma! of the .eo.le of (ellfire> let him loo% at this ma!. That is !ot all the time but that is most of the time. A belie1er is li%e the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said i! a! authe!ti+ (adith> li%e a fresh bra!+h. 'ou %!ow how a fresh /ree! bra!+h> the wi!d .lays with it left a!d ri/ht. That is how trials .lay with a belie1er i! this life. Someo!e who is !ot tested /e!erally mea!s Allah wa!ts to lea1e them o! that status. Maybe i! (ellfire> 4aoothu Billah Mi! Thaali%. 7r maybe i! a low .oi!t of (ea1e!> !ot +lose to Allah i! Ja!!ah. U!li%e those affli+ted with trials. ;!owi!/ this /i1es you the *maa! to e!dure with .atie!+e if somethi!/> #aa Samah Allah> ha..e!s to you. *! Mus!ad Ahmad> a!d it is i! Sahih at-Ta/hreeb wat-TarheebC

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The -ro.het i! this (adith +om.ares fe1er to how a bla+%smith bellows a!d refi!es metal. (ow a bla+%smith> you %!ow how they use bellows to refi!e metal. "e1er is .urifi+atio! from o!es .ortio! of (ellfire> li%e metal is refi!ed a!d .urified by a bla+%smith. Whereas he bur!s the metal a!d the im.urities from the metal /o to a retour> the belie1er is tested with trials> tested with fe1er for eDam.le> i! this (adith it me!tio!s fe1er> a!d his si!s /o to that retour so he will !ot be uestio!ed or ta%e! by them o! the Jud/me!t 5ay. Al-"udhayl *b! &*yyaadh Rahimahullah saidC

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Al-"udhayl said if Allah lo1es someo!e> (e ma%es their .roblems> their /rief> their sorrow more. A!d if (e hates them> (e /i1es them a .ros.erous life. Abu (urayrah> (adith that the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam saidC

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: b -L N N b & 1 / / 3 1 , b ` / | 3 . 1 1& 1 1 / 1 3 ! / 3 h : 3 L 3 4 / * 1 1 1 / K /
*! Sahih al-Bu%hari. Whoe1er Allah wa!ts /ood for> he will be tou+hed. #oo% at the word> tou+hed. Tou+hed> be+ause !o matter what Allah affli+ts you with> e1e! if it is from the first day of your life to the last day you die> it is o!ly a tou+h be+ause whate1er Allah holds you for> (e holds you for a little bit of your si!s> to for/i1e all of them.

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*b! (ibbaa! a!d Abu 'alaa a!d others !arrated the (adith that the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> Allah wa!ts to ta%e someo!e to a le1el of Ja!!ah that his deeds sto. him short of> so (e affli+ts him u!til (e /ets him to that le1el. 'our deeds sto. your ele1ator i! Ja!!ah at le1el two> but Allah wa!ts you at le1el se1e!. Allah wa!ts the thro!e of (is> the &Arsh> to be the +eili!/ of your .ala+e. So !ow trials +ome i!to .lay> so Allah +a! boost you u. to le1el !umber se1e!. As lo!/ as you are with Allah> your heart is atta+hed to Allah> you ha1e a tha!%ful heart to Allah> your to!/ue .raises Allah> that does 5hi%r> that has .atie!+e> do !ot e1er be sad. May Allah allow us always to be tha!%ful> .raisi!/ a!d .atie!t. Trials are a reality of life> trials are a defi!ite reality of a 5aaiyah> of the life of a Muslim> that is why you /ot to ma%e .atie!+e .art of your life. -art of .atie!+e for a Muslim> for a 5aaiyah> for a Muslimah> is to sta!d your /rou!d. *f you are alo!e a!d if you ha1e su..orters> it does !ot really matter. But most of the time> as a 5aaiyah> you are /oi!/ to fi!d yourself alo!e or with a few. That is how it usually is> that is how the tre!d is. Al-"udhayl *b! &*yyaadh saidC

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"ollow the /uided .ath a!d do !ot be sadde!ed with a few followers. *f there is o!ly a few followers> do !ot be sad> follow that /uided .ath. Beware of the mis/uided .ath a!d do !ot be de+ei1ed by the doomed majority.

T2E I0(O$TANCE OF INTENTION


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Re!ew your oath> re!ew your oath e1ery day. Re!ew your 4iyyah e1ery day. 4ot e1ery day but ma!y times a day> !ot ma!y times a day but e1ery ste. of your way> e1ery a+t of your way. 01ery time you say a word> e1ery time you ty.e somethi!/> e1ery time you /o for a 5awah e1e!t> a!y time> re!ew your 4iyyah. That is how you /et your stre!/th for Sabr> whe! +alamity hits you later o!. *f hard times .ass you i! this life a!d .eo.le tur! away> do you thi!% a!yo!e is /oi!/ to hel. you before Allah=

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*f they do !ot hel. you i! this life> you thi!% they are /oi!/ to hel. you i! the life after= *f trials o1erwhelm you> you are !ot /oi!/ to fi!d !o o!e there but Allah a!d truly Allah is suffi+ie!t. That is all you really !eed. The uestio! is how to /et Allah o! your side. 'ou are /oi!/ to /et hurdles a!d bum.s i! your 5awah> the trials a!d tribulatio!s are li%e hurdles a!d bum.s> o!e after a!other i! your 5awah .ath. 'ou are !ot /oi!/ to fi!d !o o!e but Allah whe! you /et o! these hurdles. So if you wa!t (im to be there for you> ma%e sure that e1ery ste. of the way before you /ot to those hurdles> you were doi!/ that whi+h .leases Allah a!d !ot what .leases the masses. A!d !ot what .leases your frie!ds or what .leases .eo.le. 5oes this .lease Allah> does this ma%e Allah ha..y> is this i! a++orda!+e with the tea+hi!/s of *slam= We all ha1e situatio!s where we had frie!ds who betrayed us. *f * was to let you tal%> we would be here all day a!d e1eryo!e has a story of his ow!. * do !ot li%e to ma%e my .erso!al life a +e!tre sta/e or tal% about it i! le+tures or e1e! i! so+ial media> but sometimes there is esse!tial lesso!s that +ome out these stories a!d also sometimes there is aware!ess that +omes out of them to other Muslims. So * +a! say today from what * %!ow> there is !o o!e who follows my +lasses who was amo!/ my stude!ts before * we!t to .riso!. 4ot o!e that * %!ow of> u!less they are hidi!/ behi!d a!d liste!i!/> but someo!e who i!tera+ts a!d as% uestio!s or that * %!ow of that studies with me> !ot a si!/le o!e. Whe! * was ta%e! to .riso!> it was a..roDimately two !i/hts before the e!d of Ramadhaa!> it was two !i/hts before &0id al-"itr. The first !i/ht * s.e!t i! .riso!> * wo%e u. to &0id al-"itr i! .riso!. May Allah /i1e my mother the hi/hest "irdaws *!shaa Allah for what she e!dured of hardshi.. The !i/ht before * we!t to .riso!> my father a!d * were i!1ited to o!e of our stude!ts house for *ftaar a!d it was .a+%ed. Ahmad Jibril is /oi!/ to be there> Shay%h Musa is /oi!/ to be there> e1eryo!e was there> it was .a+%ed. We stayed late at the brothers house be+ause it was a lar/e /atheri!/> it was a 1ery lar/e /atheri!/ a!d * led the Taraweeh there. * was su..osed to do a ;hitm al-,ura! somewhere else be+ause it was Ju?? &Amma that * was /oi!/ to do a!d be+ause there was a lar/e /atheri!/ * did it there i! the house. We led the Salah there a!d we fi!ished Ju?? &Amma> we fi!ished the ;hitma. My father said to the .eo.le> if tomorrow is !ot &0id> be+ause tomorrow there is a .ossibility of bei!/ &0id> if tomorrow is !ot &0id e1eryo!e is

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i!1ited to our house. Be+ause we /o by si/hti!/> we do !ot %!ow> they still did !ot .i!.oi!t whether it was /oi!/ to be &0id or the fi!al day of Ramadhaa!. 01eryo!e was i!1ited to our house> may Allah reward my father> /ra!t him a lo!/ life full of deeds a!d may Allah /ra!t my mother "irdaws. We were eD.e+ti!/ at least a hu!dred a!d fifty to two fifty> a!d they +ome i!to our house. This was the tre!d> if you %!ow a!yo!e of those days they will tell you> they would +ome i! i! shifts a!d eat. May Allah raise my mothers ra!% to "irdaws. After Taraweeh> there were those who were ea/er to sit to my ri/ht a!d left> i! my surrou!di!/> * remember it as thou/h it was today. 4ote> this is my fi!al !i/ht i! freedom. 01e! before that> whe! * used to /o deli1er le+tures> it was +ommo! to /o i! a +ara1a!. We would /o i! se1eral +ars a!d * remember they would ar/ue who sits i! the +ar with me. A!d e1e! at times> brothers would +ome tell me they are ar/ui!/ who is /oi!/ to dri1e the +ar that you are /oi!/ i!. Wallahi> Wallahi> that ha..e!ed ma!y times. #et me say> whe! * wal%ed i! +ourt for my se!te!+i!/> the +ourtroom was .a+%ed. Shoulder to shoulder> but !ot a si!/le belie1er i! #aa ilaaha illallah MuhammadarRasoolullah> eD+e.t me a!d my father. All "B* .rose+utors> all /o1er!me!t a/e!ts> +ou!ter terrorism offi+ers> a/e!ts from e1ery a/e!+y. The lawyer said> these .eo.le truly hate you> * ha1e !e1er see! them do this to a!y o!e before. Be+ause whe! there is a! audie!+e i! there> that .uts a! im.a+t o! the jud/e> be+ause you %!ow> they do !ot %!ow how they jud/e> so that usually .uts a! im.a+t o! the jud/e to /i1e you a hi/her se!te!+e. The lawyer said> * ha1e !e1er see! them atte!d a se!te!+i!/ li%e this before e1er> they really hate you. But where is the followers they +laim you ha1e> where is all the followers they +laim that you ha1e. 7ur house ba+% i! the days a!d * say it Wallahi just out of a lesso!> !othi!/ else> was o.e! for stude!ts 93K$> the u..er le1el of our house. *! fa+t> * was loo%i!/ at our old +offee ma+hi!e ba+% i! the days> it was the old +ommer+ial o!es be+ause those little o!es did !ot befit our house be+ause there was always /uests. We had the bi/ o!es> * was loo%i!/ at it the other day> Wallahi it has AJs &*lm <afL o! it> that is what they used to +all our house. -eo.le i! a!d out +o!sta!tly> lear!i!/> tea+hi!/> 5awah. A!d may Allah raise my mothers ra!%> she stood alo!e i! this matter. -ro1idi!/ a!d /i1i!/ a!d loo%i!/ out a!d +oo%i!/ a!d bri!/i!/ the food a!d the +offee a!d all that. After le+tures or (ala aat> * remember there were days where they would follow me ba+% to the house to the .oi!t that> as if * am seei!/ it today> brothers would be sitti!/ by the doorway of the bathroom. Be .a+%ed to the .oi!t .eo.le are sitti!/ at the doorway of the bathroom. The jud/e ha!dli!/ my +ase is about fi1e foot> he is %!ow! to be 1ery short. The lesso! lear!ed is> if !ot a si!/le .erso! stood i! su..ort before a fi1e foot jud/e> do you thi!% a!yo!e will sta!d by your side whe! you are i! the +ourt of all +ourts= Before &Allaamul-Ahuyoob> the o!e whose ;ursi is bi//er tha! the (ea1e!s a!d the 0arth> if they +ould !ot sta!d before a jud/e who is fi1e foot tall= 01ery ste. of the way> re!ew your oath> that is the lesso! of it. 01ery ste. of the way> as% yourself> is
-a/e F 9@3

this .leasi!/ Allah= A!d if at times there is masses> whe! hardshi. stri%es they will dis.erse> a!d the! you will o!ly ha1e Allah. So as% yourself before that> are you .leasi!/ Allah= *f you .rote+ted Allah ba+% i! the days> (e is /oi!/ to .rote+t you. That is o!e of the best mea!s of .reser1i!/ .atie!+e i! hardshi.. 'aa Allah> * am doi!/ this for 'our Sa%e> always. That is the im.orta!+e of i!te!tio!.

STAN, 4O5$ A$O5N, EBEN IF 4O5 A$E ALONE


Sulaymaa! ad-5araa!i saidC

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*f e1eryo!e doubts the truth> * would !ot doubt it e1e! if * am sta!di!/ alo!e.

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*braheem is a !atio!. *braheem> o!e ma!> !atio!. *! Sahih al-Bu%hari> *braheem told his wife Sarah> there is !o belie1er o! the fa+e of this 0arth but me a!d you. We are the o!ly two belie1ers o! the fa+e of this 0arth. Al-#aala%aaee i! Sharh Usool &*ti aad Ahlus-Su!!ah wal-Jamaaah> he !arrated a stateme!t by *b! Masood radhiallahu &a!hu> where it has a +hai! a!d it is authe!ti+C

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The !atio! a!d +o!/re/atio! is what the truth is o! e1e! if you are sta!di!/ alo!e. The !atio! is what the truth is o!. 5o !ot e1er be de+ei1ed by !umbers. *f e1il is more> it does !ot ma%e it ri/ht. A!d if the truth is mi!ority> it does !ot ma%e it wro!/. *f e1il is more i! !umbers> it does !ot ma%e it ri/ht. A!d if the truth is a mi!ority> it does !ot ma%e it wro!/.

T2E 0AEO$IT4 A$E 5S5ALL4 BILLIFIE, IN T2E 95$7AN


The majority usually +omes i! the ,urJa! as 1ilified.

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*f you liste! to the majority of the .eo.le> they will lead you astray.

-a/e F 9@6

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The majority of the .eo.le> e1e! if you are ea/er to wa!t them to belie1e> they are !ot /oi!/ to be belie1ers.

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The majority of the .eo.le refuse> eD+e.t but> for ;ufr.

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We brou/ht you the truth but the majority of you hate the truth.

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That is i!deed a! Ayah> a mira+le> a si/!> but the majority are !ot belie1ers.

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Ma!y 1erses li%e that i! the ,urJa!> but the! loo%> the 1erses that .raise the mi!ority.

T2E 95$7AN ($AISES T2E 0INO$IT4


The 1erses i! the ,urJa!> o! the other side> .raise the mi!ority.

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They are 1ery few. (e said about 4ooh &alayhis salaamC

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7!ly a few were belie1ers with 4ooh &alayhis salaam. Allah tal%ed about 4ooh i! Surat (ud.

-a/e F 9@6

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The story about Taloot a!d Jaloot. Most tur!ed away eD.e+t a few.

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So the mi!ority are .raised by Allah whe! they are o! the ri/ht .ath> a!d that is usually the tre!d that the .eo.le of truth are a mi!ority.

624 ,OES ALLA2 TEST 5S 62EN 2E 2AS 1NO6LE,AE OF EBE$4T2INA.


#ast wee% we me!tio!edC

/ ; 3
We said that Allah tests so (e %!ows. A!d really * /ot maybe at least forty fi1e if !ot more uestio!s> o! this matter. 01e! thou/h e1ery time * me!tio!ed it> * said * am /oi!/ to eD.lai! it. *f you !oti+ed> * said * am /oi!/ to eD.lai! it be+ause * %!ow issues that stir uestio!s. So * said * am /oi!/ to me!tio! it. But that is /ood> * am 1ery> 1ery ha..y for the uestio!s. That shows the brothers a!d the sisters are 1ery e!/a/ed i! the +lass> Alhamdulillahi Rabbil-JAalamee!. The thi!/ about it is> does Allah !eed to test to %!ow= * thou/ht Allah %!ows e1erythi!/. Well why does (e test= Allah %!ows the .ast> .rese!t> future> so why does (e test= 4ot a mou!tai!> !ot a! o+ea! or ri1er eD+e.t that the Mi/hty 7!e> Allah> %!ows what is i! the midst> dee.est> dar%est .oi!t of it> !o doubt about it> !o uestio!s about it.

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(e hears a!d sees the footste.s of a bla+% a!t> i! a dar% !i/ht> o! a solid sto!e. A! a!t +a! +rawl o! o!e of you ri/ht !ow> you would !ot e1e! hear it a!d you will !ot e1e! feel it. Allah from o! to. of se1e! (ea1e!s> hears its footste.s.

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-a/e F 9@$

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With (im are the %eys of the Ahayb. 4o o!e %!ows the Ahayb but (im. (e %!ows whate1er is i! the la!d a!d (e %!ows whate1er is i! the seas. 4ot a leaf that falls but (e %!ows it. A leaf that falls but (e %!ows it. 4ot a ti!y /rai! i! the dar%!ess of this 0arth !or a!ythi!/ fresh or dry eD+e.t it is i! a +lear re+ord. *t is all do+ume!ted> Allah %!ows it all. * was tal%i!/ se1eral days a/o> to my belo1ed> you!/ stude!t from U;> se1e! year old Muhammad. A!d * told him> me a!d you> if we ha1e a small> baby tree i! our ba+%yard> +ould !ot %ee. u. with the lea1es that fall off of it i! the fall. We +a!!ot %ee. u. with how ma!y lea1es a!d where they we!t. (ow ma!y lea1es fell> where they fell> a!d where they will /o. We do !ot %!ow a!d it is a small little tree. *ma/i!e a forest full of trees. Just /o loo% at a forest full of trees or ta%e it u. a le1el a!d loo% at the /lobe a!d how mu+h trees it has> full of trees. A!d %!ow that Allah %!ows how ma!y lea1es are o! ea+h tree. Whe! ea+h leaf falls> whe! it is /oi!/ to fall before it falls> whe! it falls> how it falls> where it la!ds a!d where it /oes.

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5ee.er tha! that is that !ot e1e! a ti!y /rai!> a little> ti!y /rai! me a!d you barely see> i! the dee. dar%!ess of the 0arth or i! the dee. dar%!ess of the o+ea!s eD+e.t Allah %!ows it. The a!swer to the uestio! .rese!ted is sim.le. Allah said i! the ,urJa!> ma!y times> it is !ot o!e 1erse.

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So that Allah will %!ow those who are truthful a!d those who are liars.

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So that Allah will %!ow the truthful from the hy.o+rites.

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We are /oi!/ to test you so we %!ow> so Allah %!ows who the Mujaahidee! are.

-a/e F 9@)

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So Allah will %!ow who the belie1ers are.

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So Allah will %!ow who the Mu!aafi ee! are.

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Allah will test you so that (e will %!ow who will /i1e 1i+tory to (im. The sim.le a!swer to that is> Allah does !ot hold .eo.le a++ou!table by .u!ishi!/ or rewardi!/ based o! (is e!+om.assi!/ %!owled/e> but rather o! what we do of our a+tio!s. That is the sim.le a!swer. That is all you !eed to %!ow a!d that +lears e1erythi!/. "rom AllahJs mer+y> from AllahJs justi+e> from AllahJs +om.assio!> Allah %!ows e1erythi!/ li%e we me!tio!ed> but (e does !ot jud/e you by (is %!owled/e of you> but rather (e jud/es you by your a+tio!s. That is why. Allah %!ows who is ri/ht a!d who is wro!/> who is wi+%ed a!d who is ri/hteous> but trials +ome so your a+tio!s a!d my a+tio!s +a! .ro1e. The ri/hteous +a! .ro1e throu/h their a+tio!s that they are ri/hteous a!d the a+tio!s of the e1il +a! .ro1e that they are e1il.

EBE$4T2INA IS AOO, FO$ T2E BELIEBE$


We me!tio!ed 1erses> (adith> stories> uotes o! .atie!+e be+ause o1er time .atie!+e /ets sour. <alamities> .atie!+e> .atie!+e> .atie!+e. *t /ets sour a!d sour a!d sour> so you use these a!d what you lear! i! these ty.es of (ala aat as if you are .ouri!/ ho!ey o! that sour matter to attai! more i!s.iratio!. To sustai! your .atie!+e> %!ow that whate1er ha..e!s to you is /ood.

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*t is ama?i!/ the +ase of the belie1er> the matter of the belie1er is ama?i!/> the -ro.het sallalahu Jalayhi wa sallam says. 01erythi!/ is /ood for him a!d this is a +hara+teristi+ eD+lusi1ely for a belie1erC

3 1 2 / t ... 1 u 1 ) : 9 / 1 H / ! 1
-a/e F 9@8

The bi//est trial that * belie1e the -ro.het sallalahu Jalayhi wa sallam e!dured> was the trial of *f% HW;I. *f !ot the bi//est> o!e of the bi//est. The -ro.het was a++used i! his ho!our> Aishah. (e was a++used i! the lo1e of his life> Aishah. (e was a++used i! the Mother of all belie1ers> Aishah. The woma! who whe! he was as%ed> who is the o!e you lo1e the most> Aishah. -roud> i! fro!t of e1eryo!e. The defi!itio! of ho!our. Safwaa! was a++used i! his ho!our as well. Abu Ba%r is sla!dered. Aishah melts i! a/o!y a!d .ai!> se1erest mome!ts of her life. 7ur mother> our ho!our> our .ride> our di/!ity. *f you say ho!our> the! that mea!s Aishah. She melted i! hardshi. be+ause of what ha..e!ed. But after all that a!d what ha..e!ed> Allah saysC

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Those who brou/ht forth the sla!der a/ai!st Aishah radhiallahu &a!ha> do !ot thi!% that it is bad for you. That /rou. that brou/ht that sla!der> +o!sider that !ot a bad thi!/. *t is /ood for you> Allah said that was /ood for you. That trial that they may ha1e thou/ht was bad> Allah said was /ood for them. The blessi!/s of that trial eDte!d till today> fourtee! +e!turies later. We %!ow the reality of the ShiJah a!d their hatred to our Mother> the Mother of the belie1ers. She is +ourse !ot their mother> be+ause she is o!ly the Mother of the belie1ers. We %!ow i! reality also> those who +laim to be from Ahlus-Su!!ah who ha1e !o jealousy o1er their mother. 'ou tal% about someo!eJs mum a!d he would .robably !ot tal% to you for the rest of your life. They tal% about Aishah> oh that is my brother. Aishah is o% but his mum is !ot o%. Aishah is free /ame but his mum is !ot. This is a just a ti!y eDam.le of a situatio! that show you that it was !ot a bad situatio!. The /ood a!d blessi!/s that +ame out of it +o!ti!ue u!til today> fourtee! +e!turies later.

3 6 / & 0 ( ... H < 5 / F ... = / 03 6 -A q / * i %


The same with all your trials. Sometimes you %!ow it> sometimes you may !ot %!ow it.

BE (ATIENT ON 2A$S2 6O$,S


Be .atie!t. Be .atie!t o! harsh words you hear> o! a++usatio!s> stuff that may a!!oy you. Mo+%i!/ *slami+ ordai!s that you a+t u.o!> this ha..e!ed to the Salaf before you. *f you are mo+%ed about your 4i aab> if you are mo+%ed about your beard> about your Salaah i! .ubli+> your 5aJwah> your ideolo/y i! a++orda!+e to the .ro.er ,urJa! a!d Su!!ah a++ordi!/ to the Sahaabah a!d Salaf> %!ow that it ha..e!ed to those before you. *t ha..e!ed to those better tha! us.

-a/e F 92@

A ma! +ursed *braheem *b! Adham. (e said you are a do/. *braheem *b! Adham> +alm> +olle+ti1ely said> well if * e!ter (ea1e!> * /uess * will be better tha! a do/. *f * e!ter (ell> the! * am worse tha! a do/> a!d he wal%s away. A ma! o!+e told a wise s+holar> after +ursi!/ him a!d ra!ti!/ at him> * will de/rade you so mu+h a!d +urse you that it will follow you to your /ra1e. (e said> it will follow you to your /ra1e> !ot to me> a!d he wal%ed away. Al-Ah!af *b! ,ays> a ma! wal%ed after him +ursi!/ him a!d yelli!/ at him a!d he was %!ow! to be wise. Whe! al-Ah!af /ot to his .or+h> he loo%ed ba+% at the ma!> after all the +urses a!d ra!ti!/ that we!t o!. (e said oh you> if you /ot more i! you> bri!/ it or lea1e. * do !ot wa!t the bums of the !ei/hbourhood bums by my house to hear what you are sayi!/ a!d the! +ome a!d show you that whi+h you would disli%e. Mea!i!/ the bums of my !ei/hbourhood would !ot a/ree to that whi+h you are sayi!/. Uways al-,ar!ee> the %ids used to .elt him with sto!es. (e would sta!d by them a!d say if you so i!sist o! .elti!/ me> the! at least do !ot use bi/ sto!es> use small sto!es so it will !ot ma%e my feet bleed a!d de.ri1e me of doi!/ ,iyaam al-#ayl. A woma! told Maali% *b! 5i!aar> you are a dissembler> Muraaee H GI. (e said you +alled me a !ame the .eo.le of all Basra !e1er %!ew. They we!t throu/h this> they we!t throu/h a++usatio!s. Saalim *b! Abdullah *b! Umar> someo!e wal%ed to him a!d said you are a! e1il Shay%h. Saalim said you did !ot /o far my brother> you are .ossibly ri/ht> a!d he wal%ed away. A ma! wal%ed i! o! Abdullah *b! Abbaas radhiallahu &a!hu a!d he +ursed *b! Abbaas. The +ousi! of the -ro.het sallalahu Jalayhi wa sallam> the %!owled/eable> *maam> Shay%h> &Aalim. (e wal%ed i! o! *b! Abbaas radhiallahu &a!hu a!d he +ursed him. Whe! he was do!e> *b! Abbaas said to J*%rimah> his stude!t> he said as% this ma! if he !eeds a!ythi!/ so we +a! fulfil his !eed. The ma! lowered his head a!d wal%ed away i! shame. 01e! the -ro.het sallalahu Jalayhi wa sallam> those are *maams> they we!t throu/h that a!d * showed you how they rea+ted to it. *t did !ot e!ra/e them a!d sto. them a!d ma%e them doubt their way a!d their .ath. 01e! the -ro.het Muhammad sallalahu Jalayhi wa sallam was !ot eDem.t from this beha1iour. *! Sahih al-Bu%hari> Abdullah *b! Masood said the -ro.het sallalahu Jalayhi wa sallam di1ided some wealth. A ma! from the A!saar said> by Allah it is !ot a di1isio! by whi+h the "a+e of Allah was desired. A++usi!/ our belo1ed -ro.het Muhammad sallalahu Jalayhi wa sallam i! di1idi!/ wealth. That is a .retty bi/ thi!/. Abdullah *b! Masooud said> * will tell the -ro.het Muhammad sallalahu Jalayhi wa sallam what you said about him. *b! Masood said> * wal%ed to the -ro.het Muhammad sallalahu Jalayhi wa sallam while he was with his +om.a!io!s a!d * s.o%e to him i! +o!fide!+e> he told him. *b! Masood said> loo% at this> it +learly affe+ted him /reatly as his fa+e +ha!/ed +olours. *t affe+ted him> he is bei!/ a++used of !ot di1idi!/ wealth. The ma! who we!t three days without a!ythi!/ bei!/ +oo%ed i! his house !ow is a++used of !ot di1idi!/ the wealth .ro.erly. The! after his fa+e +ha!/ed +olours> *b! Masood re/retted that he had told him.

-a/e F 922

The! the -ro.het sallalahu Jalayhi wa sallam said> Musa was i!jured /reater tha! * was i!jured a!d he e!dured it. *f the -ro.het Muhammad sallalahu Jalayhi wa sallam /ot mad> you at times may /et mad at what is said about you but loo% at how he su..ressed it a!d said Musa was i!jured more tha! me. Musa /ot i!jured a!d a++used more tha! me a!d he e!dured it more. A!d that is how you loo% at it> loo% at it the same way. *b! (ajr +omme!ti!/ o! this story> said this is a lesso! that it is a justified a+t for .eo.le of merit to /et u.set. 'ou +a!!ot say why are you /etti!/ u.set whe! you heard this a!d that. 4o> you are justified. Whe! they are s.o%e! wro!/ly about> the! they are justified if they /et mad but a+t i! a++orda!+e to how the -ro.het sallalahu Jalayhi wa sallam a+ted. The .oi!t is the -ro.het sallalahu Jalayhi wa sallam /ot mad> his fa+e +ha!/ed +olours> but do !ot let it ta%e it out of your *slami+ +hara+ter. Resort to .atie!+e. Whe!e1er somethi!/ is said about you> the .oi!t if it> li%e the -ro.het sallalahu Jalayhi wa sallam said it was said about Musa> remember it was said about the -ro.het Muhammad sallalahu Jalayhi wa sallam worse.

3 1 W 7 b N E ... W 71 / AN 1 < 1 2 1 < / N 6 H 3 1 L P n? :fK;


Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> whate1er is said to you has bee! said to Messe!/ers before you. What was said to you Muhammad> was said to Messe!/ers before you> so do !ot /et mad. 4eDt ste.> ta%e it to a..ly it to you. What was said to you> what was said to me> belie1ers> what was said to us has bee! said to our belo1ed Muhammad sallalahu Jalayhi wa sallam so relaD. *f Allah> the <reator> the -ro1ider> the Sustai!er> (e .ro1ides them> (e sustai!s them> (e mai!tai!s them> (e ta%es their souls at !i/ht a!d retur!s it to them i! the mor!i!/ a!d they still s.ea% ill about Allah. 4arrated by Abu Musa al-AshJari that the -ro.het Muhammad sallalahu Jalayhi wa sallam saidC

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4o!e is more .atie!t tha! Allah a/ai!st the harmful a!d a!!oyi!/ words (e hears. 4o o!e is more .atie!t tha! Allah from the harmful> from the a!!oyi!/ words that Allah hears. "rom who= "rom .eo.le. They as+ribe +hildre! to (im> that is li%e a +urse to Allah> yet what= (e bestows u.o! them health a!d .ro1isio!. ;!owi!/ your Messe!/er was sla!dered more tha! you. ;!owi!/ Musa was sla!dered more tha! him. So were the Salaf> our .eo.le who we loo% u. to from JUlamaa a!d Sahaabah>
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were sla!dered. 01e! the <reator was !ot eDem.t from the sla!der. ;!owi!/ that a!d refreshi!/ that i! your memory is li%e 1itami!s to sustai! your .atie!+e. Tou/he! u. as a Muslim be+ause as they used to say> whe! the /oi!/ /ets tou/h> the tou/h /et /oi!/.

AL6A4S 2EA, TO $E(ENTANCE 62EN TESTE, AN, 2ABE 0E$C4


;ee. i! mi!d whe! you are tested with .eo.le harmi!/ you> you !eed to tur! to Allah i! re.e!ta!+e always. Always head to re.e!ta!+e. 01e! if you are a 5aaJiyah> e1e! if it is for a! *slami+ si/!ifi+a!+e that you are mo+%ed or you are hurt or you are tal%ed about. 01e! if it is be+ause you are steadfast o! the ri/ht .ath that they +all you a !ame or two> head to re.e!ta!+e. Ao to your house> /o i! your room> +lose your door a!d re.e!t. *b! Taymiyyah Rahimahullah had uotes throu/hout his "ataawa> basi+ally the mea!i!/ of them is whe! you are harmed> you are sla!dered by a!other> the! tur! to Allah i! re.e!ta!+e. They may be the most e1il ;aafir a!d you may be a ri/hteous Muslim> but their u..er ha!d o1er you> i! .ossibly .riso! a!d sla!der a!d media +am.ai/!s is be+ause of a si! you +ommitted a!d Allah for/a1e a lot. 4o matter what you fa+e> +o!ti!ue. *! additio! to that> +o!ti!ue to ha1e mer+y i! your heart> e1e! whe! you hear words from those who harmed you> ha1e mer+y i! your heart towards them. 01e! those who betrayed you or those who sla!dered you while you were i! your wea% .oi!ts> or those who you hel.ed a lot a!d sudde!ly they tur!ed o! you. That ha..e!s to e1eryo!e> really ma!y +ases. * hel.ed a!d did this a!d sudde!ly they tur!ed o! me> ha1e mer+y i! your heart to those .eo.le. 'our life is more tha! just about you. My life is !ot just about Ahmad. 'ou are here for a su.reme +ause. So e1e! if you are hurt i! the .ath of 5awah> if you are hurt i! the .ath of 5awah> if you are betrayed> %ee. that mer+y i! your heart. The ma/!a!imous> sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> a++e.ted the Shahaadah of the %illers who %illed his most belo1ed u!+le. (e let /o o! the doors of the ;abah> the torturers a!d %illers of his +om.a!io!s.

, - / 1 z 9 / 0 3 / 0/ / ! J / / 1 / + F H -A P E \ 1 1 9 / '/ I; 3
#et there be !o re.roa+h +ast u.o! you. Ao> you are free to /oC

I; P -A E \ ' /... /
By the mer+y of Allah> he dealt with them /e!tlyC

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*! Su!a! Abu 5awood> Tirmidhi a!d Ahmad. The -ro.het> sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> the mer+iful .eo.le will ha1e the mer+y of Allah bestowed u.o! them. Be mer+iful with those o! 0arth> so (e i! the (ea1e!s> will ha1e mer+y o! you. That is what the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam tau/ht us. *! a!other (adith> i! Sahih al-Bu%hari a!d MuslimC

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Whoe1er does !ot /i1e mer+y> will !ot /et mer+y. Whe! 'usuf was released from .riso!> loo% at this story. Amo!/st some of the beautiful details that * heard from some of my Shuyoo%h about the story of 'usuf. Whe! 'usuf was released from .riso!> he was stro!/. (e was reu!ited a!d had the .ower at that .oi!t to ta%e re1e!/e from his sibli!/s. What did he say=

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Allah has bee! /ood to me that (e too% me out of .riso!.

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(e should ha1e really said> Allah has bee! /ood to me that (e too% me out of the well. Why did he say .riso! a!d !ot well= (e did !ot wa!t to hurt the feeli!/s of his sibli!/s> the o!es who did all that whi+h they did to him. 4ow he is at a stro!/ .oi!t> he did !ot wa!t to me!tio! well> as to a1oid hurti!/ his sibli!/s feeli!/s so they will remember what they did to him. 4ow he is free> !ow he has the u..er ha!d> but he is the ma/!a!imous> the so! of the ma/!a!imous> the so! of the ma/!a!imous> the so! of the ma/!a!imous. #i%e the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said i! Sahih al-Bu%hariC

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Whe! the ;areem> whe! the ma/!a!imous has .ower> that is whe! he for/i1es. Whe! he is .ower> that is whe! he has mer+y. Ma!y testify a/ai!st you> ma!y may
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ha1e s.o%e! ill behi!d your ba+%> it ha..e!s a lot. 'ou hel.ed them so mu+h a!d sudde!ly they are s.ea%i!/ behi!d your ba+%. They .ost dero/atory +omme!ts o! the i!ter!et about you. The !o! belie1ers a/ai!st you> a!d the! you ha1e from the /rou. of this Ummah> .eo.le who are a/ai!st you. 4ow you are at a stro!/ .oi!t where you +a! retur! what they did with do+ume!ts a!d eD.ose them. Sabr tells you to restrai! yourself> ha1e mer+y> that is the way of a 5aaiyah. (ow did 'usuf be+ome so stro!/ to e!dure that a!d !ot e1e! wa!t to hurt their feeli!/s= 4ot e1e! ha1e a!y bitter or ill feeli!/s towards them a!d what they did to him a!d the hardshi. a!d a/o!y a!d sufferi!/ they .ut him a!d his father throu/h. The %ey is> atta+h your heart to Allah. ;!ow that this life> this 5awah> is !ot about you. *t is about *slam> Allah> the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. 'usuf was atta+hed to Allah> that he started his s.ee+h i! this tal% whe! he was fi!ally u!ited a!d he had the u..er ha!d> whe! he was fi!ally u!ited> he started the tal% with Allah a!d e!ded it with Allah. (e saidC

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Allah> Allah was /ood to me that he let me out of .riso!. (e started> a!d he e!ded it withC

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(e started with Allah a!d e!ded with Allah. That is why he +ould !ot ha1e a!y bitter or ill feeli!/s towards sibli!/s. As a 5aaiyah> be li%e *braheem. (e sa+rifi+ed himself to fire> he sa+rifi+ed his food for his /uests> a!d he submitted his so! to sa+rifi+e. 'ou /i1e> you /i1e> you /i1e> !e1er e1er eD.e+t or as% a!ythi!/. Be eDem.lary a!d refuse a!y reward. *f a!ythi!/> eD.e+t harm i! retur!. Ai1e> /i1e> /i1e> be .atie!t o1er trials a!d you will /et the ultimate reward from Allah subhaa!ahu wa taaala. What is it=

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Alory to those who are .atie!t.

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-a/e F 926

'ou be .atie!t> Salawaat of Allah o! you. Allah ma%es Salah o! you> raise your ra!%s. Rahmah> mer+y of Allah u.o! you. Muhtadoo!> that mea!s you are /uided. All for what= -atie!+e. Allah +lassifies you are /uided. (a1e .atie!+e.

(ATIENCE IN ,A76A2 IS S(ECIAL


"i!al .oi!t is most trials you +a!!ot a1oid> .atie!+e. Sometimes .atie!+e is almost for+ed o! you> you ha1e !o +hoi+e. 5eath> Muslim> ri/hteous> e1il> !o! belie1er> atheist> Jewish> <hristia!> e1eryo!e /oes throu/h that> they are tested with that. #oss of wealth> e1eryo!e /ets tested with it. Marital .roblems> e1eryo!e /oes throu/h that. All ha..e!s> there is !othi!/ s.e+ial about that. -atie!+e i! 5awah> that is s.e+ial. Bei!/ steadfast o! your 5ee! a!d bei!/ .atie!t o! that> that is s.e+ial. Why= Be+ause the other o!es you +a!!ot a1oid> this o!e you usually +a! a1oid it. *f you are tested> you ha1e the +ha!+e a!d o..ortu!ity to lea1e or e1e! a1oid it before it e1e! starts. 'ou +a! say * am do!e. My Salah is +ausi!/ me .roblems at wor%> * am do!e with my Salah at wor%> * will /o +ombi!e all fi1e Salah after *shaa whe! * /et home. My 5awah is +ausi!/ me to be u!der s+ruti!y or .ossibly e1e! worse> * am /oi!/ to sit ba+% with my wife a!d %ids. That is why this is the most !oble ty.e of .atie!+e> be+ause it is sufferi!/ i! the .ath of Allah. This is the most !oble ty.e of sufferi!/ be+ause it is sufferi!/ i! the .ath of Allah a!d you are .atie!t with it. 'ou are .atie!t by +hoi+e> !ot by for+e. *t is the s.e+ial o!es that Allah has a .la+e for i! "irdaws> that their deeds may !ot /et them there as we me!tio!ed> so these %i!d of trials are what Allah is usi!/ to raise your ra!% to be +lose to (im> to be !ear al-&Arsh. Whe! matters /et to where you thi!% they are !o lo!/er bearable> remember that first di. i!to Ja!!ah. Always remember that> %ee. it i! your mi!d. The most miserable ma! o! the fa+e of this 0arth> just ima/i!e the most miserable ma! o! the fa+e of the 0arth. Allah will ta%e him o! the Jud/me!t 5ay i! a di.> a little di.> !ot e1e! a se+o!d> !ot e1e! a millise+o!d> a little di.. A!d the! he will as% him> ha1e you see! a!ythi!/ before> he for/ets it. Just ima/i!e that s+e!e> that is 1itami! for your .atie!+e.

6ISE 6O$,S F$O0 S2A412 05SA 2AFI,2A25LLA2


*! +o!+lusio!> * will lea1e you with wise words from my father. Words really worthy of bei!/ i!s+ribed with /olde! i!% be+ause of their elo ue!t mea!i!/s> !ot o!ly be+ause of their elo ue!t mea!i!/s> but the timi!/ a!d .la+e he said them i!. At o!e .oi!t i! .riso!> let me /i1e you a ba+%/rou!d so you u!dersta!d where they too% .la+e. At o!e .oi!t i! .riso!> we were held i! solitary. They .ut se.arates o! me a!d my ow! father> mea!i!/ he is o!e wi!/ of the .riso! a!d * am i! o!e wi!/> we +a!!ot +ommu!i+ate or see ea+h other a!d s.ea% to o!e a!other. The +ells that we were i!> if you were to bri!/ a twi!> !ot a uee! or a %i!/ si?e bed> a twi! si?e
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mattress a!d try to .ut it i! the +ell> it will !ot fit. That mattress> that twi! si?e mattress> !ot the uee! or %i!/ si?e> that twi! si?e mattress is too bi/ to fit i! the +ell> that is how small it is. *t is a solitary that was built i! the twe!ties a!d it was !ot made for lo!/ term +o!fi!eme!t. The warde! .asses by e1ery wee% a!d sta!ds before your +ell. So o!e time he was i! fro!t of my +ell> * said why are we i! solitary= (e said> be+ause you are terrorists re+ruiti!/ a!d radi+alisi!/ i!mates. (e a++uses me of bei!/ a terrorist a!d re+ruiti!/ a!d radi+alisi!/ i!mates. * said> well what is your .roof= (e said the Muslim +ha.lai! wrote a lo!/ re.ort about you. The Muslim +ha.lai!> wrote a lo!/ re.ort o! you. There is !o .oi!t i! ar/ui!/ a!d * !e1er used to tal% to them> but this time was o!e of the 1ery few times * e1er tal%ed to them. The Muslim +ha.lai! is the o!e who wrote the re.ort> that is why our .roblem i! this Ummah is from the Mu!aafi ee!. A!d this +ha.lai! is well %!ow! i! the +ommu!ities> * .erso!ally !e1er %!ew him .rior to /oi!/ to .riso! but it tur!ed out mo!ths after /oi!/ i!to .riso! a!d before the solitary> he himself told me his eD-wife a!d his dau/hter who was a medi+al stude!t were amo!/ the .eo.le who were re/ular atte!dees to my +lasses before /oi!/ to .riso!. This was his words to me a!d the! * remembered who he was tal%i!/ about> they were those who !e1er left my +lasses. The +o!ditio!s of that solitary +o!fi!eme!t were so eDtreme that duri!/ the !i!e mo!ths stay we stayed i! that .arti+ular solitary> they too% ma!y i! body ba/s out of there. * told the warde!> if you alle/e * am what you say> what about my father= (e said the same> e1e! thou/h my father barely s.o%e to a!yo!e i! .riso!. * said well> we are o! se.arates> why +a! * !ot see him= (e said> be+ause you /uys radi+alise e1eryo!e> you are o! se.arates with e1eryo!e. * said well if you alle/e what you alle/e with me a!d my father> that is li%e a disease> if you .ut us to/ether it is !ot /oi!/ to be +o!ta/ious to a!yo!e else> a++ordi!/ to what you say. The idiot thou/ht a mome!t a!d the! he issues a! order after he we!t> that you +a! .ut the father a!d so! to/ether. A!d a+tually that was the best days of my .riso! stay> i! the +om.a!y of my father. *t was a..roDimately maybe three to four> the last three to four mo!ths of the !i!e mo!ths that we stayed i! that .arti+ular solitary .riso!. A!d the .oi!t is> * see! my father> a!d e1e! before this situatio! a!d u!til today> he ta%es matters with a smile. -atie!t> +o!te!t> * !e1er see him dis/ru!tled. Allahumma Baari% #ahu> may Allah subhaa!ahu wa taaala /ra!t him a lo!/er life full of deeds. * ha1e the u..er bu!% i! the +ell> that +ell that is smaller tha! your twi! si?e mattress> it has a! u..er a!d lower bu!%. * /ot the u..er bu!% a!d my father lower bu!%> a!d my father would .ray> ma%e his Salah. By the way> the si?e of it> the wal%i!/ area> is smaller tha! your .rayer +ar.et. Wal%i!/ s.a+e is smaller tha! your .rayer +ar.et si?e a!d the! there is a toilet behi!d you. #ayi!/ i! the u..er bu!%> * would wat+h my father i! Salah> i! re+iti!/ ,ura!> i! smili!/. (e used to lo1e to read out loud a!d all the i!mates would lo1e to liste! to him read Surat al-;ahf e1ery si!/le !i/ht. Smili!/ a!d ad1isi!/ other i!mates who shout to see% ad1i+e from him. A!d at times he would sta!d at the bars a!d almost li%e /i1e a ;hutbah a!d all the i!mates> Muslims a!d

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!o! Muslim> be+ause there is bars a!d they +a! hear you if your 1oi+e is loud> he would /i1e a ;hutbah a!d ad1ise them> to both the Muslims a!d !o! Muslims. A!d i! that solitary> ma!y embra+ed *slam> Alhamdulillahi Rabbil-&Aalamee!. Whe! my *maa! would /et wea%> li%e *b! al-,ayyim said> he said it about his tea+her *b! Taymiyyah. (e said whe! we feel dow!> we would /o to our Shay%h *b! Taymiyyah. They feel dow!> they /o to Shay%h *b! Taymiyyah. (e said withi! mome!ts> his words would rei/!ite our *maa! a!d that is what * see! of my father. A smile that !e1er lea1es his blessed fa+e> may Allah /ra!t him a lo!/ life full of deeds. 0D+e.t i! the dar% !i/hts> whe! he would +ry a!d wee. for the mer+y a!d for/i1e!ess of Allah i! Sujood> i! Salah. "ree?i!/ i! that .riso!> was below ?ero> be+ause the free?i!/ weather that was i! Mi+hi/a!> it /ets below ?ero. A!d they would ta%e the bla!%ets from us> ima/i!e> i! a weather that is below ?ero> i! a buildi!/ that has !o fu!+tio!i!/ heat. *t is a! asbestos ma!ifest buildi!/ with !o fu!+tio!i!/ heat. Sometimes days would .ass by where they would .ur.osely !ot /i1e us food> days * say> water would be all that we +o!sume. Ruthless> rele!tless a!imals who retur! from *ra > they wa!t to eDert their re1e!/e o! hel.less .riso!ers. A+tually> * should !ot say a!imals be+ause that is disres.e+ti!/ a!imals. To be just> there was some> a few> who disa..ro1ed of this. * remember o!e MeDi+a! /uard who just retur!ed from *ra a!d he /ot his +iti?e!shi. as a MeDi+a! !atio!al i! the US> he /ot it for fi/hti!/. There is a stature or a law where those who fi/ht for a !umber of years with the Ameri+a! army> +a! /et their +iti?e!shi.. (e used to sta!d i! fro!t of the bars i! fro!t of our +ells a!d loo% at my father a!d literally +ry a!d say> * do !ot %!ow how they +ould do this to you. Those are eD+e.tio!s> the rules are !ot based o! eD+e.tio!s. Se1eral days before they se.arated me a!d my father to differe!t .riso!s> * was layi!/ i! the u..er bu!% loo%i!/ at the /lowi!/ smile of my father a!d radia!t fa+e as he wal%ed i! .la+e> that is the eDer+ise> he wal%ed i! .la+e a!d he was readi!/ ,ura!. * said> 'aa Abati> did you e1er /et doubts i! your *maa! or your *maa! be+ome wea%> e1er> i! this trial that we are /oi!/ throu/h= The torture i! .riso!> the family aba!do!ed by the world> the ill!ess that he is /oi!/ throu/h> the ill!ess of my mother> may Allah raise her ra!% to "irdaws. #oss of .ro.erty> loss of !early e1erythi!/> e1ery last .erso! you %!ow is !owhere to be fou!d a!d more a!d more a!d more that you +a! /o o!> there +omes a .oi!t where e1e! the Messe!/ers sayC

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Ai1e u. ho.e.

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The 1erse we just me!tio!ed. The Messe!/ers a!d the ti/ht %!it whi+h are the +lose belie1ers with the Messe!/er> /et affli+ted with se1ere .o1erty a!d ailme!ts a!d are sha%e! to the .oi!t the Messe!/er a!d those !eDt to him say> whe! is the 1i+tory of Allah /oi!/ to +ome= Whe! the Messe!/ers /a1e u. ho.e.

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So Messe!/ers /o throu/h this. *b! al-,ayyim Rahimahullah said whe! our *maa! used to wea%e!> we /o to our Shay%h *b! Taymiyyah. * ha1e you that i!trodu+tio! so you %!ow what +ir+umsta!+es these words were said i! a!d you u!dersta!d them> be+ause o!e layi!/ o! a thousa!d dollar mattress or fi1e hu!dred dollar mattress or a waterbed with his wife !eDt to his side> is !ot li%e o!e slee.i!/ o! a bu!% bed i! a below ?ero weather> !ear below ?ero weather at times> with !o heat a!d !o bla!%et u!der him or o! to. of him. 7r sometimes it would be the o..osite> i! summer it would be eDtremely hot a!d !o fa! or !or air +o!ditio!i!/ a!d it is a! eDtremely +losed buildi!/ where you barely +a! /et a!y air. The fa+e of my father lit u. to my uestio! with a serious loo% a!d he loo%ed me i! the eyes a!d he said> amo!/ the most i!s.iratio!al thi!/s * heard i! my lifetime from someo!e li1i!/. (e said (abeebi> if this did !ot ha..e! to us> that is whe! * would ha1e doubts. *f this did !ot ha..e! to us> that is whe! * would doubt the .ath.

CONCL5SION ON SAB$
As a Muslim> as a 5aaiyah> as a Muslim steadfast o! the .ath> the bi!o+ulars you loo% at life throu/h is !ot li%e others loo% at it. They loo% at life as if they are /oi!/ to /raduate eleme!tary> ju!ior hi/h> hi/h s+hool> fi!ish their /rade s+hool. The! they loo% at life as /oi!/ to u!der/rad> /etti!/ a masters> maybe a -(5> i! the future /etti!/ married or duri!/ that> .ossibly ha1i!/ %ids> raisi!/ %ids> a!d wor%i!/. A!d the! after all that> retiri!/> sitti!/ o! a ro+%i!/ +hair i! some bea+h fro!t> se+luded resort with the old wife by his side> loo%i!/ at their /ra!d%ids> awaiti!/ death. As a Muslim> you li1e for a +ause a!d materialisti+ thi!/s are !ot your +ause.

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My life is for the sa%e of Allah. 'ou stri1e for that +ause a!d you e!dure the hardshi.s that +ome alo!/ with it. 'ou do !ot as% for them but you eD.e+t them a!d you ha!dle them. A ma! of .ri!+i.les a!d 5ee!> let alo!e o!e who +o!1eys it> is always /oi!/ to fa+e stru//les. The sad thi!/ is you read boo%s a!d you read bio/ra.hies of mobsters> %illers a!d maybe <ommu!ists a!d .eo.le who follow the weirdest %i!d of ideolo/ies. "or eDam.le> Joh! Auardy> a mobster. Whe! you read about their life> they ha1e more .atie!+e for the filth that they belie1e i!> more tha!

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the .eo.le of #aa ilaaha illallah do a!d the .atie!+e that they e!dure for #aa ilaaha illallah. 'ou are ama?ed at that. My father was telli!/ me he heard a! i!ter1iew by the famous re+iter Abu Ba%r ashShaatri. A!d they as%ed Abu Ba%r ash-Shaatri> the famous re+iter> you all %!ow him> why does your to!e whe! you re+ite ,ura! ha1e some sad!ess to it= (e said whe! * be/a! to memorise the ,ura!> * was hit with a +alamity> a!d the! the +alamities used to fall o!e after the other> from the! till today they fall o!e after a!other u.o! me. So that is the life of the belie1er> you ha1e to e!dure it with .atie!+e a!d stay steadfast a!d firm. (a1e these %i!d of matters i! your head a!d o! your belief a!d i! your heart> that way whe! a trial +omes> you are stro!/ e!ou/h to +arry it o!. A+tually o!e of the .oi!ts * wa!ted to /i1e is> ma!y .eo.le who fail the test> ma!y .eo.le who we hear of a!d * +ould .ossibly !ame some !ames. * was /oi!/ to !ame some> be+ause they are o.e! about it. They are o.e! about that they left the .ath that they were o! before> due to a small trial> !ot e1e! a trial. They see! the world is +ha!/i!/> how the world .er+ei1es thi!/s +ha!/ed> so they +ha!/ed i! a++orda!+e. (ow does o!e li%e that eD.e+t to be .atie!t duri!/ trials> if trials hit him> whe! he himself is doi!/ it for the +ause of others= 5o you eD.e+t Allah to be by your side= With this we will +o!+lude be+ause there is !o more time. *!shaa Allah !eDt wee%> we are /oi!/ to start with the Tafseer of Surat al-&Asr be+ause that Tafseer is the .roof for these .ri!+i.les. After we are do!e with Tafseer of Surat al-&Asr> the! we are do!e with the four i!trodu+tory .ri!+i.les> Alhamdulillahi Rabbil-&Aalamee!.

CLASS T6ELBE
We are tal%i!/ about the four fu!dame!tals .ri!+i.les where he starts off withC

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3 5 < / 1 32! - 1 9 8 1 6 1 7 / 6 F 9 3 3 / N 1 7 1 / 1 &- 3 1 l 6 J 1 " 1 3 H 5 3 1 U 6 / ! / * w D / : : 5 1 / " 1 K ! 1 = 1 / & 1 K = Z 3 - 1 / . F! B / . F! [ - K ? 6 3 & 1 1 / AK d 3 b N b 1 1 ; 1 X / , F 3 9 / : - - P 3 0 ` . 4 @ H 1 / * 1 D 1 1 E 3 9 / 'J P ( / T 3 -5


We are o! the four fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les of this boo%let. We me!tio!ed i! .re1ious +lasses that e1e! thou/h the +ore .art of this boo% is Tawheed> the to.i+> the subje+t matter of this boo% is Tawheed. *f you were /oi!/ to .ut it i! a se+tio! i! your library> you ha1e differe!t se+tio!s> "i h> Usool> Tawheed> Seerah> you .ut it i! the Tawheed se+tio!> but *slami+ %!owled/es are i!tertwi!ed. *! the .ast ele1e! +lasses> we too% matters of Usool> we too% matters of (adith. 4ow this +lass is /oi!/ to seem more li%e a Tafseer +lass. *! the future> the +lass will /et dee.er i!to Tawheed where we are /oi!/ to tal% about the +ore li%e Walaa a!d Baraa as he made stateme!ts about that. So basi+ally> the %!owled/es> the s+ie!+es of *slam are i!tertwi!ed.

AN INT$O,5CTION TO S5$AT AL#>AS$


Today> we are /oi!/ o1er Surat al-JAsr. We are /oi!/ o1er it !ot i! su+h de.th a!d why so= Be+ause the .ast ele1e! +lasses were !othi!/ but Tafseer of Surat al-JAsr. The four i!trodu+tory fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les we ha1e bee! tal%i!/ about all this time were dire+tly ta%e! from Surat al-JAsr. They are dire+tly ta%e! out of Surat al-JAsr. So let us tal% about this /reat Surah a!d let us start with a! i!trodu+tio!. A!d really as a! i!trodu+tio! to the Surah> you do !ot !eed to %!ow more tha! a (adith whereC

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This (adith is i! at-Tabaraa!i a!d its +hai! of authe!ti+ity is authe!ti+. Whe! the Sahaabah used to meet> whe! they used to see ea+h other> they would o!ly de.art after o!e of them would re+ite Surat al-JAsr a!d the! they would bid ea+h other .ea+e a!d lea1e. This shows you the subje+t matter of their dis+ussio!s. We !eed to be +areful i! what we dis+uss. Their dis+ussio!s> loo% at that> a!d +om.are our
-a/e F 992

dis+ussio!s to theirs. Their dreams> their ho.es> their thou/hts> if you loo% at it a!d a!alyse i! the (adith> it was all *slam. ;!owled/e is !ot a! a++umulatio! of teDt but a..li+atio! of the teDt you lear!. 'ou see the affe+t of their %!owled/e i! their setti!/s. They are !ot double fa+ed> o!e fa+e i! the Masjid a!d a totally differe!t .erso! i! their .ri1ate setti!/s or behi!d walls or +losed doors a!d i! their homes. *f you were to do a sur1ey today o! the Talabat al-J*lm a!d o! busi!essme!> e!/i!eers> a!d .rofessio!als> blue +ollar> white +ollar> layma!> %!owled/eable> a!d as% what to.i+s domi!ate their .ri1ate setti!/s. -oliti+s> .lai! old .oliti+ tal%s> busi!ess> sto+%s> s.orts> that is if it does !ot /o i!to matters that are further a!d +lear i! their .rohibitio! a!d they are (araam. Why did the Sahaabah read Surat al-JAsr= Why i! their .ri1ate setti!/s were they re+iti!/ Surat al-JAsr whe! they were tau/ht .le!ty of Ayaat a!d .le!ty of Ahaadith= * always thi!% of this situatio!> whe! * tal% about it or read it. 7ut of a hu!dred a!d fourtee! Surahs i! the ,ura!> why did the Sahaabah +hoose Surat al-JAsr= * say to myself> if it was for the blessi!/s> the "aatihah would be more of a better of a +hoi+e be+ause it is the mother of the ,urJa!> or rather /o to al-*%hlaas whi+h is o!e third of the ,ura!. But why did they +hoose al-JAsr= Three 1erses> fourtee! words a!d se1e!ty letters. -ossibly o!e of the shortest Surahs i! the ,ura!. A+tually the shortest four Surahs i! the ,urJa! are al-*%hlaas> al-;awthar> a!-4asr a!d al-JAsr. *! fa+t> the shortest Surah i! the ,urJa! is al-;awthar> the o!e ri/ht after that i! bei!/ short> is this Surah we ha1e today> Surat al-JAsr. The Surah /i1es you the four fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les of your belief. 'our sal1atio! is i! this Surah. The way to su++ess i! this life a!d su++ess i! the (ereafter is i! this Surah. They +hose this o1er other Surahs be+ause it /i1es the .ath you are o!> the true mea!i!/ of frie!dshi. a!d how your relatio!shi. with others is.

? :K 6 ... 3 & 1 / . F 1 / AK
Allah /i1es a! oath by al-JAsr> by time. Allah /i1es a! oath by that whi+h (e wills> o! whate1er (e wills. This /i1es ho!our a!d hi/h re/ard to what Allah /i1es a! oath by> a!d o! the subje+t matter that the oath is /i1e! to. *t /i1es ho!our> it /i1es im.orta!+e to that whi+h Allah /a1e a! oath by a!d that whi+h Allah /a1e a! oath o!. We all %!ow AllahJs words are all held i! hi/h re/ard> all of it. So ima/i!e how hi/h of a re/ard they must be whe! (e /i1es a! oath by them. That is why whe! a Bedoui!> a!d the Bedoui!s> a lot of them %!ew the Arabi+ la!/ua/e> he heard the oath of AllahC

/ ! / + 6 1 6 3 a / 03 , < B = 3 1 ] 5 / \ ; 1 1F l? :[D" -E
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By the #ord of the (ea1e! a!d the 0arth> it is the truth just as it is the truth that you +a! s.ea%. The Bedoui! be/a! to sha%e. (e said> who /ot Allah so mad that (e !eeded to /i1e su+h a! oath= (e too% it to heart that Allah /a1e a! oath.

62AT ,OES AL#CAS$ 0EAN.


*t mea!s time. There are ma!y o.i!io!s but * thi!% from my .ers.e+ti1e or from my eD.erie!+e i! tea+hi!/> it is best to summarise them i! four o.i!io!s a!d they are all +orre+t. We will boil them dow! to four o.i!io!s a!d as you %!ow> the ,ura!i+ wordi!/ is broad at times a!d that is why you ha1e ma!y o.i!io!s o! +ertai! words or 1erses.

T2E FI$ST O(INION8 ALL OF TI0E


The first mea!i!/ of al-JAsr is ad-5ahar wa?-Eamaa! H " / 32I. The 3 ! d e.i+> the era> time. That is what is mea!t by it. What era= Two o.i!io!s. "rom the time of the +reatio! u!til the Jud/me!t 5ay or a!other /rou. said from the time you were bor! u!til the time you die. That is to show o!e is li%e a s.i!!i!/ wheel. 01ery time time .asses by> e1ery mome!t> e1ery se+o!d that .asses by> a .ortio! of you is lost. 'ou are made of time. *ma/i!e yourself as if you were made of time> of se+o!ds. 01ery time a se+o!d .asses by> a sli+e of you is +ut off> a sli+e of you is buried. *b! Abbaas said &Asr mea!s 5ahar H hI> the to%e! of time> a! era> a/e> the time .eriod. Wa i! wal-&Asr H / ! / I> the Waaw here is (arf ,asam H 1 K fi!al mome!ts. The time from whe! o!e is bor! u!til he dies. Why is al-JAsr so im.orta!t= Why= (e /a1e a! oath by somethi!/> mea!s it is im.orta!t. Be+ause the tests of ma!%i!d that will determi!e your ultimate> fi!al desti!y o++ur duri!/ al-JAsr> duri!/ time. They all o++ur duri!/ time. A!d also be+ause the mira+les of Allah o++ur i! al-JAsr. Amo!/ the mira+les of Allah are those that o++ur duri!/ al-JAsr. Who is the o!e who ma%es !i/ht as a +o1eri!/ for you a!d slee. as a re.ose for you= (e ma%es the day 4ushoor H -XI> /etti!/ u.> e!er/eti+ to /o for your daily wor% a!d tas%s. (e made slee. as a si/! for you> as a mira+le for you. (e made !i/ht as a si/! a!d a mira+le. (e +reated the !i/ht> (e +reated the day> the su!> the moo!> all of them i! a! orbit flowi!/. All of that o++urs> a .ortio! of Allahs mira+les a!d si/!s o++ur i! al-JAsr. Whe! do those si/!s o++ur= *! al-JAsr. So it is be+ause your determi!ed fa+tor of your ultimate> your fi!al future> it ha..e!s i! al-&Asr a!d ma!y of Allahs mira+les a!d si/!s o++ur duri!/ al-&Asr. Time is so esse!tial that it +ould be the fi!al se+o!ds of o!es life that tur! out to be the determi!i!/ fa+tor i! o!es ultimate desti!y. (e says Shahaadah that will ta%e him from bei!/ .erma!e!tly doomed to those who were swayed from (ellfire> o!to a (ea1e! bi//er tha! the s%y a!d the 0arth. *f a few mi!utes or a few se+o!ds +a!

C9

5NI. That letter is a letter of a! oath. The time from the start of the 0arth u!til the

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ta%e o!e from the status of bei!/ doomed to a hi/h status of bei!/ i! a /arde! of (ea1e! bi//er tha! the s%y a!d the 0arth> the! ima/i!e the 1alue of time duri!/ your e!tire lifetime. 'ou see how im.orta!t time is= 'ou see how im.orta!t al-JAsr is= That is why Allah /i1es a! oath by it. That is the first o.i!io!.

T2E SECON, O(INION8 T2E E$A OF T2E ($O(2ET 052A00A,


The se+o!d o.i!io! is that al-&Asr mea!s the time> the era of the life of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. That is the ideal era> it is the most im.orta!t era. *t is the era where we +o!sider it the Aolde! 0ra be+ause we refer to it i! e1erythi!/. 7ur Ummah will !e1er a+hie1e su++ess !or ho!our e1er> u!til they refer ba+% to that Aolde! 0ra i! e1erythi!/> al-&Asr ath-Thahabi H AD KI. "or .oliti+al matters> we refer to that era. *f it is worshi.> we refer to that era. *f it is to attai! a!y ty.e of /uida!+e> it is i! that era. A eedah> ma!!ers> it is the era we loo% u. to> the Aolde! 0ra> the best era. That is the se+o!d o.i!io!.

T2E T2I$, O(INION8 T2E EN, OF T2E ,A4


The third o.i!io! is that &Asr mea!s the time at the e!d of the day. ,utaadah said i! o!e of his o.i!io!s> i! o!e of ,utaadahJs o.i!io! be+ause he had ma!y o.i!io!s o! this issue> i! o!e of his o.i!io!s he said that it is the last mome!ts of day li/ht. Mea!i!/ ri/ht before su! /oes dow!> whe! .eo.le +all it a day> that is usually the time that .eo.le +all it a day. They retur! from wor%> they /et ba+% home from busi!ess> they retur! ba+% home from s+hool> from farmi!/> they +lose sho.. The! they be/i! to .o!der a!d +o!tem.late a!d +al+ulate the /ai!s a!d losses for that day> the a+hie1eme!ts or failures for that day> they be/a! to thi!% about it. Allah wa!ts you to draw atte!tio! to the e!d of the day whe! you usually retur! from materialisti+ life a!d you are usually worldly mi!ded at that time. (e wa!ts you also to be Aa%hirah mi!ded a!d thi!% about what you a+hie1ed or lost i! matters .ertai!i!/ to the Aa%hirah. Aa%hirah is a busi!ess tra!sa+tio!> it is a trade> Allah +alled it a trade. Just as you +he+% your .rofits a!d loss> your a+hie1eme!ts a!d losses at the e!d of the day> your a+hie1eme!ts a!d failures> you do the same for al-Aa%hirah.

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Those who .erform Salah a!d s.e!d i! +harity out of that whi+h Allah .ro1ided them> se+retly a!d o.e!ly> they ho.e for a sure trade /ai!> trade /ai! that will !e1er .erish. Tijaarah H `@FI> busi!ess tra!sa+tio! that will !e1er .erish. Allah +alled the matter of the life after> a trade> a busi!ess> a busi!ess that will !e1er .erish
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u!li%e the busi!esses of this life. At a time whe! you are worldly mi!ded> at the e!d of the day> by al-&Asr> be Aa%hirah mi!ded as well. Allah wa!ts you to ta%e ad1a!ta/e of your time. 7!e of my Shuyoo%h told me that his Shuyoo%h told him or he heard it or read it> * do !ot remember what it was but it stu+% i! his mi!d a!d whe! he said it> it stu+% i! my mi!d. (e said the s+holars %!ew the true 1alue of al-&Asr> time or era> a!d what it mea!t> by loo%i!/ at a wa/o! or +art sellers who sell i+e. The last time * made (ajj was i! the mid !i!eties a!d you would see ba+% the! ma!y .eo.le duri!/ (ajj i! Mi!a a!d JArafaat a!d Mu?dalifah> they would +arry> they would .ush a +art wa/o! i! the 1ery hot su!> selli!/ i+e. They would be bi/ i+e blo+%s a!d if you do !ot ta%e ad1a!ta/e of e1ery se+o!d a!d sell the i+e> what ha..e!s to it= *t melts. *f they sla+% off> if they .ar% that wa/o! a!d +art a!d /o relaD i! the te!t i! Mi!a with o!e of their frie!ds a!d /o idle> the i+e melts. Their +a.ital i!1estme!t a!d their .rofits are all /o!e. 7!+e the i+e melts a!d tur!s i!to useless dro.s o! the /rou!d> all o!e +a! do at that .oi!t is +la. his ha!ds i! sorrow a!d /rief a!d re/ret. There is !o .oi!t i! doi!/ a!ythi!/ be+ause he has lost it all. The i+e is your time> that is your &Asr. *f you do !ot use it wisely> before you %!ow it> it will be useless dro.s i! the alleys a!d .athways. The ,ura! is so ama?i!/ whe! you loo% at it. Whe! Allah /i1es a! oath by time> if you loo% at it> whe! (e /i1es a! oath by time> by the early time of the day> whe! there is a+ti1ity> whe! there is day li/htC

U :=p P ! p 8 =
*! the early day whe! you are headi!/ to wor%> whe! you are headi!/ to s+hool> whe! you are headi!/ to busi!ess> whe! your deeds start> whe! your a+ti1ities start> it is the 5huhaa> it is the early .art of the day. *! that Surah Allah says> a .romiseC

1< =p l P ! L p 1 / 3 ! U 8 @ 8 =
The 1erses /o o! to sayC

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(e /a1e a! oath by dayli/ht. Soo! after that> (e said * /i1e you> .romise> there is a .romise i! there. That is i! the early daytime whe! (e /i1es a! oath by the early day. But the! if you loo% at al-&Asr> a++ordi!/ to this o.i!io!> al-&Asr is the e!d of the day> ri/ht at su!dow! whe! e1eryo!e retur!s from wor%> whe! the day is o1er be+ause the !eDt day starts at Ma/hrib. The !i/ht at Ma/hrib is the be/i!!i!/ of the !eDt day.

K l 6 J 1 " 5 3 1 U 6 / ! / * w / : 5 1 / " 1 K
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Al-&Asr> (e says #a "ee ;husr H J 1 I loss. Why does (e me!tio! loss / * : 5 here= Be+ause it is the e!d of the day. *f you did !ot ta%e ad1a!ta/e of it> your i+e melted. The oath by the daytime i! Surat ad-5huhaa is followed by a .romise be+ause that is the start of the day> to e!+oura/e you> to i!s.ire you to do /ood.

1 > :=p7 7 ...W 7 7 / C ! / 5


Al-&Asr> the e!d of the day> a++ordi!/ to the third o.i!io! a!d that mea!s it is at a loss if you did !ot ta%e ad1a!ta/e of that day.

T2E FO5$T2 O(INION8 SALAT5L#>AS$ O$ T2E TI0INA OF SALAT5L#>AS$


The fourth o.i!io! is that al-&Asr here> mea!s .re+isely Salatul-&Asr. A!d a!other /rou. that we +a! ta/ o!> a!other o.i!io! we ta/ o! here is> it is the timi!/ of Salatul-&Asr. 4ot Salatul-&Asr> the timi!/ of Salatul-Asr. Why Salatul-Asr a++ordi!/ to this o.i!io!= That is to show ho!our a!d im.orta!+e to the Salah. *! al-Bu%hari> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam saidC

K/ ` . Q / , / ! 3 I 0; / ' F; 1 F! 1 /
*b! Umar said that the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> whome1er misses the &Asr .rayer> the! it is as if he lost his family a!d his .ro.erty. *! Bu%hariC

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The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam says> whome1er misses Salatul-Asr> his deeds will be a!!ulled. #oo% at these (adith> misses the timi!/ of it. 4ot lea1es it> !ot !e/le+ts it where he does !ot ma%es his Salah> this is o!e who misses the timi!/ of it. <lose your eyes a!d ima/i!e a day whe! you ha1e it all> e1erythi!/ is /oi!/ /ood for you. 'ou are +o!te!t i! life> your job is beautiful> your s+hool is /reat> your family a!d your relatio!shi. with them is at its .ea% a!d all of the sudde! you wa%e u. o!e day or you wal% to your house a!d e1erythi!/ is /o!e. 'our wealth is /o!e> your family is /o!e> may Allah .rote+t your families> your job is /o!e. (ow would you feel= The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam is sayi!/ that is e1e! worse if o!e misses the timi!/ of Salatul-Asr.

T2E SELECTE, O(INION


The sele+ted o.i!io! o! al-&Asr> a!d %ee. i! mi!d the words of Allah are mira+ulous> the mea!i!/s of the ,ura! at ma!y times +a! e!+om.ass ma!y mea!i!/s. AtTabari Rahimahullah said> the +orre+t 1iew o! this is that Allah /a1e a! oath by al-&Asr> whi+h mea!s the to%e! of time. 0ra> it is day> it is !i/ht> it is e1e!i!/> it is all
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of time. Basi+ally sayi!/> it is all of the abo1e> it is all of time. Allah did !ot s.e+ify a +ertai! time or era> so e1erythi!/ that falls u!der &Asr> time> is i!+luded i! this 1erse. Sha! eeti Rahimahullah> a!d this is the older Sha! eeti> the author of Adhwaa alBayaa!> be+ause there is ma!y Sha! eetis out there a!d ma!y &Ulaama of them. (e was my fatherJs tea+her. * was a %id whe! my father was i! Madi!ah at that time a!d he was a ma! * wish * laid my eyes o!> a /ia!t i! &*lm. There is hu!dreds of &Ulamaa that are attributed to Sha! eeti but if you say ash-Sha! eeti> amo!/ the lear!ed .eo.le of %!owled/e today> it refers to this ma!> ash-Sha! eeti. Just li%e you say al;itaab> mea!s boo%> but if you say al-;itaab it automati+ally mea!s to us Muslims> it mea!s al-,ura!. A!d li%e whe! you say ash-Sha! eeti> it mea!s this Sha! eeti> amo!/ the lear!ed> %!owled/eable .eo.le. My father used to ha1e re+orded Tafseer of him that were a..roDimately fifty years old that he %e.t +lose to him u!der his bed u!til they were +o!fis+ated a..roDimately twel1e years a/o by the "B*. * remember * used to liste! to some of them where there were Tafseer of Surat at-Tawbah. Amo!/ the stude!ts of this /ia!t are *b! Baa?> *b! &Uthaymee!> Abdur-Rahmaa! alBarraa% is his stude!t. (amood al-&U lah is o!e of his stude!ts> Ba%r Abu Eayd is o!e of his stude!ts> &Atiyyah Saalim Rahmatullahi &Alayhim Ajmaee! is o!e of his stude!ts. A+tually &Atiyyah Saalim is> * thi!%> * belie1e> his !umber o!e stude!t> be+ause he !e1er de.arted his side. (e fou!d him> he met him> !e1er left him till his last mome!ts. A!d he was my tea+her a!d the tea+her of my father> &Atiyyah Saalim. Sha! eeti wrote three Tafseers of the ,ura!. The fi!al o!e a!d the most thorou/h o!e was a! ama?i!/ Tafseer where he did Tafseer of the ,ura!> by the ,ura!. (e wrote it i! se1e! 1olumes a!d whe! he /ot to Surat al-Mujaadilah> 1erse !umber twe!ty two> Rahmatullahi &Alayhi> he died. (is stude!t &Atiyyah Saalim> who was the tea+her of my father a!d my tea+her> someo!e * was 1ery +lose to> he fi!ished the Tafseer. A!d the! they se!t it out to .ri!t it> a!d it is !ow +alled Adhwaa al-Bayaa!. My father i!formed me o!e time that they as%ed ash-Sha! eeti Rahmatullahi &Alayhi> why is it you .ut so mu+h em.hasis o! Tafseer= (e /a1e a /reat .ortio! of his life to Tafseer> e1e! thou/h he was a /reat> %!owled/eable .erso! i! Usool. (e was 1ery %!owled/eable i! "i h> he was 1ery %!owled/eable o! &A eedah a!d he has boo%lets o! that. (e was a master i! ma!y of the *slami+ S+ie!+es> e1e! i! Arabi+ la!/ua/e a!d /rammar. A!d the a!swer was> he said> !ot a si!/le o.i!io! of the o.i!io!s of Salaf o! a!y 1erse i! the ,ura! eD+e.t * %!ow. (e is !ot bolsteri!/> he is +o!fidi!/ i! his stude!ts> &Ulamaa> brillia!t &Ulamaa. My father told me he heard that a!d of +ourse * trust a!d * lo1e my father a!d * belie1e him. May Allah /ra!t him a lo!/ life full of deeds. Whe! * retur!ed to Madi!ah alo!e to study i! the *slami+ U!i1ersity> * was i! the +om.a!y of Shay%h &Atiyyah Saalim. 7!e of the times * as%ed him> * said> did you hear what my father told me= 5id you hear it= Shay%h &Atiyyah said> * remember the day your father as%ed it a!d the setti!/ we were i! a!d the surrou!di!/ of that day. Aia!ts> !ot a! o.i!io! of the Salaf o! a!y matter eD+e.t he %!ows it.
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4ow we ha1e little %ids a!d ras+als ru!!i!/ arou!d> .ortrayi!/ themsel1es to be *maams of Mufassiree!. Mufassiree!> selli!/ the 1erses of Allah a!d the (adith for a little .ri+e to .lease the e!emies of Allah> a!d the e!emies of ma!%i!d. A brother +ame to me a few days a/o a!d he said> he was truthful a!d * /ot to res.e+t his truthful!ess> he said will you write me a Ta?%iyah so * +a! /et i! a +ertai! .la+e to lear!= * as%ed him some uestio!s be+ause * did !ot really %!ow him> a!d * as%ed> what is your .ur.ose to lear!> why you wa!t to /o lear!= (e was 1ery fra!% a!d ho!est> he said he wa!ts to lear! basi+ally to ba!% off of it. (e said he %!ows so a!d so who just %!ows Arabi+> he has a! i!stitute a!d he +har/es o! ea+h head .er year> so a!d so. 4ames he !amed> * do !ot e1e! %!ow. A!d if you wa!t to lear! Tafseer from him you /ot to .ay to lear!. A!d he wa!ts to do the same> he wa!ts to ba!% off of it. Today we ha1e u!hat+hed> i!ferior> Mufassiree! who whe! +alamity befalls their brothers> the Ma!aabir be/i! to sha%e i! u!ity with their shouts> o!e +heeri!/ the other. Tam.eri!/ i! the 1erses of Allah> uoti!/ (adith a!d ma!i.ulati!/ their mea!i!/s a!d the mea!i!/s of Ayaat. The! whe! a histori+ /e!o+ide of two thousa!d fi1e hu!dred to three thousa!d of our ho!oured> belo1ed brothers i! Ba!/ladesh> sudde!ly the .ul.its are sile!+ed. They are the herma.hrodites. * said it before> a!d * say it a/ai!. These are the herma.hrodites> these are the herma.hrodites of the Ummah be+ause if you %!ow the defi!itio! of a herma.hrodite> he is the o!e with a re.rodu+ti1e or/a! of both seDes. A!d also it is o!e who .ossesses dis.arate a!d +o!tradi+tory ualities> i! the way they thi!% or they tal% or s.ea%. 7!e way of thi!%i!/ whe! there is loss of Muslim li1es> o!e way of thi!%i!/ whe! there is loss of !o! Muslim li1es. The fault really is !ot o! those mali/!a!t tumours> as mu+h as it is o! those drifters a!d floaters who follow behi!d them> the i/!ora!t masses. 'ou fi!d someo!e who has !o idea about jewellery but he will !ot trust his !e+%la+e> or his wifeJs !e+%la+e or his ri!/ at a jeweller for half a! hour to fiD it> u!til he ma%es sure this is a trustworthy> ho!est jeweller who %!ows what he is doi!/. "or fi1e mi!utes> he +a!!ot trust someo!e with a !e+%la+e. A!d the same thi!/ with a do+tor> he will /o a!d +hoose the best do+tor a!d see% a!d .ursue it. But whe! it +omes to his 5ee!> he will ta%e it from the herma.hrodites. A!d i!stead of this ta%i!/ our to.i+> let us /et ba+% to our .oi!t. Shay%h Sha! eeti> a /ia!t i! Tafseer. <omme!ti!/ o! this 1erse> he said the o.i!io! of Al-&Asr> he too% the o.i!io! of at-Tabari Rahimahullah of Al-&Asr> whi+h mea!s it is the e!tire time. "rom the be/i!!i!/ till the e!d> or your time o! 0arth> whi+h i! reality be+omes time> he mea!s all of time. Basi+ally your time o! this 0arth all to/ether> as a! i!di1idual> or all of the time of +reatio!. A!d why * me!tio! his o.i!io!> be+ause it is the same as at-Tabari> !early the same as at-Tabari> 1ery +lose to at-Tabari. Why * me!tio! it is be+ause how u!i ue he sele+ted this o.i!io! a!d how he su..orted it. Before al-&Asr he said> loo% how he su..orted it> he said before al-&Asr> there is atTa%aathur. Surat at-Ta%aathurC
-a/e F 99)

3 ' U :c0' U 6 / , #T c0
*! Surat at-Ta%aathur> Allah is 1ilifyi!/ o!e who is o++u.ied with this world u!til he 1isits the /ra1e. (e does !ot ta%e ad1a!ta/e of this life u!til he 1isits the /ra1e.

3 # l 6 3 ' Q U 6 / , / F6 #T 1 &E / Y c0 8 3 '9 c0'" ? - / F C / L


The! after al-&Asr> before is at-Ta%aathur> after al-&Asr is al-(uma?ah. Allah is sayi!/ the same> /atheri!/ wealth will !ot ma%e you last fore1er. Ta%e a lesso! a!d ta%e ad1a!ta/e of your time> so you +a! su++eed i! the life after.

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The +o!+lusio! is> si!+e the Surah before al-&Asr is i! reality telli!/ o!e to ma%e /ood use of his time o! this 0arth> a!d the o!e after is doi!/ the same> it best suits that the Surah i! betwee! whi+h is Al-Asr> ha1e the same theme a!d mea!i!/G whi+h is> your time o! this 0arth> ta%e it a!d ta%e ad1a!ta/e of it. So he said we sti+% to the theme of the Surah before a!d the Surah after.

T2E I0(O$TANCE OF AL#>AS$


Al-&Asr is o!e word. Three letters i! Arabi+> &Ay!> Saad> Raa. 7!e word> but bi/ for those who u!dersta!d it. Ma!y if !ot most who follow us a!d who are here> are youth a!d you!/ i! their a/e. They are futures who hold a lo!/ jour!ey ahead of them. Ma!y youth do !ot 1alue time. Ma!y youth a!d elders do !ot 1alue time> but it is mostly a .roblem amo!/ the youth. #ots of the youth do !ot %!ow the 1alue of time> so they misuse it. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said i! a (adith i! Sahih al-Bu%hariC

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Two blessi!/s> ma!y .eo.le> ma!y .eo.le i!+ur Ahuba! H AsI i!> whi+h mea!s loss> a!d they are health a!d free time for doi!/ /ood deeds. 7!e may ha1e health a!d !ot dire+t it for either a le/itimate .ur.ose i! this life or the life after. A!d li%ewise> with time. Time is a .assi!/ wheel. *t is a .assi!/ wheel> what .asses of it> you will !e1er /et it ba+%. Most of the time> the elders te!d to

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realise at the e!d of their life> the 1alue of this word. They realise the 1alue of time. They realise it at a time whe! they !o lo!/er ha1e the health to .ut their time i!to .ro.er usa/e. But the!> they +a!!ot re+a!t it. What is /o!e is /o!e> what .assed is /o!e> the .ast is /o!e. Ma!y times we are fa+ed with youth who ha1e the resour+es of time> al-&Asr. They ha1e the resour+es of al-&Asr a!d they ha1e the asset of health> yet they !e/le+t to .ro.erly a!d effe+ti1ely use it. The! you /ot the elders who fou!d a!d fi!ally realised the 1alue of time. But sadly> it is whe! they are o! a wal%er> they are o! a wheel+hair> they are ba+% a!d forth from hos.ital a!d do+tor 1isits. Whe! o!e /rows older> they be/i! to ha1e wisdom a!d re/ret a lifetime that they wasted. 01e! if it was !ot i! (araam> e1e! if it was i! !eutral matters> a true wise elder would re/ret it. Ta%e heed from this> ta%e ad1a!ta/e. * am telli!/ you to ta%e ad1a!ta/e be+ause it is !ot late for you> you are you!/> you are i! your .rime. Ta%e ad1a!ta/e i! lear!i!/> ta%e ad1a!ta/e i! *baadah> ta%e ad1a!ta/e i! 5awah. 5o !ot let a mi!ute of your life /o by wasted. The elders used to tell their stude!ts the famous uote> memorisi!/ i! the youth is li%e i!s+ribi!/ o! a sto!e> memorisi!/ as a! elder is li%e writi!/ i! water. 01e! thou/h my father> may Allah /ra!t him Bara%ah a!d lo!/ life full of deeds> may Allah /ra!t him the utmost hi/hest ra!% of (ea1e!> he te!ds to disa/ree with this. (e is a..roDimately se1e!ty fi1e !ow a!d he says that his memory at this a/e is better tha! it was at his youth. Al-(asa! al-Basri said> * met .eo.le who were more miserly i! their time tha! they were with their mo!ey. 'ou as% them for mo!ey> they will be /e!erous i! it. 'ou as% them for time> they are !ot /oi!/ to /i1e it to you. Ar-Rabee *b! Sulaymaa! used to say ash-Shaafiee Rahimahullah di1ided his !i/hts i!to three .ortio!s. 7!e .ortio! was for writi!/ a!d a!other .ortio! was for Salah a!d a third .ortio! was for slee.. 4ot a mome!t to waste. Whe! a ma! a..roa+hed &Aamir a!d &Aamir was a s+holar who see! that this ma! was .ossibly tal%i!/ i! 1ai!. The ma! told &Aamir> let me s.ea% to you. &Aamir said> if you +a! sto. the su!> the! we +a! sit a!d tal%. Mea!i!/ if you +a! sto. time> * will sit a!d tal% with you. *f !ot> * /ot to limit my time to that whi+h is effe+ti1e a!d wise. (ammaad *b! Salamah said about his Shay%h Sulaymaa! at-Taymee> Sulaymaa! at-Taymee was bor! forty siD years after the (ijrah of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> he was a Muhaddith> he said * !e1er e!tered o! my Shay%h eD+e.t that he was i! Wudhu. (e was i! Ja!aa?ah> he was i! the Masjid lear!i!/ or tea+hi!/. *t /ot to the .oi!t that * said this ma! +ould !e1er ha1e time to e1e! thi!% of +ommitti!/ a si!. Ath-Thahabi Rahimahullah> whe! he do+ume!ted a!d tal%ed about the life of al;hateeb al-Ba/hdaadi> o!e of the thi!/s * re+all he me!tio!ed about him is that al;hateeb al-Ba/hdaadi would wal% i! the streets with a boo% i! his ha!d all the time> readi!/. 4o time to waste. Abu al-Wafaa Ali *b! JA eel used to say it is !ot .ermissible for me to waste a mome!t of my life. *f * am !ot usi!/ my eyes> * am usi!/ my to!/ue. *f * am !ot usi!/ my to!/ue> * am usi!/ my mi!d a!d thi!%i!/ a!d +o!tem.lati!/ about that whi+h * lear!ed or tau/ht.
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OAT2S IN T2E 95$7AN AN, S5NNA2


Ba+% to the oath of Allah> wal-&Asr. Allah /i1es a! oath by (is +reatio! a!d (e /i1es a! oath by huma!s> by a!imals> by i!a!imate matters. By 5huhaa> by al-#ayl> by al"ajr> by huma!s> but the o!ly huma! that Allah /a1e a! oath by was the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallamC

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Allah said> by your life. Allah /a1e a! oath by the life of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. *f we do !ot %!ow the wisdom i! matters> i! a!y matter> this matter or other matters> or our mi!ds fall short of +om.rehe!di!/ those matters that are i! the ,ura!> i! the solid authe!ti+ (adith> the! o!e does !ot obje+t. 'ou !e1er obje+t be+ause you obje+t> you fall u!der the +ate/ory of *blees> that is what he did. That is what /ot him i!to what he /ot i!to.

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(e said> shall * .rostrate to o!e who you +reated i! +lay= *t did !ot e!ter his mi!d that Allah is telli!/ him. 'ou are telli!/ me to bow dow! to o!e who was +reated from +lay= The ordeal of the Shaytaa! started by obje+ti!/. *t is i! the ,ura!> it is i! the authe!ti+ (adith> you ta%e it a!d submit.

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5o !ot obje+t. 5o !ot obje+t to the teDts. That is a! as.e+t> if we wa!t to do (us! al5hu!!> that is a! as.e+t of the Shayaatee!> if !ot a full Shaytaa!. 01erythi!/ we ha1e o! this matter falls u!derC

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'ou do !ot uestio! Allah. (e +a!!ot be uestio!ed to what (e does> you are the o!e who is /oi!/ to be uestio!ed. 7!e bei!/ uestio!ed does !ot as% the o!e who is /oi!/ to uestio! him. 'ou hear those that say> why is Allah /i1i!/ a! oath= Why does Allah /i1e a! oath= *f it is to belie1ers> they already belie1e. *f it is to !o! belie1ers> the! they are !e1er /oi!/ to belie1e. Allah saidC

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*f you bri!/ them e1ery si/! of Allah> they are !ot /oi!/ to follow. Why did the thro!e of Allah sha%e to the death of Saad= * +a!!ot belie1e it. *t is authe!ti+> * +a!!ot
-a/e F 9:2

belie1e it> it does !ot e!ter his mi!d. *! matters re/ardi!/ oath> sometimes the &Ulamaa draw wisdom from the .ri!+i.les of the ,ura! a!d Su!!ah a!d the sayi!/s of the Salaf> draw wisdom from these matters. A!d let me me!tio! three .oi!ts that they /i1e i! why there is oath i! the ,ura! a!d i! the (adith. "irst of all> with la!/ua/es s.readi!/ a!d the ,ura! bei!/ widely read i! 0!/lish> ma!y for/et that the ,ura! was re1ealed i! Arabi+. Arabi+ is the la!/ua/e of the ,ura! a!d it was the la!/ua/e it was re1ealed i!. 7ath i! Arabi+ la!/ua/e is to +o!firm that matters> e1e! if o!e %!ows them. A!d if they are beyo!d a doubt> oath +ome i! the Arabi+ la!/ua/e to +o!firm. That is .art of the Arabi+ la!/ua/e a!d the ,ura! uses that be+ause ,ura! +ame i! the .ea% of the elo ue!+y of the Arabi+ la!/ua/e. That is .oi!t !umber o!e. -oi!t !umber two. A belie1er /ai!s more faith with matters li%e oath. 4o reaso! to de!y that> there is !othi!/ wro!/ with bri!/i!/ other matters a!d mea!s to +o!firm o!es belief. Whe! *braheem &alayhis salaam saidC

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My #ord> show me how you /i1e life to those who are dead. Allah said> do you !ot belie1e. This is ;haleelullah> ;haleel. (e said yes * belie1e> but * wa!t to be stro!/er i! my faith. So it /i1es more stre!/th to o!es belief. The third .oi!t is> to /i1e atte!tio!> to /i1e im.orta!+e to matters. To /i1e im.orta!+e to that whi+h the oath is /i1e! by a!d that whi+h the oath is /i1e! o!. 'ou %!ow the im.orta!+e of what Allah /a1e a! oath o! a!d by. *b! Taymiyyah Rahimahullah i! 1olume o!e of his "ataawa said> Allah /a1e a! oath by some of (is +reatio! to ho!our it. To /i1e it 1alue> to /i1e it atte!tio!> a!d to /i1e it .raise. The!C

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*!!a here is Taw%eed> whi+h mea!s em.hasis> assura!+e a!d +o!firmatio!. #a "ee> the #aam i! #a "ee> em.hasis> assura!+e a!d +o!firmatio!. The #aam i! #a "ee is also Taw%eed. So there is the assura!+e of the oath> there is the assura!+e of *!!a a!d there is the assura!+e of #a. A! oath is to ho!our what is said a!d to +o!firm it. #oo% i! the ,ura!.

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-a/e F 9:9

The -ro.het /i1es a! oath here.

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Three oaths where the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam /a1e a! oath. *! fa+t> Allah says /i1e a! oath> say the oath. A!d these are matters of resurre+tio! a!d that is to draw atte!tio! to the resurre+tio! be+ause it is a! esse!tial> im.orta!t matter. 7ther matters i! the (adithC

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Ma!y (adith li%e that.

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Ma!y (adith he /a1e with a! oath li%e that. (e is ho!est> he is trustworthy a!d he /a1e a! oath. *! fa+t> he was ordered at times by Allah> to /i1e a! oath. So you +a! ta%e heed> so we +a! ta%e heed> so they +a! /et our atte!tio! a!d so it +a! be held i! a hi/her status a!d re/ard.

T2E OAT2S OF 250AN BEINAS


4ow> let us ta%e the oaths of huma! bei!/s> we will +o!+lude with this .oi!t. Allah /i1es a! oath by what (e wa!ts a!d wills of (is +reatio!. We o!ly /i1e a! oath by Allah. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said i! the authe!ti+ (adithC

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*t is i! Mus!ad Ahmad a!d it is authe!ti+. Who /i1es a! oath by other tha! Allah> the! he has +ommitted Shir%. *! at-Tirmidhi a!d al-(aa%im> a! authe!ti+ !arratio!C

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The (adith that you all %!owC

J ; / , ! u ... 1& v 9 1 3 / E / % / , # 2 1 / z
-a/e F 9::

Whome1er /i1es a! oath by other tha! Allah> he has +ommitted Shir% or ;ufr. *f o!e /i1es a! oath by al-&Asr> if he /i1es a! oath by his .are!ts> by his .are!ts life> by his .are!ts /ra1e> has he be+ome a ;aafir just by sayi!/ that= The a!swer is two folds. *f he /i1es a! oath by other tha! Allah> belie1i!/ that whi+h he /a1e a! oath by is at the le1el of Allah or a hi/her status> or has .ower or sa+red!ess li%e Allah> the! he has !e/ated his 5ee!. The se+o!d .oi!t. *f it was a sli. of a to!/ue or he ho!ours his .are!ts> but he /a1e a! oath but he does !ot ho!our them a!ywhere +lose to Allah or e ui1ale!t to Allah or a!ywhere abo1e Allah of +ourse. *t was a sli. of a to!/ue or a ra!dom oath he /a1e. *t is a si! a!d it is a mi!or Shir%> a!d he should see% for/i1e!ess from Allah a!d some s+holars say e1e! say #aa ilaaha illallah> e1e! thou/h it did !ot !e/ate his faith be+ause it is a smaller Shir%. There is !o .roblem i! o!e /i1i!/ a! oath. *f you loo% i!to the Su!!ah> you will fi!d that the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam /a1e !early> !early ei/hty oaths> ei/hty times. Allah e1e! ordered him at times> to /i1e a! oath. (owe1er> some s+holars said it is best for o!e to .reser1e his oath a!d %ee. them for matters of substa!+e. *f it is !ot a matter of substa!+e> !ot to /i1e the oath. Why= They use the 1erse of AllahC

J 9 V^ :`2G7 ...7 7 / ! / 0 / , -O ...


A!d .rote+t your oath. They ta%e it to mea!> do !ot swear mu+h. 5o !ot swear mu+h. Some use the (adith i! Sahih Muslim. A ma! +ame to the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d as%ed him uestio!s> the -ro.het /a1e him a!swers. The ma! said> he is /oi!/ to a..ly what he lear!ed. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam saidC

e ; , / 2. 1 1 &, ! / 1 "
By his father> he su++eeded if he is truthful. The -ro.het /i1i!/ oath by his father> a!d here the &Ulamaa ha1e o.i!io!s o! this. The first o!e is that it is a Shaa? H

Y%I> it is a! odd !arratio!. 4umber two is> *b! Abdil-Barr said it was a mista%e by
o!e of the !arrators> it was reallyC

/ , 1 3 ! ; e
(e su++eeded by Allah. 7!e of the !arrators i! the +hai! made a mista%e. The third o.i!io! is that> it was said before the .rohibitio! +ame re/ardi!/ /i1i!/ a! oath by other tha! Allah. *b! Masood Rahimahullah saidC

-a/e F 9:3

, " , 9 , &# , " 3 z & v 9 & v 9 1 1 1 1 1 / / / / P 4 / / 1 1 3 1 4 h N 1 . 1 3


*f * were to /i1e a! oath by Allah o! a lie> is better tha! to /i1e a! oath by other tha! Allah. Mea!i!/ if * were to lie i! a! oath by Allah a!d use the .ro.er !ame of Allah> better tha! to /i1e a! oath by other tha! Allah a!d be truthful. With this *!shaa Allah we will +o!+lude a!d we will +o!ti!ue !eDt wee% *!shaa Allah. Ja?a%um Allahu ;hayr.

CLASS T2I$TEEN
We /a1e .art o!e of Surat al-&Asr last wee%. This will +o!+lude *!shaa Allah Tafseer Surat al-&Asr a!d this is the .roof o! the four fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les. Surat al-&Asr is the .roof o! the four fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les. The last .oi!t we s.o%e about last wee% was> that Allah /i1es a! oath by that whi+h (e wills a!d huma!s o!ly /i1e a! oath by Allah. Allah +a! /i1e a! oath by +reatio!> we +a! o!ly /i1e a! oath by Allah. #et us /o ba+% to the term wal-Asr.

,O NOT 6ASTE TI0E


Allah /i1es a! oath to show the 1alue of time> by al-&Asr. Therefore> do !ot waste time. ;ee. i! mi!d that the Shaytaa! has ta+ti+s i! %illi!/ your time. That is why whe! it +omes to /ood> .rodu+ti1e stuff that be!efits you i! the (ereafter a!d e1e! i! this world> he +asts boredom a!d la?i!ess o! you. Be alert for su+h ta+ti+s a!d %!ow how to deal with them. *f it is somethi!/ 1ai! or si!ful> the Shaytaa! .uts joy to it> a!d that is o!e of the tra.s of the Shaytaa!. 'ou fi!d that o!e for eDam.le +a! sta!d i! a .ar%i!/ lot whe! he sees a frie!d a!d he will tal% to the frie!d a!d hours a!d hours would /o by> .ossibly ba+%biti!/ or maybe e1e! just 1ai! tal%. (ours /o by a!d o!e feels as if it is o!ly a few a mi!utes. Maybe e1e! !eutral stuff that is tal%ed about> maybe Mubaah. The Shaytaa! does !ot +are as lo!/ as he +a! %ee. you away from obedie!+e> out of e!1y that he does !ot wa!t you to do that whi+h he is de.ri1ed of. Sudde!ly you /o home a!d you are too bored to sta!d u. for fi1e mi!utes i! ,iyaam al-#ayl> or the *mam i! Salatul-*shaa or Salatul-"ajr reads what the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam used to read a!d o!e starts to sha%e his le/s a!d mo1e i! boredom a!d starts loo%i!/ at his wat+h or i! the s%y. A!d that is what you see their a..eara!+e> a!d what is i! the heart +ould be e1e! .ossibly more. 'ou fi!d .eo.le who are sitti!/ with frie!ds at su+h ease a!d .ea+e> fully atte!ti1e a!d e!/a/ed i!to +o!1ersatio! as if they ha1e !o worries. A!d basi+ally if you as% them they will .robably tell you> we for/et our worries whe! we are tal%i!/ to our frie!ds. A!d if he brea%s for Salah> sudde!ly the Shaytaa! +omes to him a!d remi!ds him of
-a/e F 9:6

the stresses of life a!d s+hool a!d tests a!d a..oi!tme!ts a!d %ids a!d other matters> to distra+t him from that whi+h be!efits him i! the (ereafter. A true belie1er> his +ool!ess> the +ool!ess of his eyes is Salah a!d 5hi%r. The ,ura! a!d Su!!ah states so. Today> the +ool!ess of the eyes has be+ome i! e1erythi!/ outside or eD+e.t 5hi%r a!d Salah. So Allah /i1es a! oath by al-&Asr> by time> to draw atte!tio! to time. 'ou are made of time. 'ou are made of se+o!ds> mi!utes> hours> days> mo!ths> years. 'ou are made of that. Whe! today lea1es a!d today e!ds> you buried a .ortio! of you> that is what you /ot to thi!%. Whe! you .ray Salatul-Ma/hrib e1ery day> that is e!d of our day> Ma/hrib> after that is the be/i!!i!/ of the followi!/ day. 'ou ha1e buried a .art of you> ri/ht there a!d the!. 7!e is li%e a buildi!/> your a/e maybe twe!ty> you may be twe!ty storeys u.> maybe se1e!ty fi1e storeys hi/h rise. 01ery day that /oes by> a bri+% is ta%e! off that a!d .la+ed i! the (ereafter. 01ery su! rise a!d the! su! dow! that you do !ot /ai! deeds> is a day you will re/ret. *f it is i! (araam> we all %!ow that. *f it is !ormal Mubaah stuff> it will be re/retted be+ause you did !ot /ai! a hi/her le1el i! Ja!!ah. 'ou are made u. of time. Time .asses a!d we e!ter Ja!!ah based o! what we i!1ested i! our time.

U :K 6 / ! / 1 K
That is why Allah /a1e a! oath by al-&Asr. Mi!utes .assi!/ are your .ri!+i.le> they are your +a.ital. 01ery day that .asses by> you bury a day out of your life.

T2E S5BEECT 0ATTE$ OF T2E OAT2


The !eDt .oi!t> what is the subje+t matter of the oath. What is so im.orta!t that Allah !eeded or wa!ted to /i1e a! oath about= What is it so im.orta!t that (e wa!ted to draw our atte!tio! to loo% i!to=

l :K 6 J 1 " 5 3 1 / * w : 5 1 / "
The subje+t matter of the oath is that e1eryo!e is at a loss. Allah is /i1i!/ a! oath o! al-&Asr> that ma! is at a loss> ma!%i!d is at a loss. What is the relatio!shi. betwee! +hoosi!/ al-&Asr to /i1e a! oath by a!d the fa+t that e1eryo!e is at a loss= Why did (e !ot /i1e a! oath for eDam.le by o!e of (is ma!y other +reatio!s ri/ht here i! the Surah= &Asr is your life> it is the to%e! of time a!d how you use al-&Asr> your &Asr> your time> is a determi!i!/ fa+tor if you will be amo!/ the wi!!ers or amo!/ the losers. So it best +oi!+ides that time be what Allah uses to /i1e a! oath by a!d Allah ma%es the best of all +hoi+es.

l :K ..." 5 3 1 w 1 / "
-a/e F 9:6

*!saa!a H" 5 1 I> ma!%i!d. *f you are ma!%i!d> this a..lies to you. *!saa! is all ma!%i!d. There is a dis.ute> some said it is a ;aafir> some said it is all ma!%i!d a!d it is .robably more +orre+t to lea1e the ,ura!i+ 1erses /e!eral li%e i! this o!e> if there is !o .roof to restri+t it. A!d that was the o.i!io! that ash-Sha! eeti we!t by.

0AN1IN, IS AT A LOSS
125S$ CO0ES IN A NO5N FO$0

l :K 6 J 1 " 5 3 1 / * w : 5 1 / "
#a "ee> #aam i! #a "ee is to +o!firm. We tal%ed about that last wee%. ;husr H i!stead of as a 1erb> to /i1e a! e1erlasti!/> .owerful mea!i!/. Allah did !ot say ;haasir HL*I> he is losi!/. Allah did !ot say #a ,ad ;hasir H 5* losi!/. Allah said ;husr> i! a !ou! form> ;husr i! a !ou! form.

I +omes i! a !ou! form. #oss> i!stead of a 1erb. ;husr +omes as a !ou! / * : 5

2EI> he is

#et me /i1e you a! eDam.le to better u!dersta!d how deli+ate the li!/uisti+ words of the ,ura! were +hose!. 7!e +a! be a millio!aire a!d he loses a thousa!d dollars. (e is a ;haasir> he is a millio!aire> what is a thousa!d dollars to a millio!aire. (e is a ;haasir> but he is !ot a total loser be+ause what is a thousa!d dollars> really !othi!/> e1e! thou/h he lost> but it is really !othi!/ for a millio!aire. 4ow if a millio!aire> that same millio!aire lost billio!s> !ow he is i! debt> !ow he is e!+ir+led with loss> the! the term ;husr> +om.lete loss> a..lies to him. Treme!dous loss> he is !o lo!/er a ;haasir> he is i! ;husr> he is e!+ir+led i! loss. ;husr mea!s +om.lete> total loss. 0!+om.assed> +eased> totally by loss. 0!+ir+led by loss> at loss from head to toe.

624 IS 125S$ 0ENTIONE, AS

NA1I$A2.

A!other li!/uisti+ lesso!. #a "ee ;husr> or is it #a "ee al-;husr H 5$

JI= *t

is #a "ee ;husr> it is me!tio!ed as a 4a%irah H `0I. That is 4a%irah> #a "ee ;husr i!stead of #a "ee al-;husr. There is two reaso!s for this> ;husr as a 4a%irah o1er al;husr. *t +omes to show !umber o!e> how bi/ of a loss. That is why it is me!tio!ed as a 4a%irah> #a "ee ;husr i!stead of #a "ee al-;husr. Arabi+ .eo.le use 4a%irah without Al> to show somethi!/ that is mi/hty a!d de1astati!/ a!d how bi/ it is. So this is to show how bi/ of a loss it is. A!other li!/uisti+ lesso! is> Allah used "ee H ;I> i!> i!stead of &Alaa H I> o!> &Alaa mea!s o!. *! a!other 1erse whe! Allah tal%s about /uida!+e> (e saysC

> :`EA777 ... S2 7 74 W } 8 7 !, 1 8


-a/e F 9:$

They are o! /uida!+e. (e did !ot say "ee o1er there. Why did (e use "ee i!stead of JAlaa here= Be+ause he is fully surrou!ded> dee.ly with loss. (e is !ot o! a loss> he is !ot &Alaa> o! a loss> whi+h may a..ear to i!di+ate a sli/htly lesser de/ree of a loss. (e used "ee to i!di+ate how bi/ of a loss it is. (e is i! total loss> he is !ot !ear or +lose to a loss> he is e!+ir+led i! a loss. All those u!i ue> detailed li!/uisti+ lesso!s show how bi/ of a loss this is we are tal%i!/ about o1er here. The loss here> is !ot a tra!sa+tio! or two. *t is !ot a seaso! or two> it is !ot a semester or two. *t is !ot a ui?> it is !ot a test> it is !ot a busi!ess deal. This loss here is loss of a +a.ital> it is loss of .rofits a!d it is +om.lete debt> major loss. *t is also !ot a tem.orary loss> it is a! e1erlasti!/ loss. *f o!e is i! (ell> he is doomed> 4asalullah al-&Aafiyah H

; bI5I. *f he is i! (ea1e!> the! he may ha1e !ot /otte! the


hi/hest ra!% that he should ha1e /otte!> it is a loss ri/ht there too.

A ($ACTICAL EFA0(LE (E$TAININA TO T2IS S5$A2


#et me /i1e you a .ra+ti+al eDam.le as it .ertai!s to this Surah. A wi!!er> a!d someo!e who lost his .rofits> first o!e is a wi!!er> the! o!e who lost his .rofit> a!d the! the third o!e is o!e who lost his +a.ital> his .rofit a!d he is i! debt. 'ou retur! from wor% or s+hool a!d si!+e we said al-&Asr may mea! the time at the e!d of the day whe! someo!e be/i!s to thi!% about what he did duri!/ that day. 'ou retur! at !i/ht> you 1isit relati1es> you tea+h your %ids ,urJa!> you .lay with them> you ma%e Salah> "ardh or 4afil> you may ha1e relatio!shi. with your wife. Maybe you re1iew ,urJa!> maybe /o o!li!e a!d liste! to a le+ture> maybe liste! to ,urJa!. Maybe /o wor%i!/ out with the ri/ht i!te!tio!> maybe e1e! slee.i!/> ta%i!/ a !a. with the ri/ht i!te!tio!. *f you i!te!ded a!d you said * wa!t to /et a few mi!utes of slee. so * +a! re-e!er/ise after this lo!/ day a!d so * +a! wa%e u. for ,iyam. *t will hel. me /et u. for ,iyaam> be+ause there is a (adith> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said /et some ,ayloolah H - NI duri!/ the day> slee.> !a. at the day so it will hel. you wa%e u. at !i/ht. So that is a wi!!er> he used his time to his ad1a!ta/e. That is !umber o!e. 4umber two is someo!e who +ame ba+% from a bad day> he usually +omes ba+% from wor% or s+hool u.set or thi!%i!/ or worried a!d you are brai! stormi!/ a!d you are thi!%i!/> sitti!/ there just merely thi!%i!/ about what ha..e!ed. A!ythi!/ you do idle where you are !ot /ai!i!/ deeds> you are at a loss> you lost .rofit. 'ou may ha1e !ot /otte! si!s> we are !ot sayi!/ you /ot si!s for sitti!/ there a!d thi!%i!/ a!d drooli!/ o1er what ha..e!ed. But that same time is a loss> be+ause you did !ot ta%e ad1a!ta/e of that time. What does the Surah start with= Al-&Asr> time. A!y busi!ess ma! will tell you> mo!ey you ha1e> you sta+% away> that is !ot i!1ested> is mo!ey lost. Mo!ey !ot i!1ested is mo!ey lost. Ta%e it a!d say> time !ot i!1ested for your Aa%hirah is time lost. *t is so sim.le to /et Ajr. *! fa+t> with the ri/ht i!te!tio!> there is !early !othi!/ you +a!!ot /et Ajr o!. 'ou /o wor% out with the ri/ht i!te!tio!> Ajr. 'ou slee. a!d ta%e a !a. with the ri/ht i!te!tio!> Ajr. 'ou .lay with your %ids> Ajr.

-a/e F 9:)

4ow the third o!e> the third s+e!ario> is o!e that will retur! from wor%> use that time to ha!/ out with his frie!ds. (e uses that time to ha!/ out with his frie!ds. What is a +ommo! e.idemi+ today i! setti!/s= Ba+%biti!/> /ossi.> wat+hi!/ that whi+h is .rohibited> maybe liste!i!/ to the i!strume!ts of the Shaytaa!> sitti!/ with your frie!ds or /oi!/ o! the !et a!d ty.i!/ away i! the ho!our of those dead a!d ali1e. 'ou see a!d hear of ro/ues who do !ot %!ow if they will wa%e u. Muslim or otherwise> .erformi!/ disse+tio! a!d a!atomy with their to!/ues> o! the ho!our of .eo.le whose desti!y is !ow with Allah. There are those> there is .eo.le who are a do!e deal> Allah is deali!/ with them. Allah is deali!/ with them. They are !ow with Allah> Allah is deali!/ with them. The! you /ot .eo.le who .erform disse+tio! o! those whose souls are .ossibly i!side /ree! birds te!di!/ to the ri1ers of -aradise a!d eati!/ from the fruits of Ja!!ah a!d retur!i!/ to ha!/ o! the thro!e of Allah. All that> while some ro/ue is sitti!/ disse+ti!/ them with his to!/ue> does !ot %!ow he himself> whether he will wa%e u. as a Muslim or a Mu!aafi . *f Allah .rohibited ba+%biti!/ amo!/st two .eo.le for mome!ts. *f two .eo.le> for just a few mome!ts ba+%bite> it is +o!sidered a major si!. That is ba+%biti!/ a!d that is a major si!> if it is o!ly for mome!ts a!d just amo!/st two .eo.le. *t is a major si! whe! it is amo!/ two. A!d the reality> if you thi!% about it> whe! two .eo.le tal% about someo!e> ea+h .arty de.arts a!d .ossibly for/ets that whi+h they said a!d /o about their way. That is a major si! a!d ba+%biti!/> e1e! if they for/ot about it o! the s.ot. A!d that is amo!/ the major si!s. 4ow ima/i!e a si! li%e that whe! it is amo!/ a /rou.> how bi/ of a si! it is whe! it is i! a /rou.. 4ow ta%e it further> ima/i!e the si! whe! it is .ut o! a so+ial media for the world to see> !ot for this time .eriod> but for /e!eratio!s to +ome a!d .ossibly u!til the Jud/me!t 5ay. Wallahi> o!e who truly belie1es i! the Aa%hirah a!d the .u!ishme!t of the /ra1e> a!d lets that re/ister i! his mi!d> he would !e1er /o to that eDtreme. 7!e will lie i! his /ra1e with torme!t sei?i!/ him from e1ery a!/le for hu!dreds of years> .ossibly thousa!ds of years> u!til the trum.et is blow! i!> for words he .osted o! the !et> he thou/ht they were !othi!/> but to Allah they were 1ery se1ere. * say> amo!/st the most da!/erous si!s after Shir%> are the si!s that .ertai! to the ri/hts of others. Be +areful i! your time> that is why we are me!tio!i!/ this> be+ause this is stuff that ha..e!s duri!/ your time. We deal with the Ahafoor Ar-Raheem. Whe! you read about the mer+y of Allah a!d the Shafaaah> you /et e+stati+ i! ho.e. There is a ty.e of si! that is a double ed/ed sword> a!d that is the si!s that tra!s/ress u.o! others> li%e %illi!/> li%e ba+%biti!/> li%e ta%i!/ the .ro.erties of others> li%e sla!der of others. 'ou +a! raise your ha!ds i! two se+o!ds a!d as% Allah for for/i1e!ess> you are deali!/ with the Ahafoor Ar-Raheem. But there is a!other ri/ht> double ed/e sword> there is a!other ri/ht .ertai!i!/ to the huma! who is /oi!/ to +ome a!d re uest it from you whe! you sta!d before Allah. Whe! .eo.le .ass o1er the Siraat> obsta+le after obsta+le> terror after terror. Allah +alled itC
-a/e F 9:8

U := q ... \ 5 d 1 / Y 3 q 1O / %
The wait for the Jud/me!t 5ay is terror> the uestio!i!/ before Allah is terror> the Mi?aa! is terror> /etti!/ the boo%s> wal%i!/ o! the Siraat. 4ow> fi!ally> you made it throu/h all that a!d you are o! the Siraat> you are +rossi!/ as-Siraat a!d there are .eo.le who are ma%i!/ it to the fro!t yard of Ja!!ah. *! Sahih al-Bu%hariC

1 & -5 / 1 3 : 1 " 1 ) - 1 A9 / & ` / / { * / E 1 ' ; ; 1 3 ! 1 3 @ -. / / # / & f / T 1 O " P E 1 P 1 ' 21 & ! 3 9 1 3 @ 1 , -& / b D / P2 " / T 1 -* -E
Abu Saeed al- ;hudri radhiallahu &a!hu i! a (adith i! Sahih al-Bu%hari said> whe! the belie1ers +ross o1er (ellfire> o1er the Siraat> they sto. at a brid/e +alled al,a!tarah H`EI. A! ar+h brid/e +alled al-,a!tarah> before they /et i!to -aradise. What is that brid/e for= They will be /i1e! retributio! for i!justi+es betwee! them u!til they are fully .urified. The!> after they are .urified from ri/hts amo!/st ea+h other> the! they will be told> you +a! e!ter Ja!!ah. ,a!tarah may be the ed/e> the last .ortio! of as-Siraat> but * belie1e from what * read> it is a+tually a!other brid/e> a se+o!d smaller brid/e after as-Siraat> that is li%e a detour for belie1ers of this Ummah who ha1e ri/hts amo!/st ea+h other> before they /et to ste. o! the fro!t yard of Ja!!ah. Whoe1er +o!tem.lates a!d fully realises the Aa%hirah> whe! you thi!% about it as it is ha..e!i!/ before you. What * just told you> sit a!d ima/i!e it before you> you +ould !e1er +ommit a si! li%e this. <a! you ima/i!e the eD+iteme!t= 'ou .ass all throu/h all those .hases> o!e after the other> you just fi!ished .assi!/ the +laws> ;alaaleeb H Q#I> that ta%e you a!d .ull you from the Siraat u!to Jaha!!am. 'ou just .assed that .hase. Just as you are about to .ut your foot i! the fro!t yard of Ja!!ah> o!e /rou. /oes forward to the fro!t yard of Ja!!ah joys a!d a!other /rou. /oes to al-,a!tarah to settle the dis.utes that they had betwee! Muslims a!d /et .urified before they are allowed to e!ter the fro!t yard of Ja!!ah. *s a!yo!e> a!yo!e> a!yo!e worth sto..i!/ you for a millise+o!d from .utti!/ your feet o! the fro!t yards of Ja!!ah= *ma/i!e with me> * as% you by Allah> to ima/i!e with me> that you are o! the ,a!tarah. Ja!!ah is a! eyesi/ht away> you +a! see Ja!!ah from the ,a!tarah. 'ou are /etti!/ si!s of someo!e you des.ised so mu+h that you s.o%e about him a!d sla!dered him. <a! you feel the a/o!y you are /oi!/ to be /oi!/ throu/h= Be+ause still> at this .oi!t> a!d after this .oi!t Allah is /oi!/ to remo1e all hard feeli!/sC

-a/e F 93@

s n? :C7 7 ...7 < 7 / d 1 1 1 6 ! . / ; 1 !2


But at this .oi!t> you are /oi!/ to feel the .ai! of it. <a! you feel the a/o!y of bei!/ im.riso!ed o! the ,a!tarah> wat+hi!/ your le1el i! Ja!!ah from "irdaws dro. dow! a!d dow! a!d dow! a!d dow!> at a! eyesi/ht away from you= <a! you ima/i!e the a/o!y of seei!/ .eo.le i! the fro!t yard of Ja!!ah> some .eo.le .ossibly +rowded about *braheem &alayhis salaam> some .eo.le /oi!/ to 4ooh &alayhis salaam to meet with him> some .eo.le /oi!/ with Aishah to meet the wife of the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> some /oi!/ to meet ;haalid *b! al-Waleed a!d Abu Ubaydah> smili!/ a!d joyous. They made it to the fro!t yard of (ea1e! a!d you are there o! the ,a!tarah> /etti!/ your ra!%s stri..ed dow!> o!e after a!other> for somethi!/ you said about a belie1er or somethi!/ that you too% away from the ri/hts of a belie1er. The o!e you des.ise so mu+h> is he worth the most 1aluable asset that you ha1e= 'our ra!%s i! Ja!!ah. *f i!deed you wa!t to ba+%bite> the! sla!der your mum a!d your dad or your Shay%h> or someo!e you really lo1e> be+ause if you /et sto..ed o! the ,a!tarah> it will be your mum a!d your dad /etti!/ their ra!%s hi/her while yours /ets lower. Why did the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam +all someo!e who tra!s/resses o! the ri/hts of a!other> ba!%ru.t= As% .eo.le who %!ow fi!a!+e> if someo!e has !o wealth> ?ero> you +all him ba!%ru.t= 4o> you do !ot +all him ba!%ru.t. Someo!e you refer to as ba!%ru.t is !ot someo!e who !e1er had !othi!/> it is someo!e who has a lot a!d the! lost it. Those who sla!der> ba+%bite> tra!s/ress o! the ho!our a!d the ri/hts of others> they ha1e deed> lots of deeds. *! o!e (adith> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said li%eC

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(u/e mou!tai!s of deeds. But they be+ome ba!%ru.t> they lose it all. They hit someo!e> he ta%es some Ajr. They sla!der> that .erso! /ets some Ajr. 'ou really /et ama?ed at how loose some to!/ues are a!d how released some jaws are whe! it +omes to the ho!our of their brothers> be+ause they do !ot really +om.rehe!d these> the Aa%hirah i! them is !ot really dee. i! their hearts. Basi+ally> we /a1e s+e!arios ri/ht !ow of how o!e too% ad1a!ta/e of the hour a!d be+ame a wi!!er. The middle o!e was a loser be+ause e1e! thou/h he did !ot +ommit si!s> he did !ot /ai! !o Ajr> that is +o!sidered a loss. Time !ot i!1ested i! the Aa%hirah is a loss. A!d the fi!al s+e!ario we too% is !ot o!ly o!e who did !ot /ai! Ajr> but he /ai!ed si!s a!d he be+ame a bi//er loser or has a bi//er loss> a!d he did !ot s.e!d his time .ositi1e or !eutral> he a+tually s.e!t it to a++umulate si!s. What ma%es o!e at a dee. loss> #a "ee ;husr> is that he brou/ht this o! to himself> with his ow! a+tio!s. 4o o!e for+ed him> !o o!e .ut a /u! to his head a!d told him. *t was his +hoi+e throu/h his body .arts a!d those will be testifyi!/ a/ai!st him o!

-a/e F 932

the Jud/me!t 5ay. So the first reaso! for ;husr i!stead of al-;husr> is to show how bi/ of a loss it is.

LOSSES A$E LEBELS


That is why it is me!tio!ed i! a 4a%irah. The se+o!d reaso! for ;husr o1er al-;husr a!d me!tio!ed i! 4a%irah> is Ta!wee H R-FI> that the losses are le1els. #oo% i! the ,ura!> there is ma!y 1ersesC

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So> the ,ura! /i1es le1els> le1els of those at loss. 'ou /ot a ;haasir a!d you /ot a! A%hsar H5*,I> mea!i!/ there are le1els. 4ot all losers are o! the same le1el. So here it is o!e> ;husr> +om.letely e!+ir+led with loss. That is the se+o!d reaso! for the li!/uisti+ use of a 4a%irah> ;husr i!stead of al-;husr.

K l 6 J 1 " 5 3 1 U 6 / ! / * w / : 5 1 / " 1 K
624 ,OES T2E S5$A2 AENE$ALISE AN, T2EN 0A1E EFCE(TIONS.
The !eDt o!eC

3 1 ? :K7 7 ...7 7- 1 3 H D Z
4oti+e how Allah /e!eralised that e1eryo!e is at a loss> the! drew a! eD+e.tio!.

3 1 I 01eryo!e is at a loss> that is the 1erse> a!d the! (e made the eD+e.tio!s. *llaa H H is the eD+e.tio!. Why did the 1erse !ot state that e1eryo!e su++eeds a!d the! ma%e eD+e.tio!s to the losers=
"or eDam.le> why was the 1erse !ot> e1eryo!e is a wi!!er eD+e.t= Why is it e1eryo!e is at a loss> eD+e.t= The reaso! is be+ause the 1erse /oes to reiterate what * me!tio!ed the wee% before last> that usually> the majority are 1ilified. So Allah /e!eralised based o! the fa+t that the majority are the o!es who are astray. * me!tio!ed> !ot last wee% but the wee%

-a/e F 939

before last> four or fi1e 1erses showi!/ that the ,ura! me!tio!s the majority i! a 1ilified way. A!d that those .eo.le who are o! the truth are usually a mi!ority> a!d they are .raised. A!d * me!tio!ed for ea+h side> a..roDimately four or fi1e 1erses.

, ! / / :vL-7 7 ... 7 7 6 9 ! j 6 + # 3 1 ) . 1 1& f / / 1 UM? , R F "! P p / ; / - < 6 6 + # u 1 1 ] / 1 1 1 AL / 1 1 3 UU_ :7 ...7 7 1 7


That is the reality. What Allah stated is the reality> !o doubt> that is the ,ura!> that is the word of Allah the <reator. The world has se1e! billio! huma!s o! it. 7ut of the se1e! billio!> 2.6 Billio! who fall u!der the !ame *slam. 7ut of the 2.6 Billio!> you /ot to start +ro..i!/ out. 'ou /ot to +ro. out those who do !ot ma%e the Salah. <ro. out those who ha1e +orru.tio!> major +orru.tio! i! their &A eedah> li%e the major Shir% i! them. The! you /ot to +ro. out the Shiah> a!d /o o! a!d /o o!. (ow mu+h do you ha1e left= The Arabi+ la!/ua/e +omes li%e that. *f the majority were hu!/ry a!d there is o!ly a few who are left> you say> e1eryo!e was hu!/ry> eD+e.t> a!-4aasu Jaaoo *llaa H

H - jI. *f e1eryo!e a++e.ted your weddi!/ i!1itatio! eD+e.t three or four .eo.le> you say> a!-4aasu Ataw *llaa H H -F, jI. -eo.le atte!ded my
i!1itatio!> eD+e.t> mea!i!/ the majority atte!ded. *f most did !ot a++e.t your weddi!/ i!1itatio! you would fli. it arou!d. 'ou would say #am 'atee *llaa H with the /e!eral majority of somethi!/> a!d the! you draw the eD+e.tio!s. (ere> i! thisC

H FII> !o o!e atte!ded eD+e.t. That is the .ro.er Arabi+ la!/ua/e> you start

3 71 l 6 ... H 7 J 1 " 5 3 1 U 6 / ! / * w / : 5 1 / " 1 K K 7 7


*llaa> here it is to show that those at a loss are the majority> whi+h is +o!siste!t with the more dire+t 1erses we me!tio!ed two wee%s a/o.

3 1 ? :K7 7 ...7 7- 1 3 H D Z
4ote whe! Allah said all ma!%i!d are at a loss> (e did !ot tell us why they were at a loss. (e did !ot say they are at a loss be+ause they /amble> be+ause they dri!%> be+ause they for!i+ate> a!d the list /oes o! a!d o!. (e did !ot say that> (e did !ot /i1e us the details of why they are at a loss. (e +ould ha1e saidC
-a/e F 93:

/ , -# J 1 " 1 3 5 3 1 6 / ! / * w D / % : 5 1 / " 1 K 'N ! -A ! T ! - Y


A!d (e +ould me!tio! +hara+teristi+s of those> why they are at a loss. *!stead> Allah told us those who are eDem.ted> a!d the ualities of the wi!!ers. (e we!t to tell us the uality or the outli!es of the wi!!ers> i!stead of telli!/ us the details of those who are at a loss> or the losers. Why= Be+ause s.ea%i!/ about the losers is e!dless> it will /o o! fore1er a!d e1er. So ma!y +hara+teristi+s> so ma!y ty.es. There is ma!y reaso!s for bei!/ a loser but the outli!e for bei!/ amo!/ the wi!!ers> the o!es who are su++essful> is sim.le. *t is a sim.le> easy outli!e to follow. What are they= They are the four fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les that we ha1e bee! tal%i!/ about for the .ast ele1e! or twel1e +lasses> that we ha1e bee! tea+hi!/. That is why the ,ura! i! other 1erses> s.ea%s about the strai/ht .ath as a si!/ular .ath> a!d e1e! i! some (adith. *t is a si!/le .ath> it +omes i! a si!/ular form. Whe! (e s.ea%s about other .aths> it +omes .luralC

,! ! - ( - A F ; E ' 5 k 6 . D 8 7 " 1 3 1 1 3 1 A3 ' F H / 4 1 A5 U>? : ...< P


Berily> this is my strai/ht .ath> .ath> so follow it a!d follow !ot the other .aths> .aths. Siraatee Hk.I is si!/ular. My .ath is si!/ular> o!e sim.le .ath. Subul H

<ALI> the de1ia!t .aths> is .lural. So o!e> the ri/ht .ath +omes as si!/ular> a!d
the de1ia!t .ath +omes as .lural.

T2OSE 62O BELIEBE


I0AAN
IS T2E

F$5IT OF 1NO6LE,AE

3 1 ? :K7 7 ...7 7- 1 3 H D Z
This is the first .ri!+i.le of the four fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les that the author of Usool Al-Thalaathah> +alled the first of the four fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les of the i!trodu+tory .ri!+i.les i! the boo%. 'ou remember he said the first .ri!+i.le is to %!ow> to %!ow Allah> the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> a!d The Boo%. Why do you !eed to %!ow about Allah a!d (is -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> a!d The Boo%= *! order to belie1e> Aama!u H - ZI. ;!owled/e is what /ets you to belie1e i! Allah> (is Messe!/er> boo%s a!d a!/els. We do !ot !eed to tal% about this si!+e it was +o1ered i! detail whe! we tal%ed about the first of the four fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les.

-a/e F 933

What may +o!fuse someo!e thou/h> is the author i! the boo%> i! our boo% ri/ht before us> he me!tio!ed the .ri!+i.le as %!owled/e. But here> whe! we loo% at it i! Surat al-&Asr> i! the 1erse it says *maa!> but the author me!tio!s it as %!owled/e. ;!owled/e i! Allah> the -ro.het a!d the Boo%> be+ause the author is tryi!/ to /et this .ri!+i.le to you of *maa!> the .ri!+i.le of *maa! to you. But the o!ly way you +a! /et *maa! is throu/h %!owled/e. <a! there be real *maa! without %!owled/e= 4o. So that may +ause a +o!fusio! as to why the author me!tio!s it as %!owled/e a!d i! the Surah he uses as .roof> it is me!tio!ed as *maa!. *maa! is the fruit of %!owled/e> it is deri1ati1e from %!owled/e. That is why the author> i! !umber o!e> he says %!owled/e a!d !ote he s.e+ified %!owled/e i! Allah> the -ro.het> a!d the Boo%. There +a!!ot be *maa! without %!owled/e. <a! you /et a! ora!/e without a tree= The tree is %!owled/e. The fruit> whether it may be a! ora!/e or a! a..le> those> the fruit> is *maa!. The tree is %!owled/e> you +a!!ot /et fruit without a tree. So whe! the author said %!owled/e a!d %!owled/e i! Allah> the -ro.het> a!d the Boo%> it mea!s *maa! i! this 1erse be+ause the .ur.ose a!d /oal of your %!owled/e i! those matters> is to ha1e *maa! i! them.

624 ,I, ALLA2

NOT

,ETAIL I0AAN.

Why did the 1erse i! Surat al-&Asr !ot tell us what to belie1e i!= Allah saidC

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Allah said eD+e.t those who belie1e> .eriod. (ere> (e did !ot tell us i! detail what are the as.e+ts of belie1i!/. (ere there is three .oi!ts * wa!t to me!tio!. Allah did !ot detail *maa! i! this 1erse be+ause of A> it is ob1ious. B> it is %!ow!. <> there is .le!ty of 1erses throu/hout the ,ura! a!d (adith to %!ow what *maa! is> that +larify this matter a!d situatio!. "or eDam.le> * ha1e o!e +ar> a!d you +ame with me i! that +ar. A!d o! our way lea1i!/ ri/ht !ow> * ha!d you the %eys a!d * tell you> /o .ull my +ar. * am sta!di!/ o! the sidewal% a!d * say> /o .ull my +ar. Would it ma%e se!se for me to say> /o .ull u. my red <he1y or whate1er +ar * ha1e> with the li+e!se .late so a!d so= 'ou just +ame with me> you %!ow what +ar it is. 'ou %!ow whi+h +ar it is so * say> just /o .ull u. my +ar. Same thi!/ with *maa!.

T2E 0EANINA OF I0AAN

IN T2IS

BE$SE

The se+o!d .oi!t is whe! Allah left *maa! o.e! e!ded> it is to belie1e. #ea1i!/ it o.e! e!ded li%e that mea!s to belie1e i! all of what o!e is su..osed to belie1e i!> !ot o!e as.e+t a!d lea1e other as.e+ts> all of *maa!. Mea!i!/ it be+omes /e!eral> whe! Allah left it o.e! e!ded> it be+omes /e!eral to e!+om.ass all of *maa! so that it i!+ludes *maa! i! Allah> the a!/els> the boo%s> the Messe!/ers> the ,adhaa a!d ,adar> a!d the details of all of that.
-a/e F 936

The third .oi!t is> whe! Allah left belie1i!/ o.e! e!ded> it mea!t belie1i!/ i! the /uida!+e of Allah a!d !ot e1ery myth> fable> a!d su.erstitio! that you +ome a+ross. "or eDam.le> we ha1e solid (adith> a!d e1e! before that we ha1e ,ura!> that tear a heart i! fear> .ertai!i!/ to the .u!ishme!t of the /ra1e> or matters of the Aa%hirah. 'et some .eo.le do !ot /et mo1ed by it> be+ause the *maa! is !ot fully rooted a!d there is also la+% of u!dersta!di!/ of the ,ura!. But the! you /et a story> you +a! smell it is fabri+ated a millio! miles away. About someo!e who for eDam.le> /ot buried> a!d the /uy who buried him dro..ed his wallet i! the /ra1e. The! whe! e1eryo!e was slee.i!/ at !i/ht> he remembered his wallet so he we!t a!d du/ u. the /ra1e to /et his wallet. A!d !o o!e has see! it but him a!d the! he fou!d that body +har+oaled a!d his fa+ed was fli..ed o..osite of the ;abah. A!d the! to to. it off> you s+roll dow! a!d you fi!d if you do !ot .ass this o! to te! .eo.le> you are /oi!/ to die> or your family members are /oi!/ to die. Whe! Allah said to belie1e here> it is to belie1e i! the 1erses> *maa!> i! the /uida!+e. *slam does !ot wa!t you to be fable mi!ded. A belie1er is +le1er a!d astute> a belie1er is smart. Whe! the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam we!t to *sraa> a!d the ,uraysh /ot a hold of Abu Ba%r. They said !ow we /ot Abu Ba%r> the Siddee . This was before the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> /ot to him. They said liste! to this o!e Abu Ba%r> your frie!d> he +ome u. with this bi/ o!e. <a! you belie1e your frie!d we!t from Ma%%ah to A saa a!d the! to the se1e! s%ies> a!d retur!ed i! less tha! o!e !i/ht= The ma! who is +alled as-Siddee > he was a belie1er. (e was a belie1er> those who this 1erse tal%s about. Aama!u> he was a belie1er i! /uida!+e> !ot a fable mi!ded ma!. (e set the rules strai/ht a!d he said the stateme!t strai/ht i! a few words. (e said if he s.o%e it> it is the truthC

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Mea!i!/ you /uys are .robably liars> but if this really +ame from the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> it is true> it is a do!e deal. *f it is i! the ,ura!> if it is i! the authe!ti+ (adith> whether it e!ters your mi!d or it does !ot e!ter your mi!d> we really do !ot +are about your mi!d> but do !ot be /ullible to belie1e i! e1erythi!/ you hear.

T2OSE 62O ,O AOO, ,EE,S

3 1 ? :K77 ...[ 7 7 ! 1 = 1 1 3 H 1 K D Z 3 - -
&Amilus-Saalihaat H[ I> those who do /ood deeds. This is the 1 = 1 1 K 3 - se+o!d o!e. Aama!u> the first o!e is belie1e. &Amilus-Saalihaat> do /ood deeds. Allah i! fifty o!e 1erses> dire+tly +ombi!ed betwee! *maa! a!d /ood deeds. *maa! must ha1e a+tio!s a!d +o!du+t. 4ote the order of how a+tio! +omes after %!owled/e. There +a! be !o /ood deeds eD+e.t after *maa!> whi+h +a!!ot ha..e!
-a/e F 936

without %!owled/e. So %!owled/e the! *maa!> o!e a!d two> or you +a! .ut those at the same le1el a+tually> a!d the! the !eDt o!e is to a+t o! it.

T2E$E IS NO I0AAN 6IT2O5T ACTION


This is .roof that there is !o *maa! without a+tio!. Those you +o!fro!t about .erformi!/ a+tio!s of *slam a!d the! you %!ow you /et a!swer always> *maa! is i! my heart. The ,urJa! whe! +ombi!i!/ betwee! Aama!u wa &Amilus-Saalihaat fifty o!e times> i! reality> de+lares them liars> those are liars. We are !ot tal%i!/ about someo!e who said his Shahaadah i! 5huhr a!d before &Asr he died a!d you say> oh is he a Muslim or !ot. (e did !ot ha1e the o..ortu!ity to eDer+ise a!y of the a+tio!s i! *slam> we are !ot tal%i!/ about eD+e.tio!al situatio!s li%e that. 0D+e.tio!al situatio!s where the timi!/ of a!y obli/atory a+t !e1er o++urred. We are tal%i!/ about de+ei1ers who li1e a lifelo!/ time 1oid of deeds a!d whe! you a..roa+h them> they say *maa! is i! my heart. *maa! is li%e a seed i! the heart a!d it is also li%e a seed whe! you wa!t to /row a flower. *f you do !ot /i1e that seed water> if you do !ot +are for it> if you do !ot !ourish it> what ha..e!s to that seed= That seed dies> it !e1er /rows. *f that seed stays there for two or three wee%s with !o a+tio!> !o +are for it> that *maa!> that seed dies a!d be+omes worthless. So you !eed deeds to li1e! your heart. Al-*maa! (ayyaat al-,uloob Ha-E

` 9 "wI> *maa! is your i!ter!al life. Wal-&Amalu (ayyaat adh-5haahir HO ` 9 <!I> a+tio!s are your
eDter!al life. 4othi!/ +a! ha1e life i!ter!ally a!d !ot eDter!ally> or the o..osite. A!d if they do ha1e life> o!e way or the other a!d !ot the other> it is /oi!/ to be tem.orary a!d the other missi!/ half is /oi!/ to %ill the other half. Those who say they belie1e a!d stay wee%s> mo!ths> or years 1oid of a+tio! yet +laim *maa!> they i! reality ha1e the traits of the Shaytaa! or the traits of ;uffaar ,uraysh or e1e! "iraw!. #oo% at the 1erse of AllahC

T/ ' E , / 'L Un :<7 ...7 7 = 5 J / ! 1 & !2 / T T


The ;uffaar> Allah is tal%i!/ about them. They belied i! the Ayaat> thou/h their ow! sel1es were +o!1i!+ed. *!side> i!ter!ally> Allah who %!ows i! the hearts said i!ter!ally i! their hearts> they had *maa!. They i!ter!ally had +o!1i+tio! but their outer a+tio!s resisted a!d they were de+lared as disbelie1ers. Those who +laim to belie1e> 1oid of a+tio!s i! their li1es> resemble "iraw! be+ause dee. dow! "iraw! was li%e this +ate/ory> amo!/ those who belie1ed i! his heart. (ow= -ay atte!tio!. Betwee! the status of "iraw! where he used to sayC

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-a/e F 93$

* am your su.reme lord> a!d sayi!/ * belie1e i! the #ord of Musa> he said that i! his last mome!t> betwee! the two is mome!ts. Whe! o!e /ets affli+ted> he usually tur!s to that whi+h is /e!ui!ely i! his heart. 'ou see someo!e astray for fifty years or more or less> he may be i! the .ea% of his arro/a!+e. The! he /ets told he /ot +a!+er a!d he is /oi!/ to die> sudde!ly he tur!s to Allah. Someo!e * %!ow of re+e!tly> * heard of from his family member> someo!e who used to /o to the eDte!t that the +urse of Allah was o! the ti. of his to!/ue. (e /oes to the hos.ital i! a .ai!ful disease> 1ery .ai!ful disease. Sudde!ly> this arro/a!t tyra!t who used to sla!der a!d +urse Allah is telli!/ his family to tea+h him how to ma%e Salah a!d he be/s them for for/i1e!ess for 1iolati!/ their ri/hts. What ma%es the hidde! truth surfa+e i! that hardshi.= 5oes o!e a+ uire the truth so sudde!ly a!d drasti+ally after bei!/ ill> or was it buried withi! him a!d it /ot dusted off with a +alamity= Usually> those sudde!> drasti+ +ha!/es li%e that are the result of the truth bei!/ buried> the +alamity +omes a!d dusts off that a!d the truth surfa+es. *t is li%e a red +ar.et> .robably the best way to eD.lai! it is li%e a red +ar.et. A red +ar.et o1er time> es.e+ially i! our old +ou!tries> the dust is i! that re/io!> you ta%e a sti+% whi+h is li%e the +alamity> you hit that red +ar.et> the red +olour resurfa+es. The .oi!t is the truth is i! a lot of the ;uffaar who Allah s.o%e about. Allah saidC

/ 'L ...T ... / ' E / !


The truth is withi! them. They are +ertai! about the truth i! their hearts> but it was useless be+ause there was !o a+ts to follow alo!/ with it. The a+ts of the to!/ue> the a+ts of the body .arts. The truth was hidde! i! "iraw!> it did !ot hel. him be+ause there was !o a+t. *! fa+t> the a+ts resisted that whi+h was i! the heart. The summary a!d .oi!t is that i!ter!al belief i! *maa! must +oi!+ide with the eDter!al belief whi+h is a+tio!. *f o!e +laims he has i!ter!al a!d time a!d time a!d time .asses with absolutely !o eDter!al .ra+ti+e> he is !ot a belie1er. The best eDam.le that * ha1e bee! usi!/ for .ossibly two de+ades is i! matters of life> would o!e be satisfied with a!other .erso! with just the heart belief> heart lo1e> whe! we deal with ea+h other= *f you do !ot a++e.t matters i! this life with the heart o!ly> the! how +a! you eD.e+t that they be a++e.ted i! the matters of the life after= *f a husba!d tells his wife * lo1e you a!d * lo1e you a!d * lo1e you all day a!d all !i/ht yet he does absolutely !othi!/ to show that lo1e. 4o job to su..ort her> does !ot ta%e +are of the %ids> does !ot hel. her arou!d the house> sits o! the +ou+h all day a!d tells his wife he lo1es her. What is the +ommo! stateme!t that the wife says= *f you lo1e me> you would show it. A!d the! of +ourse she is /oi!/ to /o to the Shay%h a!d file for ;hula. *f you do /ood i! wor%> i! s+hool> your tea+her> your boss> whate1er it is> says * li%e you> you did absolutely /reat a!d he showers you with the most elo ue!t .raises> he lo1es you. 'our !atural rea+tio! is> if * am all that the! show me. *f * am /ood the! where is the /rade> where is the A .lus> where is the .romotio!> where is the raise=

-a/e F 93)

ACTIONS 6IT2O5T I0AAN


The fli. side of this is> a+tio! with !o i!ter!al *maa! is 1ery da!/erous as well. The .ea% of deeds is for the a..are!t deeds to +oi!+ide with the i!ter!al *maa!. Those who ha1e deeds with !o i!ter!al fou!datio! ha1e i! reality> as.e+ts of the Mu!aafi ee!> the hy.o+rites a!d fli. flo..ers. Those are the .eo.le who you really fi!d with rela.se> those are the rela.sed i! their belief. The o!es who rela.se are this %i!d of +ate/ory. 'ou see him with the a..eara!+e that he is a true> de1out Muslim. To you it a..ears li%e that> the! sudde!ly he is the total o..osite. Those are the .eo.le who really> i! reality> had the eDter!al but were hallow i!ter!ally. #et me /i1e you a! eDam.le. All this is +leared by eDam.les> that is why * ha1e to /i1e you a! eDam.le for ea+h o!e of these. 0arly i! this +e!tury> there was a ma! +alled Abdullah al-,aseemi. (e li1ed from 28@$ to 2886> he was bor! i! Saoodiyyah a!d he eDiled himself to 0/y.t. (e wrote boo%s defe!di!/ *slam> he wrote boo%s defe!di!/ *maam Muhammad *b! Abdul-Wahhaab. (e wrote boo%s refuti!/ se+ts> he wrote boo%s refuti!/ atheism> this was i! the early .art of the +e!tury. Abdudh5haahir Abu Samh> o!e of the *maams the (aram ba+% i! the days> he died 2869 Rahmatullahi &Alayhi> he wrote a .oem +omme!di!/ this ma!> Abdullah al-,aseemi. (e wrote a .oem> for his /reat %!owled/e> for his ser1i+e to *slam. Abdullah al,aseemi wrote boo%s> * read a lot of his boo%s a!d truly> his old boo%s> you be!efit from them. (e has a boo% for eDam.le> As-Siraa Bay!al-*slam wal-Watha!iyyah> his most .o.ular boo%. (e has a boo% +alled Al-Buroo A!-4ajdiyyah> he res.o!ds to those who +laim that o!e +a! ha1e i!ter+essio! with +reatio!> basi+ally tal%i!/ about the major Shir%. (e has a boo% +alled Mush%ilaatil-Ahaadith A!-4abawiyyah wa Bayaa!uha> he res.o!ds 1ery elo ue!tly to Atheists who +laim reaso! o1er .roof. (e has a boo% +alled Al-"aslil-(aasim Bay!al-Wahhabiyee! wa Mu%haalifeehim. A!d he has a!other boo% +alled Shuyoo%h Al-A?har> a!d he has a!other boo% +alled Ath-Thawrah Al-Wahhaabiyyah. Boo%s where he defe!ds the true Tawheed a!d the followers of true Tawheed. (e has the .o.ular boo% (ayaat Muhammad> he has a boo% with +omme!tary o! that boo%. *f you read his boo%s or if he had ba+% the! ta.es or 'outubes> this would ha1e bee! o!e of the bi//est *maams o! the .ath of the Salaf. Bi/orously defe!di!/ *slam a!d the +ore of Tawheed> !ot just re/ular *slam> the +ore> +ore of Tawheed. That is how is loo%ed> that is how it a..eared> but was it really li%e that= *! reality> he is a! eDam.le of o!e whose outer a+tio! did !ot mat+h his i!ter!al a+tio!. #i%e ma!y of the i/!ora!t heads that you see today> maybe !ot at the same le1el of him> but it is the same .roblem. Those who we!t from a..are!t tal% of Ayaat a!d Ahaadith a!d Tawheed a!d sayi!/s of the Salaf> they we!t from that fiftee! years a/o> to sudde!ly they are !ow moder!ists or ri/ht at the border of bei!/ moder!ists. "rom utteri!/ ,ura! a!d Su!!ah to !ow bei!/ more li%e .oliti+al a!alysts> i!stead of tal%i!/ ,ura! a!d Su!!ah they are worthy of ta%i!/ the .ositio!
-a/e F 938

of Joh! ;i!/ o! <44. Some whose .rese!t day re+ordi!/s refute their re+ordi!/s fiftee! years a/o> a!d fiftee! years a/o re+ordi!/s> refute their .rese!t day tal% a!d writi!/s. Those are the .eo.le> both i! the 0ast a!d the West > they are a1ailable i! the 0ast a!d the West. The reality is> they may !ot ha1e /o!e to the eDtreme of al,aseemi who we!t to a! Atheist after defe!di!/ Tawheed> but they ha1e as.e+ts of> the +ommo! de!omi!ator is the i!ter!al did !ot mat+h the eDter!al. 4asalullah al-&Aafiyah> that is a .roblem. * am sayi!/ it is !ot as bad as al-,aseemi be+ause he we!t to a full blow! atheist> but these .eo.le> the i!ter!al did !ot mat+h the eDter!al. "or eDam.le al-,aseemi> who we!t from defe!di!/ Muhammad *b! Abdul-Wahhaab to a .ure atheist. Why * say it did !ot mat+h= #ater o!> some of his +lose frie!ds said that whe! he was writi!/ these hard+ore boo%s o! Tawheed a!d &A eedah> defe!di!/ *slam> i! his .ri1ate setti!/ with them he would debate with them matters that were eDtremely u!usual. They would say how +ould this ma! tal% about this. 7!e of his frie!ds> * read o!+e> o!e of the frie!ds of al-,aseemi said at the time he was defe!di!/ &A eedah a!d Tawheed> is his su.er setti!/s he would raise issues doubti!/ the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d Allah. We did !ot %!ow about that> we see! the surfa+e of his boo%s. The! his frie!d said> the! * would see him i! a /atheri!/ i! the daytime tea+hi!/ to a /rou. a!d a +rowd> Sahih Muslim. So the! * say to myself> the tal% we had yesterday is just .robably Shaytaa!i+ whis.ers be+ause it is im.ossible. At !i/ht time he is ha1i!/ doubts i! the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> i! the daytime he is tea+hi!/ Sahih Muslim. The mai! dia/!osis of the li%es of the ,aseemi who we!t from Tawheeed +arriers a!d defe!ders to .ure atheists> is that there was a mismat+h betwee! the i!ter!al a!d the eDter!al. The i!ter!al *maa! did !ot +oi!+ide with the eDter!al. Whe! you are as%i!/> as% Allah li%e the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallamC

E 1 h f / W A 1 E / A c a 1 - 1 / N
The authe!ti+ (adith that the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam used to ma%e a 5uaa> i! al-Jaami as-Sa/heer. 7h Allah the tur!er of the hearts> %ee. my heart firm o! your reli/io!. *! reality that 5uaa mea!s> %ee. my i!ter!al a!d my eDter!al ru!!i!/ at the same .ath> so * +a! be a!d remai! steadfast o! the Tahweed.

ALL ,EE,S A$E INCL5,E, IN T2IS BE$SE

3 1 ? :K ...[ ! 1 = 1 1 3 H 1 K D Z 3 - -
&Amilus-Saalihaat fi!ally> is /ood deeds. &Amilus-Saalihaat is /ood deeds> a+t o! *slam. This is the se+o!d +hara+teristi+ of the as.e+ts of sa1i!/ you from bei!/ amo!/ those that are at loss. This i!+ludes e1ery %i!d of deed> both the i!ter!al a+tio!s of the heart> that is i!+luded> a!d the eDter!al by your to!/ue> your ha!ds
-a/e F 96@

a!d body .arts. That is all i!+luded> a!y deed is i!+luded i! this 1erse> &AmilusSaalihaat. Whether it may be a! ordai!> whether it be Su!!ah> whether it may be a ri/ht of Allah> whether it may be a ri/ht of a huma! bei!/. All of that is i!+luded i! &Amilus-Saalihaat> &Amilus-Saalihaat e!+om.asses all deeds> heart a+tio!s a!d body a+tio!s.

A,BISE AN, $ECO00EN, 6IT2 T$5T2 AN, (ATIENCE

? :K 6 ... / & = 3 & 1 1 / . F! B / . F! 1 / AK


Ad1ise a!d re+omme!d to o!e a!other with truth a!d .atie!+e. These are !umber three a!d !umber four of the four fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les. *maa! is !ot li%e a ro+%> they fi!d ro+%s thousa!ds of years old a!d they fi!d it just li%e it was. 'ou +a! ha1e a ro+% a!d you .ut it for +e!turies to +ome a!d it !e1er +ha!/es. *maa! is !ot li%e that> it would be !i+e if *maa! was li%e that but *maa! is !ot li%e that. *maa! flu+tuates a!d there are for+es behi!d that flu+tuatio!> behi!d that +ha!/e. 'ou ha1e the for+e of a!-4afsC

tJ >? :vL- ...7 7\ 1 -5 q 6 3 1 ... P & 3 / 3 " 1`


There are three thi!/s. 4umber two> Shayatee! al-*!s a!d the! you /ot Shayatee! al-Ji!! whi+h are me!tio!ed i! the ,ura!. These for+es are out to /et you> sometimes o!e of them atta+%s you> sometimes two atta+% you a!d sometimes you /ot all three o! you> atta+%i!/ you to mis/uide you. Sometimes they atta+% you with full for+e> sometimes they atta+% you li/htly. So how do you %ee. all these for+es i! +he+%= Two waysC

? :K 6 ... / & = 3 & 1 1 / . F! B / . F 1 / AK


Ad1ise a!d re+omme!d i! truth a!d .atie!+e. 'our brothers> your Muslim brothers a!d your Muslim sisters hel. you restrai! the e1il 4afs> the tem.tatio!. The tem.tatio! of the Shaytaa!> the tem.tatio! of the Ji!! a!d the *!s> the e1il *!s that i!sti/ate you to do (araam. By how= By the ri/hteous ad1isi!/ you. 'ou !eed your brothers be+ause whe! o!e is alo!e> he melts. *f you ha1e te! +u.s a!d you .ut o!e i+e +ube i! ea+h o!e of those te! +u.s> the! you ha1e o!e +u. by itself a!d you ha1e te! +ubes i! that +u.. Whi+h o!e melts faster= Whe! ea+h o!e is i!di1idual> it is /oi!/ to melt faster.

? :K 6 ... / & = 3 & 1 1 / . F! B / . F 1 / AK


,A76A2
IS NOT A

0ONO(OL4

-a/e F 962

Why did Allah say Tawaasaw H-.-FI i!stead of Awsaw H-.!,I= The reaso! for the word Tawaasaw rather tha! Awsaw is> it was used be+ause ad1isi!/ a!d re+omme!di!/ the truth a!d .atie!+e is !ot dire+ted to a +ertai! +ate/ory of belie1ers. *t is for e1ery belie1er> for e1ery /rou.> for e1ery +ate/ory. Tawaasaw is 5awah. 5awah is !ot a mo!o.oly !or is it eD+lusi1e> it is !ot for a +ertai! +ate/ory o1er a!other> it is !ot eD+lusi1e for some o1er a!other. (ad it bee! Awsaw> the! it may ha1e bee! dire+ted to a +ertai! /rou.. But whe! it is Tawaasaw> it mea!s it is o.e! for all> it is the duty of all. *t is the duty of all what= *t is the duty of e1eryo!e to ad1ise a!d the duty of e1eryo!e to a++e.t ad1i+e> that is what Tawaasaw mea!s i!stead of Awsaw. There is !o o!e better tha! a!other i! this> there is !o Shay%h immu!e from /etti!/ ad1i+e a!d there is !o stude!ts> there is !o layme! immu!e from /etti!/ ad1i+e or /i1i!/ ad1i+e. Stude!ts> Shay%hs> *maams> we are all e ual> there is !o hierar+hy i! this matter> we are all to/ether i! this matter. #i%e some +ou!tries for eDam.le> they ha1e the a/e!+y +alled The A/e!+y of the -ro.a/atio! of Birtue a!d the -re1e!tio! of Bi+e a!d some +ou!tries> they try to limit ordai!i!/ the /ood a!d 5awah to that /rou. ri/ht there. (ad it bee! Awsaw they would ha1e had .roof but whe! it is Tawaasaw !o> e1ery belie1er must ad1ise his brother a!d e1ery brother must a++e.t. We are all i! this e ual> there is !o se!d butto! yet !o re+ei1e> we ha1e all /ot i! this matter> a se!d a!d a re+ei1e butto!.

A,BISINA IS A A$O5( EFFO$T


A belie1er to a belie1er is li%e two ha!ds> o!e washes the other. 7!e ha!d +a!!ot wash itself by itself> you !eed a!other ha!d to wash the ha!d a!d that is what a belie1er is to a!other belie1er. *f you wa!t others to a++e.t your tea+hi!/ a!d ad1i+e> the! you start with yourself !o matter who you thi!% you are> you start by a++e.ti!/ ad1i+e off other .eo.le. We all ha1e our faults> Wallahi we all ha1e our faults a!d we all ha1e our wea%!ess. The Ummah is o!e body a!d we are here to hel. ea+h other i! this wea%!ess. Someo!e may ha1e a wea%!ess i! doubts> doubts are li%e Shubuhaat H[TA%I. (e /ets doubts for eDam.le about Allah> ma!y .eo.le /et that doubt> the Shaytaa! i!sti/ates it a!d he rea+hes a le1el where he be/i!s to i!sti/ate doubts e1e! i! Allah> i! the eDiste!+e of Allah. Some .eo.le be/i! to ha1e these Shubuhaat but there is a!other .erso!> a belie1er who is stro!/ i! resisti!/ the desires> the Shahawaat H[-T%I. The wome!> the musi+al i!strume!ts a!d that is +alled Shahawaat. The o!e who is stro!/ i! doubts has wea%!ess i! loo%i!/ at (araam for eDam.le> so the o!e stro!/ i! a! area hel.s his brother that is wea% i! the other area. *f you are stro!/ i! Shubuhaat> you hel. your brother who is wea% i! Shubuhaat. 'ou are stro!/ i! Shahawaat> you hel. your brother who is wea% i! Shahawaat. The tree of *maa! i! order for it to be sustai!ed> !eeds to be watered> you !ourish your *maa! by ad1isi!/ ea+h other. #oo% at the table i! your house> you lea1e for a mo!th or two or you are li1i!/ i! the house a!d you just do !ot wi.e it off> it be+omes dusty. Whe!
-a/e F 969

we ad1ise ea+h other a!d re+omme!d for ea+h other> it is wi.i!/ the dust off the table> off the hearts. 4ote the Surah starts off with *ma! alo!e> Aama!u> 5eeds> &Amilus-Saalihaat> it is alo!e> more li%e a! i!di1idual +a.a+ity. Aama!u> belie1e> &Amilus-Saalihaat> more li%e a! i!di1idual +a.a+ity. 4ow whe! it /ets to ad1isi!/> it is li%e a /rou. li%e setti!/ be+ause as a Muslim> you are a member of this Ummah. 4ow it is a /rou. effort> the Ummah all to/ether> all that +omes from Wa Tawaasaw H / . F! I.

2A99 $EFE$S TO ALL OF T2E $EBELATION OF ALLA2


The third fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.le> ad1isi!/ i! (a > that is i! reality what the author me!tio!ed> 5awah. That is what we tau/ht i! the third .ri!+i.le. (a hereC

? :K 6 ... / & = 3 & 1 1 / . F! B / . F 1 / AK


(a here is a word used to summarise the re1elatio! of Allah> the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah.

(ATIENCE
(ATIENCE IS I0(LIE, T2$O5A2O5T T2E S5$A2
The fourth fu!dame!tal a!d fi!al .ri!+i.le here is> Sabr> .atie!+e. -atie!+e +omes at the e!d li%e a bo!us> this is li%e a bo!us. *t +omes o! to. of all the /ood that we ha1e already bee! tal%i!/ about i! this Surah. *f you loo% i! betwee! the li!es of this Surah> Sabr> .atie!+e is i! reality withi! the li!es of the Surah four times. 7!eC

3 1 ? :K7 7 ...7 7- 1 3 H D Z
A /reat .ortio! of *maa! +omes throu/h Sabr. Some s+holars were uoted as sayi!/ Sabr is half of *maa!. That is o!e> it is me!tio!ed i! betwee! the li!es ri/ht there. The se+o!d o!eC

? :K77 ...[ 7 7 1 = 1 ... 1 K 3 -


Those who do /ood deeds. *s Sabr> .atie!+e> !ot .art of /ood deeds= We said &Amilus-Saalihaat is all the deeds. *s .atie!+e !ot deeds= So it falls u!der !umber two.

? :K7 7 ...B 7 ... / & 7 = 1 / . F!


-a/e F 96:

Ai1e ad1i+e. *s Sabr !ot i!+luded i! the /e!eral word of (a = We said (a is all the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah> so is Sabr !ot .art of that= So it is i! the third o!e.

(ATIENCE $EFE$S TO ALL T4(ES OF (ATIENCE


But the! fi!ally> it is s.e+ified i!di1idually to show how im.orta!t a!d esse!tial a!d mi/hty it is su..osed to be i! your life a!d for you to a+hie1e su++ess. That is why it is me!tio!ed at the fourth le1el of the Surah. -atie!+e to be obedie!t to Allah> .atie!+e to stay away from the si!s> a!d .atie!+e i! trials a!d tribulatio!s. *! +lass !umber te! a!d ele1e!> we tal%ed about .atie!+e i! de.th as the fourth fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.le so there is !o !eed to /o o1er that. We are just tal%i!/ about these matters i! relatio! to the Surah. ;ee. i! mi!d thou/h> .atie!+e here refers to all .atie!+e> all ty.es of .atie!+e. Small matters a!d bi/ matters> e1e! .atie!+e from boredom. The first thi!/ that * was tal%i!/ about i! the +lass today> .atie!+e from !ot bei!/ bored. #i%e we me!tio!ed i! the start of the +lass> the Shaytaa! will +ome a!d +ast boredom u.o! you> to deter you from *baadah a!d from /ood deeds> so you ha1e to ha1e .atie!+e to resist that. Also you ha1e to ha1e .atie!+e i! what you are all doi!/ here> you ha1e to ha1e .atie!+e i! lear!i!/> to lear!> a!d i! e1erythi!/. "or eDam.le i! *baadah> if you ta%e a hu/e ju/ a!d .oured it o1er a .la!t a!d you fi!ished that ju/ a!d lea1e it> what ha..e!s= 7r is it better to /o to that .la!t a!d e1ery day .our a +u. or two> a!d the! the !eDt day .our a +u. or two> whi+h o!e is a better s+e!ario= To .our that hu/e ju/ a!d just lea1e it> or e1ery day .our a +u. or two= That .la!t will !e1er sur1i1e if you .our the whole ju/ a!d just lea1e it> you must .our a +u. or two for it to stay ali1e. Amo!/ the Shaytaa!i+ ta+ti+s is that sometimes he lets o!e /o forth i! some *baadah. Someo!e !ewly i!to *slam> or he may liste! to a ;hutbah or a le+ture> sudde!ly he wa!ts to do ,iyaam from *shaa to "ajr. That is why i! my tal% o! The Ultimate -leasure of a Belie1er> the o!e o! ,iyaam> * said start> but start slow a!d /radual. Matters that start /radual a!d +o!ti!ue are better tha! that bi/ lum. sum that you do at o!e time a!d that is the e!d of it> that bi/ ju/ that you .our a!d just lea1e the tree. The Shaytaa! may let o!e do ,iyaam all !i/ht> so he +a! .our all the water he has. So the !eDt day a!d followi!/ days a!d wee%s a!d years> he will !ot do a!ythi!/. *slam is a ste. by ste. .ro+ess> so you ha1e to ha1e .atie!+e to resist boredom i! the Shaytaa!i+ ta+ti+s i! *baadah. #i%e *baadah for eDam.le> you !eed .atie!+e i! what you are doi!/ here> what you are doi!/ here is lear!i!/. 'ou see someo!e +omi!/ so ea/er a!d .assio!ate about lear!i!/> the! a few mo!ths later> that .assio! for lear!i!/ *slam a!d Tawheed a!d all that sudde!ly dies a!d fades away. 'ou !eed .atie!+e> that is why. Sometimes there is a reaso! behi!d it a!d sometimes it is totally from the Shaytaa!. * %!ow ma!y> ma!y who for eDam.le wa!t to /o to Madi!ah a!d you %!ow there is a! a..li+atio! .ro+ess. They are .assio!ate about a..lyi!/ a!d time /oes by. By the time they se!d their .a.ers i! a!d by the
-a/e F 963

time they /et a++e.ted> their .assio! for Talabul-&*lm has faded a!d died away a!d they do !ot wa!t to /o !o more. That is why al-;hadr %e.t telli!/ Musa &alayhis salaam i! the ,ura!C

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'ou are here i! a !oble +ause> Talabul-&*lm> so you !eed .atie!+e. 'ou do !ot lear! *slam o1er!i/ht> it re uires .ersiste!+e a!d .atie!+e. Sometimes you must be .atie!t with your tea+her> you /ot to ta%e that. * ha1e sat i! fro!t of some Shuyoo%h> four years * +a! remember o!e of them> * do !ot remember * ha1e see! a smile o! his fa+e. A!d if you as% him> whe! you as% him a!d you ha1e to as% him> the +ha!+es are slim that you are !ot /oi!/ to /et s+olded a!d embarrassed but that !e1er +aused us to lea1e their si/ht. #et me tell you> Shay%h Ahmad Baathaf as%ed a famous Shay%h> 5r. 4aasir al-&A il> he has a Masters a!d -h5 i! &A eedah. Bery %!owled/eable i! &A eedah> he tau/ht /e!eratio!s. (e was as%ed> who is the most %!owled/eable i! &A eedah. This Shay%h> Shay%h Ahmad is as%i!/ Shay%h 4aasir al-&A il> who is the most %!owled/eable i! &A eedah= Shay%h 4aasir al-&A il said> * do !ot %!ow a!yo!e o! the fa+e of this 0arth more %!owled/eable i! &A eedah tha! Shay%h Abdullah al-Ahu!aymaa!. (e has a -h5> Shay%h Abdullah al-Ahu!aymaa!. * a+tually belie1e that to be a 1ery a++urate stateme!t> if !ot> maybe 1ery> 1ery> 1ery +lose to it> a+tually it is a 1ery> 1ery a++urate stateme!t. This Shay%h> Abdullah al-Ahu!aymaa!> he tau/ht me a!d my father before me. A!d whe! he tau/ht me> * used to fre ue!t his house a lot. My father +alled him at o!e .oi!t a!d re uested that he tea+h me. *! additio!> he tau/ht us i! the *slami+ U!i1ersity> he was a tea+her there i! the re/ular +urri+ulum of the *slami+ U!i1ersity. (e also had a +hair i! the (aram where he tau/ht at times three days a wee% betwee! Ma/hrib a!d *shaa a!d at times> four times a wee% betwee! Ma/hrib a!d *shaa> a!d * also fre ue!ted his house. * may be mista%e!> * do !ot wa!t to .ut this o! my a++ou!t> but loo%i!/ ba+% at it> * do !ot thi!% * ha1e e1er see! him> e1er smile duri!/ my stay with him or my study with him. * a+tually o!+e too% a frie!d with me to his house. * was /oi!/ to /o lear! somethi!/ a!d * too% a frie!d> * ta//ed alo!/ a frie!d with me. My frie!d> duri!/ whe! we were tal%i!/> he as%ed a uestio! a!d he /ot s+olded real badly. Whe! we /ot ba+% i! the +ar> he said> do !ot e1er bri!/ me here a/ai!. (e was tou/h a!d *!shaa Allah it is be+ause he wa!ted to raise .eo.le .ro.erly> maybe it is his !ature> * am there to lear! from this /ia!t a!d that is what it is. May Allah /ra!t him a!d my father a lo!/ life full of deeds a!d Bara%ah. The .oi!t is> o!e !eeds .atie!+e i! e1ery as.e+t of lear!i!/. Today> if you do !ot baby your stude!ts> o!e loses .atie!+e sudde!ly a!d he is /o!e. A!d you will be lu+%y if you do !ot fi!d him .osti!/ somethi!/ !e/ati1e about you> if you do !ot
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.am.er him or her. ;ee. .atie!+e betwee! your eyes> it is a jour!ey> you are o! a jour!ey o! Talabul-&*lm a!d you !eed .atie!+e for it. A!d that is what you /ot to %ee.C

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T2E STATE0ENT OF AS2#S2AAFI 7EE
The fi!al +omme!t for the dee. stude!ts of %!owled/e is> it .ertai!s to the +omme!t the author me!tio!ed at the e!d of this Surah. (e saidC

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(e attributes this stateme!t to ash-Shaafiee. The author said ash-Shaafiee said> if !othi!/ else but this Surah would ha1e bee! re1ealed a!d !othi!/ else> this would ha1e bee! suffi+ie!t. There is a! issue with this stateme!t ri/ht here. 4ote> first of all> !ote the stateme!t. What is mea!t by this stateme!t is !ot that we do !ot !eed !othi!/ else but this Surah> you do !ot set the ,ura! aside a!d just ta%e al-&Asr. What is mea!t is that this Surah is suffi+ie!t to show you a! i!s.iratio!> a! outli!e> a! e!+oura/eme!t to dire+t you to the .ath of /uida!+e a!d sal1atio!. That is what they mea! whe! they uote this uote. A!d !oti+e * say what is mea!t by this stateme!t if some s+holars use it> si!+e * do !ot belie1e that this was the eDa+t wordi!/ of ash-Shaafiee Rahimahullah. This as it is uoted i! this boo%let> * do !ot thi!% it is the eDa+t wordi!/ of ash-Shaafiee Rahimahullah. This stateme!t as me!tio!ed i! Usool AthThalaathah is !owhere to be fou!d by a +hai!. 7!e of my Shuyoo%h> a /reat Muhaddith> Shay%h (ammaad al-A!saari Rahmatullahi &Alayhi> he is a /reat *maam from Mali. (e left Mali at a you!/ a/e to es+a.e the "re!+h terrorists ba+% i! the days a!d he la!ded i! Ma%%ah a!d Madi!ah> where he +o!ti!ued his studies a!d he is a 1ery .romi!e!t &Aalim. Amo!/st his stude!ts are *b! Jibree!> Ba%r Abu Eayd> Saalih Aalish-Shay%h> Shay%h Umar "allaatah a!d &Atiyah Saalim both of who were my tea+hers> a!d amo!/ his stude!ts is Shay%h Saalih al-(usay!i. This Shay%h> (ammaad al-A!saari> he died Rahmatullahi &Alayhi i!> * belie1e it was 288$ or +lose to that. #et me say before * /o o!> based o! ma!y re uests whe! * me!tio! these &Ulamaa> ma!y wa!ted to %!ow more> a!d *!shaa Allah if we ha1e time> * will me!tio! a short /lim.se o! these /ia!ts of *slam to re1i1e their me!tio! be+ause they are the lefto1er

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of the followers of the Sahaabah a!d be+ause whe! you %!ow about the true &Ulamaa> you will e!d u. %!owi!/ who is a! &Aalim a!d who is !ot. A!yway> whe! * as%ed Shay%h (ammaad al-A!saari o!+e i! his library about this stateme!t> he had a library that was o.e! to the .ubli+> he said he does !ot %!ow of a!y +hai! of authe!ti+ity where that stateme!t as me!tio!ed i! this boo%let +a! be fou!d. A!d * ha1e heard from a!other stude!t of &*lm> Albaa!i said a similar uote. A!d a+tually> if * did !ot lear! but this from Shay%h (ammaad al-A!saari> it would be worth me ma%i!/ 5uaa for him for the rest of my life. A!d he tau/ht me .le!ty> may Allah raise his ra!% to "irdaws. (e said i! ma!y boo%s that he resear+hed> he +ould !ot fi!d it. (owe1er i! Ma!aa ib ash-Shaafiee for al-Bayha i> there is a +hai! for similar stateme!t. The stateme!t /oesC

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*f .eo.le +o!tem.lated this Surah> it would be suffi+ie!t e!ou/h for them. *t is a little bit differe!t. (owe1er this .ro.er wordi!/ is attributed to ash-Shaafiee a!d Shay%h (ammaad al-A!saari said it is attributed to ash-Shaafiee with a solid +hai!> u!li%e the other stateme!t that is me!tio!ed i! this boo%. Why= "irst of all we should use this o!e> be+ause it a+tually has a +hai! to it. Se+o!d> it is more +lear> the stateme!t is more +lear as to what ash-Shaafiee is tal%i!/ about. Also> if you read the wor%s of *b! al-,ayyim a!d *b! Taymiyyah his Shay%h> a!d *b! ;atheer a!d ash-Sha! eeti> they all me!tio! itC

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They do !ot me!tio! it li%e it is me!tio!ed i! this boo%let. So !ow> why did the author here say the other o!e whi+h isC

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Why did he use that= *f the +orre+t o!e is the o!e i! Ma!aa ib ash-Shaafiee> why did the author here use it= Why did he !ot useC

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01e! thou/h it has a +hai! a!d the mea!i!/ is more +lear. *t may be that the author here uoted the mea!i!/ a!d !ot the word for word 1erbatim of what ash-Shaafiee said. A!d if you loo% i!to the wor%s of Muhammad *b! Abdul-Wahhaab a!d those who mastered the wor% of the *maam> the author of this boo%let. At times> you %!ow whe! you study the boo%s of someo!e for so lo!/> you /et to %!ow a tre!d of how he

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writes his boo%s. So some of the &Ulamaa said that he uotes by mea!i!/. So there is !o .roblem i! the fa+t that he uoted by mea!i!/> but we should sti+% to the o!e with a solid +hai!> be+ause first of all it has a +hai! a!d se+o!d of all the mea!i!/ is +learer. Wa Ja?a%um Allahu ;hayr. We we!t a little bit too lo!/> but Alhamdulillah we did a .ortio! of what we were su..osed to do of Tafseer Surat al-&Asr.

CLASS FO5$TEEN
This is our fourtee!th +lass o! the elu+idatio!s of Al-Usool Ath-Thalaathah. We fi!ished our four i!trodu+tory> fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les. The first o!e was %!owled/e> %!owled/e i! Allah> the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> a!d the Boo%. The! !umber two was to a+t o! it. 4umber three was to +o!1ey it. 4umber four was to be .atie!t u.o! that. The .roof for the four fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les was Surat al-&Asr. *! fa+t> these four .ri!+i.les are ta%e! dire+tly out of Surat al-&Asr. "i!ally> i! +o!+lusio! to the first four fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les> a!d with this we will +o!+lude the first +ha.ter *!shaa Allah Taaala> the author substa!tiates the .roof with a +ha.ter title from al-Bu%hari.

A C2A(TE$ TITLE F$O0 SA2I2 AL#B512A$I


(e saysC

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(e uotes a title i! al-Bu%hari> a +ha.ter where the title is> i! al-Bu%hari> may Allah ha1e mer+y u.o! him> he said +ha.ter %!owled/e .ro+eeds s.ee+h a!d a+tio!. A!d the .roof is the sayi!/ of Allah subhaa!ahu wa taaala> the Most (i/hC

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;!ow> that there is !o!e who has the ri/ht to be worshi.ed but Allah> a!d as% for/i1e!ess from your #ord for your si!s> a 1erse i! Surat Muhammad. The!> this is .art of the title still> so he be/a! by me!tio!i!/ %!owled/e before s.ee+h a!d a+tio!. That is the e!d of the title> that is the title.
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#ast wee% we me!tio!ed that there was a mi!or dis+re.a!+y i! the author uoti!/ a uote> attributed to ash-Shaafiee. A!d we said it is .ossible that the author me!tio!ed it by mea!i!/. (ere> i! uoti!/ al-Bu%hari> there is two sli/ht 1ariatio!s i! that uote. Whe! you retur! a!d /o loo% i! the ori/i!al Bu%hari> you are /oi!/ to fi!d two sli/ht 1ariatio!s. *t is really 1ery mi!or> but it is somethi!/ worth !oti!/ for Talabatul-&*lm. The author saysC

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*f you /o loo% i! Bu%hari> it saysC

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Both mea! the same thi!/> but sli/ht 1ariatio!s. The se+o!d 1ariatio! is i! the fi!al last two words where *maam Muhammad *b! Abdul-Wahhaab added the last two words. The uote is> so he be/a! with me!tio!i!/ %!owled/e before s.ee+h a!d a+tio!. The words that were added is> before s.ee+h a!d a+tio!. That does !ot +ha!/e the mea!i!/> it a+tually +larifies the mea!i!/> but that is !ot eDa+tly how it is i! the title of al-Bu%hari. *! &Arabi it isC

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That ri/ht there is where Bu%hari sto.s ri/ht there> a!d +o!ti!ues o! to somethi!/ else.

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*s the additio! o1er here. 4ow why did he do that= Why did he add that= Why is there these 1ariatio!s= (e may ha1e uoted by mea!i!/> or he wa!ted to eD.lai! it a little bit more> be+ause those eD.lai! it a little bit more. Some say he maybe had a 1ersio! of Bu%hari> where the titles !ot the (adith> the titles may ha1e bee! worded sli/htly differe!t. The !eDt issue should be who is al-Bu%hari= Si!+e we tal%ed about al-Bu%hari> we should /i1e a little /lim.se about his life. But si!+e there is a le+ture * /a1e ma!y> ma!y years a/o> * will refer you to that to liste! to it a!d see the life of al-Bu%hari Rahimahullah. That is what we will do fre ue!tly> whe!e1er we tal% about somethi!/ a!d it is to be me!tio!ed a/ai!> we will refer to it where we me!tio!ed it at so to +o1er more %!owled/e i! less time.

624 ,I, T2E A5T2O$ 5SE A C2A(TE$ TITLE F$O0 B512A$I AS ($OOF.
-a/e F 968

The +om.ilatio! of Bu%hari Rahimahullah is worthy of bei!/ writte! i! i!% of /old> we all %!ow that. *t is a +om.ilatio! whose +hai!s are li%e the stars> the .eo.le i! the +hai!s are li%e the stars i! the s%y. That +om.ilatio! has bee! ho!oured by *jmaa i! both its merit a!d ra!%i!/. *t is a +om.ilatio! that eDtermi!ated e1il a!d those a++used of e1il. *t is a boo% that affirmed justi+e a!d those who are just. That is !ot all. *f you loo% at the or/a!isatio! a!d stru+ture of the boo%> the deli+ate titli!/ a!d how he or/a!ised it> there is e1e! more i!formatio! to /et out of that. *t is !ot u!usual for you to read i! boo%s of &Ulamaa> they wa!t to tal% about somethi!/> a!d the! they are /oi!/ to ba+% it u. a!d sayC

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Al-Bu%hari !amed his +ha.ter this a!d that> to ba+% u. a .oi!t that they are tryi!/ to ma%e. The mere title itself> so ima/i!e if you /o to the Ahaadith of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. #et me /i1e you a! eDam.le whi+h will ma%e you u!dersta!d it better. A stude!t of %!owled/e o!+e did a re.ort o! whether it is better to ma%e multi.le Umrahs i! o!e 1isit or just to sti+% with o!e Umrah. "or eDam.le> you /o from here to Ma%%ah i! Umrah a!d you /o to Ma%%ah. 7!+e you /et to Ma%%ah> you /o to at-Ta!eem a se+o!d time li%e ma!y .eo.le do. Third time> you ma%e a fourth a!d fifth a!d siDth a!d se1e!th> you %!ow !umerous Umrahs. 7r is it better to sti+% to o!e Umrah= That is a "i h issue dee.ly dis+ussed a!d dis.uted amo!/ the &Ulamaa> e1e! some of the four &Ulamaa. The stude!t of &*lm we!t a!d studied a!d a!alysed a!d loo%ed at the .roof a!d he was telli!/ his frie!d> the +o!+lusio! * +ame with> is the reward is based o! what you eDert of effort. So his frie!d told him> that is eDa+tly the title of a +ha.ter i! the boo% of Bu%hariC

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A!-4asab H 1 K 3 I mea!s tire> what effort you eDert> so you /et reward based o! your effort. So the ma! said> Wallah if * see! that> it would ha1e sa1ed me a lot of time. Just the title itself> he may ha1e e1e! loo%ed i! Bu%hari but what ha..e!s is a lot of times you are tryi!/ to sear+h> you o1erloo% the title> you wa!t to /o ri/ht i!to the +e!tre. The &Ulamaa wrote boo%s o! the titles Bu%hari Rahimahullah used for his +ha.ters. 'ou will see some of that i!> if you ha1e> whi+h you all do *!shaa Allah> you ha1e the elu+idatio! of *b! (ajr> he me!tio!s that i! his elu+idatio!. Waliullah 5ehlawi a!d *b! (amaamah wrote boo%lets or boo%s o! the titles Bu%hari Rahimahullah +hose. Some s+holars we!t ba+% a!d forth writi!/> did Bu%hari mea! "i h o.i!io!s whe! he +hose the titles or were they merely just titles that he /a1e=

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They /o o! ba+% a!d forth i! that. These were /ia!ts> that if their titles /i1e so mu+h %!owled/e> the! ima/i!e the boo%s that they wrote. This did !ot ha..e! by mere %!owled/e alo!e> there were se+rets betwee! these /ia!ts a!d Allah that ele1ated them to su+h hi/h ra!%s. Brothers tell me> whe! * /et a la.to. *!shaa Allah> they wa!t to dow!load some .ro/ram that has siD thousa!d 1olumes> little .ro/ram that you +a! dow!load siD thousa!d 1olumes. 4ot 1olumes> siD thousa!d titles of *slami+ boo%s a!d four to fi1e times as mu+h as that i! 1olumes. So it is .robably li%e twe!ty thousa!d or so 1olumes> siD thousa!d 1olumes at the ti. of your fi!/ers. Bu%hari> Sufyaa! *b! &Uyay!ah> *b! Maee! a!d *b! (a!bal> a!-4awawi a!d *b! Taymiyyah a!d *b! al-,ayyim> they !eeded a (adith> some at times tra1elled the +o!ti!e!t to /et a (adith. 4ow we /ot siD thousa!d 1olumes at your fi!/erti.s. With all that %!owled/e> why did !o Talabatul-&*lm of today or &Ulamaa .rodu+e that whi+h is +lose to a!y o!e of those /ia!ts that we me!tio!ed .rodu+ed= 'ou read the wor%s of the &Ulamaa li%e *b! Taymiyyah a!d *b! al-,ayyim a!d Bu%hari a!d their li%es a!d their +ate/ories> i! both ua!tity a!d uality> a!d you /et asto!ished. These were me! who tra1elled by do!%eys a!d +amels> !ot by aero.la!es a!d +ars. These were me! who were i! a!d out of .riso!s a!d their life was full of stru//les. They were !ot wal%i!/ arou!d with la.to.s i! se1e! star hotels. They were me! who a lot of the times> wrote from the to. of their mi!d> !ot by /oi!/ i!to boo%s or ru!!i!/ throu/h la.to.. Why so mu+h Bara%ah=

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'es> %!owled/e is esse!tial> but you ha1e to %ee. se+rets betwee! you a!d Allah that o!ly you a!d Allah %!ow> to ele1ate you to su+h a hi/h le1el. * belie1e they had su+h se+rets that their ow! wi1es a!d +losest of all stude!ts did !ot %!ow of.

1NO6LE,AE ($ECE,ES ACTION


So here> the 1erse i! Bu%hari> that Bu%hari usesC

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I> %!ow> that there is !o!e that ha1e the ri/ht to be worshi..ed "alam H / ; / eD+e.t Allah> a!d as% for/i1e!ess from Allah for your si!sC

1 AD / 1 6 U^ :2=7 7 ... 7 7 ... / 'L 1 z 1 ) / ! 1 / 1 ! W / J


-a/e F 962

"alam> %!owled/e .re+edes a+tio! a!d sayi!/ a!d it is a +o!ditio! for your a+tio! a!d your sayi!/ to be a++e.ted be+ause %!owled/e .erfe+ts a!d +orre+ts the i!te!tio! a!d the method you +o!du+t your a+ts a!d sayi!/. Al-Bu%hari Rahimahullah uses the Ayah for .roof o! that> that %!owled/e must be before a+tio!s. A!d whe! we say a+tio!s> we mea! heart a+tio!s> we mea! to!/ue a+tio!s as well> a!d body .art a+tio!s. This is .roof that a Muslim must start with %!owled/e before he /oes o! to sayi!/ or a+ti!/. A!d from a! i!telle+tual .oi!t of 1iew> %!owled/e must .re+ede your a+tio!s be+ause> +ommo! se!se> how would you %!ow how to .erform them if you did !ot ha1e the %!owled/e= #i%ewise> ta%e it from your boss> your father> your em.loyer> your tea+her> you wa!t to .lease them. (ow do you .lease them= 'ou /ot to lear! how to .lease them before you .lease them> be+ause you may do somethi!/ that may a!/er them. So %!owled/e +omes before a+tio!> that is +ommo! se!se. 'es> there is some thi!/s whi+h +ome throu/h i!!ate !ature> by the "itrah. The %!owled/e of o!e!ess of Allah> Tawheed> that +omes throu/h "itrah. That is why o!e is +reated o! the "itrah> it is e!/rai!ed i! the !ature of ma!> just li%e your blood a!d your flesh. 'ou do !ot ta%e your !ewbor!> a!d whe! he is about to tal% or he lear!s to tal% > you say Shahaadah to e!ter *slam. 'ou tea+h him Shahaadah> howe1er> he is already Muslim be+ause it is e!/rai!ed i! him. 7!e thi!/ you /ot to ta%e i!to +o!sideratio! is> e1e! matters with the "itrah> you /ot to still lear! them be+ause as time /oes by> there is eDter!al> e1il for+es surrou!di!/ o!e that tai!t e1e! matters of "itrah. So that is why you /ot to lear! it> e1e! those matters that we %!ow are "itrah.

LAA ILAA2A ILLALLA2

3 H 3 1 ... 8 1 H 7 7 3 , / / ;

Whe! o!e masters #aa ilaaha illallah> there is the %!owled/e of #aa ilaaha illallah> he will !ot be harmed by a!y %!owled/e he missed out o!. A!d whoe1er is i/!ora!t of #aa ilaaha illallah> there is !o %!owled/e he +a! as+ertai! that will be of a!y be!efit to him. We are tal%i!/ o! a lar/er s+ale> the s+ale of the life after. This is the word that the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said i! Su!a! at-Tirmidhi> o! the authority of Abu (urayrahC

! " -E 1 T 1 | 1 # N / / [ 3 c ; : b 3 / F /
Whoe1er says it i! his ill!ess> a death ill!ess> the (ellfire will !ot tou+h him. We s.e!d so mu+h time lear!i!/ it> be+ause a++ordi!/ to some of the Mufassiree!> o!e of the reaso!s is that is the word that Allah .ut a .arable i! the ,ura!> that is li%e a /oodly tree whose root is firm a!d fiDed i! the 0arth a!d its bra!+hes are i! the s%y. *ts roots is #aa ilaaha illallah> the root of that tree is #aa ilaaha illallah i! your heart>
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how dee. #aa ilaaha illallah is i! your heart. The tree is #aa ilaaha illallah> the bra!+hes are your deeds /oi!/ u. to Allah subhaa!ahu wa taaalaC

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,O BE$SES A,,$ESSE, TO T2E ($O(2ET INCL5,E 5S.
The fi!al .oi!t o! this is more li%e a! Usool al-"i h issue. The s.ee+h i! this 1erse is dire+ted to the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallamC

... / ; /
#ear!> to the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam. 5oes this i!+lude us> me a!d you= *! this 1erse> it most defi!itely i!+ludes all of us. The -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam> a!d we behi!d him are i!+luded. But there is other 1erses li%eC

P , P 1 A3 T -L b 6 P , 3 T
7h you -ro.het> oh you Messe!/er> do they i!+lude us as well= A++ordi!/ to the majority of the Usool al-"i h s+holars> it does !ot i!+lude us u!less there is .roof to ta/ us o!. (owe1er> a++ordi!/ to Abu (a!eefah a!d Ahmad a!d *maam al(aramay! a!d as-Samaa!ee> those 1erses dire+ted to the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam i!+lude us> u!less there is .roof to eD+lude us. A!d the se+o!d mea!i!/ may be a little bit stro!/er be+ause if you loo% i! the ,ura!C

/ 3 k 1 U :Q ...7 7\ 5 P , 'E P 1 A3 T
7h you Messe!/er> if you di1or+e wome!. *t starts addressi!/ the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam> but the se+o!d word ri/ht after that addresses the whole UmmahC

/ 3 k 1 ... ...\ 5 'E


01e! ri/ht after that> TahreemC

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The 1erse addresses the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam> but ri/ht after thatC

3 ] 2 l :'=7 ...7 7 / N / 0 7 6 ;
The! it /oes o! from addressi!/ the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam to addressi!/ the Ummah. So they said that mea!s that it is dire+ted the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam i! ho!our to him> of +ourse> a!d the Ummah behi!d him. Those are two o.i!io!s of Usool that stem from words li%e "alam> dire+ted to the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam> or 'aa Ayyuhu!-4abi H P 1 A3

-L Ayyuhar-Rasool Hb

6I. T P ,

I> 'aa T P ,

T2E ST$5CT5$E OF T2E BOO1


With this> we just +o!+luded +ha.ter o!e of Al-Usool Ath-Thalaathah. Alhamdulillahi Rabbil-&Aalamee!> that is a true blessi!/. Before we start o! +ha.ter two> * wa!t to /i1e a few mome!ts o! the stru+ture of the boo%> whi+h * should ha1e /a1e before * started but * wa!ted to delay it be+ause * thi!% you will +om.rehe!d it more ri/ht !ow. We just too% the four fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les> i!trodu+tory. As you %!ow * always say the four i!trodu+tory fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les. A!d the .roof o! them is Surat al-&Asr a!d the stateme!t of al-Bu%hari. We too% it i! a..roDimately thirtee! +lasses a!d somewhat of a uarter of this +lass. So we fi!ished the first four fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les> a!d a++ordi!/ to some &Ulamaa> this was !ot .art of the boo% the author i!te!ded. This was his wor%s but a! i!de.e!de!t boo%> o!e of his stude!ts +ame a!d ta//ed it alo!/> a!d that is the o.i!io! of Abdur-Rahmaa! *b! Muhammad *b! ,aasim. So they said the first fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les is a! i!de.e!de!t boo%let he wrote> o!e of his stude!ts +ame a!d said why !ot .ut it i! Al-Usool Ath-Thalaathah as a! i!trodu+tio! to the rest of the boo%. 4ow Abdur-Rahmaa! *b! Muhammad *b! ,aasim> you may !ot be familiar with that !ame> he died i! 28$9 but he i! a way is a re1i1er. (e is a ma! that +om.iled the "ataawa of *b! Taymiyyah today. "or all the +e!turies si!+e the death of *b! Taymiyyah> those "ataawa were !ot +om.iled u!til this ma! i! the siDties +om.iled them. (e we!t all o1er the world> first he started i! the Arabia! -e!i!sula> loo%ed arou!d for a!y boo%lets> a!y "ataawa> a!y stateme!ts writte! by *b! Taymiyyah> he be/a! to /ather them. The! he tra1elled to 0/y.t to try to /et a!y "ataawa of *b! Taymiyyah a!d +om.ile them a!d /ather them> a!d .ut them to/ether. The first 1isit to 0/y.t> he did !ot /et !othi!/ out of it. (e we!t a se+o!d time> he did a+tually i! the se+o!d time +om.ile some more of the writi!/s of *b! Taymiyyah. The!> he too% his so! Muhammad be+ause as he /rew older he be+ame 1ery ill> he too% his so! Muhammad to #ub!aa! H "AI. A!d whe! he /ot to #ub!aa!> he was !ot able to

-a/e F 963

ma%e it but he se!t his so! to !earby ash-Shaam> may Allah /ra!t them a!d haste! their 1i+tory. Whe! he we!t to ash-Shaam> his so! we!t to ash-Shaam> he +ame ba+% with ei/ht hu!dred a!d fifty .a/es ha!dwritte! by *b! Taymiyyah that were !ot .ublished before> be+ause *b! Taymiyyah s.e!t a /reat .ortio! of his life there. The! they we!t to -aris a!d they fou!d thirtee! Masaail writte! by *b! Taymiyyah> they did !ot fi!d i! their jour!ey throu/hout the Arabi+ +ou!tries> i! -aris. A!d the! he we!t to Ba/hdad a!d fou!d more> a!d amo!/ that whi+h he fou!d i! Ba/hdad is Ar-Risaalah At-Tadmuriyyah> a 1ery im.orta!t wor%. Maybe i! the future> if Allah /ra!ts us time a!d life we will study that. So he we!t all arou!d the world a!d /athered it a!d +om.iled it i! the thirty se1e! 1olumes you see today> Al-"ataawa. Amo!/st his stude!ts are Abdullah *b! Jibree!> (amood al-&U lah> Abdullah *b! "rayyaa!. A+tually> (amood al-U lah> whi+h you all %!ow> he is his ado.ted so!. Shay%h (amood al-&U lah was %i+%ed out of his house whe! he was a thirtee! year old %id a!d this ma! ado.ted him a!d tau/ht him a!d se!t him to Shuyoo%h a!d he be+ame Shay%h (amood al-&U lah> o!e of the /reat *mams of our time. Al-"rayyaa!> all these are dead> Rahmatullahi &Alayhim Ajmaee!> "rayyaa! is the o!e who o.e!ed ,ura! (ala aat> or/a!ised (ala aat all throu/hout the Arabia! -e!i!sula. Rahmatullahi &Alayhi> a!d he was o!e of my tea+hers a!d the tea+hers of my father. This ma!> *b! ,aasim> o!e of his +om.ilatio!s i! additio! to the "ataawa> is he +om.iled Ad-5urrar As-Sa!!iyyah> siDtee! 1olumes of &Ulamaa 4ajd> their writi!/s a!d their wor%s. *b! ,aasim is +o!sidered amo!/ the *maams of the 5awah of 4ajd> a!d he has a small boo%let o! the elu+idatio!s of Al-Usool Ath-Thalaathah. *t is +alled Al-(aashiyah> it is a..roDimately a hu!dred or so .a/es. A!d the +ha.ter we started o! today> he +o!siders that !ot to be .art of Al-Usool Ath-Thalaathah. *t is .art of the wor% of the author> but it is a! i!de.e!de!t wor%. A!d that is really what * lea! to> a!d * thi!% that is more +orre+t. A!d a+tually * was adama!t about it a!d that is why * was me!tio! it i! sort of hesitatio! be+ause Shay%h Ali al-;hudayr> may Allah haste! his release i! .riso!> ado.ted the o.i!io! that !o> this was .art of the ori/i!al wor%> that the author here wa!ted this as a! i!trodu+tio! to Al-Usool AthThalaathah. A!d these are masters> who mastered the wor% of the author here. They really mastered it a!d they %!ow the details i! de.th> a!d !ot just him> him a!d his stude!ts for two a!d three /e!eratio!s after him. We ha1e authors who study these matters i! de.th a!d detail. A!d why they do it> is that these details hel. us study a!d a!alyse a!d ma. out a!d e!1isio! i! your mi!d how the boo% is stru+tured. That way> you +a! u!dersta!d more what the boo% is tryi!/ to tell you> i!stead of your mi!d bei!/ shattered all o1er. *t is also be!efi+ial %!owled/e to %!ow this about the boo% be+ause it is a boo% that we s.e!t so mu+h time lear!i!/ a!d studyi!/. A!d it is somethi!/ that if !ot me!tio!ed> es.e+ially i! the 0!/lish study> o1er time it mi/ht be for/otte!. 'ou see those who s.e!d mea!i!/less life a!alysi!/ the wor%s of> for eDam.le 0d/ar Alla! -oe or Sha%es.eare. They a!alyse it a!d s.e!d a lifetime studyi!/ it. They study it i! so mu+h detail that if you were to /i1e them a few .a/es a!d tell them> did
-a/e F 966

Sha%es.eare write this= They will loo% at it for a few mome!ts a!d tell you> !o way this +ould ha1e bee! his wor% be+ause this word was !ot li%e this> he would ha1e used this word> i!stead of this word. A!d as Muslims we ha1e li%e this ma! *b! ,aasim a!d Ali al-;hudayr a!d 4aasir al"ahd> may Allah haste! their release a!d may Allah ha1e mer+y o! those who were dead of them> too% o! the !oble +ause of studyi!/ the wor%s of *b! Taymiyyah> *b! al-,ayyim> Muhammad *b! Abdul-Wahhaab a!d his followers of 4ajd. Amo!/ those who really mastered that detailed wor% is Shay%h 4aasir al-"ahd. A+tually> !ot o!ly does he master it i! details> but he memorises !early all the wor%s of this author a!d his stude!ts a!d those who followed alo!/ with him i! the .ast +e!turies. *! fa+t> he +a! draw you> you %!ow sometimes there may be thi!/s that you may thi!% they are +o!tradi+tory> you read it here the! you /o to a!other boo%> you read it here a!d you say> how did this ha..e!= 7r sometimes you read somethi!/ i! the boo% a!d they did somethi!/ differe!t> a!d you /ot to +ome with the +o!+lusio!. What is /oi!/ o! here= (ow did this ha..e!= 7r some of the details that we me!tio!ed> about Surat al-&Asr or li%e that about the stateme!t of al-Bu%hari. That ta%es years a!d years of a!alysi!/ a!d study to +ome u. with +o!+lusio!s o! that> a!d amo!/st those who mastered that is Shay%h 4aasir al-"ahd. 'ou +a! see some of that i! his boo% o! the Uthmaa!i ;hilaafah. So we do !ot 1eer off to.i+> what * wa!ted to me!tio! is that some of this is +o!sidered a! i!trodu+tio! that some of his stude!ts added to Al-Usool AthThalaathah. Why= (ere is how we are /oi!/ to brea% the boo%let dow!. * ha1e !ot see! it do!e li%e this before but for our stru+ture a!d our .ur.oses we are /oi!/ to refer to this. 4umber o!e> the four fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les> that is +ha.ter o!e. What we fi!ished ri/ht !ow> as of !ow> that is +ha.ter o!e> we fi!ished that> whi+h is the four i!trodu+tory> fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les. A++ordi!/ li%e * said to *b! ,aasim> that is a! i!de.e!de!t boo%let that his stude!ts added o!. A!d a++ordi!/ to Ali al-;hudayr> that is a+tually .art of the boo%. So +ha.ter o!e is /oi!/ to be what we just fi!ished ri/ht !ow> the four fu!dame!tal .ri!+i.les. That is +ha.ter o!e. <ha.ter two is /oi!/ to start off eDa+tly li%e> almost +lose to +ha.ter o!e. *lam Rahima% Allahu Taaala> that is +ha.ter two whi+h we are /oi!/ to study ri/ht !ow *!shaa Allah. *lam Rahima% Allah> %!ow> may Allah ha1e mer+y. That is +ha.ter two. What +ha.ter two is> the outli!e of it> ma%e a framewor%> you should .ut it i! fro!t of you a!d write a! outli!e. <ha.ter two i! this boo% tal%s about three issues> it is +alled three matters> that is really what it is +alled> the three matters. Matter !umber o!e is Tawheed arRububiyyah a!d i! Tawheed ar-Rububiyyah> there is siD subheadi!/s. So !umber o!e is /oi!/ to be A> B> <> 5> 0> ". The! the se+o!d matter is> !umber two is matters o! Tawheed al-Uloohiyyah or Shir%. A!d !umber three is /oi!/ to be somethi!/ about Walaa a!d Baraa> those are three issues.
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4ow +ha.ter three the!> is a short !ote o! Millat *braheem H little bit about Millat *braheem a!d he starts off withC

&I> tal%s a

1 2% / 1 1 1 ' 3 u / /
;!ow> may Allah dire+t you to obedie!+e. That would be +ha.ter three. Those three +ha.ters are all dis.uted> whether they were added by the author or his stude!ts wa!ted to add it as a! i!trodu+tio! to his boo% Al-Usool Ath-Thalaathah. <ha.ter four whi+h startsC

3 + b < / N 1 ; cQ 1 W / .
*f you are as%ed what are the three .ri!+i.les> that is the +ore of the boo%. So +ha.ter four is the +ore of the boo%. (e tal%s about the three matters you will be as%ed about i! your /ra1e a!d at the e!d of it he ma%es a +o!+lusio! o! al-;ufr bitTaa/hoot H[-s& Aa%hirah.

J0I a!d some matters about the life after> al-

So !ow you %!ow the stru+ture of the boo%> we are /oi!/ to +all them four +ha.ters. A!d that will hel. you u!dersta!d a!d 1isualise what we ha1e bee! studyi!/. So !ow ri/ht !ow> let us start with +ha.ter two.

C2A(TE$ T6O T2E OBLIAATION TO 1NO6 AN, ACT ON T2$EE 0ATTE$S


(e starts off +ha.ter two sayi!/> %!ow> may Allah ha1e mer+y u.o! you. ;!ow> may Allah ha1e mer+y u.o! you> that it is obli/atory o! e1ery Muslim> female a!d male> to lear! a!d a+t u.o! the followi!/ three matters.

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The author says> %!ow> may Allah ha1e mer+y o! you> that it is obli/atory o! e1ery Muslim> male a!d female> to lear! a!d a+t u.o! the followi!/ three matters. We s.o%e i! the be/i!!i!/ of +ha.ter o!e o! this i!trodu+tio!> be+ause that is how he started +ha.ter o!e. (e started +ha.ter two 1ery similar to how he started +ha.ter o!e> eD+e.t that he said Muslim> male a!d female. (e said Muslim> a!d male a!d
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female so we are /oi!/ to tal% about that. Why he said Muslim> why he said male a!d female.

624 ,I, T2E A5T2O$ SA4 0ALE AN, FE0ALE.


Why did he me!tio!C

: / / 1 5 ! : 1 5
01ery Muslim> male a!d female. (e added female as a! assura!+e be+ause i! reality i! Arabi+ whe! you address male a!d li%ewise the ,ura! i! the elo ue!t Arabi+ la!/ua/e> i! the .ea% of the elo ue!+y of the Arabi+ la!/ua/e> so whe! he says male> it automati+ally addresses female u!less there is .roof to eD+lude them. The o!ly reaso! he added it here> to add eDtra assura!+e> to em.hasise that it is e1ery> last i!di1idual> that * am tal%i!/ to you> must %!ow this.

624 ,I, T2E A5T2O$ SA4 05SLI0.


(e said it is obli/atory o! e1ery Muslim> so why did he say Muslim= Why did he use the a+ti1e .arti+i.le= *sm al-"aail H <J "aail. Why did he use that=

LI> i! Arabi+ it is +alled *sm al-

A Muslim first of all> is o!e who says Shahaadatay!> you ha1e /ot to 1erbally say Shahaadatay!. *f you /rew u. i!to *slam> there is !o .oi!t li%e whe! the .erso! starts tal%i!/> he does !ot ha1e to say it to e!ter *slam be+ause he is o! his "itrah> he is already Muslim. But someo!e who we!t i!to Shir% a!d ;ufr a!d disbelief> they ha1e to say it to e!ter *slam. So first o!e is Shahaadatay!> se+o!d o!e is to a+t a++ordi!/ to the Shahaadah. A!d that is %!owled/e> +ertai!ty> si!+erity> submissio!> lo1e> truthful!ess> +om.lia!+e> a++e.ta!+e> the rules that we %!ow for #aa ilaaha illallah Muhammadar-Rasoolullah. That is the se+o!d o!e. The third o!e is> you do !ot do a !e/ator to ta%e you out of *slam. *f a!y o!e of these three that * me!tio!ed are missi!/> the! the label is ta%e! off. There is o!e door to *slam but there is a lot of wi!dows a!d doors to eDit you out. *slam is li%e Wudhu> you +a! ma%e Wudhu ri/ht !ow> howe1er you +a! i!1alidate your Wudhu> a!d li%ewise *slam. That is the term /i1e! to o!e who is re!dered a! a.ostate> Riddah H`hI is o!e who was a belie1er> the! be+omes a !o! belie1er. 7!e who is ori/i!ally i!to ;ufr> his !ame is ori/i!al !o! belie1er> whi+h is ;aafir Aslee H., ;#I. A!d there is differe!+e i! those i! the boo%s of "i h> they are both !o! belie1ers but there is differe!+e i! the "i h boo%s .ertai!i!/ to the details of ea+h o!e of them. (ere he saidC

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Why did he s.e+ify Muslim= Are !o! Muslims eDem.ted from this= Are they addressed or are they eDem.ted= There is !o uestio! that !o! belie1ers are addressed i! the matters of .ri!+i.les of *slam. 4o! Muslims are addressed i! matters of .ri!+i.les of *slam. *slam +alls a!d addresses !o! belie1ers to Tawheed a!d they will be held a++ou!table i! the Aa%hirah if they do !ot a++e.t. The reaso! the author s.e+ifies Muslims here> is be+ause this boo%let was dire+ted to Muslims. 7therwise> *slami+ally from our .ers.e+ti1e> the Tawheed is addressed to Muslims a!d !o! Muslims. There is !o dis.ute amo!/ the &Ulamaa i! the Usool> the .ri!+i.les of *slam are dire+ted. (owe1er> are !o! belie1ers addressed i! se+o!dary matters= 01e! thou/h it is dis.uted> some say yes> some say !o> * thi!% the summary of it is that the !o! belie1ers .ertai!i!/ to se+o!dary matters are addressed i! a way a!d !ot addressed i! a way. They are addressed i! a way a!d they are !ot addressed i! a!other way. So they are addressed first of all> they are addressed i! A a!d B. They are addressed i! that whe! a Muslim +o!1eys *slam> there is !o .roblem that he +a! address them a!d tea+h them ma!!ers a!d Salah a!d (ajj> or a!y other se+o!dary matters. Maybe to o.e! their hearts to *slam throu/h that se+o!dary matter a!d that is what the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam told Muadh whe! he we!t to 'eme!. Amo!/ the matters he told him to tea+h were se+o!dary matters. B is that they are addressed i! that they will be .u!ished for !ot a++e.ti!/ the se+o!dary matters a++ordi!/ to the most re.utable of two o.i!io!s o! that issue. So if they do !ot a++e.t a!d abide by the se+o!dary matters a!d do them> they will be .u!ished for them be+ause loo% at the 1erses i! the ,ura!C

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What +auses you to /o to (ellfire they are as%ed> whe! they are i! (ellfire.

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They say> we did !ot used to ma%e our Salah.

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We did !ot /i1e our Ea%ah.
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We used to tal% falsely a!d we used to be with those 1ai! tal%ers. Some of those are se+o!dary matters a!d to .ro1e that they are !o! belie1ers that are bei!/ .u!ished for theseC

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They used to say> we disbelie1e i! the life after. A!yo!e who disbelie1es i! the life after is !o! Muslim. So the +lear ,ura! says that they are .u!ished i! Jaha!!am for matters that are +o!sidered> some matters that are +o!sidered se+o!dary matters. 4ow> we said they are !ot addressed i! a way. (ow are they !ot addressed i! a!other way= "or eDam.le> the details of *slam. 'ou do !ot %!ow re uire a !o! Muslim to /o to (ajj> you do !ot tell a !o! Muslim> /o to (ajj. 7r a !o! Muslim> /o ma%e your Salah> be+ause it is !ot a++e.ted from him. The Shahaadah> the %ey to its a++e.ta!+e is !ot there. So i! that se!se> he is !ot addressed.

T2E FI$ST 0ATTE$ 8 TA62EE, A$#$5B5BI44A2


The author /oes o! to sayC

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The first of the matters here is> that Allah +reated us. So i! your !otes ri/ht !ow> you write 2A> that Allah +reated us. That is the first issue> there is /oi!/ to be a B> <> 5> 0> " *!shaa Allah Taaala> * do !ot thi!% we will /et .ast A today.

1A8 ALLA2 C$EATE, 5S

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That Allah +reated us. There is .roof o! that i! the ,ura! a!d i! the Su!!ah a!d by i!telle+t a!d there is so mu+h .roof a!d it is so .le!ty a!d /reat a!d di/!ified that
-a/e F 9$@

you literally +a! /o o!> without eDa//eratio!> for mo!ths> tal%i!/ about these 1erses> if !ot more.

($OOFS F$O0 T2E 95$7AN

AN,

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Truly> 1erily> i! the +reatio! of the (ea1e! a!d the 0arth> the alter!atio! of the day a!d the !i/ht> there is si/!s for me! of +om.rehe!sio! or u!dersta!di!/.

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Allah +reated you a!d your ha!diwor%.

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Allah +reated you from +lay> the! he /a1e you a! a..oi!ted time o! this 0arth.

4 I> Ajala mea!s (e /a1e you a! a..oi!ted time. Twe!ty ,adhaa Ajala HQ N , 8 p years you are /oi!/ to li1e> fifty years> two mo!ths> o!e year> that is Ajala.

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We +reated you a!d fashio!ed you. *! Surat al-Araaf whe! it is tal%i!/ about huma! bei!/s> whe! it is tal%i!/ more s.e+ifi+ally about Adam.

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We +reated ma!> mea!i!/ Adam> from dry +lay a!d bla+%e!ed mud. *f you /o from the mira+les of Allah> whe! (e tal%s about (is si/!s a!d mira+les.

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A!d from (is si/!s is that (e +reated you from +lay a!d the! you were offs.ri!/ s+attered all o1er the 0arth.

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(e +reated ma!> Allah +reated ma!> from dry +lay li%e that of .ottery. That Salsaali!

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Ma!y 1erses li%e that. *! a?-Eumar> whe! it is about all of +reatio!C

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Allah is the <reator of e1erythi!/. We +a! /o really> o! a!d o! with these 1erses that are !umerous throu/hout the ,ura!. This is su+h a +lear matter a+tually> that the arro/a!t Mushri%ee! who /a1e the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam the hardest of all times a!d disbelie1ed i! him a!d .hysi+ally a!d me!tally abused him a!d his Sahaabah> tortured himG as arro/a!t as they were i! s!obbery a!d as swa!%y as they were> whe! it +ame to this matter> they belie1ed i! it. *! fi1e differe!t 1erses a+tually i! the ,ura!> if you loo% at it.

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*f you as% them about the <reator> i! fi1e differe!t 1erses> they a!swer Allah. *! fa+t> they we!t o! i! o!e of the a!swers> they we!t o! to /i1e the !ames a!d ualities of AllahC

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*f you were to as% them who +reated the (ea1e! a!d the 0arth> they will surely sayC

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Al-&A?ee? is the All Mi/hty. Al-&Aleem> the All ;!ower. So i! a se!se> they had some belief i! Asmaa a!d Sifaat. These %i!d of 1erses> a!d this> whe! it sets i! your mi!d> is a! *maa! booster. Whe! Jubayr *b! Mutim radhiallahu &a!hu was a..rehe!ded i! the Battle of Badr as a .riso!er. *! Sahih al-Bu%hari> a!d the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam made Salatul-Ma/hrib a!d re+ited out loud> a!d Jubayr was amo!/ the .riso!ers liste!i!/ to the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam re+ite. Whe! the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam be/a! to re+ite i! Surat at-Toor a!d he /ot to the 1ersesC
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Were they +reated by !othi!/ or did they +reate themsel1es= 5id they +reate the (ea1e! a!d the 0arth= They ha1e !o +ertai!ty.

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5o they ha1e .ossessio! of the treasures of your #ord= Jubayr *b! Mutim radhiallahu &a!hu said whe! * heard that> my heart almost flew a!d that is whe! *maa! first settled i! my heart. Those 1erses of the <reator> Allah> were the seeds that brou/ht Jubayr *b! Mutim radhiallahu &a!hu from a !o! belie1er fi/hti!/ the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> to a solid +om.a!io! !eDt to the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. We just me!tio! maybe o!e (adithC

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The Sahaabah> a!d A!as !arrates this story> A!as *b! Maali% says we were forbidde! or deterred> at a .oi!t of time> from as%i!/ the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. A!d that is without /e!ui!e !eed or matters that may +ause o!e to as% a uestio! whi+h will +ause a matter to be .rohibited where otherwise it would ha1e remai!ed (alaal> had he !ot as%ed. So what they lo1ed is> they were .leased whe! a Bedoui! from the outs%irts would +ome from the desert a!d they were .retty you %!ow blu!t> they would +ome to the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d as% him. So they used to li%e that> so they +a! lear! from the uestio!.

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So this ma! is tryi!/ to /et how he is /oi!/ to belie1e i! the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> loo% how he /oes about it. The Bedoui! from the dwellers of the
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outs%irts> desert> +ame to the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d said> your Messe!/er> you se!t someo!e to us i! our tow! a!d he is asserti!/ that you +laim that Allah se!t you as a -ro.het. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> he s.o%e the truth> yes. #oo% how he we!t about itC

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The Bedoui! said who +reated the (ea1e!= The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> Allah.

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So the Bedoui! as%ed a/ai!> who +reated the 0arth= The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> Allah. The! he we!t a!d as%ed his third uestio!.

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So the Bedoui! as%ed who +reated the mou!tai!s a!d .ut i! the mou!tai!s what is i! it= The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> Allah. A!d !ow he +omes to the +o!+lusio!> he saidC

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(e said by (im who +reated the s%ies a!d raised them a!d +reated the 0arth a!d the mou!tai!s a!d what is i! them> Allah se!t you= (e said yes. #oo% at that +o!1ersatio! betwee! a Bedoui! a!d the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. By "itrah> he %!ew that Allah is the <reator. This was !ot a! edu+ated ma!> this was a ma! from the outs%irts> who whe! he a..roa+hed the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> 'aa Muhammad> !ot e1e! the ma!!ers of sayi!/ 7h -ro.het of Allah. So it is somethi!/ that is firm i! the "itrah.

($OOFS F$O0 T2E INTELLECT


*maam Ahmad> whe! he refle+ted o! this uestio! o! the eDiste!+e of Allah> he /a1e the eDam.le of a! e//. (e said it is li%e a stro!/> little bas%i!/ fortress. (as !o doors> !o e!try .oi!t> that is the e//. 4o holes to /et i!> sealed air ti/ht. "rom the outside it /lows li%e sil1er> he is tal%i!/ about the shell of the e//. "rom i!side> it shimmers li%e /old> the yol% .art of it. The! sudde!ly it +ra+%s o.e!> it brea%s o.e! a!d from that sealed> +losed> air ti/ht e//> brea%s out a +reatio! with eyes it +a! see with> with ears it +a! hear with> its a..eara!+e is beautiful> it has a !i+e 1oi+e a!d it

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wo!ders all o1er the world. Mea!i!/ it wal%s> it does e1erythi!/ all o1er the world. "rom a sealed e//.

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<a! a <reator other tha! Allah do somethi!/ li%e that> eD+e.t Allah= Ash-Shaafiee Rahimahullah> whe! he wa!ted to refle+t o! this matter throu/h i!telle+t> he used the leaf of mulberry tree. The leaf is the leaf a!d that leaf is +o!sumed by a /a?elle> a deer> a shee.> by bees. (owe1er> loo% whe! a /a?elle +o!sumes it> it /i1es us mus%. 'ou mi/ht !ot %!ow but the real> real> .ure mus%> the real eD.e!si1e o!e +omes from a deer. Mus% is a /la!d fou!d o!ly i! the adult /a?elles a!d * thi!% if * re+all +orre+tly> it is betwee! the /e!itals a!d the umbili+us. A!d that is the .ure> /e!ui!e mus%> e1e! if it is a hu!dred dollar bottle you buy o1er here that is +alled mus%> that is !ot really the real mus%. The real mus% is the o!e from the /a?elle. The sil%> there is a 5oodatil-,a??im H dE` h!hI i! Arabi+> sil% worm. *t +o!sumes the leaf> this same leaf> yet it /i1es you sil%. The bees +o!sume it> yet they .rodu+e ho!ey. The shee. a!d +ows +o!sume it> yet they /i1e us mil%> yo/hurt> a!d the rest of it /oes to waste> they are waste. All four eDam.les that * just /i1e! you that he told us about> they +o!sume the same leaf> yet o!e of them .rodu+es ho!ey> a!other o!e .rodu+es sil%> a!other o!e mus% a!d a!other o!e> meat a!d mil%. *f matters are by +ha!+e a!d by +oi!+ide!+e> the! the eDtra+tio! from the same leaf would yield the same result.

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This is o!ly from Allah subhaa!ahu wa taaala. *! Al-&A eedah At-Tahawiyyah> *maam Abu (a!eefah me!tio!s the same %i!d of ratio!ale> throu/h i!telle+t. A!d * re+all whe! Shay%h Safar al-(awaali tau/ht this> he sort of somewhat i! a way> .ut some doubts i! the authe!ti+ity of the story be+ause he said these are .eo.le who +halle!/ed Abu (a!eefah to a debate o! the eDiste!+e of Allah. (e said> how +ould that ha..e! duri!/ a time of ;hilaafah. (owe1er> after that * read that it may ha1e bee! the ,adriyyah whi+h are a se+t that are eDtremist i! the a+tio!s of o!e. They /i1e so mu+h +o!trol that i! a way> they resemble atheists i! la+% of /i1i!/ .ower to Allah o1er e1erythi!/. So it +ould ha1e bee! the ,adriyyah. *t +ould ha1e bee! the .hiloso.hers that were roami!/ all o1er ba+% at that time. The o!es who /i1e .re+ede!t> !ot o!ly /i1e .re+ede!t> but jud/e the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah by their ha!di+a..ed mi!ds. So it +ould ha1e bee! a!y of these be+ause they share +ommo! de!omi!ators i! some matters. So a messe!/er +omes to Abu (a!eefah from Ahlus-Su!!ah> he +rosses the Ti/ris Ri1er> he is +om.lai!i!/ that there is some .hiloso.hers> atheists> ,adriyyah> whate1er they may be> that wa!t to +halle!/e to a debate a!d they wa!t Abu (a!eefah to ta%e o! that +halle!/e. So Abu (a!eefah says o%> let them %!ow * will
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be there shortly. (e has to +ross the Ti/ris Ri1er to /et there. The messe!/er we!t ba+% ha..y> he told the .eo.le> Abu (a!eefah is o! his way> he will be here shortly. Time .assed a!d the messe!/er /ot worried> so he would ru! ba+% a!d forth to the ri1er a!d see is Abu (a!eefah there or !ot there> !oo!> e1e!i!/> su! dow!> !i/ht. The atheists or those who wa!t to debate be/a! to mo+% them. -ossibly the debater> the o!e who a++e.ted the debate is !ow ba+%i!/ away or he is sta!di!/ them u.. So the Muslims be/a! to /et te!se i! a way> be+ause they %!ew Abu (a!eefah was the *maam> o!e of the most %!owled/eable of their time a!d he was a ma! of his word a!d he would fulfil his .romise> but they thou/ht that maybe somethi!/ ha..e!ed to him whi+h sto..ed him from atte!di!/ that e1e!t. #ate at !i/ht that !i/ht> .ast mid!i/ht or so> Abu (a!eefah shows u.. A!d the Muslims are there a!d they as% i! +o!+er!> what ha..e!ed Abu (a!eefah= Abu (a!eefah Rahimahullah says> a!d here is where it /oes. (e says> what if * told you that * be/a! my way> a!d loo% whe! he says what if * told you> that ma%es it !o lo!/er a lie. (e says> what if * told you o! my way here> /ot to the Ti/ris Ri1er> /ot to +ross to /et o1er here. There was !o !a1i/ator> there was !o boat> !o sailor> !o !othi!/. Sudde!ly> .la!%s of wood were risi!/ out of the trees a!d they are all +ut e1e!ly> same sha.e> same si?e> the width> the le!/th is all .erfe+t. The!> !ails +ame out of the water a!d the boat .ut itself to/ether a!d the! some seala!t +ame a!d sealed the boat> the boat sealed itself by the seala!t so !o water will /o i! the holes. The! the boat filled itself by itself with be1era/es a!d by .eo.le> it filled itself> all alo!e. All this by itself> alo!e> a!d it do+%s alo!e a!d it sustai!s itself alo!e. The .eo.le tryi!/ to debate him be/a! to lau/h> sayi!/ it is im.ossible. A boat ma%es itself> .ositio!s itself> do+%s> u!do+%s> .erfe+ts itself li%e you are sayi!/> i! the details of the seala!t> fills itself> loads a!d u!loads itself. *m.ossible. They be/a! to wo!der if this ma! that they are +laimi!/ is the most %!owled/eable> the bi//est s+holar> if he is bei!/ ridi+ulous or he is a +hildish ty.e of a /uy> what is /oi!/ o! here. They +ould !ot belie1e that whi+h he was sayi!/. Abu (a!eefah basi+ally said> what we would say today> * rest my +ase. That is all * had to say. *f you +a!!ot belie1e a boat> a shi.> +ame i!to +reatio! by itself> a!d this is o!ly a boat> how +a! you belie1e the whole world> the u!i1erse with its su!> with its moo!> with its stars a!d o+ea!s> with its mou!tai!s a!d .la!ets +ame i!to bei!/ without a <reator= 01e! without this s+e!ario> tell someo!e that this .ala+e or house or ma!sio! +ame i!to eDiste!+e by itself. Just .o..ed out of !owhere. They are /oi!/ to +all you +ra?y> but a u!i1erse +a! +ome i!to +reatio! by +ha!+e= Tawheed ar-Rububiyyah is esse!tial to resist doubts> that is o!e of the be!efits of it. Whe! the Shaytaa! +omes at you with doubts> you resist him. Whe! you ha1e worries> whe! worries o1erwhelm you> whe! you are surrou!ded i! the dar%!ess of your .roblems a!d worries> +ombi!ed a!d to..led with the dar%!ess of the !i/hts> +o!tem.late the <reator who you are as%i!/> Allah> a!d who will ma%e your worries 1a!ish.
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(OET$4 ON T2E EFISTENCE OF ALLA2


*braheem *b! Ali> a Suda!ese from Suda!> a +o!tem.orary .oet> he /a1e a 1ery stro!/ .oem related to our to.i+ today. The 0!/lish fla1our may ta%e a little bit out of it but it is 1ery stro!/ly worded.

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*! the hori?o!> there is si/!s a!d mira+les> it may be that the least of it is that (e /uided you.

]; % Sh 2' J$F A< N uh,


Tell the do+tor who is sei?ed by death> you who +ures> who sei?ed you with death= 'ou are su..osed to be a do+tor> how did you die= #oo% at the fli.side of itC

"-[ ;d@ 2; &- @ !< N u ;


Tell the .atie!t who sur1i1ed a!d re+o1ered after medi+al te+h!olo/y /a1e u. ho.e> who is it that +ured you= 0Dam.le> they /i1e him four mo!ths a!d he li1es te! years.

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Tell the o!e who is healthy yet dies with !o ill!ess> oh you healthy o!e> who with death sei?ed you=

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Tell the o!e with eyesi/ht who is a1oidi!/ .its a!d stumbli!/> yet he still stumbles a!d tri.s> who is (e who made you stumble a!d fall= #oo% at the fli.side of itC

2. Q& 9d< * & GL <& u *h-E


-a/e F 9$$

As% the o!e wal%i!/ i! a +rowd> he is wal%i!/ i! a +rowd> bli!d ma!. As% the bli!d ma! wal%i!/ i! a +rowd> !ot +ollidi!/ with a!yo!e> who is the o!e who /uides you=

! Q& 4 H!d < @ N u mD


Tell the o!e> the i!fa!t> the !ewbor!. Tell the i!fa!t who li1es i! isolatio!> !o she.herd> !o +areta%er> who is (e who !ourishes you=

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Tell the !ewbor! who bursts out of the womb of his mother +ryi!/ at birth> what made you +ry=

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*f you see a s!a%e that s.ews its 1e!om> as% that s!a%e> who with toDi!s stuffed you= The toDi!s i! the mouth of the s!a%e is .oiso! to me.

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As% the s!a%e> how do you sur1i1e oh s!a%e= 'ou li1e while the toDi+ .oiso! fills your mouth=

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As% the stoma+hs of the bees> how ho!ey oo?es out of it a!d the! tell the ho!ey who sweete!s you=

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As% the .ure mil%> that white> !i+e> +lea!> .urified mil% that +omes to you> as% that .ure mil% that was betwee! eD+retio!s a!d blood> what .urified you= (e too% that from the 1erse of AllahC

-a/e F 9$)

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*t mea!s the same thi!/ as this li!e of .oem. The! he we!t o! to sayC

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Tell the air that is felt o! ha!ds yet hidde! from eyes> who is it that hid you=

C77J@ &77 ! 2TF 2 &v@[ A< N #


Tell the .la!t that dries> e1e! after you mai!tai! a!d +are for it> who with dry!ess stri%ed you=

IL( ;29! -&=\ K ; fA f,! u&,


*f you see a .la!t i! the desert /rowi!/ without mai!te!a!+e> as% it who is it that !ourishes you= #et me eD.lai! this li!e a little bit more. -la!t you see i! the desert> a!d it is /rowi!/ without !o o!e mai!tai!i!/ it> i! a 1ast desert> who !ourishes it= Se1eral wee%s a/o> * was i! a!other state a!d the brothers too% us o! some ar+hite+tural +ruise i! a boat> i! a shi.. *t was late a!d it was +old> a!d we were the o!ly o!es o! that +ruise> 1ery late a!d !o o!e was there. So we were o! that +ruise a!d they showed us la!dmar%s> moder! ar+hite+ture from the water. 'ou %!ow> some of ma! made +reatio!. The +ruise /oes o! for a..roDimately a! hour while the /uide s.ea%s a!d eD.lai!s ea+h buildi!/ a!d some ama?i!/ details of it. 7!e thi!/ that really> really /ot my atte!tio! is that all these buildi!/s a!d some were desi/!ed li%e this a!d some were desi/!ed li%e that> features that are really ama?i!/. Whe! we /ot to a .oi!t at a little tree> the /uide said e1eryo!e loo% at that tree. (e made it a .oi!t to tell e1eryo!e a!d draw their atte!tio! to loo% at that tree. (e said> for the .ast thirtee! years * ha1e bee! wor%i!/ as a /uide here> the o!e thi!/ * +ould !ot u!dersta!d is how that tree /rows out of a +eme!t blo+%. (ow= * ha1e bee! tryi!/ to fi/ure that out for thirtee! years> it is u!eD.lai!able. (e +a!

-a/e F 9$8

eD.lai! all those buildi!/s a!d ar+hite+ture but Subha! Allah> Allah made him s.ea% about that little tree that is /rowi!/ out of the +eme!t. That is what that li!e mea!sC

IL( ;29! -&=\ K ; fA f,! u&,


This is why we study this &A eedah> to +har/e a!d i/!ite our *maa! to the summit. &A eedah is mea!t to +har/e. Resist doubts> whe! you resist doubts> you ta%e it to a hi/her le1el. Whe! you resist doubts a!d your *maa! hits the summit> whe! you raise your ha!ds truly> you belie1e you are s.ea%i!/ to a Rabb> to a #ord> to Allah a!d !ot to the four walls i! your bedroom. Whe! you /o o1er this so mu+h a!d you resist all the doubts a!d you lear! the .ure> white Tawheed> your Tawheed rea+hes the le1el of *maa!. The! it /oes o! further to rea+h the le1el> whi+h we are tar/eti!/> of *hsaa!. The! whe! you raise your ha!ds to Allah> you feel differe!t %!owi!/ (e who +a! ma%e that .la!t /row i! a dry> massi1e desert or out of the +eme!t> +a! ma%e the im.ossible .ossible> ha..e! for you.

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These are wo!ders a!d mira+les that startle your eyes a!d o.e! your ears.

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#oo% at that li!e. -erha.s i! your ow! self> are the most wo!drous si/!s> if your eyes +a! see. That is the 1erseC

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The u!i1erse is full. The u!i1erse is +har/ed> full of u!eD.lai!able se+rets. *f you attem.t to i!ter.ret them> you are o!ly /oi!/ to frustrate yourself. Attem.ti!/ to i!ter.ret some of the +reatio! of Allah> will bri!/ you to frustratio!.

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-a/e F 9)@

#oo% towards the e!d of the .oem> it boosts the *maa! of the .oet where he is sayi!/ that * o!ly +are oh Allah> about what= *f you are .leased about me.

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7h you ma!> who has made you +areless about your #ord the most Ae!erous=

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Blessed be Allah> the best of all +reators. More beautiful tha! this .oetry> if we really +o!tem.late a!d +om.rehe!dC

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7!+e a Bedoui! was as%ed> how do you %!ow Allah eDists= U!so.histi+ated ma! who li1es i! the desert> but his "itrah is .ure> loo% what he said. <amel du!/ i!di+ates there was a +amel here> +amel du!/ i!di+ates +amel. 5o!%ey du!/ i!di+ates do!%ey. "oot.ri!ts i!di+ate tra1el. So the s%y with all its +o!stellatio!s> with the seas a!d its wa1es> does !ot that i!di+ate the All ;!owi!/> the All -owerful= *! Arabi+C

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-a/e F 9)2

A!d *!shaa Allah> this +o!+ludes se+tio! o!e of +ha.ter two. We started o! +ha.ter two> this is 2A. *!shaa Allah !eDt wee%> we will do B> <> 5> 0> "> or whate1er we /et a +ha!+e to do *!shaa Allah TaJalaa. Ja?a%um Allahu ;hayr. Shay%h +o!+luded the +lass with a 5uaa.

CLASS FIFTEEN
This is our fiftee!th +lass o! Al-Usool Ath-Thalaathah> Alhamdullilahi Rabbil-&Aalamee!. We started +ha.ter two of this boo%> as we bro%e it dow! last wee%. ;!ow> may Allah ha1e mer+y u.o! you that it is obli/atory u.o! e1ery Muslim> male a!d female> to lear! a!d a+t u.o! the followi!/ three matters. We said that +ha.ter two is three matters. The first o!e is> we are /oi!/ to brea% it dow! i!to siD sub+ate/ories. The first is that Allah +reated us a!d we too% that last wee%> A. B is> whi+h we will start o! today *!shaa Allah> is that (e .ro1ided suste!a!+e for us.

1B8 ALLA2 ($OBI,E, S5STENANCE FO$ 5S

, 3 Y ! E * " N 3
Si!+e Ri? is a matter that usually +o!sumes o!es worries a!d thou/hts i! this life> .ossibly more tha! a!y other matter> whi+h may at times lead to defi+ie!+y i! Tawheed a!d &A eedah> it is dis+ussed eDte!si1ely i! the ,ura! a!d Su!!ah. To .ut you at ease a!d .ea+e> but more im.orta!tly to +om.lete a!d fulfil your Tawheed. Just as the #ord we s.o%e about last wee% is i!de.e!de!t i! (is Rububiyyah a!d so1erei/! i! (is #ordshi.> li%ewise> (e is i!de.e!de!t a!d so1erei/! is (is Ri? > the -ro1ider. We me!tio!ed that the ,ura!> really to summarise the .roof> we me!tio!ed that last wee%> there is fi1e 1erses that Allah saysC

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*f you as% them about matters of Rububiyyah> #ordshi.> the arro/a!t ;uffaar of ,uraysh will say Allah. Those are fi1e> here> there is e1e! two additio!al differe!t o!esC

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-a/e F 9)9

Similar> but a little bit differe!t. Allah tells the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> tell them> who .ro1ides you= Twi+e i! the ,ura! a!d li%ewise> those arro/a!t .eo.le of ,uraysh say Allah is the o!e who .ro1ides for them. *! Surat SabaaC

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Tell them Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> to the Mushri%ee!> who is the o!e who /i1es you .ro1isio! from the (ea1e!s a!d the 0arth> they will say Allah. They admit it. 01e! i! Surat 'u!us> a se+o!d timeC

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Tell them Muhammad> say Muhammad> who .ro1ides you from the s%y a!d from the 0arth> a!d who /i1es you your heari!/ a!d your eyesi/ht> a!d who bri!/s out the li1i!/ from the dead a!d the dead from the li1i!/.

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A!d who dis.oses all affairs=

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They will say Allah.

T2E ,IFFE$ENCE BET6EEN A$#$AAGI9

AN,

A$#$AGGAA9

Ar-Raa?i HYI a!d Ar-Ra??aa HYI are both the !ames of Allah .ertai!i!/ to /i1i!/ .ro1isio!. All of the !ames of Allah are beyo!d what we +a! ima/i!e of their beauty a!d their .erfe+tio!. Both !ames here we said> .ertai! to Allah /i1i!/ .ro1isio!> so are they both the same eDa+t= 5oes Allah ha1e two !ames for the same matter= What is the differe!+e betwee! Ar-Raa?i a!d Ar-Ra??aa = Ar-Raa?i is the uality of Allah> we ta%e from it the uality of Allah> the eter!al .res+ribi!/ of .ro1isio! for (is +reatio!. Allah .res+ribed for e1ery +reatio! its .ro1isio! i! (is eter!al &*lm. (e desti!ed your Ri? before you were bor!. (e ordered the .e! to write it fifty thousa!d years before the (ea1e!s a!d the 0arth
-a/e F 9):

were +reated. (is eter!al %!owled/e> (is eter!al &*lm %!ew your .ro1isio! e1e! before that. That is Ar-Raa?i . Ar-Raa?i is basi+ally .res+ribi!/ your .ro1isio!. To .res+ribe does !ot !e+essarily mea! to /i1e> so here is where the uality of ArRa??aa +omes i!. Ar-Ra??aa is the o!e who or/a!ises> fulfils> eDe+utes> /i1i!/ you your .ro1isio!. 4ot mome!t by mome!t> but if there is a time measure below that> it is .robably a yo+to se+o!d or somethi!/ li%e that. 'o+to se+o!d by yo+to se+o!d> a!d if there is somethi!/ smaller tha! that> the! use that measure. Mome!t by mome!t> yo+to se+o!d by yo+to se+o!d> (e /i1es you your .ro1isio!. Ar-Ra??aa is abu!da!t i! /i1i!/ you that whi+h (e .res+ribed for you. (e is the utmost Ae!erous> +o!ti!uous -ro1ider> with abu!da!+e i! .ro1isio!> followi!/ .ro1isio!. 7!e 4imah after a 4imah. Summed u. briefly> the differe!+e i! a !utshell> Ar-Raa?i .res+ribed .ro1isio!. ArRa??aa /i1es you the .ro1isio!> fulfils it a!d /i1es you the .ro1isio!. Al H bI i! both of these !ames of Allah> i! Ar-Ra??aa a!d Ar-Raa?i > is the e!+om.assi!/> al*sti/hra Hz'LwI. All ty.es of .ro1isio!. Al here is similar to a!d i!ter+ha!/eable with the ;ull H<#I> all .ro1isio!. So we too% the defi!itio! of -ro1ider> Ar-Raa?i a!d Ar-Ra??aa .

T2E ,EFINITION OF ($OBISION


What is the defi!itio! of .ro1isio!= We all thi!% we %!ow .ro1isio!> what .ro1isio! or Ri? is. *b! Ma!dhoor defi!es it as Maadiyya! Aw Ma!awiyya! H

4 -I> .ro1isio! is both Maadiyya! a!d Ma!awiyya!. Mea!i!/ both materialisti+


a!d otherwise> Ri? is broader tha! materialisti+ matters. Allah blessi!/ you with *slam> that is Ri? . Allah i!+reasi!/ your *maa!> that is Ri? . 7ur Tawheed +lasses a!d lear!i!/> that is Ri? . 'our s.ouse> that is Ri? . 'our %ids> that is Ri? . 'our wealth> that is Ri? . 'our health> that is Ri? . 'our slee.> that is Ri? . 'our .ea+e of mi!d is Ri? . *f Allah /ra!ts you Ja!!ah a!d may Allah /ra!t you all "irdaws al-Alaa> that a!d what is i! Ja!!ah of its .leasure> is also Ri? .

!, 4 h

ALLA2 IS A$#$AGGAA9
*! order to +om.lete you Tawheed> you !eed to u!dersta!d fully that Ar-Ra??aa is Allah. 'ou !eed to .urify your heart from a!y ty.e of feeli!/ that a!yo!e other tha! Ar-Raa?i > Ar-Ra??aa > .ro1ides you. A!d you !eed to let that belief si!% i! a!d re/ister dee. dow! i! your heart. 'ou belie1e wholeheartedly that Allah is ArRa??aa .

4O5$ ($OBISION IS IN T2E S14


-a/e F 9)3

Y ll :[D" 1 -F 1 ! / 6 !2 3 ; ! / 0N 5 1 \
*! the (ea1e! is your .ro1isio! a!d that whi+h you were .romised. That is what you /ot to belie1e. Someo!e mi/ht say> you %!ow> /et real> s.ea% realisti+. (ow do you say my .ro1isio! is i! the (ea1e! whe! my job is ri/ht here> +ou.le of miles dow! the road= (ow do you say my .ro1isio! is i! the (ea1e!> whe! my busi!ess is ri/ht dow! the street= (ow do you say my .ro1isio! is i! the (ea1e!> whe! my +he ue a!d a++ou!t is ri/ht here a!d all my mo!ey that * !eed a!d my +ar a!d my house are all ri/ht here= (ow is it o! 0arth whe! you say it is i! the s%y= The thi!/ about it is that all those are mea!s of .ro1isio!> Asbaab H aAL,I> those are all mea!s. Ar-Ra??aa +reated those mea!s to attai! Ri? . The boss was /uided from Allah> from o! to. of se1e! s%ies> to si/! o1er the +he ue a!d ha!d it to you e1ery wee%. The Ri? +ame from Allah> he is merely a mea!s. 01ery +ustomer that wal%s i!to your busi!ess> wal%ed i! by dire+tio! from the (ea1e!s> to bri!/ you the Ri? . 4ow who is i! +o!trol> your boss or Allah> the o!e who bri!/s him to your sho.> the o!e who ma%es him si/! the +he ue= Allah wa!ted to draw the atte!tio! that it is i! (is suste!a!+e> that it is i! (is +om.lete a!d full +o!trol> i! the s%y a!d !ot o! the 0arth. *b! ,udaamah a!d al-,urtubi !arrated with a +hai!> that al-Asmaee> he said * was lea1i!/ a Masjid i! Basra i! *ra a!d * was wal%i!/ i! a! alley a!d a Bedoui! a..roa+hed with a bowl a!d a sword> 1ery /ruff a!d rude loo%i!/> a!d he as%ed whi+h tribe do you belo!/ to= Al-Asmaee said> * am from the tribe of Asma. (e said> are you the o!e they +all al-Asmaee= 'ou are the bi/> famous s+holar they +all alAsmaee= (e said yes. (e /a1e him Salaam> he sat dow!> the Bedoui! as%ed alAsmaee> where do you +ome from= What area= Tell me about where you +ame from. Al-Asmaee wa!ted to use it for 5awah> he said * +ome from a .la+e where they re+ite the word of Allah. The Bedoui! said> there is a word of Allah that is bei!/ re+ited o! the to!/ues of huma!s= (e said yes. The Bedoui! said> re+ite to me. (e started re+iti!/ adh-5haariyaat u!til he /ot to 1erse twe!ty twoC

Y ll :[D" 1 -F 1 ! / 6 !2 3 ; ! / 0N 5 1 \
The Bedoui! said e!ou/h. Asmaee said> this is the word of Allah. The Bedoui! said> this is the word of Allah= (e said> yes this is the word of Allah> (e re1ealed it to his -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. The Bedoui! was asto!ished. (e /ot u.> he slau/htered his +amel> he s%i!!ed it a!d he said Asmaee> +ome hel. me /i1e the flesh for all the .oor .eo.le i! the tow! as +harity. The! he bro%e his sword a!d bow a!d faded i!to the desert re+iti!/ o1er a!d o1er a/ai!C

Y ll :[D" 1 -F 1 ! / 6 !2 3 ; ! / 0N 5 1 \
-a/e F 9)6

Al-Asmaee said> * be/a! to blame myself> why was * !ot as stro!/ as this ma! i! his belief (e too% that 1erse to heart> the Bedoui! basi+ally heard that 1erse a!d a lot of them were shar. i! Arabi+> he too% the 1erse a!d he too% it to heart. (e used to stress a!d i! wild .ursue o1er .ro1isio!. So he said> why o! 0arth ha1e * bee! stressi!/> basi+ally that is what he was sayi!/. Why o! 0arth was * stressi!/ a!d %illi!/ myself to /et somethi!/ /uara!teed to me from i! the to. of the se1e! (ea1e!s. *t brou/ht him +omfort a!d ease %!owi!/ that Ri? is +omi!/ from the (ea1e!s. The years we!t o! a!d the years we!t o!> al-Asmaee said * we!t to (ajj with (aroo! ar-Rasheed. Whe! * /ot to Ma%%ah> someo!e was +alli!/ me Asmaee> Asmaee. * loo%ed ba+% from the +rowd a!d it was that Bedoui!> .ale a!d old loo%i!/. (e was wea% a!d old a!d .ale loo%i!/ !ow. (e said to me> sit dow!> sit dow!> read to me more from the ,ura!. So he be/a! to read adh-5haariyaat a/ai! u!til he /ot to the same 1erseC

Y ll :[D" 1 -F 1 ! / 6 !2 3 ; ! / 0N 5 1 \
The Bedoui! said> * fou!d what Allah said to be true. Read more for me> +o!ti!ue readi!/ for me. (e saidC

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By the #ord of the (ea1e!s a!d the 0arth> it is truth> just as it is truth that you +a! s.ea%. A! oath> Allah /i1es a! oath by (imself.

/ ! ...] 6 1 6 3 a 5 / \ ; 1
A! oath followed by #a (a H B I> #aam i! #a (a is #aam at-Taw%eed. The = #aam is assura!+e> em.hasis> affirmatio!> asserti1e!ess> to ma%e you sure that the Ri? is from the s%y. Whe! the Bedoui! heard that he shouted> who a!/ered Allah so mu+h that Allah> the Mi/hty> the Sublime> the Jaleel> they did !ot belie1e i! (im that Allah !eeded to /i1e a! oath. (e said it three times> o1er a!d o1er a/ai!. The third time> he died> the 1erse melted him to death.

1F / +... " -E / 03 , <


'our .ro1isio! is i! (ea1e! just as true as you s.ea%. Why was the .arable of s.ea%i!/ used i! relatio! to Ri? > to .ro1isio!= "or two reaso!s. Allah is sayi!/> be assured that your .ro1isio! is +omi!/ to you from (ea1e! just as +ertai! a!d defi!ite as you s.ea%. 'ou ha1e a!y doubt that you s.ea%= 4o. So just as you do !ot ha1e a!y doubt o! the fa+t that you s.ea%> do !ot
-a/e F 9)6

ha1e a!y doubt that your .ro1isio! is +omi!/ to you from the (ea1e!. That is the first o!e. The se+o!d reaso!> the relatio!shi. betwee! the .arable of suste!a!+e i! the s%y a!d you s.ea%i!/. Just as you s.ea%> ea+h o!e of you s.ea%s> +a! a!yo!e s.ea% a!d use your to!/ue= 4o o!e +a! ta%e your to!/ue> your mouth> your throat> your 1o+al +ords> a!d s.ea%. So just li%e !o o!e +a! s.ea% usi!/ your mouth> !o o!e +a! ta%e your suste!a!+e. RelaD> it is +omi!/ to you> your Ri? is +omi!/ to you. Why so mu+h oaths +ombi!ed with +o!firmatio! a!d assura!+es i! this 1erse i! .arti+ular> a!d others 1erses a!d ma!y other (adith> that we would !e1er ha1e time to dis+uss i! o!e or !umerous (ala aat= To establish Tawheed i! a! area that is wea%!ess to me!> that is how it sums it u.. *t is a matter that distresses .eo.le> it +o!sumes their thou/hts. Mo!ey> re!t> food> retireme!t> sa1i!/s. Allah wa!ts you to li1e a Tawheed filled life that e!tails a stress free life> a relaDed life.

($OBISION CO0ES F$O0 ALLA2

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Allah says !o mo1i!/ +reature> !o mo1i!/ +reatio! o! this 0arth but the .ro1isio! +omes dow! from Allah.

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(e %!ows> Allah %!ows> the dwelli!/ .la+e for that +reatio! a!d its de.osit. All> Allah has i! a +lear Boo%. The .ro1isio! is o! who=

/ 3 3 1 ] ... H 1 1 7 : 3 &h 1 ! 1 6 / ;
3 &Alallah H I> o! Allah. 7! your boss= 4ot o! your boss. 7! your .are!ts= 1 7 7! a /o1er!me!t .ay+he ue= 7! a huma!> o! a +or.oratio!> o! a !atio!= 4o.

/ 3 3 1 ] ... H 1 1 7 : 3 &h 1 ! 1 6 / ;
5ue from Allah. (uma!s do !ot /i1e .ro1isio! to ea+h other> huma!s are mea!s Allah +reated to /i1e you the .ro1isio!. Ma!y may thi!% i! times of hardshi.> fi!a!+ial hardshi. es.e+ially> that Allah for/ot about them. They may !ot say it but it +omes to mi!d. That is whe! the se+o!d .art of the 1erse +omes i!to .lay. (e %!ows your dwelli!/ a!d your de.ositC

'5 ...T ... h 6 / ! / / ! / '5 3 E


-a/e F 9)$

More assura!+es. RelaD> (e %!ows where you are at> from the time you are i! the uterus to the time you e!ter your /ra1e> a!d after that a!d before that> a!d i! betwee! that. 'ou are /oi!/ throu/h diffi+ult times> Allah did !ot for/et about it. That is what it mea!sC

'5 ...T ... h 6 / ! / / ! / '5 3 E


*f Allah .romised e1ery a!imal its .ro1isio!> is (e /oi!/ to lea1e out huma!s> whe! they were the most ho!oured of the +reatio! of Allah=

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A!d we ha1e ho!oured the +hildre! of Adam. Allah said> We will .ro1ide for a!imals. So do you thi!% (e is /oi!/ to lea1e out those more ho!oured> huma! bei!/s= Whe! Allah .romised to .ro1ide suste!a!+e to those who defame (im> sayi!/ (e has a so! a!d lea1e out those who say that #aa ilaaha illallaah= (is .ro1isio! rea+hes all> a!imals> ;aafir a!d Muslim. *! a way> Allah +orre+ted *braheem i! his 5uaa.

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*braheem said i! his famous 5uaa> #ord> 'aa Allah> ma%e this +ity> Ma%%ah> a .la+e of se+urity> a safe .la+e> a!d .ro1ide its belie1i!/ .eo.le with fruits. -ro1isio!> /i1e them .ro1isio!. Allah a!swered> a!d (e said the Belie1i!/C

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*! .ro1isio!> they are ali%e. 0stablish !ow to +om.lete your Tawheed> that your Ri? is i! the ha!ds of Allah. 5o it ri/ht !ow. 4o boss> !o busi!ess> !o !atio!> !o +ou!try.

3 " / ! :[D Y 1 3 6 3 1 1 ' / ` 7 3 E 3 >V


Allah is the -ro1ider> ow!er of .ower> the most stro!/. That is who you tur! to for your Ri? .

4O5$ 5NC2ANAEABLE ($OBISION IS AL$EA,4 6$ITTEN


'our Ri? > rather your u!+ha!/eable Ri? was writte! for you> as we me!tio!ed> whe! you were i! the womb of your mother. S.ri!t i! this life or wal% or relaD> the

-a/e F 9))

amou!t of .ro1isio! Allah wrote for you is /oi!/ to be the same> it is !ot /oi!/ to be more or a!y less.

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The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa salaam said i! a! authe!ti+ (adith> Allah .ut a! a!/el i! +har/e of the womb. The a!/el of the womb> whe! o!e is i! the womb he says> oh Allah a dro.> mea!i!/ should * /o ahead forth i! a dro.=

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7h #ord> a +lot> is it !ow time for a +lot= (e /ets .ermissio! from Allah.

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7h Allah> a morsel=

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Whe! Allah desires to +om.lete the +reatio! of the baby> the foetus> he says wret+hed or ha..y= The a!/el as%s> is he /oi!/ to be amo!/ the wret+hed or ha..y=

# , / , ! ...+ ... / , q
(e /ets the .ermissio! e1ery ste. of the way. Male or female=

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(e as%s the fi!al uestio!s> what is the .ro1isio!> what is his .ro1isio! a!d how lo!/ is his lifes.a!> the last two uestio!s. A!d the! he writes that while he is still i! the womb of his mother. * am !ot /oi!/ to say your desti!ed Ri? was writte! whe! you were i! the womb of your mother> but e1e! before that. That is whe! the a!/el of the womb a!d the a!/els fou!d out about it> that is o!ly whe! the a!/els /ot their homewor% .ertai!i!/ to those matters. "ifty thousa!d years before Allah +reated the (ea1e!s a!d the 0arth> !ot before you were bor!> before the (ea1e!s a!d the 0arth were +reated> e1ery last dro. of water +omi!/ to you was do+ume!ted. 4ot e1e! e1ery dro. of water> that is still too bi/.

-a/e F 9)8

01ery ti!y .ro1isio! you are /oi!/ to /et was writte! for you> e1e! if it as small as a uar% or a le.to! or a!y of those small .arti+les. 01e! small .arti+les that ma%e u. a! atom> if there is a!ythi!/ smaller tha! that of your .ro1isio!> Allah wrote it. *f it is desti!ed for you> it has bee! writte! for you. A!d e1e! before it was writte!> e1e! fifty thousa!d years before that> Allah i! (is eter!al Ahayb %!ew that.

AN / B / " 1 E / ,< 3 1 / B ' # $ 3 " h 1 1 GQ$ / [ ! 1& ] / , : L 1 v 3 5 / $ 5 / 1 !


Allah wrote dow! i! the boo%> i! al-#awh al-Mahfoodh H -J= -I> the measures of the +reatio! fifty thousa!d years before the (ea1e!s a!d the 0arth were +reated. That is why matters of this life> Allah s.ea%s about them i! the termi!olo/y of wal%. 'ou ha1e a! item waiti!/ for you> wal% to it> ta%e you time. *t is !ot /oi!/ a!ywhere. The +hal%board o1er there i! the ba+%> if * say to all of you> it is !ot /oi!/ !owhere that +hal%board> it is for you Muhammad. 4ow> a hu!dred years from !ow> a thousa!d years from !ow> * am /oi!/ to sit here a!d wat+h it> it is !ot /oi!/ !owhere. *t is /uara!teed for you> !o o!e else is /oi!/ to tou+h it> it is for you. 'ou would be foolish to /et u. ri/ht !ow a!d s.ri!t a!d /rab it.

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*t is (e> Allah> who made this 0arth subser1ie!t to us. So wal%> wal% i! its .ath a!d eat of its .ro1isio!. Wal%> what you !eed to be s.ri!ti!/ for is the matters of the life after> the matters that are !ot /uara!teed. The le1els of Ja!!ah is what you !eed to be s.ri!ti!/ for.

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Stri1e a!d ru! for those matters.

A$#$AGGAA9

IS

6ISE IN AIBINA ($OBISION

-art of %!owi!/ Allah> Ar-Ra??aa > is %!owi!/ (e is also wise i! /i1i!/ .ro1isio!. Ma!y .eo.le today utter day a!d !i/ht> Allah is wise> the All Wise> a!d they .rea+h it> but at !i/ht time they +o!tradi+t it by +om.lai!i!/ to others of Allah a!d about their

-a/e F 98@

.o1erty. They +om.lai! to other tha! Allah about their .o1erty> yet they say> Allah is wise a!d Ar-Ra??aa . Allah saidC

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*f Allah were to e!lar/e the .ro1isio! for some of his sla1es> they would rebel o! this 0arth.

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(e se!ds by measures a!d ua!tities. There is ma!y> those who %!ow Ar-Ra??aa a!d Al-(a%eem. A!d the Ra??aa a!d the (a%eem that you belie1e i!> %!ows that if (e /i1es you some fu!ds you will misa..ro.riate them> a!d they are !ot /ood for you. So that is .art of belie1i!/ i! Ar-Ra??aa > Al-(a%eem. 'our &A eedah i! this> is that you a++e.t the status that Allah /a1e you be+ause you do !ot %!ow your situatio!. Ri+h or .oor> if it +ha!/es from o!e status to a!other> whether it will result to your +ha!/e of status from wret+hed to bei!/ ha..y> or ha..y to bei!/ wret+hed. 'ou do !ot %!ow how it will +ha!/e you. 'ou !e1er obje+t to Al-(a%eem. *f * /et i!to a!y o!e of your .erso!al busi!ess a!d * say> why did you buy that twe!ty thousa!d dollar +ar !ot the te! thousa!d or fi1e thousa!d dollar +ar> or less tha! that= Why did you /et a! i-ho!e a!d si/! a two year +o!tra+t= 'ou should ha1e stayed with a 1i!ta/e .ho!e that has o!ly 1oi+e> a!d .ossibly teDt. Why did you just /i1e your wife fi1e hu!dred dollars to /o to the mall= 'our !atural rea+tio! is to tell me> who do you thi!% you are to obje+t to my de+isio!s= Who are you Ahmad Jibril> to obje+t to my de+isio!s a!d jud/e my wisdom= That is my busi!ess. 'ou are ri/ht> you are a+tually ri/ht. Who am * to i!terfere with your wisdom i! your i!ter!al family busi!ess a!d your affairs= But a/ai!> who are you to jud/e the 5i1i!e wisdom of Allah> Al-(a%eem> Ar-Ra??aa =

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Who do you thi!% you are to .ortio! out the mer+y of Allah= That is !ot your busi!ess. Who are you to .ortio! out the mer+y of your #ord> your .ro1isio! of your #ord= We .ortio! out betwee! the huma!s> the +reatio!> the li1elihood i! this world.

6 $ T ... 1 3 ' [ : / & D 6 / & / & / ; p p / T h / ; ! : ... / L 4 i 6 / & p 1 $


-a/e F 982

A!d we raise some of them abo1e others i! ra!%s> so they may em.loy others i! their wor%. Some are ri+h> hi/h +lass> medium +lass> low +lass> middle +lass a!d low +lass. Those who say> why did Allah !ot ma%e me ri+h so * +a! build Masaajid= A lot of .eo.le say that. A!d su..ort the o..ressed> a!d do a!d do. *! a se!se> somewhat> some may be dis/ru!tled with the di1isio! of Allah. *f they just wa!t to do /ood> that is differe!t> but if they are i!ter!ally dis/ru!tled with Allah> do !ot for/et that Ar-Ra??aa is the All Wise> the All ;!owi!/. That (e %!ows what (e /a1e you> why (e /a1e it to you. ,aaroo!> a!d there is ma!y li%e ,aaroo!> a!d you %!ow the story of ,aaroo!. The .eo.le of ,aaroo! as%ed the same uestio!> why did Allah !ot /i1e us li%e (e /a1e ,aaroo!= The! whe! they see! what ha..e!ed with ,aaroo!> they re/retted it. A!d i! the 1erseC

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Some made a +o1e!a!t with Allah sayi!/> if (e bestowed o! us of (is bou!ty> we would /i1e i! +harity. A lot of .eo.le say that.

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A!d we are /oi!/ to be amo!/ those who are ri/hteous. We are /oi!/ to /i1e. #et (im /i1e us> why does (e !ot /i1e us so we +a! /i1e i! +harity a!d we +a! be ri/hteous= What ha..e!ed after they /ot it=

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Whe! Allah /a1e them (is bou!ty> they be+ame +hea. a!d tur!ed away from Allah. The result is obje+ti!/ to the +omma!ds of Allah.

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(e .u!ished them by .utti!/ hy.o+risy i!to their hearts u!til the day that they will meet Allah subhaa!ahu wa taaala.

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Be+ause they brea+hed the +o1e!a!t a!d be+ause they were liars. By the way this 1erse was re1ealed> you %!ow that it is !ot somethi!/ to obje+t about> what Allah
-a/e F 989

/a1e you of .ro1isio!. A!d let me say before * for/et> this 1erse was !ot re1ealed by Thalabah as the .o.ular story is> a Sahaabi !amed Thalabah that /ot ri+h> that is a fabri+ated story. The true> .ro.er reaso! for the re1elatio! was what *b! (ajr me!tio!ed throu/h *b! Wahib a!d *b! Eayd> that it is a /rou. of Mu!aafi ee!. Thalabah was a ma! who stood firm i! the Battle of Badr. 5o !ot be dis.leased. The .oi!t of it is> do !ot be dis.leased with what Allah has +hose! for you. See% mea!s> !o .roblem. But whe! you be+ome dis.leased i! your heart at Allah a!d the desti!y Allah has +hose! for you> low +lass> middle +lass> hi/h +lass> whate1er it is> the! there be+omes a defi+ie!+y i! our to.i+ today> belief i! ArRa??aa . Whe! Allah is Al-&Aleem> Ar-Ra??aa > (e /a1e it to you for a wisdom. Whe! (e is Al-(a%eem> Ar-Ra??aa > (e de.ri1ed you for a wisdom. So !e1er obje+t. -art of belie1i!/ i! this Tawheed is to be fully +o!te!t with what Allah has /i1e! you of .ro1isio!.

T < # a nn : ...7 7\ : ; = / '... / 1 / / &, / %


Allah /i1es this 5u!ya to whom (e li%es> a!d disli%es> but the Aa%hirah is o!ly for those who Allah li%es. Thi!%i!/ a!d jud/i!/ that Allah /i1es this 5u!ya to who is more fa1ourable to (im i! the Aa%hirah le1els> is a! as.e+t that ;uffaar ,uraysh used to ha1e.

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They used to bolster to the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d the Sahaabah. We /ot more tha! you /uys> we /ot more tha! you> we ha1e more wealth> we ha1e more +hildre! a!d we are !ot /oi!/ to be .u!ished. Allah saysC

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The re.ly is> tell them Muhammad> Allah e!lar/es (is .ro1isio! to whome1er (e wills> a!d whome1er (e wa!ts to restri+t. Allah /i1es (is .ro1isio! i! this life for those (e li%es a!d disli%es> but o!ly /i1es su++ess i! the hi/h le1els> i! the Aa%hirah> for those (e lo1es a!d li%es.

T$5E TA6A115L

AN,

TA6AA15L

(aatim al-Asam was as%ed o!+e> how did your Tawa%%ul o! Allah be+ome so stro!/= (e said> * belie1ed that !o o!e will ta%e my .ro1isio!> so my heart be+ome +o!te!t. * %!ew that death awaits me> so * .re.ared my ba//a/e for that jour!ey. *
-a/e F 98:

%!ew my a+tio!s> !o o!e +a! .erform them but me> so * be+ame o++u.ied i! them. * am too busy i! my wor%. 4umber four> * %!ew Allah wat+hes me a!d sees me so * be+ame ashamed to let (im see me doi!/ a!y si!s. They said> so where do you eat from= They see! him so +o!te!t> so relaDed> so laidba+%> so where do you eat from= (e res.o!dedC

/ [ ! 3 1 ! 8 ! 1 7 * 3 3 1 07 1 Gd 5 ] / 1 ! ... 1 6 J / H r :"-E;" 1 ; 1 -T E E /
To Allah belo!/s the treasures of the (ea1e!s a!d the 0arth> but the hy.o+rites do !ot +om.rehe!d that. Ash-Shaafiee Rahimahullah said> * de.e!d o! Allah for my .ro1isio!> a!d * ha1e !o doubt> absolutely !o doubt> that my .ro1isio! will +ome to me. A!d the! he we!t o! to say> .ro1isio! will +ome to me> my Ri? will +ome to me e1e! if it is +omi!/ from the dee.> dar% o+ea!> the bottom of the dee.> dar% o+ea!> so why should * /rie1e or be sad o1er it= Why be de.ressed about it= RelaD. Umar *b! al-;hattab radhiallahu &a!hu saidC

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The (adith !arrated by Umar *b! al-;hattab> radhiallahu &a!hu. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> said> if you all relied o! Allah as you should rely o! (imC

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(e would ha1e .ro1ided you> just li%e (e .ro1ides birds. They wa%e u. hu!/ry i! the mor!i!/ a!d retur! with full stoma+hs at dus% time. Ta/hdu H !2 / FI i! the (adith z mea!s they /o early i! the day> with em.ty stoma+hs. They /o> mea!i!/ they do somethi!/. Wa Taoodu H h- F! ! I or Taroohu H FI i! a !arratio!> mea!s they

1 &I mea!s with full .ro1isio!. retur! late i! the e1e!i!/. Bitaa!a H 4

What you ta%e from that (adith> true Tawa%%ul is full relia!+e of the heart o! Allah> usi!/ the mea!s a1ailable. (e did !ot say Allah will .ro1ide you li%e (e .ro1ides that bird layi!/ i! the !est. (e says Ta/hdu> Tarooh> that is why * s.e+ified the defi!itio! of those words> li%e a bird that /oes a!d retur!s. Tawa%%ul is firm belief i! the heart> .utti!/ de.e!de!+y i! the heart o! Allah> usi!/ the mea!s a1ailable. That is the true mea!i!/ of Tawa%%ul i! the matter of Ri? .
-a/e F 983

*b! Abi 5u!ya !arrated that .eo.le +ame to Madi!ah o!e time. *! Umrah as usual> a!ytime he see! forei/!ers i! Madi!ah> outsiders> he would as% them. A!d he see! .eo.le who he %!ew they were from 'eme!> so he said> who are you= Mea!i!/> /i1e me more about yourself. They saidC

#" - / = / '
We are the o!es who de.e!d o! Allah. (e said you are Mutawaa%iloo! H

/rou!d with their relia!+e o! Allah. This is all .art of belie1i!/ i! Ar-Ra??aa > your heart ha!/s with Allah the <reator> a!d the +o!troller of all mea!s. Mea!s> you /ot to belie1e .art of that> do !ot harm a!d be!efit> they do !ot .ro1ide !or ta%e from you. 'our .ro1isio!> the order for it> +omes from the <reator> Ar-Ra??aa . Sahl *b! Abdullah at-Tastari said a /olde! word about this whole matter. (e says> whoe1er !e/le+ts mea!s> has !e/le+ted the Su!!ah. A!d whoe1er !e/le+ts Tawa%%ul> the relia!+e o! Allah> !e/le+ts *maa!. Tawa%%ul is the state or status of the -ro.het> whoe1er is o! the status of the -ro.het +a!!ot lea1e out the Su!!ah of the -ro.het.

1 #" - I> you de.e!d o! ea+h other> !ot o! Allah. (e said al-Mutawa%%iloo! H ' #" - / I> the real Mutawa%%iloo! are the o!es who .ut the seeds i! the '

SEE1 0EANS B5T 1EE( 4O5$ 2EA$T F5LL4 ATTAC2E, TO ALLA2


The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam was %!ow! to ta%e mea!s> loo% at his life. *! (ijrah> he de.e!ded o! Allah all throu/hout his life> e1ery mome!t of his life> fully> yet he used the mea!s a1ailable to him. Whe! he we!t> he too% the /uide with him to Madi!ah> he hid i! the +a1e. 5id he say Abu Ba%r> * am the best ma! to wal% o! the fa+e of the 0arth a!d you are the se+o!d best> the best ma! after the Messe!/er to wal% o! the 0arth. So let us just lay i! the o.e! desert> %!owi!/ that there is a hu!dred +amel bou!ty o! my head a!d your head> a!d Allah is /oi!/ to .rote+t us. That is Tawaa%ul !ot Tawa%%ul. (e we!t i! a +a1e> he fou!d a se+luded +a1e away from them> o!e he thou/ht that they would !ot see. A!d the! he saidC

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'ou use the mea!s> but your heart is fully with Allah. Sometimes there is !o mea!s to us but whether there is or there is !ot> if there is> you use the mea!s. *f there is !ot> you ha1e !o +hoi+e> but i! both +ase s+e!arios your heart is fully atta+hed to Allah. *f the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam was hu!/ry> did he wait for food to dro. from the s%y or did he /o a!d .re.are a!d sit a!d eat= *! Badr> three hu!dred of the Sahaabah 1ersus a thousa!d. (e did !ot say> oh my frie!ds .ut your wea.o!s dow!> let us just sit here a!d ma%e 5uaa. A!d the +loser they +ome> let your 5uaa shout more a!d more> louder a!d louder. The heads are
-a/e F 986

flyi!/ off> let it be louder a!d louder. That is the thi!%i!/ of some de1ia!t /rou.s today. 4o> he fou/ht. Ma%e 5uaa> but he .re.ared. (e made 5uaa himself u!til his u..er /arme!t fell off> while Abu Ba%r felt bad for him for ma%i!/ all that 5uaa a!d Abu Ba%r behi!d him .utti!/ u..er /arme!t o! him. (e the! ali/!ed them> he .ositio!ed them i! fro!t so the disbelie1ers will !ot /et a!y of the water wells> so that all the water would be behi!d them. (e told them hold fire u!til they +ome a!d you +a! see the white!ess i! their eyes> the! after you see that> the! you +a! .ro+eed. That is the same as Ri? . 'ou see% a job but the heart is fully atta+hed to o!ly Allah.

4 - ] / H ; 6/ 1 -X 1 3 mD / ; 0 < #! U> :W ... 1 Y 1 N / 6 1 - 1 A1 # T


(e made the earth subser1ie!t to you so wal% i! it> wal% i! the .ath a!d eat from (is

I> .ursue> sear+h. "amshu> loo% at that. .ro1isio!. (e said wal%> "amshu H -X / ; (e said "amshu> (e did !ot say it is /oi!/ to +ome to you. See% it> .ursue it> your Ri? > .ursue it. 5o the mea!s> do !ot sit a!d eD.e+t it to +ome to you. That is also a! additio!al be!efit from "amshu. The word wal% i! this 1erse is deli+ate> it mea!s yes /o for your Ri? but do !ot stress for it. Allah wrote it for you so do !ot /o after this 5u!ya li%e a /allo.i!/ horse i! the outs%irts.
Maryam &alayhas salaam> whe! she /a1e birth to &*sa. *! her a/o!y> i! her birth> i! her .ai!> i! the midst of her a/o!y> Allah saysC

/ N i 1 / 3 1 5 ! 1 $ A 4 k6 1 / 1 / 1 md F 1 1& W W 1 / D@ l> :
Sha%e the tru!% of the tree> the date .alm tree. *f you sha%e it> it will fall from it> fresh ri.e dates for you. A!yo!e tell me how a ma!> a stro!/ ma!> the stro!/est ma! out of all of you +a! sha%e a .alm tree a!d bri!/ the dates dow!= (ow is a woma! i! labour /oi!/ to do that= The lesso! really is> de.e!d o! Allah Maryam but do the little mea!s. Just sha%e it> tou+h that tree a!d try to sha%e it a!d the! the rest is o! Allah. Submit the resume> /o to the i!ter1iew> .ut the offer o! the busi!ess a!d the house. A!d at the same time you are doi!/ it> before a!d after> %!ow it is +omi!/ from the s%y. 'our mi!d should be elsewhere> your mi!d should be i! the s%y. *f (e wa!ts you to /et it> !o o!e is /oi!/ to de.ri1e you from it. A!d if (e does !ot wa!t you to /et it> there is !o o!e /oi!/ to /et it for you. The bottom li!e is> that your heart must be fully atta+hed to Allah. 7!+e that heart is atta+hed to a job or the busi!ess for Ri? > the! there is a defi+ie!+y i! the belief that Allah is Ar-Raa?i . 4o matter how small that .er+e!ta/e is> it is a defi+ie!+y ri/ht there.

-a/e F 986

*braheem *b! Adham was .re.ari!/ a barbe ue> he was +utti!/ u. meat to eat> to barbe ue it. A +at too% a sli+e of that meat a!d ra! off with it. *braheem loo%ed a!d see! that she did !ot really eat it> she too% it to a dista!+e as he was mo!itori!/ it a!d .ut it i! a! o.e! field by a hole i! the /rou!d. So he wal%ed +lose to it> he mo!itored the situatio!> wat+hi!/> why did it !ot +ome ba+% to eat it. Sudde!ly> a s!a%e with its eyes .o..ed out> a bli!d s!a%e +omes out from the hole a!d ta%es it a!d /oes ri/ht ba+% i!. A +at a!d s!a%e are e!emies> they are .rey a!d .redator. *braheem loo%ed at the s%y a!d said -raise be to Allah> (e made e!emies .ro1ide suste!a!+e a!d .ro1isio! for ea+h other. Some i! .ast used to ma%e the 5uaaC

3 T ; & 1 Y 3 X 3 / 3 T /
A!-4aaabata H & 3 I is the +hi+% of a +row. *! Arabi+> a +row is a Ahuraab H

asI. So the +rows are s.e+ies that are rated amo!/ the most i!telli/e!t
a!imals. The +row> their +hi+%s hat+h bli!d> hel.less> +o1ered with just s%i! a!d wei/h .robably a little bit o1er half a! ou!+e. The +row is bla+%> the +hi+% whe! it hat+hes> is .i!%. *t is belie1ed that whe! the +row sees the +hi+%s> they are !ot bla+%> it lea1es for a lo!/ .eriod of time or .ossibly for fora/e> to /et food. The baby +rows> de.e!di!/ o! their sta/e> will !eed to be fed a..roDimately e1ery thirty mi!utes. The mum is /o!e i! either disa..oi!tme!t or to /et the food> a!d the baby !eeds food e1ery thirty mi!utes. This is a!-4aaabah> oh Allah .ro1ide me li%e you .ro1ide a!4aaabah i! her !est. So Ar-Ra??aa se!ds that lo!ely +hi+% i!se+ts> bu/s> /rassho..ers> wee1ils> berries> s.iders> whate1er it may be> o! its bea%. Attra+ted to its bea% so it +a! eat it> u!til the mother either retur!s with food or from the disa..oi!tme!t to see the feathers are bla+%. That is why they use to sayC

3 T ; & 1 Y 3 X 3 / 3 T /
7h Allah .ro1ide me li%e you .ro1ide that little> baby +hi+% of a +row. Who .ro1ided the hel.less baby +row i!se+ts> .ro1isio!s> while the mother a!d father were /o!e= Who .ro1ided the hel.less> bli!d s!a%e a .ie+e of flesh ri/ht at its hole from its e!emy> a +at= -rey a!d .redator.

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*s there a <reator other tha! Allah who .ro1ides for you from the s%y a!d (ea1e!> it is Ar-Ra??aa .

($OBISION IS NOT ONL4 0ATE$IALISTIC


-a/e F 98$

Ma!%i!d thi!% i! a !arrow se!se> that Ri? is materialisti+> li%e we said i! the be/i!!i!/ of the +lass. That is why ma!y +ry .o1erty. *b! as-Sammaa%> a .rea+her> he was a! ad1isor to (aroo! ar-Rasheed. (aroo! used to always +o!sult with him a!d %ee. him by his side to remi!d him. (aroo! arRasheed was the ma!> a ;haleefah who used to tell the +loud /o rai! where1er you wa!t> your wealth is /oi!/ to retur! to me. (aroo! wa!ted a +old /lass of water o!+e a!d it must ha1e bee! that he %e.t as%i!/ for it o1er a!d o1er a/ai!> he re.eatedly as%ed for a +old /lass of water. *t +au/ht the atte!tio! of *b! as-Sammaa% !eDt to him> his ad1isor> so he wa!ted to /i1e him some +o!sultatio!. *b! as-Sammaa% said before he dra!% it> what would you do if !o water was a1ailable to you a!d you are for+ed to trade for this +u. of water= 'ou are su..osed to /i1e somethi!/ for it. (aroo! ar-Rasheed said> for sure> most +ertai!ly * would /i1e at least half my %i!/dom if !ot more. After he dra!% the +u.> *b! Sammaa% said> what would you /i1e if you were !ot able to release the waste of that water from your body> u!less you traded somethi!/ for it= (aroo! ar-Rasheed said> * would +ertai!ly /i1e the other half of my wealth> if * had more a!d * !eeded> * would /i1e e1e! more tha! that. *b! Sammaa% +ried to the ;haleefah> he said dri!%> dri!% ;haleefah dri!%> may Allah bless you. "ie u.o! a %i!/dom that +ould easily be traded for a +u. of water.

H W C, uI a%, m2 L a%, \& % m'X


* memorised .oems from Shay%h ;ish whe! * was a %id a!d * used to hear his le+tures> the elo ue!t s.ea%er> Rahmatullahi &Alayhi. (e used to sayC

W 0 - !4 0 0F TOJ9 ;E "2A 9 H
(e a+tually said it whe! ash-Shah of *ra! died. Be +o!te!t> you will feel li%e a %i!/ e1e! if you do !ot ha1e but .ea+e of mi!d.

T < 7TI& 2 W O! J0 !E z&


#oo% at those who rule the /lobe i! their e!tirety> did they lea1e this 0arth but with +otto! a!d shrouds=

-a/e F 98)

Remember how we defi!ed Ri? . Why do you loo% at it as mo!ey i! your a++ou!t alo!e= Ri? is your &A eedah> your &A eedah is amo!/ the bi//est Ri? you +a! ha1e> it is the bi//est Ri? you +a! ha1e.

... ? :`2G777 ... ' 7 71 f / 1 / 0/ / / F,!


Belief i! the ,adr of Ri? is &A eedah. 7!+e you establish this firm i! your heart> whi+h we are tryi!/ to /et to> you li1e a +o!te!t life. (a1i!/ a defi+ie!+y i! the belief i! Ar-Ra??aa > our to.i+ today> is da!/erous.

,E(EN, ON ALLA2

IN

2A$,S2I(

*! Su!a! Abu 5awood> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam saidC

; ... q N 1 1& f / d /
; I> "aa ah is usually a fi!a!+ial Authe!ti+ (adith. Whoe1er /ets "aa ah H q N hardshi.. Whoe1er /ets i! a fi!a!+ial hardshi.> "aa ah.

I; d ...j & T ... 3 / 1 1


(e tur!s to .eo.le> he de.e!ds o! them> de.e!ds o! them i! his heart.

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(is hardshi. will !ot be fulfilled.

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Whoe1er /ets a fi!a!+ial hardshi. a!d tur!s to Allah for hel..

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Allah will bri!/ him his Ri? soo!er or later.

T2E4 6O$S2I( OT2E$S BESI,ES ALLA2 62O 2ABE NO CONT$OL OBE$ ($OBISION
"o+us o! this AyahC

-a/e F 988

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Ai1e me your full atte!tio!. They worshi. others besides Allah> who do !ot a!d +a!!ot a!d absolutely +a!!ot ha1e a!y .ro1isio! or +o!trol o1er .ro1isio! from the (ea1e! a!d the 0arth. *! Arabi+> if you were to remo1e the two words i! this Ayah>

4 Y 4 / % I> remo1e Ri? > .ro1isio! a!d Shaya> a!ythi!/> the Ri? HN / 6 1 I a!d Shaya H} mea!i!/ stays /ood. So why these two eDtra words= We said the ,ura! is deli+ate> these words are there for a .ur.ose. So what is the mea!i!/= To add affirmatio! that the o!ly o!e who +a! .ro1ide Ri? > is Allah.
A!-4a%irah "ee Siyaa al-*thbaat Tufeed al-*tlaa H

L ` ;0

Qkw 2 JF [AcwI> a rule of Usool. "o+us> both these words i! the Ayah> Ri? a!d Shaya are i!defi!ite !ou!s> *sm 4a%irah H `0 LI. Ri? a!d Shaya>
those two words * said that are eDtra> are i!defi!ite !ou!s. The rule i! Usool is> the i!defi!ite !ou!> *sm a!-4a%irah> i! the +o!teDt of a /e!eral se!te!+e> de!oti!/> affirmi!/> de+lari!/> establishi!/> i!di+ates a! absolute> u!+o!strai!ed> u!+o!ditio!al> u!restri+ted matter. A!-4a%irah "ee Siyaa al-*thbaat Tufeed al*tlaa > .ay atte!tio!> * am /oi!/ to eD.lai! it more. These rules are +om.leD as it is a!d it o!ly /ets harder whe! you eD.lai! them i! 0!/lish> so you /ot to /i1e me double the atte!tio! you re/ularly /i1e me. *f you ha1e a se!te!+e affirmi!/ somethi!/> de+lari!/> establishi!/> the! there is a 4a%irah> i!defi!ite !ou!> that mea!s it is absolute. That i!di+ates it is absolute> u!+o!strai!ed> u!restri+ted. Addi!/ a 4a%irah that is otherwise !ot esse!tial> /i1es it basi+ally> eDa//erated> absolute> u!+o!strai!ed> u!restri+ted mea!i!/. That is the .oi!t ri/ht there. Mea!i!/> here +omes the mea!i!/> those who they worshi. other tha! Allah ha1e absolutely> absolutely> !ot a ti!y bit of +o!trol o1er Ri? . #et us ta%e the first i!defi!ite !ou! to shed more li/ht o! what * am tryi!/ to tal% about. (e added to their !othi!/!ess> they already had !othi!/> it added to their !othi!/!ess> Shaya> the word a!y. 'aa Allah> you told us they do !ot ha1e a!ythi!/> !o +o!trol> !o +o!trol o1er .ro1isio!> so why did 'ou add Shaya= They ha1e !othi!/> so why did 'ou add a!ythi!/ to !othi!/= *f * say to a!y of you> what is your .ay+he ue this wee%= 'our .ay+he ue after e1erythi!/ +lear is two hu!dred a!d o!e dollars a!d fi1e +e!ts. Would a!yo!e of you tell me> if * say what is your .ay+he ue> you are /oi!/ to say two hu!dred a!d o!e dollars a!d fi1e +e!ts= 'ou are /oi!/ to say two hu!dred dollars. We are !ot sitti!/ here doi!/ your i!+ome taD> so you are /oi!/ to say two hu!dred dollars. 'ou rou!d it off be+ause o!e dollar a!d fi1e +e!ts is so little> so mi!ute> so i!si/!ifi+a!t> that you do !ot e1e! +ou!t it. A se+o!d eDam.le to /et this rule that * am tal%i!/ about>
-a/e F :@@

be+ause you u!dersta!d them more with eDam.les. *f * say to you what time is it !ow= 7!e fifty !i!e> does a!yo!e tell me o!e fifty !i!e= 01eryo!e is /oi!/ to rou!d it off a!d say it is Two 7+lo+%. A third eDam.le. *f someo!e has !o wealth> he may ha1e a little bit of wealth> what do you tell me if * as% you about his fi!a!+ial situatio!= (e has !othi!/> the +ommo! termi!olo/y> he has !othi!/. There is somethi!/> but it is so little> so mi!ute> so ti!y> so i!si/!ifi+a!t that you +o!sider it !othi!/. *t is rou!ded off> it is a fra+tio! that is rou!ded off. That is why the i!defi!ite !ou! Shaya was added. Allah wa!ts you to ha1e the .ure Tawheed i! Ar-Ra??aa a!d (e wa!ted to elimi!ate a!y ti!y doubt that a!yo!e other tha! Allah has a!y .ro1isio!. There is !ot e1e! the su.er sli/ht +ha!+e that o!e may ha1e a!y ti!y> si/!ifi+a!t +o!trol or rule o1er Ri? > other tha! Allah. Shaya> a!ythi!/> that is why the i!defi!ite !ou! was added. So the 1erse is sayi!/ they worshi. those who ha1e absolutely !o +o!trol o1er Ri? > absolutely> !ot e1e! those ti!y fra+tio!s that may be +o!sidered by some. Those the Mushri%ee! worshi.> they do !ot ha1e a!y> ti!y> rou!ded off fra+tio! of +o!trol or rule o1er Ri? . The +o!+lusio!> why so mu+h em.hasis= This is to erase the .ossibility that we may ha1e a!y thou/ht or doubt that a!yo!e has a!y little +rumb or .ower i! +o!trol o1er Ri? . To affirm> to fulfil your heart with full a!d .ure Tawheed to Ar-Ra??aa . Two 4a%irah +ome to affirm this> two> !ot o!e. Shaya! was o!e> the same thi!/ we me!tio!ed about Shaya> Ri? aa too. They were added to elimi!ate the thou/ht that there may be that ti!y fra+tio! that .eo.le !e/le+t> that they rou!d off> li%e the o!e dollar a!d fi1e +e!ts> the o!e mi!ute> o!e ha1i!/ a little bit of .ro1isio! a!d the! you say he has !othi!/. To elimi!ate e1e! that .ossible> ti!y thi!/> that there is !ot e1e! a rou!ded off fi/ure i! the matter. They ha1e absolutely !o +o!trol o1er Ri? . We /ot the /e!eral wordi!/ of the 1erse> that those who Mushri%ee! worshi.> those who ha1e !o rule or +o!trol o1er Ri? . That is the /e!eral wordi!/> it already tells it all. To to. it off> we ha1e two 4a%irah> Shaya! a!d Ri? aa. To add em.hasis> to show !ot a +rumb of .ower or a rou!ded off fra+tio! of .ower do they ha1e> o1er Ri? . We are !ot do!e there> Allah wa!ts .ure Tawheed. The third thi!/ i! the matter> the e!d of itC

! " ... - 1' 5 / H


The 1erse at the e!d says> a!d they +a!!ot> they are u!able to. Sometimes> you may ha1e .ower to do somethi!/ but the o..ortu!ity is !ot there. Allah wa!ted to elimi!ate that thou/ht too. Belief i! Ar-Ra??aa is !o jo%e> it is firm> it is dee..

! " ... - 1' 5 / H

-a/e F :@2

They do !ot ha1e the .ower a!d they do !ot ha1e the ability to rule o1er Ri? . 4o .ower a!d !o ability. 7!+e you affirm absolute Tawheed i! Ar-Ra??aa > you li1e at .ea+e a!d at ease. *t is amo!/ the bi//est sour+es for the a!Diety disorders of today a!d de.ressio! a!d stress a!d traumati+ stress> whe! you %!ow it is from Allah> you li1e at ease a!d .ea+e. 'ou lea1e it i! the ha!ds of Allah> you li1e a stress free life. ;ee. your heart with Allah. *f you are reje+ted from a u!i1ersity or a job> do !ot e1e! feel dow! or sad> ta%e it with a smile a!d wal% away. 'our i!ter1iew /oes bad> it was !ot mea!t by Allah> be+ause it is i! the s%y. That +reatio! that you see i! a suit a!d tie before you +o!du+ti!/ the i!ter1iew> he +ould !ot raise his fi!/er !or mo1e his li.s or utter a word> eD+e.t what Allah wa!ted him to do. 'ou are /oi!/ to the i!ter1iew be+ause Allah wa!ts you to /o with the mea!s> to see% the mea!s> but before> duri!/ a!d after> your heart must be i! +om.lete atta+hme!t with Allah. 'our heart /ot to be i! a!other world.

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Allah +omes betwee! that .erso! you thi!% is a boss i!ter1iewi!/ you> Allah +omes betwee! him a!d his heart. Allah +a! ma%e him utter that whi+h (e wa!ts.

A$#$AGGAA9 6ILL SEN, 4O5 0EANS


Affaa! *b! Muslim as-Saffaar was Shay%h for Bu%hari. *! the "it!ah of ;hal al,ura! H"ZE B*I> Affaa! was a! &Aalim a!d they started by the &Ulamaa> s+a!!i!/ the &Ulamaa> i!terro/ati!/ them .ertai!i!/ to the matter of the +reatio! of the ,ura!. They /ot to the house of Affaa!> the /o1er!or wa!ted to i!terro/ate him. The i!terro/ators told Affaa!> * /ot orders from the Waali that * !eed to as% you these uestio!s. *s the ,ura! the word of Allah or +reatio!= We %!ow what the .ositio! of Ahlus-Su!!ah is a!d what they ba+% the! used to s.read. Affaa! saidC

7 / N U :yQ*w 2 < q 9 , 3
*s that +reated= So he basi+ally be/a! to eD.lai!> he is a! &Aalim> he wa!ts to start tal%i!/ a!d eD.lai!i!/ to the ma!. The i!terro/ator said> loo% Affaa!> * am !ot here to debate> * /ot these uestio!s to as% you> * /ot to write the a!swer. A!d let me ad1ise you> whe! they ta%e you to .riso!> the! you +a! eD.lai! away o1er there. A!d he also said let me ad1ise you more> if you say it is the +reatio! of Allah> from my eD.erie!+e> he is telli!/ him> the .eo.le who said that> they /et a hi/her ra!%> their salary /oes u.> they be at .ea+e a!d ease. Those who do !ot say it was +reated> from my eD.erie!+e> this is the i!terro/ator telli!/ him> they start off by ta%i!/ your salary the! your family a!d you /et hu!/ry a!d it o!ly /ets worse after that.

-a/e F :@9

Affaa! said> the ,ura! is the word of Allah> it is !ot +reated> ;alaamullah H (e told him the 1erse that we me!tio!ed> the first o!e * me!tio!edC

Q#

I. The i!terro/ator said> you %!ow where this stateme!t is /oi!/ to ta%e you=

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Tawheed %i+%s i! at these times. That is how you %!ow if you ha1e the .ro.er Tawheed> the Tawheed melted i!to *maa! a!d *hsaa!. The i!terro/ator wrote the re.ort a!d they +ut his salary. After mid!i/ht> Affaa! wa%es u. to a %!o+% at the door> someo!e is %!o+%i!/ 1ery hard at the door. (e fou!d it is a! older ma!> a Eayyaat> a Eayyaat is a! oil salesma!. (is +lothes are dirty> you %!ow oil salesme!> oil o1er them be+ause they wor%ed with oil. *t is a low> loo%ed dow! u.o! job> but this oil ma! too% it u.o! himself to +are for the +auses of this Ummah. (e said> who are you= The Eayyaat is as%i!/ him> who are you= (e said Affaa! *b! Muslim. (e said> you are the ma! the /o1er!me!t +ut his salary for s.ea%i!/ the truth earlier today= (e said yes. (e .ossibly heard it i! the +ommu!ity> i! the mar%et> i! the Masjid. (e said> here is a Surrah> here is a mo!ey .ou+h with o!e thousa!d 5i!aar a!d e1ery mo!th this time> * am /oi!/ to bri!/ you a similar ba/ u!til Allah .ro1ides you a way out. That was a+tually more tha! the /o1er!me!t was .ayi!/ Affaa! *b! Muslim.

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Today> the Ummah may !o lo!/er ha1e a salesma! with jealousy li%e that ma! did> li%e that oil salesma! did> but the -ro1ider who se!t that oil salesma! will se!d you differe!t mea!s be+ause the -ro1ider> Ar-Ra??aa is there. #et me +o!+lude be+ause the time is ru!!i!/ out> with this story for the sisters who follow us> es.e+ially throu/h the i!ter!et> whose husba!ds are i! .riso!s. 7r si!/le mothers as well> a!d a+tually for all of us. There is a +o!tem.orary ma! i! 0/y.t who we!t to .riso!> 1ery .oor as it is. So whe! he we!t to .riso!> his wife has two %ids> she had to mo1e with her .are!ts. *t is the same thi!/ re.eated all o1er a!d o1er> those whose family members we!t to .riso!> they will tell you the same story. 7!e day> her so! /ot si+%> he /ot 1ery hi/h fe1er. She is i! the house of her .are!ts> !o tra!s.ortatio!> a!d e1e! if there was tra!s.ortatio!> there is !o mo!ey to .ay the do+tors. So she tur!ed to Allah all !i/ht lo!/> o!e mi!ute 5uaa i! Salah> two Ra%ahs> i! dee. a/o!y a!d .ai! i! Sujood a!d 5uaa. The! she would te!d to her baby> +ha!/i!/ the bathi!/ towels o! his head a!d body. A!d as you %!ow> o!ly mothers +a! tal% about what they feel whe! their +hildre! are ill> may Allah /ra!t my mother a!d all your mothers "irdaws al-Alaa for the sufferi!/ they suffered for us. The! she would /o a!d soa% the bathi!/ towel i! +old water a!d .la+e them all o1er her so!> his forehead a!d his body> a!d ta%e a brea% i! Salah. Two Ra%ahs> dee.>

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dar%> lo!ely> lo!/ !i/ht> +ries a!d shouts of des.eratio! to Allah. A!d that is whe! the 5uaa is most li%ely to /et a!swered.

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The o!e who res.o!ds to the distressed whe! he +alls o!to (im. #ate> late at !i/ht> the %!o+%i!/ +omes at her door. She .ut o! her (ijaab> she o.e!ed the door> it is a do+tor> do+tor suit> white robe. This is a +o!tem.orary story> the do+tor a!swered the door but he i! reality a!swered the order of Allah. The do+tor at her door> she was asto!ished> has !o mea!s> she does !ot %!ow what is /oi!/ o!. A!d limiti!/ her +ommu!i+atio! with me!> she wat+hed as the do+tor dia/!osed the baby> wrote the .res+ri.tio!> /a1e her words of +omfort> the! he told her the bill is so a!d so> he ha!ded her the bill. (ere is the bill> a!d for house +alls you .ay ri/ht o! the s.ot> it is well %!ow! ba+% the! a!d it is still %!ow!. *! Arabi+ +ou!tries> * remember u!til re+e!tly> that the do+tor +omes> you .ay him o! the s.ot. She said> what> * ha1e !o mo!ey. (e said> where is your husba!d who +alled me= She said> my husba!d is i! .riso!> he did !ot +all you> my husba!d has bee! i! .riso! for some time. (e said> you ma%e a late +all at !i/ht a!d you ha1e !o husba!d to .ay for me= (e said> is this a.artme!t !ot ei/htee!= She said !o> the a.artme!t ei/htee! is ri/ht dow! the hall> that is !eDt door. So the do+tor was asto!ished at how he +ame here a!d there really was someo!e si+%> he said Subha! Allah> what is your situatio! lady> tell me what it is. She tod him her story> she be/a! to +ry as she was telli!/ her story a!d he be/a! to +ry. (e said> Wallahi> it was Allah who too% me out of my bed to +ome to see your so!. Ai1e me that .res+ri.tio! ba+%> let me /et the medi+i!e from my +ar a!d here is some mo!ey for you a!d e1ery wee% or so> * will +ome a!d +he+% u. o! you. 4ot o!ly that> he +o!ti!ued to +he+% u. o! her a!d /i1e her from the +harity that Allah /a1e him. The woma! be/a! to tease her husba!d who was i! .riso!> she said you mi/ht wa!t to stay lo!/er i! .riso! be+ause Allah the Ra??aa is ta%i!/ +are of us more tha! you did whe! you were here. A!d with this we will +o!+lude> Ja?a%um Allahu ;hayr.

CLASS SIFTEEN
Alhamdulillahi Rabbil-&Aalamee! that we were able to +o!du+t the +lass today. This is the siDtee!th +lass o! Al-Usool Ath-Thalaathah. The first matter of the three mattersC

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7ur to.i+ today isC

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We tal%ed about #ordshi. a!d we tal%ed about the -ro1ider. Whe! we establish Allah +reated a!d .ro1ided> the author mo1es o! to why (e +reated us. Why did Allah +reate us= Whi+h is> we said> subtitle <. (e did !ot lea1e us without a .ur.ose> that +reatio! a!d .ro1isio! was for a .ur.ose.

1C8 2E ,I, NOT C$EATE 5S 6IT2O5T A (5$(OSE


Why did (e +reate us= Why did (e .ro1ide for us= The author says> <C

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(e did !ot +reate us without a .ur.ose.

62AT IS 2A0ALA.

What is a (aamil H<I or (amala> what is (amala H 4 Q I= 01e! with the diale+ts today a!d the sla!/ form of the Arabi+ that we ha1e today> you hear o! the to!/ues of ma!y> they refer to someo!e as a (aamil. A!d whe! they refer to that> they mea! someo!e who has !o .ur.ose> !o job. Usually> they refer to it i! a materialisti+ failure> they +all him a (aamil. This is a+tually a u!i ue term that was used amo!/st the Arab ba+% i! the old days. 7ri/i!ally> it was used to refer to +amels or a!imals that are u!bridled or ha1e !o she.herd or herdsma!. Basi+ally> a!imals ru!!i!/ day a!d !i/ht i! the wild> a!imals that are left loose a!d u!atte!ded. That is what (amala is.
(ere> it a..lied to a!imals> i! the form of huma! a!imals. They are those who ha1e !o s.iritual .ur.ose of /uida!+e i! their life. They ru! o! this 0arth li%e wild a!imals> u!restrai!ed by the /uida!+e of Allah. 5ay a!d !i/ht> just li%e a!imals ru!!i!/ i! the wild day a!d !i/ht> they ru! day a!d !i/ht with !o /uida!+e from Allah. #et the ,ura! defi!e to you what (amala is.

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Surely> We +reated ma!y of the Ji!! a!d ma!%i!d for (ell. They ha1e hearts where they do !ot belie1e i!> they ha1e hearts where they do !ot u!dersta!d i!> they ha1e eyes where they do !ot see i!> they ha1e ears whi+h they do !ot hear the truth i!. They are li%e +attle> the! the 1erse says> !o> e1e! more astray.

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Those are the heedless o!es. The other 1erseC

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Those who disbelie1e e!joy themsel1es a!d eat li%e +attle. They are li%e +attle> they eat li%e +attle> a!d fire will be their abode.

INCO$$ECT O(INIONS ON T2E (5$(OSE OF O5$ C$EATION


A belie1er must %!ow why he was +reated> you ha1e to %!ow that. 'ou ha1e to %!ow why Allah /a1e you .ro1isio!> why Allah +reated you. *f you as% someo!e the uestio! of our to.i+ todayC

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Why were you +reated= 'ou are /oi!/ to fi!d so ma!y differe!t a!swers. Some will say> it is a wisdom o!ly Allah %!ows> they .ut a! *slami+ tou+h i! a! i/!ora!t way. 'es that is true> that Allah has wisdoms that we do !ot %!ow i! some matters> but i! this matter> you must %!ow. Allah saidC

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5oes ma! thi!% he will be left !e/le+ted a!d u!atte!ded= So that is some .eo.le who say that. A!other +ate/ory is li%e the famous .oet early o! this +e!tury who saidC

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* /ot here> * do !ot %!ow how * /ot here> but * /ot here.

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* fou!d a .ath before me so * wal%ed> a!d * will +o!ti!ue wal%i!/ whether * li%e it or !ot.

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So he we!t o! to say> how * /ot here= (ow * see! that .ath i! fro!t of me= * do !ot %!ow> but * /ot here. A!d this was .o.ular belief amo!/ a lot of .eo.le. Shay%h ;ish% i! the siDties /a1e a ;hutbah o! this> be+ause this was a .oem but there was a si!/er who made this .oem famous> his !ame was a+tually the same !ame of the author of this boo%. The si!/er who sa!/ that so!/ was of the same !ame as the author of this boo%> his !ame was Muhammad *b! Abdul-Wahhaab. Shay%h ;ish% told him> he was basi+ally i! his siDties> the si!/er> late siDties> he said you are a s.a! away from your /ra1e a!d you are s.ea%i!/ a!d utteri!/ words of ;ufr. 'ou do !ot %!ow what you were +reated for> a!d he bro%e dow! the .oem a!d how it has matters that are ;ufr. After * /rew u. a!d read> * used to thi!% it was the si!/er> from liste!i!/ to ;ish% * thou/ht it was the words of the si!/er but it tur!ed out that the words were a .oem from a!other wret+hed .oet. (e was from #eba!o!> he +ame to this +ou!try> his !ame *lyaa Abu Maadhi> ma!y of you .robably heard of him. (e +ame here i! 282@ or so a!d li1ed i! the U!ited States. Why * say this is be+ause these wret+hed +hara+ters> e1e! thou/h they were .o.ular i! the siDties> they were stars i! the Arabi+ world for millio!s a!d millio!s. (e is a .eer to the si!/er Umm ;ulthoom> the woma! who i! her fu!eral had four millio! .eo.le follow her. A!y o!e of you who is Arabi+ o1er here> as% your .are!ts or your /ra!d.are!ts for sure> but your .are!ts> who Muhammad *b! Abdul-Wahhaab is> the si!/er> a!d who Umm ;ulthoom is. -eo.le who ele1ate> whe! its millio!s ele1ati!/ su+h filth a!d /utter to a star li%e status> are u!worthy of ho!our. That is why that was the defeated> humiliated /e!eratio!. The /e!eratio! of Muhammad *b! Abdul-Wahhaab the si!/er a!d Umm ;ulthoom> the /e!eratio! they raised were met by humiliatio! after humiliatio!. *! 283)> betwee! the fifties a!d siDties> 286$> 2868 a!d 28$:> betwee! 28$2 a!d 28)@> read history. That Muhammad *b! Abdul-Wahhaab raised a /e!eratio! of humiliated> disho!oured> (amal. (amal> who do !ot %!ow their .ur.ose o! this 0arth. This *maam> Muhammad *b! Abdul-Wahhaab> raised a /e!eratio! o! Al-Usool Ath-Thalaathah a!d o! Tawheed> who lear!ed the .ur.ose of their +reatio! a!d i! retur!> re1i1ed Tawheed for this Ummah.
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So ma!y say> they were +reated for a wisdom o!ly Allah %!ows. 4o> you ha1e to %!ow this wisdom too> this is the %i!d of wisdom that you ha1e to %!ow. Some say they do !ot %!ow how they /ot here a!d throw arou!d ;ufr stateme!ts li%e that .oet a!d si!/er we said. Some of them say Allah +reated us for worshi.> whi+h is the +orre+t a!swer> but their u!dersta!di!/ is su.erfi+ial. They are !ot dee. a!d substa!ti1e i! what worshi. is> a!d that is basi+ally the to.i+ of our Tawheed> all that relates to why we were +reated. Some ado.t the de1ilish thi!%i!/ of some Aree% .hiloso.hists who say that Allah +reated the U!i1erse a!d for/ot> a!d that is why there were so ma!y .roblems amo!/ the .eo.le o! 0arth> be+ause Allah for/ot about us. Asta/hfirullah. All that> Allah res.o!ded to it +e!turies before they e1e! uttered it.

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'our #ord is !ot for/etful. (e does !ot for/et. A!d the! you /ot other .eo.le who say the U!i1erse is the fu! a!d .lay of Allah> Asta/hfirullah. #i%ewise> Allah res.o!ded to themC

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'ou thi!% We +reated you i! .lay without a!y .ur.ose a!d that you are !ot /oi!/ to +ome ba+% to Us> to be jud/ed a!d held a++ou!ted for your .re1ious life= The! you /ot a /rou. who will say> a!d ma!y thi!%> that you li1e your life a!d the! you die a!d it is o1er a!d do!e with. *f this was true> the! death would be the /oal of !early e1ery li1i!/ bei!/. But death is the start> the! there is the /ra1e> the! there is resurre+tio!> the! there is re+%o!i!/> the! there is the s+ale> the! there is the Siraat> the! there is eter!al (ell a!d (ea1e!.

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The disbelie1ers +laim that they will !e1er be resurre+ted. Tell them Muhammad> Allah says tell themC

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'ou will +ertai!ly be resurre+ted. A!d the! you will be told a!d i!formed of that whi+h you didC
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4O5 6E$E C$EATE, FO$ A (5$(OSE
The .oi!t is> that o!e must %!ow he was +reated for a .ur.ose. 'ou /ot to %!ow that you were +reated for a .ur.ose. *! reality> this life is a test to see who fails a!d who wi!s. Allah +alled it a test.

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Allah says> Allah wa!ts you to .ro1e throu/h your a+tio!> throu/h this test> who is ri/hteous a!d who is !ot. This life is !ot a mall or a su.ermar%et that +loses at 4i!e 7+lo+% a!d the! it is o1er a!d do!e> with o!es death.

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We shall set u. the bala!+e> a real bala!+e> a real s+ale> the s+ale of justi+e o! the 5ay of Resurre+tio!> a!d !o o!e will be dealt with u!justly.

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*f it is a ti!y wei/ht of mustard seed or e1e! less tha! that> Allah will bri!/ it a!d (e is the suffi+ie!t to ta%e a++ou!t of what you did i! the .re1ious life.

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*t is the day whe! o!e says> what is /oi!/ o! here= What is it that is /oi!/ o! here=

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We ha1e faste!ed e1ery ma!Js deeds to his !e+%. 7! the 5ay of Resurre+tio!> We shall bri!/ u. for him all that> deeds i! the boo%> a!d it will be .rese!ted.

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Read.

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01erythi!/ small a!d bi/> is writte! dow!.

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(e +reated us to follow (is /uida!+e.

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The 1erses o! this are !umerous a!d !umerous.

SABE 4O5$SELF F$O0 2ELL


A ma! we!t to *b! Umar radhiallahu &a!huma. (e said Abu Abdur-Rahmaa!> or he said *b! Umar> Abu Abdur-Rahmaa! was his ;u!yah> *b! Umar is attributi!/ him to his father. 5id you hear a!ythi!/ from the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam i! 4ajwa> i! .ri1ate> that you wa!t to share=

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5id you a!ythi!/ i! .ri1ate you +a! share with me= *b! Umar said> * heard the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam say> the belie1er will be brou/ht !ear his #ord a!d Allah +o1ers him with a s+ree! a!d tells him> a!d as%s him> a!d he +o!fesses.

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Allah will as% him> do you %!ow you did this= 5id you %!ow that si!= (e will /o o1er the si!s.

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(e will say twi+e> oh Allah> * %!owC

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* %!ow 'aa Allah> he +o!fesses his si!> there is !o way out of it.

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* +o!+ealed it i! the world before a!d * am /oi!/ to for/i1e it to you today. The! his re+ord> his re/istry of deeds fills u..

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The other o!es> the others> the disbelie1ers> it will be a!!ou!+ed .ubli+ly before all the .eo.le. Those are the o!es who lied a!d disbelie1ed i! their #ord. At-TirmidhiC

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There will be !o!e amo!/st you eD+e.t that Allah will s.ea% to him with !o i!ter.reter> with !o barrier. 'ou are /oi!/ to /o sta!d before Allah> ima/i!e that reality. Sta!di!/ before Allah> Wallahil-&Adheem it is /oi!/ to ha..e!> fo+us as it is /oi!/ to ha..e! a!d ima/i!e it as it is /oi!/ to ha..e!. (e is sta!di!/ before Allah> he loo%s to his ri/ht> he sees !othi!/ but his deeds. The he loo%s to his left.

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/ ,I mea!s he loo%s to his left> a!d the! he sees !othi!/ Ashama Mi!hu H 1 I% / but his si!s. Wallahi> it is a s+e!ery that tears the hearts. The! he loo%s i! fro!t of him> his deeds to his ri/ht> his si!s to his left> he loo%s i! fro!t of him. (e sees (ell> there is !o es+a.i!/ it> /ood a!d bad> there is !o es+a.i!/ it. Wret+hed a!d su++essful> all are headi!/ to that dire+tio!> to the dire+tio! of (ell. Where are they
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/oi!/= They are /oi!/ to the dire+tio! of (ell. Ri/hteous are /oi!/ o1er it a!d the wi+%ed are /oi!/ i! it. 4asalullah a!-4ajaa H @bI5I. But o1er it a!d !ot i! it> the! there are those who /o o1er it but /et +lawed i! it. A!d the! there are those who /o at the 1arious s.eeds that we %!ow i! the famous (adith about that. The (adith says that e1eryo!e loo%s i! fro!t of him a!d sees (ell> the! it +o!ti!ues. Sa1e yourself> that is your .ur.ose> sa1e yourself from (ell. 01e! by /i1i!/ a .ortio!> a half> a .ortio! of a date i! +harity> so you +a! .rese!t it to Allah o! the Jud/me!t 5ay that you /a1e that. Sa1e yourself from (ell> e1e! if /i1i!/ that ti!y little thi!/.

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ALLA2
IS IN,E(EN,ENT OF

2IS C$EATION

'ou were +reated a!d you !eed Allah. 5o !ot e1er thi!% Allah +reated us to ha1e more +reatio!. 5o !ot e1er thi!% that Allah +reated us be+ause (e !eeds our su..ort. (e +reated us a!d (e is Al-Aha!ee H zI> (e is i!de.e!de!t of (is +reatio!. *! the authe!ti+ (adith al-,udsi> i! Sahih Muslim. 7h my ser1a!ts> you +a!!ot rea+h me to harm me !or +a! you rea+h me to be!efit me.

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7h my ser1a!ts> if from the first to the last of you> e1ery o!e of you> huma! a!d Ji!!> !obody left out> were as .ious as the most .ious ma! you +a! thi!% of> if you were as .ious as him> that is !ot /oi!/ to i!+rease my %i!/dom. That is Allah telli!/ you that. 'our .iety will !ot i!+rease the %i!/dom of Allah> you are !ot doi!/ Allah a fa1our by doi!/ deeds.

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7h my ser1a!ts> if your a!d your last a!d your huma! a!d your Ji!!> e1ery o!e of you were as wi+%ed as the most wi+%ed ma!> huma! or Ji!! o! the fa+e of the 0arth that you +a! ima/i!e> that would !ot de+rease my %i!/dom a!y ti!y little bit. Allah is s.ea%i!/ to you> be+ause this a (adith ,udsi.

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7h my ser1a!ts> were the first of you a!d the last of you to /et to/ether a!d all of you> your huma!> your Ji!!> e1ery last o!e of you i! o!e .la+e a!d re uest of me e1erythi!/ they wa!ted a!d * /a1e e1ery o!e of them that whi+h he re uested> it would !ot de+rease my %i!/dom> my wealth> that Allah has> the %i!/dom of Allah> a!y less tha! a !eedle de+reases whe! you .ut it i! the sea. Ao to the Atla!ti+ 7+ea!> .ut a !eedle or a stri!/ i! the middle of the Atla!ti+ 7+ea!> the! ta%e it out. (ow mu+h less did the Atla!ti+ 7+ea! be+ome= That is the Atla!ti+ 7+ea!. Allah ru!s a!d rules a!d ow!s the U!i1erse.

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#oo% at that> this is the +o!+lusio!.

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7h my ser1a!ts> here is the +o!+lusio!. *t is o!ly your deeds that * re+%o! u. for you> * /ather a!d +olle+t a!d add them u. for you> re/isters them for you> for the 5ay of Re+om.e!se> so you +a! be jud/ed by them. Whoe1er fi!ds /ood> let him .raise Allah> a!d whoe1er fi!ds other tha! that> let him !ot blame but himself.

-a/e F :2:

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Amo!/ the mea!i!/s of the 1erse> do !ot +ause mis+hief o! this 0arth after it has bee! set i! order. Mea!i!/> the e!tire 0arth was +reated for worshi.. The .ur.ose of the U!i1erse was for worshi.. Whoe1er does !ot do worshi.> has +aused mis+hief> that is the mea!i!/ of the 1erse.

, / 6 ?_ : E S2 5 = 5 4 L / u w / ' " , " 1


5oes ma! really thi!% he will be left !e/le+ted= This whole U!i1erse> your +reatio!> your lifes.a!. 'ou really thi!% you are /oi!/ to li1e fifty> siDty> se1e!ty years or whate1er you may li1e> what Allah /ra!ts you> a!d the! it is o1er a!d do!e with= After Allah tal%s about the huma! a!d how he is a dro. of s.erm a!d the! a +lot a!d the! Allah saysC

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The o!e who does that a!d +reated you from a! emitted s.erm a!d the! a +lot> he +a!!ot resurre+t you to uestio! you a/ai!= So we established that we ha1e a .ur.ose i! this life> a /oal to attai!. To be sa1ed from (ell> that is what we /ot to wor% o!. To be sa1ed from (ell a!d to attai! the hi/hest le1el of (ea1e!.

1,8 2E SENT 0ESSENAE$S TO 5S

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(e se!t Messe!/ers to us. This is 5> sub+ate/ory 5. (e> the Allah> +reated us a!d .ro1ided for us. That is A a!d B> why= <> so we +a! worshi. (im. 5 is how> < was why a!d 5 is how. We !eed to be tau/ht how to worshi. Allah to a+hie1e the .ur.ose (e +reated us o! this 0arth for> a!d that is why (e se!t us Messe!/ers who are bearers of /ood tidi!/s a!d war!ers from (ellfire. Just be+ause we are i! the te+h!olo/y a/e> just be+ause we ha1e i-ho!es a!d +om.uters a!d just be+ause are ad1a!+e i!
-a/e F :23

tra!s.ortatio! a!d +ommu!i+atio! a!d medi+i!e> it does !ot mea! we +a! fi/ure out what .leases Allah o! our ow!. We +a!!ot !e/le+t the des.erate !eed we ha1e for Messe!/ers o! this 0arth> for /uida!+e. Allah from (is mer+y> the Mi/hty> the Majesti+> se!t ma!%i!d Messe!/ers. (e se!t us Messe!/ers a!d we are the ho!oured Ummah that /ot the belo1ed Messe!/er Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. (e related to us the Ayaat> he .urified us from e1il> all ty.es of e1il> he tau/ht us the Boo% a!d wisdom be+ause before that we were i! ma!ifest error> we were i! the /utter.

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Just as Allah se!t us the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> (e se!t Messe!/ers before> to the .eo.le.

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Allah says> there was !ot a !atio! eD+e.t Allah se!t a war!er> a Messe!/er> to tea+h them> to tell them the .ur.ose of life. The .ur.ose> Allah se!t Messe!/ers to +reatio! so that it will be .roof established for them or a/ai!st them.

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7h -eo.le of the S+ri.ture> We ha1e se!t you a Messe!/er to ma%e thi!/s +lear for you.

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There was a brea% i! the series of Messe!/ers. Why=

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So that you will !ot say that !o o!e tau/ht us> !o o!e +ame to us a!d /a1e us the /lad tidi!/s a!d a war!i!/. (ere you ha1e it> a bri!/er of /lad tidi!/s a!d a war!er. The Messe!/ers they /ot a!d the Messe!/er we /ot a!d that whi+h +ame to them. *t was from the wisdom of Allah that he se!t Messe!/ers to +reatio! as bearers of
-a/e F :26

/ood tidi!/s a!d as war!ers. Why= We said it. *t is im.ossible for us to a+hie1e the /oal that Allah .ut us o! this 0arth for> to worshi. (im> the Tawheed we study> all that Tawheed we study> i! the ma!!er that .leases Allah> without Messe!/ers to tea+h us. Messe!/ers are the o!es who eD.lai! a!d edu+ate to us> what Allah is .leased with> a!d whate1er dis.leases Allah. Whe! it was fi!alised with the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> Allah says to himC

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7h Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> We se!t you as a Messe!/er to all ma!%i!d> to /i1e /lad tidi!/s a!d to be a war!er> but most do !ot +om.rehe!d or do !ot realise.

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There !e1er was a !atio!> eD+e.t but there was a war!er that was amo!/st them.

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We se!t amo!/ e1ery si!/le !atio!> +ommu!ity> whate1er it may be> a Messe!/er telli!/ them> worshi. Allah a!d stay away a!d de!ou!+e the Taa/hoot. Ma%e Baraa from the Taa/hoot. All these 1erses a!d hu!dreds more> establish the .roof that the author is tal%i!/ about o1er hereC

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(e se!t us Messe!/ers. We will /et more i!to Messe!/ers at the +ore of the boo% *!shaa Allah> so that should be suffi+ie!t for 5.

1E8 62OEBE$ OBE4S 2I0 6ILL ENTE$ (A$A,ISE


The !eDt stateme!t> the author saysC

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-a/e F :26

So whoe1er obeys him will e!ter -aradise> whoe1er disobeys him will e!ter Jaha!!am. &Aafaa! Allah wa *yyaa%um Mi! Thaali% H

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(ere is how it is bro%e! dow!. The +ha.ter two that we are o! ri/ht !ow> we said has three matters. The first matter is what we are wor%i!/ o! a!d we bro%e the first matter i!to siD sub+ate/ories> * said it is /oi!/ to be A to ". The first two are i!trodu+tio!> that Allah +reated a!d .ro1ided> that is i!trodu+tio!. The se+o!d two are the body> that mea!s why did Allah +reate us= To worshi. (im. (ow do we do that= (e se!t us Messe!/ers> that is the se+o!d two. 4ow it is the fi!al two> whi+h is 0 a!d "> whi+h is the +o!+lusio!. 'ou obey the Messe!/ers> you do what you are su..osed to do> the! it is Ja!!ah. 'ou disobey> it is Jaha!!am. &Aafaa! Allah wa *yyaa%um Mi! Thaali%. 'ou must obey the Messe!/ers. Allah saidC

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Whoe1er obeys the Messe!/ers> has obeyed Allah.

T2E 95$7AN

AN,

S5NNA2 A$E E95AL AS SO5$CES OF LEAISLATION

(ere> let us start off with a! im.orta!t .oi!t a!d that is a! im.orta!t .oi!t re/ardi!/ obedie!+e to the Messe!/er. That whe! there is a! authe!ti+ (adith i! the +o!teDt of .ro1i!/ somethi!/> belief> basi+ally matters of le/islatio!> it is at the same le1el as the ,ura!. *f * tell you authe!ti+ (adith as .roof> a!d whe! we tal% we tal% about o!ly authe!ti+ (adith> about somethi!/> the! that is just as if you fou!d it i! the ,ura!. 4o differe!+e. *! matters of (alaal> (araam> do or do !ot> it is same.

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#oo% at that 1erse. Allah +o!siders i! this all +or.se a!d all blood (araam. *f you sto. there> the! fish is (araam. 'ou say oh loo%> li%e a lot of i/!ora!t .eo.le do> .arti+ularly o! this matter> o! other matters> oh * fou!d it i! the ,ura!. *f you ta%e it alo!e> the! fish is (araam. That is why you /ot to ta%e it with the Su!!ah> to/ether. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam the! i! a!other (adith said> there is two dead thi!/s a!d two blood thi!/s that are lawful. The lo+ust a!d the fish> a!d the li1er a!d the s.lee!. So you had to ha1e ta%e! the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah to/ether.

, / f 1 ! 1 ! Z 1 F!, / + " / E H
-a/e F :2$

* ha1e bee! /i1e! the ,ura! a!d somethi!/ li%e it. #i%e it> Mithlahu H 1 I> !ot / + somethi!/ u!der it> li%e it. *! ma!y 1erses i! the ,ura!> ma!y 1ersesC

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*t !e1er said> obey> a!d the!> Thumma H 3 cI. *t says Wa H! I> Wa mea!s a!d. Thumma mea!s> a!d the!> it always uses Wa.

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Some use the su..osed (adith> that it is rare to o.e! a boo% of Usool> of the old boo%s> a!d fi!d this (adith !ot i! there. A!d it is whe! the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam su..osedly se!t Muadh to 'eme!> whi+h he did> but this .ortio! of the (adith is +orre+t. The other .ortio!> he as%ed him> what are you /oi!/ to jud/e by= (e said> by the ,ura!. (e said> if you do !ot fi!d it i! the ,ura!= (e said> * will /o to the Su!!ah. (e said> what if you do !ot fi!d it i! the Su!!ah= 'ou /o the *jmaa. The latter .ortio! of the (adith is what we are tal%i!/ about here. The sayi!/ /i1es .refere!+e to the ,ura! i! matters we me!tio!ed> a!d that would ha1e bee! a stro!/ .roof o..osi!/ what * just said. The o!ly .roblem is that it is !ot attributed to the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam i! the fa+t that both its Sa!ad H 2LI a!d its Mat! H'I are Mu!%ar H0I. The +hai! a!d the (adith itself are +lassified as Mu!%ar. Matters of le/islatio!> (araam a!d (alaal i! both the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah> are e ual. A..lyi!/ matters of belief fou!d i! the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah> is e ual. A..lyi!/ matters of worshi. fou!d i! the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah are e ual. A..lyi!/ matters deali!/ with others> matters that .ertai! to rules a!d re/ulatio!s whe! deali!/ with others fou!d i! the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah> are the same. What is i! the authe!ti+ Su!!ah> whe! you do it a!d you are told to do it> is !o differe!t tha! whe! it is i! the ,ura! telli!/ you to do it. 4o differe!+e. Mea!i!/> whe! Allah says do> do !ot> a!d the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam says do a!d do !ot> it is the same. Why= Be+ause both the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah +ame to us o! the to!/ue of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. We /ot it throu/h the to!/ue of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. The mea!i!/ of both re1elatio!> the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah> is from Allah. 'ou are obli/ated to do what you are told i! both the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah. 7f +ourse> the authe!ti+ Su!!ah. A!d to both the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah> you say * hear a!d * adhere.

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-a/e F :2)

(e is !othi!/ but a re1elatio!> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam.

T2E 95$7AN

2AS A

2IA2E$ STAT5S IN OT2E$ A$EAS

'es the ,ura! i! other matters> has hi/her status. "or eDam.le> the ,ura! is the word of Allah. The mea!i!/ of both is from Allah> the ,ura! is the word of Allah. The (adith is the word of the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> the mea!i!/ is from Allah. Re+itatio!> a!other matter where the ,ura! is of hi/her status> the re+itatio! of the ,ura!> you /et te! (asa!aat for e1ery si!/le letter you read i! the ,ura!. That does !ot a..ly to the Su!!ah> so it has a hi/her status i! that. A third area where it has .re+ede!+e i! that the ,ura!> ma!y of the &Ulamaa say that you +a!!ot tou+h it without ha1i!/ Wudhu. *t is a dis.uted matter> the majority /o to the fa+t that you +a!!ot tou+h it without ha1i!/ Wudhu> whi+h is !ot dis.uted i! the (adith. 'ou should show res.e+t> but it is !ot a dis.uted matter i! the (adith.

OBE,IENCE TO T2E ($O(2ET 05ST BE CO0(LETE OBE,IENCE


7bedie!+e to the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam must be total> +om.lete> bli!d obedie!+e. 'ou +a!!ot .i+% a!d +hoose. 'ou +a!!ot say oh i! the Masaajid> * am /oi!/ to ta%e the *baadah a!d Salah a!d that> but outside the Masaajid it is a whole differe!t story. #e/islatio!> ruli!/> that is a whole differe!t story. 7r you are /oi!/ to say> * .ray a!d fast a!d * wear (ijaab but the! sudde!ly a traditio!al e1e!t +omes where the family do it a!d it is a major si! a!d you +olla.se i! fro!t of that a!d you /o ahead a!d do it.

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*t is !ot the +hoi+e of a!y belie1er> male a!d female> me! a!d wome!> whe! Allah a!d the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam ma%e a de+isio!> to ha1e a! o.tio! of their ow! de+isio!. Whoe1er disobeys Allah a!d (is Messe!/er> has we!t astray a!d is i! total> ma!ifest error. #oo% how it me!tio!edC

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We said before> that if (e said Mumi! it would ha1e bee! suffi+ie!t> but that is to em.hasise a!d show it is e1ery si!/le o!e of you.

-a/e F :28

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Those who o..ose the orders of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> beware. That is the e!d of the 1erse> beware> a "it!ah is /oi!/ to hit you. Those who disobey the order of the -ro.het> .ai!ful torme!t is /oi!/ to hit you. What is "it!ah here= "it!ah here is either .ossibly disbelief> it is also earth ua%es> trials> affli+tio!s> o1er.oweri!/ of tyra!ts amo!/st you> o1er.oweri!/ of e!emies amo!/st you> who /ets all that= *f you disobey the +omma!d of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam.

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The true belie1ers> some +laim to be belie1ers> but the faithful> true belie1ers are the o!es who say whe! +alled u!to the word of Allah a!d the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam to jud/e betwee! them> we heard a!d we obey. We do !ot wa!t to hear !othi!/ else> that is it. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d Allah /a1e a word> we do !ot wa!t to hear your i!.ut about it.

T2E STO$4 OF E5LA4BEEB


#iste! to the (adith of Abi Bar?at al-Aslamee radhiallahu &a!hu> the (adith is summarised i! Sahih Muslim. *! fa+t> *maam Muslim has a +ha.ter !amed after itC

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(e !amed a +ha.ter after Julaybeeb radhiallahu &a!hu. A lo!/er 1ersio! is fou!d i! other boo%s of Su!a!> a+tually there is a!other o!e i! Mus!ad *maam Ahmad> ide!ti+al +hai! of Sahih Muslim but it has more details i! it> so it is authe!ti+ as well. Julaybeeb is a ma! that did !ot loo% /ood> Sahaabi> radhiallahu &a!hu. "rom his des+ri.tio! you read> he was .ossibly short> you mi/ht fi/ure that he was .ossibly !e/le+ted a!d !o o!e wa!ted to /i1e him a wife> a!d you +ould also see that he was .ossibly .oor. 01e! his !ame> Julaybeeb is the dimi!uti1e> Tas/heer H

zKFI> it is

a dimi!uti1e of the word Jilbaab H aAI whi+h is what wome! wear. *t is a small
-a/e F :9@

1ersio!> Tas/heer. But the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam lo1ed this ma!> he /a1e him atte!tio!> he /a1e him sym.athy> /a1e him %i!d!ess a!d affe+tio!. Rahmatal-lil-&Aalamee! H 4 1 / / 6 9 I> as he did with all the Sahaabah> e1ery last o!e of them thou/ht that he was the most s.e+ial ma! to the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam.

The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam was i! a /atheri!/ whe! a ma! from the A!saar was before him. (e said> * would li%e to as% for your dau/hter for marria/e. The ma! /ot eD+ited> he /ot ha..y> he saidC

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(e /a1e words> yes> of +ourse. 4o uestio! about it> who would !ot wa!t the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam as a so! i! law> a!d the blood of his /ra!d+hildre! ha1i!/ the blood of the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam= The -ro.het said> but it is !ot for me. The ma! said> well who is it for= (e said> it is for Julaybeeb. A!y o!e of the +hara+teristi+s of Julaybeeb that * me!tio!ed> is suffi+ie!t for some to reje+t him. *ma/i!e all of them to/ether> +ombi!ed i! o!e ma!. At that .oi!t> you +a! see that this ma! from the A!saar hesitated> you +a! .ossibly ima/i!e his 1oi+e softe!i!/ as he said> let me +o!sult her mother. Whe! he /ot to the mother> he said eDa+tly what the -ro.het told him> he said the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam is as%i!/ for your dau/hter i! marria/e. She saidC

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Who would !ot wa!t that= The! he bro%e her ha..i!ess a!d +heer with sayi!/> but he does !ot wa!t her for him> he wa!ts her for Julaybeeb. 'ou +a! ima/i!e the sudde! sile!+e or the jaw .ossibly dro..i!/ a!d what we!t throu/h her mi!d. Mome!ts a/o> the dream of ha1i!/ the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam as the so! i! law a!d !ow Julaybeeb= She saidC

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Three times. Julaybeeb> yu+%. Basi+ally> *!yah H 1

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Wallahi> * am !ot /oi!/ to /i1e Julaybeeb my dau/hter. We ha1e better tha! him> you wa!t us to /i1e our dau/hter to Julaybeeb= Whe! the ma! /ot u. to retur! a!d i!form the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam of the de+isio! of his wife> the dau/hter as%ed> who does the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam wa!t for me= The mother told her the story. She said> you reje+t what the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam as%ed or re+omme!ded for me= #et me /o forth with it> Wallahi> Allah will !e1er !e/le+t me or forsa%e me.
-a/e F :92

1 I mea!s yu+%.

What a woma!> Wallahi> what a woma!. That is our .oi!t ri/ht here. We !eed to lear! from that> we say these stories> but we do really lear! from them= That you!/ /irl> her submissio! to Allah a!d the Su!!ah> that is Tawheed> that is *maa!> that is *hsaa!. That is obedie!+e to the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam that we are tryi!/ to /et> this is suffi+ie!t for you to %!ow. *f you lea1e today with this alo!e> that is suffi+ie!t for you to be amo!/ those who are su++essful. She see! ha..i!ess i! her life i! the obedie!+e of what Allah a!d the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam +hose for her> be+ause ha..i!ess i! obedie!+e to the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. See%i!/ to .lease Allah a!d the orders of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam will elimi!ate your .ursuit of ha..i!ess> be+ause ha..i!ess will the! .ursue you. That is what this woma! u!derstood. 5id she say> is it Waajib> did the -ro.het mea! it is Waajib= *s it "ardh= *s it obli/atory for me or is he just re+omme!di!/ it= 5id she say> * do !ot fi!d that i! the ,ura! where he +a! for+e me to marry someo!e= 5id she burst out lau/hi!/> her> that beautiful woma! from a .resti/ious family of the A!saar> marry Julaybeeb= 5id she say> that does !ot a..ly to me= Well> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam re+omme!ded a!d she a++e.ted his re+omme!datio!. A!d the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam died a!d his Su!!ah is still there for you to a..ly it just li%e that woma! a..lied it.

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The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam has .re+ede!t for the belie1ers> o1er your ow! sel1es. What is the dowry= What is the house we are /oi!/ to li1e i!> what area of Madi!ah= Where is the sour+e of i!+ome= The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam re+omme!ded this ma! to this /irl a!d that is all she !eeded to %!ow> !o other uestio!s. *t is as if she is sayi!/> mum> * lo1e you> dad> * lo1e you> but the word of the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam is the o!ly word * will ta%e o1er your word a!d his re+omme!datio! is the o!e * will ta%e o1er you. That is her status> that is basi+ally what you see from her stateme!t. What ma!y !e/le+t to me!tio! whe! they me!tio! this story> this famous story> was it obli/atory o! her to marry this ma! or !ot= The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam was as%i!/> re+omme!di!/. *t was !ot a! order> it was a ;hutbah HA*I> ;hutbah mea!s you as%. The re+omme!datio! of the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam was !ot for a woma! li%e this to reje+t> e1e! if all the odds were a/ai!st her. All the odds for her future are a/ai!st her> but if the -ro.het re+omme!ded it> that is it> e1e! if it was a re+omme!datio!.

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*ma/i!e whe! you are told of a Su!!ah a!d you sit a!d !a/ a!d +om.lai! about it> a sim.le Su!!ah. This is a lifetime with this ma!. More so> ima/i!e those who are told with a Waajib> that the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said a Waajib> a!d they say oh it is !ot i! the ,ura!. They sit a!d uibble a!d ar/ue a!d wa!t to debate you> Waajib> Su!!ah. (ow do you say that= *t was the fruit of Tawheed> eDa+tly what we study> that was the mea!s for her to submit to a mere su//estio! by the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. Today> you ha1e .eo.le who /o de+ades> a lifetime> u!able to uit a! al+ohol addi+tio! or other addi+tio!s. They /o i! a!d out of al+ohol rehabs a!d Al+oholi+s A!o!ymous. Al+oholism !ow is +o!sidered a disease> read the re.orts> they say it is a disease> !o +ure for it. 4early all the .eo.le who s.e+ialise i! this field> they tell you there is !o +ure> it is a disease. They say !o matter how lo!/ o!e remai!s sober> he +a! rela.se a!y time. 4o doubt it is a stro!/ addi+tio!> but loo% at the Sahaabah. The Sahaabah were !early all al+oholi+s> it was eD+e.tio!al for some> that they did !ot dri!%. *! Jaahiliyyah a!d i! the be/i!!i!/ of *slam before it was .rohibited. *t was do+ume!ted that he did !ot dri!%> i! the boo%s you read that> why= Be+ause it was eD+e.tio!al for o!e to !ot dri!%. A!d it was !ot just a wee%e!d dri!%i!/> it was a! e1ery day thi!/. A!d it was !ot just at !i/ht time> it was day a!d !i/ht that they dra!%> dee. i!to al+ohol. Whe!> !ot the -ro.het> * am !ot /oi!/ to say the -ro.het> the messe!/er of the -ro.het we!t out a!d shouted i! Madi!ah> al+ohol is .rohibited> what do you thi!% their rea+tio! was to this stro!/ addi+tio! that today is +o!sidered somethi!/ that is a disease= The si. was o! their mouth> they were about to dri!%> some of them.

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Why was there !o rela.se amo!/ the Sahaabah> a! e.idemi+ a!d rela.se whe! it was a whole so+iety that left al+ohol= Why was there !ot a! e.idemi+ a!d rela.se= Why did a!yo!e !ot doubt> !ot the Messe!/er> * am !ot sayi!/ the Messe!/er> he se!t a messe!/er to /o shout i! the alleys> the messe!/er of the Messe!/er= 4o o!e said> are you serious= Are you for real= 4o o!e said that. Why did a!yo!e !ot as%> is this (araam or Ma%rooh= *s the -ro.het sayi!/ is this (araam or Ma%rooh=
-a/e F :9:

*t was the Tawheed that the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam wor%ed o! for o1er a de+ade that filled their hearts with *maa!> to a++e.t the +omma!ds at su+h ease. They obeyed the orders> they refrai!ed from the (araam> !o resista!+e. Rather> they obeyed it o1erwhelmed with joy> that we are the ho!oured followers of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam.

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4ay> !o by your #ord> they will !ot ha1e !o faith> they will !ot be belie1ersC

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U!til you be the jud/e i! all dis.utes betwee! them.

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A!d they fi!d !othi!/ i! themsel1es> !o resista!+e. 'ou +a!!ot just a++e.t it> you +a!!ot ha1e !o resista!+e for de+isio!s> you ha1e to a++e.t it with full submissio!. The wise father retur!ed to the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. (e said> oh -ro.het it is your de+isio!> a!d the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam married her to this ma!. The days /o by> !ewly weds> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam /oes to a battle. 5o you thi!% a .art!er of a woma! i! su+h status a!d obedie!+e to Allah a!d the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> her .art!er> do you thi!% he is /oi!/ to /o a!d +ry ho!eymoo!= (e is li%e her.

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Aood s.ouses for /ood s.ouses. Whe! you are ha1i!/ diffi+ulty> you brothers here> a lot of you are si!/le> diffi+ulty fi!di!/ the woma! at a hi/h status i! *maa!> the! the .roblem is wor% o! yourself. Whe! you /et to that status> Allah *!shaa Allah is /oi!/ to .ro1ide you a woma! at that same status> li%e Julaybeeb. Julaybeeb joi!s i! the battle> at the e!d of the battle the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam usually as%s> i! ma!y battles> he is %!ow! to say> who do you miss= Who do * miss from my Sahaabah= They be/i! to me!tio! ma!y !ames> so a!d so> a!d so a!d so. (e says> do you miss a!yo!e else> other tha! those who you me!tio!ed= They say> !o oh -ro.het of Allah. Julaybeeb li1ed !e/le+ted> Julaybeeb li1ed a lo!er> but he had the ho!our of the frie!dshi. of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> who did !ot !e/le+t him. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam
-a/e F :93

says> but * miss Julaybeeb. So immediately they remembered a!d we!t i! .ursuit of Julaybeeb. The! they fi!d him !ear se1e! that he had fou/ht towards the e!d of the battle> a!d he fou/ht them a!d he %illed them a!d they %illed him. So he %illed se1e! before meeti!/ his e!d a!d they told the -ro.het> oh he is o1er there a!d they eD.lai!ed to him. (e said> he %illed se1e! a!d they %illed him> he is from me a!d * am from him> he is from me a!d * am from him> a!d he is from me a!d * am from him. The !arrator of the (adith said the -ro.het %e.t re.eati!/ it either two or three times. The -ro.het laid him i! his forearms> ima/i!e that> as the Sahaabah be/a! to di/ the /ra1e. The! he> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam too% him> a!d .ut him i! the /ra1e with his blessed ha!ds himself. The !e/le+ted ma!> the ma! who had a! i!+om.lete !ame> the ma! who was loo%ed dow! i! so+iety. Thaabit said there was !o!e from the A!saar whose fi!a!+ial status was li%e that woma! who married Julaybeeb. She used to s.e!d a!d s.e!d> as if she !e1er fears .o1erty. A!d it is be+ause the -ro.het whe! he heard what she said> he saidC

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7h Allah> .our your blessi!/s u.o! her a!d do !ot ma%e her life hard. A!d it was later i! some other !arratio!s said> that there was !ot a ma! sta!di!/ at the burial of Julaybeeb> eD+e.t that he wished he was Julaybeeb. Radhiallahu &A!hu wa Ardhaahu wa Jamaa!aa wa *yyaa%um Maahu fil-"irdaws al-Alaa H

j!hJ ; # !|( ! !I.

CLASS SEBENTEEN
This is our se1e!tee!th +lass o! Al-Usool Ath-Thalaathah. #ast +lass> we s.o%e o! +ha.ter two> we are o! +ha.ter two> the first matter. A!d you !eed your boo%s> e1e! thou/h some of you memorise a!d * am 1ery well aware of that. 'ou !eed the boo%s to follow alo!/ be+ause the stru+ture of the boo% is im.orta!t i! u!dersta!di!/ the boo%. *t is 1ery esse!tial to it> a!d followi!/ alo!/. So a/ai!> matter !umber o!e> we bro%e it dow! i!to siD sub+ate/ories> we said it is A throu/h to ". We said A a!d B are %!owi!/ the #ordshi. a!d the -ro1ider> i!trodu+tio!. < a!d 5> why Allah +reated us a!d how to a+hie1e that /oal. (e +reated us to worshi. a!d the Messe!/ers tau/ht us how to a+hie1e that /oal> that is the body. The! 0 a!d " is the +o!+lusio!> whoe1er obeys /oes to (ea1e!> whoe1er disobeys /oes to (ell. We started o! 5> we left off o! 5> whoe1er obeys him e!ters (ea1e!> a!d we did !ot fi!ish that .oi!t ri/ht there.

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-a/e F :96

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Whoe1er obeys him> will e!ter -aradise. That is where we sto..ed off a!d we left o1er there> whe! we tal%ed about the story of Julaybeeb radhiallahu &a!hu. We me!tio!ed that you must obey the Messe!/er. As a sour+e of le/islatio!> the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah +ome side by side. As a sour+e of le/islatio!> they +ome side by side> * reiterate that. *f there is a! order i! the ,ura! that .ertai!s to rules a!d re/ulatio!s> it is ide!ti+al to a (adith that the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam has where there is rules a!d re/ulatio!s i! it. The +omma!ds i! the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah are three ty.es> three ty.es of +omma!ds i! the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah.

T2$EE T4(ES OF CO00AN,S IN T2E 95$7AN AN, S5NNA2


A CO00AN, ACCO0(ANIE, B4 EBI,ENCE TO IN,ICATE IT IS OBLIAATO$4
4umber o!e> a +omma!d whi+h is a++om.a!ied by e1ide!+e. *t has e1ide!+e i! it whi+h i!di+ates that whi+h is i! it is obli/atory. *t is a +omma!d a!d withi! it> somethi!/ i!di+ates that it is obli/atory. #i%e Allah says> a!d .erform your Salah> i! Surat al-Ba arahC

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*t is a +omma!d with .roof that it is obli/atory. The e1ide!+e from the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah a!d *jmaa> ,ura!> Su!!ah a!d +o!se!sus of the Ummah is *jmaa> it is i!di+ates that the +omma!d to establish the fi1e daily .rayersC

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*s obli/atory. So that is !ot a dis.uted matter. So the first o!e is> +omma!d with .roof that it is obli/atory.

A CO00AN, 6IT2 ($OOF TO IN,ICATE IT IS NOT OBLIAATO$4


The se+o!d o!e is the o..osite of the first o!e. *t is a +omma!d i! the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah that has e1ide!+e that shows it is !ot obli/atory. Su+h as the (adith i! Sahih al-Bu%hariC

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-a/e F :96

-ray before Ma/hrib> .ray before Ma/hrib> .ray before Ma/hrib. (ad it bee! left at that> it would ha1e bee! Waajib. (ad it sto..ed ri/ht there> it would ha1e bee! Waajib. But the! after the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam re.eated it three times> he said i! the third time> for whoe1er wa!ts toC

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Whoe1er wa!ts to> i!di+ates that the +omma!d is !o lo!/er for Waajib> it is !o lo!/er obli/atory. So the se+o!d o!e is> there is .roof where the +omma!d shows that it is !ot obli/atory. (ere> it is a! order> .ray before Ma/hrib> Su!!ah before Ma/hrib. -ray before Ma/hrib> that is a +omma!d> but the!C

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Whoe1er wa!ts to> shows that it is by +hoi+e. So there is .roof i! the +omma!d that it is !ot obli/atory. Sometimes i! this +ate/ory> the stateme!t would dro. dow! from a Waajib to a Su!!ah for .roof !ot withi! the (adith> but i! other Ahaadith. *t is just li%e as if it was i! that same (adith. "or eDam.le> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> be differe!t from the Jews a!d .ray with your shoes o!> they do !ot .ray with their shoes or their ;huff. So he said .ray with your shoes o!> they do !ot .ray with their shoes or their ;huff. That ri/ht there is a! order> that is a +omma!d> it ma%es it Waajib. (ad it bee! left li%e that> that would ha1e bee! Waajib> we ha1e to .ray with our shoes. Just as if it was i! the ,ura! itself> just as if it was a +omma!d i! the ,ura! itself. (owe1er> we %!ow there is a (adith> !ot i! this (adith> i! Su!a! Abu 5awood. 7! the authority of Abu Saeed al-;hudri> where the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam too% his shoes off duri!/ Salah be+ause of im.urity. Also i! *b! MaajahC

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(e said i! this authe!ti+ (adith> * see! the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam .ray with shoes a!d without shoes. So .rayi!/ with your shoes /ot dro..ed dow! from the +omma!d that we heard> be differe!t from the Jews> /ot dro..ed dow! from the le1el of bei!/ Waajib. (ad it bee! left at that it would ha1e bee! Waajib> /ot dro..ed dow! by the (adith of the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam where he was see! .rayi!/ with a!d without shoes a!d by the (adith where he too% his shoes off whe!

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he had im.urity o! it. So the +omma!d /ot dro..ed from a Waajib to a Su!!ah> be+ause of .roof i! other (adith. This situatio! is u!li%e the beard> that last eDam.le is u!li%e the beard. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam similar to .rayi!/ with the shoes> said be differe!t from the Jews a!d <hristia!s a!d /row your beard. There is ma!y dire+t +omma!ds to /row your beard> that ma%es it Waajib> that is Waajib ri/ht there. U!li%e the situatio! with shoes> there is !o (adith to dro. it dow! from Waajib to a Su!!ah> !o (adith. A+tually> if you bri!/ me o!e (adith where the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam sha1ed o!+e> that dro.s it dow! to a Su!!ah. *f you bri!/ me a (adith that o!+e the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam see! someo!e without a beard a!d did !ot say !othi!/> it would ha1e dro..ed it dow! to a Su!!ah. 01e! whe! the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam see! !o! belie1ers> he did *!%aar al-Mu!%ar H

0I o! them for the beard. So the +omma!d to .ray with your shoes is Waajib>
be differe!t> it /ot dro..ed dow! to a Su!!ah be+ause there was .roof that the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam .rayed without his shoes. The +omma!d to /row your beard is Waajib a!d it remai!s Waajib be+ause there is !othi!/ else to dro. it dow! to a Su!!ah. So the se+o!d +ate/ory is matters that are a +omma!d> whi+h ha1e eDtra .roof to show that it is !ot obli/atory. The +ate/ories we too% so far> the first o!e is a +omma!d that has additio!al .roof to show that it is Waajib. Se+o!d o!e is a +omma!d that s.e+ifi+ally says it is !ot "ardh> there is additio!al .roof withi! that same (adith or withi! other (adith that i!di+ate that +omma!d is !ot "ardh. Sometimes that is i! the same (adith> li%e Su!!ah before Salat al-Ma/hrib. Sometimes it is !ot i! that same (adith> li%e .rayer with your shoes o!.

T2E AENE$AL CO00AN,S


The third +ate/ory is +alled al-Amr al-Mutla H B I> the /e!eral +omma!ds. This is a little bit +om.leD> or !ot +om.leD but dis.uted. But it is 1ery +lear> dis.uted but really there is o!e +orre+t o.i!io!. (ere we ha1e a +omma!d whi+h does !ot +ome with a!y additio!al i!di+atio! as to whether it is obli/atory or !ot> similar to the beard. The first +ate/ory we too% has .roof> the se+o!d +ate/ory has .roof> this o!e is just a +omma!d a!d that is it. *t is a .lai! +omma!d> !o other additio!al .roof to i!di+ate it is Waajib> !o other additio!al .roof to i!di+ate it is Su!!ah. Just a .lai! +omma!d from the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam or a +omma!d from Allah i! the ,ura!. The ruli!/ o! su+h +omma!ds is they are obli/atory> they are ta%e! to be obli/atory. A +omma!d from either the ,ura! i!de.e!de!tly or a +omma!d from the (adith i!de.e!de!tly> that is !ot a++om.a!ied by a!y other i!di+atio!s> is ta%e! to be obli/atory. #et me re.eat> a +omma!d from either the ,ura! i!de.e!de!tly or a +omma!d i! the (adith i!de.e!de!tly> that has !o eDtra> additio!al i!di+atio!> should be ta%e! to mea! it is a! obli/atory +omma!d. This is the 1iew of the majority of the s+holars of
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the four Mathaahib. *! Sharh Al-;aw%ab Al-Mu!eer> you are /oi!/ to fi!d a lot of tal% o! this> that elaborates what * just told you. *! "ataawa *b! Taymiyyah> also i! Sharh A!-4awawi &Alaa Al-*maam Muslim> the elu+idatio! of a!-4awawi o! Muslim. So for us> we are tryi!/ to say> if the -ro.het /a1e a! order> it is absolutely !o differe!t tha! if it is i! the ,ura!. Both are re1elatio!s from Allah subhaa!ahu wa taaala. 4e1er e1er say> why is that order !ot i! the ,ura!> * do !ot belie1e it is obli/atory u!less * see it i! the ,ura!. So the three +ate/ories i! a !utshell> i! a summary. 7!e> a +omma!d> do or do !ot i! the ,ura! or either i! the Su!!ah that has su..ort to i!di+ate it is obli/atory> that +omma!d be+omes obli/atory. Se+o!d o!e> a +omma!d either i! the ,ura! or i! the Su!!ah i!de.e!de!tly> i! o!e or the other> it may be that (adith itself i!di+ates it is !ot mea!t to be a "ardh> or it may be other (adith +lear u. the mea!i!/ of that (adith to mea! it is Su!!ah. The third o!e is> a +omma!d either i! the ,ura! or i! the Su!!ah that has !o additio!al i!di+atio! that it is !ot obli/atory> that is +o!sidered obli/atory. A .lai! old +omma!d.

T2E $ELATIONS2I( BET6EEN T2E 95$7AN AN, S5NNA2


As .art of obedie!+e to the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> you !eed to %!ow that i! the Su!!ah> there is relatio!shi. betwee! the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah a!d we +a! brea% them dow! i!to three ways.

IN ACCO$,ANCE AN, SI0ILA$T4


*! a++orda!+e a!d i! similarity> the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah +ome i! a++orda!+e a!d similarity sometimes. "or eDam.leC

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01ery si! Allah will for/i1e> eD+e.t if you die a Mushri%. That is ide!ti+al to the 1erseC

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We se!t you Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> you are !ot but a mer+y to the u!i1erse. *! a (adith> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam saidC

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(e said oh ma!%i!d> * am !ot but a mer+y to ma!%i!d. So the (adith a!d the Ayah are !early ide!ti+al. 5iffere!t terms> o!e is i! the ,ura! a!d o!e is i! the (adith> but ide!ti+al. (ere> the first +ate/ory is a (adith a!d a 1erse that mea! ide!ti+ally the same thi!/> li%e we me!tio!ed.

T2E S5NNA2 AIBES ,ETAILS? EF(LAINS O$ S(ECIFIES


The se+o!d +ate/ory of the ,ura! a!d Su!!ah i! relatio!shi. to ea+h other> is the +ate/ory of whe! the Su!!ah +omes to /i1e details i! matters that are i! the ,ura! or ma%es them s.e+ifi+> or eD.lai! them. 5etails> eD.lai! or ma%es them s.e+ifi+.

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-erform your Salah. 'ou /o to the Su!!ahC

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-ray as you see! me .ray. So the Su!!ah eD.lai!s the Salah.

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Allah said .erform your (ajj. A!d the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> lear! from me how to .erform your (ajj. (ow to .erform your (ajj is i! the Su!!ah.

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(ow to ma%e your Wudhu is i! the ,ura!. (owe1er> the Su!!ah +omes to s.e+ify a!d to eD+lude those who are ill. *f o!e +a!!ot do Tayammum H o!e do Tayammum> all that is i! the Su!!ah.

FI or whe! +a!

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4o o!e +a! ha1e of his deeds> eD+e.t that whi+h he a++umulated himself.

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But the! the Su!!ah +omes a!d tells us there is three eD+e.tio!s. Whe! the so! of Adam dies> his deeds e!d li%e that 1erse says> but it ma%es three eD+e.tio!s. 7!/oi!/ +harity> a ri/hteous so! or %!owled/e that he .asses o!. Also for eDam.leC

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'ou /ot to /i1e your i!herita!+e to these +ate/ories. Allah di1ided it i! the ,ura!> ea+h .erso! /ets a s.e+ified .er+e!ta/e. The Su!!ah +omes a!d s.e+ifies. The Messe!/ers do !ot i!herit> they do !ot /i1e i!herita!+e. The !o! belie1ers> a Muslim does !ot i!herit from a !o! belie1er a!d a !o! belie1er does !ot i!herit from a Muslim. A!d the third o!e is> o!e who %ills. (e does !ot /et i!herita!+e> that is !ot i! the ,ura!. So the se+o!d +ate/ory of relatio!shi. of ,ura! a!d Su!!ah is whe! the Su!!ah eD.lai!s> s.e+ifies a!d details somethi!/ i! the ,ura!.

T2E 2A,IT2 A$E IN,E(EN,ENT IN LEAISLATINA


The third .oi!t i! the +o!!e+tio! betwee! the ,ura! a!d the Su!!ah> is whe! the (adith are i!de.e!de!t. *!de.e!de!t i! le/islati!/> a!d this is where the i/!ora!ts ha1e issues. Some de!y Su!!ah e!tirely as if it has !o ori/i! to them> a!d they are the .eo.le who are +alled the ,ura!iyoo! H "- ZNI. They +learly tell you it> we do !ot belie1e i! the Su!!ah. But there is some who may !ot be blu!t but they shyly de!y the Su!!ah> those are worse. Some of them are i/!ora!ts who say there is so mu+h Ahaadith> there is wea%> there is fabri+ated> there is Mu!%ar> we do !ot %!ow whi+h is whi+h a!d we will just reje+t all the (adith. Before we res.o!d to that> a! eDam.le of the i!de.e!de!t (adith le/islati!/ isC

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*f someo!e wa!ts to marry two wome!> you +a!!ot +ombi!e i! marria/e betwee! a woma! a!d her .ater!al or mater!al au!t. 'ou +a!!ot +ombi!e betwee! those> that is i! the Su!!ah. The Su!!ah le/islates two mo!ths fasti!/ for someo!e who brea%s his fast i! seDual i!ter+ourse with his wife> that is i! the Su!!ah. That is i!de.e!de!t> +om.letely i!de.e!de!t. Wi.i!/ o! the ;huff is o!ly i! the Su!!ah> it has !othi!/ i! the ,ura! about wi.i!/ o! the ;huff. The Ea%ah that you are all /oi!/ to .ay i! Ramadhaa!> Ea%at al-"itr> Saa H .I> that is i! the Su!!ah o!ly. Ash-Shaafiee said> it is by *jmaa> by +o!se!sus> that if a (adith is +lear o! a matter> !o o!e +a! lea1e it for a!y o!es elses sayi!/> !o matter who. There are matters that are i! the Su!!ah that are i!de.e!de!t i! le/islati!/> they are li%e that i! the ,ura!.
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Whe! a woma! we!t to Abdullah *b! Masood radhiallahu &a!hu> she said you are the o!e who has bee! /oi!/ arou!d sayi!/> may Allah +urse the 4aamisah H KI. *t be+ame .o.ular that he was sayi!/> may Allah +urse wome! who .lu+% their eyebrows. She said> you are the o!e who has bee! /oi!/ arou!d sayi!/ that= (e said yes. She said> * read the ,ura! +o1er to +o1er loo%i!/ for that> a!d * did !ot fi!d it. (e res.o!ded to her> he said if you loo%ed i! the ,ura!> you would ha1e fou!d it. She said> how do you say that= (e saidC

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Whatsoe1er the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam /i1es you> you ta%e it. That is Su!!ah. That is i! the ,ura! so that mea!s the Su!!ah is .art of the ,ura!. A!d whatsoe1er the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam forbids you from> you abstai! a!d refrai! from it. She said yes> * read that Ayah i! the ,ura!> * did read that Ayah. (e said well the!> * heard the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam say> may Allahs +urse be i!fli+ted u.o! wome! who .lu+% their eyebrows. *! Bu%hari a!d Muslim. So he too% it to mea! it is i! the ,ura!> he told her it is i! the ,ura!. But it is !ot i! the ,ura!> it is really i! the Su!!ah> it is i! Bu%hari a!d Muslim. But the ,ura! said> whate1er the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam /i1es you> you ta%e> orders you> you ta%e. Whate1er he refrai!s you from> you stay away from. Whe! Abdur-Rahmaa! *b! 'a?eed see! a ma! doi!/ (ajj> a!d as you %!ow there is s.e+ial +lothi!/ you /ot to wear i! (ajj. 'ou /ot to +ha!/e i!to differe!t +lothi!/ a!d there is u!der +lothi!/ you +a!!ot wear> so there is s.e+ial +lothes you wear for (ajj. This ma! was i! his !ormal +lothi!/ .erformi!/ (ajj. (e said> you +a!!ot wear that. The ma! said> show me i! the ,ura! where it says * +a!!ot wear li%e this i! *hraam. So Abdur-Rahmaa! *b! 'a?eed re.eated the same 1erse that the Sahaabi re.eatedC

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T2OSE 62O ,EN4 T2E S5NNA2
Some raise the +laim a!d ar/ue> well we ha1e so mu+h wea% (adith a!d stro!/ (adith a!d Mu!%ar (adith a!d 5haeef (adith> we do !ot %!ow whi+h is whi+h so we just +a!+el e1erythi!/ out. Those are the o!es who i! a way> shyly de!y (adith. They shyly de!y it> they are !ot eD.li+it i! it> but they shyly de!y it. The sim.le res.o!se to that a++usatio! is what Abdullah *b! Mubaara%> o!e se!te!+e Abdullah *b! Mubaara% said whe! they told him how the wea% a!d fabri+ated (adith were s.readi!/ all o1er so fast. (e said> that is why the /ia!ts li1e.

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(e used 5hi%r to i!+lude ,ura! a!d Su!!ah. Allah .rote+ted the Su!!ah> i! that .eo.le may try to .ut (adith> but the /ia!ts are there to sort them out. The s+ie!+e of Jarh a!d Tadeel> the s+ie!+e of fi/uri!/ out whi+h (adith is authe!ti+ a!d whi+h is !ot a!d how to do it> it is so ama?i!/ of a s+ie!+e that wester! 7rie!tals /ot addi+ted a!d s.e!t a lifelo!/ time lear!i!/ it a!d tryi!/ to a..ly it> to see how it is. The o!ly o!e who has the .roblem with the wea% a!d fabri+ated (adith are the i/!ora!ts. Ao to the &Ulamaa> /o to the .eo.le of %!owled/e a!d they will dire+t you. They will tell you this is wea%> this is authe!ti+. This matter> .ertai!i!/ to de!yi!/ the Su!!ah> is really a! e.idemi+. * am !ot /oi!/ to say /o to se+ular +ou!tries whi+h rule +learly a!d o.e!ly by ;ufr> but /o !o further tha! the la!ds that +laim they are /uardia!s of the Tawheed. The la!ds that they alle/e> they are /uardia!s of the Salafiyyah. A ma! who .ortrays himself as a 5aaiyah> a Shay%h> a re1i1er. Mufa%%ir H 0JI> they +all him Mufa%%ir> these termi!olo/ies that .o..ed u. re+e!tly. (is !ame is (asa! al-Maali%i> he is all o1er TB> 'outube> Twitter. (e has thousa!ds a!d thousa!ds of followers> te!s of thousa!ds of followers. A!d this ma! is i! the la!ds that +laim they are the /uardia!s of the Tawheed. A ma! who blu!tly> o.e!ly a!d boldly de!ies the Su!!ah. (e /oes o! .ubli+ TB i! the +ore of the la!ds that they +all> they are /uardia!s of Tawheed> a!d he says ;homei!i is better tha! the Mu!aafi Muaawiyah radhiallahu a!hu. Just re+e!tly o! a +ha!!el +alled Wesal> from the heart of Saoodiyyah> he says Muaawiyah the Sahaabi> the u!+le of the belie1ers> the writer of the Wahi> is a Mu!aafi i! the lowest .oi!t of (ell. Radhiallahu &a! Muaawiyah. A!d that ;homei!i> the +ursed ;homei!i> is better tha! Muaawiyah. This e!tails de!yi!/ 1erses a!d (adith that .raise the Sahaabah. (e o.e!ly tweeted that ,ura! is all we !eed> we really do !ot !eed the Su!!ah> he o.e!ly tweeted that. This ma! who says these bold words of ;ufr> do you %!ow who stood u. a/ai!st him= "ourtee! or fiftee! years a/o> Shay%h 4asir al-"ahd wrote a boo%> the first o!e who stood u. to this ma!. ;ashf ash-Shubuhaat> whi+h is a boo% he wrote res.o!di!/ to this ma!. *! fa+t> a..roDimately twel1e years a/o> * tried to arra!/e a debate o! these matters of &A eedah betwee! the two o! a media +ha!!el * used to ha1e. A!d the +halle!/e was based o! a re uest from Shay%h 4asir al-"ahd> may Allah haste! his release. A!d * s.o%e to (asa! Maali%i> a!d he of +ourse dod/ed it ba+% the!> but loo% who stood u. a/ai!st him. *f this> a!d ma!y li%e this ma!> e+ho from the la!d that is su..osed to be the la!d that .rote+ts Tawheed. (e s.reads this ;ufr ideolo/y> +laimi!/ the ,ura! is all we !eed a!d we do !ot !eed a!ythi!/ else> a!d de/radi!/ or dimi!ishi!/ .ri!+i.les of *slam> from the la!ds of Tawheed. A!d you /ot .eo.le li%e that a!d worse tha! that> i! others +ou!tries. Tur%i al-(amad i! Saoodiyyah. A ma! who wrote that Allah a!d the de1il are two fa+es to o!e +oi!. (e wrote .oor Allah> we burde! (im with our errors. (e wrote
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a!other stateme!t> where is Allah so * +a! .ut (im i! a drawer a!d lo+% it> i! some of his wor%s. Stateme!ts li%e these> stateme!ts of ;ufr. 4asalullah Salaamah HbI5

QL I. (e has !e1er bee! .rose+uted> Tur%i al-(amad> that o!e that wrote
those stateme!ts has !e1er bee! .rose+uted. This is the la!d> that is why * say it> the la!d that says they are /uardi!/ the Tawheed. "iftee! years a/o> Shay%h (amood al-&U lah> whe! he was as%ed about these> .arti+ularly these three stateme!ts> he issued a "atwa that a!yo!e who says it is either me!tally i!sa!e or if he +laims to be a Muslim> he is really a Murtad> he is a! a.ostate. (e !e1er /ot .rose+uted. "i1e to siD mo!ths a/o> Tur%i al-(amad> this ma! was tweeti!/ away a!d he saidC

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We are !ow i! a time a!d era that we !eed to +orre+t the belief of Muhammad *b! Abdullah. Just li%e that> that is a tweet. This is +omi!/ from the la!d of the Tawheed> we !eed to +orre+t the belief of Muhammad *b! Abdullah> sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam. Whe! he said that> it s.ar%ed some ra/e amo!/ 1ery few .eo.le. A!d to +alm the ra/e> they im.riso!ed him. This was fi1e or siD mo!ths a/o. Whe! they im.riso!ed him> * tweeted. * said> Tur%i al-(amad is i! .riso! a!d it is a matter of a short time> days or so> before they let him out. #ast wee%> what * told you be+ame true. #ast wee%> he did !ot e1e! stay> * do !ot thi!% he e1e! +om.leted siD mo!ths i! .riso!> !o +ourt heari!/s> !o +har/es> he wal%s arro/a!tly ri/ht out of .riso!. 4o +har/es> !o se!te!+es> !othi!/ at all. The real me! who stood u. to these ;ufr stateme!ts a!d de1oted their life for that> the real followers of Muhammad *b! Abdul-Wahhaab. The /uardia!s of Tawheed> the artisti+ masters of the studyi!/ of the &Ulamaa of 4ajd a!d Muhammad *b! Abdul-Wahhaab. The true i!heritors of %!owled/e of Muhammad *b! AbdulWahhaab> some are behi!d bars for te! years> a!d others are behi!d bars for twe!ty years. Some of them are +lose to twe!ty years they are /oi!/ to be s.e!di!/. * did !ot /o to a fortu!e teller whe! * said he was /oi!/ to be out> +he+% my tweets. * did !ot /o to a fortu!e teller a!d !or do * %!ow the Ahayb. * do !ot belie1e i! that. Maaath Allah. But we do !ot s.ea% i! i/!ora!+e> we %!ow the reality of those .eo.le there a!d what they rule> a!d how they rule by. To us Alhamdulillah> bli!d obedie!+e is to the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. A!d it is +ommo!se!se that it +omes with #aa ilaaha illallah Muhammadar-Rasoolullah. By the way> the same wee% they let Tur%i al-(amad out> the o!es who s.e!d their life i! .riso! /et ta%e! to +ourt> i! feet sha+%les a!d ha!d restrai!ts. *! fa+t> Ali al;hudayr> his so! as%ed him> why are you weari!/ so+%s= #ast wee%> i! +ourt. (e

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said> be+ause the sha+%les o! my feet are ti/ht. They s.e!d te! years a!d this ma! who s.reads *lhaad H h=I> atheism> /ets out of there.

1F8 62OEBE$ $EEECTS AN, ,ISOBE4S 2I0 6ILL ENTE$ 2ELLFI$E

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So whoe1er obeys him will e!ter -aradise> whoe1er reje+ts a!d disobeys will e!ter fire. We established i! the last .oi!t> whoe1er obeys him> so !ow let us /et to the +o!+lusio!. Whoe1er disobeys him> this +ate/ory> whoe1er disobeys the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam will be i! (ellfire. *s e1eryo!e who disobeys the -ro.het sallallahu Jalayhi wa sallam /oi!/ to (ellfire= Are they all /oi!/ to (ellfire fore1er= *t de.e!ds o! the si!. #et me di1ide it i!to three +ate/ories a/ai!.

CATEAO$IES OF ,ISOBE,IENCE
0AEO$ S2I$1 O$ 0AEO$ 15F$
*f the si! is major Shir% or major ;ufr> that .erso! dies i! major Shir% or major ;ufr> he is i! (ell fore1er.

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*! a!other 1erseC

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U!less o!e lea1es the +loa% of Shir% a!d ;ufr> he is i! Jaha!!am. *! a!other 1erseC

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Allah said it is (araam. (e de+lared it> (e jud/ed it is (araam for a Mushri% to e!ter Ja!!ah. Allah tells (is -ro.het> (is belo1ed> the most belo1ed huma! to (imC

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*f you> you Muhammad> you +ommit shir%> your deeds will /o i! 1ai!> will be at loss> a!d you will be at loss. This is a matter so +lear> so de+isi1e> yet it is has be+ome a! issue the i/!ora!t heads +om.romise o! a!d /i1e i!> or some are really i/!ora!t of it. 'ou do !ot doubt that a !o! Muslim who dies i! the status of other tha! #aa ilaaha illallah Muhammadar-Rasoolullah> is a ;aafir. There is !o de!ial of that. *b! Masood radhiallahu &a!hu saidC

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Whoe1er dies i!1o%i!/ other tha! Allah> as a ri1al to Allah> his desti!y is (ellfire. <lear> there is !o doubt about this .ri!+i.le> this is Tawheed.

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Whoe1er dies without i!1o%i!/ a!ythi!/ as a ri1al to Allah> mea!i!/ dies o! a status of Tawheed> will e!ter -aradise. (adith A!as radhiallahu &a!huC

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*! Sahih al-Bu%hari. Allah will as% the .erso! who is i! (ellfire> who re+ei1es the least amou!t of .u!ishme!t> if you had a!ythi!/ o! this 0arth> would you /i1e it as ra!som to free yourself=

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They say 4aam> yes. Whate1er it is of ra!som> * will /i1e it.

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(e will say> while you were i! the ba+%bo!e of Adam> * as%ed you mu+h less tha! a!ythi!/ you wa!t to /i1e Me. All * as%ed for is !ot to worshi. others beside Me> but you i!sisted o! worshi..i!/ others beside Me. This is o!e of the ma!y details of i!terfaith> they ado.t this .ri!+i.le. They wa!t to elimi!ate or hide or +ha!/e this issue. *!terfaith is !ot just about /oi!/ to +hur+hes a!d sy!a/o/ues smili!/> ta%i!/ a few .hoto shots a!d lea1i!/> .osi!/ for the +amera a!d the! wal%i!/ ri/ht out. *!terfaith is a reli/io! i! itself> it is ;ufr o! to. of ;ufr. This is just o!e of the ma!y eDam.les the 1e!om of i!terfaith tries to embed i! order to stri. the !ew Muslim youth> the !ew /e!eratio!> a!d ma%e them feel as if they are Muslim whe! i! reality> i!side there is !othi!/ of *slam withi! them. They +ould !ot ta%e Muslims out of *slam fully> it is diffi+ult to do that. So they said let us lea1e them +alli!/ themsel1es Muslim> but /i1e them the i!terfaith *slam> a .er1erted 1ersio! that they made u.. 'ou /ot <hristia!s who boldly will tell you> the real o!es> the truthful o!es> if you do !ot belie1e Jesus is the sa1iour a!d the so! of Aod> you are /oi!/ to hell a!d doomed. 'et Muslims shy away from belie1i!/ i! that whi+h is i! the ,ura!. Their Bible +learly says> if you do !ot belie1e that he is ba.tised a!d that you are /oi!/ to be sa1ed throu/h him> that you are +o!dem!ed> the Bible +learly says that. A +ore belief of the Shiah is that if you do !ot belie1e i! the twel1e *maams> you are a ;aafir /oi!/ to (ell. *! (a Al-'a ee! "ee Marifatu Usool Ad-5ee!> o!e of their refere!+e boo%s> i! the se+o!d 1olume they say it is +o!se!sus that o!e who does !ot /i1e the ri/hts of the twel1e *maams is a ;aafir> astray> /oi!/ to (ell fore1er. A!d you %!ow some of the ri/hts of these twel1e *maams that they /i1e them> are ualities that o!ly belo!/ to Allah. Some of it is /i1i!/ them .art of &*lm al-Ahayb i! other matters. 'ou /ot to belie1e i! them to be a Muslim a!d /i1e them the ri/hts that they /i1e them. That is !ot e1e! me!tio!i!/ the fa+t that they belie1e they are i!fallible. The! you /et to Ahlus-Su!!ah wal-Jamaaah> but what you /ot is deluded> sell out> defeatist> i/!ora!t heads of those who +laim to be Ahlus-Su!!ah a!d say> oh well there is a Muslim a!d there is a ;aafir a!d there is a third +ate/ory. 7r the ,ura! states that !o! belie1ers will e!ter (ea1e!. 'ou see it> .rofessors> do+tors> a!d hi/h ra!%i!/ .eo.le. We say what *slam a!d the ,ura! says> whoe1er dies a !o! Muslim> a Mushri%> a ;aafir> the! his abode is Jaha!!am. 5o !ot let that moder!ist a!d the i!terfaith .lay with your mi!d> ma!i.ulati!/ the mea!i!/ of the ,ura! to suit their desires> +laimi!/ there is 1erses i! the ,ura! where Jews a!d <hristia!s a!d Sabia!s are all /oi!/ to (ea1e!. 'es> Jews a!d <hristia!s do /o to (ea1e!> !o doubt about that. Who +a! uestio! or ar/ue with the ,ura!= That is for sure. The Jews a!d <hristia!s who belie1ed i! Musa &alayhis salaam at his time> will +ertai!ly /o to (ea1e!. We a+tually +all them Muslim
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be+ause they submitted to the tea+hi!/s of Musa a!d &*sa &alayhis salaam. A!y true <hristia! or Jew today would follow the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam as he was told i! their ori/i!al> u!tam.ered s+ri.tures. *! fa+t> if Musa or &*sa were ali1e today or were to +ome to this 0arth today> they would follow the Shareeah a!d the tea+hi!/s of their brother Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. Allah too% a +o1e!a!t o! e1ery Messe!/er that if Muhammad was to be se!t duri!/ their lifetime> they would follow him. 01ery Messe!/er /a1e that +o1e!a!t to Allah. Allah %!ew (e was !ot /oi!/ to se!d the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam duri!/ the time of Musa a!d &*sa a!d 'ahya a!d *smaeel a!d *shaa > but to ho!our the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d to ho!our his Messa/ehoodC

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Allah too% a +o1e!a!t o! the -ro.hets> sayi!/> ta%e what * /a1e you of the Boo% a!d (i%mah. A!d if a Messe!/er> mea!i!/ Messe!/er Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> if a Messe!/er +omes> Allah is telli!/ the -ro.hets> the Messe!/ers> if Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam +omes the! you /ot to belie1e i! him a!d hel. him. The! Allah saysC

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5o you a/ree to that +o1e!a!t= They said> we a/ree. That is how they .assed the sta/e of -ro.hethood. So Allah too% a +o1e!a!t o! e1ery si!/le Messe!/er> if the Messe!/er Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam is se!t duri!/ their time> they must belie1e i! him. Whe! &*sa &alayhis salaam retur!s to this 0arth> he follows the Shareeah of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam. Whe! &*sa retur!s> there is /oi!/ to be a! Ameer of the Muslims of this Ummah> a re/ular ma!> leader> he leads the Salah. Whe! he sees &*sa> he offers to let him lead the Salah> yet &*sa &alayhis salaam de+li!es> to .ray behi!d him> as i! the authe!ti+ (adith i! the Sihaah. *b! al-Jaw?i +omme!ti!/ o! that (adith said> the reaso! he will de+li!e is to assure beyo!d a doubt that he &*sa> +omes as a follower of the Shareeah of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d !ot establishi!/ his ow! Shareeah or the Shareeah he was se!t with before. *slam is !ot old fur!iture that !eeds to be refurbished to a++ommodate for 9@2:. *slam is *slam> a!d the o!ly 1ersio! of *slam is the *slam of the -ro.het sallallahu
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&alayhi wa sallam fourtee! +e!turies a/o. Some thi!% they ha1e more mer+y tha! Allah. Are you telli!/ me someo!e who builds hos.itals> that is their ar/ume!t> are you telli!/ me someo!e who hel.s thousa!ds a!d hu!dreds of thousa!ds a!d .ossibly millio!s of or.ha!s a!d ta%es out la!ds mi!es a!d hel.s millio!s i! .o1erty> just be+ause he died disbelie1i!/ i! Allah> he !e1er hurt !o body he was just a Mushri%> are you telli!/ me he is /oi!/ to Jaha!!am= 'es he is. 'es he is> that is eDa+tly what * am sayi!/. They !ot o!ly thi!% they ha1e better ideas tha! Allah a!d the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> but they thi!% they ha1e more mer+y tha! the All Mer+iful> the All <om.assio!ate who /a1e the U!i1erse from its start to its e!d o!e mer+y> a!d sa1ed !i!ety !i!e mer+ies for (im. Some say it to s+ore .oi!ts> to a1oid /etti!/ s+ruti!ised> be+ause those %i!ds of matters really /ai! you .o.ularity i! this day a!d a/e. Sell out> deluded> that ty.e of style /ets you .o.ularity. They /et followers from the i/!ora!ts a!d also o!e /ets +ertified by the e!emies of *slam> that he is !ow moderate> o!+e you say those %i!d of stateme!ts.

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4e1er will the Jews !or the <hristia!s be .leased with you Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> u!til you follow their reli/io!. Some .eo.le ta%e this 1erse mea!i!/ shout i! the streets> * am a Jew or a <hristia!. 5o you thi!% that 1erse o!ly mea!t ru!!i!/ i! the streets or writi!/ arti+les a!d sayi!/ * am Jewish> * am <hristia!> * am (i!du> * am Atheist> whate1er it may be> so they may be .leased with you= Stateme!ts of ;ufr li%e the stateme!ts some of the i!terfaith ma%e> stateme!ts of ;ufr that .lease them> /i1i!/ jud/me!t of who e!ters (ea1e! a!d (ell to huma!s o1er the jud/me!t that Allah already de+lared> is a +ore mea!i!/ of this 1erse.

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That is how they are .leased with some .eo.le. So the first +ate/ory is if o!e dies i! ;ufr a!d Shir%> the! we belie1e his desti!y is Jaha!!am. That is the /e!eral rule. Some will sayC

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Allah will !ot .u!ish someo!e u!less they /ot a Messe!/er. That is a side issue *b! ;atheer s.o%e about i! his Tafseer. But o!e thi!/ is for sure> someo!e sitti!/ i! the Aoo/le a/e> someo!e sitti!/ with +able> i!ter!et> someo!e sitti!/ with TB a!d satellite a!d all that day a!d !i/ht at his fi!/er ti.s> e1ery o!e of those /ot the
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messa/e. *! fa+t> *maam Ahmad duri!/ his time> he said> * do !ot %!ow a!yo!e today who has !ot /otte! the messa/e. *! his time> *maam Ahmad said that> so ima/i!e today. Well someo!e is /oi!/ to .o. u. a!d say well they /ot a tai!ted 1ersio!> oh they are sayi!/ *slam is this a!d *slam is that today> they /ot a tai!ted 1ersio! of *slam. #et me as% you a uestio!> be realisti+. ,uraysh whe! *slam was still /leami!/ a!d s.ar%li!/> they eDerted all their resour+es to tai!t the ima/e of *slam a!d the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam .erso!ally. 5id you hear a!yo!e or a!y sayi!/ of the -ro.het Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam say> so a!d so are eDem.ted from e!teri!/ (ellfire be+ause ,uraysh tai!ted *slam so mu+h> they o!ly /ot a wro!/ i!ter.retatio! of *slam so it is a! eD+use for him. *t was !ot a! eD+use for those who liste!ed to ,uraysh. Are you telli!/ me it is /oi!/ to be a! eD+use for those who liste! to what is .ro.a/ated i! the media today= There is a duty o! us to +o!1ey the messa/e. There is a bi//er duty o! them to sear+h for the .ro.er messa/e. Just li%e they sear+h for food that !ourishes the body> there is a duty o! them to sear+h for food that !ourishes the soul. *f you aba!do! someo!e i! a house> you .ut someo!e i! a house i! some se+luded area> he does !ot ha1e food or water> what is he /oi!/ to do= (e is /oi!/ to sit i! the house a!d wait for food a!d water to +ome i!= (e is /oi!/ to /o out a!d .ursue a!d sear+h. #i%ewise> o!e must sear+h for the food of the soul> o!e must sear+h for *slam.

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The se+o!d +ate/ory of those who may be desti!ed to (ell> whi+h we are tal%i!/ about. *f o!e is Muslim> !ote * said Muslim a!d we too% the defi!itio! of Muslim about two +lasses a/o. *f o!e is Muslim> he meets Allah with si!s> he truly re.e!ted from them> Allah is the "or/i1i!/> (e is the Ahafoor> (e is the Raheem. 4ot o!ly will (e for/i1e> but (e will lo1e those who re.e!t. Allah for/i1es> Allah lo1es those who re.e!t a!d will +ha!/e their si!s i!to deeds. *f he did !ot re.e!t> he has major si!s a!d mi!or si!s. #et us say he has o!e or the other or both> it does !ot really matter. (e meets Allah> he did !ot re.e!t. (e is Muslim> he meets Allah with major a!d mi!or si!s> he did !ot re.e!t. (e /oes o! the s+ale> if his deeds outwei/h his si!s> he /oes to Ja!!ah. *f his si!s outwei/h his deeds> this is what we are /oi!/ to tal% about. This is what the 1erse mea!sC

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The o!es whose s+ale> the /ood deeds are hea1ier> they are the su++essful.

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The o!es whose s+ale of si!s outwei/h> the! they are amo!/ those who are at loss a!d they ha1e the bad abode.

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A!d .le!ty of 1erses o! that> about whi+h side outwei/hs the other o!e. 'ou +a! fi!d more o! that i! "ataawa *b! Taymiyyah> the te!th 1olume> he tal%s about this a lot. 4ow if the deeds outwei/h> you /o to Ja!!ah. *f the si!s outwei/h> the more> there is major a!d mi!or si!> that is what we +all someo!e u!der the Masheeah H }XI. They fall u!der the will of Allah. 01erythi!/ falls u!der the will of Allah> but this is somethi!/ that Allah says (e may for/i1e a!d (e may .u!ish. That is what Masheeah mea!s. They may /et the for/i1e!ess of Allah or the .u!ishme!t of Allah. They may /et the Shafaaah of Allah> that is what Shafaaah mea!s> i!ter+essio! is i! this. They may /et the i!ter+essio! of Allah. They may /et the i!ter+essio! of Messe!/ers> Messe!/ers ha1e Shafaaah. 01e! the ,ura! +omes with Shafaaah. ,ura! +omes as the (adith states> Surat al-Ba arah> Surat Aali *mraa!> who re+ites them> +ome li%e a hu/e +loud to /i1e i!ter+essio! for that .erso!> to defe!d him. 7r it +omes li%e a murmuratio! of birds to defe!d that .erso!> as i! the authe!ti+ (adith. Allah /i1es Shafaaah> -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam /i1es Shafaaah> some ri/hteous belie1ers /i1e Shafaaah. The a!/els> the martyrs> some of the /e!eral Muslims /i1e> the +hildre! to their .are!ts /i1e i!ter+essio!> fasti!/ /i1es Shafaaah. The Bla+% Sto!e /i1es Shafaaah> .eo.le who atte!d &Arafaat> ea+h o!e of these has s.e+ifi+> solid> authe!ti+ (adith that they /i1e i!ter+essio!. *f out of all that> o!e does !ot /et sa1ed a!d our ho.e *!shaa Allah is that e1eryo!e will /et sa1ed> the worst +ase s+e!ario a!d * am !ot sayi!/ it is easy> is that he will be .u!ished for the duratio! of those si!s> the! he will be allowed to e!ter hea1e!. A!d * am !ot dimi!ishi!/ that .u!ishme!t> 4asalullah Salaamah> but * am sayi!/ the worst +ase s+e!ario.

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The third +ate/ory> a!d this is really why * wa!ted to me!tio! them a!d brea% them dow! i!to three +ate/ories. The third +ate/ory is da!/erous a!d this is the o!e that we !eed to be +areful a!d this is why * di1ided them i!to these three +ate/ories> so you u!dersta!d. The third +ate/ory is o!e who meets Allah with mi!or Shir%. Mi!or Shir% is !ot major Shir%> it does !ot ta%e o!e out of the fold of *slam. Mi!or shir% does !ot ta%e o!e out of the fold of *slam. 7!e who is Muslim a!d +ommits mi!or Shir%> he is still Muslim. Mi!or Shir%> ash-Shir% al-As/har Hz. uXI> i!+ludes e1erythi!/ that leads to major Shir%. A!ythi!/ that is a! a1e!ue to major Shir% is +o!sidered Shir% As/har. A!ythi!/ des+ribed i! the ,ura! or i! the Su!!ah as bei!/ Shir% but does !ot rea+h the le1el of bi/ Shir%> we +o!sider that mi!or Shir%. Mi!or Shir% is Shir% where the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam s.e+ifi+ally said it is mi!or Shir%. (e s.e+ifi+ally used words at times i! (adith> that is mi!or Shir%. So a!y of that whi+h * me!tio!ed> is +o!sidered mi!or Shir%. Mi!or Shir% is usually Shir% where the wordi!/ of the (adith is without the defi!ite arti+le Al. *f it is ash-Shir% HuXI> that is usually the major Shir%. *f it is Shir% H

u%I> the! it is mi!or Shir%. Mi!or Shir% is what the Sahaabah u!derstood to be
mi!or Shir%. *f they des+ribed it as mi!or Shir%> we ta%e what they eD.lai!ed it as. 0Dam.les of this Shir% is> we me!tio!ed it before> /i1i!/ a! oath by other tha! Allah> we s.o%e o! that Shir%. Also stateme!ts li%e Mashaa Allah wa Shit H f}%! \ % I> whate1er Allah wills a!d you will. Those are +o!sidered stateme!ts of mi!or Shir%. #aw #allah wa A!t Hf,!

H-I> if it had !ot bee! for Allah a!d you. Tawa%%altu &Alallah wa &Alay% H W !f#-FI> * .ut my relia!+e o! Allah a!d you.
These are forms of mi!or Shir%. *f o!e says * .ut my relia!+e o! Allah a!d you> a!d s.e+ifies a huma! bei!/> that is mi!or Shir%. *f someo!e says * de.e!d o! so a!d so> o! Allah a!d you for ra!%> that is major Shir%. But if it is !ot matters that .ertai! to major Shir%> the! they still are mi!or Shir%. 4ow this is da!/erous> this is a da!/erous matter. A!d what is da!/erous also about this is> let me /i1e you more eDam.les> is .eo.le who .ut u. .osters> de+oratio!s> .ortraits> frames> Allah a!d Muhammad side by side. That is a form of mi!or Shir%. The +o!tem.orary &Ulamaa ha1e s.o%e! o! the .ermissibility of ha!/i!/ ,ura! or Allah or Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam a!d stateme!ts li%e that o! the wall. Some said it is (araam> it is .rohibited be+ause it is disres.e+tful or that it may be /etti!/ !e/le+ted or some of them e1e! * read that it may fall. Some said it is Mubaah> .ermissible> a!d some said it is e1e! /ood. That matter really> that "i h issue of whether you +a! ha!/ them u. or !ot has le1era/e to whi+h o.i!io! you +hose be+ause the .roof for those who .rohibit it is !ot really that stro!/> * do !ot thi!% it is that stro!/. A!d just as they +a! tell you there is &Ulamaa> oh this Shay%h a!d so a!d so said that> * will bri!/ you e ui1ale!t Shuyoo%h to that Shay%h they
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say> who said it is .ermissible a!d it is o%ay. So if someo!e .uts it u. as a remi!der the! it is /ood *!shaa Allah Taaala. But why * me!tio! that= "or our .ur.oses here. What you really !eed to worry about is .utti!/ Allah a!d Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam o! the same li!e to/ether. A .ortrait> Allah a!d Muhammad. A frame or a dish li%e Allah a!d Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam side by side. #i%e they do i! +lo+%s> you fi!d the desi/! i! +lo+%s> Allah a!d Muhammad> or medallio!s or they ha1e these +a!dle li%e thi!/s that ha1e Allah a!d Muhammad. That is all a form of mi!or Shir%. 71er time> .eo.le te!d to /et the im.ressio! that Allah a!d Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam are at the same le1el. But just li%e you +a!!ot say words li%e Mashaa Allah wa Shit> Tawa%%altu &Alallah wa &Alay%> you +a!!ot write it> you +a!!ot ha1e .ortraits li%e that> that ha1e Allah a!d Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam o! the same le1el. -ut Allah o! o!e side> .ut Muhammad sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam o! a differe!t side or at a lower status. Whe! a ma! told the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam Mashaa Allah wa Shit. (e told the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam> whate1er Allah wills a!d you will. The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam saidC

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The -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam said> you ma%e me a .art!er or e ui1ale!t to Allah subhaa!ahu wa taaala= Say> what Allah e1er wills alo!e. *! a!other (adith> the -ro.het sallallahu &alayhi wa sallam saidC

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5o !ot say whate1er Allah wills a!d whate1er you will. Waaw H ! I o1er here is Musaawaah H`!5I> Musaawaah mea!s e ui1ale!t. Waaw here mea!s a!d> a!d it mea!s e ual> it ma%es them e ui1ale!t. 'ou use Thumma> Thumma mea!s Tarteeb H FFI> !ot Musaawaah. Thumma mea!s Tarteeb> to .ut i! order> a!d the!. Thumma mea!s a!d the!. Whate1er Allah wills a!d the! what you will> if it is u!der his +o!trol. Al-Bu%hari has a +ha.ter +alledC

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A!d you remember what we said about the +ha.ters that Bu%hari has> how he !amed them. Two +lasses a/o> * eD.lai!ed how im.orta!t the +ha.ters of Bu%hari are a!d how he +hooses their !ames. So he has a se+tio! just o! this issue. 7ther eDam.les of mi!or Shir% is for eDam.le> .rolo!/i!/ Salah for other .eo.le so they

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+a! !oti+e> .rolo!/i!/ the re+itatio! or &*baadah or beautifyi!/ the 1oi+e for others> that is i!+luded i! mi!or Shir%.

,OES ONE 62O CO00ITS 0INO$ S2I$1 FALL 5N,E$ T2E 0AS2EE7A2.
All that was a! i!trodu+tio!. 4ow here is why * brou/ht it u. a!d here is why * me!tio! it i! relatio!shi. to our tal%> be+ause we are sti+%i!/ to our boo% here. 5oes o!e who +ommits mi!or Shir% fall u!der what we +all Masheeah li%e Muslim si!!ers do> li%e we eD.lai!ed i! +ate/ory !umber two. The uestio! is> does he fall u!der Masheeah> o!e who meets Allah with mi!or Shir%= What is Masheeah= A/ai!> ta%e it ste. by ste.> * do !ot wa!t you to /et +o!fused> a!d fo+us with me> /i1e me your u!di1ided atte!tio!. We said those who are Muslim a!d their s+ale of deeds are more> they /o to Ja!!ah. *f their si!s are more> they fall u!der Masheeah. Masheeah mea!s they will either be .u!ished for the duratio! of the si!s or Allah will for/i1e them> or i!ter+essio! of those who /i1e i!ter+essio! will sa1e them *!shaa Allah Taaala. So that is Masheeah. So is o!e who falls u!der mi!or Shir% whi+h he is Muslim> we said he