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USING WINDOWS

WINDOWS BASIC
What Is Windows?
Microsoft windows is a software tool that allows you to perform many of the tasks you need your computer to do in an intuitive, easy to learn, and easy to remember way. Windows is an operating system program that controls, all the parts of your computer. It uses a Graphical User Interface (GUI . !he kind of interface displays graphical ob"ect called icons, which represent the item you use. !he icons are buttons that when #pushed$ activate the item. %ll programs that uses the windows operating system have a common user interface that makes it easy to learn and use different program that run under Windows. % common user interface means that programs have common features, such as the same menu commands. &or e'ample, you will find the command to open a file is the same command all Windows applications.

!he Windows operating system gets its name from its use of rectangular bo'es called Windows that are used to display information and other programs. Multiple windows can be open at the same time, making it easy to move from one task to another.

Different Types of Windows


!here are two different types of windows( ) %pplication Windows * +ocument Windows 1) Appli ation Windows! " !he main window for an application, which contains the application,s menu bar and work area. %n application window may contain multiple document windows. #) Do $%ent Windows! " % window inside an application window. -ach document window contains a single document or other data file. In some application there can be more than one document window inside an application window.

T&' US'( INT'()AC'


User Interfa e Basi s
Graphical User Interfaces or GUIs have been becoming an increasingly significant feature of modern computing. !he concept arose primarily at the .alo %lto /esearch 0enter (.%/0 of the 1ero' 0orporation, but its commercial use was first made at %pple 0orporation. When the %pple Macintosh first develops )234, its uni5ue feature was its graphical interfaces its only means of interaction with the operator or end user. !he computer understands only binary numbers (6,s and ),s a user is unable to directly #talk$ to the computer. &ortunately, the above situation can be overcome by having an interpreter. %n interpreter is a person who can speak or understand both the languages7 in this case each person speaks to the interpreter in turn #interprets # to another language. -ven 8 computer has an interpreter7 we have earlier seen that one of the functions of the operating system is to provide a user interface. !he operating system provides this interface by #interpreting$ the command typed by the user on the keyboard. % typical commands type by the user is parsed by interpreter and translated into a low9level system call, which is then e'ecuted by the hardware. !he hierarchy of a typical computer system is graphically depicted below. Type of $ser interfa e !he user interface offered by the different operating system can be broadly classified into two groups. ). 0ommand :ine Interface or 0:I *. Graphic User Interface or GUI 1* Co%%and +ine Interfa e ,C+I)! " %ny interface between the user and the command processor that allows the user to enter commands from the keyboard for e'ecution by the operating system. '-a%ple! " 0(;< &=/M%! %( #* Graphi User Interfa e ,GUI)! " % graphics9based user interface that allows users to select files, programs, or command by pointing to pictorial representations on screen rather than by typing long, comple' commands from command prompt. Co%ponents of a GUI! " !he %pple Macintosh was one of the M%0 computers to offer a GUI for desktop computers. !he M%0 defined the parts we have come to associate with a standard GUI. % .ointing device, typically a mouse. =n9screen menus that can appear or disappear under a Mouse control. Windows that graphically display what the computer is doing. Icons that represent files, directories, programs, dialog bo'es, button, slider, check bo'es and a plethora of other graphical widest that let you tell the computer what to do and how to do it. !hey are some components in GUI( 9 Dialo. Bo-! " % windows that appears temporarily to re5uest or supply information. Many dialog bo'es have options you must select before windows can carry out a command.

)ont! " % graphical representation of an element in windows such as a disk drive, directory, group application, or document. >ou can enlarge an application icon to a window when you want to use the application. !he following table describes the three types of icons. Icon !ype +escription .rogram9item icon /epresents an application you can start from windows. Most program item icon look uni5ue. ?owever, icons for many M@9+=@ based application are identical. % group might contain several M@9+=@ based applications. !he icon label is the only way to distinguish which application the icon represents. %pplication Icon /epresents a program9item icon (an application that was started and then reduced to an icon. Group or +ocument Generally appears along the lower edge of the application window and icon represents a group or document window that was reduced to an icon. !his icon can be moved anywhere within the application windows. /en$! " % list of available commands in an application window. Menu names appear in the menu bar near the top of the window. !he control menu, represented by the control menu bo' at the left end of the title bar, is common all windows applications. >ou open a menu by selecting the menu name. /en$ Bar! " !he hori8ontal bar containing the names of all the application,s menus. It appears below the title bar. 0i-els! " !he smallest graphic unit on the screen. 0oint! 9 !o move the mouse pointer on the screen until it resets on the item you want to select or choose. 0ointer! 9 !he arrow shaped cursor on the screen that follows the movement of a mouse (or other pointing device and indicates which area of the screen will be affected when you press the mouse button. !he pointer may change shape during certain tasks. S roll! 9 !o move through test or graphics cup, down left or right in order to see parts of the file that cannot fit on the screen. Window! " % rectangular area on your screen in which your view an application or document. Most GUI,s consist of three ma"or components. % windowing @ystem %n Imaging Model %n %pplication program Interface (%.I Windowin. Syste%! " !he windowing system is wet of programming tools and commands for building the windows, menus and dialog bo'es that appear on the screen. It controls how windows are created, si8ed, and moved on screen and how the user moves from one window to another.

I%a.in. /odel! " !he imaging model defines how fonts and typeface and si8e of the te't in a word processor or +esktop publishing program is specified through the imaging model, so are the lines and curves of a 0%+ program. Appli ation 0ro.ra% Interfa e ,A0I)! " !he %.I is a set of programming language function calls by which the programmer specifies which windows, menus, scroll bars and icon will appear on the screen.

The Des1top
!he background of your screen, on which window icons, and dialog bo'es appear. Des1top 0attern % design that appears across your desktop. >ou can create your pattern or select patterns provided by windows.

The Tas1 Bar


!he taskbar is the bar on your desktop that includes the start button. Autton representing programs currently running on your computer appear on this bar. !he !askbar is normally across the bottom of your screen. %t the left end of the !askbar is the @tart button. To add a pro.ra% to the Start or 0ro.ra%s %en$ ). *. B. 4. C. D. E. Notes

0lick Start, point to Settin.s, and then click Tas12ar 3 Start /en$. 0lick the Start /en$ 0ro.ra%s tab. 0lick Add, and then click Browse. :ocate the program you want to add, and then click it. 0lick ne-t, and then double9click the menu on which you want the program to appear. !ype the name that you want to see on the menu, and then click )inish. If Windows prompts you to choose an icon, click one, and then click )inish. >ou can also open the Tas12ar 0roperties dialog bo' by right9clicking a blank area on the taskbar , and then clicking 0roperties. >ou can also add a program to the top of the Start menu by dragging the programFs icon to the Start button. 0lick Ad4an ed if you want to add a program by using Windows -'plorer.

To reor.ani5e ite%s on the 0ro.ra%s %en$ ). /ight9click Start, and then click '-plore. *. In the left pane of the window, locate the 0ro.ra% )iles folder, and then click it. !he programs and folders that appear on the 0ro.ra% )iles menu are displayed in the right pane of the window. B. >ou can add or delete folders and programs, move programs to different folders, or put folders inside of other folders. To %o4e the tas12ar 0lick and drag the tas12ar to a different location. To $sto%i5e the tas12ar or Start %en$

). 0lick Start, point to Settin.s, and then click Tas12ar 3 Start /en$. *. =n the Tas12ar Options or Start /en$ 0ro.ra%s tab, change the settings, and then click O6. Note

>ou can also open the Tas12ar 0roperties dialog bo' by right9clicking a blank area on the taskbar, and then clicking 0roperties.

The Start B$tton


!he start button is the button on your taskbar that includes the programs. To start a pro.ra% ). 0lick Start, and then point to 0ro.ra%s. *. If the program you want is not on the menu, point to the folder that contains the program. B. 0lick the program name. Notes

%fter you start a program, a button for that program appears on the taskbar. !o switch from one running program to another, click its taskbar button.

If the program you want doesnFt appear on the 0ro.ra%s menu or one of its submenus, click Start, point to )ind, and then click )iles or )olders. Use the )ind dialog bo' to locate the program file.

To swit h 2etween r$nnin. pro.ra%s Note

0lick the program button on the taskbar.

If you cannot see the taskbar, point to the area of your screen where the taskbar is located. &or e'ample, if your taskbar is located at the bottom of your screen, point to that area.

To %ini%i5e all open windows ). /ight9click a blank area on the taskbar. *. 0lick /ini%i5e All Windows. Notes

Windows does not minimi8e open dialog bo'es. !o open a minimi8ed window, click its button on the taskbar. !o restore your windows to their original state, right9click a blank area on the taskbar, and then click Undo /ini%i5e All.

To 7$it a pro.ra% that is not respondin. ). .ress 0!/:G%:!G+-:. *. In the Close 0ro.ra% dialog bo', click the program that is not responding, and then click 'nd Tas1. Note

>ou can also shut down your computer by pressing 0!/:G%:!G+-: and then clicking Sh$t Down in the Close 0ro.ra% dialog bo'.

To 7$it a pro.ra% =n the )ile menu, click '-it. Note

>ou can also 5uit a program by clicking the #1$ button at the far right of the title bar.

The Title Bar


In a graphical user interface, a thin hori8ontal bar across the top of a window that contains the name of the window, as well as the control9menu bo' and the minimi8e, ma'imi8e and close buttons. %n application window,s title bar will also contain the name of the file or document you are working on. Control /en$ Bo- B$tton! " !his Autton is in upper9left corner of each window. !he control Menu is most useful if you use your keyboard to move, si8e, and close a window. =r, if the application or document window has been reduced to an icon, click the icon. +o not double click7 if you do, you close the you can also use the keyboard to open the control Menu. Use one of the following key combinations after the window or icon is selected. To open the ontrol %en$ in press %n application window %lt G @pacebar % +ocument Windows %lt G ?yphen (9 % dialog bo' %lt G @pacebar !he following table describes the commands on the control menu. @ome applications do not have all these commands. (estore! " /estore the window to its former si8e after you have enlarged (ma'imi8ed it or reduced (minimi8ed it to an icon7 /o4e! !o move the windows by using the keyboard. Si5e! " 0hange the si8e of the windows by using the keyboard. Close! " 0lose the windows or dialog bo' (&rom an application windows, you can use this command to 5uit the application .

/a-i%i5e! " !o enlarge a window to its ma'imum si8e by using the ma'imi8e button (at the right of the title bar or the ma'imi8e command on the control menu. /ini%i5e! " !o reduce a window to an icon by using the minimi8e button (at the right of the title bar the minimi8e command on the control menu. /a-i%i5e B$tton! " !he small button containing a s5uare bo' at the right of the title bar. Mouse users can click the ma'imi8e button to enlarge a window to its ma'imum si8e. Heyboard user can use the ma'imi8e command on the control menu. !he /estore button replaces the ma'imi8e button after you enlarge a window. (estore B$tton! " !he small button containing two s5uare bo'es right of the title bar. =ne is visible fully and second is partly visible. Mouse users can click the /estore button to return the window to its previous si8e. Heyboard user can use the restore command on the control menu. /ini%i5e B$tton! " !he small button containing a hyphen (9 at the right of the title bar. Mouse user can click the minimi8e button to reduce a window to an icon. Heyboard users can use the minimi8e command on the control menu. Close B$tton! " !his button is used to close the windows or dialog bo'.

The Control 0anel


0ontrol .anel is a Windows application that provides you with a visual way of modifying your system while working with Windows. %n icon in the 0ontrol .anel Window represents each option that you can change. !hese options include( * >our screen colors. * =ther desktop options that determine the look of your screen. * !he fonts recogni8ed by your Windows applications. * !he printer you use. * Heyboard and pointing I device settings. * International settings. * .ort and network settings. * !he system date and time. * !he sounds your system uses. * MI+I settings for a synthesi8er connected to your computer. When you change an option, it is stored in the WIJ. IJI file so that it will be in effect the ne't time you run Windows. A essi2ility! " @ee Je't .ages Add New &ardware! " !his facilities is used to install hardware devices in windows operating system. To install a 0l$. and 0lay de4i e

). !urn off your computer. *. 0onnect the device to your computer according to the manufacturerFs instructions. B. !urn on your computer and start Windows. Windows will automatically detect the new .lug and .lay device and install the necessary software. Notes

If Windows does not detect a new .lug and .lay device, then the device itself is not working properly, is not installed correctly, or is not installed at all. +o not use the %dd Jew ?ardware wi8ard. !he %dd Jew ?ardware wi8ard cannot solve any of the problems noted here. If your device is not a .lug and .lay device, click (elated Topi s for information on how to set up new hardware.

Date 8 Ti%e! " +isplay the days, time K times 8ones settings. Des1Top The%es! " +esktop themes is used to change the setting of wallpaper, @creen @aver, @ound events, Mouse pointer, icons, colors, fonts names K styles, font K window si8e etc. all setting is available in one of the themes. (Lungle, Aaseball, Underwater, and @pace . Notes

>ou can also install desktop themes by clicking Start, pointing to Settin.s, clicking Control 0anel, double9clicking Add8(e%o4e 0ro.ra%s, clicking the Windows Set$p tab, clicking Des1top The%es, and then clicking Details.

Display!" !his facilities to used to changes setting of the +esktop .attern, wallpaper, @creensavers, -nergy saving, +esk!op, and Icons etc. )ind )ast!" &ind &ast builds inde'es to speed up finding documents from the =pen dialog bo' in Microsoft =ffice programs and from Microsoft =utlook. &ind &ast inde'es located on Microsoft Windows J! @erver can also be used by =ffice Web@earch. When &ind &ast is installed with =ffice, it automatically creates an inde' on each local drive of your computer for all of your =ffice documents. &ind &ast inde'es are not created for documents on removable drives or read9only mediums, such as 0+9/=M. =nce created, an inde' is automatically updated so you donFt need to do anything to take advantage of faster searching.

If you want to create an inde' for a network folder or change an e'isting inde', you can double9click &ind &ast in Windows 0ontrol .anel. Information for each inde-in. tas1s (%n action that finds &ast performs on an inde', @uch as creating an inde', or deleting or updating an e'isting inde'. Inde'ing tasks appears in status column. Use the commands on the inde' menu to perform an inde'ing task. Is displayed, including the drive, share, and folder location of the inde'ed documents and the date the inde' was last updated. !o view additional details about a &ind &ast inde', such as the number of documents inde'ed and the si8e of the inde', click Information in the Update Inde' dialog bo' (Inde' menu .

)onts!" @ee ne't .ages Ga%es Controller! " :ists the games controller installed on your system. If you want t o test configure, or recalibrate a controller, select it, and then click properties. /ode% !" To install a %ode% ). 0lick to start the Install Jew Modem wi8ard. *. &ollow the instructions on your screen. Notes

>ou can also start the Install Jew Modem wi8ard by clicking Start, pointing to Settin.s, clicking Control 0anel, and then double9clicking /ode%s. If step ) opens the /ode%s 0roperties dialog bo' instead of the Install Jew Modem wi8ard, click Add to start the Install Jew Modem wi8ard.

Wi5ards % wi8ard is a windows feature that asks 5uestions and then uses your answers to
automatically layout and formats a certain type of application. % wi8ard is often the fastest way to run the application.

The )ind )eat$re


!he find feature use to find a file, 0omputer on Jetwork and similar fonts. To find a file or folder ). 0lick Start, point to )ind, and then click )iles or )olders. *. In Na%ed, type all or part of the file name. -nter a word or phrase in ontainin. te-t if you do not know the name of a file but know a distinctive word or phrase it contains. If you want to specify the location to start the search, click Browse. B. 0lick )ind Now. Note

If you want the search to be case9sensitive, click the Options menu and make sure a check mark appears ne't to Case Sensiti4e. 0lick to create the check mark7 click again to clear it.

To sa4e the res$lts of a sear h for files or folders

). %fter you finish searching, on the Options menu, click Sa4e (es$lts. % check mark appears by Sa4e (es$lts. *. =n the )ile menu, click Sa4e Sear h. %n icon representing the search results or search criteria appears on your desktop. Note

>ou can reinitiate the search or update the search results by clicking the search results icon, and then clicking )ind Now.

To $se ad4an ed sear h %ethods ). 0lick Start, point to )ind, and then click )iles or )olders. *. 0lick Date to look for files that were created or modified on or between specific dates. =r, click Ad4an ed to look for files of a specific type or si8e. B. 0lick )ind Now. Notes

!o get a shorter list of files or folders, use both the Date and Ad4an ed tabs. If you specify All )iles on the Date tab, all the files on the hard disk are searched according to the specifications on the Na%e 3 +o ation and Ad4an ed tabs.

To find a o%p$ter on yo$r networ1 ). 0lick Start, point to )ind, and then click Co%p$ter. *. If you know the name of the computer you are looking for, type it in Na%ed. &or e'ample(
Marketing

B. If you know the path to the share folder (% folder on another computer that is available for you to use on the network . >ou are searching for7 you can specify both the computer and folder name. &or e'ample( \\marketing\reports 4. 0lick )ind Now. Note

>ou can also find a computer by double9clicking Networ1 Nei.h2orhood on the desktop.

To find si%ilar fonts

). 0lick Start, point to Settin.s, click Control 0anel, and then double9click )onts. *. =n the 9iew menu, click +ist )onts By Si%ilarity. B. In +ist fonts 2y si%ilarity to, click a font. !he fonts on your computer appear listed in order of similarity. Note

.anose font9mapping information is stored with the font to describe its characteristicsMserif or sans serif, normal, bold, or italic. If no .anose information is available for a font, the font appears at the bottom of the list, and it does not appear in +ist fonts 2y si%ilarity to.

0roperties :$i 1 9iew


To pre4iew a file ). In /y Co%p$ter or Windows -'plorer, click the file you want to preview. *. =n the )ile menu, click :$i 1 9iew. Notes

If :$i 1 9iew is not on the )ile menu, there is no file viewer available for the type of file, or Nuick Oiew is not installed. !o change the way the file appears7 click a command on the 9iew menu in Nuick Oiew. !o preview a file on the desktop, right9click the file, and then click :$i 1 9iew. !o preview another file, drag its icon into the Nuick Oiew window. !o edit the file, click )ile, and then click Open )ile )or 'ditin.. !o display new files in the same Nuick Oiew window, click 9iew, and then click (epla e Window. !o display additional files in new Nuick Oiew windows, click (epla e Window to clear the check mark.

(i.ht Cli 1in.


To $se short $t %en$s /ight9click a file or folder. !he menu that appears shows the most fre5uently used commands for that file or folder. Notes

>ou can also right9click an empty space on the taskbar or desktop. !o display a shortcut menu that lists every available command for a file or folder, point to the file or folder, and then press @?I&! while right9clicking it.

Usin. a %o$se with two 2$ttons Use the left buttonMthe primary buttonMfor most tasks, unless the right button is specified in a ?elp procedure.

!he right button enables you to 5uickly accomplish common tasks. If you click an item by using the right button, a menu is displayed containing commands specific to the item. .eople who are more comfortable with Windows will find this useful. If you are less comfortable with Windows, you can still use the left button and menus to complete these same tasks.

)ont /ana.e%ent
To add a new font to yo$r o%p$ter ). *. B. 4. Notes

0lick Start, point to Settin.s, click Control 0anel, and then double9click )onts. =n the )ile menu, click Install New )ont. 0lick the drive, and then click the folder that contains the fonts you want to add. 0lick the font you want to add. !o select more than one font to add, hold down the 0!/: key, and then click each of the fonts you want. &or !rue!ype, /aster, or %dobe !ype ) fonts, you can also add the font by dragging the appropriate files to the )onts folder. If you want to see the file e'tensions in Windows -'plorer, click 9iew, click Options, and then click the 9iew tab. 0lick to clear the &ide file e-tensions for 1nown file types check bo'. !his works only for fonts that are not in the )onts folder. !o add fonts from a network drive without using disk space on your computer, make sure that the Copy fonts to )onts folder check bo' in the Add )onts dialog bo' is clear. !his option is available only when you install !rue!ype or /aster fonts from the Install New )ont command.

To delete a font fro% yo$r o%p$ter ). 0lick Start, point to Settin.s, click Control 0anel, and then double9click )onts to open the )onts folder. *. 0lick the icon for the font you want to delete. B. =n the )ile menu, click Delete. Note

!o select more than one font to delete, hold down the 0!/: key, and then click each of the fonts you want.

To 4iew fonts on yo$r o%p$ter ). 0lick Start, point to Settin.s, click Control 0anel, and then double9click )onts. *. !o look at a sample of a font, click the icon for the font. Notes

When you install a printer, the installation program may install several printer fonts. !hese do not appear in the )onts folder, but they do appear in the font list of Windows9based programs, such as Word.ad.

!he viewer cannot display Type"1(@calable fonts designed to work with postscript devices fonts.

To print a font sa%ple ). 0lick Start, point to Settin.s, click Control 0anel, and then double9click )onts. *. 0lick the icon for the font you want to print. B. 0lick 0rint on the sample page that appears. Note

!o select more than one font, press and hold down the 0!/: key, and then click each of the fonts you want.

WINDOWS ACC'SSO(I'S
'ntertain%ent
Usin. CD 0layer >ou can use 0+ .layer to play audio compact discs on a 0+9/=M drive connected to your computer. !o listen to a 0+, you can use headphones that are plugged in to the 0+9/=M. If you have a sound card installed, you can listen to a 0+ over your speaker system. Notes

>ou can also start 0+ .layer by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, pointing to 'ntertain%ent, and then clicking CD 0layer. &or more information about 0+ .layer, click the &elp menu in 0+ .layer.

Usin. D9D 0layer to play D9D dis s With +O+ .layer, you can play +O+ discs from a +O+ drive connected to your computer. >ou can also use your +O+ drive to play software and music 0+s. !o open +O+ .layer after you have inserted a disc, click Start, point to 0ro.ra%s, point to A essories, point to 'ntertain%ent, and then click D9D 0layer. Notes

>our +O+ hardware may re5uire a decoder card and specific software. 0heck with your +O+ and computer manufacturers for details. &or help with +O+ .layer, click &elp in +O+ .layer

9iewin. the Intera ti4e CD Sa%pler >ou can use the Interactive 0+ @ampler to view interactive, multimedia presentations of Microsoft products. !o start the Interactive 0+ @ampler, insert it into the 0+9/=M drive on your computer. Notes

If you have A$to insert notifi ation enabled for your 0+9/=M drive, the @ampler starts automatically. If you do not have A$to insert notifi ation enabled for your 0+9/=M drive, you can start the Interactive 0+ @ampler by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, pointing to 'ntertain%ent, and then clicking Intera ti4e CD Sa%pler.

Usin. /edia 0layer

>ou can use Media .layer to play audio, video, or animation files and to control the settings for multimedia hardware devices. !o hear sound when you use Media .layer, you must have a sound card. Notes

>ou can also start Media .layer by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, pointing to 'ntertain%ent, and then clicking /edia 0layer. &or information about how to use Media .layer, click the &elp menu in Media .layer.

Usin. So$nd (e order >ou can use @ound /ecorder to record, play, and edit sound files. !o use @ound /ecorder, you must have a sound card and speakers installed on your computer. If you want to record live sound, you also need a microphone. Notes

>ou can also start @ound /ecorder by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, pointing to 'ntertain%ent, and then clicking So$nd (e order. &or information about how to use @ound /ecorder, click the &elp menu in @ound /ecorder.

To install trial 4ersions of /i rosoft prod$ ts ). Insert the Windows 23 0+ into your 0+9/=M. *. 0lick Start, point to 0ro.ra%s, point to A essories, point to 'ntertain%ent, and then click Trial 0ro.ra%s. B. &ollow the instructions on your screen. Notes

>ou can install any combination of programs by checking the bo'es. !o remove a trial program, clear the check bo' in Trial 0ro.ra%s, and then click O6. >ou can also remove a trial program using Add8(e%o4e 0ro.ra%s 0roperties. &or more information see (elated Topi s.

Usin. We2 T9 for Windows Using Web !O for Windows, your computer can display both standard and Intera ti4e Tele4ision (!elevision programs that include supplementary information and activities in the form of te't and graphics, for e'ample a program about cooking might include recipes that you can download to your computer. Aroadcasts. With a T9 T$ner Card (?ardware that is re5uired to receive and display television broadcasts on your computer , you can receive(

@tandard television broadcasts. Interactive television broadcasts. Internet content and other data delivered over broadcast networks.

With an Internet connection but no !O tuner card, you can receive(

!O program listings downloaded from a Web site and displayed in the Web !O for Windows on9 screen 0ro.ra% G$ide* ( !he Web !O for windows component that display !O program listings. !he .rogram Guide includes a search page you can use to search for specific actors, programs, or program categories, such a drama, educational, sport and so on.

If you have an internal corporate network connection but no !O tuner card or Internet connection, your computer can still receive video and other information delivered over corporate networks. Note

If you are upgrading to Microsoft Windows 23 and already have an %ll In Wonder or %ll9In9 Wonder .ro display adapter from %!I !echnologies installed in your computer, the drivers for your !O tuner card might be unable to support the viewing of television broadcasts. >ou can correct this by updating the drivers for your display adapter. &or information on updating drivers, click (elated Topi s.

Usin. 9ol$%e Control If you have a sound card, you can use Oolume 0ontrol to ad"ust the volume and speaker balance when you play audio files.

Notes

>ou can also start Oolume 0ontrol by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, pointing to 'ntertain%ent, and then clicking 9ol$%e Control. &or information about how to use Oolume 0ontrol, click the &elp menu in Oolume 0ontrol.

)A; Ga%es
To start a Windows .a%e ). 0lick Start, point to 0ro.ra%s, point to A essories, and then point to Ga%es. *. 0lick a game. Notes

&or information about how to play the game, click the &elp menu in the game.

If you do not see any games on your A essories menu, then you did not install any games when you installed Windows. !o find out how to install Windows games, click (elated Topi s.

Syste% Tools
Usin. Ba 1$p >ou can use Aackup to back up files on your hard disk. >ou can back up files to floppy disks, a tape drive, or another computer on your network. If your original files are damaged or lost, you can restore them from the backup. Notes

>ou can also start Aackup by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, pointing to Syste% Tools, and then clicking Ba 1$p. If you do not see Aackup on the A essories menu, it is not installed. !o find out how to install it, click (elated Topi s. &or information about how to use Aackup, click the &elp menu in Aackup.

Usin. Chara ter /ap >ou can use 0haracter Map to insert special characters into a document. to open 0haracter Map. Notes

>ou can also open 0haracter Map by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, pointing to Syste% Tools, and then clicking Chara ter /ap. 0haracter Map works only with Windows9based programs.

Usin. Clip2oard 9iewer >ou can use 0lipboard Oiewer to view the contents of the Windows clipboard. Note

>ou can also start 0lipboard Oiewer by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, pointing to Syste% Tools, and then clicking Clip2oard 9iewer.

Usin. Co%pression A.ent >ou can use 0ompression %gent to compress selected files using the settings you specify. With 0ompression %gent, you can save disk space by compressing files, or improve performance by changing the level of compression on your files. While files on your drive are being recompressed,

0ompression %gent updates information in a table to reflect how your disk space changes as files are moved from one compression method to another. Notes

>ou can also open Co%pression A.ent by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, pointing to Syste% Tools, and then clicking Co%pression A.ent. >ou can use 0ompression %gent to compress files only on drives compressed using +rive@pace B.

Usin. Dis1 Clean$p >ou can run +isk 0leanup to help you free up space on your hard drive. +isk 0leanup searches your drive, and then lists temporary files, Internet cache files, and unnecessary program files that you can safely delete. Note

>ou can also start +isk 0leanup by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, pointing to Syste% Tools, and then clicking Dis1 Clean$p.

Usin. Dis1 Defra.%enter to speed $p a ess to yo$r hard dis1 >ou can use +isk +efragmenter to rearrange files and unused space on your hard disk so that programs run faster. to start +isk +efragmenter. Note

>ou can also start +isk +efragmenter by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, pointing to Syste% Tools, and then clicking Dis1 Defra.%enter.

Usin. Dri4e Con4erter ,)AT<#) +rive 0onverter converts your drive to the &%!B* file system, an enhancement of the &ile %llocation !able (&%! or &%!)D file system format. When your drive is in this format, it stores data more efficiently, creating up to several hundred MA of e'tra disk space on the drive. In addition, programs load faster and your computer uses fewer system resources. Notes

>ou can also start +rive 0onverter by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, pointing to Syste% Tools, and then clicking Dri4e Con4erter.

=nce you convert your hard drive to &%!B* format using +rive 0onverter, you cannot return to using the &%!)D format unless you repartition and reformat the &%!B* drive. If you converted the drive on which Windows 23 is installed, then you must reinstall Windows 23 after repartitioning the drive. =lder disk compression software is not compatible with &%!B*. If your drive is already compressed, you may not be able to convert to &%!B*. If you convert a removable disk and use the disk with other operating systems that are not &%!B*9compatible, you cannot access the disk when running the other operating system. If your computer has a hibernate feature, the conversion may turn off this feature. @ee your computer documentation for details. Aecause previous versions of Windows are not compatible with &%!B*, you cannot uninstall Windows 23 after converting. %lthough most programs are not affected by the conversion from &%!)D to &%!B*, some disk utilities that depend on &%!)D do not work with &%!B* drives. >ou will be prompted if you are running one of these utilities. 0ontact your disk utility manufacturer to see if there is an updated version that is compatible with &%!B*. If you convert your hard drive to &%!B* using +rive 0onverter, you can no longer use dual boot to run earlier versions of Windows (Windows 2C POersion 4.66.2C6Q, Windows J! B.', Windows J! 4.6, and Windows B.' . ?owever, if you are on a network, earlier versions of Windows can still gain access to your &%!B* hard drive through the network.

Usin. Dri4eSpa e < to in rease dis1 spa e >ou can use +rive@pace B to compress both hard and floppy disks to create more free space for files. >ou can also use +rive@pace B to configure disk drives that you have already compressed by using +ouble@pace or +rive@pace B. !o start +rive@pace B. Notes

>ou can also start +rive@pace B by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, pointing to Syste% Tools, and then clicking Dri4eSpa e <. >ou cannot compress drives that use &%!B*. &or information about how to use +rive@pace B, click the &elp menu in +rive@pace B.

Usin. the /aintenan e wi5ard >ou can use the Maintenance wi8ard to make your programs run faster, check your hard disk for problems, and free up hard disk space. Ay scheduling these utilities to run on a regular basis, you can make sure that your computer is performing at its best. Notes

>ou can also start the Maintenance wi8ard by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, pointing to Syste% Tools, and then clicking /aintenan e wi5ard. >our computer must be on during scheduled maintenance tasks.

Windows 23 will attempt to wake up some computers to run the scheduled Maintenance task. If your computer supports %dvanced .ower Management (%.M ).* or %dvanced 0onfiguration and .ower Interface (%0.I your tasks will attempt to run when the computer is in suspend. !o learn more about .ower Management features, click (elated Topi s

Usin. Net Wat her to %onitor shared reso$r e $se >ou can see who is currently using resources on your computer by using Jet Watcher. >ou can also add shared folders and disconnect users from your computer or from specific files. Aefore you can run Jet Watcher, you must have 0lient for Microsoft Jetworks installed, and you must enable file and print sharing options. Notes

>ou can also start Jet Watcher by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, pointing to Syste% Tools, and then clicking Net Wat her. If you do not see Jet Watcher on the Syste% Tools menu, it is not installed. !o find out how to install it, click (elated Topi s. &or information about how to use Jet Watcher, click the &elp menu in Jet Watcher.

Usin. (eso$r e /eter /esource Meter monitors the system resources your programs are using. Notes

>ou can also start /esource Meter by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, pointing to Syste% Tools, and then clicking (eso$r e /eter. !o see details about system resource usage, right9click the (eso$r e /eter icon on the right side of the taskbar and then click Details*

Usin. S anDis1 >ou can use @can+isk to check your hard disk for logical and physical errors. @can+isk can then repair the damaged areas. Notes

>ou can also start @can+isk by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, pointing to Syste% Tools, and then clicking S anDis1. &or information about how to use @can+isk, click (elated Topi s

Usin. S hed$led Tas1s

@cheduled !asks is a tool you can use to schedule a task (such as +isk +efragmenter to run when it,s most convenient for you. @cheduled !asks starts each time you start Windows and runs in the background. When @cheduled !asks is running, this icon appears ne't to the clock on the taskbar. >ou can double9 click the S hed$led Tas1s icon on the taskbar to open @cheduled !asks. -ach task is listed as an icon in the @cheduled !asks window. Using @cheduled !asks, you can(

@chedule a task to run daily, weekly, monthly, or at certain times, such as when the computer starts or is idle. 0ustomi8e how a task will run at its scheduled time. !urn off or change the schedule for an e'isting task.

Notes

!o open @cheduled !asks, click Start, point to 0ro.ra%s, point to A essories, point to Syste% Tools, and then click S hed$led Tas1s. to get more help on using @cheduled !asks.

Usin. Syste% )ile Che 1er >ou can use @ystem &ile 0hecker to verify the integrity of your operating system files, to restore them if they are corrupted, and to e'tract compressed files (such as drivers from your installation disks. >ou can have @ystem &ile 0hecker back up the e'isting files before restoring the original files. >ou can also customi8e search criteria based on folder and file e'tension. Note

>ou can also start @ystem &ile 0hecker by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, pointing to Syste% Tools, and then clicking Syste% Infor%ation. In @ystem Information, click Tools, and then click Syste% )ile Che 1er.

Usin. Syste% Infor%ation to display syste% data @ystem Information collects your system configuration information and provides a menu for displaying the associated system topics. @upport technicians re5uire specific information about your computer when they are troubleshooting your configuration. >ou can use @ystem Information to 5uickly find the data they need to resolve your system problem. Notes

>ou can also start @ystem Information by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, pointing to Syste% Tools, and then clicking Syste% Infor%ation.

!o display system data, click the plus signs in the left pane to e'pand the @ystem Information categories, and then click the item. +epending on the topic, you may be presented with a choice of basic, advanced, or historical system data. >ou can save your system data to a @ystem Information file so that you can display the data again using this application. >ou can also save the data to a te't file, so that it can be fa'ed from your computer or viewed in another application. When data retrieval takes longer than you e'pect, you can cancel the retrieval process. >ou can use the Tools menu for 5uick access to the support tools commonly employed by support technicians. &or more information, refer to the @ystem Information &elp menu.

Usin. Syste% /onitor >ou can use @ystem Monitor to track the performance of your computer or your network. -ach activity is represented by a chart that is updated every C seconds. Note

%fter @ystem Monitor is installed, you can also open it by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, pointing to Syste% Tools, and then clicking Syste% /onitor.

Wel o%e to Windows => Wel o%e to Windows => brings the world of Windows 23 to your desktop. Use Wel o%e to Windows => to introduce yourself to your computerFs new programs and features. Note

>ou can also open Wel o%e to Windows => by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, pointing to Syste% Tools, and then clicking Wel o%e To Windows.

Cal $lator
Usin. Cal $lator >ou can use 0alculator in standard view to perform simple calculations, or in scientific view to perform advanced scientific and statistical calculations. Notes

>ou can also start 0alculator by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, and then clicking Cal $lator. &or information about how to use 0alculator, click the &elp menu in 0alculator.

Calendar Cardfile

Chara ter %ap I%a.in.


Usin. 6oda1 I%a.in. Hodak Imaging enables you to view, annotate, and perform basic tasks with image documents, including fa' documents and scanned images. to start Hodak Imaging. Note

>ou can also start Hodak Imaging by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, and then clicking I%a.in..

Notepad
Usin. Notepad >ou can use Jotepad to create or edit te't files that do not re5uire formatting and are smaller than D4H. Jotepad opens and saves te't in ASCII (%n acronym for %merican @tandard 0ode for Information Interchange, %@0II is a file format that contains no te't formatting, so it is transferable between different operating system and programs. %@0II test files are universally used for e'changing information between computer format only. !o create or edit files that re5uires formatting or are larger than D4H, use Word.ad. Notes

>ou can also start Jotepad by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, and then clicking Notepad. &or information about how to use Jotepad, click the &elp menu in Jotepad.

0aint
Usin. 0aint >ou can use .aint to create, edit, and view pictures. >ou can paste a .aint picture into another document youFve created, or use it as your desktop background. >ou can even use .aint to view and edit scanned photos. Notes

>ou can also start .aint by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, and then clicking 0aint. &or information about how to use .aint, click the &elp menu in .aint.

Word0ad

Usin. Word0ad Word.ad is a te't editor for short documents. >ou can format documents in Word.ad with various font and paragraph styles. Notes

>ou can also start Word.ad by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, and then clicking Word0ad. &or information about how to use Word.ad, click the &elp menu in Word.ad.

/is ellaneo$s Windows )eat$res


The %y o%p$ter i on Networ1 Nei.h2orhood Info enter '-plorer
Internet -'plorer brings many features to your Windows desktop( the ability to browse the Web from anywhere on your computer, Web9site channels on your desktop, subscriptions to your favorite sites, the customi8able :inks toolbar, the -'plorer bar, and the 0ontent %dvisor and security 8ones for browsing the Web safely.

/o2ile o%p$tin. 0l$. and play )olders


To open a file or folder ). +ouble9click /y Co%p$ter. *. +ouble9click the drive that contains the file. B. +ouble9click the file or folder you want to open. Notes

>ou can use commands on the 9iew menu to change the way files are displayed. If the file is on another computer, double9click Networ1 Nei.h2orhood instead of /y Co%p$ter.

To open a file yo$?4e $sed re ently ). 0lick Start, and then point to Do $%ents. *. 0lick the document you want to open. Note

@ome programs cannot add files to the Do $%ents menu. If the document you want to open is not listed, click Start, point to )ind, and then click )iles or )olders. Use the )ind dialog bo' to locate the program file.

To opy a file or folder ). In /y Co%p$ter or Windows -'plorer, click the file or folder you want to copy.

*. =n the 'dit menu, click Copy. B. =pen the folder or disk where you want to put the copy. 4. =n the 'dit menu, click 0aste. Notes

!o select more than one file or folder to copy, hold down the 0!/: key, and then click the items you want. !o select a folder in the left pane of Windows -'plorer, click the folder.

To send a file or folder to a dis1 ). If you are copying a file or folder to a floppy disk, insert the disk in the disk drive. *. In /y Co%p$ter or Windows -'plorer, click the file or folder you want to copy. B. =n the )ile menu, point to Send To, and then click the drive you want to copy the file or folder to. Notes

!o select a folder in the left pane of Windows -'plorer, click the folder. @ending a file or folder to a disk sends a copy. !he original file or folder remains in the original location.

To %o4e a file or folder ). *. B. 4. Notes


In /y Co%p$ter or Windows -'plorer, click the file or folder you want to move. =n the 'dit menu, click C$t. =pen the folder where you want to put the file or folder. =n the 'dit menu, click 0aste. !o select more than one file or folder, hold down the 0!/: key, and then click the items you want. >ou can also move a file or folder by dragging it to the desired location. !o select a folder in the left pane of Windows -'plorer, click the folder.

To reate a folder ). 0lick the drive in Windows -'plorer where you want to create the new folder. *. =n the )ile menu, point to New, and then click )older. !he new folder appears with a temporary name. B. !ype a name for the new folder, and then press -J!-/. Note

If you want to create a new folder within a folder, click the folder and then follow steps two and three above.

To han.e the na%e of a file or folder ). In /y Co%p$ter or Windows -'plorer, click the file or folder you want to rename. *. =n the )ile menu, click (ena%e. B. !ype the new name, and then press -J!-/. Notes

% file name can contain up to *CC characters, including spaces. It cannot contain the following characters( ; R( ST U V < W !o select a folder in the left pane of Windows -'plorer, click the folder.

To delete a file or folder ). In /y Co%p$ter or Windows -'plorer, click the file or folder you want to delete. *. =n the )ile menu, click Delete. Notes

&or information on how to retrieve a deleted file, click (elated Topi s. >ou can also drag file or folder icons into the (e y le Bin. If you press @?I&! while dragging, the item will be deleted from your computer without being stored in the (e y le Bin. !o select a folder in the left pane of Windows -'plorer, click the folder.

Short $ts
Creatin. a short $t % shortcut is a 5uick way to start a program or open a file or folder without having to go to its permanent location in Windows -'plorer. @hortcuts are especially useful for programs, files, and folders you use fre5uently. !here are three ways you can create a shortcut( To reate a short $t in a folder ). In /y Co%p$ter or Windows -'plorer, click the folder in which you want to create the shortcut. *. =n the )ile menu, point to New, and then click Short $t. B. &ollow the instructions on the screen.

To p$t a short $t on the des1top

). In /y Co%p$ter or Windows -'plorer, click the item, such as a file, program, folder, printer, or computer, for which you want to create a shortcut. *. =n the )ile menu, click Create Short $t. B. +rag the shortcut icon onto the desktop. Notes

!o change any settings for the shortcut, such as what kind of window it starts in, right9click the shortcut, and then click 0roperties. !o delete a shortcut, drag it to the (e y le Bin. !he original item still e'ists on the disk.

To add a new s$2%en$ to the 0ro.ra%s %en$ ). *. B. 4. C. D. E. /ight9click Start, and then click Open. 0lick the 0ro.ra%s folder to select it. 0lick the )ile menu, point to New, and then click )older. !ype the name that you want to use for the submenu. .ress -J!-/, and then open the folder you "ust created. =n the )ile menu, point to New, and then click Short $t. Use the 0reate @hortcut wi8ard to add items to the submenu.

+on. )ile na%es


>ou can now use long file names (up to *C6 characters in Windows. -ach file has a three9character file name e'tension (Ufilename.e'tU to identify the file type and sometimes the program that created the file. When documents are listed on the Start menu, the file name e'tension is not included.

A essi2ility
To install A essi2ility Options ). 0lick to open the Add8(e%o4e 0ro.ra%s 0roperties dialog bo' at the Windows Set$p tab. *. Under Co%ponents, click to select the A essi2ility Options check bo'. B. 0lick O6. Notes

>ou can also open the Add8(e%o4e 0ro.ra%s 0roperties dialog bo' at the Windows Set$p tab by clicking Start, pointing to Settin.s, clicking Control 0anel, double9clicking Add8(e%o4e 0ro.ra%s, and then clicking the Windows Set$p tab. If you used a 0+ to install Windows, you will be prompted to insert it into your computer.

To t$rn on a essi2ility feat$res ). 0lick to start < .rogram < %ccessories< %ccessibility< %ccessibility wi8ard. *. &ollow the instructions on the screen.

Notes

>ou can also start the %ccessibility wi8ard by clicking Start, pointing to 0ro.ra%s, pointing to A essories, pointing to A essi2ility, and then clicking A essi2ility Wi5ard. If A essi2ility Wi5ard does not appear on the 0ro.ra%s menu, you need to install %ccessibility =ptions. 0lick (elated Topi s for more information.

To repla e the %o$se or 1ey2oard with other de4i es ). 0lick to @tart < @etting < 0ontrol .anel and then open the A essi2ility 0roperties dialog bo'. *. 0lick the General tab. B. Under Serial6ey de4i es, select the S$pport Serial6ey de4i es check bo'. Notes

>ou can also open the A essi2ility 0roperties dialog bo' by clicking Start, pointing to Settin.s, clicking Control 0anel, and then double9clicking A essi2ility Options. !o change the serial port and baud rate for your Serial 6ey ,The serial Hey devices feature enables you to attach an alternate input device (also called an augmentative communication device to your computer,s serial port. !his feature is designed for people who are unable to use the computer,s standard keyboard and mouse device device, click the General tab, and then click Settin.s.

Short $t 1eys for /i rosoft /a.nifier 0ress (Windows logo G./IJ!


@0/--J

(Windows logo G@0/=::


:=0H

(Windows logo G.%G- U.

To 0opy the screen to the 0lipboard, including the mouse cursor 0opy the screen to the 0lipboard, without the mouse cursor. !oggle Invert 0olors.

(Windows !oggle &ollow mouse cursor. logo G.%G+=WJ

(Windows Increase magnification. logo GU.


%//=W

(Windows +ecrease logo G+=WJ magnification.


%//=W

Usin. a essi2ility short $t 1eys To @witch &ilter Heys on and off @witch ?igh 0ontrast on and off @witch MouseHeys on and off @witch @ticky Heys on and off @witch !oggle Heys on and off Note

0ress
/IG?! @?I&! for eight seconds :-&! %:!G:-&! @?I&!G./IJ! @0/--J :-&! %:!G:-&! @?I&!GJUM :=0H

five times JUM :=0H for five seconds


@?I&!

!o use the accessibility shortcut keys, they must be enabled.

Sti 1y 6eys! "!urns on @ticky Hey, Which enable you to press the 0trl, %lt and @hift keys and have them remain active until the ne't time you press a key other them 0!/:, %:!, or @hift. !his is useful for people who have difficulty pressing two keys simultaneously. )ilter 6eys! " !urns on filter keys, which instruct your keyboard to ignore brief or repeated keystrokes. >ou can also ad"ust the key keyboard repeat rate, which is the rate at which a key repeats when you hold it down. To..le 6eys! " !urn on !oggle Heys, which instructs your computer to play a high sound when the 0%. :=0H, @0/=:: :=0H, or JUM :=0H key is switched on and a low sound when of those keys are switched off. So$nd Sentry! " !urns on sound @entry, which instructs your computer to flash part of your screen every time the system,s built in speaker plays a sound. >ou can specify which part of the screen flashes by clicking settings. Show So$nds!" !urns on @how @ounds , which instructs your computer program that usually convey information only by sound also to provide all information visually such as by displaying te't captions or information icons. &i.h Contrast! " Instructs program to change the color scheme to the one specified in the setting dialog bo' instead of using program specific colors, and to increase legibility whenever possible. /o$se 6eys! " !urn on Mouse Heys, which enables you to use the numeric keypad to move the mouse pointer and to click , double click and drag.

&i.h" perfor%an e %$lti%edia We2 )eat$res I%pro4ed We2 )eat$res


Windows 23 delivers the most rewarding Web e'perience by combining the power of the computer with the interactive content of the Internet(

%uto0omplete, which automatically completes previously, visited Web addresses as you type them. Improved listing of favorite Web sites. Improved history and tracking of Web sites visited. @upport for all ma"or Internet standards, including %ctive1, Lava, and more. Improved performance with +ynamic ?!M:, which makes Web pages richer and more interesting.

Internet Conne tion wi5ard


!he new Internet 0onnection wi8ard helps you sign up for Internet service and automatically handles the software configuration steps necessary for gaining access to the Internet.

A ti4e Des1top
%ctive +esktop makes it possible for you to customi8e your desktop, launch programs, switch between files, and keep up with the latest world news by integrating the Web and your desktop. With %ctive +esktop, you can turn Web elements into desktop elements and update them at any time.

Channel
0hannels deliver content from your favorite Web sites directly to your computer. >ou can read the information offline to improve connect times for downloading files and gaining access to busy Web servers. 0hannels make it possible for you to remain up9to9date with the latest Web content. When you subscribe to a channel, the content appears on your desktop and is updated by the content provider on a regular basis. >ou can receive Web content directly to your desktop from +irect Aroadcast @atellite or from the Oertical Alanking Interval of your local television stations.

'"%ail
Windows 23 includes a /ail icon that launches your default e9mail program. =utlook -'press provides you with secure and personali8ed features for e9mail and newsgroup communications. !o start =utlook -'press, click Start, point to 0ro.ra%s, point to Internet '-plorer, and then click O$tloo1 '-press.

Net/eetin.
With JetMeeting you can hold digital conversations with family, friends, and business associates around the world without spending a fortune. JetMeeting also makes it possible for you to work with a group of people from within any Windows9based program by drawing on a shared white board, sending

te't messages, and transferring files. With the correct hardware installed on your computer, you can also have live, face9to9face meetings.

)ront0a.e '-press
&ront.age -'press is a Web9page editor that gives you full access to the power of ?!M: (?yper !e't Markup :anguage is the industry standard language for describing the contents and the layout of a web page. &ront.age -'press read and writes ?!M: document in a familiar, easy9to9use desktop interface. !o start &ront.age -'press, click @tart, point to .rograms, point to Internet -'plorer, and then click &ront.age -'press. If you do not see &ront.age -'press on the menu, it is not installed.

We2 Browsers
Co%%$ni ator and Internet e-plorer If you can start any windows application in an M@9+=@ .rompt you type like as 0(;< startRw 0(;WIJ+=W@;0alc.e'e
'ditin. /SDOS*S@S !here is file hidden in your root directory called M@+=@.@>@. &irst, make sure Windows is showing all hidden files. Je't, change the attribute and uncheck ?idden and @ystem. =pen the file with notepad. @earch for the entry you want and edit. If you canFt find the option, "ust add it into the file. >ou will find that editing the file will enable you to edit some cool start9up options you want. BootDelay=x BootFailSafe=x BootGUI=x BootKeys=x BootMenu=x BootMenuDelay=x BootMulti=x BootWarn=x BootWin=x DblSpace=x DoubleBuffer=x DrvSpace=x Logo=x Net or!=x "utoScan=x n=0 disables the bootup-delay (default 2) enables Safe Mode for system startup (default 0) Enables automatic graphical startup into Win9 (default !) Enables the startup options "eys li"e # $ #%$ #& (default !) Enables automatic display of the Win9 Startup menu (default 0) seconds to display the Startup Menu (default (0) Enables dual-boot capabilities (default=0) Enables the Safe Mode startup )arning (default=!) Enables the Win9 as default *S (default=!) Enables automatic loading of '+,S-./E0+12 (default=!) Enables double-buffering gor S/S1 controllers (default=0) Enables automatic loading of '34S-./E0+12 (default=!) Enables display of the startup logo (default !) Enables Safe Mode )ith 2et)or"ing as menu option (default !) 5=! disables running Scan'is" ofter bad shutdo)n$ 5=! prompt before running Scan'is" (default)$ 5=2 automatic scan if re6uired

BootMenuDefault=x 'efault menu item on the Startup Menu (default ()