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# Eureka, I found it!!! I. Abstract: The validation of Archimedes principal was done by a series of tests.

In one test, we observed the density of water simply by measuring out the volume of the water to its mass in kg. The density of water test confirms that Force was dependent on the volume displaced. Our data concludes this to be true as when water was displaced at 0 ml the tension was 1.97N, higher than when the water displaced at 25ml. The series of test, calculated volume, measured volume, and no volume, were used to find the density of Brass. Their densities were 1.021*104 kg/m3, 8208 kg/m3 and 8167 kg/m3 respectively with an average of 8860 kg/m3. The final test concluded measurements of objects submerged by finding its density via measured volume. II. III. Introduction: Procedure: Part I was testing the density of water thus we measured the mass of an empty graduated cylinder and added some water to noticing any difference in mass and volume of the water. Then we collected data in by simply adding more water and taking their measurements. After noting down a total of five set so mass and volume we plotted, a mass versus volume graph. Part II, we tested the force as a function of volume displaced. We achieved this by connecting the force sensor and letting it hang from a ring stand. We tared the sensor and lowered the brass cylinder into the water and recorded five set of data of the tension and volume of the water displaced. In part III, we simply calculated the density of the brass in three methods: calculated volumes, measured volume, and no volume. Part IV, we recorded the objects density in water simply by placing a wooden block into a pitcher of water. We calculated the weight of the block and weight of the displaced water. IV. Data and Analysis: Part I: Density of water Table 1a: Measurements of volume (liters) and the mass of the cylinder + water (kilograms) Volume (L) 0 0.005 0.01 0.015 0.02 0.025 Mass (kg) 0.0106 0.015 0.0204 0.0253 0.0303 0.03515

0.04

Mass (kg)

## y = 0.9917x + 0.0104 R = 0.9996 Mass (kg) Linear (Mass (kg))

Volume (L)

Part II: Force as a function of volume displaced Table 2a. Measurements of volume and tension of the water displaced. Volume of liquid displaced (ml) 0 4 9 17 25 Table 2b. Tension (N) versus Volume (ml) displaced. Tension (N) 1.96 1.92 1.88 1.78 1.72

## Tension (N) versus Volume (ml)

2 1.95 Tension (N) 1.9 1.85 1.8 1.75 1.7 0 5 10 15 Volume (ml) 20 25 30 Tension (N) Linear (Tension (N)) y = -0.0099x + 1.9604

Table 2c. Calculated slope and percent difference Slope from graph (N/ml) 0.0099 Slope from theory (N/ml) 0.0098 Percent difference (%) 1.01

Slope from theory calculations: g = (1000 kg/m3)(9.8 m/s2) = 9800 (kg/s2/m3)(m/1000cm) 3(cm3/ml) = 0.0098 N/ml

Part III: The density of brass Method 1: Calculated Volume. Weight ( N) Mass (kg) Radius (m) Height (m) Volume (m3) Density (kg/m3) Method 2: Measured Volume Can be obtained by taking the mass of the brass and dividing it by the volume: 0.025 = total volume of the Volume displaced in Part II. 0.025 / 1000 = 0.000025 m3 Mass / Volume = 0.2052 kg / 0.000025 m3 = 8208 kg/m3 Method 3: No Volume Table 3a: Comparison of the different type of density measured using brass and its average Density of Brass Method 1 (kg/m3) 1.021104 Density of Brass Method 2 (kg/m3) 8208 Density of Brass Method 3 (kg/m3) 8167 8860 Average (kg/m3) 2.01096 0.2052 0.01 0.064 2.01056 10-5 10206.11

## Density (kg/m3) 7910.569 7765.625

Part IV: Floating Table 4: Measurements of the objects density in water. Mass of block was 0.102 kg and the density of the wood was 5.08 * 103 kg/m3
Length (m) Width (m) Height (m) Submerged height (m) Weight of block (N) Weight of water displaced (N) 0.083 0.062 0.039 0.021 1.006 1.059 Percent difference (%) 2.62

V.

Conclusion: