Sie sind auf Seite 1von 4

partner-pub-3885

FORID:10

UTF-8

Search

HOME HEALTH-A-TO-Z ABOUT US CONTACT PRIVACY POLICY TERMS OF USE Home > Infections and Infestations > List of Human Body Parasites Symptoms, Pictures

List of Human Body Parasites Symptoms, Pictures


Intestinal Parasites
Unicellular Parasites (Protozoa)
PARASITE / DISEASE Balantidium coli, balantidiasis Blastocystis hominis, blastocystosis Cryptosporidium, cyptosporidiosis (crypto) Cyclospora cayetanensis, cyclosporiasis Entamoeba histolytica, amebiasis Giardia lamblia, giardiasis Isospora belli, coccidiosis Microsporidia, microsporidiosis DISTRIBUTION TRANSMISSION worldwide/rural worldwide worldwide hot climates tropical/rural worldwide worldwide worldwide contact with pigs, infected water stool to mouth stool to mouth, contaminated water contaminated water/food stool to mouth stool to mouth dog/cat puppies feces; persons with low immunity ingestion, inhalation, person to person contact, persons with low-immunity (AIDS) SYMPTOMS and SIGNS severe diarrhea none or mild diarrhea diarrhea diarrhea diarrhea, rarely systemic infection diarrhea diarrhea chronic diarrhea, gallbladder infection, eye irritation

More about intestinal parasites: pictures, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment

Intestinal Worms
PARASITE / DISEASE ROUNDWORMS (Nematoda): Anisaxis simplex; 1 inch; anisakiasis Ascaris lumbricoides; up to 12 inches; ascariasis Hookworms: Ancylostoma duodenale, Necator americanus; 1/2 inch Enterobius vermicularis, pinworm, seatworm, threadworm; 1/2 inch; enterobiasis Strongyloides stercoralis; threadworm; 2 mm; strongyloidiasis Trichinella spiralis; 1-3 mm; trichinellosis worldwide, Japan warm climates, south/rural US warm climates worldwide warm climates, south US worldwide/rural undercooked saltwater fish, sushi vomiting, diarrhea, diagnosis with upper endoscopy DISTRIBUTION TRANSMISSION SYMPTOMS and SIGNS

stool-to-mouth, contaminated worms in the stool, abdominal food pain or cough walking barefoot, swallowing soil stool-to-mouth walking barefoot non-commercial pork skin rash on the foot, diarrhea or cough anal itch foot itch, mild diarrhea, cough diarrhea, headache, muscle pains,

(trichinosis) Whipworms: Trichuris trichiura; 2mm; trichuriasis TAPEWORMS (Cestoda): Diphyllobothrium latum, fish tapeworm, 10 meters Dipylidium caninum, dog tapeworm, 20 inches Hymenolepis nana, dwarf tapeworm; 1-2 inches Taenia saginata, beef tapeworm; several meters Taenia solium, pork tapeworm; several meters, cysticercosis North hemisphere worldwide worldwide, temperate climates worldwide worldwide/rural raw fish ingesting dog/cat fleas, children stool-to-mouth raw/undercooked beef undercooked pork meat, stool-to-mouth worldwide/warm climates, south US/rural

chills, eye swelling stool-to-mouth, ingesting dry diarrhea beans diarrhea diarrhea diarrhea, itchy bottom nausea, irritation of anus, crawling segments in stool diarrhea

More about intestinal worms: pictures, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment

Intestinal Flukes or FLATWORMS (Trematoda)


PARASITE / DISEASE Fasciolopsis buski; 1-3 inches Metagonimus yokogawai; 1/2 mm Paragonimus Schistosoma haematobium, S. japonicum, and S. mansoni, bilharzia DISTRIBUTION China, south Asia Siberia, Balkan, Spain Africa, south Asia, South America Africa, South America, Middle East, south Asia; not in US TRANSMISSION ingesting water plants infected by pig stool undercooked freshwater fish raw crustaceans swimming in freshwater SYMPTOMS and SIGNS diarrhea, abdominal pain diarrhea, abdominal pain diarrhea, cough itchy rash, after 1-2 months: fever, cough; years: blood in urine (parasites live in veins around bladder and intestine)

Liver Parasites
PARASITE / DISEASE FLUKES or FLATWORMS(Trematoda): Clonorchis sinensis and Opisthorchis viverrini, Chinese liver fluke; 2-25 mm Fasciola hepatica, sheep liver fluke TAPEWORMS (Cestoda): Echinococcus multilocularis, hydatid disease Europe, North America, stool-to-mouth, feces of cats, Asia foxes, coyotes liver cysts, weight loss, RUQ abdominal pain east Asia Europe, Middle East, Asia undercooked fish raw watercress in sheep/cattle raising areas lives in bile duct, RUQ abdominal cramps, jaundice lives in bile duct, fever, abdominal pain DISTRIBUTION TRANSMISSION SYMPTOMS and SIGNS

Skin Parasites
PARASITE / DISEASE Bedbug, red, flat, non-flying insect; 5-7 mm Bot fly (human), Dermatobia hominis LICE: Body louse, Pediculus humanus corpori, 3mm Head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis, white/gray, 2-3 mm Pubic (crab) louse, Phthirus pubis; 2mm MITES: Chiggers, harvest mites, red bugs, 1mm Demodex folliculorum, face mites; 0,1-0,4 mm Dust mites Scabies mites, Sarcoptes scabiei FLEAS: cat (Xenopsylla cheopis), human (Pulex irritans), dog, rat, black, 1-4 mm TICKS, several species, 3-10 mm worldwide worldwide worldwide worldwide worldwide worldwide walking in grass live in scalp/facial hair follicles in most people house dust skin-to-skin contact contact with pets walking in woods itchy red bumps on legs itchy scalp, eyebrows, acne rosacea, hair loss itchy rash itchy rash three itchy bumps in a row blood sucking tick firmly attached to skin worldwide worldwide worldwide clothes person-to-person skin-to-skin or sexual contact itchy red bite marks itchy scalp, lice attached to hair itchy pubic area DISTRIBUTION worldwide Central and South America TRANSMISSION bedlining, clothes mosqitoes transmit bot fly eggs SYMPTOMS and SIGNS itchy rash, few bumps in a row painful, raised oozing bumps with a larva underneath

Cutaneus larva migrans (CLM), roudworm OTHER: Dracunculus medinensis, roundworm; 80 cm, Guinea worm disease Leishmania, unicellular parasite, cutaneus leishmaniasis, Balkan sore, Delhi boil Loa loa filaria, roundworm, loiasis Onchocerca volvulus, roundworm (filaria), onchocerciasis, river blindness Swimmers itch, cercarial dermatitis, caused by various parasites

warm climates

walking barefoot drinking contaminated stagnant water sandfly bite Deer fly blackfly bite fresh or marine coastal water

ground itch, creeping eruption

west Africa warm climates, south/rural US West Africa Africa, Central America, near rivers worldwide

painful skin ulcers skin boils red skin (Calabar) swelling, eye pain itchy skin nodules, de/pigmentations, enlarged lymph nodes itchy red bumps

More about dust and skin mites and itchy skin in general.

Blood Parasites
PARASITE / DISEASE Babesia, babesiosis Plasmodium, malaria Schistosoma haematobium, S. japonicum, and S. mansoni, bloof flukes, bilharzia Trypanosoma brucei, African sleeping sickness DISTRIBUTION US (north/mid) south Asia, sub-saharian Africa Africa, South America, Middle East, south Asia; not in US Africa TRANSMISSION ticks mosquito bite swimming in freshwater tsetse fly SYMPTOMS and SIGNS red cells, flu-like symptoms, jaundice high fever, shaking chills itchy rash, after 1-2 months: fever, cough; years: blood in urine (parasites live in veins around bladder and intestine) fever, headaches, joint pains, itching, drowsiness

Lymph Parasites
PARASITE / DISEASE Wuchereria bancrofti, microscopic roundworm, lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis) Onchocerca volvulus, onchocerciasis (river blindness) DISTRIBUTION tropics, NOT in US Africa, Central America TRANSMISSION SYMPTOMS and SIGNS mosquito bite blackfly bite swollen leg, scrotum, arm, breast, skin rash, blindness enlarged lymph nodes in groin, skin nodules

Parasites in Internal Organs


PARASITE / DISEASE BRAIN: Taenia solium, pork tapeworm, cysticercosis Echinococcus granulosus and multilocularis, tapeworm; hydatid disease EYE: Acanthamoeba, unicellular Onchocerca volvulus, roundworm (filaria), onchocerciasis, river blindness Microsporidia KIDNEY: Dioctophyme renale, giant kidney worm (roundworm); up to 40 cm LUNGS: Paragonimus westermani, lung fluke, 1cm N and S America, Africa, southeast Asia raw/undercooked seafood sneezing, coughing; in persons with low immunity (AIDS) coughing up blood fever, night sweats, dry cough, weight loss worldwide undercooked/raw freshwater fish or frogs enlarged, painful kidney on one side, blood in urine worldwide swimming with contact lenses in pools or freshwater blackfly bite ingestion, inhalation, person-toperson contact, persons with low-immunity (AIDS) eye irritation (keratitis); granulomatose amebic encephalitis (GAE): seizures, hemiparesis itchy skin nodules, de/pigmentations, enlarged lymph nodes, blindness (keratitis) eye (cornea) irritation worldwide/rural Mediterran, Middle East, South America, Iceland, Australia, New Zealand, southern parts of Africa undercooked pork meat, stool-to- neurocysticercosis with headache, mouth seizures, eyes dog feces seizures, other neurological symptoms DISTRIBUTION TRANSMISSION SIGNS and SYMPTOMS

Africa, Central America

worldwide

Pneumocystis jirovecii (previously P. caninii) is now classified as worldwide fungus, pneumonia NOSE: Rhinosporidium seeberi,

south India, Africa, south US, South working or bathing in standing

blocked nose on one side, nosebleeds,

rhinosporidiosis VAGINA: Trichomonas vaginalis, trichomoniasis VARIOUS ORGANS: Baylisascaris, racoon roundworm Echinococcus granulosus and multilocularis, tapeworm; hydatid disease Leishmania, unicellular parasite, visceral leishmaniasis, Kala azar Schistosoma haematobium, S. japonicum, and S. mansoni, bloof flukes, schistosomiasis, bilharzia Taenia solium, pork tapeworm, cysticercosis

America

water (lakes)

polyps in the nose

worldwide

sexually transmitted

vaginal discharge

north/mid US Mediterran, Middle East, South America, Iceland, Australia, New Zealand, southern parts of Africa sub/tropics, south Europe Africa, South America, Middle East, south Asia; not in US worldwide/rural

soil/water, hunters

nausea, tiredness, liver enlargement, loss of coordination, lack of attention, blindness, coma jaundice, abdominal presure, low-grade fever, coughdue to cysts (1-15 inches) in liver, lungs, muscles, kidneys.. fever, enlarged liver/spleen, dark skin itchy rash, after 1-2 months: fever, cough; years: blood in urine, bloody diarrhea (parasites in bladder/intestine veins)

dog feces sandfly bite

swimming in freshwater

undercooked pork meat, stool-to- neurocysticercosis with headache, mouth seizures, eyes dog/cat puppies stool cat feces, contaminated meat, mother-to-child noncommercial pork meat triatomine bug bite, contaminated food fever, coughing, blindness miscariage, swollen glands, bluured vision, eye pain, headache, lungs, liver diarrhea, headache, muscle pains, chills, eye swelling fever, malaise, red skin swelling, swollen eye, digestive problems, enlarged nodes, liver/spleen, rapid heartbeat

Toxocara canis, T. cati, roundworm, visceral and ocular larva worldwide migrans Toxoplasma gondii, unicellular parasite, toxoplasmosis Trichinella spiralis, roundworm, trichinellosis or trichinosis Trypanosoma cruzi, American trypanosomiasis or Chagas disease worldwide worldwide/rural Central and South America

Related Articles: Intestinal Parasites Intestinal Worms Dust and Skin Mites Itchy Skin Itchy Anus and Rectum Causes of Chronic Diarrhea Abdominal Bloating

References: 1. Parasitic diseases: transmission, symptoms, pictures, treatment (cdc.gov)