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WORKSHEET, cls a 8-a

Sequence of Tenses
Tense in Independent Clause Tense in Dependent Clause
- use !esent Simple in order to indicate an action which takes place at the same time. - use ast Tense, in order to indicate an action which took place before the moment of speaking.

Example
I want to join you at the opera because I love Mozart. He knows that he took the right decision. he members of the party consider that they have chosen the perfect candidate for the elections. he spokesperson says that the president will give a statement on the issue. hey missed the filght because they were late. !he knew she had put her passport in the bag. "#erybody knew that $ames doesnt smoke.

Simple !esent

- use !esent e!fect in order to indicate an action which extends from a point in the past to the present moment. - use "utu!e Simple to indicate an action which will happen at a point in the future. - use ast Simple to indicate another action completed in the past. - use ast e!fect to indicate an action which took place before another past action. - use !esent Simple in order to indicate an action which represents a general truth or a general characteristic.

Simple ast

!esent e!fect o! ast e!fect "utu!e

- use ast Simple.

%e have known each other since we were little. I had finished reading the book before she arrived.

- use !esent Simple to indicate an action which takes place at the same time. - use ast Simple to indicate an earlier action. - use !esent e!fect to indicate a

hey will arrive on time if they leave at nine o&clock. hey will have their car ready if they took it to the mechanic&s. he organisation will withdraw its

future action whcih took place before the action in the independent clause. - use !esent Simple or !esent e!fect#

support if the terms of the agreement have not been kept. %e will have finished their reports, by the time the meeting starts. Most students will have taken all their exams by the time they have graduated.

"utu!e e!fect

$#

ut t%e &e!'s in '!ac(ets into past tense simple o! past tense continuous, pa)in* attention to t%e sequence of tenses# '. It was clear they (talk) ********************business again. +. I belie#ed you (be) ******************** at the seaside. ,. I understood you (be) ******************** a painter. -. hey didn&t know that I (play) ********************football. .. He realized he (not remember) ******************** $ohn&s phone number. /. I was not sure if you (speak) ********************"nglish. 0. 1ooking out of the window, she saw the sun (shine) ****************brightly. 2. He asked me if I usually (read) ******************** that newspaper. 3. 4ou didn&t tell me you (ha#e to) ********************type this report. '5. He was in a hurry because he (want) ******************** to catch the train. +# ut t%e &e!'s in '!ac(ets into past pe!fect simple o! past pe!fect continuous, pa)in* attention to t%e sequence of tenses# '. !he told me his name after he (lea#e) ********************. +. !he didn&t e#en say thank you after all I (do) ******************** for her. ,. 6fter I (hear) ********************the news, I congratulated him. -. %hen I arri#ed, the concert already (begin) ********************. .. %hen it started to rain, we (dig) ******************** in the garden for an hour. /. He didn&t admit that he (steal) ******************** the book. 0. He just (lea#e) ******************** home when he came across $ohn. 2. 4esterday I bought a new umbrella because I (lose) ******************** my old one. 3. %hen he finally reached 1ondon, he was tired because he (tra#el) ******************** for three days. '5. I didn&t think that book to be a nice birthday present for you because I (read) ******************** it and I (not enjoy) ******************** it. ,# ut t%e &e!'s in '!ac(ets into futu!e- in-t%e-past, ta(in* into conside!ation t%e fact t%at t%e main clause exp!esses an action t%at too( place 'efo!e t%e action in t%e seconda!) sentence# hey said they (remain) ********************at the seaside for another week. He hoped he (finish) ********************reading the book in two days. I thought you soon ******************** (ha#e) a holiday. I was not sure I (remain) ******************** at home that e#ening.
2

'. +. ,. -.

.. /. 0. 2. 3.

He belie#ed the strike (end) ********************#ery soon. He promised he (dri#e) ******************** me home. %e all belie#ed he (win) ********************the competition. 6s wages had gone up, we supposed prices (go up), ********************too. He was sure he (pass) ******************** the exam and he promised he (gi#e) ******************** a party afterwards. '5. %hen I heard the main actor was ill, I was sure the performance (be cancelled) ********************. -# ut t%e &e!'s in '!ac(ets into p!esent simple o! p!esent pe!fect simple# '. I will pay my debts after I (recei#e) ********************my salary. +. %e shall start dinner as soon as the guests (arri#e) ********************. ,. 7y the time you (finish) ********************translating the text, I shall ha#e typed all the letters. -. 6fter he (repair) ******************** the car, he will dri#e to !inaia. .. I will buy a car when I (ha#e) ******************** enough money. /. 4ou will be surprised when you (see) ******************** how well she (look) ********************. 0. 4ou will be surprised when you (see) ******************** how much she (change) ********************. 2. 6s soon as the holidays (begin) ********************, this beach will become #ery crowded. 3. I will go on playing the piano till he (tell) ********************me to stop. '5. 6fter she (learn) ******************** to type, she will take a job as a secretary. ''. He will write to me after he (arri#e) ******************** in "ngland. '+. he train will ha#e left before we (reach) ********************the station. ',. %hen their first baby (be born) ********************, they will ha#e been married for fi#e years. '-. %hen I (finish) ******************** the book, I will lend it to you. '.. I will ne#er forget what you just (tell) ******************** me. '/. 4our mother will be upset when she (notice) ******************** you (break) ********************the #ase. '0. 4ou will get a shock when you (see) ********************the mess in that room. '2. 4ou won&t be able to speak about this book till you (read) ********************it. '3. It is said that one "nglishman will not speak to another before they (be) ********************introduced. +5. 6fter you (drink) ********************a coffee, you will feel better.