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# CONFIDENTIAL

ED/APR 2007/EDU480

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## PRINCIPLES OF TESTING AND EVALUATION EDU480 APRIL 2007 2 HOURS

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES 1. This question paper consists of three (3) parts : PART A ( 2 Questions) PART B ( 2 Questions) PART C ( 2 Questions)

2. 3.

Answer ALL questions in the Answer Booklet. Start each answer on a new page. Do not bring any material into the examination room unless permission is given by the invigilator. Please check to make sure that this examination pack consists of: i) ii) the Question Paper an Answer Booklet - provided by the Faculty

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## DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

This examination paper consists of 4 printed pages
Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA

CONFIDENTIAL

CONFIDENTIAL

ED/APR 2007/EDU480

## PART A (30 MARKS)

Instructions: Answer ALL questions. Provide short answers (not more than half a page) to the following questions. You are advised to spend 30 minutes on this part.

QUESTION 1 Define the following terms: a. b. c. Validity Reliability Practicality (15 marks)

QUESTION 2 Explain briefly the meaning of the following terms: a. b. c. School-based assessment Formative assessment Criterion-referenced assessment (15 marks)

## Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA

CONFIDENTIAL

CONFIDENTIAL

ED/APR 2007/EDU480

## PART B (20 MARKS)

Instructions: Answer ALL questions. Show the formula and steps in every calculation. You are advised to spend 30 minutes on this part.

QUESTION 1 If item-analysis data showed that an item was answered correctly by 8 out of 10 students in the upper group and 6 out of 10 students in the lower group, (i) (ii) (iii) what is the index of item difficulty? what is the index of discriminating power? explain briefly whether this item is considered effective or ineffective. (8 marks)

## QUESTION 2 Below are the scores of a Geography class of sixteen students:

35, 89, 73, 58, 72, 58, 75, 54, 78, 65, 81, 38, 65, 93, 44, 65

Based on the scores, a. b. c. determine the (i) mode and (ii) median; calculate the (i) mean and (ii) standard deviation; calculate the z-score and t-score for the highest score in the set. (12 marks)

## Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA

CONFIDENTIAL

CONFIDENTIAL

ED/APR 2007/EDU480

## PART C (50 MARKS)

Instructions: Answer ALL questions. Provide your answers in essay form and begin every answer on a new page. You are advised to spend one hour on this part.

QUESTION 1 Discuss FIVE potential strengths of portfolio assessment to students. Provide relevant examples. (25 marks)

QUESTION 2 Discuss FIVE considerations on how teachers can increase the reliability of scoring an essay question paper. Provide relevant examples. (25 marks)

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