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PANCHANG & MUHURAT Basics about the Vedic Days - PART 2.

~ VAAR Understanding the energies of the Lords of the Days and using the knowledge for personal benefit in everyday life.
VAISHNAV SANGH U.K. Presentation prepared by Rajan D. Pitamber 12/Dec/10 SYNOPSIS: theme of talk and basic points to be covered: --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- What are the Vaishnava scriptural references about TIME? What is TIME astronomically and why important astrologically? How ancient rishis perceived time and what they concluded? Quality versus Quantity and conception of Muhurat by Vedic sages? Relevance of Muhurat and understanding its benefits for mundane life? CHOGADHIA system of Muhurat in daily practice. PANCHANG - The 5 "limbs of time" given in Vedic scriptures. The 1st limb being Day of the Week The 2nd limb being the Tithi We shall explore in detail these most commonly known components of Panchang, yet little understood! What secrets do Puraanic scriptures reveal about the origins of Vaars, who are actually eternal deities governing different aspects of our everyday existence on this earthly plain? How can we structure and schedule our daily life appropriately to be in tune with our Karmic destiny and reap maximum benefit? Finally. why should we all bother to learn about this mysterious knowledge? Isn't seva, jaapa or meditation enough?! Vedas say that with knowledge of Time (panchang) the person becomes free from all sins and gains moksha

Introduction VAAR & TIME references from scriptures Purnas - stories that have been told to make the philosophy of yoga and selfrealization accessible and pleasant. Lord Krishna is the one who said "I am the time" three times in the Bhagavad Gt. Thus relating to time is relating to Him. __________________________________________ In keeping respect with the Time of the Lord we automatically keep respect for Him and win His grace (kripa), because He clearly identifies Himself with that Time. KAAL PURUSH Shreemad Bhagvat S.B. 6.1: 42 The divinity of the sun, the fire, the sky, the air, the gods, the moon, the evening, the day and the night, the directions, the water and the land; all these are Dharma personified verily thus bearing witness to the embodied living entity. S.B. 2.5:11 From the light of the radiating world [called brahmajyoti] I do manifest just like the sun and the fire, as well as the moon as also the firmament with its planets among the stars. S.B. 3.7:33 How are the periodical offerings of respect regulated, o brahmin, to the created of the forefathers and how are the time durations determined to the planets, the stars and luminaries?

S.B. 3.11: 11-13 The aggregate of such a 'day' and 'night' is called an ancestral [traditional and solar] month with two of them forming a season of which there are six [resp. 'cold' or hentanta, 'dew' or shirshira, 'spring' or vasanta, 'warm' or grishma, 'rainy' or varsha and 'autumn' or sarad, counted from the 22 of dec.] according the movement of the sun going through the southern and the northern sky This movement of the sun is said to form one day of the demigods and is called a vatsara [a tropical year] of twelve months. The duration of life of the human being is estimated to be of a great many of those The planets, the heavenly bodies [like the moon] and the stars all rotate along with the atoms in the universe completing their orbits as a conclusion of years in the Almighty [or cyclic] of the eternal of time.

Jyotisha, Time and Panchang Panchang/Muhurat IMPORTANCE OF TIMING Whether it's in the telling of a joke or striking a business deal, there's nothing more important than timing. What you do is important but when you do it is just as important. Ancient sages saw a relationship between movement of planets and happenings in the lives of human beings. There are time periods which are particularly effective and there are those which are disadvantageous. Panchang 5 limbs of the Hindu calendar, for measurement of time. Vedas say that with knowledge of Panchang the person becomes free from all sins: 1. Vara prolongs life -strength, agni tattva 2. Tithi brings prosperity, wealth -fulfilment of desires, jala 3. Karana success in all actions -accomplishment, prithvi 4. Nakshatraremoves sins -disposition of mind, mana, vayu 5. Yoga immunity from diseases -co-operation, sambandha

Time marches on steadily, softly and relentlessly. Man sees his future becoming the present and his present rolling into an endless abyss of the past. The present is forever contemplating plans and carrying out endless manoeuvers to brighten the future. It is here that Jyotisha [Panchang & Muhurat] steps in it prepares one to match steps with the strides of time. Each day of the week reflects the characteristics of the Lord who rules the day. Thus each day has its own speciality. By knowing these specialities we can structure our daily schedule appropriately for maximum effect. Just as timing is important in the material world, it's important in Spirituality too. The efficacy of one's spiritual practices can be increased greatly by timing it according to rules. One who wants to transcend time must know the connection between timing and karma completely.

Introduction: to VAAR What is Time? .... How ancient rishis perceived time and what they concluded? TIME => Quantity vs. Quality ~ Science vs. Rishis VAAR => Turn, rotation, go round AHORATRA => Day and night = Hora >>Divya+Ratri

Ancient measurements of TIME given by Rishis: 1 Kashta(3.2 sec); 15 Kashtas = 1 Laghu; 15 Laghu's = 1 Ghadi(24 minutes); 2 Ghadi's = 1 Muhurta; 7.5 Ghadi's = 1 Yama(Prahara); 4 Yama's = 1 Day time(12 hours); 8 Yama's = 1 Ahoratra(24 Hours);

One of the most peculiar qualities of time is the fact that it is measured by motion and it also becomes evident through motion.

Introduction: to VAAR weekday order Puraanic story Mahadeva, the physician created 1st day for good health. SUNDAY Next he created Maya the giver of prosperity. MONDAY Next was birth of Kumar which occurred with mishaps. TUESDAY Vishnus Wednesday for protection. Next for longevity Thursday. Indra for Friday enjoyments,, anand. And Yama for prevention of early death. SATURDAY

Weekday Order: In astrological theory, not only the days of the week, but the hours of the day are dominated by the seven luminaries. If the first hour of a day is dominated by Saturn, then the second hour is dominated by Jupiter, the third by Mars , and so on with the Sun, Venus , Mercury, and the Moon. The "astrological planets" are ordered by their sidereal revolution periods. The approximate periods are: Saturn (10760 days), Jupiter (4333 days), Mars (687 days), Sun (i.e. Earth; 365 days), Venus (225 days), Mercury (88 days), Moon (27 days).

Weekday Order: In astrological theory the hours of the day are dominated by the seven luminaries. If the first hour of a day is dominated by Saturn, then the second hour is dominated By Jupiter, the third by Mars , and so on with the Sun, Venus , Mercury, and the Moon.
Sunrise to Sunset 6 AM 7 8 9 10 11 Noon 1 PM 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 M.N 1 AM 2 3 4 5 Hora Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

Sun Ven Mer Mon Sat Jup Mar Sun Ven Mer Mon Sat Jup Mar Sun Ven Mer Mon Sat Jup Mar Sun Ven Mer

Mon Sat Jup Mar Sun Ven Mer Mon Sat Jup Mar Sun Ven Mer Mon Sat Jup Mar Sun Ven Mer Mon Sat Jup

Mar Sun Ven Mer Mon Sat Jup Mar Sun Ven Mer Mon Sat Jup Mar Sun Ven Mer Mon Sat Jup Mar Sun Ven

Mer Mon Sat Jup Mar Sun Ven Mer Mon Sat Jup Mar Sun Ven Mer Mon Sat Jup Mar Sun Ven Mer Mon Sat

Jup Mar Sun Ven Mer Mon Sat Jup Mar Sun Ven Mer Mon Sat Jup Mar Sun Ven Mer Mon Sat Jup Mar Sun

Ven Mer Mon Sat Jup Mar Sun Ven Mer Mon Sat Jup Mar Sun Ven Mer Mon Sat Jup Mar Sun Ven Mer Mon

Sat Jup Mar Sun Ven Mer Mon Sat Jup Mar Sun Ven Mer Mon Sat Jup Mar Sun Ven Mer Mon Sat Jup Mar

Nature + Attribute of VAARS Gentle Days - Soumaya Friday, Thursday, Wednesday, and Monday are considered as the gentle days in Panchang. Cruel Days - Krur Saturday, Sunday, and Tuesday are considered as harsh krur days for some activities. e.g. For education point of view, Thursday is considered good in Panchang; for business point of view Wednesday is considered good; for debates and confrontation Tuesday is better. Planet / Vaar Sun (Sunday) Moon (Monday) Mars (Tuesday) Mercury (Wednesday) Jupiter (Thursday) Venus (Friday) Saturn (Saturday) Guna (attribute) Satva Satva Tamas Rajas Satva Rajas Tamas

Vaara = VaaSara The word Vaasara implies an abode for the God of fire (Agni). Similarly, a weekday/Vaara is a resting place for the Agni, and all the functions of the weekdays arise from this principle. Agni is also named Vahni, which refers to his task to transport the prayers to the Deva, and likewise transport the blessing back to the worshipper. Agni therefore rules over the third eye. Vaasa: = staying , remaining, abiding, dwelling, residence, living in. Ra: = Agni/fire. Days:- SundaySurya (the Sun) MondaySoma (the Moon) TuesdayMangala (Mars) Wednesday Budha (Mercury) Thursday Guru (Jupiter) Friday Shukra (Venus) Saturday Shani (Saturn) Sanskrit Bhaanu Vsaram Indu Vsaram Bhauma Vsaram Saumya Vsaram

Guru Vsaram Bhrgu Vsaram Sthira Vsaram

Hindi Ravivr Somavr Mangalavr Budhavr Guruvr Shukravr Shanivr Vaar related to Vishnu Avataars Planet / Vaar Sun (Sunday) Vishnu Avataar RAM (suryavansh, raghupati, noon birth)

Moon (Monday)

KRISHNA (chandravansh, midnight birth)

Mars (Tuesday)

NARSIMHA (avesha avataar, aggression)

Mercury (Wednesday)

BUDDHA (intelligent)

Jupiter (Thursday) Venus (Friday)

VAMAN (magnanimous) PARSHURAM (avesh avataar, bhramakshatriya)

Saturn (Saturday)

KURMA (forbearance, patience)

1st Day = SURYA / Ravivaar - significations Sanskrit Name Surya-(narayan), Ravi, Bhanu, Aaditya,Bhaskar Mitra, Martanda Literal meaning A god, Prajapati, Guide, Nourisher, Friend Rank King, Ruler CEO Relation Father Deity Ram, Shiva, Agni

Sanskrit Name





Pushan, Arka Hiranyagarbha, Mariche, Savitre

Aatma, Health

Temples, Palaces


Dark Red, Copper Burgundy Pink

At the time of Pralaya (Destruction) the universe plunged into darkness and was flooded with water, when all of a sudden the Sun God with his brilliant rays appeared in the Universe.He created all the planets and the 12 months. Saravali Chapter 3, Slokas 1-2 Material Body Diseases Food Flower

Copper, Ruby, Gold

Bone system, Eyes

Fevers, eyes, heart /blood circulation, hair loss, dental, bone disorders

Wheat, almond, saffron, nutmeg, cardamom, Jaggery

Japa Kusuma, Red Lotus Hibiscus, any dark red flower

Riding a single-wheeled chariot with 7 horses driven by Aruna (dawn). The entire kalachakra, or wheel of time, is established on the wheel of the sun-god's chariot. This wheel is known as Samvatsara. SURYA NAMASKAR 12 Names: Om Mitraya namah (The friend of all) Ravaye namah (Praised by all) Suryaya namah (The guide of all) Bhanave namah (The bestower of beauty) Khagaya namah (Stimulator of the senses) Pushne namah (The nourisher of all) Hiranyagarbhaya namah (The creator) Marichaye namah (Destroyer of disease) Adityaya namah (The inspirer) Savitre namah (The purifier) Arkaya namah (The radiant) Bhaskaraya namah (The illuminator)

SURYA / Ravivaar - Mythology 7 Horses represent the 7 musical notes Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa, and 7 colours of white light, 7 Chakras, 7 Sapta Rishis Son of Marichi (Rishi Kashyap) and Mother Aditi children of Brahma's creation Hence the name Aaditya born to protect creation and vanquish the demons Brother of Garuda Son-in-law of Vishvakarma Husband of (Usha/Sandhya) and Chhaya Father of Manu, Yama and Yami (Yamunaji) Father of Shani, Tapti, Savarni Manu Father of Ashvini kumars, Karna(son of Kunti)

SURYA-Narayana / Lord of Brilliance The sun-god, who controls the affairs of the entire Universe, especially in regard to heat, light, seasonal changes, is considered an expansion of Narayana. He represents the three Vedas -- Rg, Yajur and Sama -- and therefore he is known as Trayimaya, the form of Lord Narayana. Sometimes he is also called Surya-Narayana. The sun-god, who is Narayana, or Vishnu, the soul of all the worlds, is situated in outer space between the upper and lower portions of the universe. Passing through twelve months on the wheel of time, the sun comes in touch with twelve different signs of the zodiac and assumes twelve different names according to those signs. The aggregate of those twelve months is called a samvatsara, or an entire year. (SB 5.22.5)

PURPORT Sri Isopanishad, Verse16: The sun and its rays are one and the same qualitatively. Similarly, the Lord and the living entities are one and the same in quality. The sun is one, but the molecules of the sun's rays are innumerable. The sun's rays constitute part of the sun, and the sun and its rays conjointly constitute the complete sun. Within the sun itself resides the sun-god, and similarly within the supreme spiritual planet, Goloka Vrindavana, from which the brahmajyoti effulgence is emanating, the Lord Krishna enjoys His eternal pastimes, as verified in the Brahma-samhita (5.29)

SURYA / Ravivaar Mythology Lord Sun as an inexhaustable source of energy. Sun worship in India dates back to ancient times. It is the source of Power. In whose presence all living being get life. There are many temples represents Lord Sun as presiding deity in all over world. **NB the 5 original sampradyas : Sun,Shiva,Shakti,Ganapati,Vishnu) Famous Sun Temples: KONARK, MODHERA, SURYANARKOIL; Dakshinaarka Sun temple at Gaya is associated with the rites for making offerings to ancestors. The Vedas are full of hymns describing the celestial body as the source and sustainer of all life on earth. The origin of the worship of the Sun in India is thus several centuries old. References to sun worship are found in the puranas. The Ramayana speaks of Sage Agastya initiating Rama into sun worship through the Aditya Hridaya Mantra. Samba the son of Krishna was cured of leprosy by his worship of the sun god. It is still believed by many that sun worship offered at several of the sun temples all over India, is a cure for leprosy and other skin ailments, blindness and infertility.

Marichaye namah (Destroyer of disease) Dhanvantari = Surya-Narayan carrying pot of nectar, medicine Famous Sun Temples in India to do Puja for Health: - KONARK Orissa, MODHERA Gujarat, SURYANARKOIL Tamil Nadu That the brahmajyoti is Krishna's effulgence is confirmed in the Bhagavad-gita (14.27) as well as the Brahma-samhita (5.40):

SURYAs daughter YAMUNA / KALINDI Yamuna is the giver of Ashta Siddhi. Yamuna makes a human being enable ...... [1] To get Body to worship God. [2] To watch Gods action. [3] To feel Gods action. [4] To get Sarvatam Bhav Siddhi. [5] To remain and have Gods blessing even during bad days. [6] To get Divine Sight. [7] To feel the pleasure of Gods blessings. [8] To feel Gods presence even in bad time. Shri Yamunaji helps Vaishnavs to reach Shrinathji. Shri Yamunaji speaks to Shrinathji on the devotees behalf, and on hearing Her advice He accepts the bhakta as his own and liberates him from this world. 1. Sakshatsevapuyogidehapti 2. Tallilaavlokan 3. Tadrasanubhav 4. Sarvatmabhav 5. Bhagvadvanshikanatva 6. Bhagvttpriyatvabhagvattatparyagyatva 7. Bhaktidatattva 8. Bhagvadrasposhkatva

SUNDAY / Ravivaar PRACTICAL GUIDANCE / What to Do 1. Celebrations and community efforts. It is the day to offer prayers of gratitude. 2. Indians have traditionally undertaken activities such as grinding grains and seeds on Sundays. 3. An excellent day to undertake journeys 4. Sunday is also an extremely conducive day on which to resolve old disputes. 5. Sunday, being a day for celebration, is the most suitable day to feed and entertain friends and family. 6. Pink and maroon colours are best suited for this day. Keeping maroon and pink flowers at home on Sundays will yield good results. 7. If one wears pink or maroon clothes on Sundays one can make friends easily and will enhance one's personality. 8. Sunday is not considered a favourable day for entering a new house, undertaking any kind of heavy activities, or for quarrelling. 9. Great day for Pujas, Havans, Satsangs, Seva, Gaining Knowledge

10. Serving ones father, or any fatherly figure will bring great benefits in higher education, eyesight problems 11. Fast on Sunday for peace, Can feed wheat and jaggery to a cow. Feeding kheer of jaggery to a Brahman or a poor person also reduces the malefic effects of Sun. 12. Surya Namaskar in early morning to get a relief from health issues 13. It is also important to donate wheat to appease the Sun god. 14. If cow with a calf, jaggery, copper, gold and red coloured clothes are donated, they ward off the malefic influence of the Lord. 15. Surya favours dark red clothes, red sandal powder and red flowers. Donation will only give good results when done on auspicious time and to deserving people. You should donate products of Sun on Sunday noon to a person who is 40 50 years old. Ram Bhagvan was Suryavanshi. - This means that Sun god was his ancestor Here is the lineage in chronological order.
1. 2. Brahma created 10 Prajapatis , one of whom was Marichi. Kashyapa is the son of Marichi and Kala. Kashyapa is regarded as the father of humanity. His sons from Aditi, the sky goddess, and the daughter of Daksha Prajapati are called Adityas (Sons of Aditi), they were, Aa, Aryaman, Bhaga, Dhti, Mitra, Pan, akra, Savit, Tva, Varua, Viu, and Vivasvat or Vivasvan . Vivasvan or Vaivasvata (one of the sons of Lord Sun) the Sun God, progenitor of the clan. His parents were the sage Kashyapa, father of all beings, and Aditi, Aditis 12 sons, the Adityas, are the sun deities, and both Vivaswan and Aditya mean sun. Therefore another name for Vivaswan is Surya or the Sun, hence the name, Suryavansha. Vivaswans sons include Shrraaddev and Shanishchar. Manu or Vaivasvata Manu the King of all mankind and the first human being. (According to Hindu belief there are 14 Manvantaras; in each, Manu rules. Vaivasvata Manu was the seventh Manu . Manu is referred to as a Rajan (King) in the Shatapatha Brahmana scripture. He had nine sons, Vena, Dhrishnu, Narishyan, Nabhaga, Ikshvaku, Karusha, Saryati, Prishadhru, Nabhagarishta and one daughter, Ila, who was married to Budha of the Lunar Dynasty). He left the kingdom to the eldest male of the next generation, Ikshvaku, who was actually the son of Manus brother Shraaddev. Ikshvaku the first prominent monarch of this dynasty, giving the dynasty its another name the Ikshvaku dynasty. Vikukshi He is said to have eaten the meat of a rabbit at the time of Shraddha and was known as Shasad. (Some records claim him to be grandson of Ikshvaku.) His son was Kakuthsa or Puranjay. Kakutstha or Puranjaya He was a brave king and fought in the Devasur Sangram. His original name was Puranjaya. But after he annihilated Asuras (demons) (or Ahuras ie Persians)while sitting on the hump (Kukud) of a bull, he was known as Kakuthstha, which means seated on the hump. His dynasty was also known as Kakuthstha after him. Anena or Anaranya Prithu Vishvagashva Ardra or Chandra Yuvanashva I Shravast He founded the town of Shravasti near Kosala. Vrihadashva Kuvalashva He killed a Rakshasa named Dhundh. It is said that Dhundhar region and the Dhund river are named after Dhund. Eighteen of Kuvalashvas sons died in the battle with Dhund. Thereafter, Kuvalashva was called Dhundhumara. Dridhashva Pramod Haryashva I



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Nikumbh Santashva Krishasva Prasenjit I His daughter Renuka was married to sage Jamdgni. She was mother of Parashurama. Yuvanashva II He was married to Gori, daughter of the Chandravanshi king Matinaar. Mandhata He became a famous and Chakravarti (ideal universal ruler) king. He defeated most of the other kings of his time. He married Bindumati, a daughter of the Chandravanshi king. Ambarisha Great devotee of Vishnu. Purukutsa & Harita Purukutsa performed the Ashwamedha Yajna (horse sacrifice). He married Nagkanya Narmada. He helped Nagas in their war against the Gandharvas. Harithasa gotra linage starts from here. Traddasyu Sambhoot Anaranya II Trashdashva Haryashva II Vasuman Tridhanva Tryyaruna Satyavrata or Trishanku His original name was Satyavrata, but he committed three (tri) sins, and hence got the name Trishanku. First, while he was a prince, he misbehaved and was temporarily exiled from the kingdom. Next, he killed the milch cow of his preceptor Vasishta. His third sin was that he used the unsanctified meat of his kill as food. Trishanku also had a desire to ascend to heaven in his mortal body. After Vashistha refused him this boon, since it is against nature to ascend into heaven as a mortal, the sage Vishwamitra, Vashisthas rival, created another heaven for him, called Trishankus Heaven, and located in mid-air. His sons were Dhundumara, and Harishchandra, who was borh of the princess of Kaikaya named Satyaraksha. Harishchandra He is known for his honesty, truth and devotion to duty or Dharma. Rohitashva He was the son of Harishchandra. He founded town of Rohtas Garh in Rohtas district, Bihar and Rohtak, originally Rohitakaul, meaning from the Kul (family) of Rohit Harit Chanchu Vijay Ruruk Vrika Bahu or Asit He was attacked and defeated by another clan of Kshatriyas. After this, he left Ayodhya and went to the Himalaya mountains to live as an ascetic with his queens. At that time Yadavi queen was pregnant with Sagara. Sagara He recaptured Ayodhya from the Haihaya and Taljanghi Kshtriyas. He then attempted to perform the horse sacrifice, Ashwamedha Yajna. However, the sacrificial horse was stolen by the god Indra on the south eastern shores of the ocean, which was at that time an empty bed with no water in it. At least sixty of Sagaras sons died attempting to recover the horse, also causing great destruction by their reckless search. Puranic legends say the number of his sons was 60 thousand. Asmanja Sagaras surviving son was not made king due to his bad conduct. Anshuman He was the grandson of Sagara, and his successor as king. He did penance in an attempt to bring the holy river Ganges to earth, that she might wash away the sins of his ancestors. Dileepa I He also tried to bring Ganges to earth, but also failed. Bhagiratha Sagaras great-grandson, after strenuous penances, at last succeeded in bringing Ganga down from heaven. When she flowed over the remains of his ancestors, their souls were redeemed, and the ocean was refilled. Ganga also bears the name Bhagirathi, in honour of his deed. Shrut Nabhag Ambarish According to Buddhist legends, he went to Tapovana to be a renunciant but after a public outcry returned and ruled for some time. Sindhu Dweep Pratayu Shrutuparna Sarvakama Sudaas Saudas or Mitrasah He performed the Ashwamedha Yajna, but as the rituals were concluding a Rakshasa tricked him into serving human meat to Brahmin,s including Rishi Vashishta. He

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was then cursed by the Brahmins. He wanted to curse them back, but his wife prevented him. He spent twelve years in exile in the forest. Sarvakama II Ananaranya III Nighna Raghu I Duliduh Khatwang Dileepa Raghu II or Dirghbahu He was a famous king, who conquered most of India. The great epic Raghuvamsa describes his victories. After him the Sun dynasty was also known as the dynasty of Raghu as Raghav (Raghuvanshi). Aja Dasaratha Rama He is considered the seventh Avatar of the god Vishnu. He is worshiped by every Hindu. Many Hindus include his name in either their first or last name. Ramas story before he became king of Ayodhya is recounted in the Ramayana. After he ascended the throne, he performed the Ashwamedha Yajna. Bharata, his younger brother, won the country of Gandhara and settled there. Lava and Kusha They were the twin sons of Rama and his wife Sita. Lava ruled south Kosala while Kusha ruled north Kosala, including Ayodhya. Kusha married Nagkanya Kumuddhati, sister of Kumuda. After Kusha the following kings of the solar dynasty ruled Ayodhya:

Finally. why should we all bother to learn about this mysterious knowledge? Isn't seva, jaapa mantra or meditation enough?! Well the answer lies within ourselves do we really sincerely want ONLY spiritual liberation, or do we hanker after material desires and pursuits, even a tiny bit?? For the true Yogi and spiritual aspirant there is no need for anything! But when we are bound to Earthly life the rules are fixed (for all) whether we want them or not or whether we believe it or not. **********************************************************************