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Kerala an overview Kerala at a glance

Along a sun drenched coastline, to the extreme south west of the Indian peninsula, lies Kerala, beautiful and benign. Flanked by the Arabian sea on the west and the mountains of the Western Ghats on the east, this land of Parasurama stretch north-south along a coast line of 580 kms with a varying width of 35 to 120 kms. Cascading delicately down the hills to the golden coasts covered by verdant coconut groves, the topography and physical characteristics change distinctly from east to west. Located between north latitudes 8 degree 18' and 12 degree 48' and east longitudes 74 degree 52' and 72 degree 22', this land of eternal beauty encompasses 1.18 per cent of the country. The Western Ghats, bordering the eastern boundary of the State, form an almost continuous mountain wall, except near Palakkad where there is a natural mountain pass known as the Palakkad Gap. The average elevation of the Ghats is about 1500 meters above sea level, occasionally soaring to peaks of 2000 to 2500 m. From the Ghats, the land slopes to west on to the plains, into an unbroken coastline. The nature of the terrain and its physical features, divides an east west cross section of the state into three district regions - hill and valleys , midland plains and coastal region.

Capital No. of Rivers Corporations Municipalities Panchayaths Districts Blocks Per Capita Income Literacy rate Principal Language Coastal line in km. Water bodied area in ha. Forest area in ha Population Area (in Sq.km)

: : : : : : : : : : : : : : :

Thiruvananthapuram 44 5 52 992 14 152 1999-2000 (in 90.92% Malayalam 590 108,760 1,081,509 3,1838,619 38,863

Rs)

19,461

Weather
Kerala is fortunate in that it can boast of balmy weather almost all the year through. Unlike the north, it never gets too cold in the winter months, while the summers do not have the harshness of some of the other parts of the country. The result is a destination that is accessible year round. Best time is November-February when the air is bracing on some mornings there is a light mist, in the hills light woollens may be required in the evenings and early mornings. Warm (but not hot) months are March-May and September - October: at such times the flowers are out and though there is humidity, it is not daunting. Mid-May to August is the monsoon period, so you can expect a wet time. In addition, June can also be windy.

Major Agriculture Products


Rice Cashewnut Sugarcane Tapioca Pepper Coconut Ginger Rubber Turmeric Tea Cardamom Coffee

Educational Institutions Schools


L P School U P School High School Higher Secondary Schools Vocational H.S.S 961 975 417 248

Govt.
2521

Aided
4039 1873 1395 506 126

Unaided
166 134 210 8

Total
6726 2968 2580 931 374

Arts and Science Colleges

Government 38 Professional Colleges


Medical College Dental College Homeo College Pharmacy College Engineering College Nursing College Poly Technics Food Craft Institute

Aided 148 5

Unaided

Universities 8
7 3 4 20 32 3 59 7

Health/Hospitals Allopathy
1281

Ayurveda
113

Homeopathy
31

Sanctuaries
Wild life Sanctuaries - 11 Bird Sanctuaries - 1 National Park - 2 Communication No. of Post Offices - 5070 No. of Telephone Exchanges - 924 Radio Station - 7 T V Station - DDN 1 Channel 6

Kerala Over View Name District Head Quarters


Kollam Alappuzha Pathanamthitta Kottayam Idukki Ernakulam Thrissur Palakkad Malappuram Kozhikode Wyanad Kannur Kasargode 93.42 92.56 84.31 88.00 92.00 92.80 85.17 85.52

Literacy (In percentage)


91.49 93.66 95.09 95.90

Area [Sq Km]


2192 2579 1256 2731 2204 4998 2408 3032 4480 3548 2345 2132 2997 1961

Population
2,938,538 2,398,285 1,990,603 1,186,628 1,819,581 1,076,555 2,797,779 2,734,333 2,376,160 3,093,190 2,612,897 671,195 2,244,819 1,070,629

Thiruvananthapuram Thiruvananthapuram 89.36 Kollam Alappuzha Pathanamthitta Kottayam Idukki Ernakulam Thrissur Palakkad Malappuram Kozhikode Wyanad Kannur Kasargode

Thiruvananthapuram
District Area Population Literacy Head : : Quarters 2,197 : : Sq 89.36 Thiruvananthapuram Km 32,34,707 %

Thiruvananthapuram Taluk (Taluk Headquarters: Thiruvananthapuram)Andoorkonam, Aramada, Attipra, Ayrupara, Chengazhasserry, Cheruvikkal, Chettivilakam, Iranimuttom, Kadakampalli, Kadinamkulam, Kalliyoor, Kavadyar, Kazhakkoottam-Menamkulam, Keezthonnackal, Muttathara, Nemom, Palkulangara, Pallipuram, Pangappara, Pattom, Rattamada, Sasthamangalam, Thiruvallam, Ulliyazthura, Ulloor, Vanchyoor, Vattiyoorkavu, Vayiloor, Venganoor

Neyyattinkara

Taluk

(Taluk

Headquarter:

Neyyattinkara)

Amboori, Anavoor, Athiyanoor, Chengal, Kallikadavu, Kanjiramkulam, Karode, Karumkulam, Keezharoor, Kollayil, Kottukal, Kulathoor, Kulathummal, Kunnathukal, Maranalloor, Marukil, Neyyattinkara, Ottaseckharamangalam, Pallichal, Parassala, Parasuvakkal, Perumkadavila, Perupazhuthoor, Thirupuram, Vazhachal, Vellarada, Vilappil, Vilavoorkkada, Vizhinjam,

Nedumangad

Taluk

(Taluk

Headquarter

Nedumangad)

Anad, Aruvikkara, Arynadu, Kallara, Karakulam, Karippur, Koliyakode, Kurappuzha, Manickal, Mannoorkkara, Nedumangad, Nellanadu, Palode, Panavoor, Pangode, Peringammala, Perumkulam, Pullampara, Thekkada, Thennoor, Tholikode, Uzhamalakal, Vamanapuram, Vattapara, Veeranakavu, Vellanad, Venpayam, Vithura

Chirayinkeezhu

Taluk

(Taluk

Headquarter

Attingal)

Alemcode, Attingal Avanavacherry, Ayroor, Azhoor, Chemmaruthy, Edakode, Edava, Elambamudackal, Kadakkavoor, Kadavoor, Karavaram, Kduvazhannoor, Keezhattingal, Keezhvalam Kunthaloor, Kilimannoor, Madavoor, Manapur, Nagaroor, Navayikulam, Ottoor, Pallickal, Pazhayakunnemmel, Pulimath , Sharkara- Chirayinkeezhu, Vakkom, Varkala, Vellalloor, VettorCherunniyoor Education : Kerala University Headquarters Government Government Arts College, Government College, Government College, Government College, Government College, Government Sanskrit College, University College, Womens College , Thiruvananthapuram is at Thiruvananthapuram Colleges: Thiruvananthapuram Attingal Kanjiramkulam Karyavattom Nedumangad Thiruvananthapuram Thiruvananthapuram.

Private
All Christian Iqubal Loyola M.G. Mannaniya Mar N.S.S S.N. S.N. St. College College, College, College of Social Science, College, College, Ivaniose College, college for Women, College, College, Xaviers College, Saints

Colleges:
Thiruvananthapuram Kattakada Peringammala Thiruvananthapuram Thiruvananthapuram Pangode. Thiruvananthapuram Thiruvananthapuram Chempazhanthi Sivagiri Thumba

V.T.M , N.S.S. College, Dhauvachapuram

Professional

Colleges

Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram Ayurveda College, Thiruvananthapuram Dental College, Thiruvananthapuram Homeo [2] Government Homeopathic Medical College and Vidhyadhiraja Medical College. Government Engineering College K.S.R,T.C. Engineering College.

Polytechnics
Central Polytechnic, Womens Polytechnic, Thiruvananthapuram

[2]
Thiruvananthapuram

Law
Government Law Law Academy, Thiruvananthapuram

Colleges
College,

[2]
Thiruvananthapuram

Agricultural
Vellayani Karshika College,

College:
Thiruvananthapuram

Training
Government Mar S.N. Training Theophilose Training

Colleges
College, College, College,

[3]:
Thiruvananthapuram Thiruvananthapuram Nedukkanda.

Schools:

Total

Schools

in

the

district

953

Industry: Number of registered factories :892 (Employees :28,671) No. of registered Small Scale Industry units :21,521 (Employees :86,233) Agriculture: An average agriculture producing district of the State ( Largest crop : Tapioca ) Geographical Nature: Sahya mountains at the eastern frontier. Agasthamala [Agasthya mountains] is at 6132 ft height which is the heighest mountain. Arabian Sea is at the western frontier . District has got 78 Km long beach. Rivers: Neyyar, Karamana, Vamanapuram Backwaters: Edava, Nadayara, Anchuthengu, Kadinamkulam, Veli. Forest Land : 49, 861 Hectre Tourist Centres: Kovalm, Neyyar Dam, Varkala, Trivandrum City

Important

Places

&

Establishments:

Airport: Thiruvananthapuram International Airport is at Valiathura. It has got all the important facilities that are re required at any International airport and further facilities are comparable to the other International Airports in the Southern Region. The facilities are being maintained either as per ICAO or as per Industry standard. On the demand from the Airlines, the AIRPORT authority of India[ AAI] has extended 24 hrs facilities at huge cost at the airport for the last one year. The AAI and other regulatory agencies like, police, customs, immigration etc are deploying over 150 people during the night to ensure safety of the airport. It is also brought out that all flights are going mostly full. The airport facilitation committee and the airport security committee meet every month without fail and there are no major points which are pending action, according to the Airport Director, recently. There are flight connections to Sri Lanka, Singapore, Maldives and to Arabian Gulf apart from the domestic. Central Tuber Crops Research Institute is at Sreekaryam Karyavattom : Headquarters of the Kerala University. Most of the University departments

functioning Kerala Flying Club : Started in

here. 1939

Medical College : Located at Ulloor. The most modern medical care center of the State. Sri Chithra Medical center is here. It has got the status of University Museum, Zoo, Art Gallery: The Zoo and a collection of Museums are in Park in the north of Thiruvananthapuram city. Housed in a bizarrely attractive, decaying Indo sarcenic building dating from 1880, the Napier Museum has a good collection of Bronzo, historical and contemporary ornaments, temple carts, ivory carvings and life size figures of Kathakali dances. Observatory: Swathi Thirunal Maharaja founded the Observatory. Railway Station and Long distance Transport Station are located at Thampanoor Sri Chithra Art Gallery : Has paintings. There are also many modern Indian Paintings including works by Ravi Varma. Sri Padmanabhaswamy Temple: Dedicated to Vishnu. Constructed by Maharajah of Travancore in 1773. The temple incorporates a Ambalakulam in which the faithful bathe. Stadiums : University Stadium, Chandrasekharan Nair Stadium and Central Stadium. Statue : Secretariat: The Centre of Kerala Government Administration and the new Legislative Assembly hall situated between Palayam and the PMG junction Thumba: Thumba Equatorial Launching Station located 16 Km away from Thiruvananthapuram as the first Indian Space Research Organisation established in 1969 August 15. Trivandrum Doordarsan: Started in 1982 November, Now High Power Transmitter located in Kudappanakunnu. Trivandrum Public Library [Estd 1829]: Travancore University took the administration in 1938. 1949 it become under the government control. University Library and British Library etc are in Thiruvananthapuram Trivandrum Radio Station: All India Radio took the Administration of this station in 1951 April.

Kollam District Head Area : Population Literacy : 91.49 %

Quarters 2,491 :

Kollam Km 25,84,118

The Malayalam Era is calculated from the founding of Kollam in the 9th century. The towns later history is interwoven with the Portuguese, Dutch etc. Kollam was a revenue division of Travancore. In 1949, when the Travancore -Kochi State formed it becomes Kollam district. Cherthala, Ambalapuzha, Karthkappally, Chengannore and Thiruvalla taluks parted on August 17,1957 when the Alapuzha district formed. In 1 st November 1982, when the Pathanamthitta district formed, Pathanamthitta Taluk and few villages of Kunnathur taluk also parted from Kollam district. Kollam Taluk[Taluk headquarters: Kollam] Athichanellore, Cheerakkara, Eravipuram, Kalluvathukkal, Kilikolloor, Kizhakkkekallad, Kollam East, Kollam West, Kottamkara, Kottappuram, Mangad, Manrothuruth, Mayyanad, Meenadu, Mulavana, Mundakkal, Nedumpana, Pallimon, Panayam, Parippally, Perinadu, Poothakulam, Pravur, Sakthikulangara,Thazhuthala, Thrikkadavoor, Thrikkaruva, Thrikovilvattom, Vadekkevila, Kottarakkara Taluk[Taluk Headquarter: Kottarakkara] Chadayamangalam, Chakkuvarakkal, Chithara, Elamadu, Ezhukone, Ittiva, Kadakkal, Kalayapuram, Kareepra, Kottarakkara, Kottukkal, Kulakada, Kummil, Mangodu, Melila, Mylam, Neduvathoor, Nilamel, Odanavattom, Pavithraswaram, Pooyapally, Puthoor, Ummannore, Valakom, Velinallore, Vettikavala, Vliam, Pathanapuram Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Punalur]

Alayamon, Anchal, Arackal, Arayankavu, Ayranallore, Channapeetah, Edamon, Edamulakkal, Eroor, Karavaloor, Kulathupuzha, Maloor, Pathanapuram, Pattazhi, Pidavoor, Piravanthoor, Punalur, Punnala, Thalavoor, Thenmala, Thinkalkarikkom, Vadakode, Vilakkudi, Karunagappally Taluk [Taluk Headquarter:Karunagappally] Adhinadu, Alappad, Ayanivelikulangara, Chavara, Clappana, Kallebhagam, Karunagappally, Kulasckharapuram, Needakara, Ochira, Paavumba, Pammana, Thazhava, Thekkumbhagam, Thevalakkara, Thodiyoor, Vadakkumthala, Kunnathur Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Kunnathur] Kunnathur, Mynagappally,Padinjara Kallada, Poruvazhi, Sasthamcotta, Shuranadu north, Shuranadu south. Education Government College Chavara Private Colleges: S.N. College, Kollam S.N.Womens College, Kollam T.K.M. Arts &S cience College, Kollam Mannam Smarakam N.S.S.College, Kottiyam S.N. College,Chathannore Fathima Matha College, Kollam D.B. College,Sasthamcotta B.N.S.S.College, Nilamel St Gregoriose College, Kottarakkara St . Johns College, Anchel St. Stephans College, Pathanapuram S.N.College, Punalur Marthoma College of Science & Technology,Ayoor Sri Vidhyadhiraja Science & Arts College, Karunagappally Professional Colleges T.K.M. Engineering College, Kollam Polytechnic: S.N. Polytechnic Training Colleges [3] Carmalarani Training College, Kollam Mount Tabore Training College, Pathanapuram B.Ed Centre, Kollam Total Schools: 903 Industry: Registered Factories: 1,787 (Total Employees: 1,41,510) Registered S S I Units: 18,514 (Total Employees: 1,47,554) Geographical Nature: Sahya Mountains at the eastern frontier and Arabian Sea at the west. Sea shore: 37 Km Rivers: Kallada, Ithikkara Forest land: 81,438 hectre Backwater: Azhtamudi, Paravur, Edava, Nadayara Mineral water lake: Sathamcotta Tourist Centres Thenmala, Palaruvi, Jadayu Rock-Chadayamangalm, Ayyappa temples-Achenkovil, Aryancavu, and Kulathur,Light house- Thangassery, Thirumullavaram Beach, Model Beach ParkKochuplammoodu and Adventure Park Asram Important Places Chavara : Industrial Centre of Mineral sand. Titanium Complex is at Sankaramangalam. Kottarakkara : The birthplace of ' Rmanattam Kathakali'. In 1734 Marthanda Varma captured Kootarakkara Kottukkal : Cave Temple

Kundara : Famous for China clay. Renowned Kundara Ceramic Industrial Centre. Neendakara: The famous fishing centre. Indo Norweign Fisheries Community Project started at Neendakara in 1953. Fishing harbour and Port at Neendakara Ochira: Parama Brahma Temple. 'Ochirakali and 12 Vilakkukalum ' is a famous festival Sasthamcotta : The natural mineral water lake. Prominent temple Sasthakshertam'. Cruising the picturesque Ashtamudi Lake on House boats has turned out to be a major tourist attraction in the country and even the U.S. Ambassdor, Robert Blackwill, had gone on record stating recently that he was "simply enthralled by the beauty of Astamudi Lake. This major tourist attraction is now going to be entrusted to the Private sector on lease. Travelling by boat along the backwaters is one of the highlights of a visit to Kerala. Kollam, the southern gateway to the backwaters of Kerala. Pathanamthitta District Head Area : Population Literacy : 95.09 %

Quarters 2,642 :

: Sq.

Pathanamthitta Km 12,31,577

Kozhencherry Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Pathanamthitta] Aranmula, Aruvappulam, Chennerkara, Elanthoor, Iravon, Kidagannore,Konni Thazham, Konni, Kozhencherry, Kulanada, Malayalapuzha, Mehuveli, Mullapuzhasserry, Mylapra, Naraganam, Omallore, Pathanamthitta, Pramadom, Thannithode, Vallicode, VallicodeKottayam Thiruvalla Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Thiruvalla] Eraviperoor, Kadapra, Kadapra, Kavumbhagam, Koipram, Kuttapuzha, Kuttoor, Niranam, Perigara, Thiruvalla, Thottapuzhassery Mallappally Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Ranni] Anicadu, Ezhumattor, Kallooppara, Kavyoor, Kottangal, Kunnathanam, Mallappally, Perumpatty, Puramattom Ranni Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Ranni] Athikayam, Ayroor, Cherukole, Chethackal, Chittar, Kollamula, Ranni- Angadi, Ranni, Ranni-Pazhavangadi, Ranni-Perunad, Vadasserikkara Adoor Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Adoor] Adoor, Angadikal, Enadimangalam, Enath, Erathu, Ezhamkulam, Kadambanad, Kalangoor, Kodumon, Koodal, Kurabala, Pallickal, Pandalam [Thekkakara], Pandalam, Periganadu, Education Private Colleges B.A.M. College, Thuruthikkad Catholicate College, Pathanamthitta D.B. College, Parumala, Kaithaparambu College, Enathu Konni College Marthoma College, Thiruvalla N.S.S.College, Pandalam St. Thomas College, Kozhencherry St. Thomas College, Ranni St.Cyrils College, Adoor Professional Swasraya Engineering College, Adoor Total Industry Total Registered Total Registered Geographical Schools: factories SSI Units: :470 9,041 (Total (Total employees: employees: College

733 10,350) 32,351) Nature:

Half of the area of the total district is forest land. The 'Sabarimala' is at the height of 3,790 ft and 'Poochimala' is at the height of 5,847 ft. Rivers: Pamba, Manimala, Achencovil Forest land: 1,55,214 hectre Tourist Centres Aranmula : Famous for Metal Mirror, Temple and Cultural Tourism Cherukopuzha: Hindu convention. Kakki, Pamba, Anthode :Water reservoir . Kokkathode :Tourist destination within the forest. Konni : Elephant Cage . Manjanikkara and Parumala : Christian Pilgrimage centres. Maramon : Christian Convention[ Completed 100 years] Nilakkal : Pilgrimage Centre . Sabarimala : Famous Pilgrimage Centre. Alappuzha District Area Population Literacy : 93.66%

Head :

Quarters 1,414 :

: Sq

Alappuzha Km 21,05,349

Alappuzha district was formed on August 17, 1957. Cherthala Taluk[Taluk headquarter: Cherthala] Aroor, Arrookutty, Ezhupunna, Kadakkarapally, Kanjikuzhi, Kizhakke Vayalar, Kodamthuruth, Kokothamangalam, Kuthiyathode, Pallipuram, Panavally, Pattanacadu, Perubalam, Thaikkattussery, Thekke Thuravoor, Thekke Cherthala, Thekke Thannirmukkam, Vadakke Thannirmukkom, Vadekke Cherthala, Vadekke Mararikulam . Kuttanadu Taluk[Taluk Headquarter: Thekkekara] Chambakulam, Edathuva, Kainakari Thekku, Kainakari Vadakku, Kavalam, Kunnuma, Muttar, Nedumudi, Neelamperoor, Pulikunnu, Ramangiri, Thakazhi, Thalavady, Veliyanadu . Karthikapally Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Haripad] Arattupuzha, Cheppad, Cheruthala, Chingole, Haripad, Kandalloore, Karthikappally, Karuvatta, Kayamkulam, Keerikad, Krishnapuram, Kumarapuram, Muthukulam, Pallipadu, Pathiyoor, Puthupally, Thrikuunapuzha, Veeyapuram . Chengannore Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Chengannore] Ala, Chengannore, Cherinadu, Ennakkad, Kurittassery, Mannar, Mulakuzha, Pandanadu, Puliyoor, Thiruvan Vandoor, Venmony Ambalapuzha Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Alappuzha] Ambalapuzha, Kalavoor, Komalapuram, Mannacherry, Mullackal, Padinjara Alappuzha, Paravoor, Pathirappally, Pazhaveedu, Punnapra, Purakkad, Rumadi, Thekken Arayad Education Private Colleges Bishop Moore College, Mavelikkara, Christian college, Chengannore M.S.M. College, Mavelikkara N.S.S. College,Pallipuram, Cherthala S.D. College, Alappuzha S.N. College, Cherthala Sri Ayyappan College, Thiruvandoor St. Aloysious College, Edathuva St. Joseph College for women ,Alappuzha St. Michel's College, Cherthala T.K.M.M. College, Nangarkulangara Professional Engineering Colleges Chengannore

College

Medical College, Alappuzha Polytechnic Carmel Polytechnic,Alappuzha Vanitha Polytechnic, Kayamkulam Govt.Polytechnic,Cherthala. Training Colleges Peet Memorial Training College, Mavelikkara Keral University B.Ed Centre: Aryad Govt.H.S, Kayamkulam [Chathiyara H.S], Kayamkulam Boy's Govt. H.S. Total Schools : 743 Industry Total Registered Factories :1,140 (Total employees:10,080) Total Registered SSI units :18,376 (Total employees: 93,642) Geographical Nature The total area of the district comprises midland and seashore between the Arabian Sea and the Venmbanattu Kayal. 82 Km Seashore which is the 13.9% of the State's total seashore. Rivers: Pamba, Manimala Achenkovil which merge with Pamba. There is no forest land in the district. Tourist Centres Alappuzha is the connection link of Kottayam- Kochi- Kollam Backwaters. Hence it is an 'Attractive Tourist Centre' Ambalapuzha: 16 Km from Alappuzha was the capital of Chempakasserry Kingdom. Champakulam: 'Moolam Vallamkali' on the bank River Pamba Edathuva: The famous South Indian Pilgrimage centre 'St. George Church' 'Punnamadakayal' : Famous for Nehru Trophy Vallam Kali [Boat Race]. Punnapra Vayalar: 'Raktasakshi Mandapam' Sree Krishna Temple: the oldest temple, theatre art, vallamkali, Pallipana, Ambalapuzha 'Pal Payasm' which all are famous. Kottayam District Area Population Literacy : 95.90%

Head :

Quarters 2,203 :

Kottayam Sq.Km 19,52,901

Kottayam district was formed in July 1949. Before when Travancore- Kochi joined there were three Revenue divisions: Thiruvanathapuram -Kollam - Kottayam. These were under the administration of "Diwan Peshkar". When the State formed it become 'district' and under the administration of District Collector'. Kottayam Taluk [Taluk head quarter: Kottayam] Akalakunnam, Anicadu, Arpookara, Athirumpuzha, Ayamanam, Ayarkunnam, Chengalam East,Chenglam, Ettumannore, Kaipuzha, Koorapuzha, Kottayam, Kumarakom, Manarcadu, Meenadom, Muttambalam, Nattakom, Onamthuruth, Pampady, Panachikad, Peroor, Perubhaikodu, Puthupally, Thiruvarppu, Veloor, Vijayapuram Vaikom Taluk [Taluk headquater: Vaikom] Chempu, Jeezhoor, Kaduthuruth, Kallara, Kothanallore, Kulaseckharamangalam, Manjoor, Mulakkulam, Muttachira, Neduvila, Thalayazham, Vadakkemuri, Vadayar, Vaikom, Vechoor, Velloor Meenachil Taluk [Taluk headquarter: Pala] Bharanaganam, Elakkadvu, Erattupetah, Kadanadu, Kanakkari, Kidagoor, Kondoor, Kuravilangadu, Kurichithanam, Lalam, Meenachil, Melukavu, Monipally, Moonilavu, Poonjar Nadubhagam, Poonjar Thekkekara, Poonjar Vadakkekara, Poovarani, Puliyannore, Ramapuram, Thalappalam, Theekoy, Uzhavoor, Vallichira, Veliyannore,Vellilappally Changanassery Taluk [Taluk headquarter: Changanassery] Changanassery, Chethipuzha, Kangazha, Karukachal, Kizhakka Vazhappally, Kurichy, Madappally, Nedumkunnam, Padinjara Vazhappally, Paippad, Thottakadavu,

Throkodithanam, Vakathanam, Vazhoor, Vellavoor Kanjirappally Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Kanjirappally] Cheruvally, Chirakadavu, Edukunnam, Elamkulam, Elikkulam, Kanjirappally, Koottickal, Koovappally, Manimala, Mundakayam, Thekke Erumeli, Vadekke Erumeli Education Mahatma Gandhi [MG] University headquarter is at Priyadarsini Hills, Athirumpuzha. Government College at Nattakom Private Colleges: Alphons College, Pala Assumption College, Changanasserry B.C.M. College, Kottayam B.K College for Women, Amalgiri Baseliose College, Kottayam C.MS.College ,Kottayam D.B. College, Thalayolaparambu Devamatha College,Kuravilangadu Hery Becker College, Melukavu K.E.College, Mannanam K.G.College,Pampady N.S.S. College,Changanasserry S R V. N.S.S.College,Vazhoor S.B.College, Changanasserry St: Stephan's College,Uzhavoor St: Xavier's College ,Kothavara St:Dominic College, Kanjirappally St:George College, Aruvithura St:Mary's College, Manarcadu St:Thomas College, Pala Professional College Athurashramam Homeo Medical College,Kurichy Kottayam Engineering College ,Started in 1991 Kottayam Medical College, Gandhinagar Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology, Pampady School of Legal Thought, Kottayam Polytechnic Government Polytechnic ,Nattakom Polytechnic, Pala Training B.Ed Centre, M.G.University Mount Carmel Training College,Kottayam N.S.S Training College, Changanasserry St.Thomas Training College, Pala St:Joseph Training College, Mannanam Teacher's Training Institutes 10 Total Schools: 912 Industry Total Registered Industries :1293 (Total employees: 17,889) Total registered SSI Units: 20,498 (Total employees:69,297) Geographical Nature No Seashore. Edanadu on the banks of Venattu Lake and High ranges at the border of Idukki district River: Meenachil Forest Land: 8,141 hectre Tourist Centres Bharanaganam : Near Pala Pilgrimage centre[Sr. Alphonsa] 'Cherupally' [Small church] St Mary's Orthodox Church. An elegant facade spoilt by

tacked -on entrance porches 400 year old vegetable dye paintings on the walls and ceiling. 'Ettumannoore' : Siva Temple. 12Km north of Kottayam. Noted for its superb wood carvings and murals. Kumarakom- The Bird Sanctuary of Vembanad Lake is 16 km west of Kottayam in a former Rubber plantation. Local fowl as well as migratory spices are here. Mannanam : Near Ettumannore Christian Pilgrimage Centre.[Chavara Fr. Kuriakose Elias] Thirunakkara Siva Temple is at the Centre of the town. 'Valiapally'[ Big Church. St:Mary's Orthodox Church. Was built in 1550. Altar is flanked by some stone crosses, one with Persian inscription. Idukki District Head Area : Population : 11,28,605

Quarters 5,019

Painavu Sq.Km

Idukki district was formed in 28 January 1972. Peerumedu Taluk [Taluk head quarter: Peerumedu] Elappara, Kokayar , Kumali, Manchumala, Mlappara, Peerumedu, Periyar, Peruvanthanam, Upputhara, Vagamon . Udumbanchola Taluk [ Taluk Headquarter : Nedumkandom] Anakkara, Anavilasm, Ayyappan Kovil, Baisanvalley, Chakkukulam, Chathurangappara, Chinnakanal, Kalkunthal, Karunapuram, Kathippara, Kattappana, Konnathady, Pampadumpara, Parathode, Pooppara, Rajakkat, Rajakumari, Santhanpara, Thankamony, Udumbachola, Upputhode , Vandenmedu, Vathikudi. Devikulam Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Devikulam] Anaviratty, Kanthallore, KDH, Keezhathur, Kottakkampur, Kunchithanni Kuttampuzha, Makulam, Mannamkadom, Marayoor, Pallivasal, Vattavada, Vellathuval Thodupuzha Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Thodupuzha] Alakkode, Arakulam, Elappally, Idukki, Kanjikuzhi, Karikkode, Karikunnam, Karimannore, Kodikulam, Kudayathur, Kumaramangalam, Manakkad, Muttom, Neyyasserry, Purappuzha, Thodupuzha, Udumbannore, Vannappuram, Velliyamattom, Education Government College, Kattappana Private Colleges M.E.S. College, Nedumkandom Mariyan College, Kuttikanam N.S.S. College, Rajakumari Newman College, Thodupuzha Pavanatma College, Murikkasserry St. Joseph College, Moolamattom Professional HRD E M.G.University Karikunnam and Nedumkandom Polytechnic Government Polytechnic, Muttom Teachers Training Institute Government : Thodupuzha, Kumali and Total number of Schools Indudstry: Total Registered Industries : 303 (Total employees: Total registered SSI units:5,547 (Total employees: Geographical 3 Munnar. :466 7887) 19,601) Nature: College Peermade [2]

College, B,Ed Centre

Crowded with Sahya mountains. The district is with high land and midland. Kerala's top most peak Anamudi, is in this district. Eravimala, Kathumala, Chenthvara, Kumarickal, Karikkulam, Devimala, Perumal, Gudur, Kabula, Devikulam, Anchanadu and Karimala are the famous hills. The largest area for forest land in the State is at Idukki district. Total forest land : 2,60,907 hectare. Rivers: Periyar,Meenachil and Muvattupuzha origins from Idukky district. Pamba flown through Maryayoor and merge with Kaveri.. Peringer Kuttiyar and Muthirapuzhayar merge with Periyar. Tourist Centres Chinnar Wildlife: 50 Km from Munnar- Uthummal Petah route; 94 sq Km area the Chinar wild life sanctuary situated.. Elephants, buffalo, tiger, leopard can be seen at this sanctuary. Idukki: 130 Km from Kochi. The first Arch-dam in India at River Periyar. It inaugurated then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi on February 13,1976. 70 sq Km Wild life Sanctuary is also at Idukki. Plenty of elephants are here. Kumily: The gateway of Thekkady. Kumily is the junction town straddling the Kerala Tamilnadu border just north of park boundary. It 's a busy place full of spice shops, located about 4 Km from Thekkady. The boat trip in the lake are the standard way of seeing the Sanctuary. The standard two hour boat trips available. Jungle walks can also be interesting. Mangalam Devi Temple: 13 Km from Kumily, this temple is just a jumple of ruins and the views are magnificiant. The festival of this temple falls on the day of 'Chaitra Pournami'. Marayur: Place of the Sandal Forest. Very old 'Sannyasi Caves also can be seen here. Famous for hand woven 'Pattu Sarees'. ' Marayur Sarkara' [Molasses] also famous. Moolamattom: Kerala's biggest undergound Electric generating project. Munnar: A hill station [a high station] of spectacular views, where three mountain streams confluence. Munnar waterway offers boating facility. Anamudi the highest peak in South India [2695m] is an ideal spot for trekking. Among the exotic flora found in the forests and grasslands is the Nelelakurinji, the flower that bathes the hills in blue every twelve years will bloom next 2006 AD. Eravikulam National park is another attraction. Munnar is 130 km east of Kochi and 70 km north of Kumily. Rajamala: Eravikulam-part of the National Park .14 km from Munnar where Tahir Goats can be seen. Thekkady: Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary [Thekkady] spread an area of 777 sq Km has a 26 sq Km artificial lake surrounded by evergreen forest and grass lands, home to bison, antelopes, sambar, wild boar, monkeys, langur, spotted deer, elephants, tigers and 160 species of birds. Thekkady is the Centre inside the park with hotels and boat jetty and Kumily, 4 Km from Santuary; is the closest town. Nearest airports Madurai [134 km] and Kochi [194 km]. Railhead Kottayam [114 km] Waterfalls ThemarykuthuVelloor in Udumbachola Thommenkuth20Km from Valakuthu- 130 Km away from from Kochi on Aluva- Munnar Road Thrissur District Area Population Literacy : 92.56 % Panchayath Thodupuzha

Head :

Quarters 3,032 :

Thrissur Km 29,75,440

Thrissur district was formed in July 1, 1949 Thrissur Taluk [Taluk Headquarter : Thrissur] Adat, Anjur, Anthicadu, Aranattukara, Avanur, Ayanthol, Chazhoor, Chembukavu, Cherpu, Chiyyaram, Chowoor, Edakalathur, Edakunny, Kainur, Karamukku, Killanur,

Koorkancherry, Kurumbilavu, Kuttur, Madakkara, Manakodi, Manalur, Nadathara, Ollukara, Ollur, Padiyam, Panacherry, Parakkad, Paralam, Peechy, Peramangalam, Puthoor, Puzhakkal, Thannyam, Vadakummuri, Venginesserry, Vilvattom Mukundapuram Taluk [Taluk Headquarter:Mukundapuram] Alathur, Alur, Amballur, Edathiringi, Iringalakuda, Kallettumkara, Kallur Thekkummuri, Kallur, Kaloor, Karalam, Kattoor, Kizhakke Chalakudy, Kodakara, Kodasserry, Koratty, Kottanallur, Kuttichira, Manavalasserry, Mattathur, Melur, Muriyad, Nellai, PadinjaraChalakudy, Padyur, Parappukara, Pariyaram, Porathisserry, Pulur, Puthenchira, Thekkumkara, Thirumukkulam, Thoravu, Vadakkumkara, Vadama, Varadarapilly, Velliyamkulangara, Velookara Chavakkad Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Chavakkad] Elavally, Engandiyoor, Guruvayoor, Manathala, Mullasserry, Nattika, Orumanayur, Pavaratty, Pukkodu, Punayur, Punnayurkulam, Thalikulam, Thycaud, Vadanapilly, Vadekkekadu, Valappatt, Venkitang Kodungallore Taluk [Taluk Headquarter:Kodungallore] Azhikode, Edathuruthy, Edavilangu, Eriyad, Kaippamangalam, Lokamaleswaram, Methala, Pappinavattom, Periganam, Poyya, Pullut, Sree Narayanapuram Thalappilly Taluk [Taluk Headquarter:Vadakkamcherry] Aloor, Arthatt, Chelakkara, Cheruthuruthy, Chittanda, Chowa, Desamangalam, Elanadu, Engakkat, Eyyal, Kadangodu, Kaniyarkode, Karikatt, Kattakambal, Kumaranallur, Kunnamkulam, Kurumala, Mayannur, Mullorkara, Nelluvai, Panjal, Pazhayannur, Thekkumkara, Thichoor, Thiruvallamala, Vadakkamcherry, Vadekkethara, Varavoor, Venganallure. Education Government Colleges Government College, Thrissur K.K.T.M.College, Pullut PMG College, Chalakudy Private Carmel College, Christ College, Little Flower College, M.E.S.Asmabi College Padinjara Mar Thodasious College , S.H.C College, S.N.College, Sree Kerala Varma College, Sree Krishna College , Sree Vivekanada College, Sree Vyasa N.S.S.College St. Joseph's College, St. Mary's College St. Thomas College St:Aloysious College, Vimala College, Thrissur Professional College College Forest Government Karshika Thrissur Thrissur Vaidya Colleges Mala Iringalakuda Guruvayoor Vemballur Pazhanji Chalakudy Nattika Thrissur Guruvayoor Kunnamkulam ,Vadakkamcherry Iringalakuda ,Thrissur ,Thrissur Elthuruth

of

Banking of Law

& College,

Co-operation, Horticulture, College,

Ratnsm

Sarvakalasala, Engineering Medical Ayurveda

College,

Colleges Mannuthy Mannuthy Vellanikkara Thrissur Mannuthy College College Ollur

Vetnary College, Mannuthy Polytechnic [5] Mathruka Swasraya Polytechnic, Kallettumkara MTI Thrissur Sree Rama Polytechnic, Valappad Thyagarajah Polytechnic, Alagappanagar Women's Polytechnic, Nedupuzha Training Government Training College, Thrissur Teachers Training Institute 8 Total Number of Schools : 992 Industry Total Registered Industries: 2,566 (Total Employees: 43,382) Total Registered SSI Units: 23001 (Total employees: 96,321) Geographical Nature The southeast corner area of the district extends up to Tamilnadu Border. 54Km Seashore. Most of the areas in the district are low lands and midland. Machanadu, Paravattani,Palappilly, Kodasserry, Athirappilly are the important hills. Rivers: Kecherri, Karuvannur, Chalakudy Forest land: 103,610 hectare Places & Attractions Athirapally & Vazhachal: Kerala has its own attractions in amusement parks. There is dream world Water Park, situated in the break taking beautiful Athirapally amidst mesmerizing waterfalls and glowing greenery. From 14 water rides, including 5 newly introduced rides in South India to 8 dry rides. Cheruthuruthy: Mahakavi Vallathol established the illustrious 'Kerala Kalamandalam' at the Village village of Cheruthuruthy in 1958. Awhole lot of writers, singers, and Kathakali artistes grew up in the village close to the river Kalpathy to Ponnani. Guruvayoor: 33Km fro north of Thrissur, the most famous Sree Krishna temple situated. Kodungalloore: Muzirins or Kodungalloore as its is known at at the confluence of Periyar. It was an International Port, visited the Arabs, Jews and the Romans. It became a confluence of cultures as well. Peechy: Wildlife Sanctuary near Peechy, Vazhani dams situated. It established in 1958 has got 125 Sq.Km area and Peechy isonly 15 Km from Thrissur. Thrissur Pooram: The two century old Cultural highlight par excellence celebrated in the Malayalam month 'Medam'[ April/May] is a feast for the eye and the ear. Unfolding from early hours of the morning and continuing almost to the noon of the next day. Palakkad District Area Population Literacy : 84.31 %

Head :

Quarters 4,480 :

Palakkad Km 26,17,072

Palakkad Taluk : [Taluk Headquarter: Palakkad] Akathethara, Elappully I, Elappully II, Kannadi II, Kannadi, Keralassery, Kizhkke Puthussery Kodumbu, Kongodu I, Kongodu II, Malampuzha I, Malampuzha II, Mankara, Mannur, Marutha Road, Mundoor I, Mundoor II, Naduvil Puthussery, Padinjara Puthussery, Palakkad III, Palakkad I, Palakkad II, Parali I, Parali II, Peruvenbum, Pirayiri, Pulpally, Puthupariyaram I, Puthupariyaram II, Yakkara Chittoor Taluk : [Taluk Headquarter: chittoor] Ayiloor, Chittoor, Elavancherry, Ezhuthempathi, Kayaradi, Koduvayur I, Koduvayur II, Kollencodu, Kollencodu II, Kozhinjampara, Kozhippaty, Moolathara, Muthalamada I, Muthalamada II, Nalleppally, Nandiyode, Nellyampathy, Nenmara, Ozhalappathy, Pallassana, Pattancherry, Perumatty, Puthunagaram, Thathamangalam, Thekkudesom, Thiruvazhiyadu, Vadavannur, Vadekarapathy, Valiya Vallompathy, Vallangi,

Vandithavalam, Alathur Taluk: [Taluk Headquarter: Alathur] Alathur, Erimayur I, Erimayur II, Kannambra I, Kannambra II, Kavasserry I, Kavasserry II, Kizhakkencherry I, Kizhakkencherry II, Kottayi I, Kottayi II, Kunnathur I, Kunnathur II, Kuzhalmannam I, Kuzhalmannam II, Mathur I, Mathur II, Melarkode, Peringattukurissi I, Peringattukurussi II, Puthukode, Tharoor I, TharoorII, Thekurissi, Vandazhi I, Vandazhi II, Wadekkamcherry I, Wadekkamcherry II, Mannarkkad Taluk: [Taluk Headquarter: Mannarkkad] Agali, Alanallur, Kallamala, Karakuriss, Kottathara, Kottopadam, Kumaromputhur, Mannarkkad, Padavayal, Palakayam, Payanedum, Porussery, Puthur, Sholayur, Thachanattukara, Thachapara, Thyachanattukara, Ottappalam Taluk: [Taluk Headquarter: Ottappalam] Ambalapara I, Ambalapara II, Anaganadi, Anakkara,Chalavara, Chalisserry, Cherpulassery, Kadampazhipuram I, Kadampazhipuram II, Karipuzha I, Karipuzha II, Koppam, Koppam, Kulukkallur, Luckeydiperur I, Luckeydiperur II, Muttuthara, Nayalasserry, Nellaya, Ongallur I, Ongallur II, Ottapalam I, Ottapalam II, Parudur, Pattaithafa, Pattambi, Shornur I, Shornur II, Sree Krishanapuram II, Sree Krishnapuram I, Thirumittakode I, Thirumittakode II, Thiruvegapuram, Thrihhiradi II, Thrikkiradi I, Thrithala, Vallapuzha, Vaniyamkulam I, Vaniyamkulam II, Vellinezhi, Vilayur Education Government Colleges Government College, Chittoor, Government Samskrita College, Pattambi Government Victoria College, Palakkad, Private M.E.S. Kallody Mercy N.S.S.College, N.S.S.College,Ottapalam S.N. College, S.N.College V.T.Bhattathirippad College,Mannam Colleges College,Mannarcodu College,Palakkad Nenmara Alathur Shornur

Professional N.S.S.Engineering College, Polytechnic Government Polytechnic, Institute of Printing & Technology, Training N.S.S Training College, Government Sangeetha College, Palakkat

Colleges Palakkad [2] Palakkad Shornur Ottapalam

Teachers Training Institutes [7] Total Schools:931 Industry: Total Registered factories: 2004 (Total employees: 24,823) Total Registered Small Scale Units: 17,293 (Total employees: 84,955) Geographical Nature The 32-40 Km Gap at the 960 Km long western ghat is causing the weather and the life style of the district. Through the gap known as 'Palakkad churam' the north east monsoon reaches Kerala. Kerala with other parts of India are connected through the gap. No seashore in the district. Highranges only. Rivers: Bharatapuzha, Kannadi, Kalpathy, Chittoor puzha, Bhavani, Sisuvani, Gayathri and Thuthapuzha. Forest: 136,257 Hectare Places & Attractions:

79 Km from Thrissur and in Palakkad district is famous for 'Tippu Sultan's Fort walls'. Kunthipuzha: The tributary of Bharatapuzha originated from Silent Valley where the National park situated. Malampuzha: 13 Km from Palakkad. The Malampuzha dam was constructed in 1956 with garden, children's park, fishmodel aquarium and the rope way. Fantasy park here is an added attraction. Meenkara: 32 Km south east from Palakkad 'Meenkara' dam and lake are the special attraction for nature lovers. Fish ponds are here. Nelliyampathy: The place of Orange estates is at 9 Km from Nenmara. Palakkad: 79 Km from Thrissur. Palakkad district is famous for 'Tippu Sultan's Fort walls Parambikulam: Wildlife Sanctuary with an area of 285 Sq Km The dam of Aliyar Project is here. Sholayar: The topmost area at Attappady. 25 Km from AnakattyNatural beauty with cold weather. Coffee and tea estates. Silent Valley: 46 Km north east of Mannarkkad silent valley is the dense green natural forest Siruvani: 25 Km from west of Coimbatore near the Mannarkkad at Ittakurissi. The dam and the forest are the main attractions. Ernakulam District Head Quarters : Kakkanadu Area : 2,407 Sq.Km Population : 30,98,378 Literacy : 93.42% Aluva Taluk : [Taluk Headquarter: Aluva] Anappara, Angamaly, Chengamanadu Desom, Chowara, Kalady, Karukutty, Kizhakke Aluva, Malayattoor, Manjapra, Mattoor, Mookkannoore, Nedubasserry, Padinjra Aluva, Parakkadavu, Thekkumbhagam, Thuravoor, Vadakumbhagam. Kothamangalam Taluk: [Taluk Headquarter: Kothamangalam] Eramalloore, Kadavoor, Keerampara, Kothamangalam, Kottapady, Kuttamangalam, Neryiamangalam, Pindimana, Pothanicadu, Thrikariyoor, Varapetty. Kunnathunadu Taluk: [Taluk Headquarter: Perumbavoor] Arakapady, Asmannoore, Chelamattom, Irapuram, Kizhakambalam, Kodanadu, Kombanadu, Koovapady, Kunnathunadu, Marambilly, Mazhuvannoore, Padinjara Vengoor, Pattimattom, Perumbavoor, Puthenkurisu, Rayamangalam, Thekke Ikkaranadu, Thiruvaniyoor, Vadekke Ikkaranady, Vazhakulam, Vengola, Vengoor, Vadavucode. Paravur Taluk: [Taluk Headquarter: Paravur] Alangadu, Chennamangalam, Eloor, Ezhikkara, Kadungalloor, Karumalloore, Kottuvally, Kunnukara, Moothakunnam, Paravur, Puthenvelikkara, Vadekkekara, Varapuzha. Kochi Taluk: [Taluk Headquarter: Fort Kochi] Chellanam, Eda Kochi, Edavanakkad, Ezhumkunnapuzha, Fort Kochi, Kubalangi, Kuzhuppilly, Mattancherry, Nayarambalam, Njarackal, Pallipuram, Palluruthy, Puthuvypeen, Rameswaram, Thoppumpady. Kanayannore Taluk: [Taluk Headquarter: Ernakulam] Amballoore, Cheranallore, Cooliyattikkara, Edakkattuvayal, Elamkulam, Ernakulam, Kadsamakudi, Kakkanadu, Kanayannore, Karippur, Keecheri, Kumbalam, Kurikkad, Mannakunnam, Maradu, Mulanthuruthy, Mulavukadu, Nadama, Thekke Edappally, Thekkumbhagam, Thiruvankulam, Tripunithura, Vadekke Edappally, Vadekke Trikkakara, Vazhakkala. Muvattupuzha Taluk : [Taluk Headquarter: Muvattupuzha] Arakuzha, Elanji, Eranallore, Kalloorkadu, Koothattukulam, Maneedu, Manjalloore, Marady, Memuri, Mulavoor, Muvattupuzha, Onakkoor, Palakuzha, Piravom, Ramamangalam, Thiru Marady, Valakom, Vellorkunnam. Education Sri Sankara Acharya Sanskrit University Headquarter at Kalady. Government Colleges Government College, Manimalakuunu Maharaja's College, Ernakulam

Sanskrit College, Tripunithura, Private Colleges Al Ameen College, Edathala Aquanias College, Eda Kochi B.P.C. College, Piravom Bharathmata College,Trikkakara Kochin College, Kochi M.A.College, Kothamangalam Marthoma College for Women, Perumbavoor Morning Star Home Science College, Angamally Nirmala College, Muvattupuzha Rajagiri College of Social Sciences, Kalamasserry S.N.M College, Maliyamkara S.S.V .College, Perumbavoor Sacred Heart College, Thevara Sree Sankara College, Kalady St. Paul's College, Kalamasserry St. Peter's College, Kolencherry St.Albert's College, Ernakulam St.Xavier's College for Women Aluva StTresa's College,Ernakulam Union Christian College,Aluva, Professional Colleges Nursing: School of Nursing, Ernakulam Engineering: M.A. College of Engineering, Kothamangalam Model Engineering College, Ernakulam Ayurveda: Government Ayurveda College, Tripunithura Homeo : Padiyar Memorial Homeopothic Medical College, ErnakulamLaw : Government Law College, Ernakulam Polytechnic: Government Polytechnic, Kalamasserry Government Polytechnic,Kothamangalam Women's Polytechnic, Ernakulam Training: Patriach Ignasious Sakha I Training College, Malakurisu S.N.M Training College, Moothakunnam St. Joseph Training College, Ernakulam Music College R.L.V. College of Music & Institute of Fine Arts, Tripunithura Teachers Training Institutes [14] Total number of Schools: 981 Industry Total number of registered factories :2124 Total number of Employees : 57,710 Large and medium SSI Units registered : 14,305 Geographical Nature 50 % midland, 30% Highland and 20% low land. Highland at the Kothamangalam Taluk [border of Idukki district]. Rivers: Periyar, Muvattupuzha Thodupuzha Backwaters: Vembanatt, Kodungallore, Varapuzha. Forest land: 8,123 hectre Tourist Centres Aluva: Famous for Festival Shivarathri Bhoothathankettu: Just 8 Kms north east of Kothamangalam is one of the most visit

places of Kerala Bolgatty: It was built in 1744 as Dutch Palace; then later became a British Residency. Today it turned out to be one of the KTDC Hotels. Its set in six hectares of lush . green lawns with Golf Course. Cherai Beach: Its the latest entry in a tourist diary- the Cherai in Ernakulam district. It's the new generation tourist hot spot. Golden beaches, coconut palms corridors, backwaters, historical monuments. Just 15 minutes drive from North Paravur. Chinese fishing Nets: Cantilevered fishing nets were introduced by traders from the court of Kubli Khan. Dutch Palace: Portuguese constructed this Palace in 1568 and handed over to Maharaja of Kochi- Veera Kerala Varma. Since the Dutch rebuyilt the Palace it Known to be Dutch Palace. Edapally: St. George Church, Pilgrimage Centre Fort Kochi: The first church 'St. Francis Church' constructed by the Portughese[1503] situated here. Vasco da Gama was buried here [1524] and later his remains were transferred to Libson, Portugal. His tombstone can be seen inside the church. Hill Palace Museum: The King Palace,12 Km south -east of Ernakulam [Tripunithura]: Painting , Epigraphy , the collections from Travancore & Cochin Royal families. The surrounding area of the Palace greenish by herbal plants. Jewish Synagogue: 8 Km from Ernakulam at Mattancherry , it constructed in 1568. Curlings of Old Commandments and Chinese codes can be seen in the synagogue. The original building was destroyed by shelling during Portuguese raid in 1662 and was rebuilt two years later when the Dutch took over Kochi. Kalady: 45 Km from Kochi, Adi Sankarachaarya[786-820] scholar &philospher from India who revived the Hindu religion founder of advatic philosophy established mutts all over India was born in Kalady. Kallil Temple: 13 Km from Perumbhavoor The idol made from single stone . It was an old Jain temple now it turn out to Hindu worship Cochin : Consists of the mainland Ernakulam, the Islands of Willington, Bolgatty and Gundu in the Harbour; Fort Cochin and Mattancherry in the southern peninsula; Vypeen Island, north of Fort Cochin. All these areas are linked by ferry; bridges also link to Ernakulam to Willington Island and the Fort Cochin/ Mattancherry peninsula. Almost all historical sites are in Fort Kochi or Mattancherry. Kochin Carnival: To attract Tourists [the Carnival started in 1984- December 2nd Sunday to the New Year Day] from all around the world. Kodanadu: Elephant training centre situated here administered by Forest Department. Kothamangalam: ' Marthoma Cheriya Pally' Pilgrimage centre. The mortal remains of the 17 th century Saint from the middle east, Mar Baselious. Malayattoor Mount: Christian Pilgrimage Centre Museum of Kerala History: Situated at Edappally ,10 km north-east of Ernakulam enroute Aluva. Parishath Thampuran Museum: Awakens 19th century memories. Oil paintings, old coins, sculptures and Moghul paintings, Interesting temple models. The museum is housed in enormous traditional style Kerala building . Perumbhavoor: Centre for Plywood Industry. Thattekkad: Bird sanctuary near Bhoothathakettu.

Malappuram District Area Population Literacy : 88%

Head :

Quarters 3,550 :

Malappuram Sq.Km 36,29,640

The Malappuram district formed in June 16,1969. Nilambur Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Nilambur] Akambadom, Amarbalam, Chowkkad, Chungathara, Edakkara, Kalikavu, Karulayi, Karuvarakundu, Kerala Estate, Kurubalakodu, Mamppad, Nilambur, Poru, Puthupadam,

Thiruvali, Thuvoor, Vandoor, Vazhikkadavu, Vellayur Eranadu Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Manjeri] Anakayam, Aricode, Cheekode, Chemrasserry, Cherukavu, Edavana, Elakur, Kavannur, Keezhuparambu, Kondotty, Kuzhimanna, Malappuram, Manjeri, Melmuri, Morayur, Muthuvallur, Narikara, Nediyiruppu, Oorgattiri, Padikkadu, Panakkad, Payyanadu, Perakamanna, Pukottur, Pulikkal, Pulpatta, Thrikagode, Vazhakkadu, Vettikaittiri, Vettipara Perithalmannu Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Perithalmannu] Aliparambu, Anamangadu, Angadipuram, Arakkaparmbu, Edapatta, Elamkulam, Karuva, Karyavattom, Keezhattur, Kodur, Kootilangadi, Kuruvambalam, Mangada, Melattur, Murkanadu, Nenmini, Pathaiykkara, Perithalmannu, Pulamanthol, Puzhakkttiri, Thazhekodu, Vadakkangara, Velambur, Velathur, Tirur Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Tirur] Anathavur, Athavanadu, Cheriyamundam, Edayur, Iribilayam, Kalpakanjeri, Kattiparuthy, Kottakkal, Kurubathur, Kuttipuram, Mangalam, Marakkara, Melmuri, Naduvattom, Niramarathur, Ozhur, Pariyapuram, Perumanna, Ponmala, Ponmundam, Purathu, Thalakkadu, Thanllur, Thanur II, ThanurI, Thirunavaya, Thrikandiyur, Thriprangodu, Tirur, Valavannur, Vettom, Ponnani Taluk [Taluk Headquarter:Ponnani] Alankkott, Edappal, Ezhavathiruthy, Kalady, Maracherry, Nandamukku, Perumbadappu, Ponnani, Thavannur, Vattakulam, Veliyamcodu Tirurangadi Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Tirurangadi] Ariyallur, Chelambra, Kannamangalam, M.R.Nagar, Munniyur, Nandabra, Neduva, Oorakom, Othukungal, Pallikkal, Parappanangadi, Parappur, Peruvallur, Thenjipalam, Thennala, Tirurangadi, Vallikunnu, Vengara Education Government Colleges Government College, Malappuram PTM College, Perinthalmannu Thunjan Memorial College, Tirur Private Colleges E.M.E.A,College, Kondotty M.E.S. College, Mampadu M.E.S. College, Valancherry M.E.S. College, Ponnani Marthoma College, Chungathara N.S.S.College, Manjeri P.S.M.O. College, Tirurangadi Unity Women's College, Manjeri Arabic Colleges Arikkodu, Kooni, Mongam, Pulikkal, Valavannur, Vazhakkad Professional Colleges Ayurveda College, Kottakkal B.Ed Government College MalappuramKelappaji College of Agri. Engineering & Technology Swasraya Engineering College, Malappuram, Polytechnic Government: Govt: Polytechnic, Perithalmannu,S.S.M Polyytechnic, Tirur, Vanitha Polytechni, Kottakkal, IHRDE Centre, Malappuram. Teachers Training Institutes 5 Total number of schools : 1378 Industry Total Registered factories: 987 (Total Employees: 41,767) Total Registered SSI Units: 9,439 (Total Employees: 37,752) Geographical Nature The area between Arabian sea and Nilgiri hills. High range forests, agricultural midland and coconut plantations in low land. 70km seashore.

Rivers: Forest Places & Attractions

Chaliyar, Land:

Kadalundi,Bharatapuzha, 103,417Hectare

Karippur: The Airport at Kozhikode. 27Km from Malappuram. Kottakkal: The renowned Kottakkal Aryavaidyasala Located here, Ayurveda College. The only Indian Ayurvedic Mental Hospital. NavaMukunda Temple at Tirunavaya. Nilambur: Teak and Bamboo plantations . The world's oldest teak plantation-Kanoli Plot is here. Palur: Tippu's fort walls' Ponnani: The only port in Malappuram district and it is a fishing centre. Tenjipalam: Centre of Calicut University. 'Thirunavaya':Kerala Kings conducted the festival 'Mamamkam' on the banks of Bhatapuzha. Tirur: Mahakavi Thunchen Ezhuthachan lived here in the 16th century. As a reminiscence.

Kozhikode District Area Population Literacy : 92%

Head :

Quarters 2,344 :

Kozhikode Sq.Km 28,78,498

Kozhikode Taluk [Taluk Headquarter :Kozhikode] Beppur, Chathamangalam, Chelanur, Chelavur, Cheruvannur, Chewayur, Elathur, Engapuzha, Feroke, Kadalundi, Kakkadu, Kakkodi, Kakur, Karuvanthuruthy, Kasba, Kecheri, Kedavur, Kizhakkoth, Kodencherry, Kodiyarathur, Koduvally, Koodaranji, Koodathai, Kottuli, Kumaranallur, Kunnamangalam, Kuravattur, Kurikkattur, Madavur, Mavur, Nagaram, Nandamada, Narikuni, Neelesewaram, Nellikode, Olavanna, Panniyamkara, Pantheeramkavu, Perumanna, Peruvayal, Pulakode, Puthuppady, Puthur, Puthyangadi, Ramanattukara, Raroth, Thakkulathur, Thazhkkod, Thiruvambadi, Valayanad, Vavadu, Vengeri Koilandy Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Koilandy] Arikulam, Atholi, Avidanallure, Balusserry, Chemmencherry, Chengaroth, Chengottukavu, Cheruvannur, Eravattur, Kanthaladu, Kayyanna, Keezhariyur, Kinalur, Koothali, Kottur, Kozhukallur, Mengnnayam, Meppayur, Mudai, Naduvannur, Nochad, Paleri, Panangadu, Pannikkottur, Panthyalini, Payyoli, Perumbra, Peruvanna, Sivapuram, Theekodi, Thurayur, Ulliyeri, Unnikulam, Velam, Vyur, Vadakara Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Vadakara] Ayancherry, Azhiyur, Chekkyad, Choradu, Edacherry, Eramala, Kavilumbra, Kayakodi, Kottuppally, Kunnummel, Kuttiyadi, Manyur, Maruthonkara, Nadapuram, Narippatta, Onchiyam, Palayadu, Puramary, Thiruvallure, Thuneri, Valayam, Vaninmel, Villyappally Education Govt. Colleges C.K.G Smaraka Government College, Perambra Government Arts &Science College, Kozhikode Government College, Koilandy Government College, Medappally Government College, Mokeri Government Colleges Private Feroke Guruvayurappan M.A.M. Colleges Feroke Kozhikode Mukkam

College, College, Orphanage College,

Malabar Christian Providence Women's Rowsathur Ulum S.N.College, St. Joseph College, Kozhikode

Arabi

College, College, College,

Kozhikode Kozhikode Feroke Chelannur

Professional Colleges Dental College, Chevayur Engineering College, Chathamangalam Government Homeopothic Medical College, Kozhikode Medical College, Chevayur Training B.Ed Trainig Centre Calicut University Govt. Nursing College, Chevayur Feroke Training College, Feroke Government Training College, Kozhikode Law College Government Law College, Kozhikode Other Govt. Physical Education College, Kozhikode Polytechnic [3] Govt. Polytechnic, Kozhikode .Women's Polytechnic, Kozhikode Vadakara Polytechnic, Vadakara. Total Number of Schools: 1373 Industry Total Registered factories: 1,800 (Total employees: 29,970) Total Registered SSI Units: 14,922 (Total employees: 68,590) Geographical Nature 71 Km Seashore. North-east area covering forest. Embilasserry, Nattuvaram, Mottila are the important hills. Rivers: Kuttiyadi, Korapuzha, Kallai, Chaliyar,Kadalundi and Mayyazhi. Total forest land : 41,386 Hectare Places & Attractions Art Gallery, Krishnamenon Museum: Close to Pazhassirajah Museum. The arts work of Ravivarma and Rajah Rajavarma are kept here. The private property of Late former Union Defence Minister V.K.Krishnamenon also exhibited here. Kallai: 2 Km from Kozhikode, the World's second timber trading centre. Kappad: The old Port where Vasco da Gamma landed on 17th May 1548 with 170 men in three Vessels [16 Km from Kozhikode] Pazhassirajah Museum: 5 Km from Kozhikode, the museum situated on the east hill. It is under the Archeological department of the State. Peruvannamuzhi: Crocodile Sanctuary

Wayanad District Area Population Literacy : 85.52 %

Head :

Quarters 2,131 :

Kalpetta Km 7,86,627

The district was formed in November 1,1980. Vythiri Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Vythiri] Achuranam, Choondayil. Kalpetta, Kaniyampatta, Kavumannam, Kottapady, Kottathara, Kunnathidavaka, Kuppadithara, Mupainadu, Pozhuthana, Thariyodu, Thekkemuttil, Thrikaipatta, Vadekkemuttil, Vellarimala, Vengappally, Sultan Batheri Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Sultan Batheri] Ambalavayal, Cheeral, Eralam, Kidangenadu, Kooppady, Krishnagiri, Nadavayal,

Nenmeni, Noolpuzha, Padichira, Poothady, Pulpally, Purakkadi, Sultan Batheri, Thomattuchal Manathavadi Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Manathavadi] Anchukunnu, Cherukattur, Edavaka, Kanjirangadu, Manathavady, Nallurnadu, Panamaram, Payyambally, Perya, Porunnannur, Thavinjal, Thirunelli, Thondernadu, Thrissleri, Valadu, Vellamunda Education Government Colleges Government College, Kalpetta Government College, Manathavadi Private Colleges Mary Matha Science Arts College, Manathavadi Pazhassirajah College,Pulpally St. Mary's College, Sultan Batheri W.M.O Arts& Science College, Moottil Polytechnic : Government Polytechnic, Meenagadi Teachers Training Institute : 3 Total Number of Schools : 265 Higher Secondary School : 24 Vocational Higher Secondary : 7 Industry Total Registered factories: 176 (Total employees: 2,725) Total Registered SSI Units: 2828 (Total employees: 13,648) Geographical Nature Wyanad district located at the north Kerala's eatern frontier near the Sahya mountains. Total forest land 78,787 Hectare. Places & Attractions Edakkal Cave: Middle of Batheri and Ambalavayal at the top of Ambukuthi hills two historic important caves are seen. The Cave at the western side of the Edakkal hill is more attractive. Sculptors of men and aninmal, agricultural utensils and even the very old alphabets are also seen. which are all give more attraction. The mortal remains of the Chieftain Pazhassi are kept by the Archaological department. Muhtanga: Wildlife Sanctuary. Pakshi Pathalam: Is at the valley of Bhragiri hills. Rare specimens of birds are here . Pukoot Lake: The Importan torist destination of Wynady. Near the river Thalipuzha at the Vaithiri Panchayat has a natura lake surrounded by hills. Visitors can travel through by self driving boats. River Kabini: Drive the Thamarassery Pass on the Kozhikode -Manathavady route and proced to the heart of Wyanad. The river Kabini is invisible at times because of the dense green overhang and the tea, coffee estates that skirt the acending road. This is the Pazhassi country. Fighting the Kerala Chieftain in the wilds of Wyanadu. About 6 Km north of Panamaram the Kabini takes birth. It is the confluence of the Panamaram river. Originating the western ghats near Lakkidi, 4,500 ft above sea level and the Manathavadi river, springing from the 5,000 ft Todarmudi. The Kabini is perhaps the most feminine of Kerala rivers. The flow of life on the banks is incredibly peaceful and dream like. The Kabini flows through Kerala only a stretch of 8 Km. It covers about 12 Km along the Kerala border before moving northward. Thirunelly Temple: The old temple situated 27 Km from Manathavadi at the valley of Bhramagiri hills visitors can reach the temple through the forest road. This temple also known as 'Dakshina Kasi' and also as 'Papanashini'. Bhramagiri hills is at the height of 5272 ft from sea level onthe other side of the hill is the Kudagu district of Karnataka.

Kannur District

Head

Quarters

Kannur

Area Population Literacy : 92.80 %

2,996 :

Sq

Km 24,412,365

Kannur district was formed in January 1,1957. Thalassery Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Thalassery] Aralam, Ayyankunn, Chavsseril, Cheruvanchery, Chokli, Dharmadom, Erangoli, Eruvatty, Kanchiar,Kandankunnu, Kannavam, Kathirur, Keehoor, Keezhllur, Kelakom, Kodiyeri, Kolari, Kolavallur, Kolayadu, Koodali, Koothuparambu, Kottayam, Kottiyur, Manathana, Manentheri, Mangattidom, Mokeri, Muzhekunnu, Paduvalai, Pannynnur, Panur, Pathiriyad, Pattannur, Pattyam, Payam, Pazhassi, Peringathur, Pinarayi, Puthool, Sivapuram, Thalassery, Thillgeri, Thirumangadu, Tholbra, Thriprangottur, Vellarvally, Venkkalam, Vilimana Kannur Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Kannur] Ancharakandy, Chelora, Chempilode, Chemthazham, Cherukunnu, Chirakka, Edakkad, Elayavur, Eriveri, Ezham, Kadampur, Kadannapally, Kalliyassery, Kanjirodu, Kannadiparabu, Kannapuram, Kannur I, Kannur II, Kunjimangalam, Madai, Makreri, Mattool, Mavilanjee, Munderi, Muzhippilangadu, Narath, Pallikunnu, Panapuzha, Pappinessery, Puzhathi, Thekke Azhikode, Vadekke Azhikode, Valapattanam, Valiyannur Thaliparambu Taluk [Taluk Headquarter:Thaliparambu] Alacodu, Alappadambu, Anthur, Chelori, Chengalai, Chuzhali, Eramam, Eruvassery, Irikkur, Kallyadu, Karivallur, Karyakkol, Kayaralam, Kolacherry, Korome, Koveri, Kuru, Kutteri, Kuttittur, Kuttur, Malapattom, Manyur, Mathur, Mayyil, Morazha, Naduvil, Nidayinga, Padiyur, Pariyaram, Pattuvam, Payyannur, Payyavur, Peralam, Peringom, Perumthatta, Puligom, Ramanthulli, Sreekandapuram, Thaliparambu, Thimiri, Thirumeni, Vayakkara, Vayalathur, Vellad, Vellor, Vellora Education Kannur University Established in March 1996. Government Colleges Government Brannan College, Thalassery V.K.Krishna Menon Memorial Govt. Women's College, Kannur Private Co-operative Payyannur Pazhassirajah S.E.S. S.N.College, S.S. College,Thaliparambu Colleges College,Madar Payyannur Mattannur Sreekandapuram Kannur

Arts

&Science College, N.S.S.College, College,

Professional Colleges Engineering College, Mangattuparambu, Kannur Medical College, Pariyaram Polytechnic Government Polytechnic [Thottada] Government Vanitha Polytechnic, Payyannur. Total number of schools: 1272 Industry Total registered factories: 1,661 (Total Employees: 24,253) Total Registered SSI Units: 11,247 (Total employees: 84,162) Geographical Nature 87Km Seashore. Sahya Mountains at the border parallel to seashore. There are seven important rivers. Total forestland in the district: 48,734. Places & Attractions Ezhimala: 55 Km from Kannur near the Seashore, Ezhimala hills located. Plan to establish Naval Accademei here. Kannur: 90 Km from Kozhikode, the Portughese viceroy was constructed the St:

Angelose Fort here. Kannur was the Capital of Vadakkan Kolathiri Kingdom. Thalassery: The old Trading centre. Near the water front East India Company established the Fort in 1708. The prominent Malayalam literature German Dr. Herman Gundert founded the first Christian Church in1839. Thalassery was the birthplace of the art 'Circus'. The first gymnastic training centre started in Thalassery . Kasargod District Area Population Literacy : 85.17 %

Head :

Quarters 1,992 :

: Sq

Kasargod Km 12,03,342

The district was formed in May 24,1984 Kasargod Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Kasargod] Adhur, Adur, Badoor, Bandhukka, Bayar,Bdhiyadukka, Bedadukka, Bela, Bumbrana, Chengala, Delampady, Edanadu, Enmakaye, Hosebattu, Kadambar, Kalanadu, Karivedakom, Kasargod, Kayyar, Kodalamogam, Kodalmogam, Kolathur, Koyippady, Kudlu, Kumbadaje, Kunchathur, Kuttikol, Madhur, Mayyara, Mooliyar, Munnadu, Neerchal, Nettunike, Padray, Pady, Paivaliga, Thalamkara, Thekkil, Uchilamcodu, Uppala, Vorkadi, Hosdurg Taluk [Taluk Headquarter: Hosdurg] Ajannur, Ambalathara, Bellur, Benemanadi, Blal, Cheemani, Cheruvathur, Chithari, Chittarikkal, Hosdurg, Kallar, Kanajagad, Karithala Narkkilakkadavu, Kayur, Kinannur, Kodakkadu, Madikaye, Malom, Neeleswaram, Padnna, Palavayal, Pallikkara, Panathadi, Panayal, Parappa, Perlikode, Perol, Perya, Pullur, Thayannur, Thekke Thrikkarippur, Uduma, Vadekke Thrikkarippur Education Government Colleges Government College, Elarithatta Government College, Kasergod Government College, Manjeswaram Government Colleges Private Colleges B.Ed Centre, Kasergod Nehru Memorial Arts & Science College, Kanjagad Professional Rajapuram Swasraya Polytechnic Nithyanada Government Teachers Mayyapadi[Govt:], Kannivayal[Govt:] Neeleswaram[private] Total number of Schools: 520 Colleges Pious College,Chattomchal ,Kanjaghad Polytechnic,Perya Institute

Engineering Polytechnic Training

Industry Registered factories: 311 (Total employees: 4,482) Registered SSI Units: 5,499 (Total employees: 32,497) Geographical Nature 77 Km Sea shore. The important rivers are,Manjeswaram,Uppalam, shirya,KumbalamEdanadu. Mogral-Kulathur.Kulanad-chattomchal, bakkel-kavindukka,chithari-karadya, nileswaram-kinannur-kayamkode,palai-cheemani. Total forest land :5625 Hectare Place & Attraction

Bekal : Bekal is the far north of the State. 14 Km away fromKasergod has long palm fringed beaches and rockey headland topped by a huge Fort built between 1645 and 1660. This Fort preserves with more care.