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Fall2005- ENGR 3200U 1

Working Drawings and Assemblies


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Working Drawings
Working Drawings are the complete set of standardized
drawings specifying the manufacture and assembly of a
product based on its design
Generally, a complete set of working drawings
for an assembly includes:
1) Detail Drawings of each nonstandard part
2) An assembly or subassembly drawing showing all the standard
and nonstandard parts in a single drawing.
3) A bill of materials (BOM)
4) A title block
Standard pats: parts such as threaded fasteners, bushings and bearings
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Detail Drawings
Dimensioned, multiview drawing of a
single part
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Detail Drawings
More than one details on a sheet
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Assembly Drawing
Piston and rod: Assembly info. Are
represented by notes
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Contents of Assembly Drawings
1) All the parts, drawn in their operating positions
2) Part list or BOM, part name and number, detail number, quantity,
standard number, material, descriptions
3) Leader lines with balloons
4) Manufacturing/assembly operations and critical dimensions
related to these functions, e.g. , RECOMMENDED INSTALATION
TORQUE 45-50 Nm
Notes: No dimension in assembly; unless to provide the overall size
or necessary dimensions for machining/assembly operations
Types of assembly drawings: Outline assembly, sectioned assembly, pictorial
assembly
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Assembly Drawing
Spring pack: Multiview sectioned assembly
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Assembly Drawing
Milling Cutter: Outline assembly drawing
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Assembly Drawing
CAD sectional model
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Assembly Drawing
Pictorial Assembly: Maintenance, installation
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Assembly Drawing
Pictorial Shaded Exploded Assembly Drawing
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Drawing Number
Example: 247783R03
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Title block
1) Name & Address of company
2) Title of drawing
3) Drawing number
4) Names and data of drafters, checkers, issue data, contact
number, etc.
5) Additional approval block
6) Predominating drawing scale
7) Federal supply code for manufacturers (FSM) number
8) Drawing sheet size letter
9) Actual or estimated weight of the item
10)Sheet number in the multiple sheets cases
11)Other info. Such as surface finish, hardness of material and heat
treatment
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Title block : ANSI Standard
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Parts List: Bill of Materials (BOM)
1) Detail number of the part in the assembly
2) Name of the part
3) Part material
4) Quantity (number of times part is used)
5) Company assigned part number
6) Other info., such as weight, stock size , etc.
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Parts List: Bill of Materials (BOM)
ANSI Y14.1-1980
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Part Identification
Balloon
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Part Identification
Part name in the
detail drawing
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Revision Block
Upper right
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Scale Option
English Scale:
1=1 Full
1=2 Half
.
.
1=10 Tenth
2=1 Double
Metric Scales:
1:1 Full
1:2 Half
.
.
1:10 Tenth
2:1 Double
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General Tolerance Notes
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED
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Tabular Drawings
Similar parts with common features
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Standard Bolts, Studs, and screws
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Threaded Fasteners: Terminology
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Form of Thread
Screw Thread Representation:
ANSI Y14.6 -1978
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Series
The thread series refers to the standard number
of threads per inch.
There are four classes:
Coarse Series quick, Cast Iron, Soft Metal
Fine Series great force, aerospace, automotive
Extra Fine Series high stress and short term
Constant Pitch Series 4,6,8,12,16,20,28,32
Appendix 13 of the textbook
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Series
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Class of fits
Longitudinal view and end view
Class 1 loose fit
Class 2- High quality
Class 3- Very High quality
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Tap Drill size
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Metric System
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Metric Thread
Notes
General Purpose
tolerance for
external metric
threads is 6g
General Purpose
tolerance for
Internal metric
threads is 6H
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Thread drawing
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Thread drawing
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Assembly Section with Threaded
Fasteners
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Pins
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Standard Key Types
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Rivets
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Springs
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Springs
When two gears of different sizes mesh, the larger one is called gear
and the smaller one is called pinion
AMERICAN GEAR MANUFACTURIN ASSOSIATION (AGMA) and
AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE (ANSI)
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Cams
Cams control the
motion of the second
part called follower
Displacement
diagram, rise, fall and
dwell
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Displacement Diagram of Cams
Rise, fall and dwell
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Linkages
Link is a rigid
element to transfer
force and velocity
Linkage is a
combination of
links
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Linkage Analysis
CAD Softwares
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Bearings
Mechanical
devices used to
reduce the friction
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Welding
AMERICAN WELDING SOCIETY (AWS)
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Welding
Symbols
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Welding
Symbols
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Welding
Weld Symbols
Machined after Machined before
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Other Welding symbols
ANSI