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ARCHITECTURE AND

BIODIVERSITY

A VISION FOR DOHA 2030

STEFANO BOERI

VERTICAL FOREST 1. is a project for metropolitan reforestation. 2. is an anti-sprawl device that

VERTICAL FOREST

1. is a project for metropolitan reforestation.

2. is an anti-sprawl device that contributes to the control and reduction of urban expansion.

3. is a model of urban densification.

4. can aid in the reduction of urban traffic congestion.

5. generates a microclimate and filters small dust particles.

6. is a system that optimizes, recuperates and produces energy.

7. is a system that increases biodiversity.

8. is a changing landmark.

9. is an urban sensor for spontaneous vegetable and animal re-colonization.

10. is a system that increases urban ecological culture.

1. VERTICAL FOREST IS A PROJECT FOR METROPOLITAN REFORESTATION. The presence of trees, bushes and

1. VERTICAL FOREST

IS A PROJECT FOR METROPOLITAN REFORESTATION.

The presence of trees, bushes and green walls distributed throughout the facades of the building, contributes to the regeneration of the environment and urban biodiver- sity while limiting the expansion of the city. Each Vertical Forest equals, in amount of trees, a large area of level land forest.

The f rst example of a Vertical Forest composed of two towers of 110 and 76meters height, will be realized in the centre of Milan, within the project Porta Nuova on the edge of the Isola neighbourhood, and will host almost 1.000 trees (measuring up to 9 meters tall), a wide range of shrubs and f oral plants and 2.300square meters of plant covered walls. In terms of amount of trees the Vertical Forest in Milan will equal a wooeded surface of 9.000 square meters.

existing forest f rst phase metrobosco tower single family housing 20.000 m 2 occupied surface
existing forest f rst phase metrobosco tower single family housing 20.000 m 2 occupied surface
existing forest f rst phase metrobosco tower single family housing 20.000 m 2 occupied surface
existing forest f rst phase metrobosco tower single family housing 20.000 m 2 occupied surface
existing forest
f rst phase
metrobosco
tower
single family housing
20.000
m 2 occupied surface
2
50.000 m
+
20.000 m 2
30.000
m 2 green
footprint
single family housing
footprint
tower
necessary surface
20.000 m 2
2
20.000 m
3.500 m 2 occupied surface
50.000 m 2
+
46.500
m 2 green

2. VERTICAL FOREST

IS AN ANTI-SPRAWL DEVICE THAT CONTRIBUTES TO THE COTROL AND REDUCTION OF URBAN EXPANSION.

Each tower constitutes the equivalent in urban densi f cation of an area of single family dwellings that consumes an amount of land of 15 times that which is consumed by a tall building. Through the reproduction, in vertical and within the urban tissue, con- ditions of lifestyle comparable (in terms of property of green or privacy) to those that make suburban life appreciated Vertical Forest contributes to reducing the consump- tion of the urban asset par excellence: the ground.

The f rst Vertical Forest (or Bosco Verticale 01) is composed of large windowed apart- ments surrounded by large terraces perimetered by trees that, if sparse upon the ter- ritory would consume a portion of land equal to 50.000 square meters. The stacking lo- gic of cantilevered terraces permits the growth in speci f c points of trees up to 9meters tall. The green façade compensates the transparency of the continuous windowpanes, frames the view upon the urban panorama, transforms the terrace into an extension of the apartment.

tower

2 1.000m 2 10.000 m single family housing 30 m 300m 30m
2
1.000m 2
10.000 m
single family housing
30 m
300m
30m

300m

3. VERTICAL FOREST

IS A MODEL OF URBAN DENSIFICATION.

The Vertical Forest is a model of vertical densi f cation of green and built within the city. It is a model that operates correlated to the policies for reforestation and naturalization of the large urban and metropolitan borders. The synergy of these two devices for the environmental survival is useful to reconstruct the relation between between nature and city within contemporary Europe. Vertical Forest acts by subverting the principle of enclosed green spaces (garden, parks) typical of the tissue of European cities and proposes a di f used yet adaptable system of vertical green.

The f rst Vertical Forest in Milan represents the terminal within the urban centre of the great external ring of parks and forests (the Metrobosco) that multiplicity.lab and the Province of Milan are realizing. The link between the Metrobosco and the Vertical Forest will be guaranteed by the green corridors (green rays project) proposed by the Municipality of Milan.

desires needs
desires
needs
estate IL BOSCO VER TICALE: 3O° C 21° C
estate
IL BOSCO VER TICALE:
3O° C
21° C
CO2 H O 2 O 2
CO2
H O
2
O
2
protects from the direct radiation winter lets light in
protects from the direct radiation
winter
lets light in
2 protects from the direct radiation winter lets light in protects from the wind H 2

protects from the wind

radiation winter lets light in protects from the wind H 2 O release humidity captures small
H 2 O

H2O

H 2 O

release humidity

lets light in protects from the wind H 2 O release humidity captures small dust particles
captures small dust particles CO2 O2
captures small dust particles
CO2
O2

produces oxygen

captures small dust particles CO2 O2 produces oxygen reduces acoustic pollution acoustic pollution dust particles

reduces acoustic pollution

acoustic pollution

dust particles

reduces acoustic pollution acoustic pollution dust particles 5. VERTICAL FOREST GENERATES A MICROCLIMATE AND FILTERS
reduces acoustic pollution acoustic pollution dust particles 5. VERTICAL FOREST GENERATES A MICROCLIMATE AND FILTERS
reduces acoustic pollution acoustic pollution dust particles 5. VERTICAL FOREST GENERATES A MICROCLIMATE AND FILTERS

5. VERTICAL FOREST

GENERATES A MICROCLIMATE AND FILTERS

SMALL DUST PARTICLES.

Vertical Forest aids in the creation of a microclimate and to f lter small particles of dust

from the urban environment. The diversity of plants and their individual characteristi- cs produce humidity, absorb carbon dioxide and dust particles, produce oxygen and

protect from solar irradiation and acoustic pollution increasing the level of comfort.

The Vertical Forest 01 foresees on each f oor the perimetral construction of a sequen-

ce of planters of di ferent sizes to contain soil and plants. Given the high arti f ciality of

the system the management and maintenance of the green facade and its f ttings will be centrally conducted and controlled.

solar energy CO 2 oxygen carbon dioxide O 2 C6 H 12 O 6 glucose
solar energy
CO 2
oxygen
carbon dioxide
O
2
C6 H 12 O 6
glucose
H
2 0
starch
water
aeolic energy wind wind mill electricity sun solar pane l hot water sun photovoltaic panel
aeolic energy
wind
wind mill
electricity
sun
solar pane l
hot water
sun
photovoltaic panel
electricity
ground
heating
geothermal tank
heat tank
heating
rainwater
accumulation tank
irrigation
graywater
irrigation
solar energ y
rain
photovoltaic
geothermal energy

6. VERTICAL FOREST

IS A SYSTEM THAT OPTIMIZES, RECUPERATES AND PRODUCES ENERGY.

Each Vertical Forest can be designed to host rooftop wind power mills, rooftop and fa-

cade photovoltaic panels for the production of electric energy and solar panels for the production of thermal energy. Plant irrigation can take place to a great extent through the f ltering and puri f cation of grey waters produced by the building. Above all, the

screen produced by the plants located along the perimeter of each f oor favours a si-

gni f cant reduction of energetic consumption produced by arti f cial air conditioning of

spaces.

In Milano, the f rst Vertical Forest also represents an alternative to the great residential towers built with continuos glass facades that are constrained to enormous energetic

e forts (even when using alternative energy sources)to compensate the enormous ac-

cumulation of heat in the summer and the scarce protection from the cold during the winter season.

9m T À 6m 3m
9m
T
À
6m
3m

Vertical green: creates a network the plants of different levels increasing vertical ecological functionality.

levels increasing vertical ecological functionality. horizontal green: diversi f cation and f owering a c b

horizontal green: diversi f cation and f owering

horizontal green: diversi f cation and f owering a c b vertical green = forest effect,
horizontal green: diversi f cation and f owering a c b vertical green = forest effect,
a c b
a
c
b

vertical green = forest effect, shading.

f owering a c b vertical green = forest effect, shading. 7. VERTICAL FOREST IS A
f owering a c b vertical green = forest effect, shading. 7. VERTICAL FOREST IS A
f owering a c b vertical green = forest effect, shading. 7. VERTICAL FOREST IS A
f owering a c b vertical green = forest effect, shading. 7. VERTICAL FOREST IS A

7. VERTICAL FOREST

IS A SYSTEM THAT INCREASES BIODIVERSITY.

Vertical Forest favours the formation of an rich and varied urban para-ecosystem,

where di ferent types of plants (trees, bushes, hanging gardens, vertical green struc-

tures that connect the di ferent nuclei of trees) form an vertical system that creates an environment that could be potentially colonized by a fauna of di ferent species of birds (rock thrush, kestrels, gold f nches or doves), but also insects (such as beetles, dragon f ies, small spiders, ladybugs or butter f ies if there are hedges or f owered corners). The repetition of several systems of Vertical Forest within the city can con- tribute to the creation of a di f used environmental network of ecological corridors that

graft the city’s main urban parks, consolidate the green of avenues and gardens and

connect spaces that host the spontaneous growth of vegetation.

9. VERTICAL FOREST IS AN URBAN SENSOR FOR SPONTANEOUS VEGETABLE AND ANIMAL RE-COLONIZATION. Vertical Forest

9. VERTICAL FOREST

IS AN URBAN SENSOR FOR SPONTANEOUS VEGETABLE AND ANIMAL RE-COLONIZATION.

Vertical Forest can become an urban sensor for the spontaneous vegetable and ani- mal re-colonization of the city, mainly due to the wind transported seeds and the mo- vement of f ying insects. On the rooftops of the Il Vertical Forest free plans for the colonization of nomad species can be created. A di f used system of the Vertical Forest could also favour the monitoring of this evolution; a bridging between the peaks of tall buildings and skyscrapers.

MORETHAN700TREES: 480 BIG AND MEDIUM SIZE TREES, 250 SMALL SIZE TREES, 11.000 GROUNDCOVER PLANTS, 5.000
MORETHAN700TREES: 480 BIG AND MEDIUM SIZE TREES, 250 SMALL SIZE TREES, 11.000 GROUNDCOVER PLANTS, 5.000

MORETHAN700TREES:

480

BIG AND MEDIUM SIZE TREES,

250

SMALL SIZE TREES,

11.000 GROUNDCOVER PLANTS, 5.000 SHRUBS.

Quercus ilex Koelreuteria paniculata Pyrus pyraster Arbutus unedo Amelanchier lamarckii Crataegus monogyna Hyperricum calycinum Ryncospermum jasminoides Quercus ilex Quercus pubescens Flaxinus ornus Arbutus unedo Cytisus scoparium Ceanothus spp Cratostigma plumbaginoides Jasminum primulinum

VERTICAL FOREST , MILAN

VERTICAL

FOREST,

MILAN

VERTICAL FOREST , MILAN

VERTICAL

FOREST,

MILAN

VERTICAL FOREST , MILAN 27

VERTICAL

FOREST,

MILAN

27

1/8 BIRDS 1/4 MAMMALS 1/3 AMPHIBIAN 1/7 MARINE TURTLES 1/4 CONIPHERS https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yo51Re1JO4U ARE IN
1/8 BIRDS 1/4 MAMMALS 1/3 AMPHIBIAN 1/7 MARINE TURTLES 1/4 CONIPHERS https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yo51Re1JO4U ARE IN
1/8 BIRDS 1/4 MAMMALS 1/3 AMPHIBIAN 1/7 MARINE TURTLES 1/4 CONIPHERS https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yo51Re1JO4U ARE IN
1/8 BIRDS 1/4 MAMMALS 1/3 AMPHIBIAN 1/7 MARINE TURTLES 1/4 CONIPHERS https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yo51Re1JO4U ARE IN
1/8 BIRDS 1/4 MAMMALS 1/3 AMPHIBIAN 1/7 MARINE TURTLES 1/4 CONIPHERS https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yo51Re1JO4U ARE IN

1/8

BIRDS

1/4

MAMMALS

1/3

AMPHIBIAN

1/7

MARINE TURTLES

1/4

CONIPHERS

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yo51Re1JO4U

ARE

IN

THREAT

OF

EXTINCTION

data: IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yo51Re1JO4U 3/4 GENETIC DIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL CROPS 3/4 FISHERIES HAS BEEN LOST ARE
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yo51Re1JO4U 3/4 GENETIC DIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL CROPS 3/4 FISHERIES HAS BEEN LOST ARE

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yo51Re1JO4U

3/4

GENETIC DIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL CROPS

3/4

FISHERIES

HAS BEEN LOST

ARE OVEREXPLOITED

CROPS 3/4 FISHERIES HAS BEEN LOST ARE OVEREXPLOITED 70% WORLD’S KNOWS SPECIES RISK EXTINCTION IF GLOBAL

70%

WORLD’S KNOWS SPECIES

RISK EXTINCTION IF GLOBAL TEMPERATURE RISES > 3,5 C

RISK EXTINCTION IF GLOBAL TEMPERATURE RISES > 3,5 C 1/3 REEF-BUILDING CORALS ARE THREATENED WITH EXTINCTION

1/3

REEF-BUILDING CORALS

ARE THREATENED WITH EXTINCTION

C 1/3 REEF-BUILDING CORALS ARE THREATENED WITH EXTINCTION 350 MILION PEOPLE SUFFER FROM SEVERE WATER SCARCITY

350

MILION PEOPLE

SUFFER FROM SEVERE WATER SCARCITY

data: IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature

OUR LIVES ARE INEXTRICABLY LINKED WITH BIODIVERSITY AND ULTIMATELY ITS PROTECTION IS ESSENTIAL FOR OUR VERY SURVIVAL

Increasing Biodiversity

Arguments in favour of an Agopunctural approach to Urbanism !

D4 DISTRICT, SKOLKOVO

D4 DISTRICT, SKOLKOVO

LA VILLA MEDITERRANEE , MARSEILLE

LA VILLA MEDITERRANEE,

MARSEILLE

LA VILLA MEDITERRANEE , MARSEILLE

LA VILLA MEDITERRANEE,

MARSEILLE

EXPO 2017 , ASTANA

EXPO 2017,

ASTANA

RICH COUNTRIES TAKE CHARGE OF PROTECTION AND INCUBATION OF BIODIVERSITY

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DOHA

a NEW EPICENTRE OF BIODIVERSITY