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## RIVER VALLEY HIGH SCHOOL

2009 PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION
SECONDARY FOUR

CANDIDATE
NAME

## CLASS 4 INDEX NUMBER

___________________________________________________________________________

Paper 1 18 September 2009
2 hours
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Write your class, index number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the case of
angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.
The use of a scientific calculator is expected, where appropriate.
You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.
The total of the marks for this paper is 80.

## 2009 RVHS Preliminary Examination Page 1 of 5 O Level A. Maths (4038) P1

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Mathematical Formulae
1. ALGEBRA
For the equation ax2 + bx + c = 0,

 b  b 2  4ac
x=
2a
Binomial Theorem

## n n n

(a + b) n = a n +   a n  1b +   a n  2b2 + . . . +   a n rbr + . . . + b n ,
1
  2   r  

n n! n (n  1)...(n  r  1)
where n is a positive integer and    
 r  r!(n  r )! r!

2. TRIGONOMETRY
Identities
sin2 A + cos2 A = 1

sec2 A = 1 + tan2 A

cosec2 A = 1 + cot2 A

tan A  tan B
tan (A  B) =
1  tan A tan B

## cos 2A = cos 2A – sin 2A = 2 cos 2A – 1 = 1 – 2 sin 2A

2 tan A
tan 2A =
1  tan 2 A
sin A  sin B  2sin 12 ( A  B ) cos 12 ( A  B)
sin A  sin B  2 cos 12 ( A  B )sin 12 ( A  B )
cos A  cos B  2 cos 12 ( A  B ) cos 12 ( A  B)
cos A  cos B  2sin 12 ( A  B )sin 12 ( A  B )

## Formulae for ABC

a b c
 
sin A sin B sin C
a2 = b2 + c2  2bc cos A
1
= bc sin A
2

## 2009 RVHS Preliminary Examination Page 2 of 5 O Level A. Maths (4038) P1

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1
S
4 2m

P 5m

105
108
W

53
45
71
Q
Q 1.5 m R

In the above diagram, PQR =  , PRQ = 90, PRS = 45, RPS = 105 and
PS = 4 2 m

## (a) Show that the exact length of PR = 4 m. [2]

(b) Given further that QR = ( 3  1) m, find tan  in the form a  b 3 where a and b
are integers. [3]

## 2 Solve, for x and y , the simultaneous equations

(16) x (64) y  1
( 27) y   3 x
 81 3 [5]

3  4 3
Calculate the inverse of the matrix   and use this to solve the simultaneous
7 6
equations 4x  3y  7  0 ,
7 x  6 y  16  0 . [5]

## 4(i) (a) Differentiate x e 3 x with respect to x. [2]

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(b) Hence, evaluate  3
xe3 x dx . [3]
0

5 5x 1
(a) Express in partial fractions. [3]
( x  3)( x  4)
5x  1
(b) Hence, or otherwise, find the gradient of the curve y  at the point
( x  3)( x  4)
where x  2 . [3]
2009 RVHS Preliminary Examination Page 3 of 5 O Level A. Maths (4038) P1
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6 A particle moves in a straight line so that, t seconds after leaving a fixed point O ,
its velocity, v m s 1 , is given by v  3 t 2  15 t  18 . Find
(a) the values of t for which the particle is at instantaneous rest. [2]
(b) the acceleration of the particle when the velocity is equal to its initial velocity. [2]
(c) the distance travelled by the particle during the first 2 seconds after passing O. [2]

7 2 cos x dy
The equation of the curve is y  . Find and hence, the x -coordinate,
3  2 sin x dx

where 0  x  , of the point at which the tangent to the curve is parallel to the x -axis.
2
[6]

## 8 (a) Prove that 1  sin 2 x  cos 2 x  2(sin x  cos x) cos x. [2]

(b) Find all the angles between 0 and 2 which satisfy the equation
1  sin 2 x  cos 2 x  0 [4]

## 9 The two shorter sides of a right-angled triangle are of length ( x  y ) cm and ( x  y ) cm

respectively. Given that the length of the hypotenuse is 68 cm and that the area of the
triangle is 8 cm 2 , find the length of the two shorter sides, [6]

10 (a) Find the range of values of k for which 2 x( x  2k )  4  7k is always positive for all
real values of x. [3]

(b) Find the values of k for which the straight line 2x + y = k is a tangent to the curve
4x 2 + y 2 = 8. [3]

11 (a) Find the fifth and sixth terms, in ascending powers of x, in the binomial expansion of
9
 1 2
1  x  . [4]
 3 
9
 1 

(b) Hence find the coefficient of x 10 in the expansion of 1  x 2  3 x 2  1 .  [3]
 3 

## 2009 RVHS Preliminary Examination Page 4 of 5 O Level A. Maths (4038) P1

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12 The diagram shows part of the straight line graph drawn to represent the equation
2
py  e qx .
ln y (2,8)

(0,2)

x2
0

Given that the straight line passes through (0,2) and (2,8), find
(a) the values of p and of q. [6]
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(b) the value of y when x  . [2]
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13 A rectangular block has a total surface area is 2700 cm 2 . The base of the block is 2x cm
by 3x cm and the height is h cm.

## (a) Express h in terms of x . [2]

3
36 x
(b) Show that the volume, V cm 3 , of the block is given by V  1620 x  . [2]
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(c) Hence find the height of the block which has the maximum volume and show that
this volume is a maximum. [5]

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