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Remote Control System Using DTMF Receiver

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Abstract T&e o#;ective o< t&is 1 1er is to 1resent t&e $se o< mo#ile 1&one <or ro#otic control #y overcoming t&e %i<<ic$lties in RF circ$it controlle% ro#ots) T&is system 1rovi%es ro#$st control" .or=ing r nge s l rge s t&e cover ge re o< t&e service 1rovi%er) T&e 1rinci1le o< $sing t&e DTMF tone my not only #e con<ine% to ;$st control o< n $tomo#ile" .&ic& is e>1l ine% &ere) It c n lso #e $se% <or v rio$s remote control 11lic tions li=e r$nning m c&inery" s.itc&ing system etc)" T&ere re ct$ lly t&ree %istinct 1rocesses involve% in t&is met&o%) T&ey re 1erce1tion" 1rocessing n% ction) T&e 1rece1tors c n #e t&e sensors" n% t&e 1rocessing is %one #y t&e microcontroller ie)" Atmel ATmeg :( n% t&e ction is 1er<orme% $sing motors in t&is c se) T&e DTMF %eco%er is $se% &ere to %eco%e t&e tone receive% on t&e cell 1&one .&ic& is t&en 1rocesse% $sing t&e microcontroller to r$n t&e motors) Keywords DTMF" microcontroller" %eco%er) INTRODUCTION In this system, a robot is controlled by a mobile phone that makes call to the mobile phone attached to the robot. In the course of a call, if any button is pressed, a tone corresponding to the button pressed is heard at the other end of the call. This tone is called as dual tone multiple

frequency (DTMF tone. The robot percei!es this DTMF tone "ith the help of the phone stacked in the robot. The recei!ed tone is processed by the #Tmega$% controller "ith the help of DTMF decoder MT&&'(. The decoder decodes the DTMF tone into its equi!alent binary digit and this binary number is sent to the microcontroller. The microcontroller is preprogrammed to take a decision for any gi!en input and outputs its decision to motor dri!ers in order to dri!e the motors for for"ard or back"ard motion or a turn. The mobile that makes a call to the mobile phone sacked in the robot acts as a remote. )o this simple robotic remote control system does not require the construction of recei!er and transmitter units. DTMF signaling is used for telephone signaling o!er the line in the !oice*frequency band to the call s"itching centre. The !ersion of DTMF used for telephone tone dialing is kno"n as touch*tone. DTMF assigns a specific frequency, (consisting of t"o separate tones to each key so that it can easily be identified by the electronic circuit. The signal generated by the DTMF encoder is a direct algebraic summation, in real time, of the amplitudes of t"o sine (cosine "a!es of different frequencies, i.e., pressing + "ill send a tone made by adding $,,% -. and ''( -. to the other end of the line. The tones and assignments in a DTMF system are sho"n in Fig. $.

The ;/<,D consists of four dri!ers. Dri!ers $, / and dri!ers ,, 2 are enabled by enable pins.

Fig. $. ?ASIC DESIGN Fig. /. )ho"s the block diagram of the microcontroller based mobile phone operated automobile. The important components of this system are DTMF decoder, microcontroller and the dri!er I0. #n M1&&'( series DTMF decoder is used here. #ll types of the MT&&'( series use digital counting techniques to detect and decode all the $% DTMF tone pairs into a 2 bit code output. The built*in dial tone re3ection circuit eliminates the need for pre*filtering. Fig. , sho"s the DTMF data output table of MT&&'(. The output of the DTMF decoder is sent to #Tmega$% microcontroller. The microcontroller used here is a lo" po"er, & bit, 0M4) microcontroller based on #51 enhanced 1I)0 architecture. IT pro!ides the follo"ing features6 $% 78 of in*system programmable flash program memory "ith read* "hile*"rite capabilities, +$/ bytes of 99:14M, $ 78 )1#M, ,/ general*purpose "orking registers. #ll the ,/ registers are directly connected to the arithmetic logic unit, allo"ing t"o independent registers to be accessed in one clock cycle. The resulting architecture is more code*efficient. 4utput from the microcontroller is fed in to the inputs of the motor dri!er ;/<,D, to dri!e t"o geared D0 motors. The ;/<,D is a quad, high current, half*dri!er designed to pro!ide bidirectional dri!e currents of up to %((m# at !oltages from 2.+5 o ,%5. It makes it easier to dri!e the dc motors. Fig. /.

Fig. ,. *OR@ING In order to control the robot, "e need to make a call to the cell phone attached to the robot (through head phone from any phone, "hich sends DTMF tunes on pressing the numeric buttons. The cell phone in the robot is kept in auto ans"er mode.

=o" "e may press any button on your mobile to perform actions as listed in Fig. ,. The DTMF tones thus produced are recei!ed by the cell phone in the robot. These tones are fed to the circuit by the headset of the cell phone. The MT&&'( decodes the recei!ed tone and sends the equi!alent binary number to the microcontroller. #ccording to the program in the microcontroller, the robot starts mo!ing. >hen "e press key/ (binary equi!alent (((((($( in the mobile phone, the microcontroller outputs $((($(($ binary equi!alent. This output is sent to the dri!er I0 and the motors are made to run in the for"ard direction. )imilarly the output of the dri!er is made as per the microcontroller output and the desired action is performed. T#8;9 I N$ O$t1$t m# o< er DTMF 1re %eco%er sse% / (((((($ ( 2 ((((($( ( % ((((($$ ( & (((($(( ( + ((((($( $ In1$t to microco ntroller $$$$$$( $ $$$$$($ $ $$$$$(( $ $$$$($$ $ $$$$$($ ( O$1$t <rom microco ntroller $((($(( $ $(((($( $ $((($($ ( $(((($$ ( ((((((( ( Motor o$t1$t

button is pressed for a particular action, a range of numbers can also be made to perform operations thus ha!ing a facility to perform "ide range of operations in !arious fields. REFERENCES @$Ahttp://pdf1.alldatasheet.com/datasheetpdf/view/77085/MITE /MT8870.html @/Ahttp://www.sio!"#oo!.com/pro$ects/datasheet/data %&0comm'!icatio!/mt88 ( ( ( 70)dtmf%&0decoder %&0%&8applicatio!%&0!otes%&*.pdf @,A http://www."e!ave.com/dtmf.htm @2A M.Morris ManoBs +,i"ital ( desi"!B, :earson 9ducation, /((%. @+A http://www.atmel.com/Ima"es/doc&-...pdf @%A http://www./artro!ic.fr/doc/01/ &*1,23T.pdf

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CONCLUSION Thus the application of DTMF decoder "ith a cell phone and a preprogrammed microcontroller, as a remote control system is presented. The ad!antage of this system o!ercomes the disad!antages faced by the 10 circuits controlled systems. >ith this principle, the MT&&'( DTMF decoder can be used in !arious fields of remote controlled systems pro!iding highly efficient control. ?nlike this system "here only one