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Helping business

be sustainable
Murdoch’s new Bachelor of Business
(Sustainability) – heralded as a first for Western
Australia – is set to help WA businesses develop
sustainable practices.
Deputy Vice Chancellor, Professor Gary
Martin, said that almost every aspect of the
way a company does business would affect the
community’s sustainability.
“The supplies and materials that are
purchased, the design and delivery of
products, the use of energy as well as the
Tours of the Engineering Pilot Plant were held during the recent Open Day, showing prospective students first-hand the new equipment and software. disposal of business waste, all have social and
environmental impacts in the local and wider

Industry upgrade for pilot plant

community,” Professor Martin said.
“Customers now have expectations that
businesses should be both socially and
environmentally responsible."
Engineering, Graeme Cole, said simulation students and support with hardware and He said many companies were integrating
Murdoch's engineering sustainable business practices to achieve ‘green
opportunities for students were vital in learning equipment is part of our commitment to future
students have top-of-the industry skills for plant operations and control. technical leaders and engineering excellence,” dividends’ such as enhancement of brand and
line plant control software “This C300 industrial controller that runs Mr Cosgrove said. reputation and boosting customer loyalty.
the plant is the top-of-the-line controller used “We have a long established relationship “This new degree is unique in that it brings
and hardware, thanks to together Murdoch’s innovative sustainability and
everywhere in the world,” Professor Cole said. with Murdoch University which has been very
supportive industry partners “Students will learn to program, set up and rewarding over the years. environmental units with leading edge business
Honeywell and Danfoss. maintain this system.” “We view the installation of a Honeywell units to equip students with sustainability skills.”
Honeywell Process Solutions Pacific Control System into their plant simulator as a Professor Martin said students would learn
Honeywell have provided control software Managing Director, Tony Cosgrove, said the worthwhile investment in the strengthening of about environmental laws and international
and hardware at cost price to Murdoch’s investment in graduates was a vital part that relationship, and the quality of knowledge agreements as well as how businesses could
engineering laboratories and pilot plant, and of Honeywell’s sourcing and development future graduates will have on our product and enhance their market value by making their
as part of the upgrade Danfoss are replacing a programs. control systems generally.” products and services and procurement of
large section of the variable speed drivers. “Partnering with universities, including Both Danfoss and Honeywell will provide other services socially and environmentally
Murdoch’s Associate Professor of sponsoring prizes and awards, mentoring training to Murdoch University staff. responsible.
“Students can expect to learn how to identify

Fulbright scholarship makes a lot of sense

green business opportunities and how to
practice ‘eco-preneurship’, he said.

Being sent all expenses paid Disney gets into

to the US to taste and
judge wines from around the the mind of viewers
world sounds too good to be Murdoch’s Interactive Television Research
true but for Murdoch PhD Institute (ITRI) Executive Director, Professor
Duane Varan has been appointed Executive
candidate Anthony Robinson,
Director and Chief Research Officer of the Disney
it's a serious business. Media and Advertising Lab based in Austin,
Mr Robinson has just spent a year in
Professor Varan and Disney executives have
California furthering his research into wine
released some early research findings from the
aroma and working with a world leader in the Lab in a presentation to 200 advertisers in New
field of sensory science. York.
Mr Robinson won an inaugural Fulbright Traditional TV measurement techniques are
Western Australian Scholarship which allowed able to gauge what viewers see and say, but not
him work with Hildegarde Heymann, a what they think and feel.
Professor of Sensory Science Viticulture and “Television is an intrinsically emotional
Enology at UCDavis. experience, – we often can’t articulate what is
“The Fulbright program allowed me to Anthony Robinson regularly sits on wine judging panels. driving our behaviour,” Professor Varan said.
increase my knowledge by studying with some Robinson was invited by Darrell Corti of Corti Mr Robinson looks forward to completing The research team has so far conducted
of the best grape and wine researchers and to Brothers to join in a monthly wine tasting of his PhD by July 2010 under the supervision 16 studies and has another 25 currently in
add value to the Australian community,” Mr about 100 wines from around the world and he of Robert Trengove in the Separation Science progress. They measure viewer response by
Robinson said. helped judge the Los Angeles International Wine Laboratory at Murdoch. measuring human biometrics including heart
“The scholarship provided me with more and Spirits Competition and the Indianapolis His project is funded by the Grape and rate, skin conductivity, facial expressions and eye
conclusive information on the role of grape- International Wine Competition. Wine Research and Development Cooperation movement.
derived aroma compounds in wine aroma, He also trained in multidimensional gas and supported by CSIRO Plant Industry and ITRI collaborates with researchers in the
the chance to develop linkages with sensory chromatography (chemistry equipment that Houghton Wines. Disney Lab on a range of studies designed to
researchers in the US and introduced me to new separates compounds) in Michigan. The prestigious Fulbright program is the better understand audience measurement across
sensory research skills.” “My work in the US has led to four journal largest educational scholarship of its kind, a range of platforms including television, online
While completing the scholarship, Mr publications that are currently in submission.” operating between the US and 150 countries. and mobile.

july/aug 2009
sept/oct 2009 // Vol
Vol 55 // Iss
Iss 56 eco news 11
Tackling lions in fight against rabies
Veterinary students from Wildlife Medicine at Murdoch University, said
the team greatly appreciated the opportunity to
Murdoch University spent a
observe a pride of lions in their natural setting.
hair-raising night capturing “Our students also visited local villages to
lions in Kruger National help the Mpumalanga State Veterinary Services
Park recently, as part of vaccinate dogs and cats and talk with the
community about rabies – one of the most
an annual South Africa field serious infectious diseases in southern Africa,”
trip. Dr Wion said.
“The disease is endemic in many wildlife
Working with Dr Kris Warren and Dr Leisel
and domestic species, and interactions between
Wion, from Murdoch’s School of Veterinary and
infected animals, other animals and humans
Biomedical Science’s Conservation Medicine
can lead to human fatalities, the loss of village
Program, 10 Veterinary students worked to
livestock and endangered wildlife.
vaccinate the lions against rabies after the pride
“It is critical that this disease is controlled
killed a rabies-positive dog.
Using radio-tracking, a dead wildebeest and at the interface between domestic and wild
the recorded sounds of lions eating, the team populations.”
attracted a pride of 17 adults and cubs, darting A key management focus will be vaccination
and anaesthetising several of the adults. campaigns of domestic animals and education
of local people. Murdoch vet students in South Africa with an anaesthetised lion, ready for its rabies inoculations.
The operation was a joint mission with South
Africa’s State Veterinary Service and Wildlifevets. Program Chair of Postgraduate Studies of domestic and other wild animals, and issues students an immersion experience and explore
com. in Conservation Medicine, Dr Warren, said such as community development,” Dr Warren issues related to conservation at the grassroots
The student teams assisted with vaccinating fighting the rabies battle on multiple fronts said. level”.
and giving health checks to the anaesthetised helped illustrate the ‘one-health’ concept of “The students developed an appreciation of Dr Warren said she hoped the students’
animals, while keeping watch for other lions and conservation medicine. the links between poverty, socio-economic issues experiences in Africa would inspire them
signs of their lion patient waking up. “Endangered wildlife health is often and biodiversity conservation. to continue engaging with local and global
Dr Wion, Lecturer in Conservation and interconnected with public health, the health “Key aims of these field trips are to give biodiversity conservation initiatives.

Treating world champions

lifesaving, rugby, handball, casting sport,
fistball and flying disc.
Murdoch University’s Dean of Chiropractic
and Sports Science, Dr Brian Nook, led
an international team of more than 30
chiropractors who provided treatment for more
than 5000 athletes, as well as carrying out
research on their conditions.
The Australian chiropractic team had five
Murdoch representatives including Senior Sam Boeddinghaus helps visiting guides assemble their anemometers.
Lecturer of human anatomy Dr Deb Nook,
second-year chiropractic student Kirsten Lewis,
first-year sports science student Inga Gassow,
Guides blown away by Science Week
Murdoch chiropractic alumnus Jonathan Tan and Hundreds of Girl Guides “The project was based on the idea that
there’s always wind blowing somewhere in the
Dr Brian Nook, Mr David Lourie and fellow Murdoch’s School Course Advisor David Lourie. measured the state’s winds state and this makes it a significant alternative
chiropractor from Denmark, Thomas Jepsen, More than 1000 athletes were examined and
from Kununurra to Albany energy source to tap into,” Professor Doepel
enjoying the World Games. treated during the 11 days of competition.
under the watchful eye of said.
“The data is currently being processed and “We offered our expertise in wind energy
Research carried out it should be published early next year,” Dr Deb Murdoch scientists as part of technologies to assist the guides with this
recently by a team of Nook said. National Science Week. project, as wind is a reliable resource.
Murdoch-led chiropractors “Any discovered trends will be extremely “The guides really demonstrated an aptitude
The 24-hour project saw guides using for science, successfully building 10 complex
at The World Games in useful for coaches, athletes and health
windspeed testing equipment, which the scientific instruments that were deployed around
Kaosiung, Taiwan, may help practitioners in understanding how injuries occur
girls built and calibrated with guidance from WA on August 22 and 23.”
coaches and elite athletes and the best way to prevent and treat them.”
Murdoch’s team, to take measurements every Sharon O’Brien, Youth Program Adviser for
Dr Nook said the experience was fantastic,
of alternative sports to 30 minutes and log the results online. Girl Guides WA, said the National Science Week
despite the 12 to 14 hour days. Murdoch’s Institute for Resources Technology
fine-tune their training and project gave guides and their leaders more
Australian athletes competed at the games, Director, Professor David Doepel, said the
reduce injuries. confidence in tackling science-based activities.
coming ninth overall and winning five gold, 10 project aimed to introduce the guides to hands- The Girl Guide wind measurements were
The Games, held every four years, are second silver and five bronze medals. on science and to be able to show the size of recorded live on the weekend of August 22 and
in size only to the Olympics and feature more The next World Games will be held in Cali, the renewable energy wind resource in Western 23, on the Harnessing the Wind website:
than 30 sports such as korfball, ultimate Frisbee, Colombia in 2013. Australia.


Right climate for environmental journalism initiative
An initiative between “Business news breaks, which is perfect for
newsrooms, online news agencies and daily
Murdoch University, three media,” Dr Lidberg said.
Australian and four European “But environmental news doesn’t necessarily
universities is sowing the break. It is slower.”
He believes the program fits in perfectly with
seed for the future of Murdoch’s sustainability ethos, with students
environmental journalism. able to take a course offered by the School of
Sustainability as well as journalism units.
Murdoch has developed the Global
Dr Lidberg said the initiative allowed
Environmental Journalism Initiative (GEJI), member universities to collaborate and share
along with the University of Technology, information.
Monash University, the University of Tasmania, The three-year initiative was funded
the Danish School of Media and Journalism in through a European Union and Australia
Denmark, London’s City University, Aristotle and Department of Education, Employment
University of Thessaloniki in Greece, Helsinki and Workplace Relations (DEEWR) grant for
University in Finland and Sámi University $510,000.
College in Norway. As part of the initiative, 12 students from
School of Media, Communication and partner universities will spend a semester at
Culture's Journalism Program Chair, Dr Johan Murdoch University.
Lidberg, said issues such as climate change, Each of the Murdoch students spending a
sustainability and global warming were making semester at a European university receives an
their mark in mainstream media and it was $8500 grant for living and travel expenses.
imperative that future journalists could report The first of the international GEJI students,
on them. Johanna Lindfors from Finland, Kersti Egisdottir
He said environmental journalism had from Denmark and Helen Burrows from the UK,
never quite taken off like, for example, business are on campus this semester.
reporting because it takes longer and is more Murdoch has sent two students each to
Dr Lidberg with the first GEJI students on campus Johanna Lindfor, Kersti Egisdottir and Helen Burrows. expensive to produce. London and Denmark.

Online connections life-changing

Preliminary findings from a been done on how young people living with
a life-impacting illness or disability use media
pilot study conducted by and communications technologies, making these
Murdoch University’s Centre findings groundbreaking.
for Everyday Life have “The Livewire community is a place where
their illness or disability is accepted by all
challenged existing pre-
participants and therefore these young people
conceptions of how young can achieve a sense of normalcy,” Dr Third said.
Australians use and engage “Livewire, and in particular the chat room,
with technology. is a space in which these young people are
helping each other to make important life
The research, conducted by Dr Amanda decisions.”
Third and Dr Ingrid Richardson, argues Livewire’s strict sign-up procedures mean
that under the right circumstances, online members feel they are not prejudiced against
technologies can better enable young because of their disability or illness, nor do they
Australians to feel socially connected than face- have to worry about being bullied or targeted
to-face engagement. by ‘predators’ online.
The study shows that for young Australians Young Australians living with a serious
living with a serious illness, chronic health illness, chronic health condition or disability
condition or disability, access to online content, are more likely to be attached to their laptop
blogs and the ability to meet new friends via computer than their mobile phone, unlike their
online chat and social networking can help form healthy teenage counterparts.
strong friendships that, in most cases, are more “When we asked the Livewire members what
important than their friendships offline. they would take to a deserted island, a lot of
“We evaluated the effectiveness of Livewire them said their laptop computer,” Dr Richardson
(, a new online community said.
for young people living with a serious illness, “Mobile phones are generally considered
chronic health condition or disability to hang essential for youth who are mobile, but many
out, connect, share experiences and creatively Livewire members are either hospitalised or
express themselves,” Dr Third said. housebound.”
“Despite the fact these young Australians The Murdoch researchers are now starting
have never met each other, and do not know the final stage of the study, which will involve
each other in the real world, their online spending time with Livewire participants in
friendships are central to their sense of being their own homes where they can observe how
connected and their wellbeing.” individual users engage with their technologies
Dr Third said until now limited research had on a day-to-day basis. Dr Ingrid Richardson and Dr Amanda Third show the Livewire site which is improving lives.

sept/oct 2009 / Vol 5 / Iss 6 13

Bringing stories
to a digital age
The stories of people working within the
community are being brought into the digital
age through a website developed by Murdoch
University academics.
Dr David Palmer and Jennifer Buchanan,
from the School of Social Sciences and
Humanities, said the website was in appreciation
of those working in the field of community
The website features 13 West Australians
– all respected community workers – talking

New partnership is a great fit

about their history and life.
“We started with the very practical challenge
of recording the work of pioneers in the field
of community development in a way that is
available to a broad audience,” Dr Palmer said.
He said most of the interviewees, which Murdoch has signed a new initiatives for the future, from sustainability Blue’n’Roots include one tree planted for every
included State Labor MLA for the Kimberley to their progressive arts and media work,” Mr ticket purchased; the use of biodiesel and
Carol Martin, former secretary of the Trades sponsorship agreement
Chitty said. green energy; solar-powered mobile recharge
and Labour Council Tony Cooke, Fremantle with Sunset Events, the “It’s a great fit – we’re philosophically stations; eco stalls for environmental groups and
community worker Ken Posney and community team behind Southbound, aligned. composting and environmentally packaging.
artist Di McAtee, spoke about the different
work they have been involved in, the shifts in
Blues’n’Roots and the new “It’s fantastic to have an institution of The Murdoch community will benefit from
One Movement for Music Murdoch’s scale supporting what we’re trying the partnership with early bird pre-sale tickets,
community development and how changing
social attitudes had impacted on their work. to do.” some great competitions and opportunities to
events in WA. Like Murdoch, Sunset Events has a work with the team through volunteer work,
The team received a small research grant
from Murdoch for the pilot study but much of Sunset Events Managing Director and longstanding commitment to sustainability internships or getting articles published on the
the work has been a 'labour of love'. Promoter Dave Chitty agreed that the and have a stand-alone division within their Sunset Events website and SunsetMag.
“Those we met have often been leaders in sponsorship was a perfect fit. company called SE Earth. For more information on the sponsorship,
the community and have set new pathways. “Murdoch is pioneering so many great SE Earth initiatives at Southbound and visit
“Hopefully our work helps younger

The value and importance of the European Union

community workers learn from those who have
come before.”
Dr Palmer said he hoped the website would
be expanded in the future. The European Union’s
Ambassador to Australia,
Turning wastewater His Excellency Mr David
Daly, gave his sole public
into electricity appearance at Murdoch
University during his visit to
Investors around the world are turning their
attention to the work of Murdoch's Professor Perth in september, speaking
Goen Ho, Dr Ralf Cord-Ruwisch and their PhD passionately about the
student Ka Yu Cheng for their newly patented, value and importance of the
more efficient bioelectrical system (BES) that
turns wastewater into electricity. European Union.
The rotatable bioelectrochemical contactor
Mr Daly has been head of the European
(RBEC), which creates electricity as a by-product
Union (EU) Commission’s Delegation to Australia
of the bacterial reaction, increases the efficiency
since January 2009.
of the process by more than 15 per cent.
Murdoch lecturer in Politics and head of
Rotating biological contactors have been
Murdoch’s European Union Centre, Janice
used by wastewater treatment industries for 30
years but the Murdoch bioelectrical system is Dudley, said Mr Daly had emphasised how it
His Excellency David Daly, head of the EU Commission’s Delegation to Australia (far right)
the first of its kind. was impossible for any state today to avoid
with Professor Jim Macbeth and Janice Dudley
Mr Cheng came to Murdoch as an ‘bumping into’ the European Union in world
international student from Hong Kong and affairs. “As Mr Daly pointed out, given the many here to stay.
not only received a Discoverers Grant from the “The prominent role of the EU on the world spheres in which the EU and Australia are Murdoch’s European Union Centre is
University, but also a Huber Technology Award stage is not something to view with trepidation, natural partners, including trade, development part of an initiative by the EU to support
for his work in the field. but rather with enthusiasm,” Ms Dudley said, aid and foreign policy, the EU can serve as an the study of the EU and its relationships with
“The RBEC project is a truly interdisciplinary following the seminar. example in areas of common concern, including the wider global community, working across
topic, involving not only biotechnology but “The EU is a new development in climate change and emissions trading, and the member institutions of the Innovative
mechanical and material science,” he said. international affairs – a supranational polity responses to the global financial crisis” Research Universities group – Murdoch, La
He said he owed much to the guidance and – and that makes the future of the EU of Mr Daly also said there was no going back Trobe, Flinders, Griffith, James Cook, Charles
support of his two PhD supervisors, Professor tremendous interest to anyone interested in to the ‘old Europe’, insisting the new idea of Darwin and Newcastle – as well as Macquarie
Ho and Dr Ralf Cord-Ruwisch. politics. Europe embodied in the European Union was University.


Murdoch scientists help design nutrient-stripping wetland
Murdoch scientists have Environmental Technology Centre, Dr Stewart
Dallas, said although the design used a hybrid
helped design a system of
of the three accepted wetland designs – free
man-made wetlands to strip water surface, subwater surface and vertical
nutrients from wastewater flow – it had not been as effective in removing
and stormwater runoff at nitrogen as originally hoped.
PhD student Sergio Domingos and other
CSBP’s Kwinana site. Murdoch researchers spent a year reviewing
CSBP’s Kwinana industrial complex has and testing the system and eventually settled on
nitrogen in its wastewater as a result of chemical vertical flow design as the best option.
production processes and fertiliser handling “A vertical flow design gives better aeration,
activities. which greatly improved the amount of ammonia
A pilot wetland was designed and built in being oxidised,” Dr Dallas said.
2004 to circulate 650 cubic metres of nutrient Four different species of sedges, which are
rich water through 12,000 square metres of able to survive and hopefully thrive in the
sedges (rush-like plants), aiming to strip 50 per conditions, were planted in May to help create
cent of the nitrogen from the wastewater before an ecosystem that absorbs and converts the
it was discharged four kilometres offshore at ammonia into nitrogen gas. Stewart Dallas and Sergio Domingos inspect the CSBP wetland.
Point Peron. Dr Dallas said while the design had only nitrate. the very high sugar waste from a nearby soft
The pilot wetland was the first of its kind been operational for the past two months The team also identified that the wetland drink factory to stimulate this process.
in Australia constructed to treat industrial and the wetlands’ bacteria were still being was deficient in carbon, required for the “We conducted successful laboratory tests
wastewater. established, it had already been achieving more bacterial reduction of nitrate into nitrogen gas, last year but further trials will be carried out this
Associate Director of Murdoch’s than a 50 per cent conversion of ammonia to and have now investigated both woodchips and coming summer,” Dr Dallas said.

Reflecting on Asia's Christians

beyond patterns developed in Europe,” Professor
Frykenberg said.
“What has happened within various Asian
communities over the course of many centuries
can be seen through Indigenous discovery of
Christianity and not merely instances in the
Western Christian discovery of Indigenous
“How history is seen, not surprisingly, not
only reflects different understandings of the past
but different views of the present – what is seen,
or not seen, of the past has become deeply
“The emergence of Christianity in
each region, as understood in worldwide
perspectives, have helped us appreciate
Left to right: Dr Brad Pettitt, Professor Glenn Albrecht and Dr Peter McMahon.
the incredible varieties of human affairs

Prioritising sustainable development in WA Emeritus Professor Rober Frykenberg complexities, such as culture, ideology or
One of the world’s leading While in Perth, Professor Frykenberg will
The Murdoch-based WA2020 sustainable alternatives for local and state
give the LJ Kiernan Memorial series of free
government planning and policymaking – experts on Christianity in
Project has been launched right now there’s a policymaking vacuum for
public lectures funded by individual, company
as a first step to aligning India is arriving in Perth and church group donations.
sustainability in WA,” he said.
sustainability planning and Dr Pettitt said there was plenty of expertise to give a series of free Thursday Oct 22
Thomas Christians and Christians of the East:
policy research in Western in WA and elsewhere regarding these issues but public and private lectures
Portraits of their Pasts
it was scattered and fragmented. in October, organised by
Australia. The two-year project will include the
6.30 – 8pm, Kim E Beazley Lecture Theatre

development of a website, a conference

Murdoch University. Murdoch University
Project directors Dr Brad Pettitt and Dr Peter
McMahon said the new initiative, coordinated and seminar series and the creation of new Robert Frykenberg, Emeritus Professor of Tuesday Oct 27
by Murdoch’s Institute for Sustainability and publications on various subjects related to History and South Asian Studies at the University Catholic Christians: Portraits of their Pasts
Technology Policy and School of Sustainability, challenges facing a sustainable WA in 2020. of Wisconsin, will speak on Asia’s Christians 6.30 – 8pm, Kim E Beazley Lecture Theatre
was developed in response to concerns for WA’s “The project is open to all those interested and the Christian faith as it moves beyond the Murdoch University
future. in these issues, particularly those keen on developed patterns of Europe.
Tuesday Nov 3
Dean of Murdoch’s School of Sustainability, developing strong links with business and Professor Frykenberg will be presenting as
Evangelical Christians: Portraits of their Pasts
Dr Brad Pettitt, said WA2020 would draw government at all levels.” the Murdoch University International Theologian
6.30 – 8pm, Wesley Church
together research on government and WA2020 is intended to support the for 2009, a program created to draw leading
Cnr William and Hay St Perth
community sustainability programs and promotion of sustainability as a core policy religious thinkers to Perth within the Theology
projects, providing educational and discussion issue. Program of the University. RSVP is essential as places are limited. Public
opportunities for the public. Find out more about WA2020 at “The Christian faith transcends ethnic, can telephone 9360 6176 or email to
“The aim is to put forward feasible, national, and cultural barriers and moves

sept/oct 2009 / Vol 5 / Iss 6 15

Staff Games 2009
Adrenalin pumped and the indoor soccer, table tennis, 8 ball pool,
dodgeball and tug-of-war.
competitive spirit soared as Murdoch's brand new cheerleading squad
more than 200 staff in seven of 10 talented Murdoch students added to the
teams went head-to-head excitement.
in this year’s Murdoch Staff The day’s activities were celebrated in the
afternoon with a catered staff function at the
Games on September 4. tavern where Vice Chancellor Professor John
Health Harriers, (Faculty of Health Sciences), Yovich presented awards to the winning teams.
Corporate Commandos (Corporate Services), “The camaraderie and enthusiasm of staff
DAArdvarks (Academic Affairs), Overheads was tremendous,” Professor Yovich said.
(Research & Development), MESEL Tigers “It was great to see staff taking advantage
(Sustainability, Environmental & Life Sciences of the opportunity to mix and get to know
and Minerals & Energy), Lime & Bitters (Law & people from across the University in an informal
Business) and Cyber Cats (Creative Technologies environment.”
& Media) entered the competition. Corporate Commandos were crowned the
Sport and Recreation Manager Adrian Fisher 2009 Murdoch Staff Games Champions and
said it was great to see staff get behind the DAArdvarks got a special mention for being the
initiative and he hoped it would get bigger and most spirited team.
better every year. In the individual events, the Health Harriers
“The Games are an important way of won the mixed netball, the MESEL Tigers won
promoting the importance of health and both the indoor soccer and 8 ball pool, and
wellbeing and boosting staff morale.” Mr Fisher the Corporate Commandoes showed off their
said. muscles winning the tug-of-war, dodgeball and
The teams competed in mixed netball, table tennis.