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# MAA 161 STATISTICS FOR SCIENCES STUDENTS TUTORIAL 1

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## A ______________ consists of all subjects that are being studied.

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Explain whether each of the following constitutes a population or a sample. (a) Credit card debts of 100 families selected from a city. (b) Number of personal fouls committed by all NBA players during the 2010-2011 season. (c) Number of parole violations by all 2147 parolees in a city. (d) Weekly salaries of all employees of a company. (e) Number of computers sold during the past week at all computer stores in Penang.

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Explain the difference between qualitative, quantitative, discrete, and continuous variables.

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Indicate which of the following variables are quantitative and which are qualitative. (a) Number of persons in a family (b) Colour of cars (c) Marital Status of people (d) Length of a frogs jump (e) Number of errors in persons credit report.

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What level of measurement would be applied when doing a survey on the average American's shoe size?

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______________ sampling is used when the population is large and it includes subjects residing over a large geographic area.

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Classify the following as cross-section or time-series data. (a) Fast food bills of a family for each month of 2011. (b) Number of armed robberies each year in Dallas from 1993-2011. (c) Number of homicides in 40 cities during 2011.

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When running an experimental study, the group that is manipulated can be called the treatment group. A) True B) False

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A statistics professor wanted to find out the average GPA (grade point average) for all students at her university. She used all students enrolled in her statistics class as a sample and collected information on their GPAs to find the average GPA. (a) Is this sample a random or a non-random sample? Explain. (b) What kind of sample is it? In other words, is it a simple random sample, a systematic sample, a stratified sample, a cluster sample, a convenience sample, a judgement sample, or a quota sample? Explain. What kind of systematic error, if any, will be made with this kind of sample? Explain.

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Refer to Question 10. Suppose the professor obtains a list of all students enrolled at the university form the registrars office and then selects 150 students at random from this list using a statistical software package. (a) Is this sample a random or a non-random sample? Explain. (b) What kind of sample is it? In other words, is it a simple random sample, a systematic sample, a stratified sample, a cluster sample, a convenience sample, a judgement sample, or a quota sample? Explain. (c) Do you think any systematic error will be made in this case? Explain.

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